Newspaper Page Text
for Freedom and Nationality.
ft. '. rTlKIH F.H, Editor.
WEDNESDAY M lUNINO f-rTT. 24, 18fi2.
Loyal Men be Patient.
It is hard lesson for ns all to Iran,
but still we mn.if If am to he patient.
Disappointments constitute the hard
ening process which fits and prepares us
for gigantic achievements. And then
floil himself is patient, and we can aiire
1y well afford to imitate, in an humble
manner, the sublime attributes of Deity.
If we will only remain steadfast to truth
and principle, and refuse to compromise
one jot of the great maxims of wisdom
which underlie our government maxims
of philanthropy, of humanity, of enlight
enment, there will yet be reserved Tor ns
a glorious deatiny, whoxe fulfillment will
extend like a path of heavenly light
through centuries to come. And if tli'm
be no, ran we not afford to be patient ;
to endure disappointments : to sutler !
feats, knowing that all will yet end well?
AVhat is one year, two years, five years of
darkness in the centuries which conioiie
the life-lime of a great nation? Is it
not. unreasonable for us to say, if this
' army bu destroyed, or if this General be
defeated, we may well give up? Hid
W'A-iiitN'OTON' talk thus to his soldiers in
the glo.iiii and dismay, and almost de
spair of Valley Forge? No! lie only
girded himself up, and grasped his sword,
and invoked his men to deeds of valor
lie is the true hero whose strength is
eipial to sutler, as well as to do. lit
I'-iit III ill, b bold, be true and annprinnise
no viore. Tlii day of amiprmniiri Mwi
ilrviKitinn and frrediim is mill forever, and
what of right and justice the 1'cbcla tie
ny, vou must win wilh your swords
Listen to no proposals which do not in
vol?e the complete triumph of popular
government, and assuredly you will ron-
11' you wish to lost the actual estimate
which our rebel business men place upon
the credit and prospects of the Southern
.Confederacy, take a fifty dollar bill into
one of the dry goods, hardware, or other
stores, kept by our Southern Ilights in it
chants, mid see how many bolls of do
uieslic, calico, table-setts, etc., you ran
liny for it. Ask Mr. Thomas Tape-cut
ler to put you up that bolt of domestic
and make out and receipt your bill, lie
smiles, bows, Hies round with rt underfill
celerity, and has I h goods inaikcd and
the bill receipted in the twinkling of an
eye. You draw out your pocket-book
His eyes begin to sparkle. You slowly
draw out a note and hand it to him. He
unfolds il. Ha! oh! ah! "Is that a
nagger inai ne sees nelore tun .' lr is
it. a serpent ? or a scorpion? or a cocka
trice? or an alligator? or a Nashville
Union? Not a bit of it; and vet his eves
roll like a duck's in a thunder-storm
"We don't take that mut of money, sir
that currency ian't current here. We
can't paxs it at all, sir."
" Hut, my dear sir, you just told me
yesterday that it was bound to be the
best money in the country ui six months
and that it is belter now than Federal
"Can't help it, sir; the money if good,
but we can't me it."
"Hut you mav have it for eighty ends
on the dollar."
" Don't want il."
" Seventy -live, then V"
" No use to us, sir."
" Sixty cents, then ?"
"Wouldn't take il at lil'ty."
"Well, its all the money I have got,
except a few "greenbacks." which Vou
said would not he worth a cent in a few
"Oh, we'll take all the "greenbacks
that you've got, and would like to buy
soiiio of you."
It is a fact that the very men who sit
around our 1'ublic Sipiare, like turtles
basking in the sun, fili'iciiliiig grape
vine hoaxer, poisoning the minds of the
ignorant and credulous, and Ini'iin lode
preciale t lie credit ot tne l edeial tiov
eminent, will, nevertheless, refuse to
touch Confederate money and bonds in
their business transactions, while they
will readily take federal money. They
understand this mailer well, and feel
satisfied that, however the rebels may
oiuam temporary successe in rouse
ipieni e of the carelessness, or treachery,
or cowardice of Federal otlicers, still the
loyally of the nation will inevitably ut
terly destroy the rebellion and assert its
undiminished and slien;-thened might
mi I ..... . .
1 uey 4ei assured thai "to tins eoiiiplex-
iou il ic 7 come at hist."
- a -
Jt in truly painful to Me what a low
enliuiate those virtuous, learned, and
truly excellent men, the inemheisol the
rebel Congress, place upon the I'nion
men. I'or example, a Mr. Dargan.of Ala
bama, said lately in the liichmond Con
gress, that "it was useless to rail the
I'nion men names. The vilest rpilhrls
Would not he millit iclilly severe. Tiny
would never heroine human beings unless
Almighty Power would veil nee them to the
ordinal dust from whence they sprung,
extract the villainous mailer, and make
new men of them." Now, we call thai
(wrfeclly killing. It would mortify a
rhinoceiHM to death. I'.y -llie-liy, we
would lilit) exceedingly lo see that " if
ductioii" of a Yankee lo hi "original ele
ment" pel formed, and a man made out of
the villainous liialUr extracted thcie
fioiu. We inspect thai he umil.l ktrons -
If leSl lljlle IJ"U. Ml. 1 I'll;' 111
Certainties, Rnmors, Grapevines,
In our isnlaletl Cnwan posit i a, we ;
know of no more jiprnpriate caption for in
our news summary than the one above, i
We still are tossed on the waves of con- j
dieting rumors, wilh no stars but that of
Faith and Hope shining clearly and
steadily through the rifted clouds, and
doubt not that all the friends of free
dom, and I'nion and American nation
ality will, like ourselves, keep their eyes
steadily fixed upon those glorious lu
Among the certainties we record the
caplnrt of (jreon Iliver Bridge by HlUm, i
forces. The fiht on the part of our gar
rison, who fought for two days agains.- a
force of more tli:uiit' 0 tln-ir oue, was
most gloriously contested, and will reflect
additional lustre on the brave soldiers of
Indiana, who composed the bulk, as we
understand, orpeihapg all of the garrison
nl the Itridge. The rebel loss is estimated
at fioru four hundred to eight hundred
killed and wounded, while our is only
ten killed and three or fjir wounded, two
of whom have since died. It will be a
most thrilling story, lie n we receive the
pai tit ulars that shall tell how our little
guard xlood up against storms of shot
and shell, poured on them by a half
starved anil despeiate tlietny, who
swarmed around them in overwhelming
numbers. I'.very one asks, why the gar
rison wis n. ' reinforced, but this is a
luesliuii w hich none, of course, car an
swer. Alter the liulil it was rumored
that I'll vio had pushedon into Kentucky,
but had subsequently returned to the
bridge. (!cn. I'cn.r., three days ago, was
at Cave City. Our ollicers and men are
in fine spirits, and feel perfectly confi
dent that they will defeat and caplun
i i : a : c : s whole ainiy. I'ii.mh, s men are
in an exceei" gly destitute condition,
epending for food upon the country
through which they pass, and sometimes
passing a whole day without a mouthful.
A gentleman of our acquaintance read a
weekly Louisville Jonniot of the
li'.th instant, which reported that our
situation at Washington was considered
initrc!inable, and the cily regarded as
safer than il ever had been. McCl.li.l.AX
was at Frederick city and JacKsom at
Hanerstown. flov. Curtis' had issued a
proclamation lo the militia of I'ennsyl
vania, which Mas responded lo with the
creates! enthusiasm by the people, the
volunteers pouring in from all directions
The Governor said the I'ehels should
never pass the Susquehanna. Our in
formant talked with another gentleman
who had seen a Daily Journal of later
date, which slated that Mc Ci.ku.an had
attacked Jai k sets' ot HagerBtown,and de
feated him w ilh great slaughter, among
the wounded Ilebtls was (iemual Lee
who was taken prisoner. We learn that
the Ilehels at Clarksville are circulating
a Ir-yti extra Journal giving inlellrgenc
of directly opposite character.
I'. S. Since writing the above we learn
that the statement respecting the defeat of
.Ia kson- by Mc Ci.km.an is confirmed by
t wool her gentlemen just arrived froml'owl
iinj Ireen, who nay that this intelligent
was contained in the Journal of the tilth
inst.. and that it was believed by Seres
sionisls as well as I'liion men in 1'owl
ing (ireeu. The loyal people there are in
high spirits, ami are confident of the
defeat of I'.kai.q's command.
Did our Secessionists ever tellect that
their Confoderacy, if established, mit
inevitably decrease in while population
ami that 1HTU would certainly see it with
a much less white population than it had
in lsiio? This war has made slaveown
ers more jealous than ever, and more sua
picious of all persons w ho are not home
diately interested in slaves. The result
will he thai if the Kebels succeed, all turn
slaveholders will have to leave. Small
farmers would he bought out, and the
would emigrate to the Free Stales i
the Northwest; and while thv- South
Would be d'X.rniiiXj, the North would be
inrreosimj in the ssine ratio ; and not only
in the same ratio, for the whole foreign
immigration would go w her free labor
was hoiiorahie and respected. The South
would lose all her active, educated, inge
nious men, ai.d would have no popu
lation except millions of miserable, de
graded, half-savage slaves, as the basis
and "chief corner stone" of her iov
crnnient; a less number of slaveow ners,
a nionied aristocracy, actuated by one
idea only the grow th of cotton anil su
gar the most miserable aristocracy on
the face of the earth, and utterly unwor
thy of a comparison w ith the si isb cracy
of Fuiope. And now, if we look forward
a few years, we shall see intermarriages
among a lew families, and as the off
spring of these marriages, bu bidden by
the canons of the I'ible and thu laws of
physiology, a race of men and women
dwarfed and stunted in body, intellect
and morals. And yet this is the nation
whiih expects to cope with an active,
rest less, ingenious, inventive, ambitious,
and rapidly -glow ing free Ilepnhlic, Sep
aralcd from the effete nation by a narrow
river or an imaginary line ! Did human
folly ever cherish a w ildcr expectation ?
The lliehmoiid Dispatch says that the
lUdu I troops at Manassas lived for four
days on coin and that many were shoe
less. We didnt know that people w ith
out shnes ever had corns.
(ii.au or mi: Ciusw. The editor nf
the Saratoga UrMhlicm ti lls (he follow ing
at his own expense: Yesterday w ishing,
like others, to evince our put I oil i In, we
infoi uied the six composilois in our
oilier that if they would enlist we would
pay them half wsgis while they were
gone to the war. They replied: "That
is more than we ever had h ;" and the
whole crowd hxe enlisted' ' Thai's
e bat's the to u t ( 1 1 .
Consternation in Cbnrch.
The Boston Her.M frivrg publicity to
"p It'Ilowing incident, wlilrli it locitcs ,
a "tity within forty milos of the hub
of the universe." The name of the town j
begins with either 1 S or X," the Herald ;
don't say whkb
A railroad man, in that quietly jolly
My le which takes wilh everybody who
likes a good joke, but wouldn't know
ingly do a wrong or criminal, thing for
the world, is frequently called to. this
town and vicinity by luisinesj. in Sun
day, recently, be rode to an adjoining
town, and called on an acquaintance who
tad some very nice bottled rider, whic h.
the natural presumption is. he tried.
When our railroad friend rame away, he
was intrusted with a bottle of this rider,
lo be delivered to another railroad man
in lioston. The bottle was not very
bulky; our friend had rapacious k kels
in In coat, and so he (dipped "thu ongi-
al package into one of ibem. On ar
riving at the town of doubtful name, but
which positively does begin with either
S or X, he savr the door of the snug little
liurch wide open; and being a regular
church-goer, he went in. He had a seat
in a prominent new, with three young:
ladies in front, a deacon near by, ami the
elite of the congregation near him. The
services wen- commenced, and our friend
was soon under the liilluencc vt hich is
always produced by the inspiring music,
the Rolemu iiivocati on, and Hie syinpa
tlictic: devout ness of an orthodox congre
gation in a country village.
i he pastor had otnmeiiced his sermon,
the audience was unusually still and st-
ntive, and our liiend was just wonder
ing what illustration the pastor would
use for a knotty theological point relat
ing lo Hie punishment ot sinners, vthidi
ie was just developing, when " Whack !
Pop! Spud! Whist! Fiz-x-z-z-y. !" out
anie the cork Irom the bottled cider.
which our friend had forgotten all about,
just grazing a lady's, full-crowned bon
net, going hall-way up to the ceiling, and
coming down wilh another pop into the
aisle. Forth from the mouth of the bottle
issued a yellowish whiter stream, like
that through an inch nozzle at a lire-
engine trial, only boiling, foaming, seeth
ing, ami spluttering )n an incouiparehle
manner, t'urlriend s clothes were satu
rated, and the apparel of the ladies in
front, and ol various members of the elite
all around, (lid not escape. Our readers
can judge of the sensation produced in
the church. We have no details, hut. il
can reasonably ho inferred that the cler
gyman thought that if the sermon did not
stop, the cider would not go on. Also that
our friend found himself in rather an
"Picture of Napoleon.
He was everything, lie was complete.
He had in his brain the cube of human
faculties. He made codes like Justinian
he dictated like Cicsar his conversa
tion joined the lightning of Fiscal to the
thunderbolt of Tacitus he made histo
ry and he wrote il his bulletins are Ili
ads he combined the figures of Newton
wilh the metaphors of Mahommct he
left behind him in the Orient words as
grand as the Pyramids at Tilsit he
taught majesty to Fmperors; al the
Academy of Sciences he replied to Lap
lace; in the Council of State he held his
ground w ith Jlerlin; he gave a soul to
the geometry of those and the trickery
of these; he was equal to the attorneys
and sidereal with the astronomers; like
Cromwell "blowing; out one candle w hen
two were lighted, ho went lo the Temple
to cheapen a curtain tassal; he saw every
thing: he knew everything; which did
not prevent him from laughing a good
msn s laugh by the cradle of lust little
child; and all at once, startled F.urope
listened, armies set themselves in march,
paitB of artillery rolled along, hridgts of
boats stretched over the rivers, clouds
of cavalry galloped in the huriieane,
cries, trumpets, a trembling of thrones
everywhere, the frontiers of the king
doms oscillated upon the map, the sound
ot a superhuman blade was heard leiio
ing from its sheath, men saw him si Hid
ing erect in the lionon with a Maine
his hands and a resplendence in his eyes,
niiloldiiig in the thunder his two win
the lira ml Army and the ( ld ( uard, and
he was Hie archangel ol war: 1 7.7t
General Pillow's Slaves.
The correspondent of the Cincinnati
(!if.rte from Helena, Arkansas, gives in
formation about negroes, and particular
ly about those of General Pillow's,' con
cerning whose fui nre thai gentleman
was so severely exercised live weeks a;
"The sooty black man is continually
escaping from his master in Mississippi
and making Ins appearance willnii our
lines. he other (lay, while leisurely
wandering along the shore of the 'sad
Mississippi, my attention was arrested
by the appearance of a small craft near
the opposite shore, apparently drifting
tow ard me, while in it I could plainly
discover Some dozen bipeds. And, upon
Hearing me, I saw that I hey were Afri
cans sable sons making I heir escape
Irom Hie laiiU ol liondagc. Anil as the
great l atneroi alers did not give w ay
that they might pass over, as did the
lied Sea to thrsraelites, they supplied
that 1'roviilential interposition w'ith their
own genius by consli io l ing a raft. And
thus it is with hundreds. They have no
idea of remaining Io..gcr with their rebel
masters, but seek the lines of our aim'
win re they can find wink in rehevin;
the soldier's hard labor.
"And as 1 see that (General Pillow i
ninth exercised in mind about his lie
glues, I will give him all the information
I ettit mi that jit. i it t ; and iuv (ln y lie
weirds of comlort to his tumbled soul
Prompted by cm iosity, 1 visited his plan
1 at ions the other day, and found occii
pants plenty, and Ins amino. in! crops o
corn were serving a noble purpose, for
they were extensively taken as Iced f
the Federal cavalry horses, and one or
two Helda of hundreds of acres began to
look a lilile barren and, descried. And
then it will be a still greater consolation
t i him lo leai n that his negroes are doi.'ij
a blessed work, lor they are daily match
ed in squads to the landing and there are
cheerfully permitted to relieve the an
kees by unloading Imais of commissary
slores, slid many of them pinle them
selves T)y whirling a whip oer a sis
iiiule team ; and, so far as outward ap
pearances indicate, they are all chee lul
and happy with their lot. Now if these,
words ol information will he of any con
solation whatever to Gideon ,1 , he is
welcome to them, I am sure, fur they
have been written in leiideitsl regard for
his h clings."
'I lie abnegate W ealth of Louisiana,
slaves excepted, only exceedeS ill value
the slave 1'ioperty by S ,( M ( ), K( l the to
tal jbriti n of I in- Male bein- ' 'lD.Ouu,
i ii tt i
Dixie Staplej in Southern Illinois.
A lite loiter to tlie t'liirnjo T'i':h,.
Irom that MlonisliiDglr fertile reirton,
Southern Illinois, says:
Tobacco has now become one of the
staple commodities of Southern Illinois.
More acres have lcen planted this year
than ever before, and it has a ranker
growth than usual. I made inquiries
nniong the best-infoiiiied farmers, lo as
certain, if possible, the amount of the to
bacco crop this year. It will be unpre
eedenledly large. 2,(KK) hogsheads will
be forwarded from Carbondatc station
alone, and indeed many persous place
the amount al a higher figure than ibis.
I shall not enlarge upon the fitness of
this soil ami t limale for the cultivation
of cot Ion. Years of experience have fully
established the fait that we can grow
cotton fully cpial iuepialiiyto what is
known in commerce as "fair upland."
At one-half the price of the present ru
ling rale, it would be the most profitable
crop that could be produced. In Wil
liamson, Jae kson and I'nion counties, a
great many small patches have been
planted enough, probably, for home
consumption, and could seed have been
obtained at the planting season, there
would have undoubtedly been a large
quantity of the product for exportation.
The Govcrnnie.nl, which had made an
appropriation for the purpose, generously
ollered to furnish, through the paten! of
fice, cotton seed of a good quality to a'l
w ho would undertake to plant il. A I ler
much anxious wailing, the fanners of t ha
State of Illinois Were supplied with the
insignificant nuiouiit ot Feveuty-lie
bushels, not enough lo plant a single Held
upon the scale w hich some of om tSijQU'rs
had emit, luplatcd ; i".id even Ibi.i amount
was not lui tin oming until the railroad
company had sent a special messenger
to look into the mailer. Next year, left
to private enterprise, we shall do better,
and it will not be long before cotton is
one of thei hiefest products of Southern
( IIIVF.SK gfOAl! ( ANi:.
The cultivation of sorghum, although
considerable, is less than might be expect
ed, consideiing that it grows very luxn
iously, almost us much so as coin, and
that ils profitableness has been clearly
established. It is laid that the machin
cry for crushing and evaporating is of
the rudest hind the machinery in use
lcre and that for thin reason its fuller
development has been kept bac't. Here
at DuQuoin is just the location for a good
sugar mill, and one ot large capacity
lower to work such a mill could be ob
tained at one or the other of the coal
mines, and I am but relating what some
of the best farmers loll mo when I gay
that it the necessary machinery is set
up, they will agreo to plant a thousand
acres wilh sorghum next spring. When
the cane is grown they will transport it
to me unit, uisosiiig ot it at a price
agreed upon Lelorehaud, or for a Bhare ol
the manufactured sugar. One thousand
dollars investixl in this way could scarce
ly tail to prove a source ol profit to the
person who engages in the enterprise, and
on the oilier hand it would stimulate to
an almost unlimited extent the produc
tion ol this very necessary article
' I'rlrllled Indian rjes.
The Panama W,(r thus describes
new "curiosty, which has come to light
in that region. It would rather have
astonished the ancient Pciiivians could
they have known that their eyes would
have turned up in this enlightened aiN
as an object of wonder.
We have recently received through I he
kindness of a friend al Arie. Peru
a quantity of petrified Ineli,ui eyes, taken
from Ji'miiuli burying grounds i.i that
neighborhood; which was probably as
great a curiosity in their way as has
ever come to light. The ball of the eye
8 exceedingly perfect, displaying the
pupil and other parts so distinctly, as
at once lo strike (lie observer. It i, ai
parently of hard, horny substance, am
..t. . ie it.?.. . , it i ...
i'iit mi in nun transparent, nascs. i ne
face of the eye presents a reddish hue
with yellow circles, .mil when rcllcclei
in the light, heroines brilliantly illumin
aieei. i ne nacii is ol a m ight glossy
1 i: i i-i . . .-
unge, looiiiiig n iiM-pearl, inn when
Iheohler Hakes are taken oil", the en I ire
eye becomes the color of bright amber,
which il is easily mislaken for. These
eyes are found at times loose inside the
skulls, and at other limes on the ground
of the cave or grave, having fallen out
after becoming dried up.
Sir Waller Scott dechus that he could
believe .niv thing of dogs. He was very
found of them, studeil their idiosyncra
sies closely, wrote voluminous! y in ibcir
praise, niitl ("Id many stories of their un
accountable habits. tliuv, he said, he
desired an old pointer of great experi
ence, a prodigious favorite, and steady
in the field iis a rock, to accompany his
friend Daniel Terry, the actor, then on
a visit at Ahbollsford. mid who, for the
nom e, voted himself for a short excur
sion. The dog wagged his tall in toko
of pleased obedience, shook out his ears
led Hie way wilh confident, air, and be
gan ranging about wilh most scientific
precision. Suddenly he pointed, up
sprang a numerous covey. Terry, bent
on slaughter fired both barrels at once,
aiming in the centre of the enemy and
missed. The dog turned round in" utter
astonishment, wondering who could be
behind him, ami looked Terry full in
the lace, alter a pause, shook himsrff
again and went lo work us before. A
second steady point, a second fusilade,
and iiocllcctrt. The dog then deliberate
ly wheeled about and 1 rotted bono, at
liis leisure, leaving the discoinlied hun
ter lo tiiul for himself during the re
mainder of tint day.
Musical Hounds, arising from Ihe wa
ters of lakes uud seas, have been known
and recorded from the, most ancient
tunes. Formerly attributed by super
stition and fancy to supernatural sources,
then Hkeptica!lydi'iiicd,they are now in a
fair w ay to he traced lo their sources by
carcliil scientific observations.
Of the fact of their existence there
is no longer any epiestion. Jn Cey
lon, along the western coast of India,
unci especially in the harbor of Fuinbay,
these .eolian strains and cadences are
heard too often lo bo asenhid to illusion
or imagination. At .'aldera, in Chili, ami
at I'ascagonla, (near Ship Island,) oil' the
coast of Mississippi, ulso m Victoria
Harbor, Vancouver's Island, these sounds
are common. They are said to resemble
the noise of a Chinese kite when (lying'
which is pioduccd by fixing pieces ol
nit I at to the kite's tail, llolh tin) In
dians of our own roast and the Cingalese
ascribe this nm-ic to a she 11 lish, and in
vestigation will soon determine the cor
rectness of their statements. Ob.erva
lions to I to! end aie being made by r
.1 lit pbul II, ot ''.ill I l .in iCi.e.
An Anomaly in Manufacturing;
Private Enterprise Outstripping
On Saturday the first instalment of a
thousand muskets, fac similes of the
I Springfield pattern, the national arm of
tins country, was delivered from the
r.rideshurg " Armory of Alfred denks
Son. The vast establishment of (his
linn, employing TlJO men, vt ilh a series of
buildings covering four acres of ground,
from this time forth w ill be devoted to
the manufacture of Springfield muskets
forllie C'ovrrnmenl as lone as the Gov-
rnment requires them, while the surplus
will I lien to puiehase from oilier
eiiiiitries. The Sin ing-field musket is to
the Foiled Slates what, the F.ntield litltf
is to (ho I'.rilish army ils national arm.
I'hr armory at Sprinrrliidd is fostered by
Ihe Government, and hitherto no private
company have been able lo produce (hem.
II is to (tie credit ol Philadelphia that, m
the face of all competition, including t lint
of the famous Colt, she has delivered the
lust thousand Springfield guns ever yet
produced by private enterprise.
I hat the Springfield eun could ever he
made outside of the Spi iny.ficld Armory
was something that the ordnance oilieen
were slow to believe. They rubbed their
eyes at the sight, but the I bin was no
delusion. J he magnificently rillcel mus
ket, wilh sights and allits appurtenances
in exact lac simile of Ihe Government
pattern was there before them, and the
Government could tin nothing else than
acknowledge thai "seeing was believ
ing." Previous to lSiil the armory w as it
manufactory of cotton and woolen ma
chinery. This business is slill largely
can led on, bo I Ihe lu.inufaclure if Spring-
liclil muskets has lately (ranscioled il
in impoi lam e. for one whole year the
film havs labored in perfecting the ma
chinery, and have only just reached the
climacteric that has stimulated for so
many mouths, and at so enormous a cost,
their ambition and pecuniary outlay of
.i.r:!0,000 invested in the machinery and
The great dilliciilty of producing the
United Slates Springfield rilled musket
arises, first from the very perfect work
manship and material required, and, sec
ondly, from the fart that all the parts
are required to be absolutely interchange
able. The object of this last require
ment is that any part, from the smallest
screw up to the lock, barrel or bayonet,
can be taken Irom any one lntisket and
applied, instantly, by any private soldier,
tin the field of battle, to any other mus
ket without ihe aid of tools. The ex
actness of workmanship and of mechan
ical construction which (his requirement
demands can hardly be conceived of by
those not familiar with the work. A de
parture even of the four hundrelh part of
an inch in the depth of a cut will con
demn a piece of work.
The perfection of the machinery in this
armory is such that not more than one
gun in ten is rejected though this reject
ed gun is in every whit ns valuable as Ihe
rest and can be sold to oilier patties for
more money than the government pays
for the guns that pass Ihe inspection.
Than Mr. .Icnks there is probably no bet
ter machinist now in existence. He has
simplified many of the processes of the
Springfield armory in his own shops.
The forges and trip-hammers are newly
constructed, and are exact counterparts
of those at the Springfield armory. The
drop-hammers are an improvement over
the Springfield drops. They are Ihe Mile
Feck New Haven (hop.
The forges and furnaces and teliiperiicr
vats are newly constructed, and at e conn -
tcrparts of those used at the Springfield j
armory. Ten men are employed. I
The stock-making machinery is an ex - '
act counterpart of the Springfield ma
chinery, am embraces I wenf r -'.hi e, run-'
The raw material used by Messrs. A.
Jenks cV Sou consists of the best Norway
iron for making locks, mounting!?, Ac,
costing S-li per I in. The John Mar
shall iron and the Cooper V Ilcwctt iron
ate used for makisy; barrels. The gun
stocks are made of the best American
walnut, well seasoned. The blacksmith
ing department has been in operation lor
several months pa t, and has produced
F',miii sets of all the iron pieces com
posing the gun, many of which parts are
now being purchasud by Ihe I idled States
armory at Springfield. Ninety men are
employed here. They now are turning
out every day of ten hours tilX) complete
sets of all (lie forged pin es composing
The contract was closed with this firm
in July, 1Si.1I, for the manufactured!
.-,(),(HH" United Stales Springfield rifled
muskets, at (lie rate of ?yJO a piece. It
was obtained by the firm of Alfred .Icnks
kV Son, without the agency or iiileiven
tion of any third parlies whatever. The
Hoard of Ordnance Coiiimissioners, com
posed of Hon. Joseph Holt, llobert Dale
Owen and Major Hagner, appointed by
the Secretary of War to invcsliate and
repoit on arms content Is, niter a full ex
amination of this contract, reported in
favor of the lairness and honesty of the
contract, uud of the ability of Alfred
. Icnks Son to carry it out. The con
tract was fully confirmed and extended
by Gen. I.'ipley, under the present Secre
tary of W ar. on the recommendation of
The delivery of the lost thousand
muskets on Saturday was made the oc
casion of a little celebration by the oper
atives at the works. 1'rigleld's hand
was sent out from Ihe city in a big om
nibus, and a number of carriages con
veyed invited guests to the spot, where
the entire resources of Ihe establishment
were thrown open to their inspection.
A Hag was afterwards raised in the open
square of the grounds, salutes were fired,
and Messrs. Jenks Mitchell, of the
til in. made appropriate little speeches.
A glee club, got up among the men, sung
pal not ic airs, and then several of the
operatives made speeches. The afternoon
was finished ,y g (ollalion, at the hos
pitable mansion of Mr. Jenks, a shoit
distance from the works.
The l'.ridesbiirg armory is a credit to
Philadelphia, as to the country at large.
The proprietors could sell I heir machin
ery to a Furopean government to-morrow,
at a very large advance upon it- cost, ton
would not jor a lnomi lit eiilertain the
idea. They give employment to seven
hundred hands, and support directly
about three thousand people. They art'
rapidly buildiug up lWidcsbiii g into an
iniMrl ml suhni b.
Tlit'V "JV Hi'W ill vV.ia.liin,- tun I li;it il
one a.ik .Mr. Maiilun li:il is U'tiii": to lie
elii'ir n ilh Mi ('It lluii'u army hr t t iaiins,
"I ani not ii nrr.il-iii-Cliit I' I Know
ii'itliin nl' kiii Ii inuttt rit-
I la!!.', k'.-'
if yt'U :tlk tin' I'n'Milnit a itiiiiiljr ijiit s
liiin, lie n pliis, "Vuii f.iiui l we Ii.ivi'
(irlnr.ll tin i I'lllllllllil -i ull t!i" u t 111 I if,
aii'l inuliii all the I'luiK to suit tun-elf
.iik lam !" Ami liion if you I.ih.iv i I a 1 -lei
l; ami k liini, you will t iU- leply,
" Wlit-n yti'i !( iiinvt-ni'Tit t rl.nr in it
i.'ni In t I i. Ui .
A Spunky Soldier.
One of the correspondents writing of
Ihe battle of Cedar Mountain, relate this
Just after (he firing of musketry be
came interest insr, I noticed a private sol
dier coming oil' the field, and thinking
perhaps he was running1 away t avoid
danger, I rode rtp to him, when I found
he had two lingers of his left hand ahot
away ami a third dreadfully lacerated.
1 saw at once that heat least had a hand
in (he tight. 1 assisted him to dress his
wound as well as my limited knowledge
of surgery would permit: he in the
meantime propping up my pluck by bis
quaint remarks. Said he, " i dou'l keer a
tlurn for that third finger, for it w a'nt of
no 'count no how ; but the pinter and
t'other one were light good one, and I
hale to lose 'em. Shouldn't have come
to the I ear if 1 had been able to load my
gun; hut I wasn't." After 1 dressed hi
hand, he looked over in ihe dirctionof
tho firing and stood amnnirnl. Turning
to me be said, "Stranger, I wish you
would just load up my shooting iron for
mr; I want lo have a little satisfaction
out of them cusses for spiling my fore
paw." I loaded his gun for him, and he
started back for the top of the hill at
double-quick in quest id "Satisfaction."
His name was Lappin.or Lapping, of the
7th I Hiio.
An exchange paper says
All the patent medicines in Alabama
belonging to the Northern Doctors, have
been Sold at miction for Ihe l.eiiclitof
the Dixie Cotif. dei acy.
The probability is that these medicines
f w ill lii! more than they w ill ewe, and
then loie I ncle Sam ought to rejoice that
they have fallen into Ihe hands of his
enemies. H.do (l.twHf.
'Hie ir !,.! un I a.' ti.iiiiiniii t.f Iir. .Inlet N, J
M.l.unv aii, Tltmly Inv.liM ID Ml Icn.l .1 Mr W.
11. lie lle!iIN' I'll ( lllir. )l .Jlrisf, In-.triy lit III oYtocl ,
lor lti 'I p. el linvine tni i 'li. sin; int.-- i .-.l ;it Xi
N"st ai r. s .i ?, I s,;.j j,
in i n,
i.i-, "ti id (.'hm-lcli.' I :ln . in He i.T' Ii
Sir, Vnri'l'BirK IllLt. i n. Ilj
l""lt.1u. ., so' ri'-ipvitiille l.ivils
yr;ir .l In
HO. 'l l ,- Ilini'lM! in, ,
nMi'i I., t'r.'iu Inn rn. Inn-.
tr.n it i ) h'nniiint nt It"
-f S N.I f. Mi- I' I.i: V, I IKITl NANT .NT ol At:
I I. r Miiitrrol III. Font T. liiii'f.f IO'j:lm.nt i.
Mi. Mle TViiii-K-ei' "lunitr, will r.inr r n lnr liv
"liillK Ho" lii'Ttiinn M 8 o'. . k. sil villi, nl m
fpi.it CM, C.i;iliil biuMini;. K. T 1 osTI.lt,
f' l l-ll. bi'Mll -Col. lit Trull InT
. SHOEMAKERS WANTED.
IWHi ttii'ii,,',oT Tivn pt-.til H'ot iiFiKt'i, .ivli..:n
I will R,if i Tttiamtit Mtu.uioiis mu w . ,
and mv t lit-in ' p r 'L'Hijii'ly every wpfk.
"l 1 No. 21 fo'.lr nl.. N :i -li vi l.
AY A. 1ST T T ID,
In n nl
n M I I li
"lll.'illiltK IWM IT llil'-.'
Oil t'V !tijh llf. Hi ttlit
I'OR SALK. CHKA1M
A FIRE-PROOF SAFE. '
r No. 3i Market Street,
orrti iti: watson norsi:.
i eel.. i
. il I
un; I.i t
lU'evlliiir (.',, . Kll7;il.i.li
iii.tvilV. i-.iii In .ii miniM.iTi l villi
i- 'I'l.'r: till- v f-- k I'V npI'lvlliT hi
"I' II. II Sili-I. I iIHVi III., S-W1
;Si'pl'.' I 'v
1 I...M :.l lli" ::-
ir I'll i !; il I " 1 1 1-, ( ni p. I
(' l r in il t,.r I'.!'
f I'll I. i
V.l. II . ,
I. . I'l .. I
I iv IV l. li it it
t lllll p.l !l , I" I'
i -in i! ! r.
' lul Ill- ' ii"l;niir lliulvi'
W M 'I I.I It, M.
Il l II l .
i-I'VI I I
STADLER, BRO. & CO.
ti a v i:
H K .M O V TO 13
No. 31 Market Street,
(I'l-piii ti I'tipt ,j
No. 71 East Side Tublic Square
w urn i s
W Inn,, ri !.
AM. ICI I All,
!,'. I"l Hi'
Wnul.rN Ci'ClliM. ..r i;.'!ii!i.iii,.i,'i ,-hi ; Mil'-'
uti'l 'I III ll Ml m; .-Ii Ii -. ,l , ., in ilii liu., ol I r v
WAI I., IIAUItM Alii:. .MIIM.S limn -. A. ., & .
l'. r-..iii w i-h !.,' iiiiillui, . i Hi. tun p., l(.
MI'I" I. 'Mi: Villi' I 'ihC, III" 1,1 it, w,.!) II l,,!y
It -In- Mini" I'l' y I ui. .. I, i ,. , ,t,
t.i -" i I "I iiimi.
M I. A I It A nutss,
- l I 'I "1 V ii' M I' .I'.. i , innr", 'i. hi.i.ii- )
yil ! "HI I'll' MIT ATlt-NTIiiS' TO Till:
i H. . I ... li .. i in a i, ,ilv (,,,, ail in' I II,.
(.of i i, ... mm ,'. ,.. j,,,,,., , I,, ,
OFFICE ON UNION STREET,
iv i- ii t , . u',. i i
-I. . 1: , k -im.
ny mi. nl,,, ui Hlnir .) i.iri
ill. ill, 'I i in -,i i
it kit en utter
KU...I.I II. K'.l.t-.;
Urn i i-iiti, A I . I i.i,. .ii.
'- 1I..U. 1 i'l hi -...
'... -III. II. I , .!.!..!,. .1. W
,. , ,. . 11 ,... ,
' I 111
. 'I .
' ll'.l'. M ' "I'l, tl. Ll,
im'u- W iii i i H" ,11.
..-...' 1.1'ail I. .1 ,.
.1. -I iU.ll I I.
n. y.'-: r.
. mi II. Wi
!' vi , Tli
i I -!,' . , I
I A. K. V
iiun. ii .i,mii
.I il i in.
A -.t ll- I l" I
III I iill. Kw I
.'.". IMN) i,.i A 'H ! I Ii IMTAS'li --II. IT
'J ,IN Nl i' it l.il i .-'ii.ki it.h'in.
i ,.r ,..,f i r m jr i y
im.i.tim; -i.rATi:i,i: and ;fm. r..r
J I ...i ly Mil 1 1.-,.
yi:.ixrvv ..: u ami
CI. A '
No. 56, College Street.
Oificfr' Fine Dress & Fatigue
A tplrndlit Axarlmcnt of l ine
Fine Hut rnrkf,
Tine Trunks (t'opner Kivetcd,)
:t llnvv Colli r.iatiroirifi-rtl
I'll! F.liilii oldr-t Ion, nr all Kinds,
Silk lltibbrr ('onto,
All style PAri tt Collar ; Timr and
Ti:tMti.xtw, all kinds; Nii.k and lU'NTtsu
Flag; Fink CAsitviriiR Shirts; Livrm
Shirt-, Uai-zk Silk, Oai zk Mkhivo and
I.isi.i: TiwKAn I'Kin.KNiitiiT: Ihun and
IWW (Im'NTI.KTT, (iUIVf', c, iVc.
GRIFFITH & PARSONS
AND Wllnl.r.HAI.K ltl'.AI.KIl IN
dim F.D nr. F.F,
HAMS, BACON SIDES,
COFFEES. SUGARS, TEAS,
Mustard, Spico, Pepper, Nutmegs,
1ST A. T Li S,
BAGGING, ROPE, TWINE,
M A C IC K 11 K Ta
ItliOOMS, llt'CK KTH,
COARSE & FINE SALT,
(MXIHKS, ITII ITS, WIXES,
Suttlers Ooods of all Kinds,
Ai .l mi! ) Hili. i HiiUlrti nnhliiK dully pnr.li.i'f.l
i. r ( ih, tti.l n,i!.I nt i.mali (ir.ilii,
I 'rill n i nl H-i.
CKIFFFl'll .V. PAItSO.NS,
n.i 7 eui ;.ri;i: ."T , nasiivii i.k, ti'n
tllttlVH'U Ac JIAliKU'H
srwm; mkiiim:s fou sin:.
lor (irnvor A linker', Wherlvr A
Uilon'a and Howe IMarl.lnr,
Ai.m, MACI1INK OIL,
Hiintf I'.'itmuing In fi'iung Miti liiiti'N
All km. la el
.M W I h 1 1 m i k i Will P-ii.fr Nl.ir.'. dr. Iim.l..
I'Mim.'l W ll Pii.it Nl.ir.'. Cir. i.
HnrlBlnl I'ltlilic Niuniii,
' tr liy '. Kf AIIUo
tON -1, . -it, ti,.
liy WM. 1 VuM.
Dr. King's Dispensary
i on i-iciv vi i: i.si: 4M .
3r m "K K,N(,.f,"',,i"r i Ni'w rurk,ro
f I v? lit-Ul f'l'ir .'HO( lllalll, ny.
" uJ hti h ttu..i.'it l.ia ativu lO.bic
Iba irilmaiit of private .1 iavi l..r Iig i-ia, Italian
bliuaoll, ti.i L ainnarj u a I'tarl.. . luf a., maul
ia, al, 1 i iii.o a., many lliiik.u.l, ba l aual.Ul u
ouraall .1 . -. a ..I a .rival liaeurn.ua Kialur liuai
ba I I In f n.f lid rr.'tu iui'. Inn. in nit'.lii-iaj iraailiunul
urlmm nrrwlm lli.ito.u. In U mr a uiaimiura '
Nn i i...i,tii a adr. I, lirlai ii C'l.m 1 and u.-uf.
" n.ln ir;.ai,rp l.a i-m . 4,, n 1.1 ,,,'
l.uo.irliaa t ura.l wllliuul omaikiiu tudliriuf iirls.
(,rtiirti.i w :lli tiuaiLuaa
ftlrn Ima ul tiid ul rt i-lit daif . tli-cluily rurad
li-a, .lat a. Iir aa oi'i-ialiiia aim. I .... ma .aia
1.1.,'iu a.Siil.li.rM l.iii. ..,....1 ...
fut'i.i u.i ,li. ua ,a ...a .na iu.m li.i-r and un.i
I In I' a I lit iiiuai iLutlou au tuut U
( ( ,'Lii.a. uu all lu d.at-aata of !ta a.ia nil-i,j
out lf u. l l or kail trMluinm, l-ao t t.l,. u.ll,
, C'lri-J in kia daa
j H.tiiul IVil'.iifji rarllrularaltrulmu having Ita-rt
j f'f (1 i' Hi. I il iwa, a'.'l all tlia ri.n-..i.ni . gin 11.,
... i.i .,, ui.iui.i i.u iu aiai.7 rA.-a i.y Ma il'trii.'l'iit
0l"l ul li,i.Mia,.l.-r yuuilui, and 4;irtHa,v uiiluo
rj.., .if il, .-,,..ii-i, a u.k I i.f olii. b will Ull.llli
oiii. IC a .-..iiiiilui. .,. rtii.ivt ii.( ilia aulij,K. eut fr,t
li.iv li- or a k .i.' . kii-l a an.c ,ir.i:naiu, nij m
t-itiaiaa ui. ,i.v la lal tir.Uf w it u au, ilum ully a
ka Vl .iuli lii.i i.ki ui'.'a.l liuuii!ta roll, f
K-rw.uf , jii.k t.a..l bjr tarlliuf ud aialllif II111I
naac, in aim. un i..-j , iii,-ai. ut ir A. klug, Kii H
1, uiim..j. i'.i-m 14, r A. U lug,
I. Naab villa, Tina , will La.aiU
m I Id lb, f feMrvaw. Offu
in ..i ii a ' 1 fa
a' r n B.I.. u.wt
I Q a
If .UI 9 It'.,. -. k IU lb HJii.ul,
iil cm 1 1 m uaavaailiif 4
. , I J JI.-IJ