Newspaper Page Text
ror Freedom aai Nationality.
n. C. IHKHtFK, i:iior.
THCItSDAY MOaNIXO. SKIT. 12-
The Aristocrccy of Mr. Sthcphem'
Confederacy Compared with that
We laid yesterday that tin; ristoera y
which would be rsUblishrd in a Confed
eracy based on shvrry at ils "chier corner-stone,"
would be the worst, tlie niott
illiberal and despotic in the world. This
proposition may appear iat!i r bold, and
yet we conceive that 'it can easily be
proved. We say then (hat an sristocrat-
io governing class is liberal and gentle
just in the proportion that il approaches
the class which it Rovtrns. If in an ar
istocratic government there be an e.T-y
gradation, a sort of gentle inclined plane
from the masse governsd to the class
which governs, there will be a sympathy
existing between the two, a good feeling,
a mutual respect and regard not lobe
found under a government where the
masses, which constitute the bulU .H all
((.mil iles, the luborintehisses, who have
ever been and niUMl ever he the o.n
whelming majority of all nations, are
plaeed under the ban of a soeinl and
mental degradation from which they can
never rise, and are separated from their
rulers by a unlf ''' impassable
as that which separated the rich man and
Lazarus. T illustrate. Although we
are accustomed to speak of the oppressed
millioiiBof I. upland and France, and of
the sufferings of the lahoi ing c lasses, still
all intelligent men know that the hairier
lit CniiffJeri-rij in .((). ( i.-.'.m
arr utterly iii.i'riv'Jicmil un intrVn tunl,
oihi vv'iiit ctrmrni. we tntatii pisi
as well talk of Lyceums, Colleges, S hinds
and cheap magazines, for our Shanghai!,
Ibirhsm cattle, Spanish .Tacks, l'.crkshire
pigs, or Cashmere goats, as for our Negro
slaves. Now, suppose we slop right
here and ask the simple ipieslion, Which
nation will attain the highest rank in
every respect that which rests on an
intelligent, thinking class, or the one
which is supported by barbarians?
Would Jie Southern Confederacy, if al
lowcjl to e ist mil il the final trump of
doom shall sound, lie likely to produce
the inventors. Hie artists, the poet, the
Scholars, the members of the learned pro
fessions, which F.nglanrl produces every
yc:? We think not ; for I he latter of
fers incentive to talent, the former none.
I'.ut I. I us look at Ihe inlliienee which
this degraded and stupid has s in the
Southern Confederacy would inevitably
exett on Ihe minds ami lastcj of the ru
ling i !as. For the masters to esc ape be
coming dc-pols, they must be blessed by
a miraculous inteiposilion of ltivine
power, (live a man power oer a herd of
ignorant, besotted creatures, who l.o
knows must continue without improve
rnciit, and whom his own safety and the
stern commajid of the law compels him
to restrain liotii making any improvc-meiil-',
and w ho, even it improvement wen
possible, arc ;.s utterly incapacitate 1 from
ri-on socially as the horse he ride
ati'l tliat man must liccome ilespntu- in
temper. No I'.ritish nobleiuan has half
the tower over his tenants Ihnt a cotion,
or snv,:it', or Inhacco planler has over his
slaves; and as far as power over human
beings constitute greatness, no IbiUe, no
Peer of the British realm has a lithe of
the power thai is possessed, by the plan
let' who ow us t w o hundred or live linn
died slaves. We conceive that how ever
It il repot led here that Milcswe-enact- Wa-hivton, September 17. Casey,
ed his Hull l!;m scene at Harper' Ferry, commsiiling provisional brigades, is or
whit h was surrendered to Ihe rebels in I tiered to concentrate his command on the
not exactly the
sort of musters whom we would desire
to live under, as the holders of political
power. Have we im cause lor assert ing
that it is the purpose of the leaders of
this rebellion to establish a slave-aris
locracy, il they can establish the South
em ( onlc.leiacy : me woiiM suppose
from Mr. SiT.riiKN".' declaration thai tlie
Soulli means to establish a governmeii
whose " chief corner-stone " shall be
African slavery, was conclusive evident
that the possession ol slaves was to con
slilufe the badge of lilinolion for this
novel order of aristocracy. The deelara
tions of Hi: lion's fatuous Southern lie
vieir, are slill more clear and emphati
it says :
14 Foreigners understand and admit
the leveling democracy of the North, but
cannot appreciate the uri.sln-ralic Jccl,j
if il in iviii iji it SO Villi TMI il III'' S'lilh
"A non-slave-holding community in
Ihe midst ol tlie South, w ill ever be (lis
satisfied ami treacliennii. Witness Saint
Louis, Louisville, Northwestern Virginia
and Faslern Tennessee, lie iitint erdmlt
liiili cirmiiiiiiiiii'l in f-ilnre, at any toit."
And so soon as the Southern Confed
eracy is allowed to succeed in establish
ing its hideous throne over a portion of
the Federal Fnion, so soon will the rod
of n col Ion aristocracy drive from its do
minion the nou-slave-holding whiles, on
whom they will ever look with a jealous
and suspicious eye.
which excludes them from the highest.
positions in art, literature, Ihe learned I excellent as members of society
i.rofVstiioiis. and even Ihe highest olliees men may ,.. they nre
both in church ami Stale, although form
idable, are by no means impassable. 1'le
lieians every now and then, aided by some
friendly hand c.tended from the ranks
of the arisloeracy, win for themselves
both fortune and renown. Need we name
Sinst.v Smith, Hitot i. ham, Ji.i i r.rvs, M
i.m'I.av, Hoop, lli:t!M:!ii:t., Watt, W.u.th'.
S. on, and many of the most distinguish
ed members of I'arliametit, as eminent
examples of the truth of what we say?
The nobleman, proud and vain, il may he,
under whose eye some bud of genius
may be slowly unfolding ils modest pet
als to the light, oflen feels a personal
vanity in taking it to bloom in the full
sunshine of his patronage and favor. The
man of genius and talent often becomes
his associate, confidant and counsellor,
and the instructor of his children.
There is no social degradation fell in
such an intimacy. It is rcgari'. d on
both sides as the patronage and protection
of power extended by a wise and provi
dent liberality to decided merit. Eng
lish and French history abound in such
examples. Hence it may be said that to
a considerable extent the arisloeracy of
Lurope is the foster parent of talent and
genius. Hut even this is far from being
the only manner in which a community
of feeling is kept up 'b'rtvvi en the ruling
and laboring classes in England. Hund
reds of the nobility take pains to dis
seminate useful information among the
humblest tenants, and in adding to their
...imfoi Is. Mechanics and artians are
encouraged in the formal ion of craft
associations; in holding industrial ex
hibitions; in establishing scientific and
moral societies', and in x.uious other
ways, which will readily be icall-
d to mind by all who have neon
customed to read Lnglish newspapers.
And hence il follows that there is in
(ireat P.riUin to-day, underneath Ihe
aristocracy and the crown, a great mid
dle class blending imperceptibly w ith the
ruling orders on the one side and the
humblest laborers on the other, vvhuh is
one of the most intelligent and cnlerpi is
ing cla-.se in the civilied world.
Now, let us look al the elements of
which society must be constituted in a
Southern Confederacy. The ".,'
ii,'- of this Confederacy, says Vice
President Stephens, who is i',r master in
tellect of the llichniond dynasty, is
"African hhicfiij." Every mail knows
w hat he means by the chief cornel -stone
it must be that on which theCon
federacy is to rest, and that is the labor
ing class, w ho are All ii uu Slaves. And
w hat rank do these laborers hold .' Why
we may deline it in one word almost by
saving that they are ol" necessity by
the nalinal instinct ol their waster--I'orever
socially, intellectually, and mor
ally degrade. I. The Afiican slave is no
mote capable ol sttaiiiiiig any social in
timacy w ith his ow iirr, or a.hicv ing any
in art, in the learned professions, in
hcllfS-lclllcS, than the mule he hitches
to his plough. In many ol the Slate
his owner would subject himself to s
heavy penally if In- were to leach him to
read ; and no degn e of genius w hit h the
slve might manifest would ever induce
his master to admit him to his table, or
into hi parlor, on the same lei ins w hiih
he would extend t.ilbe lnot.1 lude aiol
unpolished while man. The natural in
shin's of Ihe I ace rco!l aga'nst such an
lleie, then, we see an immeasurable gulf,
hot to he biidgid, yawning between the
domiii.ini ( Uhs in the Confederacy, num
bering some two hundred and lilly thuu
siiid slav c-hoMcrs, and the three mil
lion and a half of slaws wl.i.li they
possess. WecMlude fioin Ibis estimate
the inastet and Uvc of Ihe Fouler
Stales, as they i an hy no possibility be
reckoned a luctnheis of Ihe Conledciai y
in any eent. hat follow'.' Why
ne have, tiist. H i'i"i i . ' f
Wtr.l lll.lll's M.I.K, 1'.W. 1 IM'll.i: (oIVIT,
Mi.. This thriving little manulsi luring
village, near this city, has caught Ihe
spirit of patriotism in a most emi
nent degree. There are tifly-two of
its inhabitants subject to military duly,
of w hich Ihirly-one have enrolled t heir
names as volunteers, and are ready to
go forw ard to do battle lor the preserva
tion of Ihe I'uion, and it is e.xpecled
that some olhers will follow their pat
riotic example. The w orkingmeii ol the
country are becoming thorougly aroused
to Ihe importance of this contest to each
one prfi,i,iitili. They realize the fact thai
the war was gotten up at the Soulli to
change our republican form of go' ern
inent, and to establish on its ruins an
aiislociacV or monarchy, those w ho were
"not hoi u with silver spoons in their
mouths" from t iijoying (heiighlsof freej
born ilicns beiUealhed to them by the
patriot ami heroes of the revolution.
They behold in il, in fact, a rossi-niM v
aq wn'st 'I til M by Ihe Soulli, and in look
ing around them tliey lind that those in
their midst who are aiding and abetting
Ihe traitors in this Attempt to defraud
them of their rights, are the sap-heads
who, by the (bailee of birth or accident,
have inherited a little moteof Uiis w ot Id'
goods I hall Si tin' of their neighbois, and
ihcfj'i u presume to consider themselves
peculiarly entitled to be considered as
of the "aristocracy," and as superior to
the '' mud sills'' who labor w ith an holi
est industry, lor the maintainance and
support of (heir families, and w bo me,
indeed, are the bone and sinew of the
country the I 'C linn and Ihe tillable
of their nation's strength and prosperity.
May Ihe vile wretches who haw conniv
ed at this conspiracy never he forgotten.
They deserve Ihe execration of the op
pressed of humanity of every clime. It
is a sin they have committed against the
human family lor agi s lo come. Creak
down our free system, and with it falls
to Ihe ground human liberty in every
country. The despots id' Ihe world
would point toil as an ctiihnceof the
want ol capacity of man for sel I -gover;, -incut,
sud forthwith proceed to draw
still t loser the bonds ( f their oppression
upon their subjects. It would be the
datkest day in Ihe aletidar of the world
for smh a catastrophe to occur, as the
breaking up of tins asylum lor Ihe ep
piessed of the nation id' the world : and
a disuuiou of these Slates would effectu
ate that object. The man w ho aids in
such an atn clous deed, deserves the
execration of the human i ace. : .',.
Glorious Newi from the Potomac !
Gen. Jackson Reinforces Gen. Lee ! J
fiaiper'i Ferry Recaptured by
Longstrect and his Division Captured
rospect of Routing the Entire Rebel
Army ! (
Investment of Charleston by our
Rebels Evacuate Harper's Fcny!
General Lonsrstreet killed and Gen
eral Hill Captured !
The Hebel Army Cross the Fotomac!
Howell Ccbb Wounded & a Piisonei!
Tlie South Carolina Brigade Anni
, ll .1 ll H ..I ! j, , l, . , . '
Wasiii,toX, September 17. Al three
o clin k tins atternoon intelligence w as
received that since .":'!(! this morning the
lierccsl and most sanguinary battle of the
whole war has been in progress. All the
ii frf ni ftier w hich McLlellau had taken
with him to Frederick were massed al a
point indicated, and the engagement is
believed lo have Item between the whole
of the two armies. There is reason to
suppose the losses on each side arc very
great, as reipiisitions for medical stores
and arrangements lor wounded men to
he scut to ilokersvllle immediately are
larger than have ever b.ien made at any
Information has been received that
McCIcllan destroyed an acipieduel at the
mouth ol Anlicum ( reek and the hrtil
across that creek upon the road leading
to Sharpshnig, thus culling oil' (he re
treat of Ihe rebels in Ihe direction of
Later reports from llagerslowti slate
thai this P. M. the rebels aoe retreat ing
in great disorder, and subsequently a
rapid bring w as heard in the direction ol
Williamsport, which induces Ihe belief
that McUclIan had pursued Ihe retreat
ing rebels to that point, and that they
made a stand there to cover their passage
across the Potomac.
Ileconnoissances made by Col. Davis'
cavalry, who made a dashing foray to
wards Hanover .Junction from Freder
icksbiirg, and now under command of
Heinlzi-lman, show that since Friday last
the rebels have evacuated Leesh.irg, and
that a I'm re of leu thousand men, w ith
thirty puces of artillery and a supply
train two miles in length, has gone in
the direction ol Harper ferry.
1 nformation received here, which, how
ever, is not deemed altogether reliabh
says that a large rebel foive is maichitiK
northward upon the other side of I'ull
Iiuu mountains. Measures have been
promptly taken to ascertain the truth of
A gentleman of this city, who is con
versant with the region about Shaq
burg', says tlie Potomac can be forded al
Shephardstown, at Anlietam Creek, al
Ham No. and at Harper s I'crrv.
A letter received to-night from Lieut
llnssell, oflhe'.H'ith Pennsylvania, states
their loss at the battle of the Pass of
P.lue Ilidge to be 1 "). Mai. Martin and
Lieut. Iiouglnrly were killed.
IlAi:i;lrci;u, Sept. 17. A great ball!
has been fought to-day. We were v ii
tot ions. t lie carnage on liotii sides was
awful. Longslrert not hilled, but.
wounded, and a prisoner.
Later 10 1'. M. A dispatch tiisl re
ceived at headquarters from llagerslown
says: " We have achieved a glorious vic
tory. !en. Hooker is wounded in the
foot. No particular received.
l'.osToS', Sepl. 17. llcportt d inves
inent of Chat lesion hy our gunboats has
some cotiliriuation by a letter received in
this city liotii on board me t tilled Mates
steamer Pihb, which says Fort Sumpter
has already received a preliminary does
of shot and shell, w hieh resulted in seri
t 'oniinodoi'.' .loin: Percival, 1. S. N.
died al his residence at lloxbiu y, lhi
uioi -1 1 i i .
II 'U -i.i I'.i ow iiir Nii-r, lenKs, who
ha al heart the good of his lellow crea
tines, announces the following iliiections
for blowing Ihe nose: Pik lightly, in
two pieces of combust !c p.ipir, a quanti
ty of tine gunpowder siillicicij to till
e o 1 1 Hcli1 entrance lo oiu pi oboscls; in
sert iliein tightly up it, a mi light the
ends, whhh should be pioli'iidilig lor the
i. in pose, with a candle. Th" clUct Will
he I list tlit aiieoii .
P. il.ll Mold:, Sepl. 17. Over twelve
hundred rebel prisoners, captured in thy
recent hdtlles, arrived lu re this evening
and will be sent north to-morrow.
P.osTus', September 17. The ll:'Jll train
h i- New burg, on the Eastern railroad,
W hell passing through elihnin, collided
with an excursion train. Two liictnen
were killed, and some ."(! or In more or
less wcic.w untitled.
ClS'i I N Vn. Sept i 'in her IS. The I ebels
commenced falling hack yesterday, and
at hist acconiils were between Dcinoss
ille and Falmoulh, burning bridges on
the Covington and Lexington railroad.
A scouting parly of Ii fly -three ol Ihe
Tenth Kentucky Cai.lhv, engaged P'U
of the enemy m ar Florence lasl night
killing .'i, wounding 7, and routing the
remainder. Cur loss is I killed and I
licncral Wallace has been relieved of
the command of the forces here and di
rected lo report for duty at Columbus,
Ohio. Tlie l otntnand of the troops here
has been assigned to tieneial A. ,1,
(iciicial Nelson has recovered, and will
Coinnund Ihe hoops at Louisville.
PlMl.APl.l.l'lllA, September IS. A Bpe
rial daspatch daled llagei slow ii, ( yesler
day) to the Press, says of the light on
Tuesday: The battle raged with great
spirit. The liring on either side was
very heavy till towards sundown, when
the rebels w ere Hanked by Honker and
rol ler, and Seven ly punished. Their
lite became desultory, and it w as evident
their n iti i in i ii 1 1 io ii w a- giving out.
This morn ing the battle w as renewed
by the rebels with renewed vigor; tin y
acted a if they had been reinforced and
furbished with fresh ammnnit ion. The
battle lasted till 1 o'ch
when the rebels ii treated,
street and I he remnant ol I
our hands as prisum i s.
The entile lebi I at my will
tilted ol killed. There was no
left fur them to cross the Potomac
river l rising, and our troops ai
i k this P. M.,
eav ing Long -is
ing 1 belli c
on. I to 111
' y and sending pi is-
Khnmeful mjinnrr. I
Sii batteries of artillery, belonging to
I.ougstreet' division, were captured yes
terday and to-day. It ia said we have
taken nearly fifteen thousand prisoner
Stonewall Jackson's aimy is w ith Lee,
and, with other distinguished ollieers,
will be forced to surrender within a dav
or two at farthest.
Our immense army is in motion, and
our generals are certain of ultimate and
decisive success. Stores for our army
are comin;r ly way of llarrisbiiri! and
Unrnsides h.i retaken possession of
Harper's Ferry, and is advancing on a
special mission with his corps.
FouTKl'.ss MoxnoF, SeplcliilM r Vi. The
steamboat Yandcrhilt arrived this morn
ing with about 11(H) I'nion paroled pris
oners from Aiken's Landing, the pith.
Lasl evening the balance of the paroled
prisoners all passed through here, en
route for Annapolis, where they have
been taken, amounting' to .,!-.. Some
were too sick to leave Pichmond.
Nk.'.v iiuk. September LS. Private
dispatches to-day from points near Har
per s Jerry seem toconlirm, in all essen
tial particulars, the good news published
this looming, and leave no nasonahle
loiibt of the re-capture of Harper's Fer
ry and'U illiamspoi t.
I lti.vi'i i.i'Ut a, September 17. Appa
rently well founded rumors say a great
bailie look place lo day at. ('etilrev illc,
on i:nioecoiaiii ( recti, resulting in our
Wa-iiini.tos', September 17. Wound
I ollieers who nnived to-night from
Western Maryland say that when they
h it, at 7 o'clock this morning, a battle
had commenced at llurhitlsv ille.
Hai:i:isi.i no, Pa., Sept. 17. The (!ov-
ernor stales that 7'J,W)(l men have re
sponded to his call for defence of the
Slate, and he expects the number will
increase to 1011,110(1. These men are be
ing furnished with equipments and mov
ed to the Slato borders as rapidly as
Wasiiisiitox-, Sept. 17. A gentleman
arrived from Annapolis slates that three
transports arrived there yesletday, from
James Liver, bringing 2,."00 paroled pri
soners, including ollieers, teamsters, sut
lers, and blacksmiths.
ILuutisiinm, Pa., Sept. 17. In the bat
tle (o-day our right wing rested on
Sharpsbtirg, and our left this side of An-
titurn Creek, near I orterstown. The
rebels are falling back on Harper's Ferry
much worried and dispirited. The
wounded are arriving at Hagerstovvn.
The bridge reported destroyed by the
Federal forces was the canal bridge at
or near illianisport. Ihe destruction
ol this bridge is ot great importance, as
it impedes Ihe rebels from bringing up
Pai.timohk, Sept. 17. The following
is from the P.altiinoro American's special:
The cannonading on I uesday allernoon
was very heavy, and continued, with
sonic intermission, until long after night.
This (Wednesday) morning if was re
sumed at daybreak with a violence and
rapidity that people in the vicinity, who
watched the progress of the live (lays
contest, say was cortainly unprecedent
ed. It was one continuous rattle of nea
vy guns, and, from the position I occu
pied, McClellan's right appeared to rest
oil Sharpsburg and his li lt on Latoctin
The rebels destroyed the bridge over
this creek yesterday, but Met lellan re
hull) il during the night.
The position occupied by McClellan
seemed to be advantageous. The guns
seemed lo be stationed on a range of lulls
from the apex of which clouds of smoke
rolled up in the distance, mat king dis.
tinctly the line of conflict.
Cannonading commenced at daylight
and w as heard distinctly up to I o'clock,
causing tho impression that the great
battle ol the campaign was in progress
Wounded were being carried towards
Hagerstown and lioonesboro, so that lit
lie could be heard from the baltle lielil
in the direction , f Middletown.
hepotis received, however, are highly
favorable, our forces at Ihn time having
the besl position, the battle being prin
cipally with artillery. Snldient win
were on the lield on Tuesday slate that
it consisted entire ly of artillery that day.
It commenced early in the morning am
continued till lale at ni::hl. McClellan
having at the close of the day drive
I hem one-halt mile, and olaincd an t ic
vated position from which he operates
to da v . 1 he light vssterday w as sharp
ly contested by (he enemy. It was only
at Ihe close of Ihe day that the slight
advantage mentioned was gained,
humors afloat are various, among whh
ii was said that J ackson and Hill, wer
again croSHingihe Potomac in the rear of
Lee, by way of Shcpardstown, thus com
ing hack l coin I larper s 1 erry to mice
I heir commander. This would he prat'
ticable, and the rapid manner in win
they evacuated Harper's Ferry seems to
indicate their sudden appearance, at some
point least expected. 1 1 is ev ident M e -Clellan
is pressing Lee to the river in
such a manner that his army cannot
much longer sustain itself, unless reliev
ed fiom the other side. Ils crossing in
the lace of such determined pressure is
impossible, and cveiilsj to-day and to
morrow are likely to indicat the success
or total failure of the campaign.
Ini'Unai'oi.in Sept, 17 An order was
iosnrd to-dsy from tho (leneral Com
missioner's ntlice, from which the follow
ing extracts ate taken :
"The returns are all in, and Ihe quota
of the several townships in eac h county
will be forwarded to the Enrolling Com
missioners of the several counties he
fore the ( lose of the present week, if
" Each tow nship will thus be enabled
to assirlain its deficiency, and if that
is supplied by volunteer before the day
lixed lor the drall, then no draft will
he made in that township ; and if the de
liciency is only partly supplied by vol
unteers, then the draft will only he made
for the residue, according to data furn
ished by Ihu (ieiiural (ioverument.
"The number to be yet supplied by
Indiana o relieve her from a draft is
about li.tsio. Volunteers will be received
lor twelve utonth, not only to supply the
dclieticy ot ti,0iHi, but also an equal num
ber lor the State at large w ill be accepted,
making a total of l'.',isi().
"The dralt will take place on Ihe (ith
of October next in every towimhip in
which an v deficiency exists at that time.
"Indiana has in "the lield, in camps,
Ac ov.r '. 10 (UK) volunteers, and it isioii-
! lideiilly believed that no draft will be
I necessary for the small number y t re-
quired to lill her c plimctil.
I " Passes lo have Ihe Stale ale no lolig-
I cr required.
I P.y order id' the Covcrnor.
o.l P. SIHALL,
' ' ii lirl 'il Ci llllli 1 - ooliel "
irginia side or the Potomac, in posi
tion for continuing Ihe drill of instruc
tion and discipline with which he is
Parry, In addition to dirties, is inspec
tor of artillery, and ha been ordered to
report to Lanka, as Chief of Artillery for
defences of Washington.
HaitRisiirRo, Penn., September 17. A
despatch just received at headquarters
from llagerslown, say: "We have
achieved a glorious victory. Lopgstrret
is not killed, but wounded and a prisoner,
(ieneral Hooker is wounded in the foot.
No particulars received."
TiAi.TiMoitK, September 17. The Amer
ican' Frederick Idler says: "At, the
departure of theears this afternoon, i I ia
very generally asserted that Harper's
Ferry fell inlo our possession again on
Tuesday evening at 7 o'clock, and w as
copied by a poi tion of l'.nt iiide troops
before the rear of Hill's division had all
crossed the river. To the extent ol !.."."
V one statement, and 4 OlK) by another,
ere taken prisoners. 1 have conversed
il h some soldiers of the Now Veil. l'.':h
regiment, who were not p.iroh d by the
neiny, their liasto being so cicat that
they could not spare time to attend (
thctn, w ho inlormcd mo there w a n..
ouht that the place w ns now in on-
possession. Ihey say it was 1 n i
Wednesday befijio mi opportunil V
was given them to cross the bridge, and
they had not proreeded more than a mile
before Ihe advance of our column.
They say the rebels did nut ttndcrl.iko
hold the place, hut in. rely made a
iisly passage through, not even taking
time to secure plunder, much of which,
for want ol transportation, they de
The rumor of the taking of the Ferry
this evening, says nearly all our puns
and arms are recaptured, and that so
sudden was Ihe descent the rebels did
not succeed in destroying the railroad
l'he whole number of killed, during
the siege, was-F!,and about 10 wounded.
FnKPK.Mt.ic, Sept. 10, I regret to an
nounce the surrender nf Harper's Ferry,
with all the forces and stores there, to
the enemy, al !) o'clock on Monday inorti-
The enlisted men and some olhccrs
have been paroled and have arrived here
from there. I gather the following par
The rebels commenced the attack on
Friday at noon on our farces at Mary
land Heights. Skirmishing was con
tinued throughout the day, and w as ic-
newed on Saturday. Ihe enemy were
1 riven back with considerable loss.
They came up several times and were
repulsed, when it was discoveied that
they were approaching in overwhelming
force. 1 he order was then given to
spike the guns and throw thctn tlown
the mountain, our wholo force retiring
from the Heights in safety, the guns
from Camp Hill sliellina the enemy when
they at tetnpttd to pursue our retreating
men. On Sunday morning a party of our
men again ascended the Heights, and
brought away their lield -pieces which
they had left uiispiked
Sunday at noon the rebels appeared in
great force on Ijtmdon Heights, ami
shelled trotu point to point. Somo ot
their guns were dislodged, but they still
managed to keep up a brisk lire from
some of their batteries, which were run
back out of sight and loaded. 1 he can
nonadint-kept tin all day Sunday with
out doing much damage. The lirin:
ceased at dusk on Sunday evening, but
resuming again on Monday morning al
daylight and kept up till Ho clock, when
.Miles ordered the w hite Ila" to be raised
Tljj rc w'as considerable fog and smoke
and tlie enemy did not see the nag or
would not at e it, and kept up a heavy
lire for threc-quai lers of an hour. About
ten minutes after the Hag was up a shell
struck Col. Miles, shattering; his righf
leg. It was amputated be lore the pi is
oners were paroled.
There were aiiotit '.,w:) cavairy in
command, ail of whom, hut about duty
escaped about eight o'clock on Sunday
night, and cut their way through lo
(.ireelicaslle, with but little l"sa. T
balance of the troops, numbering 1mm
('..Olio to S.tHMt, veilh (ien. While's com
inand from Martinshui';, were all sur
rendered. Hen. Howe captuie I an aide
of Stuart's on Monday cvenin ',. v !m vt .is
making his w ay from Harper's I in v to
lioonesboro with a dirpntch frmn .la k
soti to Lee, announcing the capitulation
of the place, 'l'he aide supposed Leo w.is
at lioonesboro, which was m out- pos .es-
ion. This was the first iniitnat.ou ot
the surrender that our generals had re.
ceived. At this time Franklin was with
in three hours of the Ferry, polir; to the
relief of the beleaguered enmmanrt, w hith
er he had been ent hy McClellan, .so iooii
as he had received the despatch from
Miles, on Monday morning, that he was
Fi:i ii:iitci., September Id. The bil
lowing is to tb l'.alliuiore Amei i. an :
Intelligence from Ihe I runt this morn
ing is of the most cheering (hara. ler.
Met lellan was pursuing them with a
vii'or most desltuilive lo the enemy.
McClellan purs I the enemy on Mon
day morning w ith reserves and a large
body of flesh troops, The enemy took
the road towards the river at Harper's
Ferry, and al ShcpardKlow n, and he was
pursuing them and shelling their retreat
w ith great loss in several (ontests. Sun
day, when they made a stand, our troops
charged on them with smh vigor thai
they tell back from point to point in great
ha lo. The battle and advantages ob
tained Monday are thought to be supe
rior in impol lance to those of Sunday.
lhaylon s South Carolina brigade is
entirely gone, either killed, wounded, or
prisoners. The 17th Michigan, a new
regiment, attacked this brigade first wilh
bullets and finally with bayonets. How
ell Cobb was wounded and taken ptison
cr. McClellan was pushing on Iheiu hist
evening closely, and had already sent to
the I ear Shmi prisemr and I batteries.
Fni'i'Eiin k, Mi)., Sept. It'. After tho
battles of South Mountain (o.p and
Purkt-ttsvillo Cap, fought icspeclively by
forces of Ihirnside and Franklin on Sun
day, the enemy having been driven from
their position, tell hack rapidly to Poout s
boio, thence Southward to Sharpsburg,
and began cloKsing the Potomac above
and below .shepardstow n. Pursuit by
our ttoops m as rapid. Hooker billowing
by wsy of Pimm-shorn, suppoi ted by
.Minim r ami I' inks.
Theciicniy hieaU'.isbd at Kcidysville,
three miles lioin l'ooiichhoro, hut our
cavalry soon dioie Iheir tear guard bom
Poller's and I no's corps look a shoit
road over the mountain, and ai lived at
Sharpsburg at sundown, ( spl m ing hun
dreds of priKoiici on the way.
Franklin' corpa, mppoi ted by Couch's
division, pissed through I'm kettsviHe
Hip. w hi I. I. t ptured r. ,.J -..n,. ly
striking the road leading direct from
Pooncsboro to Harper' Ferry, and thence
moving in the direction of the latter
idsce, gaining Eldridge Mountain, which
jlanked the enemy's position and brought
them w ithin good range of our artillery.
Franklin's corps fought a brilliant bat
tle on Sunday Evening at I'm kettsviHe
Clap. The enemy was terribly repulsed,
though great advantages of position were
with them. Hancock's brigade made a
charge up a hill and raptured a battery
of six pieces
Howell Cobb and all of bis d'eorgians
and the llolh Virginia regiment were ta
ken entire, and fragmrr.ts of many other
On Sunday, Longstreet man bed back
from llagerslown to reiulorce the troops
fijjhting at the 0-ap. lie arrived m tune
lo join fa the rout. We have taken since
Friday last about six thousand prisoners,
with less than the usual proportion of
ollieers. l he mountains aic lull f strag
gling, starving, demoralized rebels, who
rc giving themselves up ss last at they
can lind their w ay into our lines.
On Thin s.lav lant Jacks-en ( rossod the
Potomac at W illi.imnport. and marched
towards Harper's Ferry, which place he
"invested nn Saturday, lie raptured Ma
ryland Height on the north, and London
Heights on the south siiletif the river.
On Sunday he attacked the Ferry, but
was repulsed. :n Monday morning at
dsyli.-.hl he renewed Ihe attack, and the
pi ai e was sin rendered hy Ihxoii Miles at
seven o i I.'ck. 1 his disaster w ill enablu
the rebels to cross the Potomac w ith th
i-e iter proportion ol their forces.
tin yesterday evening, previous lo this
new s, Jlil Ii ll.iu and I.iii n -ide were ran
idly making such disvositions as would
have resulted in the complete defeat or
capture of m arly all of the entire rebel
The rebels pressed their rrar hastily
last evening;, and tho prospect was most
brilliant until we learned that Harper s
Ferry yas no longer ours, the enemy
having "lit mainly across the river and
into strong position. A great battle will
probably be deferred several days until
new combinations of movements is re
The I'nion army is in splendid condi
tion. 1 he men are all in light marching
order and buoyant spirits over their suc
cess. Several regiments of new recruits
were in the light on Sunday and behaved
with greal bravery.
Our total loss wont probably exceed
'-'e'lOO killed and wounded, with a very
small proportion oT killed. 1 ran learn
of few lield officers killed. The death
of lieno is mourned throughout the w hole
The clniri lies in Middlelowu and Ficd-
crit k are to lie occupied hy the wounded.
FiMKi'.i:ici;,Sepl. If,, 2. P. M. I.ala
Our loss at Harper's Kerry is light, less
than o(M) killed and wounded. Force
captured wero tho S7th, f.0lh. .".'id Ohio,
tllh Vermont, U'Jth, 1 l.'th, l Jbth, New
Vork, l'JIh New York State Militia, and
Indiana battery, besides Maryland Home
Heavy lighting going on to-day in
Pleasant Valley, north of (hn Ferry.
Mkw Yonn, Sept. 17, The morning
papers contains nothing additional to
wht was (elegiaphed lasl night, wilh
tho following exception. A Washing
ton despatch lo the Herald says tiie
following important intelligence has just
been received. It puts a new phase
upon the condition of a I lairs at Harper's
Ferry, mid shows that, although there
has been no direct intelligence from Mc
Clellan dnritifr to-day, tlie enemy are
evidently panio stricken, and unw illing
to await the approach of the victorious
army even in strong positions. Py tlinl
of overwhelming liuiubeis, the sanill gar
rison under Miles was comntlled to sur
render, after nearly three days' bard
lighting, and alter Miles had been seri
ously wounded and incapacitated lor
lurthvr participation in the defence of
the posit, on.
lul'uimatiou is telegraphed to-night
liom the Herald coiiespoiiitent to I red -
crick as follows :
.. .. IO 1 t ...
xii oincer who nas pi -i ai rived troni
Harpers 1 erry reports that the rebels
had evacuated the place in a "rent hurrv.
Jncyarc t-ending every tlnicj across tin
liver as la.it as possible. Tliey lelt
Harper s I erry in such huslo that Ihey
Lad no iittm to compute paroling the
i prisoners, and a number w ere unooiidi
Initially released in consequence.
I ,.v 'J' I'M'. 1" i :.- New 1 rk I nn-. I
II vt:i:i ciio Pa., Sept. Id. We have
pist received tidiiigslliat the two portions
of the rebel army have united on this
Hideol the Pototna -, numbering it is sup
posed, 70,000 men.
L.vrt f. ;l In P.M. battle is re
purled as going on nil this P. M. The
re-nit is not yet known.
Making a Needle.
Needles are made of steel wire. The
wiro is first cut hy shears, from coils, into
Ihe length of the needles to 1 mule.
After a batch of such bit of wire have
been cut off, they are placed in shot fur
nace, and then taken out and rolled
backwards and forward on s table till
they are straight. They sre now to be
The needle-pointer lakes upT wo do.en
or so of the wires and rolls them up be
tween his thumb and fingers, with their
ends on the Riindstone, lirst one end and
then the other. Next i a machine which
flattens and gutters tho head of ten
thouswid needles in sn hour. Nest
comes the punching of the eyes, by a
boy, so fast that the eye can hardly keep
pace wilh him. Tho splitting follows,'
which is running a flno wire through a
dozen, perhaps, of these tn in needles.
A woman, with a little anvil before her,
files between the heads and separates
They are now complete needless, but
they are rough and rusty, and easily
bent. The hardening conies licit. They
sro heated in batches In a furnace, and
w hen red hot are thrown into a pan of
cold waters. Next they must Lo tu
pered, and that is done by rolling them
backwards on a hot metal plate. On s
very coarse cloth needles are spread in
the number of forty or fifty thousand.
Emory dust is strewn over them, oil is
sprinkled and soft soap daubed over;
the cloth is rolled bard up, and, with
several others of the same kind thrown
into a sort of wash-pot to roll lo or fro
twelve hours or more. They come out
dirty enough, hut after a rinsing in clean
hot water, and tossing in sawdust, they
become bright, and are ready lo be sorted
siul put up for sale.
Ini ani- Pvitism. A few days ago a
baby was taken to church lobe baptized,
and his lit tin brother was present during
the rite. On the following Sunday,
when baby was undergoing his ablutions
and dressing, the little brother asked
mamma if she intended to carry Wallie
to le christened. "Why, no!" said his
mother: "don't you know, my son, peo
ple are mil baptized twice':" "What!"
returned tho young reasoner, with the
utmost astonisnient in his earnest face,
" not if it ,1,,,,'t tale t1iefrt time,'
NOTICE !! NOT 10 K!!
Ki-N.t. v. Miv i t rv. I ikt'iTVAvr ami iji aT
it Mn-u-i nl Hi" K ml I', inn ,.,,. II, von, -hi ,.i'
Mi.l.ll.- T.-HH.H.-IV V. 'till M, ill cider n tutor
l-llllni; til' li"ri(iM' til S it. to. k . svlil '.'I'll. Al Ho'
IMitiliTX, ( .iil..l I. n t.Hiiu. V T V isl I'.lt,
J l - H . l.li'ul. I .il. 1-1 Trim. I nl.
.V", Sept. 17. The Times
.i .... . .... i . t
cm i cioioioiii Mates iiiai l.ongsti'eet VV ai
killed and 11 ill captuicd by our forces.
W ASitixnTov, Sepl. It!. The following
extract Ironi a jotier received at the War
Pepiirtment. dated Messills, Arizona. An
gust l.'ilh, 1- shows with how little an
army may be moved. It must beiemem
ben d that ' alilornia troops have march
ed through a deficit country, where no
provisions orlor.l;;ii could be obtained
then fore, everything lor horse and man
was carried w:ih them, and yet, wilh
train with less than that nl a regiment
not marching Mi miles from Washington
they have averaged 1 i miles a day lor
nearly on (lays.
The lirst infantry and cavalry C'alifor
tua volunteers have snot essfully man he
one thousand miles over tho route by the
( otoindo d. ant, l iU river Tiicunii. null
tho Milbrec river, from the Pacific to the
Fio tirande. This Ihey have done w ith
out the loss of any men in the Indian and
rebel skirmishes, with abundant supplies
and a serviceable train, and reached the
western border of Texas in a condition
for immediate contest with t ha enemy.
Oiliocr shared the hsnlships of tho
march alike without tents and without
baggage, one wagon sulliciiig to transport
ten day' ration ami property of each
compauy for fully half the distance, over
the burning desert in midsummer, w ith
a scanty supply of w ater. .
The men have uticomplaiuingly tar
ried their knapsacks. 'Ihey have only
been too well satisfied at every idep
which carried them nearer to (1,,." heart
of Ihe rebellion.
I W I'll I,. , iii.lv t in' e- IU.I mi. I, eo., t" In"'
I w ill iro '" I" I llllllM'lll iliilil i.'tis ttlnl p i..) wit ;
iimI 1-ny tlirm n, t-'VHiiirly ntf y wi.'i.'.
A . ll'll -ip M.
elll.i N.. ;:l Sa.hti.lt..
I'Klisox II WIN); K sI!,
oii-n ti n til , ti.iti;inntii; wi or tlit
11 hli'l it h'lintil lV ui.' flit; fil Ik-is
FOli sam:, cm: AIM
A FIRE-PROOF SAFE.
KttM'tll'', I'1 il It,
At No. 31 Market Street,
1 ll ul'I'iisiTi: WATSON ll'il slC.
. r 1 v ii
in' to to KuwiiiiK litri'tt, K!i Ml.fll.
nin H' .111 If Hi vi.iinMl tlftl w illi
no in' Hi--Ai'tk lv Ht'iyinij hi
"I It II 1M "1 'loll illJ'liT tho .-m-W I
H.-J. lU-.il '
NOT LCJi: !
4 i'n lion will lie IihM ill ilii- i.f of tln T.-m
i V it--Hi-t M tit 1110 nit.! Hp' infill miici' l'tiiiiMiiy, 011
Mi'ti-iiM t!u rtiU u ol (tt iolii-r licit, lor ln. lor t t
h i l ( oiii..iim , lo . rv"' lor ll.. 1'iiNiittix Ittnlv'
Hi.. A. W. lit Ti l It, Sn.-urv.
N - ll II U S I'l. -', lMi Kil-l I
STADLER, BRO. & CO.
It A V K
No. 31 Market Street,
Opposite utitoii -limine.
I'l'lli '-' Ii.iii l i'..n , ,
No: 71 East Side Public Square
G 00 D S
i 1101.1 nai.i:
AMI l 1.1,1 1 1,
tuttl A Uli4 ti'l of
VViiol.l N nouns. I..r llvi.r.t.iiutn ' m-.rj iHK-4
II I. I HUM VI I Ml .- I 1 ,K.-. II! II,., I , ; Q( I , N.
v a 11 r. 11 v uiivv t in :, MioK-, li'io't , , 1,
Mi- I'.r-..,,. ..iMiiH m.u o Hi., aorl lur Hi.
I' I'l" " " I'O'i: t.i . UmI, tt i i, W,. l rti..l
ll,.-, ,. tint.- .y,. ,. d.n,, U, llri..
I.. I t.l IH.' I l UHIIMi.
MM I. A I It X nitlSN,
, I l..it Mil, I'll, 11, ii.n ., i, ,iai ;
I III i lit
I.IVr: I'llllMI'T ATTKSTIlIN m run
ll(" I Kill III I Ii III. lif I'm, L ,,.,
(.u.l-lune Ill it Hie l,i,.,l hlalv. IlllritUU U. III'
Al a recent
sale of 1 hnii e v b.b.i ;..
London, a fnnioiis of J.I", was sold for
!'!;!.',""VmIT;" J'"' "1 ""
IbJ, lor J.JI0. The total atnoiint of the
day s sale w as el,7l7, and the number
of violins di.-posed of a only .even
teen. The ver.i-e price real;;,
then lore over live huddled dollar,
opfice on union street,
' ""' " ''"H;-i'- io.iI I1.-rry .n,..., lp.t.. ,
lU ll.uk SI. I.., S A. Ill ll.,.,., 'J, l,,,,,,
f '. '.VI A S
(- K it.1,1,1 11 I ..I. h.oii,i. 1 K ir,
oil, A J . 111,),! .
ll.iu A-r l 01 -i..,..j
in. I II .1.1.1 1.. ii. I W. II
- I V . II M , , K t
V I -tilt; -Koli.'lll Oil, I,, ,r, J C,,
( M.I,, VV II ll..-.....
"". t-.-l-ai-J I. .I,.ol v
''"''' ' ""'' - NV hi 1111 It. W j. ,,.,.
' I,. H ,.j - A ..... r .-1. . I
,v, ..., ,.,..,ii ,. ., ,.u .rii, l lh
J I .. ,..u , i t j,... j
F. '.f I- fifittr. - ll.,.,. 'I
M, Kliiie ) .
Lit' I I
, A. l;. .N.
Hun 1: 1 .,11
" 1 11. i,..
'.in in iruii.i.1 w as tnL..:. ... 1-
by tho itbcis, who thuianded that he
should I sits an oath to ,,,,, tV)1.
federate Oovenitnent. Tht, Iclluvy i,J
" li"t S'Jp.mrt his own aru.
ily, and v ,,,;. (t,p Coiif..trrl,, ,,.,.
111.i1.eot w,a I,.,,,, ,.iU ,, Ua () (
It I (i A
til I. III.
.IttlMMI ll.ii A
SJtlXIO II .. A -
Ut:i.TiNt;..-,i:ATiii:u and r.i'M
-'. 1 ' V it'll . .'.' '
' lli.l I
S' it. I I-1. HtK Al SII'I'X 1R,,
Oill k ,Mli I I1 1 i.e.. i
ti.i' I.y VV 41. LVOV
yiNDfiW -A'U. AM)
v- t L :V,