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IT must ,
rUDLlSIIED BY AN ASSOCIATION OF PRINTERS. OFFICE ON PRINTERS' ALLEY, PET WHEN UNION AND PEAPEEICK STREETS.
NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE, TUESDAY SEPTEMBER 30, 18G2.
iff v la i ii ' . V L. -. rA . . y f!
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, - ' - irt i in i a. i - i
JOHN Hl'lltl SMITH, Mayor.
' W'll.llAM KHANK, UmrArr.
JonH Cltt'MBl.F.Y, Alnr.-.,.'.
Iv-mW JknraM W. H. A'llkiMtl, A l- Tucker,
ami Jan. A PlaoU.
f,a of Of .aWef-Jnlia I1iumt.lvr, -..!. io, II. at.
Jus I. Ryiui, ca1 ; and John Reddnk, thud
Tut ilwimr-William lrlr.-r
Hrrtmnf Cotlrrtor A. B. Mliliklml
H'llnr To rWIMW K. B llarrrtl
t'r..iirn-K. In nry
H l I' Mtintrr Th.'tt.aa leak.'.
(f.iirt o.esaW th' H'orlkniiw -J II Ikidd.
iH,rrii,lrHtlrmt of Ittr WalT H'orla Unira Wyatl
( hirf tif thi Fin rii'iaifmi-n'-- Inlili M SoBhiirjr
hrslaH uf ihr i'rmrterii V. H. M.-ltnde.
rZriW llrritrrr i L. Hl'A.
IVy Athn-Hf Julio M. I'liall Smith.
rr(.tr.r o Alitirmrn M. M. Brlfn, Pr.wiJnil : I K.
Krvman.U. A.J Maylleld, H o. Ktovt-I, Wm S U..-at-ba
J, J C Smith, M U I., llailiorue, slid ,U Kobb.
t oi.an fV.imri7 W. P. JoRi, Prnaldt.nl ; William
KolnirU, T. J. YarbmuKh, Win. Inner, Win. fli-marl,
liiuli Hmiilli, W. M iillni" , .lnuit TuruiT . U . M Couth.
t', A. .!. Colo, Jul. Ivih, Amli rw Anilnmi, .1 B.
Kbiiwlil, Jiitni TH'I .
UTASI'INII OIlimiTTIiKX "K TIU 1'ITV lnl ril,
fiiwur Kuowlw, frovi-l 4li l Cite.
H'.irr H'm U All'li-miin, Sinilli uml Cimlmrn.
Mr M.-.Y.irlruupli,Turilir,HniUiintt'1 li.i ii, Hi I -li,
It M'l, l'lirllmm nJ I 'Uilninifl.
Wharf Kawnian, ?twit u.l TiiruiT
llmyilal Jouen, lUyflelJ uJ Mll
to loolt aientlium, M) ll.'Ut mm KiihwUk
Fin Pr-imrtmenl Cnaily, Hni r uii.l Nhwiikii.
(,, driver, Chinlliiim nil Imvu.
(Vmrlrrii i'lililli, Stt'Wkrt ml Nrwinitll.
M.irirl IliMf Kuliorln, !li-n an. I Turner
((.MHougli, Clititioriie ftuJ DariH.
Votii Clintllmin, Drlru kml Arnl.-in.'U
Spring Hougb, CluilMiruo ainl Brien.
H'"f-A7iiH' Clieatlium, MnMlrUI and Kunwtrft.
ImftrorementH him f'.'-.rpi(iMr t'ul. S'ov'l lul
PuUle Frvfrrcft BrU-o, Cliemlliam and Tnnixr.
Pral lloutt-Mylli'l l, Jnnoii mill KubritK.
4rTln Biwril l AMiTtiifii mci'U tin- Tin'f.lnyi.
next prcrpilliiK tln Tund nd fcmrlli Tbiirsiln) In
pmcIi month, and the Common (Viuk-11 thi tfi-.iiid
and lourth Thurdaa in enrh m ntli.
ir.( iVnrtuii, -W in. Yarlii.iii(li
.smv.h .iiniiir John 11. luvm.
pflirmmYim. .hukon, John liiioudiT, Mi h I 'a
tU,.lool Plul'lic, Wm. lliiknr, John CotliWI, W llliiim
k.ayo, John KnKlw, J. W. Wright, John I'ucWiit,
Kbit Stuill. W . f. FrunrU, Tlnini m Irniii'i, Aii.Iipw
Joyn, I a v 1 1 1 Yati'K, ami I'harlon llii'iil.
MJT Tho P.ilU'i" l ourt l uponed i fi'ry inormnK "I
.nijr .lanu-a II. lilnli'U Voi. TImoiiw Koh
tin and J. K. Btirlmuau.
Uvitr Phiiiea tJan rtt
TruMirr W. JahiM-r Tayk'r
(WoiKT N II. lfclibor.
Hitnfr John Torbitl.
tin riot Vvlltotor J. U. Urlh')'.
Muiiroiid Tux CollrctorVI . 1. Roborttou.
tu,iM far An.i i lii.MW-.lobn i lioxor
and J. I.'. N'fiwniuu.
Jiut,j-llou. JantJ!i Whitw Hlh
ClrrtV. l iuibli y Nu liol.
Ttw .ludK''a t'ouil nn ot' tin- llil Molohiy III
wh tiiiulh, aiol Iho Quitiloi ly I'ooil , common, il id
th llai nlralfKol the I'omity, i b.'ld Iho Ural Holi
day in January, Aoli, .hoy and Ci'lobor
Jur-llou. Natlmiibl IIi.xi.t
t'rt havid 0. Lovu.
4 f Tho C'ouit litOflu thti dirt Him.'Hi in Muich
Ju.ly Hon. William K. Tumor
I'lnl- CtiarlM K. I'y.;"ii,
Ttta Court iiuvIm tU rlrat tloioty hi A il An
fttlt aud Ikioollilvr.
t'hon. rlUr llou .anim-l l Knot ;ou
(Vrl unJ Matter J. K- tili-aina
Bf The tn:tt notrt tile Ural Holiday In M.t mii.I
I. 0. 0. F.
Joul Hil'F,Oiand SiH-rt'lary, houl.l ! Mlilio.M d
at N.ui'iiii, VViim.
Tru'- J.wJt'S 'l' 1- M'ln viory Tto-rt. ay lim
ing, ut thiir hall, on tin I'oriirr of I'uiou and iiiu-tiu-r
atrrcla, Tin oill.-ra lor tin rtitiit t.-rin,aie:
-II. . U'.uoiir, N (!.; J. K. MiIik, V il , .1. 1.. U uuk:ty,
r'n'Uiry ; 1. K palu, Trcaanior.
7S.if.ua luV', So. Ill Mfla al tti irtino !:ico
rrory Hi nd.iy Kiiulim Th oHu-. r an' : II. A.
'Kiilll, N O.; Henry yf, V.U...I I I'aik,
Svn taiy ; IL K. Hron, Tnanui.-r.
fmilff Ha- im VUu'ia al Ho Ir M..II, ou South
tborry tnl, uvrry Friday v.'uiu. Tin' olh.vra
ari : O. C. Covert, N (1 ; Fiauk lUr.oaii, V li i .lain.-a
W) all, jVi'rclary ; W. M M illory , Tr iikiirvr
Aurora l.inltfr, ia. MV, (llirui.iu) l.i'ta at the
Hall, lortt-r of l uiou au I funum-r unotK, avory
rhuraday Kvtutu. TUa urtl.-fia aro I'hait.a Uioh,
N U.; P. Fnodiiu', V 0 , Uiil. rmh . s.m roUi y ;
Kuiffh t-tawroli A" I Mivlaat tin- aUn Hall
o lh Ural and third Wliid "I a. h mouih.
The om.ai ar J K. Mill. ('.P.; T. M M. I'nd-, H P.,
I! t r itllvr, ! W ; IVWr Hairx, .If . J , hdili F.
Hldf, (Vriba , II H Cutler, 'tna iiior
(1.M Kraml ViKVlJ"ir, -llla at Ihr
t.uv.' Ila'l uu Ilia ao'oud and fourth WYduraday
uuUl of cuch mouih. Tho odu-. i an- J.n- T !! h,
CP ; Homy Apphi, II I'-; 1- Hok.r, -W ; II Kim-.I-ll.au,
J Cti-iruw Kn.loi, S-libf, J N Wald,
ARRIVAL AN U Dti-ABTUKK OK TKA1NS.
Iuul.wII. .1. Vaai.nllfK It Train Uan- at il',M
.. atr al .1 o, f M.
NaahlilloA l.V4lur K K. Tram loi-al li oO, . kl
.. ' rr. al ; 00, I' M
Sub t'l.aliaiioo K K. Train l. ai. i-al 0 (X, A M.
,1.1 J i, I'M.
ADAMS KXPK1.S8 COUf ANY.
tliniK: So. i.l, I in kv Maul
IViaou wiah'U4 to ud Irul.l.l aud I'a. ki;i' ly
th Mnriiluti liuua iA Ilia lolixillk a
nun, and Kaaiivuia xu I'rurin liil"i,
win hava ilia kui Mif oiu. a by ' o i.a a II.
MILITAEY UUARTEES ASD OFFICERS.
Pal III a.li0iliM (at Hi(h alirel. .V.yli-y,
riM,t,4 H, nJ.i,tiii.r iu ?iimm.r alrfot (I'r.
Fnrd' rraitWoci.) w. n. f-i.un, M. lftth I'. B. la
liutry, A. A. A. II.
Pna Marl.il llradiurti-r at th C.liol. A.
t' Hlilem, Col. lat Ti rin, Infuiiliy.
,4atfflr.iwf ijHajtirmailrr llpjailijuartar tm
l ben y n n-t.1 ; Ha. l l(lu.l,e Clion a rwldenee.)
Ca.it . J D Bmtfham.
Ai'tittiiit Qtuirtrrmrii-Sii. Chrr aUfi't, Capl.
WMa vMlMfr Viiie alr.-ol, near tlri.
I'. Ik a nti.l.ll. a tajil. B. . Llliiti
At.t.i,it iio'iiiiaaff-rwNo. H7, Maikot Hlroal.
(iiit. J. tl ll.il.-
I7,il 'Vo.'mi '.ii-y- tla,.tuinfn, No. Id, Villi tt.
lV.t. H M-, l. olr.
f Vnii,.s(iip nf fcHfumirHi- Hioad alroot l":iit.
Ailiiiij ininiiny nf ,Sifi.ifnrrl'ortli-r of Hi'oad
and Coin no ajoili I.l, ill I lull h'a Alien
Mi-itwal Vufi-tvr 'uniniar alreet. (lir.onl'i old
rraulauii.) Suriieun, K fa lit.
At.ilicul Fiirfryar't (),. Cliurrli Heel, kloliie
Bullilin. J. R. PiHTir, Hurnvon, Slh Keiiiueky In
fauiry, Aetiun SI ..I i.-ul purwyor.
ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE OF MAILS.
Noil hern Mnll.tU I ouiaTill, arrives aily, :id P.M.
' " leave ' 7 44 A.M.
Ciduniliia, via T. A. H.H. arrive " 6.10 P.M.
" " '" luavea " O.HIA.M.
Hhelliyvllle, via N. O. K f, arrive " .1.S0 P.M.
" " " (save " 111 00 A M.
b l.an.iu, .... arrlvaa l.W M.
" ... liuve " t.lOP.M,
Meiuihi Mull, leave Haily.v a Umiai I lie und Cairo.
piiST-nlKICICH Ol'KS' BKVoN't) LEBANON' ARK
Waterlown, .lelining' Fork.
IUT UKFICPS n .K OF V. ft C. R.R
Joriliiu'i Valley, or hhclbyvllle,
I' i: It M s :
Hamv Cnion, nr aiiuuiii fH un
" ' " arimk, tl)
Tai W iklt 1'nio.m, (mr anjiiun . b 00
W kK i v ('mom, per auiHiiti f i 00
Tl'FSDAY MOUNTING, SEI'T. ls;-.
IKroliilhi N.' V rk Tiin.', S, (ileiulier li
The VICT0EY of SUNDAY.
Full Particular from Our Special
The Battle-Oround and the Forces
Hagerstowu Hights Stormed and
Carried by our Force-.
Flight of the Enemy Toward 11a
gerstown. - .
O.V TI1K IiATTl.K-l'in.n,
SuniUy Night, Scut. H, lt(!li.
Allhuuglt the battle of to-day wan of
lun duration, Mill it wait not ro tMnguiit
ary, considi'iitiK the forces ongagpil, an a
uppctator would at tirtU b inclined to
aupposo. Our Ions in killed and wound -ed
will not probably osceod 2,000, and
that I judi-e to be a hip,u estimale, Since
Cleneial I'lfasanton's brigade of cavalry
advanced from Rockville, wo have had
alii mialiing daily alono; the route. Du
ring those nkirmitihea the enemy's force
conttistfd of about two reRiinents of cav
alry, and two or three pieces of artillery.
On Sunday, however, more regiments of
cavalry w,ere added, making a force eijtial,
if nut Buperior to our own.
The force that opposed our advance un
til to-day w as tho rear-guard of the en
emy, and the battle-ground of yesterday
w as evidently Hclcctcd w ith a view of
staying our further progress.
THF. 1IATT1.K liROCNU.
The rebel position was on the sides
aud summit of Ibe lilut Ridge Moun
tains on each side of the iap, known
as 1 rug Cap, through which the main
roud on the turnpike from Middlelown
to llagerstown passes. The Gap is dis
tant from Midtlietown about three miles,
and from Frederick twelve miles. Poons
boro, the next important town to Middle
town on the turnpike, is two miles from
tlie (Jap ou the other side of tbe Moun
tain. The mountains in the vicinty of
I lie Oap are steep and rugged, and ren
dered ilillicult to asceiid unless by tho
ordinary tlirougbfares, ou account of nu
merous ledges and loose rocks which
ullords no permanent foothold, l'roiu
base to tup they are covered with a thick
wood, thereby giving protection to the
party in possession, aud making the pro
gress of the atlakimr force doublv haz
ardous. Polivar, a village boasting of
six or eight dwellings, is situated on the
main road, between Middlctown and the
Oap, and about one and a half miles from
the latter place. At Polivar, a road
branches oil' from each side ol the main
road, the two roads taking a circuitous
course to the mountains, and gradual ly
ascending them, join the main road again
al the (Jap.
The early position of the I'liioit army,
or where the line of battle was first for
med, w as on n piece nf rixing ground ou
the ngl t aud left of the main road be
tween Polivar and tbe mountain. As
the day advanced aud our forces ninvcd
forward the position was changed, but
never for tbe belter. The nearer we ap
proached the iiiouiilaius, tin more suc
cessful could the mi my bring bis artil
lery to bear on our columns. .No matter
what position Wr held, tin l'.lue 1'idge
Mountains commanded that position. It
will be observed at once, that the enemy
had a formidable ground of deteiise, and
nothing but lllul tiintcd loiusoe wiftrd
il Ui.ia him.
TnK rnitcr.s F.N'OAnr.n.
The lirst division to rnler Ibn nVlii .n
our side was Cox's, of Reno's corn. N'pit
came the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps,
iichem and Kmg'g divisions, under
command of ths gallant and brave Hook
er. We had batteries stationed on both
w ings, but at no one time was there over
ten or twelve pieces in practice.
The enelnv'a force in annnnai.il In lura
amounted to about 40,000 men. lie prob
ably useu twelve pieces of cannon. The
forces of fJcneral Ionrstreet aud D. II.
Hill wcrr fnga-red.
The battle commenced with artillery
al seven A. M., Robertson's I nited States
baltery, ef four lipid pieces, bring the
liist shot. This battery was stationed
about (100 yards to tint left of the turn
pike, the lire being directed at no parti
cular place, but with a view of shelling
the woods generally, so as to draw a re
ply Jrorn the rebel. The firing was con
tinued for over an hour, but the eiieiiiv
did not respond until Cox's division ap"
peared in the main road, advancing to
take a position. The pieces stationed in
the Gap were then opened upon the col
umn. The troops, however, turned into
a lield at the left of the road, and got out
of harm's way before any injuries were
effected. Here they remained in line of
battle for an hour and a half. In the
meantime, tho enemy's' posiiion having
been discovered, Robertson directed the
fire of his pieces to the Gap. Soon after
the rebels opened another battery at the
right of the Gap, and subsequently still
another battery to the left, it was then
evident that (he rebels intended to make
a vigorous stand on the mountain. Since
the preceding day they had brought up
extra pieces of cannon, for, as before
stated, they had used but three, at the
most, in the skirmishing during tbe week.
The enemy was now firing from nine
pieces; consequently, to make a vigorous
reply, Hayne's United ritales' battery, of
six pieces, moved up to the left to thi as
sistance of Robertson.
A heavy cannonading then ensued, but
as usual in artillery duels, little datnase
was effected on either side. At 10 A. M
the enemy withdrew his pieces on the
left and right of the Gap, and worked
principally with those in the Gap. A
half an hour later all of the enemy's
guns were silent, but upon the moving of
Cox's division, goon after, to the edge of
the. woods on the side of the mountain to
the left, the rebels again produced their
pieces at the right of the Gap. Cook's
Massachusetts battery of six pieces was
now brought up to tbe support of Robert
son's, and a concentrating lire was pour
ed into tho Gap, many of (he nhells
leurstiiia; diiecdy over the relnl gun. Al
lirst the enemy threw solid shot,' but
after awhile changed his nreicelilca to
Three times during the day Ihe rebels
were forced to change the position of
their pieces, and late in the afternoon
their guns were silent altogether.
' Py 11 o'clock ('ox's division had ar
rived at the woods, and a few minutes
later had entered for the purpose of get
ting round the enemy's right.
At this juncture Generals McClellan
and Purnside, with their stalls, rode
upon Ihe lield, where they remained dur
ing the continuance of the battle.
Cook's I'attcry took a favorable posi
tion for shelling Ihe woods in advance of
tbe division, but had hardly got to work
when the rebels tired a tremendous vol
ley of musketry at the cannonicrs. This
was repealed several limes in quick suc
cession, until at length the cannoniers
abandoned their pieces, und ran to the
rear, leaving four or liveof their comrades
dead upon the ground. The drivers of
the caissons also partook of the pailic,
and dashed headlong through the ranks
of Cox'a division, which was drawn up
in line of battle a few yards to the rear.
Two companies of a cavalry regiment,
which were supporting the battery, also
galloped through the line of infantry,
thus leaving four pieces of artillery (the
other two having been detached to an
other part of the lield) to fall into the
hands of the enemy. The event caused
temporary, and only temporary, confu
sion among the troops. They quickly
straightened the line, and prepared to re
sist a demonstration observable on the
part of the enemy to scic theabandoned
pieces. The rebels marched forward to
secure their anticipated prize, and at Ibe
same moment Ihe Tw enty-third Ohio and
One Hundredth Pennsylvania regiments
advanced in splendid order to rep:i!se
llietn. The rebels had approached to
within about ten feet of the guns, when
thecoutest commenced. Each side seem
ed desperate in its purpose, and the
struggle was most exciting. At length
the l'orty-lil'lh New York came to the
rescue, and turned the tide ot lortiuie in
our favor. I'oth parties miU'cred severely
in the action. The rebels retreated in
great confusion, while our men made the
woods resound w ith cheers.
For the succeeding two hours the in
infantry under the command of Reno
ceased operations, and the artillery alone
continued the duel. Tliegnns used thus
far were li, 10 and l'J-poundei s. Sim.
limns' Ohio batlery, of four 1M-pound, i
pieces was now placed in position on Ihe
left, and commenced throwing shells In
the right of the Gap, at which point the
rebels bad again planted a battery. The
tiling for a while was exceedingly uni
mated, but the U0-pounders proved too
much for the rebels, and they were com
pelled, in the course of hall an liner, to
change the position of their guns. At the
expiration ot the next hall' hour, their
guns were silenced. In this battle the
enemy tlid not appear In have as many
guns as usual, or if he tlid have I hem be
did Hot bring them into practice. The
'i'J-Miondi'r which he w so loud of us
ing against us mi Ihe Peninsula tlid not
make its appearand here.
At 2 P. M. the bead of Cm. Hooker's
column appeared coming up the turnpike
to reinforce Reno. The coluuiu took Ihe
road branching nil from the turnpike at
the right, near Polivar, and proceeded to
Ihe foot of (he mountain. All along Ihe
line the utmost eul hus.asm was inaoi
fe.led tor Hooker. I. very man in the
i"l' ' l iileiilly impieeii it With thi'
belief that he had a General ahie and
w illing to lead them forward to face the
At three P. M., the line of battle Troiii
right to left was formed in the following
order, near the base of the mountain, on
right, and at the edge of a pieceot w ixids
on the mountain slope at the left: The
First Prigade of Picket)' division tm
the extreme right, which was about one
mite north of the turnpike; the Penn
sylvania Reserve corps, tbe right rest
ing on Rickettg' left; H. Seond Regi
ment IT. a. Sharp shooters cm the road
branching off from tho turnpike at Ihe
right; the Second and Third Prigade.
of Ricketts' division between the branch
road and the turnpike, the right resting
on the turnpike; General Reno's force on
the extreme left, about a mile and a half
from the turnpike.
The Sixth Foiled Stales, Eighth Illi
nois, Eighth, Third and Twelfth Penn
sylvania, Sixth New York, Third Indi
ana, and lirst Massachusetts Cavalry
Were on different portions of the lit I.l
performing picket duty, acting as guards
to the roads and snpjmrting the batteries.
I'p to this time all our batteries hail
been stationed to the left of tho turn
pike, as the Mmiiiori secured there enabl
ed the gunners to work their pieces to
About one hundred yards in the rear
Of the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps was
Stationed Caplaiu Cooper's First Penn
sylvania battery of four pieces; Captain
Ransom's Company C, Filth United States
Paltery, of four pieces, took a position at
the extreme right, in the rear of the first
brigade of Pickett's division.
; Immediately after the line of battle
was formed, the right, left, and centre
commenced moving simultaneously to
ward tbe enemy on the slope of the moun
tains. The rebels opened on the column
wilh two pieces of cannon, directing the
fire of one to the right aud the oilier Ui
the left of the line. They were replied
to by one of Simmons' 20. poundi'i's on
our left and Cooper's Patlery on our
right. The enemy continued the tiring
for upward of an hour, when, on account
of the setere punishment he was receiv
ing from our guns, anil the near ap
proach of our inlantry to his pieces, be
disappeared on the other side of Ihe
The enemj's shells, foi the most part,
went over the Union troops, consequently
they did hot effect much (hunge.
Steadily onward went our long unbroken
line of infantry, until the right wing had
gained a piece of wood on Ibe mountain,
a short distance from (he base, w hen the
Pucktails, who were skirmishing on the
right, discovered tho enetiiv'a pickets.
A desultory tiring of musketry was next
heard, which indicated the commence
ment of the battle on the part of the in
fantry. The column from right to left
still remained unbroken, and advanced
cautiously but lirmly up the sleep. In a
short time the enemy's inn in force was
encountered, and then came heavy vol
leys of musketry on the right. ' The
Pennsylvania Reserve Corps and l irst
Prigade of Pickett's Oivision were now
hotly engaging the "enemy. The rebels
stood their ground for a while, but after
a contest of thirty minutes, I hey w aver
ed, and commenced falling back in dis
order tow ai d the Summit of Ihe moun
tains. Our for il s pushed them vigorous
ly, anil kept up a continuous lire.
The valor displayed on this occasion
by the Pennsylvania Reserves, anil the
corp.. formerly tinder the command of
McDowell, is deserving of Ihe highest
praise. Not a straggler could be seen on
the lield. livery man was at his osl in
the line. They all seemed determined to
force back the enemy aud take possession
of the mountains, in spite of any opposi
tion that might be placed in their way.
General Hooker, accompanied by his
stall', was where he always is on such
occasions al (lie front. The line tint
not give way for an instant, but kept
moving forward and upward, pouring
volley after volley of musketry into the
enemy's ranks, until at last ihe rebels
broke and ran precipitately to the top of
the mountain thence down on the other
Reno's corps on the left tlid its part no
bly. The men wt ic called upon to do
some severe lighting, aud they performed
their duty with a will anil heroism sel
dom In fore displayed. The engagement
on the left succeeded that on the light,
anil lasted about an hour ami a half.
The enemy contested every fool of
ground, but eventually yielded it to tho
Tho center column w as the last to come
into the action. The same success that
marked the advance of the two wings
also attended the center. At six P. M.,
Hrau c n.igciucul ol tliiee hours du
ration, the rebels tied, leading Ihe top of
Ihe mountain in the possession of the
Union troops. Darkness prevented in
from pursuing the enemy lurlher at the
Till l.lsl l.'l'.
The result of the battle secures to the
Union troops a very important position,
inasmuch as it commands the approaches
on each side ol the mountain, also a Vast
ait aof the surrounding country. I esti
male, as before staled, (hat two thousand
will cover the list .of our casualties.
think that the enemy's loss in killed and
wounded W ill Hot exceed our ow n. Alto
gether we captured two Ihousantl pi isoit
crs. Gciicial Reno was killed on the Held of
battle. At the time of I he calamity, he
was observing, by aid of a glass, ihe
enemy's movements. He was struck in
the spine by a Inuskel ball -the ball
lodging in the breast. ,
MniiLuj iH'irmitij. 'Sumner's corps came
up from I'reilciick last nirhl. I luring
the nighl, our forces slept on ihe moun
tain. Punks' and Poller's corps are on
the turnpike, bet w ecu Frederick and the
mountain. The t i I jHisition of the
enemy this morning is uol ihhiulcly
know n t ) us. It is supposed that he has
retreated in the direction of Haeeistvtt n.
tiur forces are now advancing rapidly,
and mv possibly nertakc l,wn before
lught. The troops ait ill Hie hcsl of
Sp nils. Will P.
Alil'ITIONAI. I'AKTICtT.AItS OF 1HK srRRF.S-
i'in of iiAiit'Kit's rritr.Y.
il'nnnihe N'ea Y u k Tribune'it lloi.-i l.iri l.r
rv-,NH.d.-un, sent lit
On Saturday, Colonel Downey, with
the Third Maryland Regiment, was or
dered to Maryland Heights, ami subse
quently the ll'.lh New ork was Sent
oer. There was some brisk lighting
during the morning, the rebels slowly
working their w ay over the cresl of the
bill, anil our Ihivs disputing (heir way
courageously. Htie Ihe l.'ilth behaved
very badly, ami the fault lies with some
of the olllcers as well as the men. They
broke ranks ami ran, some even throwing
their guns away, and the two companies
never slopped till they reached (be pon
toon bridge. There Lieutenant Pinner,
Aiilc-de-l'anip to Colonel Miles, succeed
ed in slopping the routwrlth drawn sabre,
and sent Ihe fellows back lo the hill.
Colonel Sheri ill urged his men not to
disgrace themselves in running, antl did
all in his potter to rally Iheni, while titl
ing w hiih be received a ball in his jaw,
inlticling a severe wound. Adjiitanl
Pairns also distinguished himself by his
gallantry ami exertion to stop the panic,
and received the thanks of Col. Miles
for his conduct. In their haste to tlee
from Ihe mountain, the men ran over the
Thirty-ninth New York, and also the
Third Maryland. The odicers of both
these regiments ordered their meu to stop
such proceeding at the point of the bay
onet. The other New York regime-its
art ashamed of the conduct of the Pllth.
The excuse that they were green troops
will not sullice, as the ll.'-tli is also a
new corps ami slood their ground, light
As the light progressed our troops con
centrated nearer the batlery, when Cap
tain McGratli antl Captain Graham bold
opined upon the woods with shells, and
succeeded in effectually shelling the
rebels back again. The positions uf
Captain McGralh's and Captain Graham's
battel ies were such that they could pre
vent aiiy large force from advancing in
a body upon the guns. The tirning of
musketry had now ceased, but the bat
teries continued shelling the woods,
uihking them very uncomfortable for any
human being. ,1 udge with w hat surprise,
then, the occupants of Polivar Hights
saw a long column of infantry marching
from Maryland Highlsto the' Ferry. Can
it be that they are evacualing? H as (he
query on every one's lips.
Looking over to the camps Ihe artiller
ists were observed at thoir posts, anil
each liied to persuade the oilier lhat it
was only some .. Put, alas! it nftg
too true Colonel Ford hail ordered the
evacuation for what reason the men
could not- learn. Captain McGratli, as
true and brave a soldier as ever walked,
upon receiving the order to spike his
guns, was so astonished that he refused
to obey il, antl not until be saw infantry
deserling him, could he be induced to
perforin the disgraceful task. He sat
upon his guns his baby-wakers, as be
called (he Dahlgiviif ami wept like a
child, telling Colonel Ford that "mi ma
ter by whoseortler it was done, it was a
piece of treachery."
This abandonment of the key to the
whole position certainly requires the most
earful investigational the hands of the
prtqnr authorities. Colonel Ford had
positive and written orders lo hold the
place to the last extremity. Five thous
and troops antl all our ballet ies were to
aid him. Colonel ford had remarked
that "be hail looked the hill all over,
ami matte his minti up to slay there;"
that "not a man should comedown until
they had been whipped from it" Subse
quent action certainly gave the lie to his
words. Colonel Miles, who was al the
extreme left, upon learning that the
Iroopswcre leaving, rode hastily lo the
spot, but met the men on their way up
the bill, ami learning that the guns were
spiked, did not order them back as he
intended doing. As there wus much
talk as lo whom belonged (he resHinsi
bility of the evacuation of this baltery
ami position, your currcs-Hindc nt asked
Colonel Miles if it was done by Ins or
ders. " No, sir ; but in direct opposition
to them," was the unequivocal reply.
The Diihlgren guns were thoroughly
spiked, and tipped off ths platform into
the dirt. Had the infantry remained to
assist, they would hac been precipita
ted into Ihe canal. 'I he rilled gun and
the Napoleon how iters were also rentier
ed useles. Officers ami men wore thun
derstruck at Ihe performance, and Colo
nel d'L'tassy, commanding the lirst brig
ade, tillered to retake ami bold Hie p-isi-silion,
but Colonel Miles refused.
The evacuation received the merited
coiidstiinatisn of olllcers and men. Every
one saw that the way for the rebels was
now open; Ihe door locked it is true, but
the key bung outside. Hardly bad Ihe
hill been th sci ted ere the rebels reap
peared on London (lights in consider
able force, and commenced signaling.
Captain Graham opened bis batteries
upon t h i-tji and made three excellent line
shots, the third scattering the party, ami
driving the signal-dag into the woods.
Captain Von Scheleiiu'ii battery also
commenced tiring upon them ami did
execution. No notice was taken by Ihe
rebels of our bring ; lhat they were
busily at work gelling a battery into po
sition was apparent. To whom they
were signaling could not be seen, (liir
butteries bred iqiofi them occasionally
during the afternoon, and must have
done some serious damage, as Ihe shells
fell right in their midst.
During Ibe day General While's Iroopa
assigned posit inn. Phillips' I'attcry was
ordered to the extreme right, the Sixty
tilth Illinois supporting it. These joined
Ihe lirst brigade, ti l tassy. Tin l'.' .tli
New Yoi k w as assigned- lo I 'olonel Trim
ble, cnmmaiiililig (he second Prigade
The baltery of Captain oil Scheleini
oi copied the center and lhat of Captain
Rigly the left. The h II was clearly our
weakest point, and a breast work was
thitiwu up to prolecl the guns and Inen
under the direction of Captain Powell of
Ihe Engineer Corps Captain P., wilh bis
" In icaile nf ontrabauds," did excel lent
service m making other earth-works ami
din'iiic riltf pit- The !. .rtili. aliou ol
the K-ll v, aa al 11 as ,t liml h.ii
did not extend far enough toward the
Shenandoah as the sequel will prove.
The rebels could be seen examining lo.
calities upon London Heights, command
ing the left flank, evidently with the in
tention of planting batteries, but they
suddenly departed, and nothing further
was seen of any operations in that direc
tion. While olllcers ami men continued
in good spirits and anxious for the light,
il was apparent that the evacuation of
Ihe position seroas the Potomac had made
an impression upon them, and Saturday
night closed upon I hem, each full of spec
ulation as to what the morning might
Tbe quiet of as bright ami beautiful a
Sabbath as ever shone was broken by
the guns of Caplaiu Graham's batlery as
they opened lire upon Ihe rebels on Lon
don Hights. The other batlery, not
wishing to be behind their fellow, t himetl
in, antl for a time made lively music. No
attention was paid to the interrupt ion.
and it was whispered that the rebels hail
abandoned their position. This rumor
quickly spread over the camp, and scores
of faces to ightened at the thought. Oth
ers who bad seen service, knew loo Well
w hat the ominous silence forebode, and
told the green ones that "they would get
it 7'W after dinner.'"
During tlie morning Captain Graham
had brought up tw o of his Parrot guns,
placing one at the batlery on each Hank,
From the right be amused himself with
shelling any show of rebels within his
ranee, Colouel d'L'tassy, not relishing
the Ttleaof leaving the rebels all our otu
niunilion on Maryland Hights, antl to
prove that the oiler he mailt on Saturday
could have been executed, took the re
8Knsibilily of sending a detachment
composed ol two companies of the mill
New York, under Adjutant Paeon, and
two companies of the C.'.lh Illinois, un
der Major Woods, the whole under com
mand of the latter officer, with orders lo
bringdown tbe Napoleon guns and such
ammunition ns they could.
The expedition departed ou its mis
sion quietly, and ascended the bights
cautiously, under cover of Captain Mc
Grath's and Caplaiu Philips' guns.
Throwing out pickets, they proceeded to
the discbarge of their duly. Not a rebel
was to be seen, but no one knew how
soon they might make their appearance.
They brought down the four cannon and
quite a store of ammunition, which was
made useful on the day following, through
Ihe foresight of ('olonel d'l'lasny.
About half-past two o'clock the rebels
opened lire from a battery near the point
from which they bad been signaling, and
their shells fell upon the plain with suf
licient rapidity to cause a slauiHde of
soldiers and town's people, who were en
joying a stroll. The boys laughed as
the shells fell far short of the heights,
but laughed no more, as shell a tier tdu II
come nearer and nearer, and finally went
clear over the works and down the slope.
Then came the report of a gun from
Maryland Heights, not our old position,
but from the very lop, and a shell burst
without even crossing the Potomac. The
boys laughed again at ihe pop-gun bat
tery, as they termed the new one, but
soon the pop-guos provod to be real ones,
and shut came whizing past those on the
parapet anil down the further side of the
hilt. This was not pleasant. A cloud
of dust at the left betokened the approach
of the rebels, and the troops were called
into posiiion. Nothing but the dust
away beyond the woods could be seen.
Presently a n ovement was discovered at
the ftlgo of the woods, ami soon a baltery
commenced on the left shelling the wood's
between. Our batteries were now fully
engaged, ami all attention was turned lo
watt It I ho 'approach of infantry.
Skirmishers, tin-New York oOlli were
thrown out, and other troops advanced
down the hill under cover of the brush
to meet them. A dark mass, almost
shielded from view by tho woods, seem
ed moving toward our right and soon ap
peared in full view as they crossed a
distant lieltl, and took position in the
woods. A batlery now opened in front
of us, ainl shot antl shell came over the
ridge inside ot our works. It w as quite
evident Hint they were only trying their
raiige,aiid it was only apparent' thai they
were qsile satisfied with it.
Our batteries now turned their atten
tion to the new batteries of the rebels,
anil Caplaiu on St heleim suet led in
plat ing a lew shells in the right spot. A
shot from the rebels exploded one of Cap
tain Yon S.'s caissons, wounding four
men. " A new buttery had opened from
London llighlsniaking four guns in all
in that position. Captain McGratli had
silenced Ihe lirst for awhile, but it re
sumed operations after a change of posi
iion. Ad day closed the looked for attack
was anxiously awaited; but it was not
the icbi l poll, y to hurry matters. They
made one or two feints ou the right to
feel our jiositioii, anil some skirmishing
look place with the ."Dili New York.
Alter dark, and as mailers seemed to be
settling down, a smart attack w as made
upon our left flank by troops who bad
almost golien in our rear, but w ho wi re
repulsed by the o'Jd hio, wilh a serious
loss both in themselves ami the rebels.
'Ibis Was Ihe most sciiou eiicoiinler of
The Third Maryland, tlui Lighly-sev-i
nth Ohio antl the Twelllh New 01 k
were unb red up to the support of thelcM,
but no further lighting took place. Our
men slept upon their arms in Ihe trench
es. Fatly on Monday morning the skill of
the rebel iennrals w . is displayed. Du
n::g the night lin y had posted two hal
teiiesiqiou the lower plaleausof Loudon
Ilighls, in Ihe positions previously cl
ammed, another baltery in front, and still
another lo our right, ii'sui a knoll on the
opposite side of the Potomac, thill enfil
ading the whole of our entrenchments.
C inn ing fin, they rained shot ami
sin II along Ihe whole . line, ami it was
evident our batleiies could lint drive tin 111
j i ay nor silence them. Still ,!,
icpuiided vigorously until all the long
raugu ammuiiiliongavc out. Then Colo
in. I tl'l lassy's lone li.no Maryland
I iltehls came into e.-rvice, ai.d wnh that
! the bghl was prolonged,
i The uiatti-i win. h at fi-l seemed a
. . -..-.vt.-
question of time, now appcirc.1 more like
a question of eternity witb all. for tbe
rebels hail complete range of our hole
position, and weie tvidenllv play inn
with hi. Indeed. General Hill said as
much after the capture. A council of
w ar w as held, and, in unlet to prevent
useless, sac-lilies of life, the ul'ncers re
luclaiilly fomented to d,splay Ihe while
This w as about H o'clock. Giving to
the fog and smoke the signal was not
seen at lirsl, and the lighting continued
during which a shell struck Col. Miles,
who w as on font, on the left, inflicting a
mortal wound. Lieutenant Pinney, who
was standing by, -escaped unhurt. He
immediately procured a blanket, and suo
ceetled in forcing some of the frightened
men to assist in removing Colonel Miles
to an ambulance. While so engaged a
shell passetl over the Colonel, and cut the
officer who hat! hold .of the opposite side
of the blanket almost in two.
Discovering the signals, at last, the fir
ing erased, and General White went out
with a llag of truce, and surrendered lo
Generals .Jackson ami Hill. It was a sad
blow to our troops, who had looked for
ward to a desierate fight, in which they
did not intend to come off second best.
Tho terms of capitulation were : Olllcers
and men to have ready parole ; officers to
retain side arms ami private properly ;
all United States property to be turned
over to the rebels.
When the army look possession of Ihe
place, they were followed into town by
neighboring farmers hunting up iheiV
slaves, and many fugitives were llius
caught. The uieihod of procedure, with
out being brutal, w as characterized by
the peculiarities of Ihe peculiar institu
tion. The rebels behaved civilly us a
general thing, and no insults were tillered
After a delay over Monday night, on
account of a difference of opinion as'to
the terms of capiiulalioii, the robels in
sisting that our troops w ere W In go into
camps nt instruction, ami upon which
Colonel d'Utassy expressed the views of
a soldier very rrankly, that the parole to
them ditl not absolve our troops from
military duty to Gnveriimetit. otilysti far
as not to lake up arms against the South
ern Confederacy until regularly exchang
ed, the necessary documents for the egress
of the troops were prepared, and they
marched out toward Frederick.
On Tuesday morning; a large body of
rebels passed through the Ferry, in lull
retreat from the advancing Uni'on;forces.
Their number was estimated at hli.OOO.
Their rear guard destroyed the bridge.'
antl our paroled soldier had to ford the
Mention should be made of the achieve
ment of Ihe force of cavalry who cut
llu ir w ay through the rebel lines, and, as
has since been ascertained, captured
Longstreet's aniiuunil ion train and car
ried it into Greencaslle. Colonel VAirt
commanding Ihe New York Elgth Caval
ry, is an ofliccr of rare qualifications for
his posiiion, and deserves a wider field
fur bis operations.
Py this capture (he rebels obtained
about M,(KK) maud of small arms, 111 can
non, cartridges, stores, etc. The force at
Ihe Ferry w as about l'2,lM)ll inland v
cavalry, ami artillery. " '
ill l Cot ..Nl 'll. It"). .', .Ull ll .,.l
ruin U.iihi.. 1'ie-a
;en. Mel lellnn'a l(rcetlou In I reil-
About nine o'clock this morning Gen.
McClellan aj the bead of his staff, mde
into (own, and the reception he met w ith
threw all others into (he shade. He bad
lint gone a single square until b;uqtiets
were fairly showered upon him, ami
when he reached the corner of Patrick
Slid Market streets the -enthusiasm know
no bounds. The people formed them
selves iu the streets and would uol lei
him pass wtlhout having a good ahake of
the hand or hearing a pleasant Word from
him. Gray -haired uu-n of seventy put
on double slate of elasticity antl were
the most eager in their determination to
eo him, while the young men, who were
prevented by the crowd from taking tbe
General by the hand, made the air Vim;
with I heir cheers.
Antl the ladies were not behind the
men in their mark of approbation. They
fairly "swarmed" around nm, lavishim;
their praises oil li t in, kiasing bis hainl,
bidding him Cod speed, and presenting
him wilh bouquets, ami tying lill'e lla; s
on his horse. The Genera! would every
now ami then respond, thanking them
lor their reception, feeling glad that they
(t it more comfortable and expressing the
fiope, before long, ol liner nut being one
rels'l in arms iiorlli of the Potomac.
After slaying upward of twenty mm
ules, Ihe General roth-out to the bead
quaiter nf General Piirnsidi, sir!, after
rnimulling with each other lor some lime,
they inai died It) ill front, w her.' cannon -uding
is now going on.
Tiik Ni kllll is or K in II AM. Wi.l M. ;i
iM'iiikLaTk Ramus --The Washing-'
Ion correspondent nf IheNeW Yolk Her
ald wril.-a :
Dr. Coolidge, having, concladed bis ar
duous labors of Ihe bloody lield of M.in
assas, alales it as hi opinion that the'
entire number ol killed nn the Uliioii
hitle is about seienleen hundred. In t.
hern s of battles the eiitne iiIiiiiIm-I' '
wounded he climates at about aix thou
sand. At the battle nf GioVelou alone be
thinks there were lour thousand wounded.
He slates that the wounded paroled pris
oners amount to two thousand, aaule In in
w Inch I here w ere about one hundred an .1
I wenly -eight civilians, nurses, and at
tendant taken and ah. i wards paroled
Dr. Coolidge says lhat Ihe In Id of In
iqieralions extended over a Sii e of Ihir
teen miles, Slid the coliseipii ut Ij. iqiuii
the energies id the surge. ui unit attend
anls was exhausting in the t itiem,.. Ho
thinks that Ihe sufteriiig ot tlie n.ion-l.-.l
I no ii Irom buni;'i was not ns gn.il -supposed,
aa mi I In ii lot ly -eijhl hi'iu- ol
Ihn baltle, loud w as curried to Ihe Held
ill qilutilil ies sulll.-ient to supply
The great eilont nf ground over L t H
the w minded were scattered rendered it
impossible to supply the ul!iiei as I as. t
Ha , ou! 1 he drnn cd.
.juuai. .-au.r..vja-aa aim, nv a mifn 1 1 MMMiZjna..--Jiu