tor Freedom and Nationality.
. OTKRC'KH, ICdltor.
WKDNKSDA Y MORNING, OCT. 1. 1
We had a conversation yesterday with
art inUlliRcnt Johhr Kciillciiian win. li ft
t'liarlcsfon, S. C., on Saturday work, lie
was a mechanic in that accursed and in
famous city, and was imprisoned for six
month in the jail for expressing Union
sentiments. Ho says that threat desti
tution and gloom prevail in Charleston,
liusinoss of all kinds is dead, supplies of
provision are very scant, and clothing
more so. On the principal mercantile
street there are hut tno stores open.
He had on a plain cloth coat for which
he paid i.Vy d'lfnn just he fore he left,
and his entire suit which he had just
purchased, cost him one hundred and fni
one doPir. It could he honuht here in
ordinary thins for ahout tl.ii'y d.,i!,,rj.
The laboring classes, sulTcr the most
pihcliinx poverty. Many ,r them who
foiiuerly lived comfi.i lahly on their vv at'S,
nJeoHHni liowc.n prtidj-ingly lieslnvved
charity. Much uneasiness is I'd', uhuiil
the slaves; (lov. Aiki:n's' slaves, live hun
dred in liumhir, have all escaped except
some li fly, nridhixleen of them were shot
liy the l'rovosl Marshal, for licin sus
pected uf a conspiracy. Several families
once wealthy, are utterly ruined und
broken up. South Carolina troops have,
sullered severely in the battles in Virginia
and armless, legless and otherwise maim
ed soldiers are met with every w lu re.
Tea sells at eight dotlnn per pound. door
at. forly-iinn dollar. i per Uiml. The
coarsest, prints at me dollar per tn.i, und
other things in proportion. Several
highly respec, "'r and very accom
plished Northern ladies, who hud
been engaged in the city as teachers,
' were confined in jml in the some reft iriOi
cninion prostitute, and insulted in every
possible way. The women of Charleston
extended them no sympathy, except the
Sisters of Mercy, .lust before he left the
blockading squadron commenced a iniis
int; themselves by throwing a few shells
on Fort Sumter, and shattei iuj; (bewails
a little. They were only practicing their
tuns, and expected to licit in in good
earnest shortly, when we liust that th
city will be wiped, like Sodom and
( iojiioi rah, Irom the face of the earth.
Our informant saw no troops save a few
bands of guerrillas on his whole route.
He says that the most bitter hatred is felt
by the South arOolinians for the Tennes
see troops. We confess that is a compli
ment to be proud of.
Strength of our Regular Army.
The .liiy lleyister for September,
is out. Copies will soon be forwarded to
all the regular army rendezvous in the
country. Our regular army consists now
of nearly 10,0(10 men. There were until
lrttil ten regiments of infantry, one of
mounted rillemeu, two of dragoons, two
of cavalry, and four of artillery, mak
ing, all told, some 120,000 men. In May,
lSt'il, eleven new regiments were ordered
tube raised nine were to lie ol infantry
one cavalry, and one artillery. The in-
faulty regiments were to consist of three
battalions of Sou men each, 12, 1 00 in all
the cavalry and artillery, 1,1 and I. So!
resicclivcly. Were they all lull, wi
should have .'!,000 regulars, but about
".,000 are wanted to complete the thin
battalions of the nine new infantry rrvi
We mentioned a rumor, in yesterday's
issue, that there was a force of some
three thousand rebel infantry at Mur
I'reesboro. supposed (o be under the com
maud of (icneral S. I!. Anderson. Yes
tcrday evening we saw a renllciuan u le
had passeil through (here the evening pre
vioiis, from Chattanooga, and he assures
us (hat he neither saw nor heard of any
troops at cither Murfrcesboro or (liatl.i-
nooga, except a few straggling guerrilla"
His statement is also continued by
lady who left .Murfrccsli no on Sunday
All these talcs of rebel armies in this
vicinity are of the cock-and-bull kind
and are mere inventions of the rebel
1 he w hole rebel force iti this region at
present consists of a lew conletn pi ihl
cuenillas, and we marvel thai these nm
sauces are not nromnlly destroyed.
The assassination of the rebel olli. crs
(ielieral Kllil.l'A and Col n i l l , by iheii
own soldiers, in New Mexico, who were
enraged at (heir terrible defeat by ibe
Federal troops, is a fcarlnl Naming to
other rebel leaders ol I he late which
they may expert to sutler al the hands
of the multitudes whom they have de
luded, and cheated. Like bom -hi i;nr
ami lUxT.iN, in the French devolution,
they will perish hy the rage and liny
of (heir indignant followers, who. lind
inglhalal last they have bin miserably
cheated, will tear their deceivers in
pieces. The only way lor these de
i rivers nf (lie people to e-capc this flic
will be to hubl such a carnival ol ch illi
as was m,i,,. bv Mo.va, the Veiled
t'rophet i, L bin assao. and pci i h h i
(heir own hauils I. el lln in d" il
FalsialFs i a, :ed iv: iinciit b been
hitherto prominent for its licjiily om
I ui in, but in foi lorn i .pi pin, nt s have bei u
b.ll'V l I ei lipud by I l.i- t 4, , I e i, I,,, ;,! -
t I tUe l.t.el -
We have hoard ithin tin
'ight hours, from two ihllerenl sources,
that a Federal force of between 120,000 ;
and .'50,)00 is lx'twcen Fort Ioiiesnn. en
route for Fat Tennessee.
A traveller from Louisville reports that j
lot rest's cavalry regiment, has been cut
to pieces and captured by I'.uell's forces,
beyond Munifordvilli 'orrel beins -
One thousand n hd prisoners, paroled
nt thcO'ap by t!en. Morgan, passed above
Lebanon on Monday for their homes in
Mississippi anil Arkansas. This list re
port appears lobe well authenticated. '
The I'ritisli press, which Mill shud
ders in affected horror over Ociicial Hol
ler's harmless order about shameless
Women, will hear nrt word of condemna
tion fur (he abuses practiced on our pris
oners of war in Ilichniond. How they
arc treated appears from 'be following
letter from Lieutenant Widvey. captured
at the ballle of Cedar Mountain, and
dalcd I.'ichim d .''-. 1! .
"I Bin where least of anv pl.-.c, mi
earth I would lie, in a Southern prison.
The place is a most horrible one. The
place w herein we are is '.'!" by '. feel,'
and contains I I'! prisoners, of whom
Srn olllcers. inclnilint! lieneral Prince.
Il is dark anil filthy bevond desct iplimi.
We sleep on the damp, dirty tloor, with
out blankets or bedding ol any kind.
Our loin I is bread and fresh beef, with
out salt. We pet only half rations, and
are excluded Irom buying anything out
side. e lire deprived or water, except
what is drawn from ' the filthy .lames
river, w inch is as warm as n neaivii over
n lire, inn have no idea how shame
fully We are treated."
Kirby Smith on Bushwhacking.
The New York Tum-i says il has in il
possession the original copy nf the fol
lowing ilocuuicul, to which is appended
the autograph (of indubitable authenti
city) of Hie ollicer now commanding the
rebel troops in Northeastern Kentucky :
I I A I .... I.S
A i my i
( oni Kio iiATi. I-ol: i r.s,)
I' !' ns.1 fVf ii il ocwuo
August 20, IsC.o.
'.' tin- ('. '"iv Kin's canty unit the ndjn
lint tinnilifi iii Ki'iiturhy :
Finding that you have been deceived
hy Ibe misrepresentations of our enemies,
and have been induced by them not only
lo leave your homes, but also lo resort to
the cowardly practice of bushwhacking,
1 now promise you that if you rclorn
1 1 1 i 1 1 V to your homes and lead orderly
lives you will not be disturbed, but will
bo protected iii your rights.
If. on the contrary, you persist in firing
upon my soldiers from the woods, you
w ill be hung w hen you are caught, and
your hollies and properly be destroyed.
K. kll.T.Y SMITH,
The death-knell of t lie liehel Confed
eracy sounds in every wind that sweeps
over the Sonlh: its funeral hymn is sung
by every rippling stream ami murmur-
ing river, and ils eternal reiiiie.scat is
shouted by every mountain cataract
which leaps from ils jlizzy precipice lo
the daik and boiling pool below. Its
conception was a crime against nature;
it w as beotleii in sin and conceived in
i nil I ii i t V ; and its birth vv s the advent of
a misshapen monster : and so til nnlini
seems lo rejoice at ils fast approaching
dissolution. May il sink like a lump of
h ad inlojbe abyss of oblivion, and not a
ripple rise lo iii.ii tv the place vt hei
1 he rebel olliceis are obliged to trim
their military coats with I'nilcd Slates
military bullous, llieie not being me
chanical genius in l'ixie to make a hut
Ion. liiil we wonder that the eagle on
the bullous, indignant at the insull oiler
ed him, docs not kick out the heart, liver
and giZiird of the sacrilegious rascal.s
A liu.ard would he a more lillmg orna
ment for a rebel's coat.
(il I. IMIII.I. A- As'Slllll.ATKI'. The SI
Joseph (Mk.) papers contain accounts of
the suprise of a guerrilla camp in Carrol
county, on ( 1 and liver, and the whole
band killed or raptured, w ilh the excep
tion of liv e. The guerrillas saii'ht shel
ter under the bank of the stream ami
foiighl dcspeiatcly, but were ov ei po cr
ed. Many of the killed fell into the
l iver and their bodies were not recovered.
Sou f the b'ebcl newspapers are ti v -
ing to extract consolation from omens
which .lie said lo have been seen recent
ly, and which arc supposed to iudicale
the laic ot the I'onfi ih rai y. W hat's the
use ol bunliie: up jomens and sius for u
fellow whose eves are sel. and whose
throat is ahcady soundin
1 .1 1,, - Mi I 1' I .1 I. I I'; H "I
. .. I II -I . 1 1 I- I .' I I..IM
We learn lhal lie "Lincoln Fundi- 1
wha. l-eis," as (be li bels call 1 1 n-in, fioiu ,
the mountains, are commit 1 1 ng Sad havoc I
with the guerrillas in the vicinity of j
Ibcherd. The I'niou boys have conclii-
di d thai bushwhacking is a game lhal (
two can play al, so whenever they see a .
butternut they give him his walking pa- :
.. is to Old li m y.
We are lor piotci lilu the right of pro
perty in horses, hut lather than see the
nation inled by a political coinbinul ion
ol Inn -e-oH ucl -, or sec horses made Ihe
basis ol uili (.'.,' ei mi oil I . we would kinn k
iii ly tioi'si -on mr in the nation, in the
held, and di ive the hor-cs into ti e o, . in.
Tin i.;, .i i, i
al'sin dil y, sue
a nation on on
I kI.iv e 1 out. .h i .o- r i
e it i.-. an attempt to ,
ol lis i. nip. a ai y and
i i .Ii r.l il in-iii. il, ...
I lol'l 1 . ' ... ;;
The old acresh ditty uf " Maryland, : The Memphis bulletin gives the fol
my Mart laud," being effectually "played ; lowing sketch of a speech delivered hy
out" since Itock-feni-e Jackson's flight ' (Jen. Sherman, last Monday evening, to
from that loyal Slate, we humbly offer the citizens of that place. Though a
the following song as a substitute :
'Maryland, My Maryland."
. I, l;V 11 . ,1, ,
M 11 :! ', mi :.i
: CI in w in ,
U e v I 1 11 I . eo VI
III' ! II
T iv r it nut I."!' l ill, 11 1 1 liiio.lr,
VI ii; I a., I, my Mm) l.ui'l,
I L' 'f l)il..i!, p i' KiiHt'ill-'il Hli'l . h
Mil r 1 1 ' I in1 Al ) lmi-1
I ni. ' . lo. iu Hi.' ,1,'v tut .
M.irvl uiil, my Maryland,
- II' I .1! 1 ill 1 .1 1 a i'. . inii 1 1 .
M'iM 1 iinl, my l:.r hiiiI.
lit" :, -I Ws Him lui't iu li.'iil III i, 11.
,VI:il . 1 .11.1. my .Miil yl:ui I,
i - T. "Il . M .' lllllil I rin,., I ,1 1 ,r , -
'I i V , mil, nil VI ,1 , tin, I
K iii,' Cil. i, re i f. , r y ,
M 111 in I 1111 VI 11 1 K11I
W 11- r.l tlic ,'i in ni- I .Inn. r.i ,
VI it ''in, , in 1 M 11 , .Ot.
. .1. .. r- I .1 il,.- r. II ,il I410..
M i. . l.-ii'1. iuy M 1 y Iniiil,
.' Ill I' II ,'tMll'l H I Of i.c 1.
M o ' ,ii .1 . my V :i r 1 i.iu. 1
III 11.. " I,,. 1
l 1 1 I ' .fi.l. 1: y
1,1. . ' 1 ,1
1 .' I I ,,
VI 11 y ) in ' .
CI Hi.:',. 1
ll.in '.I , I
l,:il Csi .Hu-r- hi- I.iiiltf. I .I'.ti..
Mar' l.ui'l. my Mm i..u.l ,
III .. .. II ,1, 1 lOlltiiii'l - 1 , j
VI ir -ati l. 111) Vi:u 1 Uui.l
l llu.'. i' I.." 11 . in. I M 1 I. 11 . 11
M.o'yl mil. tuy Vl,ir t:iii t
Tin- ri' I v. Ii.ii I i ..rlli Hi I, lli.i'.
M iryl c .1. uiy VI. e; :.,.,l '
l -ii s (i-iV .111 u'l ii.lii i-.iil.il in,
M.ii ) l.ni'1, iny M il ) l.ui'l .
Ali-I mi lie' 1 ruili.'li l..ilih.T ' I'lni
Vlaiy Imul, 111) Vl.ir) U11 '.
Ali'l VI lii'U ' I i.-'l In M 1 1 . . -I linn
Mur) land . my M iryl.in.l,
VV - .li'.f..'( ,(.. ,, liy :l ,i. n- I - - I 1 ,
Maryla .1, my M n . I nil :
I il Willi, yin l.ii vi' ii I ai ti 1 , t il ,
VI hi ) 1 in I, niy Vlarv iuh, .
AikI iihw i,,' m nli yu al I 'ii' ,1. i il,
VI .,n lalia . in) M .11 ) I n il '
Kirby Smith's March Over the
A member of the Hid Uegiment of
Alabama volunteers, writing from Lex
ington the loth, gives an account of the
march of Kiiirv Smith. lie says the
lb llrigade " left Jaeksboroon Friday,
Ihe week before the battle al Ilichniond,
witha train of about one hundred and
lifly wagons, and slatted through l'.i
Creek Cap." He says why it should be
called a (isp it is impossible to tell. They
had very hard woik to ud Ihronuh.
" 'Flu rear of the train was several
times only able to reach the point from
which the advance started in the morn
ing. In three days the brigade only ad
vanced twenty mih'S. Kations
gave out, and Ihe men were compelled to
subsist on green corn for several days.
After crossing Fine Mountains the hard
marching began. The brigade man bed
nearly twenty miles a day. Tho feet, of
the lnen were covered with blisters. I,
myself, saw several men, w hose feel were
so severely bruised, that al night their
shoes were so full of blood that it could
In-fumed, out. cry often tho dust was
so thick that it was impossible to see from
one end of the regiment, to the oilier. Yet
hungry, thirsty, sore-footed, and chock
ing with dust, the men marched steadily
on. The ordnance stores were brought
salely through not a ;i;nn was lost.
Let it be remembered that Ihe march was
tlirotmh a hostile country: where no
friendly face ever greeteil us where no
friend of the South ever bid us (iod
speed on our way. The men knew what
to expect. If the people of Kentucky
entertained Ihe same sentiments lis (he
inhabitants of the mountains did, then
it was clear thai they were marching into
an enemy's country, with numbers ton
vruir lo bold tho State, nod too large to
make a successful and rapid retreat.
I'nder these circumstances, h required,
not only physical, but great moral cour
age lo meet and overcome the dangers
and dillieulties that surrounded us. Many
brave actions have been dono by our
(roups during this war many victories
have been won, and many hard marches
made; but no army has ever encounter
ed more hardship overcome more dilli
eulties, or Madu a more successful niurrh,
lhati I list of I ieneral K irby Smil h across
the ( 'iiinbei land Mountains.'' ,
Union Sentiment at the South.
A correspondent writing from Ham
burg, Tcnn., on the I 'it It insl., says ;
There has been so many statements
as lo I be extent of Ihe I nion sentiment
in various parts of the South, thai il
seems useless to express any opinion in
reference In il here. Hut 1 desire to stale
a few facts. There is now in active ser
vice down the river a lon e of Irom one
to three hundred men, under command of
('apt. Hreckiiiiidge, gone for Ihe purpose
of engaging the guerrillas near 1 'in k river
shoals. These men have volunteered ill
I this vicinity within the last three weeks.
At I'lirdy, Captain Fielding' lliust has a
force of eight hundred volunteers. Ill
Tishomingo county, Mississippi, another
man has live hundred men for the Fed
I A Captain Jones w ho lives a lew miles
I up the river from this place has just ob
1 tamed authority to assist in forming a
i regimen! lo rendezvous in this vicinity
lie has within the past lour months re-
cruited two lull companies from this
! (Hardin) county, which are now at Nash
ville in active service. He claims that
men in Ihe I
has now one thousand j
Icral service. Judging!
from what I have seen of llnse ieoili', I
liivu no iloulit Unit a hripiiile of lliiee
thousand loyul men aiol line emi be
raised in a short inne in this ami the il
loiliinU i'oiiiitie. Authority lo r;use
sin h a foree has ln en niven lo a p-ii 1 1 -man
in Mississippi. I .el I lo se fai ls le
ti'imine whether then' is any I nion sen
titni'tit 111 the ."south. 1 n ronni'i I nm with
this III ll !'' rt'lneiiiheiei! that (ii'inral
'.nller, in Ihe ureal city of ichcllion. has
heen alih- lo lind
V. 1 1 1 1 1 u to lieeome
hi- ihoiisamls o
I nl, nl soldiers
hat would (he people ray ol a "
ii. ion who who should pio.laiui lhal
vv a- tor leloi'tniiii; tin" ' '
vei innenl. and
f'.iiloiiii '. oiie lii'-r i hot' i oinei -sloiie
I id he ll.. . is-, s -I
1.1 T I..,', t . a
t ' ill!'
mere outline, il is indicative of a policy
and purpose which must meet the appro-
! val of all conservatives. In response lo
j a hearty call, Oen. Sherman addressed
1 the meeting :
II" expressed his belief (hat no pari
, of (he country was more interested in
the present slruagle. He supposed the
: South did not think it could subjusle
: the North, and he solemnly declared Ihe
I Norlh did not want to subjugate the :
i houlli. Ibey supposed that eunslily
i should exist as always, and the ballot-
box be Ihe ultimate court of appeal. He
thought Legislatures bad been loo apt lo I
: listen to the desires of mere political '
sections, and thus, to some extent, lost ;
i siLdit of the wise measures of our fathers, i
1 If Iho slave inlerrsf, the railway inteivst,
j or any other special interest governed the
, country, it would be tyranny. The North,
, were determined that tho slave interest
should not govern them, and he doubted
not the South was determined that, nei-
ibiT that, nor any other special interest
-hould govern them. He regretted that
the slave questions should not be ap
proached calmly, that the people lost iheir
i discretion and good sense when this sub
I jecl eaine into discussion; lor his part
be only protested against a special inter
est being made the basis of Legislative
j pi.Uc, wtuther it was the bank interest
i nr the slave interest had made this coun
try one, .incI in.Vtidi'd her people lo be
; one, and the people should set their foot
j on all sectional legislation. They should
' put a stop to any attempt to prevent the
I people of one Stale or cily trading or
I travelling in another. The Mississippi
belongs not to Louisiana nor to Illinois,
' but to the North American continent, and
I it must bo opened to all. So the Atlantic
i belongs to no special people. God's wind
blows .North and South, without lavor ;
and has no favor for the people, of any
particular nation. So. the harbor of
Charleston is not the property of the
people of that city; they did not make
a drop of water in it, nor shape ils con
figuration ; it belongs to the wide com
merce of the whole country.
Fach State and city had its prejudices
ami peculiar notions; the North did not
want to interfere with them; but when
any Slate, county or city wants lo force
its prejudices and notions on others, then
the North, and all who have a man's
spirit in their bosom, will oppose the ef
fort ; they w ill refuse to g'ubuiit to ty
ranny. In attempting lo destroy the (iovern
nieiit of the United States, the people of
the South are destroying their own rights.
Their right to property, to local govern
ment, lo the wide liberties they enjoy,
depend upon the supremacy of that Hag,
call it gridiron or what you will. While
it waves on every sea, and protects com
merce in every port, the rights you enjoy
are safe; destroy thai supremacy, ami
where do you stand among the nations
of the carlh V
Many seem to think because the i cools
have met with some success in Kentucky
that the Norlh will be subdued. Yaiu
thought '. It will only wake up the
Northern spirit and prolong the contest.
The North will not he conquered. She
has been slow to see tho vaslncss of the
struggle in which the nation is engaged ;
it hates lo leave the pursuits of commerce
and quit the plow and tho harvest lield,
but let it only know that such an ahan
dotiment is necessary, ami its millions
will come swarming from the plow, the
shop, and the counting-room, until vic
tory is theirs, and the old Hag once more
waves over the broad lands that rightly
belong to its empire.
What docs this war mean'.' mere inde
pendence to the South'.' That is not a
ihe leaders mean power for them, pre
dominance to the slave power, and injury
to the liberty of the masses. It. is an
attempt to give one interest slavery
the predominance over all others. If the
'intention is to simply govern the new re
public on the principles of the old one,
w hy not use their power at the ballot-box
to improve or change what they desire'.'
lint they want a power for a ( lass the old
system would not permit tlieni to possess
I Iii' y want a strong government, therefore
they fight against it. It is an oligarchy
they want, and the North cannot permit
sin h a kind of Oovcriiinciit to exist side
by side with her free republic. If an
agreement for separation was made and
such a Government, well established be
side ti.eir free one, the very signers of
that agreement would seize arms lo put
an end to such a Government before the
ink was dry with which the agreement
was signed. It is useless to dream of
peace which would cut this country in
two such a thing cannot be done.
No dictation is wanted, no subj ligation.
The Soiilh must not dietale to the Norlh,
nor the'N'orlh tyrannize over (he South
the Last must not domineer over the
West, nor (he West lord it over the Fast;
we must have one harmonious Congress,
I legislating with unprejudiced fairness for
the whole people.
A Needed Order.
A K Dl'.l'All I MIIN 1',AuiI TANT Gl' N'llAI,'-
Okih K, Wasuim;i'oS, Sep. 15 1K','
( (iKN'rT.AI. OlU'l'.l'.S No. 110.
1. The attention ot all oflicei s and es- I
pccially of Commanders of )epartuien(
and Army Corps, is railed to the abso- J
lute necessity of reducing the baggage (
trains of troops in the lield. The nobilit y ,
of our armies is destroyed by Ihe vast I
trains w hich attend them, and w hu h they j
are required to guard. Thjs evil requires
a prompt remedy. Ollicer hereafter will .
be allowed to carry into I lie held only the
ordinary mess chest and a valise or car
pet bag. No trunks or boxes will be
permilled in the baggage trains. I'rivales
frequently carry carpet bags and boxes
in the regimental wagons. This must
be immediately slopped. Inspectors,
quartermasters and w auniiiaslers will
see lhal such articles are ejected from
(he wugons and cars wherever found;
ami regimental aiol company olhei'is who
penult these uhtist'8 will lie reported
through the proper i lianiicls for dismissal
Irom set viei'. Commanders of depart
mi nts sod Army Corps w ill direr! Iii--
iii nl inspei lions to he inado of liaao
Ii ains, and especially of ollii its' h.ieanu,
and see that this on hr is strictly en
forced in their respective commands.
II. Another cause of Ihe increase of
Hams is Ihe carry ins of sutler's goods in
men I regimental ami iiiarterinastcs s wagons,
oudcr the guise of (iiaiiei tu.ist. r and
coiinnissai y stores. Ilerealur any olli
i rr or w aoiiiiiHster who permits ilus
ahllSe Hill he duly plllllshell, and the
siitU r vv hose goods are so . an led w ill he
i plaecU w U l.o'il the lines ol llu- .nniv,
ami tils appointment rcvohcii.
1 ' y c li 1 1 1 1 a li 1 1 ol
' MA. I -(ii.S 11 M.I.I i K.
t. T.I' i A Ji i.Uol 1 1. u.'i.
The Hou. Owen Lovcjoy Bcorain
The lion . iinn I.ovr.iov, of llliniis,
made a speech at l'eoria, on tbel. ih.
We rjunte Irom the repmt of bis specli,
made by the Transcript, of that place:
Ilesaolhe was no fault-tinder. He
" fvor "r RivinC cordial suppijrt
to the President and his Oeiicrals and all
, , . ., , ,
w no were eiiL'SL-eii in Ihe work nf mm-
pressing Ihe rebellion. ,., ,,:,rr I
ir, Old .1,', ,-t,n-e,t in him" tlmm;!, f !
thnmuh," and trhntv.i twe,"vp mid d.nvi.."
When Ihe ship was al sea in a storm, it
w as no time to find fault with the Cap- I
tain: vn- dutu ,'. to vutl 0e rones nt he
direct, and to man the pumps when he 1
asks us. Wu must let him steer the shin
and direct her management. Old .! l
lite. Cuptnin, ovJ I nm prrpurei', said the
speaker, to jml the rojvs a i he orders.
On the emancipation question, Mr.
Lovcjoy defined himself. He sai'l he had
quit agitating the question long ago, and
in the last session of Congress did his
best to keep old brother Wicklill'e, of
Kentucky, from spooling cn it, but In
did not hiicceed. i'elieving, he said, Hint
tho wauon had got to the lop of the hill.
it would go down fast enough w ithout
any further aid.
His individual opposition to slavery
was in the present crisis sulMirdinato to
bis love for the I'nion. lie endorsed
1 . : A .-. . T ; l . . i . . . . .
i resiucni Lincoln n leiter lo Horace
Greeley. If wc could best save the I'nion
by saving slavery, he said amen; if we
could save it best by partially saving
slavery, he said amen to that ; if lo save
it it was thought necessary to destroy
slabery, twenty aniens lo lhal. The
greal object of the M ar was Ibe preserva
tion ol (he L nion and tho ( onsliulion,
and Emancipation, if adopted, would be
only a means to that end.
The speaker reviewed the position in
which slavery stood in regard to the re
bellion, his views being precisely the
sanin as those urged by all loyal men not
lnlluenced by a love fo.i the peculiar in
stitution. He showed the aid given the
rebels hy their slaves, and the great ad
vantage of depriving them of their ser
vices, iho remainder ol Ihe speech was
onlmed to an explanation of the provi
sions of the confiscation bill, and a de
fence of the justness of the nieasui
Captain l'i:l'.m.K has been dismissed
from the Navy by Sect-clary Wii.l.f.s,
for the neglect of duty specified below.
Fl.AOSIIIf Hartvoijii, )
1'cnsacola Hay, Sept. Slh, lSli'J.v,
oik : I regret lo he compelled again to
make another mortifying acknowledge
incut of apparent neglect by the running
ot the blockade at Mobile by a ten-gun
gunboat, supposed to bo Layards gun
boat, Capt. liullock. You will perceive,
however, from Capt Treble's report, here
with enclosed, (hat there was no want of
vigilance. They saw her in good lime,
but failed lo sink or rapture her. Why
Capt. l'rcble did not lire into her after
she failed to stop or answer his hail, 1
cannot imagine. The commander of the
liichacl Seaman says, anil I believe they
all admit, that there was never a liner
opportunity for stopping a vessel until
sin; passed 1 1 K ill. Then however, it was
We began firing Ihe Oneida lirsl, I lis
Winona next, and the Ilachael Seaman
Your obedient servant,
R G. FAIUtACl T,
l.'ear-Admiral Commanding the Western
C S tates Slooc or W.xit Om.iiia,
( ri.' Moini.i:, Sept. 1 1, s
To Him. (I. W'elhi, S'l-reiirij if Ihe A'.ry.
Sot: I regret to inform you that a
three-masted screw steamer, wearing
the F.nglish red ensign and pctiant, and
carrj ing four quarter boats, and a bat
tery of eight broadside guns, one or
two pivots, and having every appearance
of an Lnglish man-of-war, ran the block
ade this afternoon, uniler the lollovvin;
I had sent the Winona to windward
to speak a schooner standing in under
sail. The smoke of a steamer was dis
covered bearing southeast, and standing
directly for us. Observing she was
burning black smoke. 1 immediately got
under way, and stood, low ai d her, sig
naling to the Winona to chase at discre
tion. We soon neared the stranger in
company with the Winona, who, as she
approached, gradually hauled to the
windward. When abeam of him, about
100 yards distant, I hailed liiin, but re
ceived no answer. 1 then fired a shot
.across his bows he still ranged ahead,
without slopping, bid still thinking him
an F.nglish man-of-war, I lired Ivvo
more shots across his bow, and then di
rected a shot at him, which went over
between his lore and main masl.
He soon hauled down his Mag and
trained bis guns to bear on us, but hav
ing no Hag lo light under was afraid lo
lire. Wu continued tiring at him. as
sisted by the Winona and one of the
mortar schooners, but he made sail, and
by his superior spcrtl and unparalleled
audacity, managed to escape us. We
sent our sluit all forward and over him,
and are certain that several of our shells
and the Winona's struck him.
With great mortilicalion,
Your obedient servant,
I Signed Gkoiiok lli.Ni'.y l'ni iii i..
Tu Commodore Farragut Commanding
Slavery in the Indian Territory.
We never could get any exact informa
tion on this subject until the report of
the census of l-llU brought it lo band.
says the l'hiiadelphia Anns i,nn. U i
give the figures :
- 12, fill I
( rt 'tiers
.' ' S ,
Total, - - -
due of Ihe Choctaw planters is the
owner of --'7 slaves, and ten of the largest
plunlns of I Iml Irilie average I.I each
Anions lh' Cheroltees the largest planter
owns ,riT slaves, and the ten larneoi aver
ant' '!' each. Anion,; the Creeks Ivvo
planters hold To slaves e., h, ami the ten
largest avera e I ! each. Anions the
Chickasavrs the largest planlrr otvns Ll
slaves, and (hu ten largest aver.iu
' h. Tho census nives delailed stalls
In s, shun in Ihat Iheie are 1,0s ! white
people in the ten iloi y nd I'll lnecol
oied persons. ( 1 ihe whiles, llPi aiu
luali'S and TJ females. 1 hey are set
lied in nearly every di Mi o t in Ihe Ii 1 1 i
tory; have estah'i-hed villages, ami no
doiiht Wield a pn pondi ratn. inlliience
in allans The In e lolored people me
iiiiipn stioiiahly th i?. who accompany
the while selihis. The I ml u u pi joi I (
W li . I tt.o t .1.1 IVo l .ij-'.'
The Great Battle of Sunday.
I' xid.d Won Yi.-t-n-'j A.V. .. of It- V
J j- M-'viay's 0;v'iic" W !'
Ii !e ,' the, D'vi-ire (', i. t.
c!i,.,,,, ili.ti' t nt I'll-V, .rk rr,'"i!i.-.
1'. v 1 1 i r-I'in v Nkai: Sii yni'sni vo.it
Monday evening, Sept. 15.
Yesterdav'a battle was even a more
complete success than my dispatch and
h'tter represented. The enemy wholly
abandoned his position at night, and hm
" killed anil wounded is carefully
estimated at not less than three linn s our
own' 'hvoker put the rebels lo (liubt
without a contest; Cox defeated them in
successive attacks; lleno drove thctn be
fore him from Iho wooded hill they ought
lo have held for days; and Gibbon, in a
movement of great boldness and bril-
lar.rr, pushed and routed a force rxact
y twice his own eight rcciuiciils to
four. There lias not been a more thor
ough day's work since the war began.
I wo thousand prisoners were taken.
Only the darkneii prevented tho instant
pursuit oT Ibe rebels, and their retreat
would then have degenerated into a roul.
1 hey were discouraged, half-starved, and
wholly lired out by the long day's light
and the march. Prisoners agree in sav
ing that Hill and Longslrccl wi re am.w.cd
at the gallantry and determination with
winch our fun i s so lately beaten it. ir-
ini.1 tougbt and conquered. Longstrei t
bad thirteen regiments in the ballle
II ill bis n hole corps of is,(mii men.
Twenty regiments "f Loiigslrect's came
up only in time to retreat.
J his morning troops were put in tuo-
tjon at an cai I y hour. P.uriisiile mar. bed
through Fox'sGap lo Keedysv ille; Hon
it and Sumner through Turner's Gap lo
I'.ooiiesboro. The cavalry under Pleas
anlou, advanced rapidly from Pontic:. ho
rn on the llagerslown road along w hich
il was reported the enemy had removed
the grenler'parl of his guns. I'leasaiilon
captured two and a caisson, (hen came
down by a cross-road (o Keedysv ille.
The column had turned oil' al I'.oonsboro,
taking the road lo Kecily sville, Sharps
burg, nnd Sheppardstovvn. Py this road
the retreating forces under Longslrccl
'and Hill had passed, moving at midnight
Irom I iirner s Gap, and reaching Kee
dysvillc with the rear of Iboir coin inn
by nine in the morning.
The Death of Gen. Reno.
General lleno, late in the afternoon,
was advancing w ith his corps, consisting
of Generals Cox, Sturgis, Wilcox and
Hodman, toward the fronl at the top of
the I'.luo Lidge, and was engaged in dis
posing his lines, and arranging the order
for a linal attack t drive the la bels from
their position, which they held with such
pertinacity during the day. His bold
and striking appearance as lie waved his
hand in the usual way, while directing
Ihe disposition of the troops, attracted
the notice of the rebels who lay in am
bush, no doubt watching for some victim
for retaliation for the hiss of their own
General. Gen. lleno had scarcely com
pleted the delivery of his orders, wlfen a
party ol some two hundred of the ene
my suddenly opened lire, and General
Heno received a t itle ball in his left side,
which passed directly through his body,
emerging near the stomach. Ho imme
diately dismounted from his horse, and
said: " I am mortally wounded. 11
was assisted to the rear by his staff, and
placed in as comfortable a position as
possible, but in about bait tin bout' be
expired, apparently without pain.
lie remained perfectly conscious to the
last, and uttered occasionally words of
encouragement to his command. Thus
fell, in trout of his troops, while leading
tlietn to victory, ono ol the most coura
genus and valued Generals of (be I'nion
army. His remains were sent by Gen
Piirnside ilninefliatcl v to Paltimnro to hi
embalmed. His wife and family are in
Washington. His home is in Pennsyl
vania. Gen. lleno, it w ill be remembered
bad just succeeded to the command of
General McDowell's corps.
i i.. i, i.i,. s... .,.,ti, M.ukii -o
l. , i. III! t li'i II-. l.l'l. J.. S., IAN. U' 'I l,iln
Ti..- r. i' mis"! iii. f..i,.; .v ..ie iii ii. it in iim,.i,,i i, r
ii i ii i 0 ni-1 in. ilt i j,.. iiii, ,. t! to i iij .1 "., i .;,,. k
ll.l HI' ..rv "' l ' 11, . ! . It .. 1
k cel. in, i i i . ii, n i., i i i.,, ii, i, , ii,
1 tiinii,. p'r ii,iin't, i -v,.i !,.., ,, ,1V ii,,,,,,,
Iti.-, ii,.-.. -Hi m. ,...( mo','1, 4 thi day l :w ,'i .,( I v
lieu ii il
rlo'l f.li II. uiiilli;;
,1 1,1- l III..
.1 SI I'll I I SON
.1 lillUK .e.
THE LAST CHANCE!
1 1- vv
i i. i,'
Ki.i inns w ,m in i ,i 1 1. M
ii. II si., I..-, i uinii i c,. on, i
el. I' ' 1 '"' ".' ' , :" ' I It'll
V I I V 111. .".
I 11,1 T ii".. i ,
'.'i. I il l t
llli'Vl - V, ii is t
nilIN VV I l,sii.
Till"-. I" iN IM
I II VIII - W I I I IV M
I . is' i IV kl VI ,
VI iM '.',.
I ' i
I. I i.
I, llii 1 1 1. S
II -I II I ' . I
No 1 II .
. I) I i i.
M M S
i. In.. II. n
Horse for Sale!
oni: ii. v v vt w; t:, ii, ,
bl... I ii ii I II I :.r
OM. lllli'H S V vi. I., ,
'l-l HOI, III H.'l I I ll ,
uSK I " I nl K Mil l ol
11 lUM.sN. I, il ,.( k!
I ' I I."l i,i Hi
I It I'. A 1,1 IN,
W. c,.,i ii-, .
QinrliTiiKtsrcrV i't I'fir.ito
I' I l: i ll V - I Ii li y
CM AS. I 1. (JUKMN-
OPt'ICK, Nu.au Clio i y fit , Ujj 8tan i
I "11. I., ' in ... .,1 11... ,.!.
vv i i, i,,
I i-. i
i I ..
1 1,.- ,.i ,i ii,
No. 5G, College Street.
FIHE ntLlflRY CLOTHIHG
Officers' Fine Dress & Fatigue
Splendid Assortment nf I Hie
KOll OKIMl lOIIH, "
fine Hut rKii4'k
Tim' Trunk, (Copper Plveted.)
I'l'flK II I lUlll'I'll,
11 Itott tioLl I'mbi oitlcrt il
Tine rmluoidcl it-s, of all kinds,
mIU. 11 libber (-'outs.
It lib be i' Itt n i V I iv,
, All styles Pai'K.r Com.ahs ; Pkxios and
VuiMMiMis, all Kinds; Silk and IUintinu
Fi mis; Fink Casiimkhp. Siiiiits; Links
Suiiti's, Gai zk Sii.k, Gaiy.f. Mkhino and
l.ist.i; Tnr.K.Mi UNiinsitiuTs ; 1 ti a it and
Pi if G.vfNTi.Ki is, Gi.ovk.s, Ac, Ac.
GRIFFITH & PARSONS
ash wtioi.rsAT.r. hf.Ai.i'iis iv v
HAMS, BACON SIDES,
COFFEES, SUUAKS, TEAS,
Mur.i.u'd, Spice, lY)er, NiUniO';s,
BAGGING, ROPE, TWINE,
M A (.MC K li I: I. .
IIHilOMS, 1 1 1 1 C I I.: I'M.
COARSE & FINK SALT,
Ki Alts, I OU ",
f.i.MMKs, nuns, vm:s,
Snttlers' Cloods of all Kinds,
Mi.l mmiy other mllilcs urrivliiK illly piiu'liu...,!
t"i C'C'li, (tint hiiIiI nt Niiiiill firi'Ul.
('nil ami !-.
Gltiri'l ill . I'AIISONS,
I "M I
.-'T , NASIIVII.I.K, TI K 1
(ilil)V Kit .V- ItAliK irr
skwixu ,)iuiiim:s von stF.i
I or l.rov rr A llakni-', Wlmrii-r A
ytllnou'ii hiiiI llotto .Hurlilnrk,
Also, maciiim: oii
Ai.I . . ) lloi..; ..i u ii i.x Ui h.'itK MmloiH'il
All 1, I, I. i.l
Al V . ki i ii ,s' W all I' i i Slur. , I i.r. Il.n l.'ii, k
" o.. I iilnt I'til l e r-.(imrr.
'" " IIJ I . SI'IIK.
- , olid ov SI I'l.S
' ' l"ir .il liy VV M. I V ON.
Dr. Kind's Dispensary
I oh I'll iv vi i; iiM:am:h.
nird "K KIW,forinnyof Nmw Yorti , r
t -A ilaL tli Iwl fuiif yf i of IMllv!it', K i.
fcu'l wlio Urn ikivulcil Ina alUttitiuiiLa
lu irmtimmit of (trivilti Ux 3o yctri, QiUr
biiiiamli, l.aviiitf nt. inlet in i fur tt uimu)
aii.1 ruM'il m umijy UuiHn-iat ti la u
mirtiitll ittftivuii of tr)vl ul ru, no nmltr hu
ilu y niHjr bofrxin ihiuiIu'I'mii mi 'hi iftl triiiinut
f fniiii tu ji"t i iiiturpMu lr K iiijr'i iMhM-uitMf v
N. X lt.-A.lnrk it rvt-i, Ut'l ru U.ifry talij iuBtHunmt
i.J nvtry , w 1,,-re hr.uriwftlt di.vuio ot ft rvhi
iMiiiurtiuft run. I wiUi'inl uiiiwitig utMlinnti ir
i(t iLti f willi Ii iitiiii Ma
'lrn lni. i,f ui i i.r r.t' Ht dl', nf1lutly ouril
I iliv,lv n (.! l"0 wliu ti iiimi uti
Wl.irt tt.suiiltirw rini4 titvuiih riini bft U)oy4j
t'vtUmin in 4 iii'ir iui Itn-f ftn ummr
Ui ,t- f t In- i xiihl in 1 1 n ma Ktui L
H) liiha, w'lL Mil tint illx. ( ( Itiw iklfi (Pfjwirg
out nl lit m t or l 4 ttNiutt'Ut, iJkU l :hri iuliw
ti.r'l 'u m t"r Ui
mi l' Una ii , ''! Ihr rluu-(ii iiu grow um
im.i .it ii, ir...M i.u in u.hi.y (.-a t f j,MifUi t I
l" i t ' ''' y"iit. ,i m.mbu,
f.itm .( 1 1. (''"'. li'-v " I f wi.,. ti win uii.iW(
u, hu Hit i-'tii-tMi.ijti, roiiJ.-nnK the 1i,j.:i tifltfy
1,1 p m f .-iy,ij 1 e a i prtMi.ltit mgm
I'. IU- i.. r tu-K ti .t I ,y t.r,iiii, ,u, lu fc
..i" ti.. .i "i M,. llu ir 4, Ki,l( Ka
'.,. in i. w.i' I , si. um, tt,u., tu bftvr ti, ut.
.... I- i. -a fe n.i to tu. tr mi.irtm ln k
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