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title: 'The Nashville daily union. (Nashville, Tenn.) 1862-1866, November 02, 1862, Image 1',
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NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 18(52.
V A :
, '. uvea BMITH, I
.Mius mryir,Li.Y, Mr,hot.
-yviy H. Wilklnton, A. C. Tackor,
Jam" A Kw'!. i , '
, ttfik Hark Jwl.a Cumn!ly,x--v, tlrnt;
I,. Fyaa, second S nd John I'I'5u:k , lUrd.
,.. Ji. Wiil Asi Oliver. '
J .: CVoWor-A. B. K.abkluud.' 5 '( j ' , ' '
D'nr 7u t'o(or K. H. farret t. ' ' ' " '
ifrtiir-R. Ilonry.. ' .-.., ' ' '' '.
'.?a.y.fT Thoa: lok. ' ' "
.l.prMw4kl ( II e-rt !' J. . D'hII." !
,'p(ii--'tU 0 the W.Uer J imei Wyett.
j 0 ffi t at Vj.arlM'iif John M. 8bury, . ,
j-toert tW;-T. 11. M. Pride,
j-rrf Owrnsr-, T . L. Stewart.
'y AUm-nry John MoPliajl Smith. . 1
odnl AldermmX. M. Br I'. President J. E.
vman.O. A. J. Mayfle'.d, B.O. Scovel, Wm. 3 O.oaU
1, i. C. Ba-iilb, M. O. L. Claiborne, n 1 Jm Kobb.
M a-nwnlW. P. J.'uvs, President ; WllUro
T. J. 1 arbroogh, Wm. Prlver, Win. Stewart,
.isnough.W. Mnillnii, James Turner, G.M. Sootn-
A. J. Cole, Davis, Andrew Anderson, J. 3.
owles, aud Junn Creauy. .
.iTxrr0 COMMITTSKU OF Till CITY (JOfKOlL. ,
j,MBrf KnOwlcs, Scovel end Cole.
VaW Workf Audemon, Hmitb and Claiborne,
3 i ,wj-Ynrbroiigh , Tumor , Soutbgato, Pavls, Brien,
vBcld, Cheatham aud Claiborne.
HHrtrKwian, Stewart and Turner.
.. f vrnAi. tn,1 31, .n 1
rJWoh CUetbm, lUyUuld aad Koowles. :
V Ptrartmmd Or!', brrver aud Nawman.
,.( Driver, Cbeatbam and Divii.
I mvury Smith, Stewart and Newmufl.
JlarW ltvHtRojdrU, Slowart and Turner.
Vowvi Houh, CiJilborna and Davis,
j oifoi Chealliatn.Brien and AndowiB
priny llinigh, C!aitnrae and Brien.
Worh'wmt Uipitttiam, Majflfld aud Knowlef.
njmnttiml and ErpndUrtCof:, 8covol and
'Mic Proptrly Bricu, CUalbam and Turner.
nt Hrm-Myllt(ld, Jou- and Bob. rU.
g- Tlio Hoard ol AldiTmcn meets the Tuwidayi
It preceding tin second aud funrth Ttiuradsya in
1 mouth, and the Common Council tht second
fourth Thursdays tn each month.
vipbim Julio Bauh.
irU Lieutenant Vim- Yabrough,
reot Vetilrnanl J0I1O H. OatiS.
olirrmrn Wm. ,Iacku, John Cavemler, Nich Da-
, Jot Phillips, Wm. Baker, John Cottrcll, William
tio, Jona r:iiKlii, J. " . w rigui, joub i ucioh,
srt Soott, W. C. fraucis, Thomas Francis, Andrew
ce, David Tat., aul Charlas Hulltt.
srl Polica C'urt la op- nod (nery morning
COUNTY OFFICERS. . .
Kerff Ums M. HintuQ. Ximmw Thomas Hob-
and J. K. nuchanan. , fc ,
v-riilTical Opurett '
'ruttei-W. Jl)orTay!)r. - 11 " " '
aromtr N H. B'lcher.
lottyrr John Corbltt.
ColUctarJ.O. Brilcy, :
.tiirpmi Tiuo Collector W. I). Rabertaon.
mttaUli't fur tht Kaihville lutrkt .Mm D. (icwer
J. IS. Newman.
COUNTY, COURT, ,
u,l- Hun. James Whltorth.
j Uri P. I.ilidsU'jr Nu'hol.
i-Tue Juilgo's Court meets the first Muudny la
fi. Mitnth mi-.A ll.a llnarinrli Tjiurt rnninnitil Of
Magistrates of the County, is held the Brut Mon-
kr in January, April, July and October.
. CIRCUIT COURT.
f afj Hon. Nathaniel Baxter.
7r lvid C. Lore. ' ' , '
!iT-The Court meets the first Monday la March
. CRIMINAL COURT.
mv Tlon. William K- Turner.
1r Charles E. nKonl.
:sT Tile Court meets the first Monday (u April Au-
t and Peceinber. ,
kanotlhr Hon . Samuel t. Frleriioa.
Jerk oy.l tlailer3. E. (i leaves.
JsJT The Court mnli the ftist Mjn la lu M;y aud
i. o. o. r.
is t. tlior, Grand Secretary, should be addressed
at Ja'iMUie, j run.
Trmtteuee Ut,je, Su. 1 M -eu svery Tuesday Even-
f it their 1111, on the corner of I'nkm and Pura-
r streeta. Tne oillcers f.r the present term, are:
S. Lesueur.N (1.; J. E. Mills, J. L. Weakley,
, relary ; L. K. Siin, Treasurer.
Trabtx lotje, A'o. 10 Heels at the same place
ory Monday Evening. The oillcers arO ; K. A.
ropboll, N.O.; Henry Apple, V.0.;J. U lark,
oretary ( B. F. Brown, Treasurer.
SMilif LvJjt, K. Do Meets at their Hull, on South
icrry stnwt, every Friday Kvenlug. The orllcers
e : 0. C Covert, N 0 ; Frank Harmait, V.G.; James
yatt, Secretary j W. M. Mullory, Treasurer.
jlarera l.vtye, A. 10S, (liermau-Meets at the
ill. corner of Cnbrn aul Cummer rtrcets, every
ursday Evuilng, The officers aru : lliarl.a Kicn,
tt.-. P. Frie.lnia i, V (J i Bilt.-riuU, Peer-lary ;
0. Seiforle, Treasurer.
ffi.loW faa.imj.weNf, No. 1 Mietiat l'ie alm8 Hall
. the lint aul third V el':. 1) of ewu month.
.o oflkera ate: J. K- U '.'.s, CP.; T. H. McBride, H P.
TW. rull.r.St W Peter Il.rils, Jr., J W.; Joliu F.
Lle,S.r le; It. K. fi lter, Tie.mnir
f'lV Pan IVniMiM. K: 1 Muds at the
ovo lla'l u toe a.iou.l a:i 1 fourth We lios.Siy
.thU -f-aeli uwlitlt. The vt'- r a-e : Ja.. T It-
P.; IIm Apile.H 1' i a-r. " '
J.tv ., ci,.ii;i, Kn.l'.i, i o ; J N. W,
DkltVMU & J. NTT DiUKCTOEY 'Cordinwd.
KIUTAHY 1 QZL&TEZ AND ' CFFICESS.
H-al.( urters ol H j!i ttrrl, Ufa NVijVy,
rjimnail!t;3. , ' v
l,i-vt n.-ad .irt';rs on f'umnfr stre.H (Dr.
f jr.i's tvitidrnas.) W. JL M ij. 15th L. 8. to-
fuitry, A. A. A. G.
tr---H IT ri'-.ttll tvl-i'.art-.rs at th; Catdtol. A.
0. ;i.ivn, ' ol. 1l T-nn. Iiifkntrr.
,'hlf AiT'irnt QvnrlemiaJr Hriijiar1rs oil
Cljrrry tr- t ; So. 10, (Jwlgt Cutrin's rui'Iuiics.)
i C;it. i. t. ttinliam. '
Audita! QvartemanterVfl. CWry Stri;t, Cipt.
R. Msv)non. J " ' ' ' '
AettiUint Qnnrtrrtuier Vino s'"t. near Urs.
Polk's rssIdBnce.' Cant. R. V. Ltmb. '
ivatitrmaMtr So. 87, Mai-kiH glrcel.
Capt. J. U. hale,
' C7.i Cwnmiunrj H"arJnuarUrt, No. 10, Yloe at.
Capt. R. Macfe.;ly.
O-nr.i'u-KXrf of &uljtutmc Broad strt. Capt. P.
Mttle. . , ,
Ai-linj OmnmUiary of frtltittrnr Corner Of Broad
anl Colii-c9 streets.. Lieut Charles Allen.
MrJfrxil JXreslor Summer street. (Dr. Ford'a old
i niilce ) Purgoon, E. Swift.
Meilital PuTTf.yor't Offl-:f Church street, Mfonie
Building. J. R. riKTi.e, burgeon, 8th Kentucky In
fuutry, Actiug Medical Punnynr.
Tni NaHUriu Omow was commonred a few weeks
smcs. for tlio purpoHe of oniiosliiii the Eebd Southern
ivonieaeracy, aaa or advocatlug the restoration of
reoerai autnority, without any abatement, over all
the States which have attempted to secede. It holds
as friends all who support, and as foes all who oppose
the Cnion of the Utatvs. It baa 00 watchword but
r tFsno ajd Nationamty.
With rebels and traito has 110 compromise to
make. . It contends for the Federal Constitution and
the Laws made in pursuance thereof as the SrpsKi
I.awortHS Utio, anythin? in the Constitution and
Laws of any of the States to the contrary notwltb.
standinir. . ..
Itcoutrto.le for the Luton of the States, because
without it the preservation of our liberties and Insu
lations and the organization of society Itself are
wholly Impossible. Therefore, whatever stands In
'lie way ol crushing out the rebellion and restoring
m I ' 1 1 1 rf. m.ist mpi.h mo..&a IbIi.. ....... - . . . . ..
T the people of Tennewir-e, ever renowned for their
devotion to Liberty and I'nion, until they were be
trayed to the rebel despotism at Richmond bv a rx-r-
(lions Governor and corrupt Legislature, aud who
have felt so heavily tha awful curse of treason aud
anarchy, we appeal for support. Let the names of
renel omce holders, Vigilance Committees, and Minute
Men, who have filled our borders with mourning, be
gtbbelted before the world. Let those ambitious aud
avaricious men who have plotted our ruin for their
own aggrandizement bo fastened to the pillory of
tname, no mauer now nich their it ion in society,
tyt it be shown bow the aefstyied defenders of
"Southern Kightu" are now leading marauding bamls
of free-boolers ajd moss troopers over our r-tute, kid.
tapping negroes, stealing horses and cattle, breaking
low nouses, nurnuig railroad brnii an l cars, and
murdering unarmed citizens In cold blood. 11 the
truth, su lornr excluded by the Southern conspirators,
now circulate ireely throairh every neiKhuorhood.
ami our aue wi!l a.sure.iy triumph. U iil not loyal
men everywhere aid us In tii (liw;m'uation ol lxs
snd the Silv-ocjcy cf Fri-e GoverBtnoat F
Termi of Subscriptions ia Far Tundi.
Oaily fnloa, sins'.o copy, per anuura, J.3 00
" i oiuosol lea. each 7 uu
Trinmik'y, Sinzle copy 6 00
ciuos oi ilo, eiii.u...., ...aou
Wei kly, single copy a to
. , clubs ol lea, fa n. 1 no
sTAti communications on business with the Office,
will be addressed to the PL'BI.LSHERa of the VKIO.V,
and all communications to the Editor will be addre
to 8. C. MF.RCKB ';
Kditorsol loyal newspapers will do us a great kind
neu by re-publishing the forrgolug or its pi.bMancs
The current transactions tn Tennessee fir mouths to
tome will be biijhly Interesting to all lovers of their
country aud her free institutions, and the columns of
the L'w.dk will furnish the earliest and. most reliable
history of thse event.
HATES OF ADVERTISING.
( tis ussgoiLoaro oo.vstrtCTS a sqcari )
1 Square, 1 day, II 00 each additonal Insertion I 60
l wees, a uueaca aaaitionai square l 60
i " 60
1 mnoth, 8 00
J " 9 00
3 " It 00
" H 00
ii " at oo
" 10 00
To ADVEHTISEKS in IJKTAIL
th s Sana will us s follows :
Quartet Column, 1 month I5 00
a " i'l i
i' "It " -ia 00
ii ii fl " 4d 00
" li J 1J
Half Column 1 month 20 CO
. M4 00
, 6.S 00
. hi (
, 34 00
. 4 00
. 70 10
Advertiiements occupyiuu any special position fe
nd, 'M ler cent, addition-it ; spev lal liiiou outsuln,
10 per Cent. .
a r Advertisements iuterted In tha Ixal voluum
charved at the rale of twenty Cents per Ilea.
Changes may be made jiertouioaiiy wuen areea
nivon: but every sueli cliaiue W'li involve mil ea-
to l.e itatd for by the advert. --r.
a a Ailvertmert txeenlnuj (Ae . !..' cowiui Jk-t inn
6 ciuryrd for the fxectt.
niarrlftife aud funeral Notice,
Wheu iceedii.g five lines, il! be charged at the
ujttl aoverl amg rat'-s.
Aituoimcenients of 4'nmlUlntt-a.
Foa Kt-vrt Ohii m....
.. 6 i'0
.. a O'l
I'wvtt " ....
l-h requ re-l i'i alvnn e l- r all advertise im-ltts,
oiil.t-a by s;w;l arenm-ut .
We, 1'is undiTSVtic!, t.ve lb ( ! iy ad- W d tl,
.!...- I it. J. lo win, . v. b r.J OJI.-VHtS H.;.i'y to
WM. ( AVif.l.! -N
JnliN V. A I I.. vi
uu , J i. ) 1-, 1 ''-
f i 11. i
, !.,' t!.
VllUshf-l "J CM Aixrj'ut.ion ff l'tvilrr. ,
Office on Printer Allry , bctitccn
1 nln and Hcaderlck Ntrt'?t.'
SUNDAY MORNING, NOV. 2. lst,i.
Select Articles cf War.
(lulm from tit Hevlwl iy.uhitim.ir tit
Amy. r"i'iwvx j h, if Jpifi-'i?ntt
li'jl! for tht (jrncrnpxt of Vie military
service with tht 'njum-tiim of the &,cre(a,'i
of War Vud Vsy lx strictly clwvml)
Alt. 32. Every oSIccr commanding in
fjuarters, garriaons, or on the march, shall
keep good order, and to the almost of his
power, redress all abuses and disorders
which mar be committed by any oiticer
or soldier under his command; if, upon
cornplaiat niace to lam of officers or sol
diers beating or otherwise ill-treating
any person, or dist urbing fairs or markets,
or of committingr any kind of riots, to
the disquieting of the citizens of I he
United States, he, the said commander,
who shall omit-or refuse to see justice
done to the offender or offenders, and
reparation made to the parlies injured,
as far as part of the offender's pay shall
enable him or them, shall, upon proof
thereof, be cashiered, or otherwise pun
ished, as a general court martial may
direct. - , '
' Art. 315. When any commissioned offi
cer or soldier shall be accused of a capi
tal crime, or of having used violence, or
committed any offence against the person
or property of any citizen of any of the
United States, such as is punishable by
tho known laws of tbe land, the com
manding officer and officers of any regi
ment, troop or company, to which the
person or persons accused shall belong,
are hereby required, upon application
duly made by, or in behalf of, the party
injured, to use their ut.nost endeavours
to deliver over such accused person or
persons to the civil magistrate, and like
wise to be aiding and assisting the offi
cers of justice in apprehending and se
curing tho persons so accused, in order to
bring them to trial. If any commanding
officer or officers shall wilfully nttglect,
or shall refuse to deliver over such per
sons, the officer or officers
so offending, shall be cashiered.
Art f. Any ollicer or soldier who
shall misbehave himself before the eaomy,
run away, or shamefully abandon acy
fort, post, or guard, tvLioh. ha or. tliey
may be commanded to defend, or speak
words inducing others to. do the like, or
shall cast away his arms or ammunition,
or who shall quit his post- or ocorj to plurnler
trt'l 'pillage, every Buch offender, being
duly convicted thereof, shall sutler death,.
or such other punishment as shall be or
dered by the sentence of a general court
martial. Art. 51. All officers and soldiers are
to behave themselves orderly in quarters
and on their march i and whoever shall
comma any waste or spoil, either in
walks of trees, parks, warrens, fish
ponds, houses, or gardens, corn-fields,
inclosures of meadows, or altall maliciou.itg
destroy any property whatsoever belonging to
the inhabitants ot tho United Mates, un
less by order of the then Commander-in-Chief
of the armies of the Baid States,
shall, (besides such penalties as they are
liable to by law,) be punished according
to the nature and degree of tho offense,
by the judgment of a regimental or gen
ftT-AaT. 50. Wl,xrer shall relieve the
enemy with money, victuals, or ammuni
tion, or shall knowingly barber or pro
tect au enemy, shall sutler ikath or such
other punishment as shall be ordered by
the sentence of a court-martial.
nirART. 57. Whoever shall be con
victed of holding correspondence with or
giving intelligence to the enemy, either
directly or indirectly, shall sufler death
or such other punishment as shall be
ordered by the sentence of a court
Of a Teeth. They decay. Hence
unseemly mouths, bad breath, imperfect
mastication. Lverybody regrets it.
What is the cause? I reply, want of
Cleanliness. A clean tooth never decays
The mouth is a warm place OS degrees
Particles of meat between the teeth soon
decompose. Gums and teeth must suffer
l'erfect cleanliness will preserve the
teeth to old age. How shall it be pe
cured'.' Use a quill pick, and rinse the
mouth after eating, l'.rush and Castile
soap every morning; the brush and sim
tilo water on coini: to bed. l'.estow this
trilling care upon your precious tcclh.
and you will keep iht iu and ruin the
dentists. Neulect it, and yon will he
sorry all your lives. Children for;
atch tlieiii. Ilia lirsl Itcth determine
tho character .f the eecoiid pet. Give
them equal tare. .Nuar, a ills, balcratus,
and Lot ll.ui ;s are nolliiiij; wlieti com
parctl with toJ leii)iiiiii-ii:i between
the teeth. Mei'i urialiali ia may loct-ell
the teeth, lung use may wear them out,
1) It Keep ll.et'.l ( uail a:i(l llieV Will icViJ'
(lec;iy. Tl.U, ail vice is wm-ih tli'i-.iai.;s
.f do'.'.ais I i is.iy Lev ai.d "ir! 'r.
Terrific. Typhoon ia China Loss of
The Cape Ilace telegram briefly referred
to a tenifio typhoon which visited soiuo
of the principal ' cities in China. Tbe
Hong Kong Trait Rqvtt, cf August 10,
gives full particulars as follows :
A typhoon of unprecedented violence
swept over Hong Kong, Mecao, Canton
and Whampoaon Sunday, July 27, lsG2,
committing dreadful ravages on property,
and being the cause of the death of no
less than 40,(XX) lives. The center pass
ovr CaiituM mi vi tiaiuiwa. Maooa
did hot have il quite so strong, and Hong
Kong, escaped with a stiff "gale, which
simply caused a few ships in the harbor
to foul one another.
The most peculiar feature in this ter
rific scourge is the short time it lasted,
and the extraordinary high tide eight
feet higher than usual. ,
Mr. Max Wengler, of the firm of Messrs.
Courja!i, Uubcner A Co., was drowned by
the capsizing of his boat in the harbor.
Two other house-boats capsized and
lost ; crews saved.
Several houses belonging to Chinese
fell down, causing the death of many of
their inmates. Hong Kong may be con
sidered as having come off well.
CASUALTIES IN MACAO.
Whole fleets of West Coast boats are
ost. Ia the inner harbor of Macao alone
one hundred oil, sugar and other boats,
have been lost. The fast boats, oa their
passage from Hong Kong to Macao, were
lost one of them with sixty souls on
board. The Piaya Grande is completely
destroyed, and the damage to houses,
gardens, verandahs, 6Vc, considerable.
Ihe American shin Comet was at an
chor in the outer Koads, laden with a
cargo for New York. The class stood as
follows on board :
The sympiesometer touched 27 deg. 16
sec: the most sensitive marine barome
ter 27 deg. 50 sec; the lower marine
barometer 29 deg. We hear that another
capUia in the lioads reports his marine
barometer as low as ZS deg. 40 seo.
The loss cf life in the inner harbor
alone was seven hundred.
CASUALTIES IN WHAMPOA.
New Town and Bamboo Town, two
villages forming part and parcel of
Whampoa, aro one mass of ruins hardly
a native nouse is standing.
The custom house chop was capsized
wittt nine lute waiter (Europeans) in
her, four of whom .were. drowai;-fce '
Itthol vao B-rnashed to pieces ; nearly all
the chops went on shore. After the gale
was over, no sampans could be seen and
laborers were not to be had. The loss of
life in Whampoa is estimated at 6ix thou
sand. . , .
CASUALTIES IN (ANTON.
With few exceptions 'the river was
clean swept of all its dower boats, hong
boat, and every other kind of boat
houses fell and killed people by the
hundred large junks broken adrift and
canto tuunuerinr up the river, doinrr
much damage to the ohameen Site and
the houses along the shore. It is esti
mated that forty thousand lives have
been lost in Canton and its vicinity
The mandarins are giving one dollar for
every body found. Eight thousand dol-
lars have already spent.
l'rom the Scientillc Aui"rlean.l
Ilalaohite and Works of Art.
If copper were as unoxydizable when
exposed to tbe atmosphere as gold or sir
ver, it would be esteemed one of the most
beautiful as it is one of tho most useful
metals. When polished, it is of a deep
reddish color, but i! soon becomes dull,
owing to a portion of its surface com
bining chemically wilh the oxygen of the
moist atmosphere, aad forming a thin
greenish coating. This green oxide is
copper rust. Some of the ores of copper
are exceedingly beautifully, especially
the green and blue carbonates, the
former called "malachite." It usually
accompanies tho ores of copper, but it
has been found in the largest masses, and
groatost abundance in certain mines in
Siberia; and Kussia is the only country
which has attained distinction for the
manufacture of articles from it. Sir
Koderick Murchison, the eminent geolo
etiU, who has examined the Russian
mines, supposes that this carbonate of
copper was once m a liqnid state, and
that it gradually solidified by alow drop-
ninir. l.very mass of it seems to have
been grouped around a center, in nearly
concentric layers, and according to the
varying richness ot the solution at ditluf
eut periods during dronpicz, tho con
ceritric layers varying in dark and light
tints of beautiful green. The masses of
malachite found ia tho Sib ri.ni mine
aro general of a rounded form. This
mineral is softer than marble, but it is
ninth heavier; quite brilliant, and its
ureeit ti.its have a Hilkr appearance. It
lias bieu hi hi to be a getu bv some w t i
teis, at.d it a!u.ot deserves to be classed
union, the precious Mums of the jeweler.
U is i'.aile ami very dilllcult lo work.
Although pebbim found i i lumps weih-
l u ii;. ne li, an tvwiiiy p. minis; in.ies
Law been fi ii.nl i:i Hie I'nal inotiuii.uis,
1.-. the minis of M. M. 1 eliiidoll', of M
retersbur?,' in masses of several tons
weight. It receives a very hie h polish,
and is thielly used in the production of
rich inlaid cabinet work, such as tables,
mantel pieces, work boxes, snuff boxe,
vases. In several of the palaces of the
emperor of Russia, there are rooms in
which the furniture is mostly veneered
L Wonderful Invention, j
In the Zollvereiri Department of the in
ternational Exhibiliaa has . just been
placed a wonderful piece of mechanism,
only a few days from Hanover. All our
readers know the difficulty of awkening
early in order to catch ft morning train.
Hero is apiece of mechanism which will
not only ring a gentle alarum to rouse
light sleepers, bnt it will at the sanie
tirac strike a light for a lamp, and an
other to boil a cup of coffee. If tho first
alarum bo not enough, a louder one w ill
follow sufficiently sonorous to awaken tho
dead. If even this should prove insuf
ficient, the mechanism will, after ft short
interval pull off the night-cap, if the
sleeper wears one ; and in the almost im
possible case of ft continued slumber after
all this, the machine, as if disgusted at
such laziness, will tilt the sleeper out on
the lloor. In fact, the mechanism does
everything almost but shout the hour in
the sleeper's ear. An extraordinary
amount of ingenuity has been expended
upon this combination ef clockwork, and
springs, lucifcrs, nd levers. . ...
We copy the above fronj one. of our
foreign exchanges. This invention is no
touch to one made and patented in this
country, and illustrated on page 32, Vol.
Al. (old series) Scientific American. In
stead of going through the process of
coaxing and ca olinar the sleeper to
arouse, the Yankee invention referred to
by one operation lips the sleeper out of
bed, thus avoiding all the useless and
complicated details specified above. The
Zollverein invention, however' is the
more polite one of the two, and is, no
doubt, better adapted to operate on per
sons of nervous tendencies Scientific
American'. , ,
CT Nigger Offering a Eeward for His
Kentucky Army Corrpondenee of th" Cincinnati
The darkies of secession masters still
continue to tlock into camp. .There is in
camp hero a regular witty darkey, who
formerly belonged to a Mr. Duncan, now
ia tho rebel army. This bcto taa read
aud write, in lact, is a very well educa
ted man. Yesterday aome Kentuckians,
who had lost several slaves, had posted
up around the encampment, " One hun
dred dollars reward. Kan away from the
subscriber, my man Uob," &c,
Jim Duncan as the boys call him
soon after issued the following and
placed it beside the other "aJry:"
i "50 CENTS EEWARD."
"Kan away from dis chile, an leff him
all alone to take care of hisself, after 1
don worked twenty-six years faithfully
tor tam, ; .
"MT MASsA, "HILL DUNCAN."
" Massa Bill is supposed to hare done
gone off wid de seeeshera, for to hunt for
hiaritjU, and I speck lie A me gr4 lost. Any
person 'turnin lura to me, so dat he can
take care of me as he allers said 'Nigga
couldn t take care of hisself will be
much obliged to dis chile.
"N. B. Fergons hunfin for him please
look in all de 'last ditilns' as I often
heerd him talk about goin into the diein
"Spcctfully submitted, JIM."
This "poster" created a great deal of
merriment m camp
Tub Mc mm iks of Thebes. Messrs
Ayer Se Co., have received from Alexan
dria a cargo of rags to pay for their med
leines, which are largely sold in I.gypt
They are evidently gathered from all
classes and quarters of the I'acha s do
minions the cast-off garments of Hadji
and Howadjis white linen turbans, loose
breeches and flowing robes. Not the least
part of their bulk is cloth in which both
were embalmed and wound for preserva
tion three thousand years ago. J bey are
now to be made into paper for Ayer
Almanacs, and thus, arter.havinjr wrappe
the dead for thirty centures, are used to
warn the living from the narrow house
which they have so louir inhabited, and
to w hich, in spite of all our guards and
cautions, we must bo surely go. Ihtity
Substitutes for Cotton.
The Government now uses for twine.
for postaf purposes, flax instead of cotton.
The material is stronger and safer than
cotton twine, and a hundred yards more
to the pound is produced. The railioads
are alsojusing thin iron roofs fr their ps-aenger-1
ars instead of cotton, ami base-
wood shavings instead of cotton f r their
packing. Gradually, if the w ar foes on,
hmg Cotton may have to take bis place
bi hind the throTie iiiotcad of upon it, as
moHunh'.f all l.e surveys. W ool uinl
llav aie f.it gaining in the race f-.r l!ic
1 It ri.-a r(.',n r'tsv'iHHari Jl,,,, CimiwciJ.J
' THE OATH. ' J
rrwsui si'CHiRAir ana. ' '
ITtMi.rT 8r oa my swnid.
c iioiiT (below,) ft war r . 1 -hatespflar.
Ye fWroen hen I -.r.g wdl yni stifle
Th vnrei..K ti.al ,-iasl-. in-p rnsf
wen lrasn how long will y tr,:ie
Av.it Mi ime tli t rou t u, 0f your sires
0 il, em i:li the sAurd fti.il tha rifla
In 'ief. r. rtf jour homes n. j Mlr Ores.
T)i flag of the o.d Revolution
Ser flrmlv to ,'re and uphold.
Thai no troioe.no'H hr.il, of v!l'illon
f hull tariiinh on star on lu Odd.
.V'Vd hark, th deep voleas replying
from the tjrav.M where our fathers are ty.as: .
" r-'xrur, oA nvw I "t
lo this moment who heitate, tartars '
Tho r'Khu which ha f. n f.uhers won,
De lorfe.t!4 all claim to tho charters
Transmitted from sin) to son.
K'neel. kneel at the graves of o ir martyrs
Aud swear on your sword and your gut
L iy up jour great oath ou an altar
As hu and as Strang an Hteue llengtv
And then with sword, lire aul balur,
Sweep down to the lle( of revenge,
And hark, the d.iep vnicee replving
1 rem graves where your C.lhers are lying,
" Suvmr. o'i tiee.tr ",
Py the tombs of your sires snd brothers,
The host whi h tho traitors have slain,.
By the tears of your siKters and mothers.
In secrnt coiieeahug their pain.
The grief which the heroine n si others
Consuming, tho heart and the brain,
By the sigh of tha penniless widow,
My the sob of her orphan's despair
Where they ait In their sorrowful shsdW.
Kneel, kneel overy freeman and swear ;
And hark the de.p voices replvlng
from graves where ) our fathers are lying,
" Sieear, oh tmar I"
On mounds whleh are wet with the weeplsa
W here a Nation has bowed to the sod.
Where the noblest of martyrs are sleeping;
Let the winds bear your venpreane abroa4 i
And your firm oaths b held lu the keepiasr
t'f your patriot hearts and your liod.
Over Kllswonh, for whom the first toar roe.
While to Maker and Lyou on you look
By Winlhrop, a star amoug lieroe.
By the blood of our murdorod MuCook,
, And hark, the dep voices replying
From graves where your rathers are lying i
" ee.ir, oa tcur "
Mrs. Lofty and I.
Mrs. Lofty keeps a carriage,
So do I;
She has dapple-grays tu draw it.
Nuns have I;
bhe'a bo prouder wilh her coachman
Than am I
With my blue eyed, laughing baby,
I hide his facs lent she shoald See
The cherub boy, aud euvy me.
Uer ftao huxbaud has white fingers,
Mine has not ; , ,
He could give his bride a palace
M tne a cot. i
Hers comes ho-rv- beneath the Starlight
N'.;r coros sb-v;
... (mrpt twilight,' " --
K lasoa me.
And prays that He who turns lifo's sand
W ill hold his loved ones In 11 I. an Is.
Mrs. Lofty has her jewels,
Ho have I j
She wenrs hers uou her bosom,
InM Ie I ;
tflic will leave hers at Death's portal,
I shall bear my treasure with me
When I die.
For 1 have !., ami hho has gold,
Mie eouiita hei wealth mine cuu't be to I A.
.heli.iS those who love her Hlntion,
Nane have I
Rut I've one true h-ei't heai lo me
Otad am I.
I'd not ( ha nn It f-r a king lorn.
No not I.
(iod will woicli it in liia balance,
By and by
And tiie dur'r.'nc iU flue
'Tlxt Mrs. I.oity's wealth sa l mine. ,
He who In ae betroth" a youthful bride,
M.iy as a tool with j nil no be iteoreed,
Like one who buys a library, through pi de.
To lend his bmiks for wiaor beuds to read!
Some Tacts about Newspapers.
I think it was Burke who laid of '
" newspaper circulations," that they wer
in his day, even, " a more important in
strtimeutof tho popular intliigence Ihatt
was generally imagined." Ths writri
of these papers, he added, are indeedrfe
the great part, cither unknown or ia con
tempt, but ihey aro like ft battery in
which the stroke of one ball produce
no effect, but tho amount of continued,
repetition is decisive. Let us suffer any
person to tell us his story, morning and
evening, but for ft twelvemonth, aad he
will become our master."
The recent issue of tha preliminary
report on the eighth census of the Unite!
States devclopes some astonishing fact
relative to " the public pres." Th
tabular statement appended to this re
port, shows what ft newspaper reading
nation we are, and how large a portion
of our reading partakes of a political
Of 405 1 papers and periodicals publish
ed in the L.S. at the date of the census of
1 -;')(), three thonsand two hundred and
forty-two, or HU.02 per cent, were politi
cal in their character. Two hundred
and ninety eight or 7 per cent ara de
voted to literature, hellion and theol
ogy compose the province of two hun
dred and seventy-seven, or 15:83 per cent,
while two hundred fttid thirty-four, or
577 percent are classed a miscellane
ous. Of the total circulation in the country,
three States, New York, renrisylvania,
and Massachusetts, furnish 5.'i'j,02.i,12f
copies, r considuiitbly in - re than half of
I'n a. un f ile amount, wl.i.-li is 'J7,!l'l,
M -i inpit i. ('.r. l i.il. Jiij.