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NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY. NOVEMBER 141802.
DAILY UNION. ; . ...
'JOntf'bCOfl SMITH, JrTaror.
WatlAJl miAVE, Becorder.
' jons qiCMBLEr, Jsviaai.
.) Vnl MekM-Vt. H. Wilkinson, A. C. Tucker,
end Jasiea A. tede. . , -
CU of the Jfari.it John Chuml)Uy,as-o0Wo, first;
Jut. U Kyao, second ; and John Roddick, third. t t
J'a itMMM William Driver., ' .... .
Reeenm Collector A. B.'Phaiikland.
U'afcr T CWfaetor E. B. Garrett
JVawwer R. Henry.
Wharf Mutter Th m as lake.
JfeverMewinic o iw IfwUmw-J. Q. Dodd.'
SujMTinflKfcn o l Wo'- Worts Jsmes Wyatt.
Chief of th riri Cyarttwnt John M. Seabury. '
tkxton of (Its Cemetery T. H. McBrids. .
City Attorney Job McDiall Smith. . ,
CITY COUNCIL.; '
Hoard of AldarmmA. M. Brlon, President ; J. K.
Newman, 0. A. J. May llold, H.O. Scovel, Wm. 8. Cheat
b', J. C. Smith, II. 0. L. Claiborne, and Jaa. Robb.
Uwame Council W. P. Jones, Fresldsst Wllllaai
Roberts, T. J. Yarbrough, Wtn. irlver, Wm. Stewart,
Iiuls Hough, W. Mulllns.Jaines Tumor, O.M. South,
gate, A. J. Colo, Jos. Pari, Andrew Andersos; J. B.
Knowlcs, and John drendy. .
srAXniXd COKMlttHM OV CITY COtSCll.
'ia Knowles, Seorel and Culo.
Wutw Worlk Anderson, Smith aod Claiborne,
Wrw-Yarbrough, Turner, .uthgate.Pnvls.Brlon,
StayOeld, Cheatham aod Claiborne.
.Haor Xewman, Stewart and Turner.
jloipUul Jones, May llold and Sloan.
rkhoole Cheatham, Jfayfleld and Knowles.
rir Depvtmemt Crendy, Prlve r and Newman.
Co Driver, Cheatham and Davis.
Cemetery Smith, Stewart and Newman.
Market Il,uee Roberto, Stewart and Turner
Muvet Dough, Clalborno aud Davis.
l'olic& Cheatham, Brlen and Anderson
tiutgt Hough, Claiborne and Brien.
W'orklwuii Cheatham, haylluld and Knowlci.
. Improvement and Erpenditurtt Cole, Scovcl and
iiI.Imi Property Brlen, Cheutbam and Tamer.
!', ll.iute Mayfl. ld, Jouc-a and Roberta.
--T;io B'ard nl Aldi-rmen meeut the Tucedaya
oxl jTtTciling tliu arcond and rixirth Tburilya In
Mi.'b month, "and the Common Couuoil th eood
Kil l lonrth Thuinilaj la each i.'unth.
tVijiMi'n Jobn Baiigh.
hirtt LuutennulVim. Yarbrough.
hii Hlrnnnl John H. iMTlf.
VcHcemrtt Wm. Jiicknon, John Cuvenilcr, Nlc h Da-
l,Jo(.'l riiil'lim, Wm. -Baker, Juliu Cottrell, Wllllum
),,iiu, John KngW'i, J. W Wright, John I'uckolt,
Ki.burtt'Milt.W. C. Francl,Tliomiui Fr-iucij, Amlrow
Joyce, liuvid Yates, aud Chnrlea Uulilt.
argr-The Volleo Court Is ojiened every morning
uiiip o'l-h-clc. ,
SheriffA me M. Hinton. Vtjmlif Thomas Hob-
win ami J. K. Burhanan.
.Vyi(T Vliineaa 0rrclt. ,
' Tnutce W. Jasier Taylor,
foroticr V II. B-Jlebi-r.
Hunger John Corbltt.
Unenu CoI-.t J. G. Brlley.
Itallroad Tax Collector V! . V. Robertson.
Otutablee for the Kathnlt VietrictJohn D. Gower
and J. E. Newman,
Judge Hon. James Wbltworth.
(,'(r P.Mndsley Nichol.
"The Judge's Court meets the Orst Monday In
each mnntu.ar.d th Uilarterly Court, composed of
the Magistrates of the County, Is held tho first Mon
day In January, April, July and October.
. CIRCUIT COURT.
Jnif lion. Nathaulel Baiter.
Or David 0. Iove.
0jThe Court meets the first Monday in March
, . CRIMINAL COURT.
Judge Hon. William K. Turner.
Or Charles E. Dlggous.
aVTbe Court meets ths first Monday in April Au
gust and December.
ChannlUir H'. Samuel D. Frierson.
C'ier oad Muter J. E. G leaves.
Mf The Court meets ths first Monday iu May and
I. 0. 0. P.
Joint F. Htos.OrasdSeoretary, should bs ad.freased
at A'iuAa.J'. Jemn.
Tmmmms Udae, Ko. 1 Meets every Tue lay Even-
lug, at tbolr Hall, on the corner of Union and Sum.
mer streets. The officers fir the present term, ars :
0."S. Lesueur.NG.j J. E. Mills, V.fJ .;' J U Weakley,
Secretary ; L. K. Spain, Treasurer.
Trabut Lodoe. So. 10 MeeU at the suits place
everr Monday Evening. The officers ars i R. A.
Camobell.'N.O.; Henry Apple, V.O.J J. t. Park,
Secretary , B. F. Brown, Treasurer.
lodae, So. 00 M.ls at their nail, on South
Cherry street, every Frhlay KvenUif. Ths ofllcers
are: O.C. Covart. N O i Frank Uarman.V.G l James
Wyall, Secretary J W. M. Mallory, Treasurer.
Aurora Lodj, So. 106, (Ormao)-MectS st the
tun ,rnr of fylon and Summer stwU, every
fharadav Evening. Tbs offlcer.ar : Charles Rich,
INU P.Frkhlmai. YO.; BilWrlich, Pocretary,
Qeo. Selforle, Treasurer.
Kulfelt Encampment, So- l-M.-U at the above Hall
on ths Oral and third Wednesdays ot earn mou.n.
k The ofllcers are: J. E. Mills, CP. ;T. II. MoBrlde, H. P. ;
r G. F. Fuller. 8 V.: later Harris, Jr., J.W.; John F.
Illde, Scribe ; B. R. Cutler, Treasurer.
Olive Braiiok Emeampmml, S. 4 MeeU at tho
above IU'1 ou lbs second and fourth Weduesday
nluliU of each month.' The ofllcers ars: Jis. T B.di,
C P : Henry Apple, U.P-; L. Mok-r, S.W.; B Fried-
man, J.W.i ChurUs Kirehnr, Scribe; J. N. Ward,
Datidboit County Dhhctoby Continued.
MILITARY QVAHTIE3 AND OFriCEKS.
rott Headnnarter oo IligU street. Geo. Negley,
commanding., , , ., , , , .
liUtriri lluadqiuu-ler) on Summer itrent , (Or.
ford's residence.) W. H. Sidell, Ma), lftih C. E In
fantry, A." A. A. G. ' '
rrotott jrorife1in'adiaartcr8 at the Cajiitol. A.
0. Olllem, Col. lit Tenn. Infantry. ' ' '
Chief Amitkmf Jrrtaar Headquarters on
Cherry street ; So. 19, (Judg Catroa;s residence.)
Capt. J. D. Bitigham.
AhntlatU QurUrmaiUr-.Xa. Cherry street. Capt.
R. Bte Tendon.', , i ' ' . i i .
Auukxxi QnarUrwuuUr Vina street, nvr Mrs.
I'olk's resilience. Capt. R. N. Lamb.
AMntU QntrttmaTSo, 17, llarket street.
Capt. J. U. Hale.
Vhitf Ctmmlarg Unadquarten, No 10, Vine st.
Capt. R. Macfecly.
GimmiMarp of Subrutmto Broad street. Capt. 8
Acting Qmmutary of Sfrthnitenct Corner of Broad
and College streets. Lieut Chorion Allen.
Medical Director-Summer Blreot. (Dr. Ford's old
residence.) Surgeon, E. Swift.
Medical Purveyor' t 0fce-hurch street, Masoolo
Building. J. R. Piktlc, Surgeon, 8th Kentucky In-
Cmtiry, Acting Medical Purveyor.
Th Nahhviu.i Vtnon was commenced a few weeks
tiucc, for tho purpose of opixielng the llebel HouUicrn
uontuueracy, ana or aovucating the rnittoratioa of
Federal authority, without any abatement, over all
the states which have attempted to seoxlo. It holds
as friends all who mpixTt, and aa foes all whooioe
trie union or ine mates, u nas no watcnwor'l hut
) Htsnoit aitn NjtTiovAt.rrr. -
With rebels and traito bas Do compromise to
make. It contends for tho Federal Constitution and
the Laws mads in pamuatic thereof as the Hci-rkms
Lawosth UAxn, anytumg lu ttie constitution and
lAwiorauy or tho Males to the contrary uotwith.
It contends for the lihton ol the States. brsusa
without it the preservation of our liberties and uif.4i-
lutions and tne organization of society Ito.-lf are
.holly imposmble. Therefore, whatever stamls in
iho way of crushing out the rebellion and restoring
c Cnlon muat porltih, no matter by what name it ho
To tho people ofTennesRee, ever renowned for their
devotion to Liberty and Union, until they were be
trayed to the rebel desixitinm at Kichniolid by a per-
dious Governor mid corrupt legislature, ami alio
have felt so heavily tlio awful uurxo of treason und
anarchy, wo arpoul for support. Iot tho names of
reool ouioe-hoiaera, Vigilaniw t;mmitU'es,and Minute
M 'n, who liuvc ulled our burders witu mourning, be
gihbcttcd before llio wrU. It thono ambitious aud
avaricious men no nave plotteH our ruin for their
own ai!grandizemeut bo fuatencd to the pillory of
sliame, no mutter how mcli their ition iu society.
1st It he shown how the sefHtyied defenders of
riou'ueru Kignts" are now leading marauding piiuds
of Ireo-booters aud moss-troopers over our tte, kid
niipping negroes, Btculiug liorwn and cuttle, iireakiug
Into hoimec, Durnuig railroad liridfes ami ram, and
inurdurit:g uuarmed citlzrna in eold blood. Let llio
tr.tth, m lotig eschnled by the Miuliiorn consiiimtoi b,
now circulate freely through every neighborhood,
and our (io wiltaxsurodlv triumph. Will not loyal
mi'o ever) where aid us In III dissemination of ;icts
and the advocacy of Free GoveinineutT
Terms of Subscriptions in Far Funds.
IViiiy Union, single copy, per annum H 00
" " clulis often, each 7 00
Trl-we'Jcly, single copy, 5 0o
" coins ni teu, eacn sou
Weekly, stogie copy, - 2(0
" cluosot tun, eai n -. .. 1 ou
S)yAll communications on business with tlieOlllce,
will bo addressed to the PUBHSIIEKH of the UNION,
aod all cemmunlcatious to ths Editor will bo addrogs
to S. C, UFRCEB '
Editors of loyal newspapers will do us a great kind
neas by re publishing the foregoing or Its rubstaucs
The current transactions In Tennessee for months to
mire will be highly interesting to aP lovers of their
country and her free Institutions, and the columns of
tbs Ukio will furnish the earliest and most reliable
history of these events.
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Advertisements occupying any special position in-
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We, the undersigned, have this day adopted the
alnrts raws, to which we bind ouraolvos strictly to
klUur' WM. CAMERON, for the VnUm.
JOHN WALLACE, for the Dispatch
Nasu vti xs, Tenu , July 12, Wi.
rM'al&t by an Association of Printers.,
Office on Printers Allen between
( nlon and Deaderlck Streets.
FRIDAY MORNING, NOV. 14, 18f!2.
The following letter from Judge Lank,
of the United Sutee District Court of
Alabama, will be read with interest :
Letter From Geo. W.Lane.
Danvillr, Ky., Nov. 5, 18(52.
lion. E M. Stanton, Secretary of War, Wash
ington CUy, D. V.
Sir: The army of tho Ohio, after hav
ing once occupied and subsequently aban
doned the JN or them District ol Alabama,
is again about to repossess it in strong
force. It returns to it under new auspi
ces, and under a new leader. It marches
to a new campaign into the country south
of that district, With increased force, and
at a season of the year when the elements
will prove its powerful ally. A citizen
of the district named, and the only civil
officer of the United States Government
in the State of Alabama, I am natnrally
interested in the policy to be pursued by
the Administration toward its citizens.
I trust, sir, that the experiences of the
former occupation are not to be lost by
the retirement of Gen.ltuell; but that the
Administration will take care that the
General commanding shall avoid the mis
takes made by those before in command.
This interest felt by rue in the future poli
cy to be pursued in the event of the re
occupation of North Alabama has induced
mo to take the liberty of presenting you,
in as brief a manner as possible, my views
upon one or two points of importance.
When virtue is persecuted ana vico is
rewarded, the principles of justice are
reversed, and flie foundation of all wise
government is reversed. It matters not
f virtue is persecuted through the neg
lect which docs not take measures to
protect it, and vice remains unpunished
through pity for the criminal, tho re
sult is the same. The criminal who is
not punished for his crime is encouraged
in his vicious career. The honest man
who is not protected and rewarded for
his virtues is encouraged to bo vicious.
Tho citizen who is not punished for his
disloyalty is encouraged to be a traitor.
Tho loyal citizen who is not protected
and rewardod for his loyalty is -urged to
bo disloyal. Tho tendency of tho whole
is to make treason reonoctable.
When Gen. 0. M. Mitchel came into
power in North Alabama, care was taken
to announce that the army ot the united
States came there for the purpose of pro
tection. As far as it went, this was
right, but it should havo been said who
was to bo protected, and it Hiiouid have
told who was to bo punished. 1'acU
which are not to be denied will show,
that, during the occupancy of the dis
trict by the United States army, those
citizens who had been guilty of treason
were carefully protected, and, in many
instances of poverty, provided for
To this class of known rebels care
was taken to show that the U. S. Gov
ernment was human and forgiving Gov
eminent, and, as a consequence, it was
made to appear that it was not a just
one. The guilty are ever the iirst to ap
peal to the law tor mercy. Kebeis were
the iirst to sue to uenerai iuitcuei lor
protection. Those who were Union at
heart did not ask. for that which was
their due, and thus all the protecting
power was granted to the disloyal. , Thus
was instituted a Military uovcrnment
lacking in tho iirst great attribute of jus
tice. The result was as might hare been
anticipated. Guards stood at the doors
of traitors to protect them from the
strairgling and riotous soldiers who fol
low every army. The petty thefts were
commited in the unguarded houses, o
Union men who had not .sued lor pro
tection and for guards. When levies
were to be made tor supplies, those in
charge of foraging parlies found "safe
guards" in the hands of avowed rebels.
and, respecting them, seized Iho prop
erlv of tho Union men who had sought
no "safe-guards." Union men saw al
this daily. They saw that no effort was
made to detect crime and criminals
saw in fact that treason was not looked
upon as a crime nor traitors as crimin
als. Loyal men who had been forced to
leave their homes returned to them under
the protection of our flag to find those
traitorous citizens who had aided in
prosecuting them also under its protection
No disloyal citizen fled at the approach
of those whom tbey declared to be their
enemies and whom they declared they
retarded as vandals. In abort, Union
men said that it was safer to be
a traitor than a loyal luso, because the
United States Government was not jus
enough to punish the traitor, and the
rebel authorities only persecuted the
loval. Ther saw that when the
I it:,u..i U.a enllu.riliea fiiterwil into
their country no disloyal citizen was
compelled to lly, but that when its au
thonty no lonuer existed those citizen
who had avowed their loyalty had to iiy
from their homes lor fear of persecution
In this the Government was a imply en-
couragi'ig those who were loyal to bo
disloyal, and for arguments to induce
them to be traitors offered the powerful
one of interest. The system of rewards
and punishment! necessary to the dis
cipline of every organization Is certainly
as necessary to the prosperity of the
uovernmcnt or the United States at this
time of its attempt at the restoration of
its authority in the rebellious States as
it has ever been at any period fits
peaceable existence. Under that system
the criminal is punished as much for the
protection of the innocent as that he de
serves it Uut I regret to say, that, under
the system or policy pursued by our mili
tary men in North Alabama, the crimi-
als guilty of treason were forjriven and
protected aa honest citizens, certainly
not to the benefit or encouragement of tfcs
oyai. : - ; . : . ..
Jiut ' that Is past. It was an expert.
raent, and failed because of its injustice.
trust, sir, that the Administration, of
which you ars so powerful and impor
tant an officer, has another policy for the1
future, for justice demands that another
course should be pursued. Justice de
mands that the oflicer now leading our
troops to thereocenpation of North Ala
bama should aunouoce beforehand that
the disloyal arc guilty citizens, and are
to be punished as such. The army of
General Kosecrans goes with power to
push far into the interior of Alabama
and Georgia, and it should bo preceded
by a proclamation from General Hobo-
crans or the President announcing that
those guilty of aiding the rebellion by
word or deed must keepbeyond the lines
of the army or be punished. The o-ft
broken oath of allegiance should no
longer be a refuge and protection to them.
ould urge on the Administration to
adopt a similar policy to that lately
adoped by General I5uell in Kentucky.
General Duel), immediately before his
romovel from the command of tho army
of the. Ohio, issued au order which ex
actly meets the case I am discussing,
and to which I call your attention :
IIkadqcartees Army or the Onto.)
In Camp, Oct. 2G, 18G2. (
General Orders No. 49.
I. All recruits for the rebel army, cap
tured or arrested by troops of this com
mand, will bo regarded as prisoners of
war, aud sent without delay to Vicks-
urg, and there paroled and left subject
11. All persons who have actively aid
ed or abetted in the invasion of Ken
lucky by rebel troops within the last
three months will be immediately arrest
ed and-sent to Vicksburg, Miss., and
forbidden to return to Kentucky. Ibis
order will not bo understood as including
persons indicted or held by the civil au
thorities for trial, iror will arrests "be
made on suspicion or insufficient evidence
Brig. Gen. J. T: Imylo is charged with
the execution of these orders, and will
give such special instructions as may be
By command of Maj. uen. J.ukll.
JAMES B. VRY,
Colonel and Chief of Staff.
Official: J. M. Wright, A. A. G.
This order is eminently just and pro
per as relating to both recruits and persons,
and I am persuaded that that admirable
officer would, with his experience , in
North Alabama, have declared the same
policy had ho remained in command. I
urge upon your attention, sir, the consid
eration of a similar declaration of policy
on the part of General Kosecrans, and if
possible let tho meaning be so plainly
expressed that the most ignorant can un-
dersand. Let it be said that those who
are Secessionists are undeserving the pro
tection of the Government, and that they
are to bo banished from it and forbidden
to return within the lines of the army,
It should be expressed in plain terms,
that loyal meu are lo be protected, and
that they have but to make themselves
known to receive it. Such a declaration
will do much good. It will strengthen
the hands of the Government not only iu
expelling evil men and enemies from the
lines of the army but Jn encouraging
Union men in their allegiance. A just
consideration of the interests of the loyal
men of the South demands that snch a
policy should bo declared. The inter
est of tho army . advacing far into the
country of the enemy demand that its
toes should be kept in its front. The
General who endangers his tlanks is cen
sured. How much more docs he deserve
it who permits the enemy to lie in his
Very often Union men suffer from for
aging parties to an extent hardly credit
able to a person distant from tho scene
of the conflict
t, and often most undeserv-
edlr and uniustlv. The army of the
United States should subsist as far as
necessary olf the enemy. The food and
provender of a disloyal man should not
be protected by the loyal soldiers it is
an outragei to demand it ol litem, i he
Administiation should take care that wo
guards should sit as protectors on the
doors of others than Union men. Over
tho property of every rebel none but the
guards of the quartermaster and com
missary should keep watch. I am for
no indiscriminate seizure by unauthor
ized persons of the property of rebels,
but I do wish to see quartermasters and
commissaries when lliey take supplies
take tluiu from rebels and not Union
men. It should be announced iu plain
term that the army of the Union comes
to protect loyal men ; that "safe-guards,"
which all must raspect, will be granted
only to loyal men, and that the proper
ty of rebels Is at all tlmetr liable to be
taken at the orders of those entrusted .
with supplying and quartering the army.
aney snouia oe tola that they have
chosen to look to the rebels for protection
and that they must expect none from the
loyal army, i he secessionists'1 justify
this policy in their army, Surely it is
just in an army fighting to preserve the
liberties they viould destroy.
I urge 'upon the 'Administration the
importance of the position to which
Chattanooga is the key. This view has
often been presented in more impressive
language than I can clothe it. Atide
from the great fact that it will ; free
thousands of loyal men of East Tennes
see, it is important that Chattanoogo
should be taken on account of the fact
that it will bo a great blow at this season
of the year to the entire Southern States.
From East Tennessee comes the entii'e
supply of coal for the rebel confederacy,
To stop that supply would put an end to
the operations of nearly all the founda
ries and arsenels of the South. : To take
Chattanooga would be to cause the evac
uation of all East Tennessee, and the im
portant point of Knoxville would fall in
to our hands. Rome with its cxtensivo
arsenal would become ours, and Atlanta
could not long be held I leave you to
elaborate this in your own mind. The
most accurate information you can ob
tain in regard to this place will confirm
all I could say more. I am awaro that
its importance has been impressed upon
the minds of Generals Buell and Kose
crans, and I trust that an effort will be
mado lo capture it.
In offering these few considerations,
sir, I do not speak as with the voice of a
single man. I represent a class compos
ed of as fruly, zealously, and devotedly
loyal men and women as exists in this
country. I am an old man, forced with
my family to fly from my home to find
safety under the protecting eagles of the
army. I have been forced, at an age
when associations have mado home dear
est, and at a period when most men sit
down to enjoy in peace tho happiness
about their firesides, to seek safety and
a home with strangers. My home, which
I have thus been forced to leave, has fallen
into tho hands ot rebels, and has been
mado a hospital for their soldiers. My
property has been destroyed, and my
subsistence eonttorod to 'the winds.
have been insulted and derided, and op
probrium ban been heaped upon Oiy name
for my loyalty. In thus representing my
sorrows, I but illustrate those' of thou
sands of others. There are thousands
of refugees from my own county, and
from that adjoining, who tell tho same
sad story. - In tho interests of these, and,
in their name, I appeal to you to be
just. Whero there is crime, punish it.
The punishment of the criminal is the
reward of the innocent, but that reward
is everything, for it is protection to them.
In the name and for the interests of the
the loyal men of the South I urge the
punishment and banishment of the dis
loyal who have aided in oppressingjthcm
I am, sir, with much respect,
, , , Your obedient servant,
' GEO. W.LANE.
Horrible Death Execution of
The fate of Damicns, who was found
guilty of conspiring to assassinate Louis
th Fifteenth, of France, was a disgrace
even to that age. The sentence passed
upon him was "death by torture." In
order that the torture should be more
effectual, learned physicians held Jong
and frequent consultations as to the
amount of agony, and the kind of ago
ny the human frame could longest sup
port before, death released it lnta suf
ferine;. Grave dissertations were pub
lished on the subject, rublie execution
ers compared notes with the learned, the
former contributing their experience
the latter, scientific theories. It was at
length determined to begin with the tor
ture of the boot.
The decision of this sanguinary Areo
pagus was promptly acted upon. At
twelve o'clock at night the criminal was
conducted to the torture chamber of the
Bastile, aud the first act of the bloody
drama began. Those gloomy walls, that
bad looked down on so many dark deeds
never witnessed sadder scene of human
suffering. The dim light of an iron
lamp, suspended from the vaulted roof,
feu upon the stalwart forms of the exs
cutioners, and a dark group of bronze
' visaged meu, who silently watched
proceedings. Wedge alter wedgs was
driven in, with a sickening crash of hu
man bones. The perspiration poured
from the executioners, as the dull blows
of their sldge hammers echoed through the
aungeon, dui net a sign escaped tne up
of the tortured wretch. At length th
physician, who stood by with a fainting
plused signsd them to pause. Nature could
bear no more. His pale morning light
struggling through the uerted windows
fell on a mangled, but stil breathing
mass oi Humanity.
Weeks rolled on, and under the sedu
lous care of physicians and uutses,
I lam i ens gradually regained his strsnt;tb
The time approached for the completion
of the sentence.
It was a cold, bleak mornina; la Feb
ruary. Snow had fallen during the
ight and still covered the Tlace da
Greve ; bat, nevertheless, every available
spot was occupied. The Fauburg St.
Antoine had disgorged its aansculotUo
population. A set of human heads
urged to and fro in unwieldy tnsis
elinglng to chimneys, clustered on the
trees, hanging on the roofs, they found a
brutal assemblage fit spectators of , a
brutal drama. But in the balconies aad
windows overlooking the " l'lace" war
hundreds of high-born ladies, many of
them youthful and beautiful. Thej
smiled and coquetted with their cavaliers.
aiamonas sparkled, and plumes waved
tne winter wind. They were come to
enjoy a new sensation, and to evinea
their loral devotion In an niltratrrari Linn
Some of the prices paid for places were
isduious. for days previous- to the ex
ecution nothing else wasfalked of in the
good city of Paris.
A scaffold, erected on the north-east
ern extremity of the "Place," rose in
stern black lines above the shifty multi
tude. In the center was a chair firmly
fixed to the boards and at one end a large
stove. Iron vessels containing rosfn,
pitch, oil, wax, sulphur and lead bubbled
and boiled on the furnace, while the
flames cast a lurid glow on the cruel.
swarthy countenances of the execution
ers as they completed the preparalioas
or watched over the seething caldrons.
I he hoarse murmur of the crowd wis
now suddenly hushed. A general move
ment and lint ter pervaded the. fair occu
pants of the windows and balconies.
Damiens appeared slowly mounting the
steps of the scaffold.
I he executioner spent some minutes
in firmly binding him to the chair, from
the back of which extended a horizont
al piece of wood about two feet in length.
To this his right arm was securely strap
ped, his hand protruding just beyond it.
Kxecutioner iso. l now advanced, and
held under it a brazier filled with sul
phur. A horrible cry burst from the
wretched man, a cry that seemed to is
sue from his very vitals, and that for
months afterwards rani: in the cars of
the spectators. The ladies shuddered,
some nearly fainted, and retired a little
way from the windows. Soon they re
turned, refreshing themselves with their
smelling bottles, aud leveled their glass
es once more at the scallold. There was
no Ore visible. The sun had just burst
through the clouds, aud effaced thu pale
tlaroe, In which his hand was Bluwly
and invisibly burning. But a nameless
stench filled the air, and a thick, fetid
smoke rose over the scaffold, gradually
spreading itself out, and hanging, like a
pall, over criminal and spectators, as if
it would shut out the pitying heavens
from this scene of cruelty. Damiens .
cried out no more. He sat quietly look
ing at the blackened bones fast wither
ing inthe flame.
Meanwhile, the horrible caldrons were
bubbling and hissing, and the pincers of
the Provost Court of Paris were heating
in the furnace. The worst was yet to
come. A gigantio executioner now ad
vanced and tore the criminal's flesh with
the red-hot irons, in six different places.
His assistants followed, carrying spoons
ful of rosin, oil, lead, pitch, sulphur, and
wax, which they poured .into the gaping
incisions. Soon the breast, the arms, and
the thighs, were one awful wound. AH
the time Faubourg, St. Antoine, andFatt
bong SI. Germain, looked on, alike un
sated; and the high born dames of Louis
the Fifteenth's Court, smiled and chat
ted with their cavaliers, and looked and
shrank back, and looked again.
' All was not yet over. Damiens still
breathed, suffered, and occasionaUy cried
out. Four horses were now led forward.
The noble animals were almost ungovern
able. All Hie morning they had strug
gled to ascape from ' this dreadful spot
from the cries and groans, the thick
smoke and sickening smell that filled the
air. It was their turn now to take the
place of the executioner, who could not
find a fresh spot on the victim's body to
torment. 1 - ,
Damiens was carried down the steps
of the scaffold ; the horses were backed
toward him as he lay on the ground, and
the nimble executioners made fast ths
traces. The grooms loosed their heads,
and, with a terrific snort, they sprang
forward. But human thews and sinews
were too strong for them. They were
thrown on t' eir haunches, and, with a
dull, heavy thud, the body struck tlu
ground. Again and again they started.
Urged on by blows and shouts, they
pulled in vain. A quarter of an hour
passed away. Damiens still lived still
breathed. At intervals he even raised
his head and looked at the animals.
"Oh I those poor horses'" exclaimed
Mademoiselle de Priandau, ths young and
beautiful niece of the financier, Bouret.
Kvsning tras approaching. The com
missiossrs appointed to preside over the
execution were embarrassed. It was nec
essary to carry it out according to the
strict letter of the sentence, wliioh di-
retted ths criminal to be quartered. The
crowd, too, were waxing indignant, and
clamorously demanded the coup de g'acs.
They consulted together, and at length
ordered lb muscles and tendons of the
legs and arms to bs severed. ,'Ouce more
the horses plunged wildly forward aud
this tiiuu all was over.