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NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE, TUESDAY NOVEMBER; 18; 1802. 1 '
CITY GOVERNMENT; i,
JOHM HUOH 8MITO, Mayor.
r ? rvsku fhank, Bord. J , '(
' 'jOUH CHCMBLEY, Martini. I '
V'jmiy VarthaUVt. It. Wilkinson, A. C. Tucker,
end Jamrt A.Fteele." " ' V ' .'
Orrki of It Jfars.t Joliul'humbley ,sa-ofco,arst;
Jos. L. Kjad, second t and John Roddick , third.
Tat Awu'nr William Driver.
wnti4 ColhrJor k. B. Shankland.
tl'afcr Tax tViffr E. B. Garret I
Trwiswrer R. Henry.
WW Matrr Thomrui tke. ,
ftupTiwteiwfent I'M WorUVmss J. Q. Dodd.
Suptrinltnttmi of tki Water H or J James Wyatt. ,
Cklrf of ike Fir Viwtmml John M. Keabury. .
Hfxinn t th CemelmyT. H. Mi Arid. ;
5lrerf Owrr J. L. Stewart.
Oily Attorney John McPhall Bniltb, j
Boon! of AUUrault. M. Brleo, President , .!. E.
New-mull, 0. A. J. 1ayfleld, H.O. rV.OTel, Wm.S Ch-ftt-ham,
J. c. Pmltb, M. 0. L. Claiborne, Mid Ji. Robb.
Clwimon Council W. P. Jones, rrestdent $ William
Roberts, T. J. Yarhnugh, Wm. Driver, Wm. Stewart,
lnls Hough, W. Mulllna.Jaiiios Turner.G.M. Boulh.
cute, A. J. Colo, Jai.PsvIs, Andrew Anderson, J. B.
Knowlos, wd John Oready. ..,. ) '
rllU COMMITTKU or TH tlTV eoCSCIL. !
f MflW-Knowlet, Seovel lud Colt.
Water Work Anderson, Smith nd Clalborno.
Msyflcld, Cheatham and Claiborne.
Wlarf Xewman, Fti-wart and Turnor. '
'jfntj'IMl Jones, May field and Sloan. '
SriWIs Choatuiun, Mayflcld aud Knowles.
Firt DiittuU Cready, Driver and Nswman.
(!at Driver, Cheatham and D-ivls.
Cnnttrry Smith, Stewart and Nuwman.
Mttrlct umm Roborts, Stewart and Turner
Slate Hough, Cliilborno aud Iavis. ,
Vnlict Chcithara, Brlen and Anderson j .
fijiriiiyn Hough, Claiborne and Brlcn.
H7JUue Cheatham, Mayil. ldand Kuowles. i
Imirovemtnlt aud .Vjiem!i'i!r Cole, Ucovel and
Orcady. ' .
fw.ie Voj.crItrlen, Cheatham an J Turner.
'. ifmi.tf Mayllel I, Jones and Roberts.
tyTlio Hoard oi Aldermen meets the Tuesdays
next preceding the secuud aud fourth Tbiirsdnj S In
eaih mciith, and the Cuinmuu Council the second
and fourth Thursdays in each uK'nth. j
NIOHT POLICE i I :
r.r,.i.n .lohn Buiigh. !
Urtl Lirvd min Wui. Yarbrough. : -
hcond Lirnlrnnnt JiiliU II . iMvls.
VfUmm Win. Jackson, John Cavoiider, Nioh
vi,.loel l'hil'lp-i, Wm. Baker, John Coltrcll, Will lam
l.ayo, John Finales, J. W. Wright, John l'uckett,
Robert Scott, W. C. Francis, Thomas Francis, Andrsw
Joyce, David Yates, aud Charles Hulitt.
-The P.ilico Court Is opeurd every mornintc
uliu; o'clock. j
COUNTY OFFICERS. j
H,r .lames I. Illiiton. Drjmlirt Thomas Ilt b
ana and J. K. Uucbinan. j '
Kegutir riilneas Garrett.
Tnulte W. Jaaier Taylor. '
UormtrrX H. IWchor. ' '
liangrr John Corbitt. ' '
Ii'nnnu Cvlttrtin J. O. Brlley.
linilroiid Tat CollrcliwVf. V. lioberuon.
C"lWn'.f. ft tht Kaohvill l'ftru.1 J'llU D. (iowor
and .1. K. Newman.
Judy Una. .lames Whltworth.
Clark V. Lindnley Nichol.
f The Judge's Court mei ts tho Orst Monday In
eaeh mntitbjand the Quarterly Court, compostd of
the Magistrates of the Couuty, la held tbo first Mon
day In January, Airli,Ouly and Octobor.
JmljtlUiD. Nathaniel Baxter.
C7r IavUl C. Love.
jj-TUo Court meets the Orst Mosday in March
' CRIMINAL COURT.
Judit Hon. William K. Tnrncr.
Clerk CbarleS E. Iiggns.
-The Court meets the Drat Monday lu April Au
gust aud Decemlier-
Ckanfllor Hon. Samuel D. Frierson.
CJr oJ an(fr J. E. (Heaves.
The Court moeU the Oiat Mouda lu Hay and
I. 0. 0. F.
Jons F. Illoc.Grasd Secretary, should be aidrowaed
at A'iuAuW, Tcnn.
Ten Lud'j; Ko. 1 Meets evory Tuesday Even
lug, at their Hall, on the corner of Union and Sum
mer streets. The olllcer for the present term, are :
0. 8. sueur,N.O.; J. E. Mills, V . J. U Weakley,
PecrClary ; L. K. Spain, Treasurer.
JW Uodg, Ka. 10 llaett at ths saics p!ac
evory Monday Eveuiug. Ttisj officer! are : R. A.
Campbell, N.O.j Usnry Apple, Y.O.; J. L. Park,
Hsrctary j B. F. Brown, Treasurer.
Smto-y Ledy, t'. 90 Meets at their Hall, on South
Cborry street, every Friday Ivenlug. The officers
are : O.C. Covert, N O.; Frank Harmon, Y 0 ( Jamu
Wyatt, Secretary i W. M. Matlory, Trtasurer.
Aurora lodf, jVo. 108, (iVrman) Meets at the
Hall, corcer of Union and Summer streets, every
fharsday Eveulug. The omcernaro : Charles Rich,
K G.; P. FrliMmai, V Q ; Blllcrlli h, SecreUry
Coo. Selferle, Treasurer.
Kflylu BieomjHiil, So-1 M.x ls at the abovs Hall
u the Orst and third weanes'iays oi eacu roooin
Th ollloers are: J. E. Mills, CP. ; T. II. McBrule, n.P.
(I. r. Fuller, 8. W. Peter Harris, Jr., J.W.; John F
Hide, Scribe ; B. R. Cutlor, Treasurer.
OH Branch I'meamymml, K. MfeU at the
above Ha'l ou the second and fourlb Wednesday
nights of each month. The ollU-ers are: Jas. T IV H,
CP.; Henry Apple, II P-; L. Moker, S.W.; B Fried
n,..,. J K ( t.ur'.i.s Ktrcher. Scribe: J N. Ward
Dirrrwow Cocntt t)iBECTORT Contlwud.
MILTTABT QUAETTES A5D OFFICERS.
JoasHeadqtiarters on High Itret.' Oe,n Xegley,
onmsiandlnir. I"' I -'j
ViMriat IteadTuirtort 'oh Pummer ttrret , (Dr.
Fore s retideaet.) W. II. Pidell, Ma), lith V. t. Ia
fan try, A. A. A. O.' ! I,'..) ! ..)
. I'rtrott ifor)Mj Hcadiiuwlers at tb Capitol, A.
0. GlUem,Cwl. lei Tenn. Inlaotry, , .;',..
(Iiirf Awitlimt Quarlmuuter nadquarlrf on
Cherry strwt j No. 10, (Judge Catron's rrsldenne.)
Capt. J. D. Bingham.
AvUlani QuortrrtrrVo. Cbmy street. Capt.
R. Btevensoo. . 1
AmulnrU QMtinrmarUr Vij street, near 11 rs.
Polk's feslilenra. Cspt. K. N. Limb.
. Aitlant QwtrUiTTntuiixrin. 87, Market titreet. .
Capt. 1. U. Hale. , . . . ) , ;
Oiirf CommuiMrji HoaJ juirters, No 10, Vino St.
Csj't. II. Macfeely. r .
CvmmUtary of Mfulme Oioad street. Capt. 8
Utile. ' ! . .
Acting Cbmmunary cf SulutUlmcCvnti of liroad
and College streets.; Lieut Cliarioa Allen.
. Medical Director Summer street. (Dr. Ford's old
residence.) Furgeon, E. Swift.
Nrdical jTarwynr't Olos Ctinrch street, Masonlo
Building. J. R. I'lime, Burjeou. Bth Kentucky In
fantry, Acting Medical Purveyor.
I UOS l BCTUS
Ths NAWiua Cnioh was commcneed a few weeks
sinre , for the purpose of opp"ting the Uebol Southern
Confederacy, and of advocating tbo restoration of
Foderal authority, without any abatement, over all
tho Statea which have attempted to secede. It holds
as friends all who support, and a Toes all whoonpiwe
the L'nion of the itatci. It has no watchword but
t hvkixih Ain Natioxautt. t
With rebels and traitu b no compromise lo
make. . It contend! lor tho Federal Constituilon and
the Laws made in pursuance thereof as the 8rmi
Law or tus Lami, anythliiii in tho Constitution and
Ijtwsofany of the Stales to the contrary notwith
standing. Itconionds for the Union ol the States, becnuso
without it the preservation of our llhorties an I limn,
tntions and the orginitatlon or society tt If are
wholly Impoasible. Thurefoie, whatever stands In
'.he way of crushing out tho rebelliou and ritor:ng
e 1'nlou mul pcinth, no matter by what name it bo
To t no people of Tennetwie, ever renowned for thdr
ovotion to l.iliertff nd t'ninn. Iitittl tiir.v war I.A.
trayed ta the rebel difKitiain at Richmond by a per.
Uious Governor and corrupt Legislature, and who
havo feit bo heavily the awful curse of treason and
uarcby.we aptwal for support. 11 the names, of
rebel otiice holders, Viirilnnoe Committees, and Minute
II i) n, wuo tmve ulleu our horderi witli inoiirninil. be
glbbetled before the world. It Ihose ambitious aud
avaricious men no l.ave plotted our ruin for tin Ir
own aggrandizement be fastened t" the pillory rf
name, no n aiier now jncii their iln n in snclctr.
Let if be ttL'iwo how lit f st ? i4 rttiKi4.r nt
HonUicrn Rights are now loading maraudinv bun
of fi'ne-booters and moss troopers over our Sute, kU
napliig negroes, atoallng hoSAS aud cnttlc, hreaKlug
Into nousea, burning railroad brldnea and cars, and
murdering unarmed citixc'na in cold blood. 1 'i the
truth, s- long excluded by the t-oulhern conspirators,
now circulate treely through every neignnornood,
aud our lausn wl I arsuredly triumph. Will not loyal
men everywhere aid us lu the dissemination of (acts
and the advocacy of Free Government?
Toitoj of Subscriptions in Far Funds, i '
Daily l'nion, single copy, per annum, $8 00
" " clubs ot ti'U.eacb 100
Tri-weekly, single copy, B 00
ciuosoi mo, eacn. ...... s oo
Weekly, sinKloeopy, J i 0
" ciul'S 01 leu, cacti I 50
JH ar-AII communlcatioua on busmeea w 1th tbeOlllce,
will be addressed lo the PUBLISHERS of the UNION,
and all communication to tho Editor will be address
to 8. C. MSRCEB ' '
Rliiorsol loyul newspaper wijl do us a groat kind
nets by re-publishir.g the foregoing or Its subclaims
The current traufactiou In Tennessee for months to
Some will be highly Interesting to all lovers of thoir
country and her free Institutions, and the columus of
the U.xioif will furnish the earliest and most reliable
hlHtory of these events. , ,
ItATKS OF ADVKIITIS1MJ.-
( rs uitsa ot lshs to oomnrrrcTi a sCArs )
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I wec, a oo eacn aaaiuooai square i o
3 4 60
1 month, 6 00
3 " B 00
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a is oo
ia - a oo
To -VTJ V I IT I S KItS ia dOT-A-II-.
THt RATIO! WILL BS AS FOLLOWS :
Quarter Column, 1 month..,
.; f 16 oo
, ao o
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Advertisements oecnpyins; asy special rosltlon in
tiiU, 20 per cent, additional ; special potilloa outside,
10 per cent.
j Advertisements uisenea in we LAx-ai .iudid
charged at the rate of tweuty cents per line.
Changes rosy be made periodically when agreed
upon; but every such chauge will involve rtuasa
hciim. to ha raid tor br the advertiser.
S)r Adnrtiurt axeeadiny Uu'jpaca aontracld fur teill
6s thoryai fur IJts asoesa,
Plarrlava and 1'uneral Netlcct
When sxceedlug Ore lines, will be chaj-ged at the
usual advertising rates.
Announcement ol Candidate.
Fos Stave Omraas
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Cash required In advauoe for ail advertisements
nnleas by special agreement.
Ws, ths nil dersigned, Lave tlrs day adopt. th
above rates, to which we biud ourxdve sinctiy to
WM. CAMIR0S, for the Vttou
JOHN WALlACK, for ths liqvck
Nassvivii, Tjdu , July 12, Wi.
Ptihh'ahei ly lin AsYKicitivn of FrmUn.
Office an Printer Alloy, between
l'nion and Dcaderlck Mreet.
TUESDAY HORNING NOV. 18, 1862.
Home German phjeioans have adojtlfd
theory (hat pulmonary diseases may be
cured by eating grapea, and this agreea
ble remedy ia aaid to bo extensively ap
plied in Germany and Switzerland. Our
opinion is that the disease of relxUiorx tony
be treated with great success, by the use
of "a little more grape" Dr. Blrnsiue
and Dr. Iwose'.uaks, hare used it with
highly gratifying results.
Gen. Scott,'. Reply to Mr. Buchanan
The Relations of the President with
Secretary Floyd Discussed.
To the E.litors of the National Intelligencer ;
1 regret to Lnd myself in a controversy
with the venerable Ex-JVesident liuca-
Recently (October 21) you published
my olllcial report to President Lincoln,
dated Mjfrch 'M, 1861, giving a summary
of my then recent connexion with our
principal bouthern i forts, which, I am
sorry to perceive, has givon offence to the
Ex-President. That result, purely inci
dental, did not enter into my purpose in
drawing up tho paper; but, on reflection,
supposo that, under tho circumslances.
ofleneo was unavoidable. ' .
Let it be remembered that the new
'resident had a right to demand of me
tho immediate Commander of the army
how it had bappeued that the incipient
rebels had been allowed to seize several
of those foils, and from the condition of
others were likely to gain possession of
them also, rrimanlv the blame rested
exclusively on mc. Hence, to vindicate
my sworn allegiance to tho Union and
professional conduct, the report was sub
milted to President Lincoln at an early
ciay, (in tug Administration,) ana recent
ly to the world.
lo that short paper Lx-President Bu
chanan publishes a reply of double the
length in the Intelligencer of the 1st
iust. lMy rejoinder, from necessity, if
not taste, will be short, lor I hold the
pen in a rheumatic hand, and am without
aid-de-camp or amanuensis, and without
a printed document and my own official
Unable, in my present condition, to
make an analysis of the Ex-Presideni'a
long reply, I avail myself ot a substitute
turnished by an accidental visitor, who
has kindly marked the few points w hich
he thinks may require some slight notice
at my hands.
1. To account for not havins garrison
ed sufficiently the Southern forts named
against anticipated treason and rebellion,
according to my many recommendations,
beginning Oct. 29, 1SC0, repeated tho
next day, and again more earnestly Dec.
is, I.), vi and tLo r-x-President says;
"There were no available, troops within
'ow, although it is true that, with or
without the Ex-President's approbation,
tho secretary of War bad nearly denuded
our whole eastern seaboard of troops in
order to augment our forces in Texts and
Utah, I nevertheless pointed out, at sev
eral of the above dates the GOO recruits
(about) which we had in the harbor of
ew iork and at Carlisle Barracks,
Pennsylvania, nearly all organized Into
temporary companies, and tolerably drill
ed and disciplined quite equal to the
purpose in question besides tho five
companies of regulars near at hand, mak
ing about 1,000 men. These disposable
troops would have given (say) 200 men
to the twin forts Jackson and St. Phillip,
below New Orleans, an equal number to
iort Morgan, below Mobile, a reinforce
mcnt of 100 men to Fort Picken9, Flori
da, Pensacola harbor, and a garrison of
100 men to l ort Jellcrson, lortugas Is
land, and the same to Port Pulaski, below
Savannah, which, like J' orts Pulaski, Mor
ganand McKae, had not at the ttaio a
aoldier leaving about 200 men for tho
twin forts Moultrie and Sumter, Charles
ton harbor, where there were two weak
companies, making less than ninety men
fortress Monroe had already a garrison
of aomc eight companies, one or two of
which might, in the earlier period of
danger, havo been spared till volunteers
cjuld have been obtained, notwitbstana
log printed handbills were everywhere j
posted to Eastern Virginia, by an eccen
tric character, inviting recruits to take
that most important work.
Now, I have nowhere said that either
of those forts even with the reinforce
ment indicated, would have had a war
garrison. Certainly not. My imposi
tion was to put each in a tondition, as I
expressly said, to guard against a sur
prise or coif le main, (an off-hand attack,
one without full preparation.)
That these movement i( gmall de
tachments nmtit easily have hceii made
in November aud December, lt)0, and
some of them as late as the following
month, cannot be doubted. Cut the Ex-
President sneers at my "weak device"
for saving the forts. He forgets what
the gallant Anderson did, with a hand
ful of men, in rort Sumter, and leaves
out of tha account what he might have
done with a like handful in Fort Moul
trie, even without further augmentation
of men to divide between the garrisons.
1 win . forts, on the opposite aide of a
channel, not only give a cross-lire on tha
head of an attack, but the strength of
each is more than doubled in the Hank
ing fire of the other. The same remarks
apply lo tho gallant Lieut. Slemmer,
w ith his handful of bravo men, in Fort
Pickens. With what contempt mitrht
he not have looked upon Chase or Brace,
in front of him, with varying manses of
from 2,000 to 6,000 nu n, if Fort Pickens
and its twin Fort McKae had between
them only 200 men.
1 have thus shown that small camsons
would at ii rat havo sufficed for the other
twins, Forts Jackson and Ft. Philip, also.
My object was to savo to the Union, by
any means at hand, all those works, un
til Congress could have time to authorize
a call for volunteers a call which the
President, for such purpose, might no
doubt have made, without any special
legislation, with the full approbation of
every loyal man in the Union. .
hecoihl The ex-President almoBt loses
his amiability in having his neglect of
the forts "attributed," as he says, "with
out tho least cause, to the iofluenco of
Gov. Floyd ;" and, he add, "all my
Cabinet must become witness that I was
the Pits ident myself, responsible for all
the acts of the Administration." "
Now, notwithstanding this broad as
sumption of responsibility, I ghould be
sorry to behevo that the ex-President
specially consented to the ' removal, by
Secretary Floyd, of 115,000 extra mus
kets and rules, with all their implements
and ammunition, from Northern reposi
tories, to Southern arsenals, so that on
the breaking out of the maturing rebel
lion they might be found without cost,
except to the United States, in the most
convenient positions for distribution a-
mong tho insurgents, ho, too, of the
120 or 140 pieces of artillery which the
same Secretary ordered from Pittsburg to
Ship Island, in Lnke Borgne, and Gal
veston, Texas, for forts not yet erected.
Accidentally learning, early In March,
that tinder this posthumous order the
shipment of these guns had commenced,
I communicated' thi fact to Secretary
Holt (acting for Secretary Cameron) just
in time to defeat the robbery.
but on this point we may hear Ex-
Secretary Floyd himself. At Richmond
hu expressly claimed the honor of de
feating all my plans and solicitations re
specting the forts, and received his re
ward ; it being thero.universally admit
ted, that but for the victory over me,
there could have been no rebellion. .
Third Mr. Buchanan complains that
I published, without permission, on Jan.
18, 1801, my views addressed to him and
the Secretary of War, Oct. 2l and 30,
1800. But this net was caused, as I ex
plained to him at the time, by the mis
representations of my views in one of the
earlier speeches of the same Ex-Secretary
after his return to Virginia.
Fourth One ot my statements com
plaining of the joint countermand, sent
through the Secretaries of W ar and Navy
to prevent the landing at Fort Pickens of
Capt. VoJges Company unless the Tort
should be attacked, is cited by tho Ex-
President to prove "a singular want of
memory on my part, and a note from
Ex-Secretary llolt is adduced to show
that I had entirely approved of the joint
countermand, the day (Jan. 20) that it
was prepared. Few persons aru as little
liable to make a misstatement, by acci
dent, as Mr. Holt, and no one is more in
capable of making one by design. Yet I
have not the slightest recollection of an
interview with him on that subject.
do remember, however, that Mr. Holt, on
some matter of business, approached my
bedside about that time, when I was suf
fering from an excess ot pain
Mr. Buchanan, Mr. Holt and myself
were all landsmen, and could know but
little of tha impossibility of land troops
on an onen sea-beach with a hieh wind
and surf. Mr. Touccy, Secretary of tho
Navv. with officers about him of intelli-
ri-nrs and nautical experience, ouzht to
have said promptly that if Vodgea had
not to land except in case of an attack
upon Fort Pickens, he might as well hav
remained at Fortress Monroe, as the pro
hibition placed the fort, so far as he waa
concerned, at tha mercy, or (as the event
showed) th want of enterprise on the
part of the rebel commander at Pensa
cola. Possibly there are other parts of the
reply which a auperlkial reader may
think require comment or elucidation, and
indeed here is another marked for me by.
my kind visitor.
Fifth The Ex-rresideut las brought
together a labyrinth of dates respecting
the arrival and departure of rebel Com
missioners, armistices, tie, with which,
as I had no official connection, I may
have made an unimportant mistake or
two. But as I have nut by me the means
of recovering the clue to those windings,
I shall not attempt to follow him.
Nkw YohK, Fifth-Avenue Hotel, (
Nov. f, 16C2. $
The Southern Kentucky Railroad-
Irroro the Lrxliigton (Ky.) Observer. , .
Some time since the propriety of build
ing a railroad from Cumberland Gap to
aome point in the interior of Kentucky
or on the Ohio river or rather, from aome
point on the Ohio river to aome point iu
East Tennessee was discussed in the
public print. 'This was civil project.
The President of the United States, in
bia last annual message, recommended to
Congress the building of such a road as a
military road. CoDgress failed to en
dorse his recommendation, and thus the
matter dropped. By a dispatch from
Washington of October 31st, we think it
probable that Mr. Lincoln will again ask
Congress to make such a road. We feel
aatislied that a portion of our Represen
tatives and Senators in Congress were
ignorant of tho importance of that road,
or that it would have been built. We
feel it to be our duty to suggest some
facts with reference to said road, hhow-
ing the necessity for the Government to
take hold of it immediately and build it.
When the Confederate arm v took nos-
session of Lexington, they got, we should
think, At least 1,000,000 worth or stores,
besides arms sufficient to arm 18,000 or
20,000 men. .They also got immense
quantities of ammunition and clothing.
During last winter, spring and summer
our army at Loudon, Barbonrville, and
Cumberland Gap, an army of about l.V-
000 men, had to be supplied with provi
sions, arms, and everything by wagon
trains, and it is difficult to imagine the
immense number or wagons, mules,
horses and teamsters required to supply
such an army, and that, too, over a road
of ono hundred and thirtv miles one
hundred miles of which was almost im
passable. , We have been informed by
men who traveled along tho road, that it
was a rare thing to travel over three con
secutive miles of the road without llnding
a do ad mulo or the remains of a wagon.
After a time, too, it was difficult to get
forage in tho mountains (for that cannot
be called an agricultural country), and
hundreds of government mules were
permitted to stray off and die. Tho
amount thus lost by the G vernment, or
the extra amount thus paid out to pro
vision the Cumberland .Gap army, and
supply it with ammunition and clothing,
would, we hazard nothing in saying, hav
built the railroad as recommended by the
rresiaent. . '
Besides, had the road been finished
last August and it could have been done
this last rebel raid never would have
been made into Kentucky. . Tho Govern
ment could and would have sent troops
and supplies along the road to Cumberland
Gap and hence into East Tennessee, tak
en possession of the East Tennessee aud
Virginia Railroad, cutoff the supplies of
the rebel army in Virginia, destroyed tho
principal means of communication be
tween the Confederate army in Virginia
and that in the South, and thus have giv
en the rebels all they could attend to at
We are satisfied that until possession
is taken of the East Tennessee and Vir
gina Railroad iy the Government, this
rebellion will not be crushed out. When
ever that is done, the rebel army will be
compelled to evacuate Virginia. It is
emphatically the backbone of the rebel
lion. How ia the Government to get
possession of that road? Either by keep
ing bodies of troops all along the Louis
ville and Nashville, Nashville and Chat
tanooga, and East Tennessee and Georgia
Railroads, or by making a road from Par
is, Lexington or Nicholasville via Cum
berland Gap to Morristown or Knoxville,
We have done without the last at a
considerable loss to the Government and
partially tried the other at a great cost,
and failed in holding it. It is for Con
gress to determine which is the most
economical of the two. If it should be
determined to build the road, then a
lucstion will arise as to what route shall
be adopted several having been sug
gested. 1st. It has been suggested that the
route adopted should be from Lebanon,
. Ky., via Columbia and Burksville, to the
Tennesseo line, and one route going
' thence to MsMinnville and the other to
. Kingston, Tennessee.
2d. From Lebanon via Danville to
3d. Erom Danville via Mt. Vernon,
London , and Williamsburg, Ky., Big
Creek Gap to Clinton, Tennessee.
ilh. From Nicholasville to Danville
Ky., thence to Mt. Vernon, London and
Barboursville to Cumberland Gap.
Kth. From Paris, Lexington or Nicho
lasville to Cumberland Gap, on or near
the routo surveyed by McKee.
Without desiring to destract from the
merits of any of the above proposed
routes, we will give briefly our opinion
of them all. Before doing that, however,
we will auggest that the lint of the pro
posed railroad ought to be selected
with a view to its present military ad
vantages, and to its future usefulness af
ter this damnable rebellion thall have
been crushed out.
The first route goes from Lebtuoo to
McMinnville, to which point there i al
ready a road via Nashville, and running
almost paral'led with the proposed route.
But, say its advocates, we propose also
to run from the Kentucky State line to
Kingston Tennessee. Why the uecessity
of making so much railroad? Why not
tuakti the road fromMcMlnnville to King
aton, and thus have the connection be
tween Louisville and Kingston complete?
This first road, even aa proposed, would
not afford much JiU-r facilities for com
munication than wo now have.
Tho second is aome better, but very
little. We think the aeleetion lies be
tween the third, fourth and filth routes.
In making the selection of the northern
terminus of the road, we presume the
authorities will eclect that point which
is most easy of access from different
points North. The Louisville, Frankfort
and Lexington railroad, and the Coving
ton and Lexington railroad concentrate at
this point. Does, Paris, Nicholasville or
Danville present tho same advantages?
Then as to distances by th ahortest
nsually traveled road. Danville to Stan
ford, 10 miles; to Crab Orchard, 10 miles;
to Mt. Vernon, 23 miles; to London
miles; to Williamsburg, 30 miles; to Ten
nesseo State line, 17 miles; making in all
10flitf' miles. Add to this the distance
from Nischolasville to Danville, where
the Central railroad is uncompleted, and
it makes 129 J miles. Then the railroad
from Lebanon to Danville, 28 miles,
making miles of railroad. Tho
distance from Nicholasville lo Lancaster
is 23 miles; Crab Orchard, J3; Mt. Ver
non 13; London, 20'; Barboursville, 21;
Cumberland Gap, 30 in all 12!)J' miles.
Lexington to Richmond, 2G miles; Lon
don, 48; Barboursville, 24, and Cumber
land Gap 30 -in all 128 miles.
Of course tho railroad could not run
by the roads thus spoken of, but it would
not vary the figures greatly.
Wo think tho road should go to Cum
berland Gap and thence to Morristown,
which is on the line of tho East Tennes
see and Virginia Railroad. Morristown
is some forty miles from the Gap. At
that point you have all the advantages of
tho East Tennessee and Virginia ad
East Tennessee and Georgia RaiJ"'a,!
that you would have at Knoxvillsi nd in
addition thereto you connect vth rail
road already completed, or Tar advanced
toward its completion, running via Ash
ville, North Carolina, into South Carolina.
A considerable portion of the road from
Cumberland Gap to Morristown is alrea
dy graded, and tbo piers for the bridge
over Hols'on river are erected. We are then
aatlsOed that the road ou"ht to tie nade
from Lexington, Ky, to Morrisfvwn,
Tennessee; and arc aatislied that a caie-
tul survey of the routes will clearly de
monstrate these facts.
IT the road should bp thus made it will
run through the center of the mineral
region of Kentucky. Keep tho thing
concealed as long as we may, that mine
ral region of Kentucky will one day be
tho wealthy portion of our State. Tjho
mountains of Kentucky, in the neighbor
hood of Cumberland Gap are rich in cop
per.aa fine iron as the woild hag ever seen,
lead, coal, (both bituminous and caunel,)
salt, and other minerals. Besides this,
that portion of our 'State is peculiarly
adaptod to the raising of Bbeep and the
growing of grape. And what , is more
profitable than these two last? The
road frcm Lexiagton to Cumberland Gap
will more nearly striek the center of this
mineral region than any other. We think
that t fairsurvey of routes will show its
superior advantages over every other, and
only ask that it shall be done.
. . ; - A Rebel Parole. t
From the ludlituapolis Journal J .
The following is an exact copy of &
certificate of parole, the originator which
ia in our possession, given by a Lieuten
ant T. A. Boykin to a private in the 40th
Indiana regiment, and is precisely like
all those granted to the prisoners taken ia
Kentucky, so far as we have seen. Ths re
may be others of a different form, but we
think theia are noaet
"Chau OncHAku, Oct. 9, 1802.
"This is to certify that Christopher C.
Moore, private, Co. 0, 4'JthIud. Regiment,
has this day been paroled by me upon
oath not to perform any field, garrison,
police, guard, or constabulary duty of any
nature whatever (this includes service
against Indians), until be has fairly been
exchanged according to the terms of tho
cartel agreed upon by the Commisslonera
appointed by the Confederate and United
States Governments. Nor to give any in
formation which he has acquired while a
prisoner, or which he may acquire while
within the lines of the Confederate forcea,
concerning the numbers, disposition or
movements of these forcea.
"Lieut. T. A. Boms,
The clause prohibiting service against
the Indiana is significant. It adds on
more to the many convincing proofs that
tho Indian revolt in Minnesota was stir
red up by rebel emissaries and rebel sym
pathizers. EItka Biu.r Smith. Ex-Gov. Smith,
or he who it more familiarly known at
"Extra Billy," resides in this town, on
the Culpepper road, and was found al
bit home yesterday, and was paroUd.
He is yet confined to his Louse with
wounds received in battle and a fever
that au(ervened. He talks despondingly
of the affairs of rebeldom, and predicts
that one more battle will settle the fate
of the Confederate States. A'. Y. Tune