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isa r. aanta.
BY A. 8. CAIUP & CO.
W .HT.3 MITH,
IRA P. JONES, J4"0'
JUHX E. HATCHER, Aaociaie Editor.
Offlc mo. 16 Deatderlek Street.
i . : . Fr pr . j ? i
"-" j-or Vice-President,
FOR THE STATE AT LARGE. '
BAILIE PEITM, at Sumner,
N. i. TAI LOR, f Carter.
FOB THE WdTBICTS
1- W Jl. M. BRADFORD, of Jefferson. .
2. O. P. TEMPLE, of Knox. ' '
3. ALFRED CALDWELL, of McMinn.
A. S. S. STANTON, of Jackson.
5. E.LGOLLADAY,cf Wilson.
. 6. WM. F. KERCIIEVAL, of Lincoln.
7. JOHN C. EROWN, of Giles.
8. JODX F. HOUSE, of Montgomery.
10. D.B. NABOBS, of Shelby.
Centra Executive Committee.
Edwix II. Ewrxo, Nehx. S. Brown, Aixex
A.IIaix, P. TV. Maxet. Joex Leixyktt,
JOHX H. CaIXEXDEB, IIORACE H. II ABM
SOX. WEDNESDAY MORNING, JULY 18, I860
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THE COXfiPIII ACT XO BREAK I P
THE PLOT AND ITS DEVELOPMENT.
More Proof of a Settled Pnrpons to
Revolutionize (be Government.
HOW STANDS MR. BRECKINRIDGE?
On the 12th. inst. we published an arti
cle charging that a cold-blooded, deliberate,
heartless conspiracy existed in certain
quarters, to break up the Union of the
United States, to revolutionize the govern
ment and establish a Southern Confederacy.
We dated this conspiracy with the meeting
of the Southern Convention in May, 1858,
in Montgomery, Alabama, and Bhowed con
clusively that it was then set on foot as a
' regular, eystematised organization, and as
sumed all the qualities, except the arming
of men, of a technical conspiracy, one that
would be held to be so in any court of law
in Christendom. We therein grouped the
evidence, bringing it down to December
1839, step by step, all of which pointed in
fallibly to the existence of the conspiracy,
and to active efforts being made for its con
summation. Treason, like fraud, burrows
under the surface. It never raises its head
to the view of men, until it is prepared to
. assume the form and proportion of a Revo
lution, whea the government against which
it ig leveled is at an end, and armed men,
desolation and blood take the place of the
law and the gallows. Like fraud, it weaves
about itself a net-work of circumstances,
which conceal it until it is traced in such a
way that its existence excludes every other
reasonable hypothesis. Though in our pre
vious article, we arrayed facts so pregnant
and so conclusive as to convince any but a
confirmed skeptic, we desire now to supply
some facts which, for want of space, we
were then compelled to omit, and to adduce
others, equally as convincing and of still
later date, bringing the schema up to the
present moment, and connecting it with the
candidacy of Mr. Brckihridge for the
We set out before with a disclosure made
by Judge Batlet, in a Union meeting at
Knoxville, in thia State, in the month of
January last, to the effect that Gov. Wis
had addressed letters to the Southern Gov
ernors in 1856, with the view of concerting
measures to prevent the inauguration of
Erimoht, in the event of his election. We
now append that letter as it appeared, after
Judge Bailxt's statement, in the Richmond
Enquirer. It is as follows :
Richmond, Va., Sept. 1-5, 1850.
Dear Sir: Events are approaching which
address themselves to your responsibilities
and to mine as chief executives of slave
holding States. Contingencies may soon
happen which would require preparation for
the worst of evils to the people. Ought we
not to admonish ourselves by joint counsel
of the extraordinary duties which may de
volve upon us from the dangers which so
palpably threaten our common peace and
safety? When, how, or to what extent may
we act, separately or unitedly, to ward off
dangers if we can, to meet them most effec
tually if we must ?
1 propose that, as early as convenient,
the Governors of Maryland, Virginia, North
Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida,
Alabama, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, Mis
sissippi and Tennessee, shall assemble at
Raleigh, N. C, for the purpose generally of
consultation upon tne state or the country,
upon the best means of preserving its peace,
and especially of protecting the honor and
interests of the shareholding States. I have
addressed the States only having Democra
tic Executives, for obvious reasons.
Thia should be done as early as possible,
before the Presidential election, and I
would suggest Monday, 13th October next.
Will you please give me an early answer,
Yours, most truly and respectfully, - . . -Hbsrt
His Excellency Thomas W. I igon,
Governor of Maryland.
The same to Thomas Bragg, Governor of
North Carolina; James H. Adams, Gover
nor of South Carolina; H. V. Johnson,
Governor of Georgia; James C. Broome,
Governor of Florida; John A. Winston,
Governor of Alabama; John J. McRae,
Governor of Mississippi; Robert Wickliffe,
Jr., Governor of Louisiana; Edmohd M.
, Pease, Governor of Texas ; Elias N. Con
way, Governor of Arkansas, and Andrew
Johnson, Governor of Tennessee.
' The chief importance of this document
At this time is to show what was the posi
tion of Gov. Wis at that day, and that
nly the Dekoceatic Governors were to be
consulted. Up to the time we have dated
this conspiracy, May 10th, 1858, there were,
unquestionably, many disunionists in the
country, but we have no evidence that they
had ever taken counsel together and deter
mined upon a systematic course of action
te accomplish their designs. , Of this num
ber Got. Wis was evidently one.- It re
main for him to clear it up, and to explain
ius connection with the "'well considered
Southern policy" spoken of by Mr. Yascet
to Mr. Prtor in August or September 1858.
Without connecting him with the movement
at this time,' the circumstances render it
imperative that he should define his present
position- Vm . ,
The Southern Convention, at the next
meeting succeeding that at Montgomery re
sumed the consideration of the proposition
to reopen the slave trade, and to assailing
the Union. This body occupies a promi
dent position in this disunion picture. Its
members, or a portion of them, for many
who have been, from time to time, drawn to
its sitttings and membership, are true
mends of the Union and conservatism-
doubtless presided at the birth of the plot
at Montgomery, and were met again at
Vieksburg to -' forward the scheme. - Mr.
Spbatt, a" South Carolina fire-eater, thus
expressed himself on that occasion :' ' "
It might be said that the slave trade
could not be legalized within the Union,
and that to re-establishe it the U&ion
would have to be dissolved. Let it be so.
Ibe men of the South had higher trusts than
to preserve the Union. ? ' . The
power to control Congress had passed irre
vocably into the hands of those who ex
pressed iemorseless hostility to Southern
institutions. Must the South take as law
tchattttr ruck Congress my pit ate to dictate?
ihefcouth could not,of itself, legitimate any
action; but should they, therefore, take no
steps until legitimated? Must they own the
slavish doctine that power carries with it
the right to govern? If the resolutions pro
posed by him were affirmed by the Conven-
tion, the re-opening of the slave trade would
have all the sanction which, as Southern
man, they would ak. (Applause) If the
principle should be approved by Southern
sentiment, it matters little what might be
the course of Congress. The profits of the
trade would compensate the risks of the
adventure, and slaves would be brought
into the country. Besides that, there was
a point of honor involved in this matter.
There were men in the South who felt that
in this wuy only could the South take the
position that was consistent with the main
tenance of her right. His friend Lamar
had already liuioicd the sir re trJ. flag,
and that llae now floated at the masthead.
fArDlausp. If this government, in that
madness which precedes dissolution, should
send its agent here to spy out the acts of
Southern men, to enforce this law, to seize
Southern citizens, and take their property
for aets which they recognise as right as
sure a the sun should rise it would rise on the
retiring plains of another Lexington and Con
cord. (Loud applause.)
These lawless and treasonable senti
ments, it will be observed, were vigorous
ly applauded by the Convention, and they
were probably a fair exposition of its
Hon. H. S. Bennett, an ex-Congressman
from Mississippi, said:
. "Thai Mississippi would have the slave
trade re-opened, peaceably if they could, for
cibly if they must. If that teas treason, there
were 200,000 citizens of Mississippi whose
meks were ready for th thai ter."
Judge Jones, of Ga., is thus reported:
"He proclaimed himself a disunionist
since 1820, but he did not believe the
Southern States would go out the Union
unless they were kicked out He believed
there was no chance of equality in the Union,
and he would rather die a poor wolf in the
woods than live a fat dog with any man's
collar on his neck. lie owed no allegiance to
any power luC " Georgia. " He urged the fal
lacy of the apprenticeship theory. They
would be brought here as apprentices, ana
as soon as their time was out they would be
sold as slaves. " That, might not be slave
stealing, but to him it squinted a good deal
like it. (Applause.) If he were on a jury,'
anl a man were tried before him under the
slave trade acts, he would never find him
suiltv. because they were unconstitu- -f
As an appropriate finale to these pro
ceedings, the Convention adjourned to meet
again at Atlanta, Ga., on the Second Mon
dny in November showing that the next
work expected to 'devolve upon it will be to
receive the returns of the Presidential election
and if not agreeable to them, to take
immediate steps to put in execution their
threats and revolutionize the government.
We now revert to the period of the "or
ganization" of this movement. We have
already seen how the "Southern League"
was formed; and its rules and regulations.
It was supposed that there wee hnse who
would not ' join the organization in that
form, who would under another. Another
was put forth and agreed upon. It assumed
the shape of &party, and its name was the
"Great Southern Partt." Its basis was
a preamble, resolutions and constitution.
These were promulged in August, 1858, in
pamphlet form; but where and by whom it
was printed the pamphlet does not inform
us.. We subjoin a portion of the preamble
and resolutions, and the constitution en
Preamble. "Whereas, Having experi
enced for the last thirty-eight years, the
impossibility of preserving an honorable
and peaceable union with our Northern
confederates, it now becomes our imperative
duty to make an honorable and, if possible,
a peaceable separation: And,
Whereas, The dismemberment of the ex
istiDg union between these United States is
inevitable, and that all past and existing pro
positions for uniting the Southern people in
one bond of brotherhood are most, impotent
for consummating that much desired re
sult: And, .
Whereas, The South should sever the ex
isting union of these Stales for past aggres
sions, as well as for the prevention of oth
ers which must inevitably follow under ex
isting party organizations: And,
Whereas, It is the natural and reasonable
province of an honorable, peaceable and
brave people to prepare for a contingency so
certain and momentous, without waiting
to be abruptly forced into a doubtful or in
efficient organization for the preservation of
those rights which the most sacred honorof
man impels us to defend: And,
Whereas, A permanent separation of con
flicting interests, pursuits, habits, laws or
opinions, is far preferable to a doubtful or
unpleasant alliance: Be it, therefore.
Resolved, 1. That, with that purity of mo
tive, conscientiousness of rectitude and no
ble determination to do right, we recommend
and will do ale wi can to bring about an hon
orable and, if possible, a peaceable separa
tion of the Southern stave mates jrom in
Horthern free States.
Resolved 2. That after having been denied
a peaceable existence in the present confed
eracy, and in the event we now be denied
the poor but natural privilege of a peacea
ble separation, we shall then rely upon our
own strength, the sanction of the Great
Ruler and the countenance of all properly
disposed nations for that separation, with
out which we cannot maintain an honorable
existence, or secure to our children th con
tinued respect of honorable men.
. Resolved 3. That in this effort to separate
peaceably from men and States, with whom
we so widely differ in soil, climate, institu
tions and opinion, we will ask for thing
more nor will we receive anything less than
an equal division of all the Territories, im
munities, rights, privileges, obligations,
treaties, &c, &c, now claimed or enjoyed
by the. United States.
Resolved 4. That it is our solemn duty to
recognize all the people of the several South
ern States as a band of brothers, whose in
terests and feelings shall be sacredly ob
served and respected by the Great Southern
Party, so long as those humane virtues can
be exercised without sacrificing or jeopard
izing those rithts and that equality, for the
regaining and preservation of which this
organization is formed."
j Constitution. "Art. 1 This organiza-'
tion shall be known as the Great Southern
: Aru 2. Its objects art an honorable and,
if possible, a peaceable dismemberment of
the present Confederacy and the formation of
a Southern one, securing all the rights, pow
ers and equality to a free, white population
that may be exercised with safety to our
selves and with justice to all other people.
" Art 3 " In a General Assembly of the sev
eral Southern States, composing this organ
ization, there shall be one President, Vice
President, Secretaries, and one Treasurer;
whose duties shall be hereafter designated
by such assembly, which shall be convened
by. the State Conventions at the city of Co
lumbia, S. C. r
Ina State Convention, there shaU be a
Governor, one Lieutenant Governor, Sec
retaries, and one Treasurer, whose jluties
shall be prescribed by said Convention. '
The State Convention shall be composed
of delegates from the County Conventions,
which shall assemble at the respective cap
itals of those States participating in this
ine county conventions snail be com
posed of delegates from the several County
Clubs, which shall have a Chairman, Sec
retaries, and one Treasurer; and shall as
semble at their respective Court Houses, un
less otherwise determined by such Conven
tions. - " 1 j ' '
.The Coanty Clubs shall be formed by five
or more members of this party, 'who have
previously pledged . themselves to
support the foregoing Preamble and Reso
lutions and signed 7this Constitution, who
shall elect'one Leader Secretaries, and
one Treasurer. --' - i , tt
.Art. 4. The officers of the General As
sembly shall be elected ' for and serve four
years, or until others are elected to their
respective offices. -" A
The officers of the State Conventions
shall be elected for and serve three years.
The. officers of the. County Conventions
shall be elected for and serve two years.
'' And the officers of the County Clubs shall
he elected for and serve one year, or until
others are elected to their respective offices.
Art. 5. No member of this Great South
ern Party ehall recognize any previous par
ty lines, but. shall use his elective franchise
so as to accomplish, most effectually, the
objects set forth in the foregoing preamble,
resolutions and constitution -
Art. 6. Any white Southern citizen or
resident, over the age of eighteen years,
may become a member of this organization,
by pledging himself to support the forego
ing Preamble. Resolutions and Constitution,
and signing the same ; and his signature to
this constitution shall, be a sufficient indi
cation that he approves the said Preamble,
Resolutions and Constitution." -:
This branch of the disunion organization
differs from the "Southern League" in that
it discards all former party allegiance and
obligation, and takes .higher ground It
appears to hve been aesiguea, no merely
to influent public-opinion in favor of dis
union, but to have been so constructed as
to act as a Provisional Government in the
event of the success cf the project of dis
solution. The organization has a Presipest
as its head, and in each . State there is a
G overxor. Whenever separation shall take
place, these would at once assume the reins
of government, provide for the common de-
pence,1evy armies, issue' proclamations and
writs of election and take all the prelimina
ry steps to the organization of a Southern
Confederacy. It is elegantly written, and
ingeniously devised for these purposes.-
How far it was a success we have no means
of knowing ; but it is entirely certain that
it did exist,, and .the same men who gave it
their support are at this moment ready to
carry out the plan. And to our mind it is
equally clear that the numbers who sympa
thised in the movement are great. Un
questionably this whole scheme was fully
understood by Hon. Alfred I versos, of
Ga., and to it his language clearly points,
when he rose in the United States Senate on
the Cth of January, 1859, and epoke as fol
"Sir, there is but one path of safety for
the institution of slavery in the South,
when this mighty northern avalanche of
fanaticism and folly shall rreBS upon us;
and. that path-lies .through separation and
a southern confederacy. This is the great
ultimate security for the rights, honor and
prosperity of the south. Sir, there are
even now thousands of her sons who believe
that the slave States, formed into a separate
Confederacy, and united under such a gov
ernment as experience and wisdom would
dictate, - would combine elements of more
political power, national prosperity, social
security and individual happiness, than any
nation of ancient or modern times; and, sir,
am among the number. I
venture the opinion that in my own Stote, so
well convinced are the great masses of the
people of all parties that the anti-slavery
agitation is not to cease until the institution
is destroyed, if the question teas now put
whether Ihe Southern States in a body should
separate and form a Southern Confederacy, a
majority would vote tor the PkOPOsmoN.
The election of a northern
President, upon a sectional and anti-slavery
"ue, will be considered cause enough to
justify secession. xet the senator from
New York Air. Seward or any other man
avowing the sentiments and policy enuncia
ted by him in his Rochester speech, be
elected President of the United States, and.
in my opinion, there are more than cne.pf.tjie
Southern States that would take immediate
steps towards separation. And, sir, 1 am
free to declare here, in the Senate, that
whenever such an event shall occur, for one,
I shall be for disunion, and shall, if alive,
exert all the powers I may have in urging upon
the ptople of my State the neettsily and pro
priety of an immediate ' separation. I
know, sir, that disunion is considered by
many as an impossible-thing; many think
so at the South, and all the northern people
feel assured that the South can never be
driven out of the Union, no matter what
may be the aggressions upou their consti
tutional rights. I trust and believe, sir,
that, they, will find themselves mistaken,
whenever a proper occasion occurs. ' Sir,
it is not so difficult a matter to dissolve this
Union as many believe." j
We have heretofore given the ' resolutions
adopted by the Legislature of South Caro
lina, and now give portions of those adopted
by the Legislatures of Alabama and' Missis
sippi. Among others, the latter, after fully
concurring with those or couth Carolina,
adopted the following:
"Resolved, That the election of a Presi
dent of the United States by a sectional
party, with views adverse to the institution
of domestic slavery as it exists in the slave-
holding State i and Territories, or of one
who is opposed to the grant of the protec
tion claimed in the foregoing resolution,
would so threaten a destruction of the ends
for which the Constitution was formed, as to
justify the slaveholdmg States in taking
counsel together for their separate protec
tion and safety." , . . . .......
That of Alabama,' after also indors
ing -fully the South Carolina programme,
added the following; . . . ;
"2d. Be it further resolved. That in the ab
sence of any preparation for a . systematic
cooperation of the Southern States in resist
ing the aggressions of their enemies, Ala
bama, acting for herself, has solemnly de
clared that under no circumstances will she
submit-to the foul domination of a sectional
Northern party, has provided for the call of
a convention in the event of the triumph of
tuch a faction in the approaching Presiden
tial election, and to maintain the petition (hut
deliberately assumed, has appropriated the sum
of $200,000 for iAi 'military contingencies
which such a course may involve." y ' s " .
According to 8enator Ivebson, above quo
ted, the democracy of Georgia concur, and in
Louisiana and Florida also unquestionably
the disaffection to the Union is wide-spread.
It remains for the people of. those States, to
say at the ballot-box whether they will sus
tain the leaders who have placed them in
this treasonable attitude towards .the Union.
Let it be constantly borne in mind, that.
Mr. Yakcet Tauntingly declared in his let
ter to Mr; Slacght, that this movement
ould "influence PARTIES, LEGISLA
TURES AND STATESMEN.;, Tq show a
fulfilment ef this design, we append resolu
tions of various Democratic Conventions
held, preparatory to the ' pending Presiden
tial struggle, r ;j J .
At a meeting held in Montgomery. Ala.,
on: the 23rd April, 1859; we have the follow
ing assertion of the' South Carolina - doc
trine of secession, and 'if purpose. io.act
upon it in the . contingency to accomplish
which the efforts of Mr. Yancet and his
coadjutors are so earnestly directed : - -
"Resolved, That the great fundamental
article of the creed of the democratic party
is the perfect equality of the sovereign
States in rights and privileges, immunities
and honors, and the indipensable Comple
ment to such a preamble as this is the right
of each State to annul the compact of con
federation whenever it shall solemnly deem
the same incompatible with its liberty; or
Resetted, That the citizens of the South
ern States are entitled to the amplest pro
tection 'of their, property, .of. all kinds, in
the States and Territories of the United
State and upon the high seas, and that the
failure of the Federal Government to give
each protection will justify thef Southern
States in throwing off such government:
Resolved, That we have read with amaze
ment and indignation the declarations made
by leading Northern Democratic Senators,
In the Senate of .the United States, that not
a man will be found at the North to support
the claim of the South to protection of the
government, and against an act of the Ter
ritorial Legislature, either abolishing sla
very or" destroying it by hostile legislation
' And in reply we here, proclaim our unal
terable determination to demand this: pro
tection from the government, and that when
our plain constituional rights are violated,
and find no protection in this government,
we will use our best endeavors to withdraw
from that government the powers .which it
perverts to our injury."
This was reaffirmed by a Convention in
Anburn on the 9th May following, which
nominated a candidate for Congress ; and
by the State Convention in January which
appointed delegates to , Charleston - The
T)embcratie State Convention of Louisiana,
at Baton Rouge, March Cth , 1 860, adopted
the following, reported by Ex-Gov. Mouton,
a delegate to Charleston : - ' '
"6." That in case of the election of a
President on the avowed principles of the
Black Republican party, we concur in the
opinion that Louisiana should meet in coun
cil her sister slaveholding States to consult
as to the means of future protection."
. By the Democratic State Convention of
Texas, at Galveston, April, 1860 :
"Resolved, That in becoming a member
of the confederacy, Texas parted with no
portion of her sovereignty, but merely
changed the agent through whom she
should exercise some of the powers apper
uuuing to it. That.ehould those powers be
used at any time to her iajury or wrong, or
should the Government fail to exercise the
powers which are delegated in good faith,
for the maintenance of her rights and the
rights of her people, or should the com
pact she has entered into with the other
States, through the badXaiUi ef any of
them, fail -to accomplish the object, for
which it was formed, in any of these cases,
in which' she alone can judge for herself,
the State of Texas possesses the full right,
as a sovereign State, to annul the compact,
to revoke the powers she had delegated to
the government of the United States, to
withdraw from the confederacy, and resume
her place among the powers of the earth,
as a sovereign, independent nation. -
Resolved, That we regard with great aver
sion the unnatural efforts of a sectional
party at the North, to carry on an " irre
pressible conflict" against the institution of
slavery, and whenever that party shall suc
ceed - in electing- a- President upon, their
platform, we deem it to be the duty of the
people of the State of Texas to hold them
selves in readiness to co-operate with our
sister States of the South in Convention, to
take into consideration such measures as
may be necessary for our protection, or to
secure out of the confederacy that protec
tion of their rights which they can no lon
ger hope for in it."
By the Mississippi Democratic State Con.
vention, July 5, 1859, reaffirmed, Jan'y.,
Resolved, That in the event of the elec
tion of a Black Republican candidate to
the Presidency, by the suffrages of one por
tion of the Union only, to rule over the
whole United States, upon the avowed pur
pose of that organization, Mississippi will
regard it as a declaration of hostility, and
will hold herself in readiness, to co-operate
with her sister States of the South, in what
ever measure they may deem necessary for
the maintenance of their rights as co-equal
members of the confederacy.
It was in view of the Charleston Convention,-and
the importance of bringing the
public mind up to the issue there intended
to be made, that Senator Clat, of Alabama,
wrote a letter irom Washington on the 2d of
January, 1860, which was promptly pub
lished to his constituents, of which the fol
lowing is an extract:
"Why," you would ask, do not Southern
Democrats and Americans unite their votes
on some patriot of either party, and save us
from the dishonor and humiliation with
which we are menaced? The reply of either
side, probably, would be, it would d em oral
ize, and, perhaps, disorganize our party.
But you would rejoin, would you sacrifice
ihe South on the altar of your party? can
you not sink the partisan in the patriot,
when the enemy is at our gates? '
Why may I not address the same question
to the legislators of Alabama, to her people,
and to the entire Southern people? We are
confronted by implacable and powerful foes,
whose herald and leader declares we must
meet them everywhere in "irreconcilable
conflict." ' They are now struggling with
us, band to band, in the Capitol, for the
control, of the . Treasury, , the Army, the
Navy, the Post Office all the materials for
. war upon the South.. , They hang in embat
tled array upon our entire Northern bound
ary. Their emissaries are in, our midst,
preparing torches for the incendiary and
daggers for the assassin. We cannot, if we
would, avoid the "conflict" they threaten.
We have been besieged and harrassed by
them for many. years have suffered sorely
from their ravages and Bought no reparation,
but only future peace, justice, domestid
tranquillity and security for our persons and
our property. We have sought these by ar
gument, by persuasion, by entreaty, but in
vain. Why, then, defer preparation for the
last argument of nationsf It is too late to
whet the sword when the trumpet sounds to
draw it.'" ... . te
In addition all the facts we have given,
establishing beyond question a deliberate
purpose, supported by a systematic: plan of
action, well digested and zealously pursued
to break up the Union and revolutionize the
government," it scarcely -admits of a doubt
that there were members of Congress at its
last session who had resolved to keep that
body unorganized until its functions should
-cease f r- want of sustenance,- and thus af
ford a -pretext for declaring the govern
ment at an end, 1 and for proclaiming a
Southern Republic. This charge was sub
stantially made by the True Delta, s dem
ocratic paper in New Orleans, as follows: '
"Such pestilent and vulgar demagogues as
Senators Green and Slidell were kept as the
instruments of the Executive to electioneer
against such results when independent and
honorable men, like Miles Taylor, were
brought forward, and the Pughs and Moores,
of Alabama, and the Bonhams, Boyces and
Keitls, of South Carolina, were laboring
with treasonable seal to keep Congress un
organized until the machine of government
would fall to pieces for want of proper
sustentation, and leave them at liberty to pro
claim the Southern republic, in which they are
in imagination already the occupants of ihe
chief places in the new political dispensation."
To show that this demand for Congress
ional protection was never expected to be
obtained, nor even desired; but that it was
alone urged and insisted upon before the
people, and by State Conventions and Leg
islatures, and in the Charleston Convention,
as a mere' pretext for dissolution, as a
means to consummate a conspiracy pre
viously formed, we have but to adduce the
fact that Kansas last year, through its ter
ritorial Legislature, passed an act prohibit
ing slavery.; And although, an effort was
made to bring Congress up to the passage
ef a law embracing the very principle which
these men assert, & strongest mdvoeates fail
ed to insist on the demand. The case was
thus stated in the Senate -by Mr-Cling man,
of N. C, on the 7th ef May lastj ;7j
- " The Senator from Mississippi who sits
behind me (Mr. Brown) has been striving for
the last three or Jour months to get a positive
act passed to protect slavery in Kansas, ' and
he has never yet found a second for it. If any
one Senator upon thisfloor, notwithstand
ing the urgent and eloquent appeals of that
gentleman, has declared his willingness to
vote for It, I - have not' heard him jay s ,
and I do not believe there is such a one. And
refused all protection to slave property."
Again, on the 8th, Mr. Clingman said : -
i) "Jfere is the Territory tf Kansaswhich
not only 'does not'give U3 any "profec'tfon",
but which, I am informed, has legislated
adversely. One Senator from - Mississippi
Mr. Brown) has brought forward a proposw
tion i interfere for the protection, ol'-slavtry
in that Territory, and yet he has not gotten
one Southern man toback himfand if 'you
were to submit the question to a body of South
em Senators I have very great doubt whether
you'would'get them, to agree to such legisla
tion." " Mr. Clingman is an approved democrat,
and although he was then understood to be
friendly to Mr. .DouoLAShe is now. we
learn, for Mr. Breckinridge; but however
that is it does not alter the fact, that the
demand was not insisted upon in Congress
by the very men who urged it before the
people as a sine qua non to a continuance" of
the Union. The fact was not denied,' and
it establishes the charge beyond the shade
of a doubt that the demand was concoeled
and proclaimed for the sole purpose of being
used as a pretext for breaking up the demo
cratic parly, and thus aidingthe election
of a Republican to the Presidency; and there
upon ''precipitating the. Cotton States into
a revolution." - - - ' ''
' Having now traced the course of,' the
treasonable conspiracy from the time it was
eystematised. and shown bote the conspira
tors have endeavored to circumvent the
people and bring them' by dhiJJen path and
plausible pretexts to its support, we beg the
indulgence of our readers . while we invite
their attention and serious consideration to
the more recent facts attending the Charles
ton, Richmond and Baltimore Conventions,
and to facts contemporaneous with. them
and to occurrences since. i "
We have shown that Mr. Yancet was the
originator of this, disunion movement, and
was its head and front from thelOth of May,
1858, till the Alabama Democratic State.
Convention in 1860. He duly made his ap
pearance at Charleston. . As . soon as he
reached that city, all eyes' were turned to
him as the chosen leader of the disunion-
ists. On the nigAt of the 2st April,i before -j
the meeting of the Convention he got up a meet
ing of the Southern delegations, whicliif
thus referred to by the editorial correspon
dent of the Atlanta, Q., InteIligncerK in bis
letter of the 22nd: . '
."One of the most important (if not the
most important) actions that has yet been
had by the delegates, was the action of the
Southern delegations last night. : An infor
mal meeting was gotten up in the evening,
comprising representatives from every
Southern delegation except those of Vir
ginia, North Carolina, Missouri and Tennes
see, of which meeting Hon. Wm L. Yancet,
of Alabama, was appointed Chairman, and
a free expression of opinion was had from
the representatives of each delegation. The
conclusion arrived at was, that the delega
tions from each Slate of the South -would stand
by and endorse the action of Alabama in the
convention. . . When you reflect that the Ala
bama delegation is positively instructed to re
tire from the convention immediately, if the
convention refuses to incorporate, the 'Protec
tion' clause into its platform, you will at once
perceive that the South has taken a very
high and noble position, and if she only re
mains firm, the convention will be obliged
to occupy a Southern stand-point, and the
South will be safe; but if the South wavers
now if she compromises or concedes
principle for the sake of party expediency,
we may as well give it up and allow Doug
las and squatter sovereignty to 'rule the
; Having carried all hisjpoints in Alabama,
we here have the evidence that he -was
equally successful at Charleston. The re
sult of this preliminary movement was the
presentation, in due . time, of the "protec
tion clause," which was rejected by a ma
jority of the Convention, and the secession,
first, of the Alabama delegation? from the
Convention, followed by seven other States.
The seceding delegations assembled and re
solved to meet in Richmond on the 11th
June. They met at Richmond, and to show
with what spirit they regarded the Union,
we subjoin, a telegraphic account of scene
on the'12lh. ' A Commlssiohfrom New York
having met them, they were refused admis
sion, but were allowed to speak to the Con
vention by courtesy. The report says:.
"CoL Baldwin ' of Syracuse, ' Baid- that
New York came here to assist to throw the
oil on the troubled waters, to urge you to
do as you have, to take no decisive action,
but to go to Baltimore. The commissioners
he said, agreed with this convention in de
ploring the nomination of an individual
whose selection would be as injurious to
himself, as it would be destructive .to. the
Democratic party, and dangerous to the
Union. Mr. Baldwin proceeded, at some
length to deprecxte the dissolution of the
Union and. tq say that he was one of those who
could not see how the Union could, be dis
solved. ' ' '
Mr. Dawson of Ga., called the gentlemen to
order. '. :. . . i : I :. .-: i i v ; -.
Mr. Baldwin resumed and continued for a
few minutes in the same strain, when
Mr. Barry, of Miss. , arose and said, while
we of the South have avoided all discussion
of the question, we cannot permit others to
open the discussion.- We have allowed the
gentleman from New York to speak by courtesy
and he hat abused that courtesy, ,k
Mr. Baldwin resumed, and was speaking
when a motion to adjourn was made and
Carrie a unanimously." .; i(
They would not even allow a gentleman
to speak in favor of the Union. -They had
their minds made up, and would not permit
discussion. This was the spirit by which
they were actuated, and it is the programme
which they 'carried' out. In the meantime,
between the adjournment at Charleston and
the meeting at Richmond, the Press: in the.
disunion interest, teemed with" eulogies on
the action of the seceders. They were en
couraged to persevere,- never to yield the
contest, and -to insist -on their demands,
and, failing to get them, dissolve the party,.
and the Union, if necessary. They did so'.
They further expressed, their expectation
that they would have Kentucky; Tennessee,
Missouri, North Carolina, Delaware, Mary
land and Virginia with them in a short time:
This expectation was' not 111'-founded, as the
train was already arranged to blow i up the
Baltimore Convention, and to drive the re
cusant Southern States into the ranks of
the conspirators. Everything eventuated
as was desired and intended from the be
ginning. The Baltimore Convention did
blow up ;' the democratic party was divided,,
as predicted by the Washington correspon
dent of the Charleston Mercury in March
ieoy, ana a southern, organization teas form
ed, and Mr. Breckinridg was nominated as
the champion of Congressional protection and
his banner unfurled to the breeze as the stand
ard of the disunionistSj the ullraists, 'the fir
eaters and of the conspirators who plotted and
accomplished the whol thmuj, from beginning
to end. - . .. :. ;.. . .- - ; ' . '
Do we want further proof that . Mr.:
Breckisridg is the candidate of the con
spirators?" Listen to "Mr. "Yancet ; on: the
2d day of this present month of July, in a
speech at Greenville, S." C; as reported in
the Columbia South Carolianian. of the 7th:
"These and several other potent . argu
ments prove most , convincingly ' that the
band of union has been snapped asunder, and
the only ligament that holds the mighty and
cumbrous mass together; is eornmerct. 'Xl s
only now for tht first time the South presents
an uhbrolen front now for the first time she
has told the North, in actions not to be mis-
. r ' '' '
taken, that she will concede no more that
th days' of compromises are past thatshe
must . have her few remaining rights respect-edt-tJ'al'she
must have equality in Ihe united
confederation, or independence outside it. The
South, holding the Constitution in one hand
and the nrord of justica in the other, is pre
pared to resist the overwhelming, illegal
hordes of Northern aggression.?' -
; (At a BBKfjXRjDCE ratification meeting
at Charleston, Sou'h Carolina, on the 9th
inst., Mr. B. was indorsed and eulogised as
thestandaTJ-besrer of opinions which they
approve J, -an J for the. character of. those
opinions, we jubjoin ejtjacts from speeches
made on that occasion as reported by the
Chariest on. CWtVr'o'f the 11th: Gen. Wm.
E7 Martin said :
Ij"Jb.q .KichipoiiJ ,JonTention assembled
and, as my colleague has told you, feit
when there tHal we tcere sent for the purjiose of
mettintr put Sontiern brethren. That is la.
eiif, akhough the- terms- of that call - were
large enough to embrace all tho Democratic
States who werc'in" favor ' of the Platform
reported by the majority at Charleston, yet
I. went there expecting to tec nobody but South-
ea peopleldid. not-see anybody' myself
except a party, of bogus., New . Yorkers who
came there repTesrnting Ebme National Hall
Committee. I never did fully understand
what they came for.--- believed it was to be
practically a jneeiing of Sou liter u men.. That
whs my opinion of it Therefore ; when . I
was asked in Washington what part I would
take and the patty I was with," T reminded
them cf what had occurred in Charleston,
and I &id I would go la' Richmoud and take
advantage. .of the .chapter of. accidents that
might occur for the benefit of Ihe South.".--i
; .; .... ,. , j . '
'ti Capt.' B. H,.RuTLEDaR.saiJ; . 1
. .'.'Thus, it is clear, that. in all particulars
has this delegation pursued what they be
lieved to be the principle of the policy pre
scribed by the State for her direction. They
declined throughout 1 any interlacing with
the National organization,' but they sympa
thized in every respect with any proceedings
which was essentially Southern in its spirit,
and although this movement is ..conserva
tive so far as it goes, inasmuch, as it is a
further appeal to the justice and patriotism
of the North, still it is indirectly a Southern
movement upon. Southern principles,, by a
united South. The South has been
firm up to this point. If she has resisted
the minor points with such resolutions re
cently, lei un hope and pray that, in honor
.and-nonaistency ishe irill also atand firm j
when the piratical flag is ruu up to the
mast-headland nailed there. Upon euch an
event, every operation, of the Federal Govern-
'ment ought to be made to stop within tlte'lnn 4
its of every Southern Slate. No Judge
should administer Federal justice no Col
lector ' J should' collect" Federal " customs
throughout Southern State?. No Southern j
vianthould consent Jg hoJ4'llMc under-a
fommmission signed ly an abolition President,
and it will be for the people of , the South tr
say whether. any Northern man stall be per
mittedMk enter the. State lines with such inter
Hon. Ill Bahxtell"Rhett, tho same who
declared on the 4th of July, 1859, in a
speech at GraTiamville, , S. C, that in his
latter years he "did all he could to dissolve
Iter the South' connection with the North
AND. TO ESTABLISH , fob. ,HKa " A SOUTHERN
Confeperact," said: j '
'"Now my friends, this consolidation is
culminating into- the Presidential election.
We havo now going on a struggle; we have
now at . last got the two sections of the
Union pitted against ' the other. . On the
other hand we have those who deny the
rights of 4the Southl and there are those
who, like yourseTf,"denounca Squatter Sov
ereignty.. . The Black Republicans affirm it
to be their object by the direct legislation
ef Congress," to abolish slavery in the Ter
ritories. Consolidation in this Presidential
election culminates eventually to victory or
ruin. If we shall defeat our adversaries, if
the North rise urAnd on this occasion gives
us our rights, we may hold it as an omen of
good for the future. If they aid us in -the
election of men who will stand up fairly for
their ' country, " content to give us those
rights by electing Breckinridge and Lane,
harmony and peace will be once more
among us, and we may look to the future
with hope. '"" . , .'. .... j
iitIf, on ..the t contrary, the. Black Rejulli-
cans succeed in electing Lincoln and iiamlin
who .will openly advocate that slavery be
abolished throughout the whole world, then
we have to 'look to ourselves. " lam
very chary of seeing tthe South pass reso
lutions. . am sick at heart of vain attempts
to hold out the olive branch, when we should
grasp the sword." -
Hon. . Wm. -Porheb Miles, member of
Congress, indorsed entirely the speech of
Mr.' Bhett, and in the course of his remarks
said; f . . . i K '
"It is juonstrous, simply-monstrous,
will not go into the consideration of the man
ner in which that party attempted to ram
down our throats a man distasteful to us. If
we did not choose - to have him; we had a
right to , select some one better. ' But the
South was not so prominently brought for
ward, sin truth, we .did not know who was
the choice of the South. . We said Douglas'
notions of squatter sovereignty .are uncon
stitutional, and that the South could not ac
cept him as their standard-bearer, i let it
was Douglas or nobody; Douglas or defeat;
and so it is tfte, great Democratic party' has
been disbanded.- I do not regret if. - Great as
that party has been; great as its triumphs;
worthy as its services, when that party, or
any great party," becomes subservient to the
will ef the monocracy,- ana will tear away
constitutional principles for the purpose of
transient success, sayz perish such partyr'
no matfer what mat be . the t result. . .
How do we stand Low?" The South' stands
upon her own platform, dependent vpen her
. s . Tl'. .7w .
own strong arm jur Buppvri. rr c iiuvb uciit.
mined to support two men who have cordially
and heartily indorsed the Platform with a
Southern cods. In that respect, we will
have, for the first time, the south standing
togetlier in solid phalanx. I know both theso
gentlemen who are our candidates.1 They are
both able, and , I believe them both to be
sound." -. ; i ;
.The following are a portion of the resolu?
tions a3opted by this meeting, and are in
perfect keeping with the speeches, and with
the general disunion programme:
"Resolved, That we heaTtilyarprove of the
proceedings of the Richmond Convention,
and will uphold the principles tnai conven
tion has announced, and the candidates it
has nominated for the Presidency and Vice
Presidency of the United States. :
'2. Resolved. That in the course pursued by
the -delegates from Sooth Carolina in the
Richmond .Convention,, we recognize a Bieru
fidelity to the rights of the South, and hail
their success, in the results which nave been
-accomplished, With' Our most coraiai approv
al and congratulation. "
-A 'Resolved, That we congratulate . the
Southern people on their union in the defence
of their rights, as lately displayed at Eich:
mond and Baltimore, and as theg look for no
power hut their own for the protection of their
rights, it is a source oi priae anu
on to know that tney neeu no omer ior
their complete vindication and perpetuity to
all time." - '
To evince how prevalent is the same feel
ing among the subordinates in this endeavor
to overthrow the Union, and -of "what occa
sions they avail themselves, to enlist the
popular sympathies ints behalf, we have
but to refer to the following toasts" offered
at a 4th of July (last) celebration at Cam
den S. C, as roported by the Camden Jour-
1 f, r,
'The Democratic Parly-Qxtct 'glorious,
but now fallens-may a united South spring
from. ls ruinf.:';" -4 j Ai:.li i
The Military System of south varoitna.
t The Richmond Convention -A splendid
SBeeessi-ir Ail--''- uc t ?
Bexcetxrioge and Lane., .;
'-And the .following,! proposed-at a celebra
tion ;of the same . day, at Walterboro, as
given by the Charleston Jfrrcwry of the 11th:
!t By Y. Q, Behrb,-Esq-The day we eel
ebrate We can now only cherish it for the
past. - May w soon oe aoie 10 greet o iur
aawo- At a iflna in be. nimT i o utc lip md
first President-ofaheSontbera Confedera-
V We have thus ursoed this infamous con
spiracy through-all its progress from itl in
ception io tha preeeni day. ..We. havfj seen
to what expedients Jt has resorted to win
its way in popular favor, and how it has led
unsuspecting people'to give it their coun
tenance and support; how it has over
thrown and disbanded the democratic party
m strict accordance with its original design
and purpose; how it has spurned all efforts
of every sort and from every, quarter at
compromise, and forced many men from the
conservative States of the South to take po
sition in its ranks ; how it has swept away
the ancient landmarks of conservatism and
confraternity in the Union, and set up in
its stead the pretended god of a Southern
Confederacy; how it has planned a revolu
tion ef the government and how it proposes
to carry out and consummate it; howit has
crged its way, step by step; how it-has
jaulted from success to success, and glories
in Jhe near approach of a final triumph a
triumph which wia be celebrated, if ever,
by bonfires Kindled in our Federal Capital
and r-kindled . in the cities ' and towns
throughout the Union, by the burning of
our homes and the destruction of our house
holds We ask the reader to pause and re
flect upon the facts that we have arrayed
before him, and their coneequences. '
' Mr. Brecthnridge himself is aware of
these facts,- and in assuming to uphold the se
cession banner,' he is responsible to the country
and to posterity for all that may be done un
dir it through his instrumentality. That he
is aware of it, and sympathises with it we
have his own words. In a speech, delivered
at Frankfort, Ky., on the 21st, December,
1S59, he said:
"Fellew:citizens, I propose now to offer
you some reflections on another aspect of
public affairs. We have been speaking of
questions that concern Kentucky no more
than the other states; but we may soon have
to meet questions that come nearer home
fireside, hearthstone questions. I disclaim
the spirit of an alarmist or a demagogue;
yet, since I have been acouainted with
public affairs, there never was a time when
the interests of this Union were in so much
peril, or when the feelings of the people
were so much alienated as at this hour
Certainly, if the aspect of affairs at Wash
ington is in the slightest degree indicative
of the feeling elsewhere, this statement is
mournfully true.'" ' . - - j
And after referring to the Republican
party, continued:. ,
"Resistence in some form is inevitable. I
Seme members of the Confederacy may con
template it in the form of a separate politi
cal organization. Kentucky, while a single
ray of hope penetrates the thick darkness,
will resist under the Constitution and with
in., the Union. Resistance, I repeat, is
We cannot delude ourselves with the
thought that the dangers that menace us are
afar off, nor should others delude them
selves with the thoughtthat there,will be no
resistance. Constitutional resistance we
contemplate to the latest moment, even
against unconstitutional attacks. But whin
the. subject of contest reaches the homes
and firesides of a people, who is wise enough
to predict er control the progress of events?.
1 have seen the growing evidences for the
last, few years,, culminating recently into
proof, of the determination of the Republi
cans to take possession, if possible, of the
government, for the purposes I have de
scribed. And I have seen in the Represen
tatives of the lower Southern States a most
resolute and determined spirit of resistence.
In the meantime I perceire a sensible loss
of that spirit of brotherhood that feeling
of love for a common country that favor cf
loyalty which are at last the surest ce
ment of the Union; so that in the pres en
unhappy state of affairs, I was almost temp
ted to exclaim that we are dissolving, week
py wees and month by month. The threads
are gradually fretting themselves asunder;
and a stranger visiting Washington might
imagine that the Executive of the United
. States was the President of two hostile re
publics. Our wisest and best men observe
this growing feeling of alienation, and it
has become with them the subject of anxious
thought and conversation. " They are alarm
ed, but it is not craven terror; it is the noble
fear' that patriots feel for an imperrilled
Perhaps the most imminent danger
springs from the possible action of certain
members of the confederacy. The repre
sentatives from South Carolina, Georgia.
Alabama and Mississippi, not to mention
other Southern States, say that they repre
sent their constituents nay, that they
scarcely go so far as their constituents
and ' most of them declare that they are
reaay at any moment for a separate organi
zation. 'Some of the southern legislatures
have passed resolves of this character
and we may safely assume that is the true
leeiing of the people. .
w Weli.might Gen. Martin, theSo. Ca., del
egate above quoted, exclaim at a Breckin
ridge ratification meeting :
-"And having read carefully his speech
delivered at Frankfort, Kentucky, when he
could not have expected a nomination, I am
now bett er satisfied that he is a States Rights
man of the strictest school more satisfied
than I was when ' I gave him my vote at
Richmond. In that speech he lays down a
broad ground a ground that I will close
my remarks with, and save me a great deal
of what I intended otherwise to say. He
tells his people that the Democratic party
was a . very good thing in itself, but they
were not to rely upon the Democratic party
on any party. They were to rely upon
themselves. The South must rely upon its
own Btrong arm and ; be. prepared for any
and every emergency."
And well might R. G. - Scott, a delegate
from Alabama, as he is reported to have
done at Richmond," Va , unfurl the Breckin
ridge banner with the war cry of
"PROTECTION OR BLOOD."
i t i .
At the Sewanee House, in this city, July the 15th, by
J. R. Brings, Esq., Mr. P. I. Wells, of Louisville, to
Miss IL'L,Bt-tiiix,.otMIi-0.iervHh. Kv -
Loutevillc papers please cop-.
.HOW-LOST, HOW RESTORED.
Just Published, in a Sealed Envelope,
A LFjCTURE OX THE KATTTtE. TREATMENT AXD RA-
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Mental and Physical iK'biiity.
; -Br ROB. J. CTLVERWIXL, M. D-,
The Important fa.-f, tliat ' the awful "cxinseoucnce of
self-abuse may be ell.-ctually removed witltout internal
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the least possible exist, thereby avoiding all the' adver
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boon to thousands and thousands. .
Sent under seal to any address. Mrtrim. on the re
ceipt or two postage sumiw. by addressing Ir. CHAS.
J. C. KLINE, 480 First Avenue, New York, Post Box
4JJS8. .. - - - -- - hilvlS-tf
PAR T NER SHIP.
" HAVE THIS PAY ASSOCIATED MATTHEW A PHY
. w itb me in business, tlie name of the Arm to be
Robert Slue. Co.. KOBFJtT MXRE.
i July I, ISttO. - s 4I Walnut street.
BORKKT OORE. "- ' ; Jf ATTtnTW AIIT. '
ROBERT 3IOOIIE & CO,,
Produce Commission Merchants,
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4 SLZ--f-ik - CTXCLXXATI, OHIO,
Purchase and sell, exclusively on commission. Flour,
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J.O ' " :- vwjaw; ' -
TirE undersigned having suggested to the Clerk of
the County Court of Haviustio county, the iusot
veaer of tha estate of Jao. K, Hjia, dee d., all persous
1ai big claims antiist the same, -are hereby nottned to
appearand file the same duly authenticated as prescrib
ed by law, in or before, the 1st dav of January, 1861,
-ith. id Clerk, or tlie sura 4. wiU be fin-ever barred,
both in law and equity.
SARAH ANN HILL,
, ' - BULLET SEED.
tff BUSHEL MILLCT, f jr sile for Cash by
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M O F F A T S
Life Pills and Phoenix Bitters,
THEPE JfEPiaXES h. now bei before the
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every part of the Glob, i,r uir .SrrS
immedute powerr restoring perfect heaHh 1
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tb human Iran is liabta. iu a .
...Tf2ll0Wi",C """" th distressing varietv of
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Vegetable JLife Medicines
Are known to be infallible. - -
DYSPEPSIA, hy thuroutUlycltansiiu; the first an J
second auwocuiuul treat ui a flow of purelbw, f
bile, instead of the stale and acrid kind- FTk-nf
ax.-H.HAr, which are the general M-mptouw of lK-nZZl
sia, will vanish, a- a natural oonoeqot-nce of its curT
C3STTVENESS, by ckV aWk'JIe
the uitrstincs wiiu a solvent prooesB. and without viiT
k-uoe; all violent purges k-ave the boweU costive wit
tolwodays. . --
FEVERS of all kinds, br restoring the blood to a
regular circulation, through the prorevs of respu-ai
m such cascs.and the thorough swiutkaiof all intestinal
obstruction in others. ,.
-Jlli"1 MEDir" have been known to cure SHTTT
KATISJC permanently in Uirv werfca, and GOUT ih
bait Uiai time, by removing local maamuutiuu trutn
tbe muscle and ligimenta ot the joints.
. DEOPSIES of all kinds, b v froeing and strengthen.
Df kjlU'8 bJ t'ladder; they opmie most. d
ugutmuy on these important ergang. and hence ka a
GEAVELUna Cef''U remeJy for worst casesoT
lK-Jt' "WORMS, by dislodging from the turnings of
aahw. bimiy nuUU5r to 'n'rf Hee creature
,,,EVY, UXCKES & ISVETERATE SORES,
in blood, and all Ihe humors.
loS3?BCTIC. EE.TJPTI0K3 and aD COMPIJCC
tht .li - y B,--"'ta-t upon the fluids that te.xl
. ,he nol',i1 tl of which uccaSHus hll
The u.se the Mik. for a verr short time will enVst
Tin entire cure of 8 ALT RHITJM, and a ttr.kine u7
prorement in the -w-nrn.-.s ,4 niu 111. mMVn T
COLDS nt INTLTJE N ZA will alwaT t?5di ?
ooe dos. or by luo ui the worst rases. "
PILES. The original proprietor nf these Iedicin-
was cured of llles of 36 years standing bv the use .
tbe LIFE MKPJ01VE alone. - "
FEVER AND AGUE. For this ocnorge. of tl,s
W tru country, these .lmicine4 will be found a eaf
speedy and certain remedy, other medicines leave Urn
system subject to a return of the disease a cure 1 r
these Medicines is permanent TRY THEJf BE SATI.
FIFO AND BE CTRER
BILIOUS FEVKS ft LIVES COJfPLAIITrs
.t.vKKAi. iiesiunr, Lut of Apmrnc, aud Ubusei j
Kkhales the Medicines have been used with the nto-t
benelicial results incases of this description: Ktw a
Evil aud Sreoma, in iu worst forms, yields to tl,
mild yet powerful act iou of these remarkable Medicine i.
u :irr Sweats: Vkuvoi-q lkrwim- V .---. 4 ' ...... ... .
of all kiuds, Pauttatiox ok m IUlikt. Fju.vtks- Couo
MERCURIAL DISEASES. Persons whose -
PtltUtllrtLS lijftVa laaVMi4M lliutairu.1 hi th .ni...tiA.., .. .
..wfWHw mj uv tujuun anu u7
of Mercury, will find these Modicmes a perfect cure, as
im-y urviT uu iu erauicaie ironi tne svstem, all theei
fects of Mercury, infinitely sonner than the most pow
erful preparations of arsaparilla.
r-reparea ana sold or
, W. U. JTIOFFAX,
. . 205 EaoADWAT, Nsrr York.
FOR SALE BY Ali DRUGGISTS.
On the European Plan,
CITY OF JHEW YORK.
Single Iloonis 50 cents per Day,
City Hall Square, corner of Eranhfbrt St.,
(Opposite City Hall.) '.
Meals, as they may be ordered, in tle spacious R.-fectiH-y.
There is a Barber's Shop and Bath Rooms at
tached to tbe Hotel.
X. B. Bkwabk of Rrxxints and HiriHt wlio say
wearefuU. 1. FBEKCIf,
:OIiEY-S LAMES' BOOK, for August- .
GOriEVS LADIES' BOOK, for August.
KNICKERBOCKER MONTHLY, for August. '"
KNICKERBOCKER MONTHLY, tor August.
ITTERSOX-S MAGAZINE, for Angust.
PETFJISOX S MAGAZINE, for August.
Ja- received by JOHX YORK z CO.,
jiilylS-tf . X.x. 38 Cnioa street.
A Splendid Chance for Showmen.
On Wednesday mornin; July 25, at 10 o'elk,
BEXJ. F. SHIELDS will sell at public sale, at their
auction rooms, opposite, the Sewaneft House, th t
magnificent Panorama of BUXYaN'S PILGRIM'
PROGRESS one of tbe most successful exhibition
paiutiugs etaut. Ibe sale will be positive, and
great bargain may be looked for. Terms cash.
julyl7-td - oac
rTHE Copartnership heretofore existing nnder ths
L style of Edwards, UUkeson t Co., ia this day
disolved by mutual consent. J. K. Gilkeson retir
ing from the Arm.
July 15, 1860. JO. EDWARDS,
. J. K. GILKESOX,
' - - - - B. P. LDWARDS.
F. B. JL41UUB.
E. r. XDWAKDS.
EDWARDS, HARRIS & CO.,
(srrx-EssoRs TO KPWABne, cnxntsox k oo.)
WILL COXnXT'E "THE " "
FOEWAEDIXG A XD COMISSM ETSIXEJS
At the old stand, corner of College and Church tts.
- July 16-tf.- .
fTHE SEVEXTEEVTH PE3SION OF THIS IXSTmr
X tion will open on Monday, the 3d of September.
1S60. - .
W. D. CAR.TF9, late President of East Tenneasea
Tniversity, has been called to the position of Presi
dent of the College, and will enter npoo tha active
discharge of his duties at the opening cf the sessio k
Otherwise the Faculty remvns unc hanged.
While there Is no disposition oo the part of thorw
having control of the Institution to boast, they feel
the strongest confidence in commencing it to the
favor of parents and guardians. Its past reputata
for the sound scholarship and correct manly bearii r
of its students Will bll faithfHi I v ma into iwA
species of dissipation will be guarded against and
mo du"iikcti cimrw niaae to xeep toe pupils frve
from the blasting vices that bring speedy ruia npoit
so many youths in our land.
The lieaJtiiioinei rS ,H lnfl; i- . . .
-'.J a auMUIMKHU IU
our county. Ihe charges are moderate and fully
within the reach of all of uiflvimi . -
- w w em
Ihe Female school connected with the College wi!t
be continued as heretofore.
sT For other information address - .
W. D CARNES, President,
, Franklin College, Tenmisaee.
' ! - J - Or W LIPsCOMB.Secreury,
Franklin College, Tenuesseel
SALES ROOM XO. 27 COLLEGE STREET.
Special Auction Notice.
OX Wednesday morning, Jaly 18th, at 9 o'cloct.
BEXJ. F. SHIELDS A CO.. will sell ..Thnn, '
serve for cash, an Invoice of Prime Rio Coftee, Loaf
and Crushed eogar, Layer Raisins, Fine Cigars, Ij
quors.etc. 20 cases Cabinet Chan.Di?na W.rw.. u,
and pts.;25 baskets assorted brands do., to whicH
we call ine attention of Families.
. Win be added, a yariety of uneta! tail Ornamental
items, cale positive.
JuljH-lf - BEXJ. F. SHIELDS & CO.
Cholera Flux, Dysentery.
NO family should be without the Pvsentery Syr
op to tue House. Children are dying daily from
Bowei Complaint, which this t emedr would Dromntl v
Debility f roui'lleat.
While the Thermometer ranges over 96 in th
shade, the Graefenberg HEALTH BmC&d, which
cost 25c a package, makes the beat sfawogthening
tonic in the world. For S& cents yon cati make half
a gallon of these health giving Bitters, which aid tha
ippetite, give power to the constitution, regulate tha
bowels and codouot s general debility. Kww at that
season lor their use.
Julyl3-tf . MACKENZIE k WXCHIX.
One of tbe most Fopnlar and Be ncrolent
On Deaderlclc street, 1
NASiJlVIUL,E, TENNESSEE. !
THC Poetor;hlmseir is an eld JPrarlitiorrer, fom
tbe old and this eoentry, being already 15 yean
in America, having manfully and hocorably sur
mounted ail the trials ef the new world, aud bat
tled and conquored death of the whole raneot dis
eases of our different chmatrs,8onUi and North,
taat the time of his success ia the treatment of gen.
eral and private diseases is indisputable, for whichi
he has the most reliable references.
Special attention paid to diseases of Females and
Children, and much gratification he feels, ia gener
al, by being;ontrusted with desperate cases, tor !
illustrate his skilL He Is conversant wilhthe Ameri
can, French and German languages, and always
ready to tender hit advice and terrenes with polite
ness, conscientiousness and discretion. '
Persons at a distance may have his advice aad
medicines by consulting him through letters, inclos-.
ing a fee, to Post-office Box No. 336.
His Family Residence is oa North Market street.
18 6 0.
- i - k . , Coubctok's Cmci, Crrr Hil,
July llta, 1S60.
THOSE Indebted for Corporation Taxes for the
present year, a well as for the tax due tha
Nashville and Xorth-western Railroad, are, hereby
not. lied to come forward and pay the same without
delay. Thle notice extends to those owning Beal
Estate or Persona! Property in the corporate limits,
aad those charged with Poii Tax. Call at the ottee,
City Hall, npper n4 of the Market Houae
. jBlllM.. -7-X ' ."' .! ... . Collector,