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- FRIDAY, DECEMBER.!, 1SC0.:'
v .. Ex-Got. Brown's Letter.
') We lake great pleasure in laying the elo
qnent and patriotic letter of the Ei Got
Vras. S. Brown, of this city, before our
readers; and atk for it an attentive perusal
by men of all claaees and parties. It is
alike the production of a clear and compre
hensive intellect, and a disinterested and pa
triotic heart. We trust that when men like
Got. Browx, of unbending political integrity
and lofty purpose, rpeak of the fearful perils
which earround ns as a nation, and the poli
cy beat calculated to enable "us to pa
through them in safety, they will be heard
LETTER FUOa EX-COY. XEILL S. BEOUX.
" Nashville, Dec. 10, 16C0.
GrsTLEMix : Your esteemed favor of the 1th
insC has been received, requesting my opinions
and views upon the present condition of our
public siLurs. I wish I were able to answer
you, as becomes the magnitude of the occasion.
Hitherto, the part I have been called to per
form in politics, has been on a beaten track and
in the line of precedents. We are now sum
moned to survey a field new to ua alL We
are in. the midst of a revolution, at which the
wisest of us may well stand aghast. I bhare
with those who lament most this state of things,
and am ready to share with those who are most
willing to ascertain and apply a just remedy.
Our cherished Union is in danger of dissolu
tion, and we are required as American citizens
and patriots, by all that is dear to us and our
children, to look the peril in the face and meet
it as best we can. I am a Union man, and
have been since my first lessons upon the
origin and history of our government. And if
there has been any one thing on carta which
I have worshiped more than all others, it is the
. . V- - .IT " f . . 1
.American c mon. .aii m v lseaa oi our srengui,
progress and glory as a cation, Lave been con
centrated in the Union and its preservation.
It was the Union of the American colonies that
achieved our independence. It was this same
Union under the articles of confederation, that
maintained a languid national existence, until
dire necessity prompted 'the formation of a
more perfect Union by tlte elablihment of our
present constitution. This last evens was, in
my pinion, the greatest political achievement
in the whole history of the human race. It was
the act of a free and enlightened people, in
augurating for the first time their existence
among the nations of the earth. It gave them
a power over themselves which they had never
enjoyed before. It gave them an influence
over others, which they had not ljeen able to
exert. It supplied revenue to pay their debts;
to build a navy; to erect light-houses; to con
struct forts; to maintain an army; to conquer
the wilderness and to extend and protect the
march of settlement. Under this same Union
our population has increased in seventy-one
years, from three to thirty millions. The
States have multiplied from thirteen to thirty -three.
Our territory has extended from the
Atlantic beach, on down far away over the
paths of the buffalo and the wild savago, to the
shores of the Pacific spreading out like a vast
panorama, with all its variegated beauty. Our
immense mercantile marine, now rivalling that
of the mistress of the seas, derived its origin
from the same source, and owes its unparalleled
growth and expansion to the same benignant
and fostering power. I mlht ask what would
have been the condition and .prospects
of Tennessee to-day, but for the Union?
Would it have been a State at all or a
battle ground between the pioneer and the red
man of the forest? Or, if a State, would it
have contained it3 present population, wealth
and resources its smiling fields and prosper
ous cities, towns and villages ? Would we be
the owners of the vast territory beyond the
Mississippi ? Would the vallies of the South
now teem with cotton, rice and sugar, which en
ter bo largely into the consumption of the world?
Would we have the full command of the great
father of waters, and the flourishing emporium
at its mouth? These are speculations which
we cannot solve with certainty, but instead of
possessing all these, with the boundless fruits
yet in store, I do not believe we would have
been a live nation to-day but for this same
Union we would long since have perished
from the earth by intestine feuds, or become
an easy prey to a foreign spoiler and gone
back to provincial vass?Hage. In point of
material progress, OKjr history is without a par
allel. We we;e fevr now we are many. We
were wea"i now we are strong and mighty
and invincible. We were poor now we are
"rich in all that can minister to the wants, and
even the fancies, of man. We have by our
growth excited the wonder of the world, and
confounded all the old theories of government.
And all this has been accomplished within the
life-time of some now living.
It would be impossible to estimate the indi
vidual wealth which owes its acquisition and
accumulation to our present government
Though wrought out by private effort, combin
ed with good fortune, it was in the soil of the
Constitution and laws that it grew, as the plants
in the garden where they are reared. 31uch is
due, also, in this aspect, to the power of the
government to protect the fortunes of the tra
der or adventurer in foreign countries, and
the fidelity with which that power has been
exerted is a standing testimonial in its behalf.
But there is another point of view in which
the value of the government maybe regarded,
which though less striking to the senses, has
been of far more importance to us and to the
world and that is, its influencepon the arts
and sciences upon religion, civilization and
liberty. Within the period of our history, I
maintain, that no nation has ever accomplished
ao much in these respect. Look at our schools
and colleges all over the land ! Look at our
newspaper press and its vast extent t It has
been estimated that there are more newspapers
in one single State than on the whole continent
f Europe and that there are more books
old in a certain other State than in the whole
of Germany. This results from the combined
tree spirit of enterprise and general prosperity,
inspired and largely produced by the govern
ment itself- The fine arts, too, have been il
lustrated by our people to an extent flattering
to our national pride This has been the coun
try of inventions, in all the useful and ordina
ry branches of art; sad the traveler in distant
portions of the earth will find here and there
monuments of the genius of hi countrymen,
among the devices to abridge kbor and to pro
mote the comfort and happiness of man.
i No people can be found . aa intelligent as
those of the United States, or so thoroughly
imbued with the principles of rational liberty
that liberty which needs no defence and im
poses no restraints but what are to be found
in law and order. Among what other people
on earth baa religion been to widely diffused ?
It has come down from its pampered height,
sad mingles with iU votaries as a companion.
Its altars are every wherein the palaces of
' the city, and In the log structures of the far
wesC TTpon its banner is emblazoned, no im
perial devices, and no- special insignia of pro
lection, but the simple badge of "free tolera-
tion- All tnese aicereai aepariments t in
dustry of education -of -the. ne arts anJ of
moral culture find their chief, spring in our
form of goVernment ia theunon of the jeo
! pie and of the States in its power to protect,
I and in ILe- genial In.splra 'Ian -nhif TC lirisatLcs
The influence of our form of government
upon the destinies -rfhrr pntri ml frthrT
States, maj be appealed to in testing its value.
It has been looked to by the oppressed of every
land, as the great exemplification of human
Eberty.'JJtal'rtarnft: ftaae&asatchwoxd. In
manv a bloody battlefield on the hustings and
in the. Senate, The war cryt of a "United
Italy" has rang across the Atlantic from amid
the crumbling monuments of antiquity, lite
the voice of political resurrection. "AVe cannot
contemplate such a , heroic struggle without
emotion, and we would arrogate , but linle in
assuming that our crwnexample has had bo
small share in producing the mighty inspira
tion. Indeed, our Union is regarded by all the
world, and up to this time, by ourselves also,.
as the embodiment of our liberty, as it has
been of our strength. Its dissolution would be
viewed as the end of our career in the path of
self-government. The American citizen, as he
now roam3 ' over the -earth, commands . respect
every where, like the Ancient Roman, on ac
count of his country. . The story of our 'inde
pendence LaS traveled beyond the boundaries
of civilization, and mingles in the wild song of
the Arab, as he watches his flock, or reads the
stars by night. Our government could not be
destroyed without producing a painful vibra
tion throughout the ranks "of human society.
But it was not my object in writing this let
ter, to -pass a mere eulogy on the Union. There
was a time, however, when such- labor was
pleasant both to the writer and the reader.
Now, whoever attempts it, incurs the imminent
hazard of sharp ridicule, and is fur'unate if he
is not placed in the sophomore class.
It is sufficient to sat tuat without -jrr we
would have been nothing. With it, we have
become far more than our forefathers ever un-
ticipated. We Lave a country possessing every
variety of climate and soil, and adapted to
everv gnecies of srrowtli and pursuit : and we
have a government, it seerns to me, in as com
plete harmony with our natural advantages and
condition, as if it had been the work of Ilivinc
The General Government was made for gen
eral purposes, and is supreme within its sphere.
It was not diimed, as some insist, to inter
fere with local questions and local interests.
These are exclusively under the powers reserved
to the States and the people. The General
Government revolves within its orbit in nii-jcs
tic grandeur the chief luminary in the con
stclLition. The States,, witiun their ppherjc,
have equal independence and dignity, and dis
pense their power fcr local purposes alone.
Thus all the wants of society, general and local,
at home and abroad, are accommodated, and
in a manner tliat would have been ininractiea
ble by the General Government alone, or by
die States alone. Our form of government
has been considered, heretofore, by all classes
of our statesmen, as approaching perfection
itself. Scarce I v a crave criticism has been
made upon the Constitution, even bv the most
morbid and dissatisfied ; and I believe no seri
ous movement has been attempted for several
generations to procure amendments. In fact,
the unparalleled success which has attended us
up to this period, has been a standing exem
plification of the wisdom of the frrrmers and
the perfection of their work. The complaint,
even now, is not of the form ff government,
but of the violations of the provisions of the
Constitution-. ' I - admit that this comjilaint is
well founded, and entitled to the gravest re
spect. I am not so strong in my love for the
Union, as to be for it right or wrong, for that
would be a spirit of slavery. This government.
or any other, ought to be broken up whenever
it ceases to perform its pledges, or ."conies to
be habitually used as an engine of oppression
by the strong against the weak. Result as it
may, and cost what it may, a free people can
not and will not submit to be enslaved or mal
treated, even under the forms of constitution
and law. I am also a firm advocate of South
era rights, in the fullest sense, as I understand
them, and would never consent to theiciiuiTen-
der under under any circumstances. Araon
thee rights is that of holding slaves, which is
fixed and settled by the constitutions and laws
of all the Southern States, and recognized by
the Federal .Constitutionitselu . This species
of property stands, in myv opinion, upon the
some basis, in every respect, as any other spe
cies of property held in the South or the North;
and there is no power on earth, except in the
States where it exists, that is authorized
to interfere with it in any way, and
with the sinsle exception of the fugitive
slave law, there is no general law, and cannot
rightfully be any, to operate upon it, and that is
for the protection of the lights of the owner.
Such, I have no doubt, was the spirit and inten
tion and expectation of the framers of the Con
stitution ; and such, I have as little doubt, was
the spirit, and intention, and expectation of
the people of the different States, when they
adopted it. Such I believe, too, is clearly de
ducible from the instrument itself. And it a
confirmation of all this were necessary, it is to
be found in the fact that twelve of the thirteen
States that adopted the Constitution, , held
slaves, and it would be to arraign their wisdom
and common sense, to Euppose them so indif
ferent to their own interest, as to leave it wholly
unguarded a mere special municipal institu
tion, distinguishable In any respect in its rights
from other property. In short, Congress. Las
no power over the question of slavery in any
way, either to propagate or to prohibit it, ex
cept to pass a fugitive slave law in such form
as to render it efficient and to make it meet the
mandate of the Constitution-and outside of tin?,
property in slaves stands on the same footing
as any other property no higher and no lower.
Of course, I . niean to insist that the owner of
a slave has as much right to take .him to a ter
ritory belonging to the United States, as he has
any other property, and keep Lim there with
out molestation, during the whole territorial
career, and can be made to yield to' nothing,
except the Constitution, w hen adopted by the
people, should it exclude slavery. The mor
ality or immorality of the institution has noth
ing to do with the subject, in the aspect I am
now viewing it and-1 appeal from every such
question to the Constitution to the contract
itself. Whether it be right in hself, as many
believe or the result of some inscrutable, dis
pensation of Providence, as others maintain-?-;
or the mere subject of cupidity and interest,
and against all good morals, as urged by its.
enemies cannot alter or affect its status under
the Constitution" ,. Without ' Ihe compromises
and guarantees on this subject in the Consti
tution, that instrument, never could have been
adopted, and this government never wonld,
have seen the light. - To this decided, unqualU
fied view of the ngUU of; American slavery,
the pubnc sentiment ana tne public policy mnet
conform, or, in my opinion, it will be impossi
ble to maintain the . Union,'. Such is the posi
tion of our Southern brethren, who are now
preparing in haste and in earnest for the dire
alternative They complain,- and they have a
right to complain, of the imperfect execution
of the fugitive slave law a raw declared to be
Constitutional by the highest judicial tribunals,
and in which they have a special interest.' They
complain, also, and with reasons unanswerable,
of the passage by nine' Northern States, of what
they call "liberty bills.". . These measures were
intended and have had the' effect, 6 "obstroct
the fugitive slave law in its execution, and are
as uneonstkutionalas :they would-be ifthey
had, in "bo many words, nullified the 5 fugitive
slave act itself.
The election of Jlr. Lincoln by a sectional
party, upon the aTowed principle of hostility
to Southern institutions, is the immediate oc
casion ofjbc great excitement now pervading
the South. Serious apprehensions are indulged
J tb&'tras.'tlte tiiaYejxeelingJmsJjeTOmejKJ
strong as to be. able to elect a President, that
no justice is to be- fiad, no quarter to be ex-
pectad.wnrWf its domination and .therefore, it
is unsafe any longer to keen truce with it
The simple selection of Mr. Lincoln, or any
other man, forms no justifiable cause of itself
Lto issolvjthe JJnion.; jiHewasConstitutipnr
ally , elected, whatever we may think or say of
the principles oif which he was eupported.-
What he. will do, or: try to do, "remains to be
seen, and Until then how could we justify our
selves before the cTviiized world.or at the bar 'of
posterity, for breaking jip. .such a government
as this, upon the mere assumption or appre
hension (hat he will perpetrate, or attempt to,
perpetrate some great wrongs. I must be
permitted to say, thatsuch a course upon such
a pretext would bejmmanlj wanting in true
courage, and unworthy of any portion pi the
American people. ' I am not his apologist.
And it is known to most of you, that I did all
I could to defeat his election." I went to New
York, at considerabl inconvenience, and
labored most earnestly for several weeks be
fore, the election,.' to avert, what I ; believed
would be a calamity to my country. I am now
realizing, in all its bitterness, my worst antici-
I patronST put, what" can. jhe actually do ?T I re-
ply, nothing, except what Congress may choose
to permit him. ' 1 There will be a majority in
both Houses- a eainsf hintJ lie- cannot even
organize his. administration without the con
sent of the Senate, nor get a dollar out of the
Treasury without the consent of both. - If he
had the genius and courage of Julius Caisar,
he can be made powerless for good or evil.
Therefore he can do no harm to the South if he
would nor do I believe he would if he could.
We must allow that he has some patriotism
that he has talents, and a love of his own inter
ests and he would be worse than a madman
I to attempt any aggression on the rights of the
I South, knowing, as he does, that it would be
followed by instant resistance. He ' has been
misrepresented, if he has not repeatedly de
clared, during the late canvass, that if elected,
he would execute the Fugitive Slave Law at all
hazards, and that he was opposed to any inter
ference with slavery, either in the States or in
the District of Columbia." If he shall have the
courage to take this stand and maintain it, (and
I think "he will be. impelled to it by every mo
tive, of interest and policy, to say nothing of
the obligations of his oath of office,) it will be
the signal of a wholesome reaction, and there
will arise a 'sound ' public sentiment in the
North, willing and capable of doing justice to
the South, and peace may once more come
over a distracted country. In this view of his
action and the happy consequences, I have
more than a hope I have a strong confidence
founded on the necessity of the times and the
known motives of human action. -., It is alto
gether probable, frotn -the 'teaetlon already
commenced in the public sentiment of the
North, that the "liberty bill''-will 60on be re
pealed in many, if not in all of the States that
have enacted them. These measures were
passed in times of high excitement, and were
more the result of passionate. spite than from
motives of considerate and -permanent policy.
It is not to be supposed that whole communities
will persevere in maintaining such laws, when
they see their country in danger by them and
especially when they begin to reap, along with
us, the h;iryest of death, to our common com
As to the question of the right of taking
slaves fo the publie territories, there is a direct is
sue between ilr. Lincoln and his friends and the
people of the South. They are expressly com
mitted, In their platf orm , ' to the " doctrine of
prohibition by Congress. This would" be "a
grave issue, if we had any territory left upon
which the question could arise. But in fact
we have no territory upon . which the ques
tion has , not .been., settled in. Borne form,
or other, and upon which the country now re
poses. So, whether a Southern man has a right
to go into a. public territory with his slave on
the one band, or Congress has the power to
prohibit him, on the other, is for the present
an abstraction, and might, with' safety, be de
ferred. The occasion may never arise to test
it and if it ever does, it is likely to be under
other auspices than those of the Presidency of
But a large portion of our Southern breth
ren axe less hopeful have ; no confidence in
any corrective to be derived from a change in
public sentiment, and have become tired of all
compromises. 5 They declare immediate seces
sion the only remedy, and they are prepared
to resort to it w ith all its responsibilities. Their
grievaaces cannot be greater than ours.l Indeed,
they are Tess, for residing, as w;e Jo, "near the
border, we lose five, perhaps ten slaves to
the one that is lost by any of the Gulf States.
We are in a position, too, to be more annoyed
by constant apprehension' from the facilities by
w hich we may be assailed. Still we have the
same grievances have a common interest, and
are bound together by a thousand kindred ties,
which we tre unwilling to dissolve. And now,
alter all the speculations' we" may indulge and
all the theories of well grounded hope that re
dress uiay come in the ordinary course of pub
lic opinion, and a corresponding change of pol
icy, we . are '.compelled to take some stand.
And for myself, I announce without hesitation,
that I am opposed to disunion for any existing
cause. Nothing has yet transpired that would
justify ns for a moment, before any rule of
sound morals, or by any tost of wise" policy,
in abandoning such a government as this. rWe
have grievances;"! have enumerated them, and
feel them, and appreciate them as a Southern
man. But 'we have remedies within the Union
wluch we have jiet yet exhausted. J It is. our
duty to ourselves and our jKtsterity, and it is
due to the jnemory of, our fathers and . their
example to try all peaceable means in our pow
er, before resorting to the. dernier right of
revolution, with all the horrors that may ensue
from it Our forefathers spent - long years in
painful argument with . the mother . country,
before . they . took . up arms. ' They had no
voice- In. . the British -legislature,- as we
have in onrs, and they resorted to memorials
to remonstrances and kept an agent near the
scat of government to represent the grievances.
Can-we do less and be worthy of the name we
bear?'il mean ean we do 4ess'"than make a
formal statement of our 'grievances, by our
unived voice, and deuMinddress? .There would
be a power in the position -we would then oc
ciipy,1 which if we fail, we would ;no have in
a precipitate line of action..- ; It would be the
power of moral justice; which, states no more
than individuals can disregard 'with impunity.
We could then invoke with confidence the
judgment "of the"TC0lL"TQor.Tfiaf "to" meet the
verdict of posterity. "- Preliminary steps have
already been taken for a convention in this
State', -with a view to', a conference of . all the
Southern States. . I -cannot .suppose that any
State will decline such a meeting. It ' is 'due
from -each to the other, that they should at
least compare views and sentiments, and in
augurate a harmonious s course of action, if
possible. I take il that all7 who have not de-,
termined to abandon the Union as a matter of
choice, .would " feel jsome confidence in 'the'
moral effect -of United South, and would
linger yet a while along these scenes of their
former glory, 'and' postpone "yet a UUli the
dark day that i to witnpss the. Jeath otheir
tountry, with the fond hope of 'averting such a
catastrophe Li am in favor of such a -conference
in good faith anil intend 1$ do'all, I'can
to promote it. I advocate it and will co-operate
with it, with the purpose and with the be
lief, that it will be the means of adjusting our
difficulties and preserving the Union. - Such a
conference, il seems to me, can easily agree up
on the wrongs we have suffered at the hands of
the govemmtnt, or of the people of the North,
.and CMtrespjctfully Jandfirnalyldeniand. their
redress. If redress cannot be had by ordinary
legislative or executive' action, the occasion is
ot unfit to ask for amendments to the const!
tution, by which all disputed points upon the
, subject of slavery can be settled forever and
Deyona all lusrtner question. That might be,
by establishing the Missouri line in the consti-.
tution, and extending it to the Pacific Ocean,
and erecting a barrier against the interference
by Congress with slavery either among the
States or in die District of Columbia; or by
express admiision of the principle of non-intervention
with idavery in the territories; . If the
people of the United States have so far lost
their love of country that they could not, in
6pirit of conciliation j adopt such amendments,
or any amendments necessary to heal the pres
ent breach and restore harmony, then indeed
may it be truly said that the Union cannot be
preserved an 1 is not. worth preserving. : . It
would then be demonstrated that . what . we
fondly call tba Union, is but a dead body, after
the spirit' has fled, and all the power of galvan
ism will never be able to do more than impart
spasmodic vigor to it. -
i After making such an effort and such an ap
pealsafter affording reasonable time for the
sober second thought if we failed, we could
retire at least with the sad consolation that we
had done our duty ; we could then see the fall
of the venerable temple in which we had wor
shipped, and Lear its loud crash, with the same
emotions with which we would witness the
overthrow of the paternal mansion in which
we were reared ;' we could Eay the fault was
not ours, but It was the force of age and of de
cay the doom of fate !
But I have the most abiding faith in the suc
cess of such a conference, and the calm, firm
and respectful presentation of its demands.
The people of the North have not lost their
patriotism. They are not yet wholly alienated
from us. The bitterness of the present hour
will bring back fresh to them, as to us, the glo
rious memories common alike to both. We
are brethren at last, in spite of our quarrels.
There is a personal kinship between us, which
cannot be obliterated. There is a mutual de
pendence between ns and our interests which
will tell in such a crisis. We may say, in our
moments of ill-temper, that we can do without
each other, but the nearer we approach the ex
periment, the less will be our confidence. Not
to be able . to agree in the spirit in which
our fathers agreed, would prove our own de
generacy. Ihe blood ot martyred heroes
would cry up from the ground against such
shameless and criminal folly. Let us remem
ber, too, that there is a large body of men in
the North, more or less numerous in every
State, who were true to us in the late contest.
They have stood by our rights in all our con
flicts, and have always been successful until
now. 1 nave never seen a more conservative,
lion-hearted bind of men than those with
whom I mingled in the great State of New
York, in the recent canvass. I was a witness
to the herculean efforts they made, day and
night, to carry the State. Alarmed for their
country, they had abandoned their party ban
ners, and stood in serried ranks, hilt to hilt
and shoulder to shoulder, and heart to heart,
under the stars and stripes. I remember them
with pride and satisfaction, and I would be wil
ling to trust to them the honor of the country
and the rights of the South. How often was it
said to me. "We may fail, but tell our friends
in the South to stand by the Union, and we
will sustain.- them to the death. Is if nothing
to part with such men? . They are our true al
lies, and are looking now with deep anxiety
and sympathy at our troubles. Shall we leave
them to their fate ?.f .And worse .than all, shall
we, by rash and precipitate action, make them
our enemies? I" say,., no ! - "no ! Let us
cherish better - and wiser sentiments. . If
we are true to ourselves' and our cause,
those outnumbered but nnconquered le
gions of - the Constitution and ' the Union
cf the North, will rally again to our relief with
new recruits, and share with us certain victory,
with the same loyal spirit that they now share
our defeat. I repeat again, let us wait and re
flect. It is a matter of the very highest con
sequence to us and our children. The world
is to be affected by the movement, and the des
tinies of civil liberty everywhere. I have the
most abiding confidence in a peaceful remedy
by a united South. We can obtain all we de
sire and remain in the Union. We can redress
all our wrongs, without shedding a drop of
blood, without inflicting a pang upon a single
bosom that is now heaving with anxiety. We
can accomplish it without the loud wail that
would go up from a million of brave hearts
throughout- thj South without displacing a
stone or moving an ornament in the glorious
temple of the Union,, or quenching . for a mo
ment the vestal fire that still flames up from
its altar. - "
But under the supposition that any portion of
our Southern brethren, shall refuse to go into
conference with us shall refuse to wait, but
push on their scheme towards dissolution let us
look for a moment at their plan of operations.
They claim what they call the right of peace
able secession that is, that any State has a
right, under the Constitution, to go out of
the Union whenever it 6uits her pleasure to do
so, and that neither the Government nor the
other States have a right to object. I deny
the whole doctrine. It has no place in the
Constitution or out of it V If it exists, it is the
first instance in the ' historyof governments,
where a Constitution provided for its own de
struction and snch would be the effect of it
For if one State has the right, all have it, and
our whole government is a farce and a delusion.
Texas on the day after her admission, after Lav
ing cost bo much "blood and treasure, and after
receiving from the Government ten million of
dollars, might on the same principle have re
tired from the Union, as a matter of right
So might Tennessee to-day, and erect herself
here in the heart of the Union, into a foreign
government, to the annoyance of all her neigh
bors. The Constitution itself, in the first sen
tences of its preamble, furnishes its own inter
pretation, when it says: "We, the people of the
United States, in order to form a more perfect
Union to establish justice ensure domestic
tranquility do ordain and establish this Consti
tution for the United States of America.". That
cannot be construed into a compact among the
States nor can the Union there formed by the
people be construed into a mere league among
sovereign communities. . So thought Washing
ington when he says : "The wnily of govern
ment which constitutes you one people, is also,
tiow alike dear to you," ic Of the same
opinion was Gen. Jackson, as may be seen in
his famous proclamation, and nine-tenths of the
American people then believed the same way, as
they had done fiom the origin of the government
The Constitution was adopted by the people.
It is the work of their hands, and for their ben
efit and the becefit of the unborn millions that
were to come after them. . And if the people
now will rise up in their majesty,' they can
peacefully vindicate the rights of their - own
great fundamental law and I say in its. spirit
ctnd in the name of American libertyi' the
wrongs of the . South can,' must, and shall be
redressed."' ' '"Y ' " y ',' " . ,
. - But the advocates of secession might turn on
me and say: "No matter about this - doctrine.
You believe in the right of revolution, and we
stand on that.-TTue." The" right :of "revola
tion belongs to allpeople, under all circum
stances, and under every form of government,
and no compact cr agreement can be "strong
enough to take it away. But that rigbV de
pends on force, and should be exercised only
when all peaceful means of redress fail, and the
oppression is intolerable. The appeal in such
case is always direct to the God. of. battles..
And that is just what this movement will be,
if JQadea. revolution jilh. .all. its contingent
cies, hazards, and horrors. It will be disso
lution with a vengeance. ' -; ' ' '
Did yon ever think of the terrible meaning
of the term dissolution, when applied to your
government ? It means the death of your -gov
ernment the death of your country. Hereto
fore we have been in the habit of viewing it in
connection with our , fathers and friends who
have died, or in reference to ourselves, who are
to die, or be dissolved. " There is something
peculiarly startling in the idea of the dissolution
or death of our government ! We had regarded
it as something immortal that would live: as
long as the stars of heaven, and rival . them in
brightness and glory. .;
But as an argument why we should be slow
and cautious in any step to be taken, in the
event of dissolution,-1 ask, where are we to go ?
What sort of a government are we to have?
Are we sure it will be a republic ? Who knows?
Will it be like this in all its outline ? We have
no security for it we will have abandoned
our old vessel, without knowing whether the
new one will be propelled by sails or by steam.
We take .all the rusk, and begin the enterprise
penniless and poor. If we are fortunate
enough to escape war, we will still have need for
all our resources. We must have a navy and
an army, and fortifications, and all the machin
ery of a , government. . I do not see how the
expenses can be less than our present govern
ment They are now, according to Mr; Bu
chanan, fifty-five millions. I hear much said
about doing away with tariffs under the new
government . One great ' object is to let in
foreign goods free of duty. - If so, the revenue
must be" raised by direct' taxes, to I be
levied on every man's property. A few figures
will show such a system to be intolerable in its
burdens. 1 If the whole fifteen Southern States
go out Tennessee, for example will constitute
about one-thirteenth in population, being more
than an average State. That would make her
share of the taxes about four millions per an
num. A pretty round price to pay for the
privilege of brooking up the best Government
the world ever saw, and getting into a new one,
that has never been tried. Such a burden would
be almost intolerable. . But still, this is no ar
gument against resistance to tyranny and op
pression, when established. I would lose all,
rather than . submit to intolerable evils, yet
before the certainty of tyranny and oppression,
it may not be amiss to look a little ahead, and
at least, guard against the hazards of untried
experiments, by resorting to every peaceful
and honorable means to avoid the necessity of
that very experiment .,
Finally, I am for the Union as long as it can
be maintained consistently with the compro
mises of the Constitution."-'And I am for re
dressing the wrongs of the South in the Union,
by peaceful remedies-i-and until such remedies
are exhausted by fair trial, and I will not yield,
unless I am overruled by the voice of Ten-
nessee. Jay advice is, to stand by the union,
and in the language of the dying Lawrence, I
say: "Don't give up the Ship!" When our.
ununiformed fathers stood behind the breast
work at New Orleans, amid the blazing fire of
that memorable day, the exhortation of their
gallant Chief to them was: " "ily friends, re
member you are - from Tennessee f And it
may be added, in this emergency, that ''Ten
nessee expects every son of hers to do his
duty." Let our war cry be: . "The Union, and
the rights of all under it, in undivided fortune
and glory !" And if we are brave, and just,
and loyal, we can preserve both forever. Let
us imitate the devotion of the great orator of
antiquity, and swear by the land of our fathers
by all its proud monuments and gallant
memories, to be true to our great covenant
in the impending struggle. It cost our pro
genitors twenty-eight years of toil to build up
this government .-' It was done amid prayers,
and tears, and blood. Stone by stone, and
piece by piece, the great woik was completed,
and the last sound - of the hammer upon its
lofty dome was the signal of a new and bright
er era in the destinies of man. True, clouds
and darkness brood over us, and so they did
over the banner of Washington, when on that
cold night of winter, he crossed the Delaware
with his shivering batallions, but at dawn of
day woke up the dying echoes of liberty by
the thunder of his cannon on the plains of
Trenton. If we are worthy to be his children,
we will endure, and struggle, and be victori
ous. 1 am ready to co-operate witn every man,
every where, who is animated with these senti
ments, through good report and through evil
report, in victory or defeat, now, henceforth,
and to the end.- " Yours truly,
NEILL S. BROWN.
To Messrs.. A. Milam, A. C. Beech, E. Cun
ningham, W. S. Cheatham and others.
At tho residence of John Edmondson," Esq., Dec:
12th, by the Rev. W. K. Warren, Mr. ROBERT K.
OWEN and Miss LCCIXDA W. OWEN', both of WiUiara
son county, Tenn. , .
In this place yesterday, at the residence of Allen A,
Han, Mrs. HART HOGG, relict or the late Dr. Samuel
Hogg, in the 7oth year of box age. Her friends and ac
quaintances are invited to attend her funeral this day'
at o'clock, Pitr from the First (Dr. Howell's)
Baptist Church - . . .. ..
NASHVILLE FEMALE ACADEMY,
After a rest of tit months, on the I9;i of January.
1861, resume my position as Principal of this Instiiu
turn, vxith vshich I haoe been connected for 21 years'
1 1 int Araaimy oners some peculiar advantages,
J- among which, we think are the following :
: ! A well endowed Yard of about fiacres.
within the incorporated limits of Kashville, thus af
fording Pupils unrestrained freedom in healthful re
creation, and still subjecting them to the restraints of
a refined and intelligent society.
i 2. ItullilnS in extent and suitableness,1 for all
school purposes, unequalled in the United States by
any Female School; and these surrounded by pave
ments and corridors, 'l!'-ring constant inducements to
children, to breathe. thV fresh air, without regard to
the woufcber. - - - f
3.' eurltr from Fire. . These buildings are
heated by steam and lighted by gas, and thus free the
parents of our pupils from at least one source of con
stant anxiety about their children,
j 4. Ural til unequalled in any Female Scho"l, in
this or any other couniry. Though one of the largest.
and a pari of the time the largest, Boardiding 8chooi
in the Ucited States, yet but three .deaths have oc
curred among its pupiu in nearly 45 years.
6. IVon-9fetarlan, It is well known to all ac
quainted with the Academy, that a Baptist, Episcopa
lian, Methodist or-Presbyterian, sends his i) tughter
here, perfectly satisfied, that in no respect will offence
bo . given - to ius peculiar views, and yet equal-'
ly satisfied that the principles of our common religion
will be daily inculcated.- ,. - :
6. Internal Carr. This expression excites no
expectation which is not fully met in the Academy.
A sunaoie nuniDer oi lames, ot piety and reOoemeat,
devote their entire time to the supervision of the. ex-.,
penses, the morals, habits and health of the Boarding
PupilS. ' . . - . i . i - -. - ; " ,
Guardians and parents; who for any canse , may be
sekeing a permanent eoucatiokjil homb for little girls,
win, we uuiik, uuu bucu a noiue in uie Acaoemy.
Appiy to t ., ;. , V. W. fcLUUTT.
decl3-d2Uwlm - t
Small Tracts of Land for' Sale
at Reduced Prices. .
f J E have for sale ten Small tracts or land , 2." miles
V V from Nashville, at very tow prices; suitable for
handsome building sites and market gardens, on liber
al credit, or in exahaage Rr city property. Also, for
sale several bouses and lots iu town, at low rates.
Call at Xo. 0 Cherry street, p stairs, on
decia-im:- . : . a.nck e woodward.
- w. ,
' SO. S3 CE JA2 8TSEET, Kashville.
II. V. BASSET, - PliOPIUETOU,
THIS establishment has newly been opened, and to
-fitted up "trtlb. all the moderB improvements."
The tables are supplied with ail the luxuries that Can
tae procured prepared ttt the very beet style. -
The Bill of Fare, indeed, will cbaUeage- comparison
with that of any bouse in the Southwest.
The lilies t Wines and Brandies are kept constantly
on hand. Dinners or Suppers furnished in any part of
the city on short notice. decll-tf
TO CLOSE OUT.
TIME SALE M GROCERIES
OX 'WEDNESDAY next, December 19, 1880, at la
o'clock: A. M. ; we- wtli offer hi front of oar -Warehouse,
Xos. 6 and 8 Market street, our entire stock of
Fresh, Choice and Select Groceries; comprising
25 Hhda. Sugar,
S Tierces Rice, . .,,. , .
200 Kegs Nails, assorted- "
100 Barrels Tennessee White Whisky,
. . 25 Old Bourbon
r 15 , " " Bye "
" 25 " A. M. Brandy,
10 Baskets Champagne,
.-. 10 Barrels Sweet Jtalaga "ine, -
" 10 Half barrels Cherry Brandy ,
10 Barrels Robertson County Whisky; ,--?'
10 Kegs Cherrv Brandy, . - : ' '
60 Dozen Wash Boards, ' ' -5 .
100 Whole, half and quarter Boxes Caudles,- .
2S Boxes l-emon Syrup,
10","- Virginia 'Tobacco,' "J'
..25'Coila Cotton Rope, -. : . - ''
' 60 1 ozen Bed Cords,
200 Boxes Matches , ' ' . - ..
10 Bales Cotton Yarns,
60 Dozen Painteu Buckets, .. ' ! ' '".
55 Boxes Fresh Peaches,
10 ". Quart Bottles,
i 20 " Quart Flasks, ,
' 10 " Pint "
' 10 " Half Pint ' ' ' '
I 25 " fctarch, . -- --. -
i 10 Bags Spice,
; jo " Pepper,
' 25 Casks Soda, - '-'- ' J "
; 200 Reams Wrapping Paper, ...
25 Dozen Demijohns, assorted; . ,:
6 Boxes 1 ea,
60 Kegs Whire Lead, J- "
, 10 Caddies Tea, . - -
i 10 Boxes Garrett k Sons' Bottle Snuff, .
; 25 ': " Packs "
100 Bacs Shot, assorted;
100 Dozen Rlauking, . ' ' ' - : -
10 " Nests Baskets, - : . . f . ,
; 25 Boxes and half boxes Raisins,
Together with Indigo, Madder, Roll Brimstone, Sar
dines, Lead, W. R. Cheese, E. D. Cheese, and numerous
other articles bel -ngiDg to the Grocery trade.
TERMS. All sums under $lo0 cash ; all sums over
?100 and under $200, ninety days; all sums over $ 00
and under $ 00 four months; all sums over $500 six
months, Notes with approved endorsers, payable in
Bank. MIZELL, U GOPER & CO.
decl3-td ' ' 4
- 31 3 5 00 c
c- e- m D
3 p C-S
11 61!! . a
o 2 Sua
SAIL VANLEER & CO. I
South Carolina and
Alabama Money, also,
CITY BANK OF TENNESSEE,
Taken at par in payment of debts due u9, or for Hard
ware. - ' SAJi. VANLKEK ft CO.
Auction Sale of Fresh Groceries
BY. , -
ON Thursday morning next, 20th inst., we will sell
in front of our Warehouse the following articles :
60 hhdsNew Crop Sugar, 200 boxes Brandv,
100 bbls N. Y. Coffee, do 100 bbls Rye Whisky,
100 " Pow'd. Crushed do 100 " Bourbon Ho
100 " Molasses,
25 " White do
100 hair bbis do ,
100 bags Coffee, . '
25 " Robertson Co. do
25 " Old Reserve do
50 . " A Jf. Brandy & Gin,
10 " S. M. Wine,
10 Ginger Brandy , ,
100 dnz B.ooms,
So bbls Mackerel,
25 " White Fish. .
100 Kit Mackerel,
100 boxes Star Candles,
60 " Tallow da- . 100,000 Segars,
50 YirginiaTobacco, 1 20 cases Sardines,
60 " " Candy assorted, 10 bbls assorted Nuts,
60- " i Oysters, , i. 100 boxes Glassware, . !.
100 " Fire Crakers, . 50 " Soap,
100 " Schnapps, "" 25 " Pickles,
Together with many other articles.
Wo will take Georgia, South Carolina and Ocoee funds
for goods bought at our sale.
deC7-td . , TEKKA5S BROTHERS.
At BK.VTLEY', Fine Scotch
At BI2xTL,EY'S, Fine Silk Vel-
' vet Cap?. . . .
At BExNTLEY'S, Fine Dress
- Cashmere Hats
AtBEXTLKY'i late style Silk
At BENTLEY'S, Fine Opera
: Hats. v "
At I5ENTL,EY'i, Boys Wool and
Soft Hats. ' .. , r .. "
At BE 1ST LEY'S,- Fine Fur
; loves. ' ;
At BENTLEY'S, Corner Cedar
and Cherry street, City Bat-k, Georgia and South
Carolina money taken at par for Goods. ::dec5-tf
To Merchants rand Others.
THE undersigned would beg leave to respectfully in
form the citizens of NaalivUle "that they have on
hand a few Fire-Proof Safes," from their Manufactory
in Louisville, which they offer to those wanting, on the
most reasonable terms. ' " HARRIG & HUDSON.
nov29-tf .- - . . . . .,
CITY BANK MONEY WANTED !
WE will take notes on the CITY BANK OF NACH
YILLE, and on all solvent Georgia, South Caroli
na and Alabama Banks at par in payment of accounts,
and for Books and Stationery. F. HAG AN ft CO.,
novzs-u 41 Uoliege btreet.
Penmanship and Phoiiograpy.
, J. W. DOLBEAR.
VrnXon Saturday, the 27th inst.,
. V V open a class for teaching tho
above useiul arts, in Mr. Kirkman's
Building, corner of Summer and Union
streets. Hours 3 to 5, P. M.. and 7 to 9 it nitriii
who wish to Join the classes should secure seats with
out delay, as the room is small and will not accommo
date a large number. JU. . oct25-tf
Revolution in Picture Making.
; Ten Photographs fjr One Dollar. ;L
KEEP it before the people that we are making TEN
PHOTOGRAPHS for ONE DOLLAR, suitable for
Albums and sending in letters ,'larpe ones in propor
tion. All the new and popular styles introduced here.
A word to Mothers: Bring along your babies, and
havo them taken, we have lots of patience, and will
use every exertion to please you at -. 1 -
BOVl-tr -- - HLGHUS'' GALLEK I
Gil AND .CALL AND CONCEUT
Horn's Silver Band
HORN'S SILYER BAND w 11 give a GRAND BALL
at Odd-Fellows' Hall, to take place on the even
ing of the 20th inst. During the evening the Band
will perform several of the-.r most popular Airs, se
lected from the favorite Operas of the day.
Tickets f I, admitting one Gentleman and three La
dies, to be bad at the Music Stores, and any of the
memlxri of the Band. - W. W. SWEENEY, - -
decl2-td - - . Floor Manager.
Fresh Meal and Stork ; Feed,
TTST received pec steamer Poland a new SKpply by
J decl2-tf BENJ. F. SHIELDS ft CO.
' j;' WITII '
" NASH & MARR,'
AGENTS FOR THE:
of the ' ;.:v :v
Valley of : Virginia.
v BE INDEMNIFIED I ' '
(Rnll mi SilvAr Tllnnn.
liuide tne traveler on 111s way, (
' TO THE . .. - .. .
NASHVILLE DINING , SALOON,
- NO. 23 CEDAR STREET-
THE undersigned would respectfully announce thai
their DINING SALOON", at No 23 Cedar street, is
open at all hours, and that their Tables are supplied
with the best of every tning in tne way 01 r isn, iesn
and Fowl, and everything else that the nicest taste
may demand. Their determination is that their es
tablishment shall, iu no respect, be inferior to the very
best. Their bouse is supplied with Wines of the most
choice brands. - - CHAS. W. SMITH,
novl tf " SAM CLARK.
Philadelphia lleady-Made Clo-
JUST received an invoice of CoaU, Pants and Tests,
wt.icli will be sold at private sale, much under the
arxet, to ciose, Dy - a. t . arutuja & u. .
'- Centra) Auction Rooms
Auction tal. of Jewelry to-night, by
K S3 -
Sew 'SoTef by th& Author of '-The Heir of
Eedclylfe.--- - - -
SCENES FROM IHE LOSS OF A SJPIXSTER.
By the Author ef "Ihe Heir of Redalyla," "Heaks
ase.ta. " " vo"- 12mo. Cloth.
"W. T. BERRY & CO., '
Life of General Quitman.
W. BERRY & -CO-
, ' HAfE JUST RECEIVED
LIFE AND CORRESPONDENCE OF JOHN A. QUITMAN,
Major-General If. S. A., and Governor of the ttate of
Mississippi. By J. F. H. Claiborne. 2 vols. 12zlo.
W. T. BERRY & CO., have also on sale
NICARAGUA. Its People, Scenery, Mountains, F
sourues, Condition, and Proposed CanaL With 100
original Maps an 1 Illustrations. By E. G. Sqnier,
formerly Charge D'Anairs of the U.S. to the Repub
lic of Central America. 1 vol. 8vo.
THE FOUR GFORGE3.
Court and Town Life.
Sketches of Manners, Morals,
By W, IL Thackeray. 1 vol.
THE LAKE REGIONS OF CENTRAL AFRICA. -A Pic
ture of Exploration. By fcicbard F. Burton, Cap
tain H. M. I. Indian Army ; Fellow and Gold Medal
ist of the Royal Geographical Society. With Maps
- and Engravings on wood. 8vo. Muslin. (Uniform
with Bartk and Livingstone.)
ODD PEOPLE. Being a Popular Description of Singu
lar Races of Man. By Captain Mayne Reid, Author
of 'The Desert Home," The Bush Boys," &c With
Illustrations. lSmo. Muslin.
"MY NOVEL"; By Pisistratus Caxton, or, Varieties
in English Life. . By Sir E. Bulwer Lytton. 2 vo.
12mo. Muslin. (Harper's I-ibrary Edition f Bul
FARADAY ON THE PHYSICAL FORCES. A Course of
bix Lectures on the Various Forces of Matter, and
their Relations to each other. By Michael Faraday,
D. C. L-K. R. S , Fullerian Professor of Chemistry,
Royal Institution. Edited by Win. Crookes, F. C. S.
With numerous Illustrations. 12mo, Muslin.
WHEAT AND TARES. A NoveL 12mo, Muslin.
ITALY IN TRANSITION. Public Scenes and Private
Opinions In the Spring of 1860. Illustrated by Offi
cial Documents from the Papal Archives of the Re
volted Legations. By Vm. Arthur, A. 11. 12mo.
CHAPTERS ON WIVES. By Mrs. EUis, Author of
-'Aioiuers 01 ureal aien." izmo. Muslin.
THE WOMAN IN WHITE. A Novel. By Wilkie Col
lins, Author of "Antonina " "The Queen of Hearts,"
"The Dead Secret," 4c. With Illustrations by John
McLean. 8vo. Paper, 75 cents ; Muslin. (TkeAao
Edition now ready.)
ROSA ; or the Parisian Girl. From the French of
Madame De Pressense. By Mrs. J. C. Fletcher. 16
THE MILL ON THE FLOSS. A Novel. By George
iliot. Author of "Adam Bede" and scenes of Cleri
cal Life. 8vo. Paper, 60 cents : Library Edition;
STUDIES IN ANIMAL LIFE,
gravings. 12mo. Muslin.
By Geo. H. lewis. En-
CASTLE RICHMOND. A Novel. By Anthony Trollope,
Author of '-Doctor Thome." "The West Indies and
' the Spanish Main," "The Three Clerks," ic. 12mo.
THE THREE CLFRKS. By Anthony Trollope, Author
of "Doctor Thorne," "The Bertrams," 4c. 12mo,
THE WEST IN'DIES AND THE SPANISH MAIN. Bv
Anthony Trollope, Author ot "Doctor Thorne,"
"The Bertrams," c. 12mo. Muslin. -
THE QUEENS OF SOCIETY, By Grace and Philip
Wharton. With Sixteen Fine and ' liaracteristic En
gravings on Wood. By Charles Altamont Doyle and
the Brothers Dalziel. 12mo. Muslin gilt. (A Aew
Edition of this popular Work is novo ready.)
LOVEL THE WTDOWER. A NoveL By W. M. Thack
eray. Author of "Vanity Fair," "Pendennis," ' The
Newc mes," "The Virginians," "The Great Hog-
- arty Diamond," "Lectures on the Eng.ish Humor
ists," 4c. Illustrations. 8vo.
A SERIES OF SCHOOL AND FAMILY READERS : De
signed to teach the Art ot Reading In the most Sim.
pie, .Natural and Practical Way, embracing in their
Ptan the whole range of Natural History nd the
Physical Sciences ; aiming at the highest degree or
usefulness, and splendidly illustrated. Consisting of
a Primer and Seven Reaiers. By Marcius Willson.
The Primer, and First, .-econd, Third and Fourth
Readers, now ready.
RIGHT AT LAST, and other Tales. By Mrs. Gaskell,
Author of "Mary Barton," "My Lady Ludlow,"
"Cranford"- c. 12mo, Mushn.
HOOKER'S ILLUSTRATED NATURAL HISTORY. Nat.
nral History for the use of Schools and Families. By
Worthington Hooker, M. D., Author of "The Child's
Book of Nature," 4c. Illustrated by Nearly 800 En
gravings. 12mo. .
DANESBURY HOUSE. By Mrs. Henry "Wood. 12mo.
A MOTHER'S TRIALS ; or THE FIRST-BORN. A NoveL
By the Author of "My Lady." i2mo, Muslin.
W. TBEUIIY & CO.,
nov20-tf PUBLIC SQUARE. -
J. D. W. GREEN. - JNO. T. HAGANJ
GODEY for January,
GODEY f ir January,
GODEY for January,
GREEN & CO., No. 6 Union st,
Have Godey's Lady's Book for January beginning a
Now is the time to subscribe for Godey at -
GREEN 4 CO. '3 No. 6 Union Street.
Subscribe for GODEY at " GREEN CO. S,
Subscription price $3 00 a year.
Wnerever we have found Godey's Lady's Book, we
have found a family of refined and cultivated taste.
To those who subscribe through us, we guarantee a
complete bcU. GREEN 4 CO., No. 6 Union street.
BEADLE'S DIME NOVELS,
Published every two weeks eleven numbers oct
and for sale by GREEN 4 CO.
Beadle's Dime Songsters.
Seven numbers out the most popular Sentimental
Song Books ever published. For sale by
GREEN & CO.
Beadle's Dime Books of Fun,
Nos. 1 and 2. Only one dime for a dollar's worth of
laughter For sale by GREEN 4 CO.
' Beadle's Dime Dream Book, Letter Writer, Speech
Book, Nos. 1 and 2. Dialogues. Nos. 1 and 2, Cock
Book, Receipt Book, Book of Etiquette, School Melo
dist, 4c., c, 4c. GREEV 4 CO.
No. 8 Union street.
. - f
N. Y. Herald, Daily; Baltimore Sun, Daily;
Louisville Journal, Daily:Cincinnati Commercial Daily.
For sale by GREEN 4 CO.
, deoi tf - No e Union Street.
F . II AG AN & 0
HAVE Just received the following New Books : -THE
MORAL HISTORY F WOMAN Superior to
Mitchlett's Woman. Translated from the fifth Parts
- edition of Earnest Legoose, by J. W. Palmer, M. D.
THE GREAT PREPARATION OB REDEMPTION DRAW
ETH NIGH. By Rev. John Cumming, D. D., F. R.S.
HINTS ON THE FORMATION OF RELIGIOUS OPIN
IONS. Addressed to young men and women of
: Christian education, by Ray Palmer, D. D.
LITTLE BY LITTLE ; Or, the Crime of the Fliaway, a
story for young folks, by Oliver Optics.
THE PRINCESS BALL.
Illustrated, by the author ot
We aro constantly reajiving all new publications In
paper and cloth binding. . F. HaGAN 4 CO. :
PARTON'S LIFE OF JACKSON.
liY JAMES PARTON,
Author of "Li e and Times of Aaron Burr
ous Poetry of the English Languge," etc,
3 vols. 8vo. 650 to TOO pages each.
With Steel Port aits.
' Subscribers and others desiring the Work, can te
supplied by calling on F. HAGAN 4 CO. .
decl-tf """igrats tor the Publishers.
COUSIN HARRY. By Mrs. Gray, author of Gambler's
. Wife, LiiUe Beauty 4c, 4e. Bound $1 25: pa.pt r
CAMILLE. By Dumas, from which have been adopted
for the stage the Drama of CamUle, and the Opera of
LaTravMta. Bound fl 25; paper $1 00.
MAN WITH FIVE WIVES. By Dumas. Paper 50c
THE RUINED GAMESTER. By Revnolds. Paper 63a
For sale by JOHN YORK 4 Co.
Land for Negroes.
ONE Lot of 100 feet on Broad Street and Severn!
small tracts of Land near the city, well s tuate ,
will be exchanged for Negroes, at lair prices Addreis
Letter Box 4S8, Nashville. dec6-d4t
PHILADELPHIA Wade OVER COATS, and Rial
SILK VELVET VESTS at froste sale. An tnvoiet
1st received per Railroad, which will be offered far
juw days unusa Uy cheap for ruch goods, by
nov20-tf - - , , ... BENJ. F. SHIELDS 4 CO.
TOYS & FIREWORKS,
Vlioleale and llf tail. :
COUNTRY MERCHANTS and 3 other. delringaaj
thing in the abov line, wiii find the best assort'
ment in th. city at LUCK'S ;
. W A T rnrvxr
FEMALE COLLEGE LOTTERY!
VlUUaitr.t- AJ A. Ai-L SXAXSi JJt l&OO.
W C. Dawson & Co., Managers,
MACON, OR SAVANNAH, GA ' '
- TCiW 171 . i,iMl I? C? t
Policy Plan Lottery 2 -
By this scheme purchasers can select their own
Numbers, and pay any amount for a ticket they may
" Extra Class 2, Draws Oct. 3, I860.
And on every succeeding day (Sunday excepted) at 5
o'clock, P. M.
MCf In this Scheme, there are 75 Numbers placed in
the Wheel from 1 up to 75 and twelve of thee
Numbers are drawn from the Wheel. It a person se
lects one Number out of the 75, and that Number is
among the Numbers drawn, lie gets five times the
amount invested. Il two selected numbers are drawn ,
he gets thirty for one ; if three selected Numbers
are drawn, he gets two hundred for one ; if four se
lected Numbers are drawn, he gets a thousand tor
one ; tf five selected Numbers are drawn, five thousand
for one: if six selected Numbers are drawn ; fifteen
thousand to one. rkhehber, if two, or more, selected
Numbers are taken, and all those Numbers to selected
are not drawn among the Twelve Drawn Numbers, the
Ticket is a Blank. '
Our Havana Plan Lotteries.
Draw Fock (4) Times a Moxth.
And are the most liberal of any Scheme ever offered.
ior particulars, address, ,
W. C. DAWSON 4 CO. , Managers,
oct 31. Macon, and Savannah, Ga.
H & -! m Q
ROYAL IIAVAAA LOTTERY.
THE next ordinary drawing of the fibyal Havana
Lottery, conducted by the Spanish Government
under the supervision of the Captain General of Cuba
will take place at Havanah, on ,
Satiuday December 15. 1SGO
3 GO, O O 0ITl Lt Lt A IV i
Sorteo Xumero 647 Ordinario.
Capital Prize 1UO OOO Dollars.
1 Prize of.,
1 44 "
50 Prizes of...; 1.000
60 44 500
153 " " 400
20 Approximations... 8,800
4 Approximations to the fl 00.000. of 300 each -1
of 400 to 50.000 : 4 of 400 to 30,000 ; 4 of 400, to 20,000 '
4 of 400 to $10 ,000. .
Whole Tickets $20 ; Halves tlO Quarter! $5r
Prizes cashed at sight at 5 per cent discount.
Til I la An all Dnlront I n
A drawing will be forwarded as soon as the result
Sm All orders tor Schemes or Tickets to be address
ed to DON RODRIGUEZ, (care of City Post,) Charleston,
So-. Ca- decl-td.
Selling at Cost
TS" n T? A C! TLX v
ALL GOODS, Carpets Included,
Cost Prices Named in all Cases.
Those buying on Time will be charged the regular
North and South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Locte
ianna and Kentucky niuney received at customary
rates. R. C. M'NAIRY 4 CO.
WM. S. EAKIN & CO.,
WHOLESALE t-AL2ES IS
KElDr-3IiDE CLOTiltt'C, VARIETIES, it,
AO. I North-west Corner Public Square,
"TS7 E invite the special attention of the trade to -V
V Larje aJ well assorted slock of
- Fall and Yiuter Goods,
Which we will sell Low for cash or to prompt
Merchants. WM. S. FAk'lv CO.
Vor lentrtip t$ni,
THAT large and commodious Dwelling House situa
ted on the corner of Spring and Spruce streets,
suitable f r a boarding housa. L C. NICHOLSON.
J Cottage, with seven rooms Rent 250. Likewise
a verv dttAir.hlA KramA Dwalliilir hnuiui- with rictrn
stable and carriage house, Kent $300- - Apply at
Hughes' Art Gallery, corner of L'nion and College
Streets. C. C. HUGHES.
dec5-tf - - - -
FOR the yaar 1861, a nice, comfortable two
story Brick House, Just completed and in
good order, situated in Dynes' Addition, West
Nashville. For terms, 4c, apply to
decl-2w GLASCOCK 4 KEW30M
FOR i: EXT.
FHAVE four bandfnme Cottage Hocses in Edgefield
that I would like to rent to good tenants Ur thn
year, 1861. For inor mat! in call at my residence iu
Edgehcld, or on Win. Hoore, who is authorized to rett
or sell them. E. A. HERMAN.
FOIt HTRNT FOR ISfil
rriHE Store Room on College Street, occupied .
j. oy Meears. Vrouia a freeman ss a Furai- e-i
ture Establishment. llfi
Possession given 1st January, 1861. Arr.Iv
to (nov-tfJ . lilCHAEL VaCGHN.
THE iligibly situated Family Residence, No. 68,'
rooms, well finished and in good repair, with Baih and
v..uk v. . n .i .
" ooii wniKi uu u umer necessary out-nouses, is for
saie on reasonable terms, or tor rent for the ensuing
year. For terms, tc., apply ts W. D. Rt.bmson, Es
SECLlSalOA XV OT XJi:ui:SA ltY
THE best way to bring Northern Fanatics to their
senses is to .
Encourage Home Enterprise.
I have In store a very large and excellent stock of
C lG AHS.
made here In my own Factory, and consequently know
them to be made of the
BEST Jl ATP.R llf.
And not only guarantee the quality, but will sen them
on as good terms as they can be bought in the East.
Try me. r w i v , - t t-v
novl4-tf " 44" TL'QKm street " '
THE firm of BLACKMAN 4 GILLE-'PIE, Boot, Shoe
and Trunk Dealers, South-weet comer of the Square .
and Market street is this day dissolved by mutual con
sent, Geo. L. GUleepie retiring. All those indebted to
the old firm are requested to come forward and close
their accounts with F. H. Elackman, whoakwe Is au
thorized to sett):-. F. H BLAfKMAN,
-' ' GIX.L GiLLEsrlK, .
In retiring from the Arm of Blacfcinan Cillespie,
the undersigned returns h cordial thanks for the lib
eral patronage bestowed, and earnestly requests a con
tinuances of the same for his friend aud successor.
DeForesf, Armron?: & Co., '
DRY GOODS MERCHAIITS,
75, TT, 79, 81, 83 and 85 Duaae St , 2f. T.
WOULD notify the Trade that they are ojiening
Weekiy, In new and beautiful patterns, .
Ths "WamsTitta Prints: '
ALSO ' -
A New Print, which excels every Print in the Country
fur perfection of execution and design in full MadUtfr
Colors. Our Prints are cheaper than any la Ui. saarkst
and meeting with extensive sale.
r- Orders promptly Bttsnl.il to.