Newspaper Page Text
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iu p. jons. -
DT Ai S.CA3P CO.
JOHX E. BATCFrR, Associate -.
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Ko. 16 IXeadertclc Street.
"THTJBSDAY," DECEMBER 20, 18C0.
Coercion of tbe Border States.
I-The idea, eajs oar contemporary of the
Baltimore jMrictm, cf emplojisg coercion
lor the purpose of keeping South Carol! d a in
the Union sets that whole State in a blaze of
Indignation, and, were it ever attempted.
would unite the whole South as one man in
. her defence. And jet Soalh Carolina ia at
thi3 very moment reiving upon coercion,
r&betantially and practkallj, to force the
Border Slave States into her project of seces
sion. They are to be "dragged," as one of
her own journalists has expressed it, into
.. the TOrtex of diaonion and civil war. The
"""" compulsion upon which she relies is not the
- less compulsion because it ia not enforced at
- the point of the bayonet. She does not ex
': pect the Border States to follow her volun
tarily; she is well aware, and freely admits,
they do not desire to leavo the Union, and
yet she, who mast not be forced to remain in
the Union, even thoogh all the rest of the
States desire it, fc,one solitary State, in
sists upon dragging others out against their
- wishes, against their entreaties, against their
interest, and those others her best friends.
whose rery love and sympathies she relies
upon as the means of coercion, and who must
be the principal sufferers in the event of
civil war. Of all coercion that we ever heard
of this is the most arrogant, the most des
potic, the most unnatural, ungrateful and
monstrous. Look at the recommendations in
Governor GistTs Message, which proposes to
shut up, within their own limits, the clave
pDpolation of the Border States, to dam up
ilia sable element of our population, with
the prospect of its overwhelming the white
race with a negro deluge. Did ever the most
extreme Abolitionist propose a scheme more
hostile and ruinous to Southern interests
than that which Governor Gist recommends
towards the Border Slave States? What is
coercion by a Federal army compared to that
blackest of coercions by which the Governor
of South Carolina would force the Border
Slave States to fall into the secession line
; and follow the Palmetto Flag? South Caro
lina's whole hope of Southern Border sup
port is based on that very idea of coercion
" which she regards, when applied to herself by
the General Government, as reason enough
for drawing the sword and letting slip the
dogs of war.
It seems to us that the whole annals of the
human race do not present such an example
ofsrrogance and presumption as this attempt
' of South Carolina tocoerce the Border Slave
States out of the Union. If she herself de
- sires to go out, in Heaven's name, let Ler go.
We do not desire to coerce her; we would not
spill a diop of her blood even for the sake of
this great Union, the only ark of civil and
religious liberty on the face cf the earth.
And yet she seks to idrag'.os after her,
at the hazard of all that makes life worth
having; to "drag7 us into the slaughter
house of ciril and servile war; to "drag7' us
away from a government with which we are
satisfied, under which we enjoy prosperity
and peace, sluing every man cf as in j oy and
. content under our vine and fig tree: to
"drag us from this government, construct
ed by the wisdom and patriotism of car ven
erated forefathers and cemented by their he
roic blood, and force us down a precipice
the bottom of which no mortal eye can see.
Oar withes are not to be regarded; we are
not worthy even to sit iu council with South
' Carolina upon our own fate; even Old Vir
ginia, the land of Washington, the mother of
Constitutional Liberty in America, is waved
off majestically by the Charleston Mercury,
when she approaches with the olive branch,
and asks to be permitted to consult with Car
olina npon measures concerning their com
mon destiny. "Ye gocL! Upon what meat doth
thiA our Csear leed, that ne natn grown so
great?" IIe doth bestride the earth like
Colossas, and we, petty borders, most,
"crawl between his huge legs," and -find
ourselves dishonorable graves.7
What wrongs has Sooth Carolina suffered
which the Border Slave States have not suf
fered in the proportion of ten to one, and
what risks can she run in the Union which
we must not encounter before ebe is in dan
ger? Why should she assume the champion
ship j the leadership, the dictatorship of the
. Southern situation? One would think that
' such States as Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky
and Tennessee are entitled, by their inetitu
tioas, their interests, their history, their in
. telligence, their power, their patriotism,
their moderation, to be the guides and coun
sellors of South Carolina in measures vital
to their common welfare, instead of being
."dragged7' after her, like brute beasts, desti-
tate of the faculties of reason and judgment.
and not to be trusted with the exercise of
their own volition. We believe that we speak
the sentiments of multitudes of the border
communities when we say that the States of
Washington, Carroll,' Clay and Jackson do
not intend to be "dragged" at that chariot
wheels of any section, but, in all the con
cerns their own dignity and destiny, to lead
the wat, and leave South Carolina to keep
her proper place ia the column, or to desert
it, or, if she choose, to assail it, just as may
best suit her sovereign will and pleasure.
Hon.F. W. Pickexs, the new Governor of
South '' Carolina,' ought to be well known in
this State, be bavinrr made a number of
speeches in it, ia lSll.in behalf of Mr. Poli.
He was also a member of the Southern Con
vention which met in this city ia 1S50. He
is a chivalrous high toned gentleman, but a
little given to gasconade. For instance, he
once announced on the floor of the Federal
House of Representatives that he "was born
insensible to fear.'
j 4 Th Alabama Ccjoossioxebs. The Gov
ernor of Alabama, in the appointment of
Commissioners to other Southern States, act
ed without authority of law. The Commis
' sioners will,' therefore, represent only the
- Governor and themselves ; nevertheless we
-: shall be glad to welcome here our old friend,
-'- Gen. L. P. Waliix, ''the Commissioner to
' Tennessee. He is an able, high-spirited South
ron; and, we are sure, desires nothing more
than the welfare and rights of bis native
clime, under the protecting aegis of the Fed
" J Watts ox Haiojx. In his speeches, Tom
Watts lets the people know, that Iiaml n,
the Abolition Vice President, is a free negro,
and would be compelled to have a pass to
' visit an Alabama plantation . "And," be
I asks, fellow-citizens, would you submit to
be governed by a man who could not visit
your farm or plantation without a pass!'
ye wih we bad an hundred speakers of
- the pluck and eloquence of Watts. Mont.
'. - MriL ' ; .'.; . ' -' " . ;
This is contemptible in Mr. Watts. Mr.
FTAMT.rv'a" political opinions are bad enough
and merit the condemnation of all who rev
. " trence the Constitution; bat the man himself
' ia cf a pure white blood as Mr. Watm or
"any other of . bi revilers. That mind mast
-be in a bad strait which is forced to resort to
ch petty slanders to mrlntaia iti cause.
The cvent3 ot the last month, eays the New
York Journal of Commerce, have humiliated
the American Republic before the whole
world.- For the honor cf the "nation we
might better have experienced a severe naval
defeat, "or "asad- reverse-ba "IT battle-field.
The voice of the Executive at Washington
has already lot half of it3 power. We can
almost hear the suppressed taunts and jeers
of European despots, in response to our de
mands for the redress of indignities suffered
abroad, or depredations upon the rights of
our citizens. - The 8tars and stripes"" once
rent asunder, we immediately E.nk to the
position of a second, third, or fourth rate
power, and from the Canadas to the lower
extremity of the South American continent,
there will be presented a sorry spectacle of
the working of our much-boasted Republican
system. In the dreary prospect, there is not
a citizen who does not feel personally humil
iated. The tyrants cf the old world will take
A correspondent of the Atlanta Intelligen
cer charges Hon. A. II. Stephens with abo
The Moble Mercury charges Judge John' A,
Campbell, of the United States Supreme
Court with abolitionl-m, and with aspirations
for the Chief Justiceship nnder Lixcolx.
The offence of these distinguished men
"hath this extent, no more:7' they favor a
co-operation of the Southern States, and op
pose separate State secession.
The spirit which prompts the charges
against them is absolutely devilish, and
ought to render inlamous those who make
The Central Bank of Alabama, located at
Montgomery, suspended specie payments on
the 17th inst., in accordance with a request
of the Governor. The Eastern, at Eafela,
and the Commercial, at Selma, have also sus
pended under the same circumstances.
In the North Carolina House of Commons,
a resolution has been sdopted that both
branches of the Legislature shall sign and
send to the South Carolina Legislature a pa
per asking if that body would confer with
North Carolina and all the Southern States,
in order that tyi "honorable adjustment of
the present difnculties between the States"
may be efftctod, and a "constitutional
Union' thus be preserved.
Judge Bates, of Missouri, recently
made a visit to Mr. Lixcolx. The Spring
field correspondent of the Cincinnati Com
tnercial eays the visit was made upon the in
vitation of the President elect, and that the
post of Secretary of the Interior wa? form
ally tendered the J udge.
Got. Magoffin's Proposition. Gov. Ma
goffin, of Ky., ha3 sent a circular to the
Governors of the slave States, making a pro
position for the adjustment of our difScul
ties. The following are the heads of his pro
position: 1st. Repeal, by an amendment of the Con
stitution of the United States, all laws in
the free States in any degree nullifying or
obstructing the execution of the fugitive
2d. Amendment? to said law to enforce its
thorough execution in all the free States,
providing compt n?ation to the owner ct the
slave from the State which foils to deliver
him up under the requirements of the law.
or throws obstructions in the way of his re
3J. Ibe passage ot a Jaw oy uongress, com
pelling the Governors of free States to return
fugitives from justice, indicted by a grand
jury in another State, for stealing or entic
ing away a slave.
4th. To amend the Constitution so 83 to di
vide all the territories now belonging to the
United States, or hereafter to be acquired,
between th-i free an.l the slave States, sty
upon the line of the 37th degree of north la-
titu.l" all north of tnat liue to come into
the Union with the requisite population, as
tre States, and all south of the same to cbmc
in as slave States.
5th. To amend the Connitntion so as to
guarantee forever to all the States the free
navigation of the Missiissppi river.
6in. To alter the Constitution so as to give
the South the power, sav in the Uniud States
Senate, to protect itself from unconstitution
al and oppressive legislation upon tlie sut
j-.-ct of slavery. . .
The Washington Republican says Messrs'.
Gwin aud Slidell recently endeavored to
induce Mr. Bcchaxan to resign, and he told
them he never wanted to see them again.
The telegraph has informed us that Mr.
Ckittendex made a speech in the Senate,
Tuesday, on resolutions offered by him.
These resolutions, we presume, propose the
plan of adjustment mentioned? in the follow
ing extract from the Washington correspon
dent of the Philadelphia Korlh American. ;
Mr. Crittenden has indicated a plan of ad
justment, wbich it is believed will be offered as
an nltimatnm on behalf of the south, and if
declined, after an earnest appeal from bim,
without the suggestion of an alternative
compromise from the north, may lead to
very serious consequences. Its general fear
tores are an extension of the Missouri line to
the Pacific, to be made as amendment to the
Conetivition; more effective law, if necessa
ry, for the prevention of the Atrican sbive
trade; slavery not to be abolished in the Dis
trict of Columbia, or the forts, docks and
arsenals of the United States in the Southern
Stales; the repeal of all laws conflicting with
the spirit and obligations of the Constitu
tion; and the Fugitive Slave law amended to
satify both sections.
FJsrlitins iu ibe Union Position
We find in the papers the following letter
from Governor Wise. Having been written
to by a gentleman of Columbus, Georgia, to
define what he meant by "lighting in the
Union," he replies as follows
Rollistox, near Norfolk. Va.. )
December 1, 1860. J
Dear Sir : Tours of the 22d ult., was
late coming to hand. I now thank you for
it. As to my doctrine "fighting in the Union,"
it is one of true policy :
1st. If a sovereign State i judge of the in
fraction as well as of the mode and meature of
redress, the may remain in tne Union tore
sent or resist wrongs as well as do so out of
2d. If other States hare refracted the
Union, not she, that the State wronged is
bound to defend the Constitution and Union
against those who have infracted the oae
and threatened the other. Logically the
Union belongs to those who have kept, not
tbo'e who have broken, its covenants.
ZL The Union is not an abstraction; it U
a real, substantial thing, embracing many
essential and vital political rights and prop
erties. It has nationality, land, trtamry, or
ganization of army, navy, ships, dock yardt, arse-
nau, 6,-c, A'c, tfc. toiiau we renounce mese
rights and possesions because wrong doers
attempt to deprive us of other rights?. Is it
not cowardly to renounce one right to save
another? Are these rights not as precious as
the mere right ot property iu negroes? But,
4th. If you secede, you not only renounce
the Union and its possessions, but you fail to
unite your own people, because you do re
nounce these rights. Wake a man up to de
stroy the Union and Constitution, and be
will stare at you and turn away. But teli
him that the Constitution is infracted and
the Union threatened by Black Repulicans,
and call on bim to aid you in defending both
against those who would destroy both, and
he will act heartily with yoa. ' ' " t
5th. Then now is it to ds aone: xne oa
clause of the 10th section of the 1st art. cf
the Constitution of the United States permits
aKf.ie to keep -troops and ships of war in
tkna of peace, and to engage in war, when
actually invaded, or when in 6uch imminent
dancer aa will not admit of delay. Now,
are we not actually invaded? Is our danger
not imminent? Does it admit of delay? May
not. a sovereign State decide? ...... ,
6th. And what Is the difference! " Hi
not be revolution and war in either event?
tick to ail your rights, re
nounce none, iBght for all, and save all ! s .
Toots, truly, toj. ' .' . " 1 -
The Itecent Eleetlons in rtlassaehu-
-: The changes shown by the recent town
elections in Massachusetts are gignificsnt.
The Newburyport Herald, a republican pa
per, refers to them as follows:
These elections "indicate a " change in po
litical sentiment. If it was only one city we
could find other reasons, bat when it affects
all, thers mast be some general cause, and
we can look for it only in the disturbed con
dition of thecoantry and the waking op of
the- people to a consideration of the real is
sno Lcfore them, to wit: shall we preserve the
national Union. And there is a very strong
impression on the public mind that to do so,
all ultra men of all parties mast be thrown
overboard; not more those of the north than
tbo.-e of the south; and we should not be sur
prised if one quarter part of the men now in
or elected to Congress, shoald sink in the
storm to appear no more in public life, while
the sub soil plow that is to be driven through
the country till first principles are reached,
will turn up new men suited to the occasion.
These local elections have given the people a
chance to speak, and they have spoken.
They do not say we will be democrats, we
will be Bell men, or we will not be Republi
cans, hereafter; bat tbey do say we stop;
we reflect. What Ibis reflection may lead to
is not yet apparent; but if secession really
takes place,we shall see an uprising ot the peo
ple all over tbe country, who will utter their
opinions through town meeting, county
meetings, and Slate meetings; aud if tbe po
liticians comply with the public sentiment
they will be fcirengibem-d, it not, they are to
be swept from the board. -
"It may be worth while to keep tbe figures
of these elections for future reference, and
we therefore give the main facts. Bostcti
elected Wigbiman (Union) by 3160 plarali
ty, in a vote of 14.449, tbe largest vote ever
cast for Mayor. Iu Roxbury, Bell-Everett,
Union, William Gaston had a plurality of
200. In Charleston, Hiram G. llutcbena, a
Republican Union man, had a plurality of
744. In Worcester, Isaac Davis, Douglas
citizen, had 174 majority. In Lowell, B. C.
Sargent, Republican, had 400 over alL The
leading opponent was ta temperance candi
date. In Lynn, Hiram D. Breed, citizen,
had 260 majority. Perhaps Worcester and
Lynn are tbe last two cities in New Eogland
that we should have looked to as allowing
the defeat of Republican candidates."
We hope these changes are but the fore
runners of others still more important.
Somebody aked Horace Greeley what he
gained by the copartnership of Weed, Se
ward & Co. Horace replied that he was lilse
the drover that took five hundred hogs a long
way to market, and then got swindled out of
the proceeds. Being asked w hat he made by
the speculation, he replied: "All I got out of
it was the company of the hogs."
For tbe Nashville Patriot.
Onr S irn Allies.
Mr. Editor: In the midst of our political
troubles, there is one momentous fact which
is strangely overlooked. It is a fact, that
there are more ani-Lincoln men in the Korlh
than ia the South. The anti-Lincoln vote of
the North exceeded the whole vote of the
South more than 200,000. And these anti-
Lincoln men are conservative, and can be re
lied upon to stand by the South in the da
fence of her constitutional rights. They are,
therefore, our natnralallies. , '
Now, why abandon them and thereby com
pel them to submit to our common enemy?
Why not avail ourselves of their strength
aud influence, and thereby compel our enemy
But if we go out of the Union without an
effort to maintain our rights in it, we do
abandon them, and thereby lose their sup
port, and compel them to take ground against
Is not this folly and madness? Can we
hope to prosper ia a course so reckless? Is he
a friend to the South who connels such pre
Please keep the fact before the public that
there are more anti-Lincoln men in the North
than in the South. SOUTHRON, ;
Europe In Debt to r.
Much nonsense has been latelv talked
about tbe capitalists of Europe sending back
to us tbeir American stocks and bonds, to be
disposed of here at any sacrifice. The people
of tbe other continent, who have informed
themselves sufheiently to " purchase any of
our business securities, will not be apt to
submit to uncalled-for losses any sooner than
ourselves. The fact is, ure do not owe England,
or any other foreign country, at this junc
ture, because the balance of trade is in oar
favor; nor ia a very large amount of our sc
curilies held abroad at tbe present time. In
deed, every port, whether borne or foreign.
with which we now have commercial inter
course, is in dtbt to us, and therefore exchange
created by tbe hitherto very large export
of coin, and also tbe continued export of our
cotton and corn falls below par, simply
because the importer has paid his debt.-?,
and has no need cf exchange until his de
mand for foreign fabrics again revives.
Tbe following are tbe figures of tbe Secre
tary of the Treasury, as given ia bis last five
annual reports, exhibiting the magnitude of
our foreign trade each year, closing with the
Exports. ' Imports. Ex. orerlm.
lSi...... $3-6.9f4.!18 $314,69,942 $12.3:24,976
1S5T 62,949,1-4 3'j0.89O441 2.069 003
3 4 6I4.4C1 ' iSi,6 3 150 -"42.031,271
IS 9 336.7SSM6.! 38,:CS,130 ' 18,021.332
1360 400,12-2.296 362,103 9U .' 37.958,366
For 5 yrs. $1,771,470,241 1,653,075.304 112,394,937
It ought to be written ap in every mer
chant's counting-room in New York city, if
it cannot be remembered otherwise, and cer
tainly until the present baseless financial pan
ic exhausts itself that we have sent abroad
in tbe last five years, one hundred and
twelve million, three hundred and ninety
four thousand nine hundred and thirty-seven
dollars more than we have received, and
this in addition to tbe shipping charges
which our own merchants' ships have earned
and received upon exports and imports.
Since the 30th June last, everybody knows
that our canals and railroads have been em
ployed to their utmost capacity in transport
ing our cereals to tbe 'seaboard, to feed tbe
people of Europe. .True, to purchase onr
over-abundant crop, an increased volume of
discounts and currency has been required,
which is soon to be released by gold, which
is in transitu, which now remaios here, or
which will arrive- from foreign sources.
Notbing but unreasonable fear mere seces
sion pauic has depressed values npon our
stock exchange, and in our merchants' ware
houses.' Tbe iact is. either the drays are al
ready ordered to tbe work' of carting the
gold lrom the cofiersof the .Bank of England
to rail, and on ship-board, bound for Man.
haltan island, or else we shall be permitted
to retain our California receipts for several
months to come. The ' price of exchange
here, on Lombard street must, tell eveiy
thinking man that the bullion has got to
come from londoa and Liverpool, or we 6ball
cease shipping it, and thereby create another
plethora ia Waif street. .
This done and tbe slight indications of re
turning reason which have appeared at the
Snuth being developed and fulfilled, confi
dence will Eticceed to doubt, order to con
tusion, and we shall retofn to the enjoyment
of the fruits of our great prosperity. For
what alarm can be created in Great Britain,
pimply because she ia called upon to remit
to us in specie, as we have heretofore done to
her, to pay .the legitimate . balance- of trade!
And as to our southern countrymen, tbey
will soon find out (what they have already
began to tuspect) that we all, from com
mercial interest, if for ni higher reason,
mast stay in the Union; and no one should
know this truth better than the very peo
ple of South Carolina themselves. If thy
do not, they will yet learn it to their morti
fication and to tuar cost. 17 World."
-'"- CARRIED. V V " -' :
In this city- ou TucsJay, the I3lk of December, at
tbe residence of Wb. H. Evans, by tbe Rev. L. D.
Huston, Mr. VTSl. C. SIOTH to ites MARY E. EVAX3,
formerly of Louisiana. . ',
In Madtton eoontr, UiS3,,on the 8lh inst., of Scarlet
Fever, GEORGE HCLME, agtti S yeurs and 8 moothe,
in&ml sun of Bbuamui T. and Luoaxrxt Cahp. f Lit
tie Goorge" was the pride and the light of the bouse-,
bold, the ecntre around which clualned the aflfecliuns
of his p&reala, who loved turn almost to idolatry... Ilia
Ulnee was brief, and his death sweet and serene as tbe
leep of childhood , but oh it wt a stroke of misfur.
tuna to his parents whiiu only tliose can appriciate
whs have, like Uiom,ButIdred. . We deeply sympathise
with them in their bereavement; ' Let them tefce
comfort m the words of Holy Writ which assures them
thatlueir littie one "a not dead,, but aleepeth and
thV Instead, at being lost it is a treasure that tbey
have laid up, and may clasp again to their bosoau. ,
r The South Carolina Convention.
We find in the Louisville paper? of yester
day, despatches giving the proceedings of the
South Carolina Conveation on tbe 17th and
lfcth. Oa the 17th, the Convention organiz
ed by the election of lion J. F. Jamison- as
President, and he proceeded to appoint a
Clerk, Messenger and Door keeper. The
Convention was addressed by invitation, by
the Commissioners from Alabama and Missis
sippi. A resolution providing for a Com
mittee to take into consideration the various
measures which may be submitted to the
Convention was adopted, and the Convention
then adjourned to meet at Charleston.
Having assembled at Charleston on the
ISth, the Convention adopted a resolution,
offered by Mr. Huett providing lor a com
mittee to prepare an address to the people.
Mr. IIutBon offered a resolution that four
Standing Committees for this Convention,
each consisting of seven members, be ap
pointed, as follows: 1st. A Committee on Re
lations with the Slaveholding Stales of North
America; 2d. Committee oa Foreign Rela
tions; 3d. Committee on Commercial Rela
tions; 4th. Committee on the Constitution of
the State; whieh was made the order of the
day-for tbe 19th.
Mr. Magrath offered a resolution that so
much of the message of4 the President of tbe
United States as relates to what he designat
ed the property of the United. States in
South Carolina, be referred to a committee
to report of what such property consists, how
it was acquired, and wheiher the purposes
for which it was so acquired can be enjoyed
by the United States after the State of South
Carolina shall have seceded, consistently
with tbe dignity and safety of the State; that
the said committee furthermore report the
value of the property of tbe Uaited States
not in South Carolina, and the value of the
share thereof to which South Carolina would
be entitled upon an equitable division there
of among the States. Applause in the gal
leries. This resolution was made the order
of the day for the 19 th.
After t&e transaction of some further bu
siness, the Convention adjourned.
XXXVITH CONGRESS SECOND SES
SION. Washington, Dec. 18. Senate The Pres
ident announced the reception of the report
of tbe proceedings of tbe Parliament of Can
ada. Referred to Committee on Library.
Mr. Lane introduced the following:
Unsolved, That the several States be request
ed to send commissioners or delegates to con
sult oa tbe present times; that the Southern
be requested to meet together previously and
declare the conditions necessary to their
peace and safety, and submit their opinions
to the delegates of the Northern States.
liudvid. That it is contrary to religion
and the spirit of the age for the Govern
ment to interfere in any way with any steps
the States may agree to adopt
Retailed, That the Federal Government
will ajsstan from the employment ot any
force aggressively against any State, and it
there is any danger of a collision, the Fed
eral and State forces be promptly withdrawn.
Mr. Douglas suggested that tbey be laid
over, and that all such resolutions be referred
to the Commitle of Thirteen. When read,
the resolutions were laid over.
Mr. Crittenden explained a resolution he
intended to offer: It would practicably re
establish the Missouri Compromise; declares
that Congress shall not interfere with slave
ry in the States; provide for the faithful
performance of tbe Fc Wive Slave Law, ic,
&C: He said we were in trobulous times.
With regard to conciliation and sacrifice by
every lover of the Union, calm reflectioa
was necessary. It this mighty experiment
be overthrown, it will be tne greatest shock
ever received by civilization worse than tbe
trench revolution, bnppose tne bouihern
states come and astc to so out and &k lor a
fair division, would the North reluse? Woold
it not give them all they now have? Is it
then mere party spirit now that prevents
giving tbem all Uoy would iel by establish
ing tbe line be proposed: What would tbey
gain by refusal: rsotbing but all tbe fatal
consequences of disunion. In viev of all
these' mighty consequences and great events,
is it not better to settle on the Missouri Com
promise line? '
The people were satisfied with that for
thirty years, and would be satisfied with it
again. It was his settled conviction that un
less something was done, we would be a sep
arated and divided people in less than siz
months.- Is not this tbo cheapest price to
pay for Union? Some people were not afraid
bnt as sure as he stood there, dieuniou
would follow unless something was done,
and he feared it would swallow old Kentucky,
as true a Slate as yet exists in tbe Union, lie
tbongbt the North ought to be satisfied. Tbe
North has only one-tbird of the Territory.
Whea we came to make a peace-offering, do
we measure carefully and count every cent?
It is a glorious eucrifice of party to save the
Union, which has cst much sacrifice. Wash
ington said Providence helped them. Is Ibis
great work to be dasked to pieces? Tbe
present trouble was the result of a controver
sy, and we have now come to a place where
the preservation of tbe country demands tbe
sacrifice of party. The lighest duty of tbe
Senate is to preserve the Constitution and
the Government, and band it down to poster
ity. We are in a position where history will
record oar actions. When we saw discord
and danger we showed a bitter party spirit,
and a great country was ruined; and, to 'he
amazement of tbe world, the great Republic
has fallen, and our names go down with a
stigma upon them. He wished to God it was
in bis power to save the Union by giving up
bis private opinion. He would forgive every
one. Is tne boutn bent cn revolution! lie
did not believe in such madness. He could
speak for his own State. Old Kentucky will
be satisfied wan tbis remedy, and stand by
the Union and die by it. He closed with a
strong appeal to save the honor of the flag,
and expressed the nope tbat sucn would be
the case. He then offered the following pre
amble and resolution : - . ..
Whereas, Alarming discusfious have arisen
betwen tbe Northern and Southern States as
to the rights of the common territory of the
United States, and as it is eminently desirous
and proper that the dissensions be settled by
constitutional provisions which cive equal
justice to all sections and thereby restore
Eesolofd, Tbat by tbe Senate and Honce of
Representatives of the United States the fol
lowing articles be proposed and submitted as
aa' amendment to tbe Constitution, which
shall be valid, as part of the Constitution,
when ratified by ibe Conventions of three
fourths of the people of the States.
a irau m an tne territory now or hereafter
to be acquired north of latitude 36 deg, 30
min., slavery or involuntary servitude, ex
cept as a punishment for crime, ia prohibited:
whila in all territory south ot that line, slav
ery is Hereby, recognized as existinc and
shall not be interfered with by Congress, but
shall be protected as property by all tbe de
partments oi tne territorial Uovernment da
ring its continuance. - All the territory north
or south of said line, within each boundaries
as Congress may prescribe, when it contains
a population necessasy for a member of Con
gress, with a Republican form of Govern
ment, shall be admitted into tbe Union on an
equality with the original States, with or
without slavery, as the Constitution of the
State sball prescribe.
becond. Congress shall have no Dower to
abolish - slavery in tbe States permitting
Third. Congress shall have no power to
abolish slavei y in the District of Columbia,
while it exists in Maryland or Virginia, or in
either of those States. Nor shall Congress
at any time prohibit the officers of the Gov
ernment or members of Congress, whose da-
ties require tnem to live In tbe District of
Colombia, from bringing slaves there and
holding them as such. . . t
fourth. Congress shall haye no power to
hinder the transportation of blaves from one
State to another by land, navigable rivers,
or sea. -. .- - . . . ;
Fifth. Congress shall have power bv law
to pay a a owner, who shall apply, to the full
value of a fugitive slave, in all cases where
tbe marshal is prevented ; from discharging
bis daty by force or rescue made after arrest.
Ia all each cases the owner f hall have power
to eae the county " in w hich the violence or
rescue was made, and the county shall have
tne ngot to eae tne individuals who commit
tep the wrong, in tbe same manner as the
owner could 6 ue.
- Sixth. No future -amendment or amend
ments shall affect the preceding articles and
Congress shall never have power to interfere
with slavery within the State where It la now
permitted. . - -
Tbe last resolution declares that the South
ern States have a right to tbe faithful execu
tion ot tbe law for tbe recovery of slaves,
and such laws ought not to be repealed or
modified so as to impair tbeir efficiency. As
to all laws in conflict with tbe Fugitive
Slave Law, it shall not be improper for Con
gress to ask tbeir repeal. The Fugitive
Slave Law ought to be' so altered as to make
the fVe of the Commissioners equal, whether
he decided for or against the claimant; and
the clause authorizing the person holding
the warrant to gammon a posse comitates to be
modified so as to restrict it to cases where
violence or rescue is attempted. The laws
for the suppression of the African slave trade
ought to be effectually exented.
Mr. Hale spoke ia approbation ot Mr.
Crittendea'8 motives, though he did not ap
prove his proposition to the full extent.
Mr. Saalsbury. of Delaware, said be was
willing to accepj Mr. C's propositions, which
were ordered tor be prtnted and referred to
the Committee of Thirteen.
Mr. Johson, of Tennessee, referred to bis
resolutions, and argued in favor of a differ
ent mode of electing the President but be
should not now discuss the resolutions. He
thought it devolved upon every man to come
forward and make aa effort to save the
country. He did not differ much from his
Northern friend?, except the mode of re
dress. He was opposed to secession, and
would fight for the rights of tbe South in
tbe Union and upon tbe battlements of the
Constitutinn. He was not a compromise
roan, nor a conservative man, and would not
demand anything bat what waa right. He
should act on the basis of tbe resolutions
passed by & large body of the people of Teu
nessee. Many believed a State had the right
to secede, and ibis belief was based upon the
resolutions of 179S. Let us examine these
resolutions: . ,
Mr. Johnson here read from letters of Mr.
Madison, to show tbat the Government was
formed as a sacred compact tbat a State
has no right to secede; and lb it the only
way for her to go oat of the Union was by
revolution. If the doctrine of secession is
true, then we have no Government at all.
The Government has no right to coerco a
State,' but hts a right to enforce tbe laws
against individuals in a State. He believed
tbat the Personal Liberty Bills of tbe North
were unconstitutional and revolutionary;
bnt tbis was no reason why the Sooth should
follow in revolutionary acts. He (Johnson)
was ia the Union and meant to stay in tbe
Union. He was to not be driven out by any act
bit meant to fight ia it. Suppose a slave
should go to Vermont, and on-bi arrest there
a mob should rescue him? Tbat would be an
act of nullification aud rebellion, which
would be pat dovn by the Govenment.
After 8om. remarks by Messrs. Colemar
and Benjamin, the former slating that tbe
personal liberty act of Vermont was passed
before the fagitive slave law, the Senate ad
journed. From Waahlnstou.
Washington, Deo. 18. The House discuss
ed tbe Pacific Railroad bill ia committee of
the whole, but came to no conclusion.
Ford sent letters proposing to surrender
tbe printing contract, because it is not re
munerative. It is reported that a strong movement is
progressing in the border Slates for s great
middle Confederacy, including the Nortwest
and New Jersey, and Pennsylvania nn one
side, and Delaware, Maryland, . Virginia,
North Carolina. Tennessee. Kentucky and
Missouri on the other. Men, high in position
and influence favor it. '
The amendment to the Constitution, pro
posed from the Southern side of the House
by the Committee of 33, to a sub-committee.
The Secretarv of the Treasury advertises
for proposals till the 28th inst., for five mil
lions treasury notes.
James R. Marks arrived yesterday with the
electoral vote of Louisiana. He reports tbat
her Legislature reluses almost unanimously
to appoint Commissioners to other States,
being determined to act without advice or
Tbe Hon. John C. Burch, by letter, ad
vises California to proclaim ber indepen
dence if a dissolution ot the Union be forced
Hamlin had a long conference with Gen.
Scott upon tbe condition of the country.
Scott expressed tbe hope that all difficulties
would be overcome aod quiet restored.
Jt is generally conceded that Wade's speech
reflects tbe position of tbe Republican party.
Tbe Southerners are very bitter against him
since its publication. . .
It ia said there is a decided m-.ijority in
favor of a Pacific Railroad.
The rumor that Gen. Scott has resigned is
The Committee of Thirty-Three, only two
dissenting, adopted H. Winter Davis' propo
sition requesting the States to repeal their
anti-constitutional laws, particularly those
against the execution of the Fugitive Slave
The Ohio delegation in caucus last even
ing were decidedly for Union.
Valandingbam said he had no objection to
coercing forces marching through, but they
should not make his district the battle
ground. A violent three hours debate fol
lowed. It is alleged tbat Wade has received letters
threateniag personal assaults since bis speech.
Washington. Dec. 19.-The House went
into Committee on the deficiency appropri
Senate. Slidell denied that he ever charg
ed Buchanan with imbecility or the author
ship of the present crisis, as reported by
telegraph. - . -
Hunter's bill from tbe Committee on Fi
nance making appropriations for the pay
ment of invalid and other pensions, and sup
port of the Military Academy, passed.
From New Torfc.
New York. Dee. 19. Tbe Steamer Asia
sailed for Liverpool tto-day. She took no
New Yore-, Dec. 18. The steamer At
lantic is coining up.
A large and enthusiastic meeting was held
at Cooper's Institute, for Italy and Garibal
From Fort Kearney.
Fort Kearney. Dec. 19. Tne California
Pony Express of the 6th has arrived. News
Louisville. Dec 19. The river is falling!
with tight feet water in tbe Cinal.
ITIarketa by Telegraph.
New Orleans. Dec. 18. Colton buoyant;
sales to day 20.500 bales; Middlings 1010;
sales of three davs 48,500 bales ; receipts, of
three days 33,000 bales, agaiist 66,000 bales
during tbe corresponding lime last year; to
tal receipts at this port less tb an last year
178,500 bales at all Southern ports 401,500
bales. Susrardull; 4i5c. MoLissps 23i24c.
Flour $4 95a5 00- Corn 58a65. Freight to
L'qerpool 9-16. Sterling Exchange 9i)alOJ.
Oa b lis of lading 9497. New York Sight
1 dl-connt. ;
Tbe La Grande arrived with Hava na dates
of ibe 15th. ,
Nw Clayed Molasses wera 50. Muscova
do 56J. Sterling exchange 14al5. Northern
exchange 3 premium. Mouey very depressed.
Cincinnati. Dec. 19. Flour $4 10j4 15.
Corn42i43. Whiskv, sties 1,800 bbU. 13J.
Mess pork $14 00..14 50. Lard 8a8J.
New York, Dec. 19 -Cotton is a shade
firmer; sales 3,50 J bales; m ddling upland
lujaiu; Hour advanced dalOj; salts 10,500
bbu. 4 37a4 62; corn, sales 73.000 busbeid
62a63; mess pork quiet bnt firm, 15 5016 00:
lard steady, sales 540 bbla. 9.tl0f. . '
ON account of the removal of Mr. John Lumsden to
Xew Orleans, we now offer for rent bis late resi
dence. JCXTPKR I.AWV (.ti c .w
iI i . ' vu OIUU1 VUBI7J
street. The hf-use is of the approved style, two Btoriea
ohiira lha roOAanAn f . : i. ....
a-oaMcuv, luinioucuwuQ every aesirauie
convenience, beautifully located. commjLodme a pur
a.nd brarittflr AlmrMnhor l'anntin v.
: 7 7 1 u'ig viio uuuiw bh a
lawn of about two acres, well set iu blue era, fruit
ni fipct tpaaa '
Also, a family residence, on Foster Street, In Edge-
field, containing ti?ht mnme atahia iicun ... i. w
about two acres of land, containing many fruit and
a va tbiuu ity a , .
OLASCUCK ft NEWiOM. or
- J. LUMSDES t CO. . . ...
dec20-tf . No. U South Market Street.
Drnmheller & JCaee'i Shop and Lot on Broid
.. " Street for Sale.'
PURSUANT to a decree of the Chancery Court at
Nanhvilla In t hn i.a. I. ,...
- v7 wuu umves TS.
DrumheHer sr tf ace, I will sell on Thursday, the 10th
jom, to uie uignesi bidder at th
Court House ia KashviUa, tbe following valuable pro
perty, to wit In Drnmheller and Mace shop and
Lot on tbe corner of Broad and High streets, fronting
80 feet ou Broad street aud running back on High
street to Fannsworth 's line, 110 feet more or less
"i-s. i ruin redemption. S110O of the
purchase money to be duo oa tbe 16th due of July,
1861 ; the balance of the purchase money ta be due is
tire rauat ii&rmenta fh Ami n K. . . . .
January, 1S62 ; the second to be due on the 1st Janua-
-T- lQt ,1. tKirrf ... V. , ......
the fourth to be due on the 1st Jauuary, 1S65 : the
fifth and last to he due on the 1st January, 1S6S. - All
the note ta bear interest from day of sale and to bar
approved security and a lien to be retained oo land for
further security. GtO. B. GOODWIN,
TO THE PEOPLE OF TflS U. S.
A Recommendation. .
Numerous appeals have been made to me by pious
and patriotic associations and citizens, in view of tbe
present distracted and dangerous condition of our
country, to recommend that a day be set apart for
Hruuxmox, F-isn.NO, ax Pbatkb throughout the
In compliance with their request and my own sense
of duty, 1 designate FRIDAY, THE 4 IB DAY OF JAN
UARY, 1801, for tnis purpose, ana rrcommena tnat tno
People assemble on that day, according io their several
forms of worship, to keep it as a solemn Fast.
The Union of the States is at the present moment
threatened with alarming and immediate danger;
panic and distress of a fearful character prevail
throughout the land ; our laboring population are with
out employment,- and consequently deprived of the
means of earning their bread. Indeed, hope seems to
have deserted the minds of men. All classes are in a
state of confusion and dismay, and the wisest counsels
of our best and purest men are wholly disregarded.
In this the hour of our calamity and peril to whom
shall we resort for relief but to the God of our fathers f
His omnipotent arm only can save us from the awful
effects ot our own crimes and tollies our own ingrati
tude and guilt towards our Heavenly Father.
Let us, then, with deep contrition and penitent sor
row, unite in humbling ourselves before the Mot
High, in confessing our individual and national sns,
Bud in acknowledging the Justice of our punishment.
Let us implore him to remove from our hearts thit
false pride of opinion which would impel us to perse
vere in wrong for the sake of consistency, raiher than
yield a just submission to the unforeseen exigencies
by which we are now surrounded. Let us with deep
reverence beseech him to restore the friendship and
good-will whicn prevailed in former days among the
people of the several Mates ; and, above all, to ave
us from the horrors of civil war and "blood-guiltiness."
Let our fervent prayers ascend to His Throne
that he would not desert us in this hour of extreme
peril, but remember us as he did our fathers in the
aarkest days of tbe Revolution, and preserve our Con
stitution and our Union, the work of their hands, for
ages yet to come.
An Omnipotent Providence may overrule existing
evils for permanent good. He can moke the wrath of
man to praise Him, and the remainder of wrath he can
restrain. Let me invoke every individual, in what
ever sphere of life he may be placed, to teel a personal
responsibiliiy to God and his country for keeping this
day holy, and for contributing all in bis power to re
more our actual and impending calamities.
Wasbxxgto.v, December 14, 188J.
BE INSURED IN TIME-
SAVE YOURSELF FROM LOSS
25 COLLEGE STREET, NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE.
.V ACT lobe cntiaed " An Act to repeal An Act to
prevent the Singing of Auction Bells along ths Streets. "
Passed July 12, 1860.
Sec. 1. Beit enacted by the City Council of Nashville,
That it shall be unlawful to advertise goo.is and wares
bs auction or otherwise, by ringing of bells, btsating
of drums, gongs, or other noisy mode or advertising.
Sbo 2. Beit further enacted. That any person guilty
of violating the provisions -of this act, shall be lined
not less than three nor more than tn dollars, for each
and every offence. W. H. HuRN,
President of Board of Aldermen.
GEO. W. DAKDEN,
President Board of Councilman.
R. B. CflEATHAX, Mayor.
Attest, W. A. GLENN, Recorder.
Approved Dec. 1860. dec20
Ay ACT to repeal all City Laics relative to Hospitals.
Ski. 1. Beitenactedby the City Council of Nashville,
That an act. entitled an act regulating the manner in
which application must be mmte tor admission in the
Hospital, passed July 10th, 1866, and all laws or parts
ot laws amendatory thereto, heretofore tassed by the
city authorities, or any wise pertaining to the same,
be and they are hereby repe.led. W. II. HO-.K,
President Board of Alderm. n.
GEO. W. DARIiEN,
President Board of Councilinen.
R. B. CuEATsajf , Mavor.
Attest,) " W. A. GLENN, Recorder.
Approved Nov. 10, 1860. dec20
AX ACT to vest the Chief Engineer of Fire Department
with Police Powers.
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the City Council tf A'ashvilU,
That the Chief Engineer of the Kire Department of tbe
city, be and be is hereby vested with all the power of
other Police Officers of the city.
Use 2. Beit further enacted, That the Captain of he
Police Department be, and be is hereby constituted an
Assistant, without additional compensation, to the
Chief Engineer of the ire Department of the city.
W. H. HORN,
President Board of Aldermen.
GEO. W. DARDEN,
President Board of Councilinen.
R. B. Cheathax, Mayor.
Attest, VT. A. GLENN, Recorder.
Approved Nov. 10, 1860.
THIS morning at 10 o'clock Be J. F. Shields & Co.,
will sell on account of removal, executions, etc.,
an assortment of Furniture, Brandies, Champagnes,
an invoice of Manufactured TrihAiwi icrarc rmt
ings, Clocks, and Looking Glasses, with a variety of
luucuauwus articles, wuicn must oe closes lor cash
dec20-lt - BENJ. F. SH1EIJM & CO.
GIIAXD BILL , IXD COXCEiiT
Horn's Silver Band
HORN'S SILVER BAND w 11 give a GRAND BALL
at Odd-Fellows' Hall, to take place on tbe even
ing of the 20 th inst. During the evening the Band
will perform several of thuir most popular Airs, se
lected from the favorite Operas of the day.
Tickets $1, admitting one GeDtleman and three La
dies, to be had at the Music Stores, and any of the
members of the Band. W. W. SWr.EXEY,
decl2-td . Floor Manager.
Hurrah for the Holidays.
THE most acceptable present you can make is one
of HUGHES' INIMITABLE PHOTOGRAPH POR
TRAITS, IVOR YTYPES or MELAIXOTYPES. I on't de
lay. N. B. Ten Autograph Photographs for one dollar.
Bu 3 n m 4
0 5c r-2" 3
9 . . X TP
2 .. -i S
JO o ET
a "t C
a o e -?
f-j o p a ta
-x j- a
. p o pr
SAM. VANLEER & CO.
South Carolina and
Alabamx Money, also.
CITY fiAXK OF TEMESSEE,
Taken at par In payment of debts due us, or for Hard
ware. . SAM. VANLrER & CO.
8 History of a Lawuit.
TTISTORY of a Lawsuit in the Circuit Court of
1 ennessee, on the basis of the Code, by Abraham
Caruthers, Lebanon Law School. Price $5. .
- For 6!e In Nashville by "
' . .. JOHN YORK k CO.,
dcclS " 38 Union street. '
South Nabrillf Bakery.
OW open an' ready to furnish parties, private or
It public, at shortest notice. Every kind cf Bread.
Ca ;e and Confections constant-'y on hand, and any ex
tra.1 furnished at short notice.
. Anction Sale of. Fresh Groceries
' -- - - by - ' " - ----- ;
TERR ASS BROTHERS;
ON Thursday morning next, 20th inst., we will sell
in tront of our Warehouse the following articles : .
60 hhds New Crop Sugar, 200 boxes Brandy.
lOObbls N.Y. toffee, do 100 bbls Rye Whisky,
100 " Pow'd. Crushed do 100 " Bourbon -io
100 " Molasses, -- - 28 " White do
100 half bbls do 25 " Robertson t o. do '.
100 bags Coffee, - 25 ' Old Reserve do -
a bbls Mackerel, . 00 " A Jl. Brandy tt Gin,
25 " While Fish, 10 " S. M. Wine.
100 Kit Mackerel, '10 GimrT Brandy, '
100 boxes Star Candles, 100 dos B o ,hb,
oo lauow oo loo.ooo segara,
60 " Virginia Tobacco, 20 cases aardines,
60 " Candy, assorted, 10 bbls assorted Nuts,
60 Oysters, 100 boxes Glassware,
100 " FireCrakere, - 60 " Soap, - - '
100 " Schnapps, - 25 " Pieties,
Together witn many othe- articles. ......
We will take Georgia, South Carolina and Ocoee funds
for goods bought at our sale. -
dec7-td - TEKKAS8 BROTH FRS. '
SECOND Gil AND CONCK11T.
CHARLES H, MUELLER, Coxbcctob.
TtTESVAr ETSXiyQ, DECEMBER 1S1B, I860.
" ' . " ' AT ". ..
ODD-FELLOH S' II AI
' AssiFted by eminent talent, both Amateur and Pro
fessional. TICKETd ONE DOLLAR
. SUBSCRIBERS will please send their Cards cf Mem
bership to J. A. McCLCRE'S, on Monday or Tuedav.
and receive tbeir Concert Tickets. T Cord irill not
admit to the Concert Bmom.
$t 75 will pay for a Subscription for the balance of
the season three Concerts no further reduction will
be made after this Concert -Door
open at T: Concert to commence at T M '
GODEY FOR JANUARY.
GODEY'S LADY'S BOOK, for January. '
GODSY'S LADY'S BOOS, for January. '
Number fcr sal ltd ubscrtptloct received by
' ' JOHN TORS & CO.
dvsl - No. 8JCaloatret.
.a " C
9 . . J;
A Compilation, of the Laws note in force, relative to Free
Persons of CJLor and Slaves.
Free persona of color from abroad, when they may
remain here : Section 2710 of ths Code ot Tennessee
provides that when a free person of eo or has married
a siavo in another btate, and the slave is bought uho
this statu by the owner to settle and remain uere, he
sun may oe permit ej oy tne county Court to r-
uim u uie ciaie. io live wiin tne wits or nusDand.
Section 2710 and oa?e 152 of tb iurte - th,i K.rr ih
Court shad grant this privilege, the applicant shaii
"vuu wiui two or more goou sureties, in the pea
alty of live hundred dollars, payable to the .-tale, coo-
i. m iroe person ot color suau keep
the peace, and not become chargeable to the county.
When a free man of color has intermarried with a
female slave, to tbss state, and the owner of the slave
rill give bond with surety before tbe County Court lor
the good behavior of such Ire man of coior, he may
be permitted by County I ourt to remain in the
lsT'lb" kn 83 h9 CODtlaut " good character San.
Should his character become bad, the Court may
order him to remove to thirty davs ; and upun ha
tailing to comply with the order, he shall be subject
to tlie punishment Inflicted by Uw upon tree persons
of color coming into the State and remaimnc over
twenty (Lys. Sec 2713, lb.
Every rree mgro or mulatto, who resides in any
county in this Slate, shall be registered aud numbered
In a book to be kept tor tint purpose bv the clerk of
The register shall specify the name, age, color, and
stature of each free negio or mulatto, together wiih
any apparent mark or scar on his face, head or hanos,
in what court, or by what authority he was emancipa
ted, or that he was born free. ec. 2715.
A copy of this register, certified by the clerk under
the seal of ths com t, shall be elivered to tlie said
negro or muLttto ou his application and pay mi-nt to the
cleik of a tee of twenty-hve cents. Sae.. 2719.-
If any free negro or mulatto be leund trav ling out
of the county where he resides, without any lawiul
business, or be fo-ind loitering about wnhoul any oc
cupation, not having a copy of the register of his tree
dom, he may be required by a justice of the peace, on
Complaint nut1e to him, or upon his kaowledire, to find
sureties lor bis good behavior until a copy of said
reg ster can be obtained, tec. 27 i 7.
In case the party . arrested tail to give said surety,
tbe magiFt-ate may commit him ten days.uules with
in tbe time he give the security required, and ay the
costs of his prosecution , or p oduce a copy of tho reg
ister of his freedom. ScC. 271.
All free persons of color emigrating to tbis State msy
have their freedom papers registered in any court of
record n the State ; but not so as to alfct the rights of
any claimant or owner of such person of coloi-. Sec
Se . 2720. Free rhi'd may be bound out, c.
Sec. 2721. Disorderly tree negro may be lred oat.
Sec lilt. Refusing to wurk may be impi UoDed.
Sec. 2723. KeluSiug to give bond, iu JiotuDle, and
may be uued and impi isoned ia peniu ntu- y.
bee. 2724. Kofusicg io remove alter his dischagB,
within Uili ty days, unkss detained by Bicki.tES o un
avoidable accident, h m ty be inUietjd as bd'ore, Ac
Sec. 2726. No Iree person of color shall remove trrm
any other State or territory oi the Lcion into this
Mate to reside here, and r m tin iu the Slate twenty
days; on conviction of this orTooc-) upon inJittm-nt
found by the GranJ Jury of the county where the ac
cused U attempting to reslJe, he snail bs flaed nut less
than ten nor mure than fl.ty .lollars, aud be stiticud
to hard labor id the pen it -ntiary not les tbau o e uor
more than two years, the term be fixed by the judge.
No such free persons shall be proceeded axlust under
this section, until a ter twenty days' DotUm io h.m of
the existence ol sid prov iiun.and that It wul be put
in force arainst him.
Sec. 2727. If such convict, after having been dis
charged lrom thj penitentiary , tail or muse to remove
from ihe State withiu thirty days alter sucu dis barge,
unless detained by sickness or tenia uuuvoidab e ctl
dent, be may be miicted as before, and, upua convic
tion, shall be senten ed to labor tu the pemt unary
for a term of f..ur years, but shad not be liable to -ny
pecunla y line.
Sec. 2728. No free person of co'or shill keep nny
grocery or lippling-huuse, or both, or stall, for tuu
purpose of vmnn spirituous UqoiS or g.oce its.
Punishment, $50 hue.
ec 27i9. No iree pers n oi color shall engngs In the
buslm-RS of peddling or bartering, by making a busi
ness or buying uu market stuffs or otUer articles or
bane ing for them, and again seilicg lueic. Punirh
mant, fine of $50
Sec. 2730 No fre psrson of color shaU iatermirry
or cohabit with a al-ive without the owuers cuseit,
in waiting, attiJt -d by to jostle s t f ibe pecj ;
every such a -u.ier shut be lubie tu pay tlie owner of
tbe slave $25. and on tailure to pay the fame, shall bj j
hel to service tosaid owner tor uue year. I
Sec 2731. No whits person, free uegro, or mulatto
shall, at any time, bd found in company with slaves at
any unlawful meeting, nor ha. bor or euteitam.cy
slave without tbe constat of ths ownsr. Punishment,
fine not less th m ten nor more than twenty dollars
Sh;. 2732. No free person ot color isha 1 ea attain
any slave in his housa during the bnath day, -r be
tween sunset and siiniiso. Punishment, fo.- II rst of
fence, $2 60, and for every other offence, 0 ve dollars, kc.
AN ACT to amend an Act entitled, "An Act to regalate
S aves, Free Blacks and Uulattors within the city of
Nashville. Passed May the 7th, 1S50.
Sec. 1. Be U enactel by the Mayor and Aldermen if
the City of Xashville, Tnat it shail not be lawful fur
any Siave. residing to the Corporation of Nashville,
without the writ en permission of the owner or em
ployer of said slave, to pass to and fro in said coruur
ation after tbe bour of 1 o clock, P. JI., from the 1st of
uciotwr to ins tst or Apm, nor alter 8 o'clock. P.M.,
from the In or April to tbe 1st of October, such wi iu
ten permission to specify the destination ol Ea d slave,
and provided the destin tion cf a male slave be the
residence of bis wile, then the owner or employer
may extend tbe privilege to one month and no longer.
Any slave tound violating the p ovisioos ol the tore
going section shall receive not less than ten nor j ore
than tw. tity lashes, at the discretion and under the
direction of the Captain of the Police
Skc 2. Be it enacted, That all rree Blacks or Mulat
toes found running at 1 rge in the rorporatiun after the
hours specified in the 1st section of this Act, without
the R-cordcra certificate or tbeir registration, tnall
be subject to arrest and a pena.ty of one dollor for
each and every violation of the provisions of that sec
tion ,aid penalty to be recovered before the Recorder
as la any other nitsdearneanor.
Sec 3. Be it enacted, That it shall b! the duty of
the police to disperse all congregations of Free Blacks,
Mulattoes or Slaves, collected within the city at night,
without regard to purpose whatever ; and should any
Free Blacks or Mulattoes fail or refuse to retire alter
such uol.tiuations by any of tbe police so to do, he,
ue or they shall be arrested, and on proof of the tact
before tbe Recorder, shall be deemed guilty of a mis
demeanor, and subject to a penalty of lrom three to
flity dollars. And should any slave fail or rt fuse to
obey the foregoing inmctiun. he. she or iney shad be
punished as provided in the 1st section of lilis act. '"
Sec. 4. Be it enacted, 1 hat this act Ehall lake tff.-ct
from and alter its paa-age, and that ail laws or parts
of laws consulting with tU.s act be and ihe same are
Passed February 17, 1S59. ------
December 19, 1S60. B. B. CHEATHAM , Mayor.
Great 'Sacrifice tf FnrnbhiEj CoodsLrSD
N and after December 15th, J. H. McGILL will sell
cis large stock of Goods at cost for cash.
The Celebrated Paris Yoke Shirt,
Cost $12 per dozen, former price $15 ; Shoulder Seam
Shirt cost $15 per dozen, former price $18; do $24 per
uuiin, tormer price too, -. , . :
Merino Shirts cost 65 cents, former price $ I 00.
" " $1.00 " 1 ss
Woolen " 'v" 1 25 " ' ' " 1 75
u u . " v1.76 - " . " 2 2 "
Heavy " S.;o " " 3 00 .
A Choice Lot of Sliirt Co-omc.
Heavy Drawers to match the above named hirts.
The reduction will be made on Half Hose, Gloves,
Scarfs, Ties, Handkerchiels, Suspenders, Robi s, Shirt
Bosoms ani all articles fuunj In Furnishing S tor. s, and
a good as orlment of Fancy Artick s, such as Can..s,
Brushes, C mbs, Port Monies, Drtssmg Cas s, kc.
decl5-tf No. :& Cherry street one boor lrom Cuion.
At BB.TLEYi, Fine Scotch
At UUXTLEI' Fine Silfc Vel
Vtit Cap-. .. . '
At BEMLEY'S, Fine Dress
AtBKTLEY'i late 6t$Is Sills.
At HUNTLEY'S, Fine Opera
UCVTLEV Boys Wool aud
Soft Hats, .
At ii K r T JLEY'3, Fine Fur
Gloves. : . -
At DENT LEY", Corner Certar
and Cherry Street, City Ea k, Georgia and South
Carolina money taken at par for Goods. ' dec5-tf
To Merchants and Others.:
'1 'HE undersigned would beg (pave to respcctiuily In-'
1 form tb j citizens of Xasiivilie that tliev have on
hand a few t ire-Proof Stfes, rrum their Manufactory
in Louisville, which they oScr to those wanting, on the
most reasonable terms. HARSJ'j s. HL'USOX.
CITY BASK -.-HONEY WANTED!
W E will take notes on the CJ.IY BAXK OF KA II
VTLLE, and cn all aoivent Georgia, ekintn Caroli
na and Alabama Banks at par in payment of accdxis.
and tor Books nd Stationery.. F. Haua & t o ,
Buve-u x WHiega Street.
Revolution in Picture Makinsr.
Ten Photegrajths f jr unc Dolldr. -
KEEP it before the people that we are musing TEV
PHOrOtiRAPHS for ONK DOLLAR, suitable lor
AibuuiS and sending in letters, htre ones in propor
tion. All the new and popular styies introduced here.
A word ta Mothers: ku ing along your buhies, and
have them taken, we hive lots of patience, and wul
use every exertion to please you at p
j noTlft-tf - KC'GHES1 GALLTST.
Trunks ! Trunks I z
Trcnks of .the Best Sole Lepllier
. '; FOB j
- ' ; . ' AND
EUGEm. FRENCH ; BSESS TRIMS.
. , ... . ALSO, . .. ... . .
VALISES AND TRAVELING BAGS
; JCST received and for sale, cheap for CASH.
- - - Jan B.AUAGE,
dcl5 ..:. - it College Street-.
Philadelphia Ready-Marie CIo
JC3T received an Invoice of Coats, Pants and Tesjs,
wi.lch wul be auid at private saif, much under lie
Market, to iOc, by - - 3. F. stsItLLS 4 CO.,
" (ifitrai Ajciwn Rwsjs. '
Aurtijs a f JvmsOrr to-n'.ght, ty
Sew NcTd brthbJntbof or -'The Eelr of
--- - - EeJtIvlf.n - . -
HOPES AND FEARS.
. - , - OH, - -- : " -
5CEXES FSOif 1ETE LIES Or A SPIXSTES.
By the Author of "the Eelr of KedclyCa," Hearts
ease, &C "
. - - 2 vols. 12mo. - Cloth.
W. T. BERRY & CO.,
Lifo of General Quitman.
w. t. beFry & CO-
. HATE JUST RECEIVED ; . .
UFH AND CORRE3PONDEXCEOF JOBS A. QUITMAN",
aUjor-Generol V. S. A., and Governor of the ftala of
&iissippi. By J. F. U. Claiborne. . 3 vols. 12mo.
W. T. BERRY CO., navealso on sale
NICARAGUA. Iu People, Scenery, Mountains, Be
sorees, Condition, and Proposed Canal. With IN
original Mapsaai illustrations. By E. O. Squier,
formerly charge D'Atfairs of the U . 3. to the Repub
Ue at Central America. 1 voL 8vo.
THE FOUR GFORGE-t. Sketches of Van tiers, Morals,
Court and Town Uie, By W. 1L Thackeray. 1 vol.
THE LAKE REGION'S OF CENTRA f. AWtri
ture of Exploration. By Mcbard F Burton
Uin H. M. I. Indian Army ; Feliow and Gold I
wtwKiaimicai society. With Maps
8rai mg8 on wood. gVo. Muslin. (Cnifornt
with Bank ana Livingstone.)
OI'D PEOPLE Being a Popular Description of Sinu
lar Kac of Mou By Captain Mayne Reid, Author
of '-Tne i-fti;rt Home," TheBuah Bora kc with
Idusti-atjous. lSmo. Muslin.
"MT KOVfL" : By Pisislra7u8 Caiton, or, Varietie.
io EngiisD Life. By air k Bulwer Lytton. S rols
12jau. iiusiia (Harper's Library tdition f Bul
wer a huvttA.)
FABADAT OV THE PHYSICAL FORCES. A Coarse oC
&ix Lectures on the Various Forces of Mailer, and
their Kdiatbica to each other. By Michael Faraday
1. C L., K. K. S , Fa.ltsrian Professor of Cbemistry
Rnyal Institution. Edited by Wm. Crookes F C. S
With numerous Iilustraiions. 12aio, Mustin.
WH FAT AND TARES. A Ko vet 12aso, Muslin.
ITALY Uf TRAvsTTIOxTTublie Scenes and Private
Opinions in the hpricg of IS60. Ill strated by Offl
cui Uocumenis lrom the Papal Archives of the Re
vo ted Legations. By Wm. Arthur, A. M. 12mo.
CUap.ERS OS WTVTS. By Mr. FJlls, Author of
M ulnars ol Great Men." 12mo. Muslin.
THE WOMAN IN WHITfiTT Novel. By Wl!klo Col-
iiiia, uui' ui m.ciDa " me (juem O. Hearts "
'Tuo iK-ad socrvt." Ac With Muttr.! I,. h. i!
y Johrf A
ilcUsia. Svo. Paper, 74 cenu ; Mualm. (The Sett
jmuiuh now rtad$.)
F.05A ; or the Parisian Girl From the French of
aiaaa.-ne i rreasense. By Mr. J. C. Fletcher. IS
THE MILL ON THS FLO.-3. A KoveL By Gwio f
. ...... Auaiu osiin ana- scene or uerl.
cai Li:e. gvo. Paper, 50 cenu : laijrary ErUtion:
12:no. Mus.m. -
STUDIES IN ANIUAL LIFE. Ey Geo. E. lewis. Ea-
CASTLE RICK310ND, A Novel. By Anthony Trollope,
Author ' 1;-Hr Tliorni-," "fha Weai InUlea and
mo o.xiuiBi fcua, "ine tnrae Clerks." Ac. 12mo
TUt 1 HREE CL RKS. By Anthony Troupe, Author
of "LkkUm- Thome," "The Bertrams." c l3ao.
Muslin. ' .
THli W EST IvrflES AND THE SPANISH MAW. By
Authuay Tiolit.pe, A.itUo- of ' Doctor Thorns."
- ii, MM". U.U1.
THE QUEEN'S OF SOTKTY, By Grace and Philip
i. u .i maj. . iwuiiDcii rme anu naracteristic Q
graving un Wood. By Chirks Altamonl I cyle and
the B others l)a.iol. X2mo. Muslin riiu (A Aw
EJi&M of this pjpuiar Work is now ready.)
LOTEL THE WIDnwrR. a Novel. Ey W. M. Thack
eray, Authur.of "Vanity Fair,' Pendecnls," Tb
Sewc mj," "The Vi, glnlans," "The Great Hoc
a ty Diamond," "Lectures n the lor tan Humor
ists," Sc. Illustrations, gvo.
A SERIES CF S HOOL ANUFAMrLY FXAEESS : De
ngued t . teach ihe rt ot Reading In tbe most &m
p.e, .Naiurai aod Practical Way, embracing in the
Plan the whote ran of Natural History nd the
Physical Scw-noee ; aiming at the highest degree of
os-lulness. and cpiendi'Hy ll.cstrated. ConsiMinn of
a Prinur ana Stven Ra era. By Marcius Wlllson.
The Primer, and First, econd, Ihlrd and Fourth
headers , now ready.
RIGHT AT LAST,acd other Tales. By Mrs. OaskoU,
Author of "Mary Barton," "My l4y LutUow,"
'Cranford" kc. 12ai, Musln.
ITOOlvES'S ni-rTRATTOKATTBA L HISTt ,BT. KaU
ural Hlst'iry for the use of Schools and Families. Bv , r
Worthmptiin Hooker, M. D-, Author of "The Child's
Book of Nature," Ac. Ulasti ated by Nearly too En.
gra vices. 12roo.
DAN'ESBCRY HOCSE. By Mrs. Henry Wood. 12mo.
A MOTHER'S TRIALS ; o-"thE FIRST-BORN. A Xovel.
By the Author of "My Lady." imo. Muslin.
W. T. BE11RY & CO.,
novao-tf ; . FCBLIC SQUARE.
J. V. W. GREEN. ' ' JNO. T. HA0AN
GOD KY for January,
CODCV f r January,
GODKY far January,
GREEN & CO., lio. 6 Union st ,
Have Godej 's Lady's Book for January, beginning a
new vol. . .
ow is the time t- subscribe f.r Godey at
... ti&ELX CO. S No. 6 Union Street
Subscribe for GOrry at GREEN" CCS
Subscription price 3 Hi year. . c '
Wherever we have found Coder's Lady's Book, we
Lave r.iimd a family of re&ned and cultivated 'n't
Richmond PoUadum. ....
To those who su beer be through us, we guarantee a
complete sett. GHtN a CO., No. 6 Union streeU
BEADLE'S "DIME NOVELS,
Published every two weeks eleven numbers oat
and for sale by - GREEN! k CO.
Beadle's Dime Songsters. ,
Sevpn numbers out ths mnat popular Sentimental
Socg Bjoksever pabiishud. For sale by --
: . - GREEN &CC '
Beadle's Dime Books of Fuii
. Nos. 1 and Z W.y on dime for do'lar't worth t '
lauehter For sola by . . . GREEN k CO. .
Beadle's Time Presto Buok, LeUer Writer, -pe ' "
Bonk, Nos. 1 and 3, fHaicuues Nos. l and 8, Co. f;
Bouk, Rooeipt Book, Book of Et. quette, School Jielo-
dist, &c, c, ie. GSrECO.
r . No. 6 Union street. "
N Y. Herald, ItailT; Baltimore Sun, rl!y;
Louisviil- Journal, taily;ClnctoDati Commercial Dally.
For sole by GKiKN ft CO.
" dfc4tf - No Union Ftreet.' r'
N E W B 0 OK S .
F. OAGiN & CO.,
HAVE Just received tho foHowirg New Books :
THE MORAL HISiORY F WOMAN Superior V
Mitcblctt's Woman. . Trans ited fmm the tfUp.rif-;
edition of Efcinest Lg"n", by J. W. Palmar, VI. D.
THE GRFAT PBPaRaIw. c B B VEMrTIOV rBAW
LIH N"Ii,H. 2y Ktv John tunaiiEg, l. D., F. E-S.
HTNT3 O.V THS FO'MATMN OF RFJ JGI0U3 OPUf-
i-j.-is. aurcssja u jra g men and women ol
Ch.'Uiian education, by Ray f aimer, 1. D.
LrnT.E BY LITTLE ; O -, th Crime of tho FUaway, 4
sto.y for young folks, by Uiiver ptics.
THE PRINCrs BALT. EiustrMd. by tho author of
LUmuai Weddt g. .., f . ,
We aro ennstant'y : Ni.vmf a2 nw irahtimti I
papr nd cloth lndU.. . H ,GA. & CO.
PAUT0.VS LIFE 0" J1GKS0X.
ATsT DREW JACKSON,
, KY JAMES 'JA-TOS;
Author cf "LI aal T.rae of Airon Burr," "Hamcr
oos Poetry of the trgiiai Ucgugt," etc, . ,
S Tola. tvv 610 to TCa p tgc each. '
With Steel Portaits.
Subscribert and others, dtn'ring the Work, can be
uppued ty ciLicg oa F. H tG AN ft CO.
dcl-tf i" Airectt for thePub.lAbera.-
COCSIX HARRY. By Mr. Gray.artther of Gambler'a
Wif.., Little Beauty ic, Ac. Buucd $1 15; paper
CAU'LLE. By Dumas, trom wV.ir.h hava beaa adopted
for the staie the i'rarm of Camiiie, and tba Opera of
LaTraviala. hoi.-n-i il I: payer SI 60.
MAS WITH FITt wiVrS. Fy l'ua- PaoerfiOc
THE KUl-VEy GAMLiil- Ly R vcoi.is. Pper SOo.
For sale by Jv'rLV TUSX u CV.
DALirS AVD WRBKLIES.
THE VFW-Y0?K HER T T. t:iy.
1H& vkw voas u.'e-y. ' j
HAKPtfS liJC-TKAff-D PAl ., Wek!v
LtUK'S ILLL?TSATiv PAI'Fa, Weakiyl
THS WAVEHt.Y SlAiiA7.!VF Wfeiy.
WTI.KE-SSPIPaTuFTriiC TIMES, Week'y,"
THK IXJ.VIxtN ILI.C5vtt.Al k U MtH'i Weekly.
THELUNTiOV PUNCH. A'!r,
THJiLUNDON IlitES, Weeclvl ' . .-- t
j.-ti.je . JOSS YOZCO
TOYS & FmEVOEKS,
AVliolffale nti Uetail.
C0OCSY MERCHANTS tid " 'se?t t'tslrlr' atv
ttting in tue bcv toe, wili ir.i belt assart,
msnl In ih city U LWCK1