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Missionary record. (Charleston, S.C.) 1868-1879, April 01, 1876, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025781/1876-04-01/ed-1/seq-4/

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paper.
'fae ''j.ir.,>-.- il.? rii't retain n?:<> preseve?iieiiis
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c?liih?iuicai?O?IS tat!*? ti:.- rval M:tit:cy?' !
writer. ti?r tliee<:l?lur.s u;.c. wiiaivver ??./.? _..'.'.'<
lliey may a&?u?c.
feo-?l'UliAV. A i'll LL i. I >'7?.;.
Oar Ps$er.
To tbe friends of progress ar
intelligence we pr?sent this fir
issue of tue MISSION A KV RECO*
und ?r a now direction-and mai
i-gement, while it, continues ti
saree name, and the same Edi h
as Chid o; a new si ah', and ne
organization, it will now be u:
?1er the auspice** of the Publish it
Association of the ?. Air. E. (
Conference of*ti C. The need <
a medium of communicatioi
among the ministers of th;
de nomi nation, as well as thc nee
of a means of defence or the riyJi
mid zcfcmgx of the colored peop
of this country so har as tin
portion of them in this State
concerned, demands the estai
ligament, and continuance ci
paper that shall speak their sei
tituents, and disem?nate sue
truths as shall enlighten th
masses, while it shall guide to
higher, moral, social, pol?tica
and religious devehpement of th
tace; The Pen and the Pres
?re the two great modern lever:
which are Utting up the masse
of humanity iroin degredatior
to a ?obie, progressive civilization
The Negro, being an integra
.part of this humanity, must tak
par.t in this civilization, and th
same -appliances which, mark th
development of ot uer race:
A.
must be his only means. Tue pt
c.uliar C'rcumstances of the Sout]
ern people, [for there are tw<
nature of things.] demand <
peculiarity of treatment, uuliki
?ny other, they are decidedly
prejudice, to race, casto, and p.di
ical interest- these often connie*
and become a source of mistrust
and retardation to the whole
These divisions cannot be broker
down in a d:-y, because there i:
such a disparity between the twt
people, the pride of race on t ht
one side, will ever prevent thc
present generation of the Saxon.'
of the 6 >uth, recognizing the fui
meed of justice to their formel
vassels and bond mer., a commor
interest, ought to bind these twe
races together, dwelling upou thc
same soil, breathing the same
air, basking beneath the raes ol
the same congenial, fructifvin"
Sun, bounded by all the sacred
relations of life, there ought not
to be a barrier, to their complete
unification as a gre it, happy,
prosperous people; the d'?ference?
which now divide them, are the
resnlts of the systems of education
which have been allotted each, in
their different sphere of activity,
one has been educated above the
other, upward; the other educated
downward, far beneath the other;
Each have acquired, habits and
sentiments, opposite to the other,
ar d now m the new condition ol
things they do not understand
eaeli other, by reason o? their
past conditiono.
The work of the present age
and the duty of the instructors o?
the public are to un-educate,
the educated, instruct the igno
rant, moulding and fashioning
the former into harmonious,
beautv and grandeur, keeping
pace with the mandi of christian
charity, and truth; while they
lilt np the latter to the high
i comprehension o? their sublime
j rel?t ions to the peuple, and the
I age in which they live; anti ?has
I uniting, these seeming di s cord .tnt.
[elements, and giving a new impe
tus to the rising-South, and
j perpetual reunion and peace to
j the couatrv, binding the whole
?into a mighty tinny invincible in
[human developemeiit; such shall
j bo the effort and work of our
little messenger, under its new
j direction. Every interest which
j effects the the people 01 the South
j ?ns well as the nation at large,
shall receive our earnest efforts,
j As those into whose hands have
I been placed the moral, social, and
[religious training ci" the people of
I our Church in this State,, we shall
i (eel it cur espe?8?<Iiity to watch
j that- interest, untiringly. The
I educational work and the traiu
. ing of the you'll shall be a speci
alty of this paper, while the
social and m ate n al .. prosper i ty of
tile masses shall bo guarded with
sleepless vigilance. Politics will
not be left ont, and honesty and
integrity in government shall
fi ave a large considere tion; with
these declarations, we launch our
j Craft upon the great and
I troubled Sea of Journalism, with
lull spreading Sails, we take our
chances.
I Ed?cale the Masses assd aid
Civiliza lion.
The safety of States, depends
on tiie intelligence and virtue of
the people; on these two conterai
principles, rest, the whole struc
ture of society. The most re
nowned nations of antiquity,
boasted of their powers and pro
ess, through the mighty develope
menfc of intelligence among the
whole people, and the consequent
virtue, through that intelligence.
AU modern nations who_. sland,
j forward in thc progress in human
aila i rs pride themselves on the
continual progress, being made
through Educational meosur s.
It bas been, and still is, the
boast ol* Amer.ca, that they de
voie much time and means to the
Education of the masses, their
common school syslcms aie prov*
er bal. This applies to The north
and wes!; the touth prior to the
war had no common school svs
Lem that deserved the name.
The result is, that, she has
now a vast hoard of illiterates, of
both races, who are the most
ready material 'hrough which to
make paupers, thieves, jail birds,
rowdies, blackgaurds, ruffians
assasians and foot pads.
fi he report of the City Council
of New York, on compulsory
education, gives tne following
facts and statements, relative io
that subject :
k:The American doctrine is, that
'-'the 2)roPerty ?f rf'e fSiafo shalt
ed?cale the children, of the /Statt."
This benefits equally the ricbaud
the poor, lt decreases crime,
reduces taxes, improves labor, in
creases the value of property, and
elevates the whole community.
One of the first and deceisive
questions asked in seeking a
permanent location for one's fam
Hy is: What are the means pro
vided for education? A vil'iage,
town or State, with gcod free
schools, is the resort of families;
without them ?I is the home ofcrim
i nais.
In this city it costs more to
support police and police courts to
restrain and punish a few . thou
sand criminals, nearly all of whom
became such from want ol' educa
tion, than to educate our-?0,000
children.
CRIME X% CON SEO L'EN CE OE IO NOE
f ANCE.
In Frhnee, fruin ISG7 io I860,
one hawthe inhabit an ts co uh]
neitlier Kurd nor write; and this
one hal furnished ninety-five per
cent, o?'the persons arrested for
crime, afed eighty seven percent,
of l!i<iscc%iv?cted. In other words,
an ignorant person,, on the aver
age, committed seven times the
itu/?thereof crimes that on3 not
it/no/a?adid.
In the six IVew Er gland States
of our o#? conn try on 1\ teven uer
cen?, ofi&e inhabitants, above the
j age of t?n years, can neither read
j nor wiit^ yet eighty- per cent of
j the criiu? in tho.-e States, is com
I niitted^g^t'his small //l?icrt/jj; in
other wjrds. a person lhere with
?out eduction commits fifty three
j times as Immy crimes as one with
education
In Ne)/ York and Penr.slyva?
nia an ighcrant person commits
on tue alerao'e seven times the
1 o
number if crimes that one who
eau rcaaWMd to/?te commits, and
in the whole United States the
illiterate- person commits ten
times tht number of'crimes that
the educated one does.
The albve facts are derived
from oilfaTai statistic:'
The ai)ov<; is a lair statement
of fasts fas it relates to South
Carolinarto-day. Thrte-fbrth of i
all thc cammais, who iii! our jails
and penlenary to-day are the cfT
? spring\s u ignorance, the result of
slavery Ind its concomitant evils.
If our legislators and the political
pai ties wbuid give more attention
to the gineroi education of the
masses hv compulsory education
forcingerery child into the school
house, th\y would do more to save
the enoiioous expenditures, and
.ation, than ar y thing in
r i
lower tail
their
The approae?ung General Com
?erence \viil sit in Allanta Ga,
May l>t making the Sixteenth
Session, marking seventy lour
years, of the organization of the
General Conference, during these
long years-great has bean the
work ?ic?omplished by our
thurch-iu-evangelizing and eni
lihgtening our race, it would be
a pleasant review, to recount
the victories, and sorrows, of
those who labored, fought and
suffered, in this glorious cause, if
we could make pa^s in review
all those noble warriors, who, for
the cause of Christ, were willing
to suffer for humanity and ex*
empli?y their faith in truth, it
would, indeed, be an encouraging
effort. We must content ourselves,
witn contemplating the present
great progress, which is now the
just boast of the Sons Daughters
and successors, of 'he first foun
ders of our connietioti, and make
such advances, as will bc cern
mens?rate willi thc demands of
theale. I ne work acaomplhdied,
is the re Ai it of a e mliict, sue
cessivelyr waged by the votaries
of the ca
ise ol Uhri>tia;j Liberty,
and Efun an Progress, as applied
to the Colored race under our
guidance. The question is now
propounded; are we satisfied
with the progress already made?
have we accomplished as much
as could be, under the circum
stances? and eau we make any
improvement on the foundations,
laid by our predecessors? whoever,
looks over the vast held of the
Church to day will conclude
at once that there must be other
measuro.^more advanced, and
comprehending the wide ranges
and niigiitv strides o?* nation;
developement, which this ( ountr
is making daily. The fact, th;
the colored people of this colin tr
j have been enveloped in the .are;
nation, by law, and human into
ests, precludes the possibility t
their ever hmm seoc-rated, fror
?ali the interest, which belong t
the whole people; this being tru<
whatever advancement is mad
by tue nation must effect, th
African in all his interests. Tl;
Genero 1 Conference, being th
law making power of the Churo!
must lav foundations in harmon
with the work before us, thu
work is the perpetual unfoldin
of our race, out of the night c
ignorance and degradation, int
whick two hundred and iiic;
years of abject slavery ant
outrage have imposed upon ttl
race, we are to co-operate witJ
all other agencies, under God, t<
lift np, and mould this great bodj
of humanity into that harmoniza
ilion, necessary, to a fud, am
equal recognition of manhood
this will Lo accomplished, ir
proportion to the wise legislatioi
of that august body.
lt will be appal cut, througl
the measures adopted for ou
future guidance, financially, am
the wise direction of o .r Bool
Department, our Publishing in
?forest,cur Educational work, aiu
the choice of men to carry inti
successful operation all of om
measures adapted; the regaltaiom
i ia the past, have been good ii
themselves, but the complet*
fulfillment j of the design by tnos<
who have been appointed to mak(
them a success, has been in some
instances, a failure, then then
have been, misinterpretations o;
the law in some instance?, wm iel.
have led to, ?teria on the part o.
some whose du tv it was io nus!.
.>
their care. Our new Hymn Book
has been prepared ov? r Ibm
years, and yet we are waiting lui
its appearance from the Book
department, lhere is a ''Jtitcft'*
somewhere that prevents, its
appea ance, that work alone
properly pot upan the church
market, would bri mr to thc con
nection ono hundred thousand
dolhus properly managed, to us
this is a criminal neglect on the
part of some party, or parties
j whose duty it is to control our
? Publishing department; then
j there is the Sunday-school de
partment of our Church, which
should be a mighty power, it is
almost entirely neglected so far
! as the direction of a <rreat enter
prise and an important auxilary
to the prosperity of our cou
; noes ion, we should have this part
j of our work thoroughly crganized
? and in operaci?n, a church with
j three hundred thousand members,
and an army of ministers,
stretching their lines of operation
from the Atlantic to the Pacific;
and from th** iiockv mountains to
the irulf t>i Mexico, should not
tjcirlect the vast wons of Sabbath
schools, in thc literary depart
ment, a vast revenue, would flow
j into the Church and enable it to
move in solid columns toward
success.
Then there is the Educational
work still lingering by tl e way,
demanding renewed efforts on the
part of thc church, Wilberforce
still warts the more substantial
and which the connection should
give it, Cokesbury is crying for
aid, i i Florida, we have lose a
golden opportunity, for lack of
means. Every Southern State
demands a High schoul under the
.control and interest of Education^
in our Church, we shall be called
un to educate tne nrinistty, young
men ric now cru .v cling our
Coule reo ces asking .-fid n educate
themselves, we canner l<-t these
demands pass un bee led. this
demand must bc met by the wise
action of the G? lier al Conference.
The work ol' missions looms up
before ns as a mighty s-a wave,
chiin.ing every care, the ou stum
of Bishops will demand Ihr less
attention than all of these great
mo asures.
Let the General Conic: ence
look these great subjects in the
luce and prepare to do all they
can to meet them ad best they
can, wi di a broad comprehensive
'policy, and we shall have accom
plished a woithy work in our day.
Church Work.
Wc call the attention ci the
ministry to the great importance
ut a renewed energy on their part,
in extending the power and influ
ence ot the church work. The
world's progress in morality de
pends en the higher religious
culture of the people. The moral
and religious trainings are-in
seperable, and the one is depen
dent on the other. The efforts of
religious teachers, are to be made
on i ll, and every held whePsT?i?y
may accomplish any good for
mankind. There are thousands
ii persons, who do got visit
churches-who live beyond the
influence of Sal bath services.
Yee these ought, to be reached,
they have immortal souls, lor
which the saviour died: now shall
they be reached-and influenced?
How shad limy be made to feel
the iievd of a savior's love? They
will not visit the church, then thc?
church must go to them, go, where
tiley -Jie, ano demand a, hearing,
for tile divine master. This can .
"bc diTTrC by ini> ?i?'O?er~1- ii. Kl O B ? Ol- ".
gan'zatiou. of visiting committees'
in the church whose duty, shall
be to visit tami des and read tba
lloh scriptures, and instruct those
in the way of hf-, who now,
neglect the dury of church ser
vice-and this interest them
in the work of religious improve
ment, and of morai, worth. The
members of the church, have noe
looked into the great importance
which is attached to their calimo
as members of Christ's body.
These subjects must be ui?ed by
the ministry-con s tan riv uni il hr
becomes a part of the life Wot k of
the whole churoli to bc co-work
ers with Christ amt the ministry,
in aavidg souls. Each member
has a neighbor, or friend possibly,
who do not come to chut eli.
whose circumstances, of discour
agement are such, that thev have
no heart to come to service, go,
speak to them, words, ol encour
agement, console them in their
desolation, and help them to rise
up above discouragements; you
may thus, save a sinking sinner,
you riKiy aid a lodging saint to
overcome surrounding trouble^,
and tio.ior God. "Society will thus
i be-benefiited. Romes will be
made cheerful and happy.
! Then there are the hundreds ot
children, who are out of the Sun
day school, who never receive '
benefits, These are to be cared
for and instructed.
This is the ministers work
inpless than his labors in the pul
?pit. He should-with the mern
j hers of his church seek the chil
dren of the distressed and needy,
?and bring them into the pale of
? the church, and under its happy
j and cheernig influences. The in
j structions of the Sabbath School
are ot vital importance to the

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