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Article* inserted under this hoad" ?re written V
,omsrond<.nts We shall bc &**/*}>}WT:
municatibns-oP flierit, but do not hold oumches re
vponsibl* Sot th*ir (tentimenti._
THE DITTIES OF THE*HOUR.
When war ceases amongst a people, new
sources of agitation are opened. They begin to
cast anxious and enquiring glances st tkei&sit
uation, and their relative pdsition to others.
Their rightful possessions ase next scpfctiawzed.
They are restive under any attem.pt that may be
made to abridge their sphere of personal move
ment, and they now discuss the question of
rights and privileges. But amidst the perplex
ity, growing out of thc sophisms of office-holders
and hirelings, it is often found difficult to obtain
claims and insure permanency. In this dilemma
we are at the present time ; and hence the pre
vailing anxiety and perturbation of mind.
That the world has never seen a period of quie
tude, history hut too well certifies ; and it is also
but too true that important reforms are only
brought about by great agitation ; for with the
ivorst vices, human naturs-seidom fails to-exhibit
' a contrast of the greatest virtues, when a natron,
is in a state of feverish agitation. A reaction is
then lite the fury of insanity. The many, the
mass must prevail ; and then power will be used
to level and destroy. Every nation has within
itself an impelling force which tends to progres
sive change in its social and political condition.
Like individuals, it exhibits its youth, maturity
and decrepitude. At times it passes through
these stages in a brief period ; in other cases,
centuries must elapse.
There is, then, no patent process by which the
ills of any people can be cured. Agitation, there
fore, becomes necessary. It was through that
means, and a successful resistance, that the
English barons wrested from their King the
magna charter, which served as a precedent and
stimulus to the people to put a check on both
. themselves and the king. Six centuries have
passed since then, and during the last two, Eng
land has brought one of her kings to the block,
and banished another, for encroachment upon
the liberties of the people, yet she is far from
the enjoyment of equal laws, and a fair repre
sentation system. Despite free and elaborate
discussion, and continued investigation of the
principles of her constitution, and her three es
tates, King, Lords and Commons, agitation is
still the weapon to be used by the weak against
the strong. It was in that manner that the va
rious democracies of the United States came into
power ; yea, through 30 years agitation by the
friends of freedom that memorable edict, the
Emancipation Proclamation, was produced, and
this nation compelled to acknowledge it as an
irrevocable fact. And it becomes us now to be
agitators until we, as a people, enjoy, what the
constitution of our country declares to be the
rights of all loyal Americans. Then we can, in
the words of the poet,
.thoWer'orb gM?S" flinty
Another sun illumes the morn ;
Auother star the night !
But an attentive observer of the deportment
of some persons would be apt to imagine that
the grand point is gained ; or that, having been
oppressed so rong;. they are ready to- bend- their
necks to the yoke, which others are desirous- of
preparing for them already. Already those tn
power in fancy see themselves fattening over the
spoils they expeet to wrest- from us. In this
imaginary possession ofpower, they dare tell us,
that our only hope is- to cower and crouch, and
kiss the rod of oppression ? precious samples of
the temper of those who? are desirous of becom
ing our masters !' But let ns not be deceived by
them. Let us not be cajoled into compliance by
their flattery, nor. silenced by their vaporings.
When they strive to-hoodwink under the names
of "moderation" and *? prudence," let us tell
them that calmness and deliberation are to guide
the judgment, and courage and intrepidity are
to command theaotion ; and when they endeavor
to convince us of our inability to oppose them.
Ictus boldly answer,, t??at, in- defcnoe of our
liberties, we dare oppose the world* Let them
be convinced that blandishments will not fasci
nate, nor threats intimidate us;.forv under God,
weare determined that wheresoever, whensoever,,
or howsoever we a-re called to make our exit, we
will die freemen ; for the pomp of this world
cannot dignify the death'of a villain \. neither
can it taint the unblemis-ie? honor of a so? of
freedom if he dies upon the gibbet or scaffold ;
for, with the plaudits of his conscience, he passes
from this life. A crown of joy aaddmmcst ilky*
shall be his reward. The history o5 his life his
children shall venerate, and his virtues will-ex
cite their emulation.
If there ever was a time, this is the hour for
us to rouse ourselves and assert our manhood.
Our all is at hazard, and the die of fate falls
doubtful. It is vain for us to depend upon the
magnanimity of our enemies. While forgiving
the past and tolerating the present, let not the
lessons they have taught us be forgotten. Now
is the time for us. as a people, to summon every
aid, human and divine-to exhibit every Chris
tian virtue, and every Christian grace ; and the
wisdom of the serpent, the innocence of the dove,
and thc intrepidity of the lion, with the bless
ing of Almighty God, we must be successful, and
shall surely be saved from destruction. So shall
we enjoy the benefits- of? perfect freedom for
freedom abridged) is- but another name for slav
ery ; and much-wosth living for is lost when a
people is politically enslaved. Inspired by the
light of hope, have ?ot thousands of our race
waded through, seas of crimson gwre in defence
of this Government-liberty and?tfle ?institu
tion r and will that Government now refuse to
ft How us, their fellc*w-Jtten>. to enjoy tka* free
dom which we claim by nature,, whioikis con
firmed by the constitution,, which has- besa de
fended by 160,000 of our sate,. and. which, all
Americans pretend so highly to va4ue-? By the
sweat of our brow wc earn the little we possess ;
from nature we derive ihecwninoa rights- of
Oianhood ; and by birth we claim the liberty of
Americans. Shall we, under these circumstan
ces, pusillanimously surrender our rights?. Are
the obligations due lo the many fallen braves
?ischarged r Is thc debt we owe to posterity
jaid ? Weil may we ponder, and.in the language
*i. the poet exclaim.!
Fathers, have yt bled in vain ? '
Ages, mast ye droop again I
Maker, shall we rashly stain
Blessings sett* by thee :
What will our chit?te? sty wfcen they read
the history of tfwse times ?Hould they find that
we tamely gave away what we had thus far
gained wUfcour, one noble struggle ? If we have
any respect for things sacred-any regard for
the dearest treasure of earth, or one tenderly
cherished hope for posterity, and desire not to be
despised by the whole world, let us be determin
ed to relax nothing until we are able to live and
die freemen. Let not the snivelling of cowards
who hide themselves in the hour of trial, shake
our fortitude ; for if no reward in this life can
inspire them, and no crown of glory in the next
is capable of animating their dastard souls, let
them think and tremble, miscreants that they are,
at the whippings of conscience in this life, and the
scorpions which their second master shall torment
them with htereafter. Be not lulled into security
by the vain hope of receiving the protection of
heaven without doing our dury a? becomes men.
This were to mock the Deity. Wherefore hare
we been given reason, if hot for our direction ?
wherefore strength, if not for our protection ? To
banish folly to correct vice and immortality, and
tty stand immovable in the freedom in which we
are "free indeed," is eminently the duty of each
individual at this day. When this is done, our
prayers will 6e answered ; and the counsel and
invincible armour of the Almighty will be given
us. Though righteous our cause, we cannot, in
this period of thc world, expect a miraculous sal
vation. Heaven? will undoubtedly assist ?s if we
act like men; hut to expect help from? above
while showing forth slothfulness, in the exercise
of those abilities with which we are endowed, is
an expectation vain and foolish. Through *he
exertion of those abilities, we shail have the
smiles of Heaven. Virtue, unanimity and firm
ness will insure success : for with God and justice
on our side tyrany, spiritual or temporal, shall
never reign triumphant in a land inhabited by
Americans. R. CD.
CHARLESTON, S. C.,
Saturday, Octabei* 7, 1865.
ArTHoRoiwy AV?KNTS : WilJram ?**rt, Pani P?insett,
Samuel L. Bennrit?,. of Charleston ; Wm. Nash,
Columhia ; Dean I>udWyrBoston,. Mass.
TIIK abolishment of slavery in the United' States
by Presidential proclamation, as also the entire
prohibition of thc same by the new Constitution
of this State, together with the variety of inter
ests which logically follow so important a change
in the status of a large proportion of the popula
tion, has impressed upon us the demand for an
especial effort to augment every facility for such
advancement in useful knowledge as may prove
beneficial in the future t<> all the inIwsUtauts.
And, as under our free republican government
the poorest, as well as thc richest, may ascend
tho ladder of distinction and reach the pinacle of
fame, every exertion should bc made to open
wide t!ie door that leads to knowledge, the best
guarantee of freedom to all the people, and
oqnaiSry before the law.
Feeling assured that aw. independent journal,
liberally conducted, will contribute largely to
the infusion of correct principles and ra* ional
ideas-tb the creation of a healthy public senti
ment in community, as also give opportunity for
an interchange of thought and feeling amongst
the people, we shall launch upon thc waves of
public opinion the
SO?T3 CAROLINA LEADER.
In commencing such an enterprise custom re
quires that we should define somewhat our views,
and the policy by which wo shall be governed.
Independent journalism has found but little sup
port in America. Thc successfull newspaper has
generally catered to thc taste of some particular
party or sect. Our mission is to improve thc
whole people, by advocating equal rights to all ;
and'if in- so doing we cross party lines or poeta
r?an prejudices so much thc worse for them. We
are for the Tunion and the Constitution, arrd shall
defend the ling against its enemies- wherever
A?id while ever , frank irr thc expression of our
opinion upon such subjects as shall seen? of grea
test importance to the general welfare of the peo
ple, our columns will he open for others to* enjoy
the same privilege. To disscuss all o/>esfions
witto- freedom and candor, to tl*e end that the
truth shall prevail, will be the right of all.
Hoping that The Leader will become an accept
able visitor in the homes of many, and stimu
late all to an earnest endeavor to be worthy of
tl>e wie of Americans, wc bide the result.
Knowledge Xmdev Difficulties.
An apology is, perhaps,, the poorest thing to
commence the publication o? ?newspaper with.
But an apology is due our readers fer the man
ner and style, character, and appearance of the
first number. On our arrival in the city about
a fortnight since, we sought to procure printers
and commence the work of publication, but our
efforts were fruitless, as no printers would work
for us. So we commenced the arduous task
alone; and having regulated the office, set up
the press, etc,, proceeded with "stick and rule"
to ?et u&the paper. The prospect of an* early
issue looked*dubious. Fortune sometime? fa
vors the earnest as well as the brave, lt was a
streak of good fortune that made known our
wants to the printers of the 47th Pennsylvania
Veteran Volunteers, doing duty in this city ;
and with charseteristje* dewtioo to the cause of
freedom, Johnv (sr. Snyder\and Luther Horn, of
Easton Pa.^and Joseph Hartnogehof New Ybrk
city came forward and volunteered their services.
Edwin Coombs, E*j., formerly editor ot the
Mass. Ati&rtic Messenger, also g**e tis valuable
But for the assistance of the "Soys irr blue*
our issue most have been delayed much longer.
We shall ever cherish their friendship, and trust
when their term of enlistment'snail expire they
will" receive a?hearty welcome home to* the old
! Keystone State.
Knowing*the disdvantages we have labored
under, our readers will excuse all imperfections.
The Kew Constitution.
We publish entire the new Constitution of the
State of South Carolina, as adopted by the State
Convention, that our readers may preserve it for
It seems to meet the expectations of many ci
tizens, and is warmly commended by the press.
While we are pleased to note its advantages over
the Constitution adopted hy the State Convention
in 1861, we do not think it as liberal as the cir
cumstances under which it was adopted would
seem to liave suggested.
Thc Governor and Lieutenant-Governor are
to be chosen by the electors, instead of by the As
assembly, as heretofore, and will serve two years.
The freehold qualification for seats in the Gene*
ral Assembly is abolished.
Slavery and involuntary servitude, except as
punishment for crime, whereof parties shall have
been duly convicted, is forever prohibited
In Article IX. it is set forth that 1 ' All power
is originally vested in ihe people and all free Gov
ernments arc founded on their authority, and in
stituted for their peace, safety, and happiness :"
and in Article IV., where the qualifications which
?ntitte a man to the elective franchise are defined
a large portion of the people arc ignored by using
the words, " He shall be a free white man."
Thus the native colored men, however intelli
gent or virtuous, is denied the right of suffrage :
and the <; peace, safety, and happiness for
which all free Governments are insituted, is not
guaranteed to tho people, in whom, it is claimed
;; all power was originally vested."
Virtue and intelligence in man would have
been a better test of the qualification to vote,
than the color of the skin.
Seward Tabernacle Xo. 2, of the " G. G. A.
O.of Brothers and Sisters of Love and Chari
ty," of this city, gave an entertainment on
Wednesday evening last, at Temperance Hill.
Members of Lincoln Tabernacle, Xo. 1, and
King Solomon, Xo. 3, were also in attendance,
appearing in full regalia, and presenting an im
posing appearance, the whol? under the direc
tion of C. ll. Thompson, D. G. P. S. The hall
was well filled and the exhibition very interest
ing. The recitation by Mrs. Matthews was rec
eived with much favor, and encored.
At the close of the exercises announced up
on the bills, the presiding officer introduced
Mr. Robert Duncan, who made an eloquent
address. Short speeches were also made by Mr.
Thomas M. Holmes, Capt. Wall, Allen Coffin,
T- Hurley and Capt. Joseph Jcncks.
Refreshments were then served, after which
the company enjoyed the festivities of the
mazy dante, the music for the occasion bein-g
furnished by A. B. Mitchell's Quadrille B-and.
Much credit is due the Committee of arrange
ments for the successful manner in which the
whole affair was conducted.
ON TESTIMONY, Gen S wayne, the assistant
commissioner for Alabama, has taken a Yery j
j-ironnrtanf sim lie informs the_ju^e-VMv ftWiSi
for the freedmenr as he is instructed to do, which i
must necessarily be piesided over by persons!
unfamiliar with thc local laws. For this reason !
he would greatly prefer that the usual civil ma-1
gistrates should accept tho agency from him,
and make no difference between black and white I
in the reception of testimony and the dispensa
tion of justice. If this proposal is rejected in
any quarter, martial law and a freedman's court
will be established there. Gov. Parsons assists
the General, and urges compliance ort thc jrart
of the magistrates, pointing out the uselessness
of refusal, and of any attempt to r.dminister
less than justice to- colored applicants. The ex
periment under military surveillance, will be
w&tehed with interest.
Major-General Saxton has rem-ovedhis head
quarters from Beaufort to Charleston. A large
number of citizens tendered him a serenade on
the evening of the 29th ult. They als? serenad
ed Gen. Bennett on their return.
Capt J. Milton Thompson, of the 33d U. S.
Colored Troops, has been appointed, Provost
Marshal of this city in place of Mijor Levi
Reuben Tomlinson, Erq., of thc Feedmen's
lkweaur has received the appointment of Super
intendent ol the Freedmen's Board of ?ducation
for this city.
r?^" For peronal favors., we are mder obli
gation to Hon. David Joy, at Nantucket, Mass.,
and to Rev. Wim Jak s on-, of Xe w Bedford,
Prof. Alpheu? Crosby, of Salertf, alsy has our
thanks for renewed favors.
We desire to have it distinctly uiderstood
by the public that the Leader has no connection
whatever with any other newspaper project. It
is an individual enterprise, and proposes to ex
ist upon its merits. We ask nothin* but the
price of subscription from its friends.
Our only authorized agents are those who
have credentials to that effect, and whose ntmes
appear as such in the paper.
If sufficient support is given, we shall em
inence the publication of a daily paper in on
nection with the weekly. Subscriptions reciv
ed at the office of publication, 430 King stret.
NEW STEAMER.-Messrs. William Dart &
Company of this city, have nearly complete a
fine side-wheel steamer, to*be called the t; Mrk
Howard," intended for thc coast trade. Sh?s
75 feet long and 20 feet wide, calculated for pt
sengers and freight, and witt bc ready for sea i
. Citizens of Virginiir, North Carolina, ai
Mississippi are said to have addressed theo
selves in fear and treacling. ta? the Preside?
through dreatPof a riwng of- the blacks. It ?
too ??tfe tfe-erfpeet this sort of thing from tl
negro; uniess- he perceives a deliber?te design 4
re-errs? a re him. *
GOOD FOLKS-.--"With malice towards nonj
with charity to all," let'us prosecute the greg \c
work of reconstruction, yet/remembering alwa*| ir
that the sufferings, the trials,- and the claims o a'
those who have been thorough-and persistent
ly loyal; entitled them tb a precedence in th|oj
behalf that should'not be over looked." ?vi
The Oath of Office,
The following Oath of office, prescribed by
the Congress of the United States, is plain and
to the point.
An Act to prescribe the oath of Office, and for
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Re
presentatives of the United States of America in
Congress assembled: That hereafter every person
elected or appointed to any office of honor or pro
fit under the Government of the United States,
either in the civil, military or naval department
of the public service, excepting the President of
the United States, shall, before entering upon thc
duties of such office, aird before being entitled to
any of the salary or other emoluments thereof,
take and subscribe the following oath or affirma
tion: "I, A. B., do solemnly swear (or affirm) that
I have never voluntarily borne arms against the
United States since I have been a citizen therof;
that I have never given aid, countenance or en
couragement to persons engaged in armed hos
tility thereto ; that I have neither sought nor ac
cepted, nor attempted to exercise the functions
of any office whatever, under any authority or
pretended authority in hostility to the United
States ; that 1 have not yielded a voluntary sup
port to any pretended government, authority,
power or constitution within the United States,
hostile or inimical thereto. And 1 further swear
( or affirm ) that, to the best of my knowledge
and ability, I will support and defend thc Con
stitutton of thc United States against all enemies,
foreign and domestic ; that I will bear true faith
and allegiance to the same ; that I take this ob
ligation freely, without any mental reservation
or purpose of evasion,and that I will welland faith
fully discharge the duties of my office on which
I am about to enter, so help me God;" which
said oath, so taken and signed, shall be preser
ved among the files of th*' Court. House of Con
gress, or departments to which the said office
may appertain ; and any person who shall falsely
take the said oath shall be guilty of perjury, and
on conviction, in addition to the i>enulties now
prescribed for that offence, shall be deprived of
his office, and rendered incapable forever niter
of holding any office or place under the United
Approved July 2. 18G2.
Alabama on Citizenship.
The Cinncinnati Commercial has a lotter from
Montgomery Ala., in which Gov. Parsons is re
ported to have said the following : -
I cannot too highly estimate the wisdom of
the policy of Talleyrand, who, when Europe,
on Napoleon's return from Elba, was about to
fulminate extermination against the people of j
France, pleaded that even in the cause of se
curity and peace so much inhumanity must en
danger the cause itself, not merely in France, j
but throughout Europe ; whih\ on tho other j
hand, limiting the proclamation of outlawry to
thc head and front of revolution, Napoleon im- i
self would prove the only logical resistance to j
rebellion, and make the war a war for Pruner
and not against her, and thus, in the end. enlist j
instead ot' repel, every instinct ot" humanity
and social order involved. Upon thc adoption of j
such prudent counsel, rn a few short, weeli?* fol- !
lowed Waterloo and St. Helena. And new that i
slavery is dead, 1 can conceive no greater social 1
evil then a class of humanity in our midst so j
excluded from the civil pale as to bveonre ;? stag- f
nant, seething, miasmatic, moral ress-pool in \
the community. Human nature either improves j
or degenerates-It cannot stand still; but ir can- j
not improve without the moral incentive of hope j
and a human future. Therefore the freedman j
must, for our own security as well as hts. be ;
bnm$ht at once within tile pale of civil ls-.*,- j
His citizenship must ITV recognised. A> a man, ]
position, he is-lcTWftta*'^^ \
pursuit of happiness. . With tfcis Vew. I have [
welcomed rhe chivalrous proposition of Camera 1 [
S wayne, and have advised my appointee;.-, tn j
good faith, to admit the freedman to the courts." [
Action of Tennessee Planters,
We find by the Nash ville Union of the 13"th j
ult., that General Fisk, Assistant Commissioner
and Superintendent of the Bureau of Freedmen
for the States of Kentucky, Tennessee, and Ala
bama; addressed a very large assemblage of
cit?2fens including freedmen, of thc counties of
Maury and Williamson, Fenn., on the ft'th ult.,
at Spring Hill, in the former county. His
remarks were well considered and appropriate,
and had the happiest effect. After the General
had taken his departure, the following resolu
tions were adopted- by" tito citizens prescht with
entire" unanimity. Amongst the names append- |
ed are those of some of the most respected and r
influential planters itt that section- of the state
-men whose pledge may always be relied upon: j
" Itesolvcd, That the views, sentiments and I
suggestions contained in the address of General j:
C. B. Fisk, this day delivered to the citizens h
and freedmen of Maury and Williamson coun- | j
ties, merit our full approbation, and it is our
determination, to acquiesce in, and with our in
dividual and united influence to support the line j t
of policy therein announced.
" Resolved,. That the said policy is not only
wise, but humaire, will secure and settle upon j *
just and equitable terms thc interest of both j i
classes of population, ftild will promote the ag
ricultura? and individual interests of the county,
while at the same time it secures a liberal sup
port and competency for t:.e colored population. 1
Kesolved, That in thc person of General Fisk r
ive are happy to know the President has been -j
fortunate in the selection of a representative in
?very way qualified for the discharge of the ou
?rons, delicate and responsible duties appertain- \
ng to the position he now occupies, of umpire
md daysman b'etwix: the two races, and wc deem 11
t the doty of all od citizens to give him, in d
he administration- oflhis offi-ce, there hearty and r
mdivided support. ^
Resolved, That' the appointment' of a subor
linate commissioner in each county to take nf:- ^
nediate supervision of local- interests^ arid to S
inforce the contracts between the two classes is s
vise and polite, and all that We ask or desire in a
cgard thereto, is that th- appointments may be
conferred upon discreet, just and good men": *
?.Samuel A. Pointer, A. W. Potter, H. C. ii
Yells,;Nath. F. Chears, Jno. L. Dunlap, M. B. sl
lolloy, A. C. White, B. F. Drake, X. H. .
enkins, W. W. McCormick, Thos, H. Priest.
. J. Wood, J. W. Chears, S\ S. Cambell, ff
esse G. Wa lace, S. 'JP. Brcknell, Henry P. Wade, d
\ A. Thompson, Thos. H. Bond, M. T. Chears t]
L. McLemore, ft. G. Irvin, A. C. White."
What the war has cost the North in the
ray of men tne world will never know, but to 0
ive our friends some idea of the immense sa- *
riflce made ft)save the nation, we give below ai
tie results of fifteen battles : - ^
In the desperate encounter at Chickamauga, ;
Rosecrans lost ?6;$5Lmen, and at Murfreesbo
3ugh P?,085>; at Pittsburg Landing Grant lost
3,573, at Vicksburg 9,875, and at Mission
lidge 7,000; at Game's Mil ls, Peach Orchard, [
avage Station, Glendale, White Oak Swamp,.*
nd Malvern Hili, McClellan' Tost 70,000 raen, j
ad at Antietam H,426 ;. Hooker lost in his ?
impaign in the Wilderness 20,000 ; Burnside !rc
t Fredricksburg 12,000 ; and Grant's united | H
>sses, from the time of crossing the Rapidan,
i his final campaign, to the surrender of Lee,
re computed-at 90,000.-Total, 262,8IG. I ti,
A Democratic paper says : '; Tho great parte til
:* the country stands ready to continue that ser- | in
icc it has so faithfully rendered in the past.'' j d'
Can They take Care ot Themselves?
This question, as applied to freedmen, receives
some light. Chaplain james of our armies in
North Carolina, says there were in Beaufort
about three thousand blacks and nearly the
same number of whites. Of the former between
three and four hundred wt re applicants for gov
eminent aid; of the "latter from twelve to four
teen hundred. As to how they were getting
along, we copy the following very interesting
"In order to obtain some facts upon which I
might estimate the amount of earnings to be
credited to the free and freed people, I posted a
handbill in New bern, requesting such colored
people as were not employed by government but
were pursuing some trade, profession or calling
on their own account, to report at my office the
amount of their incomes or earning during the
year 1864. The result will interest the friends
of the negro, and indicate their ability to sup
??Three hundred and five persons, nearly all
males, made return in response to my request,
reporting a gross amount of one hundred and
fiftv-one thousand five hundred and sixty-two
? The number reporting
From $500 to ?1000 income was 110
Upward of $1000 incoms was 18
Upward of $2000 incomes was . 4
Upward of $3000 income was 2
?.The largest income reported was $300. This
was derived from the turpentine bufiness,
as indeed were most of the larger incomes
reported, which varied from ?360 to .$3000.
The average of all the incomes reported is .>'4i)6.
92 a trifle short of ?000."
Status of the Freedmen.
The following is an extract from the procla
mation of Provisional Oovernoi Marvin, of
Florida, and is worthy of candid and impartial
consideration ; -
MBy the operations and results of the war
slavery has ceased to exist in tins State. lt
cannot be revived. Every voter for delegates to
the convention in taking th- amnesty oath takes
a solemn oath to support the freedom of the
former slav?1. The freedom intended is the full,
ample and complete freedom of a citizen of the
United States. This does not necessarily in
clude the privilege of voting. But it does in
clude the idea (d' full constitutional guaranties
ot' future possessio?* und quiet enjoyment. Ihe
question of Ins voting rs an open question -a
proper subject for discussion-and is to be de
cided asa question of sound policy by the con
vention to Oe eal led.
"Upon the establishment of a republican four,
of State government under a Constitution which
gu?rateos and secures liberty f> wll the inhabi
tants aiike, with./Ul distinction of Color, there
will no longer exist any impediment in the way
of restoring tin1 State to its proper Constitutional
relations to the government of the United S'at.s,
whereby its people will be entitled to protection
by thc United States against invasion, insurrec
and domestic violence.
.. WM. M.iirvrv,"
'.Provisional-^ o v. rncr."
The retern* of thc Vermont eject-on show a
general and heavy falling off itv the votes of j
both parties. The K 'publican candidate for
Governor is elected by about l?,?tH) majority.
?W?#tai?rlI^S:,c wiU re!iJIlln about l,,e
A disease stilled hog-dipthef?a ls now rapidly
killing otrt the hogs in Fairfax. Virginia, ami
adjoining counties. The animal appears well
one morning ; during the day its neck swells,
and by the m-xt mom:: g it is defcd. No cure
has been discovered.
The Xaval School at Annapolis is to re-open !
during the present month. The transfer from
Newport, Hhode Island, has beets fully made.
Tlie old buildings formerly used by the school
at Annapolis have iu-t been put in excellent
lion. William Mcdill, ex-Governor of Ohio,
and late comptroller af the tfuited States Treas
ury, died at Lancaster, Ohio, o? thc 22nd.
Daniel Webster, a son of the late Colonel
Fletcher Webster, and grandson of the great
Daniel Webster, died at Marshfield on Satur
day, aged 2?r. The yening man had led a disso
lute life, and was 1 opelessly wrecked in health
and character. .
The cholera appears to Oe receding eastward.
At Constantinople it is estimated that the vic
tims number 20,000, the number of deaths in a
single day having reached a thousand. It is
said probably '500,00? people have left the city
The Fanion excitement in Ireland is very ili
ense, and the order is rapidly gaining ground,
hough strongly opposed by the priesthood.
Meetings for drill are constantly being held, and
vo secret is made of the object.
If? South America the war between Para
juay and Brazil still coutinues. Lopez has
mt himself at the head of his army. The Em.
>eror of Uracil is also proceeding to the front. (
The hottest of the strife is vet to come. I
rf i " ?
tor eighteen hundred years the Hebrews have !
leen dispersed iuto different latitudes and cli
mates, and they have preserved themselves-most
listirtct from any intermixture with the other
aces of mankind. There are some Jew's still
ingering in the valleys of the Jordan, Ravin?
ieen oppressed by the successive conquerors of
>yria for ages-a low race of people, and' de?
cribed by trust-worthy travelers as oeing oracle
s any of the Ethiopian ra-ccs. Others of .the
ewish people, participating in European civi
zation, and dwelling in tlie liortnefii nations, 1 -
how instances of the light Complexion - the
lue eyes and the light hair of the Scandinavian
imilies. We see then how to account for the
inferences in color, without having to refer
icm to original or specific distinction.
PASSEIVAWAT.--We have noticed* the death
f Mr. Bartlett S Drew, Glen Iiarbor,Michigau.
he friend of our boyhood has passed away,
ad his well-remembered form will no more be
jeri around' the old homestead. Those who
new him best will join us in repeating the ten
ir wo*ds of the poet over his departed worth.
Green grows the grass above him,
1 riend of our better days.
None knew him but to love him
None named him but to praise.?' ~
The municipal government of Charleston, lins
'sumed some of its functions, under the'Mayor,
on. Chas. Macbeth.
A VIRTUOUS .'IE'.''-- A Western "Democra
cy editor asks ir his- conscience pricked him, j JJJ
And if, through the war, the great Democra- j'
c party of the country never failed oPperform- j
g- its-duty, it is as ready to perform its whole ;
itv now," I
Call and See.
H. R. THOMAS AGENT 13<)
Kerosene Lamps arnon'' them the wonderful Alladin
Lamp with a fine proof coneical chimney that will
neitherBreak nor burn.
Oii in fire gallon cans, retail prices 80crs.per quart
also a new and fire article of Luceme Oil the on!v ar""
tiele in the city which will burn in fluid Lamps. V;.',
id lamps altered to burn Kerosene Oil. All orders
filled with neatness and dispatch call and see.
Ransier and Farrar.
4:60 King St. 3 Doors above
HAVE Constantly on hand a fine assorfmr-ui o?
Groceries and Fancy goods, ?om us thc pV .'
lie can be supplied with the choicest teas. Pn^r. caa
fruits, butter, lard and flour of the very best quail",
tiesf also meats in pickle from the Northern Mark-'}
by weekly steamers. Here can also be lound rho <?.? . '
brated Trenton Crackers, m quantities to suit ps?
chasers. Ail those who arc fond of getting un ..
parties will du well to gire us a call before p:::v ...
X. B.Our prices areas Reasonable as am- j; ??
City. ' '
O'HEAR & FENWICK,
F?Gt?rs and Commission Merche.
F?aving erected a Prc^s on Dr-reef's Wharf (nea-v
E. Depot,) we aro prepared to Bale, rebalc and 1';
broken and damaged Cottons All cottons receiv,
will be attended to with despatch.
We trust, from long experience, to give g?ner,
S. o'HEAR. C. KENWICK.
CflAKl.ESf?X, ?. C?, Oct., 7th. 1SG5.
A Man of a Thousand
A ?ONSUMTIVE CURED
DTI . lt. J A M E S . a retired physician offres!
eminence*, discovered, while in th?- East Ind:?s,3
certain cure for Consumption. Asthma. Uren;-:;; ;..
Coughs, Colds, and General Debility . The nmn-dy
was discovered by him.when his only Cliild a dau?jL? -
was given up to die. Hrs Child was ctfrcd. and
ali ve and weil. Desirous of benefiting his fellow :., -
tals, he will send to those who wish it the : .
containing full directions for making and sucess!.
uRingrthe rentecSy, free, on receipt of their naa .
with*two stamps to pay expenses. There U ny; ?
single symptom of Consumtion that it does nc; ..;
once take hold of and dissipate. Night sweats, y r'....
ness, irritation *rt* the nerves, failure of lusa
difficult expeetoration,sharp pains in the iunp>;9< :V.
throat, chilly sensations, nausea at the stomach,
action of the bowels, wasting away of the n?us ri .?.
$3* The writer will please state the name of the
paper they see this ad vert ismcnt in. Address
CRADDOK & CO..
I0#3 Ratfe Street, Philadelphia. !'.::..
1 & iv..
LEAV?TT SEWING MACHINE GQMPAB7.
M.VNTr Af Tl'KKRS (JV DtPROVED
Originally Entublished in rS*3.
C?ct t2?t? J?est -<rh<? MU'Ht is tile Cheapen
a li ci
. 1 ?K
si ve Jv
Stitch iriU not Hip or Ravel, (inri h alii
bot ft sides.
STRAIGHT NEEDLE, WO*K*XG VEKTTVALLY.
ese machines are manufactured by auth??r
.jise from ELIAS HOWI:, Jr.. (nml oiac?>
tal inventor ot" Sewing Machines, and ? ai:
A 4i?D.tr?p???MT>lf?K ?)f itis invention, to .?
sae? several valuaDie impn>vcmrut>, HUI*".
. perf?K*tion of dewing Machine*-*, st cured ? 1
to this Company by ampie patents.
THE FAMILY MACHINE
ls superior, in all thc qualitf?s Of a'practically us-i
domestic machine, to any oilier* yvt pr?sente:! ;
thc public. It is simple and durable in eoustrii '.
working" without noise, or fatigue to the operar?:
using, with equal facility,- sik\ cotton, or iii!
thread, in all varieties ot fanviiy sewing, from
lightest muslin to the heaviest cloth
They are made in ere ry variety of finish. to i::
The wants and tastes of afr The faithful frieii ;
thc hard-working seamstress ; tin- elegant, u~
ornament ol the lady's boudoir, and the one in
pensable thing to a well-kept house.
THE MANUFACTURING MACHINE.
For Tailors, Coach and Harness Makers, Boot I
ShoManufacturers.Rubber f>oods, kv., &c, j-ert
more and better work than ?ny other.
Especial attention is called to recent IMPK*?VJ
M KN i s in the machines, partictdarly important ia r!?
manufacture of Boots and Shoes ; among which is :b
fact that a smaller needle' can1 6e used that I .
other, the value of which, wilt ar once be apprecrM
Particular attention has been devoted to this t-rai
of manufacture, and, it is conceded, with uurirai:
success, especially for ?hoe Binding, andFihc^tii
ing on Patent heather.
The Company Hatter themselves that the result
twelve years' experience in the manufacture ui S
mg Machines enables them t?? present a uiachiur :
sessing all the qualities of a t?rst-class machh:?.
greater extent than any other io the world.
Information in regard to the machines can b'-?
by applying to
Ure agents wanted- everywhere, if von want
)!oymentand a goo?! chance tO make mon? v. ?
rour address* and receive my circular free bv'nw
BENJAM?N \V. HITCHCOCK.
*"* * 14 Chambers Street, New i
)ak & Hemlock Sole Leafier,
FRENCH & ANERICAN CALF SKINS,
ir.LY, KIP, SPLIT LEA THEII .
No. 98- Milk Street,
CEO. L. STEARNS & CO.,
[MPROVED LEAL) in PK
Pure Bloch Tin Pipe and Skeet Lcd,
ALSO, DEALERS IN
?\Q AND BAR LEAD,
COPPER AND IRON PUMPS,
HYDRAULIC RAMS, ACj
?KO. h. STEAKS;
Vx. J. BBIDI
WILLARD & SMALLEY.
(Late of'?. S. Navy.)
ARMY AND XAW
Banking & Collection Offi^
Bounties, Commutation of Rations for Prison^1
Var, and' for Soldiers on furlough. . 3
Prize Money, Bounties, and Pensions sceor??N.(
aid. Tay, Accounts, and Allotments caslic?- ?
irv Public and Commissioner of Deeds.
Certificates of Non-indebtedness procured. ,. ^
Alt Government Claims promptly a-'^"'
ommunications hy mail will receive inim*^
NOW is the time f??r those who at^ewearin-' A-1*1*
eth on Gold or Silver, which they cann?t |:M ^*N
tange them for a set thev^can use, ?>n th? ^ 1 '
vsK. Teeth Extracted hv the ViTKOCS ?'Mni -
('H r.O R0F0K5T positively without ?tain '
f.ut^ cleaned and'repaired iii the best manuel".
Bi H. DANIELS,
No. 19 Tremont Bow, Boston?
*f s, det
ir who d
>Hifi or d