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South Carolina leader. (Charleston, S.C.) 1865-18??, October 28, 1865, Image 1

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ALLEN COFFIN, Editor. "First t>h?.Uiac?o, thou the ear? utter tlij.it the trill edni in thu our."-Paul. FOUR DOLLARS PER ANNUM.
"Vol. I.
SOUTH CAROLINA, LEADER,
PUBLISHED ON SATURDAYS,
WKKICl.Vi
At 4.30 King Stroot, Charloston, S. C.
nv
T. I-JUttLKY &> CO.
Subscription Price :-Ku ur Dollars a yorirj Invn
rlablv lu nd vance.
Kate? of AdvortisiiiR!
Kur mu: Square of Ton Min's, one insertion, $*.'.<HI
for euch subsequent Insertion, f-l.ou.
A ?berni discount Hindu to yearly, half-yearly, and
.quarterly advertisers. Ad vert I ?einen ia r.otisiilcHOUs
ly displayed l?>- special agreement,
PJiOSPKCT US ??
rou nut
South Carolina Leader.
A "Wookly Journal of tho Timon.
Tm-: I.KAiM.lt will lie devoted ti? the Interest ol
l-'ree l.aburand general reform.
Thc Federal Government will be sustained at all
hasards; mut we hone that ?ta ultimate policy towards
this State will ensure peace, prosperity, and domes
tlc tranquility.
That aolf evident truth, contained In lli? L>i*el?r?
Dun of Independence, '.That all mea arc created
equal,*' will be alead last ly adhered to.
lu milliers of local concerti, it will give il* earhi'si
support to nil Important publie nica su rcs amt practi
cal Improvement e.
Willie fearless in lt? advocacy o? the Uitfht, and
frank in its denunciation ot ihc Wrongs ii? columns
will never bc made a channel of coarse personal
abuse, lt Will deal with principles mlbrr Dian men,
mid allow Un: free ami candid discussion of all sub
jects pert illili ii}; to t ho public, good.
In striving to make thin emphatically a paper for
the people, we confidently look lo I betti for Iii?
amount of Mittscrlptiou ami advertising patronage,
which its worth demands.
T. HURLEY & CU.
LEFT-ARMED-SOLDIERS.
There are many men now in hospital, as well
tis nt their homes, who have hist their ii>?lit
arms, or whose light arm i-HO disabled ililli
they cannot irrite with it. Penmanship is a ne
cessary reuniste to any tuan ?bo wan-- a situa
tion nuder the government. As an ?iii icemcnt
Jo t'.ic. cl--' vf .yoc.ndcd ami di.obled soldiers
herc n inned to muk every elfo rt lo Ht mcmscl
Ves for lucrative and honorable positions, we i
olTer the following premiums:
For the best specimen of left* hand
pcmuitiifililpi . . . ?300
For'lho second best specimen, . I?0
For the third best specimen, . 100
For thc fourth hc>>i specimen; . 00
Thc specimens of penmanship must be writ
ten tcith ink, on line letter-paper of the ordinary
aizo (eight by ten inches), and not to he less
than two pages.
'I he literary part of the wink limy be Ut ?ginni
or selected. Brief essays on patriotic themes,
and especially narratives of the writer's c.\*pcri
cncD in the service of thc country, incidents or
sketches of the war, arc preferred. In till cases,
thc writer munt give his mime in full, his com
pany, regiment and rank ; list of battles, .in
which he was enuaged, us complete ns possible j
the place where he lost his ann, with the date,
and bis post-ofiiee address. An inch margin
must be left nt the aides and top and bottom of
the paper. Should a stiOlcciit number of speci
mens be sent in, they will bo placed oil exhibi
tion, and the proceeds if sufficient, will be devot
ed to thc publication of a memorial volume
containing the prize assays, H list of contribu?- ;
tors, etc.,.n copy of which will he sent to each
competitor.
The undersigned bus thc honor to announce
that tho following gentlemen will net as thc
I'OMMITTKK Ol' AWAltt?. j
His Excellency lleubcn E. Fenton, Gov. of
New York.
Kev. Henry \V. Hollows, D. I)., President
Sanitary Commission.
William Cullen Hrynnt.
George William Curtis.
Howard Potter, i Executive Committee
'William F. Dodge, Jr., \ Hurcnu of Einploy
Theodore Roosevelt, J ment, N. Y.
After the nwnrd shnll have been made, the
editor of The Soldier's Friend is lo have the right
to publish such of the contributions us may be
best adapted for publication, and the manu
scripts will he bound np mid preserved us it
memorial of thc bravo.
Thc manuscript must be sent in on or before
thc 1st of January, 18o?. Time will thus bc
allowed for thc men wounded in the last battles
near Richmond lo enter the lista ns competitors.
Thc manuscripts must be wrapped around a
.wooden roller, to avoid folding or crushing in
transportation, timi must bc addressed to
?WM. GLAND UOUIINK,
Editor of "Tho Soldier's Friend," No. ?'? Centre
Street, New York.
Ear"" Editors of newspapers throughout tho
country are respectfully requested to republish
thc nbovc.
A SHAH? RKPAIITKK.- Mr. Wendell Phillips
was riding inn railroad car, when <hc was ad
dressed by n mon1 of suth rotundity that he
seemed to carry everything before him. The
mnn asked Mr. Phillips what was thc object
of bis life.
"To bcnoRt thc negro," was thc bland reply,
.'Then why don't you go down South to do
it t"
"That ia worth thinking of. I see ti white
ernvnt around your neck > pray what i>? tho ob
ject of your life i"
To save souls from hell."
" May Insk whether you propose to go there
to do it J"
POETRY.
Tllfci OUANJJWUlt OF OTJTt TRIUMPH.
[The following i>oi-ni ts !>>. Miss KANNIK JACKSON.
itu" first colored Iciiutlt! -trailiiatc from Min College
ni Oberlin, Ohio. lt ij a creditable pro'luctlon, ami
we thunk tin: friend who sum tt io II? for |itibltcitlli>n.J
- f.ilmriilin:
Ts tin' gniliileui of dur triumph
Tin- Republic's preservation,
That her iiimic is not ii byword
lu tlic mouth ol' every notion !
Is it in lin.1 new-born glory
Which iiroinul our country glows 1
Iii her heroes' minies immortal .'
lu thc completing ol' her loes f
Surely nrJi cVfl Ute whole earth
Shook willi her triumphal airs,
Though ?ill nations before her,
A lld her glory touched til?' stars.
For the pride and pomp of splendor
Which the great world call ll fiord,
Slliks to vanity and nothing
In thc presence ol' thc (?ira.?
In His power He passed among us,
And our hearts stood still in awe ;
While with more than Sinai's thunder
Hi- proclaimed his holy law.
lu thc mire where guilt had Hung us,
lu the slough of deep disgrace,
Struggled wu-Ile passed among us,
And wc saw his ilrciiiliul thcVi
Towered His lofty form above us.
Frowned iris tearful, glorious brow;
Dripping with thc blooil of millions
Swept that red righi hand below.
Arid 1,1c showed us in ihe fierceness
Of His auger what awaits
Those who trample on thc weak, or
Turn the stranger from thc gates.
Those who flaunt their banners proudly*,
dalling mi the Loni of I mst!*,
Knowing that tliei" praise i< mockery
> And their word., hut idle boasts.
Oh. wc thought to build our glory
tin th' oppression of thc *.r !
Vain attempt upon your heads came
I'etribiition swift and sure.
Sooner build your cities . j
tin Moimi .Kimi than to place
Your gh?i\v In oppression !
On thc wrongs of ?my race.
Ki ir the slumbering lires of manhood
Shall hrir?t forth with gian' leap,
Lc.ivinir your renowned republic
Hut il smoking, bliickcneil heat).
"~TViu>n our mun mc "fHornVy war-cloud
(.'ame thc awful Voleo ul" Hud,
Dare ye lilt in supplication
Hands roil with your brothers' blood .'
Haughtily wc answered him
With empty words and frowardness ;
Lol lily wc'bore ourselves -
Was nm om- anny numberless '
Then tl. ? dark days cann' Upon us,
(tinnily days, when un mau slept ,
When at Hull's l'un and at Kichmmid
. O'er unnumbered slain wc wept.
When wc knew in Southern fens
Tili? braves' ol our warriors lay ;
Marking where thc bullets rained
In thc stonily ha tl (cd uv.
All for love of ('luist ami eCimtrv
In the trenches did they lay :
Greener grows tl,?; turf, and sweeter
lllpuiii thc iVIIil Howers there to-day.
Then came also days of fasting,
When our country bowed her head,
While in sackcloth and in ashes
She sat mourning for her head :
For lier dead, and not licl' sins ;
So our cars no victory greeted,
Kor ilie l.onl was still against us -
Wi- were smitten and defeated
Till a great cry rose amongst us,
Till thc whole land blushed with blood,
At thc stubborn sin which kept .is
Under Heaven's iivcej-ing rod.
Hot thc i.'hmd of demil was lifted* ;
Stayed the How of martyrs' blood
When our country, humble, contrite,
('roping found lier nay to (hui.
As from out the Jordan'-: water.**
("ame thc spotless Lamb of (?od
As from heaven the lorin eternal
Flashed its glory round our Lord ;
So I rom out of war's red sea,
Hit pt ??cd anew in freedom's name,
Our ftmtitry conies willi snowy robes,
And heart with holy fire allume.
. Then the Lord rebuked our foes,
And ull their boastful horde
Fled like leaves before thc whirlwind
At the coming of thc Lord.
In their lin n of war they boasted,
Hui thc great Avenger's breath
Fell ripon their mighty men, it it tl
Smote them like the frost of death.
('onie not too near thc triumph mount,
On which Chill's lightning Hushes;
Hut come wc in his presence chfd
lu sackcloth and in uglies*.
For our souls have not been sinless,
Nor our hands been free from stain ;
And our alta rs yet ure dripping
With the blood of brothers blain.
Unto (tod belong thc praises;
His right arm the vengeance deals; ,
In the whirlwind of thc battle
We have heard his chariot wheels.
We have heard his mighty trumpet,
Wc have seen his Haming sword,
And the grandeur of our tiiumph
ls tho glory of the Lord.
There ore in Washington nine colored day
schools, whose teachers nre supported by tuition
fees. There nre also twenty-five free schools
supported by Northern prit thin th ropy, and eight
free morning schools,- taught by clerks in the
different departments. The city of Washington,
AS n corporation, pays nothing foi the educ.uiun
of its own colored people
FUNDAMENTAL LAW;
lixtr?cts from a Spruch tlvlivircd in (ho (.'. S.
House of Ileprcscniatii'cs, by lion. Wni, I).
Kelley, of l'?tirisylvanio, January, 1SG5.
My proposition is. thal Un; government of Hie
United States was instituted to Remire tho rights
ol* all thc citizens nf the country, anil not for I lie
benefit of men of one race only ; mid I ktiov} liol
where to look for evidence, that Vt1 <Ililli strengthen
thc conclusiveness bf thc mass of proof I have,
ililli' adduced, eilihmcing as it docs thc action of
the framers of all thc Slate constitutions hut one,
of thc Congress for framing Artieles'of t'onfed
eratioii, of the Convention for fra in i hg Ut?? Con
stitution of thc United Slates, thc ads of Con
gress in unbroken series throughout thc active
lin? cf a generation, ami thc solemn obligat'dlls
asMiineil by thc executive ileparltncnt of thc Na
tional govern munt in the exercise of thc treaty
hiukirig power? If other sources of proof there
bc, it can only serve to make assurance doubly
sure.
-Mi. Speaker, it is safe to assert that in every
State save South Carolina, rfd possibly Virginia
nfi'tl Delaware,-in which two Slates the i'jiics
tiou of B'Mihiiic was regulated hy statute and not
hy Constitutional provision,-negroes participa
ted in constituting thu convention which framed
thc Constitutum"?)!' thc United States, and voted
tbr ilrctiihers ol' tin- Slate conventions lo which
thc question of its ratification was submitted ;
and as that Constitution contains no clause which
expressly or by implication f!e?/rivcs them of thu
protecting power and inlliience of thc instrument
i j ley participated in creating, 1 m tty well Mtv thal
to secure ifitt'illlSl peace hy thc establishment t/f
political homogeneity, and perpetuate it hy the
abolition of political classes and castes whose
eontliciing rights and interests will provoke in
cessant agitation, and ever and anon, ?is the op
pressed may bc inspired hy the fundamental
princiblcs ol our ?joverRljieiit or goaded by
wrongs,excite armed insurrection, wc need adopt
no new theory, but accept lin* principles of our
luthers, ?iud administer in ?il faith to all men
thc institutions they foundacxm them.
As :i step to this, in vii lendim nt proposed,
not that thc entire nias?, ?nu ..bille ol African de
scent, whom our laws anTusn,in* have ?legrad
cd and brutalized, shall b; inmediately clothed
with all thc rights of citizenship. It proposes
only to grant thc right >?*^f frage, inestimable to
all men, io M..?-.? ?vh?i ..-.Ay bc so hir tillea ?>y
education for its judicious exercise as to be nhl ;
to read ide Coiislitutioii and laws of the country,
in addition to the brave men, who in thc name
of law ami liberty, and in thc hope of leavinj1
their children heirs to holli, have welcomed the
baptism of battle in the naval and military ser
vice of thc United Stan's, ?iud who ?ire embraecil
hy thc amendment reported by the committee
This. I admit, will bc ?in entering wedge, hy tin
?lid of which, in a brief lime, the whole mass im
proved, enriched, an I enlightened by thc last
com i u ii and beneficent jirovidehee of (?od, wil
be qualilied for and permitted to enjoy (host
rights by which they may protect themselves
and aid in giving lo all others that near apprend
to exact justice which ire hope to attain from tin
intelligent exercise of universal suffrage, nm
lite submission of all trials of law in which a eiti
zen may lie interested lo the decision of his peer
?ts jurors.
Let ns meet thc ipieatioil fairly. Do our insti
unions rest nu complexional dill?rcncesJ Cai
Wi- cclliciil nuil perpetuate them by surreudci in;
thc pafiols of thc hi./tirgent district, shorn o
?ill political power, into the hands of the traitor
whom we propose to propitiate by stell a sueri
lice of failli and honor' Did I bul ordain on
country for a single race of men ! Is lhere rca
sou why thc intelligent, wealthy, loyal man ii
color shall stand apart, abased, on election-da^
while his ignorant, intemperate, vicious, and din
loyal while neighbor participates in milking law
for his government f What ii tin' logie, (hal iii
nies i" ii son the ri^ht lo vote ivith or against hi
furner, liec.iuS'j it has pleased Heaven that h
should partake more largely of his mother's tba
of that father's complexion '. And is it no
known to all of us that well rrigli forty per cen
of thc colored people ol' thc South arc cloldro
of white fathers, who, after ive subjugate then
will, willi professions of loyalty only lip-ttec|
enjoy the righi ol' suffrage in thc reconstruct!
?Slates ? ?Shall he, lliouglr1 black as ebony li
hi?, skin, who by patient industry, obedience t
the laws, ami unvarying good habits, lias iieci
initialed properly on which lie cheerfully pay
taxes, bc denied the right of a Voice in thc gm
eminent of u State lo' whose support ?ind wc
tari', he Ilms contributes, while the idle, rockies
thriftless mau of fairer complexion shall vol
iiw?ty bis c:r?iiiiigs and trilic with his life or ii
tcrcsls as a juror .' Shall thc brave man wh
has perilled his life, and mayhap lost limb, wli
has endured thc dangers of tho march, thc cain
?iud (he bivouac, in defence bi" our Const it ut iii
?ind laws, be denied their protection, while ll
traitors, in thc campiest of whom bc assiste*
I i'll joy those rights, and use thom ns iiislruiiicii
; for his oppression and degradation ! ?Shall I
who, in the language of my nmendiifon't, may I
?ihle lo read the Constitution of the IJnilt
Stories, and who linds his pleasure in ihc stud
of history and political philosophy, whose inte;
rite is undoubted, whose means are ample, 1
voiceless in the councils of the nation, mid rei
only lo loarrr tiltil (Uti people af free and ehligli
cued America, among whom his lot linn bin
cast, sustain the only govcrf^rrfent which punis
es ii race because Cod in his providence gaye
a complexion which its unhappy members won
not have accepted had it been .submitted to tin
choice or volition .' And can he who will n
.suer lliese ipieslions idlirmutivcly believe th
St/ u- ? JJ
gnvcmiilcnts ?ire instituid among nloii tn secure
then'rights, iliitl they derive Mich' powers fruin
Uli i ?instill.uf liiu governed, anil that it is Mit?
linty of ii people, win n any government becomes
destructive ot' ihi'ir tight", ?II alter ur lil'olis'h it,
ami .'stahlidi a now government ? Sir, ?mr hope
for jV.'jii??, while we attempt to govern Iwb-fifllis
of tlirt p'cdple of one-half of our country in vio
latio'i.of M?ese fundamental principles, will IM?
idle is thc hrt.'czo of summer or thc dreams of
the opium-eater.
Unlit may he said, - History vindicates your
tlic?'?*v. Our fathers did lUc.'lti Mint the black
niau should he a citizen and a voter : to deny him
his rights is illogical, as you have suggested ; it
woe.'Hie better l<? secure his loyalty to ihn liov
cnitTti?tit by its cven-ltiltldcil justice: but such an
net "Volild exasperate the .Soathern people, and
wc do not think it wise lo do that. His rai n is
inferior, and, in short, wc will mil do it." Who
say? his race is inferior ? Upon what theatre have
you permitted him lo exhibit or devcl'Jp his
power .' ?Litte him au opportunity to exhibit his
'jrip?iu?ly ; and let those who follow you, and have
bef?te them thc iv.-ii lu he produces in freedom,
judge ns tu his relativ*: Jib'sitioti in the seale cf
huiipiu p?iwcr and worth. To whom and to what
do you biiy thc American negro and mulatto are
infcrioi ? Was our government formed lor thc
Cmmi-sinn ak?ue ? "V%"ill y?>n, as Theodore Til
ton nell asked, exchange thc negro lor thc Ks
qtiiu'iiux, for ll;?- r'aiitte-l.-hunler, lor thc Soul ll
American tribes ? Will you exchange our ne1
?rue< for ho many Mongolians, Ethiopians,
Ann rican Indians, or Malays .' 1 apprehend
that the universal answer to these qUC-iions will
bc in I lie negative ; because, oppress them as we
may, we prize thc American negroes as next to
our own promt race in thc scalelof humanity j
and shall wc erect around our civilization, our
privileges and immunities, a more than Chinese
iva I}*! Shall America, pro lld ol her deiliocrcy,
become the most exclusive of all thc nations in
the aorld '. Or shall she carry her faith into her
life.,.md become Mic home of mankind, thc cir!
pire of ircedoin, and, by her example, the re
former of thc world ?
! WATOH-NOTEB.
Wie President's HxpcrinieAt- Anxiety Abroad
Surprise ??/" the South - 7Viiit of the S?rth
,tnn\ Wi st- Doubtful $??Al.
t'Otttigiiouv swi? ?.i?ii?.?? itor.o the attention
of.i ifAtiikiug, reading, reasoning ?"n'en i-, ll .ted
wiihNhe most profound interest, just now, upon
one subject, the most prolific that can be con
ceive.h perhaps, of questions niid problems of a
political, morn!, religious and practical charac
ter ; that is, "thc 1'iesidcnt'a experiment." It
is everywhere the leading theme of inquiry and
discussion, not only in America, hut through
out Ku rope, and all those parts of Asia and
Africa wheresoever a newspaper signalir.es the
advance of intelligence and civilization. States
men and politicians, philosophers and philan
thropists, teachers ami preachers, are all regard
ill'' with curious and serious gaze thc spectacle
of s ?relit republic travailing in thc throes of a
nal ional regeneration.
Among the best friends of the Unico through -
eil' tiie tild World lhere is an unconcealed
feeling ol' disappointment in view of tile turn
things have taken, and of anxiety lest thc
grund aims of a fmir VcafV Colites t blioUtd bc
bullied by men who have iii ways ho isted of
their superiority over the free North, not only
in soldierly qualities, but in political and diplo
matic ability. They have been beaten upon lite
battle-field, but they wife confident of troll
victories upon thc political arena, lighting w ith
skilled leadership under the banner ol' State
Hight*. The contest waxes hut; mid is destined
to reach its crisis on tue floor ol Congress;
At thc close of the war there was a universal
expectation that the l'residel?t would us?; the
povfer with which lie was invested to adjust thu
relation:" of the rebel Stales on thc ground of a
homogeneous nationality. There was no more
"a South." Tin.' South, as il was, li td appealed
as a confederacy, to the arbitrament of war, ami
bail lost all. It confessed defeat, and was ready
to take the logical consequences. It urged no
claim ; il expected to be treated as it would
have treated us had Oran! surrendered to I,ic;
for fnch it would have forced us to submit to a
homogeneous slave policy estrfbli.shed over the
Union, allowing Mr. Too m bs to cull thc roll of
his slaves limier th? shadow of Munker Hill.
Jefferson Davis would have transfer- ?>' his resi
dence from Richmond to Washington, and Pre
sident Johnson, it is likely, would have had "to
swing" without the ceremony of a long trial.
Of course, in their view, when the armed
confederacy fell, " the South," as a political
power, had departed from Mic theatre of action.
In thc political world il seemed that lhere was
no more " n North," as distinguished from "the
South," but one nation, a homogeneous union,
"inseparable" forever.- lixchunije.
JOHN RANDOLPH ON CONVIC
TION.
John Randolph was kepi from the
current infidelity of his carly life
bj thc memory of his mother's piety, and
came nt length to n strong faith in the Di
vine 01 ?gin of tho Christian system. The fol
lowing incident, told by Mr. Rey, in h's ac
count of the denth of Daniel Murray, of the
American navy, shows that Mfr. Raiidojph un
derstood what is meant by conviction of sin.
Mr. Key says :
I remember being present nt n conversation
on the subject of religion between thc late John
Randolph und Commodore Decatur, who had
leif O H Mr. Murray while in thc navy. Thc
hiller was ex pressing Iiis il ?Iii cw Iii? ? about tliii
Universal .sinfulness of Minn's tut lu io. It sur
prised him that thu very liest people! in tl?L'
world .should always speak of ihctiiseivcs ai
Miniers. Ho mentioned his own mother ns au
instance, and then turning to inc, Mini, ''There,
loo; !M our friend Murray { you Know wlidi a
man li? is 5 who ever .'"Iv!- anything wrong in
him ? Is it not absurd tc' think of such a man
us a Mimer ? Am! yet in; accounts himself
such." I windi never forget Mr. Randolph'.-,
reply to this. Ile rose freon his sofa, walked
toward Decatur, stood before him, and iii hui
emphatic manner said to this effect ; " J. ive!!
knowhow dark and unintelligible this subject
appears to you, and why it is so. Hut I trust a
time will co th ti when yoll will know and feel it
to be all trite-true of ul!; true of yourself;
when you will he solf-arrainged anti self-con
detuned ; found guilty of sit? - not of the sin of
cowardice, falsehood, or any mean anti dishon
orable ail; hilt at least of this, that you have
conferred Upon you great and innumerable fa
vors, ti nd lui ve tequieu-d your Benefactor with
ingratitude. This will he guilt chough to hum
ble you, and you will feel and own that you
arc ? ?iHIlcr."
I DIES FREE.
An old, dilapidated far iii-hoi! sc, in a little
to ?vu in Georgia; lone .-ince ik'scited by tin
o-.vtiei,, stood .k'Hohitcly hy the roadside.
Woods grew rankly in the onee-eultivatt i
grrden, through which here and then- n brigb
(lower looked out as sometimes a star .-hine
through ihc thick interlacing of forest-tree*
Thc fields had been trampled by thousands o
horses' hoofs, the fences were ilvstroyed, tin
rooms of the household defaced i the pac rc?
altai's uf home were forever broken up.
The night hail fallen, anti it came doiri
like it pall upon blight tittil tle.ilii: Thcr
weie nt) cheerful soumis ai lung that desertei
rond. The voice of laughter hail vunished
ihc .sound of a child's merry song \vri? ii thin
of the past.
Suddenly, in thc midst of the thick ylooi
that covered thc forsaken house, u light wu
Seen tb glimmer; and presently a ?lark foi:
passed before the linl'urttiinod wintlow ovi
'ht; hall They were not all goto . tHi/h"; tl
inmates cf tittil lonely' house.
In une corner of thc roon!, whit.}; was vcr
large, iind neatly L'are of furniture, laid
withered old negros-, who seemed to have ju
escaped the jaws of death, for she was fea
fully emaciated, Standing at ihc wi ii dov
near the feeble light; stood a yoting giri, sew
iug.
" Tihly," cried a tri mbliug yo'icc;
'.Iii, Aunty; von's sensible now."
..Yes. chile, I 'member* all lihout it. lient
o' soldiers here wlten I w;is t?n'? sick."
'.Ye-, Aunty; tley's all gone, llinugn.
"An" wi,ar'.- your folks . '"
"Doy's gone too."
"Alt' why'- you here, chile?"
..(iii, ! .-e here bi take care o' yoe."
" What! an' let. all dc others go to frei
dom :
"We's all free now, Aunty; don't make t
difference; Could'nt I ave you to die, t
how."
"De Lord hi-ss yin'.' de laird give you t
you needs iii ''is life, and 'tennil joy in i
life to come," murmured the old negress wi
a sob. "I'll git well ns fast a- I ecu, chi!
an" we'll both go ?har de rest is gone."
Long, weary dtiys pa.I, until at Dint o
aunty .-et out, (dining upon Tildy's ann:
stout stiel, in one hand, ii fit I so she bobbi
ulong. Hut .-be bad. over-estimated 1
strength, Oil the third inoinin-? th? .-unk
cheek and g la/.eil ive t>>'<! tittil lier Lour.- wt
ii U in he ri d.
Tildy;'' ?die ?aid, "l's going where yi
can't load nie no more. I'- tried to keep II
chile) but tlc ole henri's worn ont. Hut g|
ry to de blessed Loni anti Saviour, I d
free! Tell every lindy tlat ever asks for t
ole woman that she died free. You's y??i
Tildy ; von's going where they'll look ont :
your soul, anti p"r'np's learn yon to road
blessed Seriptur'. 'Hint's all 1 wanted, 1
p'r'aps l's too ?dd. (?lory to (rod! I'll rc
his word in heaven, and ile Master hltns
will teach tuc. flood-bye. Tildy ; I flies frei
and, with one joyous look heavenward, i
tired soul wont home. - Wtit?Hmun (inti j
flector,
UOW TO IJEOOiMK CITIZENS.
Now that tho war is over, and halt' a mill
of young men are returning to their homes ti
friends, tbe transition fro'n'i soldier life to c
zonship will bc very great. Mai:}' vYetit I
the tinny as apprentices or directly 'roth sch
with characters unformed, with habits not
tahli-hcd, tt'rVil army life, as a frVtittcr of com
has tts varied intuit noes upor.'dilfoi ont indiv
nais. Ono is made more s launch, inatily, t
heroic, and another is led to dissipation uni
reckless disregard cf former habits n'n'd qt
usages',
Those v.'hotn the army has strengthened i
noble manhood have conic hack improved"
the hardships of ?hr war; and those who h
been'rendered dissipated in any Respect, eil
itt'their appetites or general manner nntl bi
lng ; those w'ho have forgotten tho simd
school anti the mother's religious teaching, r
come back to us to blent) in the common tn
to bc clevuud and bviU'tUcd uceOrdlU|? ns tl
character nm! thc circutiintuiici-H lin y in?y meei
nt Ubini.' tdiull di) il. A [{'XK! -inri in thc beat
promise ul success, und wc would suggest lo
bur rririidi-nod nil the soldiers ute unr fib. nd-'
- (bul on rcs'imiug citizenship u few pointe
y.huiiM bc well consid?re'!.'
Hitch one should seek ?onie icinuncKitivt- nm!
respeetubli! employment ; und if they lin vc bert'
in (ht- h'ibit of drinking or smoking, lin-y will
doubtless li rt cl ii to their lid van tage to loy tlieni
all iir-iili'. Ccrtnifily the soldier who can fiicf:
tiie infuriated foti uni id the bristling bayonet.*'
und IhUiidtiin? ciintion hus courage inough ti'
quit bud habits bli returning to civil life, and lt'
be Stile to hay .' Uti " to thos'.' iyhb Invite bini
tu tl i ink. Hut unfortunately for immun tia tu re,'
a mun ? an linet serried hosts in buttle ensiet
tliiiii ike seductive |il'rsU'i*iibli ol' friends vylio
would lead him to dissipation.
We in?*>t upon it tbut ii right ?turi is half
the buttle; nui! it they begin rirdif Od feturn-'
ii'iy it will be et'-')- ta barry out tin ir youd reso"
I ti tiona i And we beseeeb our friends who Itrivc
been in the nriny, who ure ut home receiving
their soldier blends, timi they refrain from per-"
alluding them to indulge.
j Anny life unfortunately tends to dissipation'
Di inking mid oilier tidbits, ure ton c?mm?n iii
nil uni)ie* ; und light, frclieXablrlc boya, led by
those who ure oilier, full illtii t?tl? tidbits. Uui
they cnn bli reclaimed ; they tnii ttifii o'Vir i*
new leaf; they cnn soy tc the cup', .' Avaunt ! "
iiutl to the tempter, " (Jet thee behind ?ile ; "
uml properly started in the right way, il will
be very easy foi them to keep there.
We wire ill neb pleased u short time Silice a*
Hie bearing and errand of a voling man win.'
culled on us: lie was ju.st out of thc army, he
snid, und he desired to .-tart right, enter upoii
citizenship in the proper manner. His friet.dri
- his ludy-love doubtless - hud requested liiir!
to i/o nuil sijfi tl'- temperance pledge! We (*rivc*
bini u not? th our veiierable friend, Dr. Mnr.sh;
Ike great apostlii of Umperunce in New Yorkf
for wlil ck He expressen his thanks, anti star lcd
lu enroll Iiis name dm ? ll g the teiiiperuticc host*
lind keep bini und tn rik c him. ns bc is able ti.'
be, a blessing td his wife," Iii? mother, und ult
bis friends. And wc would .surest to all uuf
friends, th'.-?Obliers; to go and do likewise. If
tl-.ity have formed the hnbit of drinking, thc
pledge will be un riid to their salvation. If they
hove nut formed the habit of drinking, it wilJ
be very little privation, mid t'et a worth** ex
ample fur those who nrt.- not strong in resisting
V-mptations. Then if they will join n churell
timi come lintier religious iiiiluences, they wilt
be in the way of growth in (?nice,' prortiotion'
usefulness, anti hdnp'ihcssi
lu iliis way they may become grioil ritir;enj*
ns they haye been excellent soldiere'.' - Phreno
logical Journal,
MUST BE HUMBLE:
j We remember that we once questioned the'
I truth of Hubert Ililli'.? remark that humility ii
I the fir?t fruit of genuine Christianity; A lit-"
; tie reflection will convince us that ku was right.'
Tliia point is well illustrutotd in the following
! quotation-'
! Tue first lesson in Christian service is humil
ity ; faith, dependence, zeal and activity afc
ike second, and we may not invert thc order
ur destroy ike character and end of Chris
ti n n peforinunce. Pre-eminently do the sins'
nf the tongue oppose our progress,' und heap
up occasions froto shume and discouragement;
Yon begin a discussion* tn the love of trull/
uml ike spirit of peuce, but pride of opiuioii
rind impatience of Opposition mixed themselves
willi the /.calo?a nilVction for n good thing und
; gendered ii strife of words, in which you dishon
ored the eu usc you meant to recommend. You*
proposed to elevate your adversar)' td you'f ow ri
or a higher level, und you have descended below
his. (Ifttii in your privat-.* and public ?lsc?tfrsc
ike plji'iisiiiii sou ml of your voice lulls ymir
Christ inn cunt ion. Literary or religious vanity'
conies in like it torrent in your lluent periods,'
una ii i> im longer Jesu?, your 'reacher,' j'"our
Saviour; but self, a crowned; applauded self;
that engrosses your lliohgl?t?, anti attracts youf
nit', etion.
Ye Thomas, ye gay, rind festive cuss" (in1
the li?i?guu?e of Artemus Ward) i? ?till about,'
lind :i? day after tiny, comes ami goes the artless**
ness, ef hi's actions and the simplicity, of hi-/
nature brings him tnor.-, and rn'ore," into public
nonce. Murk his verdeticy, lishe c filers ft Well
known book sti-'re, on main street* iii company
with, one of his decoys; and casting, kia eyes"
up lit thc llifllitiu-hoard, he sees there the odd
mum-* ol several new book's, such ss "What wil?
lie do willi itr" "(?ot oi thc depth," Stich things*
ure," and the like, und stepping up to the coun*
ter, he asks the shop mini, in thut bland1 voice he'
is so famcous for.-" Sir.' hu vc you* ?j?t thr*
woman in white ?"
'. Ye-, sit."
"All alone ?" ?aid the ri; I lc .*&
" Yes." responded the shopman.
"In llu dork r" ?lill kc inquired.
" Yes, sir;" promptly replied the attendant"
"' Well, nil I've g?? tb' say, uttered .the nrt*
less, ns he ItfrrYctT to (he door," "you've flat it
mighty nice thing o'/ it f tf?b'a by."
Tl.? ?n?pmWri' u ns in a very low slate rd lost'
Accounts, but it is Imped Mutt carefuV nursing*
will bring hun "out of thc depths.*'-Umina
House.
Commissioner Swayne of Alabnmo reports tc
thc Freedmen's li urea tl that the affairs of tK4.
deportment arc generally sutisfactoiY.'

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