Newspaper Page Text
CHARLESTON, S. C.,
Saturday, October* 28,18G5.
Ac ? s CM-: SD AOSMtS : William Dart, Paul Volnsrtt,
Samuel L. Dennett, of Cltnrlentoti ; Writ. D. Nash,
Columbia; Donn Dudley, Henton, Maia.; Rev. A.
Tiri? I-EADK a -cnn be obtnluod nt Hie store* of T. VV.
Card020, connor -of Henrietta niul Elizabeth Streets ;
nut) at SJauons & ?leuuy. Market Street, ormoarto
Gen, Howard in Zion's Ciiurcli. !
The Zion's Church was densely crowded on j
Sunday nftcrnoon Inst by the friends of impnr
<inl freedom, to see and bear Mnjor-Ocn. O. 0.
Howard, Commissioner of the Freedmen's Bu
After the singing of several hymns, the ser- I
vices were commenced by Kev. Mr. Howard, i
brother of thc General, who rend from the <?lst |
chapter of Isninh, and Offered n fervent prayer.
General U. Saxton, Assistatrt Commissioner,
presided, nnd snid that they hnd assembled to
listen to Gen. Howard, thc man who command
ed the right wing of General Sherman's army
on their successful march through thc South,
nnd who had-done ns much as any other mun
for freedom through the war, nnd would haye
given his lifo ns freely as he did his arm for ihe
*uccc?s of the cause. After the war had been
brought to a close, General Hownrd wes select
ed ns Commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau,
as ono eminently calculated to deni justly with
nlL He believed (lint he wns the true fiiend of
the colored man, that his henrt wns in the great
work to which he hud been called, and thnt he
should have their earnest prayers.
General Howard remarked that thc Secretary
?of War had plsecd him at the head of the
Freedmen's Commission; and, if Ive kt>ew &ii>
own henrt, he wns a friend to mau because he
M'ss a friend to God. Love thy neighbor as
thyself was n divine command, and be coultl
not love God without loving his fellow-men.
The pledge of the Government to the freed
men might be temporary as a law, hut perpetu
al in it-fl (fleets-that slaves shall bc forever
free. Whatever else may fail, ns sure as the
soul of President Lincoln i<s in heaver:, that
promise shall Trot be broken.
Hy labor you will earn your bread. The
first thing to be done is to secure labor for
yourselves. Every friend of thc race feels anxi
ous for you. It is n question muong them whe
ther you will continue to work on the plantation*
and in thc workshops of industry. Constant
statements' are nando that you will not succeed in
freedom; Thc right of labor is vouchsafed to
every living soul. It makes no difference what
may be thc color of the skin ; our Saviour loved
all mankind, and worked fdr all his creatures,
but bc was especially tender of thc poor in heart.
His children can do no better than follow hi?
Tho ivar has left us some excellent fruits,-thc
poor and thc rich have their share. It has left
?us willi broken hearts nnd trccp-seato.t preju
dices. It has left us in a condition front which ne
Thc object of the Bureau is to etrry out the
pledge made to thc colored niau hy the late Pr?
ludent Lincoln, contained in tho hist law of Con
gress, iv Idell lie signed; It is to make that pledge
go'd for eternity-a pledge for which he laid
down Iiis life. It is to establish justice between
thc freedman nud his former master, to inaugu
rate a system nf agreement between thc land
owners and thc biliorcrs. And it is the duty of
its agents to soc that such agreements arc ful
Never revenge or retaliate against your op
pressor. 1 .advocate always a spirit of'manliness;
but be polite, bc kind, anti bo Christlike. Be
brave enough to keep silent when you wish, and
is>?peak when you want to speak. No one cnn
rightfully oppress you now ; nnd, with thc
proper spirit on your part, you cannot be op
pressed. Your former masters propose to deal
with you in a liberal manner. A freeman, with
a. freeman's heart, is a better workman than any
slave. I would have every one of you be a true
freeman, and exert such au inti ut nee upon oth
ers that all shall indeed bc free.
There is nothing dishonorable in work. Pre
sident Johnson came from the poor man's path
of life, and has reached the grandest position in
thc Cuitad States. With the love of God in
your heart, you can say thut you ure a better
man than the President, and demonstrate tn
the world that thc colored people are worthy of
the freedom which the Government has bestow
ed upon them.
Education U worthy of your consideration.
Keep good schools in operation, that you may
send out rai Mounties into the interior, and dif
fuse tho benefits of knowledge. I was very
much pleased with the appearance of a school
which I visited the other day. The marked in
telligence of thc scholars surprised me ; as they
had not only made rapid progress in learning
the common branches, but improvement in all
thc accomplishments that adorn civilized life.
It seems as if the hand of God must be in it till
to aitf this people. Through education r.cxt to
labor, you will pass from darkness to light
from weakness to strength. You have many
obstacles in the way of your advancement, and
though you may not get on as fast as you de
sire, yu children and your children's children
will be blessed with all thc benefits that flow
from liberty and union.
When you become really free, you can more
readily obtain thc rights pf freemen. Such are
my sentiments, that come from the yearning of
my heart for the good of your people. You
c.iust look forward, anti hold on to what you
have already got. You were not thu only
?.laves. Manya white man wns n slave to the
system of slavery. And if Home of them now
oppose you, get nlong with it mnnnfully rind
ns easy ns you cnn', My principle is to love
man ns man. These while men have been living
ul 1 their lives in such ti state nf opposition to
you. All of their property has gone, nit of
iheir slaves hnve been taken from them, nnd is
it wonderful that they should oppose you. If
you can get at the light Hist, be a true guide to
them. If thc government has chosen to give
them back the Utile land which their fathers
left them, let them have it. Tho principle of
thi' United States, by which tins lund is return
ed, is a noble one--it is to bc B luther to all her
children. It is to notice thc children of nil
classes, and not bc favorable to one against the
other. We Who stood up and fought fo- the
nation can alford to ?be mngnenimous. Let the
lund go, nod forgive them for their sentiments.
1 would nat have a ooiorcd soldier cherish en
mity ngaist another mun; Let him remember
that when Jesus wa? reviled he reviled not
again. ?Let him forgive them, for they know
not ?what they do. The spirit I want the cnlor
ed man to have is, tt?rgn'eiicu from thc bottom
nf the heart. You will go forward, and thc
privileges before you are unbounded. Fear
not. I believe that the God who brought you
into freedom will carry on thc good work until
you enjoy it in all ita completeness.
(Tito exercises closed wi lib * prayer by the
??ev. Mr. AJvord.)
We were deeply interested iii the address of
General Howard, and not disappointed as to,
thc policy enunciated in giving up the lands.
It is the opinion of Attorney-General Speed
that the Executive pardon restores all thc .rights,
of the pardoned to the land which they iuriuetr-;
ly possecfcd, and General l?owurd *?etc<? tu ac
cordance with this htgnj decision. Ii will avail
nothing, perhaps, iartus to suv ihnt we differ
in opinion ft.cin the Attorney General. There
Silty be some technical imperfection in thc con
fiscation net ss hieb we do riot comprehend. Hu?,
considered in thc light of good obi-fashioned
honesty, lhere is no more reason for tuking
away these lands from the negroes than there
would be in taking assay their pe rs an oj .freedom
and reducing them again to a?avccy.
If the pardons of lite President (and we
question the right JJJ thc President to pardon a
person for a crime before such person has been
duly tried ivnil convicted vt the same) make
tweu loyal, tlben why not turn over to them
their " property in persons." The loyal men
of Kentucky have liol had their slnves set free
- why should the loyal men of South Carolina
have theirs taken from them ? The consequen
ces of any such attempt aru too well known,
and reforms do not go backsvnrd. Gen. How
ard said the pledge of freedom should never he |
broken. Hut we fail to sec that the pledge of
freedom is any more sacred than any other
pledge made by man to mun, or by the Govern-1
ment to thc people. It appeared as if bc was
begging the question. Poor fellows ! they have
lost everything] - their property and their
?laves all gone ! Do kt lSacui have a lillie
land ; - nnd " forgive them, ivs they know not
what they do."
The good faith of the Government has been
violated in taking these lands from the freed
men, who have already made improvement?
upon them. Freedom caine to the .slav? by net
of government, and government is fulse to its
trust if it doe6 not confer upon them thc fruits
of their own industry and toil, even if it breaks
In conveying this intelligence to the people,
General Hosvnrd seemed to bc au unwitting
messenger, proclaiming ?? decidion' Ul svtucn ins
heart beat not. Ile gave to i^. the most encour
aging ?nd cheering interpretation; counselling
energy, perseverance, hope, and a firm reliance
upon the nrm of thc Almighty. It is a com
forting assurance-"God is not demi yet ' "
FitBKDMKX's SAVINGS.-We call attention to
thc National Freedmen's Saving? and Trust
Counpnny, whose object is strictly benevolent.
It is a bank for the " emancipated slave? and
their descendants." 'I he company is chartered
by Congress, and approved by the late ?ad la
mented President of tho United Stales. Its
principal office is in thc city of New York, and
branches or agencies aro to be established at uti
thc greta centrai points of the colored people
throughout thc country ; and in several places,
colored men have been appointed cashiers, anti
arc discharging thc linties faithfully. Depoiits
are received of one dollar and upwards, and in
terest paid tm all sums of five dollars and up
ward*. There is much need of snell a bank.
Savings banks have been establishetl for the
hcnvlii of the mechanic, the seaman, and the
laborer ; and the trustees feel confident that in
the formation of this company they are provid
ing u necessity for the African race. The large
sums of money accruing to the colored man
from enlistments in the army, from thc labor of
his hands, mid from the many sources of in
come now thrown open to him, demand that
some safe place of deposit and investment he
furnished him. Agencies of the company will
be established in all the great business centres
of the South, for the purpose of receiving de
posits. There nru many colored men in Charles
ton competent to act ne agent, and wc trust that
some one of them may be selected for the posi
CCp- Robert Banneker was a colored astrono
mer of some considerable note in thc early days
of thc Republic. His color placed no obstacle in
thc way of Iiis real merit as a man of genius, be
ing recognized even hy the Fathers of thc coun
try. It was to this distinguished negro tii.it
Thomas Jefferson wrote thc following :
" Nobody wishes more than I tlo to sec such
proofs us you exhibit, that nature lins given to
our black brethren talents equal to those of thc
other colors of men, and that the appearance of
a want of them is owing only to tho degraded
condition of their existence both in Africa nnd
America. I can ?tdd, with truth, that no one
wishes more ardently to see a good sj-stem com
menced for raising the condition both of their
body and mind to what it ought to be, as fast us
thc iniliecility of their present existence, and
other circumstances u'liich cannot lie neglected,
RKMOIOCS.-Hiahop luker, of the M. Epis
copal Church, iiutl Dr. Harris, thc missionary
secretary, nrrived in Charleston on Monday lust.
They ?re on a tour through the Atlantic States
for (lie purposo of ascertaining ttie condition nf
Illings religiously ; and wherever they find a
necessity for thc establishment of missions for
the evangelization nf thu people, tiley stand
nntlv with tire means und the heart to du it.
i * ?
Hist.tip linker delivered an eloquent sermon
in the Spring Street Church, on Tuesday even
ing, timi Dr. Harris made a forcible address on
Individual Responsibility and Labor. The
meeting was largely attended, and thc attend
ance highly gratified svjih the *crviccs.
'.'ho Mass Mooting.
Tho mass meeting ot Zion'? Church on Thurs
day evening, 26th inst., was a large and appre
ciative assemblage. The meeting was called to
order by Mr. Paul Poinsett, and Mr. Wm. Dart
was chosen President, with Messrs. Cumplain,
Bonum, and Carroll tor Vice Presidents, and
Messrs. Hausier and Forester aa Secretaries.
Rev. Mr. Oraham invoked thc divine blessing.
Thc President, upon taking tho chair, re
marked that he was always willing, in hi?hum- I
blc way, to do what bc could to further thc
cnusc which rh ey had assembled to deliberate
upon, if bc understood tbc cause which 'bad
culled them together, it was a most important
one, s? bearing directly upon ?.heir fupurc
condition sud welfare. Thc parent caqle, in
teaching her offspring to fly, commences by stir
ring up -sr hre*t.b\g ?ip thc nest, and in that way
tho young ure \mt to the tcet ?f fhrer* own
powers. Wc, ns a people, have been tcTr?Vby
stirred up; our nest of slavery has been des
troyed; and wc must learn to usc thc powers
which God has given us to wing our way to
thc possession of true .liberty Jtnd equal rights
o? sue?.. Thc ta ?rm eas of thc meeting .is to
consider thc expediency of calling a Conven
tion of thc colored people to deliberate upon
thc means best adapted to promote the general
welfare of our people, to devise means cud in
avig?rate a pinn by which suth Convention can
be held, and to elect a suitable committee* to
carry the project into effect.
On motion of Mr. Peteer Mitti*-., thc folv/wm*- .
Committee wns appointed to draft resolutions
expressive of thc sentiments of the meeting : -
Paul Poinsett. J. ll. Wright, lt. II. Mugwood,
Wm. Marshall, Geo. Henderson, Edw. White,
Thos. Miller, Jntnes Price, James Hf ight, Thoa.
Holmes, John Desverncy, Wm. McKinly, Wm;
While the Committee on ?R?solu ri bris were ab- .
sent, the President introduced Allen Collin, who
urged -upon the t-olovcd men of thc Stace thc
importance of unity in all their proceedings.
Agiture the -question of equally ;-bring your
undivided wisdom into Convention;- moke
forcible dIT. 1 awi*.ion o?' yam rights; - let your
petitions go thriridcTvng up to the cnpital,of thc
nation, where they will be heard, and their in
fluence will he feit throughout the land. With
thc right of freemen to petition, a glorious fu
ture awaits you.
T. Hurley wns thc next spcaher. Ile had
much hope ; - thc cheering results of thc elec
tions at the North inspired confidence.'aa thc
large Republican gains in Iowa, Ohio, Pennsyl
vania, New Jersey, and even Connecticut, indi
cated that thc people of the North were awake
to thc duties of thc hour. The Congress of thc
United States were upon tlu- side of freedom,
and they would not desert th? ark of saftety, j
The Committee then reponed tho following
I resolutions : -
' ' I
Wht-rnis, We, as a people, at thUfumc occupy
I a Mrnngc and undefined position, ai far as the
fundamental law of this State is concerned ;
anil believing us we do. that a grave, if not in
tentional, error has been committed by the ,
State; and deeming that our true* duty, as
.?..MABM? ?-;tirf?t<?. reanima us to rt v?-i
to our utmost ability that thc said errnrjnny be
corrected, anil that protection afforded) HS by ?
law that will enable us to enjoy the bruits of .
our own industry, make secure the pcs.ee and I
harmony of our beloved Stute, and ciusc tho
advancemi-ut of the interest of thc entire peo?
plc : therefore,
Rtsofveil, in furtherance of the ?botre impor
tant purpose, thc colored people of this State,
through delegate*, be requested to assemble in
Convention, in this city, on the third Monday
of November next, the 20th day of the month.
/tV.Ww/, That thc number of delegates in
each district bc placed ai the rntio of represen
tation in thc Lower House of the Stute Legis
ftisolvni. That a committee of seven bc ap
pointed by the Chairman to carry into effect
the objects of this meeting.
Mr. R. C. DeLsrge moved the adoption of
the resolutions, and spoke in favor thereof. H.
thought a Convention most important. Thu
colored people occupied a position audi as no
other people ever bad. Il was a question whe
ther they were to have the privileges of free
men, or continue in ti state of absolute nothing
ness. He hail ruber be a slave, and know his
place, than bc a freeman and look in vain for a
freeman's rights, and b* lisld accountable for a
freeman's conduct. I-'.ir the achievement of their
rights they mint depend upon themselves, as
there were few of th? whites upon whom they
could depend. Thc time for action had come.
Let us put by personal differences and bend our
eviry energy to the accomplishment of our pur
pose. No set ot mun can defeat our object if
we are true to oursclvss.
Rev. R. II. Randolph nert addressed the
meeting in favor of thc resolutions. Never bo
fore had he attended a niceiin^ of such import
ance. It may be considered out of place for a
clergyman to speak upon the political questions
of thc day, but as long as they have so much to
do with our welfare it is the duty of every
Christian man to d'.il with politics, Beecher
and others of the best clergymen at the North
have always stood up for Ood-givcn rights.
Agitation is our best weapon. Ood ha* given
us white men who will advocate our c?use, but
wc must not stand idle when robbed of our
rights ns freemen. In the heart of the black
man there is manhood ns well as in that of thc
white man. Frederick Douglas is thc equul of
the heit white men in the nation. The white
man has said, " Give me liberty or give mc
death." Cannot thc black man say the same :
Let ui go into Convention, and let thc world
know that we know our strength, and that wc
don't mean to give up till we have our rights. I
believe that God has decried chat wc ahull enjoy
equality before thc law, nm', wc are wormy of
the miine of slave if wc do not demand of thc
! government all our rights und privileges. Ilea
1 ven will bless und sanction our efforts.
I Mr. Wm. McKinley wai culled for, bm ex
cused himself from speaking, fearing be might
I spoil what had already been said.
Mr. James Carroll then aro?c, and, quoting
from th? Apostle, said, "I think myself happy,
King Agrippa, because I shall answer for my
self this day." I was born in South Carolina,
and have known my father, grandfather, and
gr-at-grnndfathcr. Hut a few days since the
glad tidings reached mc that my mother was
yet alive. These persons have all prayed for tin
coining of this day, and God iu his inti ii ito mer
cy has brought about this change in our condi
tion. So much hus been done, and so touch
more is to be done, that all persons who have
an interest in the things which concern us ought
to give their united strength to this effort. He
alluded to the injustice of the government in
denying them the privileges of the leland landa,
and he advised the occupants to see that their
contracts were made in auch a way that the end
of the year would not lind them in debt.
Some little debate occurred between Messrs.
Ranaicr, Dc Lu gc, Hartson, and Pinckncy, in
reference to an amendment offered, when the
resolutions were adopted ss reported.
The following g en ci eic eu were a jip J in te tl ns
a committee to maka -the necesiary arrange
menta for the Convention::-faul Puinsett, Ja?.
?Carroll, Mr. Hausier, Joseph Quash, LC II.
Mngwood, Peter Miller, NV. M. Marshall.
I Mr. Randolph then introduced a resolution
approving the course .of the SOUTH ?CARO
I l-l NA. LKADKH, which was adopted, and the
meeting adjourned to Wednesday evening, Nov.
Article? iuicrteit under this hew. ?re written by
.orr??pond?ut?, We ?hall be y, Iml to ftiM i s h com
munication! of nirrit, but do nut hold ourselvesssc
ei'oniiblo for tbvsVr ac-rit'rmvu'U.
%"he io li owing article upsn free labor ii from
an oflicer of large experience ia thc waiccv., awv<
! we comineud it to our readers as worthy of
: perusal and careful consideration ; -
Tv tht Kttitor of I fie 1.1 niter.
' The question of freed l.tbor in thc State be*
j comes pressing. The present crop, such as it i?,
I is nearly harvested, anti it is time to be arratsg
g for better crops next year.
The landowners aro divided into three main
1st, Those who " damn thc nigger," say he
won't work us a freeman, and that there must
be slavery of some kind, or ruin. These are
mostly young ni ctn, or very ?gsiocant and bitter
old tuen, anti n majority nf women?
"2ui, Those who are undecided, waiting M ace
what the U. S. Government or State Rover?
meut, or their neighbor? are going to do.
Srd, A nwioll cla-is who are going quietly to
work, scicclvng-choice batriafrom their own and'
other plantations, ar.st engaging their services
after the present contracts have expired. These
lust will do admirably well if not tvAeitered
with by their neighbors.
The question of freed labor is too wide for
discussion in a.sitlgle article, but there are som?
facts su important and so easily substantiated
that they are worth printing at thc outset. A
second article will ttrst of freed labor ns ail in
stitution, if yotjLdeem this ttrht article WMClhy
of publicity in Wt tr columns.
I. The rjrvtrim&t u V'-r cannot bc called ri
complete ?uiTCbsflrTh-tt is, the freetlmcn nod
women have not wolli cd so Well cr so profitably
ns under the oliW&lave system. No sane mun
could expect otherwise, anti no truthful tuan
CHI ?uv ..th. ? u l--''^
A complote rv volution of habit cannot be ef
fected in n il ii y or a year, and any one who ex
pects the contrarymust (nek sagacity and obser
vation. The man who lins trotted under the
whip fur a life time misses that incentive to la
bor, r.nd must leam another. The fault i*. not
in thc freedman who will not work faitbfully
withoul compulsion, but rather in thc lung
course of training VA hicli made him what he is;
anti if it hna taken him fifteen or twenty years
to make him what he is, surely he may be al
lowed two years to make himself what he
ou^ht to be.
Hut saide from this, there have been special
dilf?eullie? in the way this year which need not
occur in the next. They are -
I. The general d?moralisation of the country
nt planting time. How any crop? came to be
planted, anti how any freedman reniniucil hy
his crop, is eVen iimv nn anomaly.
Thetcbtl troops were energetic enough lit
hunting up able bodied nun r.nd women, and
plundering their houses. The white troops of
thc Union forces made a very denn sweep of
what was left, ?nd last of nil came Satan also,
in form of the so-called " scouts," matty o?
iv h o th ate unfortunately still unhanged; ami
arc the most energetic of nil iii doubting the
ability of the freedman tri work except lintier
compulsion. The majority of crops were late
planted, for the scattered freedmen roultl not go
out into the field? in March und April, and
even at later date? they were liable to very se
'I. Uncertainty of the future ns regtitda per
manency nf engagement or security of pay.
Until the arrangement of the contract system;
both these important matters were entirely
afloat; and even now the difficulty exists, for
the contracts expire willi the year, and arc
very poorly complied with by both partie?.
Still they are better than nothing.
3, Hut the great drawback has been, and ii
now, the absence of any general law respecting
labor and pay, which should bc st the stunt1
time so specific as to bind all officers to one
course of procedure, ir respect! viti ve of their
personal prejudices. Every officer of high ut
low grade ha? been left mainly to Iiis own fan
cy, almost without supervision ; ami the vari
ous forms of contract made, anti the different
methods of enforcing them, would bc n curiosi
ty, were it not for the damage done by unscru
pulous or careless or thoughtless ofiicisls.
Work has one aspect nt the table anti fireside
of the hospitable planter, quite another in the
rubin of the freedman ; und a published vol'' of
thanks from respectable planters is not always
unpaid for out of the Wages due to working
Ksjplnnutions similar to the foregoing might
bc increased ntl libitum, anti examples be fur
nifhed in their support) but surely these ?re
sufficient to establish the furl that the experi
ment, thus fat, hos .reen under trying circum
? tuners, nntl that thc present year's ?horteom
ings are no ground of discouragement or doubt
ns to ultimate suecos.
II. While the foregoing i* strictly true, it is
equally true that in the following respect? the
conduct of thc freed people lias been remark
- (1.) Thc blt?tani trtlk of insurrection and gen
cr?l demoralization has boen thoroughly ex*
ploded. Not an instance has occurred in thc
State, although in some districts - Barnwell,
for instance,-everything has been done which
could provoke it. Aloro than this, lest any
means should bc left untried, the subject has
been kept before the attention of thc freed peo
ple, by reports of armed organizations among
them, which reports arc as false as they nre
cowardly. There is a course of aggravation
which may, and doubtlass will, lead to indivi
dual retaliation. Hut no amount of ingenuity
can effect an insurrection. Thc freedpeople who
are run off from plantations, and deprived of
the share of the crops to which they ate justly
entitled, may, and possibly will, try to take
what belongs to them ; but, if protected in their
rights, even tins will bc averted.
<(2.) While it is true that, in thc main, con
tracts have not beet? faithfully executed by
Freedmen, this trouble, in most instances, ha?
seemed to result from thc example of a few on
each .plantation, rather than from any gcncrnl
disinclination to work. The proportion of crops
assigned to freedmen is to bc divided * motif;
Ch om, seid the lar.y full hand receive his equal
sitare wii*n Atc willing worker. Laziness hat
nb pu ii it: hm mt, true labor no jjpi'ciat Tctvaid.
.Further than this, ?ince the contracts mostlj
provide (.but thc workhands shall receive foi
themselves and (amRici " suitable food, shel
ter," nod in very many cases *. work clothing,'
as well as that they vii adi -"labor faithfully,'
etc., it is 7in open question \*f the latter side b
the contract has not been as honestly carriel
out UH thc former.
In six p-lnotaiions o^t often in t-W ?districts o
Darn well, O ran gobur gb, Coll eton awi Charles
ton, tire " suitable food " has anio?w.t?rd to on
peek of grits or meal per week, without meal
or even salt,, nn<fl *he item of ctot^???g rquull
The gfttcrsl result of the whole experiment i
about this> The freedpeople here have not don
BS well a* their friends wtdd have wished. Un
der the circuit! tances, they ha"ve tSnne quite f
well ss their ftiends or encintes could expect
mor': than tin*, they have don? so wrll as t
give SMTC promise that, ?Miter 'a properly ai
runted a?<? permanent syatewi of labor, the
will next year settle thc question of successfi
free labe* Ircyomsl all cavil
Who to Truat.
Wit? glrtU ywV*. trust ' is a question that to d:
is commanding n good i?lcal of attention, ami th
justly, too, as you cannot forget thal most, if n
all, your troubles bave been brought abo
through the misrepresentation nf men who
only aim was self And while ive 'Vt not ?lei
that there are soinc who, like Pillsbury, 1 leech
ami Hawks, an- giving all their time and tillen
to help VII ibo great anil good work, ami arc :
ways ready to give the advice that every color
ri?s.n. woman, anti child may need, ami thu, tc
without pay or profit, yet there are some who ii
to-day actuated by other motiv?s than thc gb
of your hice. And yow should, if you value yo
Imiire. prosw??ft?y no?" well-being, lld ymir O'
busbies-?J, Illili take ii|?,n . utarjvl vtj irtitat i
(lillie.* that you are trusting to lip-iorving m
to jib fdr you.
If ut it conic amongst yurt, and tell voil this
thai, ?hieb on ils face looks fair, ?til' it i will
to ask yourselves, " What arc the ni?iiv?.?? tl
govern these persons ! " And if you think iv
of it, nee if you cannot do tho work alone. \
sec no reason why you cannot as nell a.* y<
friends iii oilier parts of th? Country. Vdu w
know, judging by the past, thal a good tri?
h?vt? come iiiiiiVt?gM you,-"-und som-.- aie herc
day-who have no more sympathy for ?nur r
iliad the strongest advocate of slavery, and Ol
preach justice to you, bul will hot ill ?t?y
?tance practice it. Of such as these you can
bc ton careful .in your dealing);; Von iver/
Created fur aiiy set of men to take advantage
ymir friendship is not to be sought to airy |
sous into places ol* ?>rolit and trust, wh<i arc
willing to acknowledge a nie-ttorioii.s colo
man, equally ns hon? st and faithful, j it's tl y ii
tied td piiy for his service, as uliy one else 1
claims justice for nil men. TlicriTiiro; wii ?-.i
yon, tru<t morr lo yourselves and less io ? tin
bi! ?oen, and that, lois Itt a manly and ho
way. Von wain no praises from sunshine fri?'
There is enough among your own people for
purposes'. So fail not t?> trust ybnrs'elvos'j
ihcn you will have no question ni to who \
friends are. Von are riot for sale.
Tho Mothodist Church South and
Colored Pooplo of ChnrlOHton.
F?r tht Leader.
Upon the surrender of Charleston In rc
sty hist the property of the Methodist Chi
South was taken possession of by the Me
dist Church North un?lor a military orib.-r.
the Him?; lime, at a meeting of the official n
hers, certain resolutions parcelling nut tho
petty for the usc of thc white and colored -
resolutions being drafted hy the Hgent ol
M. lit ("burch North - were adopted,
were adopted because thc agent drafting
acted under a military c.riler which he held,
because the country being nt war and the
captured, military authority Was ?supr?me,
on the disbanding of the armies, the partin
turn of civil law, and the return of the pm
one chlircli-New llethcl-wa? returned ti
control of ito owners, A petition was fib
Washington for the restoration, of Tri
which WHS favorably entertained by 1'res
Johnson. Meantime the entire colored men
?hip of the M. H. Church South, in Charil
hud gone over either to the African M. Kj
pal Church or to the M. K. <'burch North
Tho fourth Quarterly Conference of
Methodist Episcopal Church South was
tinned by both the African Methodi?t Epis
E. Church and the M. K. Church North fi
Mstnnca in church accommodations. In nt
to those petitions Spring St. Church ?VHS U
ed temporarily to the M? K. (.'burch Noitl
Trinity ('burch was granted temporarily t
Africnn M. E. Church. Tbs greater assis
was extended to thc African Church, fo
following reasons :
Regarding the petitioners politically, the
terence was under grcnterer obligations
for thc African Church. That church
national existence ; tho M. E. Church North
only it sectional jurisdiction. Regarding the
petitioners numerically, thc ?frlcim Church,
having Viitieh the mont numerous membership,
hud gVcf?er need of nid. Regarding the peti
tioners rr'liy??usly, the Africuns hud displayed
thc Bpirit most bce'dmihg the professed disciples
of Christ; While the meillon o vi thc M. E.
Church North, through their pastor, had notifie J
thc ministers of thc M. E. Church South that
they could not bc invited to assist in the ser
vices abd sacraments of thc church, the Africans
had exhibited the Chrisilnrt courtesy in these
resuects that was due to their old pastors, who
had in former years labored for them.
llcganling the petitioners /frnincioity, they
were under greater obligation* to thc Africans.
They had already laid the corner-ner stone of a
large church, and were doing everything to help
themselves. Thc M. E. Church North still held
all the property they could under thu military
order, and still hold some of it. It is a wealthy
church, having a surplus of many thousand-, in
its missionary treasury ; yet it now thrcatef.s
thc M. E. Church booth with law suits, by
which they hope to retain certain of their pro
Regarding the petitioners denominationally',
each patty had formerly bren members with
them, and hail voluntarily gone into other
church communions ns distinct as tl"? Uaptists
or F.piscnpnliaus ; and the Quarterly Confer
ences in a worldly point of view, were under
rio oblignViiVfcs to either. The simple question
?ry had to solve was How could most good bc
ne ? Th'e$\ l'Isr-?t-'iaTc. surrendered temporarily
thc uso oT two of their clear ch buildings - one
to the African M. V.. Church and the other to
the M. E.Church Norths
Thc Christians of thc Softly, tired of war,
whether by wo* J or by sword; Ac'.vYe to follow
thc Apostolic preccpV, *. SeeV. JSeaCe, and pur
? Be of Good Cheer
j The following is an extract from a letter tYortt
Mark. Howard af Connecticut, to a friend itt
this city. It reflects the opinion of on ? who it
all times and in all place? has been the open
and a rowed enemy of every form of tyranny
over the mind of man, and the view-s herein ex
pressed are the same sentiments that goTcrn ?U
the grrst thinking men of thc loynl North, ile
" We ure anxiously watching thc course ol
your Slate Convention in relation to yoiii cob
orcd eititeiis. The State will b>- obliged to do
lhc:n justice, and, fr>r iii own rakr, it had bet
ter do so al once, and generously, ijovernolr
Perry, it seems, dors not yet know that they ?re
citizens; hui I am conti lent (hit he will be
speedily enlightened on this subject, and up
I mm will acknowledge the wisdom 61 Jefferson
I thnt those who pay and light, inustjvote. Ile
i not despondent ; all will come ri^ht ;n tin- einU
I Justice will lie dune, anil that, ton, ronner th ia
we ?'.I expect: (Lui i? with tlc- rin'bt."
Killirr >-f Thr I -.i..Ve. \. ,
Sm : If the Southern Stale.- gabi admission io:
their representatives to thc iiii.il Congress .-ut i
they brin'- up the ipicstion of compensation i.-r ihr
slaves made free by Proclamation, and the Co?
jp?rheads of tim North lend their aid and help tu
j carrs such a vote, can they compel our people to
j pay a par: ::!" the publi? debt thereby contracted,
j .1 debt created by no agency of tb? lc OWN, and
I thus asked to reimburse shiVv owners fir what
they had no right to contract, 1". .1
WK cordially invite the friends of tlc
cause winch wc hilve 'spoused, and are endea
voring to have carried <??ii? logical rcs ul/, to giv<i
us their patronage. We are Hot rtceivmg the
business favors ..?" ?mi of those nhbs? interests
i are in opposition to the freedom ol the ?das c. and
wi- look o? 'bc friends of the freedmen tor sup
port. Shall we receive lt I lu tibi struggle for
existence? a newspaper of ibis class needs the aid
of all ils friends. Eyers little helps, so .-end
along the sine? ?.
J. C. Horcher. Colonel ..f thc C. T has bu n
brevetted a llrigadier Cent ral for mc ritoriotis
conduct, the commission t?> date front M Areli'j
ISd.'i. This i< an appointment which will (jive
satisfaetioi to the friends of <b>- Concral through
liilt this region, whore lb: is well known and his
SAXTON CHAT ITA II t.t: Snci > i y. - At a meet
ing of this society held in Tempel mice Hall, on
j Wednesday i-rcning last, Mr Moses Vira.?? in
the chair, thc following gentlemen were elected
o (ticer s for the ensuing year : - President; Sam
uel Hing ; Vice- President, Sain nid Dickson ;
Secretary, Janies Maynes , Treasurer, John
Dayi. Thc society numbers about two hundred,
ami is in a flourishing condition.
? Titk Di? KKIlKNCK.-Thc Hartford, Conn.,
Press and the Springlielil, Mass., Union, both
excellent [tapera, tl i (Ter as to thc. complexion of
the editor of thc istuler. Thc former claims that
he is a colored man ; thc other denies it. Fight
it out yourselves, gentlemen of thc Northern
press, wc will bc a spectator; ami, like Crocket's
wife, when Crocket and thc hear had a tight,
care not ?iiiic.li conics out best.
Attention is called lo the advertisement of
a rourae of popular lectures for thc henrfit of
the Mission Presbyterian Church. Good Icc
turem have been engaged, and thc entertain
ment ?K to be enlivened with music. Mrs. T. NV,
Cordor.o w ill preside at the piano. Thc first lec
ture will bc delivered by Uer. K. J. Adams,
Subject : " West A in cu- its people and it? fu
Fi*" At a meeting of ihc members of thc
Zion's Presbyterian Church of Charleston, held
on .Monday evening last, thc Rev. H. Ran
dolph was elected Pastor.
The New Orleans Tribune, owned and edited
by colored persons relates thc following incident:
When Carl Schnrz arrived in this city he becamo
the guest of (ion. Cunby/- It was in thc evening.
Next morning, after breakfast,Cen. Schurz ?aid ho
would be pleased to look over sonic loynl paper
'' There is none," replied Cen. Canby, n except
thc Trub ine. which i? a negro paper."