CHARLESTON, S. C.f
Saturday, Dec. 9, 1865.
AcTHOWZiD AGENTS : William Dart, Patti Poinsett,
Samnel L. Bennett, of Charleston ; Wm. B. Nash,
Columbia; Dean Dudley, Boston, Mass.; Kev. A
Waddle, Savannah ; A. G. Baxter, Georgetown.
THE LEADER can he obtained at the stores of T. W.
Cardozo, corner of Henrietta and Elizabeth Streets .
and at Simons & Denny, Market Street, opposite An
Opening of Congress.
The Congress of the United States commenced
its business on Monday, Dec, 3, and the Presi
dent has read his message to both houses. Mr.
Colfax has been re-elected Speaker cf the
House by a large majority".
In the Senate Mr. Sumner introduced a se
ries of bills in reference to establishing a repub
lican form of government in the District of
Columbia, and guaranteeing the same to the
States lately in rebellion ; to enforce the Con
stitutional amendment forever prohibiting sla
very j to regulate commerce between the States;
and to instruct the Secretary of the Treasury
to inform the Senate whether any persons are
employed in the Treasury Department who have
not taken the icquired oath.
A committee of thirteen has been raised to
act with a committee from the House in rela
tion to the death of President Lincoln.
Mr. Dixon presented r?solutions, which have
passed the Connecticut Legislature, in favor of
equality before the law.
Mr. Wilson will present a bill at an early
day to abolish all laws which recognise partial
civil rights in consequence of differences in
race, color, or descent.
In the House of Representatives Mr. Went
worth introduced resolutions for the relief of
Mrs. Lincoln, by payment of her husband's
salary in full.
Mr. Stevens presented the following resolu
tion, which was previously agreed upon by the
Republican caucus, and it passed by a vote of
123, to 36 opposed:
44 Resolved, by the Senats and ?lotise o f Repre
sentatives in Congress assembled. That a Joint
Committee of fifteen members >hali be appoint- j
cd, nine of whom shall be members of the i
House and six of the Senate, who shall inquire!
into the condition of the States which formed j
the so-called Confed?rate States of America,
and whether they, or any of them, are entitled
to be represented in either House of Congress,
with leave to report at any time, by bill or
otherwise; and until such report shall have
been made and finally acred upon by Congress,
no member shall be received into the House
from any of the said so-called Confederate
States; and all papers relating to representa
tives of said States shall be referred to said <
Committee without debate*''
TTport the passage of this resolution the
Southern delegations wisely concluded that ?
they might as well return home.
Mr. Stevens introduced another resolution \
which allows wounded soldiers to accept of
Government employment and receive pensions
at the same time. !,
A special committe was appointed to consi- :
der that part of the President's message and j
all documents pertaining to the affairs of freed [
Mr. Brigham proposed amending the Consti
tution relative to the laying of export duties,
end prohibiting the payment of the Confederate
debt, etc., insuring to all persons equal protec
tion to life, liberty, etc.
A resolution was adopted granting the use of
the hall to a public meeting of the Fteedraen's
Mr. Farnsworth offered a resolution declar
ing that good faith demanded that the colored
soldiers should be entitled to all the rights and
privileges of citizens of the United States.
Both Houses adjourned till Monday the 11th
The action of Congress hus inspired the heart j
of every true lover of his country. It will not ?
ask any indemnity for the past, but demand se- i
curity for the future. That security can only
be realized by carrying out the provisions of
the Constitution, and guaranteeing a republican
form of government to all the States.
We had high hopes of this Congress before it
assembled, but our faith has been increased ten
fold since it came together. Its opening seems
have strengthend our confidence in the final tri
umph of liberty, justice, and equality, and con
firmed us in a belief, long e ntertained, that there
is, after ail, more patriotism, more truth, and
more fidelity in the nation, than what the na
tion generally gets credit for.
ABSALOM BOSTON.-In these days of anxiety
With reference to the status of the coloerdAmcr
ican, and epecially in this slave-cursed lo
cality where the fangs of secessiontsm yet pro
trude in all of their original ugly deformity^
venomously announcing that loyalty to the
Union means simply the right to hate the Yan
kee and abuse thc Negro, it is pleasant to turn
our eyes Northward, and remember that col
ored men have there lived, and been respected
and honored as citizens cf this great Republic,
and whose right at the ballot-box there were
r.or.e to deny. The name of Crispu* Attucks
viii live a? long as the memory cf the Revolu
tion is preserved. Robert Banneker will be
rccogniied as a man of genius by every student
On the island of Nantucket, the home of the
while fishery, lived a colored man by the name
of Absalom Boston. He had pursued the
whale-fishery, until, becoming master of this
daring enterprise and a thorough navigator, he
was placed in command of a whaling vessel.
His officers and crew were all colored men,
except the cook, who was a ichiit man. Sever
al succe$*ful voyages were performed, and
Captain Boston won for himself thc respect of
all who knew him.
In all bu? ness transitions Isis word was
considered as good as a bond. He lived to an
advanced agc, and died a Christian, universally
The mortality among the freedmen in North
Carolina has greatly decreased since the estab
lishment of a medica! department in the Freed
men's Bureau there.
The President*8 Message.
President Johnson has sent his first message
to Congress* It is a lengthy document, but not
masterly. The supremacy of the General Gov
ernment is forcibly set forth. His old doctrine,
that "rebels must take back seats" in the re
organization of the rebellious States is plainly
visible. He justifies the establishment of mili
tar}?'governments in each of the insurrectionary
States. AU acts of secession wer.e null and
void and could have no binding effect upon the
people. Individuals have proved themselves
traitors, but the States never have beeh out of
the Union. The General Government nas in
terfered only where the functions of the Gov
ernment have been cut cff, and will maintain
its authority until the States can resume their
proper functions. Provisional Governors were
appointed to endeavor to restore the proper re
lations between the General Government and
the States. The same requirements which have
previously been made for the States to adopt
in order to acquire re-admission to the enjoy
ment of federal relations, are again reiterated.
The Government's faith requires that the freed
men should be secured in all the rights of lib
erty and property.
The message will have its effect. There ?3 no
thing in it that will impart comfort or consola
tion to secessionists. The loyal heart will find
in it only that in which he can rejoice, thank
God, and take courage. It has not recommend
ed many things which we deem important?, but
we trust that Congress will not forget them.
We shall pnblish some extracts from the mes
sage next week.
South fJ?r?lina L?gislature.
The Legislative proceedings during the p?st
week have been uncommonly uninteresting.
Provisional Governor Perry has made a fare
well address, and Governor Orr has rtiade his
Salutatory. The appointment of district judges
and other State officers has consumed much
time. Insolvent Laws, Stay Law?, Usury Laws,
etc., have been up and tinkered;
Gov. Orr, iii ? message to the Legislature,
says that the people of the State bannot pay
taxes, and suggests that no appropriations of
money be made for any of the schools ?r col
leges j and thinks that certificates of indebted
ness to the amount of half the taxes should be
issued. He recommends a memorial to Con
tr?es to alter the law which assesses a direct
tax, in such a manner that the State may pro
vide for its payraenf. Also, that the South Ca
rolina College may be changed to an university,
and that the Citidel should be self-supporting ;
that an agent should be appointed to collect
the property of the State; that District Boards
should be organized, and an Asylum instituted.
RIGHT TO LABOR.-The address of Colored
People of South Caroling- so justly worded and
inantully put forth as to entitle it to respecful
attention everywhere-places the Labor question
in stong relief before the White masters of the
South. These orators declare
" You have given us little or no encourage
ment to engage in agricultural pursuits, by re
fusing to sell us lands, while you are organizing
societies to bring foreigners into the country, thc
clear intent of which is to thrust us out, and re
duce us to a seifdom intolerable to us.and as you
will find in the en/l ruinous to your own pros
These are the words of true patriots, audit is
plain that the colored men of South .Caroline.
Understand the case-New York Tribune.
ANOTHER CONVENTION.-Thc colored people
of New England have just held a Convention
in Boston. Charles L. Ilemond, an unmixed
African, was the President. The object of the
Convention was to petition Congress to so
amend the Constitution of the United States
that a general qualification for voters may be
fixed for all the Stares, and the status of the
colored American citizen clearly defined.
REPORTED NORTH.-The New York Tribune
of the 29th ult. contained a very fair and com
' plimentary report of the Colored People's Con
vention held in this city recently. The New
York Herald's repork is full of blunders, but
aivps the Convention credit for doing its busi
ness with mnrked ability. The Boston Journal
has a very accurate report. Many of the most
influential papers at the North noticed the pro
j ceedings with friendly comments, in " agreeable
j contrast" to their severe rebukes of the Legis
lative proceedings of this State.
THE RIG??T VVAT.-WC have received the
j first number this spi?ted little paper, printed
in Boston, with the above name. George
L. Stearns is the publisher, and we long to see
its principles adopted by the Amcric'uri people,
for the ri^ht way is always the easiest.
CORRE>PONDENCE.-We devote a large por
j tion of our paper to-day to correspondents. It
j gives us pleasure to publish the sentiments of
j others, but we desire that they should be brief,
i in order that a variety of information may
I be given. We publish a Charleston corrpspon
j dence of a Northern paper, which we commend
as worthy of careful perusal.
I * _ J_
TAXATION.-The colored people cf South
Carolina, lately assembled in Convention at
Charleston, made, we think, a good point
j against the ruling Reconstruction in their de
j ciaration of rights and wrong:
j ?We have been subjected to cruel proscription
and our bodies have been Outraged with impu
j nity. We have been and Still are, deprived
of the free choice of those ho should govern
, us, and are su bjected to art unjust taxation
without representation, arrd h"ave bled and toiled
! for the elevation of those who have degraded
j us, and still continue to oppress us.
j A stronger and simpler statement could not
j be made, and every word of it is liteially true
j M Taxation without representation " sounds
j much like the Declaration of Independence'
j but it is a hint which has been forgotten at the
j North ever since 2776. We wonder, since col
i ored men cannot vote in Philadelphia, or rest
? their tired bodies in the cars, whether the old
: cracked heil of Independeuc i Hall remembers
it:-N. Y. Tribune.
The 23th regiment (colored) was paid off at
j Hartford on Saturday. It took $175,000 to
; ?go round.' and the men got about $200 apiece,
j a good share of which was very soon exchanged
I for clothing and other things, some of them
! neither necessary or beneficial. The men ren
ierai ly behaved very weil and would compare
I favorably with white troops in that respect.
Affairs About Home.
GROUNDLESS FEARS.-We have heard from goori
authority, that some planters upon the Cooper
River, in the neighborhood of the Santee, are
very much troubled about an insurrection among
the colored people theie. And we have heard
such stoyles often, tt seems like a waste of
words to explode-not the fact that fears exist
among the planters, but the utter groundless
ness bf such fears. A race that has remained
quiet and inoffensive for upwards of two hun
dred years under the most oppressive systoni of
tyranny the world has ever known, will not
now, under the smiles of liberty, attempt the
destruction of the planters. If the whites in
the tidinit^r have any project on foot for degra
ding and wronging the colored man, they may
well have their fears of an insurrection, al
though we believe that a majority of former
slaves would yet "suffer long and he kind" even
to the hand that should smite them. The plant
ers ought to learn to deal justly with the col
ored man, and to love mercy and walk humbly
in the.?ight of God. All fears of insurrections
might then vanish, and peace and happiness
dwell in the hearts of all.
Anothef reptrt has been widely Circulated in
regard to the colored people on the Island of
Edisto. And the statements were so straightfor
ward that Gen. Beecher, was ordered there to
put down the insurrectionists, rle found a large
number assembled together quietly enjoying the
perusal of the Loader and other loyal newspapers.
The General was as much surprised not to find
an insurrection as the people were to know that
they had been suspected of such a thing.
The persons who originated these foolish and
absurd stories should remember the fable of the
shepherd boy who cried '-wolf."
EDISTO ISLAND, Dec. 3rd, 18?5.
The people of this island have been in the
habit of meeting here every Saturday to hear
the Leader and other papers read to inform
themselves of what is going on among our peo
ple in other places. While discussing these to
pics, we were surprised by receiving a dispatch
that General Beecher, with troops, had arrived
on the island. On his reaching the church, he
informed us that reports had reached Charles
ton that the Jieople of Edisto wefe a lawless
band ; that they contemplated insurrection ;
and that he had been sent to establish order
among them. Never, Sir, were reports so false,
so malicious. A mote orderly people is no
where to be found in the State, as will be seen
in the General's despatch to his commanding
officer. M EDISTO."
THANKSGIVING.-A union service of all the
colored churches in this city was held at the
Zion Presbyterian Church at 10 o'clock A. M.,
on Thursday last, the occasion of the National
Thanksgiving. The church was densely filled
with an apprciative and attentive congregation.
Services commenced by singing. Rev. J. C.
Gibbs offered prayer, and Rev. T. W. Lewis
read from the Scriptures. The first address
was made by Rev. C. II. Corey, and evinced
deep thought and clear perception, richly em
bellished. Rev. James Hamilton, of Philadel
phia, followed. Other addresses were made bv
Rev. Wm. Lyall, Rev. T W Lewis, Rev E J
Adams, Rev Mr Fripp, of South Carolina.
Captain Ketchum, Allen Coffin, and II Judge
Moore, Esq., of Charleston. The speeches were
interesting and profound. They abounded in
noble and loyal sentiments. All seemed to feel
the same gratitude for the blessings bestowed
upon us, and rendered thanksgiving and
praise td the Almighty for his fatherly loving
kindness and tender mercies during the last
year. Our pen Will riot do justice to the oc
casion, and we can only say that it was the best
meeting we ever attended; It was a real old
fashioned New England Thanksgiving, only
DELEGATES TO WASHINGTON.-Messrs'. A. J.
Ransier, Edward White, arid Robert Ddnccn,
have been selected a committee to proceed to
Washington and have presented to Congress the
Memorial bf the Colored People's Convention.
Other important business will also be attended
to by the Committee. It is quite probable that
the voice of the colored people of South Caro
lina will be heard and felt in the halls of Con
gress long before the representatives elect get a
view of their coveted seats. The President says
that the Representatives had better send on
their credentials, as Congress may have nb lise
for the men.
FORT SUMTER.-In company with tlev. N.
Norton, D. D., of the New 1fork (Erie) Metho
dist Conference, Rev. I. P. Warren, Secretary
of the New England Branch of the American
Tract Society, and others, by invitation of Gen.
Howard, we visited Fort Sumter On Monday
afternoon last, in the steamer ?disto. Large
quantities of broken shell and shot lie at its
base On the Morris Island side. Its wails are
terribly broken and shattered, and in looking
upon this ruined mass and recalling its history,
we could but exclaim, " Ichabod, thy glory
hath indeed departed ! "
EMANCIPATION DXT-The first of Jannary
will be the anniversary of President Lincoln's
Emancipation Proclamation; Efforts are being
made to observe the day in Charleston with ap
propriate ceremonies. A grand procession will
be formed including thc various societies of
colored people, Sabbath Schools, etc. Every
person who rejoices in the freedom of mankind
should contribute towards making this day
memorable in the history of Charleston. A
barbacoe is contemplated. We trust that the
friends ot emancipation in the State will en
deavor to have the day observed.
J3T It is now qtfite'saSsfacrorily agreed up
on that the following gentlemen have reallv
been elected as members eft Congress from this
State; General Kennedy, fron1! the first district;
Ex-Governor Aiken, second ; t?eneral McGow
an, third; and Hon. James Farrcw, fourth.
"CONTRAST."-While in this city, Qen. Grenf
received a 44 polite " invitation to din'e eli if&
Charleston Hotel, with some of our merchants.
The invitation was very politely declined.
HILTON HEAD-Gen. Grant was received at
Hilton Head by Col. Green, commanding. The
6th Regulars and the 21st colored trcops turned
out and made a fine appearace.
GEN. GRANT.-The Lieutenant General left
Charleston on Sunday morning, 3rd inst., for
Savannah, by special conveyance; He visited
Fort Sumter and Hilton Head on hi* way. On
friday evening the colored people gave him a
serenade. The procession numbered over a
thousand. MajVGen. Sickles responded, say
ing that Gen. Grant fully appreciated the com
pliraent and was duly thankful for such a spon
taneous tribute of respect from the loyal heart
of South Carolina ; he had no where witnessed
a more gratifying demonstration of loyalty to
On Saturday Gen. Grant was visited at the
headquarters of Gen. Sickies, by several of the
Northern missionaries arid schoolteachers, gov
ernment officials, Colored citizens, and some
few others; The English ship ?> General Wind
ham " displayed her dolors during the General's
?EV?VALS.-Quite a revival of religien among
the colored people of this city is now going on.
Protracted meetings are being held at several of
the churches, and many converts have been
LBCTUBE.-Rev J C Gibbs delivred the lec
ture on Monday evening of this week at the
Normal School. ?* Giants" was the subject, and
the subject was handled without gloves. The
Rev. Mr Adams gives the next lecture oh Mon
day evening, Dec ll.
Gov. CURTIN, of Pennsylvania, arrived here
on Wednesday, in the steamer Hugh McCul
loch," with his family, en route for Cuba.
To the Editor of the leader.
CHARLESTON, S. C-. Dec. 5. 1865.
Siii,- In your paper of the 2nd inst., under
the heading Hardships of Freedmen," I find
mention of a.case of defrauding a freedman at
Hilton Head. It seems he was inductd by
some swindler to sell his cotton crop of one
hundrea pounds for ten dollars, and the same
c?ttbn was sold again soon after for forty-five
dollars. It is well to publish every such case
as this which is discovered, both as a warning
to the freedmen and to attract the attefition of
Lhe authorities whose duty it is to prevent
But one reflection in this article might seem
a little unjust in its application,vis., *lt is pain
ful to know that those who have authority to
prevent such villainous transactions put forth
no effort to remedy the etil:' The officers and
agents of the Freedmen's Buread are author
ized, and it is their plain duty to rbrriedy, such
evils } and I am happy to say that they are
constantly interfering to this purpose through
out the State, a? they have abundant occasion
to do. To show you that this matter has not
escaped the attention of i'll of the authorities,
as well as to give publicity to a regulation so
important to the welfare of the freedmen, I en- j
close for publication a copy of an order just
issued by the Assistant Commissioner, and in
tended to protect the lreedmen in the sale of
their cotton crop.
C. H. HOWARD,
Bvt. Brig. Gen., Inspec. txthefal,
Bureau R., F. & A. L.
HEADQUARTERS, ASSIST. COMMISSIONER,
Bureau Refugees, Freedmen & Abandoned Lands, ;
South Carolina and Georgia, j
Charleston, S. C., Nov. 25, 1865.
I. The office of Public Weigher of Cotton
is hereby instituted for the benefit of the freed
Agents of this Bureau will take mea-ures to
prevent the disposal of any cotton by thc freed
men except its weight be ascertained and certi
fied to by the officer appointed under this or
der. The pay of said officer shall be derived
from a toll of (1) one cent per pound on the
cotton weighed, said toll to be collected from
the purchaser at the titn^ of weight-.g.
The military authorities are requested to co
operate with the agents of this Bureau in se
curing the enforcement of this order.
II. Mf; George G ge (Inspector of Cus
tom?-} is heieby appointed as Weigher of Cot
ton for the Distriet of Beaufort.
Bf Order Of Bvt. Maj -Gen. SAXTON,
H. W. S>?ir??, ?sst. Adjt. Genh
NOTE,-Thc above correspondence clearly admits
that there has been abundant occasion fb'r thc inter
ference of Agents of the Bureau to protect the freed
men in their sales of cotton. We do not soe that thia
official order Will remedy the evil complained of ; it
may regulate the weight, but not the price, of the
the article. Wc ure grad to know, however, that ef
forts are being made to bring offenders (official anti
unofficial) to justice. Let justice be done;-ED.
For the Leader.
Sand-Bank Jottings.-No. III.
M?. EDITOR-This article will be devoted to
the freedmen of Hilton Head. I am not able
to state, even proximately, the number of these
people on the island, as no census has been tak
en except cf Mitchelville.
The writer made an estimate of the scholars
in the colored schools last spring, and found
about twelve hundred. These were ?h eleven
schools, taught by twenty-two teachers, ali fe
males but two. Four of these schools were in
Mitchelville, and were kept, as they still are, in
the churches. If these schools are fostered as
they should be,- it will not be long before the
teachers will come forth from their own ranks.
There are a few now that would answer for as
sistants, though not yet qualified, to take the en
tire Charge of a school.
Besides the day-schools/ evening schools' are
kept in some of th? districts,- t?ught for the
most part gratuitously, a'ncT attendefl mainly by
adults. Still, others who attend no schools are
acquiring some of the rudiments of education.
Cart drivers, house domestics, and other labor
ers, may be seen in their intervals of rest labor
ing over their primers and spellingbooks, the
more advanced aiding those behind.
Such efforts are commendable, and should be
encouraged. There is talent to be developed
among these sable people, and it is Vasi?v' im
p?t tant that it be rightly directed.
The industrial habits of these people are va
rious. The majority are sufficiemTv laborious,
and, where their labor has been joined with
prudence and economy, they are well-to-do.
Those who planted th*ir own crops in the
spring, and bestowed on them proper culture,
have something to make their home*^.comfort
able through the winter.
Many, however; were not thus prudent.
They have labored, more or U5s, butflfe spent
as fast as they earned; rind are now ir?^ondi
tion but little better than beggary. . ?~
The system of monthly wages has not worked
well. The proprietors of plantations have kept
stores of rations and other . things needed, and
the people have eaten up their wages, and, in
many instances, run in debt. They have been
disappointed when the balance was found
against them instead of in their favor.
In some cases they have eaten up in a day, in
pound-cake and other expensive luxuries,
what might have lasted them a week.
Such a bad termination of their year's labor
has led to litigation in many cases.
Some have a misty idea of contracts, and, if
held strictly to them, they think they are hard
ly dealt by.
The systems of working land on shares, or
leasing it at so. much an acre, have worked
much better. These systems we now inculcate
upon the people. We urge them to make early
?nd judicious selections of land for another
vear, and resolve that they will retrieve the mis
takes of the past season,
Nothing in the management of these people
Betrays such a lack of sense as their eagerness
to buy horses, for which they will often pay six
or ten times the worth of the animals. Several
have paid $100 or $150 for skeletons that have
hardly strength enough to draw an empty cart.
Then they think they can keep them on mouldy
corn blades,- but precious lirtie corn, - and
marsh hay. The result is the horses are so in
discreet as to die, and leave the owners poorer,
if not wiser men. They then come to the Bu
reau for redress. The agents help them when
they can, but make it a point to warn them
against such folly in future.
The people in Mitcheville are, or have been,
largely employed in the "Forts." as they call
the business part of the town. They come over
the narrow bridge in long linos in the morning,
with buckets, baskets, bags, havers cks, etc.,
and return at evening vvith those articles filled
variously. Some contain household neees-sries,
while others are filled with broken stale bread
br other refuse of cookhouses. This may Ue
cilled dry swill, and is intended for sundry
black, wi ite, and speckled swine.
The people find employment in the ^tables, in
the commissaries, in the stores, in policing the
street?, and other situations. Some sell plants,
oranges, and other edibles.
On the wholt, the industrial condition of the
colored people on the island is no wors' than
we might expect, though susceptible of great j
improvement. There mu.-?t be great improve
ment before they will be 5elf-8Upp< rting in the?
true sense of the Word. About 200 are rationed !
by the Government, confined mainly to the
aged and helpless, and orphan childi rn.
The social relations of the freedmen wiL be
considered in another article
HILTON HEAD, Dec. 3, 1S65,
Editor of th? Sovth Carolina Leader.
WATTEUBOKOUGH, S. C., NOV. 29, 1865.
Sm,-I ri joice that your independent journal
lins planted itself on the sure ground of <qual
rights. It ? natural for a journal which has
from the beginning so bra vt ly and constantly
opposed slavery in ill ks pietehtions, should
now insist that these pr?tentions shall be
trampled out, so that nothing shall be left to'
breed future trouble. This can be done only
through the establishment of tqud rights. To
my mind, there never was a duty plainer or
more instinctive. If the eountiy fails to do
? this justice now, what will occur in the future?
If I were to put into one single sentence a pre
scription for the people of the United States it
j would be this-"Make lull Ana rican citizens
of colored men." By so doing, we shall be
come an independent na?on. Are you riot fur
ther gratified to see the old stain of prejudice
which existed among our down-trodden race,
fast dying out ; and there is now a union of
feeling existing t?:at did not exist when the old
35th first entered the service. While I am in
the so-called sunny South, our eloquent gen
tlemen at home are ever laying before the pub
lic our just rights as citizens of our noble birth
place; and we feel much encouraged to see the
magnanimous sentiments of our brothers who
have met in council for the elevation and pro
motion of our race. May the time soon come
when nations shall karri of wars no more, and
peace and quietness reign throughout the land
H. D. DUDLEY,
1st Scrgt., Co. K, 35th Regt., U.S.C.T.
HEADQUARTERS U. S. FORCES, )
near Adams Run, S. C.,Dec. 1, 1865. 5
EDITOR OF LEA?ER, ^-Qne great advantage!
to the freedmen is conversation with each other,
and to obtain the most benefit is to be a good I
listener. No one should monopolize ali the
tfme in talking, no matter how much kn?w
I ledge he may possess. And to derive the most
6enefit from conversation with each other no
angry disputes should arise: Opinions may dif
fer, and they may be stated plainly, but to
argue them into a passion will not be profit
i begin tb feel that I have left home and
friends far behind me, and that between those I
?ofe and other men there is an impassible bar
rier of class distinction. Many of the 35th
Regt. ?. S. C. T, think that they have done
enough for the Government to entrth; them to
the privileges of voting. Whe??ver We have
been called upon to go fortfc and defend the
national honor, we have cheerfully gone, like
brave soldiers, to defem* the stars and stripes.
No one wrHr say that colored men are not fit
for sohlfers. They have pleaded the rights of
tfife white men upon the battle-field, and now
j ask that the white men shall plead their cause!
in the hailU of Congress. Liberty and equality
for the colored man is just what liberty and
equality is to the white man.
We are for the Union, one and indivisible.
The colored man was the same in 1812 ; he was
the same in 1776 ; and if we are possessed with
the light to ballot for ihosT^f^^
laws, you can count on us if Jfo, . e 1
not leave Mexico when ordered. ^ ??
I rejt?n your obedient serrar
JOHS H. LTNDSAY, CO A",-.
Editor Of LEAD2B. I
SIR,-Will yon publish this in vont
respect to the working qualities of tJT:
man, for this question is now agitatin? tC I
lie in general, and I am endeavoring ^ Jj
that we can and will work ; and ott ?fj
masters know it, if they will speak fte Vi
Bat the public in general must remedy
the country is unsettled, and we ourself
in the same condition as the countrv;
consequence of our situation, we are nos.
to work. We have been promised bytfec]
ernment tfcit the freedman was to har*
islands to live upon, and thus we prepared^
selves to show to th i general governmen:
the world that what has been said abos"
working qualities of the colored man U
We will show our friends at the Non ^
the Government gives us the chance whicfa^
have heretofore given to foreign erai^ *
purchase the land, and what ever time-is ?j
for us to pay we will try to meet .
that we can and will work. Somew <
prepared at the call to purchase ti.; u-?
our friends may see it is only the c .. - ..
want to show the world that we, x,.
freedmen, can lire without the whip ofourt
masters. We have enriched others. ^Vy
we enrich ourselves. They say we canVx
care of ourselves. It is strange that we;
care of others and can't take care of o uv.
If we had land, we won't ask him to d.
us; it is only aa excuse he makes when :;
that he can't sit down with folded hand?!
leap the entire benefit of our labor. I tliisj
has had enough, and should not growl i,:..
the plate is taken from him. We only wan;
chance ; and if we don't fill the plate for
selves when the Government allows tu
chance, it is our own fault. O people, ens;
the case before you bring a verdict against*
In this city, by Rev. T. W. Lewis, Decemfor
William White to Kosana Vanderhorst.
tzT A COMMISSION has been apn?
to proceed to Washington wirh the " MetaonTu?
to use their efforts to secure our rights. Tbeto-iwd;
people are therefore called upon to contribute to tiiis
end. Asubscription list may be found at Kwisier
& Farrar'Sj 460 King Street, above John Let?v#n
man, woman and child put in their mite. DeAirJO
HAYDEN LODGE. NO 8. A.?.?l
A communication will be held OB MTednesdaywcn
ing next, at seven o'clock. A full attendance is par
ticularly requested. By order W.M.
Dec 9 Iw 10 M. J. SI MONDS. Set
MUTUAL AID ASSOCIATION.
A monthly meeting will be held on Monday afternoon
next, at four o'clock, at Bonum Hall. By order of
President. M. J JIMONDS, Sec. Dec?lirli
EF" E. J. ADAMS will give the 7th an*
last lecture, on Monday evening, nth in>t. Subject:
" The Colored Race in America." A part of Mr
Lord's band will enliven thc occasion. Dec '.?. Iw W
EVENING ADULT SCHOOL-Thf f
Morris Street School Building will be opened on
Monday evening, Dec; ll, 1865, for the purpose of
forming classes of instruction for the men aa<i
men cf the city. The public generally are incited to
Attend. ?. H. FORRESTER, Teacher.
Bec 9 lw-!0
DAVISS PAIN - Kl LL2li
has won for itself a reputation unsurpas^d in r//e
history of medical preparations.
lt is well known in thc trading ports of India ?rf
China as in New York and Cincinnati ; and rs c< rt ..
ually increasiug demand, whore it has b? rv.
known, is ono nf its strongest recommendati? i?
best advertisements. It began to be favorably fc
in A I). 1839, and has ever since been gradual!??
ing into public favor, till, in thousands of i t
lias come to bc considered an article of such nee -
that they are never without a supply of ir to
to in case of accident or sudden illness, i: > .
un frc quent ly s;-id of it - u Wc would as soonf-aK
of being without flour in the house as \vilho?:? .>
Kl! LEK." It gives immediate relief in case 0*
or burn, as well as in the sodden attadk of Diarrl
Dysentery or other similar affeetion of til? ? '"
and, being entirely a vegetable preparation, it .*as
safe as it is reliable. The promptness and ceraW
with which it acts is relieving all kinds of pa"
makes it eminently worthy its name-PAIN
LEK-a name easily understood, and nc* ca?ya>r
EDISTO ISLAND.-All persons having '^'^
or papers for Edisto [sland ear. have thvst f"T"
warded by h aving them ar this office. Ma
matter from Edisto for per*oiw\n this city, eta
also bc found here. Dec. l.-3:T
A Man of a Thousand.
A CONSUMTIVE CURED
DB . H . J A M ? 3 . ? retired physician of." -!
eminence, discovered, while in the Ea>t lui;-*1
certain cure for; Consumption, Asthma, Bronchi"*
Coughs, Colds, and General Debility The rcm^?
was discovered by him when his only Child a daugW?
wa? given up to-die. His Child was cured, and J'
alive and well. Desirous of benefiting his feHo*::
tais, he will send to those who wish it the
containing full directions for making and sue?--': .
using the remedy, free, on receipt of their ,:; "
with two ?tamps to pay expenses. There i* \
single (tympiom of Consumtion that it does ?0\r"
once take hold of and dissipate. Night sweats, peevtfa*
n^fs, irritation of the nerves, failure of memoir
difficult expectoration, sharp pains in the Jungs, sore,
throat, chilly sensations, nausea at the stoumch, in
action of thc bowels, wasting away of the muscles.
$y- The writer will please state the name of thc
paper thsy see this advertisment itt. Addr^>s
CRADOCK & CO.,
1032 Kace Street, Philadelphia, Fenn.
1 3 ra.
DR. B. A. I30SEMAN (late Asst. Surg.
U. S. C. T.) has' taken up his residence in this City
wfth fhe view of engaging in the practice of Medicine
and Surgery. For the present, he will be found at
No. 35 Bogard Street, near Kutlege. Office hours
from 8 to ll, a.m., and from 4 to 7. p.m.
In going from the Home No. 63 Wentworth Street
a Lady?s Brooch, containing the likeness of a deceasd
relative. A liberal reward wilTbegiven to thc fluter
left as above. Nov.25 1t-8
To thc fed People of South Caw&na.
ATTENTION7" TO ALL!
GILBERT WALKER is prepared to receive
vT and sell all kinds of COUNTRY PRODUCE,
and Buy and Ship goods of ail descriptions ro auy
part of this State with promptness and despatch.
Adrdcss GiLBJbUiT WALKEK.
-, , Charleston P. O
Kefers to Chartes Wilder and Israel Smith, Colum
bia. S. C. <j?V 28-4
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