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South Carolina leader. (Charleston, S.C.) 1865-18??, December 16, 1865, Image 1

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AUEN COFFIN, Editor. " t
First the blade, tHen ;tlie ea,r, ?ft?r *h?t the full corn in.-..the ?ai\"-~Pati?.
. f3?3 5 T.
Kr e>3 !....'
F01?E DOLLARS PER
Vol. I:
CHABLESTO??, SATURDAY BECEMB?H ?6f3358^
UravAint? III SOUTH
SOOTH CAROLINA LEADER,
PUBLISHED/OH; S?9^BBAT-S/,
T. H?ELEY. & CO*
Subscription Price :-Four Dollars a 3far, Inva
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POETRY.
A RHYME F*>K THE PEOPLE* ^
CTTK a man his FRKETJO?, - .'?
And tl.cn withhold Iiis RIGHTS ! T
Ti.at*? a kin?! ot' Liberty
Tuat wouldn't ?io for ty bites.
?"T > wc.I enough for Niters,"
Tl e si ame ess 'oiric reads : .
_.\ow out upoii such sophistries,
Mich anti-human creeds?
rV.TUS-For Ys hlac't hand and white-hand
Anti God made hoth-r . - .
And the 1 ana that holds a-musket
ls tit to hold a vote ;
Tuev'vc he'?eil us conquer Treason,
An i take it hy thc V nutt;
An : the "and that !:o -is a musket
ls tit to ho d a vote.
Tl orr\-e : "raed t'ie?r h?ood iiVc water
'?crsave fchc *x>tt:tfry*$-cause: < ^ - -?
* \\{ vi t/rev WeVrcarne-? tire ngh*
' To'iie'p us mast th'e/Urwsi!
For h;ow5 they've l*v ?s?t lis 0. ess. ag; j
*..?.*? r. a:: for scar?*,
v /?. t ns the . eart>m.ria*r,
. "..> AI ?'. stairs I . .
, ?? _.\ ?..':- ii . aa i a: i Vv'.te a::*!,etc.
Thc sw? wt na : t;> : 0 aj?es j
ts r tc r ..u>ky 1 ivw- i
o , ; rot!-<.:>. *. et our . earls : t ?trytig
Tu..o ?:.c:;:.jtM cc now ! j
T > a : ti.cy KS! K>-?UH te !- j
The .-itere ! : > r> o a!.: .- j
. So o' a- w take .!.'-:' e tar y ri aaec
To - o t.*c i ?. .-t wc ca ! - j
Chora>-;? r'iis ?hack hand and-while ??nd,*iJc. j
Tire:: herc's a r<?asl to end with" ^
V..C Sa iii agc 0 the Free .
For w! at were Lue or Kroc loni e se,
To h;.m, cr yon, or mc ?
So civ's a toast to en i with,
And a vc t taree t.ims three":
Thc r.ghts oh a.. men, l> nek and white 1
?'?C stiil'ra?;e o: the Free !
C.ioni$--For 'tis Mac*; hand aad wli.tc hand
Ami (io?! a a-:C I Oth
An ! the hand t;at ho hs a musket
ls hr to ho d a vote :
They've helped us conquer Treason,
And take it Uv the taroat ;
And t!ic hand that liok.s a musket
Is ht "tO ho..i a vote. c. ?. M.
- .1. 5. Standard.
MISCELLANY.
DESTINY OF AMERICA.-\Ve have been ac
cused with setting up theputsutt of money, and
following the acquisition of wealth, as the only
thing worthy the attention of men ; of hi ing ex
travagant and dissipated in public life, untrust
worthy in pivate. That we are the devotees of
gain, the scorners of all things inttdhetual.
The last four years have Seih this epicurean
people scattering th? ir wealth without stint;
pouring out th- ir best blood like water, encoun
tering fortune in public, and bereavements
and sorrows in private, and exulting in the selt
sacritices of the iriost grinding taxation ; ind
"all for what ? And wt- would have encountered
sacrifi?e* ten times, more sew-re for th.- >nke ed
an idea. That idea is-that then s*hall be hut
one great republic on this continent, whose
grandeur should throw into eclipse even tra
great ancient republics of Komi', and th?r w<
should be sovereign among the powers of tia
earth. That idea has been established. Wi
have irresistible armies in the field. We have t
r.avv, a march for thc combined navies of tht
wot ld. What signifies the debt incurred bj
these thmgs? Thc gold, the iron, the cotton,
Coal, robacco, the oil. ?nd all the products that
make us thc richest people on earth, will, soon
fettle that. The idea ts being carried. The lion
permits no rival in ;hc boundless forests which
he selects for his home ; the eagle tolerates no
companion in his Hight to the skies. So there
can be no rival to this republic on the Amer can
continent.-Prof. J. W. Draper-.
DEATH OF TWO REPRESENTATIVE COLORED
MEN.--Wc are pained lo announce that the rising
Cause of coloreei-men rights has just lost twp of
its ablest advocates. The first is Dr J. McCune
Smith, of New York, one of the editors of the
Anglo-African, and a writer and speaker of ability;
whicit took place at Williamsburg, N. T., on Fri
day last. The second is Capt. H. Ford Douglas.
Of Cincinnati, an eloquent orator, and a brave and
patriotic soldier, (who was in tho natioral service
nearly the whole time of the rebellion,) which oc
curred at Leavenworth, Kansas, ou Saturday
morning weeV. Capt. Douglas lectured a few
years ago in the Fraternity course in tins city.
Boston Commonwealth.
Atight-rcfpe dancer from Fishville, named
T. H. Huntley, under twenty years of age; ?ost
his life at Wilmington, N. C.. .On the 24th ult,
while m the act of performing. He is said to
have shown narvousness and self-distrust, yet
persevered,-and When nearly across upon the
rope the unhappy youth fell, and was terribly
?uitiated, dying immediately. fi;S experience
was unequal in his undertaking.
FKOM TH? PRESIDENT S MS
SAGE.
- Fellotc Citizens of the Senatt and House
Representatives : To exp!ess gratitude to God,
the name of the people, for the preservation
the United States, is my first duty ir addressi
you. Our thoughts next revert tb the death
the late President by an act bf parricidal tn
son. The grief of the nation is still, fresh;
finds some solace in the consideration that
lived to enjoy the highest proofs of its con
dence by entering on the renewed term of t
Chi-, f Magistracy, to which he had been electe
that he brouy.hr the civil war substantially to
lose ; that his loss was deplored in all parts
the Union; ana that foreign nations have re
dered janice to hi? memory. Iiis removal ct
upon me a heavier weight of cares than ev
j devolved upon any one of his predecessors. 1
fulfil my trust 1 need the support and con;
l.dence ot ali who are associated with me in tl
.various departments of government, and tl
support and confidence of the people. There
bur ene way in which I can hope to gain the
mcessary aid; it is-to stat? with frank ne
the principle? which guide my conduct, an
ttn-ir application to the present state of affair
well au are that the efficiency of my labors wil
in a ?real measuie, depend on your and the
undi vide? appiobaticn.
Tl.*- Union of these United States of Amer
ca was intended to last as long as the Statt
?hi mst Ives shall last. .?The Union shali b
perpetual,*' are the words ?d' the Confederar toi
..To torm a more peifect Union." by an oid
nance of the people ?.f the United States, is th
dti lar. (i purpose ot the Constitution. Th
hand ot divine Providence was never inor
plain!} vi-ible than in the framing and adopt
inj* ot Oral lustrun.eut.
Tin fuji asset lion ot the powers of the Gen
?.rai Gov. rum? nf r- quires the holding of Circu?
Couits ot the United Statis within the district
where tin ir authority ha> been interrupted. Ii
th? niesen' posture ot our public ciff.:ii>. strong
oijcc'ions have been urgid *o the rnddini
ot ttn se courts in any of the State
?hile the reb*Tli??n has exi>ted ; and i
l as h> en ascertained, on enquiry, tha
the Cu cuit Uoutt ?d' the United States wuui<
? not he h?ld within the district of Virginia dur
j Sus? the autumn ot' carly winter, nor until Con
!?ress should hav . .? an opportunity to considv
land act on the whole suhle." T?> your deli
j b' rations the restoration of this branch of th
civil auttoorit.y of the United States is thee
torc, necessarily n-ferred, with the hope thu
cat ly provision wiH be made for the resumptioi
of ?W \'s t?h'cti?ns. It is manifest that treason
most flagrant in character, has been committed
Persons who are charged wiih its commissioi
should have fair and impartial trials in thi
highest 'civil tiib'unals of the country, ih'ordw
i that the tfonsiitution and the laws mav bc dill
j vindicated ; the truth clearly established anc
i *
?affirmed that treason is a crime, that traitor
should be punished and the often ce made infa
j tr.ous; and. ar tr.v same time, that the questior
may he judicially settled, finally and forever
that no S'ate, of its own will, has the right ti
renounce its place in the Union.
The relations of the General Government to
wards the four millhons of inhabitants whom
the war hhs called into freedom have engaged
j nr.y most serious consideration. On the propri
ety ?>f attempting; to rrmke the freedmen elect
ors hy the proclamation of the Executive, I
took for my counsel the Constitution itself, the
interpr?tations of that instrument by HS f.U
thors and their contemporaries, and recent leg's
inthm by Congress; When, after die Erst move:
j ment towards independence, the Congress of
J the United States instructed the several States
. to instate governments of their own, they left
? j to each State to decide for itself the conditions
I for the enjoyment of rhe elective franchise. Dur
1 J the exigence of the Confederacy there coritittu
I t d ro exist a ver.V great diversity in the quaiiri:
I cations of electors in the several S'ates; and
?even within a Sta'e a distinction of qua'.i?ea
! tiot?s prevailed wirh regard to ihe officers who
I were to be chosen. The Constitution of thi
United States recognizes these diversities when
lit enjoins, in the choice of members of the
! House of Representatives of the United State?,
j the electors in each State shall have the Qua
lifications irtquisite for electors of the most
i numerous branch of the State Legislature."
After the formation of the Constitution-, if re
mained, as before, the uniform usage of each
State to enlarge the body of its electors, ac
cording to its judgment ; and, under this sys
tem, one State, after another, has proceed?d to
increase the number of its electors, until now
universal suffrage, or something; very'near if, is.
the general rule. So fixed was this reservation
of potter ih the habits of the people, and so
unquestioned has been the interpretation of the
Constitution, that, during the civil war, the
late, President never harbored the purpose^
J certainly never avowed the purpose - ot dis
regarding it ; and in the acts of Congress dur
ing that period, nothing can be found which'. ;
during the continuance of hostilities, much less
after their closf, would .have sanctioned any de-,
pa rt ure by the Executive from a policy which
has so uniformly crbtaine'd.: Moreover, a con
cession of the elective franchise to t?'e freedmen
by the ?ct of the President of the United States
must have been extended to all coiored. men,
wherever found, and so must, have established a.
change of suffrage in the Western, Middle, and.
Northern States, not less than in the Southern
and South-A^estirn, Such an act Woulc
created a new blass of voters, ajad wouk
been an assumption of power by tMe P'rei
which nothing in tile Constitution br U
the United States wbdid have warranted
the other hand1 every danger of conti
avoided when the settlement of the quest
referred to the several States. They ca-n,
for itself, decide pn the measure^and whet
is to be td opted at once and absolute!
introduced gradually and with condition.'
my opinion the freedmen, if they show pa
and manly virtues, will sooner (xbt?in a p?
pu rion of the elective franchise thi
the Stares thari throUgi! the Ge
Government, even if it had pbwe
intervene. When the tumult of emotions
had been raised by the suddenness of the ?
change shall have subsided, it may prove
they will receive the kindliest usage f'om
?f those on whom they have heretofore
closely depended.
But, while I have no doubt that now,
the close of the wat, it is not competent fa
General Government to extend the eic
franchise in the several States, it is eqi
clear that ?ood faith requires the security o
rreeduien in th; ir liberty and their prop
their right to labor and their right to claim
just return of their labdr. -I cair'h^rt<)'^s'Tr&
uige the disjxassirmaffr treatment of this
feet; which should carefully be kept ?
from all party stnfe. \Ve must equally a
all hasty assumption of* thb natural tmfposib
for the two races to live side by side iii a s
ot mutual btnefit and good will. The exj
ment involves us iii no inconsistency. Let
iht-n, go forward and make that 'ex per i men
good faith, and no< be easily dislieurtened.
country.is-in need of labor, and the freed
ire in need of employment, culture, and pre
fcfon. While their ruiht of volunrarv migra
and eipata laiiou is not to be qtftstionei
would not advice ihtir forced removal.and
?mzati?ti. Let us rather encourage them
honorable and useful industry, where it ma)
beiitifici?i to ihemsilves and to the count
and, instead ot ha>ty anticipations of
certainty of their-i'aitaie, let there be
thing uHitting to the fair trial of the exp
nient. Tue chance in their condition is
.substitution ot labor by contract ter the stu
of slavery. The freedman ban hitit lat? ly be
cosed ot unwillingness*- to woik, so longs
doubt remains about his freedom of ehoici
las pursuits, and the-Certainty of his recover
his stipulated wages. In this tn? ingres ts pf
employer and the employed coincide. The t
ployer desires in his workmen spirit and alai
ty, and these can be permanently secured in
other way. And if the one ought to be able
enforce the contract, so ought the other. 1
public interest w ill be best promoted, if the S'
eral State? will provide adequate protection a
remedies for the freedmen. Until this is,
some way, accomplished; there is no chance
the advantageous use of their labor; and t
blame ot ill-success will not rest on them.
I know that sincere philaiithjophy.is e?rr?i
for the immediate realization of its lemon
aims ; but time is always an element ia refur
It is one of the greatest acts on record lo ha
Drought four millions of people into freedo!
The ca ree r d!" fre? i?/d?stry must be fairly op
to tin rn; and then their iuture pro.-peiity.aj
condition must, after all, rest mainly on ther
selves. If they fail, and so perish av*ay, let
be careful that the failure'shalt nut be attribu
able to any denial of justice. In all that rt lat
to the destiny of the freedmen, we need noe I
to? anxiou> to read the future; many inciden
\vhich from a speculative point' of view, mig
raise alarm., will (?uietly settle themselves.
Now that slavery is : at ?n end, or near i
end, the greatness ot"'?its evil, in the point
view of public economy, becomes more ari
more apparent. Slavery was essentially a trio!
bpoly of labor? and as such locked the Stat'i
where it prevailed against the Incoming of fr<
industry. Where labor was the property .of tl:
capitalist, t??e white rr?an wis excluded Tfbi
employment, or had but the second best chane
ot rinding it ; and the toreign emigrant turne
away from the region where his conditio
would be so precarious. With the'destructio
j of the monopoly, fr< ? la?or will hasten from a
i part? of (he civilized world to assist Ul develop
:ing various ?nd immeasurable resources whie
have hitherto lain dormant. The eight or nin
States nearer the Gulf of Mexico have ? soil c
exhuberant.fertiliity, a climate friendly *b lon:
Ute, and caa sustain.a-dtosei-population than i
found as yet in any part of our country. -Ant
the future influx of population to them will h
mainly from the North, or Ijom the most culti
vated nations in Europe. Prom the suffering?
t?at have attended thtm during our late str?g
gie, let us look away to the future, which i.<
sure to be laden for.them with greater prosper
ity. than, has ever before beer, known; The re
moval of the monopoly of slave labor is a pledge
that those regious will be peop?ed b^ a ndmer
??ls ?rid enterprising pcpuIationV.which will .vie
with any in the Unionin compactness, invent
ive genius,, wealth, and industiy.
Our Government springs from and wes m?de
for the people-not the people for the Govern
merit. To them it owes allegiance; from them
it must def i ve its courage, ?trengtn; and wisdom'.
But, whif? the. (rovernment is thus bound to
defer to th'e^ people, from whom it derives its ex
istence, it . should, from the very consideration
of its origin, be strong in its power of resistance
to the establishment pi ine.^ualt?
7
perpetuities, and class legislation* ar^cantrar
the genius of free government. ar?-Wfit not
cUovxd. Herethere is-na. room far fevered, cl
j es or monopolies, the principle of our Gorma
is that of equal laxes and freedom of indus
j Wherever d monopoly Wains a foothold, it ?:*.
to *e a source of danger, d&cofrl, and trouble.
'?hall but f?lfi! our nuties as legislators by
cording " equal and exact justice to all me
special privileges to none. The t?overntner
subordinate to the people ; but, as the a:g
and representative of the people, it must birt
superior'to monopolies, which, in themed*
ought never ro be granted; and which, wr
they exist, must be subordinate anet yield to
Government. *. ' ? '
-The Constitution r/onfers on' Congress
right to regulate commerce among the sev*
States. It is of the first necessity, for the ma
tenance of the Union, that that commence sho
be free and unobstructed. "No State can
justified in any device to tax the transit of tra
and co.nmerce between States. .Thepositior
many States are such that, if they were allov
to take advantage of it for purposes of lo
revenue', the commerce between States might
injuriously burdened, or even virtually prohi
ted. It is best, while the country is still yous
and while the tendency to dangerous mono|
.ties of this kind is still feeble, to use the pov
of Congress so as to prevent any selfish impe>
ment to the free circulation of men and merchi
dise. A tax on travel and merchandise, in th
transit, constitutes one or the worst forms
monopoly, and the evil is increased if conp!
with a denial of the choice of route. When 1
vast extent of our country is considered, it
pirti? that every obstacle to the free circulation
commerce between the -States ought to be sten
gaamed against by appropriate legislation,, wi
in the limits of the Constitution. The lamenta]
events ot the last ?ur years; aiid the sacrifie
made by the gallant men of Our Army and ?
vy, have s wei I ed the. rot ords of Ute Pei-sion ?
reuutuan uiipiX'Ce,dented extent. On the 3(
day of June last the total number of pensione
was 85,986, requiring for their annual pi
exclusive of expenses, the suta of $8,023,4
Tnc number of applications that Juive been
lowed since that date will require a large iucres
of luis amount tor the next fiscal year. T
means for the payment of the stipends due, u
der existing laws, io our disabled soldiers ai
sailors, and to the families of such as have pc
ished in the service of fcif? country, will no dou
be cheerfully and promptly granted. A giatef
people will not hesitate, to sanctum any measur
having for their object the relief of soldiers m
tilatcd and familie s made fatherless in the effo
to preserve Our national existence. . .
When, on the organization of our Goveri
ment, under the Constitution, the President
the United States delivered his. inaugural a<
dress to the two Houses of Congress, he said I
them, and, through them, to the country and l
mankind, that " the preservation of the sacr'c
fire of liberty ahd the destiny of the republics
model oif government aire justly considered i
deeply, perhaps as finally, staked in the exper
I ment intrusted to the American people." An
j the House of Representatives answered VVasl
I ingi?h; throiigh the voice of Madison \
adore the invisible hand which lias led tr
j American people through so many difiicultie
to cherish a conscious responsibility for th
destiny, of republican liberty." More tba
j seventj-six years have glided away since the?
j words were spoken ; the United States ha\
?passed through severer trials'than were for?
[seen ; and now; at this new epoch in our exisl
j ehce as ohe nation, with bur Union purified b
i sorrows and strengthened bj'-conflict, and es
I tablished by the vii tue bf the people; thegre?t
j ness of the occasion invites us once inore; wit
! solemnity, to repeat the pledges of our rather
j tb hold ouselyes answerable "before our fellow
! men Fpr "the success bf the republican form c
government. Experience has proven its suffi
i cien cy Tn peace and in wat; it has vindicate
jits authority through dangers and afflictions am
js?dden and dangerous emergencies, . whicl
j would have.crushed any system, less firmly fixe<
j in the heart of the people; . .
THE COLORED PEOPLE OF THE DISTRICT o?
j COLUMBIA. - There are now in operation ir
! Washington City twenty-five colored schools
j with nfty-m?e' teachers, and thirty-two pupils;
( in Georgetown t?ere ?r? fo?r schools, with 383
?pupils; in Alexandria ?0 schools, with4 ?
i pupils ; and in the. fieedmen's: .village or
I Arlington Hights two schools.: with 302 pupils,
j All of these schools are in a flourishing condi
; tion, and are supported by' the voluntary cort?
j.tributions of Northern benevolent societies.
?The City Council has passed an ordinance pro
j viding that in the event of a bill being intro
jduced in Congress for.the admission of the
j colored men cf that c?y. to the right of suf.
. frage? a special election shall be held to ascer
I tain the sentiments of the people on the sub
Ijeer. VTe thin.k Congress; had better take the.
j management of this, semi-rebe???ous and' contu
j macious city into its own hands. CongfessiOn
?al administration of its affiirs cannot be worse
: than how.-Commonwealth.
h - ? i.- - - . .
An expcriencecl southern planter who has tried
the experiment of paying cash to the negroes for
their labor, says ;,it works like a charm*." An
other man says : -'They won't work-(hey won't
work-unless .you pay 'them cash every "four
; weeks'!*' ; . ;
MORRIS ISLAND, S. C.,*
- DEC. 10, 1865.
T)?i? LEADER : It !s with much pride and
'gre?t'compl?cency that I send you' the enclosed
.Resolutions of the l?gislature of my glorious
old State {of Vermont), and which were unani
mously adopted at their late session.' t cannot
in th?9 connection refrain from ' noticing; that
colored men have always voted in Vermont,
without detriment to trie interest of the com
monwealth ; and when some years since a thief
Of the " divine institution" essayed to capture
and claim Ms property" [in man] the judge be
fore whom the case was brought informed the
ciaimant'that if he could "show him a bill of
sale from God Almighty, you can have the man;
otherwise he is free* and a mari for a" that !
She is the onl}; one of the "original thirteen"
States, out what held slaves.
" They touch her soils
And thvir shackles fall ! " .
I wonld advisetne Commission, soon to pro
ceed to Washington, to make the acquaintance
of the noble men from Vt., who grace, in their
legislative capacity, the national halls. las
sure the Commission they will meet with a cor
dial reception.-Yours &c,
. L. S. LANGLEY,
Sergt. Major, 33rd. tl. S. C. 1.
Joint Resolutions tn relation to the recon
r? 6 true tion of the States recently in rebellion
agaiust the United States.
"Resolved, That it is the sense cf trie (reneral
Assembly of this State, that in the reconstruc
tion of the Governments of the States-,ietely tn .
Rebellion .against the government ?and author
ity of the United States, the moral power and
legal authority vested in the 'Federal ?overn- '
ment shoujfi be exercised to secure equal rights
without respect to color, to all citizens residing
in those States, including herein the right of
elective franchise.
Resolved, That the Secretary.of State is hereby
instructed to transmit a copy of these rospl u tion s
.to the Pres iden t.of,tJjte United States; arid also
a copy to each of our Senators and Representa
tatives in Congress, who are hereby requested '
to present the same" to both Houses in Con- '
gress.- ?*"." . '??* . _ ?
i j ? 1 '
ABOUT NEGRO I???RRECTIONS.
Felix Grundy of Tennessee Once wisely re
marked, that the way to ensure the peace of a
state is so to legislate-as to make it to thc inter
est of all its honest inhabitants to keepuhe
peace'. Secure the rights of all, he said, and
all will support and maintain the laws. Those
people in Louisiana and elsewhere who are
fearful of. a negro insurrection: will do: welL to .
bear in mind this speech of a Southern mah,:
Mn ch has been said about the recent.out
break in Jamaica, ami people speak as though
negro insurrections were new there, and had
only occurred since the .blacks became free- '
Bot the facts are otherwise; While slavery ex
- ist eds m Jamaica there was a constant insurrec
tion there. For forty years the maroons? mu
tinous and fugitive slaves, held the mountain
fastness, of the bland, and carried on a war
with tht whites* and the government was at
last forced to make a treaty of peace with them.
In 17G0, in 1795, and in 1832 there were special
and formidable insurrections of thc slaves, sub
dued with great difficulty. But when freedom
was dcclaied these insurrections ceased, and
from the year 1S33, when thc slaves of Jamaica
wtre set free, to the last month, lhere has been 4
no ou break.
Thus merely frei-ing the slaves was the most :
effective ?F peace measures. But the oppression
of th? ; . p.'Ci class continued, and lasts this
day, t riiowed, in part, a few days ago.
The form of government is ingeniously adapted
to encourage this class oppression in an island
where the blacks are,io the whites as forty to
one; where, in fact, they are almost the whole 1
of." the people." .
The governor is appointed by tiie .Crown,
and is paid a salary of ??,0.00, of which ?.1^500
is paid by the island and, the remainder by. the
British Government. The Privy Council? or
Cabinet, is appointed by, the Governor. Th?
Legislative Council of seventeen members forms
the upper house of the colonial legislature, and
is also appointed by-the Governor. The par
ishes are also presided over by a -magistrate
called a ckstos roHtfcrum, who is appointed bv
the Governor' for life. The only branch of the -
Government in which the people bay?, any
voice whatever is the lower branch Of the legis-'
latujie, which consists Of two.members elected
from each parish, with an. additional one for .
Spanish Town, Kingston, and Port Royal,
.making forty-seven; in aft:; Th ese; are elected by:
freeholders of the ann upvalue of six poundi
rental, which redueea-the entire number of vot
ers on the island to three thousand* .-or-, one in
one hundred and thirty of the population, -j *
No white man,' speaking the English lan
guage, standing in the same relations to a small
minority bf wealthy aristocrats, would have
borne this 6tate of ifiinf? as patiently .as these
Jamaica Negroes'have.-^V. Y. M<criinj Post,.
Qu ibbie, on . hearing it remarked , in-a-discus
sion of certain facts of ancient Jristory. ?hat
" Noah made the a*kof Gopher wood" said i'm- -
mediately that Xoah i\ made tj? ;aotedeltrv ?a?s :
go for vjood-?' to buiW it .with.... . -
K^^Wtf??fl^ staf?fl m flacon; G?.V that
Hon'. ?fol>?ft;To?Tribs, w?o has been 'concealed .
Tor^rhoritl?? m ?He of tft? : :*djat^f^?ttht?esj has1 ?'?
eluded his pursuers, esci?*cd aer?se the'eosriTry.
and made his safe ?sit from' the pon-?r?Kew~
O?eans for ' foreign |teri$.c ..: . U v>i
: . r Siffig ..h:"*':i? ~; . -.? ? pm -'^?'}* j fcc
j
The whow?ivi?i?? world ?owraee?? torba
troubled with the ?ervant question, ^wrikall
weget^ood aervanfcs,, and. how ahaH...W* fcaer?
them? are the ino[airie* that are. being ^iscusaed
-* too often in vaia-in thousands-,?fhouae
holds not only in Botton and ?jew Xork^^t
in London, Paris, Tiering and Berlin... itfc?pr
ow? cities nov teilHa?*- reformatory ;rc>^e*
have been initiated? and we are obliged, aa crur
late President said of the. prosecution of.the
war at.a very d:srnal period, j- to keep, pegging;
away " in thfc old unsatisfactory style. Oati c
otherside of.the w*ter relief ha* been; sought
in a new agency, which pledgee itseif to furajsh
rlrst-class servants of any special qualincauoiis
which may be required. Bat it is another
thing to keep them after younger them, for even
"an endless* chain" .of - first-class servants
through one'* house would not bc a.desirable?
result, ; -. j* . > .
v In thia stage of the general question, thc State
Df South Carolina, having disposed of the lit
tle matter of secession, comes forward as an in
structive law-giver ou the subject pf the entira
relations and management of servants. That
State never does anything by. halves, and the
:ode to which; we refer,'passed rsceatly by her
Legislature, is a .moral of thoroughness., which
aught to have ? good moral effect, atJ.eastr: on.
ill servants. In the first place, tji:rc must
I regular contract between master un,J servant
with tlie wages to be fixed, .oa application^ of
the parties, by the district judge or magistrate\
There woulcf seem to be no need of .a certificate
of character^ -for ths. law says J* the,-, servan th
miist obey all lawful orders and be honeetv
truthful, ; sober, civil, aud diligent." . Wfca*
housholder in. Boston would not eheerfu?lv
submit to an increase of even his present.taxes
to sustain such a law as thac r\ Bat to guard
against all possible shortcomings in practice.,
the law-makers of South Carolina add : M The
master may moderately correct a servant under
eighteen years of age. , . t .. .
As to the specific duties of servants in South
Carolina, it-is provided that, in the country,
''Servants must rise at dawn, feed, water," and
care for the animals, etc., and begin regular
work by sunrise/' Ia the city and in house
holds the same general regulations prevail^so
far as is applicable, with this modification :
They must obey calls at all hours of the".day
and night, on all days of the week ; and it is
heir duty to be especially civil and polite' to.
their masters, their families.'and their gu?s ts/r
Tu case these ideal qualifications are not real
ized in any particular case, the servant m^y ,-be
discharged. -Bot (here agarin note tire vigilance
of South Carolina for practical contingencies)
?? if the master does.no: wish to. discharge ?he
servant he may co-n plain tu the judge, who
maycause to' be infiictei? Ort the servant suit
able corporeal puni>hrn^nt,.or impose fines.**
But says thc reader, this is slavery." , Docs
he not know that slavery ls abashed m South
Carolina with the proviso that Congress s?railino*
hereafter legislate for t!ie negro? S :iath 'Caro
lina will take care of that. She wilt have' no
more slaves but she will have u servants," ano we
see above how she proposes to manage them< Qi vc
her free rein for a few rears, and. wherein* ~wi li
the new system fall behind thS old ia seven tv,
in despotism,, in litter willfulness? The'nam?
wiUdiave gone, but the thing will haye, revived,
more hateful than ever. Weare inclined to think
that South Car dina has been a little too hasty in
her ambitious attempt to enlighten the, world on
^ie duties of servants, and that she will be taught
that an amendment of the Constitution .of, the
Drifted Stares must be respected to the last letter.'
- Boston Journal. .
RADICALS THE SAVI-.HTVS.-SH;,- The.Jladi-.
cals originally awoke the nation ta the bin and
, w ?,? j..; * tiffi
evil of lavery. They have since kept it awaked
and prepared , ir, in every stage, to.'contend
against opp rt-s> j o a., r
..I.....?? f ?j. .. ~ , T . . . s .
When President Lincoln doubted,* hesitated.*
faltered. the v Radicals, under God, showed the'
t^rajr, pushed him toward, and are the prime
Source of.much of thc. renown with which' his
name is now upborne. Who does not remember
the. bitter times wherein Mr. Lmccin superseded
*>9nTnt t?"^*<t?U^;^t?t^^c0^l$a? In mv
opinion, not ri Tfttfe. of ?? ed'al which covered'the
death of Edward Everett was due to the critiT
cisms.he jeceivet' from the unspanng*??p$ b:
Wenden Phillips. " 1 ' "~ '
Af the present hour, if thc' very W orst illmgs
do* iioi Tiappen,' it will he Lecatisb t??o^feitlcal
An?i-'S?'averv men predict rhem;*nbwih*^tW rc?
rfutrs to wfc?c?f v/roiig Measures. imts^iet&I4i|hc"
prediction, in this 'cas?; grever.ting *?cnne
fulfilment. . Grateful, indeed, amT tWtlhe'W**
guence of a fjill^ has warned' us-of &?kk?
ofezt? ?t??? of ?dpgress, of National r?podittion;
of a vrctorions South, tyf it?? that thc Airier-,
jean Antr-Sl:tvery Society is not yet * disolved
Criarles Sumner, with all his ma^iy'^p?Wef?, a>id"
everv other true man, in either branch of Con
gf?ss-and' nptwithstandin? tho l*imt\<? arA? force,
ot the late election-will need, ?n? b? ^?^Uil
for, the utmost efforts of those fer^?ghted: 4*im
pr:icticables/' whose mission it still ris toriabor;
snifer, and wait.-foetus &lm?imA.&-JSkmd
; Tiie^lf?o^
t?: Got* i... W.:.Fair lax*- of Loudoun; couaty/
weigbed 124 pounda when only a dajrolcU
QuantrelJ, the brigand, is on his' t?
I Washington; 'seeking pardon. Don't-* lie* wis**
^e:ma-tg?t.|f?> .. 'r i ) . z: .i".*-1

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