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South Carolina leader. (Charleston, S.C.) 1865-18??, December 16, 1865, Image 2

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THE LEADER^
CHARLESTON S. C.,
Saturday, Deo 16th, i860.
Amroiuxxx) AGEXTS : William Dirt, Pwd Pohwett,
Samuel L. Bennett* of Charleston ; Wa-. B. Hath,
Coi amble s Dean Dudley, ?oston, Min.; Ker. A
Waddle, Savannah ; A. G. Ba*f*r,tfcs>rgetown.
THE LEA DEX ?rn be obtened at the ?tore? of T. W.
Cerdoso, ?orner of Ilenrfett? ?nd Elizabeth Streets ;
and at Simons & Denny, fearket Street, opposite An
son.
loyalty and the Planter?.
Hie scntimentTof the Southern people is not
difficult to understand, although the spirit of the
gouthrm rrT?hard__to faihom*. JBrfi-j&ome
.ti?e*r*apyin the jame paper two jmiclea as
different in tone as ca*-well be imagined. One
trill contend that tre are all for the Union
that wc never rebelled against the General Gov
ernment* it was only the administration (a dis
tinction without a difference) ; and the other
will piai?ty assert that we are a separate peo
ple, and mus* encourage the establishment of
institutions peculiarly Southern. And, if no
thing else, we can hare a Southern literature.
Providentially, the freedom of the press was
made prominent in the ftew State Constitution,
and we incline to the belief that our litera
ture will be eminently American.
As for the ?* Colored Code/' it expresses an
average of the justice and humanity which the
late slaveholders possess. Its advocates, how
ever, seem to have talked themselves out and
gone to sleep. It is well not to disturb it. Let
it lie. President Johnson says in his Message,
that *f monopolies, perpetuities, and class legis
lation are contrary to the genius of free gov
ernment, and ought not to be allowed ; M andi
we never expect tc see any such abomination
long tolerated in a land of freemen.
The planters of Marlboro District held a
meeting 8t Bennettsville, on " Sale Day,"
which occurs on the first Monday of each
month, and is a day which will never again be
the occasion of divorcing husband from wife
ind separating children from parents* - a day
which never again will witness the sale of ?. fe
male domestics guaranteed'* to the highest bid
der. A business committee of one from each
ri Beat Company " (guardians of the public
tafety) composed of Col. John W. Harrington,
John W. Stubbs, A. G. Johnson, P. H. Hamer,
J. H. Lane, J. A. McRae, R. B. McCall, and
P. H. Rogers, reported a series of resolutions,
which were adopted, and ordered to be printed
in the Charleston papers. And in order that
they may be as widely circulated as possible,
we give gratuitons publicity to them.
RESOLUTIONS.
tlesolved, That the withdrawal of the military
from the State, at the earliest possible period, is
the best measure to secure, on a basis lasting,
sure, and satisfactory to both freedmen and
planters, the relations existing between them.
Resolved, That such a measure would be ac
companied with less confusion and difficulty
than any other, and that, having pledged our
selves by the oath of allegiance to recognize the
existing state of things, we do not hesitate to
say that it is our honest purpose to abide there
by.
Resolved, That, if inconsistent with the views
Of the authorities to remove the military, we ex
press the opinion that the plan of the military
?oeompe? the freedman to contract with hts
former owner, when desired by the latter, is
wise, prudent, and absolutely necessary. ,
Rktolvtd, That we, the planters of the Dis
trict, pledge ourselves not to contract with any
freedman unless he can produce a certificate of '
regula? discharge from his former owner.
Resolved, That, under no circumstances what- ,
soever, will we rent land to any freedmen, nor
will we permit them to live on our premises as
employees. 1
Resolved, That no system can be devised for
the present which can secure success, where the
discipline and management of the freedmen is
entirely taken out of the hands of the planter ;
and we invoke the authorities to recognize this
fact, which cannot but be apparent to them.
Resolved, That we request the military to
cease the habit of making negroes act as couri
ers, sheriffs, and constables, to serve writ6 and
notices upon planters-a svstem so destructive
lo good order and discipline.
Resolved, That we call on our young men to
fill up the military companies now organized
in the district, not only to preserve order and
quiet, but the lives of the weak and unpro
tected, seriously threatened under the existing
state of affaiis.
Resolved, That these proceedings be published
m the papers of Charlestonj that a copy be
sent to our members of the Legislature, and one
to Col. Murry, commandant at Cheraw.
Z. A. DRAKE, Chairman.
FRANK MAURT, Secretary.
These resolutions tell their own story. But,
for fear that all will not properly understand
them, we shall attempt to elucidate.
It ie resolved that the withdrawal of the
military would be satisfactory to both freedmen
and planters. We deny it.
In regard to the oath of allegiance being
honestly adhered to, we would simply say that
many men hesitate not to say that the oath was
compulsory, and, consequently, not binding.
The idea of compel! ing the freedman to con
tract with his fcrrmer owner simply because the
?atter desiree lt, has passed into disuetude. It
fakes two to make a bargain now-a-days.
The resolution which pledges the planter not
to contract with any freeaman unless he has a
discharge from his former master, should have
further pledged them not to grant any certifi
cates of discharge. Then we should have under
stood that no one was to contract with any
freedmen unless he had previously owned them.
This will, of course, give each planter the same
hands he has formerly worked, on such terms
as he may dictate, unless the Freedmen's Bu
seau can exact axL equitable contract.
And it is furthermore resolved that the disci
pline an<L management of the freedmen should
?ot be taken out of the hands of the planters,
and the military authorities ase invoked to re
cognize this fact.
Here, then, we have the grand scheme for a
#ystem of villeinage which smacks of the feadai
age, when the " lord of the manor M mied hit
4* base born" with absolute sway. It carries
us back to the times of Wat Tyler and the
zaithful monk, ** who first whispered io the
ears of an English serf that shyer j mu nat his
birthright/'
8omta Caroliaa has abolished slavery, and
ratified the Constitutional amendment forever
prohibiting sta Terr ia the tTaited States. And
1
yet the planters have assembled, and resol Ted
to establish an order of servitude analagous to
that which cursed the soil of England fire
hundred years ago,-all the time claiming to
be loyal to the Government. The -acceptance
of the new order of things means ra press "On
ward with the march of event?. The servile,
crank music of tne thirteenth century must
gire way to the loftier-sounding and more Me
lodious strains of freedom. So let us close Wie
hand-organ of slavery, and move on te t?fe en
joyment of those sweeter airs whieh attend the
jubilee of Union and Equality.
?
?eb Ptinting.
The Lecher Job Printing Office having arrived
? we Are Tully prepared to do all Kinds of Job
Printing ic a neat, tasteful mannerv and at satis
factory prices. Read the advertisement, and
send in your orders.
f_
j
I HINKT 0. RBHMIXGTON was a colored man
j of marked ability, and the citizens of New Bed
I ford, Mass., where he lived and died, will long
remember him, as his business brought him m
contact with many families. He was a soap
i maker by trade, and always had a good article
for sale. He was an artistic taxidermist, and
i spent much of his time in preparing birds. Thc
knowledge which he displayed of the feathery
tribe was very remarkable. When Prof. O. S.
Fowler, the phrenologist, was giving public
examinations in the city of Kew Bedford, Mr. i
Remmington was called upon th? platform, by
the audience, for examination. The Professor
put his hand upon his head, and said, " This is ;
a wonderful head ; order is fully developed $
his love of nature is intense, and, if left to his;
awn inclination, the classification of birds
would be his pursuit, in which he would find the
highest enjoyment." He was a prominent as
sociate in the earlier anti-slavery agitations in
his vicinity, and attracted all hearts to him as a
great leader. Never ambitious, save to help on
the cause of human rights, he was less known
at th? North than be deserved to be, as a wise
counsellor, a trusty friend, and a fearlees ad
vocate of the rights of man. His death, which
occurred but a few years since, occasioned
general lamentarion throughout the city. The
friends of freedom gave him a public burial
from the Liberty Hall, where the funeral ser
vices were held, and the procession which fol
lowed his remains to their final resting place,
was one of the largest funeral processions ever
seen in south-eastern Massachusetts.
THE JUBILEE.-Extensive arrangements are
being made for the celebration of Emancipation
day, which must hereafter be one of the few Na
tional Holidays. Another column shows what
thc committee of arrangements contemplate.
No PEAKS-Sir Morton Peto, in his late
speech in Bristol, England, says : M I have no
fears for the future of the freedmen, unless they
are driven by harsh laws( to array themselves
against the whites." His visit to America gave
him ample oportunity to judge without preju
dice, and his representation of the cause of free
labor was the best return he could make for the
kindness extended to him while here. He men
tioned the example of Col. Drury of Virginia,
who, by fairness and good sense, retains all the
laborers he had before the war, and quoted from
s Louisiana planter to show that the Freedmen
were most efficient workmen and earnest pupila,
af whom there need be no fears for the future,
The fear of a rising of the blacks has always?
more or less, been prevalent among slave-own
ers ; but it ought to be dispelled now that the
slaves are free. John Randolph, himself a slave
holder, declared in the halls of Congress that
the fire bells in Richmond did not ring out
an alarm at night, but what the master woke
from his slumber in fear of his slaves." Such
was the iniquity of slavery that it was startled
by its own shadow.
To CORRESPONDENTS.-W* receive a large
number of communications* which we cannot
find room for. Some are too long, and others
of no interest to any but a few. We desiee to
have our correspondents write very brief and to
the point, and only upon such subjects as are
of public interest. Such articles will be cheer
fully accepted and published. The name of the
author must always accompany the article, that
we may know who is responsible for the con
tents.
-
GEN. GRANT'S REPORT. - This document is
very lengthy, but of surpassing interest. ?i is a
narrative of the most important campaign of
the war, stretching over half of a continent,
and lasting more than a year. It is remarkable, I
when we remember that one man directed the
movements and controlled the fortunes of the
army, and brought peace to a distracted coun
try.
RELATIVE POPULATION. - By the census of
I860 it appears that the State of South Caro
lina bad a population of 291,389 whites and
402,406 slaves. Now all are equally free, and
the white people claim the exclusive right to
vote for the officers of the State. That Provid
ence which led the slaves through the red sea of
rebellion witt not leave them in the wilderness,
but make haste to induct them into the beauties
of the promised land.
INFLATED CUBREN CT.-Five years ago the
bank-note circulation of the country amounted
to not more than two hundred millions , now the
circulation, bank and national, exceeds seven
hundred millions. The burdens of the war fall
heavily upon all classes, but it is ehe price of
freedom. We see no geed reasotf why specie
payments are not resumed, now that we can safe
ly calculate upon the expense? of tfce govern
ment in future.
THANK Yee-It has been gratifying iv read
in our exchauges from time to time the many
kind and complimentary notices of the Leader.
We have thought to publish them as an evidence
of the ?vor with which our enterprise has been
welcomed by the true friends of freedom : but,
feeling that our humble efforts have not merited
the full meed of praise awarded, we forbear, and
simply ?ar to our friend!?, thank you.
Affairs About Home, j .
PASTORS.-The Pasters of the several colored
congregations in this city are requested to meef
at this offite. at 4 o'clock this (Satur day) af teri
i twm-. Business will be made known at thr
plate ot meeting.
PRESENTATION.-The memhers of the Uniot
League presented their Grand Deputy, Mr. S.
Lu Bennett, with a splendid copy of the Holy
Bible, on Tuesday evening of this week. The
presentation address was made" by Mr. Robert
Artson, and contained many noble sentiments
which it would be unlawful to make public.
The recipient was actually surprised, and in
endeavoring to avoid the natural embarassmem
of his condition he made a better acknowledge
ment than any preparation would have helped
him to. It was a response from the heart, and
touched the hearts of the large assemblage
present.
THE CHURCHES. -There were no distinct
and separate congregations of colored people
in South Carolina previous to the rebellion.
All were UDder the supervision of white peo
ple. The colored people belonged to the same
churches, and took seats provided for them in
the galleries. In many cases they contributed
largely for the support of the ministry, which
would have been poorly supported without
them> Several et the chacches here would
never have been built but tor the aid received
from the colored brethren. All of this proper
ty was held by white trustees, as a matter bf
propriety. Since the occupancy of the city by j
the ?nion forces the colored people have been
eminently loyal, and have had no sympathy
with the Southern churches nor the secession
doctrines of the Southern clergy: and though
they have paid a good deal of money which has
been invested in church property, by the terms
of the rebels they are now entitled to nothings
having left the societies where white people oc
cupied the best seats, and formed societies oi\
their own, recognizing no man as master, and
.no man as slave. A burial ground, which was
bought and paid for by colored person^ where
none but colored persons are interred, is stUl
claimed and held by the former white officers
of the church. If there is not power enough in
the religion of Jesus Christ to induce the white
brothers to deal justly with those of another
complexion, then we invoke the aid of the
United States to grant the rightful possessors
the place where their fathers' bones are laid.
And, also, to make a fair offset of church pro?
perty to colored members.
*. The man who dares traduce because he can
In safety to himself, is not a man."
COLORED TESTIMONY.-The great bugbear
against admitting the testimony of colored peo
ple in the courts of justice, would seem to be ex
ploded by aa incident. There was a meteoric ex
plosion observed in this city on Saturday everting
last, and a writer upon the subject, in ODe of the
daily papers, introduces the testimony ef a col
ored sentinel, who " described it as a falling star,
and pointed to the Southern heavens as the re
gion from whence he saw it descend." We do
not suppose that any of the readers of the article
referred to have for a moment doubted the accu
racy of the sentinel's statement, and yet if he was .
the only man who had witnessed the murder of
one white man by another, his testimony would
be rejected in the courts, according to the provi
sions of the il Negro Code.'' The theory upon
the credibility of colored people's testimony is
practically denied in every day transactions.
DIVISION OF CROPS,-We have heard grevi
ous complaints about the manner in which the
crops have been divided. We did not expect that
every one would be satisfied with the division,
but the complaint to which we shall refer Seems
unpardonable. One man ttpOTl a plantation with
his family, cultivated forty acres of land ; an
other man worked only twelve acres, and yet in
the division they both received the same portion.
The contract was that they should have half of
what they produced. It is not likely that the
man who improved twelve acres reeeived any
.more than half of his production ; it is probable,
that the man who tilled forty acres was robbed
of what was his honest due.
THR LECTURE.-Rev*. E. J. Adams delivered
the closing lecture of the course at the Normal
School, cn Monday evening. The Colored*
Race in America" was the subject; and, though
it did not comprehend the entire destiny of the-,
race, lt suggested to the audience much thought.
The propounding of a question brought out the
lecturer more fully, and also elicited remark?
from Messrs. B. F. Randolph, H. Judge Mooie.
and F. L. Cordozo, and made the occasion un
usually entertaining and profitable. Mr. Lord's
Band performed exquisetely.
i
ROBBERT.- The Zion Colored Presbyterian. r
Church was broken open one night this week,
and the pulpit sofa and chairs from the vestry,
and a lot of clothing designed for the freedmen's 1
children were stolen. ,;
PRAT FOR CONGRESS.-The large congrega
tion assembled at Zion Church on Thanksgiving 5
day agreed to pray for Congress during its entire
session. The prayers of the righteous availeth
much.
GEN. BENXETT, commanding the military -
post of Charleston, has gone North. The death
of his father is the occasion for his leave of ab
sence.
TH? Hot?D'AYs.-*There seems to be a con
siderable apprehension concerning what the
holidays may bring fo?th on the question of
contracts. If fair contracts are offered by plant
ers we make no donbt but what the freedmen
wfl? gladly acquiesce. Still better would be
tlie system of leasing land to be worked* tty the
freedmen. Much patience is required by air
parties interested, ao complete?? has slaver?
blotted out the noble attributes, of the hutflan
soul.
GRAND CONCERT.-On Monday evening our !
citizens may enjoy"" a* rate musical treat at the
Zion Church. Read C& tfdveGisement m an
other column.
? *
-T-_^ (i
The North Carolina Legislature has ratified
the emancipation amendment with very little
opposition. FI
COMMUNICATED.
Articles inserted under this head are written by
correspondent*. We shall be g\4? to publish com
mubiratioirt of merit, but de fcofc ftold duraelves re
sponsible fer their sentiments*.
Ut MOTHES.
BY KV T. #fcSTON.
I took up the burden of life anew,
When she, the pure-hearted, died ;
When the golden cord was rent in twain,
And she faded from my side :
When the eyes grew dim that were wont to glow
With the holy light of love,
And the spirit, freed from its earthly care,
Sped to its rest above.
O.thedarkdretrrdays ! Oh, the weary nights ?
Oh, the anguish who can tell,
When the light of my life went swiftly out,
And the shadows across me fell !
For the wound was deep, and the wo w?6 great,
And its poignancy will blight
All the onward course of my future years,
'Till my faith be turned to sight.
? muse me now of the beautiful days,
The halcyon days of yore,
And I wonder if e'er on li fe's stormy sea,
SuCh days I shall ?vcr see more.
The skies are ?5 blue-tinted now as then,
And the sunlight just as bright,
But they gladden rh? not as other days,
Ere she faded from my sight-.
The clouds with their purple ?nd golden hues*
Their gossamer robes of snow,
And the stars at the twilight's holy hour
In calm clear beauty glow ;
And music, sweet as aeolian harp,
Is echoing far and wide,
But sure naught gladdens my heart as before
She faded away from my side.
0, memory bells, with soft soothing tones,
Are chiming so sweetly to day,
That myiiarpfrom the willows 1 fain would remove
And attune to A happier lay.
I would bell to its chords that the beacon of hope,
Ignited on Bethlehem's plain,
That starof bright promise, that bow in the cloud,
Can treker be extinguished again-.
0, mother i in anguish ? peer through the mists
Of a future, so da?k without thee ;
The desert of life has truly been blessed
With an oasis sacred to thee.
And oft to that green spot of IrCauty I turn
My shrine Of affection-my pride,
f\)r surely naught gladdens my heart as before
Thou faded'st away from, my side.
SCM??ERVILLEE, S. C., Dec. ll, 1865-.
EDITOR OF LEADER, *- Will you please pub
lish a few lines to express the sentiments of
many in the 35th Regiment ? 3 ? i\ We have
been Faithful in the ?eld up to the present
time, and think that We ought to be Consider
ed as men> and allowed a fair chance in the
race of life? Ir has bjen said that a black man
can not make his own living, but give us op
portunities and we will show thc whites that
we will not come to them for any thing, if they
do not come to us. We think the colored peo
ple have been the making of them? and Can
make something of ourselves in time; "The col
ored people know how to work, and the whites
have been dependeht upon them. They can
work again, and will work. A white man maj
talk very well, but put him to work, and what
will he say? He will say that hard work i.*
n?t easy, lie will say that it is hard fora man
who has owned so many able-bodied negroes to
have the Yankees come and take them al!
away. Well, the black man is the man for
work, and will take care of himself with half
a chance. Excuse mistakes, for I am in a new
occupation itt writing a letter. V?'ry truly,
Corpl. JACKSON CHERRY, CO. I.
MORRIS ISLANU, 8.C.JDEC. 14, 1865i
Mr. Allen Coffin, Editor of the Leader.
SIR :-I am requested by the Lt. Ooh Comdg.,
to tender to the-citizens of Charleston the use of
our Regimental Drum Corps for the celebration
of the Anniversary of Emancip tion, and which
may also be regarded as the anniversary of the
material immortality of that great and good mari,
"Father Abraham."
Yours &c, L. S. LANGLEY,
Sergt. Major. 33rd. U. S. C. T.
The above communication has been shown to
the Committee of Arangements who thankfully
accept the generous offer. The Drum Corps
will make a valuable addition to the procession.
-...- ? -
Co. B,35th Regt. ?.S.C.T., Dec. ll.
MR. EDiToR.--Sir : I will call Jour attention |
to the fact, and wish you to put it in your pa
per, that our colored friends are striving to be
respectful as freemen. I think the Lord has
been with this generation, and with the 35th
Regiment. They have been faithful to the gov
ernment, served it well, and I think that all such
Colored men ought to have the right to vote be
cause they have earned it. We have been from
home since 1863, and have not scGH oar friends
We have served as soldiers of the United States,
and will continue till our term of service shall ex
pire. When we are mustered out we will try to
fhow our friends at the North that the colored
people are industrious^ and know what to do with
our freedom-that we are thankful to God that
the yoke of oppression has been broken.
CHARLES S. W. SWINDELL.
CHARLESTON, Dec. 14, 1865.
MR. EDITOR-We, the undersigned, taking a
stroll on Monoay evening last, wondered where
we could go and satisfy or refresh the inner
man. We concluded to move in the direction
of Messrs. EASTON 8t BROTHERS, 192 Meeting
St.. where we were most agreeably surprised to
find that we could be entertained, in the most
agreeable manner possible, by the gentlemanly
proprietors, and to know that there is nothing
i?elfi*h in them. And it is A-ith pride that we
bring this house before the public. ^*e will
not go into the details about what is there to be
obtained, but can say to our friends and the
public in general to give them a call, and ask for
anything, from an egg to a turkey, and it will
be furnished in a pleasing manner.
, Respectfully yours,
B. a. C., J. B. P.,
a. C. W. B.
BUSINESS.-The business portion of our city
has been very much improved, and trade seems
to be on the increase. It seems as if there were
quite as many stores open as will find it profi?
table. We would not advise Nothern Mer
chants to ship a great deal ttfthis market upon
uncertainties. The rent? are enormous, and
merchants complain that there is no money in
the city. A judicious policy ort the part of
landlords and others interested in the welfare
of the city would have attracted capital and
brains here, which has found bett?f opportuni
ties elsewhere. The hatred of "Northern enter
prise will be the means of leaving Charleston
fiar behf?cf other cities of the South irr* the re
establishment of proper business relations,
??THE WASHINGTON CONGRESS."-Tne Con
gress of the United States is assembled at
Washington^D'. C. fte Fenian Congress is t
bauble; and the bauble of a Cforffedefffte Con-'
irese jjujrjt some time ?ince.
Congressional.
Mr. Wilson, of Mass., introduced to the Sen
ate the following bill, and we thank him for his
efficiency and earnestness in the ri?{ht direction.
AN ACT TO MAINTAIN THE FREEDOM OP THE IN
HABITANTS IN THE STATE? DECLARED IN IN
SURRECTION AND REBELLION BY PROCLAMA
TION OF THE PRESIDENT OP THE 1st JVLY,
1?62.
& it eVttetted, etc., That all laws, sratutes,
acts, ordinances* rules, and regulations of any
description whatsoever heretofore in force or
held Valid in any Stales which Were declared to
be in insurrection and rebellion by the procla
mation of the President, of the 1st of July,
1862. whereby or wherein any inequality of
civil rights and immunities among the inhabi
tants of said States is recognized, authorized,
establehed or maintained by reason of, or in
consequence of, any distinctions or differences
of color, race, or descent, or by reason of, or in
consequence of, a previous condition or status
of slavery or involuntary servitude of such in
habitants, be, and they are hereby declared null
and vot?l. And it shall be unlawful to insti
tute, make, ordain, or establish in any of the
States declared as aforesaid to be in insurrec
tion abd rebellion, any such law, statute, ordi
nance, rule, or regulation, or to enforce or to
attempt to enforce the same.
SECTION 2. And be it further enacted, That
any person who shall violate either of the pro
visions of this act shall be deemed guilty of a
misdemeanor, and shall be punished by a fine
not less than $$00, nor exceeding $10,000, and
by imprisonment not less than six months, and
nor exceeding five years, and it shall be the duty
of the President to enforce the provisions of
tMs act.
The Senate also passed the House resolution
of Mr. Stevens, with some amendment.
A bill to restore h?be?s corpus in all the
States was referred to the judiciary Committee.
In the House the credentials Of the Tennes
see delegation were presented, and referred to
the Joint Standing Committee of fifteen. The
admission of the Representatives from Tennes
see is considered very doubtful. These creden
tials are said to be the only ones that are free
from technical objections.
The colored people of the District of Co
lumbia have petitioned for the right of Suffrage,
?hd their petition has been reterred to a com
mittee.
Bills confirming the land titles upon the Sea
Island granted by Gen. Sherman last winter,
were prsented.
Mr. Washburne introduced a bill to revive
the rank of General, which was, of course, in
tended for Lieut.-lieh, ?rant. ?t is hot likely
that the bill will meet with any serious opposi
tion from ihy Quarter; but^ if done; it should
be quickly and gracefully dor?e, without the
delay and secret Ojjjjosition that retarded the
one creating the ofHce of Lieutenant General.
The action of Congress should piomptlj- ex- 'j
press the nation's gratitude.
In the Senate Mr. Guthrie presented a remon
strance from Louisiana against the admission of
Senators claiming to be elected from that State.
We give the form of the oath prescribed for
maintaining a Republican form oF government
in the ldtc rebell'olis State?j as introduced by
Mr. Sumner t
? do hereby swe?r ikat ? will at all times
hereafter use my best endeavors to maintain a
Republican Forth of government in the State of
which I ahn an inhabitant, and in the UniBn of
the United Statet* ; that I w ill at all ,times re
cognize the indissoluble unity of 'he Republic,
and will always discountenance and resist all
endeavors to break ?uay or secede from the
Union ; that I will give my influence and vote
at ali times to sustain the nar ional credit j that
I will always discountenance ?hd resist all at
tempts, directly of indirect!)', io repudiate br
po>tpone, either in any bart orin any Way; the
debt which w?s contracted by the United
States ih subduing the rebellion, or the oblig?
I tions assumed to the Union soldiers; wid als
ways disco Un ten an ce ard resist all lairg making
any distinctions of color or r?t>; and in ali
Ways will s:tive to maintain a State govern
ment completely loyal to the Union, where all
men shalt enjoy equal protection and equal
rights.
Stich Oath shall be preserved, and if falsely
taken, such person shall be guilty of perjury,
and, in addition to the present penalty for that
crime, he shall forfeit his right to hold office.
Mr. Wilson introduced a joint resolution' tb
prevent the sale of Confederate bonds and
scrip.
Mr. Eliot, of Mass., presented a joint resolu
tion declaring the condition of the rebel States,
and the position of Congress to them.
South Carolina Legislature.
The proceedings of this august assembly, we
are glad to be able to state, have, during the past
week exhibited more business capacity than any
previous week.
The Stay Law has been upon the tapis, and
eloquence and patriotism* legality and agricul
ture, have vied with each other for the mastery.
It finally passed the House having been amend
ed in numerous ways.
On Tuesday about twenty bills were presented
and variously reterred. Also, the petition from
the Colored People's Convention was presented
and referred to the committee on Colored Popu
lation. The petition has been published in our
columns and our readers are familiar with it. It
is the the first petition ol the kind ever received
by t.ie Legislature. The hands upon the dial
plate of equality move slowly, but they move ;
and will in time as surely point to the meridian
of human rights. A petition from the colored
people of Charleston similar to this one, wa, pre
sented to the Constitutional Convention, but that
body wonld not receive it.
The Law Judges have been elected, and C?ui
sistof T. N. Dawkins, F. J. Moses, and A. P.
Aldrich. The Chancellors are W. D. Johnson
and H. D. Lesnesne.
ACUTENESS OF THE NEGBO.-An eye witness
gives the following account of an incident that
occurred in one of the villages of this State, at
the close of the war and the rebellion. A maid
had often heard her mistress say that if thc slaves
were never told of their freedom '.hey would
never know of it. The master finally took the
Oath of alleglence to the government, and the
lady told the maid that she was free-justas
free ?s any. one. " I free ? *' she exclaimed,
jumping m the air and clapping her hands, "then
glory be t?'God an I to the Lamb forever." The
mistress aigain assured her that she was free,
When she jumped again with joy and kissed the
handf of her mistress, saying,fi Thank God I am
free, ?nd I would" be content even rf I were in
rag*."
SPECIAL NOTICES.
?HE LEADER
JOB PRIMING OFFICE
430 King^treei,
CHARLESTON, S. C:
The " Leader ? office U "ow prepw to ~
ecute every description of
Book, Job, and Card Printy
in the highest style of the arr, and upon ;fce
most satisfactory term*. Our numerous friends
who have not heretofore been able to obtain
their work from this office, will now rind our
facilities equal to any emergency.
FANCY PRINTING,
We have unrivalled advantages for producing
elegant work in
Gold, Bronze, Velvet,
and all the varied colors that may please the
fancy and attract the beholder.
Card Priming.
We shall make special efforts to excel in this
department, and confidently anticipate a liberal
share of the public patronage
BILL-HEADS, CIRCULARS,
CHECKS, NOTES, RECEIPTS,
CARDS, LABELS, HAND-BILLS,
PROGRAMMES, POSTERS, ETC.r
And in fine every thing that any body wann
in the line of Printing. Orders from the Cc-un.
try punctually attended to.
3m-ll Dec 16. I860.
CP"RELIGIOLTS NOTICE-Divine service will be
held for St. Mark's congregation by the Rector, at the
Public School House on Meeting Street, near Mary, to
morrow, at lu 1-2 o'clock in the morning, and 31-2 in
the afternoon.
Dec. 16, 1865. lw, io
U. L. A.
COUNCIL IVO. 3.
ASPECIAL MEETING of the above
Council wili be held at their hsll on Friday Even
ing, December 22nd, i860. A general attendance ia
requested, by order of the Presirieut.
ALEXANDER WILLIAMS.
Dec. 16, lwll Sec'y.
S** A COMMISSION has been appointed
to proceed to Washington with the " Memoi ?al,*' and
to use their efforts to secure our rights. The colored
people are therefore called upon to contribute to thin
end. A subscription list may be found at Kans?r
& Farrar'*, 460 King Street, above John Let cvoty
man, woman any child put in their mite. I>ec9,lwiu
Q^- EVENING ADULT SCHOOL.-The
Morris Street School Building will bc opened on'
Mouday evening, Dec; ll, l?s??, for the purpose of
forming classes of instruction for the men and wo
men of the city. The public generally are invited to
atteud. A. H. FOKKES l'EK, Teacher.
Dec 9 lw-10
DAVIS'S TAIN-KILLER
has won for itself a reputation unsurpassed in the
ni story of medical preparations.
lt is well known in the trading ports of ludia and
China as in New York and Cincinnati ; and its contin
ually increasiug demand, where it has been longest
known, is one of its strongest recommendations and
best advertisements, lt began to be favorably known
in A D. 1839, and has ever since been gradually grow
ing into public favor, till, in thousands of families, it
has come to be considered an article of such necessity
that they are never without a supp?y of it to resort
to in case of accident of sridde? ?Hnes*. it is not
unfreqnently said of it ??" We would as Soon think
of bring withers? flour rn th'- honse as without P.uS
Ki: LRR." If gives immediate relief in ease ot scaM
err burras well as in the sudden attadk of Diarrhoea,
Dysentery or other similaf affection of the bowels:
and, beihg entirely a vegetable preparation, it is as
?afh' ?s ?? ts reliable. The prOhiptues? and certainty
wi/li which it acts is relieving all kinds of pain
makes it eminently worthy its name-PAIN KI L
LKK-a name easily understood, and not casiy for
gotten.
EDISTO ISLAND.-All persons having letters
or papers f<?r Edisto Island can have them for
warded by leaving them at this office. M iii
matter from Edisto for persons in this city, frtti
also be found here. Dec. 1.-3m-9
A Man of a Thousand.
A CONSUMTIVE CURED
DR . H. J A M ES. a retired physician of great
eminence, discovered, while in the K/a>t Indies, a
certain cure for Consumption, Asthma, Bronchitis,
Coughs, Colds, and General Debility The remedy
was discovered by him when his only Child a daughter
was given up to die. His Child was cured, and is
alive and well. Desirous of benefiting his fellow mor
tals, he will send to those who wish it the recipe,
containing full directions for making and suecssiully
using the remedy, free, on receipt of their names,
with two stamps to pay expenses. There is not a
single symptom of Consumtion that it docs not at
once take huh! of and dissipate. Night sweats, peevi.?h
npss, irritation of the nerves, failure of memory:
difficult expectoration,sharp pains in the lungs, nore
throat, chilly sensations, nausea at the stomach, iii
action of the bowels, wasting away of the muscles.
The writer will ph ase state the name of the
paper they see thte'advertirftnem in. Address
CKAOIXrK fe-COy
f032' Kaee Street, philadelphia, ww.
j 3 at._
ET DR. B. A. BQSEMAy/^^.8T*"
U.S.CT.) has taken up his rest?e m.th*Uty
... 4, . , . ", he vrHCticr of Med ?eine
with the view of engaging in w *" .
-, , ?t he will be found at
and Surgery. Tor the preset,
. Kfitlesre. Office hours
No. 35 Bogard Street, near Kuu^
from 8 to ll, a.m., and from i to 7, p.m. ^
Nov 29. ._
LOST,
t - - ?1.? Home No. 63 Wentworth Street,
In going from the borne v
_ 6 6 . ,nt,iiiiin" the likeness of a deceasd
a Lady's Brooch, containing i
relative A liberal reward will be *ven to the finder
relative, A ? Nov. 25 lt-8
leit as above. .
ExpuLsios OF FREEDMEN.-Gen. Howard,
Commissioner of Freedmen, has issued a circu
lar applicable to those of South Carolina whose
property has been restored, in which he states :.
That numerous cases have been reputed of
the bumrhary expulsion of freedmen and refu
gees from their tenements on the plantations
thus restored, ana orders that all officers and
agents of the Bureau will hereafter prevent the
recurrence of such ejectments. In cases of
doubt, the assistant commissioner of the State
ts directed to forward his opinion to the Com
missioner of the Bureau before any order of
restoration ts issued."
N. Y. TBIBONB.-The most reliable N. York
paper is the Tribune, hs editorials are well
written/and up to the progressive standard. The
advertisement >o another column offers liberal
inducements.

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