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ALLEN COFFIN, Editor. "First t>h?.Uiac?o, thou the ear? utter tlij.it the trill edni in thu our."-Paul. FOUR DOLLARS PER ANNUM.
SOUTH CAROLINA LEADER.
PUBLISHED ON SATURDAYS.
At 430 King-stcoot, cimrluaton, S.C.,
T. IITJKXiKV cS? CO.
Subscriptio*' -I'riee:-Four Dollars a year, iiivu
rlably in miranee.
To A i? vKitrisi-.jts.-'|"ue LK.lliKll ii is tlii- larges!
rirc?lntinn af any Weekly paper in lin. fStmllit-rn
Stairs,-ciniil.iiiiig extcii.?|vi:ry in s?itit|i Candia i,
North (.'?rollita. I icurdii, ami ITortda; thereby reii
dering ii ti valuable ur. dunn for tho.-c lint lug (?ooild
to dispose or.
Huies ol" Ail vert isitig :
For one Square of Ten Lines, une insertion, $'?00;
fur each iuibacrpiciil insertion, $1.00,
' A liberal discount marie lo yearly, balf yearly, nul
quarterly mlverll-ers. Adnui IM ment H mii-phin i.-ly
display eil Iii special ugreemr nt.
South Citrblina Leader.
A. Weekly Jonrnnl ol' the 'rimes.
.Tits LtCMiKIl will la- devoted tn Hie lill crest ol
Free Lidio r timi netnrrnl reform.
TU j! Federal Government ?iii be sustained at ?.'.I
bain ni s and wo luipi* (lint its till ininti- policy towards
tit ii. Slate will ensure peace, prospcriti , mid domes
Thal self evhliriu tntlli, ciiui.iliied in Un l)f?-larii
Hon of lililupcudeiice, " l luit all men nie creale,I
?qu;.!,"' will be islcnlfutdI? iidliercd to.
lu maller, el local concern, i' will give .ti. rariicsi
support to ?ll unpin taut pilbllc iiu a-uiv- unit priicti
VVIiiie'fcarlcss in it- advocacy of tlie light. nail
frank in Itis deiitlliciatioil Of the wrong; its culiini
wlll never he made a ch inn,1 nf cu r-,. pct.-mia
ahu-c. It Will deal willi principles rather thin nit- II .
nuil allow the free and ri lilli-) di-iii-sioii ul* all -nh
jects pertaining to tin- public, gund.
Ill striving lu m lists tills euipliatieallt a p-ipiT Im
thc peupl?, ive i-outldcutiy look m tl., tu Lu 11.,
utiiouut of ?ubsclptioil and nd vei l i-iii;; pat l'image,
iv li U h its worth deni.nuls
T- 11 Ul. I.KY L co
T II ti L Ii V I) B: Il
J0P> PRlXTIMi OF PI CK
J'M) King Street,
LiV;kcr. bntU,?|Us. *^r>4?iW..
Kook, Job, and i\m\ Printing.
in lite liiiilh .' style <it i be nt', ?ititi upon th
tuciM siiti-l'?vtory ii un-. Uni nun.i- fm ml
who have not htte'nloir bt-ep hide '.. tdlU-t;
their wink from lill- tdlicf, ?viii no"- lit ?I on
facilities . qual "il ut.y i nu i gi nev.
We have ililli? alli d ?l iv niiage- f?.i j.liieilii
elegant ?? ork in
Gold, Bronze, Velvet,
nm) till it,e varied colins that may ph-u-e il.
fancy and attract the beholder.
We shii\i itu'te .-pi rmi . florta lo ' J.a. I in tin
departiiieiit, and eoniideiitly anticipate u libeilii
binnu of the public pillroiiu^e
Bl LL-H E^DS, CIRCULARS,
CARDS, LABELS, HAND-BILLS,
PROCRAM?V1ES, POSTERS, ETC.,
MRS. T. W- CORDOZO
"D espeetfullj IIII?IUIIUCCH tu ber friends Iba; she is
prepared lo give
LKS.SIJNH'O.V THF IM AXtl-FoitTR .
At Itessonable Huies
KNipilT ?ft ltANDOLPJI,
Photographists & Ainbrotynists
nooms, 330 KinK Street,
"\"t^ILL take all kinds of Pictures nt lin
? * cheapest rate?, and enlarge uti kind? of snuill
Irturt-H lue ..'L'llll.l
Ilt'oidencc - Charlotte St., one door east of Alex
auder Street. i Nov. 18-'tm ".
WI G G ?St CO.,
RE S rV A TJ lit A. IV T .
No. 55 Ma'rkot Stroot.
Cliarleston, S. C.,
Where the I'uhlie will always timi on bund, ni
got Up t?i tinier, every vaiieiy ol Dishes
ni tlie shortest notice.
A. lt. WK;?}. | J\. li. ?VKJO.
Vf (ii?e UH a Call, and you ?viii lind (JIU- Terms mod
?rate. Jjfr 3m un ?\ j
To thc ftkirnj I'wjplf of Siirtb firuSita.
ATTENTION" TO A 1,1,
1LHBKT WA Ll? KU i* prepurrfl tn receive
V.? sud sell all kinda of COUNTIlY I'ltt>IU!L"K,
and liny and Ship |.l< nf all dcscriptiuns to any
part of this State ?villi promptness and III M, .tel,.
Adrdcsa GI Lit FUT W A LK KU;
" L . Clinrlealflii I', ti.
icc fors to Char lei Wilder and Israel Sud Ut. Cubim
U.S. C. Oct.'.'s-j
LAWRENCE & FAULKNER,
GK.\K|.AL NtOlllTE STOltE,
180 King iSti-eet,
(ttclo.v Horlback Alley,)
?hai'leistpri?, fes, O.
,?n? Nc? i-fi
TO MISS MARV V. WKSttyN.
HKsi'iicrriiLi.T ot.inc.iTbu ur THU AI'TIIOK.
Hist, sister! hi-i ! ilellghinil song I li .nr.
Mi'litiiiU's 't s grief commingled ?vi? lt lug'i fear;
l'ion? cumliniis. ihanktol. ilioiigh I lie stroke
Ul (?oil lias deeply pierced. 'Twas tints slie
Thc youno, nii\nl fair; whih: in lier eye ii tear,
Witl< .. .ii .v nrighiucss, gleauieil, which >uon ncr
Ibo) nie'.- existence quickly saw und kissed
j As t..ei holli how vii, fresh vows their LUPI to
i l,!,.v' . . , .
In iel ..o as punic Adam with fiiir lave.
Our ancient dum, ci? they dui sm pei eel vc.
Now nearer swells ike solemn, mournful dirge.
Mme luann mun dt?.-i seUlom io .-celie burge.
A- .-o.tl theil eyes liebelt I, slow, wiliillllg doWu
I lite sloping sticet, on ciloet' side, tor ng-boiiiiil
j l in lo1, cly hearse, expressive in the dead
! l ia :; eyes lir.-t mei. Uii|ui-s.-iiig lieaiil and hctld
j With kimv\ ledge nibil illipoi'liiul, hut uh.ci
'Too on n sislaiu'c in the well toned minds,
j Dein li, II it lui lining',! ii Miuinl.. ala- iou true !
I Al list colin- alike .ls well to un- and you.
; f?a? e. like these tub tai ones, hu Utid ?te live ;
! l'"or tney di .nb's happy sleep e ui ucvci' griete.
Ibu loi|i|cr bursts thc lieitt'L-n tityakcnin:j strain.
! What narin di tullun lin- thc solemn ir.un '
The choir while ion:, the LUI sc seems loll lo
I I'o ?li. le ?ts Mill! ll .ll ll'glit look lino- Illili ail ;
I Hut xvhu teiis hutt, tvitii pare angelic throng,
' I.o.? lu e led ut Li ul .? tliione, list uni:: no., s.Oii-*.
Au. yes! tor (.?<.. I loves noulai being-' pr.use,
i When ot au humble muni partake t..cir lays.
I Toe helliers ->:.\. ?i'll .-calls. I ct?!l'c the heat sc
iVibi si.t-'lili slatil'lj steps appeared next ti st
l-'or prime in thc. tau the loiig-li'icil aCi'vailt
I'lu- mousier in '.o their souls lor good,
.li- ?ho hoi; s.ioV I.HU" heart- lo -wall ot sill
A nd i ed's di ep ha ., and uti tv ci o? its mir io ? in
tmt di pi i.e. a ?oil; don il,, li.e.l lieiiind,
l akc-'il,! lim chorus lie . ii coils thiotl^ll the line.
I ?icy al. doih glim it un Iii e. .-om- m >t ni g sound,
emili .asl lo li.si celestial 'strains rcbniiii.l,
i ul next im- uer, lim neiett, joined thc lound.
.Now m. lust giaVelv lil li cia d lo t.icir sweet
)? he.II ll' lt love, ?li ch made the air echo
flic ililli.my suaiid- b .ck tiiiijugii Hie ic ria I
I.', .-i.ine Ira gran ti garden spiced with rich
Illa. C, ',.
i'r ima ?.- ila- nimo.-plii.re. iii! zephyrs' gales,
?tv.iki uui^. sweeps along ; a- titsi cMiaics
i'n? g o. rou- i ml.- the tideiiferoua gilt.
I -? n so lliv> tu.I liiiiiii i'llll I ?vo wo li-fti i
illlil?g ito. High ultoVe Hie Hill, l.d pis-, il,
A nicii i..cv had hce'tl, l.ioo^.t teats bathed um*
1 nuce," soe stud " ?I lend r m ilbei" knew,
.'mi. o.. ! 1 pi /.eil uri liol eooii^.i I iou lett
lia tell a ino;ncr'- win io ni ?he i:<gd e !
i lien. inc.i dui.i '.i.c cai iii lu. k like li place for?
\ Ino lilt ile-erl. Vt-S a -.unit it lisle,
V and, no Iii, II i in lia I lire nor to ; i.ire.
ilui n m,n sis st -. III io i,o,\ ,i au -nie- around,
-o ul .er lo.e. ll -e. 111.-, cia lie.il toe ttoillill.
i nul thc CyC I- lu ned .Hune, ttl loll,
And tte -IO tey .Jeiiov.ih', lut e. What -ill,
? ??al many siiis. he overlooks thi'liie
I'll li tviii a jin fui heall tte all resign.
WHY Nor I'liu-T Tit a SOC III..US I'KOI'.I.K? :
le ill Ol ill Se ttllil ale ttllXlull- I.? |. lieW l)li
i hallet- Ot milking Coppei bend cipttaj lit Irish
V linnets liiilween the poliiu-.il .iri.-iii^raey of ihr
..so o i h mu? tb.-pol Meal iirist.ivt ticy <dy the N rm.
I in- nu.-Wei to tin- uri' i-, non i l y olij els inti tl-1
big the Southern peuple, except the traltoiou
,'liivnlry und theil tuen.I-, who ucvci lr.isled
le.-II.-didn't ililli, io triist the n to vote even
? m Ijhe q ic-iion ol' secession. The Sombr?o
I.pb- propel ly approached nod pinpi i ly tl. nh
- nd. tit ii: ty m.tl kindly II cn I ed, inn i-iisily lu
..com tl, d in I'.iue, niiil in no long tum- tutti.
0 a ne? nuil ti oly di tiioeintit.Ki ul ihiiig.-.
K .i nilly anil politically-brought lo n Ci pt Iii e
lillor and honor ll-the lie. s- hool ai ,1 -lipp.it!
. t -Iree institutions gent nilli . und i no less tin n
a ?ir > ll ui.ke to ihc while niau mid ilic colbictl
-min, 11 y ititi until r icu.il lu MS, mu! tiijitiiie
' 1 y i, ;7?" T ' .
?put! tigiiis, us citizens, Hm it i- not iliese
.soin lu i ii people foi tt hum the Copperheads usk
em hil. in c. They >\ niit ibis fur t?i? old bpprt-s
?oi? of these South? III people.
Note, bj regard tn lin- el.ts-, at the feel ol tile
nation which '.hey tried to destiny, whiningly
si-eking palliou und mel cy, Ol ilse still illllllg
tiing l?o-ir conqticroiK, ami exacting their own
innis of reconciliation, - in regard lo ibis cia.-.-,
.ti'liiil lins the cull lilly dunc in thc past, except
them, lo its tembl? cost : They lind almost a
monopoly of the billet's ol the arin y und navy ;
1 hey lorded it at Washington hu y ??ut a and
y rai si ; they ciiiricd thc plantation whip inti th?
.dudgeon imo Congress; they uullilieil, tiny
' secede , iluy stoic, tiny committed pei ju ry,
?they lind bli lin ling that iievt-i Inion- has bein
jtrnmplid upon, and plunged thc land into nil
du- bm rots of civil um; i ht') did this iv bene vir
'lu ir sch? nies were thwarted, their nillihiiimi da?
feiltet), tiieii exactions or thur uncoiislitiilionnl
ami ii ul i? republican Ihcniies refii.-cil as the pol
icy of thc (Jtivcriiiiient. Tia ir honst WUK that
they it bu Ul rule or ruin. Tiny I ii i lcd nt last to
rule, anti biought nun upon thein-elvcs. Are
we to rescue them from the const qm nee -of their
ottn nm liie.-sr. A'?" tn- io trust them htdl lon
ger, lo h ? V*i th ni ic-ciuici lin ir old roles of
marplots and conspirators i|Viiiii-t tin- present
interests and ihe fm ure prosperit y of nil the
people of all Sections?-Huston Transcript*
?.It rs with the greatest difficulty ibm I -it?
tempt to -epartiti- policy fiotn justice. Ju- ice
is itself ilii* tirrill -landing p?du-y ol ci vii society ,
mid iiuy evident departure ft nm it, limier any
circumstances, lie- under tnt- suspicion o? being
'no policy at al).-Jadmmd Burk?.
ArilclB.' Inserte! unti".!'.''1 ,x' Wkkk,?v *
Coi it*-pi in < Leii t We shall .
l'iimtti'iittuii? bf"morll; I*tai il?",.
?ipolisihli: loi their seutliu.-i.t-.. _ uicrlcan luslitu
PO WE H OF E?UC/V1"1 . '''ir'" lu?scrlpr
"' ' _ ' -ils ?ny? :
-Seare'i witdiII, v<- Jni? in
\\ ll honl,-all is?< nih .nimmt . 'Tl- '
?'klc inline wi.lt lin- present, ..ii'!, in turn,
'.ii-li Fia s tile linutivry "
Mn. Hoi ron-In viewing this tno-t interest,
inj siihjoi t. we ra ii not hut conclude that it is a
p iwrr, a mighty engine lor g.I or evil, a source
of develop,-nu-nt nf human greatness ami hitman
depravity, hi- m. .loss lo du Oil lip?n man's
depraved nature, sime history proves most eon
elusively tiitit mankind lias bei. ii tniujt, gravciv
oppressed; through a long sciies tit age*1, by the
mighty influence bf ti false cdtieaiion. Thc pe
rind known as the ?1 irk ag.'s is not by many, even j
at ihis la o day , recognized ..s snell in thc world's
history, not wi ll: landing thai there lave been
g?vat revolutions io the Church, demolishing
every vestige of heathen rite-, ai..! relies, and
ahbuunable prat tit es Hut a few hundred years
ago the habitations ,,f men wete Iii Utter gloom,
- mental darkness-ivhcii kings ?nv briituli/cd
and the whole ol ('IIIisteniloill rendered imbe
cile by il crufty Ililli ignorantly edue.ii' I priest
hood; for then iViis (he lnqui .i,i,.ii. w.lli its
elds . hooded molisteis, who delighted at the
sound bl* crackling ?in s, ur the blood which flour
ed fluni the mangled bodies of the wretched vic
mn- hy olle r mittles of tortur?. Yet Hutt man
ivus liumd ihat teared hot the strciigtb ol ?jecr?l
Inhib?ais, mid, in the vi.ry face ot his enemies,
broke the up?!I which 1 ouiid men's ninnis timi
bud ic; \\ith the. iron I'm ks of isla very, thus re
st. ?ru;;; truth io religion, the lumber of liberty.
I'lie persecutor then, like lin: persecutor now,
pr ..tends that be is an u.geiu binn heaven, wheii
die t: u: ii is. thal he bas bill ti p.itcitl-righl fnwn
hell, ll Liberty! thou iiiesliuiahlc gem, whose
true value worlds nf diamonds and rubies caunoi
equal, As revolution overthrew the slavery of
the minti, so int- revolution overtltr?iv? tho
slavery of thc body ; as oppression and ignor
.n c- eas nurtured in the Church to thc destruc
tion of thc soul, so wat its spirit as ot a. ucees
sity infused into polities, to thc destruction ot
the laidy. Henee the connection. The erecting
ifj " Klug Cotton " as ii god, singing psalms ol
prai.-e to his glory und majesty. siirjily ridi
en tons in bini who "(tf.'t Vrar-^ lu sro? -ibi'mlen
..t a pilgrimage to Meela,'lu the justification ol
t llhuloo suttee ; ami jet, with all hi.- pretended
intelligence ami virtue, tl. re is lint to he tumid
0 hi vot'uhulary a word ol' eilci irngcmeni lor
he Still lait..till sons of Hain. ? luise ai ats ninia
ntiild. tl up bis au lid majesty-not even thanks :
1 ty, more, in yU?ling rat cfo I ness of hiscorrupt
eat linre's tunight but hate. Whit a lu ari
nu t not that tine he, where, without interest,
.lopped lh< la-i drop nf the l.ulk ol human kimi
1?7S. leaving nothing but lin- black, singing, -ea
?i wrath, where pent up chaiiticls expanded hy
he idfei-vcsi-eiice Ol' ecrlain neids (.be Ingie ni
lim-) mis nidely iolroiliiectl into the inner
m.st ii;eetses ol ;h it chivalric,bearii hui-ling m
1 pevt-r-eiiiling streani nf liqui I lire upon the de
"hil heal ol' lim pool negro-; sparing neither
niiiul.eys nor inockiiig-hirds. 'Thc mulatto, it io,
lillies in tor bis share of abuse, is physical.y
?Vilk?r limn Hie negro.-'.bein!-carries Iiis
u'tiins about the middle of his head. Ab! llickl
i is ti int itu-v are not all alike, as it would '.lien
?0 a very haul matter to timi oui the exact loca
.uni of their brains.
.. Shine mit. fair Min. till I have bought a fcl iss,
I li.il 1 may see my kllDilOW nt I pA/n."
As the last vc.-tige of Aincrlc.il) inj 'Mice fl
iru-l) iv I ll so-ti bc wiped away, in spile of ititi j
Hellish M-lietiies ol' designing men. it heroines
. mr duly (ii avoid the 1 tenke s of fais, ei?ueasloil.
As we arc not only responsible to. posterity,
which is the least cumuli. 1 .ilion, hut iiUii tb Cod;
hy au adherence to truth ami justice, appr?ci?t
tig du- hlesisings wliicli lu- luis coiilcrcii upon its;
he i?iii nug the idle vapnrings ami bombastic
cgtiiisiu of antiquated '. 1 huilerais," as we would
du- presence of some extraneous fossil amongst
a collection ol native curiosities of greater ex
'. ti Jealousy ! thou aggregate nf ivurs,
We're lhere no hell thy un menu would create otu.'."
1*. S.- I baye a few more nails to drive. Any
one wishing to l'uni the scat cf his brains, can
just pre-cut thc supposed par! and have il hoted.
I hupe that you can spine a little space in the
Lra<ier to insert thc few line:} timi I may writ?
in regard 10 the colored folks. I feel like say
ir.g soincth ng lo hoi li colored and while pcoph,
for 1 Hunk sometimes that thc ?hole world hus
la en chang, d mid nindi- new. I thank (iud foi
hts loving kindness winch he has hastened upon
our race and our entire land. We ure free Cl Oin
bondnge, hut not from sin; mid now tliiit we
are'.ree nun and women, let un improve the
tjio?io?s oppot'.unity of showing lite planters
those ulm have Ll le red us nilli our fathers that
we ure mor.illy belier in freed O lil than III slavery,
ll (he government bf the United Sint is will only
give us a chance wc tv ill show that the black
utan can du something for themselves. VYhite
nu n who say thu! we will not work v. 11 boin the
lash, tell that which they ought lo know is false
ami tl ere ts nu troth III them, Sollie said '.lint
the Ni gio ioidit rs M nulli not light, hui ninny u
man who tm I them in thc brid kilowa better
now. Those white people whit have snul tluit
there was no difference between a Negro anti a
mule ought to retract. Fm if Ficsideiii l.i icoln
had given the muskeis m? (I lite (lag to mules,
I iliiiik he would ha ve soon found out the till -
1 will write again aa sonn n? thc paymaster.
gets rou ni timi I cnn buy some staiioneiy.If I
you sec tiny euell (linn, you cnn tell bim thut Co
ll bud miller pee him than nny other man.
J i.y s M MOORE. 35th Hcrjt
1'. S. -A* I have not lourd ft om my ?vjfe or
mother for a long nm-, I hope this may meet
then eyes. My wife's name is Ami lia Moore,
alni my mother's was il numb Stand, living in
North Carolina. Direct to me. Company ll.
3-0 h U. S. (J. T., li listo I-lund. S. C. JOHN H.
PUBLIC SCHOOLS AND
TEACH hi HS.
M;i. ti tit Ton - I humbly beg thc ilse of a
"iniill space in one of your columns through I
which to give my opinion of public schoolsi and I
their ti liehet Ki
In my npin. ni, public schools arc among the j
must useful mid must essential ilistiilitioi.il in
this m any other country. Without them the
.venue of ?ducation wiiuh} bi* eldsed against
tht i e-liiurths ol a nation'.- population and blind?
el ignorance thc in?vitable consequence and re
ligion, pibspertiy lind civiltzitioii greatly im
peded. Such i- my opiniuu ol" public schools
gi ueially alni such uri- the opinions 1 hold iii
lu public >i In: 1- ?if our city (-o far as the in
stitu icu itself H concerned), second only to the
church of Ulli ist. Am', as to the teachers of the
public . Imot.- ; I entertain a special regard for
them generally. I consider their, worthy ol thc
respect lui lippi I'ciiitiuii of pu rents, guardians,
laud community at large. 1 look upon I bein as
laborers in ? tic lil of usefulness. 1 cotisider
j them second onlv to the minister of tiiogo-p?d:
i Siic'l are aie my dispositions toward public
teachers Keiierally. Hut I inn ex trent -ly sut ry
tu suv ttiiit I entertain those dispositions toward
tiie yuh ic si 1.1. .! teachers nf our city only in
liarrl??tKiiw I do not wish to cast a iv ri llection
upon 'any otu- undeservedly. I entertain the
highest rc.-pect (.ir the worthy hupertytciidan'.
Mr. K. L. Cardoso; I consider hun an aecotn
piish?d gentleman. I also have a special regard
for itiany of his teachers. Dut there really are
-onie teriehrrs in our public schools that ere. no
nuire tit for the position than a heathen. They
ure better suited tor a place in Durnum'*
iir suntu other museum, to tame Wild beast?, I
tim naturally interested je education of the
vfusiiui and I ?ni ii ??h ' -ver ot
the courses that ure bei lu; pursued loivardi them.
Several grievous casi's have come under my di
serration, 1 have ?cen cases of boys with swnl
j Icu knuckles uiui hands i'roih l?.-iur; Ivut willi thc
ruler, sud some with bumps on their heads; und
Une eise I have seen of a boy being struck in the
hue with a ruhr, which tu.ide hjs fuete black ?iud
bice, end leaving a most tri g ht ful bruise, and the
ICM norning his eyes were completely closed.
Now, I know iba proper corr dion is necessary
tor luivs, but to beat them in the liynd and face
Milli i ruler is entirely out of the way of civili
?'.muir ami I hope will liol continue long. I hope
the evil w;ll soon l*e remedied, and suyevis atol
prosperity attend our cch'xds.
?lost respectfully, Hour. II. AVTSOS.
THE JAMAICA MARTYR.
Asdemn and impressive lesson is contained in
the o?owing I iogrtiphy of thc martyr of Jamai
ca, .et white men wdio have owned slaves read
it. .nd profit by us teaching.
I tin- person nf ih? late Gceygc William Gor
do: Jamaica has just added n nb tho-name to the
list if those who h.i vc scaled their devotion to
Mitttv ?iib their live.;: another victim to t?ic.nc
jciiiedspirit nf ncgro(shivery. (Jordon ?ill yow
j'tiilf rntk with thc missionary. Smith, who ?triy
vi'trs ito perished miserably in a dungeon in
lic?enla, in which he had been incarcerutyd by
ihup'arVrs for thc crime of preaching the gos
? pel of s,ritual liberty to the black slaves of that
col'iny ;with John limwn, who paid with Iiis life
thc pendy ol his noid ' devotion tn the cause of
negro fii dom. A brief .-ketch ot the .lam.ma
niHtiyr ill. we ure sure, he perused with inter
est by outillions class nf readers,
f?corj William Oordbn wai at thc time of his
CMcutii chi-c upon ?0 years of aye. Me was a
native't the island nf Jamaica, ami ivas boni
?ti S'iviib', lus motlier being a mulatto ?jaye
ivom'enilis 'ia iii er ?ian Scotchman, a "plant
iiW^^Wy." or agent of absent?e proprietors.
^MBB but 'be scantiest en mentary educa
ving discovered ii remarkable apiti
I i^jffirn?,lr,k' ,"' w?i placed liv his faiher in
?, .^Bn'.itig-house nfs wia'.lhy Jamaica plum
er* JH'he remained for a few years. Ile then
' cotnmeid business on his own uccounl, and
by bis tl, diliigence, promptitude, and pur.e
! tu ali tv, on raised himself to a lending pondon
among ' mt reliants of thc connu y. Having.
Iiiiw?ve?mbalked lurgely in sugar cultivation
n short ic previous to the triumph of thc free
itude pry in Knirhind. the p't-sage of the s i
gar dut bill nf IS IG. w hereby the differential
dunes fuvur o! the products of fr.'e labor were
abnliidicauscd bun severe losses, from the ef
fects ofhich, owing to ihr progressive d?pr?
ciation Jiniaiea property, h s fortunes never
i ntitclecovi red. About three years ago he
was ( I'd Member of Assembly for one of ihp
rural ishes of the island, his constituents be
ing pfipslly black people; nod he bud no
s it ntUeicd the legislature than he took his
Hand '?u nwowed opponent of the policy
whiclns al (he supremacy of thc plainer clnss
in thdony, at th>: expense of other interests
of v importance to thc public wea*, nnd
.provbimsclf a formidable opponent of thc
Government. Ile lost n?, opportunity of de
n auueing that partial and unjuil system of leg
islation which hu?* been thc carne of Jamaica,
fi net' emancipation, and advocated with all hts
powers, lind with iincotntnoti enerby und teal,
ihr claims rif thc free bl ii;ks to u larger ^hr.rc of
Consideration mid respect than they lui vi; yet rc
c- tvcil nt lin- l?t li?is of tho governing class in J i? -
tunica. Ai tiiiivx; indeed, his 4 -ul, KO ardent
nus ita ipiiility, outran hts discretion, end he
wu? hurried into th?; use of language sori.cw-hut
tm; strong for the ?onveiitiniitilitic?i of the legi
liittvt! arena, and it is not surpt?sing thal h?
nindi! tunny enemies- among the dominant cluss,
who delighted ni heaping opprobrium upon him.
But with the lovers of liberty' and justice hts
evident sincerity of purpose, and hi? nobie ?elf
abnegation, caus-d thisoccai iona,', in temperance
ol' ?peech to bc overlooked. And the blacks ol
Lirhuicii FOOII cuni'1 tc regard him us one of their
wu' ni?si (fiends nod IIIOHI devoted champions.
Gordon wu* executed for the tillered of
renee of inciting the hi'groes to rebellion, but it
turns otu that there hus been really no rebel
linn. His real crime in tho eye? ol Ins murder:
L?Vs - .lu- er.ti," f ir which they ICcJt bli life -
icu? thu', his course of political action was cal
.'itl.tted ti open the eye.-, of the black people a
?hey hilve never yet been opened to lbs tru<
riiari?cter uf that system of legislation by whicl
I . ir rinitis ''have been Hilled with, their -.titer'
..?ts Mtcidiced, un i their progress retarded. Titi
[>rinci| u! evidence uptni which he vvascoiivictct
liv th-.- court-martial thu" tr;?-d Ima waa a un
nilled seditious placard wit.ch be hud eau set
?0 be published; addressed to the blacks. Tin:
document hus been reproduced in the Knglis)
newspapers, und un extract or two from it her'
?viii >how how little reason tin. re wa? for ri|(ttnl
.rig itns lin incendiaiy publicalinh. .. We know,'
iii y s tlie address, " thal our beloved Queen i
Ln> noble-hearted to say uni'thing unkind i-yei
:o her most humble .sulj -ct?, and we belicv
; int Mr. Cardwel! und lit r M ij.-sty's othe
Ministcis are gentlemen too honorable an
uouesi lu their intentions wilfully to wouu
.he feelings of lier Majesty's colonial subject;
sut we feur they have been deceived and mulet
inti the const qucticc is a serious ?4r1evup.ee t
mr pe?:;.iie; but we advise them lo be pr?den
Lei tli tn, in i?--?r remonstrance*!, and we ha\
10 doubt thal tifr.?i??i-'-?" ill ultima te.'; preva;'1
\valri; . !?-np!c'cf tit. Ann, poor . <-.nuirr
?it. Ann, you who haye no sugar estate* t
ivork on, nor cnn find other employaient, w
.all upon you to come forth and proton agaim
lie unjust, representation* mude against you b
I.iv. li vi ? and lus amid of custode* (the chit
ntigistrtttcs of the d.li'.-ri nt parishes]i You d
? it ri quire custodes to tell your w-oes, but yo
vant men lice of Government influence. Yo
vant honest men. You wan: mea with sen*
f righi anti w i ung. and who can appr?ciai
-.ii. Cull on your milliliters to reveal your tru
oiiditinu. and then cull on Heaven tn witned
nd haye mercy;" Gordon's unhappy fat
roves ttiat this laiig'ige -this impeachment t.
! .v. livre and Iiis painters-was int foritotter
ml ?.ts not forgiven ; hut we think the re.tdi
ill agree wuh us that this is not the langung
either <>f sedition ?or treason, lt is said thtt
th -r evidence against the accused was produce
i hU trial, c insisting of certain expressions i
.ttl r-. c ti business written to his overseer in Si
liotnas-in-ihe-lvist, but it is sighiSctint thu
>t a line of th:? evidence has been Riven to th
oild. His merciless enemies dare not pub!i>
ie letters , hot they must some day - and thu
v 1 on?;-si e the light.
Gordon was tried on Saturday evening, nn
uti ne; :l to be hanged ; but owing to. tito late
.ss of the hour ut which the tr 1111 terminate!
e sentence vfiis not carried in;n effect till earl
i Mond iv mort.ni',', nor wa? be informed <
.? fute tul mie hour before his ?ICH th. C)Jt learn
g thai he was doomed, he asked for writin
iterutl?, and penned a most touching letti r I
? ?i(?, of tvhi?h the follow.n?? is sn extract
L tlo not deserve this sentence, for ( never mt
?cd nor took part iii any insurrection. All
er did w as to recommend the people w hi
mplaiucd to seek redie** in a legitimate wa)
d if in tin-, l have erred or been misrVpre
itcd, I tlo hot think I deserve the extrem
itcnce. lt is, however, the wi,U of my Hen
lily l-'albur that I should thus III obeying 1 i
il m und to relic ?e the poor and needy and ti
Heel, as far .1-. ^ have been able, the opprs-s
And glory be to his name-I thank hut
il 1 sutler 111 such cause. X caa say that it ii
real honor thus to suff-T, for the- servant can
t heit, aler than his Lord. I can now sav
lb Paul the ajed, " the hour of my depnrtun
it hand, and I am ready to be otferetl up.
re fought a good fight, I kept lite faith, ant
icefortii lhere in laid up for me a crown o
liteousness which thc Lord, thc righteoui
Ige, shall give mc."
[''ic Idler bas a. ring about it that bespeak,
lal nf t-'te. genuine stamp, Gordon met hi;
th with true heroism. All honor to his mein
! Ko mere Accident ol shaine attending tin
mer of his neath can lat nish thc luster ol' Iii:
y nob e martyrdom.
'he Jamaica martyr was a man of remarkahh
itv and energy, and prent decision of oharac
He possessed an intellect of no commot
?r, rind bis eloquence,-lor, ns a speaker, lu
cloiiuent, - though rough and unpolished
of ti most effective kind, ns bis opponent
ncntly found ti> their cost, He was 11 matt o
tn heart und generous impulses, ft shicer
?Blinni pntriot, .ind philanthropist, ever rend
ssiRt in e very work of benevolence. He wa
ic Baptist permaiion. but not rt cWgvrn.ui a
ima been represented, although he Q^asitmaJIy
preached. We cannot better conclude tbit sketch
than by giving the following testimony to hi?
word-, borne, ?ince li:? death, by the Her. Dr.
King, the eminent I'rcsbyti tum minister, of thc
city of Glasgow, who visited Jamaica many
years apo, atm wai Mr. Gordon's guest during a
portion of the time li? i-pcnl in that island
" i'Vriiii tin: reversos of the colony the father (S.
\V. Guidon;, fnun being very i?ch, came lo lose
nil and thc colored sou bought the estate, not
however, to deprive him of it, but to leuve him
an occ ipancy sto-roumled by the condor lo bc had
been ncuu -ioiiieii th enjoy. S- acted the soo of
I tliv boiidswuuiiui when the feelings of the
! fail.er's white wife and her children nould sot
I permit hi u tu enter the paternal ab ide. Yet ha
j always spoke to me with de fer en t?a", regard for
I his father, and never uttered u disrespectful word
reg.irJi?g Mr?. Gordon. He vrt?s tenderly sen
sitive. One day, a? wc were walking together,
he became penni ve and absorbed, anti, after ceas
ing for a littic while to speak or listen, hi re
quested mu to step asid: with him. He stopped
i before a slight elevation of the grass, and said to
inc, with much emotion, " My mo/hcr is burird
i there; she wus a negro und a slave ; hutt, she was
j a kind mother to me, and I loved her dearly."
? As he uttered these word, his tears trickled down
upon lier grave. Tue efforts of tho son could not
make the impoverished lather happy in Jamaica,
where he had lone; '"eld a high position : sud ?
waa. arranged that Mr. Gordon, SCI}-, with U'ufi:
tnily, should leave for the mother country, ch*fly
or exclusively by thc aid which Gordon's dlial
tniinifii'ehee provided. When the day ofdep-?f
tuie was ut hand, the sou ?.-.id to mc : "You know
that I am not permitted to give my father vale
dictory attentions. I have promised him that you
will do so Eur me, and will accompany him and
his white family to,the ship.' ,;
These affecting t?iainh.ceiiecs of Dr- King'?
show w hat manner oj uian, Gordon wai, and tend
to deep?ri our regret at his ujuiinely end. Un
timely, we say, but only lo human vision; for,
I " being dead, he yet speuketh."
HON. WM. D. KELLY..
A Washington correspondent nf the Richmond
f?tpublic. in speakitut ot the debate upon th?
bastion ?f.aNvpl?f K-T^xi?N ; *' *
?uJ il is often a pcrf-ct cure for
\lm. D. Kelley, o? l^imnsylvania
.. Judge Kelley is one of the very few men in,
the Hbuac naturally un arator. Tall and sont?
what spare, hu figure just suits the role, and
bu biuhy hair, growing low on hts forehead,
and his full beard growing high up on his fs.ee,
giytj him something of the leonine in his appear
ance that is no mean advantage. His voice ia
full, sonorous, under perfect control, and ia all
it? cadences clear and ringing as the tones of a
Judge Kelley.is a Radical, and glories in it.
He has studied much, bul thought more; baa
them ?zed to some extent, bul has practiced to a
much greater. He is politically ^ cross between
Sumner and Stevens, hairing tte phdanthropjr
nf the first and the prnci icul political ability of
the second, without the abstractions of the for
mer or the vindictive venom of the latter. He
ha? ukin up the cause of the negro, and ia sus
taining it with rdl of his ?real ability and ex
haustivas energy only because he believes it to
be right, and without reference whatever \o po
litical expediency. His speech to-day was great
Doth in matter and delivery. It wa? not ivril
i n, and, consequently, was hot rend, a circum
itancethut greatly heightened its effect. He paid
nirticulnr nu-ntion to his colleague Boyer, and,
ii the estimation of the entire, House, effectual
y disposed of that gentleman a??d his argument*,
'nor Hover grew; restive under the treatment of
io- fiery colleague, and attempting to bptter his
ast, by rereading a portion of his speech, made
natters worse and gave IC-11 y a tighter hold up
. ii him. Kelley coin ba tl ed the idea of negro
lepravity and ignorance, and saying it was pos?.
ible for some white men to be ignorant, citedj
be Democratic majority of N'ew Y->rk city.
1?re he trenched upon the manor of John W.
IhatulVcr, one of the representatives of the mod
?n Sodom, who excitedly sprung to his feet andj
?ked. ' AMI the gentleman from Pennsylvania
How me." Hut the gentleman from Pehnsyl
a e. i a wouldn't, and Chandler, persisting in his
ideavormg to gel in a word, the Speaker's
ammer fell fast and furiously, and the ncene,
together, grew exciting for a moment. But
handler ?ave it up. and exclaiming You dare
i>t, you dare not," which apparently
?'Little meaning, little revdanev bore."
thc matter in hand, subsided into his seat,
id Hover I? fore this having been demolished
ul Kelley happening tn tread on nobody's toes,
i nt on to the conclusion of his speech with
it further intrrrup'ion.
lt was a great speech-great in matter, great
manner-that everybody admitted, and that
had a great effect opon the House and will
ve n greater upon the country, is impossible
deny. Judge Kelley made two telling
First. He declared that the President had as
red him that he (the President) was in favor
negro sulTrngc in the District of Columbia.
Second. Judge Kelley declared the power of
ingress over th? whole question of suffragan
B State as well as elsewhere, and quoted from
D Madison papera in support of his positions,
irre Madison afhrms the full and unqueatlon
po ty, cr of Congress in the premises in a Ult?