H. JUDGE MOOEE, Editor.
First the blad?, then the ear, after that the full corn in the- ear/'-rPanl
0??E DOLLAES PEE ANNUM.
:< .CHA.RLESTOISr, S^TTJRI)A.Yr MABCH 31? 1866.
PUBLISHED ON SATURDAYS,
A.t 430 King-street, Charleston, S.G.,
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? To ADVERTISERS.-The LEADER has the largest
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i>tates,-circulatin& extensively in South Carolina,
dering it a valuable medium for those having goods
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worth 1 doh and 50c
W. B. NASH & CO.,
Grocers & Commission Agents,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
\YfZ WILL BUY AND SELL ALL
J ? kinds of Country Produce, and attend to all
rders from ourfrieuds in the country.
JRefers to Wilson Cook, Greenville; B. Kaine,
Tewbury; Paul Poinsett aud John Bonum, Charleston
S3m W. B. NASH. P. PICKEXS. L. WIMBUSH
estaurant & Boarding House
COLUMBIA, S. C.
rr J. THOMAS HAS OPENED ON
' . Gervais Street, just below the State
House, where he hopes by faithful attention to
business to meet a share of public patronage.
'MEALS AT ALL HOURS.
feb 3 3ra 13
1)READ, BISCUITS & CAKES.-The
j-t) undersigned begs to inform his friends and the
pubHc that he has commenced the Bakery of liread
biscuits and Cakes, at Mary Street, between Meeting
iud Nassau. lie is prepared to serve Bread to anj
ear: of che city. He possesses the,art of rinking breed
ioa-dispeptic, BO that those who are caj eful, should
:?ve hima call.
feblvtf ANTHONY ALSTON
SISHEST PREMIUM presented by Mass.
Charitable Society, 1S?5.
great chance for Young Men out of
20,000 BOXES SOLD IN 2 WEEKS.
S NO HUMBUG! WHAT! WHY!
Crane's Grease Extr etor,
?Thu, compound thoroughly extracts Grease, Pitch,
r, Oils, &c?, from cotton, woollen, and all other kind
goods, wxthout the least injury to thc ??ffabric:
^moving grease from coat-coilars and other
_Dec 24. 12
F* FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS RE
LKD.-The sum of lire hundid dollars will be paid
. any information that will leadlo the apprehension
3 conviction of the person or persons who mur
red Benjamin Massey, on King Street, Charleston,
the night of Feb. 21st 166 MAXY CITIZENS
DE. T. J. BECKER,
HHAS located himself at No. 70 Coming Street,
where he will be happy to attend to calls for
medical attendance. Particular attention paid to all
Office hours, from 9 a.m:,-to 12 m., and from 3 to 7
444 King Street
Wishes: to call the attention of the public to his fine
stock of goods. They-will always find y. largo assort
ment on hand, which will be sold as reasonable a? at
cure u. a eau. and -see the
stock. Prompt attention paid to all.
2 Oct. H. tf.
R H. HARNEY,
Factor & Commission
BOYCE'S SOUTH WHARF, '
Mardi 2 3m CHARLESTON S.e.
QHARLES MACBETH, JR.,
IS prepared to furnish all kinds of dressed1 or
LUMBER, BRICK, LIME & CEMENT,
At the lowest rates.
Order? left with
HIGGS & CO.,
Corner East Bay and Broad St.,
Or to Charles Bcntum, 1T4 Coming St., where orders
will be promptly attended'to. I92w
HOLMES, GOULD & CO.,
32 PLATT STREET, NEW YORK, AND
138 HANOVER ST., BOSTON, . ..
Dealers in every variety of Walnut, Mahogany, Kose
Wood and Tainted
Also, all styles of
UPHOLSTERED ' FURNITURE,
Which are offered at the lowest market rates.
January 6 tf 14
WOOD DEPOT & FACTOR.
'THE UNDERSIGNED HAVING LEASED
JL a lot situated East end of Calhoun Street, for
the purpose of buying and selling Wood and Shingles,
will al wa vs keep <>n hand prime qualitv of OAK and
PINE WOOD, CYPRESS S Ul N OLES and GK AV EL
als??, Hay and Grain at market price.
Will attend to the purchase or sale of any Com
modify, and is General Faetor ior Cooper, Ashley and
?antee Rivers and precincts. Orders from friends in
the country for the purchase of Cotton Seed will have
prompt attention and despatch.
Charleston, Feb 22 STEPHEN J. MAXWELL.
If?CEIVED BY "CP H EA R & FEN \flCK,
IX a Boat-load of COTTON from St. Helena Is
land. Also just received, 20,000 SHINGLES.
Dec 23, tf,
c*?) AAA A YEAR made by any one with $15
v^ JjAJxJKJ Stencil Tools. ?o experience neces
sary. 'ThePresidents, Cashiers, and Treasurers of 3
Banks indorse the eircular. Sent free with samples
Address the American Stencil Tool Works, Spring
Crystal Washing Blue.
EDWIN WEBSTER & CO., Sole Agents
for the City of New York,
No. 32. PLATT ST., (near William.)
Thc quality of this Blue is unequaled Being purely
vegetable, it will not injure the fiuest fabrics, and dis
solves so freely in water as to entirely prevent stains.
The quantity in each box is much greater than many
other kinds of blue put up in boxes. One small box
is equal at least to one quart of liquid blue.
There is no danger from freezing, as in the case o?
With our patent box there is no waste, and no acci*
dent can occur as the blue is used without ^removing
For neatness and convenience it surpasses all othei
kinds of liquid or box blue.
Janl3,lml5 For sale by all Grocers aud Druggists
EVERY MAN HIS OWN PRINTER.
Lowe's Improved Printing presses
are the best and cheapest portable Card and
Job Presses ever made, and have been ?warded Silver
Medals. You Vil? find a press a source of pleasure
and profit by printing for yourselves or neighbors.
Many persons are
SAVING AND MAKING MONEY
by using one at their homes or places of business
A comfortable living may be obtained in any city or
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press is so simple abov or girl of twelve can do com
mon and fancy printing with ease. Cards, bill-heads,
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Price of Presses: $10 $16 $23 and $30. Price ot
Printing Offices, including Press : $15 $2S $40 S48and
$<1. Send for a Circular to the
LOWE PRESS COMPANY,
s " . - 23 Water Street, Boston.
All information as to the above to be obtained at
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bers of li. L. Aa
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assassination, suspended by au American flag, ior
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B. F. HAYWARD,
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at the Leader office. 15 3m 15
BY EDGAI* ALLEN POE.
Once upon a midnight dreary, as 1 pondered weak
Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgot
While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there
came a tapping,
.As of some ons- gently rapping, rapping at my
" Tis some visitor," I muttered, " tapping at my
chamber door- Only this and nothing more.
Ah, distinctly I remember- it was in in the bleak
And each separate dying ember wrought its ghost
upon the floor ;
Eagerly I wished the morrow-vainly I had sought
From my books surcease pf sorrow-sorrow foi: the
For the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels
nailed Lenore- Nameless here for evermore.
And the silken sad uncertain rustling of each pur
: Thrilled me-filled me wit?i fantastic terror* never
. felt before j
So that now, to still the- beating of my heart, I
" 'Tis some visitor entreating entrace at my cham
ber door- That iff it, and nothing more.
Presently my soul grew stronger, hesitating then
" Sir," said I, " or Madam, truly yous-fo?giveness I
But the fact is I was napping, and so gently you
And so faintly you came tapping, tapping at my
That I scarce was sure I heard you"-here I opened
wide the door, Darkness there and nothing more
Deep into that darkness peering, long I stood there
Doubting, dreaming dreams no mortal ever dared
to dream before,
3ut thc silence was unbroken,, and the darkness
gaye no token,
And the only word there was spoken was Che whis
i>ere4 word " Lenore !"
This I whispered, and an celia BM&rmured back thc
j word " Lenore !" Merely this, ?nd nothing more.
Back into my chamber turning, all my soul within
Soon 1 heard again a tapping somewhat louder than
"Surely," said I, " surely that is something at my
window lattice ;
Lef my heart be still a moment, and this mystery
explore- 'Tis the wind and nothing more.
Open here I flung the shutter, when, with many a
flirt and flutter,
lu there stepped a stately raven of the. saintly days
Not the least obeisance made he, not an instant
stopped or stayed he,
But with mien of lord or lady, perched above
my chamber door
Perched upon a bust of Pallas just above my
chamber ?ioor-rPerched, sat and nothing more.
Then this ebony bird beguiling my sad fancy in
By the grave and stern decorum of the fbunte
nance it wore,
. Though thy crest be shorn and shaven, thou,'
I said, *? art sure no craven,
Ghastly grim and ancient raven wandering from
the Nightly shore
Tell me what thy lordly name is on the Night's
. Plutonian shore-Quoth the raven "Nevermore
Much ? marvelled this ungainly fowl to hear dis
course so plainly.
Though it answers little meaning-little rele
vancy bore ;
For we cannot help agreeing that no living hu
Ever yet was blessed with see'ng bird above his
Bird or beast upon the sculptured bust above his ;
chamber door. With such name as 'Nevermore
But the raven, sitting lonely on the placid bust,
That one word, as if his soul in that one word
he did outpour,
Nothing further then he uttered-not a feather
then he fluttered,
Till I scarcel} more than mutter ed/ ?Other friends
have flown before,
On the morrow he will leave me, as my hopes
have flown before, The bird said 'Nevermore.
Startled at the stillness broken by reply so aptly
?? Doubtless," said L, ? what it utters is its only
stock and store,
Taught from some unhappy master, whose un
Followed fast and followed faster, till his songs
one burden bore
Till the dirges of his Hope that melancholy bur
den bore, Of never-nevermore."
But the raven still beguiling all my soul into
Straight I wheeled a cushioned seat in front of
bird, and bust, and door,
Then, upon the velvet sinking, I betook myself
Fancy unto fancy, thinking what this ominous.
bird of yore- What this grim,
Ungainly,ghastlt gaunt and ominas bird of yore
Meant by croaking *? Nevermore/'
Thus I sat engaged in guessing, but no syllable
"Bo the fowl whose fiery eyes now burned^to
my bosom's core ;
This and more X sat divining, with my head-at
eat e reclining
On the cashioa's velvet lining.that the lamplight
gloated o'er,. She shall press ah nevermore ?
Then methought the air grew denser, perfumed
from an unseen censer,
Swung by angels whose faint footfalls tinkled on
the tufted floor,
" Wretch t" I cried, "thy God;hath lent thee
by these angels he hath sent thee
Respite-respite and nepenthe ficom the memories
of Lenore !
Quaff, oh quaff this kind nepenthe and forget
this lost Lenore." Quoth the raven Nevermore.
" Prophet !" said I, "thingof evil- prophet still,
if bird or devil !
Whether tempter sent, or whether- tempest tossed
thee here ashore,
Desolate yet all undaunted, on the desert land
On this home by horror haunted-tell, me truly
Is there-is there balm in Gilhead-tell: me-tell
me, ? implore I" Quoth the raven Nevermore.'
.? Prophet L" said I, "thing of evil-prophet still
j * if bird or devil !
By that heaven that bends above us-by that
God we both adore
Tell this soul with sorrow laden, if within the
I It shall clasp a sainted maiden whom the angels
name Lenore-- Clasp a rare
; and? raidiant maidea whoa* the angels name Le
! nore?" Quoth the raven ?. Nevermore."
?? Be that word our sign oi parting, bird or fiend
I shrieked, upstarting \
" Get thee back into the tempest and the Night's
Flatonion shore !
Leave no black plume as a token of that lie thy
soul hath spoken ;
Leave my loneliness unbroken !-quit the bust
above nay door I Take
;thy beak from out my heart and take thy form
. off my cfoor !?*" Quoth the raven 'Nevermore.'
And the raveny never flitting, still is sitting still
On the pallid bust of Pallas just above my cuaav
And his eyes have all the seeming of a demon's,
that is dreaming,
And the lamplight o'er him streaming throws his
shadow on the floor
And my soul from out that shader that lies float
ing on thc floor,
Shall be lifted-nevermore !
Articles inserted under this head ar?- written by
correspondents. We shall be glad to publish com
munications of merit, but do not hold ourselves re
sponsible lor their sentiments.
Our correspondents are respectfully requested
to send us more legible manuscrpt. We may
be unchristian, but we must at leajt insist upon
an i for i, and dotted at thar.
KDISTO March 21, 1866.
Mn. EDITOR-Sir, will you please permit in
your most worthy paper a few lines from your
friend in regard to our personal rights. I think
in time that we should come forward to the
world and claim our rights as men of honor.
We haye fought as men beneath our country's
flag, and if any white man in the South can say
that we should not obtain by our services,
equal rights before the law. AU we wish to ask
of our country as freemen, and I have reason to
thank the Almighty that so much more does at
this time exist than did one year ago. We have
no home - no shelter- nowhere to stop - not
even as well ojff as the fowls of the air. We
are tiAned out on the world to live or die. But
I all I can say is that we must be industrious,
j and work with skill and energy, bear our lot
patiently, and live before the world like men
who are worthy of the priceless boon of liberty.
Allow me to say a word in regard to the dis
tinctions of color. There is nothing like an
equality existing between the white and colored.
But, as a soldier of the United States' army, I,
with those of my regiment, have done our duty
as friends and supporters of the Government.
Our brothers have fought and died on the field
of battle; but it seems that all our fighting has
done us but little good. Our politicians and
leading men seem to be doing but little for us.
Our trust is in God and our own good con
duct. Let us convince the world that we are
worthy to enjoy the rights we ask for. and in
the course of time we will get them. Please
examine tte case carefully before you bring in
a verdict against us. W. W. SANDERS,
* Company H, 35th Eegiment,
EDISTO ISLAND; March 26, 1866.
1 hope soon to be called a citizen of the U.S.,
and have the rights of a citizen. I am opposed
myself to working under a contract. I am as
much at liberty to hire a white man to work as
he has to hire me. I expect to stay in the south
one year after I am mustered out of service, but
not to hire myself to & planter. I have seen
some men hired who were turned of! without.
being paid. They try to pull us down faster
than we can climb up. They have no reason to
say that we will not work, for we raised them,
and sent then; to school, and bought their land,
and now it is as little a?- they can do to give us
some of their land-be it little or much. ?<
Mgixov R. LISTON, CO H, 35th Regm't.
WATER?O?O, S. C., March, 26, 1866.
MR EDITOR-I am glad to see your indepen
dent journal place itself upon the firm basis of
equal rights. In the Emancipation Proclama- .
tion of President Lincoln, irr 1863, he declared I
to the people at large that slavery should be
i forever abolished, no more to exist within the
! limits of the United States ; and that there !
should be no distinction in regard to color. But j
there is a difference in regard to color, and ever j
will be. I remember well at the battle of Honey |
Hill,, which lasted seven hours, and the gallant j
3ith Regiment, led by their gallant Colonel, J. j
G. Beecher, fought as bravely as any upon- that (
bloody and well-contest d field. At that par- j
ticular time and in that particulr fi>ht there was I
no distinction in-regard to color. That was so !
in battle, but it is not so now..
If any man believes that there is no distinc- j
tion in regard to color now, let him approach j
the cars, or enter a hotel or a steamboat, and he-j
will be set right upon that matter. There are j
many white men, natives of the so-called sunny j
South, who say the colored man won't work ; I
but ali- we require of them is to give us a fair j
chance and living terms, and we'll show them
who ia behind in the great race of thrift, indus
try, and economy. I begin to think that I have
left home and friends far behind :~ and many
mothers, wives, and sisters have wept with sor
row for their husbands, sons, and brothers who ?
have been engaged in the service of their coun- j
try. We have been1 called upon to go forth toi
the battle-feeld*, and. have cheerfully responded
to the call^ and refused no sacrifice for the good
of our country.
I am further gratified to see that the old stain j
of prejudice which has existed among our j
downtrodden race is fast dying out ;. and that j
there is now a union of feeling existing which
did not exist when the gallant 35th Regiment
first entered the service. I am pleased at the
unanimity of feeling: and sentiment exhibited
by our brethren who meet in council to- devise
ways and means for the elevation of our race.
The dawn of a brighter day is breaking, and
the ?hade of the dark night of slavery is fast
Please remember us to the ladies,. whx> will
bless us for the noble cause ir* which we are
engaged. May the time soon come when the
nations shall learn of warr no more, and peace
a?d quiet shall everywhere prevail.
Sergt. H. D DUDLEY,
Co. K. 35th Regt.
. GEORGE'S STATION, S. C.,
March 26, 1866.
MR. EDITOR-Will you be so kind as to al
low me a small space in your leader, for the
. promulgation of a few thoughts. This is ra
ther a narrow strip of land upon which I work.
I hope soon to have elbow-room in which to
exercise my powers. I feel like there is a good
time coming, when not only the soldiers of the.
?U. S. but all citizens shall enjoy the rights of
American citizenship. ButT can say that Co.
j G., 35th Regiment, are doing now what they
'. should have done long ago, and that is to get
'an education. We can boast of a first-rate
teacher, and I hope that God will bhss him,,
and likewise our captain. We are enjoying our
selves here very much, and dividing our atten
tion pretty equally between the useful and the
?ornamental. This js a small place, but it has
grown considerably since our arrival. The day
is coming when George's-station shall have a
prominent place on the map of South Carolina.
It has room to grow, and I hope it will improve
the opportunity. We may be here for sometime*
yet, and perhaps longer, for anything I know to
the contrary. I will try to keep you posted on
the most important matters transpiring in this
rising inland town, which, is soon, I am told,
to be promoted to the rank of a city by brevet,
and will be obeyed and respected accordingly.
Sergt. C. W. PUGH, Co'y G., 35th Regt.
AN ANECDOTE or WEBSTER.-The Worcester
West Chronicle, a local newspaper lately started
at Barre, Mass., relates the following anecdote
as coming from the lips of a venerable compos
itor employed in its office. "Just after Webs
ter delivered his reply to Hayne, the firm I was
then at work for bought a Tevised copy of the
manuscript in order to publish that and Kayne's
speech in a bound volume. One day, as I was
at work upon it, Mr. Webster came into the of
fice, and, walking up to my stand, with the
i proof-sheet * in his hand, said -? Young man, I
j (I was a younger man once than I am now) j
how do you find the manuscript ? The Wash- :
ington printers make great complaints about it.' j
* Mr. Webster, your manuscript is rather ob- i
scure ; but then I consider your diction re- j
markably sound/ Mr. Webster looked at me a ?
moment, and theil put his hand in his pocket, ;
and giving me a dollar, walked out without j
another word. But 1 had to spend that dollar ?
as soon as he had gone." I
_ | a ??_
A large rn, eeting was held in Baltimore last
week to approve the action of Congress. The
meeting assembled in the Front Street Theatre,
where Lincoln and Johnson were nominated.
The spacious building wa* densely packed, and
great enthusiasm manifested. Senators,Caswell,
of Maryland, Trumbull, of 111., and Nye, of
Nevada ; and Representatives McKee, of Ken
tucky, and Francis Thomas and J? L. Thom*!,
of Maryland, and others, spoke.
SixAonths ago Andrew Johnson wrote the
follo^Ag letter to his newly made provisional
governor, of Mississippi What is h& saying to
* EXECUTIVE MANSION; >
"asKington, D. C., Aug". .15, 1865. >
Gov. l^m. L. Sharkey* Jackson, Miss,
I am glad to see that you have organized
your ?ate convention without difficulty. I
hope flat without any delay your convention
will aPetid your State constitution,.abolishing
slavery, and denying, to all future legislatures
the pofc-er to legislate that there is property in
man ;Aso. that they will adopt the amendment
to th|Rn$titution of the United States abol
ishinyslavery. If you. extend the elective fran
chise to-all persons of color who can read the
constitution of the United States in English,
and jtrue their names, and to ali parsons of.
colotfllio own real estate valued' at not less
th an ?50, and pay taxes thereon, you would
comjRteiy disarm the adversary, and. set an ex
ample the other States will follow. This you cat
do with perfect safety;, and yj}U thus place the
southern States,, in reference to free persons of.
colonjflpon the same basis with the free States.
I horflaud trust your convention wi'i do this t
and, m a consequence, the Radicals,, who- axe
wild ujpon the subject of negro suffrage, will be
completely foiled in their attempts to keep the
southfti States from renewing their relations to
the Unon, by not accepting their senators and
representatives. ANDREW JOHNSON,
President United States,
The eyuer^s-tone of the old capitol wa? laitL
by GenSai Washington on the 18;h of Sept.
17.93. Tris-building was set on tire by the Brit
ish ..i theW-arof IS 14, at the conclusion-of which,
it W8S rebuilt. The wings were added in 1851,
on July slthe anniversary, of the Declaration of
IndependJpee. Under the corner-stone cf the
addition to the Capitol, Mr. Webster- deposited
a paper in his own handwriting, containing the
following sentence: "If, therefore, it shall be _
j hereafter ths will of God that this structure shall
fall frommes* base, that its toundation.be upturn
ed^ and the deposit beneath this stone brought
to the eyes-of men, be it then known that on, this
day the Union of the United States of America,
stands firm-that their Constitution still exists
unimpairil, and with all its original usefulness
ry, growing every day stronger and
fin the affections of the great body of
[rican people, and attractiug more and
?admiration of the world." Just ten
this was uttered, the Special Session
ss of July 4th, 1361, was convened for
ise of taking measures to put down the
greatestJCml War in the world's history..
1 THE MILITARY.
We Ave no clashing now between the civil
and th?military authorities. Maj. Gen. Daniel
? E. Sicajps, commanding department, is firm in the
I dischafe of his duty, and is deservedly popular,
j Gen. I)evens,. the commandant of the post, is
j deal?n? out justice with an even hand within the
I limitsif his jurisdiction, and has, by his affable
manure and courteous deportment, won golden
opinion from all classes. Maj. Gen. -Scott, Com
missioner ot the Freedmen's Bureau, has but
lately come among us, but?' he has already exhib
ited a degree of firmness and impartiality in the
discharge of his duty, which cannot fail to. com
mend ftim favorably to all parties. lu the main,
we mOT consider ourselves peculiarly fortunate
in thos?? who have been selected to exercise mili
tary ai?thority among us.
UN*>N LEAGUE OF AMERICA.
reports of nearLy two thousand councils
ghout all the States have been returned,.
and all of them have adopted the following
Resolved, That these Councils have full con
fidence in thc majority of the Senate and House
! of Representatives, now- in Congress assem
' bled, ^nd in the measures which have been pre
pared by that majority in regard to the restora
tion of the relations to the general Govern
ment of the States lately engaged in rebellion
against the Government of the United States.
Resolved, That the members of th?se Coun
I cils of the U. L. A. do most heartily approve
j of the action of the loyal members of the Con
i iiress of the country in their passage of the
'Freedmen's Bureau Bill ;, regret most deeply
?the veto of that bill by the President; thank
! the Senators who voted to pass the bill over the
[veto, and decline to join with tne Woods, Pry
iors, Voorhees, Valiandighams, rebels, and pot
! sonous Copperheads, in rejoicing over and
! approving the veto.
; Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be
I published in ull the loyal papers in sympathy *
with; our Order throughout the country.
When are we to hear from the Order in this
THIS BEAUTIFUL WOBIJO.-Ah, thia beautiful
world ! -Indeed I know not what to think of if,*
Sometimes it is ali gladness and sunshine, and
heaven itself lies not far off. And then it chang
es suddenly, and is dark and sorrowful, and the
clouds shut out the day. Tn the lives of thc sad
dest of us there are days like this, when we feel
as if we could take the great world in our arms.
Thy come the gloomy hours, when the fire will
nofburn in our hearts nor on our hearths ; and
all without and within is dismal, cold, and dark.'
-Every heart has its secret sorrows, and often
times we call a man cold when he is only sad.
t; Aw ! how duth you like mymustathe, Miih.
Laura ? " lisped a dandy, to a merry girl. "Or
Yery much. It looks like the fuzz on the back,
of a caterpillar."
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