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South Carolina leader. (Charleston, S.C.) 1865-18??, May 12, 1866, Image 1

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TIMOTHY HUBLEY, Editor.
First the blade, then the e^r, after that the full corn in the e.ar."-Pani
FOUR D&LLARS PEE. AKNUM.
Vol. I,
CHARLESTON, 8?TUEDAY, MAY 12, 1866.
No. 32,
PUBLISHED ON SATURDAYS.
[it 430 King-street, Charleston, S.C.,
BY
T. HURLEY & CO.
Subscription Price:-Four Dollars a year, inva
Itjtbfc fn advance.
.\o ADVERTISERS.-The LEADER has the largest
df any weekly paper in the Southern
^.^-circulating extensivcry in South Carolina,
Carolina, Georgia, and Florida; thereby ren
?eria? ita valuable medium for those having {roods
Kates of Advertising: j
jo: otic Square of Ten Lines, one insertion, $2 00; :
.breach subsequent insertion, $1.00. |
~v^l thue?2 t j 0Vs i 4 t's]2mosl SjnJ Srnl l yr. | ?
j $?" V'S? j $4 Y $5 Y' "S9 ? $12 i SIS j $o0 \ j
iuch I 3 j 5 ! 7 |_9 fjj J JS 124 1 40 j j
;;:chV .4 Kl ? t ? 1 33| 50 1
rCol ! TT~9 !' K I" 14 ? 50 ~| 28 |~40 |-C5~T !
;C); : ?~f IS j 20 j~24 f"4Q~|~52 j 75 j 100 j ;
lCo!m? j 15 [2?{ 33 | 40 [ 70 | 00 J 100 J 150 | j
A liberal discount made to yearly, half yearly, and
|C3?rterly advertisers. Advertisements conspicuously
?*p?ayed by special agreement.
AcTHORizKD ACESTS: gilliam Dart, Tani Tomsett,
iainuel L. Bennett, of Charleston ; Wm. B. *?ash,
Columbia; Kev. A. Waddle, Savannah ; A. G. Baxter,
Georgetown.
THE LEA mc* can be obtained at the stores of T.. W.
Cardozo, corner of Henrietta and Elizabeth Streets ;
and at Simons & Denny, Market Street, opposite An
ROD?
S M Pet?ngin & Co, 37 Park Kow, X. Y. and fi State St.
Boston: and Evans ? Lincoln, il? Nassau St. New York:
?J9 Washington St, Boston, are our authorized Agents,
in those'p'aees. to collect Subscriptions and Advertiser
uientt* for ih'n> paper.
??ehnr des?r?ous of extending the circulation of Uie
LEAI>EK, we have hoon induced to offrr the following Hst
rt premiums, which Is In every way wt?rtliy the attention
rt* those who might desire to devote their attention to
taava>siwg for clubs. I
?. Tn anyone sending as the names and cash <?f one
?red and twenty subscribers, ?>e will preset:. one
I! ,!.-<?<. IVaterv
Splendid Organ,
*3n?w New YorK forSl*>,
iM- sfiuiins us onehundred SUbSCrfVx*, with j
io ca*h, wc --.il! present one of Horace Waters
Splendid Melodeons,
celling in New York f?r$H5.
3. T" any one st-udtng us seventy-five subscribers, with
c:tslj, we will pres? nt one of LeavUt's
Sewing Machines,
selling in T?'. .n ft?r <i"'lars.
4. To any ow seuUius us forty-five subscribers, with
tl e cash, we wt-] present a Holmes X Gould's
071 ).!3.l3 33- or hamber Furniture,
celling in New York at f?dollars.
5. To any one sending us thirty-five subscribers, with
the cash, we will present one of Bartlett's
Sewing Machines,
selling in Now York for 40 dollars.
C. To any one sending us twenty subscribers, with the
casli, we will present with a
Railway Time-keeper,
selling in New York for 25 dollars.
7. To any one sending us fifteen subscribers, with the
cash, we will present a
Splendidly bound Bible^
Sellins in New York for 20 dollars.
8. T?? any one sending us teu subscribers, with the cash
w will present a splendid 5
Album,
r two volumes of
Greeley's American onflict,
etan co??t 10 dollars
To any one sending us five subscribers, with the cash
*e will present a
Family Gem Sewing Machine,
felling in New York for 5 dollars.
10. To .my one sending u? ?.no subscriber, with the eas?*
we will present a lithograph1 likeness of
Abraham Lincoln,
20x25 inches, or Holcomb'* great picture of the
Triumph of Freedom,
worth Idol, and 50c.
The undersigned, will open a school, commenc
ing on Monday evening next, the 23rd inst., at
7 1-2 o'clock, p.m ;* for colored male citizens
over 15 vents of age.: Any one of ordinary ca
pacity can be qualified in "the above brandies'in
three months. Number of pupils limited to twen
ty-five. It is desirable that all commence at thc
same time. Forterms, &c., apply to the Editor^
W. B. NASH ? CO.,
Grocers & Commission Agents,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
TVTE WILL BUY AND SELL ALL
\ k,nds of Country Produce, and attend to all
-.mers trona our friends ia the country.
V^KT t? Wilson Copk, Greenville; B. Raine,
?ew?ury ; pauj p0insettand John Bonum, Charleston
. *v ' B- NASH. P. PICKfi^S. L. WIM BUSH
J. COLS,
PUMP-MAKER:
^ Copper and Iron Pumpa repaired and
Wood Pumps made to order, at re?spnabie
ratesj at . .
34 BE4CFA?V STREBT?
ROBERT STEVENS,
FAMILY GROCERY,
444 King Street
Tithes to call thc attention of the public to his fine
toe? of goods. They will alwav? fiiid a large assort
ent w hand, which will be sold aft reasonable a? at
y other botts? In the city. Give a. a call, and see the
v*. PrxHppt attention paid to all.
(kt.14. If.
j NEW
I Restaurant & Boarding House
j COLUMBIA, S. CL
WJ. THOMAS HAS OPENED OX
. Gervais Street, just below the Stale
House, where he hopes by faithful attention to
: business to meet a share of public patronage.
MEALS AT ALL HOURS.
;feb3 * 3m J8
i HOLMES, GOULD & CO ,
32 PLAIT STREET, NEW YORK, A^P
188 HANOVER ST., BOSTON,
Dealers in every variety of Walnut, Mahogany, Rose
Wood and Painted
CHAMBER SUITS;
Also, all styles of
UPHOLSTERED FURNITURE,
Winch are offered at the lowest market rates.
January S tf 14
IS prepared to furnish ail kinds of dressed or
uadrtssed
LUMBER, BRICK, LIME & CEMENT,
At the lowest rates, c
Orders left with
RIGGS & CO.,
Corner East Hay and ?,road St.,
Or to Citarlos Bonrum, 174 Qraing St., where'orders"
will be promptly attended^' . "ifJ woti,
ATTENTION !
Masoni Odd Fellows, & Mern
bers of C. L. A.
IWILL send a Solid Gold Masonic or Odd
Fellows' Pin on the receipt of ?2. I will send
a Gold Plate l\ L. A. Pin on thc receipt of 7? cts.
I will semi the Memorial Meda! of President Lin
coln, ?rivin.?r the date of his birth, inaugural and
assassination, suspended by an American ila*, tor
bi) cents.
AG IXTS WANTELH-TO whom especial induce
ment.- are o?Tcred.
B. F. HAYWARD,
Mannfacturinir Jeweller, 208 Broadway, NY.
Parties desiring thc above can leave their orders
at the Leader oiiice. Jan l? 3iu'l5
SAWYER'S
C rystal Washing Blue.
?DWIN WEBSTER Sc CO., Soie Agents
for the City of New York,
No. 32. PLATT ST., (near William.)
The quality of this P.Iuc is u.iequrded Bein*? purely
ve~ttabb, it will not injure the ?iiest fabrics, and dis
solf?'S .?o fi eely in water as to entirely prevent stains.
The quantity in each box is much greater than many
other kinda or biue put up in boxes. One ???all box
is equal at least to cue quart of liquid blue. ('
There ?s no dancer from freeziu^r, as in the ease o?
liquid blue.
YV'Ch our pr.te.nt b,ox there is no waste, and no acci
dent caa oc<:ur as th? blue is used without removing
the cover
For neatness and convenience it surpasses all othei
k:nds of liquid or box blue.
3anl3,lra?5 For sale by a'l Grocers aud Druggists
THE LEADER
JOB PRESWG OFFICE
430 King Street,
CHARLESTON, S. O.
The "Leader "office is now prepared to ex
ecute every description of
Book, Job, and Card Printing,
in the highest style of .the art, and upon the
most satisfactory terms. Our numerous friends
who have not heretofore been able to obtain
their work from this office, will now find our
facilities equal to anv emergency.
FANCY PRINTING.
; We have unrivalled advantages for producing
eiegant work in
Gold, Broiiz?, Velvet,
I and all the varied eolors that may please the
j fancy and attract the beholder.
^ Card Printing.
We shall make special efforts to excel in thi^
department, and confidently anticipate a libera),
? share of the public patronage
R H. HARNEY,
Factor & Commission
MERCHANT,
BOYCE'S SOUTH WHARF,
March 2 3m CHABLESTOX, S. C,
DR. B. A. BOSNIAN (late Asst. Surg
S- C T.) has taken sp-, his residence in this City
with the view of engaging 5fc the practice of Medicine
and Surgery. He will be found at his office.
No. 9S Calhoun Street, and at resideice, No. 35
Bogara^ Street, near Rut?ege. Office Iwurs from 9
to ll, a.m., and from 4 to 7, p.m.
Nov 29. , $ni8
E. ROACH,
KO. 83 WBNTWOBT STBEEV.
Gentlemen's clothing made, repaiied,
and scoured. .
THE CHOLERA.
For weeks the papers have dealt largely w
the cholera, and no little apprehension has b<
excited by thesupposed imminence of the dre?
ed calamity. The newspapers at first cunt
buted to this anxiety, and, ^ad the pes
lenee been really present in our. atmosphere
could hardly have failed to find ready victi
among the morbidly-excited people. One
the strongest proofs that the miasmatic conditi
of the atmosphere, which produces epiden
cholera, has not, thus far, really, reached us,
tbe fact that, with such moral predisposition
the people for its influence, it has not been ab
to reveal itself.
The inference that the disease must come I
cause it has heretofore usually followed a giv
route, which has led it slowly bfut surely t
ward us, is a reasonable deduction. We a
not at all disposed to dispute its possibility;
may be prevailling among us before tins artic
reaches our readers; but "we doubt that it wi
and we hesitate n.ot to affirm that it may not ;
all appear here as an epidemic (though it m<
as an endemic), and are quite sure that if
should reveal itself generally? it need not
formidable. Though meaieal science is yet bi
fled by some of the problems of the disease, y
the conditions of safety, especially of early eui
are so well ascertained, and are so. practicabl
that no person of ordinary health, temperanc
and moral courage need fear if any more tru
he should any of the common forms of more i
less epidemic disease which occur every suram
among us. The first ship that brought it to oi
shores afforded proof of this last assertion. N
a single cabin passenger suffered. What cou
more conclusively attest the safety of all pe
sons in ordinary conditions of comfort ar
prudence ? Let us, then, be of good courag
cleanse our premise, correct our bad habits
say our prayers faithfully, go about our hone
business as usual, and leave the evep.fc to. Hil
M who careth for us," and without whose noti:
no sparrow falls to the ground.
We add to the above remarks the fact thi
an assistant m the hospital at Berlin produce
cholera in himself by tasting the excreta? of
cholera patents, and that the symptoms wei
induced within six hours. In the course c
great epidemics,, these two methods of takir
cholera are by no means uncommon; and, in
deed, the propagation of cholera from countr
to country as frequently takes place by mean
ot infected clothing RS by direct personal inter
course;, at the same time the progress of th
disease would be very slow ift if depended o
these methods alone. The great means by whic
cholera poison is propagated to communities: ?
cho?eia patient is imported into a country; h
is yielding the poison, and eliminating it freely
from him it is conveyed to the sewer, an
through the sewer to the well, or it may b
direct into the river that supplied every house
hold with water. Thus the poison is disseminate!
at large,, each new case adding to thc mischte!
and at fast a universal and decimating plagu
prevails until it can find no more victims oi
which to disport itself. For the discovery o
fact of the communication of cholera by wa
ter, the world is indebted to one of the mos
illustrious men of our time-the late Dr. Joni
Snow.
MORTALITY OF FEAR, IX EPIDEMICS.-As it i
pretty evident that cholera has effected a lodg
ment at New York, from whence it will mos
likely extend over the continent, it is wei
enough to bring to the attention of our reader;
an allegory which aptly illustrates the rela:4v<
mortally of epidemic and of fear. The allegor}
runs in this w;ise : wi Egyptian merchant wher
passing out the gates of Grand Cairo on a mer
cantile venture into Arabia, met the plague go
ing in. After the customary salutations, and it
answer to ^inquiry, the plague informed the
merchant that he was going into Cairo to kill
three thousand people. Some weeks copsed,
and the merchant returning met the plasue on
the road. "How is this r" said the merchant,
"you told me you were going into Cairo to kill
three thousand people, and, from all accounts,
vou haae killed at least thirtv thousand." 441
told you. the truth," ? replied the plague; 44 I
killed only three thousand-a sneaking assassin
named fear killed tire other twenty-seven thou
sand." There is much of sound philosophy,^
well as true physiological science in i^ist as
every enlightened 9iid experienced physician
will tell you.
Great excitement has lately been caused in
Stonington by a large number of incendiary
fires, eight or ten barns and other buildings
having been burped within a few weeks,
seven boys were arrested, and upon their arraign
ment two of them, colored lads, made confessions,
when the other boys were discharged. It ap
peared that one of the boys was a servant of a
fast young man named Balmer Loper, whose
father is one of the richest men in Connecticut,
end young Loper being chief engineer of the
S fire department hired the boys to set the build -
lings on fire in order to have an opportunity to
^display himself and show how quickly, he could
subdue a conflagration. ** Loper promised to
/'buy the boys clear" if they were arrested.
-He, together with the two boys, were bound
lover to the Superior Court.
I? ; ? r ? ?1 i
THE FENIANS. - The reports of JTenian ad$>
I ?ty fn the vicinity of Campobello Island ha*r
ing" aroused the fears of the New Brunswick
authorities, reinforcements of ships and men
lave been hastily forwarded to the Bay of
Fundy and St. Croix river, in order, to defend
Campobello Island, and to watch the Fenian
privateers in the harbor of Eastpork In spite
of the watchfulness of the British vessels,, which
have established a sort of blockade of the port
! of Eastport, one of the Fenian vessels managed
j to escape and put to sea, bound for some U??
? known destination, Gen. Meade arrived* at
Eastport on the 17th ultimo, and at a pub?c
reception there on the 20th, he stated that he<
was simply there for* the enforcement of Wk
laws. Two companies of United States re^F
lars have arrived at Calais, and others were ex
pected, a portion of the. first artillery* and the
twelfth infantry at Fort ?aniilton being al
ready under orders. The Fenian arrivals are
not so numerous as they were. Those now in,
Calais are orderly and quiet.
The authorities at Washington have for varded
instructions to Enstport to enforce strictly the
neutrality laws. A schooner, with arms aboard
for Killian, was seized by the Custom-IIouse
officers there, but immediately released.
COMMUNICATED.
Articles inserted under this head are written by
correspondent*. Y\Te ?hall be glad to publish com?
nmnfrarions of mepii^ but do not hold ourselves re
sponsible lor their sentiments.
VERACITY A NATIONAL BUL
WARK.
MR EDITOR--In the columns of your very
worthly journal praiseworthy for its fearless
advocacy of right and approval of truth will
you be pleased to give space to the following.
That truth is the only enduring pil'ar upon which
national prosperity can be. secured, its peace
preserved and justice he equally meted, is r fact
so generally conceived by all who in this enlight
ened day hesitates not to acknowledge a belief
in the existence of an Omnipotent Being of
truth who directs and governs^'universally.
That we shall Hot tire the patience, of our
readers by adducing any further vindicatio? of
the bare fact than the assertion made, and \impiy
refer as examples of the correctness of our posi
tion to ?he-destruction of nations in thc ages past,
when to every exterior appearance tiley were
in a position that hid fair, if only in thier'own
estimation, of long periods of ruling power ami
ages Of prosperity. This was prominently the
fate of R?mt; and a more minute perusal of her
history than probably is practised by some of
the present age would doubtless be somewhat
advantageous, as they may then percieve that
the cause of her sudden collapse and destruction,
can be eusily comprehended when our assump
tion is taken as a' criterion. Industry, energy,
and activity in the various avocation of life
when it is characteristic nf a people, is doutless
a motive means of national prosperity, but the
maintenance of a ovations prosperous condition
is based upon a principle far above physicial
skill ar.d mental genius alone. Hence the great
dificuUy in experience adulating the affairs of
narions. generally and especially this nation,
for it must be admitted thai many among the
holders of prominent positions in the council of
the nation either wilfully discard truth in con
structing methods for their country's repose or
bein?* blinded by the effects of years of prejudice
suffe* themselves to overlook plain thuths and
thus cause themselves to be in wandering maz
es lost, for n one who have attentively watched
the progress of events but observes the. mighty
work of an Omnipotent Agency in the changes
that have so rapidly taken place in our race..
In God's word are written truths that it were
well for those upon whose counsel the peace of
the Republic in a good measure will ?depend to.
ponder and endeavor to systemise efforts for
their country's quiet and harmony. For Gocfc
governs the nations upon earth by certain fixed
moral principles, the conforming to the which
peace and plenty ace .guaranteed, while the re
verse is the result of a heedless deviation there
fro n ; example of which is illustrated 4o Tyre's
fall and utter destruction finally, lt.were wis-,
dom to search God's word carefully and submit
to his decree cheerfully than "endeavor, Hume-,
like, to falsify his pla'n truths. His word is un
changeable, his truth eternal, the only secure
fulcrum upon which the lever of national pros-,
perky can securely rest. W. IL B.
Rosemond, S. C., May 10th, 1866.
S
Correspondence between Gov. Perry
and Horace Greeley, addressed to
the judgment and good sense of
intelligent men of ali sections.
Sir: My purpose in requesting you to give this
communicator, a place in the Tribune was, that
your readers might have correct information in
regard to the feelings and wishes of the people of
South Carolina. I ?snow that manv of vour cor
respondents have grossly misrepresented public
opinion in the ?Southern States. Ti^se misrep
sentatioHs go uncontradicted, and do great injus
tice to the honest and patriotic people of the
North, as well as the South, and deception and
misinformation must always work injustice to the
deceived and misinformed.
I think I know ihe feelings and wishes of the
peopje of South Carolina as well as any one in
the State. My recent position,- as Provisional
Governor brought me in contact with all the prom
inent and influential men of the State, and I have
no hesitatiou in saying, as an did Union man,
whose political life has been spent in defense of
the Federal Union, that they are now all sincere
ly and truly loyal to the United States, and will
faithfully sustain and^defend the Government.
This your readers do npt believe, and have HQ
right to believe, from the gross misrepresenta
tions H-hich are constantly made to them bv cot
ton agents and other employes of the Govern?
ment in the Southern States. Ali hope or ex
pectation of living separately from the North was
given up with the surrender of the southern
army; and the people are anxious to renew once
more their social, commercial, and politiqal rela
tions with the North
I state what I know to he the fact, that there
is no feeling of unkindness on-- the part of the for
mer slave-owners towards their freedmen. On
the contrary, there is an earnest disposition, al
most universal among them, to protect and assist
their former slaves. This they would do more
'cheerfully and more effectually if the Freedmen's
Bureau did not interpose awi assume the gnardia
ship cf these freedmen.
Thx; negro has received much more abuse a
suffered much greater wrongs at the hands of t
Federal troops in this section of thc country th
from his former owner. The other night, a neg
man was murdered in cold blood by a drunk
soldier near this place. The soldier has been se
off, tnd no farther notice taken of the murder. T
garrisou, at this place, I?avc lx*eu in the habit
knocking down and kicking off t{Ue sidewalks ?
the negroes they met of nights in she streets !
No one- blames the North for wishing to protc
the negro in the enjoyment of life, liberty and pro
erty. This-has already been done in most of tl
Southern States, by law. lu South Carolina, he]
allowd to sue and he sued, to give his testimony
our Courts, inherit and purchase property, sell ai
divise the same. He is allowd to make contraej
own real estate and bc educated. Thc young n
groes who are apprenticed are required to; be se
to school, if there be any school in the neigh bo
liood, by their masters. Pretty much at?tiiaf tl
Civil Rights:, bill proposes has been done br tl
State, except making them citizens of the S(&f
There are. rery few offenses in our criminal co<
which do not apply to the white mun as well as tl
negro.
You say that I am mistaken in my assertfca.thi
the ne?rro does not desire thc right suffrage, a?d'i
order to show my mistake you sa)*. " I beg \en\
to remind you that the laws of most southern stat(
allow negro testimony to be taken in issues to wilie
they ?ire parties, an-d ot! this point they arc at lea:
1,000 to 1 against you-" I do not comprehend yoi
reasoning. It docs not follow thy.t, because a negi
is ailowcJ to give testimony, thai therefore he dc
sires to vote. I am confident there, is not one nt
gjo in 100 who would care to voter or, would von
i 3. any election, if not prompted to do so by his em
ployer. Then he would* always vote as directed b
his employer. This would be giving undue in?iu
euee to wealth, and establishing an odious politic?
aristocracy, which would destroy or swallow upa
the political influence of the pour white naen.
That, thc employe will v?te as his employe
wishes is proven by all experience. In manu lac
turing companies, thc operatives arc general;
Whigs or Democrats, according to the politics e
thc .?waters of the establishment. How much mor
is this' likely to bc thc case with ignorant negroe
who are incapable of,--comprchending any pol?tica
question? In severa) o?'the Southern States, ire
negroes were formerly entitled to vote, but thc.1
never thought of exercising tJiis privilege, unies
urged to do so by some white.person.
The four years' war through which the sonthen
people have passed has gre;.fc'y demoralized tin
country, and there are frequent acts of violence
Iris?me instances, thc freedmen are actors, ant
again they ure the victims. Generally, tjienegroei
have behaved well. The acts of violence have beer
mostly committed by ouUaws and refugees fton
other states, who are wandering over thc country,
Everywhere, there is a disposition on thc part OJ
the citizens to suppress all conduct of this kind.
The framers of the, Federal Constitution
wisely determined to give each state, whethei
large or small, rich or poor, the same vote in
the senate. They likewise determined, with
equal wisdom, that representation in the oth?ei
house should be in proportion tc* the free popu
lation and three-fifths of all others? They.k?new
that the slaves of the south excluded: that free
population which cultivated the soil in the
Northern states, and decided that three fifths*.of
them should be counted. Now that these slaves
have been emancipated, they must be counted
free persons in apportioning the Representation
of the House. There is no more injustice in
counting them although they are not voters, than
there is in counting the children and women
&nd foreigners not allowed to vote in New York.
They may contribute as much to the defea/je-and
prosperity of the United States as any other
non-voters,s Ic would perhaps be difficult
to establish a more equitable basis of represen,
talion than that of population. A very small
psopotion of the people of any State are voters.
The women and children are exclnded; foreign
ers are excluded; persons convicted ?^infamous
?rimes are excluded; soldiers in the regular army
ire generally excluded ; and, in many of the
States, persons paying no taxes, and unable to
read and write are excluded. Who shall be al
lowed to exercise the right of suffrage, has been,
rery properly, left for each State to determine
for herself, as shs makes her own laws, and reg
ulates her judiciary and police. Bufyou contend
:hat the Southern States should be . forced to
illow th? negro to vote wether he is capable of
prudently exercising this paivilege or no. For
ile same reason, women and children should
not be excluded from the right of suffrage. They
ire citizens of the states, have to obey their laws
ind are punished even with death for their dis
Dbedience. Tltey have to pay taxes on thefc^prop
?rty, and are' counted in representation. The
poung men from 18 t?:?21 are called upon to go
forth in defence of their country, and sacrifice their j
[ives for a Goverment over which they have no
control. The same may be said of the foreigner
till he is naturalized.
No one will deny that a young man, 18 or 20
years old, and who has just completed his col
legiate course is not as capable of exercising
the right of suffrage as well as aaany old men
who have been veting all their lifetime. You
cannot mete out equal justice to.all. Some are
much more capable of exercising political rights
than others. We must have some general rule.
in all of the northern states, except six, the ne
gro is not allowed an unqaJinsd vote. This*'
too? wfrere they hate been free/op- mor* than half
a century. Why, then, should northern men in
sist that all the negroes of the.south, who have
been just relieved from slavery, should be al
lowed an important political right winch is de
lied* thc free anet intelligent negr?in the Northern
States9 In the northern states there aie corar
para?ively very lew negroes, ?nu xgeir mjuui
cious; voting would do very little mischief. This:
government has bees, the white man's govern-,
ra?at-both federa* and state. ?t was formed by
waiie men and for waite men.* exclusively. In
Hcyti the black men have a government ol?
their, own ; and hayey very properly, eaeiuded
white men from all participation in it. Na;
white.man is there permitted re vote or fill any
office of profit or trust under the Government^
Why sbould we be more tolerant to the black,
man than he is to the white man ? The history
of the world shows, for the last 6,000 years tha&
thenegr;e<.is inferior to the white man. Ia Afri
ca there has been no progress or advancement
in civilization, while all the Caucasian nations-,
of the earth have been making the rnos? won
derful strides nv ail the arts, sciences, literature,,
and improvements of the world. In hi* forma
tion and structure, physical and intellectual,
the negro is inferior to the white man. God haa
made him so ; and you cannot chango hia
nature by legislation. In regard to civil rigfc<*r.
all should be equal; so far as the protection of
life, liberty, and the property are concerned
whether male or female, old or young*, rich or
poor, white or black. AU should should bo al*
lowed to sue and be sued, sell and purchase?,
inherit and devise, give testimony in. coures, &c.
In a great measure, as I have already, said, this
has been dons in South Carolina.
You say "it is quite possible that a restorations
may bc effected whick wlil give one white man itt*
South Carolina equal power in bur common.- gov
ernment, with two white men equally capable and
intelligent and certainly not iess loyal in. Ni'\*
York." You knov/ very well that our Federal Gov .
edment is a compromise of political pow<>r be
?
tween small states and large states, between states
fe
having a large black population and states having
a very small population ot that charaetc-r. Ouc?
white mail in Ithode Island or Delaware had guar
anteed to him, in the senate, as mtreh political pow
er under the Federal constitution, as ten or perhaps
weary white menin Virginia. New-York or Penn
sylvania, One white voter in Connecticut or ilas.-..
sachusetts has twice as much political power in tho
House of Representatives as one white mau in Cali
fornia-the population of California, being mostly;
voters^ w?iile a very large proportion of the pop-,
ulation of Connecticut and MassaehueeUs-are wo
men and children who arc not allowah to vote
Representationen proportion to voters would de
prive all the 2?ew-England States o? several
members of congress and transfersthe same num
ber of representatives io the new States-.
How unreasonable it is iu you Northern meit
to suppose that we have less sincere* regard for
the negro than you iKtve. lt is against nature
and contrary, to all reason and experience, the. '
negroes have been our slaves and property, the
objects of our care and attention. They are know?
to us, and have lived with us for ye MTS past. They
haye decended to us from?our ancestors, ?nd were
the objects of their care and solicitude. In many
instances, they and thier progenitors have been
in our families for more than a century. There
are others who have been rubed-by us,or have,
grown up with us as companions, faithfully ser
ving us through life. Is it not most likely that;
we should, under these circumstances, feel a dee
per interest in thc ii- welfare than strangers? The
Southern people are not less humane, or less
affectionate,- or less influenced by sentiments of"
honor, than thc Northern people are. They are
ass?nerons and as !un?> t> persons i:t> distr3ss.
I think their history and character as a people
show this. V?hy, then, need you trouble your
selves so much about the protection of the negrot
You will say that you have caused theemanci-.
pation of the negro against our wishes, and this
proves that you feel more interest for fcbem than-,
we do. I have no doubt that you yourself will?
acknowledge, in less than tv.n. years, that the.,
negro race has not been benefit ted by freedom.
[?stead of ablessing, emancipation will prove
surse to them. The next census will prove
Lhat they have diminished in numbers, instead;
sf; increasing, as they heretofore have done,N
with great rapidity. The old. and young, the
feebje and sick, will no longer have that care,
ind attention they alwaj-s had in slivery.
What has emancipation already done for the-,
negroes in- tire .southern states ; It is said that
nore than 000,000 of them have perished-died?
)f diseases contracted by leading, thier homes,,
)r been slaughterd in battle. The next ceuans,
t is supposed by others will swell this frightful
lestruction of the African race to 1,000.000 of
rictims. When the war commenced, there wera
1,000,000 af negroes in thc United States. I do .
mt believe that the next census will show 3,000
)00*.of tirem left. This is a blessing with a ven-. ?.
?eance. Those still remaining here are destined,
;o dwindle away, as the Indian has, ia juxtapo- .
?ition to the white map... They are disposed to .
juit field work and flock in to. the, towns and
Glinges, where they must necssariiy su/?er from-.
;be want of food a ad contract diseases which
wilHerminate their lives. It is-jrery doubtful
whether love for, the negro had anything to do
with his emancipation. ?.bitter feeling of jeal
ousy and hatred toward the southern slaveholder .
prompted this. Abolition movement in the . first
instance, and it was finally sejzed hold of for
the purpos?-of conquering thc^south and putting,
an end; to rne Rebellion, By it your armies,
were recruited with our slasaesy aiufc your own
citizens permitted to remar?-at home instead of .
going forth to do battle themselves. This bribe .
of freedom turned the southern slavcsagainst the *
masters and they were slaughtered Oy thousands*
and tens of thousands. In tlris way, you showed
jour love for the poor, si* ve and made him jw
victim.

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