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?. : g I % \ ? . \ " ?_ j S 3RD wcmld that ineu"??il?d ?o|^you, do vooven S^QJ?K^. , r
CHETO S, MAY ll, 1867.
1 A*?> "L?TEKARY Sl??^
JPCBL?SHED \V?EEKI.Y ?T-No., ISS. MEET
-Ti I i!*" J " <* : " .
INO STREET, SEAR CALHOUN.
H. I JUDGE MOORE.
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ized awn ts, !
'genatod WiteonVs Speech,
On Friday* of last week Senator Witooi
spoke to a very lar<re audience on C^ta^e
Oreen- The speech was received witt
great enthusiasm. The following extract
will be interesting to our readers:
Now, I want to say a few words, in at
(kindness, to the men and women here"
who have been emancipated by this war.
and not in a patronizing way , ?ar let mo
tell you, fe low-citizen*, that the day has
gone by when there was a man big enough
in America to patronize you. You aiv
now the peers and equals ot* any men in
the country in rights, and I trust in God
you will see to it that you are thc equal
of any tuen in devotion to your country,
in love of liberty, in love of justice, in
education, iii industry, in good conduct,
and thus prcjve to the world what I be
lieve you wi6 prove to them, that thc
friends who jstood by you in the dark and
troubled nig?it of the past, vre re not mis
taken in youl] character. [Loud cheers.]
You have be?n made free. Xo man can
now enter yujur cabins, ?nd can take from
you ttie wife! of y our bosom or the chil
dren of your lotfe. [WomenVvoices:
?*?o, no;XcjTdT*] ?io one .can-separate
jpn t?owf r^No my Xord, ^ tMt they
can't." :"TOips-a glorious thing.*] Your
rights have lj>een secured by Hie Consti
tutioi of thej?nited States, and are here
after to be secured by the Constitution
of the States.
They toidi us when, at the opening of
tbe war, we; proposed to put muskets in
to 3'our hands that you might light for
the old flag bf the country, that the ne
gro would ik>t fight. [Laughter.] We
knew better |thau that. We remembered
that it was 4 black man who, standing in
the trenches on the heights of Bunker
Hill, shot down Major Pitcairn, the Brit
ish commanjder, as he led the storming
party over j ?those fortifications. [Ap
plause.] Vj~e remembered that whei
Colonel Logyard surrendered Fort Gris
wold, in Connecticut, saying in reply t<
the,*#uesticfn, %%Who commands thi
Fort ?" "I ?id, but you do now," am
WAS run rbijough?he body by the BritisJ
commander, a black, soldier shot do wi
Shat brutal bftieer, and fell to the eartl
with thirty-*hree British bullet? m hil
I rv. j
th in that; and, lot me tell you, that ev
erylKxly else knmv you better than yo r
masters did. 7Ve people way up in New
England knew you a great deal better
than your masters ever knew you, and
we knew your masters better than you
ever knew them. The relation of master
and slave is an unnatural relation ; one
always tries to cheat the other, and ther,
generally succeed in cheating and de
ceiving each other, more or less. "VVe
knew you had the instincts and feelings
of men, and we put the musket into the
hands of black soldiers, and made their
wives and children free. One hnncUed
and eighty thousand of them fought foy
the country, and thirty-t wo-thousand of
Uhem are, to-day, in soldiers' graves.
They told us that you were not fit to use
thc ballot. I think the men wbo can use
the bullet, can use the ballot. (Cheers.)
We put the ballot into your minds io
give you power to protect you r heads : to
give you power to defend your rights ; to
give you power to dem and schools for the
education of your children ; and now let
me say to you never vate unless you vote
for the country th?*t uiiade you free-. Reg
^^Hfc names ev?r.v a:an of you, who
has the right to "do it. Vote for a un"ted
country ; vote for the old flag? vote so
^our liberties wm be eonsuromate<r by
your own act, and math- secure forever.
Vote for justice, impartial, equal jnstie?
I bet we^n black men and white men. Vo*e
especially to have schools to educate your
children, and make them better than you*
are. Von know what it is to hunger ana
j thirst after knowledge denied you. See
' lo it that by your ballots * our s rerifices
' and vour contributions, your little ones
larc taught that which has been denle! to
von in the past. (Loud cries of yes.)
? -want to say another word to you.
For more than two centuries your race
L';ave been foeld as chattels-bought arid
jsot'd. That system has gone forever.
Let it go< and do not cherish, one mo
ment of your lives longer, the prejudices,
passion^ <>t' hates, growing tait of thai
past relat?:<>n. Xever say or do anything
to provoke ? war of ra<-e^. Do not ha
Ivour old masters. No body of men.
I since the world Inoran, have ever been
?punished as they ha\'e been in tin's great
j contest . Their great feaders-where are
chev to-day? Where are those proud,
haughty, domineering, gilled men, who
left the Senate and House of Representa
I ti ves, turned their backs on tl?eir country
! aud raised the flag of rebellion ? Defeat
ed, some of them dead, sonto of ?bern in
j exile, their ideas all lost, their ?mr^oses
?bafried, every object of their lives ?ons,
1 never to come back again^and their namfe^
recorded in th^ history^o/ th&terribte
striae of the last four y?^^^gro
darker and. darker as we pass sway from
the era of slavery, and as the countn
! advances in prosperity and . glory, and
becomes, as we believe it will become,
the foremost nation of the globe, so that
all thc world will have to look up when
it wants to see the great Republic, lt is
a terrible fate, and God knows I would
not lay any headier burden upon any
: j portion of the human family. ? say to
! you, always vote in the fear of God-al
[ ! ways remember that the ballot is a sa
- j cred thing,* given to you for a holy
. ! purpose, and not to be trifled with. Use
p j it for such purposes only, ami by God's
blessing you will do in your day and gen
eration a great and glorious work for
! your country, your State, and yourselves.
j I I do not want to see a black man's
s ! party, nor a white man's party in this
i j couutrv. On the contrary, I want to see
ilmen follow where their principles lead,
i and 1 know that the principles of the
r black men of Charleston, and of South
I j Carolina? lead them directly on to the
Republican platform, where they.&i
vindicate thefr^rincip??s. ^Cheers,) J
hear from certain quarters advice SQ you
Dot to register your names - to stayl tm;
the plantations, work^ ;?tKt get A litfc&
I advise yo^w^^
erny of the black mas ?i tbe; .^Mt?
man, and of all the dutr ^ ftmiff. i
a l vise you to save your moP ov; iind get
homestead?. Your bornes may be hum
ble, but the law extends its protection
over them, a^(1 wiU sh[M your. wiv?S
and your children.
Isa*i got lands, and, when I say that
1 not mean that tho Government has
v m its power to give you farms. We
have got 45,000,000 acres of land in the
rebel States. We have divided those
lands into eighty acre lot, and you can,
if yah choose, buy those lots for a dollar
ami a quarter an acre, and make home
steads cf them. There are'enough for
300,000 families. Then there is a vast
public domain at the West--.eight or nine
hundred millions of acres. If you wish
you can go there and occupy that land
Phe country has opened it to you-but
we cannot buy land here for yon and tax
<>ur people for it. And, ii the people ol
South Carolina honestly, faithfully, in the
right spirit, comply with the terms and
conditions of reconduction, I believe
that the Senators and Representatives
elected by this State will be admitted in
to Congress, (if they can take the oath-r
and they must do that), and the whole
controversy will be settled, i w?i say
another thing to you. Millions of acres
of land in this State are uncultivated.
ot cine?sta a?u^o^'^?f'-i^r?^"!^ j^tp
Carolina are under cultivation* 'T&e in
terests and the needs of the landholders
xviii compel the sale of ir.?horis?T it?res
of these lands. The ago of the great
J plantation has passed a-vay, the age of
tho. fa:m basc?me. If you save yous
noneyyyou can get lands,get homestead.*
establish schools, educate your ch ?dre; .
improve your own condition, contribute
to the advancement of your State, and
he renown and glory of your country.
No people, sine? t < rn >>. tiing of wc -
ion, have a better recordthan-you 1 la: \
<u?:i have had during t he last se ve:
years. When others plunged ?ntordV
l on, your hearts were v> i T h the old flag
?f vonr countrv. Whenever von had ai.
>p;.orfun?ty y ;u 1 ? tic Union soidle;.
.ou gui le ! hitn, you nursed hin?. \<
*:?u] l>v vour country arid.your country
d-enders, and tie name of Abralam
Lincoln lives rn your hearts to-day.
[Cheers.]' While that terrie struggle
was going OD, some of our publie mer
were in great apprehension, lest there
should 1M? risings hete and bloody execu
tion. Wc old abolitionists did not have
[any such fear, tor we knew you better,
j Patiently you bided your time, you
j frosted in God, \ou were faithful to
friends and neighbors, hopeful and trust
ful, and j our country at last lnadc^ yoe
j fteey and you were worthy of freedom!
Yc*?*?, M u ij?K?tij?iy?? 'fi'?'f f ?'"ff vxyfr ct^i? ?p^jS
it has ?iven you the ballot, aim now
vou can liety reconstruct South Caro^
Union Repnblicanism- in
On Thursday evening, April 18, quite
a number of the loyal and ?uiion citizens
of Camden and vicinity, met by mutual
consent, at the house of Rev. Harmon
Jones, to take steps looking toward fail
in^ into line with the ranks of the Union
Republican Tarty of South Carolina.
Prayer was offered by Rev. Munroe Boy?
kin, alter which a temporaray organiza
tion -.as effected by the election of a
chairman, and by the unanimous en
dorsement of the resolution " Thavyv?
I do form ourselves into a body to be
! known as the Camden Union Republican
[?Club." After thc sense of the meeting
[had been called out by brief, but elo
quent, patriotic, and pointed remarks
'from most of the-gentlemen present, a
j committee o?thirteen was appointed to
j prepare ?Preamble and Resolutions .to
jb?Jbseiited nt the, next meeting. A
$ ??)(lors]\tg 4iThe Platform of the
cKepuijiiean Party of South Caro
ls* ii ii ani ns aw sly and enthusiasti
HB?rred. Adjourned to meet at the
I; E. Church, on Monday Ai ml 22,
ayAp?I >>, 18C7.
o?th?s meeting were to
If?^j^r?at?ib?e and Resolutions, to ef
fectiJ^ermHneut organisation by the
eIeetfep*'of a regular I>oard of Officers,
and|i?iion]in?te candidates for delegates
j to tl|i^tate Union Republican Conven
tion^ ;be held at Charleston, on the 7th?
of 3??y 18G7. This was a very large and
k* wH& a\vake " mass meeting. The am
ple eifureh was full to oveiii? ?wb<g. The j
utmore harmony, good order, and one-j
nessJ^sohtiment and action prevailed.!
The Jesting was opened with prayer, by
Suiches pertinent to the occasion
wore jt-ade by the chairman of the meet
ing, Mi others. The committee of thir
piczt&fd the following Preamble and
H/soyons : j
ffi$ktt$, we, as representatives of the
loyal ??ion citizens of Kershaw Distri< t j
recognise, fully believe in, and indorse
.the ?t**t and tr^e principles embouieu
in therpeclaraticn of the Independence
of the*knited States, which - Declaration
was Sf-nied and signed by the founders
amlj?ii^ers of our great and'beloved Re
'tifau-eas, we ?iftccm it to be our daT
aspell as privilege to secure to om
^elvc?|? their highest and most perfe<
*A?t?? ?|e.Inajenable rights''therein men"
* j&cnsrfre^ unto ourselves am. t
ferity, tlie \)umvh^me^
)fs and civil liberty, and adoptin.
Watch words, - Free speech, fro
,frrec labor, and universal suf
x$L;tere.as, a portion of the people ol
t^? yovemment, h ive bren debarre<
l^jpihese rights and privileges, for
loJ^|e. iod of tim \ hut have lately IV.MI j
?^fccknowledged by the delib?rate
and-iute I .* <.' o ; of eong?e^s. winch
tion las received the ratification ami j
simpft of tho loyal union people of the
wif?mcountry, as provided y "if Co.
<??$j,?|onal AnienJinee.? p < p ><.>.'l a? A'
?tiroFourteen, and by thc lalo Rccon
snfrlion Bill, for thc remodeling of the
..i Spowers bf the states lately arrayed
i in Ts against the Government, which
v?ilsafes eq al rights to ail of its eiti
:?^f regan iles-? <? circuinstar-ie-'s. raee.
co$l or previous conditon. Therefore :
ImResolved, that we recognize th>
haifof Divine Providence in thc control
anJfverru?ing of thc a?fairs and destinies
of5?ions, and more especially, in the
gumnce and direction of the wisecoun
eibfnd just legislation of our National
JI That we welcome with gladness
aiiWatitude^ the successful passage ol
.^tian's Military Reconstruction Bill,
aslfoeasure w.hich will lead to the civil
^pW^litical regeneration and salvation
PjyR-x'--1 <-r??i?y,'7.;. ...'""^ "?.
That we adopt flic PL?tro#? *o^
tgJtJmon Republican parry of .South
Celina, as adopted by a late meeting
oflfte loyal c itizens of Charleston.
4'. That we will semt at least two j
deifgates to t?ic State Convention to be
he!( at Charleston, on the 7th of May
] . That we do hereby organize- our
self es into a body to be known as the
O iden Union Republican Club, by en
!dcn ins; thc a hove preamble and resol u
I ti(J s, and signing our names thereto,
j I. That said preamble and r?solu-j
I ti(i 5 1H3 sent to the Charleston Advocate j
. gtie above Preamble and series of
i^^iutions were ratified and ac opted
njdst enthusiastic and prolonged ap
plause, and 300 names were affixed there
[he following permana nt Board of offi
resident, Justis K. Jillson,
ice President, Amnion Reynolds,
chairman, Frank Adamson.
Secretary, Frank Carter,
Trustee, Dan Carloo,
I Treasurer, William Deas,
. Executive Committee, Isaac McLaugh
! ti?. Edward Carter, M a i ch Martin, Sam
ucl Thompson, Hardy Kennedv, Charles
j Chestnut, Lawrence Chestnut, Andrew
[U^pihbU^ Sabey Bip wu, Alfred Ker-j
"shaw, iskac^c%> A^S?^1BK^^^'':\V^
Thc fol)owmg j^rsOiis:'virei*e nominate
as candidates*? for . delegates to ?ie
I Cliarleston C?nventioa.
Rev. Harmon Jones, Frank Adamson,
Wyatt Nauden, and Justis H. JrHsnn.i
A<fjourned-to Wednesday evening April i
JUSTIS IL J11. T.sox.-President, j
Convent ion of Baptist
Through tho instrumentality of Rev.
C. II. Core}7, who h :s i>eo:i laboring for
nearly two }rears in this state as mission
ary of the American Baptist Home Mis
sion Society, brethren representing va
rious Baptist Churches in S. C. ass:m
bled in the Morris Streit Charca, May
i ? * , /Th* -obiect of tiu m jetuur. was ty
consider the expediency of or???;?;.!
an Association. After the usual religious
exercises it was resolved to go into Con
vention ; upon which Rev. I. Brockenton
was chosen President and Bro. J. C.
The following Delegates from the va
rious churches were present. *
Morris St. Revds. J. Lejaro iirVl E.
Lawrence ; J. C. Fawley, Licentiate, and
Deacons W. Dart, J. Washington, J.
McNeil, E. Carter, 13. Carter, S.Col
Cavalry Church, Rcvds. Chas. -Smalls
and W. Carr, Brethren T. A. Davis,
George Russel, J. Bee*,
Columbia,-Rev. Kami. Johnson, Bro.
Chester,-Rcvds. B. Humphries and S.
Camden,-Revds. M. Boykiur II.
Jones, B. Lawson.
Hilton-Head,-Rey. A. Mercheson,
Bro. N. Bruin.
Beaufort,-Revds. C.Gfeen, P. White.
In addition, during the ession there
were present, Revds. C. U. Corey, E. T. ;
Winkler, G. W. Goins, L. Cuthber , and j
A. B. Woodworth* who oc asiona ly I
made remarks and" offered suggestions. !
After mature <leliberatiou it was un- j
animously resolved to meet with the j
Gethsemane Baptist Church in Chester, j
on the 1 Ith day of November, to organ-j
izo an Association. !
A committee to whom was referred the j
subjeUof suggestions to our Churches, in ?
view of the Association in November re-i
com men the adoption of thc following, j
This Convention recommend to th1
Churches, to send their statistics in the
following form : I. Names of Churches. .>
Supplies, 3: Number of Menders, 4. Re
ceived by Baptism. Received by Let
ters, 0. Dismissed* 7. Restored. <s. D<*ad. !
IL ^communicated, 10. Days of Preach
ing, ll. Post Office.' Let tin; Sabbath
School'statistics be sent ur> in the fol
ioing form ^i./riu?? oL^rma^ii, 2.
^???i)er of Teachers, nt?rte ?hxl ?rnale ;
3. Scholars,, mule and female*; 4. 'gain-*
during thc year; ?. Books in library; C. !
Papers, 7. Days of meeting ; 8. Int?r?t-j
Resolved* That we cordially invite our I
brethren of the various colored churches j
in the State to send np Delegates to the j
A sociational session io beheld in Ches-)
ter on Nov. 1 ?..
Resolved, That we earnestly urge up
on our ministering brethren and the
churches to exercise the greatest caution j
in the ordination of ministers, so that no j
person unfit to teach may be invested
with the solemn responsibilities of the i
Christian Ministry among us.
The President of the S. C. R. R. Com-1
pany in response to a communication j
from the Convention notified the body j
that clerical privileges would be granted
to all ministers^ *rith the usual Creden
tials of ordination.
I. Brocken ton, \
E. Lawrence, > Committee on
W. Dart, ) Publication
J, O. Pawley,---Swretary.
: An Illustration of the way.
in which the* Colored Peo
ple are &oiii? to Vote. ' .
The following passage occurred be
, tween a rebel preacher'. Dr. Burrows, aner"
I the colored people in the meeting recent
j ly held in- Kichmond, Va. by the Conser
vai i ves or oligarchs, with the liope of in-r
I vrh?tiras preijent assures us that the report
.below is correct.-Dr. Burrows tested tl?
. colored people of Richmond, and fourni
i them unanimously against him :
! Rev. DivBurrows, formerly of Connec
ticut, bui now and for the past fifteen
vears n bitter advocate of slavery, had
the most unhappy experience of a?h Be
made the closing speech, in the close of
which ?he following occurred :
"Will you vole for ne?" asked Mr?
k?\o; never," said the colored men..
'-Will you vote for Mr. McFarland ?"
"No." said the colored men.
-Will you vote for my friend, Mr.
.Johnson?" he continued.
"We won't," was the reply.
fc* i\ 4')1 t 1I/UJ<...\>.*JI?) j*ou oto AO X i\rr?t von
to vote?"said the doctor.
'.Xever." answered the good loyajSSS.
" W?ll \ou vote as^r. McFarland, or
Mr. Johnson, or Mr? Daniel wants you
to?" he ag^fci inquired.
, "We will not," was the response from,
the entire colored audience.
Here the doctor seemed to lose hi?
heart, and he backed down as if ont of
breath.-lie gathered strength and said :;
4kPerhaps 1 put the question wrong ; V\V
now ask your will yo&vofce as any man,
vvants you ?" J
"WcUl vote? foi our rig^"^
The President Views?
The Washington correspondent of thc?"
Inde pei tdv> t says :
The President ha* no faith in the ne
gro. Ile believes that his old master will
know how to use him-if not now, then
hereafter, when the South is delivered'
from martial law. Hence the President's
acquiescence in the reconstruction of the
.South under the congressional pian. Ho
hates the phin, but wants the South to
obtain representation in Congress by any.
means that may oiler. Whether he- ex-r
peets tho Soi it li to go back to partial*
suifrage hereafter is not know n ; but ho
takes no pains to conceal his disgust at
the idea of universal suifrage. Some
lime ago a distinguished Northern editor
'tad a long discussion of the question of '
manhood s^il'?-ge with tue President.
The editor found him to be illiberal,, ig
norant, prejudiced, ami;obst?nate. For,
instance. the President argued against
universal negro suffrage because a ma
jority of the colored people- are ignorant..
" WelL suppose ? admit it," replied tjio;
editor ; i; what have you to say of the>
tbreigners who come over here in such
numbers? Will you apply > our "educa
tional .test to them?' To his surprise,,
the President shrank from his own logic
He would not apply the- saaaae sul? to?
white and blacl?. . There was biting sar
eaf jn in the dosing remark of the editor..
Said he, ?* Yoi? may* be able, sir, tp.
satisfy your friends with such 1 gie; bnt;
an editor would expose himself to th#
ridicule of his readers and his cotempo
raries if he wen? to follow your example..
So. when I announce myself, as in
favor of suffrage for all white men, I am
compelled to admit that I do not oppose
suifrage for all black men !~ Tb? saan*
actually occured at the White House
since the year 18G7 began. 1 give but
a small part of it, as 1 heard it described
bv a person who was present. Perhaps
it is well for the country that Mr. John
son, with his sentiments upon Recon
struction, is a man of narrow intellect _
and small influence.
I I For the Advocate.]
The Columbia Meeting,
j Me**T Editors. Looking over the pa
I pers to glean wtrat news I could fiad in
I the political world, my eyes were soon
'fixed upon an article headed, "Mag?.