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The free press. (Charleston, S.C.) 1868-186?, April 05, 1868, Image 4

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POETRY.
NEW SONG?RECONSTRUCTION !
Air?-"Rally Round the Flag*, Boys."
BY W. H. ROZAR.
O, Reconstruction is the rage,
From mountain to the sea,
Let every man at once engage
To help our nominee.
Chorus?Then rally, boys, rally,
From mountain, hill, and dale,
0, come from every valley,
For Scott must not fail
O, Reconstruction is the cry,
And peace throughout the land,
Then hoist the banner to the sky,
* And join the Scott band.
Then rally, boys, rally, etc.
0, Reconstruction we demand,
And peace and harmony,
Let friend and foe come shake their hand,
And help dur nominee.
Then rally, boys, rally, etc.
0, Reconstruction, sound it loud,
In every place and spot,
And Scott's name in every crowd
By none muet be forgot.
Then rally, boys, rally, etc.
The Reconstruction dag must wave
From mountain to the sea,
We'll bury the past in deepest grave,
And help our nominee.
Then rally, boys, rally, etc.
-oxxo
A DILLEMMA.
Which is the maiden I love best ?
Twenty now are buzzing round me,
Three in milk-white arms have wound me
Gently?yet I feel no rest.
One hath showered her black locks o'er me ;
Ten kneel on the ground before me,
Casting forth such beams of blue
That I'm pearced?Oh, through and through;
Bacchus ! Gods ! What can I do ?
Which must I love best ?
Tell me?ah, more gently take me,
Sweet one, in thy warm white ares :
Tell me?which will ne'er forsake me
Through all life's mishaps and harms ?
Is it she whose blood's retreating
From that forehead crowned with pride ?
is it she whose pulse is beating
Full against my unarmed side ?
What do all these things betide ?
Strong my doubts grow?strong and stronger,
Quick ! give answer to my call ?
If ye pause a moment longer,
I shall love ye?all.
ASYLUM FOR USELESS YOUNG MEN.
In every community there is a cer
tain percentage of useless young men,
whose ultimate condition dtast excite
the sympathy and consideration of ev
ery philanthropist. What will become
of them ? We do not put the question
as to their future state, but how will
they round off their earthly existence ?
They have no visible means of support;
still they hang on, they vegetate, they
keep above ground. In a certain literal
sense, they may be said to live, move,
and have a being. They lounge in of
fices, promenade the streets at social
amusements, play the gallant to good
natured ladies, and attend to the ne
cessities of lap-dogs. Their more quiet
and demonstrative life may be described
as an intermittent torpoi in which meats
cigars, drinks, and sleep mark the
changes. Their existence would be a
mystery but for their relations to other
substantial people known as "pa," uma,"
or "better halt}" who are able to make
provisions for the waste and protection
of their bodies in the way of clothing
and food. Still, ought these young men
to b? left to the chances of parental or
domestic affections ? All are not equal
ly fortunate.
What shall we do with those whose
dependence is precarious ? They do not
admit of any utilitarian disposition. In
cannibal countries they could be eaten
as a substitute for veal ; the bodies
would also make excellent fertilizers for
sterile land ; but the prejudices of a
Christian people would revolt at this so
lution of the problem. A certain num
ber could be employed as lay figures in
shop windows to exhibit clothes on, but
the tailors might not have confidence in
them. Most of them could color meer
schaums, but this business would pro
duce little revenue. What, then, shall
be done ? The tax now falls upon a
few, and it ought to be distributed. We
propose, therefore, a State Asylum for
useless young men. An institution of
this kind could be easily filled with
those between the ages of eighteen and
thirty, who should be grouped and asso
ciated together, so that the rude jost
ling and friction of the working world
would not disturb their delicate nerves.
Here they could cultivate their mous
taches, part their hair behind, and prac
tice attitudes. In this resort, with a
little forced exercise to keep their circu
lations in a healthy state, with dolls to
play with as a compensation for the ab
sence of ladies' society, these useless
young men could be supported with ease
and comfort, and all industrious people
would be willing to pay the expense of
this institution, rather than bear the
painful solicitude in regard to the wel
fare of these superfluous members of so
ciety. When provision has been made
by ?he State for idiots, for insane, poor,
aged, and crippled, is it not astonishing
that asylums have never been erected for
a still more helpless class ? Let this
philanthropic enterprise be started at
once.
Some men near Newcastle, England,
were going shooting, when they found
that their powder was damp, and they
put it in an oven to dry. They in the
meantime sat down and drank ale. A
treTndo^ exPH?a was the natural
mult The house was blown to atoms,
two of the men were killed, and the rest
were more or less hurt.
PAPER HATS.
Progress is the order of the day, as
well in the mechanical arts as in science
or morals, and every invention that is
really valuable in enabling the public
to obtain articles of utility at a cheaper
rate than those same articles are now
offered, while, at the same time, they
are shown to be more substantial and
durable, is surely deserving of the popu
lar support and patronage. In these
days of high prices, when incomes are
readily swallowed up in the mere feed
ing and clothing of our bodies, it is
certainly worthy of consideration how
we can procure these articles at a rea
sonable price. It has been demonstrated
to a certainty that paper can be made
available for many useful purposes, and
among the inventions lately patented is
one by which paper pulp can be worked
up into the most fashionable hats or
bonnets, made in imitation of the best
and most costly straw or felt, and of
every conceivable color or shape, per
fectly water-proof, lighter and far more
durable than either straw or felt. This
may seem to some of our readers rather
strongly put ; but when we state that
the champion sculler, Walter Brown, of
Portland, has had made to order a
paper-wherry, which has been spoken
of as being much lighter and in every
way more suitable for his purpose, we
are substantiating the statement. It is
no new thing, however, this idea of
making hats from paper, as our fathers
and mothers are perfectly familiar with
the old-fashioned Navarino hats of thirty
or forty years ago. The difficulty with
those, however, was that they could not
be properly shaped or made water-proof,
which rendered them entirely useless in
damp weather. By the new process
(being made from pulp instead of paper,)
this defect is entirely overcome, and the
public are guaranteed an article superior
in every respect. This process consists
in taking the pulp in its liquid state
(which has been previously prepared
for the purpose and also made water
proof) and shaping it in the form of the
hat desired, pressing the pulp to ex
tract the water therefrom, which, after
being allowed to dry on a block, is then
placed in a die of the required shape
and subjected to great pressure by means
of a dydraulic press, which gives the
braids of the straws in bold relief. It
is believed that this new invention is
destined to create a revolution in the
millinery business, as well as in that of
those engaged in manufacturing hats
for gentlemen's wear, and will supersede
the present style of hats as paper-collars
have usurped the place of linen. The
company owning this patent is compos
ed of some of our most active and en
terprising business citizens.?Portland
Paper.
AN IDLE DREAM.
For a man to think that he is going
to do the work of his life without ob
stacles and opposition, is to dream in
the lap of folly it-self. What should we
amount to were we not compelled to feel
our way, to fall down and get up again,
and "learn our theories arc never accord
ing to the laws of nature, but nothing
more than the projection of our own
limited perception upon the untried and
unreal ? We are, however, not to be dis
couraged on this account, wo are rather
to be the more satisfied of its being good
and right for us. For in adversity and
opposition we are tried, and trials are
nothing more than tests of nature. Up
from below do we go above. We are
.but the products of lower conditions.
The material comes to its highest in
this life, and gradually refined and got
rid of after natural laws. Our experi
ence is merely passing through these
changes, which would be just no expe
rience at all if we could manage to es
cape altogether. We ought not to make
complaint when we see how all things
work together for our good.
MAN-EATING TIGERS
The ravages of man-eating tigers m
Sumbulpore, Baitool, Childwara, Bhun
dara, Chandah, and Rajpore districts of
Central India are so serious that ele
phants have been placed at the disposal
of the district officers to enable them to
destroy them. Ordinary tigers do harm
only to cattle, and the sanctioned reward
of Ors. is sufficient to incite native
hunters to pursue them. But with man
eaters the case is different. One such
brute kills its scores of human beings in
a year ; and no ordinary native sports
man dare attack it.
Captain. Frazer, district superintend
! ent of police, Bhundara, reports the des
truction of a ferocious man-eater in the
neighborhood of Kampta, which had
. carried away a young Gondnee woman
out of her house at daybreak on the 20 th
of December. The woman was grinding
grain with two others at her side, when
the animal sprang into the midst of
them and seized the girl. High up in
the air, ten feet from the ground, frag
ments of the red cord which bound her
hair were fluttering on the points of the
bamboo fencing. The body was found
in a deep ravine; only the head had
been eatei away. On his return to the
village Captain Frazer was met by all
the women, who, accompanied by the
village musicians, gave him a hearty
welcome. Mothers placed their infants
before him, and all vied in expressing
their gratitude.
An employee of the Orleans railroad
has invented an amalgamation of coal,
petroleum and some other combustible
which he makes into bricks and burns
on the locomotives of the road. An
immense saving in fuel is the re
sult. It burns with intense heat and
for a long time, and will shortly be
adopted on many of the French roads. '
Effect of mixing Babies.?Some
time ago there was a dancing party giv
ee in Wisconsin. Most of the ladies
present had little babies, whose noisy
perversity required too much attention
to permit the mothers to enjoy the ?anee.
A number of gallant men volunteered to
mind the young ones while the ptrents
indulged in a " break dewn." No soon
er had the mothers left the babies in
charge of the mischievous rogues, than
they stripped the infants, changed their
clothes, giving the apparel of one to an
other. The dance over, it was time to
go home, and the mothers hurriedly took
each a baby in the dress of her own,
and started to their homes, some ten or
fifteen miles off, and were far oa their
way before daylight. But the following
day there was a tremendous row in the
settlement; mothers discovered that a
single night had changed the sex of
their babies, observation disclosed phy
sical phenomena, and then commenced
some of the tallest female pedestrianism;
living miles apart it took two days to
unmix the babies, and as many to restore
tho women to their natural sweet iispos
ition. To this day it is unsafe for any
of the baby-mixers to venture into the
territory.
A Chinese god factory was visited
by the Rev. Mr. Allen, a Methodist mis
? sionary, and when he expressed his as
I tonishmentat the familiarity with which
the workmen in clay treated the god
eses of war, wealth, thunder, water, fire,
mercy and revenge, they quietly replied
that they were yet powerless, being des
titute of the "spirit," These designed
for toys therefore, are never endowed
with that living spirit, nor are the oth
ers until the time of their installment as
a reigning divinity. At that time, how
ever, they are possessed of the "Ling,"
by means of a small hole in the centre
of the back, if the idol be diminutive, or
a large oblong one, in the more august,
in which there is deposited pearls, gems,
or some of the more precious metals,
such as gold and silver of various esti
mations. The hole is then closed and
sealed, the god perfected and henceforth
worshipped, as well by his makers as
those who are ignorant of his origin.
This fact will also assist us to account, at
least in part, for the iconoclostic fury of
the rebels. They were to despoil and
destroy them, not so much because they
loved the idol less, but because they
love the goldd his back contained more.
A Departing Glory.?A subter
ranean stream has been discovered at
Niagara Falls, which, begining about
half a mile above the falls, has found a
channel lo the gulf below, and is rapidly
undermining the. ledge now known as
the horse-shoe. It is prophesied that
the Falls will be entirely broken down
at an early day, and the present grand
appearance of the river at that point be
converted into a simple rapid
What will the tourists do ? Where
will all the bridal parties go ? To whom
will the dusky red man and woman sell
their useless but ornamental mocassins,
pin-cushions and mimic canoes? What
substitute will the traditional American
traveller in Europe find for his " Talk
of your Alps! Wait till you see onr
Niagara Falls, gir ! " These and other
equally momentous questions of the fu
ture naturally present themselves in
view of this gloomy prospect of destruc
tion.
Sabbath-Day Houses.?The Low
ell Vox Populi says:?
" We presume few of our readers are
aware that Sabbath-day were quite com
mon in the surrounding towns in former
times, or to what use they were put, and
that the last one seen in this vicinity
stood on the Rogers land in Tewksbury,
not many years ago. Well, we under
stand that it those good old times, when
families went to meeting regularly and
heard two sermons every Sunday, the
meeting-houses were so cold that they
could not comfortably pass their noons
therein, and so they were accustomed to
build small houses of one story, and one
room with fireplace and celler with trap
door through the floor, and as near as
could be conveniently done to the meet
ing-house, though some were a mile or
more away. Instead of going home a
great distance at noon, families would
repair to these houses where they could
lunch and have a oomfortable fire, and
where, it was said, a barrel or so of cider
could be found in the celler all the year
round. A gentleman of this city informs
us that he remembers them in Chelms
ford some sixty years ago. About that
time, however, it became the fashion in
that town for the distant parishioners all
to go to the tavern, then kept by Mr.
Barron, where they wonld get warm and
pend their noons comfortably over mugs
of flip, and this was considered rather
an improvement on Sabbath-day houses
and cider.
Most persons, we believe, are not
aware of the existence of more than one
Czar. Yet the wife of one, the erudite
and benevolent Czarina Anna Paulowna
died recently at Moscow. The deceased
Czarina of Georgia was acquainted with
all the remarkable people of the 19th
century, one of the least of whom she
was not. She was born Countess of
Koutaissoff and married the son of the
late George XIII, Czar of Georgia.
"Mv dear," said a rural wife to her
husband, on his return from town, "what
was the sweetest thing you saw in bon
nets in the city ? "The ladies* faces,
my love.
When Plato was told that his enemies
were making very free use of his name,
he quietly replied :?"I will .endeavor so
to live that no one will believe them.
The Market Value op Poetry.?
William Cullen Bryant, in a recent
speech, thus refers to "poetical quota
tions" of a new kind :
"There is one department in litera
ture in which aside from journalism, I
have dabbled a little. I mean the man- I
facture of verses, or what is called poet
ry. Poetry is very well in its way. As
Pope says,?
<Wnat will a child learn sooner than a song ?
What sooner teach a foreigner the tongue V
So there is utility in poetry after all,
and it has its value as well as dry goods
and groceries, and hardware and stocksg
I wonder why it does not make its ap
pearance in the daily records of the
market. For example, it might be said
as we sometimes say of cotton, that poe
try, from fair to middling, is dull or
heavy, or in small demand, and that
even poetry of the first quality does not
go off very briskly, and the like ; all of
which would be true, besides enlivening
the details of the markets in such a way
as to make them interesting to young
ladies and the general reader."
A Rum Expedient.?A student at
Trinity, Dublin, a man of considerable
ability, who, but for a disposition to in
dulge in drink, would have swept the
college of all its prizes, after repeated
acts of insubordination originating in
this unhappy fault, calls to the board,
fines, etc., only escaped formal rustica
tion by a pledge solemnly given to his
tutor, accompanied by a convention that
he was to bave the daily privilege of
one tumbler of punch, never to be ex
ceeded unless wetjthrough and thoroug
ly soaked, when a second might be taken
Now he, not having that t confidence in
the climate of his native country that
he might have fairly possessed, conceived
the idea of aiding nature, and might be
spied toward six of an afternoon standing
on the steps of his chamber, while his
servant with a watering-pot performed
the part of Pluvius from a window over
head, after which he would return to
the company and beg them to note the
conditon he was in, and be able to bear
testimony, if called upon, that he was in
the condition specified in the act, and
eligible for another tumbler.
WnAT a Mouth Ought to be.?
The mouth is the frankest part of ther
face. It can the least conceal the feel
ings. We can neither hide ill temper
with it nor good. We may affect what
we please, but affectation will not help
us. In a wrong cause it will only make
our observers resent the endeavor to im
pose upon them. A mouth should be
of good natural dimensions, as well as
plump in the lips. When the ancients
among their beauties, made mention of
small mouths and lips, they meant small
only as opposed to an excess the other
way, a fault very common in the South.
The sayings in favor of small mouths,
which have been the ruin of so many
pretty looks, are very absurd. If there
must be an excess either way, it had
better be the liberal one. A pretty
pursed-up mouth is fit for nothing but
to be left to its complacency. Large
mouths are often found in union with
generous dispositions than very small
ones. Beauty should have neither, but
a reasonable look of openness and delica
cy. It is an elegance in lips, when, in
stead of making sharp angles at the cor
ner of the mouth, they retain a certain
breadth to the very verge and show the
red. The corner then looks painted
with a free and liberal pencil.
?oo?
A Heroic Act.?An instanoe of
great heroism on the part of a young
man, Capt. William Sackman, is rela
ted in the Newfoundland papers as hav
ing occurred at Labrador during the vi
olent hurricane of October 9th. So ex
traordinary is the story that were it not
vouched for by the best of authority it
would appear incredible.
A vessel called the Sea Slipper had
struck on a reef near a place called Spot*
ted Island, Labrador, at which there
were no residents. This young man,
Capt. Jackman, being providentially in
the neighborhood, witnessed the vessel's
striking, saw her fall assundcr, with a
number of persons on her deck and rig
ging?twenty seven, it afterwards ap
peared. To save some of these poor
creatures, Mr. Jackman cast himself in
to the sea and swam to the wreck a dis
tance of a hundred fathoms.
Chicago now ranks by official figures
as the fifth city iu the Union in respect
to the magnitude of commereiai transac
tions, her sales amounting last year
8342,182,708 much more than those of
any city west of Philadelphia, except
New Orleans. Illinois stands as the
fourth State in the Union by the same
test, and the third in respect to the
number of miles of railroad, Massachu
setts exceeding her by some five hundred
miles, and Ohio by a much smaller
amount.
Some of the sovereigns of Europe
have private incomes exclusive of those
derived from their governments, that
are truly astonishing. The Czar, for in
stance, has more than twenty-five thou
sand dollars in gold per day. The Sul
tan has 86,500,000 a year. Naroleon
85, 200,000 annual income, The poor
Austrian Emperor's income is but $4,
000,000, and so on through the list.
Each one having quite sufficient to live
on very comfortably, in case they should
wish to reiire to private life.
He cannot live well to-day, will be
less qualified to live well to-morrow.?
Martial.
Kindness is the golden chain by
which society is bound together.?
Goethe.
The shortest letter in history is sup
posed to hare been Senator SumnePs
to Secretary Stanton, telling him to
"stick." This, it appears, is not so, for
the Boston Advertiser says that in
Maine a person once sent to another a
sheet of paper, on which was and
nothing else. By return of mail he re
ceived another sheet, having only "o."
the correspondence meant4'What news?"
Answer, "Nothing."
The trouble recently reported at Gren
ada, in Spain, it appears, arose from the
high price of provisions, and force being
necessary to establish order, a collision*
took place, resulting in the killing of
one person and the wounding of six
others. It is rather remarkable that
Spanish insurrections have lately aver
aged less than one a month.
The establishment of co-operative
stores for the middle classes of England
is said to have had the effect not only of
reducing the cost of commodities to the
consumer, but also securing them against
adulteration and losses by false weight.
The English Breweries use large
amounts of sugar, and for the year 1867,
consumed no less than 39,217,264
pounds. During the same year the
Scotch breweries used 351,456 pounds,
and the Irish breweries 1,425,296
pounds.
A man at Durham, in England, has
been sentenced to three months' impris
onment in jail, for killing an apprentice,
by throwing a pair of pincers at him, in
a moment of uncontrollable rage.
The New Yorkers are suffering at
present for want of street cleaning, and
they complain that their highways,
with a few notable exceptiong, are ob
structed with piles of filth. These ex
aeptions are the streets through which
passed the procession on St. Patrick's
Day, and which were carefully swept to
prepare for that event.
Koyal mourning, it appears, is not so
imperitive a thing but that it can be
put aside when occasion demands. It is
stated that the British Court has gone
into mourning for the late King Louis
of Bavaria, but the Queen was pleased
to announce that "it might be dispensed
with" at one royal reception already ap
pointed, "on account of the injury which
might be occasioned to trade.
How the railroads in this country
were created and propelled?Vander-bilt
and Daniel Drew.
If the sale of intoxicating liquors could
be stopped, all the prisons and poor hou
ses in the land could be used for edu
cational purposes.
Charity feeds the poor ) so does pride;
in this they differ?charity gives her
glory to God ; pride takes her glory
from man.
An Albany physician has discovered
a way in which negroes differ from
whites. They never have delirum tre
mens, therefore they ought not to vote.
Human nature is so constituted that
all see and judge better in the affairs of
other men than in their own.
The Speaker of the IT. S. House of
Representatives, lately received a letter
addressed to Mr. Coldfacts.
''The Pen is Mightier than the Sword."
MORTON'S
Grold Pens
DO NOT WEAR OUT.
A Single one will Last a Lifetime.
BY THEIR USE
The Labor of writing is reduced
GREATER UNIFORMITY IS OBTAINED.
Ease, Elegance and Beauty are acquired
Economy, Pleasure and Profft Consulted.
The Best, Cheapest and most Durable
Instruments for Writing ever used.
SENT BY MAIL SAFELY.
Prices, Fifty Cents and upward.
NO TRAVELING AGENTS EMPLOYED.
Call and you will find Pens exactly
adapted to your hand and style
of writting, or enclose
stamp for circular..
A. MORTOjNT,
25 MAIDEN LANE,
NEW YORK.
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