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The people's recorder. (Columbia, S.C.) 1893-1925, January 13, 1900, Image 1

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LE'S
RECORDER
ers
PUBLISHED FOR TUB ELEVATION OF OUR RACE, AND 15 AN EXPONENT OF REPUBLICAN PRINCIPLES.
Founded in 1893.
OLUMBIA AND UNION, S. C., SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 13,1900.
NO. 18.
K Governor Mcsweeney to the State
Legislature.
jfVERAL INDUSTRIAL PROGRESS.
- ?
Congratulai;s the People of South
jolina ft.cause of Their General
pr0Sp-rit> - Recommendations.
Fellows
ssai a*
gai As?< ai'
-;- Exe ii- :
fifi opening
jar BI ii CK a
'.j^J.*- '.. .
DurisS
Matt?? ' ti
IRK eallH .
tareroor
substance of tLe an
. ansmitted to the Gen
rf South Carolina by
;. M. B Mcsweeney at
>sion ot that body Tues
:ir Genera] Assembly:
p.tst year the heavy hand
v is laid upon the chief ex
ie State, and the people
o mourn the death of their
. . n long illness. Govern
IffW'Hiaai ri. Elleroe died at his home
::-->. on June 2. 1S09.
Marion <
ir
il cf honors, and
coainiaTi
Hies, he
Holding
f?overr.or
- the respect of his country
- tethered to his fathers.
; . position of Lieutenant
. : which I had been elected,
jnj o' . ag the Constitution, I took
tte oath f office as Governor on the
jrd da? ' June, l??*?>, and immediately
$emfu ?aa the discharge of the
fcties pen lining thereto.
Si3<N Last mei there has been
ter? marked mat rial progress in the
State ia a?mes-fc every branch of in
f?stry. The husbandman has garnered
the pn lucts of his fields with the as
urar.-. .. o? Kor.? returns for his labor.
Manufacturing enterprises have gone
forward with almost miraculous rapid
ity, aa?! are furnishing lucrative em
ployment for many o? our people. There
s been great activity in the building
li the great developers cf a
. ! . ?ce, happiness, and pros
. iii in every portion of the
'' ii ?nal bitterness and strife
iii?;.s f che past, and the people
I for the upbuilding, progress,
ornent of the entire State,
has n >' thinned your ranks, and
together to deliberate and
lavs for &he people under mo3t
>u.> circumstances. I trust that
your deliberations you may be
I y a single purpose-'the welfare
?ipiness of the people whom you
ie honor to represent. However,
.y diner, as differ you will, your
ed wisdom and high patriotism,
ra:
[connti
Iferit:
[State
ire !
I are un
ar.;! . .
tearij
rou <
Bake
au>p: :
al!
guide :
2nd L
kare ;.
fOQ
(combii
am sfre. will result in the passage of
fiich laws as will rebound to the good
af ali the people. In the accomplish
mem cf this purpose I stand ready and
iaxio to aid you and co-operate with
voa in io fir as my power and ability
tia" s >.
EVIDENCES OF PROGRESS.
In cotton manufacturing. South Caro
lina lesas all of the Southern State?,
and stands second only to Massachu
setts :? the number of spindles and sec
end io none in equipment. If the prog
r?*s of the past year augurs anything
fort*; future, we shall soon lead ali
other- in tins important Industry, and
instead of furnishing any of our staple
ere? for export to other places for
man;: . wc will be large import
ers y . :tton from other States to sup
ply :. ?ocal demand. During the past
year eleven new mills have 'been or
gan^. ; Q;I,! are in process of construc
tion, r s< nting a total capital of $3,
27?."f Sixteen old mills have been en- j
forged, representing an increase of their ?
capita! stock of $2.429,000. This not i
only means a large addition to the j
wealth of the State and an increase of j
the taxable property, but it means
veal:!; put into active service and em
ployant for many of our people,
in railroad building, as I have al
ready st3ted, there has been very de
.dded activity. 237 miles have been com
pleted and in actual process of con
struction. This represents an outlay of
at least $23,000 a mile, or nearly $6,
md when completed and re
fcraei for taxation even at a valuation
cf IlO.wXi a mile will add $2.370,000 to
:he taxable property of the State.
t la cotton seed oil mills, the lumber
keines? and other branches of indus
try, there has been very maTked activ
ity. For the exact figures in all of these
fcw enterprises I beg to direct your at
tention to the full and exhaustive re
port o- the Secretary of State. A study
* these figures and a realization of the
Bater; ii progress upon which the
State has entered, should be cause of
jjneere congratulation to every true
Carolinian, and should move you as
?Presentatives of the people to do all
U: rou < an IQ foster and* encourage
?is Progress, and these institutions
^industries, which mean so much for
PL?ia?e' 1 ^ave thought proper thus
-r;cfly to direct your attention to these
w&Stantial i vidences of progress and
f.;7^'; a* an encouragement* and an
.'" to our people to the accomp
gf51 ':'} ( rv(?n greater things which
r^lly within our grasp, if we will
J? plK forth our hands and lay hold
..?.iges and opportunities
"?t thickly surround us on every side.
. , FINANCES,
itake Measure, also, in congratulat
??t{0u?2 ?bc condition of the finances
ij*e State. The State Treasurer has
ay. l0 meet all af the obligations
?1 ; 6tr* Promptly, and also the in
?2..?? public debt, without the
;^:*y of raving to borrow any
rfl or overdraw his account, and
?*s a balance in the treasury.
TAXATION.
Constitution says that "AU taxe?
??? Property, real and personal, shall
u??o the actual value of the
^il"?X"a' as the same shail be a?"
(?>r, - a?l assessment made for
Hito! General Assembly shall pro
rito l?,v -or a uniform and equal
Ufa,:
of asse^,
mont for taxation." It ii.
.^tiia- very }ittje if any property
"?^p f?? uxa^ion at its "actual
of ri'T " ': were' t?e taxable prop.
Wra htue S:re would be a great deal !
L lQ*a it jSj and the rate of taxa
* t^r J? considerably reduced. Tc
1 ?ould o0
ftj^yer, mat is not a matter o?
Ktet co^cern, for a certain
?Uh* has ^? be r*is?^ tc
t-J expenses of government, and
??we valuation Mere high th?
.8? b? VP?Uv^; jrft ia th* wi tt
e f
liri:
n
ueh
d<
? 1
SSO
ces
s i
m
3 n
ss
amounts to the same thing. T_
tion that concerns the taxpayer
have a uniform value of assess
whether it be the actual value or
half the actual value. The burd
taxation would then fall equally
the taxpayers in proportion to the
erty they own, but if one man's
erty is assessed at its actual valu
another man's at one-half its
value, the one either contributes
than his share to the support of
government, or the other does
measure up to his duty in this ma
The main desideratum is to s<
such a mode of assessment as will
a uniform valuation to all prop
subject to taxation. That such res
are not obtained now, I am s
Whether it is the fault of the law
its administration, I am not prepa
to say. We have Township Boards
Assessors and County Boards of Equ
ization, but the manner in which
as a rule, discharge their duties
the time they allot to the discharge
these duties does not secure a unlfor
valuation of property for the purpo
of taxation. Nor, indeed, could they
it under the present plan if they ga
more time. They may secure an appro
imate uniformity for valuation in ea;
county, and, so far as county purpose
are concerned, that might suffice, bu
the average in the counties varies au
the burden of taxation does not fal
equally on the several counties. I hav
no fully matured plan to submit fo
your consideration as a remedy for thi
evil, but I am persuaded that if som
plan could be devised by which the!
Constitution could be obeyed and all
property assessed at its actual value.;
the burden would bear more easily and
equitably upon ali taxpayers. As th
law now stands, the County Auditor i
required to go Into each township am
take returns of property, and then thcfl
township boards meet and go over thesaf
returns and then they are gone over by
the County Board of Equalization. I
submit for your consideration the ad
visability of requiring that the Const!-*
tu lion be carried out and all property
assessed at its actual value, and that
the County Auditor take returns only?|
in the townships, and that the town
ship boards be required to attend while
these returns are being made, and if
any question arises as to the valuation
of the property, it could be settled by
the Auditor, the Board of Assessors,
and the owner of the property. These
I township boards should be men of abii
I ity and character, and snould be in po
! sition to determine the actual value of
j the property. I believe that some such
j plan, if properly carried out, would ma
j tonally increase the taxable property
I property of the State and go far to
I wards equalizing the burden of taxa
j tion. There is need for something to be
; dode along this line.
This subject of taxation is one thar
? more directly concerns the people than
! any other with which you will have to
I deal, and it deserves your most earnest
consideration, and in whatever you do,
you should endeavor to make the bur
den bear equally upon all the properly
of the State.
By comparison of the figures in the
Comptroller General's report, you will
see that the taxable property for the
fiscal year commencing January 1. 189D,
is $3.185.1 S3 more than for the preced
ing fiscal year:
Total taxable property for
the fiscal year commenc
ing January 1st, 1S99... $176,422,253
I Total taxable property for
the fiscal year commenc
ing January 1st, 1SS8... 173,237,103
Increase. $3,1S5,1S3
PENSIONS,
j A generation has passed since the j
"War Between the States." The South
I ern soldiers who fought for a cause
i they believed to be right laid their all
upon 1 : e altar of their country. Greater
; sacrifice and self-denial were never
more cheerfully made in any cause or
in any country than in this struggle by
the Southern soldier. They displayed a
fortitude and a heroism that will fur
nish themes for the poet and the histo
rian for all time to come. They lost in
battle because of overwhelming num
bers and resources on the other side,
and without repining laid down their
arms ?id returned to their homes and
began with a spirit of cheerfulness
rarely seen to rebuild their lost for
tunes.
PEN Ali AND CHARITABLE INSTI
TUTIONS.
The Constitution of the State imposes
upon usjthe duty of caring for the in- j
sane, bljad, deaf and dumb, and the
poor, an4 says that institutions for thi3
purpose thal] be fostered and support
ed.
The Bc^rd of Regents desires to sug*
gest for four consideration the better
t cf the system of county
s and the consideration o?
of "settlement," by which
better established who onay
ciary support in the State
ur law should also be more
ealing with inebriates and
the criminil insane. During the pre
valance of ; n epidemic disease, it is al
so recomrm ided that for the protection
of the patie ts in the Hospital the right
of quaranti ie against the infected ter
ritory be er rusted to the Governor, the
Chairman c the State Board of Health,
and the Pn i dent of th* Regents.
The growfi of the institution has
been so gr?a that the necessary repairs
for ordinari wear and tear have be
come a coniderable drain upon the
developm!
poor houi
the mati
it would
claim bent
Hospital,
specific in
und. The Board estimates
maintenance
that in orde to keep up these repairs
and make s aie of the improvements
recommende will require about $10,
OOO. An itei ized statement will be
found in the Superintendent's report.
P; S'lTENTIARY.
At your la: session, a resolution was
adopted orde ng an investigation into
the affairs c the State Penitentiary.
That invest^ tion was had and a re
port of the c mmittee was submitted
to me. as dir ited by the resolution.
have submittl in a separate message
the action talla by me on this report,
and beg to dirct your attention to it,
and also to til report of the special
t committee performed
upon it efficiently and
see from an examina
conimittee. Tl
the duties lai
well, as you w
tion of their
The present
Penitentiary,
uperintendent of th*
D. J. Griffith, took
charge on thel^th of March. AJ? ex
amination of hi report will show that
the affairs of ?fe Penitentiary have
been managed S a very satisfactory
^^^n4 t| Of tb? !tt*tt<
ound it necessary to do much re*
ag on the buildings at the institu
and on the farm, and there is
i more work that is necessary to
one. When he .took charge tue re
turned over to him by his prede
>? $114.35 in cash, and he found it
^sary to commence buying provis
to support the inmates at once, and
Search loth to the haves-ting of
ew corn crop, he waa compelled to
bushels of corn and meal. It
not appear to me to be good busi
judgment, with the farms that are
ed by the State, to lte forced to
so large a quantity of corn and
, when they could and ought to be
? on the farms. I am glad to be
to state that the superintendent
a his supply of corn made during
>ast year will be sufficient to sup
ine institution during this year
the new crop comes in. There was
large crop of oats made, some
over 4,000 bushels having been
foe Sprintendent says: "The
rricultnrally, has been satLsfae
?nsldering the late start and
isadvantages under which the
as done." The cotton crop will
to .nearly 600 bale3.
has been no serious sickness
the prisoners except a few
meningitis, from which there
eral deaths.
EDUCATION,
with the material progress
come to our State, there has
vely interest in the education
|onth. Not only has this been
in our higher institutions of
but the country schools and
y schools throughout the
been greatly improved. In
nt like ours the education
h is of paramount imporc
legialation that will foster
ge our common schools
re your hearty approval
ment, for you may foster
olleges as you please, the
s that a vast majority of
can never avail themselves
training. Intelligent cit 1
telligent voters. Educated
intelligent citizens. When
ey in education you invest
will give you ever increas
ed cain neither be lost nor
To secure efficiency in our
ools three things are of
por tance: First, you must
ans with which to op?rale
you must have educated
.ted teachers. Third, you
llfeent and efficient County
nts of Education.
IR INSTITUTIONS,
may have been the differ
ence^inlon as to the wisdom of es
tabl g ?j?te Colleges, the policy of
:his matter has been flxei,
*tituticns are here and are
od work for the State, and
he enrolment of students,
mand for them. To puil
r to give them niggardly
uld be a backward step
hat no true son of South
d be willing to take. It is
estion whether or not the
engage in higher educa
been settled. To make
tate institutions is to re
ess and development of
re should be no conflict
ncminational college and
ge. They are both doing
them
then:,
w&Ic *\
Caro vo
BO lo i
Staten
tion. i
war oj,
tard i
the s,r
betwe<r
the St,
a goo
I w
sepan
the w
instit
to ref ;
omine.,
vour c
South y
euJ?jr?
ta take up each college
call to your attention
and the needs of these
*t I can do no more than
0 their reports and rec
and commend them to
)le consideration. The
1 College, Clemson Agri
taeohanical College, the
South ii* Military Academy, Win
throp nil and Industrial Collegs,
wi thi?*cl College at Orangeburg
wi%al,d|t
heads
s?tatemt
and th
tion. Y
the e
ent wi
institu
is nece
tenance
feel sun
?ant or'.J
I, then
you a cx\
demand
that wi
E
to you through the
institutions detailed
condition and needs,
your careful atten
e as economical in
money as is consist
.nt conduct of these
withhold more than
eir proper main
be wise economy. I
ill not ask for extrava
sary appropriations, and
nfiden?y commend to
tudy of their needs and
forth In the reports
bmitted to you.
[DISPENSARY.
There o ^question that will en
gage yove?tion at this session that
will denmore careful thought and
in w.hJclre is more interest manl
fested-t?hat of the control of liquor.
You w?tdoubt have several propo
sition* feted to you by different
memben-our body for your consid
era ti ott, important that you should
take jg^the question in a positive
anaer and mest the issue
?er the Constitution of the
re only three modes ai
sling with this question.
Assembly may license
?porations to manufacture
?retail alcoholic liquors or
in the State, for the Gen
may prohibit the manu
re and retail of alcoholic
beverages within the
"may authorize and em
lounty and municipal offi
cer, under the authority
me of the State, to buy
and retail within the
,nd beverages in such
quantities, under such
ilations as it deems ex
_n no ca*e shall it be sold
les than one-half pint or
wn and sun-rise, and it
mk on tie premises.Nei
jeneral ?Assembly "dele
Junicipal corporation the
lincenies to sell the
the lasl alternative the
is In f ?ree. At the pres
view <X the era of ma
and development upon
e has eltered, I do not
d be wije or good busi
to referjthis question to
on. Kot that there is any
and
squa
State
lowed
"The
perso:
and
bever
*ral A
factur
liquors
State;'
power
sers, a
md in
in any
State 1
packag
rules a
pedient
In less
tetwee
shall n
:her
?ate t
power
jame.'
Ois_
?nt tlmeB
:erial
Irnich t
>elieve i
less jud
t popula
measin
lie peop
:y to re:
engender
vould r
n itt m
ne that i
alee hold
?ad ittpr
44
ess to trust
have a tenden
bitterness and
and I blieve
s of the State
fltevelopnbt It seems to
d be go i judgment to
present *w and amend
Prohibit sn ia very nice
iinwillin
won!
ifes an
feeling
e pro&r*
be practicable. Local option would bp
sven worse than prohibition. To have
prohibition in one county, a license
system in an adjoining county, and the
dispensary in another, would create no
?nd o' confusion and trouble through
out the State.
I would recommend for your consid
eration the abolition of the State and
County Boards of Control and that the
duties of these officers be devolved
upon other officials. You should elect
i State Commissioner of high charac
ter and gocd business judgment, and
?ive him sufficient compensation to
"onwnand the services of such a man.
He should be given more authority and
discretion, and required to give a good
and sufficient bond and ne subject to
removal by the Governor. As an ad
visary board to Uie State Commissioner
I would suggest the Comptroller Gen
eral, the State Treasurer and the State
superintendent of Education, with such
powers anti duties as in your wisdom
you may think proper to confer upon
them.
In place of the County Boards I
would suggest that the County Super
visor, the County Auditor, and the
Mayor of the county seat town, if a
dispensary be located there, if not the
Mayor or Intendant of some town in
the county in which there is a dispen
sary, constitute the County Board, and
that they serve without extra compen
sation.
These changes are suggested not on?>
because in my judgment they would
improve the administration of the law,
but on the ground of economy.
I would also suggest that the law be
so amended as to bring violations with
in the jurisdiction of the Magistrates,
so that all cases might be promptly
und summarily adjudicated.
STATE MILITIA.
It is gratifying to note that marked
improvement has been made in the
status of the State militia under the
present administration of the Adjutant
General's department. The number of
companies in actual service has been
considerably reduced but there has
been an Increase in efficiency. You are
aware that for severa.1 years past the
support of this department by the State
has been very meagre, and really insuf
ficient to meet the demands required in
maintaining a creditable and an effi
cient military organization,
thy.
BIENNIAL SESSIONS.
The advisability of biennial sessions
of the Legislature has been frequently
called to the attention of the General
Assembly by ray predecessors. That we
have too much legislation, we all ad
mit. For changes in our laws aa
would be better. Many States have
adopted biennial sessions of their Leg
islatures. The State Constitution pro
vides for annual sessions of the Legis
lature and the declaration of Rights
declares, "The General Assembly ought
frequently to assemble for the redress
of grievances and for making new laws,
as the common good may require." I
submit the matter to voa for^our care
ful consideration, inasmuch as there
has been some discussion of this sub
ject and tome demand in certain sec
tions for biennial sessions. As you will
see, in order to change .would require
an amendment to our Constitution.
I invoke upon all your deliberations
the guidance of an all-wise and over
ruling Providence, and trust that what
ever you do may be done with an eye
bingle to the good of all the people of
the State.
M. B. MCSWEENEY, Governor.
THE MARKETS?
Prevailing Prices otf Golton, Grain and
Produce.
niARI^OTTE COTTON MARKET.
These figures represent prices paid to
wagons:
Strict good middling.71-2
Good middling.7 7-16
Strict middling.7 5-16
Middling.71-1
Tinges.71-8
Market-Quiet and steady.
NEW YORK COTTON MARKET.
Cotton futures quiet. Middling up
lands 7 0-16; middling gulf 7 13-16.
Futures closed steady.
Highest. Lowest. Closing.
January.7 23 7 17 7 1 @16
Februarv. 7 22 7 15 7 15@16
March .7 26 7 18 7 19@20
April. 7 30 7 23 7 22<5>23
Mav .... _ 7 32 7 25 7 25@26
june. 7 30 7 21 7 26<g>27
july. 7 35 7 27 7 28@29
august. 7 34 7 28 7 27(8)28
September .... 6 86 6 85 6 83@S4
Oelber.6 76 6 74 6 73@74
November .... 6 71 6 70 6 69@TO
December.
BALTIMORE PRODUCE MARKET.
Flour-Dull, unchanged.
Wheat-Steady; spot and month
59% to 70; Southern by sample 65 to
71; Southern on grade 66 to 70.
Corn-Steady; spot and month 36%
to 36%; Southern white 37 to 37%;
Southern yellow 38 to 39.
The Passing of the Crocodile,
To say that the crocodile has seen his
best days is but feebly to express the
rapidity with which he is lapsing into
the class of extinct animals. As n fea
ture of modern Egypt he ls perhaps
rather a curiosity than a plague; and
the traveler has to get far beyond
the regions of the Delta before he can
begin to hope for the chance of being
introduced to one. Crocodile stories are
no longer told; in fact, it is safer to
trust to the sea serpent Nothing can
make the crocodile attractive, and even
the man with the camera is shy of
treating him as a subject-whether for
personal or artistic reasons is not quite
clear. Possibly, the crocodile resents
being focussed as he formerly shrank
from confrontation with a mirror-an
ordeal which often led to his dying of
chagrin, as was supposed, nt the sight
of nis own ugliness. Moreover, the
experienced photographer is wise in
'taking no risks" remembering tnat
the crocodile's tears are only a natural
solvent which the saurian applies to
the tougher form of animal foo<L-lan
don Globe.
The tetters addressed to tbe Presi
tot *?erw MW * ?tfi
i
>
Trained Men and Volunteers to be
Called Out.
65,000 MOORE TROOPS ARE NEEDED.
Mr. Bajfour Says the American Revo
lution is the Only War England has
Lost-She Has Suffered Disasters.
London, by Cable.-The War Oflice
has neither contributed any light on
the situation in Natal since Sunday
nor allowed the dispatches of corres
pondents to get through. Consequently
the public impatience finds vent in a
discussion of the conduct of the war.
The Morning Post demands that the
forces afield, afloat and in preparation
shall be increased by 65,000 men. To
this end it urges tihat all the trained
men the country possesses, militia and
volunteers shall be called out, assert
ing incidentally that although the atti
tude of the other powers is correct in
the diplomatic sense of the word, an
invasion, if attempted, would be sud
den, and that now is the time to appre
hend contingencies.
The Daily Mail says it understands
that the suppression of another general
commanding in South Africa will
shortly be announced. This may have
relation to General Buller's hasty sum
mons from Davenport. It is reported
that he came by special train to Lon
don yesterday and held a long consul
tation with the headquarters staff.
This seems to indicate that his advice
which only recently was in extreme
disfavor, is about to be utilized.
The critics range up and down the
entire field of war transactions, finding
fault especially with the lack of trans
ports for the troops who are ready to
depart, and with the concealment of
news, averring that the censorship in
South Africa embraces the mails; that
the reports of correspondents are be
ing mutilated and entire letters sup
pressed. The admiralty is seeking
transports and is reported to have char
tered the American liner St. Paul,
which was inspected previous to the
chartering, and three Liverpool steam
ers.
The government's defense, as put
forth by Mr. Balfour, at Manchester,
has produced a disagreeable impress
ion upon the country. The Standard,
the Times, and The St. James Gazette
join in the almost unaimous metropol
itan and provincial disapproval of \hQ
government's explanations.
Great Britain's lossss since the war
began are fast approaching 8,000. A
War Office compilation of casualties,
issued last evening, shows a total of
7,213-1,027 killed, 3,673 wounded and
2,511 missing. These do not Include
140 who have succumbed to disease,
nor the casualties at Ladysmith last
Saturday.
The Daily Mail says: "With charac
teristic bad manners, the Transvaal
authorities have refused to allow Mr.
Hollis, the American representative at
Pretoria, to care for British interests.
This is Unprecedented in modern dip
lomatic history."
S. A. L.'s Liberal Offer.
The industrial Department of the S.
A. L. announces that they have __e
following breeds of fullblooded roos
ters: Light Brahmas, Black Lang
shans, and Black Monorcas, which
they uropose to lean to those who are
located on the line of the S. A. L. sys
tem, for the purpose of improving their
breed of chickens. These roosters will
be loaned to parties for a term of nine
ty days, which time will be ample to
get the breed of same. It is important
in order to get a good pure breed of
chickens to let the roosters above men
tioned exclusively run in a pen with
not more than fifteen hens. Those de
siring the service of any one of the
above named roosters should apply to
J. Strang, Assistant Chief In'd Agent,
Portsmouth, Va. Applications will be
recorded and served as they come In
turn._
Pulitzer's House Burned.
New York, Special.-The handsome
residence of Joseph Pullitzer, publisher
rf The New York World, at 10-12 East
Fifty-fifth street, was destroyed by fire
Tuesday and two women servants were
suffocated or 'burned to death. The total
loss is estimated at about $300,000. The
insurance is $250,000. The victims of
the fire were Mrs. Morgan Jellett, the
housekeeper, and Miss Elizabeth Mont
gomery, a govern es si
20,00o Witnesses.
Frankfort, Ky., Special.-The ses
sions of botftt houses of the legislature
were uneventful. Former Governor
Bradley, chief counsel for Governor
Taylor, denied stories that troops had
been brought here in citizen's clothes
and that Republicans had arranged to
import here large ?bodies of men from
over the State to Intimidate the legis
lature. He said: "We will summon
20,000 witnesses, whose evidence
is to be taken for use before the State
contest board, and many of them, I
suppose, will come, but there will be no
effort at intimidation. I take no stock
in the talk about "bloodshed."
Race Riot Feared.
W>AJ,1S?WWB<? *U I WWI
Columbia, S. C., Special.-Last Satur
day at Pinewood, a small station on the
Atlantic Coast Une, near Sumter, Con
ductor Frank B. Hursey shot and in
stantly killed a negro train -hand, Lewis
Burton, who was advancing, threaten
ingly, upon the conductor. The ne
groes'at Pinewood became disturbed
and tile wthite people, who are in a
great minority, we fearful of violence,
although Coftdgctor Barter fc*
THE NATIONAL LAW MASERS.
What Congress is Doing From Day to
Day.
The Senate.
Fourteenth Day.-The S?nate evinced
no disposition to take up the work oi
the session in earnest, a$d while the
sitting was of oh?y a little more than
aa hour's duration, a large number of
important bills were introduced and
definite foundation laid for proceeding
I with the financial bill. The hour for
the beginning of the debate on this
measure was fixed for 2 o'clock Thurs
day. The most notable event of the
day was an objection entered by Mr
Hoar, of Massachusetts, to the sum
mary disposition of resolutiontiona
asking for information about the con
duce of the Philippine war.
Fifteenth Day.-In accordance with
the notice previously given by him
Senator Aldrich to-day opened the dis
cussion of the financial bill in the Sen
ate with a speech in explanation of
the Senate substitute for the house bill
The speech was carefully prepared and
was read from manuscript It was de
livered in clear and distinct language
but without any effort at oratory. Sen
ators present gave him careful atten
tion, but no one interrupted him with
questions or otherwise during the de
livery, nor did any one manifest a dis
position to reply after he had con
cluded.
Sixteenth Day.-In the Senate a
resolution, offered by Mr. Allen, of Ne
braska, calling upon each cabinet offi
cer for an itemized statement of the
amount of the $50,000,000 defense fund
each department expended, was
adopted. A resolution calling upon the
Secretary of the Navy for Admiral De
wey's report in which he made the
statement that he could take Manila at
any time, offered by Mr. Pettigrew, of
South Dakota, was adopted. A resolu
tion offered some time ago by Mr. Pet
tigrew, calling upon the Secretary of
War for information as to an alleged
Interview .between General Torres, of
the Filipino army, and General Otis
was called up. Mr. Lodge, of Massa
chusetts, offered a substitute for the
pending resolution, calling upon the
President, if not incompatible with pub
lic interests, to furnish general infor
mation regarding the Philippine in
surrection contained in official docu
ments and dispatches. Mr. Pettigrew
?aid he thought Congress was entitled
to all information regarding the action
of our florces'in the Philippines.
After a protracted discussion of the
general pension act, brought out of
amendments made to the dependent
pension act of June 27, 1890, the Senate
adjourned.
Seventeenth Day-Senator Hoar, of
Massachusetts, introduced a resolution
asking the President to furnish the
Senate with all communications receiv
ed from Aguinaldo or any one repre
senting the Filipinos or any alleged au
thority of tJhe people there and our
replies thereto; the proclamation sent |
to the Philippine people and t!fl?|"*gp
as actually proclaimed by Gene^^^S
if In any way altered, together wich in
formation whether such change was
approved, and the President is also
asked to forward without delay all in
formation he has of the forms of gov
ernment, proclamations or convention*
of those islands. Mr. Hoar sought im
mediate consideration, but on objec
tion went over.
Senator Rawllng, of Utah, has intro
duced a resolution directing the Phil
ippine committee of the House to re- j
port on what form of government other
than the Spanish, existed in the Philip
pines prior to December 10,1898, and to
what extent Spain had actual control ?
of the islands. Also whether sovereign
power can be justly and in accordance
with international law claimed in the j
absence of power of control.
Mr. Allen, of Nebraska, offered reso
lution calling upon the Secretary of
War for complete information as to
the transport service. It was adopted.
The Senate, at 4 o'clock adjourned.
The House.
Fifteenth Day.-The house was in
session but 15 minutes and during that
time had a little flurry over an attempt
by Mr. Sulzer, of New York, to secure
consideration fer a resolution asking
Information concerning the relations of
the Treasury Department, with the Na
tional City Bank, of New York. The
resolution was referred to the commit
tee on ways and means. Mr. Gaines, of
Tennessee, rose to a question of per
sonal privilege respecting his vote on
the Roberts resolution. These events
and the prayer of the chaplain occupied
the brief time the house was in ses
sion.
Sixteenth Day.-The house session
was brief again, the only incident being
bhe adoption of the Sulzer resolution
introduced yesterday calling upon
Secretary Gage for all information re
garding the deposit of government
funds in certain New York national
banks. The resolution as adopted was
made more general in its scope and an
amendment was added to cover infor
mation respecting the transactions re
lating to the sale of the New York cus
tom house site.
Seventeenth Day.-The House or
dered two investigations as a resuit of
resolutions Introduced (by Representa
tive Lentz, of Ohio. The first is to be
an investigation toy the committee on
postoffice and post-roads Into the
charge that two Federal appointees of
the Preside^t^^master John G. Gra
ham, of Provo CTitft Utah, and Post
master Orson Smith ot Logan, Utah, are
under indictment as polygamists, and
whether affidavits to that effect were
on file at the time of their appoint
ment.
Murder and Lyncht^*.
Ripley, Tenn., ?peciaL-Offreurs Mar
vin Turner and W. D. Turner Tuesday
arrested a desperate negro named Gin
gerly, five miles north of here, and
were escorting him to the Ripley jail,
when two negroes, brothers of the pris
oner, shot both officers in the back,
killing them. A large posse instantly
began pursuit of the murders to lynch
them. The latest reporta from the
posse are that two of the miscreants
have been caught and lynched. The i
two ?apos* wa twan% to trees at the j
HAD HOT TIMES,
Meo Crowded Around The Engines
Clamoriiif For Water.
-.-.
BRITISH SUFFER WITH THIST.
Descriptions Showing The Fearful
Suffering The British Are Undergo
ing in the Transvaal.
London, by Cable.-"The men were
crowding around the engines in linc,
offering the drivers fabulous prices for
a cup of water," writes the Globe cor
respondent, describing the close of the
battle at Enslain, "but it was useless
The drivers had been threatened with
court-martial if they supplied a?jy, as
there was great difficulty in keeping
a sufficient supply for the engines. I
saw one soldier lying flat on the line
under an engine, catching a few drops
in his mouth from a steam pipe."
Such extracts as this from the mail
ed descriptions of the fighting in South
Africa give some faint idea cf the con
ditions under which it is being carried
on. Belated as these letters are, by the
time they appear in English papers
they throw much-needed lighft upon
the campaign so barrenly reported
over the censored cables. The heat
that drove British soldiers to drink
gratefully from the exhaust pipe of an
engine after seven hours fighting at
Enslain, whore they lost 179 killed
and wounded, has proved a serious fac
tor in the care of the wounded. Sur
geon Makins, formerly of St. Thomas
Hospital, writes from the field hospital
at Orange river t
"During an eight days' stay some 600
wounded men have passed through the
hands of the Royal Army Medical
corps hore. In one night alone COO pa
tients arrived from the fight at Modder
river. Yesterday the thermometer reg
istered 125 degrees Fahrenheit in some
of the tents. " The journey from here to
the base hospital takes 28 hours and
emphasizes the difficulty due to the im
mense length of line of communica
tion. The doings of the. beseiged at
Ladysmith have been fully described
by recent letters. If tue Boers con
tinue to so closely hem in and contin
uously bombard White's force, the be
seiged promise to become full-fledged
cave dwellers, for according to the
Daily News correspondent at Lady
smith, ?he""p? ?^ent* tende n"?5T^ -
to burrow.
"Some people," writes the authority,
"having spent much time and patient
labor in making burrows for them
selves, find life uhere so intolerably
monotonous that they prefer to take
the chances above ground. Others
pass whole days with wives and fam
ilies, or in solitary misery where there
is not light enough to read or work,
scarcely showing a head out&ide from
sunrise to sunset. They may be seen
trooping away from fragile tin-roofed
houses half an hour before,, daybreak,
carrying children in their arms, or a
cat, or monkey, or mongoose, cr a cage
of pet birds, and they come back sim
ilarly laden when the night gets too
dim for gunners to go on shooting.
There would be a touch of humor in all
this, if it were not so deeply pathetic
in its close association with possible
tragedies. One never knows where or
at what hour a stray shot or splinter
will fall, and it is pitiful sometimes to
hear cries for "dolly" from a prattling
mite who may herself be fatherless or
motherless tomorrow. We think as
little as possible of such things, put
ting them from us with the light com
ment that they happen daily elsewhere
than in beseiged towns, making the
best we can of a melancholy situa
tion."
Mineral O ltput ,R>r 1809.
New York, Special.-The United
States Engineering and Mining Jour
nal, In its annual statistical number,
says that the preliminary statement
of mineral production in the United
States in 1899, shows that the total
production of metals in the United
States for that year was valued at tho
place of production at $413,738,414, as
compared with $314,253,620 in 1898.
Wants $100,000.
Chicago, Special.-Miss Etta Thomas
a niece of General Joe Wheeler, has be
gun suit in the superior court against
Wm. H. Fahrney, a prominent West
Side society man, asking $100,000 dam
ages for alleged breach of promise to
marry.
It ls alleged that Fahrney, who is
treasurer of a large patent medicine
manufactory, and reputed to be weal
thy, has been engaged to Miss Thomas
for over five years but tftat recently
he broke off #he engagement on the
ground that his parenir desired him to
marry another woman.
Lily Whit?^cket.
New Orleans, Special.-At a eosiS?
ence of Republican leaders of the par
ty (sugar planters' branch) at the St.
QbaTles, it was resolved to put out a
straight Lily- White Republican ticket
If the'sentiment expressed can he do
pended upon, Wr. Thomas J. Wood
ward, of this city, will be nominated
for governor. The Lily 'White State
central committee met in the St Ohar.
ks bots! tot the purpew of calling ^
.foi* myv&vi

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