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The people's recorder. (Columbia, S.C.) 1893-1925, January 27, 1900, Image 1

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/ERTISERS, ?
.< ,| I MK COLOBBD O
Suet* <"*'
! jjj I
:0PLE'S RECORDER. g
4 00**B& Publisher?.
WE ADVISE. COUNSEL AND ADMONISH FOR THE BETTERMENT OF OUR PEOPLE
. .i. ni. NO.20.
PEOPLE'S
RECORDER
PUBLISHED FOR THE ELK VATIOS OF OUR RACE, AND IS AN EXPONENT OF REPUBLICAN PRINCIPLES.
COLUMBIA, S. C., SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY ?7* 1900.
??o*o?>*o?o*o*c*o*o*o*o*o*
I BRANCH OFFICES f
* AT O
? INION, ORANGEBURfi, ?
I LAURENS, GREENVILLE, *
I GREENWOOD. g
Founded ia 1898.
Price $1.50 Per Vear.
I LEGISLATURE.
M g ge?j Done By Our Lawmak
ers Day by foy.
0!? LICENSE BILL PASSED.
_- .
n> Tax Measure Killed-Round
iva Iklwt Law Po>poncd.-New
SENATE.
, "?? Dav - he Senate met at
r, . r c rss since Saturday,
were opened with
chaplain, Kev. G. H.
:' Senator Grubcr moved non
the House amendments
. .. court bill. The motion
Senator Henderson mov
in the house amend
z wi) to provide for the am
% .? r-narters. with certain ex
? i.? as railroads and munie
nj ?ns. The UH was passed
... Sedate.
C fol?'?'vlns: new bills were intro
. -s] all. allowing street raii
ftting companies to con
Marshall, to direct the super
pas?
Sist
c tor
os ? :
a
t:
p
Ie
.in<| board of directors to j (<
notes discounted in the F
il bank for the peni- j h
?es are two Neal note?, j e:
\V. Ragsdale note for $2.- b
ther the W. W. Russell j d
.?)(?: all third reading bills ; B
o?cr and the second read- j
n up; the committee sub- | tl
Senator Graydon's r?solu- I
[gate the Virginia Caro- le
al company was adopted on p,
lydon's morion, and the res.- si
i passed to the third read- ! ir
?ion of Senator Henderson j S
..-ii was added to the com- ? t<
;: niions, in place of
.C. Scarborough; the president
: ti he had appointed Sen
?W. A. Brown and Livingston
s< committee on arranging
... ia! . Gov. Ellerbe. Also Sena
: : and Manning, on the joint
.. . .; -a the drainage of swamp
tts
&:r<J
following new
IC
?
ai
fe
V(
i n
! a
ai
D
?
: tr
i tay.- The
Rtrodueed:
l>y request), to prevent tho
badges of secret organiza
- . persons not members of the
Sheppard, proposing an amend
.' constitution providing for
mia] .. ?sions of the legislature; | u
ill to regulate the gathering, ! V?
and export of oysters, clams
terrapins and abolishing the office
. '; inspector: Surratt. chanj
inty government bill in ref
' th< drainage of public roads; j
Sheppard submitted a report
i :> ommittee on privileges and
iions -i the shape o? a resolution
- ra joint asembly on Feb
. to elect three directors of th .
wtiary. two for two years, one
rear, Cunningham's unexpired
tru.-tees of the South Oaro
)Hfp for .-ix years, seven tras
o? Winthrop for six years, four
- f the board cf visitors of thc
ina military academy, who
- . luates of the academy, two
se
in
w
bi
bl
: cr.
i re
j pr
i bi
! se
: fin
I elsi
m;
th
! ki,
?of
j re-.
im
! ch
' ce]
State colored collegs?; ? ^
. of the State board of con
years, to succeed J. Dudley
and tour trustees of C'lem
: four years and one to fill
;?-?'<i by the death of Gov
ni ?
ing bills were pased to the
rf-a-?im:
Sheppard's bill to dispense
requirement of duplicate re
issued by State Treasurer.
KHMEittee amendments were
- ' Livingston's bill authorizing
.?< ners of sinking fund to lend
; Marlboro county for a new
lommittee amendments were
v The Senate's morning
;**as devoted to the considera
v; ;wide tire bill introduced
v-Mauldin. which came over
v' session. There was a
cn the measure but it
. gassed by a vote of 21 to
^nate met at llo'clock and .
;.; considered was the wide ! fV?
. - &e*sion tasting nearly'
. ! a night session being
.: >r t'ae passage of second
At the morning session
.z new bills were inrro
ro:
th?
Xe
th<
op
Th
rai
m>3
bu
Ro
lav
ta>
wi^
pre
mil
wit
am
kin
est
but
?
sei
an?
Mr
coi
Ve
6 -KA*.
3o*in?
tie .
?te*;
thc
to
the
tor
to
bill
Chi
org
lati
for
wai
ace
per
T
o'
N
tO 2
ves
I Car
Efij
?arv
fTO:relative to new school dis
ifield; Manning, to regu
^osures on mortgages of
Marshall, to require alt
Pay taxes to the State
5Unty auditors to return
.;S f? townships in each
p: o\ hiing a capita
ti:;bland; Mower, a * tloz
' examination o! the
. s'ate treasurer, comp
j?^jj,,.*a? and the commissionei-s
Sac^tii ^ tund; Connor, to amend
-.'ll or the second volume i
-SV. re^ting to the State j
fanning relating to the j T
' (;: ' ' v marriages and! ^
Qdments to the Sen- M^S
^e the salary of the \ g
ate
co|p
Tug
mur
ley.
Wh?
i ers
ban
sup(
and
prie
trea
bon<
ing
Rici
of b
pro^
Sou
auti
ance
prot
phof
Beai
cons
clau
were agreed to i
Oisserl as amended. This I
'.' the inspector at I
iw
,; by Senator Mc
/ :' * amend the coan
.> far as it relates i
supervisor was
ter and Senator
:? v V' '! l.? strike out the en
.;-v-?S he thought the
". ;,> all means lo be
1 ?!>ie- The bill fixed
a: four years
?E j.
^ fib .
^?;-T7h'-Sf'ssi0n of tne Sen
. T ; , ::^PaiIy to the con- ,
-.: :;;r/ ^'^nd reading bills i
:% tv Tl?st of whic^ were
nn^ >eading- Th? Sen
'^bl;^1 donday night, and
^ be ?evera! night ses
.^'?:^r in 0i'Uer tO dispose
' ^?ers before the assem
nie following new Dins were intro
duced :
Livingston, to give preferences to
counties in hiring convicts. This is
the bill which has passed the House;
Stanland. to amend the act relating to
the incorporation of towns of less than
1.000 inhabitants: Archer, to repeal an
act requiring cotton buyers to accept
bales of cotton weighing less than 300
pound's.
The committee on education reported
Senator (haydon's dispensary bill
without recommendation.
Senator Henderson announced that
he had received a telegram from Char
leston giving the sad news of the death
of Mrs. Barnwell. Ile offered r?solu
lions of sympathy, which were adopted
On motion, the Senate, as a further
mark of respect to the memory of Gov
ernor Ellerbe, adjourned.
HOUSE.
Seventh Day.-The House or Repre
sentatives reassembled at noon and
vas in session an hour, during which
ime little was accomplished. The in
come tax law was the subject for a lil
lie discussion, but the bill to repeal
hat statute passed its third and last
-eading in the house: Senator Gray
Ion's bill to reduce the salary of the
Phosphate inspector was taken up;
deans' bill to regulate the ownership
nd hunting of game and provide for
he violation thereof was indefinitely
ostponed; W. H. Thomas' bill to am- j
nd the charter of the Fourth brigade
of Charleston) passed second reading; i
H. Weston introduced a joint reso- j
ition to authorize and direct the sup- j
rintendent of the. penitentiary and the ! I
oard of directors to take up two notes \ I
iscounteM by the Carolina National i i
lank of Columbia for the penitentiary, j
Among the new bills introduced were ? !
ie following: j (
McDow, to complete Winthrop col- <
?ge: Wharton, to provide pension fer j
aralyzed Confederate soldiers and i
lilors; Ashley, to regulate the grant- t
ig of bail by magistrates; Young ami ' j
inkier, to amend the law in regard t
:> the foreclosure of mortgages: Mc- j i
ullough presented a memorial from ; f
ie trustees of S0uth Carolina College i (
sking for an appropriation of $10,000 ! (
)r a new mess hall: there was a fa- ?
orable report on the bill to reduce the j j
umber of supervisore of registration; ?
new bill by Mr. H. E. Johnson to y.
mend concealed weapon law; Mr. j
ukes. to provide for the bonding of t
mool districts for school purposes; j
ie House at 1.20 p. m. adjourned.
Eighth Day.-The house of repre
.n'tatives spent the morning discuss
g two timely maitters-good roads. ^
ith the use of convect labor, and v
ennial sessions of the general assem
y. Mr. Laban Mauidin's bill to pre- v
mt the hiring of convicts for work j r
i private farms' c?me up for second ']
ading. and a sofo?titu?e was adopted
oviding that oouities have the first b
d at convicts for uie on the public '
ads. Mr. Efird's resolution to make . *
ssions of the general assembly a , tl
lestion to be voted upon in the next I o
?ction passed by exactly two-thrids tl
ijority. but his ether bill to mak? ; 13
e terms four years in length was p
lied. / I ii
The proposition/ to reduce the salary j S
the phospha.tr/commis-Joner to $800 ti
suited in a compromise at $1.200. f<
The fellowing were among the more-; b
portant ney bills introduced: Henry t(
Richardsc?, a bili to regulate the ir
arges on Jfef tobacco, making 7 per ti
at. the mmimum toll: a petition
rm the ?ate Grange for bette: st
ads: a reAntion by Mr. Wharton b.
at Prof. A. Holmes, geologist of m
>r;h Canfina, be invited to address ec
3 joinr^fcembly cn good road's. Ad
ted: ^^P?s- a petition from H. R. .
omasJiSr an investigation of the j
Iroa Jpommission s affairs; Caugh- I o<
in. a?ill to allow Saluda county rc
y p'tM of Carolina Midland railway: |
ger?a bill to amend the free school gr
v; AjDses. to fix the time for paying
:es. flowing discounts on taxes paid
tMnycertatn months; Wi m berley, tc
?vent the sale of goods within one
le o> a religious camp ground unless j lsl
min an incorporate town; Eppe, tc ? W
eno the law as to trespass: Hop-1 co
is, <b$ amend the game law; Moss, tc j mi
abiten Central township in Orange- \ ye
rg county. j ex
il NTH DAY-The House of Repre- ! ou
itatives had another short session ; m<
fl Killed a few bills, among them j w]
. Wharton s to take the office of j po
mtv dispenser into the primary. Mr. j pa
mer s to confine the operations of | tQ
? lien law to the cotton crop. Among
?se which passed were the measures
cede a part of Sullivan's island to
i Un?ed States government. Mr. Pat- j Bu
i's bill to give Columbia clear titles | of
the city hall property. Mr. Wilson s j Pd
I to /appropriate $10,000 for +me i Qu
ickamauga monument and a bill re- j rai
[ani^Jng the system of health regu \ tal
ionis in the State. The bill providing j 0fh
tire hiring of convicts to counties j S0I
s sekt back to the committee, not on ' ag(
ouijt opposition to the bill, but to wJJ
feel it in some particulars. ' t
'he/following new bills and r?solu- [
rere introduced: I
Evans, a c oncurrent resolution j 1aT
orize the attorney general to in- j m>"
te the sale or lease of the South I lar?
oflna and Georgia by the Southern; j Chi
xi, a joint resolution proposing an I gol
?n<*nent to the constitutionaffecting j era
irethod of paying school funds: ! qui
retiSon. to authorize the hiring of | Lai
viet* to counties for work on the
lie reads; Dendy, to authorize com
sione^ of 0( onee county to co-oper
with aut Mrities of Habersham
atv. OL i.i building bridge across
aloo riten Fairey, to validate th
ticipal elation at Fort Motte; As
to regulite the sale of whiske
arton, to authorize county treai
to pay certain scho
Mauldin. todejrtffve the uSdeso!
?rvisors of registration upon city
county officials; Magill, to protect
nary elections: Cram, to require 1 _
surers of State institutions to be j '
?ed officers and to regulate draw- ? ten1
of money from State treasury:
lards, to regulate the appointment
eneficiary scholarships: Prince, to
.ide for the further codification pf
th Carolina statutes: Prince, to
torize registers of mesne convey
! to record options, etc.; Patton, to
ect game; Lockwood, to reqire
sphate commissioner to live ia
af ort county; Estridge, proposing
t?tutional amendment repealing
se relating to lynching; Mehrtens, J S1"0
or
bl
th
mi
wr
hou
firs
cab!
He
wh(
poii
drei
plis
oui!
hon
to prevent sale of merchandise in de
fraud of creidtors. Mr. Mauldin want
ed to recommit the bill relating to the
hiring of convicts to counties. The bill
as it passed Tuesday was pr?f?rable to
*he original bill, but it was. still net
such a measure as the people desire.
The bill was recommitted by a vote of
43 to 35. Mr. Moss' bill to increase the
number of judicial circuits was made
special order for Thursday of nest
week. Mr. Blythe thought Mr. Ashe
ly's bill to reduce the tax on fertili
zers to 25 cents a ton a menace to the
educational institutions of the State,
and he wanted it taken up and acted
on at once. But it was decided to wait
until the report of Clemson College
should be sent to the general assem
bly, as that institution receives the in
come from the fertilizer tax. Mr.
Wharton's bill to provide for the elec
tion of county dispensers was next
discussed. Mr. C E. Robinson moved
that the enacting words of the bill be
stricken out. Mr. Wharton claimed
that tlie present method of selecting
dispensers is favoritism, and not Dem
ocratic. Let the people elect compe- j
tent officials. Mr. Crum opposed the j
bill. Mr. Yarn spoke in favor of the
bil] as a means of stopping tho vices I
attendant upon favoritism. Mr. Mob
ley said that the desire of the people is j
to take the dispensary out of politics, j
The House killed thc bill..Mr. VernerVs
bill to limit the extent of liens and ;
i
mortgages for agricultural supplies .
was taken up. The bill provides that
ill liens and mortgages given for agri- i
cultural supplies shall be a lien upon i
ind cover only the crop or crops of cot- I
ton grown on the land upon which said j
lien or mortgage is given, and upon no :
:>ther crop or crops whatsoever. j
Tenth Day.-The House of Repre
sentatives adjourned until noon Mon- !
lay. Little was accomplished at to
day's session. Eleven bills passed ?
third reading, there being no question ?
:o any except Mr. Patton's to confirm
;o the city of Columbia the title to thvi j
ot whereon stood the city hall, but af
:er a short debate it also passed third :
.eadingr. The bill regulating railroad
ares was killed. This practically con
cluded the work of the day. The hour j
)f noon having arrived, the join me- :
norial exercise.; to the late Governor
SUerbe were held. Toe State officers !
ind supreme cour: attended in a !
>oriy. It was three years before, at the j
lour of noon, that he first subscribed !
o the oath of o?fiv-e as governor, in the j j
lall where these exercises were to be j (
leid, and just a year previous he had j
lelivered in this hall his second inau- j
jura! address. A few days later he j j
pas confined to his bed by the disease j,
?rhich wrought his dpa:h. The Senate !.
j *
ride tire bill was read first time and j (
eferred to the committee on roads,
nidges and ferries. ! <
The fellowing were among the new i
ills introduced: j I
Whisonant. to amend the relating to ; t
o barbed wire: Jackson, to prohibit j I
hr hiring of children in payment of j <
bligaticns for deb:: Jones, to amend M
tie law relating to tax sales: Wimber- j1
,\ to amend the law relating to incor- ? ?
oration of towns of less than 1.000 I f
^habitants:7 Wilson, to require thc j ?
tate to pay to counties and school dis- ' ?
rifts taxes on land forfeited to State ; c
>r non-payment of taxes: Nettles, to j
ond magistrates at $200: Caughman, j ?
) include towns of not le=s than 140 ! <1
lhabitants under act relating to re- ? c
irn and assessment of taxes. i f
The building of the State capitol, j
opped by the civil war. will probably
? completed at a cost of $250.000. A
onument to cost $10,000 will be erect- [
} on Chicamauea battlefield.
_|P
' t
FENS WITH HISTORIES.
I
. il
a<
-cur rec res Which Have Made Them I t
i L
Famous and Valuable. ! a
Many of the pens which have signed
eat treaties, documents giving life
? dealing death, or which have put in
ack and white books which live
rough the centuries, are still in ex- j p
tence, said one of the greatest amti- j tl
[arian authorities in England to a n
ntributor of Tit-Bits. Even taking | 11
odern examples, one i the treasures ; ?
t remaining to the terribly bereaved t(
-Empress Eugenie is a pen made ^
t of a golden eagle's feather, and ^
mnted with gold and diamonds,
lich was used by the fourteen pleni- I ^
tentiaries who signed the treaty of | f.?
ris. Sir Walter Scott was constant j n:
one pen for long periods, and the j tl
ich-cut-down quill with which he ; v<
ote "Waverley" is still in existence, j h<
,t I might say that there are scores j
important collections of historic j
is, such as the pen with which h:
een Elizabeth signed the death war- j rh
it of Mary Queen of Scots. This was ; be
?en away by a nobleman high in j th
ce, and handed down to his succ?s- ? *2
's, who disposed of it many years
>. There is in existence, too, the pen
:h which Lord Nelson made his last
ries in the 1 ogJ^toe Victory, and
is used by N^fl ^^?Leat 0D
ious historh
memory
ge prices,
irles
d one,
1 y
ll
B]
tr
le
ca
ir.
COL. BRYAN SPEAKS.
Enthusiastic Audience Greets Him in
Baltimore. '
DISCUSSES TBE MONEY QUESTION.
Also Elucidates His Position on fhe
Problem of Expansion-A Large
Audience Hears Him,
--.
j
j Baltimore, Md.. Special.-Hon. W.
|J. Bryan -delivered an address here
Saturday night upon the political
j questions cf the day to an audience
' which filled the music hall, the big
I gest auditorium in the city to its full
I est capacity, and which greeted him
! and his remarks with the greatest en
thusiasm. The meeting was held un
der the auspices of the Maryland Dim- \
oeratic Association, one of the free
silver wings of the Democratic party |
of the State, and was not encouraged j
in any manner by the regular Demo
cratic organization. In fact, the latter i
held strictly aloof from any partici- !
patton in the affair. They made no j
effort to discourage it in ..any manner, \
but not one of the Democratic leaders !
appeared on the platform, anti an of- i
fer of stage tickets was politely de- !
dined by the principal members of the i
Democratic State Central Committee.
With the party who came from
Washington with Mr. Bryan were Sen
ator Tillman, of South Oarolina. Con
gressman Sulzer. of New York; Rich- j
ardson, of Tennessee; Jones, of Vir- ,
ginia, and DeArmond, cf Missouri. It
was nearly eight o'clock when the
party reached the music hall when the i
crowd greeted him uproariously.
Mr. Bryan said in part:
"I want to assure you in the begin- ?
ning that my happiness does not de- j
pend upon any honor which the peo
ple of this nation can confer, neither
do I believe that this nation's happi- |
ness or welfare depends upon any one
person. As in politics, as in the army, j
the generals get -glory and the privates
io the work. And therefore I feel that
I owe it to those who for nearly four
years have been bearing the burden
in the heat of the day; I owe it to them 1
co siay that what I have done is but an <
atom compared with what they have 1
Jone.
"In 1896 the voters proved that they !
xrold control the policy of the party
md during the last three years they
iave proven that they could hold what ;
:hey gained in 189C in spite of news- j
>apers, in spite of railroads, in spite
>f banks, and in spite cf every in
luence supposed to obtain, the plain I
)eople cf the Democratic party have :
md now stand for ehe Chicago plat- ;
orm, in all that it says. I want to be
n'n with an accepted proposition, that
)roposition which 1 consider most fun
iament3l in government.
"I find it in the Declaration cf Ind*%- j
>endence-if you will pardon me for !
[noting anything from that old and
?utworn document as our Republican
riends seem to think it.
_
Look Up Old Cotton Cleim.
At Washington Southern Senators ;
xpress themselves as hopeful over the
rospects of securing legislation during j
he present session of Congress, look- j
ng to the refunding of money paid into !
he treasury of the United States soon ?
fter the civil war, as the result of the j
ale of the cotton captured by the Fed- j
ral troops. There was originally j
bout $30,000,000 of this money, but a
ortion of it was paid to the owners of !
ae cotton soon after the war. The re
minder was left in the treasury and ,
as remained there ever since. Sena- j
ar Money, who is giving special at- |
mtion looking to the reopening of the j
ibje?t, says that the sum left amount- j
d to about $11,000,000. A bill intro- j
need by Senator Davis gives one year j
iditional time fer proof of such claims j
efore the court of claims. It has been j
ivorably reported by the Senate com- j
littee on claims and Senator Money J
links the outlook very good for fa- j
arable action. Most of the claims are
eld in the Southern States.
, Jov in Ladysmith.
Ladysmith, By Cable.-The enemy
ive placed in position new guns:
rowing eight-inch shells and lia ve ;
;en bombarding more vigorously for
e last few days, though little dam- ?
;e has been done. Three of the j
ri tish force ha ve been -wounded. The |
oops are jubilant over General Bul
r's successful advance. His guns j
.n be heard distinctly, and the burst- :
g of shells can be plainly seen.
To Oust a Democrat.
*n. D. C., Special.-The I
tee on elections. No. 1, j
v lines and by a vote of
to recommend the i
*rich, Republi- I
ANNUAL REPORT OF COMPTROLLER.
The State's Finances and Government
Expense Estimate.
The long expected, but necessarily
delayed annual report of the comptrol
ler general, upon which financial legis
lation has been based, has been issued.
The report presents a cash balance
showing the amount actually available
for expenses of the State government
for 1900 to be $129,574.96. The visible
collectable revenues are: Uncollected
i taxes for 1899, $625,000; insurance li
cense fees,' $12,000; additional licenses,
$13,000; fees secretary of state's office,
$5,000, making a total of $784,574.96.
The estimated expenses of the State
government for 1900 are put down at
$906,518.90, leaving $121,943.94 which
must be paid from the taxes of 1900.
In regard to two matters of general
interest the report says:
On the death of Mr. F. A. Free,
county ?treasurer, and the appointment
of his successor, Mr. E. D. Free, it was
discovered that the cash in bank to the '
credit of Mr. F. A. vFree was $8,151,S1
less than the amount should have been
in hand according to the settlements
made at that time.
This shortage was a surprise to all
concerned. At the time of settlement
of taxes for 1897, in October, 1898, Mr.
A. F. Free produced the certificate of
the cashier of the Bank of Barnwell,
that he had sufilcient funds deposited
in bank, with a small amount of cash
in hand to cover the balance shown to
be due by him.
If Mr. Free was short at that time
there was nothing in the records to in
dicate it. Had this department the
services of an expert auditing clerk,
who could make a thorough examina
tion in each instance, and at any time ;
during the year, mistakes and short
ages, such as above mentioned would,
in my judgment, be avoided. (
I am impressed that it would be the <
part of economy for your body to pro- i
vide for an auditing clerk, charged (
with this special work, and who, in ad- 1
dition, could keep the insurance and , t
phosphate records in this office. My j
observation is that shortages and ir- t
regulaiutites occur for the most part i
by reason of the fact that untried and r
inexperienced men are sometimes se- a
lected to take charge of the auditor's
and treasurer's offices and undertake t
his important work. With an inspector
JV auditing clerk to witness the trans- ?
fer and settlement between outgoing s
md incoming officials as to their duties ?
ind the manner of keeping the ac- j T
counts and records of their office, I am n
.ure would prevent many errors and fi
ipparent shortages. a
DISPENSARY SCHOOL FUND. C
An examination of this report shows v
:he disbursement of the dispensary t<
)rofits.
On the 18th day of April, 1899, war- T
ants amounting to $67,204.35 were is- ci
med to the county treasurers of 27 bi
ounties. This was on account of de- v<
iciency, as provided in the State con- C
titution of 1895, and joint resolution P:
lassed. at session 1898. j?
In attempting to comply with the act D(
sTo. 85, passed at session 1899, I ex- P1
erienced difficulty in securing inform
tion on which to make the deficiency tr
pportionment. This act provides that te
ach school district in the State, where ? h(
he sum realized from the 3-mill school
nd poll taxes is not sufficient to make
75 for each school in the district, the
omptroller general shall make up ! ?(
uch deficiency from the dispensary j UJ
moats. Under this head, warrants ej
mounting in the aggregate to $19,- ; st
38.03 were sent to the treasurers of 30 I pa
ounties. For the support of summer n,
chools $5,000 was paid to the State or
iperintendent of education. a
The remainder, $43.457.63, was sent j f0
> all the counties in the State pro ^
ita., according to students enrolled in Gf
ie public schools. Tl
The $130.000 expended as above, if ei]
aid to each county in proportion to th
Lipils enrolled in the free schools, 0f
ould give 47 1-7 cents for each pupil. | ne
If this show of force is continued, \ cu
m should limit the number of schools nc
? a given section to the school popu
tion, say-one school for each 45 or 50 j
?ildren.
_ a
I Tl
General Wood Pleased. ge,
Havana. Special.-Gen. Wood return- Rc
I from an inspection of the institu- : ty
3ns of Pinar del Rio. The residents vo
ere highly pleased with his visit. ?
?neral Wood has congratulated Gen- tj?
al Lee on the condition of his prov- ha
ce. He found the plantations in ex- itj
lient condition and all who desired j
?re at work. e(1
_ . of
News Notes. to
The Supreme Court of the District of f0]
vu m bia has issued an order that th2 tri
ivy Department sm'bmix a survey, th<
praismer.t and inwentory of the an
aniiGi vessel Lnt'anta Maria Teresa,
lis is a part of the proceedings 1 '
TBE NATIONAL LAW MAKWS.
What Congress ls Doing From Day td
The Senat**.
Twenty-fifth Day.-Senator Hoar's
resolution asking for a detailed report
of the conduct of the war in the Phil
ippines passed the Senate without di
vision.
The Senate is discussing Hale's res
olution regarding the seizure of Ameri
can flour. Senator Davis says negoti
ations are proceeding satisfactorily.
Senator Aldrich made a paulie agree
ment to take a vdte on the currency
bill the loth of February. He wished
to make the date the 8th, but Allen ob
jected.
Twenty-Sixth Day-The day's pro
ceedings were confined to speechmak
ing. Senator Wellington, of Mary
land led off with a long argument on
the Philippine question, maintaining
that the Philippines should have the
right to govern themselves, this gov
ernment affording them such protec
tion as they might need. Senator Mc
Ennery, of Lousiana gave notice that
he will have something to say about
the proposed amendment to the con
stitution of North Carolina. Teller of
fered another installment of his speech
on the financial bill. Mr. Teller had
not concluded his remarks when he
suspended for the day. The Senate
then adjourned.
Twenty-seventh Day.-A speech, sen
sational in interest and international
in its importance, was delivered in the
Senate by Mr. Hale, Republican, oC
Maine. The occasion of the utterances
was the simple question whether a
resolution introduced by Mr. Allen,
Populist as to the recognition by this
country of diplomatic representatives
of the Transvaal republic, should be
directed to the President, or to the
Secretary of State. Mr. Hale made the
question the text of an impassioned
speech in which he leclared that nine!
Lenths of the American people sympa-J
thized with the Boers in their Kalla nt
struggle for liberty against one ol the
greatest powers of the world. He spoke
ivith unusual force, decisiveness and
earnestness, even for him, and his pas
donate e!oquence claimed the closest
Utention of every auditor. At the j
)pening. the Allen resolution, calling ;
jpon the Secretary of State for infor
nation as to whether any representa- i
ive of the Transvaal had applied to the
'nited States government for recogni
iou. and if such application had been
nade, if it. had been accepted; and if
mt. why not. was laid before the Sen
te.
Pending the further discussion of
hese measures the Senate adjourned.
Twenty-eighth Day.-Little new in
anmation was devele ped in the Clark
enatorial investigation by the Senat?
ommittee on privileges and elections.
F. Xormoile, c?! Butte. Mont., a
lember of the last Legislature, testi
ed that he 'had-been approached with ?
n offer of $12.500 to vote for Mr.
lark, but had not accepted it, and had
oted for Conrad throughout the con- ;
?&t.
Mr. Cason. who was on the stand I
uesda.y. was recalled for additional ?
-o?s-examina?ion. He said he had j
?en urged by Mr. Clark tu secure the j
ate cf Representative Marcy. Mr.
lark indicating to him that he would ?
?y $10,000 for it. but as he found that j
arcy would vote for Clark anyhow, j
? did not approach him with the j
.oposition.
As neither side was prepared to in
oduce other witnesses, the commit- j
e. after a hearing of less than two .
)urs. adjourned until Monday.
The House.
Twenty-fourth Day-The urgent de
cency appropriation bill was taken I
) in the House. It was the general
:pectation that it would open up a
ftrmy debate upon the question of ex
tnsion. in view of the large army and
ivy items it contains, but members
lly became very much engrossed in
discussion of an item of $150,000,000
r rural free delivery, in which all are j
Tsonally- interested, and the subject j
expansion was barely touched upon.
ie last hour of the debate was enliv
ed with an attack by Mr. Richardson
e minority leader upon the Secretary
the Treasury for his course in con
ction with the sale of the New York
stom house. Mr. Hopkins, of Uli
tis, championed the Secretary.
Twenty-fifth Day.-The Roberts com
tttee concluded its work and came to
unanimous finding of the facts.
ie majority report will be signed by
von members. It favors exclusion of
)berts from the House. The minori
report, signed by two members, fa
rs the seating of Roberts, then ex
iling him. Those who sign the lat
* are DeArmond, Democrat, and Lit
field, Republican. Democrats Lan
ni and Miere voted with the major
Twenty-sixth Day-The Hou?e pass
the Senate bill to extend the powers
the director of the census, after
iking out the committee amendment
authorize the director to contract
p extra printing with private con
ictors. After some further debate
? committed rose, the bill was passed
d the House adjourned.
rwenty-seveJith Day-The pension .
propriation bill, carrying $145.245.- j
),was passed by the House. It was :
ide the vehicle c?: attack upon the j
mmiss".cner of Pensions by Mr. Cur
of Kansas, wiho was seconded by ;
Len.iz and Mr. Noreen, of Gfaio; ?
Robinson, of Indiana, and other j
rthern Democrats. AH inveighed;
ainst the lack ofl liberty in the ad-1
' n of the. pension laws. The
u3 aiiy defended by a
from both sides of
as put upon the
?semt. empower
spent an hour Tuesday in disposing oi
thills favorably reported and among
> those passed were the measures tc
build the League Island and Marc
Island Dry Docks of stone instead oJ
timber. The reports on the Roberts'
case were also received. An hour was
given to pronouncing eulogies on th<
.late Representative Banford, of Ohio
Mr. White (N. C., colored) presented
a petition signed by 2,413 persons foi
j national legislation against lynohiu?
and mob violence, and asked that it Ix
read at the clerk's desk. Mr. Richard
son (Tenn.) objected, saying thal
: there was no reason why this petitior -
? should not take the usual course.
RACE GLEANINGS.
The Genteel Negro.
I There are thousands of Negroes ?n
j Virginia and all over the South who
! ire as refined in their ways and as pure
j in their lives as are the blue Jslood ar
I istocracy of the South. An indecent,
j uncleanly, boisterous Negro is as re
I pugnant to them as he is to the most
j refined white man or woman. With
; this element, the respectable Negro
holds no communication, save as he
comes in contact with him in his daily,
work. To this no well-bred white
, man or woman will dissent, especially
those who employ first class Negro
house servants. And what is true
about this class of house servants, i3
equally true about a large number of
others who are engaged in mercantile
pursuits, or as teachers, dentists, drug
gists, doctors, lawyers, etc.
We are a part and parcel of the
South; this is our home, and we are as
much interested in her welfare as are
our more favored white brother, and
we are opposed to lawlessness and dis
order. This being the fact, we think
it injustice for the dominant race to
make us suffer for the disorder, bad
manners and offensiveness of the lower
classes.
Thus far Virginia, to a great extent,
has not sought by law to humiliate
the Negro, regardless of his worth or
education, but the proposed "Jim
Crow Car" m?*asure seeks that end.
Now, it does seem to u- an act of
injustice for those who have the power
so to do, to humiliate the "genteel" Ne
gro because of the short comings of a
few.
These "genteel*' Negroes have made
men and women of themselves, and are
striving through their schools, Y. M.
C. A., churches, literary societies and
journals to raise their less thoughtful
and more ignorant brother to higher
planes of thinking and living.
For the legislature to enact a meas
ure that would compel refined Negro
men and women to ride in cars with
the lower and baser classes would for
?ver destroy and block the noble work
hat they are doing. The prosperity of
mr Southland is to a great extent de
pendent upon the elevation of the Ne
Sro. and the "genteel" Negro's influ
?nce over the ill-mannered members
)f tho race will be lessened when they
ire humiliated by law to the same lev
>1 as the unmannered.
We feel certain that the breed of no
de Virginians is not extinct, and when
he facts are presented to them in their
rue light, no separate car legislation
viii be enacted that will humiliate re
ipectable, well-behaved Negroes.
Race Items.
With the advent of the New Year
ame a train of good resolutions and
he turning over of new leaves. Many
f these resolutions have already been
roken and on many of the new leaves
iave been re-written our short com
ngs of previous years. But the fact
hat one resolves to do good and even
Teaks the good intention, shows his
esire to do good. It is said that the
oad to perdition is paved with good
itentions and those who walk therein
re constantly stumbling over them,
letter is it to intend good and attempt
a do it, than to make no attempt
whatever.
One of the first thing3 which Con
ress will put its condemnation upon
; the ex-slave pension fraud.
We favor a law which will give to all
lilroad conductors full constabulary
owers to eject or arrest all disorder
r characters who take passage oa
?eir trains.
Notes.
Cardinal Gibbons performed the
iremony at the wedding at Utica, N.
., of Miss Issabella M. Kernan and
lifTord Lewis, jr.
Why Changes Are Reeded.
Change of scene, change of occupa
on and frequent changes in furnish
igs and diet are all important at this
>ason. and the time of rest may be
?cured from these changes even when
a expensive outing, or the usual sum
ter vacation, has not been afforded,
o woman who has ever tried it can
meei ve of the rest and pleasure re
nting from a change of some sort,
ake such changes as are possible by
?arranging rooms in the matter of
irniture, pictures, ornaments, etc. Do
jmething, anything, to rest the eye
ad brain from dead-level monotony.
is said that marked cases of in
)mnia have been cured by changing
om one sleeping-room to another,
he wise woman will also change her
imily dietary as completely as pos
ole as the seasons change.-Pittsburgh *
ispatcn *

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