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THE PEOPLE'S RECORDER.
A Journul of Nows and Opinion.
Published Every Saturday,
at Colombia, S. O.
I? Armsen-ODO Year, fd.50; Six Mouth?,
75- couts; Throe Months, 50 cent?. A. ?ash
dtscouut of 26 conts will bo allowed on all
Yearly Bubscrlptlona when paid strictly IN
AOTANCR. City Subscription 15 couts por
Mouth, iiaynme ?t ?nd ut Month; 12 ceuta
per Mouth when pHid tx *DVIXCK.
THR REOOUOER will publfeh brlof and. ra
tional cornmuulcadous ou Mihjeots of (ttm?r
alluioro*t when they an? arco m pim i nd by
theuamfs aail nddrvss?? of tho nuthors.atut
ur? not of a defamatory natur?, und WIH-U
sufflctmit cash ls ??ut to pay for 'vet-up"
no chart:? for spa??. Atrnntyni >m com
munitions will not bo notlon<l. Wo do not
rot um rtieeted raanusorlot, unless stain | *
aro neut for samv. Notiewof murriaa??s.
birth?. d?*a'lt?, lost, found, otc, 25 COU IS
trarh Insertion of nix lim*? or le-s.
Mak? uli po-itul und oxpross u'.ou?y arden
C. P. HO LISES, Editor and Publisher,
< 'oltimbia. s. < 5.
According to the BttfTalo Nows there
are 257 forms In New York state that
make tho culture of trees their prin
cipal business. The ?valuation is
C07.107. Vermont has four similar
farms valued at $128.000.
Tlic old saying that "His note ls as
good as gold," has been modified in
Kansas to "His noto ls better than
gold." A Reno county farmer has
just brought suit to compel a mort
gage company to accept money for a
note which lt holds against him.
New Orleans, a city of nearly 300,000
population, consumes less than 15,000.
000 gallons of water dally. The total
cost of tho New1 Orleans water works
wau $1,000.000. St. Louis has spent
$20,000.000 for the same purpose and
lias a dally consumption o' 00,000,000
The agricultural bullding?Mho T.nu
u^cy^uuV a^fl And will cove
over two lacreS* more'-of ground than
<lld die big"^manufacture and liberal
Arts building at the Columbian expo
sition In Chicago. In this thought tho
SL Ixuilsans take great delight.
Joseph IJ. Thompson of Franklin, N.
H., who is nov/ in the 85lit year of his
ago, has taught school in that town
and vicinity for U3 yenra. Ho says, as
one thing learned in hi* leng practico
of his calling, that one-third of a
teacher's timo is taken up In maintain
ing order. On the wall of his "study"
nanga a card with the word "Why"
ir. large letters. This, ho says, has
boon his motto all through lils lifo
A great many California oranges are
shipped east in what are known as
tramp cars. There is no fruit the
prie' >t which fluctuates as' much as
does that of oranges, and thousands
ot carloads of oranges are, therefore,
started east with some uncertain des
tination. Tho car may be consigned
to Knnsas City, but in the meantime
there are agents watching In the east
for the best markets and on telegraph-.
Ic information tho car may he ordered
on to Chicago or New York City.
Rrportcrs are often more active and
more gifted with an instinct for de
tail than the officers, says Charles Ii
Grinned in the Atlantic. Together
they mako a formidable combination.
But they are often divided in opinion,
and yet oftener in their sympathies.
Reporters, like the average citizen, are
more apt to pity the prisoner, If for
nothing olso for the very reason that
tho police aro down upon him. It ls
an ambition of reporters to unearth
moro facts than the police. Newspa
pers print news from a prisoner's
friends as readily as news from his
persecutors. Nevertheless, they spread
abroad tho charge against a suspected
person moro than he or his friends
wish. Since- tho newspapers begin
long before a trial to work up a popu
lar Interest in all tho persons con
cerned, tho results, cannot bo other
than an exnggorr.'.Jon of tho impor
tance to tho public cf what stimulates
and grui liles curiosity, vhcther or not
lt affects the question of thc priBonor's
Tillman and Mclaurin Air Their Views
in the Senate.
A VERY DRAMATIC SCONE ENSUES
1 "he Sgflior -S?uth Carolina Senator
Asks thc Junior Senator That They
. Tender Their Joint Resignations.
Washington, D, C., Special.-TIM
Sonate chamber waa thc scone of a
highly dramatic episode; Monday, when
Senator Tillman, of South Carolina,
challenged hi3 colleague. Senator Mc
Laurlu, to resign with him on thc spot,
In order, to use his language, that they
might h? able "to wash their dirty
linen, at home." M^. Mclaurin did
. uot take un thc gauge, Tho*exciting
j clash between thc two Senators wai
I thc dirent se?uel of the very bitter
controversy which nrob>c between th ?ni
In South Carolin*) lust spring. Mclaurin
arose tu a queriion o?" personal privi
lege Monday ami proseuded ta explain
what, he charged was a conspiracy to
discredit him in his own State for act]
and views which did not meei thc ap
proval cf cciiain Democratic, leaders.
lie declared that, he was being humilia
ted, and, according to publie prints, was
to bc excluded front thc Democratic
caucus, becauso lie had acted upon cer
tain public issues in a way which he
considered was for the best interest of
t!i? country and thc people of his
State. Ho announced himself a be
liever In thc cid Democracy and after
denouncing thc new Democratic bid
ers who. he. said, had brought destruc
tion upon the party, declared thai he
could not be driven from his old alle
giance into a party with which he did
not care to affiliate. Mr. McLatiriu's
statements drew thc lire of Senator
Jones, chairman of thc Democratic
national committee, who denied that
he had any ""ulterior motive?" in not
inviting Mr. McLaurin to enter . the
caucus. From Mr. Tillman it brought
forth a review of the whole controver
sy, in the course of which Mr. Hoar
took occasion to express thc opinion
that it was very doubtful whether bath
the South Carolina scats were not in
reality vacant. He contended that
when the resignations wore offered
last spring to the Governor, they could
j not thereafter be withdrawn and that
they became immediately operative, ll*
cited a precedent, and suggested that
the committee on privileges and cita
tions should look into tho matter.
'I'nLmm climax came when Senator Till
man challenged Uir. McLaurin to join
with him in preparing a joint resig
nations and bandi ? g. them iq thg~Jto
'^Wrge^rowover, Mr. McLaurin did not
accept and the cpi sude waa brought to
an abrupt clo3n by a motion of Sana
tor Dodge that thc Sonate go into t:xt.c
At tba conclusion of1 the morning
business there wns something of a ti ir
in the chamber when Mr. McLaurin, of
South Carolina, nros3 to a question of
personal privilege. He bad before hin:
a huge pile of manuscript. "1 aris; to
a question of personal privilege in
connection with the published state
ment that I have been excluded from
participation In Democratic caucus."
ho announced. With evidence of con
siderable emotion, he proceeded to ex
plain that if such was the case and If
lie was to be without assignment upon
committees, thc right of his Stare,
which he in part represented lu thc
Senate, would suffer. The personal
effect of an exclusion from representa*
tion on committees waa, he said, not
of so much importance as Its effect
upon the State of South Carolina..
By this time the entire Senate was
Interested. Several Republicans cross
ed the. political aisle to the Democratic
side the better to listen to what Mr.
McLaurin had to say.
Continuing, Mr. McLaurin said he
would be silent did he not tear
thai the movement against him was
one to keep alive sectionalism. For
many years tho people of the South bau
realized that they had nut obtained
their fair share of the national bene
fits.- Mr. McLaurin recalled the lact
that although Samuel.J. Randall had
Ldvocated a protective tariff, he had
been votjed for in a Democratic national
convention for President. Hancock, al
though he declared that the tariff was
a local Issue, liad been nominated for
President, and David D. Hill, although
he opposed the Income tax, had not
been, read out of the Democratic pirty.
fdr. Tillman, of South Carolina, was
on his feet when Mr. Jones concluded
In his characteristic way he announced
that while bis name bad not been
mei:Honed, he realized that he was thc
cause o:' it all. He said he would tut
at Uti -. time, make an extended reply,
briefly, then, he reviewed tho contro
versy between himself and Senator
McLaurin, which, led to the joint, tender
of their resignations to the Governor"
o;" Eouth Cardinia last spring, and
told or tho Governor's suggestion that
thu resignations bc withdrawn. Mr.
Tilbr.au said he contended that the
Governor was simply "a box into which
wo bad put letters for the Legislature,"
and they could not undo their act. but
that Mr. McLaurin lins hastened to
withdraw bis letter. Mr. Tillman paid
bc had examined the record of abr.lt
200 tases in thc history of tho govern
ment where Senators had resigned, and
Mr. McLaurin enjoyed the enviable
ol'Dud ion of being the only ono w ho
hud withdrawn his resignation after
As to Mr. McLaurin's charge of con
spiracy to humiliate him by barring
h?m fi om the. Democratic cati.ms, Mr.
Ti Hmm called attention to thc fact
that he had not been in Washlngn.i
during the extra session of the Senate
las? Spring. "This conspiracy," ha
said, "is a dream conjured up by bim.
If is 11>P creation of his own brain."
In conclusion Mr. Tillman, with a
sweep of his ann, adjured his Demo
eiaiic colleagues not to "fret" abo-.it
the nhargo that they were conspiring
to di c edit Mr. MeLaurin at home be
?au.se "his crowd was deuioralh'.Rd,
cowed and whipped."
Mr. Mclaurin, .guide no reply to Mr.
Tillman, but he arose for a moment to
reply to Senator Jones, to say that he
did not d?sir!? that there should bc f.ny
thlng persoxjal in his .charge that, there
had been ait"ult?rlor purpose" 111 any
thing he had done. "I thought I was
justified in sayiufww'nai ? did," said he
*"1 accept ?tis dlHCl?hner."
"I disclaim nothing," retorted Mr
Jones, without rrsjng from his seat. "I
"I thank the Senator for his cour
fcMiy.*' observed-Mr.-McLaurin, bowing
with mock deference) as he took his
Air H?;ai. of Massachusetts, ad
dressed himself b> the legality of the
resignations, which the South ('andi
na Senators bud sunt to tho (Suv?.nun*
of their State. He- declared ilmt the
resignation cl a legislative -.nib -er
vac-ins Oie office, nt once, and lint
in? doubled, whether such resignations
could be withdrawn. Ho said thai
Speaker Blaine had so. held upon one
occasion in . tho House contrary ta
Hie English noii-.:. tl.nl a k\,?sial o
office cannot ;><-.. loslgued. Hu said
thu! a man could not. bc kept >n ? >'!'.<.<
agaius; will am. raided a laugh hy
observing "lal hi his opinion uctUiei
of the South Carolina Senators lia?!
a right to address tho Senate, if thu
statement K mad.w?y Mr. Tillman weie
correct In rolm to the sally Mr.
Tilintan raid hedRnl himself bee i ii
tho same oplni^m, although he 'v(l
not a lawyer v.?Mm withdrawing h."s
resignation franj?le (iovernor of the
I State he had anded that be withdrew
'it "if lt was lawful to do so." He
BUKKCStcd that the judiciary commit
tee should look into the matter a* he
should enjoy nothing so much a-j
washing the dirty-linen afhouio.
Jumping to his .'feet. Mr. Mci JI?irin
declared, in ringlet: tones, thal be
was really to, meet his colleagu i at
-my plaire or:at lay limo, f-ir ne? dis
cussion of the Issues between thou.
Thereupon, iii Uu^B?ost.drama?r fash
ion. Mr. Tillman 'challenged his col
league to rcsigu on the spot.
"Let ne draw up the papers now."
said ho. "and tender them to this
man." pointing with-outstretched arni
?.v.erl the presiding officer, "a::0.
that will scttlefit" ,.
All eyes werie turned upon Mr 2>lr
Laurin. ns MrV TTUmna, paused u-i if
" litin;; for li is colleague to accept the
challenge, "ivuifcy Mr. ' McLaurln, a!
though lookll?jp Whl " Steadily in tho
'j\>\ did not riscffroni his seat ur
Mr. Hoar again Jpok the floor and
resignation immediately varn^K
Eioat in tli" ft ouse. A resolutioii^^H
the expulsion of a member from SoutTM
Carolina was about to be voted upon,
and the member, knowing that the re
solution would be adopted, sent liir.
resignation to the chair with the in
tention of addressing the House and
then offering it hefore tho vote on
the resolution was takn. As so m as
Speaker Blaine saw the nature of the
; om munirai ion sent to him he imme
diately declared the seat vacant,
thus putting an end to all flintier
proceedings. Mr. Hoar continued
that if the facts bearing upon ibo
case of the South Carolina Senators
had been correctly stated, it was
doubtful whether they were entitled
to scats ti pon the floor of the Renate
at this time. He thought, thc commit
tee on privileges and elections should
inquire into the matter.
Mr. Tillman said he waa glad that
his own legal instinct had been back
ed up hy such an eminent authority
.as the chairman of the judiciary com
mittee. If his colleague^would pre
pare any document that would vacate
his seat as well as his (Tillman's) he
would be glad to sign it. As 'ong as
ho represented the people on the
floor, he said, in conclusion, he pro
posed to represent them honestly and
not in the fashion which was a dis
grace to his "State. Mr. Lodge at this
point arose and announced with a
smile on his face that while tho resig
nations were preparing, he would
move that the Senate go Into execu
tive session. The motion was carried.
After half an hour behind closed
doers tho Senate adjourned.
Boston Goes Democratic.
Boslon. Special.- The Democrats
completely overwhelmed the Republi
cans in the city election Tuesday, Gen
eral Patrick A. Collins being e?ec'.ed
over Mayor Thomas N. Hart by thc
largest plurality in a quarter of a cen
tury. Tho Democrats likewise obtain
ed control of both branches of the city
government, elected their strceet com
missioner. Salem D. Charles, and prac
tically all their candidates for the
schcol commission. As'usual the city
veted strongly in favor of llcens?.
Fighting In PhiPpplnes.
Manila, By Cable.-Thousands of
people aro leaving Bataugas province
for places of safety. General James M.
Boll reports an important engagement
between a. force of insurgents nt
La bo, province of Camarines, and a
detachment of the Twentieth Infantry.
Thrco Americans wore l ilied. Tile
loss of tho enemy Ja not know?, but is
believed to have been heavy. Wi un oral
Bell anticipated a speedy extermina
tion of the Irreconcilables.
Infectious diseases are said to bc un>
known in Greenland; but it may bc re
garded ns doubtful if .this iiu^muuty will
attNict nuuy ininoigrants,
?r-^-'.?.'y'"...' r* . .
GOLD AND SILVER
Statistics of the County's Product ot
WORK OF THE AUNT FOR THE YEAR
A Suggestion to Raise thc Country's
Stock of Subsidiary Coin to Alcet
Washington. D. C. Special-Tho re
port or Mr. George B. Roberts, direc
tor of the mint, upon the operations of
the mint service during the fiscal year
ended June 30. 1901, has been com
pleted. The coinage of the mints dur
ing the. Ilseal year amounted to 170.
999.1.12 pieces, or the value of $13G,.!40,
781. Of this $99,005,715 was in gold;
$24,293.850 was in dilver dollars, S10.
900,G4S was In fractional silver and
009,503 was in minor coin.
The coinage cf silver dollars during
the year was wholly from the stock of
bullion accumulated under the act of
July 14, 1SJI0. The amount bf this bul
lion on hand at the beginning of tiie
fiscal year was S.2.2GS.054 standard
ounces, and at the end of the year 52.
502,927 standard ounces. The coinage
of this bullion has been accelerated JO
enable the treasury to retire the treas
ury notes issued on Its purchase and at
the same time? eupply' the pressing de
mand which has existed throughout
the year for the small denominations
of money required in retail trade.
The original deposits of gold' nt the
mints and assay offices amount to
$153,101.580, an increase of$l9,lS1,501
over the preceding year. Of this $27.
900,489 was in foreign coin; $17,000.4!?:]
that of Great Britain, nearly all toing
from Australia and $50,425,500 that, of
The estimated production of gold lu
the United States during the calendar
year 1900 was $79,171,000, and notwith
standing the fact that this country led
the world In production, its Imports
exceeded its exports by $12,806,010. The
production of North America, practi
cally all of which comes to the United
Statte, was $110.151,500.
The world's coinage of gold in the
calendar year of 1900 was $354,936.197,
and of silver $117.011.902.
The industrial consumption of gold
In the United-States during the calen
dar year 19?0 is estimated at $16,007,
5C0 ,and of j the world, approximately
poiv'o?-BUbad^ary coin 'in the
s limited by law to $100,000,
_ . jn Novsstber I?t! 1901. the t-.x
HR: stock ( waa 100,613^12. The re
p^ff says that It'isnot improbable that
before another Congress shall have op
portunity to act, th i growing needs of
th'? country will have absorbed the en
tire amount authorized.
It is s?ggested that the limit of the
country's stock of subsidiary coin be
raised to at least $120,000,000. No good
reason is aparcnt.says the report.why
the coinage of dollar pieces should not
be allowed to cease and all of the ...1
ver on hand be used in subsidiary
The Bonine Trial.
Washington. Special.-Counsel for
the defense In the trial of Mrs. Lola
Ida Bonine for tho murder of James
Seymour Avres, Jr., Saturday, precip
itated a lengthy argument over the
right to ask an exjtert witness cer
tain hypothetical questions bearing
on thc hip wound of Ayres. The
court directed the jury to retire dur
ing the discussion. The defense
stated that lt would endeavor to show
by tho witness. Dr. W. P. Carr, that
the government's contention that
Ayres received this wound at long
rnnge. was wholly untenable from the
very nature of the wound.? The court
will render its decision Monday.
Roosevelt's First Bill.
Washington. Special. - President
Roosevelt Saturday signed the first bill
sent to him by Congress, thus creating
the first law, to be enacted under hi;
administration. It was thc act to ad
mit free of duty and to permit the
transfer of foreign exhibits from thc
Pan-American Exposition of the South
Carolina Intor-State and West Indian
Exposition at Charleston. S. C.
Married By Telegraph.
Bowling Green, Ky.. Special.-Misa
Maude Wilcutt stood in tho telegraph
office here and became the brido af Dr.
J. W. Simmons, of Feaster, Tex. They
were married by wire. The questions
were asked from the Texas end hy a
justice of the peace and were answered
by Miss Wilcutt. Miss Wilcutt at
present is teaching school In Buthr
counts'. She and Dr. Simmons recently
met while travelling. The operator
and newspaper acquaintances wer? the
Bowling Green witnesses to the mar
riages Mrs. Simmons will leave next
week for Texas to join her husband.
A Negro Lynched.
Lako Charles, La.. Special.-Raul
Poydras, a negro, who cut Chief Dep
uty Richard and who seriously Thurs
day night, was lynched here Saturday
morning. Poydras was arrested a?
Welsh and the officers were abou*. lo
lodge him in the parish prison, when
a mob overpowered the guards, took
charge of Poydras, and hanged him to
an electric Hsht pole.
1,000 Soldiers Said to Have Died ?On
Account of Neglect.
CHARGES AGUNST ARMY OFFSCOL
A Cincinnati Physician Claims That
Many Lives Have Been Sacr!Si??
Marion. O.. Special.-Dr. Charles A.
L. Reed, of Cincinnati, tho rotiri?f:
president of the American Medical Au
3oelutlon. was given a banquet hens
Tuesday niyht hy the. medical profus
sion of northern Oh-'o. In Che ttMmm ?r
his remarks on pending eongrcssioaa?
topics, viewed from a medical stand
point, he said:
"lt seenss, from ?vidence thai, hat*,
recently ernie from within tho army
itself, that tho medical department fia?
not only heen degraded, hut that it VJ
practically without authority. Thl3 w?*
strikingly, indeed tragically, Illustrated
during the recant war. A commandant
was in charge; of a quarter of tito en
tire army. Mis command wa? neadrr
np of tin; flower of A UP;ri can man
hood, and was encamped at a houllh
resort, lie. however, in violation or
tho precedent of the usually ctiiUvalr.tf
and com j)..-tent gentlemen of tho lim?,
but acting under the permission ol* ex
isting anny regulations, not only se*
aside recommendations of lils aanitarj
officers, hut by personal examplo in
cited his men to'violate the most fun
damental-sanitary laws. Tile rosulL wa?
what might have been expected. OF
the moro than C?.000 men In his .:om
mand 12,000 were Invalids, nearly ..OOO
died from preventable causes. IE in an
active campaign the commandant b.jul
Ignored the advice of his scout .inti
had led his command into ambush with
similarly disastrous result, 12.00?"
wounded and 1.0*00 killed, ho woutrt
have been court-martialed, and, doubt
less, dismissed from tho service.
"The resolution, however, I am In
formed, fix no responsibility for this
parallel calamity, the enormity of
which is only beginning to bo under
stood. It,ls not surprising that efforts
have been made to suppress knowledge
of lt. I am advised -that the tunny in
vestigation committee, in tiio interosl
o? publie decency, omittc'J ;from Its
public report much tcstlmonyTon thin
phase of the conduct of tho war. Anu
j tates this unsavory subject ia banished!
j to the Philippines. No wrmd?r?'? tb?
, Surgeon General cannot fill tho 61) and
I more vacancies now existing in his
J corps; self-respecting medical men ore.
not offering themselves for a. norvic**
that ls dominated by gag law and
tyranny. Bul su::h methods must fail.
The agitation ?ann?t stop until tho re
sponsibility is fixed for the enfor?viicnt
of a regulation lintier the present, tern-ut
of which the bumptiousness of an ac
cidental and incapable commandant:?
with impunity to himself, may deprivo
an cnllr? army of the benefactions of
Large Canal Appropriation.
Washington, Special.-Senator Morgan
introduced a bill providing for tho con
struction of the Nicaragua Canal. The?
bill provides an aggregate of $18l).0iH>.
OOO. of which ?5,000,000 is made Imme
diately available, and of which aggre
gate sum such amounts as aro neces
sary are to be appropriated by Con
gress from time to time. Tho control
of the canal and the. canal bolt is vent
ed In a hoard of eight citizens of the
United States in addition to the Secre
tary of War, who Ls to bo preslrletiL.
The members of the hoard aro to ht?
paid a salary of JS.OOO a your each, and
they are to b:? chosen regardICMS J! po
lit irai affiliation. There is a provision
authorizing the establishment of a reg
iment from the regular army on the
canal belt to properly guard it. and
courts also are authorized conformable;
to the powers granted by the. govern
ments of Nicaragua and Costa ltira.
There also is a provision making tn rn*
divisions of th? canal during the con
struction aud there ls to be a chiot" en
gineer and two assistants on each nl
vision, the chief to receive a salary of
$0,000 andjhe assistants $.1,0t>0.
To Be Deported.
Manila, By Cable.-The Supreme
Court Tuesday dismissed tho writ of
habeas corpus In the case of Patterson,
tho Englishman, privato secretary tn
Sixto l?pez, whoso deportation is
sought by tho authorities, os ho refus
ed to take the oath of alleglanco to
the United States when ho landed at
Manila. Justice Cooper dissented. Pat
terson will be deported on tho flrat
steamer bound for Hong Kong.
Will Protect Germans.
Berlin, By Cable.-The Polish griev
ance growing out of the punishment of
parents nt Wro3i5ien, who refused ti>
oblige their children to learn their
catechism and prayers in the Cern?an
language, was the subject o? an inter
pellation hy Prince Rodslwlfi, In tb?*
Reichstag. The Imperial clio neel bur.
Count Von l?uclow, replied that titer
quotion pertaindd to tho Pnissiatt.
Diet and that therefore ho must re
fuse to disouss ?. in tho Reichstag. Ile
ocild tay, however, the prestige of tho
Km pi rc had not in any way suff irral
through tho altitude of tho Wrfcfcdie.n
?? ?Vhor?tlr.'3. and that the relations witto
Austria and Russia wero entirely titt
affected. . \ _