( TOGA IN HA
DEMOCRATIC HOUSE LEADER IS
NAMED SENATOR FROM STATE
A HEAVY VOTE WAS CAST
Ticket Was Very Long, and Count Was
Necessarily Slow in All
Birmingham, Ala.-Oscar W. Under
Wood triumphed over Richmond P.
Hobson In the contest before Demo
cratic primaries throughout the state
!for the nomination to the United
'States senate. Owing, tdf?hc cora
Qplexity and length of the ballots com
plete returns were slow in coming in.
The protracted struggle for the nom
ination between tho two distinguished
candidates terminated with a rccord
p .breaking vote by Alabama Democrats.
Interest in the contest for the short
term in the United States senate, the
nomination of ten congressmen, a gov
ernor and other state and county offi
cers also brought thousands to the
Mobile. Ala.-Mobile and soutli Ala
bama polled the heaviest vote in years.
The total in Mobile county will reach
6,000. Underwood swept soiith Ala
bama. Comer, for governor, led Kolb
in the country precincts, but Kolb took*
a wide lead in the city. Henderson
and Seed were not in the running
Mr. Underwood made the following
"I am thoroughly satisfied with the
primary election. The splendid ma
jority given me in the state I attrib
ute to the magnificent work that my
friends have, done for me in my ab
sence. The result I feel is a personal
vindication and a distinct approval of
my remaining in Washington and at
tending to my official duties. But af
ter all is said, the final conclusion
must be that it is more of a victory
for fundamental Democratic principles
than for myself/'
BANKS ARE ASKED TO ACT
Every Effort Will Be Made to Expe
dite New System.
Washington.-l?very effort will be
exerted by the federal reserve bank
organization committee to have all
hanks expedite the formal step.1-, nec
essary to put t*t; new. currency sy!?
S of tue committee, appar
entT Wrc n? expectation that there
?wilql^pany financial crisis to face
requiring the assistance to banks
which the resrve system will pro
vide, but they are particularly anxious
to have the twelve reserve banks in
the field when crop moving time comes
around next fall. They hope to be
able at that time to demonstrate how
easily and quickly the reserve sys
tem will take care of a situation which
in previous years has caused financial
.worry, and which last fall led to di
rect loans from the United States
treasury to national banks in the farm
Under the new law the several steps
to be taken by the banks might be de
layed so that there would be little
chance of setting the reserve banks
up before autumn, but if the banks
respond promptly there is little rea
son to believe that the organization
will be deferred much longer.
"Mr. K. F. Shah" Representing China
Washington.-"Mr. K. F\ Shah," ae
tho new Chinese minister, prefers tc
register himself in token of China'*
acceptance of American ideas, arriv
ed in Washington from N?w York,
with nineteen of his suite. In the usual
course the state department will be
advised in a day or two of the arriva:
of the minister and the president will
designate some afternoon when thc
newcomer will bo receive dat thc
white house. One of the first matten
that will claim tho minister's attentior
is a report of Uio American engineer
C. D. Jameson, upon the great recia
iiint.ion project alnog the Huai river
This involves the raising of a loan o:
$20,000,000 in this country and in or
ranging for this transaction Mlnistei
Shah will have the benefit of the act
ive support of the American Red Cros:
Aviation Fatal to 38 In Three Months
Washington.-Death levied a heav;
toll on aviators for the first thre<
months of this year. Between Januar:
1 and April 1 thirty-eight men los
their lives through the uncertainty o
air currents or the fail uro o? their fly
ing machines. The United States, wltl
five killed, stands fourth on the list
which France heads with ten dead
Prance has more aviators than an;
nation in tho world. Germany los
eight. Great Britain seven. T?rke;
?oi-.t three and Chile, Spain, Argentine
Switzerland, and Italy oue each.
Wilson's ViewG on Justice.
Washington.-President Wilson ar
nounced the principle that is guidin
him in Ute selection of public sen
ants. Ile said ho did not believe i
choosing men who would decide quos
tions in a certain way, but would st
lect those whom J.io knew to be jus
and fair. The president remarked tim
to him it seemed justice was the hart
est thing in <-l>e world to obtain an
that it required more courage tba
tiny other one thing. Mr. Wilson wa
discussing Iiis appointment of Pro
."Winthrop M. Daniels.
Mr. Lansing has been appointed by
President Wilson to succeed John Bas
sett Moore as counselor for the depart*
ment of state. His home is at Water
town, N. Y.
FIGHT TO SECURE BANKS
DECISION OF COMMITTEE CAN BE
REVERSED ONLY BY THE
Federal Reserve Board Cannot Be Ex
pected to Reverse Itself,
+ + + + + + + + + + + + +
Where Banks Will Be Located. +
Washington.-Tue cities se
lected for regional banks are:
fr + + + + + * + + + + + + *
Washing', rm.-There was every indi
cation that the announcement of the
reserve districts and cities by (lie re
serve bank organization committee had
ven tile signal for a determined
'Struggle upon the/part of several cit
I IDB which" were disappointed to over
turn tiie committee on the decision
and bring about a redistricting of the
country, or at least a change in the
reserve cities named.
Under the law the decision of the
organization committee is not subject
to review except by the federal reserve
board. This board probably will not
be named by President Wilson for sev
eral weeks, but in the meantime it is
believed that those disappointed with
the committee's announcement will
bend every effort toward paving the
way for changes. It was pointed out
that both Secretary of the Treasury
McAdoo and Comptroller of the Cur
rency Williams of the organization
committee, are ex-officlo members of
the reserve board, and hardly could
be counted upon to reverse themselves.
The president has given no Intimation
as to whom the other five members
REBELS TO ATTACK TAMPICO
Admiral Fletcher Predicts Federals
Will Abandon Gulf Port.
Washington.-Following closely on
official advices from George C. Caroth
ers, American consular agent at Tor
reon, of the flight of the federal troops
from that city, came a prediction from
Rear Admiral Fletcher that the im
portant gulf port of Tampico proba
bly would be abandoned by the fed
erals without a fight
Administration officials made nc
comment on the Ton-eon result and
official sentiment is not likely to crys
tallize until more ls known of the bat
tle itself and its effects in Mexico
City and elsewhere.
Mr. Carothers' report of the fall ol
Torre?n lacked detail, particularly
with reference to losses sustained or
both sides and the movements of thc
Gunmen to Be Given Reprieve.
Albany, N. Y.-Unless Governoi
Glynn changes his mind, a reprieve foi
the four New York gunmen, under sen
tence to die in Sing Sing during th?
week beginning April 13, will bf
granted. If granted, the stay of exe
cution will be until after* the seconi
trial of Charles Ue"Sr:er, who, with th(
gunmen, was found guilty of the mur
der of Herman Rosenthal. District At
torney Whitman has said he intend!
to try Becker a second time as soor
UM possible, but lt will be from ihrei
to six mouths hence.
Monroe Doctrine Not Obsolete.
Philadelphia.-The principle of th<
Monroe doctrine in just as alive nov
as it ever was and President Mon
roe's declaration is not an "obsolet*
shibboleth," according to statement a
the annual meeting of the America)
Academy of Political and Social Sci
en ce. Speakers with few exception
ware in agreement upon the genera
principle of tho doctrine. Rear Ad
mirai Chester urged a concert of ac
tion among American republics in i
policy of "America for the Amer!
IN THE ?. S. INT
SECRETARY DANIELS ISSUES A
RULE TO BAR LIQUOR FROM
.... EVERY SHIP.
ORDER EFFECTIVE JULY 1
A Clear Head and a Steady Hand ls
, Needed, Says the Secretary
of the Navy.
will prevail in the United States navy
after July 1 next. Secretary Daniels
made public a sweeping order, whi?lV
not only will abolish the traditional
"wine mess" of the officers, but will
bar all alcoholic liquors from evefy
ship and shore station of the navy, ?j
This order, constituting one of tbjg
most notable victories ever won hm
prohibition forces, was issued on tifis
recommendation of Surgeon QenijWEa
Braister. . ?gjPl
"The usc of introduction for drnfi?
Ins purposes of alcoholic liquors^jMr
board any naval vessel, or within any
navy yard, or station, is strictly, piro-. ?
hibited, and commanding of deers will5
be held directly responsible for th? ,
enforcement of this order."
In a statement Secretary Daniels'
"I am in hearty agreement with th&
views expressed by the surgeon genj ;
eral. There should not be on ship
board with reference to intoxicants^
one rule for ofiicers and another and
a different rule for tho enlisted p?$3
sonnel. The saddest hour in my oflicial
life is when an officer or enlisted man
must be punished for intoxication.
During the past week it has been my'
painful duty to approve a eourtmar
tial for dismissal from the service of
an officer for intoxication. He told
me that he never had lasted intoxi
cants until he di'! so in the wine mess
on the cruise. Others who have been
disciniin u fr/r drinking to excess have
made s- > v statements to me.
"Officers now are commissioned at
the early age of 22 years. Has the
government a right to permit this
temptation, which too often destroys
the highest usefulness of young of
ficers? I think not. If there is one
profession more than any other that
calls for a clear head and a steady
hand, it is the naval profession.
MAN SLAIN_WITH AN j?
P. O. Bonnell Murdered in Sleep at
Hawkinsvillc, Ga.-Paul O. Bonnell.
22 years old, was killed here as he
lp.y in bed sleeping. An ax, apparent
ly, was used in the murder. Harry Lee,
nephew of the dead man and who
roomed with him, is being held by the
police pending an investigation. Lee
is IS years old.
The youth denies any connection
with the killing and claims lt was
done by a negro. He claims he was
awakened by the noise made by the
negro in time to see him escaping
from the room. Bonnell is survived by
a wife, now living in Florida.
Lee, who roomed with Bonnell in his
place of business, ran out of the store
at one o'clock in the morning and gave
the alarm. He declared that his un
cle had just been killed by someone
who used an ax. He says that both
were in bed at the time and that he
was not asleep, that he heard someone
in the store and, looking up, saw the
party, whom he did not recognize, with
a large ax raised, and that the mur
derer dealt the death blow beforo he
could do anything, and escaped.
Boy Killed by Mute's Kick.
Atlanta.-Theodore Ford, the four
year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. W. R.
Ford, was kicked to death near their
home on Flat Shoals road, where Mr.
Ford conduct a farm and dairy. The
child bad gone into the field with its
mother and approached the mule, when
the mother's attention was directed to
other thangs. Tho animal turned sud
denly and kicked the child several
1 times, which resulted in crushing his
skull. He was rushed to the Grady
hospital, but died. Tho body was re
moved to Bloomfield's chapel and fun
i eral arrangements will be completed
: later. The body was removed to
Fleas Cause the Plague.
New Orleans.-Fleas carried in
. sacks of sugar and not rats are re
- sponsible for the recently reported
i cases of bubonic plague at Havana,
i Cuba, according tc Surgeon John Gili
- terns, director of sanitation for the
I republic of Cuba, in a letter to Dr.
i Oscar Dowling of the Louisiana state
- board of health. Surgeon Guiteras
- state:; in his letter that he conducted
i more than twenty-five hundred labora
i tory experiments with rates, for the
; purpose o? determining tile manner in
which bubonic plague germs carried.
Many Spaniards Deported.
? Torreon, Mexico.-Gen. Francisco
' Villa ordered that the 600 Spaniards
a of Torre?n be deported. He issued in
t structiong thal trains be provided im
i mediately and that the exodus to El
|. Faso, Texas should begin at once,
s Their property will be temporarily con
1 fiscated. lt is the tragedy of Chihua
[- hua over again, arid is said to express
:- the deep-rooted suspicion and even ha
a, trod with which the native Mexlcar
[- and particularly the peon looks on the
DANIEL F. MOONEY
Daniel ??. Mooney, St. Marys, O
has been appointed United States mir
??ftor to Paraguay. He ls the first rest
dent diplomatic representative accrcd
|?e'd^t6';that country since 1870, whet
the diplomatic posts of Uruguay and
Paraguay were combined.
HOLD-UP CANAL B?LL
REPEAL MEASURE IS REFERRED
"TO SENATOR O'GORMAN'S
Spectacular and Heated Debate ls
Expected When Measure ls
Washington. - Tho administration
bill to repeal tolls exemption for all
American coastwise ships In thc I'an
ama canal, which passed the house
amid spectacular scenes reached the
senate and was referred promptly to
thc committee on inter-oceanic canals
Senator O'Goriuan, chairman of the
canals committee, who is marshaling
the anti-administration torces, an
nounced definitely that he would call
a meeting of tho committee for next
Tuesday. Until that time, no formal
.consideration of the repeal measure or
proposed amendments can develop. Al
though friends of tho president had
hoped to have the canals commit
tee meet earlier, they decided to make
no effort to induce Senator O'Gorman
to change his plans. They will insist,
however, upon action within reason
able time after the committee gets
down to work.
NEW CHIEF OF. U. S. ARMY
Wotherspoon Appointed Chief of Staff
Succeeding General Wood.
Washington.-Maj. Gen. William W.
Wotherspoon, now assistant chief of
staff of the army, has been selected
to succeed Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood
as chief of staff at the end of Gen
eral Wood's term, April 22. Brig.
Gen. Hugh L. Scott, commanding the
troops at Kort Bliss, Texas, will be
assistant chief of staff.
General Wood will assume command
of the Eastern department, with head
quarters at Governor's Island, New
The appointment of General Wother
spoon to be chief of staff had been ex
pected,.as it was in accordance with
Um practice of promoting the assist
ant chief of staff to the first place. Sc
the interest of the army centered in
the selection of an assistant chief ol
staff who might in turn succeed Gen
eral Wotherspoon when the latter re
tires on account of age next Novena
J. H. Woodward ls Seriously III.
Orlando, Fla.-*-J. H. Woodward ol
Birmingham, Ala., rated as one of tin
wealthiest men of the South, is seri
ously ill at his winter home here. HU
daughter, Mrs. Oscar W. Underwood
wife of the house Democratic leader
and other members of the family arc
$100,000,000 Capital for Reserve Banki
Washington.-The new federal re
serve banking system will start bus!
ness with a total authorized capita
of about $1UO,000,000 for all reserve
banks, no matter how many insiitu
tions the organization committee de
cides to set up. This fact became ap
parent when figures were made publh
from all national banks responding t<
the last call of the comptroller of thi
currency, made March 4. The state
ment giving these Asures' will ba tin
last of the kind issued.
Mississippi Bank Officials Indicted.
Natchez.-Investigation into the al
fairs of the First Natchez bank, whicl
closed its doors on October 30, lilia
resulted in the indictment here by Uv
Adams county grand |ury of A. 0
Campbell, president; S. H. Lowenberg
ilrst vice president, and lt. Lee Wood
second vice, president of the def une
institution on the charge of acceptini
deposits after the bank was insolvent
The grand jury is investigating Uv
ravings department of the bank am
other indictments ara expected.
WILL Ll E FALLOW
OPERATIONS ON PENITENTIARY j
FARMS ARE CURTAILED ON
ACCOUNT OF LABOR.
LATE STATE CAPITOL NEWS
Review of The Latest News Gathered
Around the State Capitol That Will
of Interest to Our Readers Over
One day recently there were !St> ?
prisoners in the stale pe? Hen Un ry ;
and 57 prisoners on tim stale limns. '
O? Hie prisoners in Hie penitentiary I
ino were nun and o<> women. All
the prisoners employed on the stale !
farm were mon.
Under normal conditions it requires ;
about 1150 convicta to work thc 2,400 ?
aeres ol" cultivated land at the state j
farms in Kershaw and Sumter eouu- I
ties. Much of the land will lie failow j
this year. Practically no cotton will !
he planted at the state farm. The )
small foree of convicts will he used j
to cultivate food crops exclusively.
About GOO acres have been sowed in I
whout and oats. Some corn has ttl- ?
ready been planted and more will be |
planted later on. As there ls not j
enough labor available to cultivate
the big cotton crop which the state
farm has been planting for years, it !
will not bc grown this season. Thc !
penitentiary directors have disposed
of the mules they do not need on the
Tlie chair factory at the penitenti
ary is turning about 55 rattan rockers
per day which are sold in various
parts of the South. FoTty male con
victs and 12 female convicts arc em
ployed in the chair factory. The ash
and maple for the arms, frames and
rockers of the chairs are shipped
from the lumber mills In the moun
tains. The rattan reed is imported
from the West Indies through New
York. All the parts of the chairs aro
made on the premises from raw ma
Government Dam Completed.
The wicket dam at- the government
locks on the Congaree river is com
pleted and will be ready for operation
as soon as the coffer dam cribs are
The, government forces have a der
rik Boat at Work liftingv the cribs
now. After the wicket dam is in op
eration, there will be three feet of
water in the basin at the foot of Ger
vais street. The government locks
have long been ready for the passage
The dam which the government
has erected across the Congaree riv
er is of the Chanoine type and waa in
vented by a famous French engineer.
It was first used successfully on the
Seine and the Loire in France. The
government has built a long chain of
Chanoine dams on the Ohio river.
The Black Warrior river is made nav
igable up to the coal fields of Ala
bama by wicket dams.
Big Fertilizer Tag Sale.
A total of $235.271.24 has boen re
ceived from the privilege lax on the
sale of fertilizers up to date, accord
ing to figures from the office of State
Treasurer S. T. ('arter. The amount
received from this source up l.o this
; time last year was $201,933.40, and to
the corresponding date in 1911, one
j of the heaviest years, lt was $224,
I 543.36. The total received from the
fertilizer tax in 1911, a banner ye
was $255,082.43, and us the receipts
from the tax are greater this year to
date than they were for 1911, it is be
lieved the income from this tax will
break all records this season. The fer
; tllizer tag tax goes to Clemson Col
Some New South Carolina Enterprises]
Boyle Hardware Company of Char
leston has been commissioned by the
secretary of state, with a capital ol
: $3,000. The petitioners ara S. M.
. Boyle and B. A. Hagood.
Merchants' Grocery Company ol
; Greenwood has been commissioned
, with a capitai ol $25,000. The pet!?
, tioners are lt. J. Cartledge, J. W,
; Coleman and J. B. Walton.
Fire Will Not Stop Business.
i H. J. Gregg, of the Hammond-Gregg
- Company of Columbia, dealers in cot
- ton bagging, said that the fire which
1 destroyed the warehouse of the firm
? on Blanding street recently would nol
? interfere with its business at all, as
- new quarters would be taken inimed
- lately and all orders would be filled
3 Tho stock of second hand cotton bag
j ging in the warehouse was a total
3 loss. The building and its contents
- were valued at between $7,000 and
3 $S,00C. They were insured.
Instruct Militia at Charleston.
A Joint encampment of instructlor
; tor field training of the regular armj
and the state militia of South Caro
lina, North Carolina, Georgia, anc
;? Florida has been ordered by tho wai
department to be held in tho vicinity
I of Charleston, S. C., from July 1 t(
>, August 15 according to orders re
I, ceived recently by Adjutant Genera
t Moore, of South Carolina. Each stat?
i- has a federal appropriation of $18,00(
for the expense of the enmpaign. No
r more than three regiments will be en
? camped at one time, it ls stated.
Pago Inspecte Kleid Hospita!.
Field hospital equipment <?*' tho Nat/
fional Qunrd of South Carolina, undei*
command of Maj. J. H. l'ooro, was in
spected recently hy Maj. Henry Page,
Cnited States anny, and Capt. Allen
J. Jervey, of the mod i cal corps of
The medical corps connected with
? ?ie militia of the state have been dis
organized during the pant, two years
hy tho establishment of tho field hos
pltal, but an order has recently been
issued by the adjutant general au
thorizing the organization of a hos
pital corps ID he attached lo each of
:ho regiments. Cul. A. K. Legare has
recently recommended the appoint
ment of two Columbia doctors, N.
Bruru Edgerton and Relton D. C.augh
nmn, :.s assistant surgeons; and the
iiii'*pi:al corps to be af...- lied to his
regiment will be* organized and train
ed by ?hem.
Columbia hoing lite headquarters ol
tho Held hospital, which is attached
io the entire militia of ti:.' state and
is n separate Organization, the rogi*
mental detachment that h< being or
ganised will bo trained Itt connection
with Maj. Pnore's command and this
combination, wittie relieving the Indi
vidua] medical officers of much work,
will create a friendly rivalry between
the organizations, and al tho same
time will 'place tho members in closer
personal relations when on duty dur
ing Ihe encampments.
The duty of these li esp ital corps are
not. confuted to the actual treatment
of cases of illness in the camps, but
they are theoretically ira hied tn all
the necessary hygienic measures to
he adopted tn the camps and by the
men for their personal protection,
and they are charged with the duty
of seeing that such precautionary
measures are carried out while on
field duty. Certain members of the
hospital corps, being specially quali
fied for this duty, are charged with
observing anl instructing the men in
camp in the proper care, of their per
sons and clothing, while others are in
charge of the conditions surrounding i
tho preparation and protection of the
foods in the kitchens, and any breach
of t?te rules laid down regarding the
sanitary conditions are immediately
reported and severe punishment met
Four Companies Divide Business.
Meeting a few days ago at the state
house, the sinking fund commission
awarded contracts for the. reinsur
ance of 60 per cent, of the buildings
owned by South Carolina. More than
a score of bids were received by the
Following are the .ijucccssfuliJjom
Fireman's of Newark, New Jersey.
I Southern States Fire Insurance
Company of Greensboro, N. C.
Southern Underwriters of Greens
boro, N. C.
Underwriters' Insurance Company
of Greensboro, N. C.
According to D. H. Means, chief
clerk of the commission, the Joint
bid of these companies, which was
submitted by C. E. Mebann of Greens
boro, N. C., was 30 per cent off tho
Gets Verdict of $7,000.
A verdict of $7,000 wan given re
cently in the court of common pleas
in tho case of Maggie E. Kelly, as ad
ministratrix of the estate of Robert
L?. Kelly, deceased, against the Col
umbia Railway, Gas and Electric Co.
The case arose out of the death of
Robert L. Kelly on the night of De
cember 10, 1912. Tho complaint al
leged that the street car was moving
at a rapid speed, without adequate
lights and without, giving proper
alarm of tts approach. The complaint
asked for damages amounting to
City Pays for Hydrants.
J. A. Sumraorsett appeared before
city council at its specisil session re
cently and asked that the i -ty de
fray the expense of placing new fire
hydrants within the inclosure of tho
state hospital for the insane and of
repairing all the old fire plugs. After
discussing the matter, council decid
ed that it could not pay for such
work and ?he resolution by Council
man Stieglitz ordering thc town io
pay the necessary expenses, waa
Canning Club Directress Busy.
Miss Dorothy^ Napier, directress of
' the girls' canning clubs in Richland
? county, working under the direction
i 1 of the United States department of
i 1 agriculture, Winthrop College and the
-jColumbia chamber of commerce, has
; j boen at kev desk in lite office of tho
.. -bamber about a month and a half.
, j During this time she has covered the
.?county, enrolled 112 girls in ll clubs,
[ and Richland now ass more ambitious
, girls in her canning clubs than any
[ other county In the state. Several new
clubs have been organized.
Hearing on Freight Rate3.
l Hearing on the petition for a read
r Justment of freight rates in South
. Carolina will he held before the rail
I road commission April 15. The petl
- tion was filed by members of the
? South Carolina Freight Rate Assoei
) ation. On the Hame date a hearing
. will he hold before the commission
I on the question of starch rates from
j Charleston. The shippers hold that
) when Btarch is delivered at Charles*
I ton by the steamship lines and reload*
. ed on freight carsi tho intrastate ;
freight rate should applj,
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