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FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, i9l5
THE INDEPENDENT, ELIZABETH CITY, N. C V
tup DDnnotreeiUP PARMER one
Our Occasional Observance.
A man will sit by the nour match
tag pennies, but if Ms wife asks Mm
mftcb a piece of dress goofe whatta
bowl of rage and indignation there d
A foreigner on a visit to England
is at a loss to understand why, in
the houses of parliament each party
has a whip for its own party , when it
wants to bent the rvther party. ,
year and THE INDEPENDENT one
year, both for $2,25. Send your order
direct to THE INDEPENDENT, "Eliz
abeth City, N. C.
W. 0. SAUNDERS, Editor
I I f
a .; f vj
Published every Friday by W. O. Saunders at 505 East Fear
ing St., Elizabeth City, Pasquotank County, INormA.aroiina.
ck.h- RafA; 1 Year $1.50: 6 months $1.00: 3
months 50c: Payable in Advance.
Entered 2nd class matter at the po. of Rca at Elizabeth City, N. C. June 9, 1908
FRIDAY, SEPT. 5, 1919 NO. 581
THe World Move.
HERE were no labor problems in the days of the Pharaohs,
k A Pharaoh wanted a pyramid built as a tomb for his royal
carcass. Millions of tons of stone had to be hewn justed
and placed in postion by human labor, unassited by the perfect
ed mechanics of modern times. Hundreds of thousands of common
laborers would be required for many years in the building of one of
these colossal monuments. But there have come down to us no re
cords of strikes or other labor disturbances on these mamoth jobs.
The reason was, the laborers were serfs. They had no' choice. Had
they Tebelled, the armies of their Lord and King would have anni
Two hundred years ago the lot of the common people was
tut little better than that of the common people under ancient
Oriental despotisms. The land belonged to the king and the king
bestowed it upon such lords as served the crown. The lords paid
tribute to the king, both in money and in military support. The
people who lived upon the land paid tribute to the lord and were
compelled to pay such tribute as he exapted. The lord exacted
everything over and above the actual necessities of the life of his
peasants. The serf who might have resented th e system had to
swallow his resentment. Like the slaves of the Pharaoh he had
The common people were ever in the majority and by the
very force of their numbers could have overturned any despot and
socialized the world whenever they chose. But the idea that a serf
was as good as a king never got abroad in the world until Jesus
began preaching that revolutionary idea among the poor people of
Judea nineteen hundred years ago. And it was not until the art of
printing was invented that the idea began to get anywhere. About
four centuries ago the people began to learn to read. In two other
centuries they began to think. And then came the French Revo
lution which disposessed the Feudal Lords of their vast estates and
gave the land to the people.
In meantime the opening up of the American continent was
"placing more land at the disposal of the common people. Any Eu
iopean. outcast who could get passage to America could get land
and independence. There was more-land here than the king and
his lords knew what to do with. A thousand acres could be bought
for a red flannel shirt.
Here in America the idea of democracy was firmly establish
ed. People lived more nearly on terms of social and political equal
ity than ever before in the history of the world. The very hard
ships which they had to endure in common and their very isolation
from the rest of the world made them kindred and respectable.
But even here, slavery was introduced. Black men were
brought from Africa and set to work upon the vast estates of the
Cavaliers. Even white men, imprisoned for debt or for their reli
gious convictions in the old countries, were farmed out to these
"American estates even as convicts are now farmed out to lumber
men and turpentine operators in some of our more southern states.
It was hard for free white labor to compete with the labor
of slaves and convicts. Free white labor fared badly and was look
ed upon with contempt by the landlords. Even the slaves spoke
contemptuously of "poor white trash." Free white labor was just
"poor white trash."
The Civil War freed the slaves, broke up the great estates
and brought everybody to something like a common level. It
seems that you can't lift people to a common level; yon have toi
shake them down. The down grade is the path of least resistance
inc. Civil War not only freed the black slave, but brought
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a new economic ireeaom xo me poor wmies. ruor win-.u imsii
came into its own in open competition with the enfranchised black
But this freedom was not for long. A new master, more positive
and more powerful than slave owner, feudal lord or king was forg
ing to the front. That master was the labor saving machine.
, The machine won' its mastery by the most alluring and seduct
ive methods. The home that was self supporting and independent
soon became a slave to the machine. It became easier to buy nails
at a general store than to peg the clapboards of one's home together
with wooden pins. It was easier to send one's cotton to the Whit
ney gin than to separate the lint from the seed by hand. The bright
hued rugs and carpets from the mills were more alluring than the
homely tho not less serviceable rag rugs made in the home. It was
easier to buy woolens from the mills than to make the homespuns
on the back-breaking hand loom at home. The piece of factory
made soap was a more attractive article than the hard, rough home
made product of grease, lye and wood ashes. -
Gradually the machine broke down the common industries of
the home until the home became a more or less hollow shell in
which families spent their nights between days of labor to acquire
money to exchange for the products of the machine. People forgot
how to make their clothes, forgot how to put things in repair.'
The women even forgot how to preserve fruits and vegetables.
Labor saving machinery never saved labor anything. You see,
labor never owned the machines. The machines were controlled
by a few, and the few used the machines to impoverish the millions
who enjoyed no such ownership. .! .A little group of bankers acquired
lhat vast machine known as our rail road system, upon which every
man, woman and child in the land is now more or less .dependent
The owners of that machine have acquired fabulous wealth' while
the people have' paid tribute to their machine. - A -little1 group of
five acquired that vast machine known as the packing industry, and
dictate the price the farmer shall get for his produce and the price
the consumer shall pay for his food.
Within a few years we have seen the world come to be domi
nated by the owners of the machines' and their bankers. It has been
a great system and it might have worked indefinitely, but greed
became the master of the masters.
Within the past decade we have seen the system breaking
down. The machines piled up gftods faster than the people could
buy them back, because trie-people received too small a share of the
product of their labor.. When the people could not buy, the ma
chines shut down. That threw people out of employment and made
LIBER TY and
WO of the Greatest Words in
the lexicon of Democratic
America. Lay the foundation
for both by opening a Bank Account.
The same Ready, Attentive, Prompt and
Courteous Service that has built the Savings
Bank & Trust Company to a bank of more than
$1000,000.00 Resources is at the disposal,
for the asking, of all individuals and corpora
tions in this section.
Savings Bank' .&- 1
The Bank of Character, Strength and Service
ELIZABETH CITY, N. C.
P. H. WILLIAMS President H. G. KRAMER, Cashier
E. F. AYDLETT, Vice-President W. H. JENNINGS, Assistant Cashier
The Woman's Wear Store
c a package
DAME FASHION has arranged
some wonderfully good-looking
style and color effects for this
season- and at the same time
has blended the durable and
practiced garment into the
season's costumes as has not
been done in many seasons.
We have been very fortunate in securing the bulk of our fall stock before the re
cent price advances and we are in a position to save you money' on any garment you
c a patftase
during fbe war
c a package
THE FLAVOR LASTS
SO DOES THE PRICE!
Each day is adding to our wonderfully complete showing of stylish Coats, Suits and
Dresses We have never had a better assortment than we will show this season.
WE WILL BE GLAD TO HAVE YOU LOOK THESE GARMENTS OVER
M. Leigh Sheep Go.
'A drug store that can give me
just what I want in tablets, pencils,
pens and other school things is
the store that will get my trade."
But that is just one part of the
modern service of our store. Not
only all sorts of school supplies but
the marry home needs of the
school boy will be satisfactorily
Handy for Stationery
Buy it by the box, by the pound or
in tablets. The very best grade
that you can secure for the price
you wish to invest can be purchased
here at a saving in time and trouble.
We can show an array of tints and tex
tures large enough to include your favonte.
The Apothecary Shop
D D D
Tennessee Rock Lime
. . - . : -
A Little MASCOT on every farm. MASCOT Don't boy
the so-called "Just as good" kind.
Finely Pulverized-Readily Available
American Limestone Company
. Knoxville, Tennessee
L. L. WINDER Elizabeth City, N.C
s Sales Agent
(Editorial Concluded on Page 5)
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