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TME INDEPENDENT, ELIZABETH CITY, H.C
111 lY-:CttMi!-BOY:A LfrBUJ F
Are you going to be always satisfied renting a home or a
Elizabeth City and Pasquotank County has
Better schools, better roads, better methods of farming keeps values up.
ftirfhftr enhance values. Don't wait Buy now.
farm? Listen to your better judgment and buy NOW! I
as doubled in value in the past 10 years (
s show. you. '
Hirry M. Seeley
1 Phone 371 313 Hinton Bld'g
$500,000.00 in brick roads in this county will
We have many desirable city homes, farms and city residential lots to
See us for anything in realresjev , ;
V R N. Davis
ELIZABETH CITY, N. C. Phone 765, 313 Hinton Bld'g
PROBLEMS THAT FARMERS
WANT SETTLED RIGHT
By GEORGE P. HAMPTON
Managing Director of The Farmers'
Here is an article written by a man
who knows what farmers are thinking.
He tells how farmers want certain great
pending questions solved. After reading
the article, try to recall whether the
Democratic and Republican parties stand
for the things the farmers want. Is it
any wonder that more and more is heard
about the formation of a now party? Is
it not about time a new party, were
for their support for legisaltion at Wash
ington. Many efforts are made to de
tract attention from the major issues.
The Farmers' National Council, after a
careful surrey of the situation and con
ditions in America today, believes - that
a few major economic is-oes should hare
the attention and concentrated efforts of
farmers until they are solved, and solved
m a democratic, way to protect the rights
of the tillers of the soil. We do not un
derestimate the importance of other is
sues, which arise from time to time, such
as the minor methods of big business to
! coerce and exploit the farmers. We
Many calls are made upon the farmers recognize that mistakes, and sometimes
W. T. CULEPPER '
L. B. CULPEPPER
Get Ready For
Cold .Weather's Coming
You will find many little needs around the home that
will require a trip to a hardware store.' Give this store a
trial. We sarry pretty much everything in dependable
hardware. You will find our goods the best and our prices
right. We will deem it a pleasure to serve you.
Culpepper Hardware Co.
17 No. Water St. Elizabeth City, N. C.
worse, on the part of administrative of
ficials at Washington, harass the farmers
and often injurethem financially. Such
conditions can, however, with few excep
tions, be remedied by application either
to cabinet members or to those directly
responsible for administration.
The big economic issues, which must
"be solved, however, for the benefit of the
farmers, also of all other workers or
recided against them are J
1. Control of the meat packing indus
2. Our policy on paying for the war.
3. Disposition of the railroads.
4. Disposition of the ships constructed
by the government at the expense of
. 5. Our policy on our natural resources.
6. The money and credit. systm.
Farmers Weary of Old Methods
It is almost of equal importance that
the Department of Agriculture should be
made an agency to improve economic con
ditions of the farmers and not chiefly to
increase production, and that 'the farm
ers of America should know the exact
cost of production of farm products so
that agriculture may be put upon a bus
iness basis; while a system of marketing
must also be reorganized and put upon a
really efficient and business basis to en
courage cooperative business and to eli
minate unnecessary speculative middle
men. In order that farmers may have
the facts upon which to proceed, the
Federal Trade Commission should not
only be maintained, but its activities
should be increased and its power to
serve the people should be multiplied.
The Kenyon-Anderson Bill to deal
with the meat packing industry, while
drafted primarily to remedy the situation
under which the Big Five packers have
accumulated a wealth of about $1,000,
000,000 and a capitalization of well over
$500,000,000 and increased their annual
sales to around $4,000,000,000, neverthe:
less applies a new principle to 'the in
dustrial life of America. nis principle
is that the public interest must be the
test of the methods, size and activities
of a corporation. During the last de
cade the packers have marvelously in
creased their financial resources, their
The demand for cheaper farm lands has caused us
to extend our activities to other territories, and we have
succeeded in securing near Norfolk, Virginia about 50
places that are remarkable bargains.
These farms are all within 10 to 25 miles of Norfolk,
in an excellent community, on highly improved hard
surf ace roads, near good churches and schools, and are
equally as good as the higher priced North Carolina
We have opened an office at Fentress, Virginia, 20
miles this side of Norfolk in charge of Mr. John E.
Corey, who will be glad to show you any of these proper-
ties at any time' you desire. Take the Norfolk-Southern
train at Elizabeth City, first informing Mr. Corey that
you will be there, and he will meet you in his car and
show you these properties, giving you time to catch the
next train to Elizabeth City.
Mr. Corey or our home office will be glad to furnish
you any particulars.
Washington, N. G.
THE SCHOOL TEACHER
(By Ralph Pool
The eacher lives a zestful life!7 which s not always one
sweet song; her days are ofttimes tilledwith strife that helps
to speed the time along:. -
It has been said that teachers hold of jobs the very soft
est brand; by many goofs the tale is told that teachers are
a careful band. They do not go to work till nine, nor does
.the sweat roll from their brows. "In faith, a sinecure too
"fine", the critic oftentimes allows. At four P. M. the school
doth close, and teachers are supposed to rest until the morn
ing whistle blows, br-so the wise guys would suggest. Let
all who think the pedagogue arid schoolma'am blessed be
yond their share, relieve themselves of mental fog by teach
ing in a school somewhere.'
The urchins whom she educates with learning weighty
and profound, unmindful of their future fates, are prone at
time her nerves to pound. "Whence comes 'the breeze?" one
fain would know; another asks, "Why is the air?"; while she
must hide her inward woe, nor. let them see her blank de
spair. All that the scribes and Pharisees, the learned gentle
men of yore, learned are their funeral obsequies, must be
within her stock of lore. Each dime of her small roll of cash,
if she be worthy of her place, is earned by work which would
abash the working-rnan in every case. -t.
profits and their power. A packer rep
resentative recently stated publicly in a
middle western state: "The packing bus
iness is as large as the government it
self." Such a challenge must not go
Packers A Masses To Farmers
The investigations . of the Federal
Trade Commission and the testimony-
brought out at the hearings last winter
on the meat packing industry show that
the packers have monopolized the meat
packing industry. They are reaching out
for, and are well on the way to, domi
nation of the whole food supply of Amer
ica. No greater menace could exist fdr
the farmers of America, as well as for
the consumers. The farmers know from
their own experience the control which
the packers have exerted since the Civil
War and that the forces of righteousness
and democracy have never lined up in a
more clear cut and urgent battle on
special privilege than today in this test
between the packers and the people.
While Modifications of the Kenyon-
Anderson Bill may be necessary, tne
demonstration that the- packers do not
control the government has, been long
overdue. This must be made by the
enactment of the Kenyon-Anderson Bill,
no matter how many millions of dollars
the packers may spend to prevent the
enactment of this measure. We estimate
that the enactment of this bill will give
farmers $80,000,000 to 100,000,000 a
year additional for their livestock and
other farm products.
Our total national debt is now about
$26,000,000,000 and from present indica
tions it will be by the end of this year
about $30,000,000,000, or nearly one
eighth, of the total national wealth. Some
there was a
who fell sick. His physician
' prescribed the proper medicine '
for his case. On returning to
see the patient two days later
he found him no better.
The medicine was on the man
If you need to wear glasses
PUT THEM ON. They wfll
, do you no good as long as they
are in our stock.
4 KODAK STORES 4
Norfolk & Richmond
$,000,000,000 of this is loans to our
allies which may or may not be repaid as
all of Europe is in financial chaos and
fundamental economic reform is neces
sary to enable European countries to
produce, while they must greatly increase
production to enable them to pay their
, A national debt ' of $50,000,000,000
means a per capita debt of $275 or $2,
250 for a family of eight and $1,650 for
a family of six. At 4 1-2 per cent the
interest charges on this debt for a fam
ily of eight are almost exactly $100 and
for a family of six, $75. This burden
will be on them for decades if we may
judge from our experience following the
Civil War, through refunding the debt un
les we tax very heavily incomes, war
profits, estates and the value of land held
for speculation. By the end of the fiscal
year, our own national debt, exclusive of
the loans to our allies, which we must
realize may not be paid, will be around
$22,000,000,000. Including interest on
this at 4 1-2 per cent, te amount to be
raised by taxes to clear off our national
debt will amount to $40,000,000,000, ana
will be much more than this, if the plans
of the big interests are adopted. A very
large proportion of this debt is held by
one per cent of our population.
Mr. McAdoo, while secretory of the
Treasury, 'stated that the annual federal
budget for many years after the war will
be about $4,000,000,000, that is, close to
$40 per capita, or $320 a year for a
family of eight. About 22,50,0 persons,
less than one-fiftieth of one per cent of
the total population, own approximately
$70,000,000,000 or nearly one-third of
the total national wealth.
Farmers Want Wealth Taxed
The financial interests of the country
are attempting to have a system of tax
ation adopted which will exempt these
beneficiaries of monopoly and special
privilege from paying their share of the
cost of the war and put it upon the
workers of the country, of whom the
farmers constitute about one-half. In
1917 the total net income was about
$9,000,000,000 and the total corporate in
come was nearly $10,500,000,000. The
Farmers' National Council, through its
National Committee on War Finance
tried to get Congress to levy taxes which
would have raised nearly $12,000,000 in
stead of the approximate $300,000,000
raised in the last revenue bill. It urges
tlat not only the highest rates of taxs
levied during the war should be continued
until the full cost of the war has been
paid but that the government should
levy as high taxes as have Leon levied ir
any country during the war. Had we
adopted the British income tax rate up
t'o $40,'u0. taken all incowes of over
$100,000, and levied rates similar to. the
British rates on incomes of $40,000 to
$100,000, we .would have raised in the
last revenue bill nearly $4,500,000 more
by the personal income tax than the
rates actually- adopted will raise. . -.'...
The program of the Farmers' National
Council for paying for the war would
save the farmers of America at least
$1500,000,000 a year for many years to
come by getting this revenue from the
war profiteers and monopolists of Amer
ica; This the Farmers' National Com
mittee on War Finance is trying to have
Theailroads of the country are now
capitalized for about $19,000,000. , The
Farmers' National Council, through its
National Committee on Transportation,
has been working to secure a fair valua
tion of the railroads, which will cut down
(Couclhdedon page 7) j
This Illustrated Free Book
v Modern Method of Decorating"
will be of great value to you and your decorator
in planning the interior decorations of your home.
It contains instructive articles on art in the home,
color harmony, concrete information regarding
the artistic finishing of your walls and ceilings.
All suggestions and practical advice come horn
experienced decorators. A great many color plates
designed by leading artists vividly show attractively
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illustrations and articles from bathroom to parlor. .
It also gives exact specifications for obtaining har
monious color effects with PEE GEE FLATK0ATT,
the modern durable, sanitary flat oil finish. It comes in
srich,, deep, velvety .'colors, which are easily combined
mnto the most charming color schemes. '
Ask us for Free Book or write direct to
Peaslee-Gaulbert Co., Louisville, Ky.
STANDARD DRUG COMPANY
Elizabeth City, N. C
: r' tsfS-
,. (mMyi - ' & - - j
Norfolk Engraving Co.
iTiunvi o va, a. i iiiiiug a j.u.vww
: 217 Granby St. s Norfolk, Va.
M. F. OWENS & CO.
BELANGA & FORBES COMPANY
Wholesale Receivers of Country Produce of all Kinds
Poultry and Eggs a Specialty
Top Market Prices Quick Returns Write for Tags
M. F. OWENS & CO.
Elizabeth Cry, N. i"
211 N. Water Street.
The Elizabeth City Baggy Company
Manuf acturers of Buggies, & Dealers in American WireFence
We Sell For Cash or On Time
Matthews Street Elizabeth CityN. C.