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THE ViDZPEUDZliT, CLI2AL2TH CITY, U. C
j xvx.r x , our X -CLMBER 12
( "We are now receh ng fine, fat, tasty
Norfolk Oysters, fresh daily. Phone 810
and we" will -deliver promptly. D. R.
MUNDEN & SON, City 'Market. ad-
THE PROGRESSIVE FARMER one
year and THE INDEPENDENT one
yearboth for $2,25. Send your order
direct to THE INDEPENDENT, Eliz
abeth City, N. C. :
T i iTiannp i s roasted
in New Orleans Iqy The
ofgood coffee! , For
I6ears The Reifer-T
lor Company has gua
an teed every pound or
AT HOME AND yMROAD
A Review and Interpretation of
. Current Events as Seen by
- " P coffee
GUARANTEE . .
If, after mine enttr con
tent of tba can according
to directions, you are not
satisfied in BTery respect,
. your grocer will refund
the money yon paid for it.
L & R2 SEH3B-PASTE PAINTS
BEST THAT CAN BE MADE
Cost to you $3.25 a Gallon when made ready to use
RECOMMENDED BY SATISFIED USERS FOR OVER 40 YEARS
Obtain COLOR CARD from pur Agents or .
LONGMAN & MARTINEZ Manufacturers New York
"WHO'S 'TO BLAME?"The editor says
with reference to some . things I had
tn. v on the high prices: "it wouia
- interesting for Dr. Paschall to take
day off and ten us wno is responsi
ble for the loafing.'? --.--"
Well, I have no day to take off, but
one thing I know mighty certain: 1 am
not responsible for it. I- have had a
standing job to offer any one willing to
A n,AV nn mv little form.. IllSt tO UO
the nlowintr. so that I and my little boys
could do the rest.. That Ijob has been
onen vfor six months. -, JL have ; oiierea
from'two to three dollars a day to get
it done. Two dollars. a day. ,is the .usual
wage here, I did get two or three negro
boys to pretend to take the job. .1 had
paid one of them off the roads. He work
ed, out his fine and iiu,. after' ; he ha
planted my' cotton 4 inches deep. -5 The'
others have- done ' worse. Jt took . the
last one I had a full half, day to pretend
to break up my turnip patch. ' He did
not do the work right," and I was oblig
ed to do it myself and I broke it well,
in an hour.
Now, if- President Wilson or - anyone
else is responsible for the loafing' of
these sorry negroes I wish he would set
about . stopping it. It is hard to get
anything done in these parts though a
crowd o f idlers meet every train.
It 'was just such loafers, of these thatj men and profiteers
Utxa uiiuuicu iuai ma bug
certainly correct. But as T, am chal
lenged, I will try to offer some sugges
tions of my own., . , v r
- First one cause of highA prices is the
unwillingness of our young men to re
main on the farm; This unwillingness is
is of long standing a quarter, of a -cen
tury old, at least, jt it has no doubt
been accentiated by :the war, especially
among. negro . boys. Ybe se boys ... have
returned from camp . or from France a j
are ready to go to Pittsburg to' work
in the steel plants or to Detroit to
work in an automobile factory wbere
they get from five to" ten dollars a day.
This leaving the farm results in fewer
farm products, brings ' about an increase
in wages of good farm hands,' and en
able the slackers j on the farm to make
a living such as 'satisfies him .by work
ine only a few hours a week.- Hence
the farmers.' products" are not only less,
but also more costly to make, and he
has to have a higher price or quit his
farm. All the time up yonder at. Pitts
burg and Detroit are those laborers
making the big wages, and, ready to pay
any price asked for anything, and to
blow in the last cent they make. It is
these fellows with the ready cash that
are the greatest support of the'.middle-
I had in mind when I was writing on
the high cost of loafing last week, a
phrase which I. found made-the subject
of and editorial in the Scientific Amer
ican. It is a fine phrase but I did not
claim it as mine. I only meant that loaf-,
ing was one of the contributory causes
of the present high prices. I believe
there are several . other causes, but to
tell in just what way these several cau
ses are' related to one another would
I think it will he found true that
it is after all the price of labor that fix
es the prices of food. As labor rises in
price so does food. Where labor is
cheap food is correspondingly .cheap.
Where labor is paid extravagant prices
the price of food will keep pace. This
would. not be so if laborers would save
their money, but it is well known that
no matter how high their wages, nine-
tenths of the laborers spend all they
reuire a much wiser person than I. I make. The profiteers fairly fatten on
have read many 'suggestions, but no one 'laborers wages. ,
As for "the loafing element in the, la
bor matters, I believe that is largely
due to the laborers themselves. It is
one of . the : principles of the labor un
ions that only so ; much work "should be
done in a given time; the plumber must
wipe only so many joints . a day; the
caroenter must nail .. on only so many
laths,' The labor unions say that this
is a means of securing good work-and of
being suVe that , there is enough worK
to go round. ? But any system that does
not; call for every 'Tnan's individual best
: seems to me perancious. ,. v.
This loafing popensity of labor was
Ret . forward' ereatly; by the Adamsoi
Railway Wage Law "of September 1916.
I suppose every one will agree .mat cms
law was due not-to the owners of the
i-atirnaAa Unt tn h a ' Four Brotherhoods.
These brotherhoods refused arbitration
and with watch in hand demanded, me
law by a certain hour under the. threat
of starving the people" of the . great cit
ies. They got the law they, "wanted. One
of its main, features is the ' recognition
of. the eight hour day for rbalrbad ' em
ployees with, pay for an hour and a half
for every hour 'worked in excess of eight
hours a day.' . .
See the fesult? The crew of a train
does not care how slowly their train
Tuns for the more slowly it goes thei
more they make. In a little more than ,
a year after this ! law ; went into effect j
the condition of freight and passenger
service on our railroads was so bad that
the Government had to take the railroad
over and run them. As I said above
the labor" unions have insisted on limit
ing the amount of work, but it remained
for the railroad employees to make loaf-J
ing on the job profitable under the pro
tection of the national government.
Considering the matter from another
side, undoubtedly the war has had mlich
to do with the demoralization of labor
and the consequential high prices. I
for one am glad we entered the war,
and in general I approve what Mr. Wil
son has -done in regard to it. I liked
the selective draft because it applied to
rich and poor alike, though the favorit
ism of some local, boards doubtless ex
empted some who ought not to have
been exempted. The trouble was that
"when we were drafting, soldiers at $30
a month,: we did not go further and
-Iraft for work on war industries au
f dreieners and all Americans seeking
bomb-Droof jobs. We ought to have
drafted them and fixed their wages. Be
cause we did not draft them, -what hap
pened? Soon the Government and the
war industries were offering extravagant
wages in their efforts to secure labor
ers. And .when the laborers came many
of them were about as big slackers as
ever- pretended to work Ask . any man
who was in a ship yard or on canton
ment work anywhere f and , he ; will tell
you the spirit of the squad. It was to
loaf on the job; to show? a sign of in
dustry .under the eye of the boss, but' a
other times to ' do -as .littlii as . possible.
Some of - his ; spirit ; has OidVerHii
time of peace.. . . , : ' ' . ' ;- '
Soou another 'thing -happened - Men
went , over . the country, preaching , that
the wage ' scale established i in the 'war
must not be lowered. ; Theyj did not
reckon that the only; reason that Cncle
Sam could pay such wages was that he
was borrowing the accumulated savings
ofmepedple-ffu century "of
prosperity. Naturall prices of every
thing including labor "'should have re
turned to a peace- basis after the war.
But. quite ; the opposite has happened.
The price .of labor is. advancing and so
is the price of the necessities of life.
It" is in just this condition of affairs
that the profiteer flourishes. - The high
er - the ' price s, the more money . for him.
Heexacts toll not -only from the" great
army of wage earners whose wages have
increased, but from the people on xii-
aries, and those who 'charge for their
services a' fixed fee sucb as physicians,
lawyers and many public officials.- It is
the teachers, preachers, doctors, editors,
etc that are being ground down - under
the increasing weight of high prices. For
they, must pay prices ue,ond them. '
It hardly needs to be said that the
scoundrels who are taking advantage of
the present unsettled conditions to make
themselves rich by making, extravagant
profits ought to be made amenable to
&w, and severly punished. I would have
the Government deal with no gentle
hands with the guilty packers, sugar re
finers, leather dealers, shoe and,.-clothing
manufacturers. It seems almost certain
that the railroad owners have tried to
destroy the efficiency of the National
Hairoad Administration. Here too pun
isnment snould be meted out to the
I have not told who. is responsible for
the loafing, except to say that it is large
ly individuals wlio loaf. Things are. in
a bad fix as a result of influences long
m iorce ana or others set to work by me
war. But I do not despair. Once peace
is established we shall find that the
American people will get over their un
rest. f Everybody will . set about corrects
ing the wrongs. Laws will be passed
and the guilty punished. In the mean
time we will try to be charitable to
others, and ready to sacrifce of need be
personal interest, to the comman good
This is a way the American people have
I am glad I am an American.
A Dollar Lost is
a Dollar Gone;
is Eyesight Gone
v ' If you have a hole in Jour
: f (Pocket and you are losing y0Ur
', .money through the opening, you
' had better have a tailor sew
: up ,Jhe , rent. If you have an
: ! ' eyesight weakness through
: which your vision energy js
- leaking you should have us rem-
edy the defect with glasses
scientifically fitted. We will be
"glad to help you over your eye
4 KODAK STORES 4
Norfolk and Richmond
etlfour Engine Test Polaririe
Your motor can prove the value of Polarine Motor Oils more con
vincingly than all the laboratory tests in the world.
Draw all the old oil out of the crank case, fill with kerosene, spin
the engine for twenty seconds, draw all the kerosene offrefill
with Polarine then take your car out and notice the added
power and pep and increased mileage.
ONE UNIFORM QUALITY
Notice how it keeps compression tight
and prevents power from leaking past
, the pistons. . '
Notice how quietly your engine runs
because Polarine does not break down
at engine heats. It keeps a cushioning
film of pure lubricant between all en
gaging surfaces. Reduces vibration
Remember that more than SO Jo of all
engine troubles are caused by incor
rect lubrication. Insist on Polarine Motor
Polarine Oil Heavy
Polarine Oil Extra Heavy
Also. Polarine Transmission Oils and Greases
for the lubrication of Motor- Cars; Motor
Trucks; Kerosene and Gasoline Tractors;
Farm and Stationary Gas Engines; Motorcy
cles; Motor Boats, etc.
For Sale by All Reliable Garages, Accessory
and Hardware Stores.
For maximum power and most miles per gal
Ion, buy Standard Motor Gasoline at reliable
garages and dealers everywhere.
Look for the sign the sign of a reliable dealer.
-, . 7
STANDARD OIL COMPANY (NEW JERSEY)
Garages art d Dealers Selling Polarine Oils:
Elizabeth City, N. C
Auto Supply & Vulcanizing Co.
L D. Overton.
Aulahder, N. C.
Aulander Live Stock. & Supply Co.
J. W. Herring.
Columbia, N.' C.
S. M. Combs Garage
Creswell, N. C.
J. N. Davenport.
Cblerain, N. C.
W. G. Adams. -
Edenton, N. Q.
E. I .'Warren
J. A. Mitchener.
Gatesville, N. C.
J. W. Brown.
Manson, N. C.
Darling Supply Co.
. Mackeys, N. C.
W. A. Ainsley.
Plymouth, N. C.
Plymouth Mercantile Co.
Plymouth Garage & Motor Co.
T. A. Stubbs, Central Garage
L. R. Davenport
E. M. Beasley.
Pungo, N. C.
I J. Allen.
Sunbury, ri. C. "
J. M. Byrum & Bro.
South Mills, N. C:
C. R. Morgan.
Currituck, N. C, Sept 10, 1919 Cur
rituck High School opened Monday, Sept.
8, for a nine months' term. The teach
ers are Mrs. Pease, of Oxford, principal,
teaching 8th, 9th, 10th and ,11th grades;
Miss Genevieve HoDoman, of Currituck,
teaching 5th, 6th 'and 7th grades; Miss
Pauline Tate, of Long Point, teaching 1st,
2nd, 3rd and 4th grades.
Mrs. T. E. Ballance and grandson
Lawrence spent the week-end with rela--tives
at St. Brides.
Miss Fannie Banks, of Elizabeth pity,
is visiting relatives here."
Miss Myrtle Talbert, of Norfolk, has
returned home, after a visit to friends
Mr. and Mrs. Dewey Culpepper, of Nor
folk, spent Sunday here with Mrs. CJut
peppers parents,. Mr. and Mrs. Charles
Miss Evelyn Whitson, of Norfolk, has
been visiting friends here for the past
Miss Mamie Snowden has returned
to .her home at Maple, after a visit tn
relatives in Elizabeth City.
Mr. and Mrs. Tom Davis snent th
week-end with relatives at Camden.
Misses Elizabeth Saunders and Ernes
tine Ballance of Elizabeth City have been
Friends of Miss Zuma Ballance
glad to say. she will be out aeain.
Mr. Walton Walker: of Coiriiock.
ounday with friends at Manle.
Miss Sue Boswood, of Made, is visit
ing her sister at Sligo.
Mr. Lonnie Caffee and friend. Mr. Cor-
nicJc, of .Virginia Beach, spent Sundav
nere with friends.
Mr. Z. B. Taylor, of Maple, is still very
. . Their hair i beginning now
to streak with gray and around
the .eyes the "crow feet" deep
en. SOME day you'll wish that
you had "KODAKED" them
and preserved their looks as
they appeared in nineteen nine
teen. We have most reasonable
little kodaks for home use. Let
us show you. You can't regret.
G. L HAij
4 KODAK ST0RES-4
Norfolk & Richmond
Apparently because he was despondent
over the fact that the ship he had in
charge ran aground on his first trip as
skipper, Captain R. E. Cochran. 24 vears
old, committed suicide in his quarters
on me scnooner William H. Sumner by
shooting himself through the temple. The
schooner was aground some six miles
above Wrightsville Beach.
Caught between the elevator and the
elevator shaft when she attemnted to
operate the elevator to carry her to the
second floor, Miss Ethel Brown, 19-year-
old - Wilmington girl, Was horribly man
gled, and later , died of her injuries in
a :local hospital. ; It seems that the at
tendant was out at the time, andMiss
Brown's screams shortly after she en
tered the building Attracted . a crowd,
members of which tore away the grfll
work and rushed her. to the hospital.
"I Spent a $1 on Rat-Snap aa Saved
the Price of a Hog."
. James McGuire, famous Hog Raiser of
New Jersey says, "I cdvise every farmer
troubled with. rats to' use RAT-SNAP
Tried eycrything to get rid of rats.;peni
$1 on RAT-SNAP. Figured , the rats' it
Kiuea saved the price of hog." RAT
SNAP comes in cake form. No mixinsr
with other food. Cats or dogs won't
touch" it. ' Three : sizes 25c, 50c, $1.00.
Sold and ' guaranteed bv fTFTV . TRTTO
STORE, CULPEPPER HDW. CO., and
U. W. TWIUUI. A2-4t
"Is wholesome and effi
cientalways gives good
results is uru-
form in value
Buy' it today
Now over First &
UNITED STATES RAILROAD
Round Trip Excursoin Fares
': ' Summer Toyrists
Tickets on sale May 15th limited for re-
-Virginia Beach, Va. Morehead City, N. C-
-ape iienry, va. Beaufort, iN-
Norfolk . Va.
to above named, points. Tickets on sale
erery Saturday and Sunday, May 24th
to SeDtember 7th limited to return Tues
day following date of sale. '
i. Sunday Excursions
Virriaia Beach. Vs. Morehead Citv. N.
Cape Henrv. Va- "Roaufort. N. C.
Norfolk, Va.. v t . Nags Head, N. C.
, . ? v, . . ... ... Manteo, Jf.- C
Ticketa on' sale every Sunday limited to
dav of Rfilo Ufav 9JCfT n jSantemhpr 8th.
For Fares, descriptive folders and other
information apply to nearest ticket agent.
THE LATEST PATTERNS
IN WALL PAPER
7o Apiece, Gilt 10c Apiece
Window Shades, All Colors
36x72 ........... 65c, 80c and $1.25
SOXUO .80c. 90c and si.ou
Floor Stains, qt. . .v
THOMAS & MESSER CO.,
1015 W. Baltimore Street