Newspaper Page Text
FRIDAY, JUNE 3, 1921.
THE INDEPENDENT, ELIZABETH CITY, N. C
LIVE MEN WILL
Jump at This Offer
A few live salesmen will profit by
answering this ad. Others will
wait and wish they had. Willys
Light Junior is a new power and v
light plant selling for $295.00,
other" sizes for every need at pre
war prices. Every one in your vi
cinity without central station cur- -
rent a good prospect. Greatly re
duced prices and an easy payment
plan makes this an unusually at
tractive proposition. Dealers
backed by national organization.
This is a great opportunity for a
few live salesmen who will act
H. E. CROOK CO.,
Willys Light Division .
No. 28 Light St.
"And There Wasn't the Slightest Smell
from Dead Rats."
Writes John Simpkins, farmer of
Annandale, N. J.: "Eats were costing
uie hundreds yearly; tried dogs, ferrets,
iioison, could not get rid of them.
Bought $1.23 pkg. of RAT-SNAP (5
cakes.) "Used half, not a live rat since.
Dead ones a plenty. I like RAT-SNAP
because after killing rats it dries them
p leaves no' smell." Three sizes, 35c,
Sold and guaranteed by Culpepper
Hardware Store, City Drug Store,- G.
-re T-ariAHv. -Trhn C! Rnnd. Edenton: W.
A." Leggett, Edenton; Sawyer's General
Some Interesting Facts' About
Farms, Farmers and
Farming. V; "-
.' ' ' - 4 '
Tt is a Tlitiful rnmmpnfurr nn Vo mte.
dom of mankind that when America has
greater crops than ever before known
there are almost sure to be twice as
many people in the land in need of food
as there are when the crops are email.
This has worked out after this fashion
so many times that one United States
congressman has made the statement in
Drint that he does not know how the
farmers of the country would get along
n it were not ior tne pests tnat rum
portions, of the crops every year. , ,
'-vThe'. production of food in the United
States is not decreasing: it is increas
ing. The average grain, potato, peach,
pear and apple production per year from
1911 to 1915 inclusive was 3.820.510.-
000 bushels, while for 1919 it was 6,-
183,171,000 bushels. In .1920 the pro
duction was unnrecedented. the com
bined yield of the ten principal crops
running thirteen per cent above the
average for the five years preceding;
and the corn crop was so large that it
did not pay "to N gather it, and yet in
Connecticut hundreds of school children
Since 1916 the value of the agricul
tural output of the United States, ex
pressed in terms of that wobbling thing
which we call the dollar, has each year
exceeded twenty billion dollars. In 1919
the total was nearly twenty-five bil-
SOLD DURING THE FIRST; QUARTER OF 1921 more
cars than any other company' (except Ford) in number
and value. To be exact 9,850 more than the AVERAGE
company. Only one company coming within 5,200 cars of
its sales. '
AND NOW in order to put its product practically be
yond competition, it has further-improved all models in
many particulars and materially reduced prices to the fol
lowing pre-war level:
Roadster, $1,450; Touring, $1,485; Coupe, 1.850;
Roadster, $1,750; Touring, $1,800; Coupe, $2,650;
Touring, $2,185; Coupe, $3,100;
Delivered to the owner.
J. H. McMullap Jr,
All Northeastern North Carolina.
During the month of June we will give a free tube
with every purchase of a
PENNSYLVANIA VACUUM CUP TIRE.
'These tubes are Pennsylvania Vacuum Cup Tubes of
the same high quality as the tires themselves. Tire prices
as good as you carl get.
D. M. Jones Co.
. ELIZABETH CITY, NORTH CAROLINA
lion dollars ; but in j.920, with larger
crops, the value was . estimated at, $19,-.
856,000,000 or $5,105,000,000 below the
total for the preceding year..
In the month of May, 1920, a general
scare was sent out through, ail tne pa
pers of the country that owing to the
shortage nf farm labor there was a, prac
tical certainty that the whole counrty
would be faced with a food shortage.
As late as June 15th the publisher of
Farm, Stock and Home, of Minneapo
lis, was ureins the conscription of farm
labor, so that the food supply of the
country should not be menaced; and on
the same date the then governor of New
York . tate appointed a Farm Labor
Committee having as part of its mission
"the economic nroblem confronting the
farmer, iin order that there may be a
fuller production of food stuffs."
"Within a few weeks from that' time
farmers all over the country were com-
nlainine that they had lost money on
their season's work, and if they had
been able to secure all the help desired
their losses would have been greter.
In Alabama the farmers in 1920 har
vested four hundred thousand tons more
of the commodities which feed and clothe
the world than they did the previous
year, and received ?128,43t5,UUO less tor
y Farm Values and Incomes.
Uncle Sam's farmers own one-third of
the nation's total wealth. The value of
farm oroDerty is now estimated as in
excess of eighty billion dollars, which
is five times the value of all the rail
roads, twenty times the value of the
iron and ' steel industry, and forty times
the value of the textile industry. This
farm value has increased sixty-five per
rent in the nast five years and five fold
in twenty years, expressed in terms of
the dollar, which .wobbles . witn every
wobble of the stock market.
It is generally conceded that, barring
fire or other calamity, the farmer is
more sure of his home, food, clothing
and reasonable comfort than any other
worker; and yet the farmers themselves,
nri manvother on their behalf, do not
regard farmers as properly paid, when
the investment and the labor are tasen
The averaee returns on the farmer s
investments increased, from four per
cent in 1913 to seven per cent in 191S,
which, was the farmer's banner, year;
and the farmer's cash reward, over and
tho farm used
auuvy me vuwv.i.w -
by his family, was less than five hundred
dollars per year for the period. Xhis
about- equalled the average annual in
come" of the industrial workers for the
same neriod. Government figures for
1918 showed that the average net labor
income of all the farmers for that year,
including all the members of the farm
er' a familv. was twelve hundred dollars
Detailed figures of farm incomes com
niled bv the Department of Agriculture
in twenty-eight representative sections
of the United States shows tuat tne av
erage American farmer cleared ?9.61
per week for his own toil. " On one
himdrert-tvmcal Indiana farms the farm
er averaged for seven years an annual
wage of $55S, after allowing five per
cent for capital invested and giving His
family the produce they directly con
sumed on the place. In Wisconsin a
group of expenieneed farmers made a
study of their neighborhood, and came
to the conclusion that every capable, m
lnsti-ioiis man in the neighborhood ac
cumulated ten thousand dollars more of
nronerty every ten years.
CaDitalists in other lines can snow
much greater returns than this, but
workers cannot; and nothing is gained
by pointing out that the average wage
of tho farmer is less than half the av
erage wage of carpenters, bricklayers
and other skilled city workmen. me
latter must spend a fourth of their
wages, or more, for a roof over their
heads, and another fourth, or more, for
the food which the farmer raises on
his place, so that the net result is about
the same, except that the farmer can
accumulate property and does do so.
Comparing the farmers with other
canitalists it is very evident that they
do not obtain adequate returns on their
investments as compared with what oth
ers receive. There is scarcely any
other large industry in the country that
has not brought forth large fortunes for
some of the most energetic in it, yet
the intelligent handling of a farm affords
as great an opportunity for executive
ability as is needed in a mercantile or
manufacturing business, and a much
greater opportunity for hard work.
In the year 1919 three hundred and
fiftv thousand corporations m the Unit
ed States made net profits twenty-five
times greater than that of the seven
million farmers. It took five hundred
farmers to make as much as one of these
corporations. The profit of one coal
company during the "World "War was 7,
S5G per Cent.
Farm Losses in 1920.
In 1920 the average farmer lost ovfcr
a thousand dollars on his crop. The
crops were the most costly to produce
in American history but when they were
marketed the prices offered were thirty
three per cent below what they were at
planting time. The sudden drop has
left the farmer with a heavier burden
of debt than 'he ' hascarrieoT for a long
Hma -. nnrl it ia said that about one-
fourth of them are virtually bankrupt.
Much of what tne iarmer saises is
fed to his stock. The balance which he
could sell for cash brought him ,about
sixteen billion dollars in xxy, Dut in
1920 this amount was decreased by five
and one-half billion dollars; and if the
decrease in the value of live stock prod
ucts" be taken into consideration the
farmers suffered a setback in 1920
amounting to eight billion dollars. Most
of this huge loss has been absorbed in
profits by middlemen before the ultimate
cnnsnmor wns.reached, so a considerable
part-.'of the farmer's capital and credit
has 'been transferred to tnose who al-
readV have too many favors at the
hand si of those who have capital to
supply and credit to extend.
With one-third of the country en
gaged in . agriculture, the rest of the
country does twelve and one-Half times
as much "business," much of it consist
ing in swapping the farmer's products
back and forth, always at a pront, and
EeiHom to his advantage or to the ad
vantage of those who must eat Or wer
what tne iarmer proum-cn.
So aecere were the 19-0 losses that
in Texas, Kansas, Illinois and Iowa the
percentage of decreased valuation of
farm property amounted to Detween ior
ty and forty -five per cent. Lands in
the Mississippi delta which brought $400
an acre but a little more than a year
ago are now selling for $100 an acre,
and mules which then brought $250 can
now be bought for $75." There is some
rinner that in 1921 these losses may
actually produce the food shortage which
was predicted for 1920. Farmers can
hardly be blamed far not wanting to
lose the increased value bf - their lands
by producing crops at a loss; and as
the farmer -can always produce enougb
to keeD himself and his family, he has
it within his power to create a situation
more terrible in possibility than it is
Competition from Abroad.
Tt is a new experience for the Amer
ican farmer to find his own market in
vaded: but the invasions have been so
serious that during the first eight
months of 1920 the import of food
stuffs was almost exactly the same as
the exnort. and in the month of Aug
ust the imports actually exceeded the
exports to the amount of $oo,UUU,UUU.
This means that the high prices ruilng
here attracted agricultural products
from other countries to such an extent
na to make the foreign markets of
American farmers valueless to them.
Fnr the fiscal year ending June, 190,
thn United States imported the quiva-
lent of twenty-five million bushels of
nnshelled neanuts. It is estimated that
in the vear 1920 the southern farmers
lost from twelve million to fifteen mil
lion dollars due to the importation of
peanuts from China. It goes without
saying that the farmers of tne soutn
are no more able to compete witn coone
labor than is any other industry.
Tn Jnlv. 1920. one steamship brought
into New York more than four million
pounds of Danish butter, and for a long
time it came at the rate of a million
pounds a week. This is the more re
markable, coming from Denmark, be
cause at the close of the war she had
few cows, not having been able to raise
enough feed for them, or to buy it from
the United States during the war. All
this recovery has taken place in two
During the winter just past it cost
si 23 ner barrel for the Maine potato
growers, in the famous Arookstook dis
trict, to land their potatoes in iew
York, while Holland potato growers
placed them on the dock in New York
for twenty-five cents a Barrel, m tne
same winter months four hundred car
loads of finest lemorfs were dumped in
to a gulch near- Los Angeles because
they could not compete in price with
the lemons of southern Europe. The
freight charges killed all prospects of
selling these lemons even at cost.
One reason why the American farmer
is now in trouble is that, theoretically,
h has a free-trade market to sell m,
all of his products being sold at a price
which enables them to cnmpete in tne
world's markets with the competitive
products of pauper countries. But ac
tually, in 1920. he had no foreign mar
kets at all. as we have seen, and was
at the greatest possible disadvantage be
cause his own natural marKet in tne
United States was invaded.
The onlv good his foreign market did
in 1920 was to, fix fqr his products a
nriee so low that he could not sell
them for enough to. pay for raising them.
Then he had the double disadvantage
that everything he needed to purchase
was bought in a land which has now tor
fnetured articles the highest
prices of any country in the world. Pro
tection has protected the manufacturer
in America, but it has not protected the
farmer. To this we must add the fur
ther fact that the farmer has had o
pay -the highest prices for abor, due to
the scale of wages' fixed for the pro
tected manufacturing industries.
During' the years 1918 and 1919 the
prices of farm lands throughout the
country, went up and up; and those who
bought farms during those years, at
three hundred to four hundred dollars
per acre, are faced with ruin unless the
farms were bought outright for cash.
At the prjces agreed upo'n the new
owners can neer hope to pay fW them,
and the holders of mortgages on such
investments have almost as much to
worry about as the ones who did the
Improved Farm Acreage. .
Of the total land area of the United
States twenty-five per cent is improved,
ten uer cent is arable , forest or cutover
land, three per cent is swamp land
which needs to be drained before it can
be used, twcper cent is irrigable land,
four per cent is improved land other
than wood land, twenty per . .cent is
adapted to forestry but not to general
agriculture, thirty-two per. cent is suit
able for grazing purposes, two per cent
is desert and two per cent has been
used for city lots and railroad rights
of way. . ''
The improved farm acreage of today
is 293 per cent of what it was sixty-'
five years ago. In 1920 it was divided
into 6,449,998 farms, ranging in value
from six dollars an acre, for : grazing
lands to eight hundred dollars an acre
for highly developed orchards and truck
But there is an ugly side to this mat
ter of improved acreage. 1 One-half the
Once tilled land' in New ' York arid New"
England now lies" idle. Those who first
farmed these lands sold the fertility off
without reolacine anything, the losr
price's obtained for their products not
enabling them to purchase the needed
. The recent census showed a net de-
crease -of one hundred thousand farms
in New York, Pennsylvania, West Vir
ginia, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Michi
gan. There are twenty-nine tnousana
abandoned farm houses in Ohio as com- :
nared with eighteen thousand a year ,
ago, and seven men leave the farm ev
ery year to one that returns to if. 'JLhis
is a serious situation. In Iowa there
are 3,732 fewer farms than ten years
ago, but there are 44,071 more in Mon- .
tana, showing the drift of the farming
population toward new lands.' In the
(Continued on Page 8.)
Confidence in Her Personal Charm
comes to aloman not so much from beauty of face or figure, or
fr6m beautiful clothes, as from that indefinable but unmistakable
smartness which somehow marks some women out from all others.
have a clever way of
changing more than
just the lines of your
figure; they make you
feel younger, more at
tractive, more elegant.
They make your
clothes lookas if they
were designed just for
you, and they give you,
that superb confidence
in yourself which is
the height of feminine
Let Us Fit Your
Figure in a
M Leigh Sheep Company
- : -
Wm W .
Again Ready to Serve You
PtaimfoSinig '& IHIesiltSim
At my new location, 2 Panama St.) Phone 608-J. Esti
mates freely furnished on.plumbing and all styles of hot
water, vapor and steam heating. Special attention to re
pair work; also automobile radiators repaired.
M MM MM V.AT
Here is your opportunity to insure
against embarrassing errors in spelling,
pronunciation and poor choice of
words. Know the meaning of puzzling
war terms. Increase your efficiency,
which results in power and success.
DICTIONARY ia an all-knowing
teacher, a universal question
answerer, made to meet your
needs. It is in daily use by
hundreds of thousands of suc
cessful men and women tha world over.
400,000 Words. 2700 Pages. 6000 Il
lustrations. T2.000 Biographical En
tries. 30,000 Geographical Subjects.
CRAND PRIZE. (Highest Award)
, Panama-Pacifies Exposition.
REGULAR and INDIA-PAPER Editions.
WRITE for Specimen Pages. FREE
Pocket Map if you name this paper.
G. & C. MERRIAM CO.,
Springfield, Mass. U. S. A.
$545 f. o. b. Detroit
If you are doubtful whether it will pay you to
buy a Ford Truck for your farm, go to the man
.who owns one and ask him. Or we will come to
you and will tell you what dozens of Ford Truck'
Owners have told us that the Ford Truck is pos
itively a paying proposition. v .
It brings the best markets to your door. It solves
the hauling problem( on the farm and between the
farm and the Qty. It does a dozen different jobs
every day and stands the wear and tear of farm
- work under all conditions.
'A post card will brthg you further information.
Auto & Gas Engine Wksr, Inc.
C W. GAITHER, President. '
. . Ct. ' Elizabeth City, N. C
105 Water Street
- . . "