Newspaper Page Text
THE INDEPENDENT, ELIZABETH CITY, N. C.
FRIDAY, JUNE 3, 1921.
' ' ,r '
n ; . t
FROM OLD SOL
For the next three or four
months he will serve you,
but don't forget that more
winters are coming when
you can't count on the sun
for the heat you require.
Right now is the time to
get an estimate on your
I install hot-water, steam,
Lyon One-Pipe Hot Air and
Areola Systems. My expe
rience and information is
yours for the asking.
E. J. COHOON
MAIN & WATER STS.
Elizabeth City, N. C
THE ORIGIN OF
All Sunday Legislation Is
Product of Pagan Rome
Says Chief Justice -Clark.
A Word About Seed
Big advantage in buying your
Garden Seed from us for several
reasons. First, you get North
ern grown, whch gives earlier
start, grows quicker, fruit earlier.
Why do we all want Main Grown
Seed .Potatoes? For the easi
ness, certainly so. Why not buy
your seed from us for early mar.
ket, espeoially your Watermelon,
Cantelopes, Cucumbers, Beans,
Corn, Etc. Second, we sell all
our smaller seed by the ounce or
pound, thereby, giving the cus
tomer about twice as many seed
for his money as you will get oth
erwise. Third, the seed bpsiness
is not new to us. For over twen
ty years we have given farming
a big part of our study and know
what it means to have the best
seed. Write us for our special
Seed Collection offer.
Aydlett & Owens
DANIELS & COX OLD STAND
Water . L Matthews Sts.
Elizabeth City, N. C.
Interest in the subject of Sab
bath Legislation is revived in
Elizabeth City with every change
in administration. The issue
was injected into the recent cam
paign and the new Board of Al
dermen which takes office on
Monday, June 6, will be peti
tioned to modify the present
Sunday closing law to permit of
the sale of ice cream, beverages,
etc. on Sundays. In view of the
popular interest in the subject
some interesting facts of history
may be in order.
Chief Justice Clarke of the supreme1
court of North Carolina, in . reviewing
the history of Sunday legislation, says
"All Sunday legislation is the product
of pagan Rome; the Saxon laws were
the product of Middle Age legislation of
'the Holy Roman Empire.' The Eng
lish laws are the expansion of the Saxon,
and the American are the transcript of
"The first. Sunday law, the edict of
the emperor Constantine, was the- prod
uct of that pagan conception, by the
Romans, which made religion a part of
the state. The day was to be venerated
as a religious duty owed to the god
of the sun. ... v
"It is incorrect to say that Chris
tianity is a part of the common law of
the land, however it may be in England,
where there is a union of church and
state, which is forbidden here. . . .
Even if Christianity could be deemed
the basis of our government, its own
organic law must be found ir the New
Testament, and there we shall look ir
vain for any requirement to observe
Sunday. ... "
Sunday was first adopted by Chris
tians in lieu of Saturday long years af
ter Christ, in commemoration of the res
urrection. The first Sunday law was
enacted in the year 321 after Christ,
soon after the emperor Constamtine had
"The first Sunday law in this country
was enacted in- Virginia in' 1617 . (three
years before the landing at Plymouth),
and punished a failure to attend church
on Sunday, with a fine payable in tobac
co. This was re-enacted in 1623. Ply
mouth Colony (Records, Vol. XI. " P
214) made it punishable by imprison
ment in the stocks to go to sleep in
church; and on June .10, 1650, the same
colony, made it punishable by whipping
to do 'any servile work or any such like
abuse' on the Lord's Day. 'So any sin
committed with a high hand, as the gath
ering of sticks on the Sabbath day, may
be punished with death, when a lesser
punishment might serve for gathering
sticks privily and in need.' " "Records
of Massachusetts Bay," Vol. II, p. 93,
"North Carolina Reports," Vol. CXX-
XIV, p. 608-515.
The apostolic church, in the first cen
turies after Christ, observed, not Sun
day, the first day of the week, Mat the
Sabbath, the seventh day. As Chris
tianity spread over the Roman Empire,
it gradually became corrupted by adopt
ing many of the doctrines and practices
of paganism. Simple forms of Chris- (works . of necessity and charity only
NOTICE OF SUMMONS.
of this country." Revised edition, Vol. j
17TT rf Knniinv " n. 626. As promul
gated, by . the English king nearly two Xbquovjk COUNT.
and a half centuries ago, the law read: In Superior Court,
' Before the Clerk.
"For the better observation and keep- JtARX shannon.
ing holy, the Lord's day commonly called I TgHAKK0
Sunday: J5e -it enacted Dy me King fien shannoni defendant, in the above entitled
most excellent majesty, and by and with action will hereby take notice that an action-
, . , it,, ift1jc entitled as above, has been, commenced in. the
the advice and consent of the lords, Superr Court D Pasluotank County, the Pur-
sniritufll And remnoral. ana OI tne torn- nose of which ia to obtain a divorce aosoiuie.
mons of this present Parliament assem- tT BiUcr be rJ'Z
Med, and by the authority of the same, be and appear before the undersigned Clerk,
that all the laws enacted and in force gg-g. ?. 1 iSK 3
concerning the observation Of the day, I Ten o'clock A. M.. and answer or aemur to ine
, . . . . . , , . . . I complaint in this cause and now in the office
w vu" I of the undersigned.
carefully put in execution; and that all
and every person and persons whatso
ever shall upon every Lord's day apply
themselves to the observation of the
same, by exercising themselves thereon
in the duties of piety and true religion,
publicly and privately; and that no
tradesman, artificer, workman, laborer,
or other person whatsoever, shall do or
exercise" any worldly labor or business
or work of their ordinary callings upon
the Lord's day. or any part thereof
This 19th day of May, 1821.
G. B. LITTLE.
c.W.L.C.May20-4t Clerk. Superior Court.
Let Us Know Your Wants
We Will Take Care of You
The installation of new and im
proved ice-making machinery and
a thoro overhauling of oar plant
enables us to give you the quality
and service you will appreciate.
Bagged Ice a Specialty.
Crystal Ice & Coal Co., Inc.
E. C. CONGER, Mgr.
Elizabeth City, N. C
IN THE SPRINGTIME
We pay special attention to the cleaning; and dyeing of
clothing. Well make your old garment look like new ones.
We Clean and Dye Everything
Write for our price list on clothing; or house furnishings or
ask us about any cleaning; or dyeing; you would like done.
CLEANING AND DYEING CO.
123? Church St :3Sifl. s35i Norfolk. Va.
tian worship gave place to heathen cer
emonies, and spruious epistles were in
vented to give the substitutes the sem
blance of apostolic sanction The sev
enth day of the week, divinely appointed
in the fourth commandment as "the
Sabbath of the Lord," was repudiated as
Jewish. The "wild, solar holiday of all
pagan times" was gradually substituted
in its place, ostensibly in honor of the
Rome, in the year 321 A. D. It read
"Let all judges and all city people
and all tradesmen rest upon the vener
able day of the sun. But let those
dwelling in the country freely and with
full liberty attend to the culture of their
fields; since it frequently happens that
no other day is so fit for the sowing of
grain or the planting of vines; hence,
the favorable time should not be al
lowed to pass, lest the provisions of
heaven be lost.
Given the seventh of March, Crispus
and Constantine being consuls, each for
the second time (321). 'Codex Justin,'
lib. iii, tit. zii. 1. 3."
Constantine s first Sunday law was
too liberal to suit the church leaders
of those times. They wanted more re
strictions laid upon the people, and
wished that these restrictions might ap
ply to all, whether in the city or in the
country. So "by a law of the year 386,"
says the historian Neander, "those older
changes effected by the emperor Con
stantine were more rigorously enforced,
and, in general, civil transactions of ev
ery kind on Sunday were strictly for
bidden." "General History of the
Christian Religion and Church," Dr. Au
gustus Neander (translation by Joseph
Torrey), ToL II, p. 300.
Mils Laws First; Drastic Ones Later.
At first labor alone was forbidden,
and people were at full liberty to en
gage in sports and amusements en Sun
day. This aroused the jealousy of the
clergy, because the attractions at the
circus and the theater greatly interfered
with church, attendance. Accordingly,
the bishops of the church, in a conven
tion held at Carthage in 01, petitioned
the emperor "that the public shows
might be transferred from the Christian
Sunday and from feast days to some
other days of the week," alleging that
the people congregated to these places
more than they did to the churches, and)
if closed by law, "Christians would at
tend more to things divine."
The desired law was secured in 425,
and from that time both work and play
were prohibited on Sunday. Even then
people would not attend church. Later
still, Sunday laws, such as that of
Charlemagne's, in 800, compelled all peo
ple to attend mass and church on Sun
"In this way," says Xeander, "the
church received help from the state for
the furtherance of her ends." In this
way, by means " of Sunday laws, the
church and state were not only unitd,
but the church finally gained supreme
control of the secular authorities. Thus
we see that we are simply repeating the
history of Rome, after the Christian
churches became corrupted, and con
fused the spiritual functions of the
church and the secular functions of the
Sunday Laws cf Charles II.
The famous Sunday law of Charles
II was enacted in 1676. Johnson's Un
iversal Cyclopedia says: "This statute,
somewhat modified by subsequent laws,
is the present Sunday law of England,
and lies at the basis of the Sunday laws
excepted), and that every person being
of the age of fourteen years or upwards
offending in the premises shall, for ev
ery such offense, forfeit the sum of five
shillings; and that no person or persons
whatsoever shall publicly cryf show
forth, or expose for sale any wares, j-
mercnanaise, iruit, nems, gooas, or
chattels whatsoever, upon the Lord's
day, or any part thereof, upon paid that
every person o offending shall forfeit
the same goods so cried or showed forth
or exposed for sale.
"2. J And it is further enacted that no
drover, horse courser, wagoner, butcher,
higgler, they or any of their servants,
shall travel or come into his or their
inn or lodging upon the Lord's day, or
any part thereof, upon pain that each
and every such offender shall forfeit-
twenty shillings for every such offense;
and that no person or persons shall use,
employ, or travel upon the Lord's day
with any boat, wherry, lighter, or barge,
except it be " upon extraordinary occa
sion to be allowed by some justice of
the peace of the county, or some head
officer, or some justice of the peace of
the city, borough, or town corporate,
where the act shall be committed, upon
pain that every person so offending shall
forfeit and lose the sum of five shillings
for every sue hoffense."
(The remainder of Section 2 places
such case 8 in the hands of ordinary jus
tices of the peace, orders the confisca
tion of goods cried or exposed, and the
collection of fines by distraint if need
ful. In case the offender cannot meet
the penalties, he shall "be set public
in the stocks for the space of two
"3. Provided, That nothin; in this
act contained shall extend to the pro
hibiting of dressing meats in families,
or dressing or selling of meats in inns,
cookBhops, vierualing huoses, for such
as otherwise cannot be provided, nor to
the crying or selling of milk before nine
of the clock in the morning, or after
four of the clock in the afternoon."
(Section 4 requires all prosecution
to be made within ten days of the of
l&ection o protects tne district in
which any one traveling on Sunday may
chance to be robbed from being respons-
loie tor tne amount lost, but requires
the people to make diligent effort to
apprehend the robber after "hue and I
cry" has been made, under penalty of
forfeiting to the crown the amount
which might have been recovered.)
NAGS HEAD, N. C.
Open June 15, 1921.
'22 Guest Rooms.
Ijftoard by day, week or month.
For Reservations, address ,
Mrs. Flonnie Gulley, Prop.
Nags Head, N. C
If you suffer from nervousness,
have head-aches, or pains in the
eyes, doubtless this is caused
from loss of nervous energy thru
The above symptoms of eye
strain can be relieved permanent
ly with proper correcting lenses.
Dr. J. W. Selir
521 MAIN STREET
Subjects taught at the
We fit yen fer a first class pes!-1921.
benefit in being kept reliably informed as to the
latest market conditions and being furnished regu
- larly with quotations and suggestions in regard to
Investors are constantly meeting with new prob
lems about which they desire intelligent advice.
In our experience as Investment Bankers we have
dealt with practically every form of problem and
not a single day 'passes that we are not called upon
We invite conference and correspondence and will
gladly give our unbiased opinion and advice without
obligating you in any way.
If you are interested in receiving our investment
circulars and offerings and are not already on our
mailing list SEND US your name and address at
First National Trust Company
DURHAM, NORTH CAROLINA.
I have a brand new Brock
way lVi-ton Truck now at
L. P. MORGAN. .
Phone B. M. White, 496-J.
! May27-2t J
I A GROWING CONCERN
FARMERS GINNING & PRODUCE CO.
I 'A CO-OPERATIVE ENTERPRISE
I TRY US FOR ,
I LUMBER : SHINGLES : FENCE POSTS
I We operate our own saw mill, feed mill and cotton gin and barrel
I We sell seed, feed and fertilizers. If yen have never done business wltb
I us, pay us a visit and look as ever.
Farmers' Ginmng & Produce Co
K, R. WINSLOW, Mgr.
W. Mala St. : Elizabeth City, N. C. : Phase 572 I
" 1 '- . : ' ' - ""1
PROGRAM FOR WEEK BEGINNING
June 6 th
MONO AY ALICE BRADY in "THE TOWER"
lUllliri I "JUNK" A HANK MANN COMEDY.
TIIUQFflAV LEW CODY in "OCCASIONALLY YOURS"
1 ULuiilI FATTY ARBUCKLE in "FATTY, THE MERMAID"
7f?T91Tr5 - re 7 MAE MARSH in "LITTLE FRAID LADY"
WMlNFSsSAY HANSEN & OLAND in "PHANTOM FOE"
Episode No. 4 "THE OPEN WINDOW"
WILLIAM FARNUM in "SCUTTLERS"
"EDGAR'S HAMLET" AN EDGAR COMEDY.
I7DIFi A V DOROTHY DALTON in "MARKET OF SOULS"
i lliiil SEITZ & CAPRICE in "THE SKY RANGER"
Episode No. 2 "THE SINISTER SIGNAL"
C ATITDTn A V ruth roland in "the avenging arrow
OA 1 1)111 A I Episode No. 4 "A LIFE IN JEOPARDY"
MABEL NORMAND in "WHAT HAPPENED TO ROSA"
PRICES-:-:- Matinee 15c & 20c; Night 15c &
"Section 6. Proyided, also, That no
person or persons upon the Lord's day
shall serve or execute, or cause to be
served or executed, any write, process, I
warrant, order, judgment, or decree ,(ex
cept in case of treason, felony, or breach
of the peace), but that the service of
every such writ, process, warrant, or
der, judgment or decree shall be, void to
all intents and purposes whatever; and
the person or persons so serving or ex
ecuting the same shall be as liable to
the suit of the party grieved, and to
answer damages to him for the doing
thereof, as if he or they had done the
same without any writ, process, war
rant, order, judgment, or decree at' all."
''Revised Statutes of England from
1233-1GS5 A. D.'f (London, 1S70), pp.
Sunday Laws by the Puritans.
The Puritans, while they followed the
precedent established by this law of
Charles II, went ,even fiurther than he
in the strongency of Sunday observance
required, and in the penalties imposed.
Death was in some cases the penal ret- '
ribution for Sunday breaking. The fol
lowing law, enforced by the Connecti
cut Puritans, was typical of others in
'"Whosoever shall prophane the
Lord's day, or any part of it, either by
sinful servile work, or by unlawful
sport, recreation, or otherwise, wheth
er wilfully or iii a careless neglect, shall
be duly punished by fine, imprisonment,
or corporally, according to the nature,
and measure of the sinn, and offence.
But if the court upon examination, by
clear, and satisfying evidence find that
the sin was proudly, presumptuously,
and with a high hand committed against
the known command and authority of
the blessed God, such a person therein
despising and reproaching the Lord,
shall be put to death, that all others
may feare and sun such provoking rebel
lious courses." "American State Pa
pers," Blakely, p. 42. -
Good hard brick for immediate
delivery by rail on barge or
schooner at our Shiloh wharf.
For prices and further infor
mation Shiloh Brick Works
E. R. WAINWR1GHT, ,Prop.
SHILOH, - N. C.
You will find it at Twiddy's. Twiddy seJls
nothing but the best in groceries. His old and suc
cessful business has been built upon that one thing,
plus; courtesy and honesty.
G.. W. TWIDDY
S. Poindexter Street
The Elizabeth Gity Buggy Company
Manufacturers of Buggies, and Dealers In American Wire Fence. We
Sell For Cash or on Time r
Matthews Street Elizabeth City, N. C
fl 1 ' " "
THE OLD FAMILY ALBUM
Between its quaint plush covers holds treasured prints.
Lest the fade entirely, let us restore them. Re
freshed, they will bring back old memories entrancing.
Over First & Citizens National Bank
A Servant Always on the Job
"Found Seven Rats Dead in Bin Next
Robert "Woodruff says: "My premises
were infested with rats. I tried EAT
SNAP on friend's recommendation. Next
morning found seven dead rats in bin,
two near feed box, three in stall. Found
large number since. No smell from dead
rats RAT-SNAP drys them up. Best
thing I have ever used." Three sizes,
35c, 65c, $1.25.
Sold and guaranteed by Culpepper
Hardware Store, City Drug Store, G.
W. Twiddy, John C. Bond, Edenton; "W.
A.. Leggett, Edenton; Sawyer's General
Home after the days' work, tired and hun
gry "Something To Eat, Quick!" And you
turn to the Kitchen A match, a twist of the
wrist, and there it is, the same old Reliable
and Efficient Gas! r
Yes, and it has been there waiting for you
all "the time, ready to respond instantly' to any
demand you make upon it.
Tomorrow you will call on us again for ser
vice, but you will give us no warning from
hour to hour just what your requirements will
be; yet the gas will be there plenty of it, at
all times ready to use in large or small quan
tity, as you may need, and to be paid for aft r
you have used it.
To us this means: HAVING GAS ON TAP
24 HOURS PER DAY, 365V4 DAYS A YEAR,
ready for you when you want it.
Southern Gas Improvement
Motorist Snappier - Compamiy, Inc
Every Accessory for the Automobile
17 N. Water St. - Elizabeth City, N. C.
, .... "'. .