Newspaper Page Text
PHIL A.DELPGI A, FRIDAY, AUGUST 31, 18G0.
DOUBLE SHEET THREE CENTS.
VOL. VI.No 52
By Atlantic Submarine Telegraph Gable.
British Reinforcements fcr the Army in Canada
The Empress of Mexico at Miramax, and Maxi
milian Expected Turkey the "Sick Kan"
Again, and Constantinople in a State of
Siege The Natives of Candia Declared
Independent French Rcmr.rks on the
American Fetes in Ruseia Consoli
dation of the Peace Treaty, Etc.
Prince YtnrbMe, Maximilian's Adopted
Sncitmor, In Belgium.
Bbcbselk, Aueust 29. The grandson of the
Flniperor Yturblde, of Mexico, who hits been
adopted bv Maximilian and the Empress Chiir
, lotto as the successor to the newly founded
ciown, has itrrivei in this city from France. He
is attended by the Belgian Ceneral Melrain.
THE EMPRESS CHARLOTTE IN ITALY.
Itoyal llouors to the Km press of Mcilro.
Trieste, August 29. The Empress of Mexico
hue antved at Vlcen.a, forty miles west, ot
Venice, which was lately a city of Austrian
Italy, bu. h now under the rul'iof King Victor
Emanuel. She was received at Vieenza by
Prince Hum bcrt, of Italy, who ba recovered
from his wounds received in thcba'tleot Cus
tozza. At I'ndua the E uprcss enjoyed an olli
cial reception from King Victor Emanuel, at
tended by his cenurals and Court officers.
Tho Empress Charlotte arrived at Miratnar,
Maximilian' home palace, to-dav. She was re
ceived in an eu'husiastic manner by the mili
tary and civil authorities.
Mailmlllnii K ported Home.
Pahih, August 30, Evening. lhe belief crows
here that Maximilian will abdicate the crown of
British Kcluforrcmeiit for the Colonial
Army Kuf;laul Afraid of the Tutted
State ami the Fenians.
London. August 30, Noon. The Canadian
Government has asked the home (iovernment
to lend more troops to Canada, owing to appre
hended trouble with, the Uiitod State, growing
out of the expected Fenian invasion and the
modification of the neutrality laws ot th United
States. The home Govcrniiiott has decided to
send two regiments ot Infantry and one of cav
alry to Canada, anil preparations are making lor
Country District Honor the American.
St. 1'ivTKBHiiuKa, August Many compli
mentary addresses and notes ot welcome to the
American officers have been received from dif
ferent portions of the interior of the empire by
telegraph this evening.
Mohcow, August 2i. The Unifd Stales Em
bassy have received complimentary addresses
and invitation bv tclegiaplt from a large num
ber of tho principal cities and towns in the in
terior of Ruseia.
Thc aaoAinrrlran Alllunce nud Its
Paris, Afc't HO, Evenine. The Debate, in
an editorial to-dny, ulluucs t) ihe honors mud
to the American Wnbassy in Russia, and alter
making tho significant inquiry, "Wuut is the
value of the demonstrations between the United
States and Rut!h"a?" s"-Ys that "France has done
little to rp?.ve V-' Ota Trictrdstup between ner-
rp?.ve "e Old friei
1 i A'hrlu 'VK
..won In ( audta Serious.
A-i,itN? " '" lue tnristians in insur
rection '.'JXne Turkish rule iu Canriia con
tinue fn 's.iiythe positions which they took
up at ue "breiiking out of th; revolt. Many
fanrilics are emigrating from the island of Can
dia to Greece. European war vessels, bearing
the flags of different nation;, are expected in the
ancient harbor of Candia.
In a State of Siege.
Constantinople, August 2'.. Affairs iu Turkey
arc in a very Daa state, xne revolt in candia
progresses. The inhabitants (Cretans) have
asserted their independence of the Turkish em
pire. Constantinople is announced In a Btatc of
The Armies Kctlrtug; Under the Treaties.
London, August 29. The news received in
this city tiotn different points of the continent
shows that the peace treaties lately negotiate i
at Prague between Austria and Prussia and
Austria and Italy arc being speedily carried
into effect. The troops of tho different coun
tries to lately hostile to each other are evacu
ating the positions which they occupied at the
conclusion ot the war and marching to their
Cordial Reception of the Itallau Kuvoy.
Vienna, August 28. General Louis Frederic
Menelroa, the Special Envoy commissioned by
"Victor Emanuel to the Austrian Court, has been
cordially received by the Emperor Francis
Joseph and his Cabinet. Negotiations have
been opened relative to matters of detail, out
side ot toe Prague peace treaty, between
Austria and Italy. Austria 'will not demand
any compensation tor the works of delense
built by her iu Veuetia. A complete peac?
betweeu Italy and Austria ia certain.
The Peace Treaty of Prague.
Beblin, August 29. The text of the Austro-
Prussian peace treaty, just coi.chuled at Prauue
and signed by
y the King ot Prussia, is the same,
in all its chief points, as the preliminary arti
cles of peace aereed upon previous to the
assemblage of the peaie corani.sstoners, and
which have bcea puouthed.
Annexation aud Union.
An address to the Prussian Legislature,
signed bv a number ot the inhabitants of the
city ot Leiptic, praying for the union of Saxony
with Prutsia, has been received in this city.
TEE PAPAL QUESTION.
No Negotiations -with Home by Italy.
Florence Aucust 29. The report that nego
tiations for a peacelul settlement of the Roman
territorial OillicuftV were oemg currien on oe
tween the Italian and Papal Governments Is
denied in this city.
Financial and Commercial Intelligence.
THE LIVERPOOL COTTOJI MAKXBT
Livbbfool. Antrim 80 Evening. The Cotton
market closes unchanged at the rates current at
oen. ine saies loot op m.uou i es.
lit ra pool bbxadstuvtS market. '
Livxbpool, August 80 Evening. The Bread
afufis market. flat and prices Ufi sojuiuali with a
UTKBPOOL pttoti?oi MAnitrr.
Liverpool, Auut 80 r vt-nln. lhe ProvlsioB
maiket f uncliamred. The Tallow msrkoi la very
I)lDOW OMiT MARKCT.
Loisnow, AuRUt 80 Kveolng. WodkoIs closed at
89 fur money.
LoMjon. August 80-Kvonlnir I'tio market for
American securitlos is etOHtly. tboueh United States
o nds close a trlHe earner The e o-lug quotations
aro:-United States Kivp-twenttes, Illinois t'en
trai, 78 J ; Fj-ie shares, 46.
Important Despatch from General Sheridan to
General Grant The Former Declares that
Nine-tenths of the Wouaded were Killed
by Policemen and Citizens He Ex
presses His Regret that the Mili
tary wore not Present to Pre
vent the Massacre Who
is to Blame for the Gar
New Orleans, La., August .10. It may yet
appear ollic aily that, tieueral Sherid in's des
piuehs have been further tainperei with at
Wiifch ngton. The following important tele
pram to General (Jrant has rieen lor some
rea-on omitted in the pretended publications
o all the correspondence. Investigation may
piove the suppression of the despatch.
llKADQCAUTERS MILITARY DlVIKION OP TI1E
Cllf, Aucubt 13, lbiiti Generul U. S. liruut,
Wflshington, D. C.: The Military boatd c.illetl
by General Caird to investigate tlic occurrences
lu 'his city of July 13 is progressing a rapidly
a possible. I sec in the papers, by reports ot
an official character hero, that an attempt was
made to cast blame on the military tor not
being present on the Pith ultimo. There could
have been no object iu its being present, except
to prevent the police from perpetrating a re
volting massacre, lis abieuce, tor this reason,
1 regicl. From aceounrs of my own scouts,
wliosawthe atlair from tir.-t lo la-t, troiu my
own ollicers, from disinterested and laithtiil
persons, 1 believe that at lcatsc nine-tenths of
the casualties were perpetrated by the police
and citizens by stabbing and smashing in tue
heads ot many who had been already wounded
or killed by policetucj. P. II. Sueridan,
Maio' -r!eiieral Commaudiug,
The personal friends of General Grant here
indignantly deuv tne charge in tue Ncv York
2imcs of to-day. that their Washington corres
pondent sent to the 2ijics the garbled despatch
of General Sheridan to General Grant just as he.
the correspondent, reccved it Ironi Geneial
Grant. The aforesaid despatch was not received
from General Grant by the Times correspondent.
General Grant, af.vr receiving the despatch
Irom General Sheridan, tock it ltn mediately to
ttie President, and that is tue last he saw of it.
The Tnr.es corre.pondeut got the despatch
lrom the President, he being the only
correspondent here who is admitted into
the ring oi the White IIoue. All, here agree
that the despatch was garbled at to" Whito
House. When the despatch m in garbled form
tirstappetrcd in the Tones, General Grant was
hciu'd to say by persons here, that an import nut
sentence had been loft out in tho despatch as
printed in the Times. This, together with the
despatch ot General Sheridan to General Grant,
dated New Orleans, August 13. lSlili, and which
was omitted by the President in the regular
publication of the official correspondence, puts
the President in a still worse predicament. A".
Extract from the Proceeding of a Special Meet-
ing of the State Central Executive Committee
of the Republican Party of Louisiana, August
8, 18 3G.
hereas, Un the 3()ui (!ay of July, 1SG0, at,
ew Orlt tins, i.a., an organized tiand ot as
sassins did maliciously and brutally murder a
lartc number of unarmed and unsuspecting
Union citizens; and, whereas, in our opinion, the
same spirit which caused the late Rebellion
against the Government ol tue United States
animated the perpetrators of tue atrocious niur
ders ot Juiy.iu; and, whereat, uuler circtnn-
stancer equally favorable other murders and
outraees may be repeated from the same assas
AcFolcrd, In the name of the lc.,al people of
Louisiana, mat we respcctiimy ask the Coni-
inander-in-Chiet ol the Army aud Navy ot the
United States to maintain martial law over the
city of New Orleans, at least until the aiders
and abetters of the late massacre shall have
been brought to such punishment as will secure
the observance of law and order, and protect
the lives of the Union citizens of New Orleans.
liesoived. That a copy of the above preambles
and resolution, which were unanimously adopted,
be forwarded to Andrew Johnson. Commander-in-Chief
of the Army and Navy of the United
U. S. District Court Judirn Cadwa'ador.
Tl:e TJnitotl Males vs. Cliarles 11. Dolsou. Tlie de
fondant in this caso was charged with distilling
liquor wttnout a license lor so doing. Clio United
States alleged thai on tbs lltti of J uly a Goveruineut
collector went to the drinkinir saloon of Doison &
t'o.,(l'olson alone was on trial). No 1006 Richmond
Btreet, above Norns, and wuilo looking arouud the
1Ibco. he beard a noise iu th cellar like that made
iy team, and the drippinir ot watr into a motal
vi tisel. tie proceeded to the collar, which was very
dark and elosu, and there he fouud a small distillery
in full motion.
Ho found barrels of molasses, empty tubs and
cai-ks, and various other aoparutu connected with,
tho distil ing business, lhe defendant ackuowledi-ed
that ho had boon eu imped in distilling whisky, lie
aid that be had obtained a license for retailiuir
liquor, tut i ot tor mai.ulacturiui; it; but that he
hud intended to apply noon for his license. The
next day tbe Collectors made a mnmorandum of the
poods and seizsd upon teem. On trial.
Court of ttunrter Mcsslous Judgo Ludlow
Johu C. tsunih was churned with perjury, luo
Commonwealth alleged that defendant came to tins
Court -ouie weeks apo to gne l-uil for onoJ. hu
Campbell, since convicted of a charge of Durtriar ,
and, uudr oath administurod b thu Clerk, slated
that he own. dtlio nou-es Nos 2014,2016 and 2)18
Alder stre-t; that these properties were cle.tr at ad
iiiciiinbraiiceo; and tho deeds in his own name.
lines-en were preduced who swoie that they owued
these bouses, had owned them for a couiid -ra'ilo
time. nd bad no knonleduo wt.atcvor oi the tie
K'tidunt, or his right to the-e propurtios
One ol tho lund or 1n ot these housos utatod that ho
ha ti had a slnrht acquaiutauco with defendant; nud
bad looie mercantile transactions with him, aud
that deltnituut knew that he (witnoss) was the
owner ot two of the-e houses
Thx deieu&o was based pnnoipallv upon the alleged
deficiency ot evidouce 10 prove that dolondant did
not believe, oi had reason to bolieve, tuat no was
th" lawful owner ot tbeso bouses
The Court chargid the jury most ab'y, dwellinir
lonir and earnestly uon the grave and d- up nature
of the charge tbe serious consequences resultiu
from a conviction o tho charge, and placing tbe
cuee clearly and Justly oefore them.
The Jury rendered a verdict oi guilty.
Bouclcault'g drama of The Two Lives of
Mary Leigh has been produced at Manchester,
England. The Interest of the plot hangi on the
sudden 'appearance of s man, supposed to be
dead, in tbe family of his wife alter she had
married the second time. The piece is well
balanced by a variety of character, principally
fen ale, but a local critic says : "Tne plot is
improbable; it 1b not a picture of society in our
day ; and its place is among the Jack Sheppard
literature of a past day or the Brandon ro
mances of this. He who expects amusement
at a theatre will be disappointed tr be sees Mr.
i. ucieanlt's last venture. The play neither
upholds any moral virtue as its lesson, nor does
the dialogue ccct&in cue sentence wvrtn re-BienQteeriBg."
The Corner In the Oold Room.
from the Nation,
For the first time Bince the suspension ol
specie payments, gold was worth last week one
ppr cent, for Imniedinti delivery. Tbe phe
nomenon i easily explained. All the floating
geld in the city amounting to some $12,000,000,
only $7,000,000 of which is in the banks hos
been bought up bv a few wealthy speculator ,
and they, tailing In their attempt to put up the
price, have endeavored to indemnify themselves
by refu-ing to lend gold. This presses with
severity upon merchants who want gold to pay
custoinsj duties, aud npon speculators for the
fall, who have sold gold short, and are forced to
borrow at the exorbitant rates of the day. .".So
far as this latter class of persons is concerned,
the public are not inte-ested in their losses. If
a man chooes to sell that which he ha? not got
in tho hope that he may be able at a subsequent
period to buy it lor delivery at a lower pr.ee, he
take tne chances of the maiket, and cunno
lint 1 v complain if speculators on the oDnosiie
tide combine to make hltn pav more instead of
lei-s than he got for tho property he sola.
These tire the lortunes ot trade, utid no f a r
tiuder has a right to complain when they make
nf.'uinst him. But the "corner" in gold is in-
ti c tingtio little sniffling npon meicnants who
require gold for legitimate business purpose-i
i' no who find that they cannot get It because
Messrs. A, B, and C have bought up all the iloat
ing cold in the city, and will not lend or sell i
except at exorbitant rates.
T he grievance is not new. It has recurred a'
livervuls during the past, three years. On a
dozen occasions a few bold operators, command
ing lame amounts of capital, have been enabled
to corner the geld market, to embanass cjtn
tnercial operations, and occasionally to impair
tbe crcdit.ol tho Covnrnmen'. And it is la vatr
that a remedy bus been soucht, Mr. Thuddcus
Sievens tried to cure the evil by making it penal
to demand a premium on gold; but such puerili
ties only excited contempt. Other loyal men
have thought to discredit the cold room and its
operations altogether; but, thoutrh tbe room is
supposed to be controlled and officered by men
ot doubtful polities, and Jeff. Davis tnav, pr
imps bo quite as popular in that institution as
the late Abraham Lincoln, it is none the bss
clear that, so long as our currency remains at n
discount, a gold exchange w ill be a necessity of
the time, ohd the preseut one, with all Us faults,
is probably ns good as any new one could be.
li is uniortunaie, perhaps, for the sold room
that the ojiittsi-Itebels and Copperheads have
found admission within its walls.
But the outbieak of (be war drove nearly one
hall of the 6inart merchants ot the South to New
York in 9earcli of employmetit or their brains,
and that employment they round, for the -most
art, in the gold room. You shall find there
ex-traders trntn Louisiana, planters Irom Geor
gia, merchants from Tewic'jsee, clergymen from
the Cnrolinas a varied assortment, in short, of
Southerners, all ditiering in their origin and
aptitude, but generally agreeing in Southern
proclivities. That this class of persons should
be in tho gold room is, perhaps, uniortuuate;
that, by combining, they should have the power
ot raising the price of gold, and so raising the
cost of all imported articles, is also uniortunate;
but to abuse the ioora in consequence is, to say
i be least, hardlv loeical.
It is the legitimate privilege -f every man to
buy gold, if he be so minded nJ can pay for It.
The public have no right to su.v to linn: Vour
purchase of crold is going to add 10 per ceut. to
.no wot Ut nly teft, cotico, o,,i....o, 1,1m ei,
blankets. Witli that he has nothing to do. He
bus the same rmht to buv $10J,(MI0 goid as the
public have to buy a pound of tea or a pair of
bl.tukets. And there Is no law, custom, or
ccmity which prevents him combining with
twenty other speculators to buy up all the e-old
in market. Ii be does so buy, and so combine,
we cm only "griu and bear it." It is hard that
a partv of gamesters should by their specula
tions eiibanca the cost of every cuo ol tea drunk
by the poor throughout tbe United States. But
there is no remedy, save the inexorable opera
tion of the laws of trade, which are sure to
come into play sooner or later.
Anellort, it is said, will be mode at the next
session of the Legislature to p jnish the gold
room for its interference with value3. It will
probably take the shape of a tax upon gold
brokers' licenses, and sales ol gold. A tux of
$1000 ajearon each license, and one-te to. of
one per cent, on each sale of gold would add a
cous-Kierauie amount ot Mate revenue, and
might be constitutionally levied. But no sttca
vindictive legislation would cure tbe evil.
lhe main reliance ot merchants whose busi
ness is disturbed by the constantly recurnug
comers in gold must be upon the fundamental
las ot trade. If gold be forced above its tair
relative value by the speculations of the gold
room, it is certain as any mathematical truth
that it mutt react. If gol I be ma le worth ona
per cent, a day by the cornering operations of
duii Fpecuiuiors. specie will tfovv huher from all
Farts of the world lor employment in so lucr
ive a business. Already the ' telegraph, which
nunounced to Europe our emhurrissei condi
tion, has notified us that $500,000 are corning
here tn me Alemannta, and SGUrt.OOO in the
Scotia, besides S3.000.0')0 iust received in the
Calilornia steamer. At this rate the bulls in the
gold room wlU have their hands full within
the next fortnight. They may undertake to cor
uer tbe Wew York market, b it they can hardlv
expect to carry all the bullion of the civilized
Piessure has been brought to b?ar udob the
Secretary of the Treasury with a view to induce
him to sell more gold. A pronunciamen'.o in
this sense, signed by leading bankers, was pub
lished in the papers a tew days slues. The
Secretary has oxpt rience enough to distrust any
cuiieciivw iieuuuii oi ounxers or mercnants.
Such petitions are too often prompted by nidi
vulual interest. If we are ever to get buck to
specie payments, the corner-stone upon which
u:e new etiiuce win oe outll must 00 tho specie
reserve in the United Stales Trcusurv. liesumn.
t ob will take place when that leserve becomes
co large that the Secretary of the Treasury can
at oro to sav to tne noiuers of eca -tenders
"Gentlemen, we are prepared to pay oil your
pi per dollars in gold." On that instant the
banks will either resume or fail, ind the era of
baner monev in this countrv will onm r.'.,..
end. But if1 the Secretary is to go on sellintr his
goia as last as no gets it. now will hepverhn
able to redeem, or proclaim bis readiness to re
deem, nis teg8i-tenui rsr
The sold market is in a very dangerous posi
tion. There is no reason why gold should be
higher now than iu March last, when it sold at
12-1. ine present premium is itrhtlcially main
taincd, and as the-laws of trade vindicate them
selves. Hktail ot ten to twenty per cent, tvould
not biM extraordinary event.
A Dangerous Amusement Henry Harelton, a
young man engaged in selling newspapers ou
the Susquehanna Railroad trains, was amusing
himself on Friday, by swing ug in and oat ot a
car door while the train was tu motion nnri
passing under a bridge his foot struck atrain it
one of the abutments and he was knockad off
the car and down tno embankment. He was
seriously injured, and it was considered won
derful teat be was not kilted.
Italian Bishops Subiect to Law. The Assi.e
court ot nacenza, Italy, has sentenced Mgr.
Eaiua, the bishop of the diocese, to a year's im
prison uient and one thousand francs' fine for
having refused tbe communion in exlremis and
Christian burial to a priest named Plzzi, who
had been guilty of signing M. PassagHa's addres
I ' ",J wr (1J'ite V eVCUVUJJLS Um icu
Tl Hill MnrlA nnOHlnft ll m Wf ma n Ann nr. U a A
j orai power
RIOT NEAR BUTMORE.
Maiyland Emulating New Orleans.
Baltimore. August 31. Last night an attack
was made on the colored portion of a camp
meeting held at Shipley's Woods, three miles
from Hanover Station, on the Washington Hall
toad, by a band of armed desperadoes. Several
negroes were badly beaten and wounded, and a
white man, named Milton Benson, whilst at
nraver. was shot In the back Bart of the head
and mortally wounded, the ball coming out of
FROM BALTIMORE TO-DAY.
Large Delegation to the Loyal Southern
Convention Political Affairs lu the City
The German Festival.
special despatch to the evkhino teleokaph
Baltimore, August 31.-Extcnslve prepara
tions arc making here to send a large delegation
of unconditional Union men to the Philadelphia
National Convention. Many of our private
citizens will be there.
Great interest is manifested as our election
approaches. The radical Union cause rapidly
gains strength. Seven thousand seven hundred
and sixty fonr new voters have thus far been
resistcred in BttMmore, and about ten thousand
n all will be registered.
Revcrdy Johnson'9 opinion is published to-
lay, In which he asserts that all persons ap
proved by tho Registers have a right to vote,
independently of the J udges of Elections. Con
trary legal opinions will b9 published by emi
The Germai Schutzen closes to-day. H has
been a grand success, clearing about thirty
From South and Central America.
New York, August 31. The steamship Ore
gon haB arrived, witn Aspinwatt advices ot
August 24. She brines $1,330,000 in treasure.
The troubles in Chiriqui continue. The rebels
were reported in possession of the centre de
partment, including the capital. They have about
400 men under arms. The cause of the trouble
is the course pursued by the present Govern
ment and over-taxation. The remainder of the
State is comparatively quiet, though efforts are
making lo get up a revolution iu Panama.
Tbe news from Central America is devoid of
interest. Honduras has signed a treaty of peace
and amity with Spain.
The price of coffee in Costa Rica has been con
siderably affected by the late news from Europe.
Advice3 from Valparaiso to August 3 and Cal-
lao August 14, state that the former port is being
strongly fortified, and can v.ow make good
defense. Tbe Chilian Congress has not ratified
the Government loan of $11,000,000. The Megel
ionv uc.oo nciiuu uct wccu Chili and Bolivia
is again a cause ol discussion. A new d::t? has
beeu imposed by the authorities of Peru on
commerce, of ten ccuts on ail signed b:.ils of
lading, customs, policies, money receipts, etc.
Admiral Tucker has taken command of the
Advices lrom Wellington, New Zealand, to
July 24. state that the Parliament was opened
on the 3d. The Governor in his address an
nounced that the Maori war was being sac
cessfully prosecuted, and most of the natives
tad either surrendered or bad been captured.
Some dreadful murders had been perpetrated on
the west coast gold-fields by Australian crimi
nals, who had killed gold diggers for their
money. The news from New South Wales Is
Cincinkati, August 31. Watson, the mur
derer of Captain Menter, who was to have been
hung at Newport, Ky., to day, has been respited
The war betweeu the people and the stree
railroad companies continues, but there wm
less excitement yesterday than before.
There were six deaths from cholera in thii
Declination ot a Union Candidate lor
Con gi ess.
Chicago, August 30. General William Har
row, Union candidate for Congress in the First
Indiana District, has declined the post ou
account of ill health. Judge De Bralor, ot
Spencer county, has been selected by the Cen
tral Committee to succeed him.
Arrival of Steamers.
New Yoke, August 31. The steamer Nap
leon III, from Havre August 16, has arrive I;
also arrived i-teamer Arizona, with California
advices ot August 10, via Aspinwall.
Arrival of tbe "Asia."
Boston, August 31. The Asia arrived early
this morning. Her mails will be due In Phila
Markets by Telegraph.
New Yobk, August 81 Cotton quior at 33a3jJo
Flour doc Hied lOo. ma e of 7500 barrels staie at
St 'ZC.a 10-25 : Ch'O S8'il0(n 12; Western, 516a050;
southern. g'JTGulSCu Wheat l.2o lowor. .-m i'l
fulee. Corn declined lo. Sums 80.000 bushels at 80u.
Pork quiet at $32 H7. Lard aud Whisky dull.
A Plague. The plague of locusts In Alseria
causes considerable uneasiness to the (iovern
ment. The troops were recently called out to
act against f bis uew species ot onemv: but the
consequence of tills niassucrv may lay the seeds
ol pestilence; inasmuch as the remains of such
an aagloraeration of dead inseets have produced
a nuisance of the worst nature. To convey an
ideu of the number of locusts daily destroyed,
we aie told that three tbousaud cwt. is the ave
rage result of the day's battle with this uevy foe.
Sacrilcgo. Excursionists from Glasgow to
Burns' monument at Ayr have carried away the
back ot one of the monument chairs, on which
are a series of paintings illu-trative of the
poet's works, by Stevens. Recently, after a
large party bad left the grounds. It was found
that an attempt had leeu made to enter the
glass case contaiutag the few relics of Barns
that are in the monument.
A storm of applause (that loutetimes brings
down the bouse) a Western hurricane.
Francis Joseph's family is styled the bouse
Over eighty woollen and calicg mtUa we Pt
present beiuf built in tcor;la
FINANCE AND COMMERCE.
Orf rcr or tub Kvrnino TPLEonArn, f
Friday, Augut 31, Ihc.6. f
There was rather more disposition to operaw
in stocks this morning, but prices wei unset
tled and lower. In Govern tnent bonds thcro
was less doine. Old V20s sold 112, a decline of
4; new do. at 109 j no chunce; 10-40s at 103, a
slight decline; and 7'3(is at 10r,, no change;
1124 was bid lor O of 11.
Railroad shares were the most active on the
list. Catawissa preferred sold litiucly at 3.'J'i!
3f)J, the former late a decline of J on the closing
price last evening: Philadelphia and Erie at 33,
no change; North Pi nnsvlvauia at 41, a decline
of ; Pennsylvania Railroad at 67J4J .18, a de
cline of I; Reauiog at 6G1J67, cloning at the
former rate, a decline of i; and Camden and
A in boy at 130J, no change. SH was bid for
Mihchtll, 20 tor Elmiia common, 42 for pre
ferred do., aud 48 lor Northern Central.
City Tassenger Railroad shares continue Inac.
five. Germantown sold at 24j2t,l, an advance
of. 02 was bid lor Tenth and Eleventh; 87J
for Second and Third; 40 for Fifth and sixth;
21 for Thirteenth and Fiitcenth; 53J for Chesntit
and Walnut; C8 for West Philadelphia; is; (or
llestonville; aud 274 for Girard College.
Bark shares continue in good demand for in
vestment; but we hear of no sales. 9(i was bid
lor Seventh National; 22G lor North Am.'ricn;
1454 ,or Philadelphia; 130 for Farmers' and Me
chanics'; 55 lor Commercial; 33 for Mechanics';
,r)8 lor Girard; 314 for Manufacturers' and Me
chanics'; 100 for Tradesmen's 5(4 forCUy; 41
lor Consolidation; 04 for Cotntnouwealth; 60 for
Corn Exchange; and 65 for Union.
I a Canal shares there was more doing, but
prices were lower. Schuylkill Navigation pre
ferred sold at 3G4fg3G3 , a decline of I ; common
do. at 28, a decline ot i; Lehigh Navigation at
i), no change; and Wyoming Valley Caual at
68, no change; 118 was bid lor Morris Canal
preferred: 14 lor Susquehanna Canal; and 50
lor Delaware Division.
Quotations of Gold 10A A. M., 147; 11 A. M.,
U7i; 12 M.. 147J; 1 P. M.,
The Adams' Express Company has declared
a qnarterly dividend ot 3 per cent., payable ou
Messrs. Drcxel & Co. announce the sale of a
limited number of bonds of the Ponusylvauitt
Railroad Company, whicti run lor five years, and
bear six ner ceut. interest. It is ha-dly necet-
sary to commend such ad opportunity; to call
attention to it is sufficient, on maturing they
are convertible into the consolidate 1 mortauge
loan. The chance lor a sale aud permanent in
vestment i9 thus offered to the public, and we
doiiot not, it will oe seized upon with avidity
I'HILADELPHIA STOCK UXCHAME SALKU T0-l)A
Keported by De Haven & br do. 40 S. Third street
BEr ORE BOatDS
100 sh Read 139 67 100 sli Heading.. b30. 67J
100 sh do i 64
S?R00 U 8 10-4OS counl03 400 sn Sch N pi. .lots 30 J
$11.00 U S 7-UOs Jui.elUtH 700 Bh do b60 Utii
S6o0 U8 6-aittio0oupllit:
1MK10 do... . b5. . I0i
SrftjOO do 109ji
fio0 ao. ...mM.iia I
10"0 Pa K lsi me 6sl0l V
KlOOONPa R 6s Hi
6M)0 Lch 6s, H UO
100 Bh German Pas K 244
2h0hO do lots.L60
100 th do b00 243;
100 sb do . ...ooiu 26
8sUWyo Vol 68
Minn Iji.ilirti Mar.. fiO
BV 8U C'a & A., lots. 13 I J
i sn ao. . . .scrip su
2 sh Ponu K 6S4
100 sh CO s0 67
lOOsh do 68 i
fiusn ao os
40 sh do lots 68
00 ei Keao. eOwu lots 67
100 sh do
onrtuli iln fi7
100 sh do btiO A
100 -b do s20 67 ! 200 sh
100 sh do s'20 67
100 sh no bSO 67
400 sh do..lots30 6j
100 sh do 8"
30;) -h rh & E...I0U 83,
50 sn lutn ft nth... ).
2 sh N Peuna 41
200 sn dt lots 60
100 sh do....e5wn56
Messrs. Dellaven & Brother, No. 40 South
Third street, make the following quotations of
the rates of exchange to-day at 1 r. ai. :
American Silver, Js aud is. , .
Compound Interest Notes i
" " June,
. 147 J
October 1866. . . .
Philadelphia Trade Report.
Fbid at, August 31 I he icctd.'ts of Timothy are
Increasing, and It Is in fair domand, with salostat
43 75(4 25. Flaxseed is taken on arrival by tho
crashers at $3 80. There is very little coming for
ward, and it commands 6 507-50 p bush.
No. 1 Quercitron Bark is steady at 835 t ton.
Tbere was very little doing la Flour to-day, but
nriccs were well maintained. The only sales re
Lorted were a tow huudred barrels tor the supp.y ol
the borne consumers at ;7'600 lor common and
ood pu per tine ; eil'i 11 lor oidaud uew whoa extras
$llr12 60 for N ortu western extra tumilv , the latter
rale lor lane ; (U (iu aid lor 01a ana iresn ground
Pennsylvania and Ohio do. do ; and 14 alii tor
choice brands, as in quality, live Flour is quiet,
with mult sales at $5 75. Prices of corn Afeal art)
l here is not much inquiry tor Wheat, and the re
a.....- .tn.),, ...... n ..... 1 1 . a .1 1 l. nf KOI . .. . L. . 1 . ..
brifjia auu r i u v. v m . u diuhii , c, s j, u J .1 vuajQU win
ter red at $2 82; and 1000 bushels Amber C ub at
52 48. W hue rau"es from 2 85q,2 !J6. Itve mav be
nuoti d at SI 15 tor Pennsylvania, there is no im
provement to notice in tbe market tort.'orn; a es
ot liuu pusueis yeiiuw at voo.. and louu busliol
Wctr.eru nuxod as 0Q(a'92o Oats are lu mod ao
uiand, with nates of 3500 bushels southern at 50o
W hisky u uucnunved ; small sales o. Pennsylvania
a: z .-is; sua uuio at 'u.
Catherine Luther, whose death was reported
the other day from Leipsic, and or wuom it wa
said cite was tho only traceable desceudant
the great reformer, was hatdly entitled to the
dieuity of being the last ot her race. In the
AuBtnon ministry of finance there is. or tuer
was as late as November of last year, a subor
tiinate clerk who bore the relormer's name, ant
was thought to be as immediately as Caiherln
the representative of the taini'.y founder. Iu
addition to the particulars which mude thejr
way to the press in regard to Catherine atore
sald, the lot.owing may be Interesting: At thfl
beeinuing ot this century but a siuele branch of
'he Luther family remained, and of that little is
known. John Michael Luther, born 1763, lived
it Erf'irt until 1801; was a physician, and went
abroad at the date last mentioned. Many years
later tho Luther-Veretn at Erfurt made Inquiry,
and found at Stocken, In Bohemia, Joseph
Charles Luther, a son ot John Michael, who had
settled at Stocken iu 1H11; married that year
Anna Popischak, and subsequently had by her
live children. The family was in the deepest
poverty. . Antony, the eldest boy, and ttie
brightest of the group, was selected by a wealtay
Protestant or Erfurt, and irlven scho ding facili
ties; but, proving brainless, was apprenticed to
a trade. Catherine is understood to be a daugh
ter ol this Antony. The Vienna offshoot proba
bly came from a brother of his.
Patti recently sang at tbe palace by com
mand of Queen Yktona.
Aubtr, at S3, la writing a new cpcr
OMF0RT FOR SMALL KC0MES.
liow i managed my house o two Hrjs
DKEI rorUJllS A YEAR," HOW I
MAM AGED MY CHILDREN."
FubLiehod by Loring, of Boston.
1'oniinnni from Evening leiegraph of yesterday,)
HINTS ON COOK1NU.
Stock for soun mav be made from the bones of
joints of meat, added to any trimmings from
cutlets, chops, etc. Home cold water, mace.
nnd bones must b boiled tn an iron saucepan
tor six or eight hours, then be strained through
a colander, be left till next day, when the fat
must be tusen oft, and it not then a strong jelly,
the liquor must be returned to the bones, and)
all bo boiled over again for some hours. There
must be no vecetables boileu with it, and not
the least tat: and when it is cold, all fat that
may accidentally bu there must be taken off.
Stock must he made the day before It Is to be
used. It Is this stock whxh makes hashes and
stews delicious, which enriches all overcookod
meats, and which lorms tho basis of all soups
pea soup excepted. Other soups must be colored
wuu ourut sugar.
Fish for frying must bo washed, dried, and
rolled in flour lor an hour, and then be placed.
me sainncu siue downwards, in plenty of bollimr,
dripping. A sole must never be turned on the
reverse side till it will lie tirm over the centre of
a knife or fish-slice. When removed from the
pan it must be laid on clean paper before tho
tire, to lree it from any fat which may adhere.
After a few minutes it must be removed to a
very hot dk h. There is no need of eggs and
In boiling fish of whatever kind the water
must be nearly boiling, whether it be uscl in a
trying pan or in a fish-kettle. Ti preserve the
color of salmon, a wineglassful of vinegar and a
lumo of sale must be added; the latter to all
fresh fish. Horseradish boiled in the water gives
cod a superior flavor. Soles must b covered
with boiling water and never turned, conse
quently the skinned side must be placed in
To Cook Sprats. Wash, dry, and flour them,
tuba bit of butter round a hot. frying-pan, lay
them in not to touch; in one minute t.irn them,
and in two minutes take them up, spread them
in a large hot dish before the tire for a minute
or two. then take each up singly on to a small
hot dish, and serve directly.
To Loosen Skins of Shrimps and Prawns. Put
them in a bain, pour boiling water and cover
close tor five minutes, then put them in a
co'nnder and hold them under a tap of cold
water; then shake them in a cloth till they tire
Plaice to Fry. Have middle-sized flsh filleted
by the fish-monger (each fish will give four
pieces), wash and dry them well, make a thick
batter of flour and a little milk or without the
latter; put some batter in a flat dish, dip in.
boih sides of the fish (the baiter should i'e like
a skin on the fish), lay the white srfiof the
plaice fn plenty ol' boiling fat; when it is stiff
across the knife and of a light brown, turn it
on the other side. When it is cooked, place it
on paper to absorb the tat, unl then on a clean
hot dish. It any roe is sent with it, cut it in
small pieces the size of marbles, dip it in batter
aud tiy it. Serve with a tablespoonful of
anchovy sauce to six of melted butter sauco
and ndo a little other sauce or ketchup. '
A Findon haddock should be divided In halves
be beaten, the skin hide downwards, on a table',
then be skinned from the tail upward; be laid'
the skinned side downwards, in a frying-pan of
bo'ling water only enough to cover. Then cook
from three to hve minutes according to the size
let it be taken up carefully and turned, the
bones downwards, on a hot dish, have somebut
ter ruboed on it before the nre, and be served
All meats for boiling, whether they be salted
or fresh, should bo placed in nearly boiling
water. Let the water boil, up rapidly, then
draw the saucepan back, and only allow it to
simmer gently. "Meat bo-led is meat SDoilcd.'1
A deep or shallow fish kettle with a drainrr in
It will be the best saucepan for use, on no fork
should be stuck in the meat, aud it tan be lifted
by the drainer.
In a nuck of mutton, a breast of veal, a brisket
ot beef, or any similar joint, the bones must be
placed upwards in the water (to prevent the
curling up ot tbe joint), the two former be
boiled twenty-five minutes to the pound, aud
the beef halt an hour to each pound, always
allowing an extra ten minutes tor warmine
Roast meats mu&t be placed before a clear
fire, which must not be stirred while the meat
is cooking. Meat must be well floured before
placing it at the fire or in the oven.
The oven-door should never be quite shut
while meat is baking, or the meat will have an
unpleasant taste. If the cavity blluate at the
side of the oven (at the back of tho grate) be
not quite cleared lrom the tine ash-dust which
will accumulate there every day, the oven will
not baise. So sic times this is needed twice
Stewed Stoak or Pie. Do not fry the meat first,
as this extracts tho goodness. A brown color
may be giveu to lhe meat by using burnt sugar.
Choose tbe meat horn the shin of beef, thfs is
lar richer than any other for the purpose It
for a stew, cut the meat into pieces tbe size for
helping, but cut away most of the fat, roll them
lu flour and lightly pepper them, uud place them
in a tin. Mix in a basin, with very little cold
water, one tablespoonlul of flour, set it with
boiling water till like a irravv, color it with
boiling water poured over burnt sugar, then
pour it over the meat just to cover it. Shred
some onions in rimrs, and cut them across,
slice thin tome rendy-boilad carrot and oarsnlp,
sprinkle some salt over the vegetables, place
them ou the meat, and the fat upon the top of
all. Cover the tin closely with a dish, and bake
it tor three hours in a hot oven.
Stew the meat in like manner if wanted for a
pie, only stewing two hours; out omit the veae
tables, only putting iu a whole onion with three
cloves stuck in it. vVheu it is cild make a paste
crust to line the dish and for a cover, and bake
one hour and ten minutes. Stock for both pur
poses Is better than water.
Harrico mutton is much tbe same as beef
stew. Or a gravy might be made from stock, or
fry the vecetables first, ami strain them lrom
the tat, then mix flour, aater, and burnt sugar,
pepper, and salt; strain it, and make it boil in
the frying-pan, then put the veget stiles and
liquor together lu a sacepan, and lot it boil for
halt an hour. Get some tender chops, free from
fat, and trim them (the fat will fry the vegeta
bles, the trimmings will go to tbe stock pot),
broil them over a clear fire, or try thorn b put
ting them well floured into boiling fat, and turn
ing them frequently, then w hen they are cooked
set them in a dish and pour the vegetables over
them, and serve hot. If chops be cut froia.
cooked muttou, then they must stew slowly two
hours with the vegetables, as meat is always
hard when once cooked.
Haihed Mutton Cut the meat In thin slices.'
and take away all the fat. Mix two table
spoonsful Ct flour, a grate tf nutmeg, and a