Newspaper Page Text
THE NEW YORK PKES3.
EDITORIAL OPINIONS OF THE LEADING
JOURNALS UPON CURRENT TOPICS.
OOMPILKD KTKRr DAY rOB KVRMMJ TKLKOrtAPH
A Rontheru Proposition.
vmu the lYibune.
It i known tbut the Governors of several
frdjtliprn Mutes under the Johnnon reglnic were
recently Jot several davs in WasUinirtou, and
that tliej, alter conference with the President.
niirerd on a plan of reconciliation and rc.-tora-
tiou which is to be first submitted to their re
fi-ctive I.epiRlature?, prior to a more general
submission, vve were seasonably favored with
the remit of their deliberation!!, but under an
lii;tinctlon of contlJence, which jeenis to have
boon partial; since the identical matter which
ie wire enjoined not to print until it had been
acted tin by one at least of tbo Legislature in
tiueHiuu, was on Tuesrday printed without re
serve by others.
The follow iiift is the gist of the project:
HVtfTMM, etc.. He it further resolved by tlio
A'islHluie ol , that tliq following urtk-lu
Mmll be adopted us uu utneiiilmeiit, to bououiu
juirl of tlie Constitution of the .Statu of ;
"Article. I'.very mule citizen wlio hits ro
Miiiit in the Male for one year, and in the
county in m hloh lie oilers to vote six mouths
im-.m-ilintr-ly precediiiK the day of election, and
Citti mid l lie Declaration of I ndopuiHenco ami
tin- I'oiislitiilion of the United States in tuo
i'.i'vllsh laniiuiiKC, and write Ills name, or wlio
laav be the owner oi Will worth of tuxalilo pro
)". t , shall he entitled to vote at all elections
lor liovernor of the htate, members of Hie
.Legislature, and all other officers the election
ol whom nia. be by the people of tho Stale.
""'fii'Wci, Tlml no person, by reason ol this
ai tiele, sliali be exeluilctl from vol inn who has
heretofore exercised theelective franeliise under
the I'oiiHtituiiou or laws of this Stale, or wlio,
at the time ot t lie adoption of tins amendment,
may be entitled to vote under tho said Constitu
tion and laws."
The aim ol thi- proposition, it will be seen, is
to secure the npnt of si tirade to all Southern
wh.tes, uLless il be the newly naturalized and
yet to be natural ized, aud exclude (so lar aa
possible) the blacks. We cannot see how this
eclietue should be expected to sivo satisfaction.
We stand lor universal amnesty with impar
tial sun'rago. We do not balance one by the
other: we commend each on its own merit
because it is just, wise, and calculated to benefit
each section and every class. The North needs
and will profit oy universal amnesty as well as
the South; lor neither the country lior a part of
it can truly prosper when another part is un
easy, apprehensive, uftlictert, wretched. We are
for unoartial eu Urape, because the whole land
needs rest from sterile, diiuserous agitation con
cerning neeroes and negro rights. We all kuow
'.vhete this must end: tuen why not go at once
to the end and be done with it ? Tho Southern
proposition stops haif way, and will settle
nothing. It ie more likely to intensify agitation
than to allay it.
but the prop.ised restriction of black suffrage
is radically unjust. Where a State provides for
the educa ion of all her people, we have not a
word to say apalnst a requirement of ability to
read as a qualijcation for votincr. Men should
know how to read; if they wilfullly refuse to
learn, thev uitiv plausibly be disfranchised. So
not so plau-ibly, but with a show of reason
the mao who has bad a fair chance to acquire
property, ei has none, may be debarred i'rooi
vo'ing, as ihntt less and irresponsible.
But to say to men who have been slaves till
now who have bi en denied the riant to acquire
property, and to teaeh whom to read has been a
crime by statute "You shall not vote unless
you have $201) worth of property, or know how
to read and wri'o," i adding insult to injury.
. You might as well hang a blind man for not
being an accurate judge of colors. It is not to
be thought of.
In tho county of Logan, Southern Kentucky,
as well as in several neighboring counties of
that State and Tenne8aee, a number of neeroes,
several of whom served in the Union armies,
have recently been killed and their property
destroyed or stolen by undetected villains,
phose animub is fairly iudieated byahandoill
they have posted up, as follows:
I AM COSIMITTKIi.
1. No man shall squat neuroes on his place,
unless they are all under his employ, male aud
2. Negro women shall be employed by will to
o. Ali children shall bo hired out for some
thing. 4. Negroes found in cabins to themselves shall
suiter the penalty.
5. Negroes shall uot bo allowed to hiro
0. Idle men, women, or children, shall sulTor
7. All white men found with negroes in secret
places shall be dealt with, and those Unit, hiro
negroes must puy promptly, and act with good
taitlilothe negro. I will uinlco tho negro do
Jus part, and the white must , too,
S. For the first ollense Is 100 lashes; the second
is looking up a sapling.
9. This I do for the benefit of all, young or
old, high and tall, bhtclc and while. Aav one
that may nol like these rules may try their
luck, and see whether or not I win bo found
doing my duty.
10. Negn.ea found stealing from any one, or
taking from their employers to other ueKioes,
death is the first penalty.
11. Running about late of nights shall be
strictly dealt with.
12. White men and negroes, I am every
where. I have friends In everv tlae. lin
your duty, aud I will have but little to do.
The miecreants who post these handbills
would all be voters under the .Southern project;
while tue Union soldiers, whose property they
have burned, will be disfranchised. It won t
We are heartily glad that the Southern
whites are taking hold ot tlie subject of Kecon
fctructiou. They might have started better; but
it i better to start faulty than not at all. They
vtiil improve In time.
The Q,ueeu'a Speech.
l'l vra the Times.
The Atlantic Telegraph gives us a verbatim
report of Queen Victoria's speech at the open
ing of the British Parliament. Her Majesty
congratulates the Lords upon the peaceful and
satisfactory nature of the relations between her
tJovernment and all foreign powers, aud hopes
that the late Germanic war may lead to durable
peace on the Continent ol Europe.
With regard to the questions at issue with the
UiHted States, she gives her high sanction to
the understood tact that she has suggested a
mode by which the ditlereuces growing out of
the acts of her subjects during the laic civil
war may receive an amicable solution, trusting
that her suggestions may be met in a corres
ponding ep.rit, remove all possible misunder
standing, and promote relations ot cordial
As to the war between Spain aud Chili and
Peru, it appears that the proffered mediation,
or goodoilices, of theQueenaud the French Em
peror have lailed to lurther the object of re-t-toiiug
In the matter of the Cretan insurrection. 6he
has. with Napoleon and Alexander, retrained
from direct interference; but all have exerted
themselves to bring about improved relations
between the Sultan and his Christian subjects,
not inconsistent with the rights of tae Porte.
The neaotiations whereby Prince Charles of
Honenzoliern accepted the Governorship of the
Dauubiau Principalities have been satisfactorily
Colonial consolidation is a fixed fact, and a
"bill will be submitted to Parliament whereby
all the North American Provinces will be
united in one Government as members of the
The Queen expresses a kind sympathy with
her famine-stricken subjects in India, and
rotates that her Government had instructions
1o make the utmost exertions to relieve the
widespread distress. Since the famine au abun
THE DAILY EVENING TgEGjAPII. PHILADELPHIA, THURSDAY,
dant harvest has much improved the condition
of the suffering districts.
Iti turning to Ireland and Feniantim. her
Blajesty saOu spirit of womanly chtrlty:
"The pereverinit cflbita and unscrupulous
assertions ot treasonable conspirators havp,
during the last Autumn, eialted the hopes of
some disaffected persons in Ireland and the
apprehensions of Ine lo.yal population, but the
linn and temperate exercise of the powers In
truded to the Executive, and the hostility
p'anitested aifalnst the conspiracy by men of
atl cla?9e and crcods, bave jireatly tended to
restore public confidence, and have rendered
hopeless any attempt to disturb the general
tranquillity. I trust that you will, consequently,
be enabled to dispense with the continuance of
any exceptional legislation for that part of my
His Majesty tegrets the extent of the cholera
and the cattle plague, and, in reference to the
former, stBtes that she has oMercd important
commissions to arrange for the itu Drove meut of
the sanitary conditiou of the principal cities.
Addressing fne Commons, she says the esti
mates for the support of tha Government bave
been prepared with a duo resard to pmnnmv
and the requirements of the public service.
She hopes the Commons will grant a moderate
sum lor the establishment of an efficient armv
The important subiect of Pari!
also claims her attention, and she expresses the
significant hope that Parliamentary rtoliKoru.
tious may be conducted in a spirit of modera
tion and mutual forbearance which may lead to
"the adoption ot measures which, without '
undue disturbance of the balance of political
power, shall freely extend the elective Iran- '
'J he condition of tho labor nniclinn nnit Iho !
riehts and wronars of employers and employed. !
tiiu meuiiuiieu, wun sugiTPsiions mat measures
be taken to settle diilerenoe.-i and seenrp int.in .
The condition and wants of the merchant marine
aie al-o subjects for leeislation, and attention
i- called to important features In the navigation
laws of France.
The railway muddle is so important that, her
Majesty will propose a bill to recrulato those
stupid corporations, and enable them to meet
Auiongminor matter, the Parliament is called
upon to improve the manaarement of the pick '
and poor; to amend the Bankruptcy law: to
consolidate the Probate, Divorce, and Adini-
laity t ourts, and expedite legal business in the
Common Law aud Excise Court-".
Tciiaut-rieht is also mentioned, aud a bill i
will be introduced to encouraee occupiers of ',
land in Ireland to Improve their farms, and to i
secure to them just coaiponc-atini for pcrma- 1
neut impiovemenis. i
Mr. Johnson and Ilia Proposed Com- i
promlMt) A Tali to the V luile.
i'Vom f7ie Herald.
Side by side wilb the Constitutional amend- ;
ment adopted by Congress and already, ratified i
by seventeen of the loyal Stales, requiring only
thice more to fix It, we give the amendment :
greed upou as a compromise between Presi- :
dent Johnson and certain leading politicians of !
.the Rebel Slate. Here th-y are:
CONOUKSSIONAI. AMl'.XD T II K I'BVSIUKVT'm SI' 11- I
MKNT. hllri IK
Article M section 1. All Article 11-Seclion 1. No
Pfismia liurn or niitura- SUue, tinilor Uio ('oiistilu- ;
j.i'u in tue united stales, nun. mis it rlnlit or lis ow n
mil suhject to the juristlic- will to renounce its place ,
ion thereof, lire citizens of m. or wii.inlrw iv,,i., n.n
the Vnileil States, unci of I'nion, nor has the Fedt-
iic laigniiciuin wiej IW I .11 V .O V LTI1 111 Clt t ally Hlll
tile, iso Stiiteslmll inuke to elect a statu li 'nlil Llm
or enforce- any law winch Union, or to deprivt) it of '
shall ahridKethcprivlletes lis equal MifVrusre 111 the
or iniinuiiiiles of citizen Nenaie, or of rcureaentti- ,
of the U ulted Htaien : nor lion In the House of Keii- i
en..... pmiii: Mrjiu.o iv.tciHuuvtfH, lUUUlllOn. '
any person ol life, liberty, under tlie Coiislilutiou. 1
or property without due shall he perpelunl.
process of law, nor deny section 2. The public I
l any person within lis debt of the United Stales,
Jurisdiction the equal pro- authorized bv law, shall I
lection ol Uio laws. ever do held" sacred and I
Sictton 2. Itepreentu- inviolate, but neither tlie !
tivis shall be apportioned United states, nor anv I
allium; the several stales state, shall assume or pay i
iicc-irdiiig to their respec-any debt or oblia(ion in- 1
live numbers, comitiiik' currcd In aid of lusurrec- i
the whole Dumber ol per- '.ion or rebellion anuinst I
sons in each state ex- the Government or aiuho
cludinis Indians not rity of the United States,
taxed. '-tit when tho
nnhi to vole ut any elec- Section 3. All persons I
lion for the choice ol elec- born or naturalized in the
tors lor I'resictcntaiKi Vice United Stales, and subject i
President of the United to the Jurisdiction thereof,
suites, Representatives la areeitizens ot the United !
Congress, the executive states and of the states In
and judicial oil it-en ol a which they reside; and the
State, or the members of citizens of each Stale shall i
the Legislature thereof, is be entitled lo all tlie privi- 1
denied to any of the male lenes anil immunities of 1
Inhabitants of such State, citizens In tlie several
beinjc twenty-one years of Slates. No State shall do- '
use and citizens of the prive any ptrsou of life.
United States, or hi any liberty, or properly with
way abridged, except for oui due process of faw.'nor
participation In itebellloii deny to any porson within
or oilier crime, tlie basis Its jurisdiction tiie etiual '
of representation therein protection of the laws. "
shall be reduced in the Section 4. Hepresen
proporllon which the mini- tatives shall be apuur- ;
her of such mule citizens tinned among tlie svo
shall bear to the whole ral Stales according to I
number of male citizens their respective numbers, 1
twenty-one years ol aye in counting the whole nuiii- i
such state. ber of persons In each .
Section 3. No person Stale, excluding Indians !
shall he a Senator oi JUep- not taxed, hut when any i
rtsenlatlve in t'onyress, Slale shall, on account of
or elector of President and rave or color, or previous
Vice-President, or hold condition of servitude,
any olliee.clvil or military, deny tho exercise ot Ihe !
under the United fcilates, elective Irauciso at any
or under any stale, who, election for the choice of
having previously taken electors for President and '
uu oaih, us a member of Vice-President of the '
t ongress. or as uu ollicer United statf.. Ifnmnh,.
ot ihe United states, or as lives in Confess, uimn
a member of nny State tiers ol tlie Legislature, and
LenMaiure, or as un exe-other ollicers elective by
cutive or Judicial ollicer of the people, to any or tne
liny Slate, to support the male Inhabitants of such
t oiiHIilullou ol the United Slale, being twenty-one
Mules, shall have engaged years of age, and citizens
in lusnrreelion or rebellion ol the United Stales, then
against the same, or given the entire class of persons
am or romlort to the cue-ho excluded from the ex-
iines ineieoi. mil vongress ercise of the elective fran
YHty y. a ' "vo-ebise bhail not be counted I
raruiiuii t. x ne validity ot ;
the public debt ot the
L'oitcti states, authoriyed
by law, Including delns lu-
curied tor pa uieuiof pen-
biuns iinu ouuuiits. lor ser
vices lit suppressing insur
rection anil rebellion, shnll
not be iiestliuied. Hui
neither the Limed Stales
uor any Stale shall assume
oi pay uny debt or obliga
tion Incurred In aid ot in
surrection or rebellion
ugaiiisl Ihe United Slates,
or auyclaim for the lessor
emancipation ol any slave;
but till such debt, obliga
tions orclaimsshali be held
Illegal Hud void.
section a. The Congress
shall have power lo en
force, by appropriate legis
lation, Ibu provisions of
At the first glance the reader will be struck
with the woudeilul general resemblance between
thete two plans, aud he will be apt to inquire,
why should there be any further difficulty be
tween the President and Congress, when the
compromise proposed by Mr. Johnson is sub
stantially the plau of Congress ? A little exami
nation, however, will show that tho ditference
between the two plius is ust the difference be
tween the geuuine Brazilian and tho bogus Cali
fornia diamond.. Let us see. uir. J onnson pro
poses, first, to declare in the Coustituttou that
no State has a right to t-ecede, which is super
fluous; that the' (ieneral Government has no
right to eject a Slate, which is claptrap; or to
deprive any Statu ot its equal eutTraee in the
Senate without its consent, w hich is already in
the Constitution; or of representation in the
House, which la already sufficiently secured,
what, then, ib the meanluar of this proposition ?
It is ouly a reaffirmation of Mr. Johnsou's
theory that, alter what he has dono without
authority from and in dcQance of Congress, in
reeonstrucUue the Rebel States, Congress has
no right to deny them admission into either
House. It is the sophistry of Mr. Johnson's
stump speeches, boiled down, in defense of his
His second proposilion in reference to the
national debt, and all Kebel debts, is suc-stan-tially
the pendinsr amendment; and his third,
in reference to citizenship and the equality of
rights before, the law of citizens of all colors,
is also, in substance, the Congressional declara
tlon. and it involves on his part a conversion to
the Civil Uights bill, which ho vetoed and which
! ,C.l)CK8nr'lmin'r1to "fnUbmlly
fhr. ;6:1, ,n mIar,, ,0 the ballot-box.
I the President proposes what may be railed im
partial suffrage, with the condition that wl en
any State shall, on account of raoe or color r
previous rendition of servitude," deny the elec
tive franchise, etc., then the entire V a,s of o i
! sons so excluded shall not b, coun ed in Ve
, -avis ot representation. This seem" o t e n"r
eetlvfair, but what says the ame, X ent of
eororess? That w ben any State lH
i MBvabrtdye- the sufliate. -evcent for nnr?X
pation inrebeinon or other
( of representation therein shall ho r,i., .,l
; ;.rcordinBy. Acpordm, to I be Pre s Went s plan
Hchels are not to be i.,uj. uci.is p an
1 and writing and I property ouainnpti'1 red,'""?
; ail classe- alike, whj bo Lla hlZn' p?n
! t7)aeqs,ou,tihflCRll0U h! ottS
. Win, taking its population at hXfrd
I feT11 r9 .rS'f
' licbels mnv h.. v.i..A. m ' Consrre-s
im ucis may De excluded from the nnlU hut
1 adopting one hundred thousand people as' (he
ffilfcxcTuW ifheIblacftks are
wnouy exciufied. South Carolina will lose four
of the seven men.beis of the House to which -he
w by universal sutliage. he entitled S e
will ose, too in proportion to the eTct, of a v
restriction whatever upon blacks or whites so
that a property or ren.iing and writing oualitl"
cation will involve the same lwTOS.
as exclusion on at co mt of color, itv the pro!
perty and reading and wriiine quaiirtca ion mi
the other hand which Mr. Johnso i pro I Z'sZ
oraut. the whole black population (ev X'tng
the fe- aught to read and write by the Kr Ju
men s Bureau) and most of the' poor wl hum
would be excluded from the sutlraVe c that
8outh Caio ma would be inorc a rlo.cVorf.0M
tion under her old Kebel oliirnrcl ,T?"r
brd?creor.S0Ot "U thG tLtr K'b"
To make this thing sure, Mr. .lobn ,on nrono-c
no equivalent or substliuto lor the third sec ion
of tne amendment of Congress, cxcliKlinir cer
tain cbses of Rebels from office, State or Fede
ral, until absolved by a two-thirds vote of each
House or Congress. On the contrarv, he pro
poses to i-ive the Kehels full swim?, as ii nothin
had hapiieucd. He does uot yet seem to com
prehend the fact that the very' strongest Pecti,.u
ol the ConeresEional amendment in the Korth
is that which proposes to make the mater
spirits ot the Rebellion take back seats in out
political allairs until they can be .-alely absolved
by Congress. Not long since Horace tireeley.
la his benevolent desire to conciliate the Soutu
issued, at a veniure, his inanitesto in favor of a
general amnesty. The dav before Le did this he
was good lor the United States Senate: the day
alter he was as dead as Rnvmond or Thurlow
Weed. The idea that the North shall be bad
gered again in Congress bv such Southern Kebel
leaders as Jell. Davis. Benjamin, Mason, Sli
delJ, Wiglall and company, fs jusi, as odious in
the loal States as was the Chicago-Vallan-tiighani
platform of prace at any price. Mr.
John -on'.-substitute lor the pending Constitu
tional amendment, in short, is a oead lailure.
W bat, then, can the Executive do to save hull
s' If? IDs only way ol safety is to abandon all
this useless bedcring and ditching, Guessing and
quihblirtr, and squarely reccirnize the authority
ot Ccnare.-s, ana frankly adopt the puidinir
amendment, together with the idea that tne
states which forfeited their rishts in the late
Rebellion are subject to the terms of Congress
in the matter of their restoration. The great
issue ot bis impeachment does not depend upon
the merio of this plan or that plan. It rests
upon his usurpation of the exclusive powers of
Congress, his hostility to the authority of the
law-makinj, power, and bis failure-to "see the
laws tuiihiully executed." In a word, it is
because he has tlood and persists in standing
in the way of the legislative rights of Congress
and the will of the people, as expressed upon
this pending umendmeut. that he is to be im
peached. By fulling in wilh Congress and the
aa.endmeiit he may still be snypd; otherwise
no hedging or finessing- will avail him. He bus
gone to the end of hi rope, and he mu.-t tall
but k or be displaced.
Suspension of the President.
from the World.
"We will thank someone who holds the oppo
site View in slinn; tthnrnin o?..l lmUI i ,. m.i.
erred in supposing that the IIou?e, in deciding
to impeach a President, can suspend him if sus
pected. And so ot the Vice-President. If an
impeached President still retains all the powers
incident to his station, how came Mr. Madison
just fresh from Iraming the Federal Constitu
tion to blunder as above V'lribune.
The very morning on which this challenge
appeared in the Tribune, the World contained
a luminou'?, coherent, and exhaustive exposition
of the views of Mr. Madison ou the point in
question, liom the pen of one of the lipestand
most constitutional lawyers in the country, au
theiticated by his well-known initials. Mr.
Curtis' exposition was buttressed by massive
documentary evidence, so pertinent, so solid, so
well applied, so conclusive, as to set at rest not
only the question of Mr. Madison's individual
opinion, but the intention of the franiers of the
Constitution. We had a right to expect that
the Iribvrie, after such a challenge as that
quoted above, would let its readers see the
evidence it had called lor. It that journal is
edited with an honest desire to put iis
readers in possession of the ttuth. why
16 it so habitually shy ot opposing arguments ?
His true that a fair summary of Mr. Curtis'
communication would raaKe the presump
tuous air of conndence wilh which the
Jnlune plums ih-elt ou untenable positions,
stem cheap and ridiculous; lor before assum
ing that the quotation from Elliot indubitably
expressed Mr Madi.-on's views, uud mounting
upon it to brandish a shillalah. the 'Irtlmne
owed n to the reputation ot its editor as a his
torian to investigate ihe subject. It Le can
build with such a confident air ot detiance on a
misunaei stood fragment broken Iro n theejaes
?I,ir-rineiB 0t.' a sul.iect, what trust can his
L-hh e b1 he ever investigates anything
W nBoiif,? .Am beu H,lcr tbp truth which
ofhnvf h" 8!0 hml is Pmlel out to him by
hi .?.8 -'noi,s ,un(J concea)s it, how tan
! hi J H ny cre,,it for pan,,or ? r dow he
rhlS i. h,aH,,mnsr tbe character of a histo-
lhat virtue? obligation to practise
th1enPvi'l.rcu,1 Pase tue subioct is important,
of siirh nk nU(1 solid, and the writer
lor an ,lnXU? tbut " ouU be preposterous
mn witl,dJ J f 8 nw-Paper to ulleJt to neat
In nf S Uiu" 11 hia argument was low.
con 'nam bn'i-y P.ro18 were 01 8u:h '"oderate
reo uirefi maltht'ir "I'Wluctlon would have
wi 3n f ai, 8pace" No excUse consi-tent
pressiou. g CUn be iulag'" 'or their sup-
8..-nVi'ono?nuV,lthIioUllocs not a"tori.e the
trial ? evlden? " '" P'ed officer during his
visloni i rrtal m ,he n,e,e rea(lills of the pro
dent as w d ?.Up.euch,lje"t" Prece
Droceedhi V u fTP U wanting lor such a
KpeHSuU?W ,htoryof all the
nuniber of Imneanwl ." tnere bas been a
brevet lSuTtm lT"Deached officer
iuthor",1 u xwjft his triaU, ?baa
in the Constituriobut was To.",0' '.wl
out of it, kept out of it on in 0lberat-ly kept
kept out lor rendered reasons consideration,
authentic record tbaVsu'ch U I)rove'' by ttU3
offered, was debated"," wa ZTUOn
large majority. No evident J i' niby t
of this nature U suscWtil , I T hica "erX
more compleioirTOnvlnc?Bf0uId Tsbly be
wbelmingly unanswerable tiSdV,0' ,more r"
followinl quotation from T1
of the proceedings rende?, Sil '?iWn rep2
superfluous: ' otlor proofs
On the 14th of September Mr rf,..i , i
Mr. Oouverueur Morris moved- Kutle(1se and
That persons Impeached bu'"7. . ,
their offices until they be tried n, noved. fr,.)m
Mr. Madlson-Tlie PresiJen na c'l"ted
dependent already on the l.eii8 ,.i., UHSlB H10
power of one branch to try him in cnn.8 by tlsa
or an impeachment by tJie oilier.0 ftilK?
inediute suspensloa will put lilm in i
of one branch only. Thecun ilVnVmoffi'
In ortier to make way for the functions of
another who will be more favorable to llielr
views, vole u temporary removal ol the existing
Mr. Kin concurred In the opposition to the
n the qiieslion to nuree to It:
Connecticut. South Carolina, (ieorirla Aye,
3. .New Jlainpsliire, Massiu'litiselts, New Jer
sey, lVnns.vlvania, llelaware, Muryland, Vlr
iilnin, isorth Carolina No, H. (Mudlaou'a
Minute; f'.lliot, vol. fi, pntjes Ml, M2.)
The Irilitne. in piuadincr the pwnirn from
KHiot, lays stress on the lact that Madison was
'just tresh from framing the Federal Constitu
tion," implying thereby that his opportunities
must have made him perfectly acquainted with
the lutcntton of its framcr. But their inten
tion rests on no such deubttul inference; it is
matter of authentic icrord made at tne time,
infirie by Madison himself, made by tho leading
aetor against the proposition, who carried witn
him. by the force ot his argument, nearly turee
lourths ot the Convention, fcveu if the pag.
sage If om Elliot were as sreuultie as It Is proba
bly fpunous, it could not shake or invalidate
this entirely Impnguable record. What the
Conventton'meon on this subject is proved by
w hat they did on it, and no subsequent opinion
ot anybody's can alter a past fact. That such a
proposition was oilered proves that the power
of suspension was not already in the Constitu
tion: that it was rejected proves that the door
was locked aud barred against it.
fcltiot picked up such reports of the debates
In the State Couviutions as be could find scat
tered through tho publications of the tune,
without undertaking to guarantee their correct
ness. The carelessness of the reporter, or the
inadvertence of some printer or proof-reader In
two or three successive reprints, may have sub
stituted the name of Madison lor that of some
other speaker. The origin of this discrepancy
may enlist a taint curiosity, but it is of no more
importance than would be a second or third
hand report of a man's conversation about
the coLteuts of a deed, when the instrument
itselt existed m his own handwriting, signed
witu his name, hearing his seal, subscribed
by attesting witnesses, and open to general in
spection. We have thus recalled attention to' Mr. Cur
tis' impregnable statement, mainly for the pur
pose of subjoining an important practical in
ference, which it concerns the Republican party
to heed. It Congress shall attempt to suspend
President Johnson, he has the most solid con
stitutional grounds lor resistance. Congre-s
has no more right to suspend him dining the
trial, than they have to put him out of office
previous to the impeachment. In the light of
Mr. Curtis' exposition, it is a cae tuat admit.' of
no doubt, and Mr. Johnsou would be false to
hiscatuto "preserve, proteet, and defend the
Constitution," it he permitted it to be thus wan
tonly and flagrantly violated. If Congress shall
have the hardihood to undertake what the
authors of the Constitution deliberately decided
should never be done; if Congress shall attempt
to invent agalnn the Constitution a power
which knocked in vain for admission and had
the door shut its tace, the proceeding will be so
revolutionary as to justify and demand the
most resolute and unshrinking resistance. To
su-pend the President in defiance ot the Con
stitution will be as daring a rebellion a was
that ol the South in lsiil. It will deserve to be
confronted with measures equally decisive and
crushing. President Johnson would have tne
public opinion ot the world upon on his side,
because the evidence is ot that plain, untechni
cal. and conclusive character which the w hole
world can appreciate.
We take it lor certain, therefore, that, iu the
light in which the question now stands, the
idea ct suspending the Piesideut will no longer
be seriously entertained. To push him into a
corner where he would be compelled by his
oath of office to resist, and where the public
opinion of the world would sustain him In
resistance, would be to plunge the country
knowingly into the horrors and uncertainties
of civil wat. Bad and bold as the Republican
niulignants are, they will not dare to lace this
terrible responsibility. But if they conduct
their impeachment with due observance of
constitutional forms, it will amount to
nothing. The whole eVsipn has been based
on the assumption that the President could
be suspended during the trial, the Rcpub
litans meanwhile gainiug complete control
ot the Government, which they would use
to enlarge the Supreme Court by put
ting in a majority of Republican judge?, so
that, whether the President was convicted or
acquitted, all the questionable legislation of
Congress would afterwards prevail.' This game
cani.ot be played-no other is worth plavmg.
It the President could be suspended, there
would be a motive to pro'ract the trial until his
term expired. But a trial may be prociacied by
the defense as well as by the prosecution, and
the Piesideut remaining in office in any event
until its conclusion, his term would eradually
wear away during tho enaction of a solemn
taiee. The accused can bring as many wit
msscsashe plea-es, and they must beexamlned;
he can employ as great an array of coulscI as
he pleases, and they must be heard. Butlsr.
f'hiiiips, Ashley, and all the leading zealots for
impeachment, have publicly coniesscd aud
contended that it would be a futile proceeding
without tho suspension of the President. Sus-peui-ion
being a demonstrated impossibility,
Raoicalit.ni had belter compose itself to die with
STOVES, RANGES, ETC.
(JDLVEU'S NEW PA TENT
HOT-AIR F UANACE,
ltANClKS OF Al.l SILVIAS.
Alo, FlillcKar's ftevr Uw Pressure
Steam Ilentlug Apparatus.
KOR SALE BY
6 1 '5 No 1182 market street.
lllUMHSDN'S LOA1JON KlTCHbN Kit,
4h J-liKi J'EaN RAInOK, for Families, Hotels
or 1 uLilc Institutions. In IWLSlY DiV
rt.lll..T MI.S Ln l,lla,lalnl,ta llatitrAS
luticis, rortauie l.euter, l.owdown i.raios.
JlieuoBiU Moves, bath Bolieis, Ktewtiole Hates,
boilers, ookii'g tstovis, etc , wliolesale and retail, oj
in ( Muih tin
No. 219 N.
A fine HKortmcnt of POflKFT and
TAhi.iC tUTLKKY. KAZOKS. KA.
'.uu M'tunPA l ai.timi diHuiinuii
rAj-iLli lhjj TAILOIW BHEAKs., KTC. at
, L. V. HELMOLD 8
Caller? Htort, So. lSftfonia TENTH Htreet,
l" Tlireedoura above Waluui
pEJRCE'S PATENT SLATES,
Warranted luperlor to snr otberslo use.
light: noisklkssm durablkiii
taunol be broken be. alllnif, and
Never Become Glossy.
Tbeie Blatei bave been unanimou.ly adopted by the
Hoard ol Control lor use Id llie public Schools ot rblla
d. lulila, aud aiao by tlie acbuol authorities oi llaitlinore
auo Vt aihlDKlon. Alao
h-ikce'8 patent slate surface.
The only Patent stone Sun nee lor blackboards ao
beioie the public, yv'arrnntea to vlve llicil n.
4 KiW lON PMKt'K t CO.,
o. 427 fcLK V kjS i' fl street
("action Peware of the imitation Unoksand Paste
bouid Slalea ottered by auenta, and which are made,
re-einble in appearance our alaied itoods The nonuln
are all eli ber labelled on the back, or the package In
i.eied aud niaiked, fateni-l Vtb. 10, 18ti:l I4imw3in rp
JOBERT SHOEMAKER AC0.
AXb DIALERS IJV
Paints, Varnishes, and Oils,
So. 201 NORTH VQURTH STREET
OOBKEB Of KAVE-
FEBRUARY 7, 1867.
TH-AHAUK MUTUAL sai.tty ixsUT
any. Incorporated bytheteg la
latnre ot l'etinnylvania, 1H;iA. j
Crlice, 8. E. Corner TlliHIi and WALNUT Stree Ul
, . MARIN. lNoJKASCE
on ve.nelg, carito, and I ireMh, o all parta of the worl t
rra0SfrheVn"r;,.C,nsl,Hlie' nd to
on merehandla. .V""RaCM
On Stores, liwcllnm llbn'ea, Etc.
A8SET8 OF THE COMPANT.
IfO.OOu United tate A Per Cent. Loan.
120 000 I Kited elatea It Per Cent. Loan.
'.00 0(9 Ur,lted Htatra 7 1 10 Per cent.
Loan, Trenauiy Note
125.000(itT ot 1'hllaae phialx Per cent.
(54.000 state oj Pennsylvania nix 1'ec
4t:,000 Slate of Pennnvlvanla Five i'er
( ent. Loan
M,000 Hiaie of ew Jcmey blx Per Cent
2(1,000 Pennsylvania hal road, 1st Mort-
Six Per Cent. Bond
K.rm l ennsylvaiila Kai road 2d Moit-
, ...I'o six pi r ( ent. Honox
25,0r,0 Vtentein PennsyivaniM Kailroad
t?lx Per Cent, llonda H enna. K. It.
0 CCD stale of ienoessee Five Pet Cent.
7,0( 0 1- ta e of Teuneesee ts'lx l'cr'iCcnt.
15000 30(1 Sbarrs Stock or (iermantown
(las Company (principal and Inte
ract . uuranteed by the city of
7,160 143 shares stock ot Pennsylvania
. I(a,llo',d Companv
6 CCO Kio Shares Stock oi North l'enn-
)n nfinli'S?1"" K'i'foad Corppany
0,OCO Mi 8 hares Stock ol Philadelphia
and southern Wall steuumlilp
1115,900 Loans dn Bords and MortKuie,"
lt Liens, on City Property
5 0(0 00
yt 15 000 00
1 OlS.OJO par,
Bills receivable for Insurance
Balance due at agen'c'li-s. Pre
miums on Marine Policies, Ac
crued Interest, and other debts
due the Company
fcrlp and stock of simdrv Insu
rance and other iCompanlee,
1(3. afimatt d value
Cosh In Bank f 41.10-2-26
iHdhlii Drawer 447 11
th7marke,n?a,!un.eW en,"'Prl"- the P" ' 8umediS
'J liomas C. lianil,
11 11 . . Li l VJH.
Edmund A souder
John it. lenrose,
henry C. l.allett, Jr..
James C. Ilautl.
M liiiam C. I.udwiK.
Joseph H. Seat
Ueorse (1. i elper,
John I) 'luylor,
V llilamti. Boulton,
11. Jones Brooke,
Jacob P. Jones,
J nines B. Idd- arlaaU,
Joshua P. Eyre,
J. B 8einple, 1'lttsburR
A. B. Bemer, "
1). X Morgan, "
C. H A Ml 1,..,.
IIfnrt Lti.bcbn, Secret'art
1AV18, Vice President,
Franklin Fire Insurance Co,
Assets on January 1, 18GG
.... 400.000 0,
.... 144.643 li
U8KTTLED CLAIMS, INC011B FOB 18M
U,4b7 53. tUW.
LOstHM PAID 8IXCE OVER
Perpetual and Tern poraiy Policies oq Liberal Temui
Charles Jl Bancker, ,.dwma c. Xal
J oliiux V aner, eore faie.
Biuouel Grant, MJired FitierT
C. eon,e W . Kicharan, Francis W. Lewis. If. a
lfcaacLea, peter AlcCall.
CHAKLE8 i. BANCKiK, Preslaent.
- . -"WABI) C. UAL,, Viclsiaeut.
JAS. W. M(ALLlsTK.eretary protem! , iu
IllOVIDhM' i-ll-E ALSO TKL'81 (JOill'ANT
ho. Ill feouth FOUhlU street.
raCOKPOKAlhll 3d SlON'l H, Wd., 1865. 1
CAPITAL, (150 00, PAID IS. '
Insurance on Lives, by Yearly Prenjluuu; or by 5 IS
or i year PitniluniB, kon-ioneiture. wruye.w,
LuuowiLeiiiB, payable at a luture ago, or on prior
dcieaie, by Yearly Preniiunia, or 10 year Premium-.
both ciaMes htn lorelture. ' rremiuina-
Auuuities giantvd on tnvorable terms.
1 crm Po.klea. ('hili'rtu's Lndowmenta.
'Ibis Company, wbile gulng the Insured the secnrlty
piupald-up latitat, win diwee the eiilireBroatool iiia
LI t Lukintas auioug Its Policy holders.
Aioi.cjB leteivio ai interest, auu paid on demand.
Authurtztd bv cbar.er to execute '1 rusw, aud toactn
f ecutor or Aomlniairtttur, Assixuee or Uuarulau an
in oilier TiUUciaiy capucith uuuei aiiiioliitmciit o. n
(curt oi this coUiUionwealih or of
Bout, or Louies pontic or corporate.
au r person orp er-
8A iirjEL K. SHIPLEY, ,UliM5Y HAINES,
Wt'JLtejA U. ill wiping.
H' HA Hl WOOL),
Wit. C. LUNUXTKKl'll,
'I' WIMTAU uunirv
"AJltlSl, K WIIIPLFY.
II'gM A8 WISTAB. at. 1., ' J. B. TOWK8KM), 1
' n Medical fcaamluer. Leaal Adviser,
1'rpMiilpnt a ..,,uH
JSORTII AMERICAN TRANSIT
no. 33 South FOURTH Street
Annual Poilcie. it.sued against General Accident! of
ail descriptions ut ejicedii j,ly mw rates
. ."iH'.w.'' ,fi0ld mr one year. In any sum from 100
to lu.iHju. at a premium ol only one-ualf per oenu
aecui ln tbe iut) amount Insured In case of death, and
miuuiwu0"1'011 Cil week eQU1 10 the whole P'"
short uuie l icaeia for 1, J, a, 7, or lu days, or 1. , oi
b tuouihs, at ibcen.s a day, insuring in the sum of WuOO
oraniUK elo per week. I lieubieu to be had at tne
Generiu on.ee, Ao. laj b. toCLXH uu-eet, rhl.adel.
pb a,or at ti.e .anoushuiiioad llcket othces. Besnr.
to purchase tne ilcketg oi the korth American Xranal
For eireuiara and furthei Iniormauon apply at tn
(.ui ral Otuce, orof auy oi the authoila Ateula ol th.
LKVln L. BOUPt, Prejridenu
JAMtH M CONKAb. Qreasurer
t. nnunn , Becretary
JOHil C. Bt LLiTT, Bolicltor.
V i. ""P1.- ' Pennsylvania Kailroad Compauy
E- B.lut,sle, ConUneiiul Hotel
e-iu,ue. u. Paluoei.t ashler oi Com. National Bank.
ii" J f'-euriUK, Nob. HI and 21K Dock street.
wmk.i. S.0""". lrm of Courad is wanon,Ko.H2
i-uocu hew Is, late Oen. Hup'tPenna R. It.
invit ilehvUey' W. corner ot Third and Walnut
(i.C. Francis, us. Oen. Asentfenna B. R. Co.
I lit, ni as K. l eierson, ho. MM iiui set street
tv,i.h Kunz flrn 0' iuitz A Bowaru, "o. 2 8.
Third street. j 3 iy
xC.5.I?LOK.A'1.I 18H-CHAltTER PERPETUAL.
lu aouitnV.fii il't61 opposite theExchanse.
It.i Ann...D.,?.MAK1Xt; ttnu lLANDI.aULNCB
lilt Coiupauy tnsuies iroiu loss or daiuane by F1BE
etc lor'Suiltd merchandisV, lurnllSS
Vy depL ?o, Mtmrum: ui P'"" building
thanVv'vi-11? bccn f"clve operation for more
ilVli) '.dJu.JV.';a"pUald.R bteh UV "eeU
John L. IlodKe,
Lawrence i.ewia, Jr.
J ohn T. Lew 17
illlam s. (irant,
Tboiua. 11. Powei-a,
f. K. ilclicnry,
Edmuud 1 astlllun,
T..111. f K...iu '
- Wuro Secretary
Tl RE INSURANCE EACLUSIV ELY.-TH1
WVVliil,SUVAMJ FIrfK ' alSUHAJNCK com
WAI Kj7inTpor',ed 18:T tarter Perpetual-Jio 510
I lila r hlre!t' opposite Independence Square,
lor ow l avurauij auunu 10 iue commomtj
"in lll lt'ly 3evConiinue to Insure against loss or
lu ane by tire i u I ubllo or Pr vale Buildiim eiiimi
p riiianentl, 01 tor aiin-lted time. AlJi on iuuuur.!
term" 01 t"a-" ud WerthAudlae jieuerally, on liberal
lnviidC?Jf 'Vf' "e VW Suroln. FnndA
hem n ,.m.r,.''.,u'V", "J81"1 nnuer. which enable
cam0l W insured an undoubted security In the
1 q .... . WBEOTOFS.
Banlel Jmlth. Jr . 1 John Devereux.
Alexander 'Beuson. I Thomaa Smlthr
Isaac llaU-hurai, . Henry Lewis. '
ahouiaa Bobbins. J. (liliiiuliaiii Fell.
lianlel Paddock. Jr ,
'Wlllwn r,. I'AMKL SMITH, J ., President 1
WaUAM O. Ckowell Becretary
LIVERPOOL AND LONDON
GLOBE INSURANCE C03PMT
Capital and Asscte, $16,000,000.
Invested in United States, $1,500,000.
Total rremiums IUcplved ljr th
Company in 1805, 4,017,175.
Total Losses Paid in 18G5, $1018,250
EntrlVJof pton,pUjr 'Ju't'1 wltiiout relereoc t
OFFICF ae,Mr,il Xutut ,or Psunsylyaiua.
No. O MtM-oli ants' Lxchsns;)
Hlll.ADKLl-UIA. It) U Obi
fwC'K- W-aLNUT ST.. PHILADELPHIA
1NC0HPORATED17M. CU A R1ER PKEPETOAU
Assets, January 8, 1867, $1,763,267-33.
ISLAND TBAFOK'AnoN and' FIBE BISKS
Arthur n Cnffi.
Samuel W. Joi.cs,
John A. llrown,
Char es i avior,
A mbroe Vv htte,
M llllam W'elsli,
K Mortis M am,
lienrtre I,. Parrtsoo.
Francis K. Cope,
Frtward H. Clarae,
II lam Cumminira,
1. , Charlton Henry.
Alirrd. l). Jmup
John P. White.
r ,, " -urris,i-resiaent.
( nARLKs Platt, Secretary.
WILLIAM Bl'LIILEK. llarrlsbur. p. central
Agent for the State of Pennsylvania.
AftTllrru n i ... K
TiIIE ORPHANS' COURT tOIt THF
J. CITY AND COUNTY Of PHILADELPHIA. 1UC
TheVui V,.?' JA"'-h H. CLyssolS, Deceased.
anTi .rf- i,0.r. uPI'0"teJ by the Court to audit, settle
v o2inl.,ieH lMt w,u an(1 iment o? Ja'mes l"
balance in tT"' 'nd to lefmtt '"1hutlon ot the
naiance in tlie hauua or the accountant, will nut
"Snff "."Vl WlWVt ,,,e P,urpo9B "StaappSSi
ment on iti-hliAY, rthruarv h. iKti7, at 4 o'clock P.
iiM n.vMi0J,?.Ko Ui ri- WKlHStreeX intha
i-29o;uFtb'.5tc'',h1'- ioaauA 8pi3lv
WHISKY, BRANDY, WINE. ETC.
JpREDERICK 13ALTZ & CO 'S
40 GALLON PACKAGES GIff.
Just arrived and In bond, 50 Packages 40 Gallon EX.
CFL8I0B SHEDAM j1N , which He are now selll .
the lowest figure. We claim to be the
FIEST IKP0BT2R3 OF
FORTY GALLON PACKAGES
SHERRY AND PORT WISE.
a Sole Agents also lor UIV1ERK QABDRAT 4 Co
No. 110 WALNUT Street.
.1 12 1 m .'hi L BB L?1-
Frtm the Vineyards of Sonoma, Los Angelos,
aud Wapa Counties, California, coumut
ing of the following ;
These WINES are warranted to be the puri JuTtoN'
pratie, unsurpassed by any lu the market, audare b
recn.ruended lor Uedntiual and family puxitoaes.
FOR MALE UY
E. L. CAUFFMAN.
Ko. ai North FOURTH Street
Q-KEAT 11 EVOLUTION
UM TRADE OF THE UNITED STATES
Pure California Champne,
Made ana prepared ae Ifldone In France, from pure
Cainomla Wine, and takiLu the place of imported
Ihe undersigned would call the attention o. Wine
Deulcrs and Hotel Keepers to the following letter,
which may ivea Correct idea ol the quality ot the!
"COKTINKISTAL I30TKL, PUILADELFBIA, Oct. 25. 1856.
"lltoBHs. botlCliF.lt & CO. I
' (.tiuicu tu:-bavin- mven your California Cham.
pauc a thoioukh test ne taae pleasure lu saying tba
we think it the bt st Anierican Wine we have ever used
W e shsll at ouce place it on out Mil ot tare.
Y oure truly, J. t. KINUbLET CO. 1
CALL and XKY OUR CAUJ'OKMA CUAAIPAGK
BOUCHER St. CO.,
11 20 luthtSnO N0. 3o Dt-Y Street, New fork.
A. MAY KB. Agent, 710MKBOM 8t,jPht.adelphla.
SHIHTb, FUHMSHIWG GOODS, &i
J W. SCOTT & CO.,
AlKN'ti FUltNISldlNG GOODS'
No. 814 CHESKUT Street,
OL K JUOOH.H BELOW THE "CONXLNICNTAL,
't rp PHILAUaLPiilA.
AND GENTLLMEN'b FUBXISIIIKG 6T0RB.
PjCltrtCT PITTING 6H1KI8 AND DIUWKK
oiaue irom measurement at very short notice.
All other ajiicles of UKMLUUUN B illitSS (JOODS
In full variety.
WINCHESTER ft CO.,
1 l'S Ko. lOt C11EBMUT Htn.et'
MEKICA,1 LEAD PEftCil CUMPASf
rACTOHY) IIUDSOXI CITV, XI. J.
It is Company Is now fully prepared to lumUh
' kqual Iu tuly o ttua Beat liraada,
The Company haa taken great pains and nvested
ar,.e tain'"' in Bum k up llinr la. tory, ana now ask Ul
Auiejlcao public lo ive their pencils itair trial.
All Btylee and Oradet are ttanufaoturetL
A couiiilete aa.ortment,constanUv oa h.ml ln.rl
,.ir term, to the u.u. at tbeir Vf ho"" t?eiSS?
No. 34 JOHN Street, New York.
The Pencils are to ha I,. .. ...
aid.otiuniJealere "u M'P" tiiniri
Ask for Auieilcaa t.eadPeuclL