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DOUBLE SHEET TIIREB CENTS.
TOL. VIII.-No. 32.
PHILADELPHIA, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 7, 1867.
Startling BcTclatlons or the Inside His
tory of the Mexican Empire Maximl
Han Asked bj the Empress Eugenie
to Accept the Mexican Throne
Eugenie Impelled by Lore for the
" Archduke to Make the Request
The French Empress Orcr
come by Grief and Remorse
ShcVlslts Queen Victoria
to Seek Consolation
The Secret or the Loss
of the Wills or Maxi
milian and Car
lotta, Etc. Etc.
From the New York World.
Paris, July 22. Tli e Empress left Paris yes
terday with the Emperor for a brief visit to
Queen Victoria at the Isle or Wight. This visit
has such a direct couueotlon.and of so Intimate
and Interesting a nature, wltn the recent catas
trophe in Mexico, that I shall put aside to-day
ll other themes which might arrest my pen to
dwell briefly upon this particular episode of one
of the saddest stories of our own or of any time.
Mo two persons in Europe, probably, were more
profoundly affected by the murder of Maxi
milian than the Queen ol Great Britain and the
Empress Eugenie, and this not at all for po
litical, but for purely personal and womanly
It Is a fitting climax of tbe crime of Queretaro
that, baving been conceived in cowardice and
in insolence, having been made possible by the
basest Ingratitude and treachery, and having
been perpetrated with coarse brutality, lis
heaviest stroke should have fallen, not upon
any political enemy of Mexico, but upon the
hearts of three women, Napoleon himself, while
It would be worthy of a Klnglake to suppose
him utterly Insensible to the tragic fate of the
young Austrian Archduke, has, nevertheless,
many substantial reasons for reconciling him
self to the event.
An intimate understanding with Austria is
now a cardinal object of his policy, and It is in
dubitable that if Maxirnillau were alive to-day
In Europe, with the feelings which be Is known
to have cherished lately toward France and Na
poleon, he might easily, and would, probably,
wake it extremely awkward both for his brother
Francis Joseph and lor tbe French sovereign to
assume that open attitnde or mutual cordiality
Which both are bent upon taking in the face of
tbe not less open alliance of the Prussian King
'With the CKsr.
lint to retnrn to tbe Empress and ber visit to
Osborne. The unfortunate widow of Maximi
lian, as you know, was a near relative of Victo
ria. She bore the name of that lovely Princess
Charlotte of England, whose untimely death
pened the way to the British throne for her
fair young cousin; and she was the daughter of
that King Leopold of Belgium upon whose wis
dom and wbose affection Victoria for years
leaned as npon the arm of a father. She passed
much of her life, before her marriage with
Maximilian, at tbi English Court; English was
as familiar to ber as German or French, and her
personal qualities bad endeared her greatly
to her royal kinswoman. Her marriage
with the Archduke Maximilian was par
ticularly agreeable to Victoria, who being
herself almost an ultra-liberal in politics and
In theology, was as much delighted with the
Archduke s liberal tendencies as with his gra
cious manners, bis fine person, and his extreme
admiration for the late Prince Consort of Eng
land. The young Archduchess, however, after
her marriage, gradually became an absolutist
in her political notions, and almost a devotee
In religion, and this bad brought about a sort
of estrangement between herself and her
English relatives, which, on the part of Queen
Victoria, was heightened by her Majesty's
disapprobation of the Mexican scheme, when
It was first mooted in the "domestic di
plomacy" of tbe crowned beads. Not
even the final consent given to the under
taking by King Leopold could shake Victoria's
feeling that it was a mistake and must come
to evil. But this feeling, of course, only revived
and deepened her anxious regard for the bril
liant and beautiful young princess who had
launched her life and ber happiness upon such
an experiment; and from the moment when
the Empress Charlotte, a year ago. came back
to Europe on a desperate quest of the hope and
the help she was never to find, Victoria has
been incessantly eager to discover some way of
drawing herself and ber husband safely and
honorably out ol tbe enterprise In which they
had staked and lost so much. While Maxi
milian lived there still seemed to be some faint
prospect of rescuing his nohle and broken
11 eh r ted wife from that death In life into which
she sank after ber fatal interview of last sum
mer with the Pope; and Victoria herself made,
as is already known, a direct personal effort at
the last hour to bring about an effective Inter
ference in behalf of Maximilian's life.
That failed; the worst that could be done has
been done; and it only now remains to attempt
for the sufferer at Mlramar whatever It may yet
be in the power of an unquestionably unselfish
affection to achieve. For here Intervenes a
dark shadow In the history. Tbe brothers of
the Kmpress Charlotte, tbe Klrg of the Belgians
and the Count or Flanders, are notoriously the
reverse both of unselfish and affectionate.
Early in the year 1866, after the death of her
father, King Leopold, the Empress Charlotte,
men struggling wun destiny in Mexico, re
ceived a letter from her brother, the actual
King, In which he substantially washed his
hands of all further concern in tbe affairs of
Mexico and of bis imperial sister and brother-in-law;
and after positively refusing to allow
the Empress to make use of any part of her
vast inheritance for the assistance of her hus
band's treasury, pretty clearly intimated his
opinion that the sooner the Empire was aban
doned the better It would be for all parties.
Tbi was, no doubt, politic enough, but It
was hardly fraternal; and so Incensed were both
Maximilian and Charlotte by the tone of their
kinsman's letter, that no direct communica
tion has taken place nntll reoeutly between tbe
Empress and ber brother. While the eareof
her health has been strictly confided at her hus
band's special request, only to his own physi
cian at Mliamar, Immediately upon the news
of Maximilian's murder, the Queen of tbe Bel
gians (an Austrian arobduckesa) and the Count
or Flanders set out for Mlramar, with the
avowed intention of removing the Empress
(who la atui in utter lsrnoranoe of tbe calamity
which has befallen ber, and in a condition of
moody lndlltorenoe to ail arouna uerj to me
Belgian palaoeof Laeken. Binoe their arrival
In Austria it has been whispered, in no uncer
tain tones, that the will of the Empress Char
lotte, which bad been made before she left
Mexico, at tbe same time with the will of ber
1. 11 u Hn ml ha. fH.annaarMl thCLt.lt. PAI1 nnwhftrfl
be found!, and that Dr. Henler, the Emperor
Maximilian's physician, has been peremptorily
removed from the charge confided to him by
the murdered nrluoe.
If this story ol the disappearance of the Em
press' will be confirmed, and If tbe hapless
Charlotte finally dies, as there Is great reason to
fear she may, at Laeken, without recovering
tbe use or her faculties, there will always hang
n iifflv cloud over the names of her brothers.
for the fortune of some fourteen millions of
florins wuicn neiougeu in nia private rigut to
the Archduke Maximilian and
which the empress Is known to have left In the
will to ber husband's family, will pass to the
royal family of Belgium, Maximilian having
itonneathed it unreservedly to his wife, from
whom, of coarse, ber own relations will Inherit
t she dies lnteawiw. ,
The story la not so black quite as that terrible
mtiniMrvn which bas never been cleared awav
from the memory of the late Louis Philippe, of
VvanrtA ill flOD neotlou with the death of the
BnoeraDnuated and superfluous old Duke of
"" . " I nlth tha will ahlnh .-I r,
ti au he hands of the Duke's English mis-
tTim conveyed all tbe Immense estates of the
h ?: rmil. Philippe's fourth son. the
rresent Duke of Aumala. But it la a story of
!' "", u in,l md rests upon that auri taera
me which breeds crime as easily, H would
Slr in tbe palaces of kings as in the
PP?V JTauDert. That tha Queen ot Eug-
K3jS BBS w w
thing in behalf of the unhappy Charlotte Is at
lensl certain, and the Empress of the French
visits her now at Osborne expressly to consult
on the action, condition, and prospects of the
ease. For while Qneen Victoria is attached
to tbe suffering lady of Mlramar by affec
tion and sympathy, Eugenie is oppressed with
something not unlike remorse, and has beeu
tormented, ever since the news came of tbe
Emperor's murder, with a passionate desire to
expiate in some way what she regards, not alto
gether unjustly, as her own responsibility for
this deplorable history. There can no longer be
any reason for concealing the fact that the first
suggestion of the Archduke Maximilian as the
best person to fill the throne of Mexico came
from the Empress Eugenie herself. And in this
Wise. Tbe movement tor establishing a strong
central authority In Mexico, and for putting
that authority into the bands of a foreigner of
character and force, came not from Napoleon
III at all, but from a number of Mexicans, re
presenting an overwhelming-majority of the
wealthy and responsible men of their hapless
These men. who would have rallied around
General Hoott with Joy, had he accepted the
virtual Mexican throne which was offered him
In 1847, and who knew as all the world is now
in a lair way to learn at last, that no Mexican
whatever could possibly be trusted to adminis
ter Mexico, were anxious that Marshal Forey
should assume the Dictatorship. To this
neither Marshal Forey nor the Emperor, par
ticularly the Emperor, would consent; and the
leading Mexicans who had urged the matter
eventually gave in to the representations of
Eutierres de Estrada, a Mexican exile in Europe
for thirty years, a.manof spotless character,
and religiously earnest in the belief that noth
ing but a hereditary monarchy could ever
secure to Mexico the blessings of peace and
Of tbe Spanish Royal family, to one of whose
members the crown of Mexico was meant by
the first revolutionists years ago to have been
offered, no one now living seemed to Eutierrez
and bis coadjutors a desirable acquisition.
They finally decided upon inviting the Duke of
Montpensler, who, as you know, married the
Queen of Bpaln, and lives in a semi-royal state
at Bevllle, to accept "the purple of the Monte
euinas," which, by-the-way, was not purple at
all, bat a fine apple-green. The consent of
Napoleon was asked and freely given, and
tbe Duke received In due form the offer.
His Royal Highness, who, perhaps, had
got to be a little tired of restoring the Alcazar
and printing poor Spanish poems in fine type,
and presiding over religious processions in the
Holy Week, was rather disposed to accept,
but felt bound, of course, to submit the matter
to a family council of tbe House of Orleans.
His brothers, De Jolnville and D'Aumale, had
no dlflioulty in soon convincing him that Se
ville would be a quieter place than Mexico in
which to await the next French revolution, and
tbe offer was declined with thanks. Tbe Mexi
cans then made a direct appeal to Napoleon to
suggest Borne Prince who would be at once ac
ceptable to himself andfavallable by Mexico.
Toe Emperor bad hardly taken the subject into
consideration before the Empress hit upon the
Archduke Maximilian, of Austria, as of all pos
sible Princes tbe best for the place.
As is sometimes apt to be the case, I believe,
with women, her Majesty was guided to this
notion rather by personal than by political
considerations. Perhaps yon may have heard
that in order to make the most exquisite of
Empresses, the Third Napoleon found It neces
sary to spoil one of tbe most fascinating of
flirts. Whether you have heard it or not, how
ever, it is true; and although the Empress
Eugenie was too clever a woman not to accept
all the restrictions imposed upon her by her
new rank, still It is Just possible that there
may have been moments In tbe first years of
her imperial life when f be soul of tbeCondesa
de Teba was weary within its lovely casket,
and when the fair conqueror retired from busi
ness may have beaved'one little sigh for tbe
old days of enchanting conflict and of disen
And It was during those first years that Euge
nie first met the Archduke Max. Bright with
his early youth (be was not theu thirty years of
age), accomplished, amiable, and clothed with
that fascinating prettiye of personal Indepen
dence and spirit which archdukes are not apt
to enjoy, Maximilian maue a visit at the Tulle
rles just before his marriage with the young
Princess Charlotte of Belgium. He had crossed
the Atlantic and ruled in Northern Italy; he
was a sailor, a man or scienae, a capital waltzer,
generous to a fault, with soft and winning man
ners, comeller far to look upon than the
Spbynx of tbe Tuilerles, and. Indeed, with his
clear blue eye, and his six feet of well-developed,
.manly vigor, a man to be observed with
pleasure anywhere and In any company.
His exalted rank made it proper for the
Empress to treat him with the cordiality
of an equal; and when he departed from the
capital of France he left behind him In the
mind of tbe lovely Eugenie a whole parterre of
blooming memories. And so, when the ques
tion of an Emperor for Mexloo beoame the
order of tbe day, Eugenie, looking back upon
these blooming memories, rather than forward
into the future, impetuously suggested tbe
handsome, gallant, and charming Austrian
Prince. The suKRestlon once made, many things
seemed to tbe Emperor Napoleon to favor It.
The flower of sentiment ripened into a iruit of
policy. Who could then foresee that tbe fruit
would crumble ere three brief summers should
come and go, a Dead Sea apple on all tgese royal
and Imperial lips? By his side In Italy Maximi
lian bad made himself a name. The Italians
honored him as an Austrian who had striven to
do tbem Justice; tbe Republicans themselves
were softened towards him, as a Hapsburg who
held man to be nobler than his accidents. If
any man could succeed as an Emperor in the
New World, why should not this man, who,
naving Deen Dorn so near the haughtiest
throne In Europe, had openly proclaimed his
faith in the sovereignty of tbe people? Then,
too, he waB an Austrian. The peace of Villa
franca had Just been made, and the Emperor
Napoleon, who had made that pease, desired
above all things to prepare the way for what
ne even men looked upon as the inevitable
future alliance of Austria with France.
Could anything be more graceful than
for the Conqueror of Solferlno to offer an
Imperial throne to the brother of Fran
cis Joseph? The Mexican envoys, on
their part, rapidly grew enthusiastic over
the suggestion ef Eugenie. Here was a descen
dant. ot Charles V entering at last Into tbe
Inheritance of Cortezl Could anything be more
visibly providential, or historically more appro
priate? w ny, in nis very pnynque Maximilian
appeared to tueiu me nioxicaa ninu oi aestiny.
His blue eyes and fair hair fulfilled the pro
phecy of Tonetiab, and the simple Indians, tbe
real people and tbe only indigenous bope of
Mexico, wouiu umi una am tueir promised
deliverer, descending in glory from the eastern
sun. Ana ions it went on, until at last the
fated Archduke and his lovely wire bade rare
well forever to their stately and splendid home
But 1 bave not nere to rewrite the story of
their great and sad adventure. In times to
come, when oblivion, the Rembrandt of history,
has thrown in his rich deep sbadows here and
there and brought out well the enduring lights,
this Imperial tragedy of Mlramar and Quere
taro will be recognized as one of the most peetlo
and picturesque passages in the annals or an
age wbiob blockheads drone about as dull and
prosaic. Tbe Mexicans proper, happily, will
lay but a trifling part in II. The Juarezes and
;soobedos and the rest or them will be brought
In as varleta and assassins at the de
nouement t accomplish the tragedy, in
the real development of which they and
theirs will hereafter be seen to have
been simply Insignificant, excepting as afford
ing now and then a farcical relief to the interest
of the drama. Juarez, for Instance, scampering
out of Mexloo behind ten mules, and leaving
his last forced loan half collected, on the rumor
that two red-legged French soldiers had been
seen at Guadalupe; and tbe same Juarez at El
Paso, pretending to be a President, and astraddle
of an imaginary line, with one leg In Mexloo
and tbe other In the United States how In
tensely comical will they hereafter appear) Not
even the crime of Quer taro can give gravity to
such a slight and ridiculous personage.
The pathos and value of tbe whole story will
concentrate about the oharacter and the Inten
tions, the circumstances, the efforts, the mis
takes, the catastrophe of the Archduke, Some
future Schiller, lr Sohlllers are again to be, will
iv nnr grandchildren a noble a traeedv u
WallensMn upon thlu'thoroughly characteristic
theme or our own iuuim, to nope
or iwl in hntm that out Of their consultations
now oin on at Osborne, the Empress and tha
her own sad self the heroine, tbe victim, and
the survivor of the melanoh oly c ram a ?
William Uknxy Hdrlbut.
LATE NEWS FROM MEXI0.
Mlnmon'l Brother la tha Field Jnarcs
Unable to Form a Cabinet Tha "Libe
ral" Robbers Again at Work.
Mexico, July 20. It Is stated here that Carlos
Miramon, brother to the late General Miramon,
is near Zacalecas with 290 men, and General
IiOzada in the neighborhood of Tlnlo with a
considerable force. General Corona is after the
latter; his force is 5000. The President baa not
yet determined upon his cabinet; he is beset
with great difllcultles, and I repeat, that unless
the United States come to his assistance In
some material form, all will be confusion for a
long time to come. Should tbe United States
place her Paclflo and Gulf squarons at his dis
posal, and endorse his bonds for, say f 15,000,000
all will go right, and great advantages would
accrue to our Government. Yesterday thestage
was robbed between this city and Puebla. The
robbers numbered thirty well-armed men. The
rnllroad is now rnnnlng to Aplsaoo, thirty
miles Irem Puebla, and doing a good business.
CHINA AND JAPAN.
The Opening of tho New Ports Rein
forcements to tha United States Squad
ron Shipping Intelligence.
The Amerloan ship Anna Kimball, of Beverly,
Williams, master, was towed Into the port of
Nagasaki, Japan, by the United States corvette
Wyoming, about tbe 31st of May, heavily laden
wltli rice obtained at the non-treaty port of
Koo-roo-ml. She bad been to within twenty
miles of Shanghae to escape the penalty of the
law, which was spurned by Captain Williams,
when the United States Marshal at Nagasaki
attempted to seize the shin, and had returned
to Nagasaki to try to patch up a compromise.
But the Hartford, Wyoming, and Supply hav
ing during such absence arrived at Nagasaki,
tbe Anna Kimball fell under power to enforce
tbe law, and by latest dates from Nagasaki lay
under the guns of the Supply. She is likely to
be libelled lor several thousand dollars for dis
bursements made on her account In China.
Courfort Whiting, master of the American
steamer Yung Hal An, was convicted before
the Court of the United States Consulate
General, on the 20th of May, for the illegal dis
charge of bis first oftloer, and fined $175.
The Shanghae Fire Department is resisting
the attempt of tbe Fire Commissioner to ap
point ollicers to fill tbe post of Chief Engineer,
ou bis resignation, rather to have such chosen
by election, as in all voluntary organizations,
even after such course was proposed to him by
the resigning Chief Engineer.
The Chinese are much concerned why the
fleet of United States vessels should be aug
mented in their waters, the Hartford, Wachu
sett, and Wyoming being now at Shanghae.
Exchange on the United States, Government
drafts in gold, 116.
Fourth Ullltary District.
important order from general oed.
Headquarters Foutb Military District
(Mississippi and Arkansas ) Office ok Civil
Affairs, Vicksbuko, Miss., July 29, 1867. Tl6
United States Congress having provided oy
special law for the organization of State Gov
ernments, and the basis of suffrage without re
gard to color, and having also provided for the
removal of all officers who In any manner
thwart or obstruct the execution of this law,
and the duty of administering these laws In
this Military District having devolved upon the
undersigned, all State and municipal olllcera of
whatever degree or kind are hereby notified
that any attempts to render nngatory tbe action
of Congress designed to promote the belter gov
ernment of the States lately engaged in the
Rebellion, by speeches or demonstrations at
public meetings in opposition thereto, will be
deemed good and sutliclent cause for their sum
mary removal from office. The same prohibi
tion In regard to speeches and demonstrations
at publio meetings will be strictly applied to all
officers holding appointments from these Head
quarters, and existing orders prohibiting the
interference of officers of the army in elections
will be rigidly enforsed In this District.
E. O. O. Ord,
Brig, and Brevet Major-General, U. 8. A., Com
manding Fourth Military District.
Official: John Tyler.
First Lieutenant 43d United States Infantry.
Acting Assistant Adjutant-General.
COTJBT OF QUARTER SESSIONS Judge Brew
ster. At the opening! of the Court D. Y. Kliicore
Btated to the Judge tiiut to-day ti e bills of ludiciueut
la tbe cases of tbe Commonwealth vs. William
McMulliu tt al. would be seit to tbe Grand Jury, and
that be bad received information to tbe effect that
there were servlug on tbat body five or six members
of tbe Moyanienbing Hone Company, and therefore
requested tbat tbe Grand Jury be brought Into Court
and polled. In order tbat those members should be
challenged for favor, It sutliclent legal cause were
Alter some remarks from Mr. O' Byrne, represent
ing tbe defendants, the application was granted.
However, counsel were restrained from asking tbe
Grand Jurors whether they were members of either
the Moyaniennlng or Hope Company, as was at first
proposed; lor, the Judge said, causes tried In tnis
Court are Issues between tbe Commonwealth of Penn
sylvania and tbe defendants, and not quarrels be
tween rival hose companies; and Justice is blind, sbe
sees net tbe members of these companies as such, but
only takes cognizance of the offenses with which they
Therefore, the questions put to the Jurors were only
whether they bad formed or expressed opinions as to
tbe guilt or Innocence of the defendants.
All tbe members serving to-day were examined,
and while several answered tbat they had formed
and expressed opinions, all said they could do Impar
tial Justice upon tbe testimony, and that alone. But
Mr. Bateman, an old gentleman, said that he did
think me aerenuants were guilty, ana tins opinion ue
expressed twice, though warned by tbe Court only to
say whether or not be had an opinion, and not the
nature of it if be had.
He also said tbat he could hear and dis
pose of tbe case according to tbe testimony, and Inde
pendent or nis opinion; ana ne was auowea to reiura
to tbe Grand Jury room.
Samuel Colladay also said he had formed an opinion
as to the guilt or Innocence of the defendants, and
tbat it would requlreevldence to remove tbat opinion.
But be thought he could lay aside his opinion, and do
his duty according to his oath as a Grand Juror. He
was not challenged.
Another gentleman said he had formed an opinion
from tbe newspaper accounts of the case, and from
tbe character or tbe defendants. However be said
he could do his duty without bias, and was returned
with the Grand Jury.
Thus the whole panel of Jurors was gone through,
but no challenge made, and the Grand Jury returned
to tbelr business.
Prison cases were then resumed.
Itlcbard Carman plead guilty to a charge of assault
and battery upon bis wife. Mrs. Carman stated tbat
while sbe was lying sick with typhoid fever ber bus
baud cams borne drunk, and committed a most brutal
assault upon ber. She was In Court ou crutches,
(sentenced to County Prison for six months, and
ordered to give security in t&oo to keep tbe peace.
William liott plead guilty to a charge of the larceny
of a coat valued at t is. belonging to David Maxwell.
Be was seen to take It from tbe second story of a
lioiiBe In Callowhlll street, above Flab, on tbe X7tb or
July. Sentenced to County Prison for nine months.
Tbomas Jordan was convicted of a charge of the
larceny of a pair of shoes, valued at 2 60, belonging to
John Hand. Jt was proven tbat he weut to Mr.
Hand's shoe store with several companions, and
taking advantage of the confusion created bv tbem
stole a pair ot shoes and made off. Sentenced to the
County Prison for 0 months.
Thomas Holland was charged with assault and bat
tery upon Deborah Kmery. The allegation was tbat
tbe defendant threw this woman out ot tbe window of
a house In t rout street, and tbat sbe was picked up
senseless and taken to tbe hospital. But the woman,
when called to the stand to-day, said she bad no coin,
plaint to make against this man; tbat on the night or
mis oocurreuutf bub wwi leaning out or ner window,
drunk-sick, and becoming dizzy, she fell out on the
pavement, veraioi, not sullty,
MarvColgan was acoulltecf
or a charge of lbs lar-
eeny of 2U, belonging to Matilda Uosetubaum. It was
proven tbat sbe might bave stolen the money, but not
that sbe did ileal tu
Barney Shannon, John Glenn, and Daniel Walker
were charged with tbe larceny of tl belonging to
Patrick McWIlllams. Tbe smallest of the three boys,
Daniel Walker, was caught by Mr. UoWlillanis In bis
sbop, at Tbirty-tfth and Willow streets, with the
mouey In bis pocket, wbluh he bad taken from tbe
money-drawer. Tbe other two, who were larger
boys, were sluing on a lot near by. An officer started
towards tbem, and they ran. Mr. Mann entered a
nolle protrqui as to the Utile boy Walker, and put
him on tbe witneas-staud with the hope of getting at
the whole trutn of tbe case. The liule boy, how
ever, stated that the other two boys were in no
wise connected with htm la taking the money, and
that be did It of kla own fire will. JIuc tiieaa a a
feltaaaoa w,w tuwatttd
IMrORTAKT FROM WASHINGTON.
Secretary Stanton Refuses to
Itcnign II In Office.
A Prolonged Cabinet Discussion
on the Subject.
Probable Summary Dismissal
of the Secretary.
WirjniNOTON, August 7. The 8ecrctarj of War
bas tefused the President's polite invitation to
retire Irom oflice. The President's note is very
brief, only lour lines in length, and simply
slates that "grave public considerations con
strain him (the President) to request Mr. Stan
ton's resignation." Mr. Stanton's answer Is also
very brief, aod intended to be severe and cut
tine. The Secretary acknowledges the receipt
of the Presl lent's note requesting bis resigna
tion, and answers that "grave puolic considera
tions constrain him to continue in the position
ol Secretary of War until the next meeting of
At the Cabinet meeting on Wednesday Secre
tary Stanton was not present. The subject was
discussed at much length, and the session wat
It is not decided what step Mr. Johnson will
next take, but I thin k he will notify Mr. 8tanton
that he is no longer Secretary of War, and most
Alter the adjournment of the Cabinet meeting
ine president was cioseica wun nis secretaries,
Colonel W. J. Moore and Colonel Ilobert Mor
row, until 10 o'clock last night. It is supposed
that this unusually late conference with his
secretaries had reference to the Stanton im
broglio. The subject of Mr. Stnnton's removal has been
the absorbing topic of conversation tor two
days in every circle, and there has been much
speculation to learn what will nest transpire.
In fact, few events that bave occurred in the
affairs of Government within the pant year
have created so prolound a t-ensatiou here as
this impending removal of tho Secretary of
War. For some unaccountable reason, tho
prospect of Mr. Stanton's early retirement to
the shades of private life seems to have awakened
an interest among all classes of Washington
society, from the heads of departments, who
have long been expecting a crisis in the rela
tions between the President and the Secretary
ot War, to the humblest civilians, who appear
as much astonished at the announcement as if
they had believed that the War Minister was in
office for the period ot his natural life. Among
prominent officials, I may add, It seems to be
the general opinion thst the President has the
power to remove Mr. Stanton under the pro
visions ot the first section of the Tenure of
Mr. Stanton kept himself almost completely
shut up in his private office yesterday. By
express orders no visitors except special favo
rites were graDted an audience. All applicants
for an Interview were presented to General
Pelouse, a Chestcrfleldian style of official, who
expressed the Secretary's instructions in the
mildest and politest manner. General Pelouse
asked each applicant the nature of his basinees,
but all except in very few cases were unable to
give any satisfactory answer, and the appllsants
were bowed out as politely as they were bowed
in, but without much Iruit from their labor.
Many of the visitors, indeed, at the War De
partment and White House were newspaper
men in search of information, which of course
could not be afforded by subordinates.
It is said that Secretary Seward is not alto
gether in favor of the President's action in this
matter, and that he and Thurlow Weed are about
to strive to save Stanton's bead again. A year
aeo, when there was serious thought of removiug
Stanton, Weed's and Raymond's influence,
coupled with Seward's entreaties, induced the
President to abandon the idea. Seward at that
time argued that Stanton had been a very badly
abused man, and that, though he might have
committed small offenses, still, in view of his
freat services, such trifles should be overlooked,
t is now said by the friends of the President
that Stanton's offenses are not mere trifles, but
amount to a deliberate system of thwarting the
President, obstructing his policy in every way,
and insulting him repeatedly in his official Inter
course. The President, it is claimed, has deter
mined to tolerate this no longer, and has pat his
foot down firmly.
The Correspondence In Fall Between,
President Jvhnson and Ur, Stantan.
Without assuming to give the exact words, I
may state that the correspondence between the
President and Secretary Stanton is substantially
TBE FBESIDBNT'S NOTB.
Executive Mansion, Washinhtoh, Anuil 5.
To Kdwin M. Stanton, Secretary ef War Sir: Grave
public cnnideratlons coimtnUn me to request your
resignation as Secretary of War.
President of tbe United States,
BKCKETART BTAKTON'S A 8 WEB.
War Department, Washington, August . To
his Kxcellency Andrew Jouoaon, President of the
Vulted State :8lr Your note informing me that
grave public considerations conntraln you to request
ny resignation as Secretary of War has been reonl ved.
) u answer, I bave to state tbat grave public coneldera
tlona constrain me to continue In tbeoOlce of Secretary
Ot War until the next meeting ot Congrens.
.EDWIN M. STANTON, Secretary of War.
The correspondence has been refused to the
press, both at the White House and War Offics;
but I got the above from a reliable source.
WE NATIONAL GAME.
Match Between tha Knriks, of Newark,
jt, J., and tha Unions, of Lanslngburg,
Troy. N. Y., August 6. The long-anticipated
match between tbe Kurekas, of Newark:, N. J.,
and the Unions, of Lansiugburg, took place on
the grounds of tbe latter club to-day, and re
sulted In a victory for the "Haymakers" by
twenty-one runs, tbe score Btaudlng, Unions
forty-two, Eurekast, wenty-one. Over eight
thousand spectators witnessed the game. It is
said that the Eurekas; Immediately after the
last Innings, folded their tents like the Arabs
and quietly stole away, without presenting the
ball to the Unions, which was, of course, due
them by reason of the victory.
Trotting Match at Saratoga The Rntrles
for the First limy of the Hieing Weak.
Saratoga, N. Y.. August 8. A trotting match
for 8500 came off this afternoon bet ween btepnea
Dunn's bay geldlug Tom Hammond and Ed.
Kills' grey mare white Lily, mile heats, best
three in five. In harness. Tom Hammond won
In three straight heats. Time 2 49. a-48. 2-45.
The races begin i o-morrow with the Travers'
stake to be followed by a race of two-mile heats.
For the first race six horses will start.yis.: ltuth
less. De Oourcy, llayswood, Bonnie Down, and
two others. There are four entries for the two
mile race, vis.: Fleetwlng, Flora Alclvor, Mor
rlssey, and Connolly.
Vbe Kentnckjr Election.
UST OF BU0C1C88FUI, CANDIDATES.
Governor John I Helm.
Lieutenant-Governor John w. Stevenson.
Attorney-General John Hodman.
Auditor P. Heward Smith.
Treasurer Jamea W. Tate.
Register James A. Dawson.
Hnoerintendwt ef PnbUe iaatructlon-Z. F.
FROM EUROrE TI11S P. M.
clal and Commercial Report to
J)p Atlantic Cable.
London, August 7 Noon. Consols firmer at
U for money; United States Five-twenties,
73 1-16: Erie Railroad, 454; Illinois Central, 77;
Atlantic and Great Western Railroad, 22 J.
Liverpool, August 7 Noon. Cotton is quiet
and unchanged; the sales for to-day are esti
mated at 10,000 bales. Upland middling, 10jd.;
Orleans middling, lOJd.
Breadstuffs The weather continues unfavor
able for the crops. Corn has advanced to
Antwerp, August 7. Petroleum, 42f. 60c.
Steamers Allemanla and Belgian Arrived
Southampton, August 7 Noon. The steamer
Allemanla, irom New York on the 27lhult., Jar
rived here at 2 A. 11.
Londonderry, August 7. The steamer Bel
gian, from Quebec, has arrived here, en route for
THE SURRATT TRIAL.
WAsniKBTON. AnrroRt 7. The trial of John n. 8ur
ratt wan reitumed this morning in the Criminal Court,
Judge Fisher prenldlns.
Mr. Merrick said the counsel for the pro)cutlon
yesterday Introduced a record with regard to Hergeant
bye, and anld If the defense bad known of the record
they would have been cruel In referring to Dye as
Judge Fisher, Interrupting, asked If tbe record was
Mr. Merrick said it had been alluded to by Mr.
Judge Fisher said all that the defense could do this
morning was to make corrections of misstatements of
Mr. Merrick said he then wanted to make an expla
nation, which was that he bad not known of tbe
record when he spoke of Kergeant Dye being indicted.
Upon examination of the record it was found that the
cane had been withdrawn or abandoned after this
trial commenced. It was aliown. too, that the prose
cutor withdrew the charge upon the payment of the
money wbicb bad been paused upon him as coun
terfeit. Certain alleged mlMtatninflnts of testimony wore
theu read, and M r. Merrick was about to speak npon
them, when be was Interrupted by the Court.
Mr. Merrick asked It be could correct some state
ments as lo Lapps' testimony T
Mr. Fierrepont said that testimony wai all rea1.
Mr. MerrieK said seme of the testimony was omit
ted In the reading.
Jndge Fisher said tbe counsel had a right to read
such testimony as be chose, and such part of It as he
Mr. Merrick said he wanted to make a personal ex-
Slanatlon aa to tbe statement of tbe ruling of the
upreme Court on the subject of military commis
sions. He (Mr. Merrick) contended that the Military
Commission had been declared Illegal,
Mr. Carrlngton, Interrupting, said Ibis was opening
up tbe whole question, and he insisted that it was Dot
Judge Fisher thought these explanations could be
made at any other time as well as now.
Mr. Merrick then made a statement wltb regard to
the alleged recommendation of Mrs. Burratt to
mercy. He (Mr. Merrick) bad not looked at the
paper, because be was suspicious of all that came
from tbe Jndge Advocate-General.
Mr, Carrlngton, again Interrupting, denied tbe right
of tbe gentleman to speak of tbe oilicers ol the Gov
ernment. Mr. Merrick, resuming, said if Judge Holt's state
ment now was correct, that the recommendation was
part of tbe record, his published report was not
Washington, August 7. Judge Fisher com
pleted tbe delivery of bis charge to the jury In
the Surratt case about 12 o'clock, and they re
paired to their room for the purpose of delibe
ration. Conlmutd In our next edition.
The Indian Commission.
Port Suixy, Dakotah Territory, July 24.
The special Indian Commission to visit the
Northwestern Indian tribes, of which General
Sully is President, is now on its way by land
down the Missouri river, en route to Washington.
They expect to reach there before the 1st ot
AFFAIRS A RICHMOND. .
Serious Assault on a Revenue Officer A
Colored Investigation of the Conserva
tive Course of One of the Brethren.
Richmond, Va., August 8. A serious assault
was made last night by a man named Kelly on
the Inspector-General of Internal Revenue, Mr.
Smith. Kelly was liberated this morning ou
ilOUO ball. The causes leading to the all'ray are
of a most complicated nature, Involving certain
alleged misdeeds of Smith's wife, money trans
actions, and other matters. Smith was to bave
testified as a principal witness in the case or
Collector James, to-day; but tbe wounds and
bruises he received preoluded the possibility of
his appearance in Court. The ouse was accord
ingly to be adjourned. To-morrow Kelly will
be examined before the Justice of the County
Court, and much Interesting matter is expected
to be developed.
A meeting was held by the colored people this
evening in Ebenezer Churob to Investigate the
course of a colored man named Cornelius Harris,
in taking tbe side of Jobn Minor Butts, at the
recent Convention. A division of sentiment
prevailed In the meeting as to the guilt of
11 arris, some contending be was nntrue to his
principles, while others upbeld him In his con
servative course. No positive action has been
taken In his case so far.
FINANCE AND COMMERCE.
OJTICB Or THB EVKNIMO TlLBOaAFH, 1
Wednesday, August 7, U7.
The Stock Market this morning continued
very flat, though prices in the main were steady.
The sales were on a very limited scale, barely
sufficient to establish quotations. Government
stocks continued to advance, the old Five-twenties
being in demand at 113, an advance ot .
llli was freely bid for the Sixes of 1881: 102f for
Ten-forties; and 1072 for Seven-thirties. We
quote the Sixty-fours at UOtOllOJ; and the
July '66s at 108 ; and May and November '66s
City and State loans were rather better. The
first issue ot State 6s were wanted at 101: the
second at 102; and the third at 102. For the
City loan, untaxed, 108 i was bid; and for tbe
taxed, (J. L. . ,
In the share list there was rather more busi
ness, Reading selling at 63); Camden and
Amboy at 120, an advance of ; and Pennsyl
vaniaat63. 122 was bid for Philadelphia and
Trenton ; 64 for Norrlsto wn ; 67 for Minehtll ; 35 for
North Pennsylvania; 68 for Lehigh Valley; 29 for
Elmira common; 40 for preferred do.; 28 for
Catawlssa preferred; 271 tor Philadelphia and
Erie; and 44 for Northern Central.
The following are the quotations for Passen
ger Railroads: 77 bid and 82 asked for Second
and Third; 181 bid and 201 asked for Thirteenth
and Fifteenth; 45 bid for Cbesnut and Walnut;
13i for Hestonville; 30 for Green ana Cos tea; 2
lor Ridge Avenue; and 81 for Union.
And the following for Canals: 45 J for Lehigh;
M for Union; H for Susquehanna; 68 for Debt
wre Division; and 46 for Wyoming.
There was very little demand for Bank stocks,
and quotations remain unchanged.
Gold fluctuated very slightly this morning,
closing at 140.
Advices from the west, dated yesterday, say
that west of the lakes there has been no rain to
injure the crops. The wheat harvest, both spring
and winter, is secured in Iowa. Illinois, and in
1 about fW-faali f)i WkCcnjdj, JB Jst
tloned 8tste and in Minnesota the crope are no
being gathered, the yield being reported Id M
unusually large, reaching twenty-seven to thim
flve bupheto to the acre, and wewbing In some
races sixty-one pounds to the buhel. On the
Michigan Southern and Illinois Central Rail
roads the crops are already movlnir. Tbe re
ceipts of wheat at Chicago yesterday were 25,00
bushels, and at Toledo last week 107,000 bnsbeto.
Therrop movements are already beginning to
tell upon the earnings of the railroads.
The New York TimJ this morning says:
The Money market Is very abundantly supplied
with forelKn capital at 4i5 per cent. In addltlou to the
larse balances seeking employment from bank and
the customary privnte lenders. An Immenne ul
neM la going on In the public funds, including the
second and third series of 7 SO per cent. Home prime
merchant paper finds currency at 6 per cent, on short
dates, but the amonnt of the right smcrlpllon flBrlnf
Is not large, although trade continues to shew a
gradual improvement In dry goods aits general mer
chandise. The United Mate I Msof brought 113
percent, this evening; tbe May and November
10, per cent."
The New York Tribune this morning says:
"Cotton goods are all falling, and more failures may
be looked Tor. The high grades bave suffered most.
ISince July 13 New York Mills have fallen do. V yard,
and Warusiitta still more. The markets for bread
sinfTs and provisions, nnderthe Influence of a boantl
ful harvest, are tending downward."
nilLsDELPHU STOCK EXCHANGE 8ALF.8 TO-DAY
Reported by Debaven A Bra. No. a (J. Third street
tlOOOfj-JOs 'ffl-crj 113
liaoo do im
20 sh Cam A Am-ls.lM
10 sh Union P K.... SfiX
6 sb Pcnna R........ 14 Y
S do. U
lOOshN YAMId.. I
Messrs. Jay Cooke k Co. quote Govern
ment securities, etc., as follows: U. 8. 6a of
1881, 11111U; old 6-20s, 1131134; 6-20e,
1864, 110J110; do., 1865, HOjrffiHOJi do., July,
l(8$108i; do., 1867, 108i108$; 10-40e, Km&
103; 7'30s. Aug., 1074O108; do., June, W&
108; do., July, 107Jll)8; Gold, 140140.
Messrs. William Painter A Co., bankers,
No. 36 S. Third street, report the follow
ing rates of exebauge to-day at 12 o'clock :
U. 8. 6s, 1881, 111111; U. 8. 6-20s, 1862,
1134im; do., 1864, H0(3ill0j; do., 1865,
110JC110; do. new, 10810108; 6s, 10-40s,102
102i; U. 8. 7-30s, 1st series, 107 J 1081; do.,
2d series, 107j108; 3d aeries, 1071(9108;
Compound Interest Notes, December, 1864, 1171-
Messrs. De Haven A Brother, No. 40 South
Third street, report the following rates of ex
cbanee to-day at 1 P. M.: U. S. 6s of 1881, 111
HU; do. 1862, HSm,; do., 1864, 1106d
110; do., 1865, 110jllo$: do., 1865, new, 108
1081: do., 1867, new, 108i108i; do. 6s, 10-40s.
102102J; do. 7'30's Aug., 1O7J01O8; de.
June, 107IO108: do., July, 107JO108; Compeund
Interest Notes, June, 1864,119-40; do., July, 1S64,
119-40; do. August, 1864, 119ill9i; do.,
October. 1864, 118j (4118; do.. December, I8a,
117J117; do., May,1865, 116;117J: do., Aug?,
lH65,U5i116i: do., September, 1865,11511161 ;
do. Oetober,1865, 114JH5J; Gold, 140140i. Sil
Philadelphia Trade Report
Wednesday, August 7. The Flour Market Is
rather more active, and 600 barrels Quaker City
and Delaware Mills, and 400 barrels City Mills
extra family sold for shipment on private
terms. A fow hundred barrels were taken by
the home consumers at 87758-25 for superfine;
$8 5011 for old and new Wheat extra; f 1012oO
for Pennsylvania and Ohio extra family; tlOtail
for Northwestern do. do.; and $114 for new
Wheat do. do. and fancy. Rye Vlour sells at
$7 75 per barrel. Nothing dolnn in Corn Meal.
The receipts and stocks of Wheat continue
small, but they are fully ample for the demand,
which is entirely from the millers. Bales or
new Pennsylvania and Southern red at i2-20i
2-S7, and 700 bushels old Pennsylvania at i
A lot of choice new Ohio sold at 92-40. Rye
ranges from $1-40 to ll oO for new and old Peun-
sylvaula. Corn la scaroe, and higher. Bales of
1000 bushels Western yellow at $116, and mixed
al fl-U($M3. Oats are dull, with sales of old at
90c., and new at 74o.
In barley and Malt no chance to notice.
Whisky. Common is held at 2530c per aal
lon, in bond.
LATEST SHIPPING INTELLIGEBCL
PORT OF PHILADELPHIA
:HIA AUGUST T.
STATU OF THKSMOMBTIB AT THB aVKHIN
. SHIPS OIWCB.
1 A. M. ,..76 U A. M: ....-..742 P. M..., .
For additional Marine Newt tee Third Pa?,
Barque Eagle, fetter, Marseilles, U Westergaard
BH8unwr.' BrookB' kane Digoton. Rommel
Bchr Thomas Clyde. Scull. Balem. a
BohrK. -U Porter, bparka. Portsmouth, a A. feou'der
Schr V. Poesott, Harding, Boston, J. K. Bazlev A fin.
.nMiSo?' lnger"U' C".Van7&S2a,
BLerwls4TOo).,Up80,,, Bker W"h,Dtn,,Wrofl,
rJ- Ailde'rdlce. Jackaway, Boston, Wannemacher
Bchr Barab Cullen, Cnllen, Boston, Dovey, Bulkley Af
Schr'lt. E. Dodge, Freeman, NewbnryporL An.
bebr Lamartlne. Hill, Baoo. ao.
Scbr 11 A. Couant, Fobs, JMgartown, Blnidckaon
in AX""' B,1"r1 w"8hlnktO'. Audenried, Nor
Bchr P. M.'Wneaton, Wneaton. Boston. Cant!,
bchr C. Walker, McFarland. BostonVcaptlS,,
0 ARRIVED THIS MORI9TNG.
Barque Sea KaKle, Julius. 13 days from Rh..t.
with sugar to T. Wattson A Bona. Barbados,
Brig Minnie Miller, Anderson. 7 dava a.
N. B.. with lumber to captain! , ' 7 "O St. John,
Brig II. U. Brooks. McLane, from New.
Bchr Willie Mows. Hilton. 4 da from?"- w
B., with mdse. to J.'w. Oaakui l A Bons UU JohP' N
Br. schr Maria jane, Malouey. 1 akrm w,Tt
York. In ballast to K. A. boudei -A Jooy fr0m Kew
gchr B. Cnllen, Cullen, from Boston.
ccfr ? Voaa freeman, from Boston.
Bchr I. Thompson, Baker. Irom Hrmtun
Bcbr M. Tlltom Fr'l.Blnger. from Balaut
Bchr T. Clyde, fecull, frSm Balem.
e!;turne Bll?. from Hartford,
renr E. A. Conant, Foes, from kklirartnwn
Bchr C. Walker. McFarlarXfrom rhomaston.
cr Lamartlne. Hill, from New York
Bchr Helen Mar. Wines, from Mew York.
inBtear ,p Hunte at Providence
Brtme?2aTB"dM' KlladelPh!a.ealled from
trTo'ntl111' t0t 1PM. -alto
'or Cronstadt, at
fro,raraenoi.'h,'u?t.B,krllett' ''r rhUad.lphla, aalled
atBWponBCnenluenn,a Pta. cleared
tefeaTu!.n'a00Un1hPnne- tor r
barque John Wooster.Knowlea.henoeforBan Pran.
pa?rUed ,rm 1rovluoelow " "
Brig Btrchard and Torrey, Frlsbee, bsnoe. at Forts,
mouth 1st Inst. '
Bchr A. K. Wetmore, Llpplncott, for Philadelphia,
sailed from Provldenoe Sib Inst.
Bcbr Modenty, Weaver, from Dlghton for Philadel
phia, at Newport 4th Inst.
Bchr K. F. Meany, Clark, for Philadelphia, sailed
from Pawtucket 6th Innb .
Bohr M. A. Tyler. Tyler, hence, at Providence nth
Inst., with llbboom, foretopmast. and Jlbtorwall gone.
Bchr 8. h. Crocker. Frttebrey, from Taunton A piu
laaelphla, at Newport tn mat.
Bchr Charlotte Bbaw, Reeves, hence, at Boston 5U
,nBchr O. Heyward, Wyman. fr Philadelphia, cleared
at Bangor SO lnu ,
Bohm A. Godfrey. Godfrey, and Naiad Queen, Chase,
for Philadelphia, sailed from Fall Klver sd last.
Naw Toax, August .Arrived, steamship Virginia;
Daken, troru Vera Crus.
Bhlp Cathay, Peterson, from Oalontta.
Bhlp John Chlam, Woodoock. from Calcutta,
Jiarque Helena. Hedger, from Manila,
karque PernlaTHolin. from Creastadt.
arque Bt. Dominique, Doeue, from Boenoe Ayrea.'
3rque J. K. lioihriwk. Brown, truea BordeAnx,
Brig Ansoxtsra, Mohluian, trotn Buno Ayrea,
hrtf ( baatk;lmir, Jlanulierd. tram Kl JauoLr,