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TUE DAILT KVENINO TELEGRAPH PHILADELPHIA' TUESDAY, MARCH 14, 1871.'
SFXXXXT OT 7ZX7J FXTOSV.
Eiltorfil Opinion of the Leading Journal!
upon Current Toplos Compiled Every
Day for the Evening Telegraph.
THE HEAD OF MR. SUMNER.
From the Richmond Enquirer.
Mr. Charles Sumner has gone up! What
difference does it make to ns? The fall of the
great man may astound New England; but
the management of the 'Government" is
such that we in Virginia feel little interest in
it. The idea which plain young men in the
South, who have grown up since 1800, have
of the United States Government is, that it
collects taxes and appoints outrage commit
tees. A lot of hungry creatures strangers
to us go around periodically assessing and
collecting taxes, prowling after whisky and
tobacoo, and, associated with this impres
sion, is a vague feeling that spies and lying
wretches are gathering up testimony to lay
before CoDgress with the object of giving us
fresh trouble and vexation. What part
or lot has the South (with trivial
exceptions) in the excellent Government
which we are said to enjoy? What represen
tation have we got? Northern papers talk
about "the Southern Senators, and when
the matter is looked into, "the Southern
Senators" are Mr. Wamer, of Alabama, Mr.
Revels, of Mississippi, General Adelbert
Ames, of Mississippi, Mr. Sawyer, of South
Carolina, Mr. Harris, of Louisiana, Mr. Abi
jah Gilbert, of Florida, etc. negroes and
carpet-baggers. In the House of Represen
tatives South Carolina has the happiness of
being represented by four or Ave negroes;
and yet, at the instance of an imported
'Governor," the 'Government" is preparing
to send troops down there to strengthen the
hands of the negro Legislature, which has
everything its own way.
Mr. Sumner or General Grant it Is all one
to us. Senator Morton is as bitter as the
dethroned chairman of the Senate Committee
on Foreign Affairs. The amount of their
popularity, in their estimation, depends on
which shall outstrip in the race of blackening
and persecuting the South. The only inte
rest we have In their quarrels is that it may
help certain people "to get their daes."
Mr. Sumner has been at the head of the
Foreign Affairs Committee since 18G3, and
we believe has exhibited a very considerable
amount of ability in that position. He was
never absent from his seat in the Senate
has been always sober is a man of hard
work and has been the Robespierre of the
Revolution. It remains to be seen whether
bringing him to the guillotine will be an end
of the Reign of Terror.
Mr. Sumner is not an amiable man, and we
are afraid be is in a very bad humor. lie
obviously "hung the wrong tom-cat" when he
tackled Grant. The President never relin
quishes a purpose, and is reckless of expendi
ture in obtaining his object. With all the
patronage at his disposal, the contest was a
very unequal one for Mr. Sumner, who had
nothing to stand on but his irreproachable
propriety and his burning zeal as a hater
of the South. It was the leverage of "the
loaves and fishes" against influences purely
THE SOCIAL GEHENNA.
'Prom the K. Y. Tribune. '
The Saturday jtevieio, wmcn aengnts in
dragging to light all diseases and weaknesses
in the feminine ooay ana bovli, cas xauen
lately on a promising cancer in what it deli
cately calls "Drawing-Room Alcoholization."
The London Lancet, treating the subject
from the pbysioian's point of view, admits
that the increasing prevalence of intem
perance among eduoated English women is
becoming alarming, and asserts that medioal
men fail to see and act up to their duty in the
matter. "A careful practitioner,'' it says,
"should remember the peculiar sensitiveness
of women during certain portions of their life
to the influence of narcotics. Henoe, if he
prescribes alcohol for them at all, it shonld
not be for trivial ailments which are liable to
recur frequently, and for which the patient
will only be too ready to apply the agreeable
remedv which was found so effloaoious be
fore." The Lancet also urgently deprecates
the practice of allowing young girls between
the ages of fifteen and twenty to acquire the
habit of taking a regular and often large
quantity of wine on account of supposed
delicacy. ,4The practice," it avers, "is utterly
unjustified by any physiological need (in the
absence of positive disease) and the results
are most disastrous."
It is worth our while to look at home aad
see how this matter stands with us. There is
such a tense of chivalry toward the weaker
sex and faith in their purity among Ameri
cans that a statement that drunkenness ex.
isted to any appreciable amount among edu
cated women would be received with disgust
and incredulity. Yet there are certain facts
which it is high time should be taken at
once into the gravest consideration by bath
the pulpit and the press. To physicians they
are. unfortunately, but too familiar. Among
these is the too large proportion of female pa
tients in insane asylums, who have become so
from the use of stimulants. Inebriate asylums
for women have been lately established in this
State and Pennsylvania, and are rilled out of
the high ranks of society. The Amerioan
fashionable woman, as we all know, drinks
often, at her own table, wines of a strength
which her European sister would not dare to
touch. She "mixes ber liquors," too; in her
teens is a connoisseur of champagne, deli
cately sips sherry cobblers and Roman
Euncnes; ana ail ims wan aer muoor we,
er limp constitution, her bilious habit, and
under climatic influences which to the strong.
est man make alcohol a poison. There are
certain quiet "ladies' restaurants" in all the
seaboard cities, so r.quiet and modest in ap
pearance that geutlemen are not tempted
into them, wnere respectable women resort
for the stimulant which is probably inaoces
Bible at home. .Deaths from mama-a-potu
have occurred this winter, and that not in the
debased lower classes, but among cultured,
aeiicately-reared women; some of thein
young, generous, lovable girls. This is an
ngiy ana almost incredible btory. If we did
cot feel that the danger was imminent, we
would not drag such foulness out from its
bidden comers into the public air.
ou ibi iuo wumeu who nave Biunea nave
done so unconsciously or ignorautly. The
hurry and struggle of life ia this country
have told upon their phjgioal health far
more than upon that of men. Tha over
work, the baste to be nob, the iuodsaant
effort to urge their husbands, their
children, or themselves up to a higher
plane of social life, together with that heredi
tary lack of bodily staruf na and the high ner
vous organization peouliar to American wo.
men, all drive them te the use of artificial
stimulants. The baby at the breast is dosed
nightly with soothing syrups; the sickly school
'irl has her "drops" night and morning; while
for the innumerable ailments of the married
woman there is a mantel-shelf full of tonics,
elixirs, and bitters, German and
native, all warranted "free from a
drop of alooholic miiture." Opium, in
its artificial and crude slate, is used
to an extent of which only physicians and
druggiBts are aware. We have no hear to
say one word of blame in view of this dis
heartening reoord. "The sensation of sud
den relief, ".snys the Lancet, "replacing aoute
pain or nervous exhaustion, is exceedingly
grateful to tired nd suffering women; and
it is no wonder that by Bwift degrees they
come to seek with avidity for this kind of
oblivion." Whatever words of warning we
bave to say to this class of women are
offered with the sincerent pity.
There is a class of female tipplers, how
ever, for whom we have little compassion and
no respect; the woulJ-be fashionable matrons
and girls who not only drink themselves be
cause they consider it en regie to do so, but
urge stimulants upon men, not knowing nor
caring whether it may not be death for them
to touch them. Intelligent people are learn
ing more of the physical effects of liquor. In
the beet houses in New lork and Washington
none was offered to the guests on last New
Year's day a significant hint, which the vul-
garer orders, let us nope, will aooept in
time. Familiarity with cnampagne brands,
we assure these aspiring matrons, will not lift
tnem into the .brahmin class; and a young
girl is never less attractive in the eyes of men
than when 6he personates a Bacchante.
Every man has a secret, pure, gracious ideal
of a maiden and a mother; and a womanly
woman at the wash-tub, in the market place,
or on the rostrum, does - not destroy that
fancy. But the belle of the ball-room, whirl
ing half-naked in an immodest dance, her
face unnaturally red, and the smell of liquor
on her breath pah! "Give us an ounce of
civet, cood apothecary, to sweeten our
GENERAL GRANT, MR. SUMNER, AND
,yTHE REPUBLICAN PARTY.
From the If. Y. Ilerald,
The removal of Mr. Sumner, through the
action of a Republican caucus, from his posi
tion as chairman on Foreign Relations of the
Senate, is, in a party view, the most import
ant and momentous event, so far, of General
Grant's administration. In bold relief it
brings out General Grant in a new character
as the recognized head or the Kepublican party.
He ceases by this act to be the servant and
becomes the acknowledged master of the
Senate. He rises from the subordinate posi
tion of Andrew Johnson to the commanding
attitude of Andrew Jackson. He has been
subject to the will of Mr. Sumner, as the
great Republican oracle and dictator of the
Senate; but with Sumner's removal the tables
are turned and the President is master of the
situation. Consternation prevails among the
Conscript Fathers from this act of their own
doiDg, and surprise, mortification, fear, and
wrath are the prevailing expressions from the
Republican journals far and near. They tell
us that in this unwise removal of Mr. Sumner
from the position which, with his learning,
peculiar abilities, and great experience, he so
admirably tilled, nothing but demoralization,
divisions, and disasters can come to the party
in power; that his opposition to the St. Do
mingo scheme is justified by the general sen
timent of the party; and that General Grant,
in due season, will discover that in this thing
be has committed a fatal blunder as a candi
date for the Presidential succession.
From the Democratic press, on the other
hand, it is charged that prominent among the
influences which bave brought about this re
moval of Mr. Sumner from the Senate chair
manship on Foreign Relations has been the
influence of the British Minister with the
President in reference to Mr. Sumner's un
compromising attitude on the Alabama
claims, considered in connection with the
expected comprehensive treaty of peaoe be
tween England and the United States from
the Joint High Commission, and that Sum
ner s displacement is, in fact, from the Pre
sident and the Senate a concession in advance
to England. Next, we are gravely informed
that there has been no other such high-banded
proceeding as this in the Senate against the
bead of committee personally obnoxious to
the President except in the case of Senator
Douglas, who was removed from the head of
me vemmutee uu Aernwuiiea uouauaa ui uis
si -ii m : i : 1 - e ,
squatter sovereignty dogmas, on the requi
sition of President Buchanan, in obedience
to the wishes of the slaveholding oligarchy of
the bouth. General Grant is warned, too,
that as this removal of Douglas was the ruin
of Buchanan and the Democratic party, so
will be this removal of Sumner to the proseat
administration and the Kepublican party.
But all these are contracted views of the
circumstances, the causes and probable con
sequences of this displacement of Sumner
from the bead of the all-important Senate
committee at this juncture on foreign rela
tions. The head of this conknittee, in his
official relatiens with the President and Secre
tary of State, may be considered a member
ef the Cabinet. The Exooutive Department,
with the Senate, is the treaty-making power.
The head of this Senate committee on treaties
and foreign appointments represents the
Senate in the White House. But how can
the President, after having been pub
licly denounced in the Senate as a
confederate of corrupt and reckless
speculators in the St. Domingo scheme
how can he hold these confidential relations
with the Senator thus boldly aoousing him
of corruption and perjury ? The truth is
that in the suspension of the friendly per
sonal relations which had existed between
the President and the Senator, that mutual
confidence which ought to prevail between
them in their official intercourse was de
stroyed. It cannot be forgotten that after
President Johnson aeoused General Grant,
in that famous correspondence on the Stan
ton War Department imbroglio, witn da
oeption and falsehood, . General Grant
onTall occasions avoided the pretence of his
accuser as far as possible, even in the dis
cbarge of his official duties. How, then,'
could he be expected to oveilook these graver
charges of Senator Sumner? - There was no
alternative for him but to demand a new head
for the Senate Committee on Foreign Rela
tions, especially in view of the momentoui
and comprehensive internationl quest ion 1
now under discussion before the High Join1:
Commission and the great "manifest destiny"
programme of the administration.
We think, too. that the case of Senator
Sumner referable more the rupture between
Calhoun and General Jaokon than the quarrel
between Douglas and Buchanan. During
jacKson s nrst term Calhoun was loe-Fresi.
dent and President of the Senate, and in the
positidu he soon began to show his hand as an
aspirant for the Presidential succession. He
Crbt afcsifcted in fomenting a social quarrel
among the ladies of the Cabinet, which was
carried at length se far that Jaokson found
it necebsary to dismiss the whole ooncern. In
setting rid of them Martin Van Buren, his
Bcrttry of State, came bravely to the Gene
ral's relief by setting the example of a reaig
cation, which all the rest understood by
promptly resigning. A new Cabinet followed; 1
but Jackson, in consideration of the good
service of Van Buren in setting the Cabinet
difficulty, appointed him Minister to Eng
land; and so sure was Van Buren of a con
firmation that he was in London before the
Senate had acted upon his nomination. But
when it was brought to the vote there was a
tie, and the ice-President, Calhoun, as f resi
dent of the Senate having the casting vote,
cast it aginst Van Buren, and so he was re
called, lint this vote was the ruin ot uai-
boun; for in the Presidential eleotion of 1832
an Buren, acoording to Jackson s desire,
was put on the ticket with him and elected
for Vice-President, thus cutting out Calhoun
as President of the Senate and from the line
of the W hite House by the very man he had
sought to disgrace.
Incensed to any soueme A revenge, Cal
houn next tried the rash exj eriment of South
Carolina nullification against Jackson; but in
this the bold agitator was promptly snuffed
out by Old Hickory, with General Scott as
bis peacemaker in South Carolina, under in
structions, "By the Eternal," if they at
tempted to violate the laws of the United
States "to blow Charleston out of the water."
From that day Calhoun became the aotive
schemer for a Southern pro-slavery
party, looking to disunion and a South
ern confederacy. His last speech in the
Senate, on the compromise measures of
1850, was a sort of prophecy of disunion.
He died a disappointed man, but
bis Southern disciples, filled with his South
ern constitutional chop-logic, took up his
grand ultimatum of a Southern confederacy,
and among the first fruits of this movement
we find from the Northern reaction the radi
cal abolitionist of Massachusetts, Mr. Sum
ner. made chairman on Foreign Relations in
the United States Senate. This obange from
Mason, that pugnacious slaveholder, subse
quently of the Confederate States firm of
Mason and Slidell, marks the praotical be
ginning of the great revolution which, we
may say, is finished with Sumner's removal
from his post by his own party in the Senate.
Sumner, at war with the administration,
now takes the place of the factious Calhoun,
as Massachusetts in the Government has
taken the old dictatorial position of South
Carolina. General Grant, the President, and
the recognized head of his party, comes for
ward, like Jackson, to enforce discipline as
master of the camp. 'He has, above all, a
grand programme marked out touching our
international and commercial interests and
our "manifest destiny." It embraces a com
prehensive settlement of all our outstanding
accounts with England on a solid basis of
peace; a central position in the splendid
island of St. Domingo for the absorption of
the great trade of the West Indies, and a
half-way house there for the vast squadrons
of ships which, with the oponiDgof the Darien
ship canal, will pass and repass between New
York and the Pacific and the Oriental nations
and islands of Asia. Mr. Sumner, as an
impediment to all these grand designs, has
been removed. The Republican party in the
Senate has elected upon this issue to stand
by the President, and there is no other oourse
of safety to the party at large. Mr. Sumner
and his friends may perhaps be strong enough
to break down the administration and the
party if they choose; but from Grant to the
Democracy they will be out of the frying-pan
into the fire.
Still, there is great danger that this attempt
of General Grant to introduce the discipline
of a regular army into this free militia organi
zation of the Republican party may break up
the whole concern. The State election in
New Hampshire to-day, we expect, will
throw some light upon this subject. They
bave bad time enough there to form a judg
ment upon this removal of Sumner. The
New Hampshire Republicans are intelligent
men, and they fight for their party like old
soldiers. If, therefore, to-day New
Hampshire shall go for the Democracy, it will
be a sign of an impending general Republi
can break-up. Otherwise, it is probable that
the sacrifice of Sumner will be accepted by
the party as the casting of Jonah overboard
an act required to save the ship.
IS A TARIFF A DEFENSIBLE FORM
From the K. Y. World.
The Cincinnati Commercial, in comment
ing upon Air. J. b. Mills recent letter upon
protection in the United States, says: "The
British have simplified their revenue laws
but have not free trade, and America needs
above all things (after internal peace) free
trade for the legitimate development of her
natural resources. A distinction is here
made between the strictly revenue tariff of
Great Britain and free trade. The Cincin
nati Enquirer has also taken ' exoeption in
no mild terms to the revenue tariff soheme
of the Free-trade League; and has even gone
bo far as to denounce the league as a "bond
holding" aristocratic association because it
advocates duties upon tea, coffee, and sugar
"the necessities of the poor man." And
lastly comes the New York Built tin, with
arguments couched in the ponderous lan
guage of text-books and encyclopedias, to
show that all forms of tariff are necessarily
bad. As the Bulletin presents arguments
and appeals to authoiities in support of
its position, we devote this article mainly to
answering it, confident that while doing so
we are at the same time exposing the un
tenableness of the ground ocoupled by
tbe Cincinnati papers. The Bulletin ob
jects to a revenue tariff as a means of
supporting tbe Government beoause it dis
criminates and "touches unevenly upon the
different classes of products; for it then
diverts capital and labor from those indus
tries whioh are naturally most remunerative
to others which are naturally less so, thereby
producing a disregard of the natural condi
tions of production and involving a virtual
waste of the labor of the country. For this
reason a discriminating tariff is tbe worst of
all possible forms of impost, whether designed
ior protection er revenue.
une answer to this objection is that a
striotly revenue tariff is one which taxes only
such articles as cannot be produced in any
quantity in the country levying the tariff, and
that, therefore, capital and labor cannot, by
the operation of a revenue tariff, be diverted
into unproiuame pursuits. The taxes upon
tea, conee, tin, and solces bave been enor
mous for the last ten years, 'aod yet there is
DO aomesuo production of these articles, aim
ply became we have neither tropical heat nor
tin mines. The Bulletin, evidently seeing
the answer which can be so easily made to its
first objection, falls back on a seoond and
urges that "the discrimination of one nation
againbt the products of another is an injury
to the country discriminated against, dia
quanmng it ior run reciprocal commerce
with the country making the discrimination.
It furlher says: , , .
"Ot course government mast be supported by
1d)im)ii on trade; and the onij quesMuu wltn refer-
euie to the taxes u now they can be to applied
to tooth alt nraocues or production and tru la most
evenly, to an io produce tne itatt poanibl derange
ment in tne natural remuons oi me sever! brauulies
of business. We submit that as vet nr man has
bteu prtxou4.WQicU so fully meet tlie case a tlut
or a uniform fractional percentage upon all sales of
A tax upon sales would only be even, dis
criminating neither for nor against any pro
ducts, in the event of its honest and thorough
collection; and until it has been shown (which
it never baa been), that the tax cannot be
evaded, all talk about its evenness is a waste
of words. If It should become ( as it proba
bly would, what the inoome'tax now is a tax
paid only by those possessed ot tender con
sciences it would be the most uneven of
all taxes, discriminating in favor of the pro
duct of the least honest and honorable mem
bers of society. A mere statement of what
is proposed by tbe advocates of the tax on
sales is sufficient evidence against the prac
ticability of it. All sales of commodities
are to be watched, from Maine to Texas; at
every cross-road and corner-grocery the tax
is to be levied; every article, from a spool of
cotton to a block of stores, is to be taxed.
The taxes are to be collected in one of the
most sparsely settled countries in the world,
nnder the worst eivil service under heaven.
On the other hand, the taxes under a revenue
tariff would be collected chiefly at one plaoe,
the city of New York, and can be imposed on
articles of such bulk as to make the smug
gling of them practically impossible. When
form of taxation is under consideration we
must ask whether it will yield the required
amount of revenue; can it be evaded; will the
Government get from it all the money
taken from the people by it? Upon
tbe first consideration depends the rev
enues of the nation; upon the second, the
morality of the citizens; upon the third, the
justice of the tax. It may safely be said that
the tax upon sales does not answer these re
quirements, and that a revenue tariff does.
J. he uvuctin proceeds to quote iiastiat as an
authority for its objections to tariffs. We
would call its attention to the following pas
sages from that great author, which will show
how extraordinary is the citation. It might
with equal success have instanced Darwin as
an authority for the hypothesis of special
creations. Tbe following is from the Intro
duction to the "Sophismes Eoonomiques":
"In an article, otherwise quite complimen
tary, published by the isoount de Romanet,
he intimates that I ask for the suppression
of custom-houses. M. de Komanet is mis
taken. I ask for the suppression of the
protective policy. I am so far
from asking for the suppression of duties
that I look upon them as the anchor on which
the future salvation of our finances will de
pend." And again in the third chapter of
Le Libre JicuaDge : "ve are 8Keo, wny
in that case do you demand free trade and
not the abolition of custom houses ? Because
we do not regard the impost as in itself an
attack upon liberty. We demand free trade
as we demand tbe liberty of the press, with
out denying that a tax should be paid by the
printer. We demand free trade as we ask
that property should be respected, without
refusing to tolerate a land tax."
In answering tbe ituuetm we nave shown
the error of the Cincinnati Commercial in
making a distinction between a revenue tariff
and free trade; and would only, in conclusion,
say that taxes on tea, coffee, and sugar are
necessary parts of a revenue tariff system,
and that tbe Cincinnati JCnqryrer in asking
for their repeal is playing directly into the
hands of the protectionists, who would be
glad to force the retention of protective taxes
by abolishing the strictly revenue duties.
The astuteness of Hon. bamuel J. Kandall.
Democratic M. C. from Philadelphia, was
exhibited in the House on Friday to the same
precise effect, in his proposition to put tea
and coffee on the free list. Is Mr. Randall
ignorant of the effect of his amendment, or
does he propose to act outside the Demo
cratio party and with the inside ring of Penn
sylvania protectionists ?
OF CIVIL BONDS OP
STtTS OF CALIFORNIA.
Sacbaukkto, February 1, 187L
Whereas, There Is en this day in the Stale Trea
sury tbe sum of twenty-eight thousand ($23,000) dol
lars which, under the provisions of an act of the
Legislature of said State entitled ,"An act to pro
vide for the paying certain equitable claims against
the State of California, and to contract a funded
debt for that purpose," approved April SO, 1860, la
set apart for the redemption of Civil Bonds ;of said
State, Issued under tbe provisions of Bald act, notice
is hereby given that
for the surrender of said Bonds will be received at
this Department for the amount above specified
until the '
10TH DAY OF APRIL, 1871,
at 11 o'clock A. M.
No bid will be entertained at more than par value,
and a responsible guarantee must accompany each
proposal, which must be indorsed "Sealed Proposals
for the surrender of Civil Bonds of 1300."
Said bonds win be redeemed and interest paid In
gold and silver coin of the United States, and must
be surrendered within ten days after the acceptance
of the proposal for their redemption.
A. F. CORONEL,
8 14eod t4 10 State Treasurer.
REDEMPTION OF STATE BONDS.
Btats ot California.
Tbi asdkt Department,
Sackamsnto, Feb. 1, 1ST!
Whereas, there Is on this day in the State Treasury
tbe sum of two hundred and fifty thousand ($250,000)
dollars, which, nnder the provisions of an act of the
Legislature of said State, entitled "An Act to pro
vide for paying certain equitable claims against the
State of California, and to contract a funded debt
for that purpose, " approved April 83, 186T ; and a'so
nnder the provisions of an act amendatory of said
act, approved April 87, I860, is set apart for the re
demption of Civil Bonds of said State, Issued auder
the provisions of said first mentioned aot, notice is
hereby given that
for the surrender of said Bonds will be received at
this Department for the amount above specltled,
until the '
10TF DAY OF APRIL, A. D. 1371,
at 11 o'clock A. M.
No bids will be entertained at more than paf
value, and a responsible guarantee must aooompany
each proposal, which must be marked "Sealed Pro
posals for the Redemption of Civil Bonds of lssr."
Said bonds must be surrendered within tea days
after the acceptance of the proposals for their re
demption. . A. F. CORONEL,
81eodt10 - State Treasurer.
NOTICE. CAM DEN AND PIIIL&.DBL.
PlilA STEAM UOAT FEUHY COMPANY.
An election for Director! win be held at taeOmce
of the Company, foot of FEDERAL Street, CAM
DEN, on FRIDAY, tbe Mat of March lust., between
the hours of U and 8 o'clock P. M.
. W. II. UATZMBB, Secretary.
March T, 18T1. a Tiu3t
tS THE PENNSYLVANIA FIRE INSCR1NCE
COMPANY.- March , Mil.
The Directors have this day declared a d.vtdend
Of SEVEN DOLLARS AND FIFTY OBNT3 per
Share on tbe Stock of the Company for tue last six
months, which will be paid to tbe Stockholder or
iiit.-lr legal repreacstativeii after the 16Ut luaunt.
II lot WM. Q. CROW ELL, Secretary.
ktb. THrRSTON"8 IVORY PEARL TOOTH
pnuiiKH U iha hat .rt !.! for cleanslnir and
Preserving the teeth, l or sale
Price u and do cenu per bottle.
11 BS stuiuly
IsSy- DR. F. R. THOMAS, No. Ill WALNUT ST,
w formerly operator at the Col ton Dental Rooms,
devotes bis entire practice to extracting teeth wtiu.
out pain, with fresh nitrous oxide gas. 11 171
iTfaf OFFICE Or TIIR NATION M RAILWAY
Win! nni 1. ' vivo, r V lit I ll ttx
pHTi.AMi.riu a, Mrcrt s, TVT1.
An Instalment or Piv Doiifcrt Mr tin re on the
flnhftcrlptloni to the preferred tork of th National
Railway Company will be doe an1 payable at tne
omce ot the Company, No. in . FOCKT1I Street,
r iiimneipnm. on or iror in wn 01 Aiircn, itu.
fy oraer oi ue iior or Dim-torn.
8w JAUOU KIEDKL, TreMarer.
ggr T11K UNION FIRK EXTINGUISHER
COMPANY OF PHILAD SLPQI k
Manufacture and sell the Improved, Portable Fire
Kxtlngulsher. AJwayi Rellab'.a.
D. T. GAGS,
I SO tf No. 11S MARKXT 81, General A(nb
t- I)1SI'KMAHI HIK PKLN U1SE.E3, KU.
' an a n ivi'VTn Ki.t
FatientV treated .gratuitously at this Institution
dally at 11 o'clock. 1 U
A HEW ASD ELEGANT
BROWN STONE RESIDENCE,
East Side of Logan SJquaro,
Three Doom above Sumner St.,
Eeplete with all modern conveniences,
WILL BE EOLD ON ACCOMMODATING TERMS.
POSSESSION AT ONCE. CAN BE SEEN AT
ANY BOOR OF THE DAY. 1 11 tf
ELEGANT STORE FIXTURES,
With Marble Counters, Large Fire-proof, Desk
Letter Press, etc., will be sold cheap for cash
flO. 8S CHESNUT STREET ,TJNDER TOE CON
TINENTAL. H 16 tf
REAL. ESTATE WANTED.
f! w A
On Chesnut cr fighth Street.
ADDRESS, STATINS PRIC& LOCATION, AND
it n n
mm wa vb4
EVENING TELEGRAPH OFFICE.
iviiTi:n to prrurrrsBR
Desirable Real Estate.
WITHIN ONE MILE OF BROAD AND CHESNUT
Payable In good and available trade, and partly In
8 4tf "Box 1784, Philadelphia Post Office."
TO INSURANCE COMPANIES, CAPITAL
ISTS, AND OTHERS.
BUSINESS PRORERTY, No. 487 WALNUT
Four-story front, five-story double back buildings,
occupied as offices, and suitable for an Insurance
company, 81 feet t inches front, 184 feet deep.
8. KINGSTON McCAT,
8 18t No. 429 WALNUT Street.
'JL.LINJL .AJNJ3 SEA,"
Dy EDWARD KORAN.
Exhibition In aid of the sufferers by the war In
Eaile.' Galleries, Ho. 816 Chemut St,
ADMISSION 26 CENTS
Catalogues, illustrated, $1-00. ttn
JONDON BROWN STOUT AND
In glass and stone, by the cask or dosen.
ALBERT O. ROBERTS,
Dealer in Fine Groceries,
11 T Corner ELEVENTH and VINE 8ts.
Hs S. TABU & SON'!
MANUFACTORY OF .
Carved and Ornamental JtlarbU
UilECPf Street above Serentn
1 80 8m ' PHILADELPHIA.
CTAlIt HODS, NTEPrLiTGS
OAS TORCHES, OA8 TURNERS, WAX
. TAPERS, Etc. Etc., , .
On hand and for sale by
wiLsn sc moss,
l 10 lm : Soutn FIFTH Street.
LEXAND1H O. - OATTILL CO.,
tX fikODUCB COMMISSION MEKUaAWT.
Ha, M KO&Tli WUARVJls
NO. It NORTH WATER STREET,
AjJZAJtPU Q, CAtTMIa SLUA8 CATTlLLi
Comprises the following Departments:-.
Harvard College, the University Lectures, Divinity
School, Law School, Mellcal School, Dental School,
Lawrence Sctcntioo School, School of Mining and
Practical Geology, BuMy Institution (a School of
Agriculture and Horticulture), Botanlo Garden, As
tronomical Observatory, Moseum of Comparative
Zoology, Peabody Museum of Archaeology, Episcopal
The next academic year begins on September 83,
The Brat examination for admission to Harvard
College will begin June tj, at 8 A M. The second
examination for admission to Harvard College, and
the examination! for admission to the Scientific
and Mining Schools,; will begin September 83. The
requisites for admlsxlon to the College have been
changed this year. There U now a mathematical
a'ternative for a portion of the classics. A circular
describing the new requisites and recent examina
tion papers will be mailed on application.
1 N I V ERS1T Y LECTURES. Thirty-three courses
In 1870-71, of which twenty begin In the week Feb
ruary 18-1. These lectures are Intended for gradu
ates of colleges, teachers, and other competent
adults (men or women). A circular describing them
ill be mailed on application.
TUK LAW SCHOOL bat been reorganized this
year. It has seven Instructor, and a librae of
!,' oo volumes. A circular explains the new course
of ntudy, the rr quit 1 tea for the degree, and the cost
of attending the school. The second half of the
year begins February 13.
Fur catalogue, circulars, or Information, ad-
dreaa J. W. HARRIS.
t m Secretary.
j D tt I U I L L SCHOOL
MERCIIANTVILLB, N. J
Four Miles from Philadelphia.
The seaalon commenced MONDAY, January I -
For circulars apply to
Mljy Key. T. W. CATTELL,
rjMIE REV. DR. WELLS'
BOARDING SCHOOL FOR LITTLE BOY3
From Six to Fourteen years of age. Address the ;
Re?. DR. WELLS,
8JI8 tuthMra Andalusia, Pa,
MAPLEWOOI) INSTITUTE FOR YOUNG
Ladli-a. Plttsflold. Mass. Lonz and widolT-
known for superior faolllM.a and rare beautyof loca
tion. Board and EntcitHh tuition, lino for ha'f year,
commencing February 8J, fcpecUl terms to cleilcai
patrons and teacher.
s id imT iter, i. eriuitr, i nncipfu.
AUGUSTUS KINK KLIN, TKA( 1IKR OF PIANO ,
can be engflRftd for Dancing, Parties. Enter
talnmenlx, etc Orders by mail from suburban real
denrrs punctually attended to. Realdence, No. 110
S. t LEV EM 11 Street, below Cbesout, S 13 lm
YOUNG MEN AND BOYH' ENGLISII AND
CLASSICAL INSTITUTE, No. MW8 BIT.
VERNON fctreet, Rer. JAMEi U. 8I1INN, A. M,
Principal. 18 1 smtnam
Bowles Brothers & Co.
PAEIS, LONDON, BOSTON.
No. IO WILLIAM Otroot
N o v Y o v lc.
Credits for Travellers
Exchange on Fails and the Unle
Sank ef London,
IN SUMS TO SUIT.
QUI OF BALTIMORE.
(1,800,000 six per cent. Bonds of the Westers
Maryland Railroad Company, endorsed by the City
of Baltimore. The undertlgned Finance Committee
of the Western Maryland Railroad Company; offer
through the Americas Exchange National Bank
11,800,000 or t9e Bonds ef tbe Westers Maryland
Railroad Company, haying to years to run, principal
and interest guaranteed by the city ef Baltimore.
This endorsement having been authorised by aa
act of the Legislature, and by ordinance of the
City Council, was submitted to and ratified by aa
almost unanimous Tote of ths people. As aa a4
Uonal security the city has provided a sinking fund of
1300,000 for the liquidation of this debt st maturity
An exhibit of the financial conditio a of city
shows that she has available and convertible assots
more than lufflclont to pay her entire laiebtedaas.
To Investors looking for absolute security no loaa
offered in this market presents greater inducements.
These bonds are offered at 87X and accrued late
rest, coupons payable January and July.
JOHN K. LONQWELL,
MOSES W IKS EN F ELD,
1 1 tot t Finance Committee.
ELLIOTT, COLLINS '& CO ,
No. (09 South THIRD Street,
MEMBERS OF STOCK AND GOLD EX'
DEALERS IN MERCANTILE PAPER,
GOVERNMENT SECURITIES, GOLD.Elc.
DRAW BILLS OF EXCHANGE ON TITK
ION BANK OF LONDON. 8 8 fmwi
WHISKY. WINE. ETO.
QAnSTAIRG Cl McCALL.
No. ISO Walatt and 21 Granite Cta
Brandies, Twines, Gin. Ollrt OH, Eta.;
WHOUESAXJa DKAUUU M
PURE RYE W H 1 8 K I E O,
U BOBS A1I0 TAX FALD, M M