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THE DaILY EVENING TELEGRAPH .PHILADELPHIA, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 12, 1871.
THE KORTHEKS TACIFIC RAILROAD.
WInIlT PA Yt
By Hon. Srtinylcr Col fa, Vice-President
of the United States.
A little over five years ago Messrs. Bross,
Bowles, Richardson, and the writer boreof made
a Plage-coach journey from the Missouri river
to California, and thence up the Pacific coast
through that State and Oregon and Washington
Territory, tf Puget Souud and Vancouver's
Island. When we returned we all etated
to the public that the Pacific Kailroad could
be and ought to be completed within five
years; that It could be ruu as regularly and
as uninterruptedly as our Eastern roads; that
the subsidy and the land grant proffered
by Congress were sufficient for its construc
tion, and that its receipts would be largely la
excess of Its expenses, from the very day on
which It should be opened for travel and
freights. Very inaDy doubted the correctness of
these statements. But they have been more
than verified. In but little over half the time
supgeiUed the railroad became an established
fact. Its trains have been run with great regu
larity and freedom from accident. And the
avails of its land grant, when realized, will, with
the subsidy bonds received from the Govern
ment, cover all the actual cost of the construc
tion. But If we had predicted, In addition, that the
total receipts of the railroad line from Omaha to
San Francisco, operated by the two companies
(the Union aud Central Pacific), would be, as
they prove to be, fourteen millions of dol
lars iEit year, and the net receipts over
expenses six millions per tear,
would not Dine out of every ten
have turned incredulously away? Their
estimates for 1871 reach the still larger sum of
sixteen millions gross nnd eight millions net,
even with the competition, at each end of the
line, of the Kansas Pacific road on the east, and
the California Pacific on the west; aud I do not
doubt that these estimates for the coming year
will be realized.
Ail experience in this rapidly-growing country
has proven that the locomotive is not only the
clvilir.er but the developer of our States and
Territories. Wherever its pillar of cloud by
day and its pillar of fire by night are seen, and
wherever stern Nature does not positively pro
hibit it, emigration is invited, villages aud
cities epilog up, agriculture and the mechanical
arts thrive, water power Is utilized, manufacto
ries are established, resources are developed,
business Is literally created, and the waste places
are isolated and solitary no more. Take a re
gion through which a daily stage-coach has
heretotore been supported, nulla a railroad.
And, unless the locality actually forbids settle
ment or business, as a marsh of land absolutely
nntillable, the passenger and freight trains on
the line will, within a few years, be far beyond
all original estimates. Build another road, and
another, on lines twenty to fifty miles distant,
and the same results follow, without affecting,
in any marked degree, the original liue.
In fact, the railroad development of the
United States is oue of the most wonderful of
the wondrous Incidents of Us history, aud one
of the most potential elements of Us extraordi
nary advance in all that makes a nation great.
Thirty years ago, when there were no railroads
in Indiana or Illinois, I heard an ex. Governor,
in a public address at Indianapolis, prophesy
that, within the lifetime of some of his hearers,
that city, with theu but a few thousand inhabi
tants, would become the hub of a great railroad
system, lines of road running from U in every
di'ection, like the spokes of a wheel from the
bub. This prediction was laughed at as the
dream of a crack-brained enthusiast. Not only,
however, has it been literallv fulfilled, but who
ever will look at a railroad map of those two
States will, even if they reside within their
limits, be surprised when they aggregate to
gether the number of miles of railroads built
and being built, where but thirty years ago
they were so utterly unknown.
I know that some of the many railroads in the
United Hates have not reimbursed their build
ers. Extravagant prices for construction, heavy
discounts on bonds, ruinous competition with
other lines, and reckless mismanagement have
rendered some of them poor pecuuiary invest
ments. But I doubt whether any railroad can
be found that has proved a loss, considered la
its relations to the aggregate wealth of the na
tion. EeD if every dollar expended in Us con
struction were lost, I doubt if there is any rail
road now In operation which has not raised the
value of the lands along its line to the full
amount of its cost, saying nothing of the bene
fits it has conferred on the people in quick and
easy transit and ready and accessible market for
all products of industry, as compared with the op
portunities of "the oldeu time." That the powers
of railroad companies are sometimes wielded
oppressively does not impair the strength of this
But the question proposed to be considered in
this article relative to the Northern Pacific Kail
road is, "Will it Pay?" Before the American
Eeople Invest In great enterprises, no matter
ow important they may be to the development
of national resources, the advancement of the
republic in power and wealth, and the founding
: of prosperous States to add to its glory, they
carefully consider this brief but Important ques
tion which I have used as a caption.
I. At the risk of being considered an enthu
siast, as I was a few years ago, in regard to the
Central line, I predict that all three of the
transcontinental lines Northern, Central, and
Southern will, under wise management, prove
remunerative to their builders, as they certainly
will to the nation. Hundreds ol mites apart,
ther traverse our vast interior, waiting and
ready for development the future home, not
only of millions of our own population, but of
the millions flocking to our open gates from the
Old World. Tliey nave aitterent ana widely
separated termini on the Pacific, as they have
at this end of their respective lines. And each
has advantages peculiar to itself.
II. The first advantage that can be claimed
for the Northern Pacific is that It has no govern
mental subsidy bonds. No principal or interest
of government aid is to remain, upon Us com
pletion, au Incumbrance, then or tnereatter,
upon its receipts. J. very dollar that it earns
for transportation, military, or postal service
for the United States goes into its treasury,
with its other receipts from passengers or
freights. And thus the absence of subsidy bonds
will prove hereafter a blessing instead of an lu
iurr to It.
III. Instead of the pecuniary aid given in
bonds to the Central line, the United States
magnificently endowed this line with a land
grant, double in us area to that conferred upon
the other. Over fifty millions ol acres la alter
sate sections were ceded to it to aid lu Us con
struction, with the power to mortgage them, as
well as the road itself, and the right of selection
extended to to wide a breadth of country that,
unlike other land grants, the company is sure to
obtain the full amount intended to do con
veved. This "super estate," larger than all
New England, seveu times as large as Belgium,
la a free trift from the nation, and opens up to
' settlement an Immense region, now compara
tivelv unpeopled, because Inaccessible, while It
renders the other fifty millions of acres reserved
bv the United States more than doubly valuable,
instead of belngr as It would be without railroad
facilities, comparatively valueless xor many
ears to come.
IV. The estimated cost of the two thousand
miles ct road from Lake Superior, via Portland,
Oretron. to Putret Sound, with rolling stock,
station-houses, freight depots, and enriue shops
Is eighty-five millions of dollars. And it is not
cblmerictl to suppose, as Indeed It was argued
in Concress. that the avails of the lands granted
to the company will be more than sufficient
to build and eaulp the entire road. The
grant to the Illinois Central Kailroad has
realized about til per acre. But this would
scarcely bs a fair test of comparison. The Laud
ComraDV, which Is purchasing the lands granted
to the Kansas Pacific Kailroad, received last
vr an average of tl 31 per acre for the
lands sold by them. The lands sold by the Union
Pacific Kailroad have averaged 4 46 per acre,
and its new President, I nomas A. Scott, so
widely known as one of the oioit sagacious and
accurate railroad managers in the whole country,
eotimaUss the receipts for the remainder of the
twelve million of acres granted to It, good, bad,
and indifferent, at $3 per acre, being twenty
per cent, below the minimum Government rate
for the reserved alternate sections. I do no1,
poubt that the future will more than vladtcite
this careful estimate.
V. It will not be unjust to the two last roads
to claim that the land grant of the Northern
Pacific Railroad, by its fertility aud climate,
exceeds theirs in value. Ex-Governor Ashley,
who has travelled extensively over Montana,
Idaho, Oregon, and Washington Territory, and
has studied the remarkable results of the Iso
thermal lines, compares the climate of Montana
to Pennsylvania, of Idaho and Eastern Oregon
to Virginia, and of the region beyond the Cat
cade Mountains up to Puget Sound to North
Carolina; and my own observation of the latter
region coincides with his. Indeed, the Governor
General of Vancouver's Ialaud told our party, In
18G5, that summer flowers In their open gardens
were not injured by frosts one winter out
of four! Minnesota, through which the first two
hundred and Gfty miles of the road run, has cold
winters; but its reputation as a wheat-growing
region ana healthy climate are known of all men.
Professor Blodget, in his great work, "The Cli
matology of the United Slates," says that the
whole of that Immense portion of the Union wet
of the 98th meridian and above the 431 parallel
(which is almost exactly bisected by the North
ern Pacific line) "is perfectly adapted to the
fullest occupation by cultivated nations, and has
an Immense and yet unmeasured capacity for
occupation nnd expansion." Hon. E. I). Mans
field, one of the highest authorities
on statistical, Industrial, and cli
matic questions, eavs : "The climate
of the region from the Upper Missouri to the
Saskatchewan (northwest of Montana) is ex
scily that which In Europe is deemed the best
for grain-growing." And lion. J. 8. Wilson,
late Commissioner of the Land Ollice, Indorses
the opinion of Governor Stevens, that "not more
than one-tilth of the land from Hed river to
Tuget Sound is unsuited for cultivation, and
that this fifth is largely made up of mountains,
covered wlih bunch grass and valuable timber,
and fil'ed with the precious metals;" and Mr. W.
himself adds: "An immense agricultural area
Is here awaiting development. Each sectiou of
the read, as completed, will, from local traffic
alone, find ample returns for Its Investment."
VI. Valuable as this land grant Is, therefore,
as an ample security for the bonds based ou it,
nnd in addition to the security of the road
itself, it Is even more valuable to the future of
the railroad as homes for the vast numbers of
people who are to furnish Its local traffic. Over
a large portion of it cattle can roam uushcltered
through the entire year, feeding themselves ou
what is "grass in summer and cured hay in
winter;" and their raising and shipment, alvvavs
a lucrative business where the cost is low and
the market accessible and certain, will rauk next
to agriculture in its importance to the reve
nues uf the road.
VII. I will not make any estimate as to it
general way business, but merely throw to
gether a few incidental references to it. The
trade of the Valley of the Columbia is already
large and steadily increasing. The wagon ser
vice of the United States, In supplying Its twenty
odd northern military posts, costs several mil
lions per year. At lied river the Northern
Pacific connects with steamboat navigation for
the fertile Pembina and Saskatchavau regions
of the British Possessions. The navigable
streams which it touches or crosses ou both
sides of the mountains give it the advantages of
branch lines for the concentration aud distribu
tion of business. The mining interests of Mon
tana, Idaho, and Washington Territory, esti
mated, even in their present inaccessibility, at
twenty millions per year, will furnish a heavy
business in freights, tor supplies, machinery,
shipment ol ores, etc. Ana, witaout enlarging
on this head, the fact that lu 1870 eighteen mil
lions ol pounds of freight were wagoned four
hundred miles into Montana, over a rugged
country, at a cost of flfteeH cents per pound,
gives a lalnt idea or tne way-business already
waiting for the completion of this road.
Mil. Toe tbrougu business or this line win, i
believe, exceed the moderate estimates of Us
projectors. It has the advantage, at its eastern
terminus, oi us connection not ouiy wun tne
railroad system of the Northwest at St. Paul,
but with the head of our chain of lakes (far
west of the longitude of St. Louis or Galena),
with their water-way, at cheap rates, during the
seven months of the year, from the very ceutre
of the continent to the Atlantic Oceau. By the
Central Pacific liue it is twenty-four hundred
miles from Chicago, at the head of Lake Michi
gan, to San Francisco. By the Northern Pacific
it is only two tnousana worn tne neaa oi L.ane
Superior (as near to Buffalo as is Chicago) to
Puget sound, t. By me direct line across me
Cascade range it will be less than eighteen
hundred miles.) And at Puget Sound
vessels are at least two days nearer to China
than at San Francisco. The highest elevation
on the Northern Pacific line is five thousand
feet above the sea. Where the Central Hue
crosses the Kocky Mountains the elevation is
eight thousand, and at the Sierra Nevada seven
thousand feet above the sea, with au ascending
grade, coming east, of over one hundred feet
per mile ior seventy mues. mis aavauiage oi
distance and grades cannot fall to largely affect
the through freights from the far East, which
are to cross our Continent on their road to the
interior, the Atlantic, or to Europe. Besides
this Asiatic trade, and the trade of the North
Pacific coa6t, the salmon fisheries of Puget
Sound and the Columbia are absolutely ex
haustless, as every one knows who has seen the
Innumerable quantities of them which literally
crowd the water courses; and the shipment of
them In a cured state will doubtless be Immense.
IX. Finally, as the road will be pushed for
ward to completion as rapidly as a judicious
economy of means will allow, millions will not
be wasted in undue caste, ine rapia construc
tion of the Central liue. after the two compa
nies building it were fairly under way, was al
most the wonder ol the world, Eacu uasired to
secure as many miles as possible, as the law
enacted that wherever the iron rails met should
be the junction, each holding what it had built
and no more, and each receiving the subsidy
bonds and land grants accordingly. Never wai
such railroad building seen before. By night as
well as by day, la all weathers, at any cost, aud
with supplies gathered from all parts of the
Liilted states, regaraiess or expense, iue
two companies quickly neared
each other. Ten miles of rails
were laid per day an unheard-of feat be
fore. Hundreds of miles of the rival tracks
were graded side by 6ide, waiting for the ties
and the iron. All that inonev aud almost super
human energy could achieve were accomplished
And. at last, at 1 romoniory roiui, ou me nor
ders of the Great Salt Lake, the locomotives
from the West and the East met on their path
wavs. and the continent was spauued. But this
contest of the giants necessarily cost millions ou
millions. Even with an its prosperous ruture oe
fore It.ltbe Northern racific.tree asitlstroiaany
such costly competition, can auora to nusuaua
Us means, and construct lis line rapiaiy, yei
economically: and for this reason, as well as
tnose i Lave reany out giancea at in mis arucie,
I can answer the question with which I opened
"ltwutpay." A etc Jorfc Independent.
The Public lSuildinci Commission yes-
terday directed Mr. McLaughlin, who has the
contract for excavating the Penn Squares not
to proceed until requested by the board.
The fire oouiuiusioneig yesterday dis
charged a fireman for neglect of duty, and
ordered tne purchase oi a:2 feet of an im
At the meeting of the Board of Edaea.
tion yesterday, Mr. Gratz, chairman of the
epecitol committee of five to investigate the
charges cf official misoonduot agtiost the
secretary or ine dohm, made a
report clearing nim from all Improper motives
in the affair. Ibe report was agreed to
veas nays 2. The Committee ou Revision
of studies recommended but one session in
the public schools during June, July, aoi
Heptta.btr, which was ngreed to by the board.
The part relative to September was changed
end made to read the 15th. The hours of ses
sion in the morning were made from 9 to 12
o'clock. After considerable debate in regard
to the hours of session in the afternoon, they
were allowed to resoaln s they are at present,
from 2 to 4 J o'clock. ,
There is a prospect of Congress adjourn
ing on Saturday.
A vote on the Ku-klux bill ia looked for
in tb FeDate on Thursday.
Minisier Schenck a salary bill has passed
the House and will now go to the President.
Two hundred passengers reoently passed
through Omaha for California in one day.
A number of postal changes were made
by the Postmaster-Qeneral in Pennsylvania
A colored man was beaten to death in
Elmira the other day by two men, "who have
Fruit prospects in Kansas were never
fiter. The emigration to the State is unpre
A tremendous rain storm visited Potts
ville end its vicinity yesterday, doing some
An armistice between Spain and the Pa
cific republics of South America was signed
jesterday at the State Department.
Sioux City, Iowa, and its neighborhood
have been visited by a very violent Bnow
storm, which commenced on Sunday evening.
The Hoard of Canvassers in Connecticut
have postponed the canvass for Governor,
State c dicers, 8Dd members of Congress
until the 21st inst.
Before the Senate can consider the
House Auinetdy bill, its rule in reference
to this session's business will have to be
modified. An effort will be made in that
Senator Sherman presented a resolution
yesterday calling upon the Senate Finance
Committee to devise a plan for the simplifi
cation and reduction of internal taxation.
The bill to establish a House of Correc
tion was passed in the House at Harrisburg,
but, on the motion of Mr. Josephs, was re
considered, and, after a short talk, laid over
A meeting of the Council of the W. B.
A. was held at Mauch Chunk yesterday.
After a long discussion a committee was ap
pointed to consider the question of arbitra
tion. The majority reported in favor thereof,
but the council, when the reports were sub
mitted, voted against arbitration.
Several Communist repulses are reported.
A deputation has been sent to Versailles,
by the Commune, to oner terms.
The Nationals have, it is reported, par
tially repaired the damages at Porte Maillot.
England is trying to persnade Germany
to interfere for the restoration of order in
The Central Committee express disap
pointment and diEgust at the work of the
The Government troops are confessedly
masters of the situation at Neuilly, but the
fire from Fort Valerien has been slankeued
from a desire to spare the inhabitants of Paris
as much as possible.
-An assault on Paris is expected to-day
through the breach at Porte Maillot. A
bloodv fight is thought certain, as the Com
munists are bsrrioadinpr every street, and
have one hundred thousand desperate men.
?V HO h TIC L LI L XI A Li Titir TO UAL1S OKN1A.
LECTURE FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE HOR
THURSDAY EVENING, April 13,
By Hon. M. P. WILDER, ok Boston.
Descriptions of the Vineyards, Pear orchards,
Grain aud Stock Farms, Seml-Troplcal Fruit cai-
tnr. Soenerv. and Soe.lul Life of California.
'lHJHxtiS, ill1 l x crirvrs, ior Beiua m iroui. nun
Of Hall, to be obtained at H. A. Dreer'a, No. 71
Chesnut street, and Gould Ss Fischer's. No. 923 Ones-
nut street. n
DEPARTMENT OF HIGHWAYS.
Office of Cmm Commissions,
NO. 104 S. FIFTH STREET,
Philadelphia. A or II 8. 1HI1.
Notice Is hereby given that from and after MON
DAY, the loth inst., all travel will be suspended
from PENRuSE FERRY BRIDGE until further
orders. This course Is necessary In ordr to repair
the draw, etc. MAHLON H. DiCiiiNts j;n.
lu Bi cmei commissioner ui mguwtiys.
Zf NORTHERN LIBERTIES
Oitlce No. 'lit
S. FOURTH Street.
PHILADELPHIA. ADm 11. IBil.
The Annual Meeting of the Stockholders of this
Company, and an E'ectlon forOrtloers to serve for
the ensuing year, will be held at the OKce of the
Company, on MONDAY, the 1st day of Mav next, at
1IX o ciock a. JSi. ALor.iv l run i au,
4 11 lit secretary.
SCHUYLKILL AND SUSQUEHANNA RAIL
ROAD COMPANY, Oilloe, No. 227 South
PHILADELPHIA. i.pril 10. 11T1.
The Annual Meeting of the Stockholders of this
Company aud an Election for PresUluut and six
Managers will take Dlace at the OitUe of the Com.
pany on MONDAY, the 1st day of May next, at 12
o'clock M. ALoalvT FOaTEtt,
4 lu 8w Secretary.
iSSf- THE ANNUAL Al tiril IINtr UF TUB.
MKO stockholders of the BAKER SILVER MINfNU
COMPANY, of Colorado, will be held at the oillue
of the company on THURSDAY, Apill 20, 1871, at
12 o'clock, noon, for the election of directors, aud
tor tne transaction or sucii otner nxsiness as may
be deemed necessary. joum wikst,
4 10 lot" secretary.
OFFICE OF TUB FKANK.L1N F1KB IN-
Clip AVI I imiYIPAlMV
Philadelphia. Anrll 8. 1371.
At a meeting of the Hoard of Directors, held this
day, a QUARTERLY DIVIDEND of BIWRT D'iL-
IAHS per share was declared, PAYABLE IN GOLD
to tne stockooiders on and alter tne l&tn instant,
clear or all taxes. J. w. MCALLiSTb.it,
4 4 lit Secretary.
W- THE BOAHU OF U1KKUTORS OF THIS
LEUIQH VALLEY RAILROAD COMPANY
have declared a quarmrly dividend of TWO AND A
HALF PKR CENT., payable at their oitlce. No. 303
w alnut street, up stairs, on ana aner s.vi uit-
JJAY, April IB, 1611. - Ik tUAMUHKLAlM,
8 81 iinwiAio Treasurer.
w-V- BATCH &LOK S HAlrt DiK. TUla sFIiKN
thiti Ilaiv Tiirsk ia f h a Laut In rh nrii tha nnlt
true and perfect iye. Harmless -Keuabie instan
taneous no disappointment no ridiculous tints
"Due tu ;coman imux nor any vualia fouon to tn-
turein, tiavr or tjum." invigorates tne uair ana
leaves it soft and beautiful ; Black or Brown.
bold by all Druggist and dealers. Applied at the
Factory, No. is BOND Street, New York. 4 87 mwfi
THK UNION KIRK KXTINGUI8HKB
COMPANY OF PHILADELPHIA
Manufacture and soil the Improved, Portable Firs
Extinguisher. Always Reliable.
D. T. UAGB.
HO U No. 118 MARKET St., Oaueral Ageuk
v- DR. F. R. THOMAS. No. 9H WALNUT ST.
rinii.rlf rinprMfiir At tkA ftttAn ltonral ViiAina
devotes his entire practice to extracting teeth with
out pain, with fresh nitrous oxlla gas. II 17
KID ULOVB CLEANER
gloves equal to new. For sale
hT all drucr&'lsta and fancy goods dealers. Price lis
cents per hottleL U 2Smwf 5
Ky- DISPENSARY FOR SKIN DISEASES, NO.
a' oi a u If I KVK.KTII Street.
Patients treated .gratuitously at this
daily st 11 o'clock.
I L 8 O N ' 8
CARPET CLEAN INQ
8m No. en South SEVENTEENTH Street.
Comprises the following Departments :
Harvard College, the University Lectures. Divinity
School, Law School, Helical School, Dental Sclool,
Lawrence Scientific School, School of Mining and
Practical Geology, Busniy Institution (a SchoiHf
Agriculture and Horticulture), Botanto Garden, As-
tronomlcal Observatory, Museum of Comparative
Zoology, Peabody Museum ef Archaeology. Episcopal
The next academic jear begins on September S3,
The flnt examination for admission to Harvard
College will begin June.?'), at 8 A. M. The second
examination for admission to Harvard College, and
the examinations for admission to the Sclentlflo
and Mining Schools,; will begin September 83. The
requisites for admission to the College have been
changed this year. There is now a mathematical
a'ternative for a portion of the classics. A circular
describing the new requisites and recent examina
tion papers will be mailed on application.
I NIVERS1TY LECTURES. Thirty-three courses
In 1870-71, of which twenty begin In the week Feb
ruary 12-19. These lectures are Intended for gradu
ates of colleges, teachers, and other competent
adults (men or women). A circular describing them
will be mailed on application.
TUB LAW SCHOOL has been reorganized this
year. It has seven Instructors, and a library or
16, 00 volumes, A circular explains the new course
of study, the requisites for the degree, and the cost
of attending the school. The second half of the
year begins February 13.
For catalogues, circulars,
or Information, ad-
J. W. HARRIS,
s 6 3m
D Q K H I L L
MEKCHANTVILLE, N. J.,
Four Miles from Philadelphia.
The session commenced MONDAY, April 10,
For circulars apply to
Rev. T. W. CATTELu
AUGUSTUS KINKELIN, TEACHER OF PIANO,
can be eDgHircd for Dancing, Parties, Enter-
tnlcments, etc. Orders by mall from suburban real
dences pnnrtnaiiy attended to. Jtesiuence, no. liu
b. i.LEVEN'1 11 street, ociow cnesnut. s ia ira
YVATOHE8, JEWELRY, ETOi
"tVI$ LAD 0 RLUS & Co
WATCUES, JEiVKLKY A MLVEH WAHK. Jl
W sTOHES and JEWELRY REPAIRED, .
J02 Chestnut St., PhUa-
Would Invite attention to their large stock of
Ladles' and Cents' Watchos
Of American and foreign makers.
DIAMONDS in the neweBt styles of Settings.
LADIES' and OENTS' CHAINS, sets of JEWELRY
of the latest styles, BAND AND CHAIN
BRACELETS, Etc. Etc
of the latest designs lu great variety, for wedding
Repairing done in tue best manner and guaran
teed. S 11 fmw
GOLD MEDAL REGrUL&TORS.
No 22 NOKTII SIXTH STREET,
Begs to call the attention of the trade and customers
to the annexed letter:
"I take plessnre to announce that I have given tc
Mr. . W. KLbSELL, of Philadelphia, the exclusive
sale or all poods ct my manufacture. He will be
able to sell them at the very lowest prices.
"First Manufacturer of Regulators,
OXO.' ' olHtritiuted bv the
c r. w luniv i-aou rmctsu v v .
EVERY TICKET DRAWS A PRIZE.
6 Cash Gifts, each..lo,00i MOashOlfta.eacatlOW
10 2'i.ono 200 " " 600
JO " " B.0U0 B!0 " " 100
Ml Eh pant Rosewood Pianos, each 3tw) to itoo
75 " " Melodeons... " 75 to 100
3f6 Pewlnir Machines " 60 to 175
COO Gold Watches " 75 to 800
Cash Prizes, Silverware, etc valued at 11,000,000
A chance to draw any of the above Prizes for 25c.
Tickets describing Prizes aro sealed. In Envelopes and
well mixed, on receipt or voc. a tseaua Ttcieet is
drawn without choice and sent by mall to any ad
dress. The prize named upon It will be delivered to
the tHket-hoMer on payment of One Dollar. Prizes
are immediately sent to any auaress Dy express or
You will know what your prize is before you pay
for it A ny lYize txchanq'd for another of tlie same
value. No'blanks. Our patrons can depend on fair
Rkkbrkkces: The following lately drew Valua
ble Prizes and kindly permit ns to publish them : -Andrew
J. Burns, Chicago, flO.OOO; Miss Clara
Walker, Baltimore, Piano, 800; James M.Mat
thews, Detroit-, $5000; John T. Anderson, Havannah,
i.MH'O: James 8immons. Boston, i 10.000.
PKK88 opinions: "i ne nnu is reuaoie.
. ... . . V I ,, 1
lieraWSjan. 1. "Just and honorable." Sews, Dec 9.
Sand for circular. Lloeral Inducements to agents.
Satisfaction guaranteed. Every package or 200
Sealed Envelopes contains one cash gift. Seven
tickets for 11:17 for 12 : 60 for 15 : 200 for 115. Ad
dress BURTON A GRAHAM. Managers. No. 68
WALL Street, New York. 4 8 6t
Riovaitii jti- wkr wtfi a TV.
mt u mm. mmt mw ' - " m
NO. 114 SOUTH ELEVENTH STREET,
Have opened their Spring Assortment of
DESIRABLE WHITE GOODS.
Piques In Plaids, Stripes, and Corda.
French Nainsook, all prices.
rrencn aiusiin, yards wiae, very low.
Tneked MuHlln. ior WbIhOi nnd Skirts.
A LRGK STOCK OF HAMBURG EDGING AND
Real and Imitation Laces.
Rich Flouncing In Nainsook and Swiss.
French (Jsps tor Ladies and Ch ldren.
Ladles' I'nder-garments, very cheap.
NOVELTIES AND FANCY ARTICLES RE
on hand and made to order. 8 19w3m
KB. R. DILLON
NOS. 823 AND 831 SOUTH STREET,
FANCY AND MOURNING MILLINERY, CRAPE
Ladles' and Misses' Grape, Felt, Gimp, Hair, Satin,
Bilk, Straw and Velvets, Hats and Bonnets, Frenoh
Flowers, Hat and Bonnet Frames, Crapes, Laces,
Silks, Satins. Velvets, Ribbons, Sashes, Ornaments
and all kinds of Millinery Goods.
LOOKING OUA83E8, ETO.
"RIP VAN WINKLE."
All C hromf s sold at 5 per cent, below regular rates.
All of Pi s rig's, Hoover's, and all others.
Send for catalogue.
ALL NEW STYLE1,
At the lowest pi ices. AUofour own manuf-cture.
JAMES a. tTARLC A SOUS.
No. SIS CilEHNUT UTRKET.
JjOiVHS ftEW CUIIUTIOS.
"The Changed Otosv size ix48. the finest ever
offered to tie put Ho.
Mry and St. John," sits mis, a mon sublime
The Beautiful Snsw," size 16x23, a very lmprer-
"The Bolj Family,'' slee 8?xM, a real gem.
"Delhi, Del. Co., N. Y.," size 88x29, a beiutlful au-
Published and so?d, wholesale and retail, by
J. HOOVER. No. 804 MARKET 8treet,
8 lFsmwsm I hlladelphla, "second floor.
The Vulon Ttlble Compnnlont Containing the
Evioemrs of the Idvine origin, preservation,
Credibility, and inspiration of tha Holy Scrip
tures; an account (if various Manuscripts and
Ki ffilsh Translations, all the books, and the chler
doctrines, cf the Bible; and Plans of Christian
work, with a copious analytical index. By 3.
Austin almhone. 816 pp. mmo. It.
Publihed and for Sate by the
AMERICAN SUNDAY-SCHOOL UNION,
1122 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia.
U M M E R BOARDING.
The elegant building known as .
THE EX i ELS IOR NORMAL INSTITUTE,
located at Carvers vllle, Bucks county, Fa., two
miles from Bull's Island Station, on the Belvldere
Railroad, will be opened to accommodate CITY
BOARDERS from July 1, 1871, to September 1. For
healthfnlnesa of location and beauty of surrounding
scenery this Institution can hardly be surpassed.
Those wishing to bring their own teams Into the
country can be accommodated with stables, sheds,
and feed at reasonable rates.
The proprietor will be found at the Merchants'
Hotel, THIRD Street, above Callowhlll, on SATUR
DA fS. April 18 and 22, from 10 o'clock A. M. to 2
o'clock P. M., when an Interview may be had.
For terms, etc., address
8. S. OVERIIOLT,
Carversville, Bucks County, Pa.
B. REIFF, Nob. 130 and 132 South Front street.
Nos. 716 and 717 Market street. 4 7 13t
CLOTHS, OAS3IMERES. ETO,
I A f1 C 8 & HUBSR,
no, 11 Worlii SHCOHI Streett
sign of the Golden Lamb,
Ais w receiving a large ana spienaia assortmen
of new styles of
and standard makes of DOESKINS, CLOTHS an
COATINGS, 18 33 inws
4T W flOLBSALa AND RETAIL
BROWN STOUT AND
In glass and stone, by the cask or dosen.
ALBERT O. ROBERTS,
Dealer In Fine Groceries,
Corner ELEVENTH and VINE Sts.
"QUARTERMASTER'S OFFICE, UNITED
V bTATi-a Altai x.
Philadelphia, Pa., April 6, 1S71.
SEALED PROPOSALS In triplicate will be re-
ITlVCtl wb illlB V 11 1 1. G U .1 1,1. 1 v KlXJm U . U 11 iWilAii
i ..... 1 A. ...I- ,.1A nn,11 IA r'r ,itr XM n UAVH A V
Mav 8. 1871. for the delivery or fltteen (15) cords of
merchantable hard Wood, at each of the followlug-
nameo wationai cemeteries, viz. :
Annapolis. Md. ; Culpeper, Vs.; City Point, Va. ;
Danville, Va.; FrederlckBbnrg, Va. : Fort Harrison,
Va. : Glendale. Va. : Cold Harbor, Va., the last three
near Richmond, Va. ; Poplar Grove.Va., near Peters.
burg, va. ; Jdtnmond, va. ; ssrauntoo, va. ; seven
Pines, Va. : Winchester, Va. : Hampton. Va ; York-
town. Va. : Newbern, N. C. ; Kalelgh, N. C. ; UalU-
iintv. N. u. : ana v unniiKiou. rx. u.
The Wood to be delivered in such quantities and
at such times as the Superintendents at eacu of the
Cemeteries mav resnectlveiy desire.
Forms for proposals iurnisnea upon application
to this ofllce. HEN KY c. llOUlfK-,
4 6 6t Major and quartermaster u. a Army.
QUARTERMASTER'S OFFICE, U. S. ARMY,
w puiLAiiELi'HiA, ra., xuarca no, iki.
SEALED PROPOSALS In duplicate will be re
ceived at this cilice until 12 o'clock M. on Monday,
Mav 1. 171. for building a bricc or stone wall witn
one double and one single Iron gate, around the
Notional Ctmcterv at Annapolis, aid.
Bidders will be required to specify the price per
lineal foot, aud no bid will be entertained that tines
net conform to this recinircnient. Forms for propo
sals and specifications furnished upon application to
8 31 Major and (ju mcrmaster U. S. A.
7RANK.FORD ARSENAL, OFFICE A. C. S.
March 15, 1S71.
SEALED PROPOSALS in duplicate will be re
ceived at this office until 12 M., April 15, 1S71, for
furnishing the fresh heef required by the Subsist
ence Department, U. 8. A., at this station during
th two months commencing- May 1, 1871. Informa
tion as to conditions, quality of beef, payments, etc.,
csn be obtained b, appucauon
8 is First Lieut. Ord.,A1C. S.
Hanllla, filial and Tarred Cordage
At LowMt Htm York Prtess aoj Vrsishts;
EDWIN II. FITIJCH CO
rotrr. TZATH Bt and OXRHARTOWH Annas.
gtors, Bo. St
WATZB Bi. aad M tL DBLAWABB
TOHN 8. LEE fc CO., ROPE AND TWIN
O MANl FACTUREM8.
DEALERS 1IN INAVAli Diviiua,
ANCHORS AND CHAINS,
SHIP CHANDLERY GOODS, ETC.,
NOB. 46 and 48 NORTH WHARVES.
uter Cooler ana
lias piovod itself t j be superior to
any In the market. Call and ex-
JACOB P. HAND. Jr.,
Depot, No. 620 MAKES T Street.
EDWARD PONTI A CO.,
IMPORTERS OF FOREIGN PRODUCE,
Wines, Oils, Fruits, Cigars,
WHOLESAIK AND RETAIL,
Ho. 004 WAL1I T Street,
epward roan. 13 vui jAirsa w. bavins.
Admission, i, tb, 60, and 89 cents. Commence at
TEFE?,nY KVgNING.Aprtl 19,
BENEFIT OF LILT VININO DAVENPORT,
WDeQ Will D6 D relented RntMkrtann'a iVintA4 fxt
m Onif ""vm VV1UVUJ V
n. ii. LAv.rsroKT as...
i.na"" -no"i Jr., as J, rgnii
ii; imi"P8 Dr. Sut?itrr
w. s. Lennox as Mr. Kruz
Mrs. E. L. Davenport on this occasion as
. , Mrs. Statcuffe
Phlllls Olover as Bella Marks
L1iTvV' U11 Prt as Naomi Tlghe
The rest of the characters by
,T,EAyj?N.roHT8 RTAR COMPANY.
T5LK.SDAY EVEN1NO-THE MARQUIS.
SCHOOL MATINEE ON SATURDAY.
DREW'S ARCH STREET
Bearins V to a ovirv
Dii,Hrii ik r. f . JM At; It AY.
TO-NIOUT (Wednesday), April H,
Shakespeare's Historical Play of
HEN KY TUE FOURTH.
SIR JOnN FALkTAFF F. F. MACK AY
After which, "THE IRISH LION."
Tom Moore rr Criltr
THUSDAY ROSE DALE. Last time. ' 8
mii'AY-IteneUtof Miss LIZZIE PKICE.
SA TERDAY liencOt Of Mr. S. HBMPLE.
TT ALNUT STREET THEATR E.
li 1' .1 i.rx m .... n T - . "
Jtvr.KY EVKMlXtt AT 9
AND 8ATI KuAY AFTERNOON AT 3.
UKKAT Hl'lirfcKI ..W
t lie great Spectacular Pantomime entlVsd
. i"" Tiine-K HUNCHBACKS.
First appearance of tha munir nnunuaa .n
beautiful " r
MAD LLE MARIE RONFATJTT
whoso high reputation as a Danseuse stands upon
record In every city in Europe ami America.
WOK AND GOODRICH,
the ORIQINAL SKATERS, from Nlblo's Garden.
ACADEMY HASSLER BROTHERS'
O It AN I) VOCAL
ANT) INS i HUM KNTA L OONCERT.
FRIDAY EVENING. Anrll 14.
MISS PAULINE NININOER Prima Donna
jtir. vvtiN.ti, KOr I A Soto Violinist
UKAND ORCHESTRA AND MILITARY BAND.
Admission. 11: Reserved Seats. Btto. eit.ra- tfarrrti
Circle, hoc. ; Amphitheatre, 2rtc. Tickets at North's
MdbIc Store and Academy of Music.
M ERICAN ACADEMY OF MUSIO
BECK'S PHILADELPHIA BAND, No. 1. ,
THURSDAY EVENING, April 13, 1471.
GRAND MILITARY BAND.
In sn Entire New Uniform.
CHOICE SELECTIONS OF
VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC.
Ticke's, to cents each.
reserved scats, 78 cents. 8 13 1 4 13
8 S E M B L Y
UNEXAMPLED SUCCESS I GRAND COMBINA
TION ENTEUTAINAf ENT!
IRISH ART, SCENERY, BONG, COMEDY.
MELODY. WIT, AND HUMOK.
IRELAND IN SHADE AND SUNSHINE.
8U entirely new series of Magnificent Paintings,
lllustiating the psst and present glories of
THE E..M KKALD ISLE.
with appropriate vocal aud Instrumental Music
1UISII MINSTRELS AND COMEDIANS.
EVERY EVENING at 8. Matinee on WEDNESDAY
and SA'I URDaY at 8. 4 11 6t
Admission, 85 cents ; Reserved Heats, 60 cents.
THIS (WEDNESDAY) EVENING,'
Gw AND OPENING
of Blair's Great hcenic Pictures,
"1IIKUS OF TUB WORLD."
painted from studies taken at the
AJADHfllI UC IN AT L It A L SCIENCES.
The Opening Ceremonies will be conducted bv dis
Music nasslcr's Grand Orchestra
ocal Music Hayes' Quartette
Tickets for sale at F. A. North & Co.'s Piano
Rooms, No. 1020 1 hesnnt street, and at the door.
t arns oi Admission, ooc, ; secured Keats, too.
Exercises commence at 8 o'clock. Doors open
at ix. it
US1CAL FUND HAL L.
MBS. SUSAN GALTON-KEllEUER.
UKAN1) EASTER CONCERT,
FRIDAY EVENING, April 14,
(Her first appearance in twelve months.) :
Mme. Josephine tchlmpf. Mr. Ge . SlmDaon. of
New York ; Mr. W. W. Gilchrist, Mr. Alfred Kelleher,
by pel mission of Mrs John Drew; and Mr. Frank
Gilder, 8olo Pianist; Assistant Conductor, Mr. W. G.
Doors open at 1. Commence at 8.
Tickets for sdle at North's, Gould's, and Boner's
Music Stores, Chtsuut street. 4 It tf
ORAND BAZAAR IN AimF THE SICK
POOR OF ST. MARY'S HOSPITAL la NOW
OPEN, and will continue fcr two weeks at CON
CELT HALL CUKSNUT fetreet. above Twelfth.
Season tickets, 25 cents. Single admission. 10
M ERICAN MUSEUM AND MENAGERIE.
Northwest corner fif NINTH and A KCH Streets.
usen nauy irv.ni A. M. till 10 i. m
THE WONDERFUL ALBINO FAMILY.
Living Wild Ai.lnnilH, Double-hump CameL
Last week of the Grand Spectacle of
CHERRY AND FAIR STAR,
Admission, U0 cent. Performances over at 10V
P. M .. in order to euable all living at a distance to take
the cars home. 13 13 u
?OJl'S NEW AMERICAN THEATRE, CHESNUT
JT Street, above Teeth,
AMUSEMENTS OF ALL NATIONS. .
And SATURDAY MATINEE.
GREAT CONGRESS OF STARS. .
Comprising the bent artists ta the couDtry. ' who
appear In Grand Ballets, Dutch Comedy, Local
Sketches, Minstrelsy, Ethiopian Acts, Farce, Comlo
Vccallsm, Pantomime, etc.
WHISKY, WINE. ETO.
CARBTAIRS & iTicCALL,
So. 126 Walnut and 21 Granite Sti.,
Brandies, Wines, Gin, Olive Oil, Eta,
WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
PURE RYE WHISKIES,
IN BOND AND TAX PAID.
H. S. TABS & SON'S
and Ornamental 9IarbI
Street, above Seventh,
100 OASES CHOICE CONNECTICUT
Crop 1869. For sale b j
DAVID L. KETLER,
Nos. 60 and & South FOURTH Street,
4 T lmrp Philadelphia.
KF. OWEN CO.,
, COAL DEALERS,
rUjVBJii Biunti nuutf,
NOWDON A BAD'S COAL DEPOT, CORNER
DILLWYN and WILLOW Streets. Lehigh and
Schuylkill COAL, prepared expressly for UuuUy um
at the lowest cash, prices.
HUMAN IIAIH EMPORIUMi
No. T S. TENTH Street,
Having opened a new and splendid store for tha
acwroniodation of the ladies who desire One HA1
WORK, the best talent tn can be procured 1 em
ployed ia this line of business, who have had twelve
ara' MDenence In Frauoe and Germany, mklng
hi all the various designs of HAIR FROM COMB
INGS, which some have the presumption to ejalm M
1 TbeWiy1 of MISS WEEKS in nAIR DRESSING
is scknowledged by ar titts la the buBiuew W stand
nnrlvailed. tilnw wtj o. P. WEEliS,