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THE DAILY fiVKNlNU TELEGKAF11 PHILADELPHIA, THURSDAY, APRIL 27, 1871.
THURSDAY, APRIL 27, 1S71.
LI0I1T AT LAST-RKFORM IN ELEC
TIONS. The evils arising from tha present system ef
nominating candidates, and from the fre
quency of fraudulent returns of the results of
elections, are so palpable that every good citi
zen will bail with pleasure the prospect that
effective preventive measures will be adopted.
We have repeatedly advocated in these
columns the passngo of a law throwing
legal restraints around delegate
elections as an indispensable pre
requisite of their improvement. As mat
ters are mansgd now, no gang of gamblers
ever resorted to such notorious, frequent,
and despicable cheating as is habitually prac
tised by so-called local leaden of both par
ties who "carry" the deUfaUs of many
divisions and wards. Thii portion of working
politics has sunk from respectability to oon
t erupt, and from contempt to crime, until a
decent man cannot dabble in it without being
mortified at the miserable spectacles of potty
tascality which are continually praotised, and
disheartened by the repeated triumphs of
wrong over right. To thieves, blacklegs,
rowdies, bummers, and rascals of high and
low degree, delegate elections, under the pre
sent system, furnish grand oooasions for
celling their votes, influence, or villainous
talents to ambitious and unscrupulous
triokslers; while by those who have an
honest, intelligent, and disinterested
regard for the welfare of the
city, Stato, and nation, they are regarded as
the most dangerous exoreioence of our gov
ernmental system. The only check that has
kept them from being absolutely intolerable
is the necessity for the ratification of their
ultimate results at the polls; and if it were not
for this, Philadelphia, under the exolusive
rule of the fellows who oarry delegate elec
tions, would be reduced to as deplorable a
condition as poor Paris under the domination
of her infamous Commune.
Bat it is unnecessary to dwell at length
npon the evils of the delegate
system as now practised. The
great question is, Can a remedy be found ?
Fortunately an affirmative answer to this
query can now be confidently given. In Cali
fornia an act throwing legal restraints around
delegato elections has been im successful ope
ration for several years. Ohio has also
adopted a similar measure, and a modifica
tion of the Ohio law was yesterday presented
to the Legislature of Pennsylvania by Mr.
lteyburn, it having previously been prepared
by a sub-committee appointed by the Repub
lican Hales Convention of Philadelphia. In
answer to an inquiry made of members of the
Ohio Legislature as to how the law had
worked in that State, the following reply was
"Columbus, April 19, 1ST1. Messr. Kosengaron,
Littleton, and Newlln, Committee Gents: We are
glad that tbe Ohio primary law Is attracting atten
tion la your State. When the bill was first intro
duced by Colonel Baber, of Franklin, rrnuy hesitated
at first, because it was a novel measure. It passed
the House of Representatives last winter by a large
majority, and again this winter, nearly unanimous
ly. It was supported on lti merit, without regard to
fiarty, and sustained universally by the presa and
eading men of our State. The opposition la the
Senate proceeded chiefly from old fogylsm, aud
some doubt and prejudice as to Its practical work
ings. Tbe law has been adopted In the spring elec
tions by both the Democratic and Republican parties
In Cincinnati, Columbus, Cleveland, and other
places, and has worked satisfactorily In itopplug re
peating and other Illegitimate practices, and Induc
ing substantial citizens to taVe part In the primary
nomination, who heretofore have refused to parti
cipate, on the ground that they were mere farces
under the old caucus system in onr large cities.
Perhaps it might be well In your Pennsylvania law
to allow your township judges of uleoUm to
administer the oath to the Inspector and judges
named In the primary act, so as to Increase the num
ber of officer authorized to administer oaths. We
think the measure will ultimately be adopted every
where. Very respectfully,
N. II. Van VeauES, Adams eonnty.
Li.ewbu.yn Barir, Franklin county.
John Little, Green county.
D. O. Cau.en, Mercer couuty."
The author of the law, Llewellyn Baber,
who represents a strong Democratic distriot,
and who describes himself as a striot Demo
crat, also Bays that "it has worked admirably
againBt bummcrism and the corrupt use of
money to contro' election, the great danger
now to our republican institutions."
Here, then, is a remedy, favored and
adopted in another State by many good men
of both parties, against which there oan be
no valid objection urged by any class save
those who wish to prolong in this community
the domination of bummerism, raseality, and
corruption; and if the Legislature of Perm
Bylvania wishes to do a good and creditable
thing, it cannot be too prompt in passing a
similar law for Pennsylvania. Our readers
will see, by a perusal of the bill (which is
published in another portion of to-day's Tele
cbafh), that it is remarkably well adapted to
the existing exigencies.
Another measure now pending in the
Legislature aims at the other notorious evil
referred to. The Democrats and some of the
Republicans of the State Legislature favor a
law providing that the returns of the elections
of this city shall be counted in the presence
of the judges of the Court of Quarter Ses
sions. Various amendments of the Registry
law are unfortunately complicated with this
proposition; but if they are postponed for the
present, and attention is concentrated on the
reform relating to the manner in which the
returns shall be counted, such a measure
undoubtedly should, and we earnestly hope it
will, be adopted. The violent, infamous, and
iangerous scenes which have disgraoed the
late meetings of return judges should never
be repeated, and the proposed remedy will go
far to prevent their recurrence. If anything
in the whole range of our political system
should be done honestly, deoently, and in an
orderly manner, it is the final ceunt of the
election returns which decide who
shall control the city. Praotioally
no system can be worse than that now fol
lowed, and we know of bo better remedy
than that which has been suggested.
Let tbe Legislature pass two laws one
throwing legal restraints around delegate
elections, and the other requiring that the
election returns of Philadelphia shall be
counted in the presence of her ov.irt: aud it
will rejoice the hearts of all good citizens.
Pditicinns v,iio oppose cither of those mea
sures will by such opposition only sign their
own doath-warrants, and they will deserve to
perish with the system of bummerism, corrup
tion, and crime that has already beeu too
THE MILITIA TAX.
The militia tax as it now exists is a rolio of
the days when every able-bodied whito male
citizen between certain ages was expected to
turn out twice a year to learn the rudiments
of tbe art of war; and under our present mili
tia system it is unjust, annoying, and en
tirely inadequate for the purposes intended
in its creation. The old-fashioned "train
ings," as everybody that recollects them is
well aware, were the merest burlesques, and
citizens who had any self-rospoot refused to
turn out with old muskets, blunderbusses,
and broomsticks for the purpose of making
asses of themselves. Those who did net turn
out were liable to a fine, which was never im
posed, and which finally, when regular vo
lunteer companies began to be formed, was
entirely neglected. This fine was afterwards
imposed in the shape of a tax upon
those liable to militia duty who
did not join the volunteer companies as active
members, or who were not exempt on account
of service under the United States. After
the close of the war persons interested in the
reorganization of the various military com
panies succeeded in having this tax enforced
for the benefit of their respective organiza
tions, and the amount obtained was supposed
to be divided equitably between the different
regiments and companies for the purpose of
providing them with arms and equipments
and paying their current expenses. The
Legislature finally reduced the tax to one
dollar per annum, and a collector was ap
pointed to extort it from the unwilling
victims, flow the tax is colleoted, and what
an unmitigated nuisance it is, the male citi
zens of Philadelphia are well aware; how it
fails to support our militia organization, and
hew its collection is managed so that the col
lector is enabled to make large pecuniary profits
by means of the irresponsible power placed in
his hands, we demonstrated in a former arti
cle. That the tax as at present imposed ought
to be abolished admits of no question, but it
is nevertheless true that a militia system of
some sort ought to be supported by the pub
lic. That our present system is the best that
could be devised is at least doubtful, but that
it is the best possible under existing circum
stances is very probable. That the public
should be obliged to pay for expensive uni
forms and other paraphernalia ought not to
be expected, and if our volunteer soldiers
wish to indulge in such luxuries they should
pay for them out of their own pockets. The
public, however, should pay the reasonable
expenses of the militia, but the whole burden
should not fall upon the comparatively few
BnH who 11aI1 io nilitit dntjr, btaft wbod
not choosa to attach themselves
to tny of the military or
ganizations. If the militia is of any use at
all, the entire community is benefited by it,
and all the taxables should be compelled to
contribute to its support. Any tax authorized
for the support of the militia should also be
imposed and collected in a regular manner,
and its proper distribution ensured by legal
enactments that will prevent the misappro
priation of any portion of it. A small addi
tion to the annual tax rate of this city would
amply provide for the proper support of our
militia organizations, and the burden imposed
upon each individual tax-payer would be so
small as to be almost imperceptible, while its
collection would not be attended with the an
noyances incident to the present system. The
militia tax is almost as much a nuisance as
the income tax, and the Legislature should
seriously consider the propriety of the ohange
we have suggested. It is not right that a
portion of the community, and that portion
being in a great measure composed of poor
men to whom the tax is a real burden, should
be compelled to support a military establish'
ment that benefits all if it bonefits any; and
we appeal to our representatives at II arris-
burg to do justice in the matter.
AMNES1Y 1NWEST VIRGINIA.
The people of West Virginia to-day vote at a
special election to determine whether or not
a radical change shall be made in the funda
mental law regulating the elective franohise.
The first section of the third article of tho
State Constitution now reads as follows:
"1. The white male citizens of the State shall be
entitled to vote at all elections held within the elec
tion districts In which tuey respectively reside, bat
no peuon who it a minor, or of unsound mind, or a
pauper, or woo is unuer conviction or treason,
felony, or bribery In an election, or who has not been
a resident of the state for one year, and of the
county in which he oilers to vote for thirty davs.
ahall be permitted to vote while such disability cou-
uuues. u jjermn vno im.e ine it aay ojjune, inoi,
htm given, or ehall give, voluntary aid or assistance to
the Rebellion anaiiut the United States, shall be a citi
zen of this Slmte, or shall be allowed to vote at any elec
tin therein, unless he has volunteered into the military
or Mval tervict of the United .state, and to Veen, or
.1.111. L II- .l.'. l J.L ..
snan v, nvnvruvty uwrnirgm mererom.
For two years past the subject of removing
the political disabilities of ex-Rebels created
by this provision has been earnestly agitated,
and the Republicans have eventually lost con
trol of the State for a time by general oppo
sition to the change proposed. The question
to be determined to-day is, whether or not
the portions of the above provision which we
have printed in italics shall be expunged from
the Constitution. The word white is already
rendered invalid by the fifteenth amendment
to the Federal Constitution, and people
of all parties in the State have at last come to
the conclusion that ex-Rebels should have the
same privileges at the ballot-box as are now en
joyed by their former slaves. The amend
ment is supported by the Wheeling IntelU.
geneer, the leading Rep ublican organ of the
State, exd there is no doubt that it will be
ratified by a large majority. Experience has
taught the Republican party of West Vir-
ginia the wisdom which the Republican mem
bers of the National Senate have yet to learn.
II1E DEMOCRACY AND JUSTICE!
An amendment must be made to a f am us
old formula. From hearing it so often tbe
world has grown to believe that somo men
really are born great, that others achieve
greatness, and that others yet have greatness
thrust upon them. It would show a most
perverse spirit to attempt to dishonor these
propositions. We feel impelled to add to
them, and onr amendment would read thus:
Some men narrowly esospe greatness. In
witness whereof consider tho case of Justice
Davis, of the United States Supreme Court,
and the Democratic President-mongers, as
recently reported in The Telegraph.
Although the time for electing another Presi
dent is yet far distant, the wire-pullers are
already arranging their apparatus and making
ready for their little game. With the Demo
crats the selection of a candidate is a much
more important matter than the building of a
platform to put him on. Tho contrary
we believe to bo the fact with the lie
publicans, and this despite the abuses
in the ruling party abuses that we
have never been timorous in assailing. In
this still great party men must foot the line
of prinoiple, for It is found in even the high
est places that voters are ready to give up
their most popular representatives rather
than deny the great truths that have made
Republicanism a power. There could be no
greater proof of this than the willingness
shown in 6ome quarters to throw over even
so distinguished a partisan and high candidate
as General Grant. But the question of prin
ciple is an awkward one with the Democracy,
and one that it would much rather not discuss.
Too many troublesome faots lie behind
it to make it a profitable matter to
dwell upon. So it seems that already,
and without any further indication of its
policy than can be gathered from the
"address" published a week ago, the Demo
crats seek to identify some prominent man
with the Presidential movement, and to
run the campaign on an entirely personal
tack. This has been often done, as we all
know sometimes succeeding, but oftener
shipwrecking all hands concerned. It seems,
further, that the Democrats would rather
than not adopt a gentleman who has hereto
fore aoted with the abused Radicals. The
Scent of the Hoses it was thought could be
depended upon to cling around such a person
to some extent still, serving the double end
of nullifying the disagreeable peculiarities of
his new quarters and of drawing wandering
sheep to the deceitful shepherd. Justice
Davis, of the Supreme Court, was supposed to
answer these conditions satisfactorily. He
had been a good enough Republican, and ho
was at present a good enough Democrat.
It was thought that Break and Shatter
him as a venial Republican press might,
the old smell would still cling to him to
such a degree that thousands of voters would
nose him from over the way and run bleating
to tho new fold. But Justice D.ms was born
in an unlucky season. The worst fortune
mat can Happen to a man, It is said, is to
have Saturn in his house, ascendant, in the
fourth quarter; and this must have been the
melancholy case with Justice Davis. In a
miserable hour he voted in favor of the con
stitutionality of the Legal-tender act. The
managers had almost determined upon Justioe
Davis, we are told, but after that unaooount
able action they abandoned him. Do not
some men, then, narrowly escape greatness?
"For this time only," as the theatrical
handbills say, when announcing a rare and
novel entertainment, lion. W. F. Smith yes
terday appeared before his colleagues at liar-
risburg in the ro'e of an "honest man." The
entertainment was as attractive as it was
unique, and it naturally excited the laughter
of the spectators. Smiths honesty con
sistedin the solemn avowal that he "did not
want a fellow whom $25 would buy over."
nis recent declaration that be is henceforth a
free man and not for sale was doubtless
prompted by the low price which he com'
mandB at Harnsburg, and his "only" appear
ance in tho character of an "honest man" was
intended, of course, to give his colleagues on
the floor and in the lobby a definite idea of
how high they must bid if they would buy
back the freedom which he has asserted.
Parties having pneumatic tubes and stone
cracking machines to dispose of will take no
tice and act accordingly.
The Ladies of Philadelphia,
Akd all Wno ark Interested
In toe Purchase of
Boys and Children's CLOTnrNO,
Will FiDamost elegant assortment of entirely
new designs In Spring Wear for Lads of
three years of age and upwards, at Oak
Hall, and the prices this season are cer
tainly within the reach of the most eco
OrR Stock of Fine Ready-made Garments for Youth
has never been so largo, or the line of Bizo
eo complete as at present, while our
btyles are the very latest, and the make of
Wavamaikk a Budwn's Clothing, whether
for Youth or Cents, has a reputation not
attained by any other Clothing House in
Tns Salesmen are patient, and all who visit Oak
Hall will receive polite attention.whether
they wish to purchase or not. An exami
nation of our goods and a comparison of
cur prices earnestly invited.
Store open from 6 A. M. to p. m.
Salurdayi until 10 P. M.
Wanamakeb & Brown,
WANAMAkBK A BltOWN,
Wanamakkk A Brown,
The Largest Clothing House in America.
S. K Coknkb Sixth and Market Sts.
128.000 Wanted. A Partner with this amount, to
assist In establishing a Laboratory, to manufacture
by an improved prooesa a line of staple Chemicals
largely sold. To capitalists aeckiug a safe Invest
ment, which will yield a good return, the above
It an oi portuulty seldom otlered. The lint of refer
ecces will be given. Addrtaa "Laboratory," Ledger
O T O C K B, LOANS, ETC.,
U I)U1 UIM DOLU
AT THK BOARD OF BUoKERS,
BY OEUltOK J. BUVU.
4 25 tuth2uirp No. li t. TU1RD S'.reet,
No. 901 CHESTNUT STREET.
WHITE RED CHECK, AfcD FANCY
50 PIECES FRENCH AXMINSTER,
First of the season, just
E. BRADFORD CLARKE,
(SUCCESSOR TO SIMON COLTON & CLARKE,)
S. W. Corner BROAD and WALNUT,
1 31 tnthStMp PHILADELPHIA.
Remember it, Gentlemen!
REMEMBER I That no anlt yon ever bought in yonr
lite was as good or aa cueap as wnat
yon bought at
Rockhill & Wilson's.
REMEMBER! That the EarlT Spring Styles of Fine
Kn'meiit now to we seen at tuo
GKKAT BROWN HALL are ahead
of all competition In every respect.
Rockhill A Wilson.
FEMEMBER! That tho prices Of the Fine Spring
uooes, Doin ior men ana Doys, are bo
low at tho GREAT BROWN HALL
that you ought to bring ad the male
members of the family at once, for
RBMEMBER! Six hundred and three and six hun
dred ana uve utuiftjx ux street.
ROCKHILL & WILSON,
603 and 605 GHE53UT STREET'
J CUT 74 -CHESTNUTST;
il inrB 1
v . -
CIIESNUT STREET TAILORS
for the extreme
LOWNESS OP OUR PRICES,
With which Is combined an
unexcelled . -Stock
of Piece Ooods
to clioostl from,
Artistic and Fashionable
And handsome and durable
Trimming and Making.
WESTON & BROTHER,
S W. Corner NINTH and ARCH Sti,
A full assortment now in store
OF THE CHOICEST NOVELTIES OF
FOR GENTLEMEN'S WEAR.
A SUPERIOR GARMENT AT A REASONABLE
FRICB. 8 8mrp
fffl STEIN WAY &, SONS'
GRAND SQUARE AND UPRIGHT PIAN03.
Special attention Is called to their
PATENT UPRIGHT PIANOS.
Warerooms, No. 1000 CHESN UT btreet, PhliadeU
phia. 4 13 tfrp
grj 8C1IU1IACKEH & CO.,
GRAND gqUARE AND UPRIGHT
Special attention Is called to onr Upright Pianos.
They possets the highest improvements of any in
struments made, and are unrivalled for toue and
AIbo, bole Agents for the celebrated
SCIIOM ACKER & CO.,
jMSlmlp No. 1103 CHE3NUT Street.
PIANOS AND ORGANS, rg
GEO. 8TECK & CO.S.l
MASON AND n AM LIN'S CABINET ORGANS.
No. Si3 OHESNUT Street.
I. I. GOULD. Ko. 1018 ARi'U bueet.
M. 0. t IbCUX. in trip
WATCHES, JEWELRY, ETO.
THE PHILADELPHIA PUBLIC.
REMEMBER THAT THIS 13 POSITIVELY THE
LAST WEEK IN PHILADELPHIA OF THE
GENUINE AND ORIGINAL MILTON GOLD JEW
ELRY COM FA NY OF No. 1022 CUES NUT STREET.
The following are some of the articles Included in
the Company's large and elegant assortment of
Goods Just received,
WHICH WILL BE SOLD FOR ONE DOLLAR:
CAMEO MEDALLION Sets.
CLUSTBR SCARF PINS.
CLUSTER TAIL PINS.
CLUSTER CROSS PINS.
ROUND CLUSTER PINS.
EMERALD STONE TAIL PINS.
AS80RTED STONE SLEEVE BUTTONS.
GUARD NECK CHAINS, rope pattern.
GUARD NECK CHAINS, round and square lint.
LEONTINE VEST CHAINS.
LADIES' CHATELAINE CHAIN'S.
OPERA CHAINS, all patterns.
TELESCOPIC PENS, diamond points, large size,
GENTLEMEN'd PENCILS, with slides, round and
LADIES' PENCILS, elegantly chased.
TELESCOPIC TOOTH-PICKS, beautifully en
RUBBER SCREW PENCILS, elegantly engraved
FAN-SHAPED HANDKERCHIEF HOLDERS,
fine chain and ring, elegantly chased.
CnASED AND ENGRAVED LOCKETS, elegant
BRAZILIAN BUG LOCK RTS OR CHARMS.
PLAIN WEDDING RINGS.
ELEGANT CHASED RINGS.
ASSOR I ED STONE SBAL RINGS.
LADIES' AND GENTLEMEN'S CLU8TER
RINGS, set In the newest and most beautiful man
ner, with 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9 stones.
BUACELBTS, elegantly angraved and cli&sod,
BRACELETS, beautifully engraved and chased
The choice of any article for One Dollar.
Remember tha'. we positively close In Phlladel
phla ob Saturday next. Salesroom open from 9 A
M. to 9 P. M. 4 8T 8:rp
JUST 01liWUl BY
No. 902 CHE8NUT Street,
Fans and Fancy Goods
8 13 ktulh
lstnlllislicd in 1854.
ETO. ETO. ETO,
C. & A. FEQUIGNOT,
No. 603 CIIESNUT STREET,
4 25 3m PHILADELPHIA.
722 CHE8NUT Street,
A NEW STOCK AT LOW PRICES OF
OPERA AND VEST CHAINS,
SILVER BRIDAL PRESENTS,
Rogers', SUver-Plated Spoous, Forks, Tea
Sets, Castors, Ice Pi tellers, Etc.
4 19 lnup
Our Letter of Credit gives the bolder the privilege of
drawing either on
DREXEL, 1IAUJES & CO., Taris
Meiirs. A. S PETRIE & CO., London,
As mar be found most con vehleut or profitable, and
Is available throughout Europe. To panic gulag
at'joad we oiur special lacuuies, collecting toeir m
U rest and aivldcuds during their absence without
DKEXEL & CO.,
Ro, 84 BOUTQ THIRD BTRSET,
I,o. 723 CHESHUT St.,
WILL OPEN A WE W LOT
ON FRIDAY MORNING.
IN THE CITY.
$1 35 do.
$1 60 do.
IN THE CITY.
CAF.GO JUST ARIUVED PE1 CLIPPER
25 Cents a Yard and Upward.
PEAB0DY & WESTON,
No 723 CHESNUT St.,
WEBER. CERNEA & CO.,
(Successors to E. J. LesUr & Co.).
29 N. SECOND Street.
Opposite Clirlat Church. '
TCith a Full Lino of Domestic
JUST RECEIVED, A L AUG 12 INVOICES
Fine Whito and Red Chocked,
V., C. & CO.,
Opposite Christ Church,
PHILADELPHIA 4 S3 tuttwim
MADE FROM NEW GRASS.
In t li o Country,
Low Priced Mattings.
R. L. KNIGHT 8 SON,
Ho. I2S2 CHEONUT 8trcot,