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THE DAILY KyflNINtt TELEGRAPH PHILADELPHIA, MONDAY, MAK 22r 1871.
SriRIT OF THE MESS.
EDITORIAL OPINIONS OF THK UADINO JOURNALS
ETON CUBRENT TOPICS COMPILED EVERI
DAT FOB THIS EVENING TELEGRAPH.
THE DAIUEN ISTHMUS EXPLORA
TIONS. from the A. T. Bfrald.
From the results of the oaref ol and laborious
explorations of the expedition under Com
mander Selfridge, United States Navy, in
search of a feasible route at some pass aoross
the Isthmus of Darien for a ship canal, we con
clude that there is no feasible route in that
quarter for a ship canal of the character re
quired for the world's commerce. A dividing
ridge of seven hundred and sixteen feet alti
tude above the sea level is too muoh for1 a
through cut, or for the lockages necessary, in
view of the vast reservoir of water demanded
to supply the locks in both directions from
the summit level. South of Nicaragua, the
best route for a ship canal, after all, is that
now occupied by the Aspinwall and Panama
Railroad. The length of the canal by this
route, from sea to sea, would be, say fifty
miles, and for nearly half this distance the
bed or the valley of the Chagres river would
be available. The summit level is not muoh
over three hundred feet, and appears, from
its interlocking streams, to command a good
supply of water. It is probable that a canal
as large could be cut aoross this isthmus
route at less than the cost of the Suez Canal,
and that it would be much more durable when
But nature has prepared the most available
line for a ship canal between the Atlantio
and Pacino ooeans in the Nicaraguan route.
Captain Pym, Royal Navy, a British engineer,
has calculated that a ship canal may be ex
cavated over this .route for about twenty
millions of dollars. The length of this route
from sea to sea for a canal would be, say
one hundred and thirty miles, including the
river San Juan to the great Lake Nicaragua
f about two-thirds the size of Lake Ontario),
the distance thence across the lake, and the
distance thence Borne fifteen miies, to the Pa
cific. The summit level of Lake Nicaragua
is some three hundred and twenty feet above
the sea level, and in this great lake we have
not only a reservoir sufficient for all purposes
of lockage, and a fountain of cool fresh water
from which may be supplied all the ships in
the world, but a summit level harbor broad
and deep enough to accommodate all comers
from all quarters of the globe. Ten miles
north of Lake Nicaragua, on the same plateau,
is another fine lake, called Managua, and of
the little town of Massaya, between these two
lakes, Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, in an essay
on a ship canal by the Nicaraguan route, has
left his opinion upon record that this little
town of Massaya, in the future trade across
the American continent by this route, will
rank in importance with the commercial and
naval position of Constantinople.
Captain Shufeldt has made a reoonnoissanoe
of the Tehuantepeo route, and reports
favorably upon it for a ship canal; but for an
American isthmus canal on a grand scale the
Nicaraguan route is the best, and, we think,
the only feasible route of them all. We would
' suggest to General Grant, therefore, the ex
pediency of an early exploration of this route,
in view of its manifest advantages for a great
interoceanio ship canal.
THE SCIENCE OF COMPARATIVE RAS
CALITY. From Every Saturday.
Moralists are beginning to find that the de
velopment of modern society is bringing them
face to face with new problems in ethics.
Formerly it was considered sufficient to de
scribe vices and crimes; now it is found
necessary to compare them with each other,
and indicate their relations. Compara
tive anatomy is an acknowledged scienoe,
which has shed immense light an the myste
ries of the human body; Comparative Rasca
lity is an imperfectly recognized science, but
one sure in the end to clear np some of the
mysteries of the human censoience, and esta
blish just relations between rogues oocupying
palaces and rogues imprisoned in jails. ;
The great difficulty in the way of practical
morality is the vast space which still sepa
rates offenses punishable by law from
offenses which law practically overlooks. It
is the misfortune of our country that it pre
sents some of the worst examples of this huge
injustice. Take, for example, the city of New
York. If we may believe the testimony of its
most honest, independent, and intrepid news
papers, such as the Times, Tribune, and Even
in a Font, robbery, on a large scale, is a per
fectly respectable occupation in that great
metropolis. The sneak-thief, the wretch who
pilfers for a wretched living, is punished
when he is eaught, as in other municipalities;
but the trouble is that the ingenious dema
gogues who manage to get the political con
trol of the city are allowed to steal millions
on millions withont the slightest danger of
exchanging their Fifth-avenue dwellings for
a cell in the Tombs. The small thief who
steals ten, or fifty, or a hundred dollars has
the decency to practice his profession in a se
cret way, modestly shunning ' the light; the
big thief does his depredations in the fall
blaze of the sun. The small thief is cele
brated only in the small type of the news
paper, which announces in a few lines his dis
missal from the court to the prison; the big
thief is thundered against in loaded editorials,
but he none the less complacently retires to
his wiue and walnuts in the big house he has
erected out of the "awag" of his colossal
knavery, with the Astors and the Taylors
ready to testify that he is a resectable man.
The science of Comparative Rascality would
be a very simple study if confined merely to
the consideration of suoh extremes. The
criminal imprisoned or hanged is so palpably
less guilty than sucn a criminal roiling in
affluence, that there is hardly a ground for
soientifio comparison. The next comparison
would naturally be between the gambler and
the stock speculator who contrives a "cor
ner" in stocks. There is something amusing
to a comprehensive moralist in the rage of
the law against gambling, and its toleration
of gambling In its worst, its most demoraliz
ing, its moat destructive form. Everybody
knows that the money lost and gained
in the gambling . hells is as
nothing when compared with thj
money lost and gained every day in Wall
street, the most horrible gambling hell on
the American continent. Let it be granted
that the professional gambler cheats; but
ther is nothing so utterly bane, dishonest,
and inhuman as the obeatiug of a btock
"ring," which runs a partioulur security up
or down, merely te tempt outsiders into their
trap, and then mercilessly to rob them of
their money. But we know that the profes
bional gambler is a person watched by the
police; the ''corneerrs' of btocks are among the
iichfebt, most respected, mott powerful, woit
'enterpiibicg-' men of 'the country. The
science of Comparative Risc&lity would be
very valuable if inexorably applied to suuk .a,
case as this.
The liar is justly held in general contempt;
the poisoner is universally abhorred; but still
what is the prnictice of adulteration ia what
we eat and drink but a vast scheme of sys
tematic lying and poisoning ? Yet everybody
knows that respectable members of churches
not only deal in articles whioh are known to
be false and poisonous, but often condescend
to be manufacturers of such artioles. Alex
ander the Sixth, Cmsar Borgia, and Brinvil
liera only poisoned particular individuals,
who might happen to obstruct their particu
lar Bchemes. They had no desire to poison
slowly a whole community in order to make
money. We think, if they could be raised
from the dead, they would be somewhat
startled to find that lying and poisoning were
considered as legitimate branches of busi
ness. This fact alone would prove that the
science of Comparative Rascality is still in its
Robbery, in the eye of the law, is a serious
offense. To pick the pocket or break into
the house of a private individual is a crime
Eunishable by imprisonment. But it is well
nown that a colossal pickpocket and bur
glar may bribe a legislature for the purpose
of plundering a community, without suffer
ing any other punishment than that which
comes from the vague denunciation of a few
All law implies that a deliberate wrong,
done by one man to another, is to be pun
ished. The law is operative as respects Bmall
offenders; but it is practically nullified in the
matter of taxation. The security of property
depends on taxing equitably the whole com
munity in order to raise yearly large sums to
pay policemen, soldiers, and magistrates, to
save society from that anarchy in which pro
perty is hopelessly wrecked. It might there
fore be supposed that the richer a man is the
more ready he would be to pay his honest
portion f the general tax. Far otherwise is
the fact. The moment people get property
to any large amount they exert their inge
nuity in throwing the expense of protecting it
on their poorer neighbors, less interested than
they in its protection. This phase of the
science of Comparative Rascality would alone
furnish matter for a volume. We merely give
the slightest hint of the folly as well as mean
ness involved in the theory on which these
millionaires appear to rely.
One more illustration, and we will leave
this hateful subject. The system of credit is
now so generally established that civilization
itself depends on its preservation. It is fun
damentally based on honesty. When a man
signs an obligation to pay a certain sum at a
dedned date, he pledges all the moral charac
ter there is in him to its fulfilment. At
whatever sacrifice to himself, he engages to
pay his note; and if he cannot pay it at matu
rity, he delivers his property to his creditor.
This is the simple statement of the fact of
credit as respects the humble creditor.
Bankers insist , on it inexorably. No man
who trades on a small capital can evade it.
The moment he appears before a banker,
or a board of directors, he is overcome
by the moral power whioh flashes indig
nantly from their eyes. He sacrifices
the small earnings of long years, and pays
his note. Far different is it with the
man who attaches no mural responsibility to
his signature. He is the Napoleon of Com
merce. The possessor of five millions, he
gives out his notes for ten millions in the
hope of making fifteen. The time comes
when his "enterprise" has been carried so far
that his creditors think it is judicious to
arrest bis onward career; but in stopping him
in his business insanity, they think it impor
tant that he should reap its fruits. He is to
be petted at the expense of the poorer people
who have trusted him. It ia important that
bis large fortune should be seoured, through
what is called an "extension," although a
hundred people who followed modestly in
his wake should be relentlessly sacrificed.
This is the last stage of business demoraliza
tion, on the principles of Comparative Ras
cality. THE WRIT OF LIBERTY.
From, the N. F. World.
The last act of the Republican party in Con
gress the Ku-klux law which authorizes
President Grant to suspend the privilege of
the writ of habeas corpus, brings sad memo
ries of what this great writ of liberty has un
dergone within the last ten years.
The Constitution says: "The privilege of
the writ of habeas corpus shall not be sus
pended unless when in cases of rebellion or
invasion the publio safety may require it."
In April, 1861, John Merryman petitioned
Chief Justice Taney for issue of the writ-to
General Cadwalader. The petitioner set forth
that he was deprived of his liberty by armed
men,' who incarcerated him in Fort McIIeury.
The writ was issued, and the General replied
that he is "duly authorized by the President
in suoh cases to suspend the writ of habeas
corpus for the publio safety," and refused to
produce the prisoner. The Chief Justice
thereupon decided that "the privilege of the
writ could not be suspended except by act of
This was in the spring of 18G1. No pub
lio proclamation of suspension had been
made by the President, only an order issued
to commanding officers, which in effect ex
tinguishes the most important personal guar
antees of the Constitution. A citizen is
seized and imprisoned for a cause known to
no one but a few military officers, and when
the Chief Justioe of the United Slates issues
a writ to inquire into the ground of impri
sonment the military commander refuses to
tell or produce the prisoner. He demanded
a "speedy trial, but the suspension 01 tne
writ literally effaces him from his country.
The facts developed in the Merryman case
and opinion of the Chief Justioe deeply
stirred the whole country. Republican par
tisans denounced the venerable Chief Justioe
as the vilest of the vile. On the other hand,
conservative men upheld and vindicated his
judgment. In the meantime, September 21,
180:.', President Lincoln made a publio proda
tion that "the writ of habeas corpus is sas
pecded in respeot to all persons arrested, or
who are now, or hereafter during the Rebel
lion, shall be imprisoned in any fort," eto.
This was without warrant of Congress, and
discussion of the question of power in the
Executive went on. Finally, the next Sep
tember, in 18(13, the publio indignation was
so ereat that Congress intervened, authorized
the President to saspend the privilege of the
writ, and passed an act to indemnify him and
bis officers for detentions under previous
mere Exeoative suspensions.
Republican partisans in Congress did not,
so great was the popular excitement, venture
to give to the President unlimited power in
this matter, for it required that the lists con
taining the names of persons arrested Bhould
be furnished to the judges of the circuit au 1
distiict courts, and whenever the grand jury
of any of these courts should terminate it
seshion without finding indictment against
such persoB, that the judges should order
such prisoner desiring a discharge to be
brotght before them to be disobarged. These
proviaions lulled the popular wrath anil
flacked the popular vigilance. The people
were cheated again. The names of prisoner!
were sot fornlshed; fch oppressed1 were not
bidden to go free.
The next prominent event in the history of
habeas corpns wan the argument before the
Supreme Court of the United Statos, at the
December term of 18GH, of the case cf Milli
gan, who was arrested in 1804 in the State of
Indiana by Major-General Uovey, brought
before a military commission, tried, found
guilty, sentenced to be hanged, and ordered
to be executed May 10, 18G5. On the second
day of the next January the Cirouit Court for
Indiana met at Indianapolis. The Grand
Jury thereof was discharged without finding
any indictment against Milligan. . .Thereupon
the accused, under the act of 1803, jus cited,
petitioned the court to be released. The
Federal judges were divided in opinion on
the three following questions: (1) Whether
a writ of habeas corpus ought to be issued;
(2) whether .Milligan ought to be discharged
frow custody; and (3) whether the military
commission bad jurisdiction legally to try
and sentence Milligan. The division .was
certified to the Supreme Court, there argued,'
and the first two questions- were decided in
the affirmative and the last) in the negative.
The decision called forth almost as much hos
tile criticism on the part of Republicans as
did that of Chief Justice Taney in tho Dred
Scott case. The majority of that tribunal
was assailed with all manner of abuse. All of
the sine judges were agreed that President
Lincoln had no power to establish a military
commission to try a civilian in a part of the
country not invaded by hostile armies nor in a
state of insurrection, but in whioh the courts
of law were in full and unimpeded operation.
The court ran full in the face of executive
authority and the current of partisan Repub
lican feeling. It cut up by the roots the doc
trines of martial law for which radicals had so
zealously contended. The court admitted
that Congress had authorized the President,
if he thought the publio safety demanded, to
arrest a suspected person and deprive him of
the privilege of habeas corpus; that is, deprive
him of the right to reauire the person hold
ing him in custody to give the cause of his de
tention on return to a writ. But tho court
added that it was not contemplated that such
person should be detained in custody beyond
a certain fixed period, unless certain judicial
proceedings known to the common law were
commenced against him.
The next event in this history is an act of
Congress of February 5, 1807. Previous to
this time the machinery necessary to carry a
decision from an inferior judge on a habeas
corpus case up to the appellate tribunal at
Washington was complicated and inconve
nient. This act of the latter year was intended
to provide a remedy for an appeal to the cir
cuit court from any inferior judge, and from
the circuit court to the Supreme Court. The
legislation was of a most comprehensive
character. After this law was passed one
McArdle was arrested by a military com
mander in Mississippi for a political offense .
The accused was brought np on a writ of
habeas corpus and reordered into custody.
From this order an appeal was taken to the
Supreme Court. It was argued by Senator
Trumbull against McArdle that the aot of
1807 wan only intended to protect loyal men
in the Rebel States from a deprivation of
their liberty under State laws administered
by Rebel officers. In other words, it was
only to shield freed negroes. The whole Su
preme Court to this argument said "no."
The law was as applicable to white men as to
black or red men, and the jurisdiction of the
Supreme Court was sustained. This opinion
was given early in 1808.
Watch the sequel! March 27, 1808, a law
was passed repealing so muoh of the previous
act of 18G7 as authorized an appeal in habeas
corpus cases from the Cirouit Cdurt to the
Supreme Court of the United States. The
bill was vetoed by President Johnson, but
passed over his head. In December, 1808,
when the Supreme Court met, its attention
was directed to this statute, argument was
heard upon the effect of the repeal of the
act, and the court decided that Congress by
the repeal had deprived the court of giving
remedy in the case of MoArdle. In other
words, the court having asserted its jarisdic
diction to examine the facts upon whioh
McArdle was arrested, and to determine
whether or not he was legally in custody,
Congress intervened to deprive the prisoner
of such inquiry.
The next and last stage in this disgraceful
history is the passage of the recent Ku-Klux
bill, wherein the President is authorized to
suspend the writ of habeas corpus, subject to
the provisions of the seoond section of the
act of March 3, 1803, to which we have al
ready referred, and shall refer again at
another time. By reference to the constitu
tional provision in respect to suspension of
the writ, already cited, it will be seen that it
assumes authority somewhere in the Govern
ment to issue the writ as of right. This
power inheres in the judiciary, and the
clause in question not only requires
that Congress, and not the President, shall
make the suspension, but prohibits Congress
from so doing unless first, rebellion or in
vaaion actually exists as a publio fact; and.
seoondly, that the publio safety requires the
suspension, No power in this Government,
whether legislative or exeoutive, can suspend
this writ in anticipation of rebellion or inva
sion. One or the other must be actually and
palpably going on. Everybody knows that
no invasion existed in the Southern States at
the time of the Ku-klux law. Neither was
there nor is there a rebellion within the
meaning of the Constitution. So much,
therefore, of the Ku-klux legislation as au
thorizes the President to suspend the privi
lege of. the writ of habeas corpus is mere
usurpation, unauthorized, unwarranted, null
The object of giving this tremendous
power to President Grant is, however, ob
vious. It was to enable him to strike terror
into the Southern communities by arrests
from which there was no power in the judi
cial tribunals to relieve. It was to enable
him to carry on bayonet elections in their
nakedest shamelessness. The military ple
biscites of Louis Napoleon were "mellow
music, matched" with the Ku-klux powers of
General Grant. The power was given to be
exercised in the bouthern btates; but, as we
have heretofore shown, there is no power suf
ficient to prevent the administration from
certifying the existence of facts upon which
it can suspend the writ in New York
or any other Northern State whose eleotion
it desires to carry. No bolder or balder
falsehoods will be necessary to bring about
such a state of things than were required
last autumn to enable General MoDowell to
fill this city with Federal troops. The eleo
tion law cf May, 1870, was the most fla
grant and nnoonstitutional outrage by the
Republican party on the rights of the States
which bad, up to that time, been perpetrated
It was abominable enough to have warranted
armed resistance to an effort on the part of
the President to enforce its provisions. But
it was paternal and constitutional gentleness
compared with the provisions of the Ku-klux
bill, its misbegotten offspring, born to the
Eauie unlawful end, of perpetuating Republi
can power by the bayonet, au else failing.
This woBdrrfnl 'raertlr.lna curea an Diseases- and
ST. VITUS' DANCE,
by electrifying anl Btrengthenlng the entire rer.
vows System, restoring tne insensible perspiration,
and at once giving nvr life and vigor to the whole
frame. UNB TftASPOONPUl. WILL CUHRt THE
WORST HEADACHE IN A FEW MINUTES.
Nkw Yoke, March t, 1970.
Having seen the wonderful curative etftects of
Watts' nervous a wibotk in cases of approachin
Paralysis, severe Kewralgt, Debility, and other
nervous disease, I most heartily recommend Its-use
as a most valuable raediclne. 1 oars truly,
S. M. MALLORT, M. D.,
No. 4St Fourth av-eniw,
4 1 warn t f gp cot ner Thirty-second asreet.
REAL ESTATE AT AUCTION.
ASSIGNEES PEREMPTORY. SALE. BY
Si order of Joseph I. Doran. Assignee in Bajik-
ruuu-y of Jabez Bunting, Joslah Bunting, John Pol
lock, and Joseph J. Sellers, as individuals and co
partners, trading as bunting Bros. A Co. Thomas
Si Son, Auctioneers. On Tuesday, Jane 13, INI, at
12 o'clock, nooD, will be sold at public sale, without
reserve, at the Philadelphia Exchange, the fallow
ing described property, viz. :
Ho. 1. All the right, title, and Interest of Jabea
Bunting of, In, and to the three following tract of
land, with the Improvements thereon rected:
i. All that messnage or plantation and tract of
land, situate in the Township of Darby, Delaware
county. Rounded and described a follows Be
ginning at a stake in Banting street, a corner of
lands of Matthew Balrd and .lames Neal;. thence
by said James Neal'a land north- 6 degrees 4T
minutes, west loo lv-ioo perches to a atone;.theBce
by lands of said Oaraes Neal and Wra. Bunting north
63 degrees 12 minutes, east 40 74-100 perches to a
atone, a corner of said William Bantings land;
thence by the same north 26 degrees 40- minutes,
west S3 92-100 perches to a stone, a corner of land
or tneneirsor John minting; Usance by the same
and lands of Joseph Bunting, crossing a public
road leading from Bunting street to the Baltimore
turnpike, south ! degrees 15 minutes, west 1U9O-100
perches to a atone, a corner or land of Joseph Bunt
ing; thence by the same sou'.h 26 degrees, east
13 61-100 perchas to a atone on the eaaterlr aide of
said public roail; thence crossing said road south
47 degrees 20 minutes, west 2 9-100 perches toa stone
on the westerly side of said road ;: thence along said
road south 26 degrees, east 10 J 64.100 perohes to a
stone near the southerly side of said Hunting street ;
inence aiong said Bunting street nortn 63 degrees
80 minutes, east 85 60-100 perches to the place of
bt ginning. Containing CO acres, 1 rood and 14 91-100
percnes, more or icss.
2. au mat certain piece or parcel 01 meaiow iaua.
situate, lying, and being on Carpenter's Island, la
the county of Philadelphia. Beginning at tne cen
tre or tne road leading to uog island, at the polut
where said road crosses t'hurch creek; thence in a
southerly direction along the said creek the several
courses and distances thereof to Bow creek ; them e
along bow creek and tne embankment recently
erected thereon, the several courses and distances
thereof to low-water mark on the river Delaware ;
thence along the said river at low-water mark
north 25V degrees, eaBt 26 perches: thence north
40 degrees, east 166-10 perches: thence north 9 de
grees, east to the bank; thence along the bank the
Mine course continued, isjf percnes; tnence nortn
or a degrees, east to tne middle of tne aforesaid
road leading to Hog Island ; thence along the middle
of the said road to the place of beginning.
o. au inoBe two certain aaioming lots or pieces or
land, situate in the township of Darby, Delaware
county. Bounded by Hunting s lane, land or 11111.
Pennell, and Samuel Bunting, and adjoining a new
pnbllie street or road leading from said Bunting's
laRe to rnuaaeipnia post roan.
N. u These three tracts of land are subject to a
life estate, and to the payment of two mortgages
amonnting to fSOCO, and the right, title, and Interest
01 aaiu janez Hunting tnerein. is aiso suoiecn 10 tne
piument of a mortgage for gssoo. Particulars or
which estate and incumbrances can be ascertained
by inquiry of the assignee.
No. 2. AU the right, title, and Interest of Joslah
Bunting of, In and to the three fol'owlng tracts of
land, with the improvements thereon erected:
1. au mat meusuuge or plantation and tract or
land, situate In the Township of Darby, Delaware
county. Bounded and described as follows : Be
ginning at a stake in Bunting street, a corner of
lands or juatthew Balrd and James Neal; thence by
f aid jamt s jNeai s lands nortn o degrees 47 minutes.
west 100 19-100 perches to a stone; thence by lan u
of said James Neal and William Bunting north 63
degrees ik minutes, east 4U 74-100 percnes to a stone.
a corner of said William Bunting's land; thence by
the same north 26 degrees 40 minutes, west S3 92-100
Serches to a stone, a corner of land ef the heirs of
ohn Bunting; thence by the tame and lands of
Joseph BuntiDg, crossing a public road leading
irom Bunting street to tne Baltimore turnpike.
south 55 degrees 15 minute, west 111 90-100 perches
to a stone, a corner or iana 01 oosepa Bunting;
thence by the' same south 26 degrees, east 13 61-100
perches to a stone on the easterly side of said publio
road ; inence crossing aaia roaa south 41 degrees 20
minutes, west y-iou percnes 10 a atone ou tne
westerly side of said road; thence along said
road south 26 degrees, east 100 64-100
perchea to a stone near the Bide of said
Bupttng street north 63 degrees so minutes, east
SB 60-100 perches to the place cf beginning. Con-
tainlLg &o acres, 1 rood and 11 91-100 perches, more
2. All that certain piece or parcel of meadow land.
situate, lying, and belnelon Carpenter's Island, in
ine county oi rmiadeipuia. Beginning at the cen
treof tne road leading to nog island, at the point
where said road crosses Church creek; thence in a
southerly direction along the said creek the several
courses and distances thereof to bow creek ; thence
alnrg Bow creek and the embankment recently
erected thereon, the several courses and dlstauoes
thereof to low-water mark on the tlver Delaware;
thence along the said river at low-water mark north
25M degrees, east 26 perches ; thence north 40 K de
grees, east 10 6-10 percDes; inence north 9 degrees.
east to the bank; thence along the bank the same
course continued, i peichea; thence north
degrees, east to the middle of the aroresald road
leading to llog Island ; thence along the middle of
the said road to the place of beginning.
8. All those 2 certaia adjoining lots or pieces or
land, situate In the townahip of Darby, Delaware
county. Bounded by Bunting's lane, land of 11111.
pennell, and tsamuel Bunting, and adjoining a new
public street or road leading from said Bunting's
lane 10 rnuaueipnia post roan.
in. mese a tracts or iana are suoieci to a lire
estate, and to the payment of 2 mortgages amount
ing to f si'OO, and the right, title, and Ink robt of said
j osian Bunting is aiso subject to tne payment or a
mortgage for 15800. Particulars of which estate
and Incumbrances can be ascertained by Inquiry of
Ko. 8. All the;estate, right, title, and interest of
Joseph J. Sellern, being 1-86 part of, In, and to the
dower lund secured upoa the lands late the
estate or James fellers, deceased, which said lands
are fully described in the proceedings had In the
Orphans' Court for the County or Delaware, on the
26tn day or may, a. u. mt: xor tne partition thereof.
an exemplification of the whole record In which
said proceedings was tiled, ou the 7th day ol No
vember, A- D. lt6i, in the Orphans' Court for the
City and Cousiy or Philadelphia.
N. B TbiB sale Is only of the right, title, and In.
teresr, or estate, wi ataoever It may be, of the said
Joseph J. Sellers, of, In, and to the lands or aay fund
charged upon the lauds mentioned and described in
the above proceedings remaining alter the above
partition, and does not Include the lands specifically
allotted 10 josepu j. eeuera, wmcn nave been here
tofore disposed or.
For further particulars, apply to JOSEPH L
DOKAN, Etq., assignee, No. South Third street,
M. TTJOMAS & RONS, Auctioneers.
B 18 J 3 10 Nob. 139 and 141 S. FOURTH street.
S PUBLIC SALE. -THOMAS
LMiii Auctioneers Modern residence
auuinwesi corner ui runy-nrsi street ana west-
minster avenue, on luesday, May 80, lt71, at 12
o'clock, noon, will be sold at publio sale, at the
l'h adeipnia exenange, an that valuable three-
story frame dwelling and lot of ground, si mate at
the souiowesi comer ui f orty-nrat street anu west-
minster avenue, Twemy-rourth ward; thence ex
tending westwardly along Westminster avenue 174
feetVluches to Palm street; thence southwest-
wardly along rami street 10s leet 4 lucnes to a point
in tne miuaie ui iua oonnern wan or tne stable
erected on the lot of ground adjoining to the south ;
thenre eastwardly 165 feet K of an Inch to Forty-
first street, and thence extending northwardly along
Porty-tlrst street 110 feet 6 inches to Westminster
avenue and place of beginning. The improvement!
are a large double frame dwelling, contains U rooms ;
has gas, bath, range, hot and cold water, etc. ; frame
table, chicken House, and grounds nicely lall out,
and a number of full grown fro it trees, grape vlaea,
etc. Terms f now uiBj renjain. iwiueuLaie poase-
ion. WJ rioiinmru.
M. THOMAS k 8ON8. Anctloneers.
6 19 SO 2T tios. 1 aud 141 8. i'OUUTU bucct.
REA ESTATE AT AUCTION.
. I I RraMPlOHT SALE. THOMAS A BlWs,
iiiieiiwieern. rovrTgaffe. l.WH 3IKH, fltrtO,
and 11&00. On neeHy, May 30, I87t. at li o'amnk
noon, will tm sold at publio sale, withont reserve,
at the Philadelphia Exchange,, the following de
scribed monraice, vti. .
No. 1. All that morraragp, dnted June 11, lST&v for
13000, payabnyja. J. l.onhery and Bit ward (Jlften
(ten years to rmi). secured by anew thrwi-atory brrk
dwelling, newiy flnlahed, and lot or eronnd,' east
side of Twenty-third twreet, 83 feet south of Penv
berton street. 16-feet front, and In dfp!t es feet
No. 2. All tl?et mortgage, dated June 11, m;, fYr
I300O, payable by Jantes J. LoughnryBd Kdd
liiinn (ten yeiw-n w rani, pecurea ny a newtree
story brick dwelling, nearly finished,, and lot of
ground, east sine or 1 wentv-tnird street, 17 rMt
south of Pembwton street, Twenty-sixth war.Kl
feet front, and la depth x feet.
no. B. 411 mat morrerure, uTea jure 11. isTv.for
llWKt, payable by Jajiies J. Longhery and Edwaixl
uimn (ten years to run), securen ny a kt or grouad,
south side of Pemlwrton afreet, 74 feet 6 inches
west of Twen;Teeoond street, 14 feet front, and 'lo
depth 49 feet.
No. 4. All that mortsaae. dated .luneu.iSTO. for
t'noo, payable by James J. Loughery and El wardt
Olllln (ten years to ra), Becnred by a-lot or groend.
soiitn Bide or ifmoerton street, ou rec; inches west
of Twenty-second -street. 14 feet Trout, 48 feet dserv
M.-THOMAS A SONS, Auctioneers,
D 13 B3t TtOSi 139 and 141. FOURTH Street.
PUBLIC SALE. THOMAS J. SONS, AUU
tloneera. Desirable pointed Btone residmce.
with stable r.id coach-house, 154" acre, TownaWn
Line road and- Ifew street, cnesrt Hill, three
niiButt s walk from- tne lauroaa wpet. Twenty-
second ward. On Tnesday, May 30,-1871. ft 19
o'clock, noon, will be sold at public oole, at the Phi
ladelphia gxennoge, an tnat very acatrabie pointed!
stone messuage and lot of grounds situate on the
Township Line road and corner of land of Klchard
Levick : thence south west wardly 166 feet 8i lnohea
to a point; thenoe north 48 degrees D minutes, west
428 leet y, incnt tnenre norm 43aegrees so m inn tea,
east 166 feet 0i Inches to the middle of said road.
and thence Ridg the inidnle of said road 414 feet
Inches to the place of beginning;. containing? one
acre fcT 44-lootir perefce, more or luaa. The houee- Is
well built, and has all the modern conveniences,
gas, bath, hot' and cold water, farnace, cooking
range, etc. A'io. a stable and coach-house, creen-
houee, grape vines, abundance of frnlt trees, shade
treeB. etc. 111s adjacent; 10 trie coumtry-eear or im.
ueorge 'i nciter t amiineu, i-urman MHenparui and
others. Clicsnut Hill is reached iaSft minutes from
Ninth and Green streets In is trains a day, as late in
me evening o i
Terms- ii?,ooo may remain on mortgage.
May be examined.
M. THOMAS A SOTW,
B 1920 2T . Nos. 139 and 141 8. JURT1I etreet.
fTS, REAL ESTATE. THOMAS & SONS' SALE.
L'::jl TlreBtoy Brick Dwelling and Stable, No.
Passynnk road. On Tuesday, May 80,171, at
1(1 '.ilnn. nnnM will Vn .nM A S ..n V.l I oa1A a. .Ka
i j (.iiivbi .fulfil, will uii 'nu nnio. . v 1 1 o
Philadelphia Exchange, all those brick messuages
and the- lot of ground thereunto belonging, situate
on the ea-tterly aide of the Posynnk road, 1M feet
north of Reed street; thence extending eaotwardly
71 feet 4 inohes to a corner; thence eastward 59 feet
T Inches to aiW-Jeet wide street (paved and curbed);
thence northward 16 reet; tnence weatwasd 64 feet
8 Inches; thence westwardly 63 feet 2 Inches, and
thence soutnwardiy along ressyunk road-16 reet to
the place of beginning. The improvements art a
genteel three-story brick dwelling frontlog on Pas
juDk road; has gas. bath) gas oven,, etc., and a
two-story brick and frame stable In the rear ; nag s
stalls, etc. Clear or all Incumbrance., Terms
11400 may reniair. Possession Septemba 1.
M. thumas ft Auctioneers,
6 13 s3t Noa. 139 and Ml S. FOURTH Street.
REAL ESTATE THOMAS EONS' SALK.
Modern Three-story Brick Residence, No.
uSSf Vine street,, west of Sixteenth street. On Tues
day. June e, is; 1, at 12 o'clock, noon, will be sold at
public sale, at the Philadelphia Exchivnge, all that
modern tnree-story onca messuage, witn two-story
back building and lot of ground. sitHase on the south
Bide of vine street, west or six tee at n street. No.
16i: containing In front on Vine stroet 17 feet, and
extending in depth lft feet to Whiter street 2
lronts. It has gas, bath-, hot and cold water, water
closet, underground drainage, fcroace, cooking-
range, etc. Clear of all Incumbrance. Terms
Uoo may remain on mortgage.
" ft. rw r . a Ttl . .1
JJ1. TnuiH-na x du.o, Auutiuueers,
5 13 27 3 Noa. 139 and 141 S. FOURTH Street.
Wt REAL ESTATE. TH0MA3 SONS' SALE
Ega Genteel three-story brick dwelling, No. 193T
iainbridge Btreet,. west of Nineteenth street. On
Tuesday, May 80, 1371, at 12 o'clack, noon, will be
sold at publio sale,, at the Philadelphia Exchange,
all that .renteel three-story brick messuage, with one-
story frame kltchea and lot of ground, situate on the
north Bide of Balnhridge street, west or Nineteenth
street, No. 1937 ; eontalnlng In front on Bainbrldge
street it reet, ana extending in aeptn or ieet to a s
feet wide alley, with the privilege thereof. It has
gas, summer range, etc. Subject to a redeemable
ground rent of s a year.
m. txiuivia s a.: a, Auctioneers,
B 13sSt Nos. 139 and 14: S. FOURTH Street
REAL 1ST ATE THOMAS fc SONS' SALE.
Modera Three-story i)rlck Resilience, No. 2-5
South Fourth street, sout;of Walnut street. On
Tuesday, May 80, 1871, at 12 o'clock, noon, will be
sold at pubiis sale, at tne rnuadeipnia. exchange,
an rnat mooern tnree-story dhck messuage, wt?.n
two-story back building and lot of ground, situate
on the east side ef Fourth-street, north of Spruce
street, No. 2SS; containing in front on Fourth street
22 feet, and extending in depth 86 feet, including a
tbree-reet-wideaney. Tne nouse nas tne modern
conveniences; gas, bath, "not and cold water, water
closet, stationary washatanda, bell-calls, flat and
hoisting apparatuseto. Terms 17300 may remain
on mortgage. May be examined.
M. Tiio.MAS bums, Auctioneers,
B 13 2 2T Nob. 139-and 141 S. FOURTH Sweet.
REAL EST AT . THOMAS A SONS' SALE
al Business Location Building known as "Co
lumbia Hose House," No. 606 Race street. On Tnes
day, May so, 1871, at 12 o'clock, neon, win ee sold at
publio sale, at the Philadelphia Exchange, all that
t)i story brick messuage, with two-story back build
ing and lot of ground, situate on the south aide
or Race street, 61 feet west of Eighth street, No.
6M: the lot containing in rront on itace street
IT feet, and extending In depth 80 feat to a feet
wide alley leaain into ignm street, witn tne tree
nse and privilege of the same. Clear of all in
cumbrance. Terms 15o may remain on mortgage.
immediate possession, aiay oe exammea.
M. 1 HO MAS & HONS, Auctioneers,
B 18 20 2T Nob. 139 and UI S. FOURTH Street.
fni REAL ESTATE. THOMAS A SONS' SALE.
t-ienteei two-story Dries dwelling, no, vw
Tweaty-second street, north of Carpenter
street. On Tuesday, May 30, 1871, at 12 o'clock
noon, will he sold at publio Bale, at the Philadelphia
Exchange, all that genteel two-etory brick dwelling
ani lot of ground, situate on the west side of Twenty
second Btreet, 60 feet 8 Inches rorthof Carpenter
Btreet. No. 906; coitalntng in front on Twenty
second street 14 feet 9 Inches, and extending In
depth el feet to a a feet wide alley, with the privi
lege tnereor. subject to a yearly ground rent or
164. Immediate possession. May be examined.
M. THOMAS & suss, Auctioneers,
BIS 2027 Noa. 139 and 141 S. FOURTH Street.
WINDOW BLINDS, ETO.
Lace Curtain 1, 'Curtain Cornicei,
' PAINTED SHADES of the latest tints.
BLINDS painted and trimmed
STOKE SHADES made and lettered.
Picture Cord, Tassels, Eto, Repairing promptly
D. J. WILLIAMS, Jr.,
Bo. 16 NOKTH SIXTH STREET,
T tntbssm PHILADELPHIA
8475 Per Keg.
These Nalla are knows to be the beat In the market
All Walls, no -waste, and coitt no
more than other brands.
Each keg warranted to contain 100 pounds of Nails.
Also, a large assortment of One Hinges, Locks, and
KDOba, Salld Bronae, suitable for flrat-daas bolld-
iflga, at tne great ,
Cheap-fbr-Caftli Hardware Store
IWtuthsJ No. 1009 MARKETStreafc
nWARBURTON'S IMPROVED VENTILATED
and taay-OMlng DREaS 11AT6 (pawnV'J.fil
tiie unproved fashions of the aeaaou. tlHJ"-11
faucet, next door to Uie fort Oiflce. rp
REAU EST ASt AT AUCTION.
RIAL KSTATR-TUwiW ASfcSOJVtTSALri-
!J On-Ttienday, May V IR1H at 12 o'clock, noon,.
will bescl4at putmo a, at tn rnnadeiDh la Ui
charge, ti following de.;nled property, via. :
no. 1. i:iTee-niurj uric iwemng, no. iiwi v.nns
tlan street; All that tnree-story brick dwelling,
ith iwo-ftnry back bailing, nd lot, of ground.
Bltnateon the sonth sld of CbrHtlan street. No.
1638 ; conuiarng in frontTT feet,. and In depth TT feet
to a 8 feet ttley. Subject v yearl7 ground rent of
No s. Mnre and oweinng. n. k. corner Seven
teenth and Weed street a. Ail thn three-story brick
store ana dwelling, N. K. Corner of seventeenth and
Heed Btreet; 10 reet. front, ot fees oeep. Sublect to
a yearly grcand rnt of l8,'
Nob. 8 aixl 4, Two Three-story Brick Dwelling,
Noa. 1308 and 130B 8 Seven aaenrn street. All thixie
two three-stwry brick rtweUint a-0-rrms), Noa. 1309
and 1305 8. beventecnth etreet, each is feet front, 66
feet deep 3ach subject to ft-mortgmr- of imoo.
o. c. Tnree-story urien jweurog, rto. m juts-
worth street. A three-Rtory brick dwelling, No. 2131
Ellsworth street, 15 feet 6 raohes front, 74 feet deep.
Subject 10 a yearly gronnd rent, of IT2:
No. . Th;e-story Brick Dwelling, No. 1922 8.
Second BtreM. A three-Bfory brick dwelling (19
rooms), No. 1822 S. 8ecod street, IT feet 8 Inches
front, 10 feetileep. Subject? to a-rwortgage of $2000.'
M. TllOMAH A RONS. Ancllonnern.
oihwist NOS. 139auctl418i FOUKTU
mmn avn. F
MASTS R'S I'KRKM P-T O H Y
Thomas -A. iions, AucUtjnwra, 4 very d
nue, inesmri miii, itso reet fronts SfiO feet deep. On
Tuesday, May 80, 1871, at. it oolM-k, noon, will be
sold at pnbl.e sale, wlthwit reserve, at the Phila
delphia Exchange, the foUowtng-deacribed lots of
No. 1. All that lot of gronnd, sltuMe on the west
erly sine or ettinaet avenue 802 tee inches tt
Ferklomen street, 150 feet, front, ac feet deen.
No. 9 All that lot of (Tro'.nd, annate on the wei
erly side of fwnsct avenue, adjrtntug the abov
uciiik idu leei. iruub, ana iov ieet een
No. 8. All that lot of prsjudi ai-snat.e on the weal
erly side of Sonset aveuv adjululng the above,
inn ieet ironrj aun kou ieenneepi
No 4. All that lot of ground aitnate on the wes
erly side of h'rnnset avemwyadjoirDlng the above, 18'
iki-i 1 iucii iroui. Bun xrx'lt-ei uetp.
S nl n inn nrd- tA the raafHi.Crv that r. r A,
tavern are eer to be built thereon, and any house!
tnereon siihii oe ser, iikk sir. ieet rrom tne line o:
Sunset avenue. Sale absolute. See plan at th
M. THOMAS- HOMS. Auctioneers.
6 10 20 2T , Nos. 18 and 141 8. FOURTH Street. J
KEAL EST ATE. THOMAS A SONS' SALE.
Uenuel three-sSory brick Dwelling. No. 2221
ranklln street, north of Susnaehanna avenue. On
Tuesday, May 30, 1671, at 12 o'clock, noon, will be
Bold at pubL.0- Bale, at the Philadelphia Exchange,
all that modern three-story brick messuage, with)
two-story back bnlldisg ami tot of ground, situate
on t he east Bide of Franklin street, 1M feet K inch)
north of Suequehanna avenive, No. 2221: containing
in iront on f ranklin Btreet i ieet 4 lucnes, and ex-i
tending in depth 6t feeb to a 4-feet wide alley. 10
has 8 rooms, gas, cooking range, furnace, drainase
into sewer, etc Terms Sow may remain on mort
gage, imraeaiare poesesaioB.
M. THOU A3 SONS, Auctioneers,
C 18 80 27- Nos. 132 and Ml S. FOt'KTH Street
WHISKY, WINE, ETC
-71NH3, LUIVORS, ENCX.ISII AND
SGOICU ALES, ETC.
The subscriber begs to call the attention of
dealers, connoisseurs, and ronsumsrs generally to
his splendid stock of foreign goods now on hand, or
his own importation, as well, also, to his extensive
assortment of Domestic Wines, Ales, etc., among
which may be enumerated : i
600 cases of Clarets, high and low grades, care-
inny Boieotea irom tiesi foreign stocks.
100 casks of Sherry Wine, extra quality cf finest
100 cases of Slurry Wine, extra quality of finest
26 casks of Skerry Wine, best quality of media
26 barrels Scsppernong Wine ol best qaaUty.
60 cask a Catawba Wine "
10 barrels " " medltfm grade.
Together with a fnll supply of brandies, WhlsklesJ
scotch and Jbngusn Aiea, lirown stout, etc, etc.j
waicn ne is prt-parea lorurnisn m tne traajanacoa
Btiaoera generally la quantities that may be re
quired, and on the moat liberal terms.
P. J. JORDAN.
6 Stf No. 320 PE &R Street,
Below Third and Walnut auc above Deck street.
CAR &T A IRS A McCALL,
Ko. 126 Walnut and 21 Graaite SU
Br aB diet, Wines, Gin, Olivo Oil, Etc.
WBOLE8ALE UEALEES IN
PURE RYE WHISXIE3,
IN BOND AND TAX PAID. 05
tfcrRICE Of ICE LOW ENOUGH TO SATIS Fm
"BE SUKE KNICKEKB0CSE3 IS ON THff
KNICKERBOCKER. ICE. COMPA3IY.
THOS. K. CAD ILL, President.
B. P. KEtvSuyw, Vice-President.
A. HUHT. Treasurer.
E. H. CORNELL, Secretary.
T. A. HENDRY, Siiperiniendent.
NO. 438 WALNUT Htreet, Philadelphia.
Branch Offices and Depots,
North Pennsylvania Railroad and Master ureet.
; Ridge Avenue and Willow street.
., Tt mow Street Wharf, Delaware avenue.
Twenty-second and HatullUn streets.
Ninth Street aad Washington avenue.
Pine Btreet Wharf, SchuylkllL
No. 4833 Mala Street, Ueraantown.
No. Si Nort'A Second street, Camdeo, N. J., and
- Cane May. New Jersey.
1871. Prlct-8 for Families, Offlcesv eto.
8 pounds dally, 60 cent per week.
19 " 68 "
16 " 80 "
20 " " 95 " " "
Half bnaiel or forty pounds, 2& cents each dd
livery. 28 86t
OOVEll'S NEW illUOJIOH
"Tie Changed Cross," iize 99x23, the finest evd
offered to the public
"Hilary and St. John," size 82x23, a most subUrrJ
"The Beautiful Snew," slae 16x22, a very lmpn
"The Holy Family," slae 22x23, a real gem.
"Delhi, Del. Co., N. Y" size 22x23, a beautiful af
Published and sold, wholesale and. retail, by
J. HOOVER, No. 804 MARKET Street,
S 18amw3ni Philadelphia, second floor
TOUBTH OF JULY, 187
HAVE PLACED IX YOUR BAR ONE i
FENNEIi'S APPARATUS FOR COOL
ING BEER, ALE, AND FVlilEli.
A NEW PATENT.
T rSTTTl TtKEI?.
ALE, AND PORTER, APPARATl
W. W. FKNNKK,
No. 12T NORTH 81XTH STREET,
Soie Agent for Strater's Patent
Thla machine m entirely dliferent irom the
style Beer Pump. It performs Its own work, a
requires no labor. The liquors are forced up frc
the cellar to the bar-room by means of a pressure
air made by force of water, and can be drawn JJ
as clear as directly from the barreL I
Among the many advantages claimed ror t
machine are, that the beer or ale never becoui
flat, and can be drawn as cold as ice water with vc
Bmall expense or ice.
The Apparatus can always be seen at my place
operation, or at any of the principal soloona in ti
jobkps H. Campion (late Moore Campion),
WILLIAM SMITH, RtCIlHD K. CAMP10
FINS FURNITURE, UPUOLSTfiRINaS, AND I
TEKXOR BOUSE DKCO 4.TIONS,
no. tun HOUTU THIRD Street.
Manufactory, No. 216 and 811 LEVANT Sire.
Philadelphia. ' 1J
STEAM ENGINES, WITH PLAIN 8LK
valve, or cut off. Vertical, Horizontal, ai
Portable. Governors, rompa. Pipes, aud alves.
f OfcUKUE O. HOWARD.
a ml No. II & naUTEENTU Street