OPELOUSAS : : LOUISIANA.
CALIFORNIANS are told by the Sat
Francisco Call that, it they want five
cent pieces, they must get over their
prejudice against the nickel, as there art
not enough silver pieces to answer the
LDt. I. I. HAYES has introducedin the
New York legislature a bill to establish
at the lower end of Manhattan Island a
grand underground railroad depot and
to tunnel the Hudson river so that the
great trunk lines could enter New York.
SAILS are recovering somewhat of the
estimation that ten years ago they
threatened to lose entirely. It is found
that all the advantages are not on the
side of steam. In freightage of the
heavier, coarser kind, cheapness is morn
of an element than speed.
A UFAL telegraph has been invented
by an English mechanical engineer. A
writer in London' moves his pen, and
simultaneously in Brighton another pen
is moved in precisely similar curves and
motions. The writer writes in London,
the ink masks in Brighton. The pen at
the receiving end has all the appearance
of being guided by a spirit hand. The
apparatus is shortly to be made public
before the society of telegraph engineers.
THE common horse-chestnut is capas
ble of furnishing several useful products,
which are regularly manufactured in
several localities in Europe. The seeds
contain over thirty-six percent. of starch
-250 pounds of the seeds yield 100
pounds of dry starch. Paste made from
the starch is extremely adhesive, and is
not attacked by insects. It is also used
for producing certaing kinds of distilled
LGEN. SHERIDAN received recently
from Ben Clark, the interpreter and
cout at Fort Reno, a handsome Indian
trophy, in the shape of bow, and arrows
and quiver. The quiver, is a unique
specimen of Indian art. It is made of
a beautiful soft panther's skin, decorated
with bits of red flannel. The tail is or
namented with bead work, and the huge
claws are preserved at the bottom of the
bow case. In the quiver are several ar'
rows, which are of Indian manufacture,
with the exception of the heads, which
are of iron made by Yankee machines
and sold to them by the traders.
PAcIFC coast whalers set forth from
their winter quarters early in'the spring,
provisioned for a cruise of at least six
months. The crews number about thirty
five men, a force sufficient to man four
or five boats. The number of boats car
ried depends on the locality of the hunt.
ing ground and the nature of the whales
to be captured. In the extreme north
whales never attack a boat, but in the
south they do so frequently. The best
of the weapons carried is the patent haer
poort gun, which is darted from the hand,
and explodes after striking the whale,
causing instant death when it enters a
Bev. JOuN BRADY is now a Presby
terian mimionary in Alaska. Only a few
years ago he was a street vagabond in
New York, sleeping wherever he could
find a shelter. Alter spending a term on
Blackwell's island he was sent to a farm,
where he both worked and studied.
Then he became bell ringer at Yale col.
lege, and was in due time graduated,
with a highly creditable record. Then
his friends paid his way through the
New York theological seminary. On en.
tering the ministry he chose the Alaska
field as tone where there was plenty of
hard work. The Rev. John Brady will
IN the government of Oherson, aus
sia, in the bed of a river, a peasaniound
an egg of unusual size. It is equal to
forty en's eggs, whereas the ostrich egg
is equal only to twenty-four. It is of a
yehowSib color, and, being found be
tween the clay and gypsum layers, I
su-pposed to belong to the tertiary for.
matIoe. The purchaser of this ege
oared it to the Imptal Academy o
eleuace, St. Petersbrg, for one thousand
r-oubks. The academy failed to buy it
on sanccut of lack of means, but asked
permsaionteo take a mould from it. The
British museum has now bought this
unique egg, to the grief of the RuBssan
students of nitural seience.
Wuavruanso, in Germanys is often
vislted by terrible hail storms. In some
parts ef the country whole districts seent
to be exempted from thyland tax on ac
count of the damage caused by the hail.
And these hail storms areapparently be
coming more destructive. As regards
liability to being visited, it appears that
pine woods enjoy comparative immuni.
ty, w!ik beech woods and bare hillsides
are particularly unfortunate. The par.
Ilas meat frequently devastated lie on
theiautosirt of wooded hills, but it does
`n eat that clearance of a wood
haay deleterics influence. The val.
I-ys o eckarand some other riv
- teitt. troubled by this annoy.
Do 'posuana play 'posnsum? Is the
q cai k by a selentl$ journal it
then des 'cto show that they do not.
f t, b eriP I d deluslons of eue
vah before the seareh.
at It as been
to slevs its pu
rP 0 4nageld bIsig dethp
a~ t get et
vily as it pretended. An investigator
rives it as his opinion that the 'possum
eally faints instead of feints. It seems
hat the little animal is so timid that it
s easily frightened into a temporary
death, and, of course, when it wakes up
it makes off as quickly as possible.
A DECIION fon politeness was recently
given by the supreme court at Boston.
A hotel clerk sued his employers, who
ead discharged him before his time was
up, they alleging that he had injured
their business by being too familiar with
guests in addressing them by their Chris
tian names or surnames only. The alle
gation was admitted, and the court said:
"To address a person by his Christian
name, unless the parties have been intir
mately connected, socially and other
wise, is uncalled-for familiarity, and,
therfore insulting to the party so a
dressed. To address a party by his sur
name only, shows a want of respect, and
would imply that the party so addressed
was beneath the party addressing; there
fore it is discourteous and would be con
sidered insulting. To speak of employ
ers by their surnames only shows a great
want of respect on the part of the em
ploye toward the employer. While it
may be customary for a person to ad
dress his juniors, clerks or under servants
by their Christian or sornames, to ad
dress others so shows a want of respect,
and the party so addressed would natu
rally evade contact in future with any
one who had previously so addressed
him.' Politeness, added the court, costs
nothing, but the want lof it had cost the
plaintiff the loss of his situation. The
complaint was dismissed with costs.
SOUTHEERN NEWi ITEMS.
The Mississippi-printing offices are ex
empt from taxation.
The number of educable children in
Mississippi is 336,540.
A l'ew Hampshire man is endeavoring
to establish starch factories in Florida.
Machinery has been put up at Fer
nando, Fla, to work the palmetto fiber.
The sponge trade of Cedar Keys. Fla,
since the first of January amounts to $75,500.
A company of capitalists have com
menced building a street railroad in Vieks
About one hundred and fifty bills
have been passed by the Tennessee legisla
Florida immigration,while not so brisk
as heretofore, is of a more substantial char'
There has not been a white man con.
fined in the ;ail of Taliaferro county, Ga.,
in three years.
Athens Ga., has a bonded debt of
$125.000, which bears interest at the rate of
seven per cent.
An Augusta man has sold seven bush
els of watermelon seed at the rate of thirty.
two dollars per bushel.
The society for the prevention of cru
elty to animals numbers one hundred and
twenty members in Little Rock, Ark.
The $10,000 appropriated by the Ala.
bama legislature to purchase limbs for
maimed soldiers is exhausted already.
North Carolina will employ fifty con
victs in draining and reclaiming Angola
bay, an immense body of swamp land.
Mr. Joseph Jefferson will soon have
1600 acres of his orange grove plantation
enclosed by a hedge of Macartney roses.
A New Orleans policeman endeavored
to prove to his sweetheart that he knewhow
to handle a pistol, and accidentally shot her
in the chest.
The rennessee legislature has passed
a bil a· thorizing the state board of health
to establish quarantine whenever and wher
ever it may deem it advisable to do so.
A correspondent of the Augusta Sen
tinel is of the opinion that Georgia society
will not be what it should be until the prao
tice of carrying concealed corkscrews is en
tirely done away with.
The penitentiary feature was stricken
from the tramp act in the Texas senate, and
the penalty made thirty to ninety days' im
prisonment at hard work in the county.
Appeal: Memphis was never bette
governed than she is now; she was neves
in a better sanitary condition, never had a
better outlook, and never saw the day when
her people should be more cheerful as to
Knoxville Tribune: Putnam county
bas the champion moonshiner. He is a boy
ten years old. He used tar kegs for bees
tubs, an old cofeespot for a still, and an
elder-stalk for a worm. A good average fox
this miniature moonshine establishment was
four gallons per week.
Dallas (Texas) Herald: Capt. Hall
has a force of five hundred men at work,
has completed nearly fourteen miles of
grade, and this week has opened up the
fifteenth, sixteenth, seventeenth and eih
teenth miles on the Weatherford extension
of the Texas and Pacific.
The Mississippi papers state that a
fatal disease has broken out in the counties
bordering the Alabama line, which is pro
nounoed by the physicians as " black meas.
les," and by the negroes as the "black
plague" It is re pr nted to be very con.
tagious and usuly fatal, not a single case
having thus far recovered.
Key West Vidette: Reports brought
by the sponging fleet inform us that in the
bay to that sheet of water extending from
the Tortugas to cape Florida they found
millions of the largest sponges floatrg upon
the water, all perfectly putrildkilled, as
tbey believe, by the poisoned water that not
long sinee destroyed myriads of fish.
Sootteboro (Ala.) Citisen: We had an
interview with Mr. Daniel Martin, of the
Belle onte vicinity, last Tuesday. Mr. Mar.
,in informed as that he is now in his 79th
tear, and married his present wife, who is
not yet seventeen, about four years ago.
She was only twelve years and fifty dsys old
when he married her an. he was sevety-five.
Arkansas Democnt: Enough food is
thrown away every year on worthless dogs
in Arkansas to support five times the num'
ber of suffering poor in the state for the
same period. And vet a gretaany people
-duobtless a najorty-are oplpesd to aay
infringement of the sacred sad inalienable
rights of the dog. We are a queer people.
Albany (GanAdvertiser: If the Geor
gia legislature will restore the code of honor
by removing all penalty fro n dueling, and
substitute for the present law an aet makina
the pracoe of carrying eoneealed weapons
punishable by deatb, bloodshed will de
o.rease, and such shocking tragedies a the
one enacted In the state eapitol, last week,
will soon become iEke apgl lsits
Celrr~hu l Q Times: This la a
re the south heed no
odrdthe rth in all berasbes of leans.
try. Why, we don't naed eves theiri* any
oo coo e our snmmer drianks, for the
mauIngo e as mICn aretle ef thE~ ndta
Dmbh-ls um ma moatrnis:t I _s.
bab('Daw~al sitls) OmrtlL- :
The citizens of Natchez and Concor
dia parish, La., have held a meeting to
call the attention of congress to the condi'
tion of the Mississippi between the banks of
Concordia parish and Adams county, and
the danger of its breaking into Lake Con
cordia and changing its course. This would
seriously damage a number of Louisiana
planters, and at the same time cut off
Natchez from the river just as Vicksburg
has been out off.
The New Orleans and Texas railroad
is now completed to a point about four
miles beyond Berwick. The road is well
graded, and about two miles of the distance
is surfaced. t he work is being pushed ac.
tively forward and about a third of a mile of
track is daily put in running order, the dis.
tance varying from 1800 to 2100 feet every
twelve hours. It is estimated that by this
route, when comoleted, the run between
New Orleans and Houston will be made in
New Orleans Times : The reports from
the parishes continue to speak in large terms
of the exodus of the negroes now in pro.
gress. It is said the enthusiastic welcome
tendered the citizens of Natchitoches on
their return after the trial in this city, has
caused a consternation in the minds of the
colored people, and that, in spite of the ru
mored ill-treatment received by the emi
grants in St. Louis they are moving out of
Morehouse, Madison, Ouachita and Natchi
toches parishes in vast crowds. The negroes,
also, are selling everything they have at the
best rates they can get. These rates are of
course very low.
Thomasville (Ga.) Times: Uncle Jack
had been out among his sheep a little during
Saturday afternoon, and he made to us the
following statement: In one "bunch" of
about forty-five or fifty head, he saw three
lambs; in another lot of about one hundred
and twenty-five, he found only one lamb.
Cause known to be hoes and dogs. During
the same visit we learned that the sheep in
the Colquitt range are dying at a tearful
rate with a species of distemper. Mr. Wil
liam Hurst told us on Saturday that, on
good authority, he had it that one stock
owner in the range mentioned has already
lost 600 out of 12t0 head by distemper.
We learn that over 80 000 tons of
guano have been regularly inspected and
sold in Georgia during the present season.
This amount is absolutely enormous. The
cash value of it is not much less than three
million five hundred thousand dollars. lhis
is a total that will make the farmers shud
der. It is estimated that fully two-thirds of
the amount might have been kept within the
limits of the state if its natural resources
had been developed, and that one-half of the
total amount miuht have been saved to the
farmers themselves if they had only utilized
the natural resources of their farms. The
inspection fees for this vast quantity of fer
tilizers amount to over $40,000-the fee being
fifty cents for a ton. This will prove a very
handsome reves ue for the state, and will
much more than support the Agricultural
bureau, under whose auspices it is made.
In the senate, on the 81st, numerous
bills were introduced and referred, among
them the following : By Mr. Grover : Extend
ing the time for the construction of the
Northern Pacific railroad. By Mr. Johnston:
To authorise a national board of health to
investigate and report on infectious and
contagious.diseases of animals. BI .Ir. Pen
dleton: For the relief of Col. Thomas
Worthington, of Ohio, for army supplies
furnisbed in 1861. Also a joint resolution
relative to requirine a court ot inquiry into
the case of Col. Worthington, of the forty.
sixth Ohio regiment volunteers. Adjourned.
In the senate, on the let, a bill appro
priating $200,000 for disinfecting yellow
fever vessels was passed......Mr. Cockrell
introduced a bill for the erection of public
buildings at Jefferson City.....J4he senate
went into executive session pending a mos
tion by Mr. Edmunds to take up the resolu
tion heretofore introduced by him declaring
that the business and other interests of the
country required that legislation should be
confined to the objects for which the extra
session was called. When the doors were
reopened the senate adjourned.
In the senate, on the 2d, various bills
were introduced, among them one by Sea a
tor Harris, providing for a treaty with Mex
ico......Senator Sanlsbury made a report
against the admission of Bell as senator
from New hampshire, on the appointment
of the governor. It will cowe up for con
sideration......Senator Hoar presented tne
views of the minority of the committee in
favor of admitting Bell, signed by himself,
Cameron [Wis.] and Ingslls......The senate
went into executive session. When the
doors reopened it adjourned.
In the senate, on the 3d, Senator
Voorhees introduced a bill authorizing the
president to appoint James Shields, of Mis
souri, a brigadierageneral in the army, on
the retired list......The report of the comar
mittee on privileges and elections, on the
credentals of Charles H. Bell, appointed by
the governor senator from New Hampshire,
were taken up at the opening of the senate.
Senator Hoar argued in favor of admitting
Mr. Bell, saying that there was an unbroken
line of precedents for so doing......After an
executive session, the senate adjourned till
In the house, on the 29th, the session
was given up to discussion of the army ap
In the house, on the lst, Mr. Atklns
(Tenn.) reported the legislative appropria
tion bill. It appropriates between fifteen
and sixteen million dollars. The bill con
tains provisions repealing sections 801, 820
and 821, revised statutes, providing that all
jurors, grand and petit, shall be publicly
drawn from a box containing the names of
not less than three hundred persons posses
sing the necessary qualifications. It also
repeals sections 2016, 2018 and 2020 and all
of the succeeding sectionl down to and in
eluding 2027, and also section 5522. It also
strikes out of section 2019 the words, "for
the purpose of engaging in the work of
canvassinr allots," and strikes out of sec
tion 2028 the words, "' or a deputy marshal,"
and the words, "city, town, county or par
ish." It also repeals section 2031, except
such part of it as relates to the pay of super
viLors of elections. It repeals all other sec
tions and laws, authorizing appointment of
chief supervisers of election and special or
deputy marshals of elections. The house
went into committee of the whole on the
In the house, on the 2d, on motion of
Mr. Dunnell (Minn ), all general debate on
the army appropriation bill was ordered
closed at three o'clock Friday, leav
ing five minutes' debate still open .....The
house then went into committee of the
whole, and after a lengthy debate the com
mittee rose and the house adjourned.
In the house, on the 8d, the debate on
the appropriation bill was continued, and
the evening session was given up to the
St. Paul (Minn.) Pioneer Proes.
George Tarr, an Illinois detective, was
staying at a St. Paul hotel over night,
having just arrested two desperate mur
derers. Tarr dreamed that one of his
prisoners had escaped and that he was
chas-g the tugitive, and awoke to find
thsb had jumped through the window
of hi room, taking the sash with him,
and had fallen upon a projecting roof
several feet below. Bealiing his strange
position and dress, he impulsively con*
lauded to climb up the side of the house
to hisa room. Gripping the corner with
one hand, lawling the outside boards with
the fngeks of the other, and making a
ifre use of his toe-nails, he actually s.,c
seeded aIn climbL g up the walls like a
eI d eat, and eutered his room
s yt of the ·people
c his baudsa nd feet, however, leaving
treessof blood on thedde of the build
iRa id ab tisrte , whihb. establish
he really iade the won.
A NEiSI4ON FltH TsTHE NmISTaCr ..
BY IRWIN ,UICSELL.
I nebber breaks a colt alo-e he's old cuough to
I nebber digs my taters tell dey plenty big to
An' when you sees me ;lsln' up to stroutiiy in
l's lust elumb up de knowledge-tree and done some
I sees some sistahs pluzlnt, mighty proud o' what
it s well you isn't arple', now, you bItter he de
For when you'd heerd yo' unarkit-pri.e, 't'd hurt
yo' litt'e feletn a
You wouldn't I tch a dime a peck for at yo' lancy
pe lin a.
O sistaha-leetle apples (for you're r'al'ly mighty
I lubs de ol -time russets, do'igh it's Eeldom I kin
strike 'eur ;
An' so I tlubs you, sistahs, for yo' grace, an' not yo'
I don't keer how my apple looks, but on'y how it
Is dey a dabbaf-scholar heah? Den let him form
How Jacob-in-de-bible's boys played oil upon dey
Dey eol' him to a trader-an' at last he struck de
Dat comtl of Joseph's struttin' in dat streaked
coat o tils'n.
My Christian frien's, dis dtry proohes dat eben
men is humal-
Hlied hld a di zmn fancy colts, ef he'd 'a 'been a
De cuse!dness oh showin' oft, he loun' out all about
An' yit he woo a Christian man, as good as ever
It lamed him ! A' I bet you when he come to git
Dey oldn t go for stylish coats or Philadelphy
He dion't was'e his money when experunce taught
But went aroun' a-looknl' lice lie's waitin' for a
Now, sistahs, won't you copy him ? Say, won't
you take a lIsson,
An' mind dis sollum wahnln' 'bout de sin ob fancy
How much yo' epen' upon you o'f ? I wish you
Yo' preacher ain't teen paid a cent since somewhar
I better close. I sees tome gals dis sahmon's kinder
A-whisperin'. an' 'sturbin' all dat's near whar
to look at dem, an' listen at dey onrespec'ful jab
It turns de milk ob human kineness mighty nigh
to cla, ber !
PHILOSOPHY OF " SPIRITISiM "
The Medium a MIId-Reader. According
to the Sprlngfleld Kepublican.
Acceptance of a term does not neces
sarily imply belief in a theory. That
there are and always have been certain
phenomena not explainable on physical
grounds alone few thinking persons will
deny. That they are attributable to
the influence of departed spirits is a
doctrine to which the rational student
of mental philosophy is less liable to
give credence. Eminent physicians may
contend that Miss Fancher, the Brooklyn
"ecstatic," does not possess clarivoyant
powers. She may and she may not. A
condition which is not impossible to a
person in strong health should hardly be
denied to one in whom, in consequence
of long illness, mind must predo..inate
over matter. A knowledge of anatomy
and drugs does not establish a man's
claim to precedence in deciding matters
of this kind. One may have a perfect
acquaintance with the physical structure
of the brain, but he is no better qualified
than any other reasoning observer to ex
plain mental actions. I am free to ad
mit that most mental effects are affected
by physical causes, but sometimes we
find them going beyond. That there is
such a ,thing aý clarivoyance, or mind
reading as some may term it, I affirm
That true spiritualsm exists, I am bound
to deny, since every personal attempt to
fathom the so-called mystery hss results
ed in nothing more than barefsaced
fraud. One incident of many in a long
period of investigation will serve to il
lustrate my points.
In preface, let me say, what most
know, that the majority of professional
mediums claim to be controlled by
Indian spirits, and for the purpose of
conveying their information in a more im
pressive manner, employ a species o!
jargon which is only a more corrupt use
of language than a person of ordinary in
telligence wou!d adopt in everyday life.
As an assistance in creating impressions,
the reception room is generally darkened
-:n fact they strive to produce effects
as uncanny as possible, thus preparing
the credulous for unquestioning assent
to "something very strange at least."
Some time ago, in company with a
friend, I visited a famous c!airvoyant in
one of our largest cities. She lives in
elegance, talks fluently, and with her
whole family claims to believe in spirit
ualism. This was our third visit, and
we were in different disguise every time,
going but once together. With aston
ishing accuracy she read my entire life
in brief, told me the mental and physical
condition of absent friends, even what
some were doing at that very hour, never
once failing in the past or present, but
she was hopelessly wrecked when she
touched upon the future. The main
facts she repeated after the first visit,
giving just enough to prove that she had
worked methodically if indeed respon.
sible, then dismissing the old wi.h the
remark that she had told me all that
before. She gave names of friends living
and dead, with personal descriptions,
and further, described accurately some
whom I had never known, and the cor
rectness of those pictures I afterward
proved by applying to those who had
known them. The leading item on
which I proposed to test her she gave me
perfectly at the outset and good na
turedly referred to my skepticisn.
Through it all she was but twice thrown
off her guard, forgetting then her dialect
and answering me with very human irri
tation rather than spiritual suleriority
During my friend's interview with
her-I waiting meanwhile-a refined,
intellectual and dehcate woman was
shown into the back parlor. The medium,
not having gone under control, came out
to say to her husband that she would
like him to attend the new comer. A
conversation followed, to which I confess
I listened. I was there for information
and felt entitled to all I might obtain in
a public way. It proved that this lady,
a skeptic, having attended one of the
many seances at this house, had become
convinced of the truth of the theory, and
had for a week been seeing and convers
ing with the spirits, and was now willing
to be developed. The husband, a burly
man weighing about 200, took her in
charge, and from my corner I discovered
that she was "completely entranced,"
nd was about t~write a communication
from the spirit world, the man at 11 con
trolling by suggestions and manipulasn
tions. At this point I deliberately
walked forward and took my seat so that
I could watch the entire proceeding
Buch action was tar from pleasing to the
man and to his mother, who also was
there. I asked him if she was in a trance.
"Peretly so-entirely unconscious."
At tLhat moment she opened her eyes,
and then -began a violent twitching of
iher arms, which he could L.ot stop, al
though he foir soame time attempted'to
"throw off the influence" At length,
seeing these movements were eqhauating
her, Iasaked ,ermission to try quieting
her myself. In lve minuta she was
herself again. As a result of this incident
a conversation began, in which the lady
gave me her peculiar experiences, and
asked myopinion, which I unhesitatingly
gave-that the whole thing was a hum
bug as regards spiritualism, but that I
had reason to believe that such a power
as mind-reading exists. Of course this I
brought the guns of both mother and son
to bear upon me, not so much on account
of my own skepticism, as because I
seemed likely to snatch from them a
wealthy and more than half-converted
patron, who wanted only a few sharp,
sensible words to carry her back into un
belief and reason. Incidentally the man
said, pointing to me:
"There is a person whom I could
never influence-the nature is too posi
Apparently piqued, the lady said:
"You could not have c ntrolled me had
I not been willing."
"I think I could. I think my will is
stronger than yours. Before I had ex,
erted it upon you five minutes you were
"Then, sir," I remarked, "you exer
cised will power ?"
" That is not spiritualism, it is mes
merism, animal magnetism."
Thoroughly vexed with himself and
annoyed with me, he snarled out: "I
claim that to a certain degree they are
"And I claim that' spiritualism' and
mesmerism are by no means iden ical.
The one supposes a human agency, the
other a super-human."
" Prof. Carpenter employs virtually
the same means thatI take. He addres
ses his hearers, interests and quiets them,
and then begins to operate upon his
"I agree with you, and precisely to
the same end. But Prof. Carpenter
honestly calls himself a mesmerist-you
claim to be controlled by spirit influ
' Has my wife not told you many
truths to-day ?"
" She has. Your wife is an excellent
"Did she not go beyond mind
reading? Has she not'told you, as well
as others, facts which only the spirits
No, she has told me many things I do
not know, but I have not verified them
yet. They are in the future."
"You then absolutely deny that my
wife has made or can make a spiritual
communication to you ?"
"I do-to me or anybody else. I do
not believe that the dead friends of
myself or any other person are coming
to talk to me through your wife at one
dollar a visit. I hold that if they had
anything to say to me they would come
to ne directly."
" If one sends a telegram he sends
by a hired operator, does Le not ?
he cannot attend to the work himself."
" The cases are not parellel. We start
ed from a spiritual stand-point, and you
have wandered into the physical proper
ties of matter. But right here let me
ask you a question. It your wife wishes
to tell me through the spirits, or through
her, something about an absent friend,
why does she wish to cold in her hand a
lock of that person's hair or a letter
written by him? Do spirits need a
tangible connection with our world ?"
" We must work by established meth
ods. You admit that the lock of hair
and the letter assist the communication?"
"I admit that your wife's talk is more
rapid under those conditions, but I have
my own theory on the subject. I deny
in tote the published theory of spiritists."
" How will you explain my wife's
telling the things you acknowledge to be
'1 I cali it mind-reading."
"' What, when it touches the thoughts
and actions of your absent friends?"
"I came from a state of infidelity into
a full and perfect faith in Spiritualism. If
I lose that faith I shall go back to infidel
ity. Why should we profess this if we
do not believe it ?"
"The business pays."
"You call it mind reading-how do
you explain the process?"
"I do not pretend to explain the most
ordinary workings of the human mind,
nor can anybody else. How, then, can
you expect me to demonstrate to you
the action of mind in an abnormal con
"How do you satisfy yourself, then.
that it is not Spiritualism ? D3 you
deny there;is such a thing as true clair
"I do not deny that, but I claim that
clairvoya ce is not spiritualism. I hold
that your wife, or anbody else success
ful in the business, as well as many in
private life, has, beyond the majerity,
the faculty of rendering her mind
utterly negative, so to speak. The esseen
tial thing, at the start, is a quiet. passive
condition on both sides. especially on the
part of the medium. The darkness and
the silence contribute to this result, as
the attention is not drawn off by outside
objects. The mind of the medium being
thus obedient, for I claim she can pro
duce this e&ect upon herself hy a mere
effort of will, or rather a non-exertion of
will, she is, for the tiie being, mentally
subordinate and her mind is virtually
the servant of the other. How this is
done I do not pretend to say. I further
believe that, using her sitter as a means
of communication as well as guide, she
can put herself in partial connection
with absent minds. That this has about
it something material as well, is illus
trated by the fact that she wants some
thing which the absent one has handled.
She may or may not be unconscious all
this time-there are differences. You
claimed this lady was unconscious during
the entire time she was under your in.
fluence. She said she was not uncon
scious for an instant, but was powerless
to speak. Everybody knows that we are
affected in different ways by the society
of different people. This is only another
leaf out of the same book which we are
discussing, but nobody sees anything
supernatural in it. It is my belief that,
as this mind-absorbing power is much
more common than we once believed,
and is largely a matter of temperament
and setsibility, existing to as great a
degree among those who do not practice
it for gain, and who utterly repudiate
all thec ry of spiritualism in connection
with it as among acknowledged spiritual
ists, sooner or later we rhall come to such
an understanding of these mental phe.
nomena as will make it posbible to know
the general principles which govern such
action, if not to comprehend it in its
fullest extent. And it seems to me that
the wisest way to combat the effects of
an ignorant belief in spirits-effects
pernicious to the holders of such belief
and alarmingly hurtful to general
society-would be to experiment with a
few thorough skeptics who pomess this
gift, for there are many Smch. Many
slhrink from this, lest like others as wise
and sensible, they should be led into
adopti.n of the folly. Bult ift spitual
ism is merely pcularWntld ateion
lnvestigtion will only lead to good
"How do you account for materialized
"I have never seen any, and have
never known any one who has. I claim
that the faces which some honest ones
purport to see are brought before them
solely by the power of imagination, and
that such hallucination is nothing more
strange than any other vagary during a
diseased condition of the brain. Stimu
lants bring strange visions in their wake;
why may not an imagination, highly
wrought upon, see ghosts and flowers,
after having gone through a course of
training to that very end? In both in
stances, the mind is in an unnatural,
unhealthy state. This is my theory, sir."
" We can not convert each other, I I
Here our talk ended. I take pleasure
in adding that the lady mentioned came
over to my side of the argument and
warmly thanked me for my efforts in her
behalf and my auccess in leading her
back to agreeable skepticism.
As I believed then, I believe now,
basing that opinion upon long observa
tion and study of what I hold to be a
very pleasant and agreeable subject,
when detached from the gross trickery
of professionals who make capital out of
a widespread credulity. With regard to
MIss Fancher's ability to live without
eating, I have nothing to say. It is
easily tested. Concerning the keenness
of her mental perceptions and the sub
tlety of her grasp upon objects invisible
to arnd remote from her, I hold that she
simply possesses to a remarkable degree
the same power which belongs, to a less
extent, to five out of every ten whom we
meet daily, but who are too absorbed in
the busy whirl of life to Tay much heed
to impressions and premonitions.
A Dramatic Court-Room cenue.
In the trial of Bishop Burton, at Salt
Lake, Utah, on the 24th, for the Mor
risite massacre, Philip Hewit, the eye
witne s of the affair, testified as follows:
"I was in the Morrisite camp on the 13th,
14th, and 15th of June, 1862. The sur
render was made on the 15th. I knew
Burton at that time and had known him
before. I worked for him at the court
house. I knew Mrs. Bowman and Mrs.
Swaney. The Morrisites were gathered
together in front ot the school-house.
He raised his head and shouted: ' Joseph
Morris, where are you?' Morris step.
ped lorward and asked: ' Gentlemen,
what do you want?' Then Burton
said : 'Will you give up, give up, give
up?'-at the same time firing three
shots at him. Morris replied: 'I will
never give up my principles; they are
eternal truth,' and that is what he
meant when he said he would not give up.
Burton could have taken Morris with
out firing a shot if he had pleased. The
arms of the Morrisites were stacked be
hind the school-house, and a body of
Burton's troops were guarding them.
After he had shot Morris three times,
Burton cried out, 'Where is your pro
phet now?' Just then Mrs. Swaney
came rom the crowd, saying, 'Is this
going to be another Mountain Meadows
massacre?' Burton shot her also. MrI.
Bowman ran up and cried, 'You blood
thirsty wretch!' Burton said that no
one could call him that, and then shot
her too. I went a little distance away
and saw John I anks lying on the ground
wounded. He knew me and waved his
hand to me. I knew that it was Burton
who shot Morris and the two women, for
I was acquainted with him. I don't
know whether I could recognize him now
or not, for it has been seventeen years
since the event."
The prosecution asked the witness to
look about the court room and pick out
the man. The witness left the stand
and peered into the faces of the defend
ant's counsel, one after another, until he
came to Burton, when he said: "If that
man will stand u I can tell whether he
is Burton or not. By direction of the
prosecution the defendant arose, tall and
erect, whereupon witness recognized Bur
ton, and in an excited voice pronounced
him the man whom he saw shoot Joseph
Morris and the two women, Mrs. Bow
man and Mrs. Swaney.
Wonderful Things in Leather.
The McKay Sewing Machine company,
which is now having a fight in congress,
sewed 4i,000,000 pairs of shoes last year,
and theie were pegeed upon the pegging
machines 55,000,u00 pairs last year.
And those machines have entirely revo
lutionized the business There are 450,
000 bushels of loose pegs made in New
England, and those pegs sell from sixty
five to seventy-five cents per bushel;
yet a patented peg-wood (a strip or rib'
bon of wood cut against the grain, and
ot a width just equal to the ler.th of a
peg) has so superseded the loose pegs
that last year there were 55,000,000 pairs
of boots and shoes pegged with it. The
whole expense of this peg-wood averages
about one-fourth of a cent per pair.
Nearly one thousand of these pegs are
driven into the shoe in a minute, and
there are about four to six pegs to an
inch, or about twenty two inches of peg.
ging to a shoe. Over two hundred
varieties of shoe machines are now in
the market. The man who invented this
peg-wood had to borrow money to enable
him to perfect his device and pay the
fees of the solicitor and patent office,
besides having borrowed $60,000 to in
troduce it into the market. It cost the
parties who invested and introduced
into the shoe shops the "cable screw
wire machine," $300,000. Six hundred
pairs of pegged shoes can now be made
in a day by a garg of ten men. Where
before shoe shops existed throughout
New England, now shops have become
large, labor is classified, and receives ,a
larger compensation (strikes to the con
trary notwithstanding); wages have ad
vanced 50 to 100 per cent. to the laborer,
and the shoe in quality is 25 per cent.
better than twenty-five years ago.
The Niagara Falls Ice-Bridge.
The great ice-bridge at Niagara has
almost disappeared. A correspondent of
the Buffalo Courier says. "It is strange,
but a fact, that most of the bridge was
snow, and nothing but the severe cold
weather that we have had kept it to
eether so long. It is estimated that about
eighteen thousand people have crossed
this bridge. Mr. Convoy, the well-known
guide, was the first to cross the ice
bridge on December 30th. The last to
cross was a boy, accompanied by a dog,
Wednesday afternoon, the 12th ultimo.
Although there have been a great many
dangerous places about the falls during
the winter, and so many thousands of
people have gazed upon the grand sights
and superb scenery, it is pleasant to
know that not a single accident has oc
curred. It will not be surprising it we
haveanother ice-bridge this spring, when
the ice comes down from the lakes. May
8, 1877, an ice.bridge formed just below
the American falls. while gaes was being
cut 'u Prospect Patk. People crossed
the bridge at that time for two or three
days. It broke and went down the river
on the 14th."
FAC N A'i] I t' Ir ,
Mary had a little chll
Which gave her i :pS of pain:
And when s.o tried to, !'.ake tb. jchill,
It shook her back again.
It followed her t:' ahool one dlay,
Which was aean" the rule
It made the chulirn ;a">,h to aee
Poor Mary hak- in e: '-,"
And so fize. tea r h ir !,. l:n ,.
And Ili 'i.n ' t, ' ' ,, ,. i l,.
To reconstruct her sstenm antl]
Ifo iuJidate the blie.
What tmakt a lo :r '"arv hove t'hi'chillls;
And shake lo af i. 1at ?
Why don't e'i t'oke p r .-a r' pIl!.
(!r wear a liver-lad
BAR pELIEF-I)rinking in a sampleh
room to drown sorro'w.
TiE late Prince Henry, of Holland,
left an estate of at laot 4,41,0C0,000.
THE largest steel roil mill in the
United State- is to be erected at Bald
win, near Harrisburg, Pa.
A cr.OCi keeps it° hands before its face
probably, because it is aihamed of the
cowardly mann.r in which time flies.
Iv the socialists Peep on shooting at
the monarchs ,f iEirrope, t mi,,ht pay
for some American to to over and copper
Aru.! the patents on India-rubber shoes
have expired, and that's why most any
sort of a man can get trusted for a pair
CRITICS are pentinels in the grand
army of letters, stationed at the corners
of newspapers and reviews, to challenge
every new author.
EvE, it will be remembered, had no
Ssprinir bonnet, yet she married the first
gentleman in the land. She had a tall suit,
however, of the fig-leaf pattern when
she left Eden.
";'BRILLIANT and impulsive people,"
saida lecturer on physiognomy, "have
black eyes; or, if they don't have 'em,
they're apt to get 'em if they are too
brilliant and too impuldive."
TALMAGE may be guilty of heresv, bnr
glary, arson and murder, but the one
great fact that no one can go to sleep
under his preaching should weigh tone
in his favor.
IT will please many of his admirers to
know that Dan Rice will have fiveofhis
shows around the country this season,
and they will all be " original "and each
will have the "only" Dan Rice with it.
THE largest diamond in the world
weighing 400 karat---has lust been found
in India. It will be at least four weeks
before hack-drivers can get anything on
their shirt fronts to beat the rew find.
TrE last rays of the setting sun were
shining on the gilded frame of a mirror
before which a young fop had been
standing for hours, trying to arrange a
refractory tie, when he exclaimed, "Aha!
at last it's eventide."
THE world's fair, at Sydney, Australia,
to be opened on the 1st of next August,
will be chiefly contributed to by the
mother country and the United States.
Two ship loads of American machinery
and products are to be exhibited.
" KEEP 'way from dat nigger, I tell
you," said Uucle Rube to his sable daugh
ter; "keep 'way from him. He's like
what de 'Postil John lived on in de
wild'ness." "How's dat ?" she asked.
" Low cuss and wild, honey," replied
SENATOR BURTOS, a colored member
of the Texas legislature, sends money to
Virginia to assist his old mistress who
raised him and taught him how to read,
and who is now living in straitened edr.
QUE.TION AND ANSWER.
A.-What is the good and what is the bad?
Where is the perfectly true?
What is the end yenou live for my lad ?
And what, may I ask, are you ?
Unproven, I fe r. is y ,ur heaven above,
Lilf is but labor and sor ow:
Then why should we hope, and why should we
And why should we care tot the morrow?
B.-There may be a tight worth fighting,myfriled,
Though victory there be none:
And though no haven be outwa at the end,
Still we may steer straieht on.
And thougn nothing be good and nothing be
And nothing be true to the letter,
Yet a good many things are worse, my lad,
And one or two things are better.
REMARKABLE are the stories coming
from Newfoundland as to the wealth of
copper ore. According to these ac
counts vast masse° of copper have been
discovered near the sea, rising above the
surface in lotty cliffs, easily quarried,
and easily shipped, and of superior lich
EvERY now and then some chap writes
to a newspaper for a recipe to prevent
hair from coming out. It men would
go home from the lodge before midnight
with their legs sober, their hair wouldn't
come out so rapidly. We always go
home early, and we have more hair now
than the day we. were born.-[Norris
Taa police in Alsace and' Lorraine
have seized great quantittes of cigarette
paper in the shape of a tricolor and in
scribed with the arms of Strasbourg,
Metz, etc : :.loo many labels for bottles
marked "Ltberati'on Liquor" and "Ex
tract of France, to be taken at the
psychological moment," and some minia
ture maps with the severed territory in
THE late Prince Henry of the Neth
erlands was one of the wealthiest prin
ces in Europe. His property has been
usualy estimated in Holland at $41,500,
000. The greater part of it consists in
state funds; there are also shares in com
mercial companies, landed estates and
castles, and similar property, some
of it in the Netherlands, the remainder
in Germany and the Dutch colonies.
THERE is some excitement iP ConneC
ticut over the elopement of Gov. Hub
bard's daughter with her father's coach
man.;who seems to be quite a decent
young fellow. He knows how to drive
horses, and that is more than many
young men know. On the whole, the
young woman's chances for happiness
are better than if she had married a
youth of fashion and fortune.-[Chicago
OTro McNANNY is a St. Louis manotf
middle age and sedate manners. Mary
Engelbrecht is young, with a shapely
figure and a pretty face, and she dresses
with artistic neatness. Otto saw Mary
in the street for the first time, and was
overcome with admiration. He threw
one arm around her waist, drew her to
him. exclaimed, " O, girly, grly," and
kissed her three times before ehe ould
break away. He subsequently paid
fifteen dollars fine in a polite c.nrt.
"-YouR daughter has treated me very
curt--" And the youn.* man was lited
up by the parental Iloot (Irto the door of
his girl's house to the mnidleot the horse
car track. He arose ..u ipck r s he could
and mildly expisiti" i that he hadn't
finished tho word. 'vhiih w,.s " cour
teously;" and Aiph' .'. was taken un
der the inhosptts:I' rtoot in.i'c mtre, had
his pantaletorns ne dai was done iP in
salwe, and wst liei _t ý`.? rw his ma
in a l-ick. Thug is itru greatne"° re
warded and impetuosity rebuked.
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