Newspaper Page Text
The ooethe Anniversary.
E Goethe were living he would now
s10 years 9old, which fact German
Sthors and book printers havh Just
:iolversarlzed. An interesting detail
. that Goethe's life was one of anin.
*irrupted prosperity, and that in 1826
ptt of Stuttgart paid $60,000 for his
- copyrights. That would not be a large
, nowadays for men much less im
;irtant than Goethe to receive; neither
it a small sum to pay for copyrights
epon books some of which have been
wk print over fifty vears.
The Barber Talked.
'Smithy (coming out of the barb.,
b.op)-"That shave made me think I
,pd made a mistake and got into a
guentist's chair." 3oneay-"Why? Did
Sbhurt so?" Smithxy-"No; but I had
to take gas, you know."-Philadelphis
O' yOr landlady likes to have thetrt.
a 1people come to stay with us."
'Whyr"' 'She suys the rest of us stare
at them so hard that we forget to eat."
)etroit Free Press.
j SLOT GAS METERS.
roe Peany Machines Have Proved a
success In England.
. The penny-in-the-slot gas meter in
troduced from Liverpool by the South
Metropolitan Gas company three or
fogr years ago has been an astonishing
success, at any rate, so far as the at
tasament of a wide popularity may be
considered to constitute success,
though it is understood that the Gas
kjght and Coke company does not And
it pay. On the other side of the water
it pays very well, and they have nearly
-0,000 customers and are adding to
them at the rate of 300 or 400 a week.
These are all penny customers, and
they bring into the company's ex
ehequer somewhere about £200,000 a
year, so that this development has
dene much to neutralize any injury
the electric light may have inflicted.
Do satisfied is the company with the
s.rplt of its new departure that it is
now getting out "shilling in the slot"
and "half-crown in the slot" meters
for customers a cut or two above the
penny people. One great advantage
the company has in this system is, of
course, that there is no trouble and no
difficulty in getting in money. "No
Spenny, no gas," is the principle, and it
will be the same with the shillings and
af-crowns, though ths'e at present
are only in the experimental stage.-
England's Armored Trains.
The magniflcent armored trains used by
&g iand in her war with the Boers will trans- '
pufrt her troops, protect bridges anl tele
'.aphio communications in about the same
:vy that Hostetter's Stomach Bitters drives
ys:pepsia from the human stomach and then
ts quard that it does not return. The
has won in every case of indigestion,
ess, liver and kidney trouble for the
tl.y years. It is invaluable at al times.
:Floweoy speakers do not always get the
Wnslow's Sootbing $.rup for childrea
asotensthe uremreducing inlamma
. apain,cureswind coliC. eO a botcd
& polioeman doesn't seem to be so impor
after all when you get to know him.
ws' rrn low', debilItated or exhausted en-ed
- ee'sr K n 1pvlxorsiun Tonic.Pazr Si trial
a'ree isn't enough meat on some argue
i- to make an intellectual bite.
si_ years' sufIering I was cured b'
'uara.--MARY THourso. 39 1-4 Ohio
Allesheur. Pa.. March 19. 189
woman acan look intelligent and talk to
toftball player may come early. bus
avoid the rush.
i.aaslmle as washing when you
S "Deuuis Soled dby all
i l ms agsr remanloves to talk
Wits natural for a full man to appear
OJ Oo,,!ýr:.b 'oao. OuiuT
aTor a 4 ttoa ttd 46
ofý ,J. CsHaº nz
QY g 01 '. D?1JIUI 'QS CýeLI1I
4sob e -r - m er in my
t i ns n bl f'rra *º fi nd into the
m $, kitchen.
"A ""Bat e rthsf~ ~.o"s
ý: ^- 41 Me proo bi
: .a ;bpi Hd'sauh
'_ St~arbi Mmm' D
i;uwbm. #a~nr I*Io
:- -------------------- d r
CURIOUS EXAMPLES ON FILE IN THE
hohe Sirst Wagon Evet Ptopelled Sue
Cessftlly bf the Use of Machinery Dates
]From the 16th Century-The Steam
Man and the Electric White Horse.
"We will be able to construct ma
chines which will propel ships with
greater speed than a whole garrison of
rowers, and which will need only one
pilot to guide them; we will be able to
propel carriages with incredible speed
without the assistance of any animal,
and we will be able to make machines
which by means of wings will enable
as to fly in the air like birds."
These were the words of that far
seeing philosopher of the fourteenth
century, Roger Bacon. An autobain
ist who visits the patent office in Wash
ington will frilly believe that this
prophecy, which in Bacon's time was
considered the imaginationb of a flighty
mind, and which has since been fully
realized in the case of the steamship,
is about to be fulfilled in the locomo
tion of the road vehicles.
To make researches in the patent
office for the purpose of eramining the
various patents relating to the horse
less carriage, an autobainist must have
unlimited time, as there are many
hundreds of patented parts that won!d
take a lifetime to examine thoroughly,
so it is onlyin this our ability at pres
ent to deal with the question in a his
torical and a general manner.
Among the numerous drawings of
borseless, vehicles was a cut of the
first wagon ever propelled successfully
by the use of machinery. It was con
structed in the sixteenth century by
,Johann Haustach of Nuremiburg, who
was described as a "manufacturer of
chariots going by spring, and making
two thousand paces an hour." The
vehicle itself was large and clumsy,
being elaborately adorned with gilt
and rough carving. It resembled a
heavy circus cart of the present day.
The motive power was derived from
the potential energy of a coiled spring.
As the wa on was without any steer
ing apparatus, it could only be run on
a straightaway course, and as many
accidents resulted from this deficiency,
the civil authorities forbid the run
ning of the wagon on the public roads.
Another means of horseless locomo
tion which I found in this atlice, and
which came into use about the same
time as the spring-propelled carriage,
was the wind-propelled vehicles of the
Dutch. These carriages, or I should
say wagons, for they closely resem
' bled the heavy roal wagons of the
American farmer, were propelled by
means of two square sails. The sails
proved a success on level lands and in
going before the wind, but there was
trouble when the wind was against
them, and the only way out of the diffi
culty was to resort to the horse again.
The first" steam-propellel vehicle
was experimented with by a Jesuit
missionary among the Chinese, one
Father Verbrest. The time given for
this experiment was in the thirteenth
century. The vehicle was propelled
by a jet of steam, for it appears that
Father Verbrest set up a jetand vaned
wheel in a vehicle of light construc
tion. The jet wheel was affixed to a
vertical shaft gearing attached to one
of the axles.
Thus one is able to trace the growth
of the horseless vehicle from the
period in which the power of steam
was discovered to the present day of
electric and gasoline motors.. Upon
investigation I found that the first
patent was granted to a Mr. B. Lang
~don of New York; on Feb, 22, 1817.
The motive power was supplied by the
means of steam, and I afterward
learned that the whole affair proved a
About the earliest patent granted
for a eomplete carriage propelled by
a gasoline motor was granted to J.
gf .Jn of Chicago. -He applied for his
patent as early As 1879, but let it lay
in the patent office until 1894.
The first record of a complete elec
trio motor carriage that I could find
was a patent'granted to M.W. Deway
of New York, on Dec. 1, 1891. Ac
cording to Mr. Mitchell, the chief
.lerk of the bureauhaving the records
'f the horseless vehicle patents, there
.are at the outside not more than 250
complete patents for horseless- ear
riages. The employes having exper
ience'in the patent ofae say thakthe
minds of the inventors all run in the
same channel,aecording to-the oraze or
the fad of the day, and that now the in
.ventors all over the woeld are daily
sending to them for information con-'
cerning every means of locomotion
without the mesas of the horse.
Everything in this world has its
ridieulous side, and many patents
have been granted for ingenious but
prefeetly iuselas, arrangements for
locomotion. These patentsare spoken
of by the patent office officials a
bcurio of the horseless vehicle.
The 1 lret of these curIosities that
came under my notice was that of the
ste m+ man.. Thiu entiou steam loeo
wo•tYw is about eight feet high and,
esa le8s an armed knight *of the
oldu times. He .has articulated
limbs, which move in imitation of the
hnmas le. hi mouasath there`=s
" throng whihsteam is i a onitm ntsl
semtted while his bandmwhich hang
rawn slng his sides, are the shafts
a ?rriagi t whI serve e an 1 tsady`
46 grepoJ itsto 'The bodr of
the msan coaa the boiler, the esat
afithi- dvle..ouice d notiae
one time the inventors attempted to
run this frightful object through the
streets of New York city, and the
result was that a large number of
horses, probably thinking that Meph
istopheles or the horse Hades re
turned to earth,took to running away
from his Satanic majesty. And thus
ended the career of the electric horse.
BOERS, SPANIARDS AND KAFFIRS.
The Transvaal People Have the Bad
Habtt of Procrastinating.
Robert T. Martin of San Francisco
was assistant superintendent of one
Sf the Rand mines in 1896, and spent
a year in the Transvaal. In speaking
of the Boers he said recently:
"rhe first thing that strikes you on
entering the Transvaal,as soon as you
cross the border on the Netherlands
railroad, is the intense antagonism
and animosity the Boers show toward
anything English. .1 happened to be
in a compartment in which th ee or
four Englishmen were my fellow trav
elers, one of whom was a member of
the Cape Town Parliament. The next
section. to ours was occupied by a
number of Boers, who were returning
from a fair which had been held at
Port Elizabeth, South Africa. The
Boers began to sing patriotic song
extolling their fatherland, the Trans
vaal, and deriding the English.
"For some reason I chanced to go
out into the passageway running past
the compartments, where I overheard
a heated discussion which was going
on between the Dutchmen as to what
was the color of the English flag.
"This discussion waxed fierce, but
came to a sudden climax, when one
old Boer of gigantic frame rose sud
denly to his feet and raising his hand
shouted with great vehemence: 'You
ask what is the color of the English
flag? I will tell you, for I have seen
it three times-once at Majuba Hill,
again at Laing's Nek, and the third
and last time when we captured Dr.
Jameson and his raiders at Dornkorp.
On each of these occasions I saw the
English flag plainly and near at hand,
and its color was always white.'
"The yell of delight that followed
this statement was simply deafening.
Each of the other Boers in turn shook
the old man by the hand, and then
they all fell to singing, what I later
found to be their favorite song, the
burden of which was that they (the
Boers) would sweep the English into
"As you can imagine the incident
made a deep impression on my mind,
and I have felt ever since that day that
a to the death fight between the two
nations was inevitable, the only ques
tion being as to when it would come.
It has come now, and if the dispatches
read true the end is already in sight;
but of this I must confess to doubts.
But be that as it may, whether it Comes
now or six months later, there can be
but one end to this war, and that end
the complete disappearance of the
Boers as an independent power in
"This will be for the good of the
world, for the Boers are as unprogres
sive as the Kaflirs, and both Boer and
Kaffir, in their desire to put off until
tomorrow that which' should be done
today, bear s striking resemblance to
our antagonists of last year.
"The favorite SpaniRsh word f
'Manana,' which means J'tomorrodi'
as every one knows. You ask a Star
lard to do anything, and he Q'' ,
wer, 'Manana.' You ask a Boer and
he will reply, 'Malkanbeche' (al
though I can't guarantee this spell
ing), which means 'Wait awhile.' Ask
a Kaffir and he will answer, 'Ikor.h
"bass," which mheans 'No, boss.' There
is a rather complete analogy between
the three, but of them the Kaffir is
the most honest,as he tells you in the
first place he won't do it, while Boer
and Spaniard infer that they:may do
it later whereas they never intend to
They Are Generally Improvised With
Steel Plates or Sandbags.
Many dispatches from the Trans
. val refer to the armored trains.which
are being ueed to transport troops
and passengers through the district
in -w ich military operations are going
on, and inquiry naturally arises as to
what constitutes a train of that kind.
It is nothing more than a train of
ordinary freight cars which have been
strengthened on the inside with sheets
of metal aind pierced with holes,
through which the rifles and small
field pieces may be used on an at
tacking party. A flat car or gondola,
with a heavy pfiee or two of artillery,
maybe .ps."rtsueh a train, and in
somis eht6l nough of the closed
ears asy be .t b tb allow a
Amy ocer, inp Baking oft4hese
ij. hI4am '"They are alEays im
proviaed and fitted up with the ma
terial `eresart at hand. This may be
rai.road iron, sheets of steel or sand
bags, and sometimes nothing more
than heavy lumber. We used armored
trains ii Porto 1~tIo and in the Philip
ia , and the trains about which we
read s being used in the Transvaal
Sptobi yla a>mp respects like
-.r ji.vsed portable strong
1hera are sow , cars, like the
new steel .arsu which have advantages
as oen aof tr.s rtion in a coun
vypide dans<lea 4ti aniinybat
i lu ank hf a tslay abeiturned
;iS · elAe knou as .'rmored" at
- ie, and , armoring will
g a the mieehanioal skill of the
I".in command." .
Onesaete at 11,50. W wsass.s
A minister recently died in Australia
who ad oBciated at11,000 weddings.
Think of it ! Think of 11,000 organ
vInnltBris, .and 11i.000 'nislaid rings.
sad I1,000 trembling "bridegrooms I
a lakof 11,000 wedding notices in
which the bride's aress may have been
ait.d to 'the maid of honor, and all
the weddag preents been horribly
ed.,~~ th' it 1i,000 f;unny at
to eart te mePspis of 82,000
ea:; by i' horse play I
showers oftice, and
oi . ippers! Ard last
t t* 11100 fees for the
' lad1 'ain Dealer.
oosal at Manla deolares
dhd s# make tha
THE BOER ARMY SYSTEM.
UNIQUE MILITARY ORGANIZATION OF
Burghers' Forces Practically a Huge
Guerrilla Mob -How They Are Concen
trated-Never Drilled - Markumanship
the Only Thing They Pay Attention to.
The army and military system of
the Boers is without parallel in civil
ized countries. They tray be com
pared with the American army and
system of warfare of the early part of
the Revolution. The burghers have
no military school, no standing army.
They indulge in no expensive experi
ments to keep pace with the up-to
date ideas in armament; in fact, they
have nothing, apparently, to warrant
the conclusion that they know aught
of the science of war or are capable of
presenting a national system of de
fence or offence. Yet in a remarkably
short time they have shown the world
that they have both knowledge of,
and capacity for, military service, and
their e.ectiveness has been demon
strated most forcibly.
Practically every man in the Boer
army was following some peaceful
pursuit six months ago. Yet he was
just as capable a soldier thef and as
much a part of the national defence
as he is now. The Boers do not be
lieve in supporting an army in time
of peace. Nature has provided the
country with natural defences that
could not be duplicated by man.
It was the savage, primarily, who
made the Boer a natural soldier, and
the wild beasts with which his coun
try abounded enabled him to maintain
his skill with firearms. His free,
open-air life has preserved his
physique and inherent prudence and
discretion have led him to perfect a
military system suitable to the natur
al donditions under which he exists.
From the time when he is able to
handle a gun until old age impairs
his faculties, the Boer is in constant
practice with the rifle. His weapon
changes as distinct steps are.taken in
the evolution of guns. His ancestors
took the matchlock and flintlock to
Africa from Europe, and it has been
replaced as occasion required, or as
advantage was apparent, until today
his rifle is of the best. Simultane
ously with learning to shoot, the Boer
youth takes his place with men of all
ages at the practice meetings, which
are held at stated intervals and which
correspond to the "training days" of
American colonial times.
The Transvaal republic is divided
into military districts. The command
ing officer of each is called a veld cor
net (field cornet), whose troops may
vary in number from less than a coin
pany to a battalion, or even a regi
ment, of American formation. Usually,
however, the commando, as the bodies
are called, number about 125 men.
When the cornet decides on a date for
a drill notice is sent to the burghers,
who aZssemble with their families at
the appointed place and the affair is
made the occasion for a holiday.
Every man in the district capable of
bearing arms is included in the com
mando. An old Boer with eight or
ten sons, and perhaps several grand
sons, is not an uncommon representa
tion from one family. Each one has
his own gun and equipments, and all
have horses. Like the minute men
of 1776, they pay no attention to uni
forms, but a certain similarity of
dress gives them a uniform appear
ance. The men are drilled in a simple
fashion, the evolutions being crude,
b~ut applicable to the defence of the
boundaries. Competitive rifle prac
tire is, of course, the most important
part of the drill, and the skill exhib
ited challenges the admiration of
marksmen. Ninety-five per cent. of
the Boers capable of bearing arms
could pass the sharpshooter's test at
Creedmoor with ease.
It has been said that the Boer does
not shoot as well today as he did at
Majuba Hill,but those who know himn
best assert that his skill has not
diminished. The losses of British
officers at Glencoe and Ladysmith
seem to bear out the latter statement.
An officer is a shining mark to the
Boer, for one of his military theories
is that the loss of officers demoralizes
Among the Boers themselves officers
are remarkably few as compared with
the modern army standard. The cor
net, who leads a company, or perhaps,
a regiment, is the first approach to an
American or British commissoned
officelr But the cornet is dressed and
equipped like the remainder of the
burghers and uses his rifle with as
much effect. Heads of families direct
or advise the younger men, but there
is not the elaborate system of officers
that exists in the army of other civi
As the system for action is based on
defense rather than aggression, only
general orders are given. Each man
isupposed to look out for himself
an his horse, and to fire at will after
the'jgd has been given. He can be
relicd _ i. fire rapidly and ac
curately. .Ri get is the waistband
of the man among the enemy whose
body offers the best shot; officers, of
course, are always preferred. He
knows how to follow up his advantage
if the enemy wavers or retreats and
how to beat a stubborn retreat him
self, if necessary.
While the Boer is extremely coura
geous and will stand a hot fire with
any soldier, he has two vitally weak
points which will count heavily
gainstihim when the British troops
are ready for decisive engagements.
He has never been trained to with
stand a bayonet charge and has no
system of discipline, which is an ab
solutely essential factor in controlling
large bodie aof men in action in open
oountry. The Boers, like the Ameri
can Indiiana, have never been able to
ftae cold st l. While they can abort
the stoeesa of a tayonet charge by
breakiag and scattering and after
ward reuniting, they must inevitably
le grouand and men. That is recog
sise4 by their leaders and those who
i te familiar with their military
Sbiat nothing has ever been
o toward eorrecting the defect.
thremt, of the lack of thorough
dlsciPl!.- obvious and will be a
preuine.at factor in the overthrow
wbhish oe their sympathizers admit
.Anothe~tefeot in the Boer military
cyst that woiild prove fatal to
rian or European armies is the
tems of smitation in camp. Here
again, however, the burger's natural
method of living enables him to sur
mount with ease what would be a
gigantic problem to his present adver
The Boer forces can be mobilized
more quickly than those of any
country in the world. The simplicity
of the system and of the individual
accoutrement account for that. All
the men are mounted, and when the
commando, or order, to mobilize is
sent out, each man has all that is
needed at hand, and with a simple
and efficient commissary service, re
markable speed is made on marches.
When the desired point is reached,the
commandos, or units, of formation are
merged into divisions commanded by
generals, who, with the commander
in-chief, plan the moves that follow.
AMUSING OUR SULTAN.
- ubsldlzed Potentate of Bala yseti
fled by Electrlcltv.
If the present war continues there
will be no lack of material for oee.a
bouffe plots for years to come. When
that magnificent old grandee, the Gov
etnor of Guam, after the firing upon
his little domain by the American
cruisers, sent his compliments and re
grets through a much uniformed sub
altern that he was unable to return
the very courteous salute owing to the
fact that he was out of powder it was
seized upon by libretto writers as
"good stuff." While not as subtle in
its humor, the conquest of the Sultan
of SuBn is equally available for liter
The Charleston, it seems, was sent
to take possession of the Sulu Islands,
but the commander of that ship; pre
ferring peaceable means to warlike
measures, sent a cordial invitation to
the ruler of the group asking him to
come aboard for tiffin. The royal per
sonage readily accepted, and on his
arrival alongside the ship was saluted
with seventeen guns, which so flattered
his self-esteem that he stepi ed on deck
swelling with pride and puffed up
with importance. With much em
pressement the distinguished guest
was conducted to the captain's cabin
and seated where the breeze of an
electric fan fell full upon him. Won
deringly he peered around to see
where the mysterious breeze came
from, and finally his interpreter asked
the cause for the refreshing wind
when the air was quite still outside.
The fan was brought and placed in
front of the Sultan. Delighted be
yond measure, he watched its revolv
ing aud questioned the officers about
this wonderful machine which could
create breezes that should come only
from heaven. "Would it stop some
time, or would it go on forever?"
"Blow on it," he was instructed,
"the machine is entirely under your
control and will do your bidding."
The Sultan blew his royal breath,
when lo! the fan stopped. Aghast at
his power, he asked the officers eag
erly what should be done to start it
again. "Blow once more," he was
told, and at his breath its whirring
began. Carried away by this new
experience His Royal Highness played
with the toy until the Engineer, con
cealed from view, must have become
weary with turning the c-rrent on
and off at the whim of the astonished
Before he bad tired of the fan the
electric lights were shown to him, and
he was permitted to turn them on and
off by blowing against the glass bulbs.
Already, it is said, he began to think
it would be a good idea to swear alle
giance to the government of a country
whence such things emanated, but his
subjugation was completed by the
phonograph and the chink and sight
of more Mexi:an dollars. than he had
ever seen before. The box contain
ing the imprisoned human soul was
brought out. It spoke to him, it sang
for him, but it was a trick, a joke; it
was in a strange language; he would
see. His interpreter was instructed
to talk to it. Here was a wonder in
deed; the thing talked back. It re
peated the exact words of his secre
tary, in the same tone of voice even.
Would they give this wonderful box
and some of the Mexican dollars, of
which they seemed to have so many,
if he would sign the treaty? The con
quest was complete, if bloodless, and
when the seventeen guns boomed over
the water as he left the ship his chest
could hardly contain his swelling
Great Things From Little.
A great many of the scientific dis
coveries most important to the world's
progress have been the results of ac
cidents. Here are a few of them :
Glass, for instance, was first dis
covered when two sailors making a
fire of seaweed on sand saw after the
fire was extinguished rough pieces
of a transparent substance. The
soda in thQ seaweed had combined
with the sand under the action of the
fire and produced glass.
Gunpowder, that makes firecrackers
and war possible,, was first known
when some monks carrying on chemi
cal experiments set fire to a mixture
of charcoal, sulphur and saltpetre,
Lithographs, the colored signs that
herald the coming circus and trage
disn, were :made possible by a man
making a mdemorandum on a fiat stone
and noticing that a paper spread over
it afterward retained the impression of
And, of course, you all remember
Sir Isaac Newton, who discovered the
great law of gravitation by having an
apple fall on his head.
Man With a Musical Heart.
There is a man in Washington who
is puzzling the medical profession be
cause of the peculiar formation of his
heart. He is known as "the man
with the musical heart." He is a
RBtsian, but he goes by the name of
Jines Lewis in this country. His
real name is Joseph Millkowski. For
the last few years he has been travel
ing in Anriesa, having visited Ger
manay, France and Great Britain. He
ea:ries with him apper signed by
over L800Q p." sic ik_, whom he
claims .*iav d him and pro.
nOu ii case without a parallel.
DAt. ~ stay in this city he has
beni s finud by a elinic of students
aid aib.br of eminent. physician
besideg, His heart as measured by
the X-raytis 9 by 11 inches, and his
chest expanion 68 1-2 inches. The
heart beats have a decided musical
sound, son-ething like the scratching
~f an navib.sting string.
The Day Who Didn't Count.
Mrs. Tindler-Why, Johnny, what il
the matter with you? You've been
fighting! And I told you to count ten
when you were angry. Johnny-I did
but Tommy Tinker played roots on me
He didn't count his ten until after he'd
plunked me in the eye.--Boston Tran
"Doesn't it make you sad when you
think of the poor':" "Why, no, not
particularly. It makes me mad,
though, when I think of the rich."
PRAYER IN A HORSE CASE.
I$ Wss Diplomatic and Cogent, but It
A ten-minute prayer in a Pennsyl
rania court in a horse case created
lulte a sensation recently. Robert F.
Thomas had brought suit to recover
the part payment he had made on a
lorse. He bought the animal from
Peter German of Heidelberg Township
:or $80; paid $50 on him, and the bal
ince. $30. was to be paid in sixty days.
r'he horse was guaranteed sound.
Later Thomas returned the horse and
wanted his $50, saying the horse was
lot as represented; that the animal
'knuckled." German denied this and
*efused to give back the money.
Thomas then brought suit. The case
:ame up before Judge Albright. Thom
as took the stand, took the oath, and
before answering the first question as
:o where he lived, turned to the
learned judge and asked whether he
could offer prayer. "Certainly," said
Iudge Albright, with a quiet nod, and
while on the witness stand Thomas
prayed aloud. "O Lord, Thou who
rulest over all and art willing that all
shall have justice, we appeal to Thee,
In this our trouble, to lend ear and
give Thy presence. Guide us and all
af us to tell the truth to this honor
able court and to this jury that I
bought that dark bay horse from Ger
man for $80; that German said he was
solid and sound; that I paid $50 on
him; that the horse was not solid and
sound, as represented, and that by
right and justice this court and jury
should compel German to give me my
money back and receive his horse back
again, as the horse is now just as I
bought him. O Lord, we hold no
grudge against German, and we don't
want him to have any enmity against
as; but we want our money back be
3auae we are entitled to it. Thou
hast said that brethren should dwell
together in unity, and it is our desire
to do so, but we can't do it if German
ibesn't take his horse back and re
turn my $50. Soften his heart toward
as; forgive our enemies; give me a
safe deliverance in this trial, and bless
this good democratic judge who has
lust been indorsed by the solid re
publican party of Lehigh county."
Thomas went on in his prayer for ten
minutes, and at its conclusion the
trial gravely proceeded. The jury pa
tiently listened to all the evidence.
The parties were farmers near Slating
ton, but German deals in horses. The
lury brought in a verdict for the de
fendant, and apparently Thomas'
prayer had not been answered as he
desired, German, the defendant, hav
ing shown that the horse was not
"knuckled," but was big-boned and
sound, as represented-Green Bag.
In his presidential address before the t
Society for the Promotion of Engineer
ing Education, Dr. Mendenhall advo
cated the adoption of the metric sys
tem of weights and measures. He said I
that there is a certain class of object
ors who see something sacred in the
yard and the pound because they are
relics of antiquity, and something in
herently wicked in the meter and the 2
kilogram because they originated with
the French during the revolution at (
the close of the last century. He quot
ed the words of Charles Sumner in the i
senate, uttered more than thirty years
ago: "A system of weights and meas
ures born of philosophy rather than
chance is what we now seek. To this
end old systems must be abandoned."
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