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THE NEW ORLEANS DAILY DEMOCRAT.
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE STATE OF LOUISIANA AND OF THE CITY OF NEW ORLEANS.
VOL. III-NO. 34'. NEW ORLEANS, WVENESDAY, I)ECEMBER I, 1878-DOUBLE SHEET AND SUPPLEMENT. PIICE, FIVE CENTs.
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id,4We Fr Hu im
('ON( iESSION AL.
TIE PACIFIC RAILKOAD DILL IN TEE
-- g -
Passuae of the Military Academy and
Fortiflcatlon Appropriatlen Blls.
WAHIITNTON. i)ec... 3The Senate was
calledi to order at noosn.
Senator Morrill Introduced a bill authoriz
Ing the issue of certli~*ates of deposits in
same not less than $10 and not exceeding
$10(5), bearing interest at the rate of :1.65 per
cent, and convertlble within the year into 4
per cent bonds. Reforred to the Committee
Numerous petitions and hills were filed by
Senators Edmunds. Mitchell, Booth, Withers,
On motion of Senator Anthony the stand
ing committees of the last session were or
dered to be continued until otherwiso or'
Senator Saunders' moticn to print the tes
timony concerning the turning over of the
Bureau of Indlan AffTairs to the War Depart
meet was adopted.
A Senator called up the Texan Patilic Rail
road bill and proceeded to speak upon its
This Is Senate bill No. 942, which was re
ported to the Senate March 19. 19. . Ib the
Committee on ltallroads, in lieu of :senate
bills Nos. 404 and 410 for the same purpose.
Its provisIons have bitn published.
Mr. Matthews described in some detail the
requirements of the bill and argued, first,
the necessity of a new trans-,continental line;
secondly, the propriety of the government
guaranteeing the payment of the Interest on
a sum not excelding $3.750,0W0 five per cent
fifty-year bonds; .,nd thirdly, that such guar
antee, under the provisions of this bill, would
be an act entirely safe from loss. te co(n
tended that, taking the amount paid now by
the government for transportation to the
Union and Central comltpanies as a critrlion,
the earnings of this road from government
transportation would niore than equal the
liability incurredl by thon for Interest. Be
sldes this, it would give a large saving to the
movement, over its present methoils, of the
transportation of trno)p,4 and supplies for
troops and Indians. lie denied that thls
guarantee was a subsidy, but hold it to be In
the form of a cA1ntract mnutually beneficial.
During the delivery of the remarks of
Senator Matthews a n.iessage from the I rs'
dent was delivered by one of his secretarlies
covering Executive nominations. i
Among the bills introduced and referred tio
the Committee on Finance was one or two
more providing for making trade dollars a
"al tender for a small amount and author- I
izing their re-coinage into standard silver.
Mr. Conover offered a resolution authorizink
a comnmissinon of thr' Senators to) inquire how I
the omission of a clause in the Il(t Springh
amendlment of the civil bill occurred, and
whether Senator (Conover had any connection
with such ommnlsion, anld have power to .end
for persIns and papel'rs.
The Senate i then went into executive session
and soon after adjourned. . i
On motion of M r. Hale, the States wero
called for resolutions for reference, as in tile
morning hour of Monday. Among a large
number of hills referred were the folllowing:
By Mr.Wood, of New York: To authorize the
issue of eoltiticates of deposit.
By Mr. Cox, of New York: Authorizing the
President to give the required notice of the
termination of the treaty between the United
States and the North German Confederation
on account of the deprivation by Germany if
Amerlean citizen, of their rights.
By Mr. Chittenden of New York: Granting
a. pension to the widow of the late Rear Ao
By Mr. Freeman. of Pennsylvania: Making
an appropriation for a dry dock at League
By Mr. Ward, of Pennsylvania: To abolish
the tax on matcheQ.
By Mr. RamsQ of South Carolina: To:
regulate the manner of holding elections for
dmongressmen and to punish frauds therein. .
By Mio Harris, of Georgia: To repeal theI
resumption act; and also a bill to amend the
Internal revenue laws; and also a bill author
Izing the producers of tobacco to dispose of
the same without the payment of taxes
By Mr. Singleton, of Mississippl: To reduce
the expenses of the public printing and bind
'3y Mr. Gibson. of Louisiana: To appoint a:
commission of Senators and Representatives
to inquire into the cau.ses of yellow fever.
By Mr. Young, of Tennessee: A bill on the
By Mr. Hunter. of Indiana: Requiring the
Secretary of the Treasury to cause the trade
dollar to be received and exchanged for legal:
tender silver dollars of the United States:
By Mr. Fort, of Illinois: To authorize the
ichange of the trade dollar for legal tender
pdollars, to recoin the same into legal tender.
lollars, and stop the coinage of trade dollars.
By Mr. Harrison. of Illinois: To amend a re
ision of the statutes so as to allow the regis
:ry of foreign vessels by citizens of the United
By Mr. Baker, of Indiana: To make the
rade dollar convertible into the legal tender
lollar at the option of the holder, and to stop
he further coinage of the trade dollar.
A number of other bills on the same subject
- On motion of Mr. Durhart, of Kentucky,
he House went into committee of the whole
a the Military Academy appropriation bill;
Ir. Blackburn, of Kentucky, in the chair.
Mr. Beebe offered an amendment, which
Sagreed to, appropriating $40,000 for a
manent supply of water at West Point,
NCish was amended by a proviso that not
are than $5000 should be expended for the
p ae of a water site. As amended the
g.idment was adopted. The above was the
amendment made, and the committee
rac and repoted the bill to the House,
ift aimed as amended.
he House then went into committee again
uthe fortfleation appropriation bill, r.
R, of New York, In the chalr. The bill
went through without amendment, as re
ported to the liouse, and passed within ten
The House then, at 3 p. m., adjourned.
I enator Pargent--Probable Meanage on
the Chinese quetlion-The Nationals
Preparing to Extend Their Organiza
tion-The Examination of Sealed
WARSINGTON, o)ec. 3. Senator argent. of
California, is lying quite ill at his residence In
* It is probable that Chinoese mmigration
will he made the subject of a special message
by the P'rshilent to Congress, after the Secre
tary of State has examinod the matter to his
) Dr. Bomni has telegraphed Surgeon GOene
ral Woodworth that he is pushing the work ox
Ln estgatlion into the late yellow fever
plague in New Orleans. l)r. Cochrane has
organized a systematic inquiry into the eli
u(lmle at Mobile, and will leave that city to
day for Meridian, Miss.
- Frank P. I)envers, of Pottsvillo, Pa.. has
Ieon elected chairman of the Executive Com
mnitte.of the National party vice lIr. Sturgeon
resignod. lie will make his headquarters in
Washington and look after matters of In
terest to the National party In Congress. lie
will also disseminaite information to the State
organizations of his party.
.At a conference of the National party held
to-dlay the following resolution was unani
tlously adopted :
SRiesolvld. That in all States where the Na
ttonal party is not now organized. or repre
sented In the national committee this confer
ence reeommends that a convention be held
Sat the State capital of such States on Febru
ary 22, 1879, for the purpose of perfecting
such organlzation, and appointing the proper
phrson t) represenmt such State on saitd com
ndttee. The Secretary of the Treasury
has issued a circular modifying previous
orders relating to the examination of
package goolds for damage allowance, so as
to require the opening of 10 per cent of thi"
packages of green and driedl fruits, sardinesl
and other articles in scaled packages, `iepper,
pitnento and mace, maecarolli, sol ia 1ash
cutstlic sodla, sugar, in moats or bags, and
'rice in hags. Tie examlination of a greater
numlber of packager is left to the judgment of
The Caucus of Republican Senators.
WASHINoTON, D.ec. 3.-The D)emocrats and
Jlepfiblihans of the Senate both helt cau
cu('sI. to-day to d.etermine uponl) a course of
actlin in regard to the resolution of Mr.
RBlafne, directing th Jiudiciary Committ e ti
Inquire into alleged violations of law in the
eci:tit elections. Thrie liepublallcan Senators
williunite in favor of an investigation of this
chafactor, but a majority of them pro
rerred to have a special commlittee to
jesrform the labor. It was statedl
that the Judiilary (Committee, with
ll its other labors, couldn't give the time
and altention necessary to a thoriough inves
tigation of all the complaints madie from the
In-rthe discussion all the Senators assumed
thatthe resolution ·entemplated only an in
qulm'y into election frauls in thtie South, al
thitough it (does not so express itself. It was
agrpld, without any opplosition, to amrnenl the
cusi:lutlon of AMr. Blaine so as to provide for
a special committee.
It, was also decided by the caucus to submit
to tile Senate at an early day a resolution af
firdiing the validity of the constitiltiuonal
amt'ndments and demanding addlition. legis
lation for their enforcement. The idea as ex
preassed was that this would put the ])emo
crats in an ugly dilemma.
* Appointments by the President.
7 WAsIINOTON, Dec. 3.-The President sent
the-following nominations to the Senate to
layV: Edwin A. Merritt, of New York, to be
collector of customs for the district of New
York: Chas. K. Graham, of Now York, to be
supervisor of customs, district of New York;
Silas W. Burt, of New York, to be naval offi
'er, district of New York; Thos. Hillhouse, of
New York, to be assistant treasurer at New
York; Samuel R. Davis, of New York, to be
supervisor of customs, Port Jefferson, New
York; H. S. Foote, of Mississippi, to be su
perintendent of the Mint at New Orleans;
1Maximilian Ferdinand BIonzano, of Louisi
ana; to be refiner of the Mint at New Or
Jeans; Jos. Albrecht, of Louisiana, to be
assayer of the Mint at New Orleans; M. Da
vis,.of Pennsylvania, to be coiner of the Mint
at New Orleans; John A. Fuller, of Ohio, to
be collector of customs, District of Miami,
Ohio; Harrison Gray Otis, of California, to
ft collector of customs, San Diego, Ca ; Sam
Johnson, of California, to be collector of cus
ronms at Corpus Christi, Texas; J. Hanker, of
Vregon, to be collector of customs "for the
Southern District of Oregon; H. W. Robb, of
Nebraska, to be collector of revenue at York;
Russell B. Harrison, of Pennsylvania, to be
Aissistant in charge of the assay offiee at
Uelena; John L. Pennington, of Dakota, to
be collector of revenue for the District of Da
kota; John W. Collins, of Dakota, chief
-ngineer, revenue service; Joseph A.
Severins, of Dakota, chief engineer,
revenue service; S. Newton Peters,
qf Pennsylvania, tQ be Minister Resident
and Consul General at Boliva; G. Harris
Heap, of Pennsylvania, to be Consul General
at Constantinople; K. W. Cohen,of Pennsylva
itia, .United States Consul at Pernambuco:
Henry Dittmar, of New York, to be United
States Consul at Breslau; Geo. W. Fisher, of
Michigan, to be United States Consul at
Tunis; John L. Frisbee, of Michigan, to be
United States Consul at Rio Gundo, Brazil
John 0. Mosby, of Virginia, to be United
States Consul at Hong Kong Asa C. Prindle,
of New York, to be cnited States Consul at
ara : enry Ruggles of Connecticut, to be
IUnited States Consul at Malta; Eugene
Schuyler, of New York, to be United States
Consul at Burmingham; Wm. Thompson,
of District of Columbia, to be United States
Consul at Southampton; John C. White, of
Illinois, to be Secretary of Legation in Brazil,
Tony Denier's Humty ' umDty, Thurrsday,
St. Charles Theatre.
Chew Jackson's best sweet navr tobsoeo. 1j
T'irE; SEN ATE (cA 1U(UlS.
IT Itt DECIDED TO FAVOR RLAINE'M
IIEvOLUTION WITH AMENDMENTM.
How Poote's Appointment to the New Or
leans Mint Is Begarded-The
War Upon Wharton.
15L""elt l i thie Di.imorat.l
\VWAmSrIIN tINi, r3. 'lh(he I)emulerats intlhe
Si4nRatoe held It cabl'cseus t~I-diay to decidle upon
thl course to ibe, pursue1d in regalrd to tlhe
lilaineo Iblotsy-shirt resolution, IntDroel ted
yestlerday. The utmost unanimity prevailed,
and the deternmination was expressed when
Blaine's resolution comrnlea up that the D)mteo
crate will offer an amendment extending the
scope of inquiry Into bulldoming in New (Or
leans and Cincinnat I by Folerlal supervisors,
and In Massachusetts by factory owners. Thte
Radicals ge'nerally express an intention to nl
mit this amendment, so that the amended
resolution will pass without olpposillion. This Is
a great distappointmnent to Illaine,whosemobject
in introducing the resolution was to provoke a
general discussion of the late elections In the
South. The action of the Democratic caucus
to-day took BIlaine greatly aback, and It is
doubtful whether he will take any pains to
call the resolution up again, preferring to let
it be passed over as a collapsed buncombe. If,
however, it is called up, and the Radicals
make bl.looy shirt speeches, the Democrats
have agreed not to detend or apologize for the
conduct of elections in the South, but simply
to retort by attacking thi conduct of elections
In the North. and asking an impartial investi
gation of both.
From the manner in which the House led
off to-day on the West Point appropriation
bill, the general opinion is that an extra se's
soin will be avoideid, unless the Radicals ob
struct the passage of the appropriation bills
by atte mpting to push their new force bill, or
by nlakng factious roslstaince to the repeal
eof tie sluprvisor law, which the I)emocrats
are fully detlerminel to Insist cn.
The appointment iof the venerable Ienry 8.
Foote as Dlre'tor of the New Orleans M hit,
vice Mike llahn, withdrawn, creates consll
erablel amusement here'. SHiabtor Wallace
renmarked, In his dry Hc.otih way, when
he heard of It, that perhaps If the
police would search the White House
they nlmight find the body of A. T. Stewart,
as layes soeeCmed toi have gone Into that busI
neses. Thore Is giedl authotrity for the state
ment that the cause of suipercedllg Hahn
was the active interest he displayed last sum
nmer In Acklin's obhalf, IIei.rt having as
sureld Hlayc's that linut for the action of the
United HSttes ofliclals in New Orleans In in
stigating Merchant to run, and thus divide
the Radical vote, he (Hlebert) would have
.Jlik Wbharton, teoo, comes under this head,
and this is the real sum and substance' of the
charges Ioidged at the Department of .Justice
against .lack. Whether Hlay's will consider
himself satisfied with the slaulhter of Ilahn,
or will mllete, ciout a similar vengeance tipon
Wharton, remain.s to be seen. I3rE;r,.
The Benklng and I urreney Committee.
WASHINTONm, I)Dec. 3.-The Banking anrd
('urricsy (Comnitteet hold a meeting this
morning, at which the Slnate amendlrllnnts to
the House hill, repealing the third sction of
the resumption nat. were considered. These
amendmelnts authorize the Secretary of the
'I'reasury to receive legal tender notes after
October 1 for subscriptions to 4 per cent bonds,
and after January I fir culstons dIes. iThe
conmmlttoo took nm, action and the indications
are that none will be taken.
The Battle at PeJar Pass-What is
Thought of the Czar's Speech at Mose
cow--erman Neclallets In London.
LoNDON, Dec. 3. The battle in PeIjar or
Pauvar Pass, yesterday, of which only irm
perf'et accimounits have as yet been received,
was fought by the southern column, which
had advanced along the north bank of Ku'
rarn river to Kurramn fort. From the latter
place the iolumn took the road leading north
west through l'aavar l'a.s to Ali K hel.
At headquarters here no doubt is felt as to
the wisdomn of the military mnovem'ent-, but
in military circles~ the outside opinion is ex
pressed that the withdrawal of the Afghanls
tan troops thus far ha,, been only a feint, de
signed to draw the English troops into posi
tions from which they cannot r. tire without
serious loss, and beyond which they cannot
attain or advance.
Tihe speech of the CzaXr at Moscow last ee-n
Ing is construed here as having a sinikter
meaning. The ( initive treaty of peace be
tween Russia and Turkey, slpoken of by the
Czar, Is thought to mean merely the treaty of
San Stefano, or something equivalent to it,
and his remarks respecting the development
of Russia's greatness, in a peaceful and regu
lar manner, are thought to mean nothing loes
than the reiteration of Russia's claims to the
requisition of Constantinople.
German refugees in London are contem
plating the organization of a society for mu
tual assistance and support and the encour
aging of public opinion against the present
german government. They have received
,ith delight the expulsion of Socialistic wo
men from Berlin, as they believe they can
bring upon the government fresh ridicule and
contempt by exposing the folly andswealfness
of this policy.
The Decision In the Helvetla-Fanny Col
LONDON, Dec.. 3.-The Board of Trade com
mission to investigate tlfe collision between
the National Line steamer Helvetia and the
British revenue cutter Fanny, October l1,
which latter vessel ,;m, sunk and seventeen
of the crew drowned ,ave rendered a verdict
censuring the Helvetia on every point and
suspended Capt. Thompson's certificate for
Opposition to Edison.
LONDON, Dec. 4. The granting of a patent
to Prof. Thos. A. Edison, of America, for his
electric light. will be opposed.
Soelalist Manifesto Selzed by the Police.
BERLIN, Dec. 3.-The Socialists whose ex
pulsion from Berlin has been ordered have
issued a manifesto, denying the charges
against them and protesting that their pres
ence in Berlin in nowise endangers the peace
or goxod order of the city. The manifesto has
been seized and suppressed by the police.
Why Bismarck Will Nut Return to Berlin.
BERLIN, Dec. 3.-It is stated that the reason
that Prince Bismarck will not return to Ber
lin with the Emperor on Thursday is because
in his nervous and delicate state of health his
physicians advise perfect rest.
nore Soclalist Expulsios--The Emperor
to Resume the Government.
BERLIN, Dec. 3.--Several more expulsions
of Socialists have been ordered by the govern
The Emperor will decree lhis resumptio of
the reins of government IiHfore his entry into
lBerlin next Thursdav.
The Rhodope Reftwuees Commltting Mur
dern and Robberies.
CoNMTANTlNIorAE, Dir. 3. II'fugec's in the
Ithiriope, Mllontaintls lare report, ti ten ('toli
llit ti."g lmlantiy Intrill.'.ers andit rborlies, anId fso
extensi ve have Irn'el their d epredations thiat
the 'Tur'lkish I oip have b.'.ni forwarded to
maintain odrtlh '.
Andraaey Intends to Appeal from the
sub-Committee of the Austrian
LONDON, PIce. 3. A dispatch from PI'eth
says C(ount Anlirassy, the Austro-hlungarif _
Premier, has deolared that in cinseqfyence ofT
the prteitedlngs.e the Buduget (orm nlis.ion of
the Austrian D) ,ation, he will te compelledl
to make the aprproval of his puilley a Cabinet
question. It is twllrved that the Tfull delega
tions will pass a vuote of confidence In the
A Definitive Treaty of Peace with Turkey.
HT. I'ETEltRHIIRllui, I)P.. 3. In a eetleh diellv
•eri'd by the Czar last evening his Majesty ex
pressed the hope that a deflinitive treaty of
peace between ssia n 'and Turkey will Ruon
be signed, and Russia will develop her great
ness in a peaceful and regular manner.
Conclnulon of a Remarkable Trial.
JlBlt( Errs, Dec. 3. The trial of T. Kinti, in
this cilty, for emtbzzlement of tecur'ities to
the value of twenty million francs, depositsdtl
in the Bank of u glumin; held to te tihe most
extl'lordilnary oner onl record, was conciluded
TI.E AF(GHAN WAR.
A Battle In Progress at PelJar Pass.
LONtoN, DL). 3. A dispatch from Lahore
says a battle was in progress yesterday at
PeI jar Pass. The riesult is not yet known.
Jellalabad Evacuated and the Ameer'm
Troops Withdrawn to Cabul.
LONDoN, I)nc. 3. 'fhe Vleroy of India tele
graphs the giovernmenlt here that no disturb
ances have occurred to-day in the Khyber
Authentic Information of the evacuation of
.Jelllaabad by the Afghans has been recelvsal.
None of the Anmoer's troops are nearer than
The Ameer lulpIclous of Permia.
LoNh)ON, I),. 4. A dispatch from Lahore
says tie A lne-r has been compelled to keep a
large force at liHerat and elsewhere on the
P'ersian frontier, owing I) tlhe susplcious at
titude of Persia.
The Viceroy at Ottawa--lm Receplton In
the Senate Chamber--Addresses
from VarIous socIetles.
OTTAWA Canada, I)e. 3. -ills Excellency,
accompanieid by his staff, arrived at the
Senate Chamrnsr this afternoon at 3 o'clock.
The l)ragioon Guards formed the escort If,,m
Rideau Hall. A t'ern.ldouls crowd gatheredl
and chl~ured heartiliy as his Excellne'y passed.
'lThe Princess Louise wa.s not present. Ad
dresses were presented by the following so
cletles and corporations" St. Andrew, SI.
(a)rge,. St. Jean l aptistoi and St. l'atrick
socleties of this city; Scottish and Caledonia
societies of Ilamrnilton; corporation of hlamil
toin; lBoard ofi Trade of T''ornllto; c:orporation
of Moihawk Indians, etc.
''Th Indilans' addllress was road in the Mo
hawk language by I)r. Oronhvatic.kLa past
president of the Couneil of Chiefs. (;hiefs.
Saplllson, G(r-en and Culbertsoin also pro
•sentel an address ton iehalf of thn Indians
located In the Tha.yendnaga Rieverse, and
also a cap tol his lirdship on Ihalf of the
great-granlddauighltr of the late renownml.
chiif, 'ha,'niiinaga, who lead the Indians
from thie I nitel States in 1777. rThi cit.y pre
sents a gala appearance, but no other demon
strations wire mad, to-day.
To-morrow is a general thanksgiving day
A CHAPTER FROM TEXAS.
Attack Upon an Express Agent at Clear
Creek-The StabbIng of a Colored
School Teacher-One of the Results of
a Murder Trial.
CIN.'INNATT, oe ,:;.-A Texas special brings
1up another ',rribhle chapter. At Clear Creek
six aried i. n entered th.le express office and
putting sitols to the agent' helad d.enianded
ia box addressed to man inamred. Johnson, suIp
I)oser to is' one of the robbelrs captured at
Hlouston. The agent gave it up. Souse think
it contained dynsamite to be used in lHouston.
At Centre a Ilan named McCutchins, for
some reason or other, assaulted and .tahlbed
Wyatt (Gibs.on, a colored school teacher. The
would-be murderer atternpfed to cut (ibson's
head off, but the knife stopped at the bone
after inflicting a horrible gash four inches
At Meridian, on the frontier, Thomas and
Mort Harrall are on trial for the murder of
Vaughan in May. W. H. Crabtree, one of the
murderers, turned State's evidence and testi
fled against the Hiarrall's. Next morning
Crabtree's b'yi was found near Meridlan rid
dledl with -,ets. The Harralls belong to a
The New York Press and the President's
NEW YORK, Dec. 3.-The Herald says the
President in his hiessage evinces gool sense
and sound.discretion, both in what he says
and what he omits.
The World points out whereilt.he President
is inconsistent on the Southern question.
The Times says the message is ineffective,
as well as brief.
The "2ribune says it is a very plain docu
ment. We congratulate the country upon the I
firm stand the President has takf with re
slect to the Southern question.
The Wit.,.ss says brevity and good sense
are the leading characteristics of the docu
The Sun says: Hayes fails utterly to recog
nize the great and pressing questions of the
times, and fails to make any new suggestions
worthy of a man of affairs.
The Slur says: On the whole the message
is mild and conservative. Admitting there
may have been some irregularities in certain
portions of the South, as there have been
usually at the North, the President himself
concedes, in a previous part of the message ,
that on the whole the elections were fair, and
that all disturbing influences, real or imagin- I
ary, had been removed from all those States. E
A New York Cotton Broker Robbed to a
NEW YORK, Dec. 3.-Joseph Yeoman, cotton
broker, was robbed by his clerk, Robert J.
Whelan, of $48,000, who also took securities f
of $200,000 face value. Forgery and burglary
ire added to embezzlement. Whelan made a
proposal of compromise, but did not keep his a
Death In a 8ugar Tank.
ST. Louis, Dec. &.-A fatal accident occurred Ii
this morning at 10 o'clock at the Belcher F
sugar refinery. Three painters were at work
in the upper portion of the building painting
the heavy tanks used for Pltering the lIqud s
sugar pireparatiorl. The'llre were two Irlmn In
one of the tanks applying a doat of tar, rindi as
the tanks are very large', eKihteen feet in
helght by four and a half In llarnmter, th1e
(lmen u15,d a railroad Ilantern by whilh they
were einabled to se.. Swidenly a bright flame
was sees to issue from ita ole in the Irottiom of
the tank. Several tninutenalllo ftrwiardis n em
ploytý of ihe fa.et.iry exatLinel ld t tank and
fuld on the in siide the charred reimain. o
the two rien. Ilow the fire o'cullred IL a oys
Heavy r alem on the Coaat of Maine-Da
malte to Property and Mhlpplng.
EARTl'lonr, MAINE, [.()t. 3. Thle heaviest
soultheast galt known here for years, pro
vailed last night. (,hinmneys, telegraph wires
anid fences were blown down, woosi washtl
from wharves, many wires badly darnaged
arnd some ruilnevi. 'I'The ship Oswego, from St.
.Johnl for Queenistown, loaded with boards
went ashore on G(odfred'o Iledge and Is a total
Itss; insIttIl. Two of the crew were saved.
The scholioner Iolly went ashore on Faver's
ledge and is badlly darnaged. The steramer
City of Portland returned and anchored lower
Secretary Sherman's Report.
NEW YorIK, ecne. 3.- Regarding Secretary
Sherman's report, the IIHerald says it is (lear,
able and business-like, an(d although some of
its minor points are open to critiismn its
brolad general position will be accepted, by
the friends of resumption as sound and satis
The Times says : Sherman is able to make a
very satisfactory showing as to revenue and
expenditures, and on the suibjiect of resurnip
tion. The report on the whole Is extremely
allllng of the Monrovia.
NEW YORn, Dee. 3. The bark Monrovia,
with colored emigrants sent out by the
American Colonization Society to Literia,
sailed to-day. There were thirty-one steerage
anld li ve cabin passengers on board. Among the
latter were Dr. .. B. . Pinney, Presldent of the
College of Liberia, Rev. . D. . Iavis and wilte,
missianaries, and W. M. Davis, colored, Attor
ney General of Liberia.
The National Base Nall Convention.
CLEVELAND, 1)ec. 3. )elegates from the
following clubs have arrived to attend the
convention of the National Base Ball Ln)ague
which assnembles to-morrow at the Kennard
House, viz: Boston, C(incinnatl. Milwaukee,
Providwnce, Indianapolis and Chicago.
I'AILADELPHIA, eI)e. 3. O'Leary, the cham
pion walker, who started last night on a walk
of 400 miles in 124 hours, at 11 o'clock this
morning cosmpletacl seventy-six miles. HIe
intends to cover 110 mIles by 8 o'clock to-night.
The Pennsylvania Board of Pardons.
HIlARnitsrnr, Pa., Dec. 3. Fifty apollca
tions for pardon and commutation of the
death sentence have been filed with the board
of pardons since their last meeting t o
A Heavy "'Embarramqment."
BOSTON, Iec. 3.-- Spalding & Wales, dealers
in dry goods, are embarrassed; liabilities,
WAHnnrNOTON. Dee. 3.-For the West Gulf
States-. cl,'arrr, partly cloudy weather; variable
winds, shifting to northerly ; stationary or lower
tem perature; generally higher pressure.
SHOULD BE RAZ3E,.
THAT LONG-MTANDING, NUISANCE.
Referring of Course to the .enongahela
uslpenlon Bridge-What the Presl
dent of the Coal Exchange Mays of It.
Tne 'IW',qrapl, man called on Col. J. N.
Srhoonmaker (of the firm of W. II. Brown, Pitts
b,urg. ani Brown A& Jones. New Orleans>. pres
ident of the Coal Exchange. this morning and
asked the question, "low, as a haavyshipper of
1 ral, do you regard the Monongahela bridge ?"
His reply was. "It has .ubeen such a thorn in
Sour side that I hardl; know where to be
gin." He. however, at once came to
the point and gave his views of the
great nuisance, as follows: The bridge is
very Padly in our way on account of the nar
rowness of the span th rouch which we have to
boat all of our c--al, and its 'xeeding lowness.
It was originally constructed to prevent the
large boa's from Cincinnati. which were the
only means of transpotrtation to and from the
South and West, from going above l'ittsburgh.
Atthatt.lrne all freight was reshtlpvedl upon
small packets running from here to Monon
gahela City and rownsville, and fromn tho.se
points Over the mountains to Cumbe rland and
fy canal to Baltimrore. The object In view
was to make Pittsburgh the terminal point
for large boats from the lower country and
force their tradre to stop at this point. Then
tihere were no coal shipments such as thetre are
to day, and the building of railroads and the
oopning of comrnpiting transportation lines has
changed all the condiltlos, then existing. The
approach to the bridge from the Pittsburgh side
(diclines from Smithifeld street Instead of hav
ing the usual and natural elevation. As a re
suit of the manner In which the bridge was con
strueted there is one, narrow span over the
channel through wht.:h all the product from the
immense coal field above is e, mvelled to passa
The risk is very great from colision, on
account o' the narrowness of the spaie be
tween the piers on either slde of the C a)' nel
but while this is a serious objection, it is not
the main one, for when the stage of water
reaches fourteen feet only the smallest pool
towboat can get under the bridge at all. making
an absolute embargo on getting the coal out ot
the pool at the very time when we can take it
out to the best advantage. The only possible
means of passing coal under the bridge at that
stage or a higherone, is rby having one of the
llttlo boats bring the barges one by one to a
Doint in the channel above the bridge and let it
go to drift through and be caught and landed by
another boat below. This is a dangerous busi
ness. On the present rise the getting of coal
from the pools above was practt ally delayed
nearly forty-eight hours, and many of the tow
boats that would otherwis- have been started l
upon their voyage down the river on Sunday I
antd Monday did not leave un'il Tuesday.
Their crews being all shipped and under pay,
the loss to the operators is a serious matter. a
We complain very bitterly at the maintenance ft
of this bridge, and the losses it forces on the
cal industry, especially when it can be so eas
ily obviated. 1. e., by taking away the second o
pier from the 'Pittsburg side and raising the
grade of the bridge to the level of Smithfield o
street. This can be done with very little ex- n
Dense to the bridge. company. by simply fore- ci
shortening the wire cables and building up the v
present piers under the columrs. Mr. Schoon- at
maker also made the point that South Side o
manufacturers ware interested in having this h
change made particularly at tois time. when a
the Pittsburg and Lake Erie Railroad is o.
about to be opened. He asserts that the grade o
of the bridge for trains cros-ing from the A
South Side to the city proper is a very heavy j,
one, and that if it be changed as proposed it ft
would be a means of conferring a great beneflt m
upon concerns bringing he.avy loads across to,
this side. With thi., he dismissed the subject w
for the present, but, as will be oberved, not e
without making a very strong ease against the t
bridge company and the antiquated structure, a
which is so thoroughly in keeping with the old it
fogy management. It is of very little use. how- w
ever, to reason with such people, and the most
effective course for the coal men and South Side
manufacturers to pursue would be to get an act
passed by the incoming Legislature to make
the changes which the times and our business n,
tnt-rests requlire. The bridge is not even en- t
:tled to respectful consideration as a relic of
former times.-Pittsburg Telegraph. Nov. 2. o.
The official vote of the Second Congression
al District of Florida, as the returns were cor
rected byorder of the Supreme Court of the
LJtate, gives Bishee 10,746, and Hull 10,530
showing a majority of 216 for Bisbee, Repub
lican. But the returns from the counties of
Brevard and Dade have not yet been received.
To Dener' . .s umpy Dut. Thursday.
St. Chales Theatre
TIlE (O)N VENTION.
PERMA4W ENT ORGANTIZATION OF TOE
COMMERCIAL CONVIENTION EFFPP CT
EB YEeTERDAY AT THE VARIETI5I
npeerhes by r;v. Nichlls. Hon. Davld R.
Murray and Otherm sen. Fltzhnub
Lee, of Virgrlnia, Chosen Permanent
About noon the Vrltl,-' Theatre. where the
convention was to mi-r". .wuirnal an anlmated
appearance as the crow4, f tdlegates com
menced to arrive, and by ;, tirrne the conven
tion was called to order neautrly U ti,, parquette
and orchestra circle were oe'utpi.d qby the dele.
On the stage were his Exceller,-v y,. P, onno
T. Nicholls. Lieut. Gov. I,. A. WA't" "It,. ,-, ml
Flower (the Governor's Private 8,eret~r> 'r.
B. M. Palmer (pastor of the Lafayette Prd.,byt,ye
rian Church). Gen. Cyrus IBussey. J. It. Lsfrte
T Tupper, Clement L. Walker. Ion. David RI
Murray. of Louisville. and a number of proml
nent local gentlemen.
The private boxes were filled by a number of
fair delegates, whose presence seemed to add a.
ray of sunshine to the otherwise cold and
In the galleries there was quite a number of
spectators, who exhibited great Interest in the
At 12:1) Dp. m. Gen. Cyrus Bussey stepped to
the front of the stage and said:
"I'/ntlemn-I now call this meeting to order
and introduce to you the Rev. Dr. B. M. Palmer
who will conduct the religious ceremonies of
Dr. Palmer then arose and, all the audlinco
reverently standing, delivered an eloquent and
Inspiring prayer. lHe asked the blessing of
Almighty God upon the members of the con
vention. who had assembled to deliberate upon
the best means of extending the commerce of
((en. IlBusey then introduced to the conven
tion the gentleman who had been selected to de
liver the address of welcome to the vislting
HIS gSECIgECXICY GOV. FRANCIS T. NICHOLL.
who was received with great applause. Gov.
ýInlmenr,:-The assembling In this city
of a convention such as yours, necessarily
Is attracts general attention and causes
[e general gratification. The Improvement of
it. the navigation of the Mississippi river.
the keeping of the waters of that stream within
its banks, the Construction of a Bouthern Paciflo
Railroad. and the extension of our commerce
- with the world are each and all matters of the
1e deepest moment and Interest to the people of
d Louisiana. Permit me to say that this Interest
sl not of a selfish character. but whilst appre
elating the importance of these Rubuects to this
State. we do not fall to realize their equal im
portance to the people of the whose country.
Allow me. for them, to say that this Interest Is
R not solely of a material character, a mere
', moneyed one. but that we confidently look to the
beneflcent results which always accompany the
development of business and social relations
the clear, fuller and better knowledge of eaoh
other-the wearing away of asperities and
If prejudices, the strengthening of old ties and
le the forming of new ones. leading to close and
rr lasting friendships. IApplausel.
I have been selected, gentlemen to extend to
you. at the bePginning of your visit to New Or
leans. the a rdlal welcome which. during your
stay here, you will receive from all classes of
our people, from every source and every quar
ter. We Ceeply appreciate and thank you for
the feelings which have prompted your coming.
We trust your visit may bt a pleasant one, and
we feel assured that the convention will Ilad to
a results beneficial to our whole country-North.
SHouth. East and West. [Applause.)
VG7cftrnern of lhe 0nerrmdi,n--I now have the
ple,.ure of intro,lIuclLg Mr. Murray, of Loule
ville, Ky.. who will respond on behalf of the del
Hf ON. DavID R. MUaP.AT. OF KENTU:Ry,
spoke as follows:
For your cordial weol'me we earnestly thank
.you. We have Indo'd met a cordIal welcome.
We have met it in the eye,. we have seen It in the
glance, It has beamed upon is from the face
and has rung out to us in honest. cheery words.
·ir. I am sure I speak the sentiment of every
member of this convention in expressing a
hearty, earnest reciprocation of the kindly feel
ing and friendship tendered as by you In behalf
of the people of your State. The more highll
do we appreclate this reception because we come
toge'rher to striveto promote that which must
-,i the malrstay < f our government and the
guarantee of its perpetuity-Amerloan com
mI re .
The time is not far distant when commerce
tmust bind togeth+r that which has long teeno
riven asunder, build up that whioh has been
torn down, when commere will be the iron
tband binding togethr these mighty S:ates by
the indissoluble tie of a unity of interest In a
glorious prosperity and a never-ending pea,.,
IApplause.) Iron rails s:re'tchlng from border
to border, the electric current flshing from sea
to sea, the mighty rivers frlghtaed with com
merce, and the unfurled flags of our merchant
vessels in every port, are far better guarantees
of union. prosperity aLd p ace than a thousand
laws written on as many pages, or the seal
of every ruler to proclamations comn.
mantling obedience. Bulneas and prosper
ity were perhaps spoken into existence
at the beginning. of a Divine Voice. but the
ring of the hammer driving railway splkes and
the puffing of steam engines are sounds far
more indicative or advancement and wealth
than the boom of the cannon announcing a
political triumph. When railways interlace
this land as intricate lacework, when the wInds
from our borders drive an atmosphere ladened
with the smoke of industry, when our valleys
ring with the shrieks of locomotives, and the
hills reverberate with the bellow of our steam
ersa. then will we know of no solid South [ap
plause), no solid North. but a solid country.
[Continued applause I
Then let us unite In one effort to tear the
shackles from commerce. unfetter trade and to
place our government in the position she is so
fitted to ocnc y-tr9 leader of all nations on the
land and on the sea.
In the name of the delegates upon tRisfeoor
and of the great interests 0hey represent. I
again thank you and the people of your State
for the welcome given us. [Applause.r
I;(entleen of th, (/ourmtdion,-A. the chairman
of the committee of arrangements, before I call
a gentleman to preside over the deliberations
of this convent!on. I desire to make a few re
marks on behalf of the committee of which I am
cha4-,nan, the cause why you have been In
viuloiere and the objects which we sought to
at'a., in July last, at the close of perhaps one
of the most prosperous Seasons which this city
has enjoyed since the war. This city, sipated
a' the mouth of the Miasilssippi river, the sec
ond commercial city of our country looking
over the Gulf of Mexico to 8outh and Central
America, Mexico and on to Australia, Chlnaand
Japan. we thought we had discovered a market
for the surplus products of our farms and
manufactures, and which, with wise states
manship in the enactment of the proper laws.
would secure for us a trade which would give
employment to thousands of the ,eople of
this country and drive poverty. starvation
and crime from our midst. Therefore
it was that we invited you here to co-operate
with us in the endeavor to secure from the Con
gress of the United States such aid as will se
cure for us these markets. I do not biileve In
paternal governments, nor do I believe that it is
the duty of the government to provide suate
nance for its people, but I do believe there are
things which only the government can do. Our
geographical position, at the foot of the valley
of the Misslssippi. compels us to provide In
times of flood for the drainage of twenty States
and Territories. Whatever artificial means are
provided by the States above us for
the reclamation of their swamp lands.
increases the volume of water sent down
upon us. Therefore the improvement of the
navigation of the Mississippi river and the eon
finement of its waters within its banks is one of
national importance and which will bease
every man,. woman and child in the ennntry
It is the doty of the government of the Uaite
State to see that the idralse of N
Mb nesota an4 PennsyranL ooedu4 ete