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filOMTIIi HiHi, JIlflGIiTMl 1
PRICE ONE CENT. NEW YORK, MChX D VY, MARCH 4, 1S8!K VliwttOmCTZXTT 'fll
HIS BERLIN WHITE SLAVES.
John Wanamuker'E "Sweaters" in Ger
many and Their Misery.
MAKING A S20 CLOAK FOR 60 CENTS.
Xhe Han IPho Poses as a Prottetor of Ameri
can Labor Employ dirts at Jjess Than
XAring Wages to Make Garments that
Are Bent Here and Bold at Good Pries
-.ThrtrPoverty Leads to Infamy.
John Wanamaker, slated as roatmastor-Gen.
eral by Presidont-eleot Harrison, employs many
'sweaters "hi Berlin who for miserable wages
too little even to live upon make garmonta
that aro tent to Philadelphia and sold at good
prices. Tn Would's Berlin correspondent tells
of the misery and infamy in which thcao poor
special conniarovDiMcx or the woiu.d.1
Devlin, Feb. 20. In the city dlreotory for
this year is the following:
Vuuuxis, Jonic, manufacturer of ladles' cloaks,
Jersey waists and children's costumes ; O. Kurstsasse,
16; John Wanamaker, Philadelphia; B. Moritz,
The poor women who ont and sew "ladies'
cloaks" are the worst paid wage-workors in
Berlin. Thoy suffer from the untold evils of
the "sweating system " far mora than the white
slaves who stitch from daylight until dark in
the slums of London and Now York. It Is
notorious here that tho cloak sweaters take
contracts to supply garments at starvation
wages for retailers in Eastern Europe, and even
in Great Britain, But John Wanamaker, tho
Philadelphia apostle of protection to American
labor, has no retail shops on this sido of the
water. Could it bo possible that ho manu
factured cloaks in Berlin so cheaply that he
could afford to ship them to Philadelphia and
still undersell tho American laborers ha is so
anxious to "protect J" The Would corre
spondent went to Kurstrasso, 1G, to Inquire
WIIF.nE WANAMAKER OETB BIB BTOCX.
Ilcrr Moritz was thore, and was very glad to
sec an American interested in American Indus
tries abroad. Ho pointed with some show of
prido to his comfortable offices and sample
rooms. Retail? Oh, dear, no! The Borlln
branch of tho Wanamaker establishment was
busy all the time making garments for the great
store in Philadelphia. Somotimos they sold
email lot to retailors here, but by far the
greater bulk of tho goods was sent direct to
America, Would purchasers In Philadelphia
know that the goods were mado in Berlin T Not
The Berlin branch of tho business, Herr
Moritz wont on to explain, was done on the
contract system. Mr. Wanamakor had arrange
ments for getting all the new fashions from
London and Paris and promptly made contracts
at the lowest flgmes for making up hundreds of
tho garments to send to Philadelphia. In tho
United States, Herr Moritz further observed,
cloaks cannot be manufactured to advantage.
Skilled labor is scarce thore and wages are high,
whcieas in Berlin tho work oan be done at
' ' moderate " wages.
WHAT " MODEUATE WAOEB" MKAK.
" About how much do the girls earnt" Mr.
Moritz was asked.
Well, he should say anywhere from 0 marks to
15 uiaikn a week. Ten marks a week was cer
tainly a fair average. (A mark is worth about
24 cents in American money.) The busy season
usually lasted five months each year, sometlmis
seven months. When there was no work for the
girls they were dismissed. Mr. Moritz did not
feci at liberty to say bow much Btuff Mr. Wana
makor had manufactured in Berlin, but he would
ay that in the busy season they employed sev
eral hundred hands.
It was Mr. Morltz'a opinion, so he said, that
the sewing women in Berlin were relatively as
well off as the sowing women in tin United
States. True, they earned much less money, but
they have fewer wants. He much doubted if
many of them ate moat once a week.
r-AlD 8IXTT CENTO Ton MAKIHQ A 120 CLOAK.
The World correspondent looked up a few of
(the contractors who work for Wanamaker and
talked with the cloakmakers. Berlin is a hard
place to gather information of this kind. The
women who are compelled to do this class of
work aro very ignorant. Thoy thought tho cor
respondent was h police agent looking for social
Democrats, to which class tho majority of
Berlin toilers belong. liaay of them feared
somo now form of tax on their small earnings.
But here are instances enough:
A very intelligent niastur tailor in the Orel
tenaustrause, who works almost exclusively for
Wanamakor, said that Its received from the firm
from marks to 0 ,marks for making each
cloak. TueWobld correspondent saw one of
the U-uiark cloaks. At the very lowest it would
tell for $20 in the groit Philadelphia Btore.
now 'IT IB DON Ik
The master tailor who gets one of Wana
maker's contracts receives a pieco of cloth from
Mr. Moritz, out of which he must make a fixed
number of garments. lie cuts them and gives
them to the girls to sew. Each girl must finish
absolutely tho garment sho takos in hand. There
is no nub-division of labor. One girl finishes an
entire cloak, buttonholes, lining and all. For
a cloak which Wanamaker paid Dim IM marks
to make he givo tho girl who made it fiOpf en-nigs-about
12 cents! A good worker could
make four cbaks in three days, thus earning
four niaikaUess than 1) a week. Tho skilful
eirls got butter work and were paid "M marks for
each cloak. In the busy season they might earn
I 10 marks a week. This was the highest wages
9 paid. These figures seem iuci edible, but they
He give by a man who has made hundreds of
cloaks fr Wanamaker cloaks which have boen
cnt to America, and doubtless sold as the high
Priced product of protected Amorlcan industry,
WHAT TUB OIBL8 BAT.
The Would coirespondeut went to see some
' thi girls and aak them bow they managed to
uveai 10 marks a week. He talked with fifty
Jennj women, many of them employed by
"ramakor's contractors. An instanoo or two
Frtnccifa Bchnabe lives at Baudelstrass 3,
wt works for Wanamakor from 8 o'clook lu tho
mining tin B,30 at night, Bho is a skilful
"lloress and can earn 12 marks a week for
ut months in tho year. Hero is her state
Dent of what sho doos with it each day:
i "-PPM (wk ff,avi;L.5:;:::::::::::::::::: : J8
II Tolip day uj
I J?'1 wounu to 7. 30 per week-say 1.70.
I au , pa,J' 0,, mMl wcoU for tho use of her
1 """-machine, ThU leaves her U.08 marks
MssssisnL-.-" i t- ,i.J..JLV,lattyjjj
(say 76 conta) each week for clothing and to
make provision against at least four months
each year of enforced idleness.
Ida Baulgez, Longnltzstrasso 8, is another of
Wanamakor'a hands. Bho earns 10 marks a
week, subsists on seven and has throe left for
clothing and other oxpensos.
Clara Wagner is a beginnor and can earn only
4H marks a week. Bhe does without fire and
warm soup to bring tho cost of her food within
Any number of girls conld be quoted, and
some of them tell sad storios of suffering. The
three given are fair examplos.
WHAT THIS POVERTY LEADS TO.
The girls mako no socret of the fact that it
would bo impossible for them to live without the
assistance of a friend a "biidegroom," thoy
call him. no helps thom to buy clothes, takes
them to boor and music gardens occasionally,
and pays their rent in tho idlo season. Scarcely
a girl who docs not live at home with her parents
but is dependent on assistance of this kind. If
sho does not get it sho is considered unfortunate
by her associates
It seems a crowning iniquity, but it is true,
and goe to show how the working people aro
taxed Just now in Germany. Thcao poor girls
have to pay an income tax of 3 marks a year.
8011S omCIAL riODBEB.
An exhaustive work on labor statistics in Ger
many has just been published here by the city
authorities. It contains this: " Cloak-makors,
femalo, lowost pay, 0 marks a week; highest
pay, 12 marks: average, o marks. Cost of liv
ing: Bed, 1 mark; board, 7H marks per week.
Out of work November and December, May and
The German Secretary of State for tho In
terior, Herr von Boettickcr, in a report to tho
German Parliament of 1887. said: "If the
working girls cannot, as a rule, be called pros
titutes, yotcach ono has a lover or so-called
bridegroom. He takes hor on Sunday to a
dance or a picnic. Bhe lives with him in
the most intimate relations, and frequently
shares his lodgings. Tho workors in tho con
fections branch, cloakmakers, ic, aro very
poorly off indcod. Their earnings are reduced
to tho lowest level. Tho wages of thoso who
mako cloaks for the export trade are diminished
through the system of sub-contractors (sweat
ing)." One of tho largest probably the largest
dealers in the "export trade, "who utilizes and
profits by this starvation system of pauper labor,
is John Wanamaker, who contributed so liber
ally to the Republican campaign fund as a " pro
tector" Qoi save tho mark I) of American
TRIED TO BTEAL THE ENGINE-HOUSE.
A County Seat War la MlMonrl Made Pos
sible Br a Mob's Action.
ISrXClAL TO Tint WOULD. 1
Kansas Citt, Mo., March 3. Tho good feel
ing heretofore existing between the towns of
Horace and Tribune, rivals for the county seat
. of Greeley County, was broken yesterday, and a
conflict is not unlikely at any time. The well of
the Horace Waterworks is located about ono
mile from the town. Yesterday about daylight
the citizens of Horaco were notlfiod that a party
of from twenty-five to forty Tribnnites were
down thero tearing up the machiuory and
engine-house and hauling them off.
The report was soon confirmed, and the citi
zens, gathering en masse, went down and com
pelled the men to return the engine-house,
which had been loaded on wagons, to its place
i A. Parsons, a non-resldentof tho county. who
had been interfering in the county seat matters
betweon the towns, was at the head of the mol,
who were armed with Winchesters and
six-shooters. Their motive seems to have
been the prevention of tho location of tho
round-house and machine shops of the Mlsaouri
Pacific Hallway Company at Horace, which it
seems depends somewhat on!the title to the water
works being complete and clear. Tribune men
heretofore have tried through tho courts to ob
struct the transfer of the property to the rail
road company, and failing in this attempt, tn
destroy the property by force. This attempt
was promptly defeated by tho action of the
citizens of Horace this morning.
LOVE MELTS EACH ALIKE.
The Duko of Rntherland and Ills Hector
Take Wives To-Day.
(STSC1AL TO TBI WOBLD. 1
Tampa. Fla.. March 3. The Duke of Suther
land will be quietly married at 11 o'clock to
morrow to the widow of Capt. Arthur Blair. The
ceremony takes place at the Episcopal Church
at Dunedln. and will be performed by Bishop
Weed, of Jacksonville, assisted by Rev. W.
Noyle, rector of Dunedin Church. Informal in
vitations have been written to a few friends.
Among those invited are: Ex-Gov. Safford, of
Arizona, and wife. Dr. Mary Bafford. J. Morti
mer Murphy and wife. Capt. J. B. Walton and
wife and Prof. W. E. D. Hcott aud wife.
Tho Duke and Mrs. Blair spent to-day with
Hot, Mr. Noyle at Dunedin and will be present
at his wedding whioh precedes theirs by one
hour. He is to be married by Bishop Weed to
Miss Thompson, a niece of Archdeacon Farrar.
Immediately alter his wedding llev. Mr. Noyle
will assiht the Bishop in the marriage of the
Duke and Mrs. Blair. Tho Duke and Duohess
will remain quietly at Butherlaud Manor after
tho wedding. They expect several friends from
New York about the 16th of March.
BRITAIN'S BP1E8 IN AMERICA.
Leaguers Will Ask Gen. Harrison and Mr.
Dlalne to Vnnssk Tbem.
srrCIAL TO TBS WOULD.
PniLADELTiiiA, March 3. Tho Parnell Branch
of the Irish National League will this wook sub
mit to President Harrison and Secretary Blaine
a resolution adopted by it this afternoon, and
which will be sent to even' branoh in tho United
Btates, nrging Joint action by Congress re
quiring the State Dopaitmcnt to demand of the
English Government a htatemont ot how far it
has carried on Ha spy system, military and
otherwise, in this country. ....
Tho action is based on the testimony of Dr.
Le Carou bofore the Parnell Commission. The
resolution alleges that spies paid by Great
Britain are now employed in the Government
departments and in tho United States Army,
which is equivalent to a declaration of war. It
advises a demand upon England for the names
and aliases of all Its spies in this country.
Ex.Unlted Htates Henator HUter Dylnar.
ISrXClAL TO THE WOULD. I
PobtlvAKD, Ore., March 3. Ex-United 8tates
Senator Jamos P. Slater is lying dangerously HI
!,t Lagrande. Ore. There is said to be little
iopof his recovery. The nature of bis disease
s not known here.
For JWw England and Eastern Next York,
rain, no decided changt in temperature. For
JWto Jertev and Eattern Fenmvtvanta, rain,
clearing Monday night, stationary temperature.
For JHitrict of Columbia, clearing Monday
morning, tllgntly cooler, northerly winds.
The followinu record shows the changes in the
temperatnrefprtho past twenty-fourjionrs In
comparison with the corresponding date of last
yvir. as indicated by the thermometer at Perry's
188R. 1880. 1BflJi 18SP
gtS"::::::h 1- friW..:" if
I 1.30 O'CLOCK
Thousands at the Inauguration of
Our Twenty-Third President
Blue Sky Peeps Out Through
the Rain and Drizzle.
Gen Harrison Agitated After Breakfast
at the Arlington.
Mrs. Cleveland and Her Mother Go
to Secretary Fairchild's House.
Mr. Cleveland. Appeared
Pale and Haggard.
ALL READY TO START.
(SrXCIAX. TO TBI XVXHIKO WOSL0.1
Washington, D. C, Maioh 4. The
carriage of ttato containing I'rcsident-elect
Hairison and President Cleveland is just about
to start, undor escort, to the Capitol.
runout, to tits xvxkixo wont.D.1
Waritimoton, D. 0., March 4. The tall of the
storm has struck us. There aro Blgns of bluu
sky over head aud the wind grows strong and
shrewish. It looks at this early hour as if Ben
Janiin Harrison would tako the oath of office
under a visible sun after alL Tho parade will
bo a good-looking one despite the fact that it
must bo marched in mud galore. Let Oen.
Orcelybo praised. Ho has saved his reputa
tion by a hair.
All night the rain fell as it had boen falling
since Saturday afternoon. Special trains with
excursionists arrived at intervals of a few min
utes throughout the night, and the mournful
muxio of water-soaked bands seemed to keep all
Washington awake as they paraded tho wet
stieots to their iinarters. Tho draggled banting.
Hags and otherUnsigniaof the occasion adorning
every building along the broad and vast Penn
sylvania, avenue and other thoroughfares to be
tramped by tho great military and civic parado
adflcdto tho stave of general element to bo
riarooNH or bid, white asd di.uk.
The front of the Capitol was yesterday fes
tooned in red, white and blue, and the platform
erected on which Qcu. Harriuou was to take tho
Or. BrAVEB, THE OJKAKD MARSHAL.
oath of ofUce aud recoive from 0 rover Cleveland
the trust which he has had in his keeping ioi
four years. This morning theie colors of the
nation were bedraggled and limp, hko every
thing else, from the constant flow of rain sinoo
Portraits of Harrison and Morton abound
everywhere. Frequently enough to remind the
observer whom the "real loader "of his patty
is, the portrait of Jamos O. Dlalne is associated
with those of the new Executive aud Vice-President.
But despite the weather there are thronged
thousands of strangers in the city, most of them
deoked nut in military or other fancifnl dress.
Every train brings a orowd. and the streets
and avenues are moving masses of humanity.
The most notanle feature of the gathering is
the prevalenco of the simple unirorm of the
Pennsylvania National Quards, of which 132
companies of infantry in 10 regiments, 31
light batteries and three companies of artillery,
under command of Ocn. John F. Hartranft,
take part in tho parade, as thoy did at the in
augurations of Cleveland aud Oarfleld.
Capt. D. L. M, Piexotto, who was for thirteen
years a member of tho Seventh ltegimcnt, of New
York City, is in charge of tho military division
under Oen. Ordway. The militiamen have been
well provided for since their arrival in tho city
better, indeed, than half the civilians, who have
been obliged to accept such quarters as thez
CHAINS AT A VBKMIUV.
Chairs in the hotel lobbies are at a premium.
Hugo rtauds are elected at every place of van
tage along tho route of the parade, and despite
tho dritzliug rain which was falling at an early
hour these stands had already begun to rill up
with pcoplo who cared to secure the seats
thoreou at from no cents to S3 each.
By i o'clock there were thousands of people
perched on these rongh pedestals, and tho lit fill
rainfall seemed to kavo no dampening effect
They were regaled during the morning hours
by tho constant movement of the bodies of
parade ra and by the discordant iutcrmlngllng of
lyyLJuuiyj uuucyuhji 11 jyu ' f Tllfttn 1
Hsix3csoQB03PQQayyai-JLAJI II fJUULIUU m
sym : I Ii if II II II ii f?9
ROUTE OF THE INAUGURAL PROCESSION. 'AM
the notos of the many bands accompanying tho
GEN. HARRISON ARIBES EARLY.
lie 8hovs Mlsrns of Aarltatlon at the Arling
ton After Hrenkfiist.
Wabuinotok, March 4.
At tho Arlington Hotel, only a block across
Lafayette Square from tho White House, wore
tho now tenants of tho mansion of tho Execu
tive. President Harrison aud wife, Knssell Harrison
and wife, Mr. and Mrs. and Baby MoKee and
Mr. and Mrs. and Miss ITalford wero here.
Oen. Harrison oroso at 7 o'clock and ate a
scanty breakfast in the private dining-room.
There wero slgna of agitation in bis face, and
he gripped his cigar in his clinched teeth with
the air of a mn riding to battle.
una. tiAnniROM'H tact.
The ladies ot the party talked nothing but
weather in his abseneo, but when ho wan pros
ent, with rare tact, Mrs. Harrison talked on
more cheerful topics.
quiet at the white iiouhl.
At the Whito Houno all was quiet till S o'clock.
Mr. and Mrs. Cleveland and Mrs. Folsom at
tended divine scrvlcs as usual yesteiday. Whoii
they roturnod thoy found S00 peoplo about tho
entrance to tho home which they wero about to
It was the last time on which they conld per
form that little act. and as they stepped from
tho coach and pasved across the broad door stono
the little crowd of citizens nrcro almost breath
less. Mrs. Cleveland looked fresh and charm
ing. Him was clad from head tn foot in mourning
black, the soft glow of her cheeks making her
more than usually attractive. As she passed
through betwoeu thu lows of curious eyes, a
rough-voiced man said in a hoarse whisper:
" There's a lady for youl Ain't sho pretty?"
The tono was of admiration, and au Eyknino
Would reporter who overheard It thought he
could see the signs of grateful pleasure in the
smile of the recipient of this compli incut as she
MB. CI.eVKI.ANU HAOfUriD.
Mr. Cleveland followed his fair young wife,
and the reporter experienced a feeling of shock
as he noted the haggard look of the President,
the unelastlc step and deathly gray of the
face. It was forcibly remindful of the sear and
ashen face of Daniel Manning as tho over
worked, overtired, Secretary of tho Treasury
alighted from tho European steamer a few
IRR CLEVELAND OOEH TO toe taibchild house.
Mrs. Folsom came last. She and Mrs. Cleve
land emerged from that same doorway again
this morning, and, entering that same coach,
were driven to the house of Secretary Falrchlld.
They will not participate in any way in the
festivities of the day. They will bo the guests
of Mrs. Falrchlld for a few days, and then will
go to New York, where thoirfuturo home will be.
FLAMBEAUX & FIREWORKS.
THESE, WITH THE GRAND BALL, MAKE
UP THE EVENING PROGRAMME.
(SPECIAL TO THE KVEKIXO WOULD.)
Washington, March 4. Tho great events of
the evening will bo tho parade of tho Flambeau
clubs, tho fireworks and the inaugural ball.
Tho parade of the Flambeau clubs is a novelty
in Washington which, although it has seen
almost everything in tho lino of parados, is com
paratively unfamiliar with those features grow
ing out of political displays. Pennsylvania
avenue, from Seventh to Tenth streets, has boen
set apart for this parade, and will bo tho centre
of attraction for tho early hours of tho evening
in cai-e of clear weather.
ltain, of cnurc, will cause a firzlo both in the
parade and in thu (Iroworks, which will bu tho
next object of attention.
Queer-looking scaffold and frameworks,
whioh wero erected in tho great open lot Just
south of the Whito House, havo been for somo
lays the objects nf attention from passers by.
The interest has been uuusuaLfor it lis been an
nounced that tho fli eworks this time wonld excl
anything ever before seen here nr elsenhuro.
The programme for display is as follows :
Presidential salute of aerial maroons firod
from mortars and exploding with loud report
tioo feet in air. , , . . - ,
Bouquet of 100 sllver-raln sky-rockets, fired
simultaneously. , ....
Three sliver fountains, eachdiplainirstrrains
of trailing silver stars, asceiidlug to a height of
fifty feet and falling in showers of silver rain.
Three electric batteries. Ilrml stmnltaiieoUKly,
throwing stream of sparkling electric star to a
holght of fifty feet, produciug effect entirely
Flight of live illuminating meteorlo balloons,
with display of fireworks attached. , .
Exhibition ot floating meteor rockets. Tho
meteors remain nearly stationary at an altitude
of HOO feet and display streams of violet stars.
Sixth mammoth variegated exhibition bat-
terles. These aro fountains of red, green, blno
am) gold nu teorx, projected to a liiiuht of 70 to
HO feet, each battery displaying 500 meteors
thrown in rapid succession.
Two eleotric batteries tired together, discharg
ing noo elcctrio stars.
Two silver fountains displaying BOO silver
Eight mcteoria bombshells, UO-lnch, in crim
son. Display nf four-pound parachute rncketi, four
pound calibre, discharging stars, which are sus
IH'iuled from parachutes burning changing
colors emerald, crimnou nnd purple.
Jumbo fountain, displaying streams of brilliant
carmine lire mingled with sharp reports.
IIEight surpriso bombshells, exploding at an
elevation of 400 foot and discharging a number
nf smaller bombohells, which in turn explode
nnd display reticctlug colored stars in bluu aud
Fliuht of Jasmine rockets, fonr-pound calibre,
rcicnibllug clusters of Jasmine Hon era in chang
Two national formations firod together, each
dihchargim: between 600 and tioo stars in the
Flight of fivo illuminating balloons, with dls
plajHof fireworks attached.
Discharga of ton pear rockets, two-pound
Four mammoth variegated exhibition bat
teries, in led and green.
Ascension of loo ruiKirtlnir rockets.
Fittcoii bnmbbells in violet stars and brill
Two hornets' nctr.
Dragon rockets, 4-pmnd calibie, fired simul
taneously. Illumination of Penusylvsnia and pyroteohnio
liortialts of President Harrison and Vice
THE INAOOUnATION BALL.
The cloilng feature of the occasion will bo tho
ball. This has always In en one of tho most
interesting features of inaugiiiatioii time, but
will be especially so now that the immense Pen
sion building gives opportunity to make it the
firestest in point of attendance and surrouud
ugB that cau be known in the land.
The ball-room is said tn bo thu largest con
struction nf this kind on this hemisphere, and,
barring churchus and cathodials, has few. If
any, equals in tho world In floor and balcony,
n'tt ami lielirht. The clear length in 1(1 feet.
the width 110 feet and the height to the sur
mounting nxif 140 feet.
Thu hall is broken by two scrcons of four im
monso pillai s II feet in diameter nr over 1 feet
in circumfereuce at the bake. & feet at the top
and 76 feet high.surmounted byartiatioarchos,
which support the roof.
Tho ares of the floor is 37,000 square feet, or
very near sn acre. On tho four sides of the
floor extends an arcaded corridor, twelve feet
wldo and twenty feet high,
The capacity of the hall is egual to tho de
mniids of an almnit unlimited throng. The
floor will conveniently accommodate over
One of the first objects of attraction in the
central hall. Is a Japautso pagoda in the centre
of the building, built over aud around the fonr
Tho lower part of tho pagoda is a grotto built
of rocks, and ferns around the fountain, water
ing a pictureque retreat for the dancers. Tho
toconil floor acoommodates tho band, one hun
dred performers. ho will furnish the, dancing
music. Above them on the third gallory, the
Marine Band conducts tho promenade cnucert
The decorations of tho ball-room aie a massive
column of color, a glitter of armor, a drapery
of flags aud the painted gorgcouancss of the
national and state coat of arms.
'llicir backgiound the dead white walls of the
ytt iinfrcfcocd intcnoi of the big ball, the
gallery draped all aiound with flags and gar
landed with laurel, spruce nnd pine, and, the
four big columns whidh divido tho space into
inree cciionn. , , , ,, ,,,
Bunting suspended from the ceiling runs in
directions, forming au intricate mass of brilliant
In tho decorations tho American colors are the
prevoillng fiatme. Mlk nags, bunting, giltand
silvoi ornaments are used.
The front of the three galleries which com
pletcly encircle the hall, ono above another,
aie festooned with Hags aud coats of arms of
Twenty calcium lights are in the top gallery
ami a, 000 incandescent electric-lights along
the sides of the ball-room.
The floral decorations are on a scale never be
fore attempted. When President Harrison and
the Vice-President cuter tho hall at the west
end titer will pats under a floral liell fifteen feet
in diamotor. which will open under a shonerof
cut flowers and descend upon the Presidential
party. The samo manipulation will release an
entile flock of canaiy birds ami naraquots.
At the other end nf the hall another floral
bell, exactly Ukn thu ill st, will open, am) flowers
and canary birds in great numbers will bu re
leased. MDHIO Foil THE BALL.
The music of the evening is of two kind", one
furnished by thu United States Marine Band,
directed by Prof. John Phillip Snuna, and the
The promenade concert precedes the danolug
and begins with the " Presidential Polonaise'
compoacd by Prof. Sousa for thu occasion, and
performed by both band and orchestra. Theu
will come the overture "Festival," rentuer.
nichcstra; grand fantasia, "Tannhatuer,"
Wagner, band; march, " Anx llamhraux,"
Mayerbeer, band; ovorture, " Merry Wives of
Windsor," Nleholal, band; selection. " Lohen
grin." Wagner, orcheitra: colloci.tion, " Tho
Pearl Fishers," Bi7et, band.
Tho dauco programnio will bo as follows;
A BACCHANALIAN SUNDAY.
DISGRACEFUL SCENES AT WASHINGTON ON
THE EYE OF INAUGURATION.
Iuebrioty was plentiful enough at Washington
yesterday to draw scalding Wars from Warner
Mlllor and Col. Shcpard Many New York
and Brooklyn organizations arrived Dcsplto
tho rush of bills, owing to tho fact that the
Senato and Houso sat on Hundiy, after a recess
Saturday night, tho President found time to ac
company Mrs. Cleveland to church.
rarECIAI. TO THE WOBLD. 1
Washington. March :i. It has boon a horrid
day in Washington. Perhaps it was tho Lord's
day in good New York, but hero among tho
patriots, multitudinous and hourly growing
more so, it has seemed a vory diabolical and old
nickish sort of a day indoed.
To-night Washington wallows no other word
can express it 1 The streets roaring with life are
roaring alio with tho shouts of drunken men,
is a carnival of intoxication. Men in the bine of
tho National Guard, men in the bedraggled
plumage of this or that political club, men in
and Senator ltlddleberger is not lonesome. It
the garb of tho tatterdemalion minglo together
iu this sorrowful attempt at revelry, A moro
sorry crowd was never seen, nor ono moro pro
foundly miserable. Oen. Oreely's rainstorm
camo in on time that is to say.bcfore midnight
last night. All night it poured and all
day to-day it liai drizzlod tho dreariest
kind of a drizzlo you ever saw. -The
clouds hung so low that tho top of tho Washing
ton monument was out of Bight, while tho
streets, dirty enough to belong to New York,
have run rivers of mud, muck and all unplcas.
antness. It was a day pneumoniae aud de
moniac. Malaria camo up from the Potomac
sn amps in solid chunks. The gay-colored
bunting drooped and waxed sad, as llkcvviso did
tho overcoats of blue, tho shiny hats of silk and I
pearl, and tho cream.colorcd exteriors of pa- I
triots galore. The whole city was in tho doleful I
dumps, aud nothing but John Barleycorn
seemed to tho crowd to promlso an antidote to
the depressing weather.
The proscription was not a success, as anyone
having eyes could see. But the crowd must do
something, so it walkod and waded through
countloss miius aud tried to be cheerful. It be
sieged the Capitol, thronged tho vostibule of the
White House aud peered curiously iu through
tho windows, saw the outside of the various
buildings of State, cussed the weather and "li
bated.'' Now and then an incoming regiment
varied the monotony with tapping drum or blare
of brass. The colored troops marched nobly
aud to tho accompaniment of many admiring
friends, for this is a great occasion in colordoro.
''We aro coming back into powor," you know.
The street fakirs have played to poor business
to-day. The stand owners look solemn. The
flower girl of Willard's has bravely stood against
a jostling army of men iu a smoke-beclouded
atmosphere and told a fortuuo iu faded posies.
Tho Coney Island sausago sandwich and the cup
of wayward and sophisticated chlccory went off
like hot cookies. But it was tho liquor which
bulled tho market and floored the marketers.
Ten deep was tho rule at the bars, and bar
keepers working like Trojans a mile behind the
demand. Swill was the word, and
Barkis was "swilling." Whero wero Elliott
F. Shcpard and Wanamaker and the opening of
the temperance Presbyterian dispensation f
Thus began and ended tho terrible day. A fear
ful eye la cast towards the morrow. If it clears
all is well, but if Oen. Oreely's rain continnes
good-by to tho spectacular and the magnificent;
the inauguration will be a fizzle I
There was ono eplsodo which stood out against
the background of tho day like a rainbow. Two
bright and beautiful chariots of The Wobld
pel ambulated the streets, giving out The
World's handsomo little souvenir, "Footprints
of Time." Tney were received with acclaim.
Eight thousand guests in the hotels were en
riched with the souvenirs, and ofllclal permis
sion lias boen given to place copies in all the
grand stands along tho lino of march. It is tho
only bit of newspaper enterprise of the kind,
and, as usual, has caught tho heart of tho multi.
the AiaiVALoy the leoioxs.
A large share of the civic organizations from
Nuwiork City and Brooklyn got iu during the
day. You could not go a block without meeting
a familiar metropolitan face. The Pioneer
Corps from the Ninth District arrived early in
the afternoon and were escorted to their quar
ters. They wore whito bcaver-skin hats, dark
blue frock-coats with roil trimmings, white
epaulets and belts, light blue trousers, goloshes
and umbrellas. The privates all carried battlo
axes. Thu Pioneers will oscort Oen. Henry A.
Darnutn, CI rand Marshal of New York's civio
The Irish-Amorican Club of New York came
after. They wero soventy-flvo strong, plus a
baud, and smiled behind big rod, white and blue
John Y. MoKane and his Democratic phalanx
from Gravetcud made a bis atir on their arrival.
Thero wero nine companies of them and they 'aWsH
throw out their chosts as who should say, JBaH
"Wo aro tho men who carried Kings anil' 'EKoibI
elected narrlson." Itepublica.il onlookers -Slisfl
chcorod thorn loudly as they passod and when iQcaal
thoy landed at Willard's they wero very big tnon. SKaasai
indeed. Among tho other organizations from InB
New York City aud Brooklyn wore thu Charles: Sssal
I' F. BrUder Lancers, of the Nine teeth; tho Flf- 'ZKaal
tecnth Assembly District Club, tho Sixteenth JaSkata!
District Club, the Uebrcn-Amoricau Republican MbbEsbI
League, Charles Sumner Pioneer Corps, SsatEssi
tho Levi P. Morton Club, of the Twenty. 'tfwH
first; tho Brooklyn Young Republican. ffiPHasa!
Ciub, tho John Simpson Legion, tho Suburban SfatiH
Republican Club, thu Rings County Ocncral iBk9
Committee, and tho Michnul J. Daily Legion, of llK9
Brooklyn. Tho lattor marched to tho strains of JswJaai
Dodsworth's Band and cut a wldo swath, tho '-JkikJbbI
only Michael, in a high hat aud black overcoat, i8f3
leading tbu way. (Hliuore, O'Brien A Co. aro JUrl
expected about the timo The Would goes to lUal
Cougross took a recess early in the morning, -akrf IM
so as tn tako a bath and bieakfust, and possibly lliOB
to attend divine worship. At li o'clock the ses. "fAv&S
sion was resumed, and with isosslbly a brief re-. 'jffivJSH
coss or two will continue through thu night anil uMH
up till noon to-morrow, when both Houses will 'Rfam
be declared according to the Constitution of ths -IbBjSbI
United States adjourned slno die. All day long iSlf9
messengers wero passing and repassing; ' SjjB
between tho Capitol and White House, ' sltn
bringing bills for tho President's approval, :Jk9
and taking back cither noticoi of his ap- OaftXI
proval or veto messages. At tho White Houso IBifnl
the Picsldcut was very busy examining and iSHM
signing the bills which came tn him by the jKiwI
basketful. He was not at homo to callers, hut jHMB
he made an exception in tho case of Gen. Slier jRaBsl
man, who called iu tho afternoon after the Proil. 'Bri"
dent returned from chinch and was accorded 'jRnM
brief interview. jSjrlssi
THE FUESIOENT AT CHOTtCH. ' "IwSiH
It was a surpriso to everybody'who knew any. .villM
thing about tho immense amount of work ro visual
quiring the President's attention, when the ''ijsRl?B
President with Mrs, Cleveland and Mrs. I'olsom 'WJIssi
drove to church to perform their usual Sunday JaWS-M
devotions and to listen to the tonching farewell iMtiM
sonnon delivered by Itcv. Dr. Sunderland, the TKCiSassi
parson who made Mr. and Mrs. Cleveland 'i3?kil
husband and wife. Mrs. Cloveland had 193p9
rather a sad expression as she shook bauds , tlH
and bade farewell to a few of the ladies. IIH
who sat near her in the church or who met Sfltii
her as she passed out She is a member JfiarB
of tho church, and she expressed her sorrow at M?mB
being obliged to relinquish her membership. WlEM
Tho President looked palo and tired as if he had are SH
sat np all night poring over acts of Congress. 'lif Jfisza
He is not a member of the church, but has been 8?6
a very regular attendant since he camo to Wash. FIKbB
Tho outgoing President mado a much better 'Jafl&M
record to-day than the President-elect did. for SRBfai
tho latter did not go to church at all, and neither Kfawfl
did Mrs. Harrison. They were invited to attend IKSai
the service which was given with military ajgial
honors at the New York Avenue Presbyterian sJtWsa
Church in the afternoon, but they did not JI$B
accept the invitation. Oen. Harrison attended wfll
that church when ho was here as a Sena. JjBai
tor, but ho .has not yet decided which M HI
church he will patronize as President, and while J HI
they axe all competing for his favor, he did not 'S MB
do anything to-day which might be regarded as R HI
invidious. Gen. Harrison had a quiet day at M Ml
home with bis family and LLje. -V tf I
Several of the churches held special services in ,9 ffil
the afternoon to invoko a benediction upon tho W Ml
Incoming Administration. There are entertain. y Hi
me'nts In all tho theatres to-night Bousato 'S SI
Marino Band gives a concert at Albaugh's Opera, -ifaBI
Ilonse, and at the now National Theatre there la iff fll
a concert by Payne's Sixty-ninth (New York) f ffl
Ileglment Band. At tho Bijou Theatre Bill Nye ' M
and James Whitcomb Riloy repeated tho enter. fl HI
tainment which was to successful here a week; M fflj
ago. S liVJ
Bad Weather for the Inaugural. i 'j SI
"There will be bad weather in Washington ! 4 Hal
Monday," said Bergt. Dunn last night, with a jl JflJ
sigh for tho fate of bright uniforms and the 'wAH
fairest things from the hands ot the milliners. sllH
Slush and bedraggled skirts were before his -IfflDJ
mind's eyo. Rain fell yesterday in tho capital u S9H
in New York, and it will continue no doubt to do 'Sul
so in both plaoea to-day. There was rain yester. ajffMMj
day all along; the east coaat the fall varying mHJ
from one Inch to one-tenth of an lnoh. All over 'aWsal
the country, howevor, it Is warn, and It was ex- iHCM
tremelyaoin the Northwest On the east coast yfasMsl
the glass registered 40 degrees above zero. anoV MaHl
in the South, at Jackaonvllle. it showed AS de- 'SOBl
green. Between Jacksonville and Cape Hatteraa 911
00 degrees was the mean. The maximum. tn . iSflH
New York was 40. The storm Is off In the Ouli j HBl
Statos. Increased warmth "may be spec44 ' Wflsi
urine the week. ' i "sflsll
A.r .ha.uw..i.i.fc, ."" . lAsaHaHsl