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The evening world. (New York, N.Y.) 1887-1931, November 05, 1904, Evening Edition, Image 8

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030193/1904-11-05/ed-1/seq-8/

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THE GREAT MORAL ISSUE OF THE CAMPAIGNCORTELYOU AND CORRUPTION
t
rtrurvxnrJxaTTx iai n n L XL i ui
PI v I
f WHAT ANSWER Will the People Make Next Tuesday to President Roosevelts Answer to the Charges Made by Judge
IIr Parker lFacts for Independent Voters to Consider
i
f Wffiougti the verdict of the people will not
tie rendered until Tuesday the Presidential cam
paign of 1904 ends today The evidence Is all
to The last of it will be summed up in the final
meetings this evening What the verdict will be
k dill uncertain partisan forecasts and postal
and estimates to the contrary notwithstanding
The Issues of the campaign have been many
l md various but in the last days of the contest
other questions have been subordinated to the
great moral Issue of Cortelyou and Corrup
t tion
n In this respect there has been no little re
1 semblance between the campaign of 1904 and
f that of 1896 Eight years ago Mr McKinley
+ and his managers expected that the tariff would
t bet the chief issue They soon realized their mis
take The election was won on the Issue of an
I honest dollaron the question whether the
American Government and the American people
I
tinder the pretext of establishing a double stand
wd of value would repudiate So per cent of
I their debts and obligations Other questions
while playing an Important part were subordl
lUte to the great question of national honesty
I i The campaign of t904 which began with
more or less discussion of economic and con
stitutional Issues has finally turned on another
question of morals Shall the Presidency be
t bought for Air Roosevelt by the great I
corporations and the protected Interests I
Shall these Interests to use the words of
Uudge Parker be allowed to purchase four
k years more of profit by tariff taxation or four
years more of extortion from the public by
w means of monopoly
The paramount and absorbing nature of this
Issue was hardly foreseen at the beginning of
the campaignbefore Mr Roosevelt fiad sub
duedthe trusts and corporations by surrender
Ing to them Th significance Mr Cortel
prows varied activities was not then fully appre
ciated The sinister meaning his transfer from
the office of corporation inquisitor to collector
of corporation tribute was not clearly understood
j When the campaign began nobody knew pre
dsely what the paramount Issue would be As
s long ago as June 6 The World said It Is be
g yond the power of any man or any convention
ii to define the leading Issue In a political cam
12 p 1gn except as this definition conforms to the
popular mood
The Republicans expected and not without
Rood reason that the financial Issue would again
be at the front Their expectations would have
1 been realized had it not been for Judge Parkers
ringing telegram to the St Louis Convention
declaring the gold standard to be Irrevocably
established which followed The Worlds edi
torial Shall Roosevelt Have a Walkover
With the financial question out of the way
ft was apparent that the strong able ambitious 1
L I resourceful militant passionate personality of
Mr Roosevelt would play a most conspicuous
part In the campaign And so it has That per
sonality has fully justified The Worlds first
a Open Latter to the President which appeared
July 30 and declared that the paramount
Issue of this campaign Is not as you would I
thave it free trade or free liver but you your I
i
t self Theodore Roosevelt Even the Cortelyou i
tt atfair is a part of that personality and that per
sonal Issue
j Ten Living Questions
This first Open Letter defined what were then
the ten living questions of the campaign Among
them was the Cortelyou scandal which has
since become the vital burning question the
overwhelming moral Issue of the contest
It may be worth while to repeat these ques
tions in substance
I Shall the people of the United States
have for the next four years a personal or
a constitutional government
11 2 Shall the tariff never be revised except
r by the friends of its abuses extortions and
discriminations
3 Shall monopolies like the Beef Trust
u which control universal necessaries of life
enjoy longer Indulgence by the nonen
sforcement of antitrust laws through con
tributions to party campaign funds
AA 4 Shall Mr Roosevelts submission and
surrender to corporate power as shown by
the removal of Mr Knox to the Senate and
the appointment of Mr Metoalf and Mt
r Morton to the Cabinet be approved by the
people
5 Shall the rule of corrupting corpora
tIons i politics be further enlarged by con
t uJng in power a party closely allied with
HMM 1
6 Stoall we continue a policy of reckless
1 atniviipI ce In government as shown by
1 tIt ix re of 2500000000 in the
aI tor
Ik a Ti corruption bred of too
long a lease of power as revealed In the
halfdisclosed postal frauds be condoned
and continued
8 Shall the attitude of the United States
toward other nations be that of the bully
with the Big Stick
9 Shall we continue the malevolent In
fluence upon our own Insti Lions of a
policy of Asiatic colonization In the Philip
pines
10 Shall we revive the sectional Issue
In this letter The World told Mr Roosevelt
frankly that the transfer of Mr Cortelyou from
the Inqulsltorshlp of corporations to the cot
lectorshlp of campaign tribute from these cor
poratlons had Fall the appearance of delib
erate preparation partisan blackmail
More than three months afterward on Nov
3 Judge Parker said substantially the same
thing In his speech at Hartford In which he
discussed the AntiTrust and Department of
Commerce acts of 1903 In these words We
know full well how the opportunity for the use
of that legislation has been availed of in this
campaign No statute could nave been better
devised for the successful financing1 of the can
didate of the Republican party or for its in
definite perpetuation in power
What save a consuming ambition to be
elected President In your own right asked The
World of Mr Roosevelt could have led you
to shift your successful trust prosecutor to
Quays place as a trust agent In the Senate and
to convert your confidential private secretary
and trust Investigator Into a campaign trust fat
fryer In place of Mark Hanna deceased 1
We appeal It continued to all honest men
whether in the annals of our Government there
was ever a grosser abuse of power a greater
public scandal or a more unprincipled defiance
of decent public opinion than Is this transfer of
in otl Investigator and curber of great cor
porations to be a collator campaign funds
from them
The Worlds protest against this scandal was
received by the Administration in dead silence
although the President was quick to deny through
Secretary Loeb an unfounded report that J Pier
pont Morgan had twice visited him at Sagamore
Hill
The Issue of the Bit Stick
On Aug 33 The World addressed a second
Open Letter to President Roosevelt In which It
presented In his own words the amazing record
of his Imperialistic tendencies his glorification of
war his love of fighting his contempt for peace
ful industry and his detestation of the orderly
principles upon which the Republic was founded
In this second letter was discussed that ex
traordinary letter which Mr Roosevelt sent to
Mr Root at the Cuban anniversary dinner In
which the President said
If i nation shows hit It knows how to let
with decency In Industrial md political matters
If It KEEPS ORDER and PAYS Ito obligation
THEN It need fear no Interference from the
United States Brutal wrongdoing or an Im
potence which results In a general loosen
Inr of the ties of civilized society may
finally require Intervention by some clvlllted
nations and In the WESTERN HEMISPHERE
the United States cannot Ignore this duty but
It remains true that our Interests and those of our
southern neighbors are In reality Identical All that
we ask Is that they shall govern themselves
well and be prosperous and orderly Where
I
I this Is the cut they will find only helpfulness
from us
I
I Of the language used In thin Instance and In
nearly thirty others In which the Presidents own
words were cited The World asked
Was there ever language Jo Intemperateso
Intolerant so extravagant 59 unprecedented so
undignified so inflammatory so warlike and so
dangerous to the people and to their peace de
livered by any President or Chief Magistrate of
the United States or any dvilized country of
the world before
As the campaign progressed evidence accumu
lated to prove that however Important however
essential the Issues of constitutionalism Imperial
Ism extravagance militarism and tariff re
form might be In themselves they were dwarfed I
In comparison with the moral issue of money I
In politics The Cortelyou scandal had be I
i gun to smell to heaven The alliance between
I the Administration and the corporate interests had
become notorious One after another the great
corporation rulers who had been opposed to Mr
Roosevelts nomination came out In support of
his candidacy Mr Cortelyou moved as silently
and as secretly as the Russian police But evi
dence of his work was everywhere at handIn
the swollen campaign chests of the Republican
National Committee In the changed attitude ol
Wall street toward Mr Roosevelts candidacy lr
the enthusiasm th which the masters of mil
lions were supjrtrtlnj the President whose po
F sr
litical nee they had threatened only a few short
months before
Mr Roosevelts Surrender to the
Corpora dons
On Oct 1 The World addressed to Mr Roose
velt a third Open Letter In which It discussed In
hIs own words his record as a corporation
curber This record showed I
1 How Mr Roosevelt had clamored long and
stridently for publicity In the Interests of the
public as to the affairs of the great corporations
2 How Congress finally yielded to his de
mands by creating a Department of Commerce
with a Bureau of Corporations by amending the
Interstate Commerce laws to forbid rebates by
making a special appropriation of 500000 to
prosecute violators of the AntiTrust laws and
by providing for the advancement of these cases
In the United States courts
3 How after breaking the Northern Securi
ties merger and securing temporary Injunctions
against the Beef Trust and certain Southern rail
roads the enforcement of the AntiTrust laws
suddenly ceased although only 26000 of the
5500000 had been expended
4 How Mr Roosevelt rearranged his Cabi
net to placate the corporations Mr Knox being
removed to the Senate while Mr Metcalf the
political agent of the Southern Pacific was made
Secretary of Commerce and Mr Morton a Vice
President of the Santa Fe was made Secretary
of the Navy
5 How Mr Cortelyou who had learned by
diligent Investigation the secrets of the great
corporations was made Chairman of the Re
publican National Committee and collector of
the campaign fund
6 How with no publicity as to the affairs of
these corporations after 583 days of supposed
Investigation and a trust curb < ng fund of 474
000 lying Idle In the National Treasury the cor
poration managers had fallen Into line for Mr
Roosevelt
This record could not very well rn dodged
Mr Cortelyou had been Mr Roosevelts private
secretary He had been made Secretary of Com
merce and Labor when the new department was
created One of the duties of his Bureau of
Corporations was to make diligent Investiga
tion Into the organization conduct and man
agement of corporations engaged In Interstate I
commerce The results of these Investigations
were to be made public by direction of the
President Mr Cortelyou himself had said In his
first annual report that there should be no con
fidential files They are often the resort of
the blackguard and the blackmailer he declared
Only those files should be held confidential as
the law requires or public considerations de
mand
Yet there had been no publicity All files ap
parently were held confidential and after Mr
Cortelyou had been at the head of the Depart
ment of Commerce for sixteen months learning
by diligent Investigation the secrets of the great
corporations he was appointed by Mr Roosevelt
to collect the Presidential campaign fund
How well he icceeded was obvious Contri
butions were more than generous as evidenced
by the committees expenditures In Its third
Open Letter The World asked this question of
Mr Roosevelt
< > Do not corporations that are
pouring money Into your campaign
chests assume that they are buying
Protection buying Privilege buy
Ing Immunity
How Much Have the Trusts Paid
It asked the President for Information as to
1 How muoh hit the Beef Trust contrib
uted to Mr Cortelyouf
2 How much hie the Paper Trust contrib
uted to Mr Cortelyou
3 How much her the Goal Trust contrib
uted to Mr Cortelyouf
M4 How much has the Sugar Trust contrib
uted to Mr Cortelyouf
e How much her the Oil Trust contrib
uted to Mr CortelyouT
e How much her the Tobacco Trust con
tributed to Mr Cortelyouf
7 7 How much has the Steel Taut contrib
uted to Mr Cortelyouf
ft How much has the Insurance Trust
contributed to Mr Cortelyouf
I g How much have the national banks con
tributed to Mr Cortelyouf
10 HOM much hart the alx great railroad
trusts contributed to Mr Cortelyouf
It urged him to prove the sincerity of his de
mand for publicity by addressing to the Chair
man of his Campaign Committee a letter framed
In these general terms
My Dear Mr Cortilyoai I said In my fiat
message to Congress that the first essential In
determining bow to deal with the tIalrs of hi
T t Industrial combinations Is knowledge of the
fids publicity the Interests of the public
1 bow of nothing more Important tit the
I osbRe atouU bow II to fa aftln of UMM
r I
aj1h I
corporations than how much they are contribut
ing to party campaign funds for Special Privi
leges Special Protection and Special Immunity
U these corporations are trying to buy legislation
or executive Indulgences through the agency of
campaign committees the people have a right to
know It
I direct you therefore for the honor of my
Administration and for my personal honor to
make public all the Information you have u to
turns of money contributed to my campaign fund
by publicservice corporations by corporations
having business relations with the Government
and by corporations that might be affected by the
enforcement of the AntiTrust or Interstate Com
merce law You will also make public any agree
ments however Indirect or Implied that you have
entered Into with them In regard to the future
attitude of my Administration toward their In
terests THEODORE ROOSEVELT
If such a letter were written In good faith
asked The World and the Information re
quested were made public in good faith
Would It not fully explain why after 583 days
there has been no official publicity u to the affairs
of the corporations whose business hisbeen In
vestigated by Mr Cortelyou and his successor
Would It not explain why the corporations
that opposed you In March are supporting you
nowWould
Would It not explain the rearrangement of
your Cabinet
Would It not explain the extraordinary change
In your attitude toward the relations of Govern
ment to corporate wealth
Would It not explain the prlnuly contributions
to your campaign fund which are pouring In from
every comer of the country I
Would It not explain why all the kings of
finance who were clamoring for your political
life now believe that thj best Interests of the
country will be served by your election I
Would It not be the most Instructive the most
Illuminating piece of Information that could ever
be made public as to the relations of the Govern
ment with the great corporations
Would It not reveal to the American people
how preposterous Is your pretext of linger to the
Republic from foreign enemies and how real Is the
danger to the Republic from Its enemies at home
It Is unnecessary to say that the letter sug
gested above has never been written Not one
of the questions has ever been answered either
by the President or by any member of his Ad
ministration
How Cortelyon and Corruption Be
came the Great Issue
Other newspapers have discussed this great
scandal of the campaign Mr Cleveland referred
to It delicately in his Carnegie Hall speech when
he mentioned the fact that the threats and ani
mosity of many powerful trust magnates have
been displaced by their approval and substantial
support of the party which seeks tr convince the
people of Its trustdestroying proclivities
Judge Parker took up the Issue In his speech at
Esopus the following Monday He charged ex
plicitly that the trusts and protected Industries
had joined forces to perpetuate the present Ad
ministration He declared that they had planned I
to purchase four years more of profit by tariff
taxation or four years more of extortion from
the public by means of monopoly He asserted
that debasing and corrupt methods were threat
ening us with a government whose officers are
I practically chosen by a handful of corporation
managers who levy upon the assets of the stock
holders whom they represent such sums of
money as they deem requisite to place the con
duct of the Government in such hands as they
consider best for their private Interests
When Judge Parker undertook to smoke out
the Administration on the isro of Cortelyou
and Corruption it was expected that the cynical I
policy of addition division and silence would
be abandoned and that a pretense would be made
of meeting the charges The President had
shown himself very sensitive as to the other
charges made by his opponent
Secretary Taft had been sent out to answer
Judge Parkers charge that the Philippines had
cost the people of the United States 670000000
Govemor General Wright had been appealed to
by cable and had replied to Judge Parkers
charges relative to the economic condition of the
Filipinos and the character of the insular gov I
ernment Acting Secretary Taylor of the Treas I
ury had put forth statements contradicting Judge I
Parkers charges of extravagance and his charges
as to the condition of the Treasury Mr Knox
had been drafted to answer Judge Parkers ar
gument as to the efficacy of the common law In
the regulation of trusts and monopolies Mr
Root had entered a blanket denial of Judge Par
kers general arraignment of the Administrations
policies Secretary Hay had replied to criticisms
of the Panama affair But the charge that Mr
Cortelyou was extorting campaign tribute from
the corporations found the Administration with
out an explanation There was an Issue that had
not been elucidated in the campaign textbook
i It was reported that Mr Roosevelt would make
a penal reply but the report was dented Then
1
wIt lIIII c f
It was reported that Mr Cortelyou would de
fend himself but this report was denied Mr
Knox gave out a statement after an Interview
with the President in which he said hat Judge
Parker Is describing precisely and exactly the
sources which give Tammany Hall Its strength
but except for a general denial no attempt was
made to answer the charge that the corporations
were buying Protection and Privilege from Mr
Roosevelts personal political agent No offer
was made to open the books although De Lancey
Nlcoll offered to make public the contributions
to the Democratic campaign fund If the Repub
licans would do the same Senator Lodge tried
to dismiss the indictment by calling the charges
unsustalned and slanderous
No Answer to the Ten Questions
But these charges as Judge Parker remarked
In his Jersey City speech cannot be met In that
fashion Mr Knox Mr Root and Senator Fair
banks are lawyers They know how little value
Is attached In a court of justice to hearsay evl
dence which was the only kind tfiey could pre
sent There are only two persons who
can Interest the people on this subject
as Judge Parker well said If they have
anything to say the people would like i
to have It said promptly II
Weeks have passed he continued since the
N w York World the New York Times and the
Brooklyn Eagle made charges covering fully this
the most vital question before the people
charges thai were reproduced In every part of
the country the former propounding ten
questions beginning with How much hag
the Beef Trust contributed to Mr Cor
telyou
There has been plenty of time to ansWer these
questions but they have not been answered
and THEY WILL NOT BE
It Is for the people now to say whether the
trusts of this country shall be permitted to control
Its national elections In order that their power to I
levy tribute may be continued
Judge Parker did not take up this mural Issue
of Cortelyou and Corruption until the campaign
was entering upon Its last fortnight
The Republican orators and campaign mana
gers could sneer at newspaper charges but
I when the opposing candidate for President un
til lately ChiefJudge of the Court of Appeals
drove the Issue home cynicism changed to con
sternation
From the hour that Judge Parker put the
real paramount Issue to the front the Demo
cratic campaign took on new hope and confi
dence While the Republican newspapers were
clamoring for Judge Parker to prove his
charges the voters were considering the
amazing array of evidence presented to sub
stantiate those charges In every speech in
which the Democratic candidate drove this Issue
home his presentation of the Cortelyou indict
ment was received with the wildest enthusiasm
It Is the one Issue of the campaign that has
touched the public conscience
Whatever rejoinder the Republican orafors
have been able to make to other Issues here Is a
vital Issue that they have not been able to dls
pose of
They cannot deny that Mr Cortelyou has
been Secretary of Commerce and Labor They
cannot deny that the law commanded him to
make diligent investigation Into the organiza
tion conduct and management of corporations
engaged In Interstate commerce
They cannot deny that after what Is now
618 days of supposed Investigation there has
been not a single word of that publicity In the
interests of the public for which the law pro
vided
They cannot deny that 474000 of a corpora
tloncurbing fund Is lying Idle In the Treasury
They cannot deny that after Mr Cortelyou
had been Secretary of Commerce for sixteen I
months Mr Roosevelt made him Chairman of
his Campaign Committee
They cannot deny that Mr Cortelyou Is to re
turn to the Cabinet as PostmasterGeneral and
make important contracts with railroad com
panies which have contributed to the Republican
campaign fund
They cannot deny that the financial Interests
that were opposed to Mr Roosevelt are now sup
porting his candidacy and contributing vast sums
of money to further his election
They cannot deny that these corporations be
Heve they are thereby purchasing Protection
Privilege and Immunity
I Their frantic protests against the interpretation
put upon the events which began with Mr Roose
velts demand for publicity in the Interests of
the public and ended with the transfer of his
corporation inquisitor to the post of campaign
tax collector recall the vivid illustration em
ployed by Lincoln k answer the hysterical do
male oftht KucMwi AdnWttntioi wkM it
11 P
wu confromahrlUi mequaJty wwtthertn IM r
ment
ntUncoln
Lincoln aid We cannot absolutely know
that an these adaptations are the result of pnv
concert But when we sea a lot of framed tJm
bees different portions of which we know hive
been gotten out at different UmM and pUcaa
and by different workmen Stephen Franklin
Roger and James for Instance 4nd when WI
see those timber Joined together and sea they
exactly make the frame of a house or a mitt std 1
the tenons and mortises exactly fitting and an
t lengths and proportions of the different I
pieces exactly adapted to their respective places J
and not a piece too long or too few not omitting
even scaffolding or If a single piece be lacking
we see the place In the frame exactly fitted and
prepared yet to bring such a piece InIn such a
case we find It Impossible not to believe that
Stephen and Franklin and Roger and James all f IJ
understood one another from the beginning and
all worked upon a common plan or draft drawn
UP before the first blow was struck
I
Why Mr Roosevelt Should Be
Defeated
I
The World believes that the Issue of hn
periallsm and militarism alone should be enough
to defeat Mr Roosevelt
It believes that the Issue of constitutional
government as against personal Impulse should
be enough to defeat him
It believes that the Issue of the Dig Stick
and the Insolent and perilous pretense of over
lordship In this hemisphere should be enough to
defeat him I
It believes that the Issue of Philippine Indepen
dence should be enough to defeat him
r
It believes that the Issue of wanton extrava
gance should be enough to defeat him
It believes that his usurpation of powers at
illustrated In Pension Order No 78 should be
enough to defeat him
It believes that his submission and surrender
to corporation power should be enough to de o v
feat him I
But when to these b added the moral fesue at
Cortelyou and Corruption the brazen at
tempt of the corporations to buy the Presi
dency for Mr Roosevelt In return for Im
plied promises of Proteatlon and Privilege
there Is only one decision open to the voter 9
whose conscience has not been paralyzed by the
Insidious strengthening of the power of money
In politics There Is only one choice open to
the Independent voter who places the welfare
of the nation above partisan advantage There
is only one choice open to the Republican who <
recognizes the fact that the RepubUc Is more
precious than a political party There Is only
ono choice open to the cltlzen who re
gards the honor of the Presidency aa a
sacred thing which must not be stained t
by the unclean hands of plutocracy V
As an Independent newspaper The World
makes Its appeal to these Independents It
Its the candl
proved Independence by opposing f
date of Its party for President on a question of t
principle and honor It has supported indepen
dent candidates in local and State campaigns sole
ly for the public welfare Its eyes are not blinded
by the glare of party aggrandizement ti
The Issue of Cortelyou and Corruption Is vital
It strikes to the very heart of American Institu
tions It lifts the power of money above all
other Influences In our national life No rebute
could be too stinging no defeat too humilktinfc 1
for the party that has forced this Issue to MM
front
To repeat what The World has already stMl
Not for the Democratic party but for demo
cratic Institutions Is this written Not against the <
Republican party but for the Republic What
will be the answer of the American people M
Tuesday to the question Shall the PmW
dency be bought V
t
Ifr Roosevelt Replies
POSTSCRlPTShortly before midnight M
night Mr Roosevelt Issued a personal reply la
which he entered what Is termed In law a gtoml 1
denial to what he called the unqualifiedly and
atrociously false charges madeby Judge Parker
Mr Roosevelt denies that there have been oar
pledges or promises or understanding is to Im
munities but does not attempt to explain the
extraordinary activity of the great trusts and
corporations In his behalf He does not explain
the extraordinary changes in Us Cabinet In tlieir t
interests He does not explain the 618 days of
secrecy In the Bureau of Publicity He does not
open the boob
It remikw for the voters to decide whet er
Mr Roosevelts statement Is a satisfactory Est
M tM dlua
± 1

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