Newspaper Page Text
ine, Wednesday, January 16, 1913
The High Cost of Living
JL saa1 so . t-M
ESTATn,IBHHI BT JORKHI rVUlTZKH.
Dally Except Sunday by th Pre Publishing Company, No St to
tl PUk Row. New Turk.
RALPH PtTMTZRR. President. f,j Pin Row.
J. ANOI'g HMWV, Treasurer. S.l Park now.
JOSEPH PUlITZKIl, Jr.. Becrelsry, S3 Park Row.
- ixuvy iu ivwuutw X
By Madison C Peters.
1 1 n i" rn r-i-i- " " - rrryimmrm.iL.
ltnterc 1 at tha Post-Offlre at Nrw Tork Perond-flsss Matter.
in Hates lo The r.venini i or i m in, . aim) me ontinent ana
I f.. . i .. r lirtl fltMt.'B I All I ill n I rl,. i 1n the ! n -r nntlofinl
OnrtrWrht. tT Tin Preta PaMUbi-ia O. (The New Terk
r and Canada. ' Postal t'nlon.
One Tmt W.H One Tear t.1l
Om Month x D """ Mun th
t.Inereaae the Yield, Extend the Arena.
HE Kuropnan farmetr makca tha Amrl--n bluah. with
an acra for about all train. Ia thrrs anr unin tnr
lnoompterna a thaaa flauraa show?
AVE IRAQIS AN ACRID.
The Evening World Daily M
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Whv Not? W &B&ul W. By Maurice Kettcn
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MISS WlUie , I WAST ) HOLD OM ! 0OHT ) f DICTATE
1 1 W PR.0POSM-V ,e-fc
VOLUMK 53 NO. 18,77
r Ellis Island to become a board ing-housB for rx-!'rrir1cnta and
former dictator? Ocn. Caatro ia held tlicrn as nn undesirable
fairmigrant on the ground of "moral turpitude," it being charged
against him that he robbed the Treasury, murdered one Paredoa and
wm unkind to the Barber asphalt intenU. Ho ha money, hia
health ia good, he Jiaa never been tried for or conrieted of any criminal
offense. "Mornl turpitude" ia all the State Department haa to fall
beek upon to hold him out.
Now come On. Reyes former Provident of Colombia also a
value tary exile from his country. lie, too, ia accused of plundering
the public purse, he also put to death one Ortiz not for tiearing arms
la a revolution, but for a political conspiracy and his record ia even
leaa asvory than Castro's.
Will he be welcomed aa an honorod guost, or will he join Caatro
THE FOOLISH WAITERS.
THE public ia, after all, a patient, indulgent, jimtico-loring pub
lic, with a quick sympathy for the man who ia getting the
worst of it, and a wish to see those who servo its needs and
pleasure well treated and happy. All along it haa beon more than
nail on the side of tho hotel and restaurant wAitera in their effort to
get better working conditions and better pa;-. But tho public is not
ell kinds of a fool. It ia a pretty koen judge of decency, fairness end
When the wrongs of the striking waiters found votce In the coun
sel of Joseph 0. Kttor "to make it unsafe for capitalist guests to eat"
the public heard with incredulous amazomcnt and indignation.
Now that the waiter applaud the advice of Miss Elizabeth Ourley
Prynn to make affidavits of the foulness of tho food they serve, to
"inform the guest who sit down to a dainty dinner that it daintiness
rose out of a rile spot like a lily out of a mud nool," and that it is
"one-fifth poison and four-fiftha covering up of poison," the public
ia not only indignant but thoroughly disgusted an well.
In the first place, it doee not believe these sickening tales. In
the second place, it begins to distrust the spirit that prompts them.
If the waiters axe foolishly and recklessly bent on sullying their own
nest, degrading themselves and their case, they are on the right road.
But let them expect no more sympathy.
WHERE ARE THE OLD-TIME WINTERS?
JANUARY half fdhe and where ia winter? Nothing yet even
approaching sero weather. The Hudaon is open. The river
boats ase still running to Albany. The graaa in Central Park
ia as green as if it were April. Cold waves are half-hearted affairs,
ashamed to hang about more than twenty-four hour. Europe has
had no severe weather. Black fog descended upon London two days
ago with "frost." But what the English call "frost" is often only a
mild 25 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. The Atlantic, to bo sure, has been
breezy and reatless enough; but what has become of the famous old
land winters of bitter cold and terrible snows? What has happened
te our fino old Western blizzards that it used to make one ehiver only
to read about P
It looks aa if the oirRlaed world were being let off nowadays from
the winter rigors thai rattled the bones, froze the blood and chilled
the souls of its ancestors. In former times, winters in tho northern
hemisphere left their mark and were remembered for generations.
In old records of hard winters in the Middle Ages the race to
day hardly recognizes the planet it lives on. For example: In the
year 401 the Black Sea was entirely frozen over. In 462 tho Danube
1 ia swea. a ...
was rroten, so mat rneoaomer marcned on the ice to Swabia to
avenge hia brother's death. In 768 the cold was. so intense that the
Strait of Dardanelles and the Black Sea were entirely frozen over.
The enow, in some places, was fifty feet deep, and the ice van heaped
rn enen quantities on the cities as to cause the walls to fall down. In
SSA AJL- A ' ai T , - ,.
nnv sue xunavrc vh cnwrfiy iru7.cn ovnr. in DVi nntl RWfl the vines
were killed by the cold, and cattle died in their stalls. In 1067 the
eoM was so intense that roost of tho travellers in Germany wen
froaen to death on the road. Wine casks burnt and trees split bv
frost with an immense noise. In IV si tho bonnes in Austria were
completely buried in snow. In 1344 all tho rivers in Italy were
frozen. In 1468 tfhe winter was so severe in Flanders that the wine
wm cut with heitoheta to be distributed to the soldier. In 16H4
many forest trees and oaks in England were upljt with the frost. In
1091 the eold was so intense that starved wolves entered Vienna.
What has become of winters like these? TTave civilization and
coal scared them away, or is a kind Providence tetnnerinjr the wind
to a weakened and relaxed humanity?
UR genial Mayor now wishes to have hypocrisy taxed, lie
grows liberal in his old age.
jg -II -M-J -ar
HERB -This 0Hk
Wbmi Oat Barlar. Jtm
Ualtaa etataa - mm M SI IS
Rtusda t SB 14 11
OarrrrajDr - M SO Si SJ
Auttrta IS JS SS IS
Hunvary IT SO IT
FVacvsa 10 tl M IT
United Kteisriom S3 44 ST
If Amartran furniera would ralaa food oropa aa Kuropana do at m
tMira to par aa muoh for our llTtn-f. Ercn Ruasla baata ua aavan buwhata
Wlrh nrirr M.OnA.rer) wrm in whaat. If wo r-ollt tho SlfTaranea "aatwaau
with hnahvla an aora and tha United Kingdom with S3 tnMhala, a
etaad of a 70n.OOO.OOO lniatil crop, have Bad a crop of over a billion and a half
buaSiala. more than twk What we (Bd ralaa Hurt year. Tut thie Ruropaan
ware under oiittlvatlon for oanturlei before tha ahlpi ware bullded wTiMDi
Columbna on our ahorea.
In every oalllrm exoept tJhat of farmlmr have drmonstrated tha
of Afnerlean afflclrnoy. Corn la tfhe American rraln klntt. f'o arlaptad are yr
aofl and climate to Ita arowth that we produoe Til per cent, of the world's
Tat within forty yeara our areraite production of thla crop ha fallen from
troabela trie avore to 21. 4. and we have about reached the maximum acraaare whlaC
oaa be devoted to oom. Th1a ataadr falllne; off In tha yield to the aora imam a,
not annual toai to She nation of SM.000.00O. If by axaentltlc asrtcultura w ad
rearularly laoraaaed nor yield of eorn one-fourrli of one per cent, a year, ef a)
par oanl rn forty years, our national wealth would have been Increased) last
year tl 70,000,000
If In forty yeare we bad advanned in wheat culture ee Relaiimi did rn SNtrty,
our national wealth would hare Inoraaaad SSOO.OOO.OOO laat year.
Cattle Vertu Population.
iMirlnc the leet cenaua our cuttle decreaaed S.MlO.onn bred 5o that whSJe oar
population Increaeed tl par cent., our cattle decreaacd In number 4.7 par cant.
In lton there waa in tha United States one aheep for every cltlr.en. In UU1 only
four to tan pereona. In tan yeara the number of ahrep Kroner decreased IBJ.OOO.
In ten yeara tbe number of ralvea fell from 15.000.ono to 7.000,000. (Pertiacw a
law preventing the kllllrMt of calvea and lamhe for thre years would aolve the
meat problem How can we etutafn our rapidly rrowtnjc population with m
atenrlliv deollnttia food aupply7 Remedylnr BBS eerloue condition of our aaratst
tural life le ae Imoortant as an lnveararatlon of the Reef Tnit.
We aubmlt that national aid for the promotion of agriculture la tha queettaai
that neede our moat eerloua thought Kor the food eupply la a matter of prime
Importance. We rpend annually upward of arven hundred mllltona to meet tka
ordlnnry expenefa of our irovernmcnt. while leaa than one per cent, of our total
approirtatlona go to aid arrtculture. an Induatry whlnh feeda, olotbea and St
porta 40 per cent, of our people, .'-'t hundred and twenty-five million doll are
rm re-ore our rlvere and harhore. agalnat eW.nrmnfln to encourage Mprlcalture a
develop the country dlatrlcta.
A Seed That la Neglected.
MllHona upon nillllona are apent everr year for Federal buildings to
our dtlea and town and add to the convenience of their Inhabltante. hut
ror -ooa enn roatta ana to inc.reaae rne aawauona ana ronvcnienece or roe e, eve, tew
forniera of the I'n'.ied St:itea. for the 41.0fl0.0en who realde upon our farraa, and
where over 11.iW.onn fiiTanna over ten yeara of ago are at work.
lot the iovernmen4 Klve mir farmara better facljltlna for tranaportatloa, hea
ter meana for communication wlbh the outalde world and better made.
I.et the rural mall eervlce be extended until the daily mat reaohea avaj Se
ton.onn farm hOUSasi nnd above an better opporrunttlea for education. The sai
aence of the graded district ec.hool eontrfbutea to the depopulation of tha
I' we cannot get SBf allly moth that flutter around the dtv andlo
the eoll. let ua do what we can to make country Bfe eo attractive that t
men now on the eoll wHl eta y rhere.
Mi er-m m I
Mr. Jarr Is Going to Be a Rich Man,
but It Won't Happen for Some Time.
. .. J MM JS .w.w stj .w JS .w .-4 o .si M M M .a J , 4
The Day's Good Stories
'" la to look for their
crayon portrait every
time they oau.
I pvrumiia every l una may cu.
Oh, If only I da red to chuck them out!"
, "That' tha whole premise!" re
marked Mr. Dtnkaton. "There ara two
aorta of people who have crayon por
trait on their walla Tha Aran sort are
people who Ilka them, the aeoond sort
ttre people who hate them but dare not
remove them beco.ua they fear to of
fend thoe who DO like themthe
original. In either oaaa the deadly
epeil of the crayon portrait Is that the
hair, whtakera, jewelry and clothe are
analit, iuu. Iu Tbe free) rututohln On.
ITn new lark tieaus nuriii.
OUR Idea of bringing family
crayon portrait up to date In
beard and halrouta for th
men and making th draasaa of the
ladle In them of the mode of the year
la vary good," aald Mr. Jarr vary grave
ly, "but wnere doea tbe large fortune
earn In that wa ara to make out of
your Crayon Art RenaJaaanoa and Up-to-Date
Flaahiona Family Portrait
"Let me crave your attention and
mental conuenlraUon a moment," re
pllod Mr. Dlnkaton, "and I will eluci
date. 1 will cite you atatlaUca to prove
my oontentlona at th financial feasi
bility of my prouoaltlon. You have two
"Yea," Interrupted Mr. Jarr. "Wa
have one Uncle Henry gave ua of hlm
aalf and one my wife' mother guva ua
of heraelf. They are both borrtllc. Thry
make me ehudder to think of them.
They give ma tha Willie to look at
Why not remove and da troy them?"
eeked Mr. Dlnkaton blandly.
Th if Just It!" orled Mr. Jarr. "If
we took them aown iincie nenry ana
my wire e mother woiua never rorgtve
u. The first thing the grim original
The Pocket Uncyclopedi i.
696. How did the word "seMlSf
597. Why dor$ a thundvrttorm of
ten follow very dry weather f
698. J a room better ventilated lu
opening the upper or the lou er mth
of a window t
699. Why thould a Uiuul be eooled
from the top rather than from, the
600. Why doe blowing on hot food
qutsstloua will be answered
Friday. Here are rBilss to Mon-
CBrw la arUOclal cold usually pro
It) By evaporation.
rnuoh larger u tbe aun thao
t) About UtO,eN tunes larger.
I 6!i3. (How are Retail preaerve.! by
tnokltii; HtSSSTI All wood smoke con
tain creosote, which Is a SlSSStlSllll.
KM. (Why doia a chimney smoke when
If 1 i I 1M !,.,.( 'I lli. r..,,l .f .
...... . ,
nut Btteaa enough to rarry all
smoke uli ihroutfii the una
6110. (WJiy dues auup kep hot longer
than wnter?) The greuae nnd other In
gredlenta lluatlng on the surfiio tend
to pruvvnt the heat from escaping.
WILL BREAK EVEN.
Ultiba- Vou BSSJB pretty cheerful for
a 4ck mutt.
Dibbs Well, you kee. the doctor haa
put JH on diet, and I'll save enough on
food (a acilltt his bill -dJoston Tran
script. WeiOHT, 2B0.
Duhl- Do you know wh.it Pbataom
spectallaad In at oullega?
Keeae Judging from hi appearanee,
It was gaatronomy.-Judga.
"By and By."
(Vn'Tnw n. IDIS. b; The rsj Puhltehtaif O.
iri New Vorii aeeaSi wefM).
sbwiii i jw
IUU rough hicMi rectangle of land,
spilt from north to south by the
Cascade Mountains, British posses
sions to the north and the Pacific
Ocean to the west. That is Wasblnirton. the
Union's northweeternmost State.
It used to be a part of Oregon and Its early
story was Oregon's, already told In this series.
As In the rest of Oregon, the first white people
who Fettled Washington came for furs. And,
as In a doen other parts of the West, the first
settlers was mads up not of homsmaksrs, but of
really great rush of
It waa In 1811 that fur trading postg were established In Washington.
And the forest peace was shattered by gun, trap and deadfall. The men
who formed this earliest colony cered nothing for building permanent homes in
the wllderneaa. All they wanted waa to i b that wllderneaa of animals whose
sklna had money value. When ihalr work of daughter waa done they went
Marcus Whitman brought a band of plonaora to Walla Walla In ISIS, where
a mlMlon wa formed. During the next ten year other frontiersmen drifted Into
Waehlngton and at laat formed a rude eon of "Provisional Oovernment" The
Uudeon Bay Company British fur traders from th north did all It could to
discourage aattlement on the lands whtoh encroached on Ita vaat trapping pre
serves. And ther waa for a long time a sharp dtaput as to whether tha
district Bhlonged to the United Ptatra or to Rngland.
Little by little a certain order grew out of ehao.
"What' the dlffsrasice between
whisker and a beard V
"A beard Is somsthlng that deco
rate the speaker' own faos. Whis
ker are things that disfigure the
other felloea." , ,
Such ,'nlnnlsta a remained were no lnnr.r mere wnalrh
I A Fight for I .!,,,, but were bent upon the tak of establlahlng
I Existence. J Rn(1 strengthening their wllderneaa communities But
" the settler were few end they made slow progrea. Ry
1SHS, however, the future State wa strong enough to nk and receive separate
It wa cut off from Oregon In thst year and wns organlted as a separate
territory named In honor ow (leorge WhlnKton. Then trouble set in. Th
Indian grew alarmed at the way the white men were breaking up the savage
bunting ground. Ho they went on the warpath with the Idea of killing every
aettler In Washington. And tor years the territory wa scourged by raids,
battles and maaaaorea.
Gold was discovered In eastern Waehlngton An army of nronpectora fol
lowed. wnrmlng everywhere and bringing on era of mining camp lawlessness;
but among the treasure hunters were many who remained as permanent rest
dente. In spite of all these additions Washington grew very slowly being so
far from the beaten Una of travel and ao hard to reach until 1884, when tha
first railroad opened It up to the world at larro.
Then followed a phenomenal inrush From abou
78,000 Inhabitant In ll0, tbe numbers swelled by 1800
to about 850.000 (an Increase of over 38K per cent. In
ten yeara.) Before 11)10 the million mark waa passed.
Meantime. In 18N9, Washington hail been admitted to She
Union aa a 8 rata
Ita wonderful resources were at last developed: Its wealth, a long lying
Idle, was turned Into working oapltal. Prosperity and progresa had coma nnd
Th Dawn of
so torrlfylngly life-like.
"W could aland for the hard, staring,
expressionless faces, but the wire-edge
hah-cuta. the early vintage whiskers on
father, uncle, grandpa, and brother, and
the coat of antlqu cut and pattern, all
rigidly reproduced with photographto
fidelity, drive u mad with the men.
"With th women w hate the black
alpaca basques whan black alpa'-a
basques are out, the flowing puff sleeve
and rounding curve when traight
fitting atyle are In, and vice vera.
Aleo th bang and ihe breakfast-bun
tight topknot of hair petrliled on their
brow and cranium when hair dress
ing style are simpler and lea awe
some. Now we wia aend our expert
crayon refittera around.
"Say It la Aunt Margaret's crayon In
hair and dress styl of 1870? And be
side It hangs Father's crayon when he
waa thin and wore grogana excuse me
If I drop Into the vernaoular when he
wore a beard grouped as Uladstonlan
facial smtlax a la Shore Acres
Our crayon retltters and renovators
wltl glva Aunt Margaret a classic coif
fure and put her Into a dress approxi
mately the present modes. And, a for
father, they will shave off the lugger
and make him look leaa Uka th missing
"I tell your Mr. IMnkston went on.
"we wound maJte millions out of 1'.'
Listen. In greater New Tork alone
there are 400.000 dwelling houses, flat
and apartment. Theie will average
eight famUlea aoh. That I 3,3O0AO
families. Half of these families have
crayon portraits. Half of these fami
lies owning crayon portraits wDl wel
come our Crayon Art Renaissance and
Uo-to-dat Fashion Family Portrait
"Our gentlemsnly operator wfll visit
our clients once a year and renovate
their crayon portrait In hair dressln :
"Our slnn 1 'satisfaction and amad
twoflts!' Our fee to keep family cray
on portraits up-to-uats wBl he only
a dollar a yearl
"Think of It! Only a dollar a year!
Who would hesitate? Would YOU?
"Allowing for one-half of one-half -
that Is one-fourth of the families m the
ureaia. New Tork area--taking ow dol
la,' a year Orayon Renaissance sen-Ice,
that mean a groee income to our com
psny of SS0O.O00! Allowing one-half of
this for salaries and supplies, leave a
net profit of jam.OilO1
"Aa equal part net we wltl divide this
aim, share snd ehare alike. But the
buetnes rill grow. We will cover th,.
whole United States. We will follow
the detidlv cravon portrait round the
world! Are you with me or will you
remain a wane alave and a pauperf"
"I'll tblnk It over," -aid Mr. Jarr.
'Oo not sell my Idea to J. p. Mor
gan, whlapered Mr. Dlnkston. '1
would not sell 1t for 8"O,0l0.ii00. Mean
while ehom oould you land me ten
eentaT Thank you TO drop Into
Ous, win his eonfldeno Hr a d'splav
oi ootn and tl htm stoctt m tbe
Mayor samoa t lasiosm sw t
"It Is aiilaslttielaoos a fear cert t
thins that prohibition mull eoeesM la essssv
po'.ltsn New Terk. PrehlbkiOB would do suae
hers thaa la Kaosaa.
"Toa knew hnw It dees there. There liquor ess
eel; be sold aa a nedl -n. As Nrw Tork via.
Iter was burlnf a toothbrush In e Kiam drug
tere one afternoon a hrawny oowboy entered wttb
a four gallon ormllotin. phsarued the great wicker
demirihn dnrn ou the counter, th druggist leered
el Mm Inquiringly, and he aald;
" 'rill her nn, Jim. Bsby'a Wok bad.' " De
troit Trm Pi.
The Melting Pot.
"AY"AT uraduet d we set from Indendt'
ry asked the teacher.
"Tin " snswsrea the prise pupil,
"ttlgrit. And what product n St fron
"Wool sad oatmeal "
"What trsst Walsst
"Iron Is mined Is Walnj, but we do sot tsa-
i It ta America In answerlsg thaa qneaUoss
reu must i mum that I ea eaut using what
this country sets from th tarfcma aaeta mt
nntais. mow wast e we get from IrelaneT
"Aassrlrsssl" aerelaad I'lslo Dsslar,
A N AsseeteOkl Obarltj worker.
f to a poor anauiisln wosam u
town, ebwrred that bar three aasll rsn:
dren wort ipaetecjn. "It'a a pity that thsy all
nsre traulil with tbetr eraa, lan't Hf"
marked, jmnauVtJrallT, to tha mother,
ain't nothing tha mailer with their ess
"Then wtui on e.rth A , ou ai.n..M
gUsassf" ssked the rlaltoc In wondenaaat.
woman brt'Ued. "Wbr I thlnti .tip Ink
r, soe uia. i use them on tutle ablldrss.
winn toey re real dresir." Bsrpra Bssaa
In Ample Time.
WANT to be tuna not tn mlas I
train I" a bit anilooaly said th
aorordlng to tbe aaneaa Ctty Star.
"No danger ' tnat, pods w I"
piled me unxuora or the lavem at Poikvflsa, Alt.
"Well rouse you oat plenty early enough hi the
saorsln eo's you can be t tbe depot proiapOy at
train dais snd set arouud In tlw cold fat two
bourn end twenty mlnutea, or suab a sssttw,
waltln' for the train to coma."
lhe rlay Jnanton lashions
No. 7725. Work Anron
meaium or 4U,
Large 42 or
.it vm limn, . . . . - n
THR apron that la
made with a frill
-v the bottom is
always a practical one.
for the frill stundlngout
a little from the sktrt
benaatli Is a perfect
protection. This one
1 n cl u d e capaoisria
patoh pocket and a
bib .thst can be extend
ed to form straps over
the shoulder or mads
plain a pi ef erred. Booh
aprons ore made from
butcher's llnsn. white
lawn, gingham, percale
and similar materials.
cor me housewife
irees her work
finished in a
wltih a little
tltchlng In ted or
would be pretty,
the material wa
Perfectly and en
the hardest ueega In
the IlliiHtratlon, dotted
percale la finished Wsta
Kor the medium
the apron will require
n1 yards of material
87 or St Inches wtds
fur the apron with
straps; 3 yard IT or
84 yards so for the
upron without strap.
Patlova Mm. nam 1
cut lii three else, small
31 or 36, i milium 14 or
40, large It or 44 kef
it, bust measure.
v at irus svniNUNU WOltU) HAT MAN TON FA8HION
mrnmit, n . . . . . . . . .
New Tork. or sang hty snail en reoalnt of ten oeata to esas)
stasnps tor aoh Sattssm ardered.
nVOMAMwW Sfttt yosar ajsTwat plainly and ahw,ts
$9 sssts ear letter postage II in burry.