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Breninp World Daily Magazine
Monday, March 5, 1917
ESTABLISHED BT JOBEril rUMTZER.
ruMltht Dally Except Sunday by the Press I'ubtuhlnr Company, No. SI io
. (1 rark now. New VorK.
ItALPH PULITZEn, President, il Park now.
J. ANOUB 1SHAW, Treasurer. 3 Park now.
i JOSEPH rULlTzmt, Jr., Hecretary, S3 Park How.
Gntered at the Poit-Omes at New York as Second-Class Matter.
Sokacrlptlon IVatea to The Evening
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" Promoting Friendly Relations " k iL-1
What Every Woman Faces
By Helen Rowland
iVOLTJJIB C7 NO. 20,285
WHAT occurred In the Senate of tlic United States during
the closing hours of the. Sixty-fourth Coiigrcis will go
down in history ns one of the most disgraceful pages that
rer had to bo written into the nation's legislative records.
Every minuto of the time thnt rcinnincd before noon yesterday
should have- been applied by cveiy Senator to fche urgent task of con
solidating and co-ordinating the Government of the United States to
nwet tho gravest crisis it has ever had to meet.
Instead of that, u small group of pro-Germans, pacifists and p
litical tacticians deliberately took odvantoge of the Senato rules to
consumo hour after hour with vain talk, in order to make cortain
that tho President should not receive from the Sixty-fourth Congress
authority to arm American shipping for the defense- of its rights 1
No wondor a majority of Senators refused to stand beforo tho
country in such oompony. Tho manifesto signed by eighty-four
Senators was meant to leave no doubt that an overwhelming majority
of the Sonato stood ready to pass tho ship-arming bill, and to mnko
it plain to tho nation who were Tcsponsiblo for tho miserable tactics
which made it impossible to come to a voto beforo adjournment.
Headed by Senator Stono of Missouri, who deserves to wear the
Iron Cross as ono of tho Kaiser's stanehest allies in America, tho list
of anti-American obstructionists in tho Uppor Houso of Congress
included La Follctto of Wisconsin, Norn's of Nebraska, Works of
California, Vnrdnnmn of Mississippi, Gronna of North Dakota, Lane
of Oregon and Cummins of Iowa.
Thc5o names should bo published all over tho land. Tho Senate
of which thoy woro a part repudiated their methods nnd their brand
of patriotism. They Bland forth ns legislators indifferent nnd worso
than indifferent to nntionnl unity or national honor. Thoy hnvc
put a smudgy mark upon Americanism. Tho country is heartily
ashamed of them.
When tho President wont beforo Congress to ask for au
thority to arm morcbant ships and "to omploy any other
instrumentalities or mothods that may bo necessary nnd ndo
quato to protect our ahlp.i and our pcoplo In their legitimate
and peaceful pursuits on tea," he uovortholcsa doclarod
"No doubt I already possosn that authority without special
warrant by law, by tho plain Indications of my constitutional
dutloa and powers."
It would bo a flno thing to havo a l'rcsldont of tho United
States and a Congress working sldo by uldo ond with ono
purposo for tho nation's honor and safety. Hut for tho next
four years, thank Ood, It Is a President who, though ho goes
to Congress In tho sorvlco of tho peoplo, In strong enough to
porforra, with or without Congress, ovory lota of that servlco
for which tho Constitution provides.
A DEBT TO MASSASOIT.
PENSIONS for descendant of tho great Indian Chiif .Mnssnoit.
good friend and ally of tho Mayflower Pilgrims who landed
nt Plymouth, Mass., in IG'JO, aro being considered by the
It appears there- are three old women now living in tho Pay
State who aro directly descended from tho famous chieftain and a
sister of tho equally famous King Philip. The threo are sistcre,
bearing tho native names of Tccweclema, Wontonekamuskn and
Jerviali, and the first two lived for many years near Lake Asfawonip
sett, which had been homo to tho family in tho old days. Their lan ls
are long since gone, nnd tho least Massachusetts can do, it is felt, is
to acknowledge its debt to the ancestor by looking after tho last of
Thanks to the character of old Massasoit and a treaty made with
him which lasted for morn than fifty years, the earlv settlers in Massa
chusetts hail at first a very different sort of experience with tho
Indians lrom that which befell colonists tu other sections. At tlu
very moment of a horrible Indian massnera in tho Virginia colons,
when throe hundred nnd forty-seven men, women and children wero
murdered in ono day (March 22, 1H22), tho Plymouth Pilgrims wer-
having reason to regard the red men only as kind and helpful friends.
"We havo found tho Indians," finv. Winslnw reported, "very
faithful to their covenants of peace with us, ,very loving and willing
lo pleasure us. We go with them in some cases fifty miles into the
country, and walk as safely and peaceably in tho woods as in tho
highways of England."
In tho early struggles with short harvests nnd winter famine, it
might have gone hard with the Plymouth colony and changed much
subsequent history if the Pilgrims had haft to reckon with another
sort of Indian than Mnwosoit. Massachusetts may well show
Medical Branch of U. S. Defense to Be Ready Soon
Government Mobilizing Surgeons and Supplies for
Hurry Call Every Comfort Will Be Furnished
Men in the Ranks If Trouble Comes Dr.
Franklin II. Martin in Charge of Work.
By James C. Young
This Is the concludino article in a
trrirs tMchina (he personalities ol
tha mm who makn up the. ClWlan Ad.
visoru C'ommliiloti ot the National De
Yesterday teems to have been In Wnshtngton'nlso another
poworful argument ugalnst March 4 as an Inaugural date.
After ttie war there promlaea to be a
treat demand for American helrenM-8
to rehabilitate debt-laden estates. Hal
With the present price of onions,
who dare say that hitherto bumble
vegetable la not In good odor? Haiti
Preacher man aay failure leada to
auoceaa. Thank goodness, we'rii on
tha right road, anyway. Milwaukee
Men who talk common sense must
expt'ct to have mostly snmll uudlenevs
Wlmt Is n patriot nt home Is o
Jlno In some other country. Hoston
An I'plcraminlst wis a rlns.ilcal mlu
cntlon Is for ronvrrihiilon uml tho other
kind for ubo. littadui kIi Dispatch.
All a knncker wants Is somebody to
listen to him. Toledo Hlnde.
ONE of tho most important phases
of preparedness Is the problom
of udcauato ri)edlcnl supplies
against tbo day
that may nnd tbo
Unltrrt States In
volved In war. At
tho beginning of
thn Kuropean con
flict every ono of
thn allied nations
lost thousands of
of insufll o I o a t
ment, Tho llrst
year of lighting
was ono nro-
longrd ngony to tho wounded, and llit'V,i "
Is to prevent a recurrence of such V- tm
things that Ur. Franklin H. Martin of
Chicago wns appointed to tho Civilian
Advisory Commission, with, special
Instructions to help got tbo country'"
medical resources ready.
Dr. Martin Is a surgeon of high
reputation nnd a man of notion as
will. On tln outbreak of the war
bo was In I Miami, where bo received
a plea for help from a nloce than
vlHltlnn In Munich. Ilr. Martin
crossed the dermal) tnirder In an
automobile, went to Munloh, met hlx
niece, and started back for Holland.
It was easier to got Into Germany
than It was to get out. Beelng that
bis rrugress would be baited at
every cross-road, Dr. Martin ordered
tho chnuffcur to hoist a tiny German
flag on the car, u privilege accorded
only to royalty! The chauffeur com
plied, nnd they got safely away, with
tho compliments of many ofneers.
Tho professional world knows Dr.
Martin as a specialist In women's
nllments. Ho Is founder of the Chi
cago Postgraduate Medical School,
nnd an authority on cancer.
Following bis grnduntlon from the
Northwestern University Medical
School In 1880 Dr. Martin began
practice in Chicago. Not long after
ward ho became connected with tho
Poatgrndualo Hospital, nnd In 1888
established tho PoRtgradunto Medical
School. A publication called Surgery,
Gynecology nnd Obstetrics wns
launched by him In 1905, and ho hns
continued as editor of that periodical.
Dr. Martin ha been active In many
professional undertakings, having
helped to organize tho American Col
lego of Surgwjns, of which ho Is Gen
eral Secretary. Ho Is tho founder
nnd Secretary Gcnoral of the Clinical
Congress of Surgeons ot North
America, another well known medical
society, nnd Is on the Kxooutlvo Com.
mltteo of the Commlttuo of American
Physicians for Medlcnl Troparcdness,
which ho also helped to establish.
Stnco Dr. Martin first started prac
tlco he has been known as a liberal
spirit and leader In tho medical field.
Among other progrcsslvo Ideas with
which his name camo to bo asso
ciated was tho possibility ot success
fully treating cancer by means of ra
dium. On several occasions he hns
expressed himself forcibly about thu
dress and ways of living followed by
American women. He holds sorno In
teresting opinions upon tho subject of
eugenics nnd tho status of woman In
tho economic schemo. In ons In
stance ho summed up a familiar con
troversy of tho times In tho following
"Tho entrance of woman Into busl
ness pursuits, making her Indepen
dent, hns caused tho passing of tho
old maid and has solvod the problem
of raco dovelopment."
Dr. Martin Is sixty years old, nnd
a man well equipped to carry out th
important work or looking after
American medical supplies n time of
war. Ho Is now ongaged in com
pletlng plans for any emergency that
the nation may bo culled upon to
CoMTUbL 1917. br TU l'iti PublUMm Do. (Th Nw Totk Emtsa World.)
HE took our his Pittsburgh suit
And fingered It thoughtfully and hung It up again.
And then bo came and put his hands on my shoulders,
And looked deep down Into my eyos tor a long, loaf
Anu I could not sec him for tho mist
And there was a queer llttlo pain In my throat,
Hut 1 looked hack at him bravely and uubllnklngly,
And said nothing.
It Is SO easy to be cynical and satirical!
SO easy to hunt out tho llttlo weak links In the mascu'
Anu mo tunny spots in mo masculine mauc-up, i
And write llttlo barbed Jests about them.
Hut sometimes I am appalled at tho very GOODNESS and bigness ot men I
For, although they havo greater faults and more of them than women,
Tbcy also 'havo bigger and greater vlrtuesl
So now, ' )j
With tho ominous thunder ot(hatt1o sounding nearer and nearer, 1 I
And tho war god beating at our very gates, ,
And tho big, black headlines In the newspapers staring at me out of thl
And submarining my peaco of mind,
And tho raucous newsboys In tho street zcppcllnlng my heart with everf' &j
With MKM on the other side of tho water marching out to death,
With smiles on their faces nnd n song on their lips, ,
And MEN on this side of tho water standing clear-eyed and unfllnchlnr.N
Waiting to do what they may bo called upon to do, 4
And not knowing nor atklng what It shall be -
With men looking down with strained eyes Into the eyes of their laughing
And with passionate tenderness Into tho eyes of tho women thoy love t
With men taking out their khaki suits and fingering them thoughtfully '
I shall go right on trying to bo cynical and satirical,
And hunting out the little weak links In the masculine armor. I
And the funny spots In the masculine rankc-up, I
And writing llttlo barbed jests about them.
Hut every tlmo I pen an epigram
About husbands, and bachelors, and lovers,
It will seem us though
Somebody bad walked over mygravel
And It my cynicism Is a llttlo sickly,
And my satlro Is supremely Mid,
And the barb In the Joko Is missing or Is topped with scntlmontallsm,
Don't blame Ml-3
Dlame the Kaiser!
Mothers of American Patriots
By Lafayette McLaws
Abigail Smith, Mother of .John Quinvy Adams.
IB mother of John Quincy ! "1 novrr was sent to any school.
Adams hns tho distinction uf
being tho llrst womnn to repre
sent tho United States at tho Court
of Great Britain. When John Adams
first wroto urging his wlfu to Join
him In London shu demurred. A
woman brought up In u squall New
Kngluud village, who bail scarcely
left her farm stnco her marriage, it Is
not surprising that sin hesitated.
However, when a second loiter camo
making thn wuiw urgent pica, AIiIk.iiI
Adams packed up her family and set
out. She wont ill ret-1 to ono ut tho
largest .nd wealthiest cities In thn
world nnd tuklng her place at the hide
of hcr'bu.fbaud. Minister of thu United
States to Great Britain, she had to
mcot and copo with a studlod cold
ness. If not a studlod rudeness, nevei-
accordod any othor reprcscntatlvo of
Following Mrs. John Adams through
her brilliant career at tho Court of m.
James's as wife of a Vice-President,
and as first lady of tho land it Is hard
to believe that she had none of what
wo now call early opportunities.
stir writes, rcfi-rrlnir to bur outli. "I
was always sick. IVmalo education
In the best families went no further
than writing and arithmetic; In aom
lew and rate Instances music and
A native of Weymouth, Mnss., unci
tho daughter of a minister, wo got
our first glimpse of the real char
acter of Abigail Smith when sh
elected to marry John Adams, a poor
young law) or and the son of a poor
Duilm; the flcMIng on Hunker'
Hill she took her heven-ycar-old son,
John ljuliie.v AdixiiH. nnd climbed to
l he top of the highest hill near tneit
farm that she might get a better
Idt a of wh.it was going on. Togethnr ji
this mother and son watched fhs.'1'
burning of Chnrlestown. ;i
Later this same seven-vear-old boy I
rode dally between the ollv nnd th v
cnou" faB,1t0L?2SKJ?,C0?, "hi!"" to krr" mother and other)
n Charlotte never got over tho nxloUH mo,i1Prfi alm W,VM nf0rn,cit
mention of having lost tho Amer- 1 .,,,, ,no ,Ioln of Ulclr mcnfolks. '
Yet In spite of her dependenco on this
son it was Hhu who Influenced Ms
father to take tho boy with him. Ono
need only rend tho letters wlilcli
passed between John Qulnoy Adonia
and his rcmnrkanlo mother to bo con
vinced of her Influence on his life.
Poverty Is in u-ant of much, but avarice of everything Pu&Hus Burnt.
You and Your Job
- "By Willis Brooks
The Jarr Family By Roy L. McCardell
wtlc!it. IftlT. I'J TU Vxn I'lMlitilnc Co.
ITh New York Urmloi WorM.I
ho lulls the loveliest for
tunes, nnd brings good luck
to everybody, and besides sho
only chnrgos 10 cents,"
As Mr. Jurr pausod In the hall to
hang up his hnt and coat these words
came lloatlng out from the parlor. Ho
recognized tho voice of Mrs. Ilangle.
"Well," said tbo volco of Mrs. Jarr,
"J don't believe in such nonsnnso at
nil. Beside, l hold thut I wouldn't
want to know ihn future, even If any
body could tell It tu nie. For If good
fortune Is coming I want It to come
as a surprise, and If bad fortune Is
coming I don't want to know It.
That's for the future. As for tha past
I know tbat already, rtut where Is
this place. I'm Just dying to go, and
only 60 cents, tool"
"Of course, nbe'll charge you seventy-five
cents If sho thinks you'll
pay it, and sho chargod Mrs. Btryver
a dollar, for that's her regular price,
but I Just said to her, 'If my friends
nnd I nro coming bore regularly to
get our fortunos told you must only
charge fifty cents,' " said Mrs. Tlan
glo. "Were tho fortunes she told for
llko that, but they won't tell you
If you will marry again or If you
will got any money!"
"And thoso mediums have such
grand places and get you to wrlto
your namo on a pad and your wish,
and then tell you what your namo Is
and what you wish, for a dollar.
Thoy always want to advise you
about how to Invest your money and
fifty cents Just ns good n.s thoso she; what broker to go to, and tell you
told for a dollar?" asked the volco of; that the stars say you must buy cop
Hs for products formerly sup- ! M
by tho Kuropean countries now Argentina was that goods from thta
T o D ti y ' s A nniver s a r y
Letters From the People
Si,!i",,f",lp li"at children of naturalized parents
To rt. Editor erf Ttw Eiwlc World: beenine citizens when they reached
My fMher and mother came from J their majority hy merely hlgiitfyui(r
Bnrland n 1905 and they have cot i uvsire I(J l)v Americans.
bammed. Hut not a drop of Christian
blood was shed after tho capitulation,
instead of butchering thousands of
the Inhabitants, us tbo Christians had
done after conquering the city. Paladin
IT was on this dntv In 1193 that
Saladln died In Damascus, leav
ing behind him a reputation for
magnanimity unique In that age, and
only exceeded ny ma rome as u war- 'oroervu mat nono should be had.
rior . I 1 1,8 W0Ilng Queen was treated with
It was onlv six years tefnro 1i1s'reftt eoniUdoration. nnd Saladln was
it was oni) six years worn n s lnovfl, ,)y Iu,r ,nut , ,
death that Haladln defeated Guy de sal to have shed tears of sympathy
I.utugnan. the Christian Mug of Jeru- '-'iter, during the third crusade, the
nnstwtiH under Itichaid
their citizenship papers. I came from
England In 1116. Kindly Inform mo
If I am a. citizen or am I a British
subject. - D. Ti. II.
Th fitat Department reeantly held
t'ltr MiimtrtMl Tliiiuaanri.
To tht Krtit.c id TI l.'itnliif World :
A says that the following figures,
500.000.00. are five hundied thousand,
while H says they aro fifty million.
Kiilem, and obtained pos.'wsslon nf the
sacred city, which had been rap tu roc
I by tho Crusaders eighty-eight joars
befoie. Tho golden rrosi was pulled
'down and dragged throuxh the streets
, ot the city, and the Mosque of Omar,
I which bad leen consecrated to Christ,
I was restored to tbo worship of Mo-
llon beheaded In odd Mood 5.000
.Saracen hostages, mid Haladln re
venged himself upon fhrlsiliins In his
power. On the whole, however, he was
vastly better than most of the rulers
of his time, nnd a shining oxampie
of magnanimity as com raxed with
Christian leaders who opposed him.
"No," said Mrs. ilangle, "they wore
not, but thou you can always offset
that by remembering tbat sho's Just
spiteful becauso you won't pay more
than fifty cents."
"Of course, I don't believe In It nt
all, but wo had a servant girl that
used to tell fortunes beautifully with
tea leaveB," said Mrs. Jarr. "She
couldn't mako out very plnln what
they meant, but It wns wonderful
what sho could tea In tbo lottum of
tho cup, nlthough I never could."
Mr. Jarr, thinking to stand longer
would place hi in In tha position of
nn eavesdropper, coughed and came
"I suppose Mr. Jarr will laugh at
us," said Mrs. Ilangla coquettish!)1,
"but we have been talking about for-tune-tellers.
Hut I don't bellevn in
palmists a bit! They simply look in
vour hnnd and tell you that you hnve
high ambitions and ideals, are truth
ful and sincere, that you are self
sacrificing nnd unselfish and that
per slock, and they get real mad If
you don't do It: but docs ono want
to tell a stranger, even a seer and
reader of the secrets of tho Inmost
mind, thnt one's llttlo Income Is only
alimony?" asked Mrs. Klttlngly.
"It's all a pack of nonsense," aald
Mr. Jarr, ponderously.
"Oh, you needn't talk I" put In Mrs.
Jarr. "Men aro more superstitious I
than women. You carry lucky pennies j
and a pieco of rattlesnake rattle, the '
dreadful thing, for I don't know what!" I
"Will o go to-morrow and get our
fortunes told for fifty cents?" asked
UVKH beforo In tbo history of
this country haa gooj sales
manship boen so much In de
mand ns now; and tho prospect Is
thnt tho demand will increase every
year for u long tlmo to como. Fow
other fields of endeavor offer to
tempting opportunities for the young
man about to cbooso his Ilfo work
at war will bo open to us tne world
over ns soon us wo can deliver the
American business men aro already
planning to extend their sules to
practically ovory country on earth.
They renllzo that now is tho tlmo
to sccuro a footing, In order that
they may hold this trndo iignlnst the
tremendous competition that will
en mn nfter peace has been declared.
This mcntii that thousands of sales
men must bo trained for foreign mar
kets. Meantlmo the number required
for tho home trndo is constantly In
Increaso moro rapidly, for doubtless
many salesmen now occupying thla
Held will soon bo sent abroad.
Ono of tho most Important thing
for n salesman to learn, either at
home or abroad, is why certain good
do not sell to certain peoplo. It may'
bn that, having this knowledge, he or
his house can easily overcome tbo ob.
Jertlon. For example, a salesman
who recently returned from a trip to
country were bad y narked. A mil
Investigation satisfied him that th
complaint wns well founded. Amecei
can goods which otherwise wo 4
liavo been nccentnhln u-em n nfi.
received thero in mI condition tha
,n hi-Htiiuuiin iuoitcii upon it aa av
notional fault. This he reported tot
his bouse, and a consignment of
foods, packed with extraordlnar;
line, was Immediately sent to 111
From that time on he had no troubN
nmeeo, ne mane capital of this "no
tlonai shortcoming," for beforo 41tJ
koous wero oncneo no eniie.i in
era! heavy buyers and showed tfcoft
creasing, and will in tho near future "how our houso puts things up,"
Kaiser Got MacjatThis Poem v(
HB retirement from active ser
vlco of Cnpt. Ocorge Stnunen
berg, tho poet laureate of Un
do Bain's army, on account of III
health, recalls that Cnpt. Hteunonbei g
"Maybe ehe'U tell them for tho three I wo .nc" 0Jc'nlly rebuked bociuso
of us for thlrty.ftve cents each." said " " ""T , .J .... ' -
j. puum ueuiiuK iou uio) oi i no
Mrs. Bangle, "Ilut mind, she'll be
cross, and will toll us nothing but bad
luck, but we'll know why and needn't
Ho It was decreed and agreed, but
when the company departed Mrs. Jarr
said Pho knew they'd each glva n
dollar secretly, and so would she. "I'm
not superstitious," she added, "but I'm
not going to have bad luck told ma
Herman Trained Army of tho Turks"
fired tho lro of Wtlhelm II. It wns
i whon the Turkish army, trained nr.
cording to the best Teuton methods
and armed with guns mado In tier
many, was bolng beaten by tho Hill-
'gars, Sorbs and Oroeks that Klounon
berg broke Into the song that aroused
, the Kaiser's wrath.
A.iri ill I. ...... ..... . ...
"".j "i.wn umi ntiiicti were the
ones thut stopped the It-nd,"
sang Steunenberg. and continued with
a number of satirical verses In which
ho held up to ridicule the dermal
military system. The poem concluded
with the verses:
"A,Ul l'.'u.Wc!l pVoff STrs rufeR.VenWrth lel
And b,c:Tho7r!;iLbrewi,r,-an "
A marble bust of von der (Jolts re-tplendi-nt
in the hull, 1 r
J bi'sev'wali' K8l,er 1,1,1 adorn-
you aro bonorabls and a lot of stuff Just to save a dollar!"
"And he who eks promotion
On pretzels, cheeje snj wlennrw,...
, and nood old Herman beer" '
And notify the Co onil JL..,i .u.
warnlng near and fr! "
v heln' before they fey tha atir