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b y horace greel r y.
1>KICE 0\E CENT.
THE NEW-YORK TSIS?NE
Will be published ottv niorninr. (Sundays excepted,
nt No. tin Ann-street, New-York,
And delivered to City Subscriber! for One Ccm per <-. my.
Mail Subscriber*, $4 per uhmiri iu advance.
TO THE ADVERTISING PUBLIC.
laTihe bopn ofsecurmz a wide and general Advertising patronage,
the savors of our frieadi will be inserted till furtfmr notice at the fol
losiic reduced rates, nz:
for kach ADVF.RTISr.MKMT OF j
Twelve linns or less [over t first insertion . 50 cl?.
Do. for each snoseqnent insertion.
Da for Mix in-ertiisns. or one week.^1 SO
Do. for Twenty-five insertions, or one m.>utii.!*L5 OO
Louiot Advertisements at equally favorable rat??.
For Five lines, h.-:,f the nt<ove rate?; Two liac>. one-fourth of
these rate*?payable ir< >TI case, in advance.
CHEAP AM) FASHIONABLE GOODS.
TO I-ADIKN NIIOPPIMJ |v(iRA>D MTKKKT
rpHE subscriber is daily receiving DRY GOODS fn.in auction, of j
X the newest styles mi.l late-i importation, which will be offered at
reduced prices. Ladies will had it to their advantage to give a call
and examine the Goods.
SHAWLS, SHAWLS. SHAWLS.
Brix-li" ?slinwIs a| all prices
Bchda do a Hew and rich ar
Silk da dstaask patterns
MXTSLTsN DK LAIN ES.
Elegant striped and figured Plain
dc Lame-, ull colon.
Rieh Brocade frnni G* to 8s
d? striped from 0? to
Plain Challys from 4s to5s6
Rich Satin stripud and figure do.
from 3s(i to fis
Brown and bleached Sheeting'and
Waltham, Pheliix, Hamilton aad
Long Cloth Shirtings
Also, a lurtre assortment of other
GoodjS too numerous to mention
do figured, a large assortment i*"an advertisement.
Also, plain Silks ,0 a great variety v !!- Laaici( Wl" call and exam
_a!7 C. A. HOMAN, 255 Grand street.
?LKAK!) A HXINCK,
Vi. 1G7 Nprinx-ntreet.
VmroVLD RE8PECTFPLLY call tha attention of LADIES to their
T ? slock of Dry Goods, comprising a- great a variety of rich Silk
Goods as can he fbuod in Broadway, and at much lower prices. We
will endeavor to conviuce nil who may faw>r n, with a call, tbai the
above are f.irts- worthy o.1' attention.
Our assortment consists in part ?f the fallowing articles, viz 1
Rich China .Silks i Bombasines, of every description
Damask do, new stylo Printed Lawns, a superior article
Rich figured da Isisb Linens
Plain, of ail kinds Table Damask
Black and blue-black lo. i Kreuch, English and American
Silk Sliaul- I Calicoes, Jackonets,Camkrics,
Silk Scarfs ' A-r? A c.
N. It.?Jti.t received, n superior article of Cambroons and Crape
Camblcts. u27 tf
ifaw AND KICll f-PKIXi uoonN.
HiV IL HALL. 29 Cathariue street, eoner. of llenry, would in
? form I In: i r Customers and tin. Public generally that they have
within the last month purchased at auction nearly $?O,OOU worth
of DRY r;ooiis. (solely for Casb,>, many, of them for less than half
weir value, which they are positively now selling for the following
low and unheard-of prices i
20 eases of English Print-, containing lo.OOfl yards, at 1- per yard.
These Qnods are rirhlr worth \t8 per jard. Al<?, a good assortment
of French Print.-, from 2s to 2a? per yard. Printed Muslim from l-<i
to 2*0 per vard.
MfiUSSELIN DE LAINES.
200 drps-es of dark De Lames, from 13* to Ms per dree*. 100 dresf
08splendid r-atin stripe ChoUeys, very cheap. M (iueeu*a fancy dress?
es, (a new style of goads.)
Rich plain Idark and blue Hack Silks ?f every style and quality.
Also ., magluticeMl assortment of Colored Silks, plain and figured.
Sil A WLS.
B.-oulic Shuwls of the largest size, frw-n 12s. up.
CLOTHS AM) CASSIMERES.
100pieces Satiuetts, from tisG t? r-?. Cnmbroons, Drilling-, and
Summer StinTs, oT every size ion) pattern
Linen-. Lawn-. Diapers, Ac. Ac. Ac. 20(1 iloznn of lilieil-Cambrir
lldkl'n. float '"(i Upwards whn h is not half the cost of importation.
20 bales of heavy yard wide hro Sheetings, at od per yard. Also, ffO
fiaso-s of bleached Sheetings and Shirtings, from 3d per yard upwards.
Bedticlis, Furnitures, Checks, Prints, ate.
A rood assortment nflfoisery and Gloves,
N. 15. Ju-t received, 59 piece* of black and blue black Bombazines,
from Iis. .per yard apwards. a26:lw
RK si pri\ti:d ni si,i>m. ~
PBROWN A CO.409J Broadway, 3d store below Grand street,
? bee to call the attention of the Ladies n> a large ussortment of
beautiful printed M?-hns which they have ju-t received. The styles i
are all entirely new. of the ino-t elegaut design*, and perfectly fa-t
ooloi s. The prut .-, it will be seen, are remarkakly low,
Ri?h riiina patterns, white ground) onl) per yard.
Colered grouods, very beautiful style, 'J.^tit.
SfdeHdid colored stripes, r.nly tls
Also, 300t > .ir.. ? new style Mous. de Lame, eulv 2-6 ]igr yd. a great
300, iplondid 7-4 and M -:lk shawls, wtily 8358 and $500.
An entirely new stylo of rirh Cashmere Shawl-, have just Ihtu re?
Plinii colored satin striped Chall) - 4a por j ir.'.
A large, kit of beaiitiful embroidered Challys, only its per yard. n2l 1m
1>KY GUODS-DKY GOODfs-DRT (iOODM,
"lft,"!'. invite tie attention of our customers, (the Ladies In particu
" htr.l to our extensive assortment of SPRING (i'()(?l>S. for qua?
lity, style and cheapness, cannot be excelled in the city. Soiling for
C?sli only, and having but one pri o to eur Goods, from which wc
never vary, we ens always oner bargain- worthy attention.
Please rub and examine oar
Blsck dnuhle width high lustre
" striped and figured, 9*6
Hamilton, Phoenix. Waltham and
other styles5-4 A 6-4 Sheetings.
New-York Vdl-. Boott, HamHtou,
Colore<l Silk, yard ? ale. LI? I Ccsldington, Waltham super, Rrrk
" EiijTljph d'ro de Naples 3-Ci shire mid other Long Cloths,
" Corde Volonte for Bonnets I from 8d to Id
Blue black Lern.u :i
Black du 3?6
MOUSSEL1NE DE LAtNE.
Rirh Parisstvles all wool
Heavj fina and superfine brown
Shirtings, s large a-.oriiucnt
\ large bo from auction, the l??
Rich Satin stripe 4s ? assortment of Shirting and fine
Rieh stvles from 1*6to 2* I Linen.? ever offered, from 2s te
FRENCH A ENGLISH PRINTS lOspervard Cheap RIBBONS,
Rich French Priau f ? m Is to 2,-6 1 GLOVES, HOSIERY. St LACE
" Eaglisl. I* to2* I GOODS... Astonishinr Cheap.
? American styles 6d to2*6 P. GREGORY A SON,
ScotchGutgluun 6d to2?6 ' al'.t 175 Springstreet.
CIIKAS* AUCTION 4-i4>4?I>?*.
TOWNSEND & SI \? l'i'\\ ELL, 165 Sjirm;: street,.ire receiving
daily from aucti >? n large and deVirabl: assortment of RICH
43O0DS?? among a hl< Ii msy ,1" f'tind?
French C?u'c. h ui Isoms stvles.
French Mourning Mu-hns, a beautiful artirle.
Figured nid -i i w De L lines, of every shade and pattern.
Plain M.slc and blec td-u k De Lain es.
Stupe rep. and blue blark Silk-, uncommonly cheap.
9-4 rich .-ak S i . ,1s.
Lame lot oi I i h Linens.
2 Case* Cambrii Hilkf*.
2 do pliMii and figd Parasols.
U 4'lothn. 4':i>-ii?iei'?'s>, Ar.:.: a -mall ndvancc a23 12t"
LEST Jb' e ? , 15 O W ITS 13 S *V CO.
RE daily receiving from Auction and elsewhere eonstanl supplies
t ofnesi and fashionable SjiTAPJLK A>? FANC?
?OOUV "Wi h being iinicht with CAS!!, are ofTcred to country
and coy merchant* Rt irnuauany low prices tor CASH. They invite
those *>??? w !*h to e-i a crest manv (;?,?)- for a rei .11 sein of money,
toeximine ibnr prone nt unequalled Sio<-k. nI7 tf
t h k K \\ k \V~
CBA\D-.ST. DP.Y ttOO!) KNTABM?iIFnE.\T.
MH?LSE, 122 GRAND-STREET, rwpectfuUj informs hi- pot
? rons and the PnbUc, that he i- daily receiving f-oin Auction a
great raric? of I'am'v and Staple DRY Civilis, of the latest impor
UtK?vwhich heivofleri - i- sale very low nt Sis Cheap Store, t'iH
Grand street, (between Broadwioj an i Cro-bt streeLJ_Where the
Nimble Sixpence is mud- 10 t ike the place of the Slow Sbillmg.
jg_.._ I tu
SILK LO>G MBAWL8, - .
BENNETT * RHODES, -t"-"' Broadway, hoe just received?
2 cart n-colo; i d Long Shawl SCARFS.
3 do black " do do
1 do emb'd do do
Also, Wide Ills I. Silk for Scarfs, nH of which will be told low. a02St*
JOHN A. LORD respectfully-inlbrms his friends and custom?
ers that he has uow on hand a beautiful assortment of SPRING
GOODS ofall descriptions.
Ju-t received, 24)00 varils of French pri!ite<I Lawns, lsC per ynr?l j
Ijivn nn.l Linen Cambric Hdkfs, very low ; French Prims and Print?
ed Huslia; KleacVed and Brown Muslin at all prices-. A complete r?
?ortnK-nt of Boanet Sict s nid Ki' ions, l.are-, Li-se?, together with
?v-r> other article im the Otillitery Luc, ckca? at 163 Sprin? street,
co.-o?r of Thompson.
" I dr-*ire yon to nHdonttand the trae p
Frnn Bl icfcw.f's Magazine for April
"TOO LATH !"
Tco latk! the'corseof life! Could ?c bat read
In mauy ? heart, the thoughts taut inly bleed,
Ho? oft were found
Engraven deep, tho-. sw.rd< of *adde?t -nand
(Curse of our mental state'.)
Too late?too Intel
Tears ars there, acrid drops, that de r.ot r.-e
Quick gushing to the eye.;
Kindly relieving, as thej r?-ntly riow,
Tin' mitigabte roe:
But oozing inwardVsilent, dark and ehul
lake some cavernous nil
Thai falls congealing; turning into mod*
The thir? it falls upon.
Butaow and theu, may he the pent-up pan]
Breaks out resistless, in some patsii nate -train.
Of simulated rri-f;
lu that fonil idle way
For thought* on life'lhal p'cy.
'?How truthfully conceited'" with clist'mng eres
.Some Itst'ner eric ?
'? Ftne art to feign so well ."*
Ah ! nonn ran tell
iso truthfully the deep thing! of the heart
Who have not felt the -ru-irt.
Too late?the rur.-e of life !?take back the cup
So mockingly held up
To lips thru may not <lra:n ;
Was it no pain,
That long heart-tlnr-t.
That the life-giving draught i? offer'd tir-t
On that extrcme-t ?h?re.
Who b-a\ es, -hall (hirst no more !
Take back the cup.?Vet no!?who dare, to say
T i- mockingly presented !?l.et u star?
If here too late.
There i? i better state ; 1
A enp that this may typify, prepared
For those mho're little of life's sweetness shared,
Xor many Sow'rets found
< >n earthly ground :
Vot patinntly hold on,abiding aie'-k
The call of him they seek?
'? Come, thou that weepest, but bast stood the test?
Home to thy rest." C.
From the I>ial for April.
THOUGHTS ON LABOR.
?? God iias given each man a back to bo clothed, a mouth
to bo tilled, and a pair of hands t? work with." And since
wherever a mouth and a back are created u pair of hands
also is provided, tho inference is unavoidable, that the hands
are to be used to supply the needs of the mouth aud tin
back. Now, as there is one mouth to each pair of bands,
and each mouth must be filled, it follows quite naturally,
that if a .-ingle pair of bands refuses to do its work, then
the mouth goeshur.gry. or, what is worse, the work is done bv
other hands. In the one Case, the supply failing, an incon?
venience is suffered, and the man dies; in the other he cats
and wear, the earnest of another man's work, and so a wrong
is inflicted. The law of nature i- this. ?* If a man will not
work neither shall he eat.*' Still further, God has so beau?
tifully woven together the web of life, with its warp of fate,
and its woof of Free-will, that in addition to the result of a
man's duty, when faithfully done, there is a satisfaction and
recompense in the very discharge thereof. In a rational
state of things. Duty and Delight travel the same road,
sometimes band in hand. Labor has an agreeable end, in
the result we gain:' but the means also are agreeable, for
there are pleasures in the work itself, '/hose unexpected
compensations, the gratuities and stray-gifts of Heaven, arc
.scattered abundantly in life. Thus the kindness of our
friends, the love of our children, is of itself worth a thou
sand times all the pains we take on their account. Labor,
iu like manner, has a reflective action, and give.- the work
in? man a blessing over and above the natural result which
lie looked for. The duty of labor is written on man** body
in tin- stout muscle of the arm and the delicate machinery of
the baud. That it is congenial to our nature appears from
the alacrity with which children apply themselves to it and
lind pleasure in tho work itself, without regard to it? use.?
The young duck does not more naturally betakv itself to the
water, than the boy to the work which goes on around him.
There is some work, which even tho village sluggard and
the city fop love to do, and that they only can do well.?
These two latter facts show that labor, in some dogTce, is
no less a pleasure than a duty, and prove that man is not by
nature a lazy animal who is forced by Hunger to dig aad spin.
Yet there tire some whs count labor a curse and a punish?
ment. They regard the necessity of work, as the greatest
evil brought on us by the ?Fall;' as a rur-e that will cling
to our last sand. Many submit to this yoke, nnd toil, and
save, in hope to leave their posterity out of the reach of this
Other;, still more foolish, regard il as a disgrace. Young
men?the children of honest parents, who. living by their
I manly and toil-hardened bands, bear up the burthen of the
j world on their shoulders, and cut with thankful hearts their
j daily bread, won in the sweat of their face?are ashamed of
their fathers' occupation, and forsaking the plough, the
chisel, or the forge, seek a livelihood in what is sometimes
mimed a more respectable and genteei vocation; thai is in
a calling which demands b-ss of the bands, and quite often
less of the bead likew ise, titan their fathers' bard craft.; lot
that imbecility which drives men to those callings, has its
seat mostly in n higher regio? than the bands. Affianced
damsels beg their lovers to discover or invent some ancestor
in buckram who did not work. The Sophomore in a small
college is ashamed of bis father w ho wears a blue frock, and
hisdtisty brother who toils with the saw a:;.' the axe. These
men. after they have wiped off the dirt and soot of tin it
early lite, sometimes become arrant coxcombs, and standing
like the bends of Hermes without hands, having only a
mouth, make faces at such a- continue to serve the state by
plain handiwork. Some one relates att anecdote which illus?
trates quite plainly this foolish desire of young men to live
without work. It happened in one of our large towns, that
a Shopkeeper and h Blacksmith; both living in the same
street, advertised for an apprentice on the same day. In a
given time fifty beardless youngsters applied to the Haber?
dasher, aad not one to the Smith. But this story has a ter?
rible moral, namely, that forty-nine .out of the fifty were
disapproved at the outset.
Il were to be wished that this notion of labor being dis?
graceful was confined to vain young men and giddy maidens
of idle habits and weak heads, for then it would be looked
upon as one of the diseases of early life, which we know
must come, and rejoice when our young friends have happily
passed through it, knowing it is one of "the ills that flesh is
heir to.' but is not very grievous, and comes but once ia
i the lifetime. This aversion to labor, this notion that it is a
curse and a disgrace, this selrish desire to escape from the
general and natural lot of man. is the sacramental sin of the
belter el.i-s' in our great cities. The children of the poor
pray to be rid of it. and what son of a rich man learns a
trade or tills the soi] with hi* own hand- ? Many men look
o ? the ability to be idle as the most desirable and honorable
abilitv. They glory in being ttie Mouth that consumes, not
the Hand that works. Vet one would suppose a matt of
useless hands and idle bead, in the midst.of God's world,
w her each thing works for all; in the midst of the toil and
sweat of the human race, must nee is make an apology for
his sloth, and would ask pardon for violating the common
j law, and withdrawing hi* neck from the genond yoke of bu
' manitv. Still more does he need an apology, if he is ac?
tive bnry in e-ettin-; into bis hands the result of others' work.
But it "is not so. ' The man who. is rich enough to be idie
values himself on bis leisure, aud w hat is worse, others val?
ue him for it. Active men must make a shamefaced excuse
for being busv. and workfng men for their toil, as if business
and tod were not the duty of all and the support of the
world. In certain countries men are divided horizontally
into two classes, the men who work and the men who kcle.
and the latter despise the employment of the former as mean
and degrading. It is the slare's duty to plough, said a Hea?
then poet, mid a freeman's business to enjoy at leisure the
fruit of thai ploughing. It is a remnant of those barbarous
times, when all labor w as performed by serfs and bondmen.
rincip'ci of the CoTcrnincit. I winh tfarm carrird
W-VORK, THURSDAY, APRIL 29, IS
and cv-mptinri from toil was the exclusive sign of the frecborn.
? I*ui tbi- notion, that labor is disgraceful, ro:;tiirts as sharp';.'
with fur political institutions, as it docs with common sen.-?.
I and the law God bas writ on man. An old author, centuries
j before Christ, was -o far enlightened on .this poiat. as to see
the true dignity of manna! work, and tn sr>.y. " God is well
pleaded with honest works: be surfers the laboring man,
: who ploughs the earth by mght and day. to cai! his life most
j noMe. If be is good and true, be offers eoatir.ual sacrifice
I to God, anrl is not so lustrous in his dress as in bis bean."
Manual iab.,r is a blessing and a dignity. But to state the
. ease on its least' avorauie isstie. admit it wer? both a dis?
grace ar.d a curse, would a true man desire to escape it for
I himself, and leave the curse to fall on other men ? Certainly
j not. The generous soldier fronts death, nnd charge-; in the
cannon's mouth : it is the coward who lingers behind. If
labor were hateful, as the proud would have us believe, then
they who bear its burthens, nnd feed and clothe the human
race, and fetch and carry for them, should be honored as
those have always bee.<: who defend society in war. If it be
glorious, as the world fancies, to repel a human foe, bow
! much more is he to be honored who stands up when Want
comes upon us, like an armed man. anil put.- him to rout I?
i One would fancy the world was mad. when it bowed in reve?
rence to those who by superior cunning possessed themselves
of the earnings of others, while it made wide the mouth ar.d
drew out the tongue at sikIi as do the world's work. ?' With?
out these," said a:i ancient, " cannot a city be inhabited, but
they shall not Ik? sought for in public council, nor sit high in
the congregation :" and those few men and women who are
misname,-! the World, is their wisdom bare continued the
saying. Thus they honor those who sit in idleness and ease:
i they extol snrb as defend a state with arms, or those who
collect in their hands the result of Asiatic or American in?
dustry, but pass by with contempt tho men wh? rear era
J and cattle, and weave and spin, and fish and build fr>r
the whole human race. Vet if the state of labor were so
; bard and disgraceful as some fancy, the sluggard in fine rai
1 m.-nt and the trim figure?which, like the lilies in the Serip
| ture. neither toils nor spin-, and is yet clothed in more glory
'than Solomon?would both bow down before Colliers and
; Farmers, aad bless thorn as the benefactor- of the race.? .
, Christianity has gone still farther, and make, a man's gr?nt
; ness consist in the amount of service be renders to the world.
Certainly he is the most honorable who by his bead or his
band does t'ne greatest and lie.t work for bis race. The noblest
sould the world oversaw appeared not in the ranks of the indo?
lent; but 'took on him the term of a servant.'and when he
? washed his disciples' feet, meant something not very gene?
rally understood perhaps in the nineteenth century.
Now manual labor, though au unavoidable duty, though
designed as a blessing, and naturally both a pleasure and a
; dignity, is often abused, till, by its terrible excess, it becomes j
; really a punishment and a curse. It is only a proper amount ,
! of work that is a blessing. Too much of it wears out the
. body before its time ; cripples the mind, debases the soul,
: blunts the senses, and chills the affections. It makes tho
man a spinning jenny, or a ploughing machine, and not
: '? a being of large discourse, that looks before and after."
' He ceases to be a man, and becomes a thing.
In a rational and natural state of society,?that is, one ia
which every man went forward towards the true end he was
designed to reach, towards perfection in tho use of all his
senses, towards perfection in wisdom, virtue, affection, ami
religion.?labor would never interfere with the culture of,
what was best in each man. His daily business would Vie a .
school to aid in developing the whole man, bofly and spirit, i
j because he would then do what nature fitted him to do.
j Thus his business w ould be really Iiis calling. Thcdtvarsity
j of gifts is quite equal to the diversity of w ork to be dene.
j There is some one thing which each man run do with plea- I
sure, and better than any oth"r man, because he was born to
do it. Then all men would labor, each at his proper voca
? tii.n. and an excellent farmer would not 1m: spoiled to make
a poor lawyer, a blundering pHysician, or a preacher, who
puts the world asleep. Then a small bodv of men would
not be pomperod in indolence, to grow up into gouty worth- ?
lessness, and die of inertia; nor would the huge part of
men lie worn down as now bv excessive toil before halt their
life is spent. They would not be so severely tasked as to
have no time to read, think, and converse. When he walk?
ed abroad, the laboring man would not be f.reed to catch
mere transient glimpses of the (lowers by the wayside, or
the stars over bis bead, as the dogs, it is said, drink the :
waters of the Nile, running while they drink, afraid the
crocodile.- should seize them if they stop When he looked i
from his window at the landscape, distress need not stare
at him from every bush. He would then have leisure to
cultivate bis mind aad heart no less than t ?do the w orld's work.
In labor as in all things beside, moderation is the law. !
? If a man transgresses and becomes intemperate in his work, :
and docs nothing but toil with the hand, bo must .- dTwr.
We educate and improve only the faculties we employ, aad ?
, cultivate most what we use the oftcnost. But if some men
j are placed in such circumstances that they can use only their
hands, who is to be blamed if they are ignorant, vicious,
and without God' Certainly sot they. Now it is as notori
ous as the sun at noon-day, that such are the circumstances
of many mo*. A< society advances in refinement, more la?
bor i-> needed to supply its demands, for bouses, food, np- i
: parel, and other things must be refined and luxurious. It ,
requires much more work, therefore, to till the mouth and
clothe the back, than in simpler times. To aggravate the i
. difficulty, some escape from their share of this labor, by
superior inteiiiger.ee. shrew dness, and cunning, others by ,
: fraud and lies, or by inheriting the r.:-ult of these qualities ,
? in their ancestors. So their share of the common burthen,
' thus increased, must be borne by other hands, which are j
laden already with more than enough. Still farther, this
class of mouth.-, forgetting how hard it is to work, and not
having their desires for the result of labor checked by the
j sweat necessary to satisfy them, but living vicariously by 1
j other men'- hands, refuse to be content with the simple
gratification of their natural appetites. So caprice takes
the place of Nature, and must also be suti.-fi.-d. Natural
wants are few, but to artificial d.-sires th'.-re is no end.
When each man must pay the natural price, and so earn
what he gets, the bands stop the mouth, and the soreness of
' the toil corrects the excess of desire, and if it do not. none
j has cause of complaint, for the man's desire is allayed by
i his own work. Thus if Absalom wishes f?r sweet cakes, j
! the trouble of providing them checks bis extravagant or tta- !
i natural appetite. Hut w hen the mouth and hand are on
: different bodies, and Absalom can coax his .-ister. or bribe
; his friend, or compel ins slave t? furnish his dainties, the
natural re.-taint is taken from appetite, and it runs to excess, i
Fancy must be appeased; peevishness mu-t be quieted:
and so a world of work i? needed to bear the burthens
which those men bind, and lav on men's shoulders, but vviii
not move with one nf their fingers. The class of Mouths '
' thus commits a sin, which the class of Hands must expiate. !
Thus by the treachery of one part of society, in avoiding .
their share of the work : by their tyranny in increasing the
: burthen of the world, an evil is produced quite unknown in ?
' a -implur state of life, and a man of but common capacities
not bora to wealth, in ord-'r to insure a subsistence for bim
| self at:d bis family, must work with his hands so large a
j part of his time, that nothing is left for intellectual, moral, j
! aesthetic, and religious improvement. He cannot look at j
, the world, talk with bis wife, read his Bible, nor pray to .
; God. but Poverty knocks at the door, and hurries htm to his j
I work. He is rude in mind before he begins his work, and |
J his work does not refine him. Men have attempted long ;
enough to wink this matter out of sight, but it will not-be put !
down. It may be worse in other countries, but it is bad J
I enough ir. New Englaxd, as all men know who have made
j the experiment. There must be a great sin somewhere in
that state of society, which allow s one man to ?aste day and
night in sluggishness or riot, consuming the bread of whole
families, while from others, equally well-gifted and faithful,
j it demands twelve, or sixteen, or even eighteen hours of hard
work out of the twenty-four, and then leaves the man so
weary and worn, that ho is capable of nothing but sleep,?
sleep that is broken by no dream. Still worse is it when
this-life of work begins so early, that the man has co fund of
out?I aj.lt nothing mor?>."-Ihz?ijflv.
acquired knowledge on which to -".raw for monn! support in
his hours of toil. To this man the- Mossed nicht is for no?
thing bat work and sleep, and the Sabbath day simply what
Moses commanded, a day of bodily rest for Man as for his
? >x and his Ass. Man was sent into this world to use his
best faculties in the be*: way. anrl thus reach the high end
of a man. How can he do this while so large a ; art of his
time is spent in unmitigated work ? Truly he cann.it.
? Hence we see, that while in ail other departments of nature
each animal lives up to the measure of his organization, and
with very rare exceptions becomes perfect after bis kind, the
greater part of men .m* defused and Mittbsi. shortened of
half their days, and half their excellence, so that you are
surprised to End a man well educated whose whole life is
Lard work. Thus what is the exception in nature, through
our perversity becomes the rule with man. Every Black?
bird is a black-bird just as God designs ; but how many men
.-.re only bodies If a man is placed in such circumstances,
that he ean use only his hand-, they only become broad and
strong. If no pains be liken to obtain dominion over the
flesh, the man loses hi* birthright, and dies a victim to the
? sin of society. No doubt there are men. bom under the
'? worst of circumstances, who have redeemed themselves
I from them, and obtained an excellence of intellectual growth,
which is worthy of wonder : but these are exceptions to the
general rule: men gifted at birth with a power almost super?
human. It is not from exceptions we are to frame the law.
Now to put forward the worst possible aspect of the ease;
Suppose that the present work of the world can only be per?
formed at this sacrifice, which is the best?that tho work
should be done, as now. and seven-tenths of men and women
should, as the unavoidable result of their Mil. be cursed
w ith extremity of labor, ami ignorance, and rudeness, nud
. unmanly life, or that less of lbs work be done, and. for the
-ake of a wide-spread and generous culture, we sleep los
softly, dine on humbler food, dwell in mean houses, and wear
leather like George Fox .' There is no doubt w hat answer
Common Sense, Reason. a:ul Christianity would give to this
question, foe wisdom, virtue, ami manhood are as much
better titan sumptuous dinners, tine apparel, ami splendid
houses, as the Soul is better nan the Senses. But as yet
? we arc slaves. The se:is-s overlay the soul. We serve
brass and mahogany, beef and porter. The ?-!?ss of Mouths
oppresses the class of H inds, for the strongest and most
cunning of the latter-are continually pressing into the ranks
"f the former, and while they increase the demand for work,
leave their own share of it to be done by others. Men and
women of bumble prospects in life, while building the con?
nubial nest that is to shelter them and their children, prove
plainly enough their thraldom to the senses, when such an
outlay of upholstery and joincis' w ork is demanded, and so
little is required that appeals to Reason. Imagination, and
1 aithi Yet when the mind demands little besides time; whv
prepare so pompously for the senses, that .-fie cannot have
this, but must be cheated of* her due? One might fancy he
heard the stones cry out of" the wall, in many a house, and
say to the foolish people w ho tenant their ?lwul?t:^.?" 0, ye
fools, is it from tho work of the joiner, and the craft of
th-4se who are cunning in stucco and paint, and arc skilful
to weave ami to spin, atal work iu marble and mortar, that
you expect satisfaction and rest for your souls, while ye make
no provision for what is noblest and immortal within you?
Hut ye also have your reward !" The present slate of
things, in respect to this matter, has no such excellencies
that it should not be changed. ?*????
b v e. w. b. camming.
? Tho fore.ts of Brazil are tilled with aromatic plants, wlio^e per?
fumes are often wafted many leagues to lea.'?Malte Brun.
To the billow borne pilgrim,
Alone on the seas,
How ?w eet comes the perfume
Of land with the breeze!
'T is the breath of a summer.
Eternal in prime?
The kiadliest fragrance
Of sun gladdened clime.
Those wanderings of sweetness.
How welcome they axe!
That tell of a country,
Unseen tin-i afar :
Like the morning, their advent
Doth usher a smile.
And the rover's heart dances
la joyance the while.
To cheer his lone vigil
At midnight, they tell
Of meadow and mountain,
Of forest and *'ell;
'Till his eye o'er the Ocean
Forgetteth to roam,
AnJ he walks in his slumber
The fields of bis home.
Thus, oft on Lite's billow,
With bark tempest-driven,
The voyager fancies
The breathings of Heaven.
The Past and the Present
Remembering no more,
He meets, in his visions,
The world that's before.
Stoekbridg,-. Mom. New-Yorker.
Altltte'Al. op Mil. SivjtK-.?Among the passenger* in the
steamship Columbia, recontly arrived in this port, was our
countryman, Mr. Spark-, the principal object of whose voy;
ago to Europe was to procure original materials relating to
the history of America. Wc understand that bis success has
more than answered Ins expectations. Hr> has been absent
nearlv ten months, and during that time he has been con?
stantly employed in making researches in the public offices
and libraries of England and France. By the courtesy of
the Governments of both this.' countries; .Mr. S. has been
allow* il freely to examine the manuscripts in the different de?
partments w hich relate to the history of America, and to
have copies taken of all such papers as were deemed by him
important in their historical character. His inquiries have
been principally devoted to the period of the Revolution ; but
he has likewise taken much pains to ascertain tho original
sources of American History previously to that period. We
are glad to learn thai these are numerous and well preserved.
From the public archives, as well as frum the British Mu?
seum, and the Royal Library in Paris, he has procured copies
of some curious and highly interesting manuscripts relative
to the tirst settlements of this country. On a former occa?
sion Mr. S. w as engaged abroad more than a year in the same
pursuits. The results have been seen in the works which he
has -inee published. [Boston Daily Advertiser.
New Plan of Courtship.?At a wedding, recently cele
ebrated, were present some twenty-live ynung persons, all of
them in a condition which, for various reasons, they general?
ly concurred in regarding as undesirable?the ' unengaged.'
One of the gentlemen of the party suspected the prevalence
among them of feelings ih.-.t might easily be exchanged for
others infinitely more fixed and agreeable. He accordingly
proposed the choosing of a Pn sident, a person worthy of all
confidence, whose duty it should be to receive from each in- !
dividual a folded paper inscribed with tho name of the person \
handing it in, and also with the name nf another person of J
the other sex whom the first would be willing to marry. The j
President, in addition to the restraints of his own sense of
honor, was to be put ander a solemn pledge of eternal so- j
cresv. All refusing to arcede to the proposition were for the
time to leave the room. Those whose choice was recsorocal
?that is. whose papers contained the same two names
were to be nnvateivi.if..rmed: while the tetectiona of the
others were to remain nmlisclosed. The result was that the
trial was made: all shared in the oxyenmont and eleven
couples were found to have made themselves happy?and
their several unions were afrervva-d consummated.
K Similk-_Impure people resemble streams, which de?
posit their mud only where they wind their way between re?
sisting irregular banks.
0 T F ICE NO. 30 A N N-ST
VOL.. I. SO. 17.
EXEMPTION OF HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE FROM
\\ e advened some days since to the petitions before tfee
Legislature prat tug for the p?aee of a law to extend the
exemption of household furniture from sale on execution
or distress for r-nt. It will be seen by the Keport of the
Judiciary Committee ot th? Senate, that a bill has been in?
troduced in conformity, or partially ao, with the prayer
of those petitions. The Report sets forth clearly and for?
cibly lite considerations which have induced the Judiciary
Committee to recommend an amelioration of the existing
law. The bili accompanying this report we are informed
exempts household furniture, noi exceeding one hundred
and fifty dollars in value, from levy and sale under execu?
tion in addition to the property now exempted. We regret
that the bill is confined to sales under execution, and that
the amount is not ext-ndrd somewhat farther. Every argu?
ment so eloquently urged in the Keport of Mr. Sibley in
our judgment applies with equal force to distress warrants
as to executions for debt. There can be no reason why
the landlord, whose tenement affords a shelter for the poor
man's family, should have a more certain remedy for the
collection ol his rent titan the baker or the butcher who
has kept starvation from that poor man's wife and children.
The suggestion that the exemption iu case of distress
warrants might tend to throw obstacles in thu way of ihe
poorer classes in procuring tenements is. ia our judgement,
unfounded We do not beiieve that landlords are more des?
titute of human syttipithies and charities than other classes
in community. Besides, it is as muck the inwrest of laud
lords to have their buildings occupied, us iti s the interest or
the grocer, die butcher, or the baker, to sell the provisions
in which be deals. We have long looked upon the partial
legal enactments in favor of landlords as relics of the feudal
system, .it van ince with the genius and spirit of ail our in?
stitutions Aad w hile we do not desire to see .-ml leu inno?
vation* introduced that might affect vested rights, we shall
gladly welcome every safe and moderate change that may
do away with all proscriptiVe abuses.
We cannot permit ourselves to believojthat either branch
of the Legidaiare will b-sitate in passing the law in ques?
tion?we hope witii an amendment including distress war
Society can lose nothing, by elevating tiie condition of the
laboring classes. Wealth itself becomes insecure?the bal
, ances of the social fabrii?the pillars upon which law, or?
der and civilization rest will be overthrown and crumble to
ruin, when the populace become wretched und degraded.
What produced the convulsions that shook the Roman
Commonwealth tu its centre during the civil and servile
wars prior to Julius Ctcsar ? Was it not ta-it the i;on heel
of the aristocracy bad crushed the spirit of the Roman peo?
ple, and by the destruction of every thing like free iabor,
reduced the Roman citizen to the condition of a pauper led
from the public granaries 1 In vain that citizen was ap?
pealed to, in the hour of danger, to defend his hearth and
household god-'! He had no hearth?no household gods to
defend ! Who strewed llowers on tho grave of Nero ? We
are told it was those who bad been reduced by a merciless
sy-tem of oppression to a condition no low that even his de?
pravity could not afflict them, and who justly looked upon
him as their avenger 1 History is fruitful in examples of
the inevitable evils that result to society from oppressions
visited under color of unjust laws upon the poor. The ben?
efits of civil liberty and social iranquiliiy can only be se>
i cured by throwing the protecting atgis of the law around
, the rights and happiness of the lower classes. It Ufor ?tfff?
: that legislation ia most required. The rich and the power?
ful can always find means to protect themselves. Not bo
the poor. The fluctuations of the times are constantly
bringing evils to their condition that demand the interposi?
tion of the Legislature. And never more than now. While
the embarrassments of the Commercial Werld und the de?
rangements of the Currency call for tqieciul and extraordm
I ary acts of forbearance toward the Banks and Moneyed la
j slitutions of the country,shall not the Poor, whose d:a!.vafcJS
arisin.; from the same causes are more immediate and in?
tense, be heard when they plead for the small boon now
I asked of the Legislature 1?[Albany Kvening Journal.
VIEWS OF SENATOR PRESTON, OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
IN Kfill.V to the question 0f TIIC kdisto meetinc*.
Columbia, April u, 1*11.
j Sir, 1 have bad the honor to receive your note inclosing'
1 the proceedings of n meeting of " the inhabitants of St. John's,
Colleton." The portion of the proceeding* which purports
to be founded on a rumor concerning mv sentiments und po?
sition in the Senate of the United States, concludes with a
categorical question, whether I intend to vote for a charter
of a I". S. Bunk.
The n instituiioii of a United States Bank presents n very
complex question, both of principle and detail, and mast, in
my judgement, depend upon a careful consideration of a vast
1 variety of circumstances, existing at tue moment it is propo
| sed. Its v. ry constitutionality must depend upon the actual
I condition of the country?and were even that conceded, uW
organization presents so many important difficulties, that it,
would be unsafe to venture on any conclusion, until u defta
1 ito and complete project be presented.
The amount of capital?the mode of obtaining lhat capital
i ?the [.la.e where the bank is to lie established?its manage?
ment and control?and, above all, the financial emergencies
of tV.c country at the moment when it is proposed?each and
all of them exact a grave and cautious deliberation.
In ndvai., therefore, I can answer the interrogatory pro
po tnded, only by announcing the general principle on which
, 1 Stand?and this I beg leave to do in the language of our
; late lamented President, and of the acting President, as con?
tained in an answer of the Litter to a similar question put to
him during the late Presidential canvass.
?? in reply to the first branch of^our enquiry," said Mr.
Tyler, " I quote and adopt the language of Gen. Harrison, int.
his speech delivered at Dayton. ' There is not, in the Con
j stitutiun, any express grant of power for such purpose, and it
eouldnever be constitutions] to exercise that power, save in the
', event ih>- powers granted to Congress could not be curried
; int . effect with ui re.lu ting to ?uch an institution. The Conr
| stitution confer, on Congress, in express terms, all powers
j which are necessary and proper to carry into effect the grant?
ed powers.' Now if' the powers granted ' rwuld not be car?
ried into effect without incorporating a bank, then it becomes
? necessary Olid proper,1 and of course expedient?a conclu?
sion which I presume no one would deny who desired to see
the existence of the government preferred, and kept benafi
cially in operation."
I have only to add that the creative necessity should be
palpable and overruling.
I :. . ??? the honor to tas,
3l'>-i respectfully, your ob't ?ervaat.
Wtt C. PRESTON.
Jos. Ii. Jenkins, Esq. Chairman, Ac. Ac.
Accident?On Monday a young man named McDonald, ia
Boston, firing tt a target, on the door of a bake-house, from
the inside, with a gwn heavily loaded with shot, severely
wound'd a woman passing in the street at the time. Ho
ha I previously bad some misunderstanding with her, and was
therefore taken to ibefPolice Office ; in default of $1000 bail
he was committed for examination.
CCT" Simmons, the murderer of Reed, in Boston, was ex?
amined at the Police Court on Saturday la-t. The evidence*
of his guilt was decisive, ard he was committed, withooS
privilege of bail, to aw ait the issue of die wounds inflicted oat
Red, who has since died.
Cf* An individual ha* boen arrested in Cincinnati in an at?
tempt to set fire to a Livery Stable in lhat city.
Motu. Alexander Vnttemure i< now in Bo-ton zealously ex?
eng d in -irosecuting the great objects for which he vusitedL