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M C S I N G 3 -
SY AMCLlA, Or -LOUI.TILLK. ?rTOCSY.
I vMfkrrad .... r-. ^jm^^\\^t?T
The br.-esc m -i..Sinr ? the I.rht. at <i ' " vsJc,
The nsoonbeam, bj ?po? ?* h'1!- '-"'I0*' ?
And h -re and there . leaping rill was 00 'he
On. fleeer cloud -poothe .ir w~ a!!
k BoSikr. an .?C^ there r^-en me "j1 I ?*.
I-4?,.i-d tnv aaod? und warbled -->1<1 ? ?pr" , jf
For I '?,. hit a car.!-, child, -.ad d>d as chtldraa-o. ^^.^ ^.
The -sr.. came dancing o'er the sea in di?plod hand-.
Lik- r.ttie children -Id with glee "V*'"J^^kJeddrop. of dew,
The, nuked thnrbai.d ? bu: 1 riU*fi, ,waT the ripples flew.
The, luaoed ,.,v feet, and ,a :k ?^f^^ free:
Th- tw.l.rht hour, like birds fle?- o>- tb,ia>i,nd ,a the sea:
Ten tisatisaad stars wer? in the -a. ? ^ r(j up,;l( (h(. ^.
For ever; wave with dimjdeaco. - irembi.ng -.tier-.
Mad . aught a star in its embrace ana . o _
The soung moon. too. with g^*^f??d :"" ^ - '
fi,'?xL** ,r*u,-i m tbrill ?ith love, as thrills the immortal soul
asjari i ? kt- tti.int-vo.c?r* *tirr'd. mart*, murmur* uu l??* ;*it.?
L^Surs, tha, my spin. bA and answer^* a prayer:
FoV'twa. apod thecewy sod, besah tha moaning sea.-.
I learned st fir.t to ?or?nip God, and -lug *u.:h .trains as the--.
The flower- all folded to their dreams, wer'.- bowod in slumber free
By breezy hill, and murmuring .treats*, wherever they chant, ad to be.
Ma ruiltv' tears hiul thev to weep, no kina to be forgl?.:: ;
They closed their eyes'und went to sleep, right in the face of heaven.
No costly raiment round t'a-m -hone, no jewels from the seas,
Yet Solomon uj*.n hi- throne was ne'er arrayed like these.
And just a- fret from gudt am! art. were lovely human flower-.
Ere Sorrow set her bleeding heart oa th:- fair world of ours.
I board the laughing wind uebind, a-playing with my hair?
Th- breezy fing en of tha wind, bow cool and moist they wen
I heard the night-bird warbling o'er it- soft enchanting strain?
s' never heard such Mandl before, and never -hall again.
Then wherefore weave such (.train.- as thesejsahd *nr there day by day:
When every bird upon the breeze can sing a sweeter In) I
I'd give tb? world for their sweet art,the ,iiupl". tht divine:
I'd ease the world to melt one heart as they have melted mine.
[ Southern I.itrrary Messenger, r.
From the New-Yerker.
THE ORIENTAL PHILOSOPHY.
KR?M THE FEENCIt OF VICTOR C0CS1N.
In pursuing this investigation, we must set asido the \ cdas,
and even die first Mininnsa Sehod, f>r those are nothing more
than reJieious and theological monuments. We must also set
aside Boodhisrn, for if it is Indian ir. its origin, it is Chinese in
its developments. Beside, the Boodhist books are not trans?
lated. There remain to be analyzed?1. The Vedunta Phi"
losophy, Q. The Niaya Philosophy; 3; The Vaisbcsiko Phi?
losophy ; and, 4. The twoSankhya Schools. And where, in
theso different systems, do wo tiud the four fundamental ele?
ments of tli<- history of Philosophy T
I begin with Sensualism ; and is this celebrated system
found in India? It is. It i? easily s-.-en in the atomistic
physic* of the Vaisbesika School ; but I rind it complete,
with its foundations, procrs-e. and conclusions, in die
Suukhyu of Kupila, and I shall trust to your intelligence
vebHe I briefly analyze this .Sankhya S'sjrwuulism, and mix
with the analysis some hasty reflections.
In India, all systems of Philosophy ha?o ono aim : namely,
tho sovereign pood, either in this world or the other, or, if
possible, in both"; Such is the aim of the Sankhya. And
bow is the sovereign good obtained, according to this system?
Not l>y the practice of Religion, not by the calculations of
ordinary Prudence but by Science. And how do wo arrive
at ScionceT or, in other words, what are the means ol
knowledge? According to Knpilu. there are two philo?
sophical means of knowledge, to "it. Sensation, or the per?
ception of outward objects, and Induction or inference.
Surely, us ought to know this system. Ainuti^ us, it pre?
tends to U- very modern, and yet here it is in India ! Bui as
in India things ure mixed, tins School of Kupila admits a
third means of knowledge, namely, Right Affirmation : tlint
is, the testimony of men, tradition, and the Vedos. It is
worthy of remark that the Vaishcsika Philosoph) rejects
tradition, and thut a branch of the Sankhya, thu Tscharwokos,
admits mi source of knowledge beside Sensation. Though
Kapiln admits throe, lie make- but little use of the third ;
and ho reaches conclusion* so different from those of the
Vedoi, that ho obviously did not hold their authority very
Barred. But his School has escaped the lot of the Boodhiats.
According to Kupila, there uro twonty-five principles of
things, which compose Universal Science. I shall not enu?
merate them nil: but, to make the spirit of Kupila under?
stood, I will cite some of them. The fust principle is Mouln
Pmkriti, or ' Matter, eternal, without form or parts?the
material, universal cuusv. which produces ami is uot pro?
duced.' From this principle all the others nre derived.
Tho second principle is Intelligence, ? the first production
of Nature, which itself produces other principles.' There?
fore the first was not Intelligence:?Intelligence occupies
tha second rank ; it comes from Matter, of which it is a fu?
damentnl attribute. Hence the Physics und Cosmology of
Kapilu. I shall neglect them, and pu-s on to the twenty
fifth principle, the Soul. From the combination of seventeen
anterior principles comes forth an atom, animated by an ex?
treme tenuity and lubrility, a sort of compromise, says Cole
brook^ between u material and an immaterial soul. '1 his
soul is lodged in the brain, and extends under the skull like
a spreading Dame. Here, then, is a thought vihicli has been
held up us a marvelous modern discovery; and with it is
found also the principle of Irritation and l'\citation. Two
branches of the Sankhya Philosophy, to wit, the Tcharwakns
and the Lokayaticoa, do hot distinguish the soul from the
body; They think the organs Of sensation, the vital functions,
constitute the soul, and though intelligence and scnsibilitv
arv not seen in the elements of the body, taken scparotelv,
yet they appear in th em when SO combined as to form un
organized body. The faculty of thought is the modification
of these associated 'elements, just as some substances, when
mixed together, acquire a certain exciting and irritating
quality, v\hich they had not separately. So long as there is
a body, there is thought, together with a susccptibilitv to
pleasure and pain, which disappear when the bush is uo
I gladly acknowledge that tlse School of Kupila contains
many excellent observations on method, on tho sautes of our
orrots, and that class <>f wise precepts which cvety where
recommend the writings of tho Sensualist School. Kupila
has analyzed with ?kill and sagacity all the physical and
moral obstacles which oppose the perfection of intelligence.
Ho enumerates forty-eight physical, and sixty-two mural
ol>stuc!c.s. According to him, there nrv nine things which
satisfy the intelligence, and in which it can repose:?over!
and above these nrv eight things which elevate and perfect
it. Knpilu rvvotnmoiids us to be docile pupils of Nature. I
which, thnutjh sensation, furnishes the Kr<teriuls of all our
thoughts;?not passive pupils, who hold on to the tir.-t words !
ot the teacher; but pupils who interrogate, and skilfully draw
from the teacher*, words the most luminous and extended ex
P..siiions. It is by relying on Nature and experimental data,
that Man, by the power of induction, may reach a Icgi?hiate
kliowkdge. And here is placed a delightful comparison, in
the true- stylo of Oriental genius. Kapila compares Man and |
Natiwe; in their ccsnmon effort, and mutual nesnl of each other
in reaching the truth, to a blind roan and a cripple. He says
the spectacle of Nature is always instructive, kut v.e come
at her secrets only w hen we penetrate into her depth* not
by immediate observation but by skilful experiments. \a. '
tun? obey* when wo know how to command her. The
tiairrle and freedom of Kapila's language reminds on" of
Sensualism rinds great dirncuJiy with the idea of Cau>o.
Kapila also has endeavored to destroy it. and. in the history
of Phil? so;-hy. his argument is the antecedent of that of
?ncsidcmus and Hume. He says there is no proper notion
of cause, ami that ?hut we call cause, is only apparently so, i
relatively to the effect, a.td is itscif an effect, relatively to the i
apparent cause which preceded it, which, in turn, is an effo?.
and so <m ad infinUsm. From bis reasoning. I select the
three following arguments :
1. That which does not exist, canno: reach exist-saeo by aar
possible operation of cause. Here is the celebrated axiom.
tx niit/o nihil?t. It :s she principle of Greek Atheism.
2. The nature of cause and effect, well understood, is the
samo. and ?hat apps-ars to he a rainv-, is only an effect,
3. We should occupy ourseivr-s, not v. i:h causes, bu: effects:
for the etiect measures the energy of the cause, and is. there?
fore. ?f equai value.
Such are the reasons Kapila urges against the notion of
Cause and its us? in Philosophy. This reasoning leads him
to Fatalism. If there is no cause, the personal activity,
which we believe an independent cause, is only a ueccssary
effect. Hence Fatalism and Atheism Kapila seeks nm t.i
deny this result. He denies that there is a <r-?.i who governs
the world, and maintains that such a Ix-ing cannot be dis?
covered, bv any of our legitimate means of knowledge. lie
docs indeed recognize an Intcllisviico. but it is the inteBi
? gence of which I have spoken, the special attribute of Mot
i tcr. which results from it- organization. and is a sort ot soul
of the world, so little distinct from it a- to be r.o more eternal
and infinite than the world. Such is the fi.-i of Kapiia. ar.d
' such is his school. He proceeds from the La-is of all Sea
! sualism, employs its process, and reaches its conclusions?
Lamolv, Materialism. Fataiism. and Atheism.
POWH A T A N.*
The Poem with this title, which we announced some weeks
j since as in pre.-s, has just been issued in a very neat and
' tasteful volume. It is strictly American in its character.
; founded upon the history of the celebrated Indian warrior
! who is its hero, and from wham it takes its name. We
; heartily welcome every new attempt tu celebrate any por
i tions of the character and scenery of our country or the in
j cidents of her history in either prose or verse : it furnishes
I fore-shadowinga of an intellectual and literary Nationality-,
j t.o less necessary t? our perfect independence than distinct
! forms of political and civil institutions. Th" character of
the hero of this Romahce is well and forcibly drawn as also
that of his dauglu-r Met ok a. The measure of the verse
is ea.sv and generally flowing, though inelegant and prosaic
: lines are occasionally met. The poetic mcritsof th<* work
j may be fairly inferred from the following
TltXIUE 's n warrior race of a hardy form,
Who uro fearless in peril, nnd reckless of storm :
Who are seen ~n the mountains when wintry winds blow,
Aud, in midsummer's blaze, in die valleys below;
Their home is the forest, the eirth is their bed,
I And the theme of their boast is the blood they have shed ;
With a spirit unbroken by famine or toil,
They traverse the river, and woods for -Je.ir spoil;
i With a soul that no terrors of Nature appal.
j They danco on the verge of the cataract's fall ;
They chase the huge crocodile home to the fen,
They rob the w ild i>ear of t!.<- ,-u!>s in her den.
They wearv the deer in her rapides! flight,
And they sk?p with tlce wolf on the mountain's hijht.
Yet die gentle affections have found an abode
In these wild and dark bosoms, wherever they dwell;
j And Nat';:? hath ali the soft passion? bestowed
Oh her favorite children of mountain and dell.
I Though tbey fall on a foe with a tiger's fangs,
And joy and exult in his keenest pangs,
The least art ef kindness they never forget,
-And the sin of ingratitude ne'er stained lliem yet.
They weep o'er the graves of ll.' ir valiant dead,
And piously reverence the aged head ;
Of parent and child feel the tendercst ties,
And the pure light of Love glances warm from their eye.<.
lint the warrirr race is fading away ;
The day of their prowess and glory is past ;
They are acnlhed like a grove where Use lightnings play.
j They are scattered like leaves by the tempest blast.
They inu.it perish from earth with the deeds tliey have done;
j Already the pall of Oblivion descends,
Enshrouding the tribes Iro n our view , one by ou?,
And Time o'er the straggling remnants bends,
And sweeps them away with a hurried pace.
Still sounding the knell of tke warrior rsre.
A vision i- passia* before me now?
The deeds of their chieftains come full nr. rr.v sight.
And maiden* of mildness avd beauty how,
j A.s they faintly appear in the dim distant light.
That vision is fading?now fainter it .?-eins ,
Like a cloud on the wind, it recedes from the view?
I And is there do-power to rekindle iu, Leas-is T
No poncil to picture its form and its hue?
O spirit of Poesy; parent of song!
Thou alone cuii.l tue light of that vision prolong .
Then let it descend to a distant age.
Embodied forth on thy deathless page.
'Po win tan. A Metrical Romance. In Seven Pantos. By -seba
r-mith. Nex .orh Harper a. Brothers, 32 Clitf-street.
Farms ok the Flemings.?The entiresurta.if thecoun
: try between Ghent and Courtrai, i- one unbroken plain, which.
. though less rich and luxuriant than the tftnvial soils of Hol?
land and of England exhibits, in ait directions, the most as?
tonishing evidence of ihul superiority in agricultural science
for which the Flemish are renowned over Europe. Tin- natural
reluctance of their thin and sandy soil has been overcome by
' dint of the most untiring labor?an attention to manuring,
' which approaches to the ludicrous ill its details, and, above
t ?!!. by system of rotation, the most profoundly calculated and
I th?- most eminently successful!
I he general aspect of u Flemish farm?the absence of
hedge-rows. or. w here they are to be found,'their elaborate
j training ami inter-texture, so as to present merely a narrow
i vegetating surface of some two ur three feet high, and twice
j as many inches in thickness; the minute division of the fields
J into squares, all bearing different crops, but performing the
i same circle of rotation, and the totui disappearance of all
; weeds or plants other than those sought tok- raised; all these
! show the practical ?..:.<! laborious experience, by which they
j have redveed their science to its present -\.and the in
j dumitablc industry by which, almost inch bj inch, these vast
j iin'l arid plain- have been converted from blowing sand.-into
blooming gardens. Merc draining and Irrigation are cu h
, ,-een in their highest perfection, owing to the frequent inter
? section of canals; whilst the same circumstance, affording the
' best facilities for the transport of manure, has been one of tin?
niest active promoters of farming improvement. Chupm!
! relates, that barinjrtroveraed one of the sandy plains of Flan?
ders in company with .\a-M>!er,n. tie- Emperor, on his return
I *o Pari?, adverted to the circumstance of its gloomy bam-n
! ness with an expression of surprise tis well us regret, when
the practical philosopher suggested, that the construction of
a canal across it would, in rive years; convert the unproduc
! me waste into luxuriant farm,. The experiment was tritd.
; atsd proved triumphantly successful. The canal was opened,
und in less than the time predicted; the results anticipated
were more than realized in it* effects;
^_ 1'- punt, '. \ J. E, Tciinrnt.
a. brisbane, EDITOR.
HP WE Fn.-n.lsof Association and SoctAt Procrxs, are informed
* that arrangement- hu>r been made for publishing la.- iiaisc- bear
, iug the above title, and that it u,H be issuedever} Saturdayaioniiac
commencing early 1U the a,o:;th of May, from tie office No. 30 tan-:
? This Frrnraz t u it] devoted to the freest and fuiiot dtwu-Awn of
an I ailtuuphical Trndv.to the rnculcatioa and dulu?i?a oC Practical
? Wlantneopy. to th- IVjthful chronicling of ail important advances is
Philosophy. Sci.h-..- aad Arts, and to the BOVOCaS} and dnsseiaiaatioa
ol ?liste?er shall seem calculated U> promote lh? Progtess ssttba Hu?
man Race through Ivo??'ledge and \ irtuc to I'mter-ai Uappiassss.
It will hit-ir to de.er?e the routioence and support of tne friends ot
: Humanity and s.i m) Progress anilcrsallv, uirhout respect tu creed
lountry. or condition.
The primary, positive and d--t>ni.c object .fits labors will be to show
that Uumaa llapj i.maybe promoted. Knowledge anu Virtu- in?
creased Vice. Manny, Waste am) Want misiaitel- diminished, bv a re?
organization of SOCITTT u.-oo the princrpie oTAssOCUTlois, or a
combination of effort instead of the present .jrstem of isolated hutsc
boida, with their discordant lntere-t-. Coi dicting Ffibras, sad envioa
l".enpctitioa. It will brove thai Ixaosrav can Ik- ennobled, aad ren
, -1-rrd honorable and Xttractivi: ; srfll advocate the F~-v?tion af list
, J alsurmg Cla-scs. tho Dually of .Man. a:id the practical extrj-ion ol
human Liberty and Rights, The -rumple- of tue Systana of .ts-ocis.
V'"1,1> *h'?b *thk l iiTsRE'uiil be u.-voted.-nni be fully asplaiaes
? '.' '-rfeaded, auj erery objectioa to their efficacy and uracticabiluv
. arly met and fully obvu,cd. ; V '
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taeirOlSce, Broad street A Steamboat will start dnHy at 5 P.M.
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DAVIS a SMITH. Portsmouth, Ohio.
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? alO-tf BRISTOL a PORTER. Chicago, lUinois.
rpHEOLOGlCAL DISCUSSION, between E/.i. Stiles Ely, D. D.
1 Prssbyteriaa, and Abel C. Thomas, Uaiversalsst?aa aide work
j ?should be iu the hands of every on--.
' ExrosiTtoM svd Dnraitca or U-nvutssxisM, by Uer. I. D. William
ion?a hiiii.lv valuable work.
An AacOMOrr for CuniJTtASiTv. I>y Rev. I D. Williamson?a po
' pular worh?every disbeliever in Christianity .bonld reitd this work.
Tne UatrvaRssttsT M?OTat, or Book of Prayers, by Rev. Moazies
Rayaer?tfaenld be in every family.
LETTERS to W. C. Baownt.Ee, D. D. ia review of hi. Lecture- against
liairorsaUstn, by Rev. T. J. sawyer.
Lette as to Rer Edwin F. HxTrrrxn, in review ofhis Sermon- in
theiMh of Matthew?by Rev. B. B. Hollock.
Letters tc Rrv. Stkphsx Resuncton, in review of bis Lectures
again*! Universal ism.
Notk-s and Illistrationj ot the P.i2.\BLi.?. b> Rev. Thomas Whit
Lire or Rrv. J.ii(\ MvRR.lV, one of t'ae ?r-t Preiosh -rs of L aiversal
p>iii 'a America.
With a great variety of other Universalis! Bovks, Pamphlets, Ac
for sole .bole*-!?, at the UNIVERSALIST BOOK ESTABLISH?
MENT, 130 Fulton-street, between Broadway sad Nassau. a2o
TO THE LADIES.
InteUcclval dtvelopcmtni and Personal Beauty considered
in connection icith Dr. Fe'tix fiourav.i's Depilatory
Tv||K Sculptor, whose study e- t" inritate the exqus-ite workmanship
of nature, portray, in his wod.-l of the human form, a broad und
elevated forehead. This demlo|>eKieut t- not only ciklsoimiii with, but
sometime* net essary to the po*se*?ion i^" a high order of mental fac?
ulty. If a fine fwrehead ii a m-irk .-f intetteet it '? so less an essential
element of personal beautj ; and it is ofimportanee u. ibose, and there
are many such, possessodof this promit.;nl f< iture, though obscured
by the encroachments of a t.?) luxurious g rnwth of hair, to remove
that portion of an excreseace which tends, in their case, only to deform.
Thiseau be deSte safely, ?peodiry. elTeclunllyi and rf Bead in accordance
with dneetieu.s, without the luast incoBveBience, by Dr.. Felix Gou
raud's Depilatory Powder.. The furze of ihe i\p, when annoying, or
(he short hair on the bark of a lady*- neck, when too apparent?the
hair of a mole, or ihe beard, when high upon the cheek, may all bo re
moveuV and evcntnally the root, destroyed, ay the u;c of thi. prepara?
Mannfactnred by Dr. FELIX GOtTRAUD, rr Walker street, one
d.H-r from B-o?itway, and for ?n!e in this city only there. Price $1
NoTt.? \? Powders, purporting to produce the efti-ct of then-, have
been and are -tall soM ill the city at w.ine p?rfuinen-?-hud drug stores,
it is proper to Inform the public that -uch .ire not Dr. tai m mufacture
Purchasers ran see the preparation tasted if required.
New-York?G. L. Brown, Utica. J.irrsl Gray. Poughke.?p-ie.
Pennsylvania?Mrs. Bro?a. TOChestaut st. Philadelphia. ?
Mary! old?Mr.. S. Ii aper. 33 Baltimore -t. Baltimore.
Virgin:.!?rraatier, opp, Dr PlummeFs Church. Riehmisii.l.
Hassachasett?J. E Field A E. .1. Bull, Lee.
Connecticut?E. < -. Ferro, Midirletun n. W. Faulkner. Norn ich.
District of Columbia?S. Parker..Pennsylvania Avenue, bet-.. ? ea
9th and IOth .tre.-t-.
Dealer, supplied on liberal terms. Single bottle* scut by mail.
i ??' Letter, mu-l be po-t-patd. al9-lm
<-<>.-?3 k a XdTeE.
b.nldin- knewn a, the CoLI'M
BIAN HALL. Cii; Ur..nd street the
mo-t spacious wholesale and retail SALES
ROOM .nth- United State., the largest
ami best selected BSeortment of Ladies',
s^Mi-se,-, and Children's SHOES exclusit-U.
! in all their varieties of pattern, width, color, shape and maeria] usu
! ally -called' for, of our own manufacture- We would inform t^io,e
ladies who have formerly been compelled to go to Broadway and e|ac
whrre. that they are under the necessity of doing so no longer; and
we invite them to "come and see," and save from two ,-icht shillings
pep-pair, am! be better seneil, without the d'-luys and disappoint
mi cm attending being me.:-urcJ.
We'would also -ay. that having from - to 300 p.-r-^n- in o-ir em?
ploy, und having been lor a number of years the largest manulw turer.
in America, thalourwork is well known, approved of and so ght
after, io even mark.-t where giesl work is sold. The citizens of New
York, Brooklyn, Williamsburgh, and the surroundingconntry, are re
. ?? t.-'ully sols, if .1 to erill ami examine for themM-lves. Vcholcsale
and retail dealer* far city aud country iraiie, will Gad it to thiir ad
vantaga to call before purchasing, a* not only quahty and quantity,
but prices, shall make it a great inducement
a I'.' Ihn-_SMITH. BRISTOL!, A HALL.
ki:lp it bffore all gu;-d housereei-bn.'
ARE <XOT TO BE BEAT! '
To be had al.!2J Graad-ir.et. between Lud low and Essex, opp-i.it?
^HIS article is a New Invention, tor the purp*-? of Baking. It
a ha* bean in use dunu; tlie lt-l scx-ou.with entire success to the
pure ? to ? !;?;? it J,.., nu, ou|v CIVUi, mtiro sali-faction, but they
bave expressed themseiveea* hig'hly gntiued with its operation as
:: i, I. .Ving Br-aJ. M-at... Puddi: g-. Pie, and Cake* ta a charm.
'I be advantages oi tin- Oven over the old plirj. are?
1st. The ecouomv and djrabilitv of its coastructtoii, th-.-co.-t of this
Ores being ai>oui one bnlf-the old niakc -
2d. The door being iu fror, of the Oven, thereby enabling the pur?
chaser t > take the Pan., out with :re:itv- facility, and not in danger of
Burning Their Hands a. tho-e openin on the "top.
Lsl. Its simplicity of arrangemeut being such that aay person can
rea. lv_ ur.d-rst.n.d its operation :n: i ::i ,n ,g menL
?JtJi. Tu- trid.ug expense of fuel il consume*, together with the
Small amount ol labor retired, and it- compact form makes it a de
-irable Kitchen UViopamon. and fullv -atufactorv t. the sub-criber
thai on a l?ir Ina! it will sustain the favorable opiuwn expre^d Wv
: 'e-.: ti.a: u-e theiw ... ?
Th- Ovigwal Drop Poor Oten to be had of the ,ub?cnbe
.... J^S"' A I -?MBERH1LL. 3tgJ Graml st opP. Essex Market
T u ,*o 7? *fd ^ th?a*fu''y weened and punctuallv attended
?>- ?Je Oven.- rop-ired at the -hortest noUee. aiai |m
WP??* ^ LAS.*4_3UUU .-raenean Window Glass of Frank
? ? Ina, lulion and Deiiiare brand., ?mprising a complete n^orf
mei.t ol -ire-, l-om 6 bv S lo Al bv 26.
FRENt H WINIsOVV GLASS^l?CO boxes French Window and
I icture t.lass. o, double and single thickness, of supenor quaiity
:xe trom . bv "J lo 31 by -Ji iwmj
DRLelGL-^' GLASS WARE?TOO packsra,. legist* Glax,
,,0rf ml- MORGAN AND WALKER,
?? tf Man^u-act4.?^er.? Agent,, 173 Waler-*t
A D V A Si T A G E 0 b'S & PRODDCTIVE INVESTMENTS
FOR CAPITALISTS THROLtSHOl/T THE VSlOfi.
Under a Sets and Improved System of Ins-nrtmc? :
fe" ??Uiwr aU -?e advantages of the mutual plaaj and of Joust Stock Cem
paaice ander one charter, wrth those ot- both braacbe? of lb* btw
ucer : at the ?an?' time aifunling ?cr?-fd security to the Stockhold?
ers aiid a mere -ettain protection to che Public!
RKSrCCTrt LLY r?5>K.NTl?D BT TMS
UNITED STATES IN8?B1SCE CO BEAM
of the < Sty ot" New-York, with a Capital of
OSE MILLION OT DOLLARS.
?harc? ?5100 cath.
Ts*, rex CBXT to sr. paid c: sscvhed fro* svascairnosr.
Tlf-S Cha-t-r of this Com pan v is without exvepur.0 ose af th? safest
and usv,t liberal aver granted by the State of Xew leek, and as
' there is uo probability that any new companies will l?iiworp?rsied lor
some time to eoate, it it doubly % aluaWe on that aceoaut. and the Ljom
; mu-i-mer. are d.--irou* of uaproviug it to the best aJ.antage fort. ?
I good of ike public as weH as that of iaaiviJunls.
I InMbciting lbs atxeatioa of Capitalists t? their plans of subscription,
thev cm reconai.-u-: iheui with ent?re con-.drr.ee a- bating been adopt?
ed after mature reflection, both in reftrence iu eonvenieace, practica-,
bilitv. profit and safety ; und mth a view to increase the confidence ?I
the public m the permanent safety oi investments in th< ir capital, they
: deem it proper to r-ma.-k. that no pains or necessary expense ?ill be
-risrcti in securing boaeei .n-i. to conduct -t. business in every depart
nient. inen of integrity au.1 experience, trlio?e siu-tv- and ilelermiBatioO
' will be to promote and preserve the inten--:? and property of the.ftoek
bol iars. and not apply the eoaiidence reposed in iheio 10 unjluoUfiablc
and rechtes* speeailatioas, which in years past bare caused the down?
fall and ruin ofsb many banking Institution?, aad all confidence in the
integrity even of innocent and well meaning mt% who are looked
upon w ith distrust, bdwevei worthy ur useful in reality may be the ob?
jects or motive* ihej have to accomplish.
1 The plan- ?/subscription dirt'.-.- from tho-e usually- adopted by ji int
-toek companies, iaasmach a- tho capital will draw no interest?or in
other words, the interest which the Company mayaccsuire ander the
' investments of the..-capital, wdi make u? part of the dividends; but
ea.-n stockbelder v. ill be raid twice in ever} ye ir Iheii reepeetive pro
; portions of hitrr.-st money as well as profit- derived from their insu?
rance business; cash subscriber-, deri. mg all the interest received open
? their p.iTVjejit- exclusively.
Bank,City ?r St.t.- Stovk subscribers all the dividends on their siib
I scrip?oM ?rinsivdly, while those securing their payment.- by bends
and mortgage, are required to pay no interest, ans1 are entitled to their
e<jual proportion of annual profits derived from their insurance busi
' urs, in common wuh oner subscriber-in money und stocks.
That there aiay be no misunderstanding by the subscribers however,
it is necessary to ad.!, that although mo interest i- paired under ordi?
nary saecese in business upon their sabesripuoos, vet provision must
be made oth.-ru i*e, as usual in murual companies-, to mi ??: altlessea and
; legal demands fairly an 1 prompt!? bj equal a.stn.-iits ? and in rase it
should ever he found, under any unusual event, that the amount of
earned and terminated premium] on band should l?- instunoieniiomeet
' their losses, such deficiency must be made l-..k; by assessments in pro?
portion x-. each -t.s khol i?l-'- istarest beari) io the amount of such defi
I etency. It should be remarked further, that there is little probability
of 'he accarrence t?f such nnoveat,as the premiums of ever) ui.n
I ranee company, whsre it-is conducted prudcady, and where ?ieoftl
i eer. give their bu.-iu.*-? rsjassaiit attention, will most generally meet
i not only all their losses, hut aflord a profit of from 6 to I'per centsn
I aa.illy. in addition to the iatereetoa loeircapitals.which m uih.-r euiu
! panic* go into common stock instead of being paid directly lothe.sub
scrioers. The tune allowed under tb; amendment t?? the charter of
' this company f.e- completing the subscriptions I > their capital, will ex?
pire hv limitation an the .'oil day of .May hcvi?in the menu while their
. subscription books wUIcontinue open until the full amount ,h.dl have
i been dulv subscribed.
EXPLANATION. OF THE TLKMS -sF SUSCRJPTION
I Cu-h sabseriptioBi can be made a. usual .., eiher companies for 1, a.
10. or "sO .hare-, or any oshrr nuuilx-r required, the subscriber having
guarantee^ .,11 interest received so umeiiui of In. subscription, in a.l.b
tion to his full proportion of profits derived iV..mi the insu ranee bust
i nose?-ubji-et to the liability OTasaiesavnieoU as u-ual on lautval COmpa
. me,, sad hereinbefore explained.
/?[ flank. City, or State Stocks.
i Suhseriptions can b>- lecured by trans ftsr of any bank str-y of this or
an) other State of the Union, that is in good credit nod well managed,
and which miv U.- n.-tiiallv worth par or r.-ove par on their books,aad
?shich cannot be purchased for I t-- th.m par hi theWw Fork market,
dollar for dollar?che subscriber having guaranteed the dividends wa
both stocks, subject to the liability to assessments wuh other -ub
Kribers ander whick arraagemeat tle-y ?ill ram ?iiii u-unl success
in business from li to l2perceat,orndeublfl interest uj bii .me eauitaL
State -totik-. or '.. of the C*orp->r:ilion of the City of .N\-w \ork.
will be received ai their laih'market or par value upon the same terms.
Unincitmberei Re*'. Estate.
Subscriptien.1 secured b> Loud and mortgage ou improved r.nd unin
etnnberod real estate, either in t^e city or state of New York, .-an be
made at tteo~Utrrtts ti..- ?alue of the propei ty, for I, j. 10 or l? years.
Sack bonds and mortgages bearing no interest whatever, but subject
; la lesessments as before provided m common with other subscribers,
I and in case any such assessments should ever be teijuired and paid, they
?dl he endorsed upba tk.- bond and mortgage, in paymentthereoC No
case payments are required from real ustHtk. subsi ribers ?n inbscrip
I lion, but a note is to be given for 10 percent on theamouHt of their
sobsoriptiea until the bond ami mortgage is prepared for tha !-"-? !
amount of their steck, when the subsenpaon aote wilTbe cancelled, or
the 10 peroenl if preferred can he paid in money or seen red by hank
stock, ami the b.-nd and mortgage wade for the balance of !*0 per cent.
Tin- I.uil.line must he iii-ii-e.i snd the property appraised by three
disinterested neu, under oath who are not interested directly or imli
? rectlv in the nn-pertv. The title- must be uniCisputed, and a certifi?
cate furnished from ihe County Clerk.
Inevmbered ZchI E<tafe.
P.-r-ons balding i-.x-l improved property upon which a -mall
iocambrance ma} exirt, in lists t-'ity or State, can (upim ubtain
ing tin- consent ot th- holder of the first mortgage to a?1711 Iii- inieres
I in the property to thu eorapany in exchange for an'equal amoant of
tie ir st?-k./ give i s..ml mortgage up to two-thirds the true valaeof
the property in security for subscriptions to this st,>cii for I, 0, 10 or
IS years, and thus obtain an increased lean on hisproperty in the
?toek of the company, which will pay an interest efii to I;.' per ceut.
Bv this arrangement the holder of ihe fir-t mortgage will not only
eootinue to receive his n-cular hiterest from the owners of the pro?
perty, but be will gam from li to lfi per cent anaually from ilia profits
derived from the company's business, aad may gaia 5 or 10 per cent
en the par value of the stock 'apo:. a favorable change of the money
market, abould he be disposed to sell bis stock:
li i. believed thai there are in this city and state uiauv nnfl.oiw of
dollars in the best ot unproved real estate upon which ineuaibranees
exist to a small pan el" rhe red value of the properly, nnd upon which
loins cannol be obtained in ca-h in con-e.pi-nce of such prior inrum
braaces; and if the terms of subscription nffered by tin- snmpany to
then-stock c-.ui.i be m ule known asr well as the certnnty that their
stock will be a valuable and profitable one, the commissioners are of
opinion that hundreds would be induced to assign their rtr-t mortgages ?
under tin- fast arrangement, whereby' they would not only mike a very
n.l\xatag.-ou- exchange of investments for themselves, but allbr.l great
relief to the original nw'ner, as both could hardly fail if obtaining an
incr.-.i.sed iiicuie of from fi to li per tent annually, and as the *>|ki
ratioti in itself, makes the property at once i .MNil MBBBBO, >o that it
Can be l-o? fully received under the l.-nni of the company's charier.
Th.- ads ice. from Europe by the bate arrival- are unfavorable to the
Completion fo the foil extent Of the negotiation.' previously piada
there, hut ir i- :? v-ve.l, upon receipt of more re, -n: accounts in I .on.
don from this. ounrry; that a more favorable opii.inn will be enter?
tained vwtii r.-L'ard to American securities th in thxiseconsequent upon
the reception of the new., of the ss-pensioH of the Pennsj Iv mta bank.,
and tiie prospect of war; and within a few mouths the previous ar
raagemenu for h large r?-h subscription la the stock of this company
either ui London or Bristol, no doubt will be made certain of accom?
plishment, the apprehensions ofa w ir will then have subsided
.-should it be found laipracticable to have the full amount of the cap?
ital of this company subscribed and paid in. in our own country on or
tief.? t!,e jtfa of May. the commissioners have c?ne to ihe deteraiiaa
Uon to proceed at on?e in its organization with such amount as may
at that time I,.- actually paid iU, provided it i. not less ih.ni ?,-,>J oi;()
and to gooa with their bus,,.,..?t|,e remainder of the capital beini
..uly secared to he paid in vomj-liance with their charter, until farther
accounts ar- received from ti:e,r agents in London
With acapital paid in of only $500,000, the dividends can 1m- made
equal to th?... ..!., . . other companies in N'ew York, th,- balance can
... ,, ?s. :,i,..r bwng secured, at any time, as oeeasioa may t.re. '
1 be . barter only requires the subnotions to be made, and the 10
per c-nt:to In- secured b-foreth-ilthofMav; the beads and mortga?
ges can be made out at anv time after within 60 days
Those of the ? ..nip IBiea mos-, ?uecessfhl and best managed, paid last
year iron, 13 ?40 per c,,,. dWdeads, aad K>ir amuial receipt, in pre
miuni-averaged Iroiu SrilHi.l/S) to >1HS|.IKS). ' K
eoil!i,I"'a;"':" '**"? company ran be made to either of the
-m m-si.m,..- ;it ?h swet^ ptaee. of residence, or at their Offlce
34 \\ all-street, or at the President House, No, 142 Broadway, N. Yorl.
IV"' VrV.V:Tv,;Vn',l:<' Co
L- ?? I1.'." " 1 "' ?'"riWd, Herkimer Co.
IIoa.E C MKP.ltii-K. Claytoa, Jeflerson Co.
.I' v , . U,AM>- E?q.City of New-York.
IIK.NJ. BALCH, K.q. do do
Hon. CORNEitlfTS MASTON. P?
y^;;:;';;1*' ???, uJZtC<:ay nf New.
ie-wJl^treet P ''l *U"CU"a w****" ?" Be5i. Bauen
Dl_. . N?w-Y ork, April 12. IS41
B ank subecnptioa .Note- and other form, required w ij i? Cotw., i
c.1 to any part of the country when rMUeVted ?., I u .
above, by any geatiemaa wishnTg to ?cco?!e a s,Lrm^rW .rZ,?;
-: ,?'.'ur'v '"? a .'reed up,,,,, airt-tf
DOCTOF CA1 PEVrVn PE.CK ?UP.
lit. i ui. tA.sPKNrhll casjanaes as usual to devote his ?nti-e
,,-rsona, attenuon to the general duties of his proftansioa. !
-no^?vSpiS ar.;;:?r ?0'
... consequence of the laxltv of.JuC^a^ *Z -2 T^'
and^?^ -live j
XT Separate oiT.ces and entrance.. Charge, readable. alC]y' '
irons, -.tia-ness. aai weakiiessof.be limbs ir. ?gJ ^ C*?tr*C
ur. II s system is loan.led on the n-inrii.U of ,i ' , i
YA>KEE G A R D PR F sc?
*fo. ISO FULTON-STREET.
AX'HERE bm> i? obtained Univrsrsalist b??k.. r,mpMeN, tie ^
\? ,,m description, wholesale nxd reta* AI-, l?uW??ed ?
. the same Es'ubUhm.-!. Umvejmd-t ?o?m ?MlIth? N,..y...k
. Christian Mein-mgrr, in deft-ec of the vhtw* held ?>> l *?'^
the former at $2 30 per ???.?. and ?"* ?*-??' **? ?"k* coi???0,
r?tby"^ R-T.J.S^>- wfR/v E.F II.tW.,tt!
work. ? L'niversalwn m il is. orTrtt-BoeA of Moder? l_ DlTer-Vi^n
: i, now publishing m^thrw pat?ea^. -
CAS 1! BOO K STORE.
ICO PEARL STREET, > V.
T4YLOR A C 3a E .71 E ^ T
: Would. reepectfutty, ceil the attention of MefxAsmteand other,.,,
tkexr stock of Books. Taper. Blank-work. Quill?, lak, Binden Steck,
Si,-. ?hi. h they offer ?t the lowe?t price* rot, cam._ajfctf .
lUM'M .71 KIM'M A NT!*' .71A45 A/.I>E,
AND COMMERCIAL REVIEW.
1'uldished Moiithlv....?:-per :.ni.u.n. in advance.
BV freeman MINT. editor asp rROHuSTOR, 14*. rtLrON-sT.*. Y.
rpllI>P.'rir-Jic:d is devote-! cvelti-ncU 10 the n.fre.t, and wants of
1 the business community, >nd .u this respect differ, in ,~ coarse,
ter fr??ui anv Me.en7.iue either u, this coui.tr.. or Europe. It is intend,
ed tob.- Iite'rallv und truly a useful ?,.rk.
11? content* easbracc ever* subject connected with < oininerre and
PoUticnJ Economy. Biog^phjcal 8lwtchc-s ofeBocsi :.-c!uou>
nt..l Essavs from the ?Werl pen*, on Bank/eg, Nangation, ManaSr,
ium Insnmnce, Trade, Commerce and Mercantile l*w, lacluta
,.uperta.-l de.-sions in thu different courts ill the . ttltcd Matettn,
Enclind, form part of the content? of each number;.together wtfj.
official reports of nil ue? Commercial Rcgulauotu and rreatie?
The Merchants' Matmzine i- al-o the repository for uttieatK Matu.
tient inArmatioo of Foreign and Domestic Ttade and Commen?,
Bauking. etc. collected from otScial sources, and e....?t?ed in table,
i valuable 'or present and future reference. :>.:>
1 iBEiVCQ rAX;rA(JK.-Vi?<cCs ii?il sndPijcti.
V caj Svstem?Gentlemen wishing to ?tudy th? French are it
formed thai Mr.. L. Manosea Durand, who continues the highly tp
proved svatem of her father, the late John Mane.,-,. * tornvog U
early mbVnina and an evening Class far the Spring in I Suinmerms.
son. Those wishing to join-will piease call and enter their aames.
Tho,e ?ho bnva already studied the language can join ebusei in U.
.,-,-ond siid third courses. Private lusiructio* during i ie day. Kr?i
1 dencc, 16 City Hall Place._alatf_ i
ECONOMY ! ECONOMY !
THE GREATEST LUMINARY IN THE WORLD.?The under,
signed respectful!) soli. it the attention of the Public to
' TOUGH'S PATENT SPIRIT LA.MPS,
manufactured bv them, and of which hundreds have been sold with,,
the last tw, mouths m Ibis city. All who have sr.-u ind used ikra,
acknowledge their superiority for Unlit o.er all other Lamp* si
which the great demand for them is evidence. Tbej gtveasawk
licht as thr. t lias Burners, and the expense is Fn i v n-R caicrtaai
limn the expense of gas; ?
The public can sen tnein at u-c at thu -tore ol the lUOKnbera, No.
148 Fulton street, and re/erence* will be given t? thoee ?ho kar*
Ibem in Use
The subscribers nl-o offer to the Pubhc the
The deservedly high reputation which this Ovs0 enjoys in this city
and country, requires no comment. This is well known as being ,u.
perior ta anv other Oven in the country. It is an indispentuble am- I
, lc in house-keeping. The Public are cautioned against purchases**
a spurious ?rtide -old for the t aion Oven. None are the real b'nioe
Ouens, but-those made bv the subscribers.
JAMES MYERS .v GO, I W Fulton at.
\ b._The price- of the Union Ovens bate beeu reduced from ths
original price* One Hollar on euch size._"10 tf
'I BIK tOAoOISWKniN SIIAVIM? SOAP,
rjMIIS is :iu EmolKentCompoeition.whiebnflterdsiho indict degree
; .1 of Comfort in Shaving. It gives a rich and durablo lather with
? warm. cold, bard or soft w uier.
Sin? it? introduction, in 1637, its popularity ha.- bean con until
! on the m. ,-ea>o, and the Proprietor daily receives assurance* fron hut
Customers, that it not onl) e.teeU every other article known to them,
but they cannot wish for a greater luxury in Shaving.
It is put up in couvenieni earlhem boxes,from winch ii is u--ed. A
liberal discount to wlolcsnle purnltasers. Propured and sold Isy
GEORGE I). C0GUES1IALL,
Chemist. Druggi.t. and Manufucturor of Aerated Waters.
4SI Pearl, corner of Rose-St. New.York.
Sold r.l.-o bv J..u11 Milhau, IS3 Broailwaj ; Rush ton A Aspinff?ll, 66
Willhun-*L 110 Broadway and 10 Astor Mouse j and b> raspectnhli
; DrUSglStS and Perfumers generally.
A hberal discount msde to wholesale pistehasers. Orders from ea>
Miners out of the city may be addressed to any wholesale llOUM here
with whom they may deal. '"' ?10
IQMMISSION PAPER VVAREHOUSEe?The Subscribers are cos.
staiillv receiving every description ol Paper which they offer for
-.de 1:1 lots to suit purchasers, upon the 1110 t reasonable leruis. Amoc|
tkvir extensive assortment are the following, via:
5U0 reams New -papur - I bj oC
500 do do '-'0 by 117
400 Vo do a-l Vy US
?J'Sl do do 'St by 40
300 do do 26 by 43
?iOO do do Uejbv-lf
100 do .lo 30 b) 41
1 do mediii^n printing
500 do do and half do
400 do assorted colored paper
f)00 do envelope paper
Fine au.1 superfine Flat t 'apa
do do cut. plain and rule.]
do do Letter do
Demi and medium W riting paper
Cloth paper, til \ 3li. -:.*> < 42, and 36 X 10
Hardware paper. I J X S3, 1^ \ 24, and 20 X 30
II inging and Wrapping paper of rarions sizes
Newspapei of anv size mule to or ler at .s*oort notice.
Feb.?YAC tf E. ROO T A Co. BS Mniden Lane'
The 1.0- Cabin?Extra BdHioai.
The Bunuaer new opening Ls destined to be marked by Po?
litical events of the highest importance to the Country and the
PartieSi which divide it. The call of an Extra Session?the
oeath'of President Harkisov?tho accession of Jo*dN Tyler
; 10 die Presidency?the meeting of the tirst Whig Congress for
1 many years?the forthcoming President's Message ami Treasa
ry Report, developing more fully the measures of the new Ad
. minis'.rntisn?the probable action of Congress oh tliu great qitm>
\ tions of Currency, the Tariff, Public Lands, Bankruptcy, Ac
Jcc w ill render the Summer of 1841 most memorable in the fu
! turc Iji-atory of our country.
, The Editor of Tbc Loo C.AMN proposes to publish .an Extra
Edition of his paper from the 1st of May to the 1st of Decem?
ber ? seven months?at the low prices of seventy five cevts for
a single subscription, three copies f?r two dollars, live copies for
hree dollars, nine copies lor live dollars, ami twenty copiu* for
UMi dollars?payable always in advance.
j This paper will contain curly and uceurnte reports of the
: doings of Congress, with condensed sketches of the most inv
portant debates, after the manner of last winter, beside Liters?
! turc, Miscellanies, and tke News of the Day.
Subscriptions are respectfully solicited by
11. GREELBY & CO., 30 Ann st
Xetr York, April 17//i, 1841.
the m:\v-vork vm
Prospectus for the Year 1941.
A nrw volume of the Nkvs-Y.'Bkfr?the VMIth animal of the F?
tio ami theXith semi-annual of the*Qua? to edition?was commenced
j "u Saturday the 20th of March last It will be printed on entirely nes
' und beautiful type, with every attention to neatneau and elegancesj
; well as interest auil substantial worth, ami no | nina iparcd to rendei
j it worthy of the public favor and esteem which it has bith-rto en
? joyed. The grounds on winch the publisher* appeal to the reading
public for a continuauce and extension of its patronage am bricdy u
I. The New-Ynrker Is devoted, more considerably th in any ether
, I.ilrerjry Journal, to scientific and Useful intelligence. All new dne
coveries in Science or Art. ?H movements tending :?? improve the coo
1 ditisnof Man. mentally, morally, or physically, are ra^erlv chroni
j clad in its column-.
II. The Editor will labor, with whatever energies he posse.se*, to
advance the cauaeof Morality, and of Social well-being. No article
I of In eniiHN. or immoral tend.y is allowed a pi ice in it-ro!i:mn?.
I III. Although the New-Yorker take* no part in politir.il contests,
yet all Political Intelligence of interest is carefully, impartially, aad
| lueidly presented ir. its columns. The result* of a I the EleeiWus ir*
' esp.-ei.ill, stated with great care and fidelity. Il is believed that IB
j thi? respect no paper enjoys, or his labored to obtain, a higher reps
i tatiofl than this.
IV. In it. Literary Coounts, while effort* are made to minister ?c
leptnblj I? all ta-,tes. but those of the impure and vi. ion*, I 'tiht/ "il
he rernrded a, more important than mus Amunement, ..r me reptira
. ??>?? ?f barren mind.. Tains, l'~:m., Review... and Essays, will b*
judiciously iatnrmiegled m it, column,, but alwavs with 'anxious re
ferenee to the mmtal and moral improvement n* wellei.tertaiiimeac
ot t ie reader.
V. Although the New-Yorker i. printed cm a large imperial saf.et.it
I- not s. large that a man cannot bold it is. hi. ha:,.:,, or find ?Jne kl
the Course era week to peruse it thoroughly. We d em tins ':, merit
vi. It is not tilled upwith lone stories continued from week to week.
Master Humphrey'., t".Wk' is the only continue, essat presented is
its columns. *
VII. It i, the cheapest iiterr.ry paper printed weekly in the Nortte
em Slates, .er
I r.ends of a pure and beneficent Literature! we solicit vour counte*
! uanee. ,-.n,| support:
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! the general deprewioa of the tiL.e?, ?,,,1 ln the hopen of a large ?
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