Newspaper Page Text
JHE TR IBB N ? ?
KEW-YORK, TUESDAY MORNT^^ lh :r:
V For City I,tteHiSc.*e ??* A^*^ ?t tkc
II??':? >?<?? la?t p:iir<"._
K]r The Editor of The New-York Xnraii teadi rs Lt
teartfclt thank* to his /ncnds and the public for the addidot
dwiitg'thc ;as: we--, cf about ]r?00su^iux;:.ui sab? -
to his?list of patrons. He warmly pledget bis every energy
and h:? let-'t rxcrr.ur.i i" deserve- -..j'-.-n.c:v
leceiving e?? approbation tsf I is la] i rs
THE DUTY TO LABOR.
"The world owes me good living, and IH hare ;'. says
some blackleg, as he firii.-hes u luxurious repast; bei
" landlord, another bottle of your prime Madeira '" Half o
dozen empty-headed fops, who sit g?ing on him, by sti ait
an siler.l adrt..ru:.<-::. c.u.i u.c ?<-:.t.fr.er.; u 'u<..: ??: r:.r
turous applause : " That'" it! the world owes us a rood
" living and we'll have it.'?landlord ! roore wine here ! ' wc
" wen't g? home till morning.' Let's 'go :: while we're
young.' Who car' * for the expense ?" The wnsequence
of this is the pilfering of money-drawers, the ignorou* h loss
of employme:.:. genteel loaferism. and so on, intll one .
these enteiprising gentlemen, i n eagei pursuit of the ' good
living' the world owes him, puts the wrong .-nan's nan:'; to a
check, or in some kindred way gets a ticket for the marble
palate at Sing-Sing; where the State provides ' a living' for
those it confide:-- deserving, bit: no: jus: such u '...-ie a- con?
sists with their own estimate of their oxaited merits.
The great error in this case is in the original maxim, it
is false and detestable: ' The world owes yon a livi ig
How owes ? IIa.?, you-airied :: by good mt. ;ce ' If you
have, whether on the anvil or in the pulpit, as a loflcx a
teacher, you have asquired a just right to a livelihood. But
if you have t-ate-n as much as you have earned, or?worse
still?hav done little ?r no good, the world owes you no?
thing. You may be worth millions, and able to enjoy ever}
imaginary luxury without caie or effort; but if you have de::
nothing to ::;? reoso the sum of human comforts, instead of the
world owing you any thing, as fools have babbled, you
morally bankrupt and ;i i>eggar.
Mankind arc just awaking to a co~sck osnes? of the Duty
resting on every nan to he active ami useful in bis day and
his sphere. All are not called to dig or hew?to plough or
plane?but every man has % sphere of usefulness allotted him
by Providence, and is unfaithful to his high trust if he deserts
it for idle pomp <>r heedless luxury. One man may be fitted
by nature and inclination for an arti.-an, another far a sailor,
and a third for a merchant; but no man was ever burr, fitti d
?snlv te be an idlei and a drone. Those who b< me - .
arc the victims of perverse circumstances and a deplorably
' But has not a rich man a right to enjoy his wealth !'?
Most ccrtsinly : We would be the last to deprive him c f it
He has a natura! und .egal right to possess and enjoy :
any mannet act injurious to others ; but he has no moral right
to be useless because he has superior means uf being usi .
Let him surround himself with all the comforts a.-;d true lux?
uries of life; let the masterpieces of Ar: smile <??: him n his
galleries and the mighty minds of all ages speak to him from
his library. Let Plenty deck Iiis board', and the faces of
those he loves gather joyously around it. Let him ;i.
in abundance the means of satisfying every pure und j de?
sire of his nature, and become wiser, noble:, h.rct : ...
than his less fern.:.ate neighbor. But let him never forget?
as, if properly trained, he never can?that it is his solem:
duty to be useful to his fellow creatures, especially to ci- ?
pressed und suffering?to labor foi their benefit, and surfer
if need fee. for their olovation.
The servile idolatry with which Ignorance and Vulgarity
have looked up to Power and Wealth?tin bosannas which
the trans pi cd millions have sung bet?re the cars oi conqucroi
and other scourges of the earth?an- fading and Sittinj
cvur. In the twilight which succeeds ih:s gross darknessi
there comes a season of moral anarchy, when men. hav tig
lost faith i:; the juggles which once bhndi d u::d bound tin .
resolve to believe nothing?to decry and prostrate nli thai
rises above the lowest level. Now the laborer with bis sin?
ews return* hatred for the contempt once cast upon him. and
says, ' What good is there in any tiling but manual labor ??
' away with all else'?those whosa labor is chief]}
* arc deceivers and moths !' But this is a transitory el
tion. The world soon learns to respect it.-- benefactors in
whatever sphere, and to realize that he who truly and hon?
estly exerts himself in some department of useful effort may
justly claim a brotherhood with all who toil, and make, and
earn. Let the rich cease to look down on the poor?the aict
chant on the porter; let each respect the dignity of Man,
whether in his own person or that of bis less fortunate 1 11 -
ther; let haughtiness and pride cease on one side, and envv,
jealousy and hatred, with theii train of direful consequi:. ?
will vanish from the other, and all. animated by a co <
kindness, wall move forward in concord to the attainment of
the highest gi?od.
City Govkksmknt.?This day at 13 o'clock the term* ff
office of the present Mayor, Aldermen and Assistants, Col
lectors. Assessors and Counsellors of the Gitj expire by lim?
itation, and the recently elected incmnUcnts of those several
offices will bo .-worn and inducted into office, in the usual
form and manner, in the Aldermen's Chamber, immediately
thereafter. A new administration of the affairs of the Citv
?will commence at noon this day ; and it is to be. hoped that i:
will bo better adapted to the wants of the people, and mi
effectually promote their varied interests, than the cue which
is about to retire lias dsne.
KP As the .Yrir Era seems to have taken special charge
of the ' sayings and doings' of both parties, its editor will
render service to many citizens by furnishing ever .-o littlt
information relative t? the letting of Castle Garden. That a
matter of so simple character should occupy the collected
wisdom and republican equality of Gotham r <mc year and
yet pane abortive, is certainly surprising. Let us know
whether citizens and strangers are to bedepr.ved of that most
delightful and healthy retreat for the entire year of ::u:. If
we mistake net. there are quite a number of applicants, all
possessing requisite ability, taste and enterprise, who have
been dancing attendance the y.-ur out, and yet if there is one
of tliera who has received any thing near a" decisive answer,
it is more than tho public know of. This delay may have
done ? some service ' in the last Charter Election; bu: wc <?an
?ot believe its continuance is intended for future opexarisuts.
Is there any ?* log rolling " here that may need "the lash of
some friendly hand.'" It look-* very much as if the ! ealth
and comfort of our citizens arb to be sacrificed to the intcresi
of one individual, who, if report speaks true, has olreodv
xmtde a large fortune through Common Council fkvoritissn_
Give us some light. Mr. lira, about " ihest fixiu vs."
ELT* The removal af several venerable guests at the public
crib by the President asd Collector seems to have excited the
ire of the Albany Argus, New-York ^tandird asd New Era.
Let us hear no more of this, gentlemen : even Achilles v,..s
found vulnerable in one point?anal. * if needs must." we shall
open oi little volume of farts from the ' Schoolmaster' that
may prove even mere disagreeable than political decapitation.
iShall we give you the perusal of a few pages, genfJcmca '
KT" E. Moore, Whig, has been chosen Mayor of Qaiscy. 111.
Indiana.?By a letter from our corre^r-oaJer,: in Balti?
mores vre received partial returns from several Counties on
the Ohio ia sea*cn :'or our hut paper, but they were omitted
by rawtah'r. We do not insert ;h?-m now, as we hope to have
later and more decisive in season tor this mcrsing s paper.
Return? frem five mwnshtps in the srr**st Whig County ? f
' Wayne tr.rc the following .nzsregate for Congre?-:
C.B. Smith, 71*. 900; J. McCartr, W. 60S ; Kennedy.Op. 702
If they run as even all through, Kennedy is elected.
E v.ra.-t of a icttcr to the Tribar.e, dated E.'.^t:-<os.e, May 9.
" Letter* from New Albany state that the Whig majority ia
t te County will be about the same a* :: was las: November.
1 While, Whiff, leads Cerr. Leco, aiout 75. In the District
bell w Cincinnati, there an? returns bnt from tvro townships.
' I Lawrenceburgh and Aurora, and they give Craven?, the
' j Whig candidate, 83 majority over his competitor."
. j Georgia.?A Young Men's Convention of the Opposition
? j parr,- assembled at Miilcdgevhlc oh the 3d ins:. David J.
Bailey of Butu Co. was chosca President. F. H. Sar.t'ord. J.
1 I C. Farrax and Wm. J. Bullocb, Secretaries. Hon John
j Forsyth. ex-Secretary of State, was expected to address the
' i Co.iver.tion._
?! CP The Lcgiskunrc of Alaiaxna adjourned without delay
I on the 2Sth ult. after an Extra Session of nine days, during
1 which twenty-eight Acts and five Joint Resolutions were
' passed. Aside from the act providing for a Special Flection
of Members of Congress, of the rue-: :mj t>r:a:.t ..<:- passed
was one legalizing the Suspension of Specie Payments lor
: an unlimited period. John D. Phelan of Perry Co. was
! elected Judge of the First Circuit in place of Hen. P. T.
.Tiarris, resigned. _
i Hps'Guv. SewaRD has been petitioned :o recommend tJie
removal of Hon. Edward Rogers, Epcnetus Hohr.es and Jo
! seph Clark. Esq. Judges of Madison Co. for illegally and
? corruptly granting Naturalization papers last fall to about
? forty persons w ho had never declared their intentions. The
' Governor, in answer, declines to recommend their removal,
i I but promises to submit the subject to the Legislature for its
? I action to prevent such abuses La future; He avows himself
? i in principle opposed to the requirement of two years' dera?
tion of intentions before Naturalization, b-t justly insists
! nevertheless that Judges and olh:tr officers must rigidly rc
? spccLlthc laws as they are, nn?l not as they may fancy they
- ii uld be.
A Reminiscence.?In 1832, the Legislature of Alabama
passed Resolutions in favor of a National Bank of One Hun
' deed Millions' Capital, of which Seventy Millions were to
be owned by the Federal Government. The proposition wa?
' introduced and supported by Hon. John McKinley, now
! Loce-Foco Justice of the U. S. Supreme Court, and voted for
j by Col. W, IV. Payne, now Loco-Foco candidate for Con?
KP Gov. Jas. K. Polk and Maj. Jas. C. Joses, his Whig
opponent, are stumping it gallantly through Tennessee. Gov.
j Polk is the best stump orator in the State, but Maj. Jones
] proves a fair match fur him.
[TP Rout. J. McKlNNKY, the regular Whig candidate for
! Congress in the Fiis: District of Tennessee, has declined,
leaving the field to Geh. Thos. D. Arnold, Whig, who walks
ovi r without an opponent.
(CP The Whigs ofScvier Co. Tenn. held a Barbec ic on the
, _'ld, in honor tit" their taking the State Whig Banner, as tl.e
strongest Whig County in the State. Gov. Polk attended by
invitation, and addressed the vast multitude for an hour, and
was replied to by Maj: Jone?. There were 3,000 present.
ICT Hon. P. F. Thomas, late M. C. and Opposition can?
didate foi re-election in the Elktou District, Md. has de
dined, so that Hon. James A. Pearce, Whig - now no
B3" Wst. A. Cocke has been elected Moyi i of L< h-ville.
VT A Washington Correspondent of the Charleston Courier
says: "The Secretary of the Treasury has prepared a plan
tor a National Bank, which he intends :o lay before Congress
? j in his Report at the commencement bftlie coming Session.
1 I In i:s main features it will resemble the late Bank, hut will
? j be surrounded with such checks, guards, and restrictions, as
I j experience has indicated as useful or necessary. He will
propose a capital of tliirty-five millions. He has no: deter?
mined, it is said, upon the locality nf the Mother Bank."
?7" The .steamboat Commodore struck a rock in ffoin*
over the h ulls of the Ohio at Louisville, and shattered her
bottom so that, after keeping on eighteen m kfs, she was
obliged to turn back and go into Portland drv-dock, where
she was thoroughly repaired. It is sani -would otherwise
hu\c sunk before reaching New-Orleans.
KP In the case of Shustcr. indicted for killii g hi- wife in
Philadelphia, the Jury returned a verdict of murder is the
tirst degree. The pretence of insanity was clearly disproved.
It is said the: his Counsel will immediately move for a new
KIP The Indian Corn crop of Southern Virginia was plant?
ed four ot five weeks ago, and has been near!-, destroyed by
cold and rain. Much of the seed has rotted without coming
up; and what has come up is sickly and good ;'or nothing.
2CP Beuuchump. who murdcrod u whole family near Terre
Haute, Indiana, has been traced into Texas, taken, and
brought back to this couutn-.Ior.dei! with irons. He is a
strong, stout man. aho-.it 62 yean of age.
KP The Nilei (Mich.) Republican states :ha: there are
35,000 Lurrcls of Flour and Pork ready tt> be shipped east?
ward at the mouth of the St. Joseph's River?25.000 held by
one tirm. A steamboat leave? N.ies daily.
Hon. Abijab Mann, of Herkimcr, who has spent the
winter at the South on business, passed up the River last
night on his return.
[ELP The ? Otsego Farmer and Cherry Valley Journal' is
a new and fair Whig paper established by Wm. McLean on
the rains of Leco-Foco one.
iXP The new Legislature et the United C..aius w?] as?
semble a; Kingston or. the 12:h of Jur.e. i::?:ea.i of the t!o?i
:ns:. The time has been postponed.
KP There was a violent gale of wind in Southern Georgia
about the Is: hist, which destroyed many rieiJs of Cotton, &c.
We hear of no mete serious mischief.
SJP Mr. Ford, the W:ug Delegate from S:a::;rd Co. Va.
who broke his thigh in falling trom a bridse two weeks since,
is rapidly recovering.
ELP The Methodist Episcopal Church has 23.275 mem
bers md !",(.; Joca! preacher* in New-Jersey?an increase of
1- pre^hers aud 8?-! members sbre In-: year.
KP A scoundrel made a violent assault oa a young woman
near Bedford oa the Long Island Railroad. Ske defended
herself nobly, until help came. The viHain escaped.
KP A tire broke out oa the 4th in the s:orc of Lyman |
Smith. Bri.lgewater. Conn., which was consumed. Loss j
KP The Coek Circuit Court commenced a- term on the
3d a: Chicago, 111. with 1.06C cases on the calendar.
Annivtyutry of ike 'American Seamen s'Frtend Society.
?The exercises a: tie Tabernacle last evening were deeply
mterestiac, and ?- attendance was very large nr.* respecta?
ble. The' America.: Seamen's Friend Society ' held its thir?
teenth anneal celebration?lire President, Axsos (i. Pbzlts.
Esq. being m the Chair. An alsstract of the Ar.r.ual Report
was read by the Crre-ponding Secretary, setting forth briefly
the operations of the Society for the past year in various
Foreign and Domestic port*. The Society has tive-direc:
auxiliaries: located at Boston. Pertlanc. New-Orleans, Mo
bile and in this city. The amoun: which has been received
daring the pas: year was stated at ?l-2,2L?? ??; beside this,
the Chapel a: Havre has been built a; an expense of ?10,
000: $.">.30C have been expended for the purposes of the
S ociety at Boston. $?Jl'0 in Maine, and $500 by the New
York Female Bethel Society: making a total of $28,693 05
collected and expended by titc Society and its direct aux:i;a.
rics. By those no: auxiliary, there have been raised and dis?
bursed at New-York .*C.?OO. Philadelphia $1,500, Bakimore
$1,000, Charb -t-a $1.000. Savannah $200. New-Bedford
$1.000, Boston $500. and Saiem $350: adding to this the
sum appropriated by the American Bethel Society for the
opetatiotis or. ihc Western waters, *uiic-d a: $6,000. we
have the total amour.: raised ar.d expended in the United
States during u?e yea:. $44,243 55.
After readme trie Pieper:, the Rev. Jutts SPAUXDIXG, Fi?
nancial Serre-.r.ry of the Society, masle a brief address up?
holding the dignity of their aim*, and urging :he necessity of
till more vigorous effort. He dwelt particularly upon the
peculiar facilities possessed by sailors for spreading the Gos?
pel through foreign countries.?He was followed by Rev.
Mr. Scott, who has beer, for some years a Missionary at
Stockholm Sweden, and who gave a very vivid and elo?
quent narration tfthc necessities of sailors in Swedish ports,
and ef the erTert* which have ulccady been made for their
moral and sciu! ? levation.
An elegant and effective discourse was then pronounced
by B. H. Dana, Jr. Esq. -: Boston,?who has himself been
a sailor and whose zealous efforts for :ke well-being of this
class of .our population.arc widely known. He alluded in a
pleasing manner to the associations which render the Sailor
an object of peculiar interest, and presented dearly and forci?
bly the considerations which should lead ail classes of our
citizen* ardently to seek - welfare. The absolute neces
sity of promoting T"U:p?,:: an-..--- g them was urged, and
the character of some of out ' Temperance Ships' exposed in
which ardent spirits me excl tded only from the forecastle,
while the Cabin is a scene of tic rm>-; riotous excesses. Re?
marks connected with the chnrsntor and design of this So?
ciety wer; also made by Rev. Rodert B.wkd. recently re?
turned from Rus-ia. Rev. TlMOTHl St::.!.mav. Cot. Sec. of
the American Bethel Society', and Rev.'Hiram BtxcH.ot,
Missionary at the Sandwich !-.'.;:.<".*. whence he has but re?
cently returned. A collection for the furtherance of the So
cicty's designs was taken up.
The President.?Cap:. Bowman of the ship Recovers',
v.ha arrived at this port o-i the -J7:h of April, s-ates that on
the 28th of March, off C<>r-< . one oftho Western Islands, he
saw a: a distance a very large ship swept clear, masts, bow?
sprit and all gone: he supposed li^r to ?V a man of war, but
now Iselievr* h--r To have beer. I':e?idon: steamship. Mr.
Buchanan, the British Consul at tins port, is to have an in?
vestigation of this mattet at 12 o'clock to-day at the Consu?
late office. _
EXEMPTION OF EARNINGS FROM EXECUTION.
The following memorial, strongly backed, ha* been or soon
will be submitted :?> the Legislature. It a*ks simply that
the future earnings of an insolvent dcitorbc secured to kin
and kisffiti.1 !.??: ti:- .?:'?.!.:(-: take all he has whet: he
stop* payment?all that may a: any time be discovered to
have belonged t" him up to that time?bnt leave :he debtor
the liberty :<> earn more, and let - ich earnings be sacred tc
:'to support of his wife and children, Why should they aot'
Does the cr.-d::o! kircnin for -r.vie than all the man has7
Is it wise to keep the debtor for ever chained up bv the re?
flection?' If I attempt to earn or do, son.c merciless creditor
' will snatch all away from me beforo I can accomplish An\
? thing ' 1 Ought this state of things to continuo ? We know
there is difficulty in adjusting this matter so as to protect
equally anil fu?y the rights und interests o:' ail classes: but
we trust i: will never be lost sigh: of until a bettor sv-tem
than the present is devised and effected. Here is the me?
the Legislature of the State of Xex-York:
\ our Memorialists represent to your honorable bodies?
That the lans s-.'thu State of New-York do not afford that
encouragement to honest industry that the moral an<! political
welfare of the community requires. Misfortune is still us
severely punished a- Crime.
The loss of property by Sre or any other casualty or mis?
fortune, where the unfortunate man is in debt, carries with it
au entire disability to use character or credit for future acqui?
sitions ; and tkus the City and Country are rilled with the vic?
tims of the uncertainty off. rtune and bad laws.
An appeal has been made to Congress fer the enactment
ol a Kai.kr.ip: Law, that would relieve an honest unfortunate
man from the disabilities of debts which unforeseen events
have rendered him unable to tay. JTtmr .honorable budies
joined in tlii* appeal, and ;t.. Senate of the United States re?
sponded I > the e-h'; h:\ :'....m :.-.u-< - ::,.:: couid not n- re?
moved, it did net become a law. And the prospect of the
favorable actio/ of Congress is sa remote i? :o induce the
citizens of New-York to apply directly to their own repre?
sentative* in the Legislature at Albany for such acts as may
restore to the unfortunate their rights and privileges as free
citizens of an enlightened Republic.
The Mvmor.aii-ts ask y.r? tu allow hone-.:, unfortunate,
insolvent.* the right :o u--.j then* character for integrity, ca?
pacity and industry tot the accumulation of property after
they shall nave faithfully * trrendered by assignment all their
property for the benefit of their creditor*. To render this
object effectual, your Memorialists pray :hat you will cause
all the subsequently acquired property of the insolvent :o be
exempt from oxer-.:::<.::. or any process of law bv which it
can be seized for th* payment of any debts contracted prior
to the assignment by such insolvent:
Th-.s will be humane, ju-: an?i expedient- It will protect
the hone-:, unfortunate man in :he rewards *f industry, a*
effectually a* a Bankrupt Law, and wfll be sub-'ec: from time
to rime to the action of th ? Sta:..- Legislature.
Tba: this remedy :'-ir existing and intolerably oppressive
grievances w-i! be ce -:.---. ....... we hav- the authority of
numerable decision* of the courts-sd" nearly ever.* State in the
I'nion. for We believe there is no State that has not from
some cause exempted certain portions of property from exc?
eption. Some have exempted a small amount of household
furniture ar.d apparvi; others have allowed the debtor to re?
serve hi* real estate and -lav.--; and all have acted upen -be
conviction tha: Ac public good requires such an interference
by the Legisiurure fbt the protection of the citizens.
For The Tribune.
GENERAL BANKRUPT LAW.
Mr. r.dt'.L r?I w.viid beg i -a-.-e thr-'jgh your columns to
call the a:teatir>n of tlse friends of a General* Bankrupt Law
to the fact that i: is now but three weeks before Congress
meet. I have i: from those who have the best means af in?
formation. t:.a: if the friends of such a Law will but unite
and make one bold and vigorous effort, i: can be passed at
the Extra Session. The Presidential question having been
settled, both political parties can now' unite in this Teat
measure of humanity, without any poli:ical beariu-. Iris of
but little importance to thofe who are dragging out a wi?
erable existence under their embarrassments, whether C*?r
porations ar? included in :he provisions of the bill or no:; but
let all of its friends. : a man, unite to procure the passage
of a Law that w ill release thoir hands from the thraldom in
i which they are now board, that they may onse zr.on have
an opportunity to be placed in a situation to obtain the ne?
cessary means of support for themselves and families. A. R.
Kr The Scsquehanna is high, and railing on :: Hverr.
I The R?LI or Advertisinc.?Wo receive.} three com
mumea?on? on Saturday?one inquiring why wo ?<: ad
venire Theatrical perfbraancc*. and remonsWtmg again?
cur as?tnned ?TxferaBty in rejecting them ; the second, eom
rdirung that vre do advertise the controversial treatises of
UuiversaHst-. and arguing that such works an: immer?! and
licentious; and the third objecting to something eis?we
have mislaid it and forgotten what. The writer must -tnsr
hi* ease acain.
To the first of these we reply that we have never refused
to publish advertisements of Theatres, tbongh xvc ha - i net
sought and do not desire them. We have not sought them
mainly because we consider the Stage, as it is, rather a:, in?
jury than a benefit to the community?vicious, licentious, de
?rrading. demoralising. Doubtless, the Stage might be?per?
haps it has been?a pure and powerful instrument ctv.n/a
tior. and refinumeci; but it certainly is net so now. It never
can be, so long as each Theatre contains within it- ?alrs a
trrog-shop and a place of assignation?a -ort of exchange tor
lewdnessand moral death. We say nothing of the notoriouf
fact that a inrrr proportion of those connected with the Mage
arc libertines or courtezans?a proportion much larger, we
are confident, than can be found in any other tolerated pro?
fession. But tire w hole moral atmosphere of the Theatre, as
it actually exists among us. is in our judgement unwholesome,
and thorcfore. while we do not propose to war upon .:. we
seek no alliance with it. and er..-not conscientiously urge our
readers to visit it. as would be expected if we were to solicit
profit by its advertising patronage.
We have thus frankly and hilly answered the inquiry ef
j our friend. We trust he and those who agree w ith him .n ad?
miring the Drama, notwithstanding its admitted abuses, w ill
j consider that our opinions were drawn from us. and refrain
from taking offence.
? As to our friend who complains of the advertising et cer?
tain Theoloriral winks which io not square with his opinions.
, we must tell him plainly that be i? unreasonable. No other
i paper that we ever heard of establishes any test of the Ortho?
doxy of works advertised in its columns ; even the Commer?
cial Advertiser ami Journal of Commerce advertise tor the
very sect proscribed by him. If one were to attempt a dis
crimination, when' would he end ? One man ccrisnii?:* ?"ni
vcrsalism immoral; but another is equally positive that Ar
minianism is so ; while a third holds the same bad op.but.
of Calvinism. Who shall.decide between them ' Certainly
not the Editor of a daily newspaper, unless he prints itavow
! edly under the patronage of a particular s,-,.;.
Our friend inquires whether we would advertise infidel
books also.?Wc answer that if any one should otfer an ad?
vertisement of lewd, ribald, indecent, blasphemous er law
, prohibited book-, we should claim the tight to reject it. But
a wi rk no otherwise objectionable than as controverting the
Chri-tian record and doctrine would not be objected to I ) ti
True t'hri-iiatiity neither fears refutation nor dreads discus?
sion?or. as Jefferson has forcibly said, ?? Error of opinion
n:nv !?>? toe-rated where Reason is left five to con-.ba: i:."
?We could not publish our friend's attack on the denomi?
nation he dislikes without provoking a discussion unsuilcd to
i< ..- ni .mtis uiai unacceptable to our readers. Wc would
prefer :ha: the matter rest here.
i 'rrre?|.oiidrncc of The Tribune.
t!\LT!VOKi:, i-uudny mortui c, .May ItHI.
I The canvass m Maryland tor the ne\: Congress begins to
wax warmer. Or. Friday night the Whigs of this city held
Ward meetings throughout, and it was gratifying to observe
that they wero well attended, und a spirit of determination
to succeed was every when? evinced. The contest in this
District, I am disposed to think, will be close ; though it
s::o .!ii not i.e. if the merits and capabilities of lite candidates
of the respective parties were considered. Of Mr. Kennedy
not one word need be said; lie is known every wherethrough
the country, as a legislator and writer. Of Mr. Randall, the
other Whig candidate, I would remark that he is a gentle?
man of acknowledged ability, a lawyer of distinction here?
whose modesty would neve: allow'him to obtrude him?
self upon the public, clsimixg political advancement. As a
politician lie is almost unknown; but as a gentleman of en?
larged and liberal views, and a sterling Whig, ho is known
and appreciated. Mr. Murray, the principal candidate on
the Loco-Foco ticket, was recently Secretary of State, ami is
a good-natured sort of a man, whom nobody but the Li .-u?
who. by the way. wen: rattier hard pressed for candidates?
would have thought of nominating. Me is a Federalist of
the -:ric:rst sect; not that I deem thut any disgrace do I
mention it, but only to show how 'all the Democracy' do
things hereaway. Mr. Gallagher, the second candidate on
:hc s;,me ticket, is a mechanic?a.?hocmakcr on the ladies'
branch. He is a very clever f.'.low hi his way?a little am?
bitious, and accident has made him a candidate. I have
hitherto given him mere credit for good sense than I think
him entitled to, for I fully believed he would have declined
tie1 :...::.hia'.i n when tendered, and 1 was disappointed in m\
expectations. As a Representative in Conrr?"?s he will ka
mere cypher, save when a vote is wanted, and then he will
follow the load, go where it will. I am personally acquainted1
: with him, and, as a mechanic myself, I cannot but m\t ' Se
In :he two Districts en the Eastern ?bore, there will be no
. f j i sition to the Whij candidates. So also in the Districts
' iati-ly represented by Mr. Jenifer and Mr. Cost Johnson,
though ::.?-? latter has a Whig competitor. In the District
lately represented by Francis Thomas there will be a close
contest between Edward A. Lynch, Whig, and John T. Ma?
son, Loco. In genius and acquirements the fornrer is im?
measurably the superior of the latter, and but fir partv drii!,
would distance him in the race. In the. Baltimore County
District, last represented by Worthington, it is, as the Rich?
mond Enquirer would say,'dog eat dog;' two Locos arc
running: one a nominated candidate, and the other indepen?
dent. The Whigs here could have no chaace, and :hev let
them have their own way. On the whole, Maryland will be
represented by four Whigs at any rote?and there maybe
seven?out of the eight. The election comes on tomorrow
week, the 17:h but.
Flood in St. Lawrence Co.?The great rains of the last
i month have swelled the streams of St. Lawrence Co. almost
beyond precedent. A vast amount of iumbcr has been swept
off, especially upon the Oswegatchie River. The Dekali)
bridge over that River was taken up by the citizens to save it
from destruction. The Beaver Creek bridge has been -went
erf, breaking up the stage-route fr.m Ogdensburgh by Gouv?
erneur to Antwerp. The stage-read near Canton'was so
d. crly under water as to be for some time impassable.
Rumored Duel.?The Louisville Gazette of the 2d inst.
says: " It has been mentioned here for several days past tiia*
R. WickhiT.., jr. and C. M. Clay, Esqrs. of Lexington.'nod
cro-sed the Ohio at some convenient point for the purpose of
ending .-ome personal feud by an appeal to arm?. It was
said that the Marshal of the State had made ineffectual efforts
to intercept them. The result, it is feared, will prove fiual
to at lea?t one ef xhem."'
Fatal Aecideni.-X, Messrs. Henry Wright and James
Wurre* were conversing together on mooting in the woods
near Cresaptown, Md. a violent gale of wind blew down a
iarge tree, which struck Mr. Wright, relied him and fa-tenrd
htm to the earth. He was so crashed that he died two davs
after. Mr. Warren was struck on the head by a limb and
I stunned, but no; dangerously hurt.
By this .Mornings Southera ?Jail.
i Front r??-?The stWpack? Savaamah, from Gab*. _
! ton. arrived at Netv-Orkaa* on the 1st in?. She br.nf? ?
J dates to the 28th A; nl t: on Gulvcston, to the 24th frcm
. flouston, ar.d to the 14Jt from Austin.
The dry weatlw r I is Stemlly injured the Cotton - re,,
the ndghborhood of Galveston.
Internal tmpnrvemests are going on rapidly in the Western j
: part of the Republic. \ steamboat has made its way to the
j foot of - the Raft*?within eight miles of Victoria: a .
canal was to have been cut around the raft by the first of (
Gen. Sam Houston arrived a: San Augustine on the Sih
ult. said to be in fine health. He was greeted by his consti?
tuents in the warmest manner, and tendered a public dinner,
which he declined.
On the frontiers ev< ry thing appears to be quiet. So fur*
j ther news oflndian or Mexican invasions.
D?T The Norfolk B< i :< a states that Commodore Bever
: LJ KtN son has been ? rck n d to the command of the Navy
Yard, Washington, tu fill thevasancy occasioned by the death
, of Cemmodorc Th**. H. Steven?.
(TJ3 Four persons in the jail u: Benton, Arkansas. (D. F.
j Tracy, John B. Bush, Henry Themas, and a Mr. Trice,)
j charred with murder; manslaughter, horse-stealing, arid c.iw
?teuling, broke out on the night of :he 15th ult.
APPOINTMENT BY THE POSTMASTER GENERAL
David Agsew, :o be Postmaster at Wheeling, Virginia.
SALES AT THE PHILADELPHIA STOCK EXCHANGE.
second bo'.rd.YesterJsy, \pnl 10.
I^Cincinaau Bands. ? | t?-bare* U S Bar*.... - - . V*
, 2Aare# Atlantic Ins. ? 300 uo do.?Was It
I e7 <lo vVtbaiaftoo It..'-, ."tfjl
U. i?- Bank bills 19 1? off for ?p<-c>.
Canadian Flour.?The Liverpool Journal ?tates that the
importation of srheat and fiour from C.inudu into Great Brit?
ain last vcar was 278,761 barrel* of'I r. and 141.931 miaou
of wheat, euch miriot being equal tcr three bushels. Ths.se
engaged in the trad.- exp< ct that the importation of the pte
scnt venr will reach 708,000 barrels of flour, and wheat ia
[Thus discourses the Commercial Advertiser, with com?
mendable gravity. Of course, the Editor understands that
this Canadian flour is Yankee flour, shipped front Michigan
and Ohio via the Wclland'Canal and the St. Lawrence to
I reak the force of the British Coin-Laws. Thus those laws
'..?nr bardly upon the trade of New-York;.]
t?F Tiw following leitet was received by the house of C, I
j & J. De Wehe & i 'o. Nil Friday, enclosing a hunk note. Let
i wrong-doers be entreated to go and do likewise :
II imdkn, May 5th, 1841,
" The enclosed 2 dollars is lor Error in Bill in 1829 or
1830. and.for interest;?(possibly in 1831.)"
[CT The fire late on Set -lay night was in the rear ol Mr.
j Harry's brick-front dwellings in Pjtt street, between Delate
I ccy and Rivington. Th? buildings were much damaged, owl
j their contents uiuir.'y .-destroyed.
I (CT The colored people of Boston complain that, though
I those of them who were voters were urged to vote ior (Jen.
1 Harrison but poll, yet in'the late Funeral Precession they
solicited a place and were r. fused. In this they arc right and
the committee wrong. A black man has as good a right to
mourn the Nation's loss as a whits sne, und probably docs it
(CT President TlLEK, we hear, will lake a trip home to f
! Virginia prior to the meeting of Congress.
(CT" Tho Ohio River, which had fallen, is aguin rising,
and in fust-rate condition for boating.
CCf A " Democrat.. " meeting lately held in Philadelphia
nominated Com. Charles Stewart for next President.
j ID' Rev. Charles 11. Aloes of Philadelphia, has bech
! appointed a Chaplain in the U. S. Navy.
[XT Andrew Jackson ('allwun has been convicted in New
I Orleans of forging a Bank Certificate for ?-!,500.
f^-fXT The V. S. ship Brandy v. ino arrived at this port from'
? Gibraltar yesterday.
' yjr There has becti a 'great 'Freshet thioughout Northen
(TU* Prof. Henry Re.-,! was to lecture last evening in PhiU-i
I delphia, on Wordsworth.
[XT The money that Mitchell the forger attempted to thro?l
j into the St. Lawrence was only $2,700, not $20,000. f
[XT Gco. F. Downing, who disappeared fram Baiumort
on the eve of his marriage, has come to life ugain.
K7* Strawberries appeared on the 28th at Tuscaloosa, Ala.
A Valuable Cargo.?The British ship Speed cleared
j fiom Mobile on the 28th of April fer Liverpool with 2,730
] bales of cotton, weighing 1.315,640 pounds, and valued at
Wettern Freights.?The rales s,f freights from Pittjiwrf '
: to Philadelphia have I.t, i educed on the following articles:
j Tloiu- to $1 25 per bbl ; (lottoi.ij; Bacon, But-.er. LseJ.
Pork and Toltacco, <<2l per 100 lbs.
Si'-amboal Accident.?The Cincinnati Chronicle says-*
; " 'he steamboats Oregon ar.i Tcnnessocame in contacts
I Monday evening, 26th ult., 10 miles above St. Louis. The
builers of the latter were knocked down, and her Engineeip
! a/id two or three other persons scalded. The Oregon took
j her in tow to St. Louis:"
literary 5 uclliflcncc.
j The new edition of Webster'/ American Dictionary, put
^ lished by the author, in two vbhynea large Svo., is an clegw:
j work, greatly admired by grwd judges -f typography.
J The improvements in this edition arc chiefly?
1. A new exposition of the English Alphabet.
2. The addition of mom than fifteen thousand words tf
j the former vocabulary. The whole number now e.tceoi?
eighty ficc thousand; fiom twenty to forty thousand mert
than the English Dictionaries now used in this counuy.
3. The correction of the definitions of terms in certain sci?
ences, rendered necessary by recent discoveries and class A
, 4 Tne *TO?0h of words l.?to syllables to exhibit the pro-f
An English clergyman wnites in tlx; iAt crpooi .Vireurj
i thut the first edition of this svork " is by far the best Englu*
; Dictionary, and the only dim to which au appeal tan now
I made as an authority.[The new edition is still better]
I Tins opinion is expressed also in the British Journal, ?*
j Aberdeen Journal, the Aberdeen Observer, the CamtriJf
I Press, ccc.
This Dictionary is a brief Encyclopedia, and the Scripturd
authorities cited, with the book and chapter noted, n-oders
j it, to some extent, a concordance. Families, in which tbrf f_
j are reading children, all need this book; f?r withont it WsJfJ
j popular works cannot be read to advantage. It will also *
j almost necessary in the higher schools.
[ " A Week is Wal^-street, ky ore who ksow*. v
j is the title of a new volume just published, of conndctab>
j piquancy and pungency. The writer talks like one who b*>
? put his foot in it. Those who want to ate Wall-street ;ho?? '
! up would do well to buy his book.