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title: 'New-York tribune. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1841-1842, June 09, 1841, Image 1',
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BY HORACE 6REELE Y.
PKICE O.VK CENT.
PUB HEW-YAM TRIBUNE
Will b'e F-blifhctl B.very morning, (Sundays cxccf :ed,J
at No. :(0 Ar.rt-s*tr?.et, New-York,
Aac! delivered ? City Subscribers :"..r Oik- Cent p?ir copy.
}fs:1 -'?* "?' ' " S"* P'T ?MiMi.n :a advauee: other* ,?e >3.
TO THE 3.DVERTISIXG PUBLIC.
jB ajC tope ofaccnr ii;? i wide ?nd general Advertising patronage?
the fa von of our ? id it] be inserted till farther notice a: tie fol?
lowing .-eJueed rat"?, % i/.:
.-??r : ..i: AsvEp.Ttsr.Mrv" er
Trc Ones "r leset (?vor ?ist), first insertion. &? *****
Bjs, tar each auhsequi :. insertion.?. a"
Do. for Siix insertions, or one week,.
Jso. fir Tw?llT.?vc . *? f.Mwis, or nne month.*?5
linger AdvertLwmeatf at equally favorable rates.
For Five fuies, Un f the abc.-e ratet; Two lines, one-fourth of
thSSe --? i? advanee.
~ B?K?> INS IX HATS ?ND <'A?*S.
Th.--.i- il i - buld respectfully inform h:? friends ind the
public generally, that he ha* now on hand, > liable for Iho sum
mor season ifullaad complete s*s*iortmenl of Hats and Caps
*f the newest md mos! sppraved patterns, waich be offers for sale at
?rites whit b a.t fail to meet their approbation.
-Trading upon the. prim iple of large sales and small prot.t-.
Thu assortment onsists in part, of?
Satin beaver Ii t* ?a far bodies, at.?2 50
*>iiort a ?;. d moli ikia Silk Hati.:t 00
Sup. short aap-'d ssoleskin fur bodies. A 50
Fine short aap'd .Nutria Hats. :t 50
Nutria Fur lint-. S 00
Km? fur body Nutria Hats.?; oo
White beaver and Russia Fur Hats. 4 50 a 5 ?0
Abo, a IUI assortment of mens* ,..nd b?y*' double brim Leghorn
Haiti sp-nth nan*' travelling and Dress Caps, children*' ? letli, velvet
jsd Fsncy Csp*. boy -' round crown Pur and Silk Hut*. ,v>., &c.
Wholesale sserchants and deulcrs supplied by the dozen or case,
at the losrestsash pri es. WM. BANTA,
je|.]D 130 Chatham- >tr. et, New-York.
NJ \V f'ASHMr.Vtltl.i: HAT S'M'OKI..
FTl*s subscriber respectfully informs hi* friends and the public
that he I.ms opened the Store No. el) Chatham-street, and in
?iles their intention to a superb assortment ol Hat* ami Caps
oinufactured from the choicest materials en.*! in the most apprmed
Stytsf, which he oflen at as lor. if not lower prices than ran he ob
nined at any other establishment, He is not confined t? a ?ne-priced
Hit. but has a full assortment, and feels confident m his ability to suit
tie taste? uud pockets of all. ANDREW II. WILSON,
No. BO Chatham *t. beta.i Pearl and Du me.
Beautiful style of light Summer Hats n.w ready, consisting of fiac
Dr?b Beaver, plaiu I'r.ih and Pearl Huts, also Men's, Youths' aud In?
fests'Leghorn and Palm Hats. Mi36-lhi
SI*11.N<; PASIIION.?BROWN A CO.'S one quid
y and euc price Hat Store, 178 Chatham square, corner of
? Mott-sl. The latest fashion Hats for the low ii\.-.| price of$-1,
surpassing iu beauty and style of finish any ever sold before
for the same price. In presenting these lints to the public, the
proprietors think they h.-.ie reached the ultimatum of beauty, durj
bity, cheap, ess and comfort to the wearer. All soles are for cash.
?Inch precludes the i.ity of charging a pood c us tumor for losses
incurred bv the bad. nri9 :in
as. SITCB\?. leASiaiOiN.?Cheap Caash Store, No. 12?
J? Chatham st, (opposite KoseveU-*L) WILLIAM BROWN'S
"*M Fashionable Hat aud Cap Sloro. A large and ?plcndid i -ort
inent of Cloth and Velvet Caps, of every stylo and description
?e? in u-e ; also the most extensive assortment ofSumuter Hats ever
nhihited in any Store, all of Waich will lie sohl at wholesale and re
Uil. ?tthe lowest prices. nt39-3m
HATs: HATS ! !
C.WATSON respectfully remind* hi* customers nnd lite
, puUic lonornlly, that he Ins a full supply of Fashionable i
H its, of the D*Or*ay pattern, as well as other models, to suit
stature ?ml taste, at ibe old established prices,.viz: Silk, 83*50? Mole,
$d, Nutria, $;i,50, ami Beaver, 9*1,30, which are 25 per cent, cheaper j
i'. i.i the sams quality can be bourdit elsewhere. The rep ii far .in ren?;
to hi* list of custohltri for the la-t three years, hears ample testimony I
to their quollt.- and durability.
WATSON, 151 Chntham-st., and 160 Bowery. |
N. B.?Also, the most extensive assortment of CAPS of every 1
description to he found in the City; at prices corres|.Im?..
IVholesau: dealers are particularly invited to look at his Stock of i
Hats and Caps while s>urchasiug, and be assures them that every |
trliele is thoroughly inspected previous to delivery. uiT.tui
LS FASHIONABLE MAT ESTABLISHMENT,
Nu. '.Mi Grand- street, New-York.
GBNTI,E1I?">PS SUMMER H.l'1'S.-l.r:1 ?r? and
Stra? II.it- of every description cleaned or dyed, and pressed a
Mioasble shape, at L PIGNOLET*S Dune Estahlishmet,
m2U I' v No. 9 Barclay, or AiT, pearl-t.. near ClustKim.
?riLi7injbkv.?iirZ iiamilT?n, Va p-uii -tre.-i
lie ir Wllliam -treel, coutiu'ies 10 make, rteau und aller Lu
? dies' Hat* in the most fashi?nnblestyl? ; also, Ladies'Cups ele*
gauily made and trimmed. nil", 'in
.tlUS. M. SCHULT/..
MILLINERY AND FANCY STORE, No. 166 William-street;
ucr Beekman. Ladies DRESS CAPS, made to order; Crimp
?nrk constantly on hand or made at the shortest notice. mil tjw
STOP lllltl! STOP HIN !
OLD liiiss RICHARDS has Mi-i step|sed intotlml elegant
' Bom and Slue- Store, No. 171 Chatham Sipiare. ? uii more than
930,000 worth of Boot- and Shoe.. Why, he bus got every
kiuJ?all the most fashionable Boots and Shoes I e\er ..us. and the
best of Work too; and bi? prices are so low t lt.it every body run. rieht
there to buy. No w onder that Iiis -fore is always *" full ol customers,
?berihe sells the l><-t at half'price. Ladies, Gentlemen, Jobbers,
Country Merchant.. ?Ve. will undoubtedly call and accept a few bar
fainsof the tallest kind. No. 17-1 Chatham Square is always nsieu,
neept Sundays. jel-lm*
a cukaT and good.
ALL who ?.ml to get Boots und Shoes ot the best qualit)
Ja at . ' iiions lower thnn have hitherto I.n offered in tie
"?^citv, will ph ise call at the CLINTON BOOT AND sllii!
HARKEt, .N... 204 Cunal-street, ttorthetsat corner of Hudson-straot,
where can be found almost every thing in the Hoot und .-!. lite,
eksaper than ever. I juries, you ,-an gel Gaiters, Buskins, Walking
Shoes and Slip- ill this establishment, of till colsrs an' kin.!-, suitabb
for the spring and snmmor ?e^r, cheap as ihr cheapest aud good us
the best. Country merchant, an- etdicilexi to call and examine our
stock of goods bef re purchasing elsewhere.
N. B.?Don'l i. rgcl the name and nisatber, -J<'4 Cannl-strert, r.crth
?sts-nriwrof llu.l.ou-strrrt. A. KNOX A CO. mil Im
THE (S1CKAT CATllAKllVfi BOOT
SHOE MARKET, 73 Cathariuo-stre. t, corner ot Monroe.
SCRIBNEK & CO. would hiform the citizens of New-Ynrk,
Brooklyn, and the surrounding country, that they have 0| em ^
fat absve store, wjth Boots and Shoes
Enough to supply half the Nation,
The t'.>-.ipe*i aud Best in all Creation.
Lsdifs, _\oti can find at this .tore a splendid assortment ofbhu k aud
colored Gaitors, tiped Cloth BuskUs, Morocco, French Buskins, Slip
F*r. md Ties, .-.t about t? ..-third., the price usually asked for the
?son- srtich *.
BwtleaseUi you Om. can fin ! i splendid assortment of stoiu am! line
Beets, Brogans, Shoes ai.,1 I'uiups, logethtr with anv quaiititv <?!
neyV, Hisses' and Children's Boots and Shoes, all of winch will be
??"? lower than the same articles wore ever .-old before. Come one,
c??u> tU, aad exauiiue for yoursels-es.
l~sa.se rwiilh i t iliat tin-.tare i. TTt Cnlhiinne. eerie r of Monroe.
?trret, the Irstcorui r l>- low Lord A Tailor'-, and next door to lilill'*
""re Dry Gooos store.
s "' "a"lr v uterchnntt and others in ihe trade, who a-ish to buy,
(camp for vs?>ul?l do wed to call Im f..re ne\ purchase eb>o
1'o.Hii XX? SEK,
in the buUdine known as iho CO
LUMB1AN HALL. 263 Grand street,
the une-t spacious w holessde mid r.-tsil
SALES ROOM ie. the I uitesl State.,
iW: Inrfe.t and l>e-i selected ?..ort
ment s?f Ladies', Misses' and Children's
Sill ?KS ? v lusively. in til! tlieir varie?
ties of pattern, width, color, shape
nnd mat.-rial lUtiaiiv called for. of our
own raannfacture. We would inform those ladies w ho have formerly
be?n compelled I go to Bros Iway and elsewhere, t'n-.t t'- ey are .mder
the ^uee....ay el doing ... no longer': and wo ii'i itc thi m to " eome and
see.- and save fruin tvs?to.-irht .iiiltn-.-. |m t pair; and ' ? better eneil,
without the delays and diappooitmenu sttesding bo*g taeas-ired
We would also say, ll It h.iimp from -2 -..? StHJ pe sous mi it e[H
pk>v, ?,,,) having been for a nambet ofyears the i ..x,iT*T*
mAnwrica, that our work is well known, isvprnved oi and soiiahl
afu-r, m every ::is: ket w bore g.h>.! ?.?.?!. is -..;.!. Thecitis-.ensof New.
lurk. Brook'i n, Wfllii utsblKglt, and the surrounding atrv. .'re re
spsetfoUy solicited call aud examine themselves. \V*hoins*a)<
*ad retitil dealers for city ami country trade, will flail it to tiierf ad
v?atu;e toon!; !-ef.. r purchasing, as not ..uly qualitv and quan?tv.
??t price*, shall t lav it a -.-reat induce meat.
_?W3m? SMITH.BRXSTOLLS: HALL
\\rK? tb>- umlersigued, respeetfally linform the public that ihei
? tun- this day i at. no into Copartnership, under the tirm of F
"t*V" * Mendhcini for the purpose of mauufacturing and iniportin
Wlv?r*. at No. -.' batham Ssuaie, and No. ?* Catheri.trect
v FERDINAND KOHN,
^*York,lst June. 1S-U. EDWARD MENDHEIM.
?iik> ">*' '"r thl' P*""0"3?'' w,'ieh ae lias l^in lavorei
"V*T^*aPe? thai his friends andtne publicwHI patronise the new firm
pr ley rdwayi bare ? large riasertmeht of imported Havana aw
.J^^^eya.-., which they "dl roll at the lowest prices,wholcsal
rr!iuJ _ F. KOHN ,V MENDHEIN. je4-bt.
} ?*,',EA< 11 *N U POM'DER.-IOCcasks Bovcs' celebrate,
^f-yctong Powder, for ^e by
" PfiRSSE i BROOKS. Cl Lsbcrty -treer.
I de?ire you -? nn<icrHUmd ii?? irue pi
., TO LET.
^? \ BRICK STABLE ir. Greea-sti set, first one above Bleeck
""?er-street. Inquire of
mlC!/ _ ALFRFD ROACH, 42 Bet-hman-street
TO L! f .
A store and back-room on the rorr,*r of Grand aud Elm
"A^?**^..tri?t?, in t!?" lar.->: building. Rent nieder ite to a good tenant.
itaWe for any fancy business. ]?? J-tf
gg, por WALK? Or ? >. :h.u?ge fi r pro tiv? 1 ity Pr , er
ty?A Farm of 53 acres, situ ;ted in Huntington Township, L.
f., :t miles from Nortbpert, from which a steamboat plies to aad
from New-York twice i week. Good buildings, good water, <tc. ?tc.
for lull particulars inquire of E. W. WOOD; -I Ri vine ton-street.
~" TO rent until t!i-l-tcf Mir i n-'xt?The Ma
and Cottage situated oil the summit of C -t|r Point ?t Hobaken,
with the. iir.; privilege of the Ferry, l?at neither of (he build
otherwise than asa private residence or boarding-house. \'< r
1 further iuformatioa apply at the w::ice of the Hobbkeu Company, at
\ Hohoken._ je.-l'w
I'O LEX?That chvtnut and tpurinu Room, l>" ug tie;
oh) of the second story of i he Henry Clay House, corner of
i ^*^TAvenuc A and Fir-l-st. It is sixty fret long und thirty feet
; wiib-, and will a> c< nun >datc from ?ix |U ei.-ht bund ml persons. It is
well calculated for society or large public meetings, and is beautifully
located; Possession can.'be had on the first of August next. Apply on
tie- premises to [j.:7-l>. ? j A. SCHLOSWER.
*i o let;
I'llK STABLE No. 33 N.,rti< Moorc-street?Reat$100. Apply
.t ."W Reach street. je7-.',t "
fO 8.KT in BKOOKL1 S, .:? ir tile South Ferry,
one half of a large thrse-story Brick House, consisting?f n
kitchen, front parlor, 2 chambers on the second tioor and .
on ihr third floor, with good air and water. Rent $175. Inquire at
90 Warren-street, Brooklyn. jeS-3f
to let?Three very desirable Houses, just fiuis
s/eliUi-strect, at the junction of Greenwich Line. They con
n all the Modern improvements, with marble stoops an i base
mriits. Rents v< rv moderate. Inquire of JOHN DARLEY, 9 Nns
saa-st. Key at No. 5 Twclfth-st ]e4-2t*
lot? I (H? SM i.k MS brooklVS^*i
ral building lots m C.urt-street, m-ar Uuion-streel. Also, te
ral lot? in Clinton-street, near the new Episcopal Church now
hnilding. This piece ol ground contains lOiMti square feet, and would
be n very clieible spot for a House anil Garden. Inquire of ALEX
ANDER OGSI'.t/RV, Smith-street, near f .ilkiii >t_je2 Ctrod'
C??o M'v.voiiii, tl.lt AW CD trov
For Albany, from the fi* t of Barclay-street,
5 " TROY .Wednesday Morning at 7 o'clock.
?' ALBANY .Thursday' do do
The TROY.Friday ,|U ,|0
From the foot ol . oi llnndl-wtrcct.
The DEVVITT CLINTON..Tbursd iy Afternoon at .'i o'clock.
i'KH'i.ii'ix line ok * tea ?1 it oa ts.
C?*- ?x FOR ALBANY_FARE $1.
i-N?' The new and commodious steamboat NORTH
ssrrr-riJJiJi "AMERICA. Capt M. A. Trnesdell, will leave U?e
per between Cortlsndl and Liberty streets.
On THURSDAY AFTERNOON, June lOtb, at 5 o'clock.
Foi passage or freight, a-qily to
P. 6. SCHULTZ, at tl.IHcc, or on l>. ml.
N. B. All kinds of property taken only at ihn rr-k of thr owners
KOJt 8.ON I*ON I'acket of the 20tk of June Hie
EBipacket shin QUEBEC. F. Sc C. Hebard, masters, will sail as
above, her regular day.
For freight or passage, having superior accommodations, apply on
I I.d at the S*ot of M tiden Lane, or to
j je3 GRINNELL. MINTURN A CO. 7S South-i.
/."?., LONDON LINK Ol'" I*A <"li ??.'T.*?.- I' ickei ol
10th June.?The packet-ship WELLINGTON, 0. Chadwick,
master, will sail as above, ker regular day. For freight or
passage, having superior accommodations, up)?:.?? ?n l o.od, i',,il ol
Maiden-lane, or to GK1NNELL, MINTURN St CO.,
; m23 78 South-street
SAMUEL \\ . KKNKDK'T. H Merchant
Exchange, corner of W.-.li .mJ William streets, baring formed s
. connection in business with S. HAMMOND, their |?:rsonal ulteution
i w ill l>r civen to repairiiij; fine Watde-s. The mosteomplicated ii.irts
.of Duplex and Chronometer Watches |>nt ? n il to the original.
Mr. Hammond would make bis acknowledgements to the Trade,
i lor their kindness and patronage since living in Now York, and ^,11
always give their work pratercMce in making Duplex work, but *ill
not be aide to make any disconat from the retail | ri,c.
I Duplex, Independent Second, mid other W*1' I - of splendid pat?
tern* for sale, warranted perfect or ihe money returned. Jcuebrj
and Silver Wnre as ustuU.
n!7 Iy BENEDICT & HAMMOND.
CLOCKS : CLOCKS !!
?pHE iindersi?.I has lak.-o the ?gen \ fix tl sale of JEROME'S
? BRASS CLOCKS, ?i lheirCb?el( IVaroso in, No. -'?-I Btoad
I way, where ho will sell tle ir Patbki Ke in Day und Thirty Hour
I Brass Clocks, of a variety of pat terns, u tin 'otecstwholcsale Factory
price-. Merchants and dealer- in Clocks woalil > ""II to call and
I examine tlieir ^tnck before purchasinf \:-?. an it lortment of X\ i?m|
j Clocks,Ciiaar i*r Cash. Recollecttb^ n .:, i?r, Broadway, m
j ?tair?. ISAM - I?. HINSDALG. '
I N. It.?Particular.auention paid to the Retail trade. Every descrip
i tum of Clocks repaired mid wurniiited. ml tf
Ci.fllU .11 K It C 81 A NT N,
nPALER*, and others, ar.med to call at JOHNSON'S CLOCK
MANUFACTORY, ret.tly rcmovesl from the corner of Cort.
londt aad Greeuwicb-streets, to No. !?? Cortl inslt street, near Broad?
way, wlirre i iry will find u larce ussortun'iii of Clocks, comprising
several new patterns, both llra-s ami Wood, which will i,r sold as
low- fir-, tosh as at any ether establish merit in the United State*. Deah r.
are inivrmed that all Clocks sold at the abovi pla ? are warranted a
good article and inferior to none.
WM. 8. JOHNSON, Agei : fin the sale ,.f
mil lm Jerome"* i'.iie-t I'.i e.- I'l ' Us.
/ 'OLD AND SILVER \VATCilEM,lai ! - Jew.
8 8 airy; Silver Spoons, Butter Knives, Sugar Tongs, Situ, plated
I Cake Baskets, Caudloslicks, Snuffers and Tray Custars, SlcZ, Britau
I nia Coflee-Pots and Urh?, Tea Setts, .to. nuri Fahcj Go< ds g< uerally,
I for sale by BEACH A- SKXTI IN, 111 Cltathatn-slrei :.'
N. II. Wniclies and Jewelry re|sui. ?l. m29-tf
I ??5I\ lllLI.AKDi I'racl a S
I t? and Spring streets, li^s removed t( IT Bi ' n , near Fifth-street
Watches carefully repaired. je-'m"
ROLLED GERMAIN SlT. I'M.
TAMES <;. MOFFETT, 121 Prince-street, near Wooster, would par
ocularly call the attention bl Hards are De ilersnndManufacturers
j to his superior arta - of Geilnau Silver, a ! ich hcotfors for sale wbolo
' sale and retail, of all thicknesses, and w-*rrants it equal to auy. eitlo-r
Foreisn or; Domestic,: for color and softnes . a23-tf
IC08/LEU \.\t? plai'EKS' KRaTjSJ!*.
\FIRST RATE artiolo ofR ? . . , : r iters Brass, can always be
fouud at JAMI.s <;. MOFFET, 121 Prince sire. t. i,p.,r Wooster,
at the lowest market prices. Likewise a wv sujierijr article of
' Cooper.'* Brass. _?22 tf
I > LI t. UK tt>" SE A It 5S\V A H i:. i?? street?A
I > comp'etc a?rtnknl of Sash Pullies, Hinges, Screws, Amer?
ican ami EiigK.'h Kneli I.iK-ks. Pine PUte, Dead, Cupboard, Draw,
Chest and Pad-Locks; Barrel, Round, Square Springs, Flush and
Shutter Bolt*. Hook ai?l Plate Bing? . together with nearly ?very ar?
ticle in the line, all of which wuo] be -oid us .of. as at any place :u the
' C o. <"?.t Nails bv the cask tur lowest market price lor rash,
mii-tf JOSEPH WEED.
'S>AI!l.K K.MVKS ANO KOKK!*i
s. sortmeut, just-received Ireurthe manufactKres at SbefJiuld, Eng
rrand, led for ??le at unusual low pne ??, u the Hurdware store,'.H5
I IGIlTiNL\G RODS.^T ??IMBY'.S IMPROVED)
Ii LIGHTNING CONDUCTORS for I ildiugs, left at bis otfi e,
N* 131 Fullon-strcet, will receive ? rompt ai ention.
1 Thrwj Conductors are decidedly superior any hcreufore aged,
and[ are believed to atfosd perfect pn.tecti#n against the destroctr/e
effect^ of lie'.ituuir. The Uo Is are fttrai-beil :>.? him and erected uu
der !u- superinteu'bchcei Gentlemen ? ." ?ish to consult hi n in
regsrd to their peculiar ad. .u.t ilt-, , . ? of t'irnis.'?iur. ^r*-tius.
Jet:. ;<re respectfully muted to rail al h: ..ce or forward tio-ir ::, ues,
? and he .nil uieiit them al any place they iu iy ,:^s-gnnte._jo-J-th
?. .ss.itir i> iu-1 i;:. at mm; ,m\c.
' rpHlS new and beautiful House is situated on Main-street, troetinr
8 Market Square, having an excellent view of the Hudson K.?- r.
It !"i- justtuwn faruLshed cutireij new, neat, ai.J coitvenieut
furaiture, and affords tlie best accounnudauoBS for a few el
fainili. s and single boarders of any oth( ? est iblUhiaent in the Country.
Those w ishing to avail themselves of this opportuairy , -.vjl d.; well to
. applv ea Iy to tkc Proprietor.
rnl5 Im L. WORKMAN, Sun: Sine
TEMPERANCE E~CtTtNG ISO USE.?R. Ri v-\
would iafocni h:s friends and t.or public ::iat he still <-..iilinLies to
keep that pleasant and airy situatian No. I Nasean, corner of Reek
Mun-strest, where Dinners maybe had; Breakfast and Tea ni*o in
.-,m.,I ,ttle. He will also provide Dinners tor families and -end them
to their houses, n*. -h-rt noltce. ;oj-1w
C?XATOG.. l*A VIL ION P^Ot'S'TAIM WA
- I ! ii si.r lak i i C IS5.NE? v YOI N'G, dealers in choice tireea
ind Black Teas, u iae*, Groceri?, Fruit, Sic, &e. ?holesale tad re
ail. No. r.r2cii..V .it . -'-ret. Nra-York. _m22 tjv-l
ST RA L. V IN PK1. AND II U.S. 1.AMI'S.r.u.d. i-. i .,,?:.;.
_ abras. Japanned Tela-Trays, Brcad-Baskets, in setts orsepa.ale,
tin* Table Cutll ry. am! Ebo >v or Alabaster Clocks: for sale by
BEACH Si SEXTON, III Cbathaoi-st
N.B. Lamps rebromced and n paired, equal to new. Evtra Lamr
j Shad.e.\. .on hand._'n29-tf
TO HOUSE KEEPERS.
1 T NITniELL, Lamp Mnnolaetarer, I6M Br
" J? rear.?Lampe. Lantern* and Girandoles msdc to order,an rem
?osable turm.s. All kind* of Lamps, Chandeliers, itc, repaired. aUarei
j ; and renniahed equal to new._m'~- tf
rilRV POTS'??. Tu. IV- S. . Ii >. ?>???! -IM Gallons, foi
, 1 sslebyfjeT) GRINNELL, MINTURN St CO. 78 Sooth-st
?er; ?. ? u of !k? GovcrBBMBt. ? winfa tbens carried
3W-YORK, WEDNESDAY, .?F.\E 9. II
! Boiumcnta 9ccorrijiant?fnn ttjc Bttsittcnfs f-Hrssarjr
"omrj'cnic^ilinrt from ine Secretary of War.
DtrARTMENT of Was, Msv :t!st, lU'l.
Sin: I propo-..; to bring to tout notice, at the pre-en: time,
?nly such mati.'r-; confided to the superintendence of I) -
partment of War as, from their nature or pressing emer
iron ry, or frem the general interest they excite, yo:i may deem
! proper toi communicate for the information ni Congress and
I iht public.
Although the iaspettioru direi ted since the adjournment of
I Congress have ween made with the greatest promptness, and
I furnish a.i extensive body of information in rerard to the
?t?te of the public defooecs, as well a? to th<* distuplr?a rmd
efficiency of the army, and bear full and satisfactory testi?
mony to the Importance of the Inspector's Department, yet,
from the limited time allowed, and the immense extent of
territory over which the numerous establishments, connected
with the military service, are distributer!, the inspections nra
necessarily incomplete ; and it is. therefore, no: designed to
noiiceall the considerations suggested by the iniormatien thoy
anord until a future occasion.
In the general condition and disposition of the army there
has been a material change since the last annual rep ?rt
from this Department. The regular force stationed in Flo?
rida, consisting of eight regiments, and numbering, i? the
aggregate, by the last returns, five thousand and fifty-seven,
it has been found expedient to continue in service in that
A few incursions, by small detachment: of our troops,
i-ito the fastnesses of the enemy, by which their atrocities
bavc been signally visited upon their own heads, have been
th<- only exceptions to the general cessation to hostilities
which took place last fall, soon after the regiments, rein
forced by new recruits, and provided with every necessary |
supply, were prepared for active operations ; tier have they
been renewed since that lime OfTeis to negotiate from se?
veral chief*, the device by which, those crafty warrior- have
sa often baffled our arms at the period most propitious to
success, were renewed und tr such circumstances as induced
the commanding General once more to embrace them. The
strongest confidence appears to ha e been felt tVat, with the
aid of a suitable amount of funds applicable to that object,
the whole of the hostile bands raig it be persuaded to - >:rr
dor. and nbacdon the country. T.iis line of policy, though
lardy in i's result-, continued to hold out such hopes ofcom
plete success ns to encourage the late Administration in the
belief that tili? prottacied war had at la.-t been bronchi s.i
i.ear a close as to be no longer a subject of peculiar interest
or anxii t,. Tor these reasons u was not thought expedient
to cheek or intcrrv.pt the negotiations in progress on the .|th
ol March last, l.v directing a different mode of operations.
1 In- rv.?u!t so far, since the negotiations were renewed in
tin- fail, has been the surrender of four hundred and thirty
one Indians, including about one hundred warriors, all of
whom hove been ti t: sported to the country assigned them,
west <>t the Mississippi. Some expectation is still indulged
by the ntt,cor in command that the remaining bunds that
have so long infested tin' upper and northern districts of the
peninsula will surrender in a short time; but I regret thai
but little hope can be justly cherished that this unhappy and
wasteful war, which has already cost so great a number of
valuable lives, and so many millions of public, treasure, will
be terminated without still further sacrifices. It appears
that, after six months of negotiation, no access has been had
to the principal and m ? t powerful chief, or to any of his fol?
lower-.. Directions have accordingly been given fur the tno-t
energetic and effective prosecution of the war, the moment
I irther negi t it; shall appear useless. Steps have also
tH-en taken to is.cr- aso the efficiency of the means now at the
disposal of ihn officer in command ; and, in the meantime,
the rotrenchmoni of every expenditure connected with the
service, for purposes not essential in Indian warfare, has
been earnestly enjoined.
Tbc many wt iglily considctations which invite the immedi?
ate attention of Congress to the subject of the public de
tot. :es generally, and particularly to the works absolutely ne?
cessary tu the security 11 our great commercial emporiums,
an I the keys to oar u -t valuable resources cf every kind,
must be so generally understood and appreciated that ::n-i
thing th;s Dcpartmi i t can urge stould arid any thing to their
and con?dusi\ ... l'<> ray nothing of the destruction
ot property, and our weakened condition in a militar| point
of . .oa. , attendant a;the carrying of any of our most as?
sailable points, the penetration of our territory, and the sei?
zure of even one of i i r strongholds, by a jiuworf.il enemy,
upon the sudden outbreak of war, it would seem to be
cqun y the dictate of patriotism and wisdom to make due
provision against the infliction of such in-uits to the national
honor and chai a tter.
It hrs-i been urged ,i< an abjection to the further progress
ol the wotks heretofirre projected for the defence of i ur ex
? sea-coast, tliat leccnt experiments in the use of
-ti am power in ocean navigation, and the ready application
of the same powerful agent to th defenc? of our principal
harbors', t igether with the late Dive tif?n.*iu th' means of in?
creasing the deitructivcuess of shells, must soon introduce
entire change in t!te system of coast defence, as well as
maritime war in genera'. It is true that lite mental activity,
charueteris.tii- of the ago it: every other art aid science, has
not been less fruitful in suggesting improvements in the art of I
war, the value of somt uf which has already beon tested
in practice, a'.d doubtless othi t - will, intime, prove equally
succ --tul. In no department of public, aft.irs may tLo natu-I
ra! connexion and de] end m :e betvt.n all the sciences and
inventions >>t' art be t. ire bi ncficially illustrated than in the
improvement of the means of aatiosal defence. That the i
cans,- of humanity will be promoted in proportion as the ex?
isting systems and m< t.ns of defensive warfare are perfected
by new impri vements, in affording to a!! nations greatei se
l.tritv to the independent < .joyment of dich own acquisi?
tions and forms of soe?-ty a;:d government; in putting the
weak upon a mote ??<; taJ footing with the strong; in render?
ing wars le>.? frequent, ami allowing all the arts of peace to
flourish in uninterrupted vigor, cannot be doubted. It is a
source of much gratification to observe that several gentle?
men of hitch professional distinction in the army arc employ-1
ing themselves in these appropriate studies. But wt ile, in
carrytag forward the plans devised in former years, due re?
gard should lie had to the improvements already introduced
in the means stf defence, aud, as far as practi table, to such
rnodi!icatio:is a^ may !..? rendered necessary by future disco?
veries, we must take care, by the mo:-: efficient application
of the means already known and approved, not t? lose the
advantage of present security.
The array of well authenticated facts and results of past ex
p. rience, and th?- well sustained reasoning founded upon
them, exhibited in iho rcpor' of the board of utneers refer?
red to in the accompanying letter of the Chief of the Corps
,?t" Engineers, at. leorsi tL? 1? co.-n-lusivc in fevor ot comple?
ting tbesystcm of d fence ?herein recommended, so far. a:
lea-t, as to place the country in what is denominated a %ocd
state bf defensive preparation against any suddeu occrtrrenec
uf war. To :!.:.- extent the cutiiplelijn of the works bervrto
fore prpji ctcd may be regarded astrulispcnsaWe, however de?
tective they may be as a perfect system of national defence.
It will be seen from the estimates stated fn the report allu
I to, thai to'eflect that object wiH r an approp
? .n of $9,693.547 upon the foruficat . ami.'S3.493.0il1
tor tip- armameti3; making together the ?um ot $.^.l5?,->47.
The ..V -ition of th- (iovei.iment u> apply this -uj; to the
object ? templated a- speedily as the nature and due per
mam uf th<* several constructions will admit, is rendered
imperative and absoltita by every coBsidi ration of public
safeiv and public honor. < ss|^|
[t is asuirriatcd bv the Ckief Engineer that the stim _ of
$1.435,500 can !h' iudidousry and most beneficially ap->lted
upon these essential work* of defence during the remainder
of the present year, in addition to the appropriations here?
tofore mad.- for the same objects. The exjvend-. nres tn tins
branch of the service have been more considerable in the
rarreni quarter than u?ua!. and hence the additioual appro?
priations u--ked for are larger than tbey would have beer
under ordinarv circumstance. How this has happened s> ill
be explained by the fact that, soon alter the accession cf yoai
c a:?I a*k nothing more.??Hxi ? *
immediate and lamented pre<Tecessor,;. all the-means at th<
i disposal of 'hi- Department were directed to be employe!
j .?.von the fortification? and other works &t the protection o
the Atlantic frontier, in the manner deemed best calculate.
I to produce the greatest possible efficiency i:? the shbrtss
I trr.e. This course appeared to be caUcti'&r'by:the unset
tied and threatening- aspect of our foreign relations'. Whil<
the whale of the resources at the disposal of this Djparunen'
; for this service were thus ordered to be applied to such tit:
! finished works as could be made available, in whoic or ir
; :: :. in a reasonable time, it is proper to state, in this con
:. ixion, that directions were at the same time given to supply,
without delay, th-? works air--: Jy completed with t::-ir appro?
The promptitude and liberality with which the Governor
of N?sw-York and the Commissioner of p tblfc lands jn tiiat
Si ite responded to the recent appli ration ?i the Department
to be put in possession ?f the works constructed on Sutten
Island, under the supervision and at the uxnen-c. ef that
State, for the defence of New-York harbor, deserves the
thanks of the countr/, and should bo farther acknowledged
by tho immediate appropriation of the sun: demanded as a
compensation, for the ground upon which they are situated.
The works are regarded as of great importance to the .>!>
ject tor viiich they were designed, and they are uow in a
course of repair and improvement under the direction of a
competent officer of the corps of Engineers. The corres?
pondence between this Department and the Governor of
New-York. and the report of the Chief Engineer, will show
the terms upon which the title te- this property will be vested
in tho United States.
I: will be-seen from the accompany* ? report from the Ord?
nance Department, that some alditional appropriations for
thai, se-vi.-e are believed to be important to the public inter?
est. The amount called for is $2f20;000. The importance
of the operations of this Department and its immediate con?
nexion with the national defence, in yroviding trims, ttun
earriages. and other munitions, will at ejneo be perceived.
ft is necessary that the attention of Congress should be
called to the policy recently adopted in the management of
the pnblic armories. The duty ?f increasing, by every proc
ticable means, the efficiency of These important establish?
ments, not less titan a due regard to economy, influenced the
Department in giving it< sanction to the plan of dispensing
with th" ci-il superihtendeney authorised bv law; After full
consideration, it was believed that this could be safely and
advantageously done. Accordingly the armories an? now in
charge of skilful and experienced officers the Ordnance
Department. One defect in the policy of taking superintend?
ents from civil life, as shown by past experience, is the want
of proper qualifications in the persons usually selected.
Some degree of science, a- well as a practical knowledge in
the construction and use of arms, are indispensable requi?
sites in the superintendents; The desired and proper quali?
fications ore rarely to be t'nuni! united in the same person
civil life, whose service* can I?; commanded bv the Govern?
ment. Another ami more serious objection to the system of
supervision heretofore practised is found in the defective and
inadcq into control which the Department has been able to
exercise c.er the superintendents It lias been found im?
possible, in some instances, to enforce the most salutary regu?
lations. The necessary degree of deference to the orders and
wishes of the superior authority, it is manifest, has not been
felt. This probably is the inevitable resale of the nature of
the interests and influences, in no manner connected with the
objects of these establishments-, which too often control the
conduct of the superintendents. For these reasons, it is
deemed of great importance that the armories should be
separated as fur as possible, from all connexion with tho
party politics of the dor. The force of tho objections sugr
gestcd to a civil superintendence cannot be better illustrated
than by the statements contained in the accompanying memo?
randum of the Ordnance Department, which appears to be
taker, chiefly front ike correspondence between that Depart?
ment and the superintendent of the armory at Harper's
But the expediency of continuing the supcrintendency of
these officers must finally he decided bv Congress Some
hi sitation was felt in dropping, temporarily, the civil super
intondency; but as neither of the late superintendents,
though of m-ch personal worth, was regarded aj possessing,
in a due degree, those particular qualifications which are im?
portant in the management of such establishments, th- ir re?
moval was th',ught a tit occasion to introduce a new system.
Time has not yet been allowed in test sufficiently its advan?
tages or defects. If it shall be the pleasure of Congress to
allow tie' Cxistisg vacancies under the law, as it now stands,
to continue for a short period, the public interests will be
subserved, whatever may be tlio result of ihe experiment.?
If the policy recommended by the Ordnance Department,
and so f?r sanctioned by this Department, shall succeed, jt
will be well for the public service. If it-hail fail, there will
no longer be any pretext for future change; and tho Depart?
ment will look to the selection of the most competent super?
intendents from the walks of civil life, and to the means of
improving the efficiency of these csiabltshmc its by such re?
gulations, under your direction, as may be suggested by ex;? -
Additional appropriations, to the amoui t of $833,637 8i>,
arc required by the Pay and Quartermaster's Departments
for the service of the present year. The arr.oi.t asked by
ihe Quarterma-ier (1 -neral appear- to b- i:-.ii-pon-able. It
i< about the sunt wliii h Congress at the last si ssion failed to
appropriate, though included in the estimates, and understood
to be in part for arrearages for the year 1C I0: and a large
portion of the present demand mav not be improperly set
down to the some account. A portion of the-urn required
by the Pay Department is for arrearages of the year 10 10, as
w ill appear from the report of the I'aymas-er General.
The agents and superintendents heretofore employed in the
construction of the various improvements on the lakes, tne
seocoast, ami in the interior, have been discharged", except
such a? have been retained at a small compensation, to pi trd
some of the most important works remaining in an unfinished
ssate, and the public property connected with them. In -i few
instances, it ha- been found expedient to employ an ogi nt to
take care of the property of tho Government coll , ted for
the construction of rhese works, until Congress -hull deter?
mine upon the question ?f continuing or abandoning thrm,
w he re there was no fund out of which they could '<??? paid.?
Someofthe.se agents.have been paid from the proc -vds of
the sale of a portion of the public property; others tan be
paid only by farther sales or under an appropriation by Con?
gress. It has also been ascertain) d that the expenditures
upon several of these works have exceed, d the appropriations
made for their construction. These arrearages are genera y
due to contractors and laborers in no way re:po:isi!.!e for th s
error; and provision should therefore be made for the pay?
ment of them. The amount necessary to discharge them, as
well a- to pay the ext?- uses ,,f tho agents employed as above
j stated, appears from the report of the Chief ?f the Corp* of
Topographical Kng ue rrs to be $&9$ti7 12.
The subject ?f the expediency of completing the Cumber
led Itoad. and of improving certain harbors and the naviga
! tion uf certain great rivers, which may l?- regarded as neccs
; sary a; d prop riu making adequate provision for the public
, defence, I propose to postpone the furrker notice of until the
1 session of Congress, as the consideration >S it will in
vo . ? the propriety of makir.-:r appropriations for various
works of internal impr ?vement not necessarily conn,c:e.;
i with that subject, nnd, consequently, will require more time
than Congress, at its approaching session, may find it conve?
nient to sivc.
At the late session of Con?re*s, the sum of $10.000 wa,
appropriated to be expended, under this Department, in re
pairing the breach in the Potomac bridge. Soon after th<"
adjournment, an officer of the Corps of Topotrruphica! En i
neers. distinguished alike for h:s science and practical skill
w as selected to make tht" ueces-ary examinations, and to re
por: a suitable plan for the execution of the work. Wit!
what skill and accuracy he has performed this prelimrnar;
service, will an?iearfrom the report of the Chief of the Corp
T:i_* highest confidence being refused in the soundness o
bis j idgement, it was determiije.4 at once to expend no more
placed at the disposal of the Deportment for tiie accomplish
0 F F I C E Pi 0. 3 0 A N N - S T.
VOL. 1. SO. 52.
e I raent o. important work upon a plan which did not
1 promise to secure, what was held to be indispensable, its
t pcraianeace and durabili tv. From die statements contained
I m the :ropon of Major tuinbull, it is obvious that the rw
t pairs, if ipon the plan which form.-d the basis of the
estimate upon which the appropriation was made, cbuld not
stand through a sin-!c season of freshet .v ide. The qucs
? Kon v as then presented, wither it was proper to commence
. : ie repairs ap i. the only plan which promise,! the requisite
i sm ngth ar..t d trabttity, but the cost of which would fur ex
? '' the appropriation mado by Gmgrcsi, md which, it was
km wn to the Department, was supposed to be ample for the
object, or wait the sanction of that body ?t ihv approaching
' session. The great convenience and importance uf the
bridge at this point, and the strong interest felt bv the eiti
.???.!. of this District that the repairs should not bo delayed
? urged the i rtmediati :omn.enc?mcnt of the work, while its
, questionable propriety, mdor the prospect of an immediate
-????sie.: ol Congress, decided the Department to postpone
further operations .:tti! that body should have aa opportunity
of acting ipon the subject. The utility ami importance of
tins bridge, not only to the citizens of tins city and District,
but to the carrying of the public mail. n:?l to the Southern
travel at the season et" die year when the river is obstructed
by ice, are so generally felt and acknowledged, that I need
say no more to recommend the additional appropriation re
'.. ? led or t) at the sanction of Congress be given in some
other form at . \ early day of the session, to the making of
the necessary repairs upon the only safe and. durable plan
I which presents itself.
Another public work of great interest committed to the
care t-f this Department deserves some notice at this time.
1 sum of $75,000 was appropriated ?it the hue session of
Congress for clearing out the Red River Raft. The largo
sums ot money heretofore.expended on this object, the high
expectations indulge,!, after the first successful experiments,
. of the practicability of effecting it. the subsequent accumula?
tion and Continus ice of | artial obstructions, and the conse?
quent disappointment of the public, caused the Department
to give its early and serious attention to the subject. Be?
lieving that < longress, in making this appropriation, indulged
ihe hope that it would be all that would be required for tho
completion of tho work, tho Department, resolved that the
highest degree of permanence and utility attainable by use
of the means plai ed at his disposal should be accomplished,
directed that an officer of tho highest credit for skill ami
. u mcnt should proceed without delay to ascertain the no
j tore extent an.I causes of the obstructions which interrupt
the navigation ofthat river, and to submit a plan for their
I removal. Thai fficei has not yet reported to the Depart?
ment. I; i- intended that the steam and snug boats, after
I being repaired, -hall ascend Red River while it continues in
i n navigable -:.;:>?, to the point of obstruction ; but it is not
designed to cuter upon tho work until autumn. This policy,
a. will fully appear from the report of the Chief of the Topo
! i] \ii Engineers, and the accompanying letter of the su?
perintendent, was dictated by a sound economy, if not by the
i necessity of the case.
A practi..? hits t rcvailed in the Indian Department of ma
i . payments from moneys drawn from the Treasury;.under
; appropriations by Congress, without r.-gaiilsng in all ease*
the objects of the appropriations as specified in the law.
: This practice virtually defeats that provision of tho Cotisti
, tution which declares that no money shall be withdrawn from
the Treasury except under appropriations by Congress; for
the object pf litis provision must have been not merely that
money shall not be drawn from the Treasury without being
duly appropriated, but that it shall be paid only for objects
j specified in the acts of appropriation.
The practi :e of making payments under such circumstances
i ? that i-, of taking money drawn from the Treasury under an
. appropriation for one object, and applying it to the payment
t of accounts, and fur objects for which no appropriation has
I..1 made?rentiers t rie reports of tint condition of the Trear
I 5ury entirely follacio -, and utterly destroys all confidence in
them. The true condition of the Treasury, or of its liabili?
ties, is not and cannot be presented under such a practice.
The Indian Department has favored itsell in the means of
practising this irregularly by another usage, directly in con
j travention of the law of Congress requiring that unexpended
, balances uf appropriations a' the expiration of two years shall
. revert to the Treasury. It has been customary, before tho
, expiration of trie two years, to withdraw from the Treasury
; the balances not actually required for disbursement within
? the specified period; ami these balances have boon placed in
j ihe hands of disbursing agents, forming u ver_< huge fund,
front which payments have been made from time to time for
I objects lor which no appropriations have been made by Con?
gress. The amount of funds in the hinds of these especial
. agents of the Department bus runes*!, on an average, from
I two to thr> e hundred thousand dollars for.tho lust seven
: years, and this has been generally deposited in banks selected
;:? 'ho discretion of the agent himself.
Under these circumstances, the disbursing agents, having
received moneys under authorised heads of appropriation
, which have been applied to objects not sanctioned by law,
I have had their accounts brought into sucha condition as will
not allow of their settlement at. the Treasury without, special
appropriation by Congress; ami bonce there are disbursing
i agents who have been nimble to obtain ? settlement during
several year-, and whoso accounts an; ?tili open, notwith
1 standing the act of Congress, most salutary in its object, re
, quiring a settlemest annually on the first of October.
As one irregularity i- often the parent of another, so, un
i dar tin; usnge of tiie Indian Bureau, by whieh large amounts
of mom y have been held by disbursing agents, w hich should
have reverted to tin; Treasury, these agents have had the
j means of loaning, and have actually loaned, large .sums within
; the la<t few years, to meei the ne< essities of is- Treasury in
? other departments of the .Government or in other and distinct
I branches of tho Indian D partment; ami, in this manner, a
, system pf accommodation has obtained without responsibility
! and unknown to the law.
The evils of the practice?the subject of these remarks?
I will sufficiently appear when it is considered that they aro
precisely those which it was the object of the provision in
I the Constitution, prescribing the mod.; of drawing money
i from the Treasury, to guard against; and those also which
: won1 intended to be counteracted bv the law of Congress re
i quiring that unexpended balances .-I.ail revert to the Treasury
I at the expiration of two years.
i In the present condition of the accounts of disbursing
'? agents, it is impossible to ascertain the precise amount of
'< payments requiring appropriations by Congress for their final
adjustment at the Treasury, but. the amount is known, thus
j far, tu exceed $?00.600, and will probably require $200,006,
i and possibly $300.009.
It would be easy to multiply remarks upon the impropric
I ly of this practice of the Department; The objections to it
! are numerous ami weighty, urn! some of them tire founded
so deeply in vital principles :i- to deserve some further no
? lice in this report.
Ail officers hold their powers in trust under th- obligation
of fulfilling the objects for which those power* weregraht?
; i'd. Coneress is entrusted with the power of granting m>
' soy f-.r objects to be accomplished by Bxecoove ajpmt*. ?i
-[theagents divert the monev to omit object*, there is a
reach . f trust. But as nil \\.Beers of the government
. i aro presumed to have in view the common eood
I ' , i- ,l? iTvM-tirJve a"?nt* to indicate
a ,.. or less, teltes upon the ^timntes <)f tnt)
the objects r ^^SSlSiSSaUL This confi
. 'ami'imts necessary for tnetr aow??j .
. K -.- cutivc agents seenw to hav. been re.ardvd in
, S asan impKed nutWty-in the agent to under
? .,ke ohL-t- m.r yet sawtioned by C oo^,*e ^??look
( take oojeci * r^ ^ -?hetion. lint if this discretion is
? tng ni?ri-etui > nretenee whatever, fur object, how
' t-: ^Siirn^dM or impotent, the check* and guards
'"" T dr^ ov the Constitution and the laws are it once re
' ' ' V rmd'the most dangerous experiments may bo mado
' , :;::;h':i;M,,l,o. .??.. v/triv,,-,, higher sanction than the
' ' , t i -f the Heads of Departments, while the discretion
j t : . ox. r t-ed at the fountain is liable to ^ hcentious
- aess in the suWlisaie agents, re??ltin? in frauds and de?
' ? cations of extraordinary character and magnitude