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NEW-YORK, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 4.
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evening. The rates of advertising in this paper, in view o:
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XT For Facts in regard to the Tar?T-Io?aen" on
the Moon?Slavery?The Pope, See. &c, see -First
ET For an Original Psalm of Life-The My?t?rio?u
Laie, aad a Letter from Noah Webster, see Last Page.
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LATER FROM CHINA.
The ?hin Probus arrived at this port yesterday
at about noon?having kit Canton on the 4th of
October, thus hringing dates seventeen days Inter
than had iieen Ik fore received. They announce the
attack upon and capture of Amoy by the British. At
the latest dates, however, peace was restored to the
r.ity*and the people were returning. According to
accounts from Canton, the Chinese continue repair?
ing the fortifications near the river. Canton itself
is for tiie present undisturbed, but business contin?
ues in a very unsatisfactory state; and the uncer?
tain duration of tiie present quiet permits neutrals
only to carry on their trade without interruption.
We have been favored with the following extract
from :i letter dated
Canton, Oct. 1,1841.
Continuing my advices of political events, I
have the satisfaction to convey to you accounts
confirmatory of my former communications.
By the ' Press ' newspaper, which I send you
herewith, you will observe that the movements of
Captain Nias, (the commanding officer of the Brit?
ish force on this station,) up the River were char?
acterized by the same recklessness and violence
that. I anticipated?tho innocent people on the
banks of tiie river, unprotected by their govern?
ment, being the only sufferers. Having destroyed
a village and killed some people he so suddenly
retired within the Bp?uc as to lead the people to
think he was afraid to remain, and the result is
that t hey* nrc more exasperated against the British
than ever, and have more confidence in arranging
their plans for revenge.
The progress of the forces up the Kant Coast
has also been the same that I expected it would,
und I beg to refer to tho Circular of H. M.'s Plen?
ipotentiary, contained in tho Press for the official
anil for other accounts of the movements already
made. I now hear through a letter from an offi?
cer up the Coast, that the intention is to proceed
no further North than Clrasan and the Zeng Lyc
Keang during the autumn and winter.
I have the satisfaction to confirm my former ud
vices respecting the low stock of Teas here, and
in noticing the small quantities of each kind of
Country Teas to you, may remark that the supply
was never so small except when the. Blockade took
effect in 18-10.
The following account of the attack on and cap?
ture of Amoy, is from the Canton Register of
On Friday evening, between 7 and 8, packets
were landed at Macao from the schooner Psyche,
Captain Landers, containing letters from the of?
ficer of the fleet, detailing the account of the attack
on, and the capture of the forts and city of Amoy,
und of those on the Neighboring islands. From va?
rious letters which we have heard read, and from
others and extracts kindly furnished us, we are ca?
bled to lay the following important intelligence bo
fore our renders.
The English fleet, numbering with tho H. Co.'s
armed steamers and transports about 34 sail, left
Hongkong bay on Saturday the 31st. August. Sun?
day was calm, but on Monday night the whole fleet
were well clear of the land, standing to the East?
ward in three divisions, the Blenheim leading the
center, the Blonde the starboard, and tho Druid the
larboard division; on Wednesday, the 25th, at noon,
they were only 32 miles from the rendezvous, Cha?
pel Island, which is distant about 10 miles from
the anchorage in Amoy harbor. The Blonde and
Druid led in per siganl to show the soundings ; the
forts on the islands on both sides opened their fire
on the leading ships, which was not returned. At
7 P. M. the whole fleet came to, four miles off the
town of Amoy.
At daylight on the 26*th the signal was made to
hoist out all the hunts; and at *ix, Sir W. Parker,
Sir Hugh Gough, Captain Smith of the Druid, and
others, went in the Phlegethon to reconnoitre; the
commandors-in-chief returned ut 8 A. M. about
which time an officer with a flag of truce arrived
in the fleet ; be was permitted to go on board the
Wellesloy; and what was the object of his visit ?
hear it i " Why for so many ships hub come ; no
hub got that tea; all ship must go!"
At 9 the beat?never beaten in vain?to quarters
rattled along the English decks, but*there was no
wind. The breeze sprang up al>out 12 30. when
the signal wa> made to weigh; the Sesostris and
the Queon went in on the starboard side, and were
engaged alone nearly thirty minutes before the oth?
er ships joined ; the Blonde, followed close by the
Druid, led the larboard division. At I 10, the bat?
teries on the starboard hand opened fire from more
tlinn 100 guns in one tier, on the Sesostris and
Queen ; nr I 30 the butteries on the larboard shore
opened on the Blonde, Druid and Modesto; the
latter vessel was sounding ahead: at 1 40 these
three vessels opened fire on the larboard hattfQps;
the Wollesloy and Blenheim at the same time vA're
standing across the harbor to engage the forts on
the starboard side. The firing continued for four
hours, when the marines and troops were landed.
Some differences of opinion have been expressed
ashto the modus operandi on this occasion; the
broad-sides of the two line of battle ships?nnd
any one who knows any thing about stich things,
know that they are broad in all senses of the word,
are said to have made little impression on the
rock-like masses of granite of the Chinese de?
fences, faced as they were with several feet of
mud and turf.
1 he construction of the principal forts are re?
presented to have been so strong and massive that
old and skilled officers have said that the united
efforts of England's proudest fleet could have made
but little impression had they been defended by
men who knew the range of "their guns and know
how to defend the strength of their position.
Exuact of a Letter from Amoy.
We got to Amoy on Wednesday evening about
sunset; ran in past the islands that were fortified
outside, and anchored out of gunshot of the batte?
ries. The Chinese have not been idle; from the
town to the beach running along it for one mile is
a low stone fort with a hundred guns : the stone is
all covered, except the embrasures, with mud.
which gave the Alligator the idea that it was only
Beyond this there is a range of forts extending
about two miles farther, with batteries, some of
twenty guns some of thirtv. The Island of Ko
longso, opposite the townj is fortified with differ?
ent batteries of heavy guns, about 80?opposite,
on the N. W. side of the bav, is defended with n
long range of torts extending about two miles;
these, by the bye, were out of range from the ships,
but not when the Blonde, Druid and Modeste
passed them to engage the island of Kolongso.
The Chinese shot from this fort passed over our
ships but ours did not reach the shore. As the
light squadron advanced, the Wellesley and Blen?
heim ran along the wholejline of forts about 400
yards from the shore and 500 or C00 from the
batteries ; these did not fire, although the Chinese
gave it them pretty briskly, cutting away a good
deal of their rigging but doing no other moteria.
harm. The two 1& of battle ships then anchored
by the stem, commenced firing, and soon knocked
over the few batteries made of stucco, but as to
the stone ones thev made but little impression from
their immense thickness, except now and then
turning over some guns and opening one or two
small" breaches, although the firing ever.- one
agrees was admirable.
Yon will hardly believe that the Chine?? stood
to their guns to the la?t, and only started when
the soldiers entered the fort at the outside angle
and the marines at the other. One mandarin, whom
I had watched all the time, walked quietly down to
the b^ach and drowned hirn.>elf: the other cut his
throat a- he saw our men in possession of the
batteries. The Chinese, men, women and child?
ren, ran heiter skelter over the hills, leaving even
We are only now waiting to proceed to Chilean
and Ningpo, as we have a N. E. wind. The
troops are all embarked and ready. We -ail at
daylight on the 5th, leaving 500 men on the island
of Kolongso?Druid, Pylades and Algerine ; which
we hold till the business is settled. When the
Chinese were asked to ransom the city, no manda?
rins being there, they said we might destroy it if
we liked, thev had no power of giving money, but
that they would put themselves under the protec?
tion of the English, if we would protect them.
The plenipotentiary is on board the Blenheim.
From the Canton RegL'ter o:" Sept. 28.
Several merchant* have returned to Canton.?
The new teas are coming down. The Hoppo
grants two chops for tea to come to Macau, duty
about 4 taels.
A passage-boat called die Maria, bound from
Mncca to Whampoa, went ashore the latter part
of September. A party of Chinese boarded the
vessel, and wounded several of those on board.?
Fifteen persons were in the vessel. Eight of
them had arrived at Whampoa, but it was feared
the remaining seven had been murdered.
The new sottlement of the British at Hongkong
is reported to be very unhealthy, so much so that
the commanding officer has ordered tiie troops to
remove on board the transports, hoping thereby
to escape the effects of the malaria.
Mr. UpsH?r's Opinions.?It maybe recollected
that Mr. Botts a few days since in debate in the
House spoke of the Secretary of the Navy as hav?
ing in conversation avowed himself in favor of a
dissolution of the Union. In reply to an inquiry
from Mr. Wise Mr. Uyshur writes a letter, of
which the following is an extract:
I will not pretend to say what Mr. Botts can
' prove.' but I assert in the most direct ami un?
qualified ?uuiuer, that he cannot prove the truth of
bis charge ugaitist toe bv anv witness who is him?
self a man of truth. I understand that charge to
be. that I am, or have been, the ''advocate of an
immediate dissolution of the Union,"-without qual?
ifications or conditions. I have never, at anytime
of my life, entertained any such opinion or feeling.
On the contrary, I have, on all occasions, advo?
cated union upon the true principles of the Consti?
tution, and have sought to recommend my own
principles, upon the ground that thev were con?
servative of the Constitution and the Union. This
is well known to you, for with you I have had con?
versations "for hours," upon this very subject. You
say correctly, that. I have ''printed and published
my opinions under almost every form of address,
essay, pamphlet) und book," and if any thing can
be found in any one of these publications to justify
the charge of Mr. Botts, I will surrender the point.
I think it almost certain, although I cannot re?
call any particular occasion on which it occurred,
that I have expressed a decided preference for a
dissolution of the Union over the establishment of
systems of policy which I regarded as fatal to all
true liberty. I avow the same opinion now: I
would sooner see the Union dissolved, than witness
the success of this very abolition movement; I
would sooner see it dissolved than witness the es
tablishnietit of a consolidated government, with all
power and all right in the hands of an uncontrolled
and irresponsible majority ; 1 would sooner see it
dissolved than witness the establishment of any
principles which violate its true character and de?
feat its legitimate objects. These opinions I am
very certain I have often expressed, and I
shall often express them hereafter. But, that I
am, or ever have been, a distmionist, in any other
:ensc than is here expressed, is utterly untrue.
As soon as Mr. Botts saw Secretary Upshur's
letter of denial he addressed another to the Ed
itorsof the National Intelligencer?to which we
referred yesterday, and of which the following is
I have two objects in addressing von this letter:
the first is, to roqurut von to republish the letter
of Hon. A. P. Upshur, which appeared in the
Madisonian of this morning; and the second is, to
l?e>pcak the public patience for a few days, until
I cttu collect together the testimony on which I
rely to establish the ' charge' (since lie chooses so
to consider it) which I brought against him a fow
days since in the House of Representatives.
1 wish you to publish the letter, because I want
all possible publicity given to this fiat, positive,
and unqualified denial that '?he ever had been the
advocate of an immediate dissolution of the Union,
without qualifications or conditions."
It is precisely on this point that I take issue
with lite Hon. Secretary, and will undertake to
prove from his own pen, as well as his pub?
lic conversations, that there is not only a studied
and designed concealment of truth, but a wilful and
deliberate prevarication in his denial. I take no?
thing back that I have said; on the contrary, 1 re?
peat that he iras mi open, unqualified, undis?
guised, and boasted advocate for an immediate
dissolution of the Union; and 1 will now add, with?
out qualification or limitation, since lie seems to
circumscribe and mystify his position. He denies
it ami savs I cannot prove it bv any man who is
himself a man of truth. This limitation would
deprive me of the benefit of the testimony of the
Hon. Secretary himself Nevertheless, I .-hall use
it: 1 shall make him a prominent witness in his
own case; but 1 shall not be content to rely upon
his testimony alone. A question of veracity is thus
raised between us. Edither he or I have told a
falsehood. All I a/.k is, that the consequences may
be visited with the utmost severity upon my head
if I do not prove satisfactorily that the Hon. Sec?
retary is the guiltv man.
KJ3 The Tribune was the only paper in the city
yesterday morning which had the slightest allusion
to the sad disaster on the Western Railroad.
ts-J1 We have received a communication com?
plaining, wjth justice too, that at the conclusion
of even" lecture at Clinton Hall certain persons,
remarkable for nothing but their impudence, are
in the habit of blocking up the passage way,
greatly to the annoyance of those passing out,
especially the Ladies.
Animal Magnetism.?Dr. R. H.Collyeris:lec?
turing upou Animal Magnetism, in New Bedford,
with much success. The following letter from
Charles Dickens, Esq., in relation to this mysteri?
ous subject, will be read with interest:
Tkcmoxt H?lse, Jan. 27.
Dear Sir?If we can possibly arrange, it, I shall
bo much interested in seeing your cases, when you
come to Boston. With regard to my opinion on the
subject of Mesmerism, I have no hesitation in say?
ing that I have closely watched Dr. EliiotsoUs ex?
periments from the first?that he is oue of my most
intimate and valued friends?that 1 have the ut?
most reliance on his honor, character, and ability,
and would trust my life in his hands at any time?
and that after what I have seen with my own eyes,
and observed with my own senses, I should be un?
true both to him and myself, if I shrunk for a mo?
ment from saying that I am a believer, and that I
became so against all tnv preconceived opinions and
impressions. Faithfully yours,
To Dr. Collyer. " " CHAS. DICKENS.
UNIVERSITY INT E LLI6ENCF
The following statistics of the nev' England
Colleges are compiled from their Catalogues for
the year 1341:
Harvard Umv>:rsitt.?The whole number of
Officers employed in the College proper and in
the Professional schools is 28; the number of
members of the College Faculty, 10; of ffndergra
uate? there an' Seniors, 53, Juniors, 68, Sopho?
more-. 60, Freshmen, 57, University Student?, 7,
total 245. Theological Students, 26, Law, 115,
Medical, 86, Resident Graduates, 6 ; grand total,
473. The necessary expenses included in the
college hills exclusive of fuel, washing and furni?
ture for rooms is ?194. The total number of
books in tiie public libraries and in those of the j
students, is 57.942. Among the text books used
by the Undergraduates are Porter's Analysis,
Fisk's Manual, Hallam's Constitutional History
of England, Butler's Analogy, ?pham's Mental
Philosophy, The Apology, Crito and Phordon of
Yale College.?Number of Officers of instruc?
tion and government in all the departments, 30 ;
of these, besides the President. 17 are Professors,
and the remainder are tutors or subordinate offi?
cers; 15 tire connected with the College proper.
The Undergraduates are 410: namely, 108 Sen?
iors. 107 Juniors. 125 Sophomores, and 70 Fresh?
men. The Theological students are 59, Law. 31,
Medical, 47, Resident Graduates, 3 : grand total,
550. The necessary expenses of the Undergrad?
uates, without including apparel, pocket money,
traveling and board in vacations, amount to be?
tween $ 140 and $210. A sum not exceeding
$1,000 a year is appropriated to the relief of in?
digent students. In addition, the income of a
fund, recently placed at the disposal of the Cor?
poration, enables them to remit entirely the
charge for tuition of 20 meritorious students, and
in part the tuition of about 30 more. Among the
books studied are the series of Greek Tragedies,
edited by Prof. Woolsey, Paley's Moral Philoso?
phy, Kent's Commentaries on Law, Stewart's In?
tellectual Philosophy, etc.
Dartmouth College.?Number of Teachers
in the Academical Faculty 11, of whom 9 are per?
manent Officers; The Undergraduates are. Sen?
iors, 91, Juniors, 80, Sophomores, 79. Freshmen;
76, total, 331. Medical Students, 30, grind to?
tal, 411. The average expenses for a student for
39 weeks is stated at $107 50. This .-urn does
not include class-taxes, expenses in Societies,
books and stationery, traveling expenses, etc?
Among the hooks which are recommended for
reference or study, are Fisk's Manual of Clu:--i
cul Antiquities, Crosby's Greek Grammar, An?
drews'.-? and Stoddard's Latin Grammar, Way
land's Moral Philosophy, and Edwards oil the
U.sivlrsitv or Vermont.?The Faculty of this
Institution consists of ? President and seven Pro?
fessors. In the Freshman Class are 28; Sopho?
more 23 ; Junior 31; Senior 17?total 99. An?
nual Expenses exclusive of traveling und pocket
money, ?fco., $100. In tho classics entire authors
instead of abridgements are used. The Cam?
bridge Mathematics are adopted and the Vale
Edition uf the Greek Dramatists. In Mental and
Moral Philosophy instruction is given mainly by
Oral Lectures from Dr. James Marsh. The
Logic and Psychology of Fries, Roget's Physiolo?
gy, Sch?lling'* Discourse on Fino Art, &c, are
used as text books. The College Library, one of
the choicest and most select in the United States,
contains some 10,000 volumes. A College of
Nulluni History i.- c.ioiureieil with the Institution.
AmherST college.?The number of teachers
is 10, six of whom are permanent. The number
of students is, Seniors 28 ; Juniors 27, Sopho?
mores 43, Freshmen 44?total, 142. The princi?
pal nocessary expenses vary from $113 to $137.
About 35 indigent students are gratuitously sup?
plied with furniture. The libraries of the Col?
lege and of the Literary Societies contain 15,000
volumes. The collections of specimens in the
various departments of natural history are large
and valuable. A vigorous effort is now making to
raise one hundred thousand dollars for the Col?
lege. Of this sum, $20,000 have been subscribed.
It is proposed from this subscription to pay the
debt of the Institution, erect one new building, en?
large the library and apparatus, and found two or
ihres? professorships. It is thought that the whole
sum will be subscribed during the year 1842.
Middlfbury, Vt., college.?The faculty con?
sists of a President, four Professors, and one Tutor.
Undergraduates, Seniors, 14, Juniors 11, Sopho?
mores 11, Freshmen 17?totul, 53. The average
expenses are stated at $83. The average pric.o
of board.is given at $150 per week. The Col?
lege has funds amounting to $4,000; the interest of
which is applied to the relief of meritorious stu?
dents. In the Cabinet of Natural History are
1000 specimens in Mineralogy, 550 in Geology,
350 in Botany, and 1,700 in Zoology. Among
the text books we observe Woyland's Moral Phi?
losophy, Gray'- Chemistry. Hitchcock's Geology;
Wayland's Political Economy, Fiskc's-Classical
Antiquities, Wuolsey's editions of the Greek
Congress.?The following is from the Washing?
ton Correspondence of the American.
To-day commences the ninth week of the session.
Don't -ay that Congress have done nothing. These
eight weeks have produced and partly developed the
germs of great measures, mightv movements, which
in due time consummated, will more affect our na?
tion, more effect its restoration to prosperity, and
more mark its history, than the acts of any Congress
within a quarter of ncentury. The two great points
on which the parties of the next twenty-five years
are to unite or divide?the protection of American
Labor, and the National policy on the subject of
Slavery, have been presented, and. in spite of the
most ferocious and resolute opposition to the agita?
tion of either question, have been discussed, 'pon?
dered boldly,' and brought before the mind of the
whole people for their consideration, while the Com?
mittees of the House and the Senate are elaborat?
ing these and other important matters, and prepar?
ing them for the fiual decisive action of Congress.
The Committee on Ways and Mean- is already
nearly ' muntre fu.netus.' having reported all the
groat appropriation bills, under theestimates tor the
year, and having discharged all the other duties as
sighed them, in the Treasury Note Bill and die Loan
Extension Bill, the first of which will become a law I
to-morrow. Taking into account; moreover, the
dreadful struggle by which the Bankrupt Law lias
been preserved; it will appear that the session, so
far, has not been idled away. It will compare well
with any that luis preceded it.
Among other very interesting articles in this
morning's Intelligencer, you will not fu.il to notice a
novel and extraordinary phenomenon presented in
the notice of a petition from Virginia for the Abo?
lition of Slavery in the District of Columbia .' It is
signed by ninety-three men in Lewis county, which
is in the Northern pan of the interior of the State
?a free-laboring-, grain-grovvnng district, which has
been much filled up lately with the sturdy Northern
farmers who have been emigrating thither from
Pennsylvania. A significant portent, and a notable
sign of the times! R. M. T. H.
CGF" The amount of State duty paid by the Auc?
tioneers of Boston, for the six months ending Nov.
30th, was $23,025 76.
BY THIS MORNING'S MAIL.
w'asbington. Conespoodence <X the N'wYork Trikune.
Wedxisdat, Feb. 2.
In the Senate, Mr. Evans, presented resolu?
tions -f the Legislature of Maine, rescinding its
resolutions of 1840, and in favor of the repeal of
the Bankrupt Law.
Mr. White presented resolutions of the Senate,
of In., passed by a majority of 5 to 7 votes in
favor of the repeal of the Bankrupt Law. He ex?
pressed hi- opinion that the people of that State
were in favor of the law. and his sanction ot it.
He also presented a petition of the Mayor and
Aldennen of Michigan City for improvements of
the liari?or of that place.
This gave ri-e to a brief ilebate. in whicn
Messrs. Whitf.. Clay and GfLVKAM he'd the con?
stitutionality and expediency, in certain cases, ot
appropriations for objects of this character, and
Mr. Preston considered the question of* the con?
stitutionality at best doubtful, and opposed appro?
priations of this kind in the present exhausted
state of the Treasury, holding that the authority
over thtdr own harbors was reserved to the re?
Mr. TaPPAN presented resolutions of the Le?
gislature of Ohio for the erection of a Marine Hos?
pital on the western waters.
Mr. WooPBr.iDGF presented a petition ot citi?
zens of Pittsburgh, Pa. for the passage of the Ex?
chequer Pdll particularly retaining the provisions
relating to exchanges.
"Resolutions offered by the following Senators
were adopted: by Mr. Skvikr. requesting the Pre?
sident to furnish the proceedings of the Committee
on the Boundary Line between the United States
j ami Texas; by Mr. Simmons, that the President
pro. (em. of the Senate inform the Kxecutive of
[ Rhode Island of the death of Hon. N. F. DtxON.
Petitions were presented against the repeal or
postponement of the Bankrupt Law, and tor other
The resolution of Mr Clay, amendatory of the
Constitution, was taken up, and Mr. buchanan
j spoke at length in reply to Mr. Clay and in de?
fence of the veto power, as a conservative power,
\ to prevent impute and hasty agitation, to guard
the minority, und not so liable to abuse as main?
tained by many, in proof of which he noticed the
fact that out of the six or seven thousand laws
passed since the organization of our Government,
but about twelve had been vetoed ; of which tour
were bank bills, six for internal improvements and
one for Distribution.
The Senate then went into Lxccutive session.
In the Ilor.-K, u messugc was received, that tlio
President had signed the1 Treasury Note Bill.
Mr. Everett gave notice that he should call
up the Apportionment BUI, on Tuesday next.
The unfinished business, on resolutions to cen?
sure Mr. Adams, was taken up.
Mr. Adams then offered the resolutions for in?
formation from the Departments of which he hud
previously given notice; to the reception of which
objections being made, Mr. Adams, contended that
the information was absolutely necessary to his
defence. The first resolution, calling on the Pre?
sident, if not incompatible w ith the public inter?
est, for copies of the correspondence between the
Department of State und the Minister of Great
Britain ; also of the correspondence between the
Governor of South Carolina and the lute William
Johnson; Judge of the Supreme Court of the I*.
States, relating to nn act of the Legislature of
Soittii Carolina; directing the imprisonment of
colored persons arriving from abroad at the ports
of tluit State; also for th- net or act- themselves,
and any opinion by the said Judge Johnson of the
unconstitutionulity thereof, was read.
Mr. Git.mer moved to lay this resolution on the
Mr. Jones of Md., moved to lay the whole sub?
ject on the table.
After some conversation, in which Mr. Adams
expressed Ids desire to proceed, and called on
every friend of the right of habeas corpus, of trial
by jury, and of the right of petition, to abstain
henceforth from uny vote of laving on the table or
postponement of the subject, or any hut " aye " or
" no " on the direct question,?
A call of the House was made, and 1% mem?
bers wen? ascertained to be present.
The question was then taken, and the House
refused to lay thi' whole subject on the table:
Yeas 89, Nay* 112.
The motion of Mr. GlLMER tn lay on the table
way negatived : Yeas 89,' Nays 107.
The question then recurring nn the adoption of
the resolution, after u debate of some length as to
its relevancy, it was adopted : Yeas .97, Nays .Ob*.
The second resolution, calling upon the Secre?
tary of the Navy for the proceedings, of the late
trial of.Capt. William Bolton, rhe correspondence
mid the circumstances connected therewith, was
then adopted : Yeas 95, Navs 0*1.
The third resolution was then taken up, calling
on the President to communicate to the House
copies of any letter written by him to W'm. Cost
Johnson, relating to a rule of the House excluding
from reception petitions on the subject of slavery;
and whether the President ever authorized Henry
A. Wise to declare that he knew the President
was in favor of such a rule. To this.
Mr. Wise attempted to offer an amendment
culling for information on the Kxecutive files, ()r
the files ,,f any Kxecutive Department, touching
the. charge John Quincy Adam.- is .said to have pre?
ferred at one time to Mr. Jefferson and others
aguinst the Federalists of New Exglaud, incul?
pating them with designs and acts to dissolve the
Union of these Slates.
Hie SrKAKKtt, after some conversation on tin's
subject, ruled the amendment out of order.
Mr. Gkntrv moved to luv thi.s resolution on
the table, which was carried, Yeas 111, Navs G4.
Mr. Adams then .-.poke at some length in pre?
liminary remarks, demanding that time be given
him to receive the information called for by the
resolutions adopted, und that he be tried before a
Committee Or the House on the crime charged,
us they had refused his trial before a Court,
which he held w as proper and just. A desire hud I
been manifested to drive this through without giv- j
ing him opportunity to defend himself; such a j
course had never before been tukon in any delib
ative body. This proposition was concocted in
dark conclave ami caucus in one of the dungeons
below, and was brought here to be sprung upon
him without notice. He asked for the postpone?
ment of the subject.
Mr. Summers, of Va., moved as a substitute for
both Mr. Marshall" s ana Mr. Gilmer's propositions
that the whole subject be referred to the Select
Committee, to take into consideration the alleged
contempt and breach of privileges, whether anv
further proceedings are necessary, and if so, of
He briefly advocated the propriety of a calm
dcbWation of this subject by a committee before
action on it by the House.
Mr. Gilmer then, after repeated efforts obtained j
tbo floor, and deprecating all_the incidental and!
extraneous considerations that had been brought
j is, advocated his original simple resolution, as
I commending itself to the unanimous support of the
American House of Representatives.
Without concluding, he gave way to a motion to
Paiido.ved.?Two Germans in the interior ol
Pennsylvania named Abraham and William hri>
mor. were in 18.'>(5 sentenced to the State's Prison
for mail robberv. Their term expired in Decem?
ber last, but they wen* kept in prison for costs
until recently, when they were pardoned by Pres?
ident Tvlcr. Though they had been in the same
prison for the wh.de term, they had never seen
each other's face. Their meeting was extremely
affecting: thev rushed into each other's arm- and
wept bitterly. During their imprisonment thev
became attached to their Bibles, and have both
resolved, in the strength of Christian principle, to
lead lives of virtue. They had scarcely got out
of prison when they accidentally met a cousin, to
whom they made known their feelings and reso?
lutions. After satisfying himself as to their sin?
cerity, he gave each of them a farm near his own
in Indiana, and enabled them to become useful to
their families and the community.
Robdfry.?A fancy store, kept by a lady. No.
175 William-street, was robbed last evening, at
about half-past G o'clock, of $125 in money. The
ladv had gone to tea. leaving the store in charge
of her daughter, some eight years old. Two
voting men came in. and while one of them
amused her by exhibiting gome trinkets, the other
ritled the drawer. Fifty dollars in bills in the
same drawer were left untouched. The scoun?
drels were just going out at the door as the lady
returned, hut the robbery was not known till they
were out of sight. They hail not been arrested
late last night.
Distressing Casualty.?A young lady.named
Susannah Mulvey, on the 29th ult., started in a
sleigh, in company with a young man, to visit
some friends near Saco, Me. They traveled on
the river, which was frozen over : when about four
miles from the village they drove directly into a
hole in the river, which was not frozen over. 1 he
voting man leaped from the sleigh and was saved.
The sleigh instantly sunk and the young lady went
down. She shrieked as she disappeared beneath
the ice. and the fearful death-struggle must have
instantaneously occurred. The horse was taken
out but soon died.
[CT ('apt. Nichols, of a schooner, narrowly es?
caped being drowned by two ot lit - crew near the
mouth cd' the Ruppahanuock on the 17th. Their
object was to rob him. Thev have boon arrested.
XT Lost?a Gold Pencil. Case, with the bead or
cap bin It is regarded by the owner above its value in dol?
lars ami cents, ami the tinder by leaving it at the Ounce of
the Tribune will he liberally rewarded. The head is at the
Tribune Ollice. _ _ f3 3t*
GCP the schooner Pantaloon, from Port au
Prince to Baltimore was wrecked Dec. 25th. No
True Wisdom.?A wise generali on the eve of hatde,
makes a proper disposition of bis forces beforehand, and doer
not wait fill the enemy kas made an attack : and thus, by
forethought and due;'preparation, reasonably expects a vic?
tor}-. Thus, lie who has a desire to attain a healthy; and,
consequently, happy old age, does not indolently wait for
the attack of the enemy, which is -ickiievs, but is constantly
on his guard against his insidious approaches, by paying
proper attention to the state of his health; Many would fain
occasionally use medicine to assist Nature in her operations :
but like a mariner at sen without his compass, knowing not
where to ?teer, they first try this, and then that, and meet
with nothing but disappointment, To these; how welcome
mu*t be the imjionaiit tact iliat Sherman's Medicated Lozen?
ges are now proved to be all that is required to conquer dis?
ease and prolong life. No medicine can excel these popu?
lar articles. They are recommended by all who have ever
used them, and sold at lCfi Nassau-street, ami by a vents; as
January 12ih, 1812.
17 To Messrs. J. Pease k Sons?Dear Sirs?Though 1
have not the pleasure of a personal acquaintance with you, I
think it due to you to bear mv humble testimony in favor of
the efficacy of your invaluable Clarified Essence of I lore
hound Candy. * 1 had taken an unusually violent cold which
artlicted and oppressed my breast very much. Having your
randy recommended to me by a friend, I made but a partial
use of it. but found it -o valuable In relieving my breast by
producing an easy anil copious yellow,expectoration, that
contrary to all my previous fears; J find myself rapidly recov?
ering amidst the most arduous labors of mv ollice.
Yours respectfully, JOHN C. LYON.
Paitor of the Methodist Episcopal Church, York, Pit
N. B.?Rev, Mr. Lynn deliverer) a sermon at Allen street
M. E. Church some three Sabbaths since. The Pastor ot
the above Church was an eye witness of the peculiar.effica?
cy of our Horeliounil Cnndv;
J. PEASE ,k SON, 43 Division SL
O* Found?The Cestus ok Venus.?It Is incontnivffr
tible that Gouraud's Vegetable Rouge is identical with that
which the ancients figuratively denominated the "Girdle of
Venus." The effect of either being in render beauty irre
sUtible, and like effects resulting from like causes, it will at
once lie seen this position is fully sustained. Fortunate mor?
tal, to have discovered that for which even Junn deigned to
become a suppliant! Greater than Prometheus, thou ha.-t
wrested from Olympus the secret of unladed \oyt lincss, and
a golden shower is the meet reward for thy enterprise.
? Gouraud's Vegetable Rnguc, ?>) cents per bottle, Ls to be
had at his office, ?17 Broadway ;md iu Walker suret, 1 door
from Broadway. '
Fractiousnf.s*.?Half the quarrel* which agitate the
world an* provoked by some trilling irritation hot immedi?
ately in connection with the parties affected. The buz/of a
fly, or the jting of a mosquito, history attests the fact, has
overthrown kingdoms, wasted empire-. Thank heaven, this
country has no excitable monarch ! But here, as elsewhere,
the heart is subject to anger. Even prominent men are some?
times excited by passion! Clnyand King, in the Extra Ses?
sion of Congress, and Arnold ami Burke In the present, have
had their set-tos; but thev ended in smoke tli?t did not
ignite the political straw that hung.about them. Thanks to
temperance pledges, moral reform, ami recent invention-,
thing- are taking rapid change. This millenium of good
feeling has been most Miraculously wrought. Clav ami
King, Arnold and llnrke, and all combustibles of Congress,
have become loving friend.?and al! through the use of Cliap
man'- Magic Razor Strop. This i- the Aladdin lamp of the
heart that createskindness, and should be adopted bv mem?
bers of Congo--- generally, since it ha- been so serviceable to
the belligerents. No doubt President Tyler will particularly
recommend its u.-e in hi.- next message; ami the Southern
representatives,if tbey know their own interests, will inime
diutely present one to Mr. Adams. No gentleman ran lie
irritable who u-e*. Chapman's Magic Strop; dispensed from
102 William-tree-. For ike benefit of fractious politicians a
lot should forthwith be sent to Washington City.
From the Sunday Star.
XT Sebrinc's Restorative Cordial.?We caj| the at?
tention of our readers to the above Cordial; and cheerfully
recommend it to the public a- a plea-ant and effectual rein
erly lor all Nervous Affections, Dyspepsia, Affections of the
Liver, ir. We know it to be what we recommend if, hav?
ing tried it ouRelves; and experienced a great benefit from
its use. Try it, See advertisemenL f4 2t
XT The sublimities of Byron'- writings find no parallel
among the productions of modern age*. Tiie Corsair ? a
splendid poem; the Siege of Corinth; ami so in fact the
very worst that he has written! Manfred Ls sublimity ??b
limed! It Don Jean h;is any fault apart from it> immoral
tendency, it is that it is actually too brilliant. And Childe
Harold a the effort of a god ! Speaking of Byron's poetry
reminds u- of Peters!? Lozenges and things equal! v celebra?
ted, and which are a* far iuperbr to all other 'Lozenge
whatever, as was the bard of Newstead to the veriert of tiie
scribblers that imitate him; and if the reader Ls any way
incredulous of tln^ important truism, and has a hackitr'
Cough that L- taking him off quietlv to the other world -?a
Fever aud Ague winch i- nearlv shaking him to pieced -_
a Headache, or a child troubled with worm-, jn-t let "him
call a: 459 Broadway, purchase a W,x or two of PeteiVs
Lozenges, adequate to hi.- ca-e, and he will soon be con?
vinced that they are superior to all other-.
XT American Museum:?Keep it before the people: that
since this magnificent establishment has passed into new
hands it has been renovated from top to bottom, its attrac?
tion- greatly increased; and that a splendid Day Perform?
ance taken place every Saturday afternoon for the accom
iiiOdauou oi Families and School*.
Bowerv Amph:tke*tre.?Tub is the last call but one.
Tho?e who wi.ii to see the skillful and diversified equ.?
tnan performances at this establishment must do so this
w eek a- the company sails next week for Europe. A splen?
did variety of Arena novelties are advertised for to-night,
27 Dr. A. DoolittV:, Coi'i^oTLid VegetaMe Candy Ls con?
sidered, by tho-e who have used ir, the best remedy for
couglis,col<l-, jore throat, and aff.-ctions of the che-t and
lungs, now offered to the public. Sold wholesile and retai
at the proprietor's Botanic Medicine Store, 245 Centre-sf.
For agents see advertisement. f4 lw.
XT When Cardinal de Richelieu was treating with
the English Ambassador for tho marriage of Hennettc of
France with Cliarles the First, the affair was on the point
ot being broken off on account of a demand marie bv the
Arabas-ador that Hennette should rid herself of the siWr
Huous hair that grew on her upper lip, for, notwithstanding
her rare beauty, she had the ill-luck to have Ulis hairv e*
cresceuce. Ho* the dimcuity was got over between the
Cardinal and Ambassador we are not informed. A pitv it
i- that Gouraud's wonderful Poudre Smiles, for eradibatin"
all superrluous hair, was then nndLscoveml, tiie eihn'nce oT
soefa an unsightly appendage to female beauty would then
unW-JV Hairv facpti lacli? lose not ai moment
h TST'TeS,'itL 3 b0ttleu0f fraud's Powders
u w?l permanently eradicate every hair without the slight
V?F ,air skins- 11 isto behada tDr. Gouroud's
Office, ff7 .Walker-street, 1 door from Broadway^?? p>r
La Coupe dfs| Cuevevx.?La eoape'des chrvmi 4
inriuence u>eonte?table*?.ar!tous lr* organe? conirxvsaw !>
?oute craniere et ssr lVuet de !a tr-easpiration. file s ?
raiuue parte qu'il y a diminution .le la chaleur sur ickw"
me. Dela. la possihilite des rhuun-sdes tnaax. rfre-ald^
dents et d'nreides, le tout par reper-m-ssiou. " '
La coupe ???> chevrox occaswoue ur* diminution dit?
rexeresion de I'hieb* nmmale. qui ?ort habjtuefleratct dT
pures de leur? tiges; de la ao>\ one second* cause de rub
La coupe ties cbeveoj' doil se faire, rton pas Ionjoo*t?ql
vant la mode; mats bim ?elon le plu.? ou U rnoins d* fp?k!
seur de la cbevelure. II faul avec an, dlmu-uer I? p-?&^
trop touffBes, et sax*oir adroitement coaserycr. sur k*j p^j.
ties depeaplees, I* eoustrtwrt necesswre a Tentret ou e> ^
chaleur xiraie. En ?01111110. le soin de cette operuioo Be
doit Atre conti e qr.'ii desartistes reconnus par leur bori ?o?t
et leur savoir, et Don jsi? a des raeeovretsteuri de rhrte^t.
La coupe des cheveux doit ? tn* class-Ve pa-rai les vita
iirgrns et necessaries que chacun doit prendre pour Sa ccs>
tervatibn de ?a saute.
La coupe des chen-ux stimule le- bulbe* e; favorise b-u.
La cour-s des cheveux et quelquelois rusage du ra<oir
ne peuvent etre nuisible que pimd-mt IVpilation acti?ea
trlle; ?urtou: sur lesjeuries enfens a ia cbevelure desqneh \\
?*>r cou d'apporter hue attention loute prticuliere, -1 qul
a ftf onu?e ou ignore* iu?qu'? re jour.
Ou pent obtemr sur la coupe de> cheveux et ?urle<:-e-..
treuem les rci-seigmmens necfs-aiits^chei M. M. Cr-jnj.
???an ou i*op. troavera sa composition qui r.gure en prvuia-rr
ligne ft surpasse en ce moment tont ce qui a ete employe
pour !a chev^lore. Une deses Ivoite doit ^tte-;.comptee par
mi les choses iiHiispeusables dont doit se rounir tout chetde
familie; eile, atTern?t les rarines; arriHe ia chute; foninV par
?es Stimulans riches et rr?4nereux,",les cbeveux les plus ijj.
lih-s, rend a routes lev chevelores ce mofeUeux, ce lustre.?
cette douceur admirable, previet beauebup les cbeveaxjic;
Specitique extraordinaire pour fair?' disparaitre du mir
cheyelu; ee cexliment i>oudreux dont taut de petMMnes ettt
a v' plaindre. L'emploi p.mt en etre quo?tfinnemeot tait
?ur la tele il<-s x iilanU comme ->ur celle des enfant les plus
Le trnmd debit qui -'en fait, la vogue et le devel.)pj*s
ment que prend chaquejour cet article >">t nu siu; gurant tt
doit ?utlirv p<^ur confondre tout?-> b*s craintes qu?1 l'on p.)ar
rait >ugger>-r *ur rerticacite de cette Cmnposiuon.
La Composition de Gramljean, pow.te les pariunis lr<
plus odortferants; la Rose, tu Jtismm.la Berfaniotle.
mi/.'r. Atiibrouie. See 6rc See. Cliaq?e boite e\t accoui?
pacur. d'un traitc Mir la che'velure.
Xo. 1 Rue iLuvIav, deux portes de Broadway.
BK*>r ?rf. ok COUNTERFEtTSlN BtlVlNC HoRF.H0l.nu CaX
dy.-?Tins caution i-? necessarj' now that this market is so
glutted with spurious and counterfeit article, underthli
name, which are compounttetl of villaKOu> dni?s, and ixuvi
in?, therefore, unhealthy and pemiciou?,
Howe's Hvgeine Horehound Candy Is warranted ui be
innocent and'safe; while its curative powers are attested by
a multitude who have obtained relief from Cough; Sore
throat, Hoarseness and other etTects of exr>osure. Be ?irr
to obtain the real Hygeine Candy at 4o.' Broadway, canirr
?m' Howard street. _ _
IT The public are cautioned again-t purchasing theTn
cophcrous or Medicated Compound for the Hair, at Oiw
Dollar per Bottle, as it can be had at Fifty Cents, at I?
Broadway, comer of Liberty">t.. up stair*. (it
[Q* Try Chapman's Magic Strop, made at 102 William >?
TV i'HF. WEEKLY TRIBUNE?For Saturday. Feb?
ruary 5.? Contents :
1..1'oi:trv?The Prisoner of Ghent, by B. Simmon-,
from the January number of Blackwobd~Art
dress to Charles, Dickens, K-sp?The Antiquity of
Freedom, by Bryant, from the Knickerbocker.
II. . Western Aoventurks, being lost, rough road*,
fording a river by night, lsc.
ill..Keats? By IL T. Tuckerman, from the Southern
IV..T1IK Trial ok Colt concluded, being his Co.v
KESSIOS, sketch of Mr. WHITING's Speech, anil
the substance of Judge Kent's charge;
V.. Cosorlssion At. ?"Washington Correspondence, con
utintn*; :? satisfactory fsummary of tlie procctil
tnjj> of Congress during the week.
VI... Le rters from our Special Correspondent at Wasn
VII.. Interesting Correspondence of Thomas Jelfffinn,
James Madison, John Ad;.ms and John Qulvy
Adams with the President of The Tammany So
c icty on the subject of a Pkotsctive Tarift, in
the year 1319.
VIM...Notices of Mr. Browoson's and Mr. Austin*?Let.
XI. .Vesnsvlvania Politics?Letterjfrom Harritburf.
X.. Literary Notices.
XI. .EDITORIALS and Editorial CorresjiOiiilcHfe from
Albanv?Railroads ami the Post OthYc?Agricul?
ture and the Home League, A.c. itc.
XIII. .Morals ok the Bankrupt Law.
XIV. .Letters from Correspondents at Key West, Ihm*
burg, and Colmnbus, Ohio.
XV..Slavery in tue Nineteenth Centcrv?Being
the rcsohitioiis adopted at the Slavery Convention
XVI. .Sketch of Mr. Clay's Speech on the Repeal 01
the Bankrupt Law.
XVII. . miscellaneous Items of News, Extracts from
other papers, A.c.
XVIII..Bank .Vote Table?Being n complete Lisi of all
good Banks in the United State? with their rate
of discount at New-York.
XIX..New-York Market?Commercial and Money
Mutlep;, Cattle Mar ket, A.c.
The Weekly Tribune is published on a sheet double lie
iize of this puper, and printed in the quarto form, 8 pajje?,
Subscription yrice $2 a vear. Single copies C| cents.
ftREELEY A. McELRATH, SOAruHl
THE SOUTHERN LITERARY MESSENGKR-Tlir
January ntiiiiber of this valuable Magazine has .iust arritnl
iu fair City from Richmond. Its excellence fully atones tor
iis delay?which was caused, we understand, by an accident
on the passage. We publish the following opinions respect?
ing the general character of the work; they commend them?
selves by the character of the writers to jjeneral confidence.
Opinion of .Tudgk Story, Chief Justice of the
Cambridge. Nov. 2?, 1841.
31 y Dear Sie?I have been, as you well know, a constant
reader of the Literary Messenger for a number of'yean
last past. I have always deemed it one of our most valuable
periodical publications for the variety of its contents, the
literary ability of its leading articles, and the good taste,
sound sense, and excellent judgement which hnve distin?
guished llicm. Tie-re have been not a few articles of great
brilliahcy and striking interest; and the lask of the Suitor
ship has been accomplished wit Ii signal success, and uu<*
tentatious, and, at die same time, indefatigable diligence
and sagacity. The public favor with which it has beer, re?
ceived Ls a proof of its merits; and I cannot hut believe that
it is destined in future to receive a more large and npprov
Believe me, with the highest respect, trulv yours,
JOSEPI1 ?. STORY.
Thomas W. White, Em.
Opinion of William H. Prkscott, Esq., author
of " The History of Ferdinand and Isabella."
Boston, Nov. 29, I84L
Dear .in?I am happy to hear my testimony,?ipunitum
r?/car,?to the excellence of your periodical., 1 have read
more or less of the numbers! somewliat cursorily indeeibfol'
the last twelve months, and have been struck with Uiencli?
ness and variety of their contents. Instead of being limited
to the usual light range of magazines, there is no number, I
believe, which does not contain evidence of laborious ui
ve.-tigatiou iu the higher brauche? of speculation; and eriti
eisni. Thedepartmentdevoted to elegant literature, often
shows contributions, both in pros**, fiction and poetry, from
practised ami evidently highly accomplished writers, making
a valuable a.bbtion nfonr stores of original fancy. In the
political anil critical rliscuivsioa?, I have found i?:c:Lsioniil
irn/inels tor ilis?eru; but much bflenerhave bail reason to
admire the ability with which they have been mann^eilt
th.- industrious collection of facts foriBastration, and the very'
liberal nnd patriotic tine of (lie sehtimcnts. It is muri,
now-a-days, tor a periodical to he ?0 comlucted a.? not to de?
bauch the taste or morals of the render. Yours may by
claim, 1 am persuaded, to the highest praise of adraocjng
the interests of both.
1 am, dear sir, very trulv yours.
WM. II. PRKSCOTT.
T. W. White. Esq.
PhiladelpkIa, Nov. 22. WL
?jug Dmr Sir?I have been a subscriber to the Southern
Literary Messenger from its commencement, and -hall pro?
bably continue to be so until its c!o-e. This furnishes a
practical pro*fofmy opinion of the merits of the work; if,
however, any thing further be ne.-e?..ary, I do not hesitate
to say that, taking one number with another, it is among the
but periodicals of the present day;
DAVID PAUL BROWN.
T. w. White, /:>?/.
Opinion of Dr. ftpscil JEN R ERG ER, Sura-eou.
United States Navy.
Philadelphia, Dec. <3, 1841.
My Dear Sir~l have for a long dine been ix the habit of
rtwding tiie Southern Literary Me-,iK-nger, and nave always
been favorable impressed wttli the ability and tine taste of
the Editor. The work indicates a great desire to *ilea*e: a
generou- spirit and n strong American feeling; a disposition
to foster American literature; u, create and sustain a high
standard ot excellence in it, at the nsk, possibly; of a loss of
patronage; for authors generally are an irritable race, and.
no matter with how much courtesy it may be done, they can?
not lie-arm he publicly told of their faults. If I should be
asked what is the best literarv magazine in the United States;
tfr^VMl^unhe*iutingly say the "Southern UtetaryMeftfere
fvo eillf 1 ",aiv U" ^aiewhat ihflueitce.1 in this opinion,
oy uie liberal allotment of its pages to the interests of the
?xavy. .Still there is a fault in the Messenger, which is, dial
mere is almost in every number too large an amount of mat*
KrJat the suliM-ription price, wbich 'bas a ternltncy to
cheapen literaryimbor, the value of which b too generally
underrated in our country.
W. s. W. RUSCHENBERGER
T. W. Whitf, Esq.
Opinion cf Washington Irving.
scnvyside cottace, Dee. 8, iWl.
Dear Sir?I beg to congratulate vou upon the well ?n
tained popularitv and die continua'llv increasing taent ot
your work; which;though Southern in its tide, awl utW
creditable to Southern literature, embraces in B??Pj?a*a*M
contributions from all pans of the Union.
Very rtrspectfullv, vour obedient servant. .?,-TVf;
' ' WASHINGTON JRn>??.
T. W. White, Esq.
Professor Anthon's Opinion.
coLCMB.a coix^ht^S ; i mv
Bear ?ir-The Southern V^&Z^J^^
opinion the best monthly i^S^St-^SS^Srl
WB?SSSfr?fn i? pa^a ?fiSBwB?
T. W. White, Esq.
ET NELSON J. WATERBURY. 11 r^str^AWng
and Solicitor in the Courts of this State and <A J?
States. rjZT Proceedings in Banloniptcy will be au^ded to
with care and dispat-'h. [*) JJ"lU4